CN1963879A - System and method for detecting online of built on stilts power transmission sequence - Google Patents

System and method for detecting online of built on stilts power transmission sequence Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1963879A
CN1963879A CN 200510115588 CN200510115588A CN1963879A CN 1963879 A CN1963879 A CN 1963879A CN 200510115588 CN200510115588 CN 200510115588 CN 200510115588 A CN200510115588 A CN 200510115588A CN 1963879 A CN1963879 A CN 1963879A
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China
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monitoring
signal
data
power supply
vibration
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CN 200510115588
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100538759C (en
Inventor
于钦刚
郭志广
何红太
李红云
于长海
裴志伟
桂亚骁
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国网北京电力建设研究院
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Publication of CN1963879A publication Critical patent/CN1963879A/en
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Publication of CN100538759C publication Critical patent/CN100538759C/en

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Abstract

This invention relates to one rack electricity sending circuit online monitor system and method, which process online test on rack circuit micro wind vibration and wire temperature and bias wind and comprises data monitor device, base station and monitor supportive system, wherein, the data monitor device is in rack send circuit sent to base station through short distance sensor network broadcasting; base station receives the data to send to monitor supportive system center station through mobile communication network; the center station receives the network sending information to fulfill tasks of circuit micro wind vibration and wire temperature testing.

Description

Aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system and method, mainly be applicable to the on-line monitoring and the fault diagnosis of aerial power transmission line aeolian vibration, conductor temperature, angle of wind deflection in the electric system, belong to the electric power monitoring technical field.
Background technology
Aerial power transmission line is UHV (ultra-high voltage), remote, jumbo power transmission sequence particularly, in operational process, be subjected to the influence of meteorological condition and external environment etc. that the aeolian vibration that allows amplitude often takes place to surpass, often cause the fatigue breakdown of some circuit parts, as disconnected strand of the fatigue of lead wire and earth wire, the fatigue breakdown of gold utensil, conductor spacer and shaft tower member or wearing and tearing etc.Wherein lead wire and earth wire is the problem that aerial power transmission line generally takes place for tired disconnected strand, all fronts road need be replaced by new lead when serious.The safe operation that China's electrical network aerial power transmission line comprises big leap in aeolian vibration serious threat at present.
Aeolian vibration causes that accident such as the tired disconnected thigh of lead wire and earth wire is that mode by cumulative effect takes place, an accumulated time and process are arranged, lead wire and earth wire is difficult to during vibration observe with the naked eye, in case after finding that anti rattler damages or comes off, just may compare seriously because of the disconnected thigh that fatigue causes.And before this, its harm is often subtle, and these faults are difficult to effectively prevent by traditional artificial line walking means regularly.Press at present and use intelligentized data monitoring device that on-line monitoring and fault diagnosis are carried out in the power transmission sequence aeolian vibration, scent a hidden danger early, in time fix a breakdown, to improve the power transmission sequence reliability of operation.In addition to the on-line monitoring of line temperature to improving the transmission capacity of lead, reduce track investment, the situation of alleviating China's power supply situation anxiety also has very big reference significance.The monitoring of angle of wind deflection is to the aerial power transmission line safe operation, and especially safe operation under special meteorological condition and improvement design provide important references.
Traditional method is regular detection.When a certain power transmission sequence is carried out periodic measurement, before measuring beginning, must be installed to instrument on the lead wire and earth wire by the hot line job personnel at every turn, also must remove after measure finishing, installing at every turn or remove must hot line job, and it is all multifactor to relate to job safety etc.After measuring end, only in the laboratory, just can carry out data processing and analysis.Even to telemetering gear, sensor and transmitter can only be fixed on the suspension clamp, and receiver and pen recorder are placed in ground trailer or the house, adopt magnetic recording, also must wait and to handle and to analyze by computing machine after returning the laboratory, draw measurement result.This vibration measuring instrument implements the comparison difficulty, and because of the vibration measuring instrument uses powered battery, in-site measurement limited time, particularly measurement result representativeness sometimes are not high, lack real-time.Above reason causes the measuring method of present use and vialog utensil that certain limitation is arranged.
Summary of the invention
The present invention (is called for short the line temperature for aeolian vibration, conductor temperature to aerial power transmission line in the electric system, down together), parameters such as angle of wind deflection, weather environment fast, accurately, reliably inerrably detect, and then, provide a kind of aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system and method for the safe operation of aerial power transmission line provides judgment basis.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system, and it comprises:
At least one data monitoring device, described data monitoring device and the described electric wire that send are coupled, be used for gathering Monitoring Data from the described electric wire that send, and with the wireless output of the Monitoring Data that collects;
At least one base station, described base station and the wireless connections of described data monitoring device are used to receive the Monitoring Data of exporting with the processing said data monitoring device, and the wireless output of Monitoring Data after will receiving and handle;
The monitoring center station, described monitoring center station is connected with described base station radio, is used to receive and handle the Monitoring Data of described base station output, and obtains monitoring result.
The present invention also provides a kind of aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring method, and it comprises:
The data monitoring step is used for gathering Monitoring Data from the described electric wire that send, and with the wireless output of the Monitoring Data that collects;
The relay transmission step is used to receive the Monitoring Data with the wireless output of processing said data monitoring step, and the wireless output of Monitoring Data after will receiving and handle;
Monitoring center's treatment step is used to receive and handle the Monitoring Data of described relay transmission step output, and obtains monitoring result.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Adopt the short distance wireless sensor network between data monitoring device and the base station.At each scene, only need a stylobate station is installed, just can realize the information monitoring and the fusion of multiparameter, strong, the intelligent degree height of extendability.Carry out message transmission up and down with the broadcast data newspaper in wireless sensor network, information uploading can be finished in 1 second; Utilize mobile communications network to carry out message transmission up and down with datagram between base station and the central station, information uploading can be finished about about 3 seconds.Therefore, in case the aeolian vibration generation abnormal conditions of aerial power transmission line, and or line temperature special circumstances are arranged, the present invention monitors the central station of back-up system in the time less than 5 seconds, just aerial power transmission line ruuning situation can be told in time, exactly and be moved and the relevant personnel.Thereby not only can write down lead wire and earth wire, OPGW run book, calculate Cumulative Fatigue Damage, in time grasp the variation of lead wire and earth wire antihunting device weakening effect, hidden danger in the discovering device, the circuit vibration-isolating effect is assessed, antihunting device is improved etc., also can further predict lead wire and earth wire, OPGW fatigue lifetime, these have all improved the security and the reliability of aerial power transmission line operation.In addition, the raising circuit transmission capacity that is retrieved as in real time of line temperature provides important basis, and the monitoring of angle of wind deflection is to the aerial power transmission line safe operation, and especially safe operation under special meteorological condition and improvement design provide important references.Therefore, aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system of the present invention and method not only have a very important role to the safe and reliable power supply of electric system, but also can bring huge economic and social benefit to electric system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the network structure of monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of data monitoring device in the monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of base station in the monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of central station in the monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is for using the user side interface of monitoring system of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a specific embodiment of data monitoring device of the present invention.
Embodiment
Further specify the structure of monitoring system of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
The present invention mainly comprises three parts:
First is the data monitoring device, mainly comprise, aeolian vibration measuring unit, line temperature measurement unit, angle of wind deflection measuring unit, weather environment measuring unit, signal condition module, signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module, sun power or high pressure are taken out the power supply unit of energy.
Said data monitoring device mainly comprises: aeolian vibration monitoring device and/or conductor temperature monitoring device, angle of wind deflection measuring unit, weather environment measuring unit.
Second portion is the base station, mainly comprises short-distance wireless communication module, long distance wireless transport module, the electric power system of data acquisition and control module, sun power or AC power.
Third part monitoring back-up system comprises that mainly monitoring system and communication software platform, aeolian vibration analysis and early warning system, equipment management system, circuit dynamically show website, remote synchronization instrument.
The course of work of the present invention is: at first the data monitoring device in the monitoring system of the present invention is placed on some position (as damper chuck, damping wire chuck, suspension clamp place, iron tower cross-arm etc.) of aerial power transmission line lead, ground wire and OPGW.The data monitoring device regularly carries out data acquisition according to the time interval that configures, and its data are sent to the base station according to the form of message by the short distance wireless sensor network, the base station carries out the message data of receiving to pass to the monitoring back-up system by mobile communications network after the computing.Finish the reception and the transmission of information by the central station of monitoring back-up system.And finish the needed a series of data of user such as early warning, demonstration, system diagnostics, maintenance, inquiry, information issue, data forwarding, printing of aerial power transmission line aeolian vibration on-line monitoring by the central station of monitoring back-up system.
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram of Application of Monitoring System of the present invention to actual track.As shown in fig. 1, data monitoring device 103,104 in the monitoring system of the present invention places on some position of aerial power transmission line, the base station receives the data that data monitoring device 103,104 collects by the short distance wireless sensor network, sends to the central station 107 of monitoring back-up system by mobile communications network 106.Central station 107 is browsed for user's login in the mode of website.When aerial power transmission line normally moves, aeolian vibration level, line temperature, angle of wind deflection and weather environment are in regime values, data monitoring device 103,104 detects by the testing data of designing requirement to the scene, and be reported to the base station by the time interval of setting, the base station is sent the message information of aerial power transmission line practical operating conditions through numerical evaluation and by mobile communications network with the mode of datagram, delivers to and monitors back-up system central station 107.By central station 107 finish information reception, handle and be published to the website.Constitute aerial power transmission line aeolian vibration on-line monitoring system thus.
Simultaneously, this on-line monitoring system also has a remote backup and fault diagnosis center 109.
Shown in Figure 2 is the concrete structure of the data monitoring device 103,104 of monitoring system of the present invention.This data monitoring device, mainly comprise sun power or high pressure take out can power supply unit 202, signal condition module 203, signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204, aeolian vibration and temperature measurement unit 201, angle of wind deflection measuring unit 201, weather environment measuring unit 201.Said aeolian vibration and temperature measurement unit 201 are aeolian vibration and/or temperature monitoring sensor, be used to pick up aeolian vibration and temperature signal, this sensor signal is imported said signal condition module 203 by interface, in this module, sensor signal is carried out filtering, amplification and conditioning, be transformed to standard signal, import said signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204 by interface again.In signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204, finish collection, processing, storage to signal, finish data communication with the base station by its built-in aerial.
Said angle of wind deflection measuring unit 201 is angle of wind deflection monitoring sensors, be used to pick up the angle of wind deflection signal, this sensor signal is imported said signal condition module 203 by interface, in this module, sensor signal is carried out filtering, amplification and conditioning, be transformed to standard signal, import said signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204 by interface again.In signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204, finish collection, processing, storage to signal, finish data communication with the base station by its built-in aerial.
Said weather environment measuring unit 201 is circuit weather environment monitoring sensors, be used to pick up wind speed, wind direction, temperature, relative humidity, built-up radiation signal, this sensor signal is imported said signal condition module 203 by interface, in this module, sensor signal is carried out filtering, amplification and conditioning, be transformed to standard signal, import said signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204 by interface again.In signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204, finish collection, processing, storage to signal, finish data communication with the base station by its antenna.
Signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module 204 are finished the wireless transmission through signal after AD conversion, data processing and the processing of signal condition module conditioning back signal, and pass through the on/off of single-chip microcomputer pin control signal conditioning module on it.This signal controlling and radio receiving transmitting module adopt the wireless sensor network module, are characterized in low-power consumption, low rate and short distance.Strong because of its antijamming capability, be the technical grade chip, and data processing (CPU) and data transmit-receive are integrated on the circuit board, self have the fault self-recovering function, improved the antijamming capability and the reliability of data monitoring device greatly.
Said solar powered unit 202 mainly comprises solar panels, power supply conditioning module and rechargeable battery.The function of power supply conditioning module is that the voltage transitions that solar panels are supplied with is become stable DC voltage.When sunny, in to 103 power supplies of data monitoring device,, finish the storage of electric energy to battery charge; Can't supply with sun power or continue to power by the rechargeable battery in the power supply conditioning module during because of climatic condition sun power undersupplies such as cloudy daies at night to subsequent conditioning circuit.Adopt the data monitoring device of solar powered unit 202 not to be only applicable to exchange power transmission sequence, and be applicable to the direct current power transmission sequence, also can be used for having extensive applicability on ground wire, the OPGW.
Said high pressure take out can power supply unit 202 comprise mainly that high pressure is taken out can device, power supply conditioning module and rechargeable battery.This high pressure is taken out and can be adopted electromagnetic induction principle by device, the alternating magnetic field around the lead can be transferred to the device of electric energy.Described power supply conditioning module transfers alternating current input power supplying to direct supply and with electrical power storage, this module 202 is powered to the data monitoring device simultaneously.The data monitoring device that adopts high pressure to take out energy power supply unit 202 mainly is applicable to the interchange power transmission sequence.
Shown in Figure 3 is the concrete structure of the base station 105 of monitoring system of the present invention.The function of this base station is to realize the data acquisition of on-the-spot many information and fusion, storage, management, long-range transmission, mainly comprise short-distance wireless communication module 301, data acquisition and control module 302, long distance wireless transport module 303, the electric power system of sun power or AC power (304,305,306).Said short-distance wireless communication module 301 is made up of wireless network module and interface board, set up wireless communication link with the plurality of data monitoring device, many wireless networks promptly partner, the data that each data monitoring device of real-time listening sends, data are sent into said data acquisition and control module 302 by interface, and vice versa.
Said data acquisition and control module 302 are the embedded board machine, be characterized in highly reliable, high integrated, low-power consumption, move embedded OS and application software thereon, the data that receive are resolved and handled, deposit storer then in, data are managed, data are sent into said long distance wireless transport module 303.
Said long distance wireless transport module 303 is a kind of wireless GPRS/CDMA DTU, set up and the Radio Link of monitoring back-up system central station 107 by mobile radio communication, as long as receive the data of said data acquisition and control module 302 transmission, just these data are sent to monitoring back-up system central station 107 accurately and reliably, vice versa.
The electric power system of said sun power or AC power (304,305,306) is two kinds of power supply modes that system provides, and can select targetedly according to the actual conditions at circuit scene.The electric power system of said sun power mainly comprises solar panel, charging-discharging controller and accumulator.When sunny, in to the base station power supply,, finish the storage of electric energy to battery charge; Can't supply with sun power or continue to power by accumulator during because of climatic condition sun power undersupplies such as cloudy daies at night to the base station.The electric power system of said AC power (304,305,306) mainly comprises UPS uninterrupted power source and accumulator.In AC power just often, directly to the base station power supply, accumulator is in floating charge state by the UPS uninterrupted power source; When AC power failure or maintenance, continue to power to the base station by accumulator.
Shown in Figure 4 is the concrete structure of the central station 107 of monitoring system of the present invention.Said central station 107 mainly comprises: with network communication module 401, distributed-network monitoring platform 402, Service Management instrument 403, remote synchronization instrument 404, the website release module 405 of Internet connection.
Said and network communication module 401 Internet connection contains datagram transmitting-receiving processing module.Pass through the message information that mobile communications network sends in the datagram mode so the central station of monitoring back-up system of the present invention can promptly receive by what handled the base station, carried out Treatment Analysis, deposited said distributed-network monitoring platform Database Systems then in.
Said distributed-network monitoring platform 402 is on the platform of computer operating system, the real time operating system of foundation, the data base set user's application system of unifying.Data base management system (DBMS) contains user authority management, user basic information maintenance, the statistics that detects data and calculating, warning function etc.Data base management system (DBMS) of the present invention can inquire about every specific aerial power transmission line week, the moon or year alarm times, type, peak swing, max line temperature, maximum wind velocity etc.The data of analysis are provided for the safe operation of aerial power transmission line.
Said Service Management instrument 403 is database management module and system management facilities of setting up on distributed-network monitoring platform 402, is used for management, diagnosis, analysis etc. to system equipment.
Said remote synchronization instrument 404 is used for the data communication with remote backup and fault diagnosis center 109, and the effect at this remote backup and fault diagnosis center 109 is data backup, system state monitoring and fault diagnosis, for the user provides technical Analysis and consulting.
Fig. 5 is a monitoring system of the present invention when specifically implementing, the observation interface synoptic diagram in the central station 107 of monitoring back-up system.Network communication module 401 on the central station 107 of monitoring back-up system is connected with mobile communications network.Therefore, when the data monitoring device normally moves, the aeolian vibration monitoring device can monitor the aeolian vibration of aerial power transmission line, line temperature monitoring device can monitor the actual motion temperature of aerial power transmission line, the weather environment monitoring device can monitor near the microclimate environment the aerial power transmission line, these information that monitor in time are sent to the base station by the short distance wireless sensor network with the form of datagram, resolve datagram the base station, data processing, data storage, and, utilize mobile communications network to send circuit operation association message information with the mode method of datagram by data forwarding.And with dissimilar the deposit databases of message by datagram, central station 107 by the monitoring back-up system initiatively reads message information, and finish warning, data recording, data processing, Calculation of Fatigue Life on request, add up, the related works such as statistical computation of image data.
Fig. 6 is a specific embodiment of data monitoring device of the present invention, and it is a kind of solar powered power transmission sequence aeolian vibration monitoring device that utilizes, and mainly comprises: body, solar power supply apparatus, fixed block 14,15, jig 16, vibration measurement device 13.
Wherein, solar power supply apparatus places on the body; Jig 16 is connected with body by fixed block 14,15, and described vibration measurement device 13 is fixed on the fixed block 14,15.
In addition, body comprises housing 2, end cap 1 and antenna cover 7, and antenna cover 7 forms another end cap of this device; Present embodiment adopts cell panel pressing plate 3 and screw that solar panel 4 is fixed on the housing 2.The square hole inside surface of housing 2 is pasted with shielding cylinder 5, and the shielded metal net on solar panel 4 is finished the function of shielding to the high-voltage power line peripheral electromagnetic field.Back-up block 6 is set in shielding cylinder 5, and the inside surface close proximity of its outside surface and shielding cylinder 5 together.Square hole bottom at back-up block 6 is pasted with pressing plate 10, has bolt hole on the pressing plate 10, fixed block 14, thus 15 bolts hole that insert on the pressing plate 10 by bolt respectively link together with body.
In addition, in this example chip aerial 8 usefulness bolt near a side of body, opposite side seals antenna with non-shielding material 9, neither influences effective transmission of signal, can play the effect of flashing, wind proofing again to antenna in antenna cover.
Vibration measurement device 13 in this example is sensors of monitoring device, is a flat beam type elastic body, and its end is equipped with rotating steamboat 12, adopts insulating material 11 to be connected between steamboat 12 and elastic body.This elastomeric root is fixed on up and down between two parts of fixed block 14,15, is pasted with the vibrating sensing element near root.
Monitoring system major technique characteristics of the present invention are:
Aerial power transmission line aeolian vibration monitoring technology;
Aerial power transmission line line temperature monitoring technology;
Aerial power transmission line circuit angle of wind deflection monitoring technology;
The electric power system of data monitoring device (under the no condition of power supply);
The data that the data monitoring device collects in time go up fast and (utilize the short distance wireless sensor network) to the base station;
The safe reliability of data monitoring device computer hardware (adapting to outdoor application);
The data that the base station sends the data monitoring device are processed and are handled and upload quickly the monitoring back-up system;
The central station of monitoring back-up system is used operation control management system (operating analysis, pre-alarm, management, maintenance, information issue etc.);
The central station access network of monitoring back-up system allows on-line monitoring whenever and wherever possible.
1) aeolian vibration measuring unit of the present invention is followed " the crooked amplitude of vibration method " that IEEE proposes on principle.When the lead aeolian vibration, cantilever beam sensor is used to pick up the aeolian vibration signal, carries out signal condition, A/D conversion, data acquisition, signal Processing etc. then.
2) line temperature measuring unit of the present invention is selected thermal resistance for use, adopts contact temperature-measuring.
3) circuit angle of wind deflection measuring unit of the present invention is selected angular transducer for use.
4) power supply unit of data monitoring device of the present invention adopts one of following two kinds of modes: (1) is adopted high pressure to take out and can mode be powered if the data monitoring device is installed on the alternating current circuit.(2) if the data monitoring device is installed on DC line, ground wire, OPGW or the alternating current circuit, adopt solar powered.Because the data monitoring device is mounted in field condition, this just requires a power supply one's very own to finish the electric power system of collection and data transmit-receive, and the power consumption of electricity consumption part is the smaller the better.The present invention uses high pressure to take out energy or solar powered, can allow the data monitoring device move (all the time according to more than two months) for a long time out of doors.
5) communicating by letter between data monitoring device of the present invention and the base station is by the short distance wireless sensor network, adopts the datagram mode.It is strong that this network has independence, and it is convenient to realize, the dirigibility height, and can accomplish transceive data quickly and accurately.
6) communications portion of the central station of base station and monitoring back-up system.Getting in touch between base station of the present invention and the central station is to pass through mobile communications network.Since not too good at some on-the-spot mobile communications network signal, so the present invention adopts central station and base station to have the datagram mode of data check function, and has the data re-transmitting function, accomplish transceive data quickly and accurately.
7) the present invention's central station of monitoring back-up system provides good user's operation, has used the interface, can help the user to finish system configuration, alarm information processing, data query, system maintenance etc.
8) central station of the present invention has been developed a cover complete device communication protocol (under the GPRS mode), through practicing, has proved that communication protocol can safety and precise and operation reliably.
9) the present invention monitors the central station access Intranet/Internet of back-up system, allows on-line monitoring whenever and wherever possible, and is user-friendly.
Above embodiment only is used to illustrate the present invention, but not is used to limit the present invention.

Claims (20)

1. aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system is characterized in that comprising:
At least one data monitoring device, described data monitoring device and the described electric wire that send are coupled, be used for gathering Monitoring Data from the described electric wire that send, and with the wireless output of the Monitoring Data that collects;
At least one base station, described base station and the wireless connections of described data monitoring device are used to receive the Monitoring Data of exporting with the processing said data monitoring device, and the wireless output of Monitoring Data after will receiving and handle;
The monitoring center station, described monitoring center station is connected with described base station radio, is used to receive and handle the Monitoring Data of described base station output, and obtains monitoring result.
2. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device is meant vibration monitoring device, and described vibration monitoring device comprises:
Vibration transducer is coupled with the described electric wire that send, and is used for gathering vibration signal from the described electric wire that send;
The signal condition unit is coupled with described vibration transducer, is used for receiving vibration signal from described vibration transducer, and the vibration signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless transmit/receive units are coupled with described signal condition unit, be used for from the described standard signal of described signal condition unit reception, and the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
Power supply unit, described power supply unit are meant that solar powered unit or high pressure are taken out can power supply unit, is used to described vibration monitoring device that electric energy is provided.
3. system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described vibration monitoring device comprises a vibration monitoring cantilever, and an end of this vibration monitoring cantilever contacts with the described electric wire that send.
4. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device is meant device for detecting temperature, and described device for detecting temperature comprises:
Temperature sensor is coupled with the described electric wire that send, and is used for sending collecting temperature signal on the electric wire from described;
The signal condition unit is coupled with described temperature sensor, is used for receiving temperature signal from described temperature sensor, and the temperature signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless transmit/receive units are coupled with described signal condition unit, be used for from the described standard signal of described signal condition unit reception, and the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
Power supply unit, described power supply unit are meant that solar powered unit or high pressure are taken out can power supply unit, is used to described vibration monitoring device that electric energy is provided.
5. system according to claim 4 is characterized in that, described device for detecting temperature is meant: thermal resistance, this thermal resistance contacts with the described electric wire that send.
6. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device is meant the angle of wind deflection monitoring device, and described angle of wind deflection monitoring device comprises:
The angle of wind deflection sensor is coupled with the described electric wire that send, and is used for gathering the angle of wind deflection signal from the described electric wire that send;
The signal condition unit is coupled with described angle of wind deflection sensor, is used for receiving the angle of wind deflection signal from described angle of wind deflection sensor, and the angle of wind deflection signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless transmit/receive units are coupled with described signal condition unit, be used for from the described standard signal of described signal condition unit reception, and the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
Power supply unit, described power supply unit are meant that solar powered unit or high pressure are taken out can power supply unit, is used to described angle of wind deflection monitoring device that electric energy is provided.
7. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device is meant the weather environment monitoring device, and described weather environment monitoring device comprises:
The weather environment sensor is coupled with described power transmission sequence, is used for gathering the weather environment signal from described power transmission sequence;
The signal condition unit is coupled with described weather environment sensor, is used for receiving the weather environment signal from described weather environment sensor, and the weather environment signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless transmit/receive units are coupled with described signal condition unit, be used for from the described standard signal of described signal condition unit reception, and the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
Power supply unit, described power supply unit is meant solar powered unit, is used to described weather environment monitoring device that electric energy is provided.
8. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device comprises: vibration monitoring device and device for detecting temperature.
9. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described data monitoring device comprises: vibration monitoring device, device for detecting temperature, angle of wind deflection monitoring device and meteorological environment monitoring device.
10. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described base station comprises:
The short-distance wireless communication unit is used to set up the wireless communication link with described data monitoring device, gathers the data that described data monitoring device sends in real time, and with the data output of gathering;
Data acquisition and control module are coupled with described short-distance wireless communication unit, receive the data of described short-distance wireless communication unit output; The data that receive are resolved and handled, deposit storer then in, data are managed and export;
The long distance wireless transmission unit, be coupled with described data acquisition and control module, receive the data of described data acquisition and control module output, set up the Radio Link of standing and data are sent to described monitoring center by mobile radio communication and stand with described monitoring center;
Power supply unit, described power supply unit are meant solar powered unit or ac power supply unit, are used to described base station that electric energy is provided.
11. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described monitoring center station comprises:
Network communication unit with Internet connection, receives the message information that is sent in the datagram mode by mobile communications network by described base station and handles;
Distributed-network monitoring platform is real time operating system, the data base set set up on the platform of the computer operating system user's application system of unifying, and is used for that user authority management, user basic information are safeguarded, the statistics of Monitoring Data and calculating, early warning processing etc.;
The Service Management instrument is database management module and the system management facility of setting up on described distributed-network monitoring platform, is used for management, diagnosis, analysis to system equipment etc.;
The remote synchronization instrument is used for data backup, system state monitoring and fault diagnosis;
The website release unit is used to issue monitoring result.
12. an aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring method is characterized in that comprising:
The data monitoring step is used for gathering Monitoring Data from the described electric wire that send, and with the wireless output of the Monitoring Data that collects;
The relay transmission step is used to receive the Monitoring Data with the wireless output of processing said data monitoring step, and the wireless output of Monitoring Data after will receiving and handle;
Monitoring center's treatment step is used to receive and handle the Monitoring Data of described relay transmission step output, and obtains monitoring result.
13. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
The vibrating sensing step is used for gathering vibration signal from the described electric wire that send;
The signal condition step is used for the vibration signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the described standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
14. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
The temperature sensing step is used for sending collecting temperature signal on the electric wire from described;
The signal condition step is used for the temperature signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
15. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
Angle of wind deflection sensing step is used for gathering the angle of wind deflection signal from the described electric wire that send;
The signal condition step is used for the angle of wind deflection signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the described standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
16. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
Weather environment sensing step is used for gathering the weather environment signal from described power transmission sequence;
The signal condition step is used for the weather environment signal that receives is filtered, amplifies and nurses one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
17. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
The vibrating sensing step is used for gathering vibration signal from the described electric wire that send;
The temperature sensing step is used for sending collecting temperature signal on the electric wire from described;
The signal condition step is used for the vibration signal and the temperature signal that receive are filtered, amplify and nurse one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the described standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
18. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described data monitoring step further comprises:
The vibrating sensing step is used for gathering vibration signal from the described electric wire that send;
The temperature sensing step is used for sending collecting temperature signal on the electric wire from described;
Angle of wind deflection sensing step is used for gathering the angle of wind deflection signal from the described electric wire that send;
Weather environment sensing step is used for gathering the weather environment signal from described power transmission sequence;
The signal condition step is used for the vibration signal, temperature signal and the meteorological ambient signal that receive are filtered, amplify and nurse one's health, and generates standard signal;
Signal controlling and wireless receiving and dispatching step are used for the described standard signal that receives is stored and wireless transmit;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or high pressure is taken out to power work energy is provided.
19. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described relay transmission step further comprises:
The short-distance wireless communication step is used for gathering in real time the data that described data monitoring step sends, and with the data output of gathering;
Data acquisition and controlled step are used for the data that receive are resolved and handled, and deposit storer then in, and data are managed and export;
Long distance wireless transmission step sends to described monitoring center by mobile radio communication foundation with the Radio Link of described monitoring center and data;
The power supply step adopts solar powered or ac power supply provides work energy.
20. method according to claim 12 is characterized in that, described monitoring center treatment step further comprises:
The communication network step receives the message information that mobile communications network sends in the datagram mode and handles;
Monitoring step is used for user authority management, user basic information maintenance, the statistics that detects data and calculating, early warning processing etc.;
The Service Management step is used for management, diagnosis, analysis to system equipment etc.;
The remote synchronization step is used for data backup, system state monitoring and fault diagnosis;
The website issuing steps is used to issue monitoring result.
CN 200510115588 2005-11-07 2005-11-07 Aerial power transmission line on-line monitoring system and method CN100538759C (en)

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HK07108587.5A HK1104108A1 (en) 2005-11-07 2007-08-07 Online monitoring system and method for overhead transmission line

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