CN100535333C - Mould shell structural member - Google Patents

Mould shell structural member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100535333C
CN100535333C CNB2006100040697A CN200610004069A CN100535333C CN 100535333 C CN100535333 C CN 100535333C CN B2006100040697 A CNB2006100040697 A CN B2006100040697A CN 200610004069 A CN200610004069 A CN 200610004069A CN 100535333 C CN100535333 C CN 100535333C
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China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
cavity
shoe
plate
overlapping layers
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CNB2006100040697A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1818253A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2006100040697A priority Critical patent/CN100535333C/en
Publication of CN1818253A publication Critical patent/CN1818253A/en
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Publication of CN100535333C publication Critical patent/CN100535333C/en

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Abstract

A formwork component includes the upper board, around sidewalls, bottom board, all of which combines a hollow cavity. The said formwork component features that at least one base layer of the upper board, the around sidewalls and the bottom board has at least a folding layer, and the folding layer and the base layer combines the integer. There is prefabricated plate or/and member in the cavity, and the up or down of which supports the upper board or/and bottom board. The present invention is suitable for various hollow floor slabs, roofing, base slab, wall and open web bridge of cast-in-place or pre-stressed reinforced concrete.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

The application for the applying date be that October 1, application number in 2003 are 200310100982.3, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and shuttering member.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron shuttering member, characteristics such as that this shuttering member has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, be not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height, simultaneously, the vertical corner of this shuttering member, the stressed more complicated of superstructure, stress is more concentrated, easily produces crack even cracking destruction, therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have the characteristics such as easy, that production efficiency is high, cost is low of making, simultaneously, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, also have the mechanical property of improving superstructure, reduce stress and concentrate, prevent the characteristics such as generation in crack.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe on every side, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate, at least one basic unit of sidewall or lower shoe is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least on every side, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance is to stipulating the length of time, can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers, it is made easily, the production efficiency height, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, after shuttering member is applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, because the vertical corner at shuttering member is set to inner corner trim, can form the reinforcing rib of Cast-in-place concrete pier or post or pier stud at the inner corner trim position, thereby can eliminate the stress concentration phenomenon of superstructure effectively, prevent the generation in crack, and can bear bigger point load effect and do not destroy, in addition, shuttering member also has simple in structure, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy construction, characteristics such as speed of application is fast, thus reached purpose of the present invention, be applicable to the hollow building cover of cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and hollow bridges are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least one vertical inner corner trim that described vertical corner is provided with is superimposed vertical inner corner trim on cavity body.Like this, vertical inner corner trim is superimposed on cavity body, and the operation of producing shuttering member is simplified, and manufactures more convenient simply, simultaneously, has strengthened the intensity of shuttering member, shuttering member pile up, not fragile in the transportation, installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical corner all around of cavity body all is set to inner corner trim.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pour into shuttering member around in the inner corner trim of vertical corner, form the reinforcing rib structure of pier, post or the pier stud of superstructure Cast-in-place concrete upper plate or lower plate and Cast-in-place concrete rib junction, increased substantially the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.

Feature of the present invention is that also the lateral corner place all around of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the inner corner trim at lateral corner place around the shuttering member, formed reinforcing rib structure, strengthen the intensity and the rigidity at the crossed node place of Cast-in-place concrete upper plate or lower plate and Cast-in-place concrete rib greatly, improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.

Feature of the present invention also is described vertical inner corner trim and horizontal inner corner trim orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation or ring friendship setting.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, formed vertical or horizontal reinforced pier, post or reinforcing rib, superstructure inside primary structure member has been done comprehensive reinforcement, improved the supporting capacity and the shock resistance of superstructure greatly in superstructure inside.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also is to be overlapped into integral body in mode glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or screw or riveted between described overlapping layers and the basic unit.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of shuttering member is lighter, intensity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers on every side, perhaps has reinforce to expose, and perhaps the reinforce in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; If there is reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better; If reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body is shaped as polygon or multi sphere limit shape is corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described polygon is arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon.

Feature of the present invention is that also described polygon is rectangle or square.

Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical cross section of described cavity body is shaped as polygon or multi sphere limit shape is corrugated or circular.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in chamfering or groove or pit or hole or boss module or raised line or the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim or chamfering or groove or hole or raised line self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or formation grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce to expose on stiffening rib, bracing boom, the reinforcing rib, perhaps muscle, net reinforce are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib and basic unit, and perhaps stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is extended with toss or stretches out the toss of revealing reinforce, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, and upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is inner corner trim, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, are provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its inner corner trim 5 is superimposed on cavity body.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and vertical corner all is set to inner corner trim 5 around its cavity body.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and the lateral corner place also all is set to inner corner trim 5 around the top of its cavity body.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, vertical and the lateral corner place of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and its vertical inner corner trim 5 and horizontal inner corner trim 5 be orthogonal thereto each other, be arranged in parallel.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the vertical corner of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is different with the basic unit material.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 at the vertical and lateral corner place of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, go to the bottom 3 basic unit is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between the basic unit of overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, be provided with reinforce 6 in sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 and the overlapping layers 4 around it, diagram reinforce 6 is a reinforcing bar.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, also is provided with chamfering 7, pit 9, boss module 11 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, also is provided with groove 8, hole 10 and external corner 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, also be provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is that light material 17 is made on every side, and diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be rough external surface.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a plate.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, two cavity body is connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall.

Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate 1, at least one basic unit of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 4 at least on every side, overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is inner corner trim, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, are provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body.As shown in figure 17, there is prefabricated plate upper end to shore upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 in the cavity.

The present invention is that also at least one vertical inner corner trim 5 that described vertical corner is provided with is superimposed vertical inner corner trim on cavity body.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its inner corner trim 5 is superimposed on cavity body.

The present invention is that also the vertical corner all around of cavity body all is set to inner corner trim 5.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and vertical corner all is set to inner corner trim 5 around its cavity body.

The present invention is that also the lateral corner place all around of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and the lateral corner place also all is set to inner corner trim 5 around the top of its cavity body.

The present invention also is orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation or the ring friendship setting with horizontal inner corner trim 5 of described vertical inner corner trim 5.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in upper plate 1 and the lower shoe 3, vertical and the lateral corner place of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and its vertical inner corner trim 5 and horizontal inner corner trim 5 be orthogonal thereto each other, be arranged in parallel.

The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the vertical corner of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is different with the basic unit material.

The present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 at the vertical and lateral corner place of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

The present invention also is to be overlapped into integral body in mode glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or screw or riveted between described overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, go to the bottom 3 basic unit is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between the basic unit of overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3.

The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with lower shoe 3.

The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.

The present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is foam layer.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.

The present invention also is upper plate 1, contains reinforce 6 at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 on every side, perhaps has reinforce 6 to expose, and perhaps the reinforce 6 in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce 6 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 6.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, be provided with reinforce 6 in sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 and the overlapping layers 4 around it, diagram reinforce 6 is a reinforcing bar.

The present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body is shaped as polygon or multi sphere limit shape is corrugated or circular.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

The present invention is that also described polygon is arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon.

The present invention is that also described polygon is rectangle or square.

The present invention is that also the vertical cross section of described cavity body is shaped as polygon or multi sphere limit shape is corrugated or circular.

The present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in chamfering 7 or groove 8 or pit 9 or hole 10 or boss module 11 or raised line 12 or the external corner 13.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, also is provided with chamfering 7, pit 9, boss module 11 and raised line 12 on its cavity body simultaneously.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, also is provided with groove 8, hole 10 and external corner 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

The present invention also is described inner corner trim 5 or chamfering 7 or groove 8 or hole 10 or raised line 12 self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or form grid.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, the inner corner trim 5 that is provided with on its cavity body, groove 8 and hole 10 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting.

The present invention also is to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, the reinforcing rib 16, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, the reinforcing rib 16 at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce 6 to expose on stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, the reinforcing rib 16, perhaps muscle, net reinforce 6 are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, reinforcing rib 16 and basic unit, and perhaps stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15, reinforcing rib 16 are superimposed with overlapping layers 4.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 4 on every side, lateral corner place in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, also be provided with stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 and reinforcing rib 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 14 and bracing boom 15 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

The present invention also is to be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

The present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 17.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1, be provided with overlapping layers 4 in sidewall 2 and the lower shoe 3 on every side, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its upper plate 1, the wall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is that light material 17 is made on every side, and diagram light material 17 is the haydite concrete.

The present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

The present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be rough external surface.

The present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 18.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

The present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 19 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a plate.

The present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, two cavity body is connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

The present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 21 or stretches out the toss 21 of revealing reinforce 6, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

The present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete base plate, upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall.

The present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.As shown in figure 26, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be formed by stacking for the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

The present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5 in the vertical corner of cavity body, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

The present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 27, overlapping layers 4 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.

The present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2, the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 4 on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

The present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, vertical corner in cavity body is provided with inner corner trim 5, and its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

The present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.As shown in figure 25, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.

During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of the vertical inner corner trim 5 of band of the opening that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, then, with the opening surface of shuttering member up, mortar or haydite concrete overlapping layers 4 are hung or be positioned on the opening surface of shuttering member, with ferro-cement or concrete plug opening surface, form the lower shoe 3 of lower shoe 3 or band toss 21, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that lower shoe 3 basic units are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (43)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) are enclosed cavity body on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one basic unit of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (4) at least on every side, overlapping layers (4) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit.
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that at least one vertical inner corner trim (5) that described vertical corner is provided with is superimposed vertical inner corner trim on cavity body.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the vertical corner all around of cavity body all is set to inner corner trim (5).
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the lateral corner place all around of cavity body is provided with inner corner trim (5).
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 4 is characterized in that described vertical inner corner trim (5) and horizontal inner corner trim (5) orthogonal thereto each other or oblique or grade separation setting.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that being overlapped into integral body in mode glued or bonding or interlock or seam or pressing or screw or riveted between described overlapping layers (4) and the basic unit.
9, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
10, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
11, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
12, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a foam layer.
13, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that upper plate (1), contains reinforce (6) at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) on every side.
14, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 13 is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) has reinforce (6) to expose on every side.
15, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 13 is characterized in that upper plate (1), the reinforce (6) in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually on every side.
16,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described cavity body is shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or multi sphere limit shape or circle according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
17, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 16 is characterized in that described polygon is arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon.
18,, it is characterized in that the vertical cross section of described cavity body is shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or multi sphere limit shape or circle according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
19, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that described polygon is arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon.
20,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in chamfering (7) or groove (8) or pit (9) or hole (10) or boss module (11) or raised line (12) or the external corner (13) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
21, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 20 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (5) or chamfering (7) or groove (8) or hole (10) or raised line (12) self or is parallel mutually or quadrature or oblique or grade separation setting or formation grid.
22,, it is characterized in that being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), the reinforcing rib (16) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
23, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22, at least one in it is characterized in that stiffening rib is arranged (14), bracing boom (15), the reinforcing rib (16) exposed outside the cavity body
24, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22, reinforce (6) exposes to it is characterized in that going up stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) in addition.
25, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22 is characterized in that stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) and basic unit are superimposed.
26, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22 is characterized in that stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) and basic unit superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (6).
27, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 22 is characterized in that stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15), reinforcing rib (16) are superimposed with overlapping layers (4).
28,, it is characterized in that being provided with light material (17) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
29, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 28, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (17).
30, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) for or dismountable movable part arranged.
31,, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall (2) is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
32,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (18) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
33,, it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (19) between the cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
34, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 33 is characterized in that at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector (19), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (20) between the cavity body.
35, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (21) or stretches out the toss (21) of revealing reinforce (6), perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss (21).
36, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.
37,, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) going to the bottom for lightweight concrete, polymer concrete according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
38,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (6) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
39,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
40,, it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
41, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall (2), the lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (4) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
42,, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
43,, it is characterized in that shuttering member is provided with carrying part (22) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 15.
CNB2006100040697A 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Mould shell structural member CN100535333C (en)

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CNB2006100040697A CN100535333C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Mould shell structural member

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100040697A CN100535333C (en) 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Mould shell structural member

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CN100535333C true CN100535333C (en) 2009-09-02

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CN102312512A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Precast slab unit for mesh rib plate
CN102312500A (en) * 2010-06-29 2012-01-11 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Prefabricated board unit for net rib board

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