CN100408787C - Shuttering member - Google Patents

Shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100408787C
CN100408787C CNB200510129285XA CN200510129285A CN100408787C CN 100408787 C CN100408787 C CN 100408787C CN B200510129285X A CNB200510129285X A CN B200510129285XA CN 200510129285 A CN200510129285 A CN 200510129285A CN 100408787 C CN100408787 C CN 100408787C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
shoe
plate
overlapping layers
cavity
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CNB200510129285XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1804323A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB200510129285XA priority Critical patent/CN100408787C/en
Publication of CN1804323A publication Critical patent/CN1804323A/en
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Publication of CN100408787C publication Critical patent/CN100408787C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises an upper plate (1), peripheral side walls (2) and a lower bottom plate (3). The present invention is characterized in that the shuttering member is spliced and enclosed by one upper plate (1), four peripheral side walls (2) and one lower bottom plate (3). The present invention is suitable for hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation bottom plates and open web bridges of cast-in-place steel bar concrete or prestressed steel bar concrete, especially hollow beamless floors.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

The application is that October 1, application number in 2003 are that 200310100972.X, name are called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member " for the applying date.

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

At present, cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is to use wider floor structural form, and the lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has hollow section and shuttering member.Is that ZL99249798.1, name are called " filling reinforced concrete fiber reinforcement type thin-wall member " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on November 29th, 1999, it discloses a kind of thin-wall mould-shell member, comprise upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron cavity.And for example the applicant in the application number of November 23 calendar year 2001 application be 01140106.0, publication number is that CN1356442, name are called " a kind of mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab " application for a patent for invention, its disclosed shuttering member comprise " upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom; upper plate, on every side sidewall, going to the bottom surrounds the polyhedron shuttering member, characteristics such as that this shuttering member has is in light weight, intensity is high, simple in structure, convenient construction and transport.But, when producing, makes this class shuttering member inconvenience, and production efficiency is low, be not easy to streamline production, corresponding cost height, simultaneously, this shuttering member does not have the competent structure of adding, thereby the bulk strength of shuttering member and rigidity are relatively poor, are prone to the phenomenon that shuttering member breaks.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have make easily, production efficiency is high, cost is low, intensity is high, rigidity greatly, characteristics such as cracky not.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate, at least one basic unit of sidewall or lower shoe is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers at least on every side, overlapping layers and basic unit are overlapped into integral body, upper plate, sidewall and lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one of sidewall or lower shoe is provided with reinforcing rib on every side, and the horizontal profile of cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as polygon, corrugated or circular.Like this, when shuttering member is made, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, can make the shuttering member of an opening earlier, then, with opening surface up, overlapping layers is hung or is positioned on the opening surface, shutoff opening surface again, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that basic unit is superimposed with overlapping layers to stipulating the length of time, it is made easily, production efficiency is high, corresponding cost is low, simultaneously, because the surface or the inside of shuttering member are provided with reinforcing rib, thereby the intensity of shuttering member and rigidity improves greatly, is not prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage; In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described reinforcing rib of a slice is superimposed reinforcing rib at least.Like this, if reinforcing rib is superimposed reinforcing rib, then the making of reinforcing rib is easy, the intensity height; It is superimposed both can to have made reinforcing rib or superimposed reinforcing rib and shuttering member in advance, forms superimposed reinforcing rib, but the superimposed reinforcing rib of field fabrication again, and convenient design is selected for use with production unit.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib or compound reinforcing rib.Like this, the reinforcing rib of shuttering member setting is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib or compound reinforcing rib, has increased substantially the intensity and the shock resistance of shuttering member chamber wall, and simultaneously, also convenient design is selected for use with production unit.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib is arranged on the inwall of shuttering member or on the outer wall.Like this, reinforcing rib is arranged on the inwall or outer wall of Cavity structural member, can fully satisfy the needs of design, the convenient application.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib is parallel, quadrature, oblique or forms the grid setting.Like this, that reinforcing rib is is parallel, quadrature, oblique or form the grid setting, can evenly strengthen the wall of shuttering member, has improved the overall performance of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers and basic unit's material are identical or different.Like this, when overlapping layers was identical with the basic unit material, both binding affinities were better, and the two can be combined together better, make shuttering member have the better overall performance; When overlapping layers and basic unit's material not simultaneously, be convenient to select more economic material as overlapping layers, help reducing production costs, improve the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Like this, can make things convenient for manufacturing of shuttering member, reduce the production difficulty, enhance productivity, help reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw, riveted is overlapped into integral body.Like this, the superimposed mode variation between overlapping layers and the basic unit makes to be connected superimposed conveniently between overlapping layers and the basic unit, can satisfy the application need under the various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers and lower shoe are superimposed.Like this, the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, manufactures more convenient simply, and can reduce the manufacture difficulty of shuttering member greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.Like this, the overlapping layers intensity height that adopts light aggregate concrete to make, rigidity is big, and shuttering member is in light weight.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.Like this, the weight of shuttering member is lighter, intensity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers is a foam layer.Like this, the manufacture craft of shuttering member is simpler, and speed of production is faster, and cost is lower, is convenient to applying of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, lower shoe, overlapping layers or the reinforcing rib on every side, perhaps has reinforce to expose, and perhaps the reinforce in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce.Owing to upper plate, contain reinforce in sidewall, lower shoe, bridging piece or the overlapping layers on every side, thereby their intensity height, rigidity are big; If there is reinforce to expose, then more firm with the Cast-in-place concrete bonding, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structural integrity of corresponding formation is better; If reinforce stretches into mutual drawknot in the adjacent matrix, then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.Simultaneously, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, hole, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, the hole, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, inner corner trim on the shuttering member, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form grid, after concrete is built at above-mentioned position, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that has formed parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib, the bracing boom, perhaps there be in stiffening rib, the bracing boom at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce to expose on reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom, perhaps muscle, net reinforce are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib, bracing boom and basic unit, and perhaps reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, bracing boom are superimposed with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member or the stiffening rib that exposes, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form the cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete, have optimized the inner stress system of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.If also have reinforce to expose on it, then shuttering member and Cast-in-place concrete bonding is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better; If be superimposed with overlapping layers, then the making of stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib is more convenient, and intensity is also higher.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Simultaneously, also make shuttering member have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall or lower shoe be light material.Like this, the shuttering member of the wall that light material is made is in light weight, when it is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, and transportation, easy for installation, difficulty of construction and labour intensity reduce greatly, help improving speed of application, reduce the cost of manufacture of superstructure.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one in the sidewall for or dismountable movable part arranged.Like this, can make things convenient for the situation of checking shuttering member inside at any time, also can perhaps, drench shower nozzle etc. simultaneously at any time at interior section or whole filling with light material of shuttering member as junction box, hydroelectric line, fire-fighting at inner other parts of installing of shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Like this, the upper plate of cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side, improved the adhesion between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly, that has also improved simultaneously superstructure hangs performance and overall performance.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another between the cavity body.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the cavity body.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete entered in the internal-rib die cavity, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib, had improved the mechanical property of superstructure; Simultaneously, shuttering member is connected as one by connector, has constituted the shuttering member assembly, thereby, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is extended with toss or stretches out the toss of revealing reinforce, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, lower shoe is extended with bridging piece, when then shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can save construction formwork, has improved efficiency of construction greatly; If a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe is going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.Like this, go to the bottom, upper plate and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side, can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in sidewall, lower shoe or the overlapping layers is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Like this, be stained with upper plate that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, sidewall, lower shoe or overlapping layers on every side by multilayer, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Like this, the overlapping layers that is composited by multilayer build-up has favorable shock resistance, can reduce the proportion of goods damageds of shuttering member significantly, and it is easier, convenient to make simultaneously, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.Like this, overlapping layers is formed by stacking by at least two kinds of materials, thereby making is easier, convenient, helps reducing cost.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, and upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall, the lower shoe and overlapping layers on every side, thereby each parts of shuttering member can be manufactured respectively, can be assembled into shuttering member integral body each other by the overlapping layers on each parts, both can assemble, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby can enhance productivity greatly in manufacturer, convenient carrying and construction, the proportion of goods damageds of reduction shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Like this, upper plate, sidewall, lower shoe interconnect by overlapping layers each other and surround shuttering member integral body on every side, can produce each parts in advance, enhance productivity, make things convenient for the carrying of each building block of shuttering member, shuttering member both can be assembled when producing, also can assemble at the construction field (site), thereby enhance productivity, reduce spillage of material, reduce production costs.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.The carrying part can be handle, suspension hook, suspension ring or other device.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is reinforcing rib, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, are provided with reinforcing rib 5 at the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its prefabricated reinforcing rib 5 is superimposed on overlapping layers 4.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, and its reinforcing rib 5 is compound reinforcing rib.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of its upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is arranged on the inwall, and the reinforcing rib 5 that is provided with on the sidewall 2 is located on the outer wall on every side.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and that the reinforcing rib 5 on its overlapping layers 4 is each other is parallel, quadrature forms latticed layout.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is identical with the basic unit material.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and the inwall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with hollow reinforcing rib 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, and its cavity body is provided with chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12 and external corner 14.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with superimposed reinforcing rib 5, on upper plate 1 inwall, also be provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that light material 17 is made, the diagram light material 17 be the haydite concrete.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be corrugated external surface.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a pipe fitting.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on every side, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitute internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on every side, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and on every side the inwall of sidewall 2 be provided with reinforcing rib 5, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, at upper plate 1, be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the inwall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 on every side, it is characterized in that upper plate 1, at least one basic unit of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers 4 at least on every side, overlapping layers 4 is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side, the upper plate 1 of cavity body, at least one of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on every side, and the horizontal profile of cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as polygon, corrugated or circular.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is lower shoe, 4 is overlapping layers, 5 is reinforcing rib, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, simultaneously, are provided with reinforcing rib 5 at the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is that also the described reinforcing rib 5 of a slice is superimposed reinforcing rib at least.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its prefabricated reinforcing rib 5 is superimposed on overlapping layers 4.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib 5 is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib or compound reinforcing rib.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, and its reinforcing rib 5 is compound reinforcing rib.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib 5 is arranged on the inwall of shuttering member or on the outer wall.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, reinforcing rib 5 on the overlapping layers 4 of its upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is arranged on the inwall, and the reinforcing rib 5 that is provided with on the sidewall 2 is located on the outer wall on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforcing rib 5 is parallel, quadrature, oblique or forms the grid setting.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and that the reinforcing rib 5 on its overlapping layers 4 is each other is parallel, quadrature forms latticed layout.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is identical or different with basic unit's material.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and the material of its overlapping layers 4 is identical with the basic unit material.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, are provided with overlapping layers 4 in the sidewall 2 on every side, and the inwall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with hollow reinforcing rib 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is positioned at the basic unit inboard.

Feature of the present invention also be between described overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit with glued, bonding, interlock, seam, pressing, wire drawing, plate close, the mode of screw, riveted is overlapped into integral body.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of its lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, is overlapped into integral body in bonding mode between its overlapping layers 4 and the basic unit.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 and lower shoe 3 are superimposed.As shown in Figure 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, and its overlapping layers 4 is superimposed with lower shoe 3.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.As shown in Figure 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the sidewall 2 on every side, and overlapping layers 4 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is cementitious material aerating concrete layer.As shown in Figure 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is aerating concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention is that also overlapping layers 4 is foam layer.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its overlapping layers 4 is a foam layer.

Feature of the present invention also is described upper plate 1, contains reinforce 6 at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3, overlapping layers 4 or the reinforcing rib 5 on every side, perhaps has reinforce 6 to expose, and perhaps the reinforce 6 in separately stretches in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.Reinforce 6 is silk, muscle slender member, or the cloth and the net of silk, the braiding of muscle slender member or weaving, or the gluing cloth of nonwoven, net, or the two above combination, can be at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc. as reinforce 6.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and be provided with reinforce 6 in the sidewall 2 on every side, diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described cavity body or vertical cross section are shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and the horizontal profile of its cavity body is shaped as polygon.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12, raised line 13, the external corner 14.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, and its cavity body is provided with chamfering 8, groove 9, pit 10, hole 11, boss module 12 and external corner 14.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 on its cavity body simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim 7, chamfering 8, groove 9, hole 11, raised line 13 self or is parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or forms grid.As shown in figure 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, the inner corner trim 7 that is provided with on its cavity body, chamfering 8, groove 9 and raised line 13 self or be parallel, quadrature, oblique or grade separation setting mutually or form latticed setting.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib 15, the bracing boom 16, perhaps there be in stiffening rib 15, the bracing boom 16 at least one to expose outside the cavity body, perhaps also have reinforce 6 to expose on reinforcing rib 5, stiffening rib 15, the bracing boom 16, perhaps muscle, net reinforce 6 are revealed in the superimposed or superimposed back of stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 and basic unit, and perhaps reinforcing rib 5, stiffening rib 15, bracing boom 16 are superimposed with overlapping layers 4.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, simultaneously, stiffening rib 15 and bracing boom 16 have part to expose outside the shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with superimposed reinforcing rib 5, on upper plate 1 inwall, also be provided with reinforcing rib 5, be provided with light material 17 in the enclosed cavity of its cavity body, diagram light material 17 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 or lower shoe 3 be light material 17.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be that light material 17 is made, the diagram light material 17 be the haydite concrete.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one in the sidewall 2 for or dismountable movable part arranged.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, and its upper plate 1 is movable dismountable fastening cover plate.

Feature of the present invention also is the upper plate 1 of described cavity body, at least one in the external surface of sidewall 2 is corrugated, zigzag, plucking shape or exasperate external surface on every side.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, its upper plate 1 and on every side the external surface of sidewall 2 be corrugated external surface.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with align member 18.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its cavity body is provided with align member 18, and illustrated position member 18 is for supporting angle.

Feature of the present invention is that also described cavity body is provided with connector 19 connected to one another between the cavity body.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its cavity body is provided with the connector 19 of the usefulness that is used to be connected to each other, and diagram connector 19 is a pipe fitting.

Feature of the present invention is that also at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on every side, its a plurality of cavity body are connected as one by connector 19, constitute internal-rib die cavity 20 between the cavity body.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is extended with toss 21 or stretches out the toss 21 of revealing reinforce 6, and perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1, the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5 on every side, its lower shoe 3 stretches out toss 21, and a plurality of cavity body connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 21.

Feature of the present invention is that also described lower shoe 3 is the going to the bottom of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate 1 of cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.As shown in Figure 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, and lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of the overlapping layers 4 of upper plate 1 and lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, its lower shoe 3 is the steel bar concrete lower shoe, upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be fleece cement mortar wall.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 or the overlapping layers 4 is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 of net is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, upper plate 1 is arranged with overlapping layers 4, and the inwall of lower shoe 3 is provided with reinforcing rib 5, and its upper plate 1 is formed by stacking by the netted reinforce 6 that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

Feature of the present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two stacked compound overlapping layerss that close.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, upper plate 1 and on every side the inwall of sidewall 2 be provided with reinforcing rib 5, the compound overlapping layers that 4 of its overlapping layerss form as multilayer build-up.

Feature of the present invention is that also 4 of described overlapping layerss are as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed.As shown in figure 23, overlapping layers 4 is the compound overlapping layers that cement mortar cementitious matter and two kinds of different materials multilayer build-ups of fibrous mesh cloth form.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, the integral body that is formed in one of at least one in sidewall 2, the lower shoe 3 and overlapping layers 4 on every side, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4 and reinforcing rib 5, upper plate 1 links to each other with overlapping layers 4, and the integral body that is formed in one, its upper plate 1 and interconnecting by overlapping layers 4 between the sidewall 2 on every side is integral.

Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 surround cavity body on every side, the basic unit of lower shoe 3 is provided with overlapping layers 4, at upper plate 1, be provided with reinforcing rib 5 on the inwall of sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 on every side, its upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and lower shoe 3 interconnect by overlapping layers 4 each other and enclose cavity body on every side.

Feature of the present invention is that also shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.As shown in figure 21, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 22.

During the invention process, mix the system cement mortar earlier, in mould, make one deck cement mortar one deck fibrous mesh cloth (or gauze wire cloth), the multilayer build-up of one deck cement mortar by the upper plate 1 and the shuttering member of the layer structure of the band reinforcing rib 5 of the opening that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side again, then, with the opening surface of shuttering member up, mortar or haydite concrete overlapping layers 4 are hung or be positioned on the opening surface of shuttering member, with ferro-cement or concrete plug opening surface, form the lower shoe 3 of lower shoe 3 or band toss 21, after treating the slip sclerosis, maintenance can obtain the shuttering member that lower shoe 3 basic units are superimposed with overlapping layers 4 to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (38)

1. shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, lower shoe (3), it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one basic unit of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is superimposed with a slice overlapping layers (4) at least on every side, overlapping layers (4) is overlapped into integral body with basic unit, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and lower shoe (3) interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side, upper plate (1) in cavity body, at least one of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) is provided with reinforcing rib (5) on every side, and the horizontal profile or the vertical cross section of cavity body are shaped as polygon, corrugated or circular.
2. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described reinforcing rib of a slice (5) is superimposed reinforcing rib at least.
3. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing rib (5) is solid reinforcing rib or hollow reinforcing rib or compound reinforcing rib.
4. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing rib (5) is arranged on the inwall of shuttering member or on the outer wall.
5. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described reinforcing rib (5) is parallel, quadrature, oblique or forms the grid setting.
6. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) and basic unit's material are identical or different.
7. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is positioned at the basic unit outside or inboard.
8. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that between described overlapping layers (4) and the basic unit with gluing, interlock, seam, pressing, screw be connected, the mode of riveted is overlapped into integral body.
9. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) and lower shoe (3) are superimposed.
10. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material light aggregate concrete layer.
11. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a cementitious material aerating concrete layer.
12. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that overlapping layers (4) is a foam layer.
13. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described upper plate (1), contains reinforce (6) at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), overlapping layers (4) or the reinforcing rib (5) on every side.
14. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 13, (6) expose upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3), overlapping layers (4) or reinforcing rib (5) on every side to it is characterized in that reinforce is arranged.
15. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 13, the reinforce (6) in it is characterized in that separately stretch in the adjacent matrix drawknot mutually.
16. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that polygon is rectangle, square, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.
17., it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described cavity body at least one in inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), groove (9), pit (10), hole (11), boss module (12), raised line (13), the external corner (14) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
18. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 17 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (7), chamfering (8), groove (9), hole (11), raised line (13) self or is parallel, the crossing grid that is provided with or forms each other.
19., it is characterized in that also being provided with in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body at least one in stiffening rib (15), the bracing boom (16) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
20. at least one in a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19, it is characterized in that stiffening rib is arranged (15), bracing boom (16) exposed outside the cavity body.
21. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19, reinforce (6) exposes to it is characterized in that going up reinforcing rib (5), stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) in addition.
22. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) and basic unit superimposed or superimposed back dew muscle, net reinforce (6).
23. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that reinforcing rib (5), stiffening rib (15), bracing boom (16) are superimposed with overlapping layers (4).
24., it is characterized in that being provided with light material (17) in the enclosed cavity of described cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
25. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 24, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) be light material (17).
26. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one in the sidewall (2) be dismountable movable part, perhaps upper plate (1) or at least one in the sidewall (2) dismountable movable part is arranged on every side.
27. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described cavity body or on every side at least one external surface in the sidewall (2) be corrugated, zigzag or exasperate external surface.
28., it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with align member (18) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
29., it is characterized in that described cavity body is provided with connector connected to one another (19) between the cavity body according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
30. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 29 is characterized in that at least two above cavity body are connected as one by connector (19), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (20) between the cavity body.
31. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is extended with toss (21) or stretches out the toss (21) of revealing reinforce (6), perhaps plural at least cavity body connects into the gang mould mould component by toss (21).
32. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that described lower shoe (3) is the lower shoe of cement mortar, concrete or polymer mortar, perhaps the upper plate of cavity body (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, wood glue plate, plastics or metal crimp template.
33. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 32 is characterized in that the lower shoe of described lower shoe (3) for lightweight concrete, polymer concrete.
34. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) or the overlapping layers (4) is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce of net (6) is formed by stacking by multilayer on every side.
35., it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as two-layer at least superimposed compound overlapping layers according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
36., it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (4) is originally as at least two kinds of compound overlapping layerss that material is superimposed according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
37. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), the integral body that is formed in one of sidewall (2) or lower shoe (3) and overlapping layers (4) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2), lower shoe (3) partly or entirely interconnect by overlapping layers (4) each other and enclose cavity body on every side.
38., it is characterized in that shuttering member is provided with carrying part (22) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 16.
CNB200510129285XA 2003-10-01 2003-10-01 Shuttering member CN100408787C (en)

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CN100408787C true CN100408787C (en) 2008-08-06

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2633526A1 (en) * 1976-07-26 1978-02-02 Keller Kg Filigranbau Ribbed ceiling slab fibre-glass concrete trough shaped form unit - has peripheral outward flange providing rigidity without profiling and facilitating stacking
JPS6466345A (en) * 1987-09-07 1989-03-13 Fuji Ps Concrete Method of lightening construction of concrete floor
CN1348040A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Cavity member for floor slab with hidden and dense ribs
CN1356442A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab
CN1366118A (en) * 2001-11-15 2002-08-28 邱则有 Prefabricated hollow member for roof with space structure and its application
CN2536687Y (en) * 2001-11-23 2003-02-19 邱则有 Hollow constructing component for steel bar reinforced floor
CN2561848Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-07-23 邱则有 Formwork component for steel bar reinforced concrete

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2633526A1 (en) * 1976-07-26 1978-02-02 Keller Kg Filigranbau Ribbed ceiling slab fibre-glass concrete trough shaped form unit - has peripheral outward flange providing rigidity without profiling and facilitating stacking
JPS6466345A (en) * 1987-09-07 1989-03-13 Fuji Ps Concrete Method of lightening construction of concrete floor
CN1366118A (en) * 2001-11-15 2002-08-28 邱则有 Prefabricated hollow member for roof with space structure and its application
CN1348040A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-05-08 邱则有 Cavity member for floor slab with hidden and dense ribs
CN1356442A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Mould with cavity structure for casting reinforced concrete floor slab
CN2536687Y (en) * 2001-11-23 2003-02-19 邱则有 Hollow constructing component for steel bar reinforced floor
CN2561848Y (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-07-23 邱则有 Formwork component for steel bar reinforced concrete

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