CN100431942C - Technological method for hoisting special large-sized equipment using rotary balance process - Google Patents

Technological method for hoisting special large-sized equipment using rotary balance process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100431942C
CN100431942C CNB2006100265116A CN200610026511A CN100431942C CN 100431942 C CN100431942 C CN 100431942C CN B2006100265116 A CNB2006100265116 A CN B2006100265116A CN 200610026511 A CN200610026511 A CN 200610026511A CN 100431942 C CN100431942 C CN 100431942C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
lifting
transverse shifting
turning
pin
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CNB2006100265116A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1850576A (en
Inventor
潘俊
周勤
周百勇
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上海宝冶建设有限公司
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Priority to CNB2006100265116A priority Critical patent/CN100431942C/en
Publication of CN1850576A publication Critical patent/CN1850576A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100431942C publication Critical patent/CN100431942C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to technology for lifting oversized equipment, particularly to a technological method for lifting oversized equipment by adopting the lever principle. The present invention is the technological method for lifting oversized equipment in a rotary equilibrium way, a machine frame of the oversized equipment is eccentrically fixed, a fulcrum is made by making use of the lever equilibrium principle, and the moment equilibrium of the self gravity of the machine frame and the lifting force of a workshop crane is realized. The load of the existing workshop crane is much lighter than the self weight of the machine frame, the present invention has the effect of great lifting capacity, and the crane which needs to lift the machine frame of the oversized equipment is provided. The space and the ground of the existing workshop are utilized, the problems of the ground and the space are provided, and a special base which is used for lifting does not need preparing. The construction period is shortened, the cost is reduced, the operation is convenient, and the lifting of the machine frame is safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of process that adopts spin balancing method lifting large equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the large equipment hoisting, relate in particular to the process that adopts lever principle lifting large equipment.
Background technology
The condition that the lifting of large equipment generally needs is: (1) possesses the workshop crane of lifting ability or crawler type, truck mounted crane; (2) enough equipment is put the place; (3) enough height that is used to lift and plane space are arranged.Yet when practical operation, for the lifting of large equipment, general factory building all can't satisfy above-mentioned three conditions.As lifting for the super-huge rolling-mill housing of the Wide and Thick Slab factory of certain unit (long 14.1 meters, wide 5.4 meters, weigh 450 tons), adopt conventional hoisting technology, the biggest lifting capacity of considering workshop crane only is 100 tons, and this equipment underground and peripheral be subsurface tank, pipeline gathers; Need to adopt the large-tonnage walking crane, must in the workshop, prepare special lifting with the basis, and the roofing of factory building to take off the top, could satisfy the height that lifts and the space requirement on plane.Adopt conventional hanging method will influence various facilities in mill construction, oil depot basis, the oil depot, lifting operation cost height, construction speed is slow.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of process that adopts spin balancing method lifting large equipment, this process is utilized lever balance theory, utilizes the hoisting crane in original workshop, finished the lifting of large equipment, it is easy to operate, and construction cost is low, and the frame lifting is safe and reliable.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of process that adopts spin balancing method lifting large equipment, it is characterized in that:
With frame assembly platform and slide rail positioning and fixing on basic built-in fitting of large equipment, the lifting-transverse shifting device is positioned on the slide rail near the lifting installation site;
Utilize hoisting crane that the parts of super-huge frame are lifted respectively to assembly platform, under the on even keel frame adjustment is assembled into integral body;
Then frame turning device and frame are clamped, frame is the level of state in the frame turning device, and both form one;
Be provided with pin-and-hole in frame turning device both sides, this pin-and-hole along continuous straight runs departs from frame center of gravity certain distance, the lifting-transverse shifting device is moved to frame turning device side, also be provided with two pin-and-holes in lifting-transverse shifting device both sides, will turn round and after bearing pin passes two pin-and-holes frame turning device and lifting-transverse shifting device be fused;
The lifting-transverse shifting device moves to the frame installed position by hydraulic ram with frame turning device and frame, the frame afterbody links to each other with crane hook by steel rope, suspension hook decline along with hoisting crane, frame is around the revolution bearing pin rotation of frame turning device, and frame is turned to plumbness by horizontality;
The lifting-transverse shifting device is traversing to the installation site with frame again, and general who has surrendered's frame descends and is positioned the installation site under the hydraulic ram of lifting-transverse shifting device then;
Fixed frame is also pulled down lifting-transverse shifting device and frame turning device.
The method of described frame turning device clamping frame is, the frame turning device comprises the frame resupination framework, alignment pin and attachment bolt, the frame resupination framework comprises left and right sides end carriage, the back rest, front-axle beam and retaining beam, front-axle beam is made up of two short beams, it is fastening with attachment bolt that back, alignment pin location is housed between two short beams, the front-axle beam left and right end portions is equipped with left and right sides end carriage, but end carriage is provided with the revolution pin-and-hole wraparound axle of shipping and reselling on another market and rotates, be connected by the retaining beam between front-axle beam and the back rest, left and right sides end carriage closes up the back by keeping off beam up and down and front-axle beam clamps frame with short beam, will turn round bearing pin then and pack into and turn round in the pin-and-hole.
The framework of described lifting-transverse shifting device comprises sidesway end carriage, articulated beam, sidesway supporting leg and slippage frame, when the lifting-transverse shifting device is installed, earlier sidesway end carriage and frame turning device curb girder are connect by the revolution bearing pin, and assembling articulated beam, after forming door frame integral body, by four lifting hydraulic rams the door frame of lifting-transverse shifting device, frame turning device and frame top are reached the installation site height, below the sidesway end carriage, load onto sidesway supporting leg and slippage frame, the framework of forming the lifting-transverse shifting device, unclamp the lifting hydraulic ram, the slippage frame is dropped on the slide rail.
The present invention is that the large equipment frame is eccentric fixing, utilize lever balance theory, make a fulcrum, make the self gravitation of frame and workshop crane play lift and carry out moment balance, referring to Figure 10, if the frame total weight is G, length overall=L, center-of-gravity position are L1 apart from the equipment end, establish fulcrum at skew center-of-gravity position L3 place, according to lever balance theory: workshop crane lift heavy F=(G * L3)/(L2+L3), because L3<<L2, thus F<<G, make the load that has workshop crane now be far smaller than the deadweight of frame, played the effect that art is good for strength, lifted needed hoisting crane thereby solved the large equipment frame; Utilize space, existing workshop and place, solved place and space problem, thereby need not to prepare to lift the basis with special, facility is unaffected in mill construction, the oil depot, has shortened the construction period, has reduced cost, and is easy to operate, and the frame lifting is safe and reliable.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 adopts the process method flow chart of spin balancing method lifting large equipment for the present invention;
Scheme drawing when Fig. 2 is the frame on even keel;
Scheme drawing when Fig. 3 spends states for frame upset 45;
Fig. 4 is the scheme drawing of frame when plumbness;
Fig. 5 is a frame turning device structural representation;
The lateral plan that Fig. 6 sees from the front-axle beam side for the frame turning device;
Fig. 7 is frame turning device scheme drawing when vertical;
Fig. 8 is a lifting-transverse shifting apparatus structure scheme drawing;
Fig. 9 be among Fig. 8 A-A to cross-sectional schematic;
Figure 10 is the spin balancing schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1 frame, 2 frame turning devices, 3 lifting-transverse shifting devices, 4 revolution bearing pins, 5 frame centers of gravity, 6 hoisting cranes, 7 frame assembly platforms, 8 slide rails, 9 track supporting legs, 21 frame resupination frameworks, 22 alignment pin, 23 attachment bolts, 24 left and right sides end carriages, 25 back rest, 26 front-axle beams, 27 retaining beams, 28 short beams, 31 traversing hydraulic rams, 32 lifting hydraulic rams, 33 articulated beams, 34 sidesway end carriages, 35 sidesway supporting legs, 36 slippage beams.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of process of spin balancing method lifting large equipment that adopts is:
With frame assembly platform 7 and slide rail 8 positioning and fixing on basic built-in fitting of large equipment, slide rail 8 is made horizontal under the support of track supporting leg 9 near the lifting installation site the workshop, and lifting-transverse shifting device 3 is positioned on the slide rail 8.
Utilize workshop crane 6 that the parts of super-huge frame are lifted respectively to assembly platform 7, under the on even keel frame 1 adjustment is assembled into integral body, referring to Fig. 5.
Then frame turning device 2 and frame 1 are clamped, referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7.Frame turning device 2 comprises frame resupination framework 21, revolution bearing pin 4, alignment pin 22 and attachment bolt 23, and frame resupination framework 21 comprises left and right sides end carriage 24, the back rest 25, front-axle beam 26 and retaining beam 27.Front-axle beam 26 is divided into two, two short beams 28 are formed front-axle beam 26, retaining beam 27 is housed between two short beams 28 and the back rest 25, the back rest 25 is a mouthful word shape, two short beam 28 ends both sides end carriage 24 is housed, left and right sides end carriage 24 is provided with the revolution pin-and-hole, left and right sides end carriage 24 closes up the back and by keeping off beam 27 up and down frame 1 is clamped, back, alignment pin 22 location is housed between two short beams 28 adopts high strength attachment bolt 23 fastening, form a complete front-axle beam 26, thereby frame 1 is clamped by two front-axle beams 26 up and down.Frame 1 is clamped fully and is the level of state by up and down two retaining beams 27 and front-axle beam 26 in frame turning device 2, and will turn round bearing pin 4 then and pack in the revolution pin-and-hole, thus the rotary movement of turning device realization frame.
Be provided with pin-and-hole at frame turning device 2 both sides end carriages 24, this pin-and-hole along continuous straight runs departs from frame 1 center of gravity certain distance, referring to Fig. 5, lifting-transverse shifting device 3 is moved to frame turning device 2 sides, also be provided with two pin-and-holes in lifting-transverse shifting device 3 both sides, referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. 2, will turn round bearing pin 4 and pass behind two pin-and-holes frame turning device 2 and lifting-transverse shifting device 3 are fused.
Lifting-transverse shifting device 3 comprises hydraulic ram, hydraulic power source, hydraulic control device, and hydraulic ram has traversing hydraulic ram 31 and lifting hydraulic ram 32.Referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9, the framework of lifting-transverse shifting device comprises sidesway end carriage 34, articulated beam 33, sidesway supporting leg 35 and slippage frame 36, when lifting-transverse shifting device 3 is installed, earlier sidesway end carriage 34 and frame turning device 2 both sides end carriages 24 are connect by revolution bearing pin 4, and assembling articulated beam 33, after forming door frame integral body, by the door frame of four lifting hydraulic rams 32 with lifting-transverse shifting device 3, frame turning device 2 and frame 1 top reach the installation site height, below sidesway end carriage 34, load onto sidesway supporting leg 35 and slippage frame 36, the framework of forming lifting-transverse shifting device 3, unclamp lifting hydraulic ram 32, slippage frame 36 is dropped on the slide rail 8.
Lifting-transverse shifting device 3 moves to the frame installed position by traversing hydraulic ram 31 with frame turning device 2 and frame 1, frame 1 afterbody links to each other with workshop crane 6 suspension hooks by steel rope, revolution bearing pin 4 is fulcrums of frame 1 upset, the stressed moment balance that formed of the load of the self gravitation of frame 1 and workshop crane 6; Along with the suspension hook of workshop crane 6 descends, frame 1 is around revolution bearing pin 4 rotations of frame turning device 2, and frame 1 is turned to plumbness by horizontality, referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4.
Lifting-transverse shifting device 3 is traversing to the installation site with frame 1 by traversing hydraulic ram 31 again, lifting-transverse shifting device 3 frameworks have been stretched on lifting hydraulic ram 32 tops of lifting-transverse shifting device 3 then, slippage frame 36 and sidesway supporting leg 35 are removed, and 32 times general who has surrendered's frames of lifting hydraulic ram 1 descend and are positioned the installation site then.
Fixed frame 1 is also removed lifting-transverse shifting device 3 and frame turning device 2.
The present invention uses lever balance and rotation principle, utilizes the hoisting crane in original workshop, and the lifting of large equipment has been finished in place and space, and it is easy to operate, and construction cost is low, and the frame lifting is safe and reliable.

Claims (3)

1. process that adopts spin balancing method lifting large equipment is characterized in that:
With frame assembly platform and slide rail positioning and fixing on basic built-in fitting of large equipment, the lifting-transverse shifting device is positioned on the slide rail near the lifting installation site;
Utilize hoisting crane that the parts of super-huge frame are lifted respectively to assembly platform, under the on even keel frame adjustment is assembled into integral body;
Then frame turning device and frame are clamped, frame is the level of state in the frame turning device, and both form one;
Be provided with pin-and-hole in frame turning device both sides, this pin-and-hole along continuous straight runs departs from frame center of gravity certain distance, the lifting-transverse shifting device is moved to frame turning device side, also be provided with two pin-and-holes in lifting-transverse shifting device both sides, will turn round and after bearing pin passes two pin-and-holes frame turning device and lifting-transverse shifting device be fused;
The lifting-transverse shifting device moves to the frame installed position by hydraulic ram with frame turning device and frame, the frame afterbody links to each other with crane hook by steel rope, suspension hook decline along with hoisting crane, frame is around the revolution bearing pin rotation of frame turning device, and frame is turned to plumbness by horizontality;
The lifting-transverse shifting device is traversing to the installation site with frame again, and general who has surrendered's frame descends and is positioned the installation site under the hydraulic ram of lifting-transverse shifting device then;
Fixed frame is also pulled down lifting-transverse shifting device and frame turning device.
2. the process of employing spin balancing method lifting large equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the method for frame turning device clamping frame is, the frame turning device comprises the frame resupination framework, alignment pin and attachment bolt, the frame resupination framework comprises left and right sides end carriage, the back rest, front-axle beam and retaining beam, front-axle beam is made up of two short beams, it is fastening with attachment bolt that back, alignment pin location is housed between two short beams, the front-axle beam left and right end portions is equipped with left and right sides end carriage, but end carriage is provided with the revolution pin-and-hole wraparound axle of shipping and reselling on another market and rotates, be connected by the retaining beam between front-axle beam and the back rest, left and right sides end carriage closes up the back by keeping off beam up and down and front-axle beam clamps frame with short beam, will turn round bearing pin then and pack into and turn round in the pin-and-hole.
3. the process of employing spin balancing method lifting large equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the framework of lifting-transverse shifting device comprises the sidesway end carriage, articulated beam, sidesway supporting leg and slippage frame, when the lifting-transverse shifting device is installed, earlier sidesway end carriage and frame turning device curb girder are connect by the revolution bearing pin, and assembling articulated beam, after forming door frame integral body, by the door frame of four lifting hydraulic rams with the lifting-transverse shifting device, frame turning device and frame top reach the installation site height, below the sidesway end carriage, load onto sidesway supporting leg and slippage frame, the framework of forming the lifting-transverse shifting device, unclamp the lifting hydraulic ram, the slippage frame is dropped on the slide rail.
CNB2006100265116A 2006-05-12 2006-05-12 Technological method for hoisting special large-sized equipment using rotary balance process CN100431942C (en)

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CN102021277B (en) * 2009-09-22 2013-07-24 五冶集团上海有限公司 Annealing furnace loop integrated framework hoisting method
CN101870435B (en) * 2010-05-31 2012-06-20 南通中远船务工程有限公司 Overturned hoisting method for helicopter platform
CN101920909B (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-04-24 上海三一科技有限公司 Mounting device of rotary speed reducer of crane and using method thereof
CN102976118B (en) * 2012-12-11 2014-08-13 大元建业集团股份有限公司 Spatial two-moment distribution hoisting method of overweight body with partial gravity centre
CN103321213B (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-08-12 中交第二航务工程局有限公司 Reinforcing cage integral installation device waterborne and mounting method
CN104444976B (en) * 2013-09-14 2017-01-18 福建省第一电力建设公司 Steel rotating table for heavy and large equipment, manufacturing method thereof and using method thereof
CN105110183B (en) * 2015-09-01 2017-05-24 山东电力建设第一工程公司 Special tool for assembling condenser water chambers and method thereof
CN105197854B (en) * 2015-10-27 2018-02-09 六安联众工业自动化技术有限公司 Overturn hanging device
CN106002240B (en) * 2016-06-08 2018-03-27 中国二十二冶集团有限公司 Hydraulic press frame installation method
CN110371902A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-10-25 中国二十冶集团有限公司 A kind of mobile installation method interfered when rolling-mill housing being avoided to jack

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0558596A (en) * 1991-08-30 1993-03-09 Japanic:Kk Synchronizing mechanism of lifting device
CN1430572A (en) * 2001-03-29 2003-07-16 三菱电机株式会社 Method for installing hoist
CN1736848A (en) * 2005-06-27 2006-02-22 华南理工大学 Large-scale structure integral hositing device and method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0558596A (en) * 1991-08-30 1993-03-09 Japanic:Kk Synchronizing mechanism of lifting device
CN1430572A (en) * 2001-03-29 2003-07-16 三菱电机株式会社 Method for installing hoist
CN1736848A (en) * 2005-06-27 2006-02-22 华南理工大学 Large-scale structure integral hositing device and method

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Owner name: SHANGHAI BAOYE GROUP CORP., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: BAOYE CONSTRUCTION CO., LTD., SHANGHAI

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 200941 Fuyuan Road, Shanghai, No. 2457, No.

Patentee after: Shanghai Baoye Group Corp., Ltd.

Address before: 200941 Shanghai City, Baoshan District Road, No. four yuan, 168

Patentee before: Baoye Construction Co., Ltd., Shanghai