CN100417146C - Method for power discrimination and charging and external user interface gateway - Google Patents

Method for power discrimination and charging and external user interface gateway Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100417146C
CN100417146C CN 200510068026 CN200510068026A CN100417146C CN 100417146 C CN100417146 C CN 100417146C CN 200510068026 CN200510068026 CN 200510068026 CN 200510068026 A CN200510068026 A CN 200510068026A CN 100417146 C CN100417146 C CN 100417146C
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method
power
discrimination
charging
external
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CN 200510068026
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CN1859338A (en )
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潘海涛
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华为技术有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/02Details
    • H04L12/14Metering, charging or billing arrangements specially adapted for data wireline or wireless communications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/08Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting authentication of entities communicating through a packet data network

Abstract

本发明公开了一种鉴权和计费的方法,该方法在外部用户向本地系统发出接入或内容服务请求时,由本地系统根据预先设置的用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,组织并向外部用户接口网关发送用户认证消息,外部用户接口网关根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商的通讯方式,以该通讯方式同该归属运营商用户数据系统交互以进行认证;认证通过后,本地系统对外部用户接入本地系统或者接受内容服务进行计费。 When the present invention discloses a method for authentication and billing, which issue access requests to the service or content outside the local system user, by the local system according to a correspondence relationship between the user and the home operator preset tissue an external user interface and transmits a user authentication message gateway, the gateway determines the external user interface with the home operator of the communication, the communication in the home operator interacts with the user authentication message according to the data system of the home operator for authentication information ; after authentication, the external user access the local system or the local system receives the content service for billing. 本发明还同时公开了一种外部用户接口网关。 The present invention also discloses a user interface to the external gateway. 通过本发明实现仅在本地运营商系统中保留一份用户数据就可使不同运营商之间进行用户资源共享、接入资源共享及内容业务资源共享。 The present invention is achieved by retaining only the user data in a local system operator that the user can share resources among different operators, and access to the contents of resource sharing service resource sharing.

Description

一种鉴权和计费的方法及外部用户接口网关 One kind of authentication and billing method and a user interface external gateway

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及通信领域,更确切地说是涉及一种鉴权和计费的方法及外部用户接口网关。 The present invention relates to the field of communications, and more particularly, to a method of authentication and billing of the user interface and the external gateway.

背景技术 Background technique

随着国内Internet业务使用量的增加,互联网宽带数据业务也在不断地发展,越来越多的运营商提供和发展宽带数据业务。 With the increase of domestic Internet traffic usage, Internet broadband data services are constantly evolving, more and more operators to provide broadband and data services. 但随着业务运营的不断深入,运营商各自为战的状态不断地被打破,取而代之的运营商之间的相互合作,互相取长补短,共同为用户提供具有优势的业务。 But with the deepening of business operations, operators fragmented nature of the state continue to be broken, replaced by mutual cooperation between operators, complement each other, work together to provide users with a business advantage.

在运营商开展接入业务初期,运营商认证、授权、计费系统AAA (Authentication、 Authorization、 Accounting ) 4妄入的用户<又局卩艮于本运营商发展的用户;同样本运营商发展的用户,也仅能使用本运营商推出的业务。 In the early operators to carry out access services, operators authentication, authorization, and accounting system AAA (Authentication, Authorization, Accounting) 4 jump into the user <Gen Jie and office users in this operator's development; this is also the operator of the development users also can only use the operators to launch services. 但随着运营商多元化的发展,外部用户也希望使用本运营商提供的AAA系统进行业务接入或消费该运营商提供的内容业务,但由于外部用户的用户信息没有在本运营商系统中注册,导致其无法接入及消费这些内容业务,因此限制了接入或业务的资源共享,不利于运营商之间的相互合作、资源共享。 But with the development of a wide range of operators, users also want to use an external AAA system of the operators to provide access to conduct business or consumer content services that operators provide, but because there is no external users of user information in this operator's system registration, preventing them from access to content and consumer business, thus limiting access to shared resources or business, is not conducive to mutual cooperation between operators to share resources.

为了解决这一问题,现有技术方案是为各运营商之间进行用户数据的同步,即若要B运营商的用户可以接入A运营商的AAA系统或进行内容业务消费,需要该用户在B运营商开户时也将该用户数据放置一份在运营商A 的AAA系统中,并且在B运营商AAA系统中用户数据修改时也需同时通知运营商A的AAA系统。 To solve this problem, the prior art solution is for user data synchronization between operators, i.e., to the user B can access operator A or operator's AAA system service content consumption needs of the user B account also when the operator places a copy of the user data in the AAA system operator a, and also needs to notify the AAA system operator when the user data a modified B AAA system operator. 通过该方案可以实现用户资源的共享,并允许B 运营商的用户在A运营商的AAA系统中接入或消费内容业务。 User resource can be shared by the program and allow the user to access the operator B in A in the operator's AAA system or consume the content business. 但同时也带来如下缺点: But it also brings the following disadvantages:

1、用户开户时需要在两个或多个运营商系统中同步开户,增加了运营商的运营成本; 1, account need to synchronize two or more carriers in the system, a user account, increase the operating costs of the operator;

2、 需要不定时的对用户数据同步,导致用户数据在一段时间内无法一致,造成用户数据不准确; 2, does not need to synchronize the timing of the user data, user data can not result in a consistent period of time, causing the user data is not accurate;

3、 由于用户数据的非实时同步,用户余额可能不真实,故该方案只能支持后付费用户,无法支持预付费用户。 3, due to non-real-time synchronization of user data, user balance may untrue, so the program can only support post-paid subscribers, prepaid subscribers can not support.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的主要目的在于提供一种鉴权和计费的方法和外部用户接口网关,以实现仅在本地运营商系统中保留一份用户数据就可使不同运营商之间实现用户资源共享、接入资源共享及内容业务资源共享。 The main object of the present invention is to provide a method for authentication and billing gateway and an external user interface to enable a user to retain only the data in the local system operator can make the user realize the sharing of resources between different operators, then sharing the resources and content business resource sharing.

为达到以上目的,本发明的方法技术方案包括如下步骤: To achieve the above object, a method aspect of the present invention comprises the steps of:

A、 外部用户向本地系统发出接入请求或内容服务请求; A, external access request issued by a user or a content service request to the home system;

B、 本地系统根据预先设置的用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,组织并向外部用户接口网关发送认证消息; B, according to the correspondence between the local system and the user's home operator is set in advance, and the external organization authentication message gateway sends a user interface;

C、 所述外部用户接口网关根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,以该通讯方式同该归属运营商用户数据系统交互,对所述外部用户进行认证并向所述本地系统返回认证结果; C, the external gateway interface to determine user communication with the home operator of user data in the message authentication system according to the home operator information, the communication to the home operator interacts with the data system user, the external user and returning the authentication result of the local authentication system;

D、 所述本地系统将通过认证的外部用户接入本地系统或者向其提供内容服务,并对该外部用户计费。 D, access to the local system by an external user authentication system, or a local service providing content thereto, and charging the external user.

如果根据用户类型确定所述外部用户为预付费用户,认证通过后还包括本地系统组织向外部用户接口网关发送费用预留计费消息,外部用户接口网关根据该消息确定同归属运营商的通讯方式以同归属运营商交互申请费用预留,如果预留成功,才允许用户接入本地系统或向其提供内容服务。 If it determined that the external user is a prepaid user, the system further comprising a local tissue reservation message to the external user billing gateway interface to send the cost of, the external gateway interface to determine user communication with the home operator based on the authentication message according to a user type to reserve home operator interaction with the application fee, if the reservation is successful, the user is allowed access to the local system or provide content services.

当用户结束接入或接受内容服务时,本地系统对用户费用进行结算,从预留的费用中将其扣除,并把剩余的费用通过计费的余额返还操作返回至归属运营商的该外部用户账户,并以消费才艮告消息方式为外部用户出具账单。 When the end user access to content or service acceptance, the local user fee settlement system, the costs will be reserved subtracted, and the remaining cost of returning the operation returns to the external user via the home operator accounting balance account and to consume only way Burgundy report message issued statements for external users.

如果根据用户类型确定所述外部用户为后付费用户,该计费进一步包括当用户结束接入或接受内容服务时,本地系统对用户费用进行结算,组织消费报告消息,通过外部接口网关发送至该外部用户的归属运营商用户数据系统。 If the user determines that the external user after paying, further comprising the charging time when the user finishes access to the content or receive service, the local system user fees billed, organize consumption report message sent by the user according to the type of the external interface to the gateway outside the user's home operator user data system.

该外部用户接口网关同归属运营商的用户数据系统的通讯方式可以是以SQL方式访问数据库、通过存储过程访问数据库、以LDAP方式访问数据库、或以消息通知方式通ifU The external communication with the user interface gateway home operator of user data system can be based on SQL database access, access to the database through stored procedures to access LDAP databases, or message notification way through ifU

可以通过预先设置用户卡号段和归属运营商标识关系表或建立用户域名和归属运营商标识关系表来设置用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系。 You can set correspondence relationship between the user and the home operator previously set by the user card and the home operator identification segment table or create a user domain and the home operator identification table.

本地系统4艮据用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,组织认证或消费冲艮告 According to the local system Gen 4 correspondence between the user and the home operator, or consumption of red Burgundy certified organization report

消息,该认证消息、费用预留计费消息和消费报告消息的消息头中包括归属运营商用户数据系统的目的节点、目的自动机、本地源节点及本地自动机的信息,消息体中包括用户信息。 Information message body of the message, the authentication message, the reservation fee charging message and the consumption report message comprises a message header in the destination node the home operator of user data system, the purpose of automatic machines, local source node and a local automatic machine comprising a user information.

一种外部用户接口网关,包括核心进程模块、应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块; The user interface of an external gateway, the process includes a core module, an application interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing system module;

所述核心进程模块与应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块相连,用于接收本地系统发来的外部用户的认证消息,调用核心进程,根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,将所述通讯方式通知给所述应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块;以及,将对所述外部用户的认证结果返回所述本地系统; The core process module with the application interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing module is connected to the system, the local system for receiving an authentication message sent by an external user, the process calls the core, determined in accordance with the authentication message home operator information with the home operator of user data communication system, the communication will be notified to the application program interface module, the module directory database operation, message processing system module; and, the external user will return the authentication result the local system;

所述应用程序接口模块与以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式通过API访问归属运营商用户数据系统,对所述外部用户进行认证; The application program interface module to the home operator of user data stored relational database system user data is connected for access to the communication system of the home operator of user data through the API, the external user authentication;

所述目录数据库操作模块与以目录数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式操作储存在归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据,对所述外部用户进行i人i正; The directory database operation module is connected to the home operator of user data storage directory database system user data for communication to the user operation of the external data stored in the user data of the home operator of the system, the external user people were i i n;

所述消息处理系统模块用于以所述通讯方式同以消息处理系统方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统进行通知消息的交互,对所述外部用户进行认证;或者,以消息通知方式与其它外部用户接口网关通讯,进行外部用户接口网关的级联处理。 The message processing system module for the home operator of the user data communication with the system to store the message data processing system user mode notification message interaction is performed, said external user authentication; alternatively, a message notification mode and other external user interface communication gateway, an external user interface cascade process gateway.

一种认证、授权、计费系统,包括外部用户接口网关,所述外部用户接口网关包括核心进程模块、应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块,其中: An authentication, authorization, accounting system, a user interface comprising an external gateway, the gateway of the external user interface module comprises a core process, the application program interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing system module, wherein:

所述核心进程模块与应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块相连,用于接收本地系统发来的外部用户的认证消息,调用核心 The core process module with the application interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing module is connected to the system, the local system for receiving a message sent by an external user authentication, call the central

8进程,根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,将所述通讯方式通知给所述应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作 8 process, it is determined that the communication with the home operator of user data in the message authentication system according to the home operator information, notifies the communication application program to the interface module, the directory database operations

模块、消息处理系统模块;以及,将对所述外部用户的认证结果返回所述本地系统; Module, the message processing system module; and, the external user will return the authentication result of the local system;

所述应用程序接口模块与以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式通过API访问归属运营商用户数据系统,对所述外部用户进4l^人i正; Said application interface module is connected to the home operator of user data stored in relational database systems way user data for communication to the home operator access to the user data through the API system, into the external user person 4l ^ i positive;

所述目录数据库操作模块与以目录数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式操作储存在归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据,对所述外部用户进行认证; The directory database operation module is connected to the home operator of user data storage directory database system user data for communication to the user operation of the external data stored in the user data of the home operator of the system, the external user authentication;

所述消息处理系统模块用于以所述通讯方式同以消息处理系统方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统进行通知消息的交互,对所述外部用户进行认证;或者,以消息通知方式与其它外部用户接口网关通讯,进行外部用户接口网关的级联处理。 The message processing system module for the home operator of the user data communication with the system to store the message data processing system user mode notification message interaction is performed, said external user authentication; alternatively, a message notification mode and other external user interface communication gateway, an external user interface cascade process gateway.

1、 本方案不需要在接入或内容业务消费地进行用户开户,仅需要在用户所归属的运营商系统上进行开户即可,减少运营商运营的成本。 1, in the present embodiment does not require access to services or content to a user account consumer need only to open an account for the user on the home system operator, the operator reduces the cost of operations.

2、 本方案中用户的数据仅保留在用户归属地的系统上,因此不存在用户数据不一致的问题; 2, in the present embodiment the user data is maintained only in the user's home system, inconsistent user data so there is no problem;

3、 用户在其它运营商的AAA系统进行接入或消费内容业务时,通过外部用户接口网关实时与归属AAA进行通讯,完成用户的iU正、计费及出具账单(消费报告)功能,用户的余额仅在归属地保存一份,因此可以灵活地支持预付费业务; 3, user access or consume the content in other business operator's AAA system, carried out by an external user interface gateway real-time communications with home AAA complete user iU positive charge and issued statements (Consumer Reports) function, users balance only keep a home, so the flexibility to support prepaid services;

4、 由于不同运营商对用户数据保存方式的不同,如可能是Informix、 Oracle,也可能使用目录数据库、文件数据库等存储方式,本发明可以支持不同的用户数据存储方式,因此适配升级或扩容灵活,而不需要升级主系统, 更利用在线扩容或升级。 4, since different operators in different ways for the user to save data, such as may be Informix, Oracle, also possible to use a directory database, a file database storage, the present invention can support different user data storage, thus adapting to upgrade or expansion flexible, without the need to upgrade the main system, more use of online capacity expansion or upgrade.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的系统结构示意图; 图2为本发明外部用户接口网关结构示意图; 图3为本发明预付费用户实现流程示意图; 图4为本发明后付费用户实现流程示意图。 1 a schematic configuration diagram of the system of the present invention; Figure 2 a schematic view of an external structure of the present invention, a user interface gateway; FIG. 3 a schematic flow chart prepaid users implement the present invention; subscribers schematic flow diagram of Figure 4 of the present invention is implemented. 具体实施方式下面结合实施例和附图,对本发明进一步详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION The following Examples and accompanying drawings, the present invention is further described in detail. 本发明在现有AAA系统的基础上增加一个外部用户4矣口网关,负责该系统与外部用户的通讯,并灵活地提供与外部不同系统的接口,完成外部用户接入或消费内容业务时的实时认证、计费及出具账单或消费报告。 The present invention adds to the existing AAA system of an external user 4 men gateway port, the system is responsible for communication with external users, and flexibility to provide different interface with external systems, complete access to external users when the content of the service consumer or real-time authentication, billing and issue a bill or consumption report. 如图l所示,在本发明中,非本地用户在使用接入或内容业务时称为外部用户;外部用户开户所在运营商称为归属运营商;外部用户使用接入或内容的该运营商称为本地运营商,本地运营商的接入系统称为本地接入系统, 本地运营商的内容系统称为本地内容系统;本地系统包含本地接入系统与本地内容系统;本地系统与归属运营商通讯的模块称为外部用户接口网关。 As shown in FIG. L, in the present invention, the use of non-local users access to services or contents when the called external user; operator is located outside the user account is called a home operator; external user access to the content or the operator called home operator, the operator's access to the local system is called local access system, the local system operator's content system called local content; local access system comprising a home system and local content system; local system and the home operator the communications module called external user interface gateway. 该外部用户接口网关设置于本地系统中,用来与外部用户的归属运营商进行通讯,完成外部用户接入或消费内容业务时的用户认证、计费及出具账单或消费报告。 The external user interface gateway settings in the local system is used with an external user's home operator communications, user authentication is completed when external user access or consume the content business, billing and issue a bill or consumption report. 当然,该外部用户接口网关也可以设置在独立的第三方设备上。 Of course, the external user interface gateway may also be provided on a separate third-party device. 本发明为了提供一种灵活、可扩展、实时的外部用户使用本地接入业务或内容业务机制,该外部用户接口网关可支持多种外部用户数据保存方式。 The present invention is to provide a flexible, scalable, real-time local external users access services or content of the service mechanism, the external user interface gateway can support multiple external user data storage mode. 该外部用户的归属运营商的用户数据存储方式可能是关系数据库(如Informix或Oracle数据库)、也可能使用目录数据库(如文件数据库)或者利用消息处理系统提供用户信息,相应地该外部用户接口网关提供的通讯方式可以是以SQL ( Structured Query Language )方式访问数据库、通过存储过程访问数据库、以LDAP轻量级目录访问协议(Lightweight Directory Access Protocol)方式访问数据库或以消息通知方式通讯。 The external user's home operator of user data storage may be a relational database (such as Informix or Oracle database), also possible to use a directory database (e.g., file databases) or provide the user information using a message handling system, corresponding to the external user interface gateway communication can be provided based on SQL (Structured Query Language) database access, access to the database through stored procedures to LDAP lightweight directory access protocol (lightweight directory access protocol) access to a database or communication of a message notification method. 外部用户接口网关负责与外部不同数据源进行通讯,以使本地系统屏蔽外部数据的存储方式。 Gateway is responsible for the external user interface to communicate with an external different data sources, so that the local external data storage system of the shield. 而本地系统与外部接口网关之间可以利用内部协议进4亍通讯。 The external interface between the home system and the gateway 4 can use an internal protocol into the communication right foot. 该内部协议包括消息头和消息体,其中消息头中除了包括业界常用计费消息的消息头的必要参数外,还需要包括归属运营节点参数以标识外部用户的归属运营商;消息体包括业界现有计费消息的消息体的必要参数即可实现。 The internal protocol includes a message header and a message body, wherein the message header includes the necessary parameters in addition to common in the industry charging message the message header, further comprising the home operator node parameters need to identify the user's home operator outside; message now includes the industry there charging message the necessary parameters of the message body can be realized. 该内部协议可以依据,也可以通过扩展现有的计费消息实现,扩展字段为归属运营节点参数。 The internal protocol can be based, may be realized by extending existing billing message, the home operator extension field node parameters. 如重新定义的消息可以采用如下结构:消息头可以包括消息长度、消息类型、消息ID、功能实体号、状态机号及归属运营节点参数。 The message may be re-defined structure as follows: message header may include a message length, message type, message ID, number of functional entities, the state machine number and the home operator node parameters. 认证请求消息体可以包括用户账号、密码标志及用户加密密码参数。 Authentication request message may include a user ID, a user password and the encrypted encryption parameter flag. 计费响应消息体可以包括认证结果、用户类型及用户余额参数。 Charging response message may include an authentication result, the balance of the user and user type parameters. 计费请求消息体可以包括用户账号、开始时间、结束时间、费用、操作类型及会话ID参数。 Charging request message may include the user account, start time, end time, cost, operation type, and session ID parameter. 计费响应消息体可以包括用户账号、计费结果、实际费用、操作类型及会话ID参数。 Charging response message may include the user account, charging result, the actual cost, operation type, and session ID parameter. 消费报告消息体可以包括用户账号、消费开始及结束时间、本条费用及报告类型参数。 Consumer report message may include user accounts, consumer start and end times, the cost of this section and the type of report parameters. 报告响应包括用户账号及消息报告结果参数。 Report response message including the user account number and report the results parameters. 如图2所示,为本发明外部用户接口网关的结构示意图。 2, a schematic structure of the external gateway to the user of the present invention. 所述外部用户接口网关包括核心进程模块、应用程序接口API ( Application Program Interface)模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块。 The user interface of the external process module includes a core gateway, an application program interface API (Application Program Interface) module, the operating module directory database, the message processing system module. 其中,所述核心进程模块与API模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块相连,用于调用外部接口网关的核心进程,负责消息的处理及转发,用于处理本地系统与外部用户的交互;API模块用于通过API访问外部关系数据库,由于API 的封装性,因此外部关系数据库类型对外部用户接口网关透明;目录数据库操作模块用于与外部目录数据库进行连接,并操作储存在目录数据库中的外部用户数据;消息处理系统模块用于与外部其它消息处理系统或者消息网关的消息进行对接,以完成外部用户网关的级联。 Wherein the core and the process module API module, the module directory database operation, the message processing module is connected to the system, the core process for calling the external interface gateway is responsible for handling and forwarding of messages for the local processing system to interact with external users; API module via the API for accessing the external database relation, since the encapsulation of the API, the external relationship database type external transparent user interface gateway; catalog database operation means for connection to an external database directory, the operation and stored in the directory database external user transactions; message processing system module for interfacing with other external messaging system message or a message of the gateway to external users complete cascade gateway. 该外部用户接口网关还可以包括监控模块、日志跟踪模块、关系数据库操作模块、WEB模块。 The external user interface gateway may further include a monitoring module, a tracking module logs, relational database operations module, WEB module. 其中,监控模块用于启动、停止外部用户接口网关, 并检查内部进程执行情况,当进程异常时,重新执行相关进程;日志跟踪模块用于执行打开或关闭日志跟踪功能;当外部用户接口网关同归属运营商的消息处理系统属于同一制造商提供或基于同一约定协议通讯时,关系数据库操作模块用于通过存储过程的方式访问关系数据库中的外部用户信息,不直接访问用户表;当外部用户接口网关同归属运营商的消息处理系统属于同一制造商提供或基于同一约定协议通讯时,WEB模块用于与该归属运营商的WEB服务器连接,接收外部消息并将其转换为外部用户接口网关同归属运营商之间的内部协i义进行处理。 Among them, the monitoring module is used to start and stop an external user interface gateway, and check the implementation of internal processes, when abnormal process, re-execute related processes; log tracking module used to perform open or close the log trace function; when the external user interface with gateway the home operator's messaging system is the same manufacturer or the same convention-based communications protocol, means for operating an external relational database accessed by the user information stored in the relational database procedure, the user does not directly access the table; when an external user interface gateway with the home operator's messaging system is the same manufacturer or the same convention-based communication protocol, means for connection to the WEB home operator WEB server, receiving an external message and convert it into an external user interface with the home gateway between the internal co-defined operators i processed. 当外部用户向本地系统发出接入或消费内容的请求时,本地系统根据预先设置的用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,组织用户认证消息,将该用户认证消息发送到外部用户接口网关,外部用户接口网关根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商的通讯方式,且以该通讯方式同该归属运营商用户数据系统交互以进行认证、计费或出具账单或消费报告。 When a user makes a request to access or external to consume the content to the local system, the local system according to a correspondence relationship between the user and the home operator previously set, a user authentication message organization, the user authentication message transmitted to the external user interface gateway, external user interface gateway determines communication with the home operator based authentication message home operator information, and in this way data communication system interacts with the home operator's user authentication, billing or billing issue or consumer reports. 其中,可以通过预先设置用户卡号段和归属运营商标识关系表来设置用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,也可以通过建立用户i或名和归属运营商标识关系表来设置用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系。 Which may be set corresponding relationship between the user and the home operator by presetting the user card segment and the home carrier identification table, may be set by establishing the user i or name and home operator identification table the user and the home operator correspondence between the. 如运营商设置用户卡号段与外部数据源关联表,即某些卡号段的用户数据存储在指定的外部数据源上,进而使外部用户接口网关确定该外部用户归属的运营商系统。 The user card carrier is provided with external data sources associated segment table, i.e., some user data is stored on the card segments the specified external data source, thereby enabling the external user interface gateway determines that the external user's home system operator. 相应于归属运营商用户数据系统对用户数据的不同存储方式,该外部用户接口网关同归属运营商的用户数据系统通讯方式可以是以SQL方式访问数据库、通过存储过程访问数据库、以LDAP方式访问数据库、或以消息通知方式通讯。 Corresponding to the home operator systems with different user data storage of user data, the user interface to the external gateway with home operator user data communication system may be a way to access SQL databases through stored procedures to access the database to access LDAP database or communication of a message notification method. 故可以预先设置归属运营商标识及用户数才居存储方式关系表, 外部用户接口网关根据认证消息的消息头中的归属运营商信息查寻该关系表以确定同该归属运营商的通讯方式。 It is possible to set in advance a home operator identity and home users only storage table, the external user interface gateway lookup table according to the message authentication message header information to determine whether the home operator of communication with the home operator. 如运营商在运营时,首先在系统中定义与之互联的所有外部数据源信息,包括节点编号、数据类型、联接方式等信息,以便外部用户接口网关根据配置联接到外部用户所在的数据源。 The operators in the operation, first of all define the interconnect with external data source information, the information including the node number, data type, and the like in the system coupled manner to an external user interface in accordance with the gateway configuration is coupled to the data source is located outside the user. 本地系统根据本地运营商设置的用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,組织认证、计费或者消费报告消息。 Local System according to correspondence between the user and the local home operator set by the operator, the organization authentication, billing or consumption report message. 这些消息包括消息头和消息体,消息头中可以包括外部数据源的目的节点、目的自动机、本地源节点及本地自动机号等信息。 The message includes a message header and a message body, message header information may include a destination node of an external data source, the purpose of automatic machines, automatic local source node and local machine number. 而消息体中包括用户名和用户密码等用户信息。 And the message body includes the user name and user password and other user information. 每个元素所占字节数可以自行定义。 The number of bytes occupied by each element can define. 如果所述外部用户为预付费用户时,该计费进一步包括本地系统组织费用预留计费消息,将该消息发送至外部用户接口网关,外部用户接口网关根据该消息的消息头中归属运营商信息确定同归属运营商的通讯方式,且以该通讯方式同归属运营商通讯申请费用预留,如果预留成功,则允许用户接入本地系统或向其提供内容服务,当用户结束接入或接受内容服务时,本地系统依据用户使用参数对用户费用进行结算,从预留的费用进行扣除,并把剩余的费用通过计费的余额返还操作返回至归属运营商的该外部用户账户;并通过消费报告消息为外部用户出账单。 If the external user is a prepaid user, the charging system further comprises a local tissue reservation fee charging message, transmits the message to the external user interface to the gateway, the gateway interface to external user according to the message header of the message the home operator information to determine the means of communication with the home operator, and to the communication with the home operator communication application fee reservation, if the reservation is successful, the system allows users to access local content or provide services, or when the user finishes access interview content services, the local system based on user parameters for user fee settlement, be deducted from the cost of reservation and the remaining cost of the return operation returns to the home operator of the external user account balances through billing; and by consumer reports news out of the bill for external users. 具体流程如图3所示,包括如下步骤:1、 用户发出接入或消费内容的请求,本地系统分析所述请求,确定该用户是否为外部用户,如是依据卡号段和归属运营商对应关系确定该用户属于哪一个归属运营商;2、 本地系统根据l分析的结果,组织认证请求消息(包括消息头和消息),并将该消息发送至与本地系统相连的外部用户接口网关;3、 外部用户接口网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定同归属运营商的通讯方式,如访问归属运营商数据库或发消息请求以进行认证;4、 外部用户接口网关根据认证请求结果,向本地系统返回认证响应, 该响应消息中携带有相应的用户类型、余额等信息;5、 依据用户类型判断出该用户为预付费用户,则本地系统根据用户的余额分割比或最大在线时长等预算需要的费用;6、 本地系统组织计费预留消息,将该消息 Specific procedure shown in Figure 3, comprising the steps of: a user issues a request to access or consumption of the content, the local system analyzes the request to determine whether the user is an external user, the case of correspondence relationship is determined based on the card number and a home operator segment to which the user belongs to the home operator; 2, l local system according to a result of the analysis, group certification request message (including a message header and message), and sends an external user interface connected to the gateway to a local system to the message; 3, external the user interface of the home gateway operator decides data storage with the home operator of communication, such as access to a database or the home operator authentication request message; 4, external user interface according to the authentication result request to the gateway, the system returns to the local authentication in response, the response message carries corresponding user type, balance and other information; 5, it is determined that the user based on the type of user is a prepaid user, then the home system and long budget needed according to the user's balance division ratio or the maximum line; 6, the local billing system organization reservation message, the message 送至外部用户接口网关以申请预留费用;7、 外部用户接口网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定访问归属运营商数据库或发消息请求预留费用;8、 外部用户接口网关根据预留结果,向本地系统返回计费响应消息, 该响应消息中携带有相应的预留结果;9、 本地系统允许用户接入或消费内容;10、 用户接入结束或消费内容结束,本地系统根据相应的费率结算出用户消费的费用,并与预留费用比较,如果费用剩余,则本地系统组织费用返还计费消息,申请返还剩余费用;11 、外部用户接口网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定访问归属运营商数据库或发消息请求返还费用;12、 外部用户接口网关根据返还结果,向本地系统返回返还费用计费响应,该响应中携带有相应的返还结果;13、 本地系统根据用户实际消费组织消费报告消息,并将其发送 The user interface to the external gateway to request reservation fee; 7, external user interface to access the gateway determines the home operator or database message requesting a reservation fee in accordance with the home operator of data storage; 8, according to an external user interface gateway reservation result , the system returns to the local charging response message, the response message carries corresponding reservation result; 9, or access to the local system allows the user to consume content; 10, access to the end user or consumer end of the content, based on the corresponding local system clearing out the user fee rates of consumption, and compared with the reservation fee if the remaining costs, the cost of organizing the return of the local system accounting message, apply for the return of the remaining costs; 11, external user interface gateway determined by the home operator's data storage or the home operator access database fee refund request message; 12, according to an external user interface the gateway to return the results returned in response to the local refund fee charging system, the response carries a corresponding return result; 13, the local system user according to the actual consumption consumer organizations report message, and send it 外部用户接口网关通知用户消费情况;14、 外部用户接口网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定访问归属运营商数据库或发消息通知消费情况;15、 外部用户接口网关根据处理结果,向本地系统返回消费报告响应, 该响应中携带有相应的消费报告处理结果;如果没有响应,则暂时记录, 以便重新报告。 External user interface notifying a user gateway consumption; 14, external user interface to access the gateway determines the home operator notification message database or consumption according to the home operator of the data storage; 15, according to an external user interface to the gateway processing result is returned to the local system consumer reports response that carries the corresponding consumer reports the processing result; if no response is temporarily recorded for re-reporting. 如果用户为后付费,本地系统则仅进行认证及以消息报告的形式出具账单,不需要预留、返还余额等操作。 If the user is postpaid, only the local system for authentication and bills issued in the form of news reports, without reservation, the return of balance and other operations. 其具体流程如图4所示,包括如下步骤:1、 用户发出接入或消费内容的请求,本地系统分析所述请求,确定该用户是否为外部用户,如是依据卡号段和归属运营商对应关系确定该用户属于哪一个归属运营商;2、 系统根据步骤l分析的结果,组织认证请求消息(包括消息头和消息), 并将该消息发送至与本地系统相连的外部用户接口网关;3、 外部用户接口网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定同归属运营商的通讯方式,如访问归属运营商数据库或发消息请求以进行认证;4、 外部用户接口网关根据认证请求结果,返回本地系统认证响应,该响应消息中携带有相应的用户类型、余额等信息;5、 本地系统允许用户接入或消费内容;6、 系统根据用户实际消费组织消费报告消息,将该消息发送至外部用户接口网关以通知用户消费情况;7、 外部用户接 The specific procedure shown in Figure 4, comprising the steps of: 1, a user requesting access to or consume the content, the local system analyzes the request to determine whether the user is an external user, a correspondence relationship based on the case of the card number and a home operator segment determined that the user belongs to which the home operator; 2, the system analyzes the result of step l, the organization authentication request message (including a message header and message), and sends an external user interface connected to the gateway to a local system to the message; 3, the external user interface to the home gateway operator decides data storage with the home operator of communication, such as access to a database or the home operator authentication request message; 4, external user interface according to the authentication result request to the gateway, the system returns the local authentication in response, the response message carries corresponding user type, balance and other information; 5, or access to the local system allows the user to consume content; 6, according to the actual system consumption tissue consumption report message, sending the message to the external user interface gateway to inform the user consumption; 7, external user access 网关根据归属运营商的数据存储方式决定访问归属运营商数据库或发消息通知消费情况;8、 外部用户接口网关根据处理结果,向本地系统返回消费报告响应, 该响应中携带有相应的消费报告处理结果;如果没有响应,则暂时记录,以便重新报告。 The gateway determines a home operator access to the data storage database or the home operator notification message consumption; 8, according to an external user interface to the gateway processing result, the consumer returns a report to the home system response, which carries a corresponding process Consumer Reports results; if no response is being recorded, in order to re-report. 通过本发明,外部用户数据不需要在本地系统中保存,本地系统省去了对外部用户管理的工作,也就不存在数据同步的问题,用户接入或消费内容时,用户实时与归属运营商通讯,完成用户数据实时查询、实时扣费及实时出账单,因此可以实现用户数据信息的统一,同时支持预付费用户。 With the invention, does not need an external user data stored in the local system, the local system eliminates the need for external user management work, there would be no problem of data synchronization, the user access or consume the content, the user real-time and home operator communications, real-time access to complete the user data, real-time and real-time deductions out of the bill, it is possible to achieve a unified user data, while supporting prepaid users.

Claims (14)

  1. 1. 一种鉴权和计费的方法,其特征在于包括如下步骤: A、外部用户向本地系统发出接入请求或内容服务请求; B、本地系统根据预先设置的用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系,组织并向外部用户接口网关发送认证消息; C、所述外部用户接口网关根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,以该通讯方式同该归属运营商用户数据系统交互,对所述外部用户进行认证并向所述本地系统返回认证结果; D、所述本地系统将通过认证的外部用户接入本地系统或者向其提供内容服务,并对该外部用户计费。 An authentication and billing method, comprising the steps of: A, external access request issued by a user or content service request to the local system; B, between the local system and the home operator based on the user set in advance the correspondence relationship, and the external organization authentication message gateway sends a user interface; C, the external user interface to the home operator information authentication gateway in the message is determined in accordance with the communication system of the home operator of user data to the same communication the home operator data system user interaction, the external user authentication system returns to the local authentication result; D, access to the local system by the local system or an external user authentication service providing content thereto, and accounting for the external users.
  2. 2、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:如果根据用户类型确定所述外部用户为预付费用户,认证通过后还包括本地系统组织向外部用户接口网关发送费用预留计费消息,外部用户接口网关根据该消息向归属运营商用户数据系统申请费用预留,并仅在预留成功时允许用户接入本地系统或向其提供内容服务。 2. The method of claim l, wherein: if the user is determined according to the type of the external user is a prepaid user, the system further comprising a local tissue reservation message to the external user interface charging gateway sends the charges after the authentication, the user interface to the external gateway application system of the home operator of user data based on the reservation fee information, and only allow the user access to the local system time of reservation is successful or provide content services.
  3. 3、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,当用户结束接入或接受内容服务时,本地系统对用户费用进行结算,从预留的费用中将其扣除,并把剩余的费用通过计费的余额返还操作返回至归属运营商的该外部用户账户,并以消费报告消息方式为外部用户出具账单。 3. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein, when the end user access to content or service acceptance, the local user fee settlement system, the costs will be reserved subtracted, and the remaining costs by balance billing return operation returns to the home operator of the external user accounts, and the way to consume news report issued statements for external users.
  4. 4、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述认证消息和费用预留计费消息的消息头中包括归属运营商用户数据系统的目的节点信息及本地源节点信息,消息体中包括用户信息。 Message 4. The method of claim 2, characterized in that said authentication message and the reservation fee charging message header includes the destination node the home operator of user data and system information local source node information, the message body including user information.
  5. 5、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:如果4艮据用户类型确定所述外部用户为后付费用户,在该用户结束接入或接受内容服务时,本地系统对用户费用进行结算,组织消费报告消息,通过外部接口网关发送至该外部用户的归属运营商用户数据系统。 5. The method of claim l, wherein: the user paying according to the user if Gen 4 determines the type of external user when the end user access to content or service acceptance, the local system user fees billed , consumer organizations report message is sent to the external user's home operator user data system via an external interface gateway.
  6. 6、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:该外部用户接口网关同归属运营商的用户数据系统的通讯方式为以结构化查询语言方式访问数椐库、通过存储过程访问数据库、以轻量级目录访问协议方式访问数据库、或以消息通知方式通讯。 6. A method as claimed in claim l, wherein: the gateway to the external user interface with the home operator of communication system for user data in a structured query language noted in the number database access, by accessing the database stored procedure to lightweight directory access protocol database access, message notification, or to means of communication.
  7. 7、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:通过预先设置用户卡号段和归属运营商标识关系表或建立用户域名和归属运营商标识关系表来设置用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系。 7. The method according to claim l, wherein: previously set by the user card identification section and a home operator domain name table or create a user identifier and the home operator to set the corresponding relationship table between the user and the home operator relationship.
  8. 8、 如权利要求3或5所述的方法,其特征在于:本地系统根据用户与归属运营商之间的对应关系组织认证或消费报告消息,该认i正和消费报告消息的消息头中包括归属运营商用户数据系统的目的节点、目的自动机、本地源节点及本地自动机的信息,消息体中包括用户信息。 8. The method of claim 3 or claim 5, wherein: the local authentication system based on the correspondence or tissue consumption report message between the user and the home operator, and the n-i recognize consumption report message in the message header includes a home information carrier user data destination node system, the purpose of automatic machines, automatic local source node and a local machine, the user information comprises a message body.
  9. 9、 一种外部用户接口网关,其特征在于包括核心进程模块、应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块;所述核心进程模块与应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块相连,用于接收本地系统发来的外部用户的认证消息,调用核心进程,4艮据i人证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,将所述通讯方式通知给所述应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块;以及,将对所述外部用户的认证结果返回所述本地系统;所述应用程序接口模块与以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式通过API访问归属运营商用户数据系统,对所述外部用户进行认证;所述目录数据库操作模块与以目录数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商 9, a user interface of an external gateway, wherein the process module includes a core, an application interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing system module; process module in the core application interface module, the module directory database operation, message processing system modules connected to the local system for receiving an authentication message sent from an external user, the process of calling the core, according to the home operator Gen 4 i witnesses information message determines that the communication with the home operator of the system user data, the said communication notifies the application program interface module, the module directory database operation, message processing system module; and, the external user will return the authentication result of the local system; and said application interface module in a relational database way the home operator of user data stored in user data of the system is connected for communication to the home operator of user data through the system API access to the external authenticating a user; the operation module with the directory database stored in user database catalog data home operator 用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式操作储存在归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据,对所述外部用户进行认证;所述消息处理系统模块用于以所述通讯方式同以消息处理系统方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统进行通知消息的交互,对所述外部用户进行认证;或者,以消息通知方式与其它外部用户接口网关通讯,进4亍外部用户接口网关的级联处理。 Connected to the system user data for communication to the user operation of the external data stored in the user data of the home operator of the system, the external user authentication; the message processing system in the communication module in the same manner the home operator system user data stored message processing system user interaction data notification message to the external user authentication; alternatively, a message notification mode user interface with other external communication gateway, right foot 4 into the external user interface gateway cascade process.
  10. 10、 如权利要求9所述的网关,其特征在于还包括关系数据库操作模块及WEB模块,其中,所述关系数据库操作模块用于通过存储过程的方式访问以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据;WEB模块与归属运营商的WEB服务器相连,接收外部消息并将其转换为归属运营商用户数据系统同外部接口网关约定的内部协议格式的消息进行处理。 10. The gateway as claimed in claim 9, characterized by further comprising a relational database WEB module and the operating module, wherein, the relational database means for accessing the home operator operating in a relational database stored user data stored by the procedure external user data supplier user data in the system; WEB home operator module is connected to the WEB server, receiving an external message and convert it to the home operator of user data with the external interface system conventions gateway internal protocol message format for processing.
  11. 11、 如权利要求9所述的网关,其特征在于还包括监控模块、日志跟踪模块,其中:所述监控模块用于启动或停止外部用户接口网关,检查内部进程执行情况,当进程异常时,重新执行相关进程;所述日志跟踪模块用于执行打开或关闭日志功能。 11. The gateway as claimed in claim 9, characterized by further comprising a monitoring module, a log tracking module, wherein: when the monitoring module is configured to start or stop an external user interface to the gateway, check the internal implementation of the process, when the process abnormality, re-execute the relevant process; log tracking module for performing the opening or closing logging.
  12. 12、 一种认证、授权、计费系统,其特征在于,包括外部用户接口网关, 所述外部用户接口网关包括核心进程模块、应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块,其中:所述核心进程模块与应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块相连,用于接收本地系统发来的外部用户的认证消息,调用核心进程,根据认证消息中的归属运营商信息确定同该归属运营商用户数据系统的通讯方式,将所述通讯方式通知给所述应用程序接口模块、目录数据库操作模块、消息处理系统模块;以及,将对所述外部用户的认证结果返回所述本地系统;所述应用程序接口模块与以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式通过API访问归属运营商用户数据系统,对所述外部用户进行认证;所述目录数 12, an authentication, authorization, accounting system, wherein a user interface comprising an external gateway, the gateway of the external user interface module comprises a core process, the application program interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing system module, wherein: the core process module with the application interface module, the module directory database operation, the message processing module is connected to the system, the local system for receiving an authentication message sent by an external user, the process calls the core, determined in accordance with the authentication message home operator information with the home operator of user data communication system, the communication will be notified to the application program interface module, the module directory database operation, message processing system module; and, the external user will return the authentication result local system; the application program interface module to the home operator of user data stored relational database system user data is connected to the communication for, the external user access the home authentication API user data system operator ; the number of directories 据库操作模块与以目录数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统相连,用于以所述通讯方式操作储存在归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据,对所述外部用户进行认证;所述消息处理系统模块用于以所述通讯同以消息处理系统方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统进行通知消息的交互,对所述外部用户进行i人证;或者,以消息通知方式与其它外部用户接口网关通讯,进4亍外部用户接口网关的级联处理。 Database operation module is connected to the home operator of user data in the system directory database stored user data for communication to the user operation of the external data stored in the user data of the home operator of the system, the external user authentication ; the message processing system module configured to interact with the notification message the home operator of user data to the system message processing system data stored in the user communications, to the external user i witnesses; or a message notification other external user interface way communication gateway, right foot 4 into the external user interface processing cascade gateway.
  13. 13、 如^l利要求12所述的系统,其特征在于,所述外部用户接口网关还包括关系数据库操作模块及WEB模块,其中,所述关系数据库操作模块用于通过存储过程的方式访问以关系数据库方式存储用户数据的归属运营商用户数据系统中的外部用户数据;WEB模块与归属运营商的Web服务器相连,接收外部消息并将其转换为归属运营商用户数据系统同外部接口网关约定的内部协议格式的消息进行处理。 13. ^ l system of claims 12, wherein said gateway further comprises a user interface external relationship database WEB module and the operating module, wherein the operating means for accessing the relational database stored procedure through outside the home operator of user data relational database system user data stored in user data; the WEB module is connected to the home operator of the Web server, receiving an external message and convert it to the user home operator data system with the external interface gateway conventions the internal protocol message format for processing.
  14. 14、 如权利要求12所述的系统,其特征在于,所述外部用户接口网关还包括监控模块、日志跟踪模块,其中:所述监控模块用于启动或停止外部用户接口网关,检查内部进程执行情况,当进程异常时,重新执行相关进程;所述日志跟踪模块用于执行打开或关闭日志功能。 14. The system as claimed in claim 12, wherein the external user interface gateway further comprises a monitoring module, a log tracking module, wherein: the monitoring module is configured to start or stop an external user interface to the gateway, performs the process of checking the internal , when an abnormal process is executed again related processes; log tracking module for performing the opening or closing logging.
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