CN100400765C - Open web components for concrete construction - Google Patents

Open web components for concrete construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100400765C
CN100400765C CNB200510129817XA CN200510129817A CN100400765C CN 100400765 C CN100400765 C CN 100400765C CN B200510129817X A CNB200510129817X A CN B200510129817XA CN 200510129817 A CN200510129817 A CN 200510129817A CN 100400765 C CN100400765 C CN 100400765C
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China
Prior art keywords
hollow
concrete
die shell
hollow die
cavity
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CNB200510129817XA
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CN1789584A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 03178514 priority Critical patent/CN1236171C/en
Publication of CN1789584A publication Critical patent/CN1789584A/en
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Publication of CN100400765C publication Critical patent/CN100400765C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a hollow member for concrete, which comprises hollow mould shells (1). The present invention is characterized in that at least two hollow mould shells (1) are arranged at intervals. A cast-in-place concrete inner rib mould cavity (2) is arranged between the opposite surfaces of the hollow mould shells (1). At least one space bracing and pulling piece (3) which connects the hollow mould shells (1) on opposite or contiguous surfaces into a whole is arranged in the inner rib mould cavity (2). The hollow mould shells (1) are provided with positioning support feet (4). An upper and a lower bracing and pulling pieces (3) which connect both side walls in the same plane of each hollow mould shells (1) are parallel. The present invention is suitable for a hollow floor, a roof, a wall, a foundation base plate, a hollow bridge, and especially a hollow flat slab floor, which are made from cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete to use.

Description

A kind of hollow component used for concrete
The application is that July 11, application number in 2003 are that 03178514.X, name are called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of hollow component used for concrete " for the applying date.
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hollow component used for concrete.
(2) background technology
At present, steel bar reinforced hollow concrete roof cast-in-situs is to use wider floor structural form, has that speed of application is fast, structure height is little, advantages such as ceiling decoration can be cut apart and need not to room area flexibly.The lightening permanent loose tool of filling in it has various hollow sections and box, and box has hollow or solid.Is that ZL99232921.3, name are called " cast-in-place reinforced concrete filling thin wall cylinder " utility model patent as the applicant in the patent No. of application on March 10th, 1999, it is made up of horniness thin-walled tube and two plugs, is applied to use as the lightening permanent loose tool in the hollow building cover.And for example the applicant in the application number of on November 29th, 1999 application be 99115666.8, name is called " fiber-reinforced thin-wall box for filling cast-in-place reinforced concrete and manufacture method thereof ", its thin-walled box is applied in the steel bar reinforced hollow concrete roof cast-in-situs, can satisfy the needs of latticed, the cellular concrete of finding time, form hollow-ribbed floor.Thin-walled is box filled in concrete, has both made filling member, again as the hollow die shell member, plays the effect of permanent mold shell.But, when this thin-walled box is constructed as hollow die shell, need single laying construction, inconsistent phenomenon easily takes place in mutually positioning inconvenience, influences the construction quality of hollow building cover, simultaneously also influence efficiency of construction, therefore, develop a kind of novel hollow component used for concrete for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of hollow component used for concrete, have easy construction, efficient height, be easy to guarantee characteristics such as hollow building cover construction quality, simultaneously, also have characteristics such as simple in structure, that intensity is high, making is easy, cost is low.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise hollow die shell, it is characterized in that at least two hollow die shells alternately, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity between the opposite face of hollow die shell, at least one spacer draw piece of the alternate binding all-in-one-piece of hollow die shell with relative or adjacent surface is arranged in the internal-rib die cavity, hollow die shell is provided with the location spike, and the draw piece of spacer between the upper and lower that connects the two side in the same plane of hollow die shell is parallel.Like this, because cavity member by at least two hollow die shells alternately, hollow die shell connects to one by a spacer draw piece, form the hollow die shell assembly, thereby when being applied to cast-in-situ hollow building roof, hollow die shell is become in groups by single laying to be laid, mutually positioning very convenient, inconsistent phenomenon be difficult for to take place and influence the construction quality of hollow building cover, efficiency of construction also improves greatly simultaneously, and, because hollow die shell is provided with the location spike, like this, the easier assurance of the distance of cavity member and soffit formwork, it is more accurate to locate, convenient, simultaneously, angle also can be used for the location of reinforcing bar, thereby, the construction quality of superstructure is easier to guarantee, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, in addition, cavity member also has simple in structure, the intensity height, make easily, characteristics such as cost is low, be applicable to various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed hollow reinforced concrete roof, roof system, sole plate, body of wall, hollow bridges is used, and is specially adapted to hollow arch without beam and uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike is arranged on the bottom surface of hollow die shell.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the location spike that is provided with on the hollow die shell bottom surface can be limited to design attitude with cavity member, the bottom surface that makes Cast-in-place concrete pour into hollow die shell forms In-situ cast concrete board down, and the thick layer uniformity of In-situ cast concrete board, Cast-in-place concrete wraps cavity member fully simultaneously, has formed the hollow floor system of complete closed, has improved the overall performance of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is also that described location spike is arranged on the end face of hollow die shell or all around on the side.Like this; when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor; its hollow die shell end face or all around the location spike on the side can strictly limit between reinforcing bar and the cavity member or the distance between cavity member and the cavity member; guarantee the concrete cover thickness of reinforcing bar, improved the pouring quality of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike is small lugs or retort stand.Like this, make the location spike with small lugs or retort stand, light small and exquisite, be convenient to make, cost is low simultaneously, has reduced the cost of cavity member, is convenient to penetration and promotion and uses.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike is movable removable or telescopic location spike.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, needs according to designing requirement and site operation, can adjust the height of location spike at any time, perhaps install, dismantle the location spike at any time, improve the speed of application of cavity member greatly, simultaneously, also enlarged the range of application of the cavity member of same kind.
Feature of the present invention also be described spacer draw piece for and hollow die shell between be spacer draw piece between firmly linking.Like this, the spacer draw piece connects as one two hollow die shells between firmly linking, when it is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, handling, install more convenient.
Feature of the present invention also be described spacer draw piece for hollow die shell between for flexibly connect or telescopic be connected between the spacer draw piece.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, after hollow die shell installs, active interval can be supportted the draw piece dismounting and reclaim the secondary use, reduced the cost of production of cavity member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly.If between the spacer draw piece be telescopic connection between the spacer draw piece, can suitably regulate the width of internal-rib die cavity between the hollow die shell when then constructing, to satisfy different designs and actual needs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spacer draw piece is at least one in rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, the pier.Like this, the variation of support draw piece material and structure can be satisfied the different designs requirement of product, and can be according to different needs, adopts reasonable manner to connect.As adopt web strap material and wood particle as the support draw piece, be arranged in the internal-rib die cavity.
Feature of the present invention also be spacer draw piece between described rod member, plate, piece or pier formula be hollow porous hollow or compound between the spacer draw piece.Like this, can be according to the design needs, hollow or solid or porous of corresponding employing or compound support draw piece rationally solve the reinforcing problem of drawing that supports.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spacer draw piece is metalwork.Like this, spacer draw piece intensity height between metal, manufacture conveniently, can realize at an easy rate producing in enormous quantities, simultaneously, after cavity member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, spacer draw piece and Cast-in-place concrete combined between metal, but the fellowship building cover structure is stressed.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one bending of described spacer draw piece stretch into anchoring in the die wall of hollow die shell.Like this, the die wall of a spacer draw piece and hollow die shell is fixed to be one, connects firm.
Feature of the present invention is that also the collar extension of described internal-rib die cavity is horn mouth or bench port.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the collar extension of internal-rib die cavity is horn mouth or bench port, concrete is poured in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, the concrete that has solved in the internal-rib die cavity is built leakiness, is easily formed phenomenons such as bubble, hollowing, has improved the pouring quality of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell is provided with at least a in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, pit, hole, raised line, boss module, the external corner.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, pours into concrete in inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, hole, raised line, boss, the external corner and formed local Cast-in-place concrete and add competent structure, thereby make structure more reasonable.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim, chamfering, groove, raised line self or makes up orthogonal thereto, oblique, parallel or grade separation setting mutually.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, because of the inner corner trim on the cavity member, chamfering, groove, raised line or its combination is orthogonal thereto, oblique, parallel or grade separation setting, concrete pours in inner corner trim, chamfering, the groove that the back has correspondingly formed orthogonal thereto, oblique, Cast-in-place concrete parallel or grade separation adds competent structure, has improved the mechanical property of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the die wall global formation of the hollow die shell of described spacer draw piece and at least one internal-rib die cavity becomes distance member.Like this, the distance member of global formation helps reducing the difficulty of the work of manufacturing, and enhances productivity, and simultaneously, the overall performance of distance member is good, and is quick and easy for installation.
Feature of the present invention also is described distance member and hollow die shell gluing, welding, riveted joint or pegs graft whole.Like this, distance member can be connected with modes such as gluing, welding, riveted joint or grafting with hollow die shell, has the diversity of connected mode, can be according to the different requirements of using, adopt only connected mode that the two is connected as one, be beneficial to reduce production costs.
Feature of the present invention also is described internal-rib die cavity more than at least two, and they are straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature, oblique or grade separation.Like this, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, can form the Cast-in-place concrete rib of straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature, oblique or grade separation, thereby improve the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete structure.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell is provided with reinforce.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber, fleece, metal foil band, braid over braid or the strap.Like this, the intensity that is provided with the hollow die shell of reinforce has obtained improving greatly, and simultaneously, the selecting for use of reinforce material when the diversity of reinforce material is convenient to produce helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell has reinforce to expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce passes the internal-rib die cavity and fuses.
Feature of the present invention also is the hollow die shell of described hollow die shell at least one face opening.Like this, in the manufacturing process of cavity member, can look its inner case very easily and carry out reasonable operation, help increasing work efficiency, simultaneously, when cavity member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, according to the different demands of design, other material can be filled at any time, in hollow die shell to satisfy the design and construction requirement, in addition, also be convenient to the laying of pipelines such as water, electricity.
Feature of the present invention is that also the bottom surface of described hollow die shell is extended with bridging piece.Like this, when cavity member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the alternative engineering template of bridging piece had reduced the spillage of material of template, simultaneously, because of having saved the template installation procedure, had increased substantially speed of application, had reduced the comprehensive cost of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bottom surface or bridging piece wall thickness are greater than other wall thickness of hollow die shell.Like this, bottom surface or bridging piece wall thickness are greater than the cavity member of other wall thickness of hollow die shell, and the intensity of its bottom surface and bridging piece is far longer than hollow die shell, and under equal stressing conditions, bottom surface or bridging piece can not destroy, and can satisfy the various different application requirements of cavity member fully.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bottom surface or bridging piece have reinforce to expose.Like this, after cavity member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that bottom surface or bridging piece expose combined, and firmly wrapped up in and be contained in the concrete, had prevented the generation in the crack between Cast-in-place concrete and the prefabricated cavity member mating face effectively.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell and bottom surface connecting place are fluted.Like this, after cavity member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, concrete poured in the groove of hollow die shell and bottom surface connecting place, hollow die shell was firmly wrapped up in contain, and had formed cast-in-place I-shaped rib structure simultaneously, had improved the performance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described hollow die shell at least one in stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Like this, when cavity member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the stiffener of hollow die shell, reinforcing rib or expose stiffener, bracing boom, reinforcing rib can form cast-in-place and prefabricated composite construction with Cast-in-place concrete, optimized the inner stress system of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib at least one exposes.
Feature of the present invention also is have reinforce to expose in described stiffener, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib at least one.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one die side wall of described hollow die shell is corrugated surface, broken line face, curved surface, exasperate, plane or shaped face.Like this, it is big that die side wall is that the cavity member of corrugated surface, broken line face, curved surface, exasperate, plane or shaped face has die wall rigidity, the advantage that the load ability is strong, after it was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, concrete poured in the trough, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib, simultaneously, increased the mating face with Cast-in-place concrete, build-in is more firm each other, has eliminated the generation in crack between Cast-in-place concrete and the prefabricated cavity member effectively.
Feature of the present invention also is to fill or be pasted with in the described hollow die shell light material.Light material is at least a in foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or the haydite concrete.Like this, improve the shock resistance of cavity member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process, simultaneously, make cavity member also have better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property, in addition, draw materials nearby when the diversity of light material is convenient to produce, reduce production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also the die wall of described hollow die shell is the die wall of Cement fibre, cement steel wire, metal or plastics.Like this, the variation of the die wall manufacturing materials of hollow die shell helps satisfying the needs that various different application require.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow die shell, and 2 is Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity, 3 be between the spacer draw piece, 4 are the location spike, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, and constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 a plurality of with hollow die shell 1 link constitute cavity member between spacer draw piece 3, its hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is arranged on the end face of hollow die shell 1 and all around on the side.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is a small lugs.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is a movable removable location spike.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the connected mode between spacer draw piece 3 and the hollow die shell 1 is for firmly to be connected therebetween.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a telescopic movable spacer draw piece therebetween.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a rod member therebetween.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is hollow rod member therebetween.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a metalwork therebetween.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the interior anchoring of die wall of hollow die shell 1 is stretched in two bending of spacer draw piece 3 therebetween.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is parallel, oblique setting each other in internal-rib die cavity 2 therebetween.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the collar extension of its internal-rib die cavity 2 is a horn mouth.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5, chamfering 6, groove 7, pit 8, hole 9, raised line 10, boss module 11 and external corner 12 on its hollow die shell 1 simultaneously.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 becomes distance member 13 with the die wall global formation of the hollow die shell 1 that constitutes internal-rib die cavity 2 therebetween.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute a plurality of Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavitys 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its internal-rib die cavity 2 is parallel to each other.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute a plurality of Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavitys 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its internal-rib die cavity 2 is straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, be provided with reinforce 14 in its hollow die shell 1, there is reinforce 14 to expose outside the hollow die shell 1 simultaneously, in addition, the reinforce 14 that exposes in addition passes internal-rib die cavity 2 hollow die shell 1 binding is one, and diagram reinforce 14 is the metal foil band.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its hollow die shell 1 is the hollow die shell of bottom surface opening.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the bottom surface 15 of its hollow die shell 1 is extended with bridging piece 16.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, be provided with stiffener 17, bracing boom 18 and reinforcing rib 19 in its hollow die shell 1 simultaneously, simultaneously, stiffener 17 and bracing boom 18 have part to expose outside the hollow die shell 1, and also exposing on the stiffener 17 that exposes has metal foil band reinforce 14.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21,1 minute two interlayer of a plurality of hollow die shells is every arrangement, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, is provided with reinforcing rib 19 in its hollow die shell 1.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and a plurality of die side walls of its hollow die shell 1 are corrugated surface.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, all be filled with light material 20 in its hollow die shell 1, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, all be filled with light material 20 in its hollow die shell 1, diagram light material 20 is the haydite concrete.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise hollow die shell 1, it is characterized in that at least two hollow die shells 1 alternately, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 between the opposite face of hollow die shell 1, hollow die shell 1 at least one spacer draw piece 3 of alternate binding all-in-one-piece with relative or adjacent surface is arranged in the internal-rib die cavity 2, hollow die shell 1 is provided with location spike 4, and the draw piece 3 of spacer between the upper and lower that connects the two side in the hollow die shell 1 same plane is parallel.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In the accompanying drawing, 1 is hollow die shell, and 2 is Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity, 3 be between the spacer draw piece, 4 are the location spike, below in each accompanying drawing, number identical.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, and constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 a plurality of with hollow die shell 1 link constitute cavity member between spacer draw piece 3, its hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4.As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 or shown in Figure 5, hollow die shell 1 alternately, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 between the opposite face of hollow die shell 1, have in the internal-rib die cavity 2 spacer draw piece 3 between the hollow die shell 1 alternate binding all-in-one-piece of relative or adjacent surface, hollow die shell 1 is provided with location spike 4, and the draw piece 3 of spacer between the upper and lower that connects the two side in the hollow die shell 1 same plane is parallel.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike 4 is arranged on the bottom surface of hollow die shell 1.As shown in Figure 1, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is arranged on the bottom surface of hollow die shell 1.
Feature of the present invention is also that described location spike 4 is arranged on the end face of hollow die shell 1 or all around on the side.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is arranged on the end face of hollow die shell 1 and all around on the side.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike 4 is small lugs or retort stand.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is a small lugs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described location spike 4 is movable removable or telescopic location spike.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its location spike 4 is a movable removable location spike.
Feature of the present invention also be described spacer draw piece 3 for and hollow die shell 1 between be spacer draw piece between firmly linking.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the connected mode between spacer draw piece 3 and the hollow die shell 1 is for firmly to be connected therebetween.
Feature of the present invention also be described spacer draw piece 3 for hollow die shell 1 between for flexibly connect or telescopic be connected between the spacer draw piece.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a telescopic movable spacer draw piece therebetween.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spacer draw piece 3 is at least one in rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, the pier.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a rod member therebetween.
Feature of the present invention also be spacer draw piece between described rod member, plate, piece or pier formula 3 for hollow or porous hollow or compound between the spacer draw piece.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is hollow rod member therebetween.
Feature of the present invention is that also described spacer draw piece 3 is metalwork.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 is a metalwork therebetween.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one bending of described spacer draw piece 3 stretch into anchoring in the die wall of hollow die shell 1.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the interior anchoring of die wall of hollow die shell 1 is stretched in two bending of spacer draw piece 3 therebetween.
Feature of the present invention is that also the collar extension of described internal-rib die cavity 2 is horn mouth or bench port.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the collar extension of its internal-rib die cavity 2 is a horn mouth.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell 1 is provided with at least a in inner corner trim 5, chamfering 6, groove 7, pit 8, hole 9, raised line 10, boss module 11, the external corner 12.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, is provided with inner corner trim 5, chamfering 6, groove 7, pit 8, hole 9, raised line 10, boss module 11 and external corner 12 on its hollow die shell 1 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is described inner corner trim 5, chamfering 6, groove 7, raised line 10 self or makes up orthogonal thereto, oblique, parallel or grade separation setting mutually.As shown in figure 13, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 a plurality of with hollow die shell 1 link constitute cavity member between spacer draw piece 3, its inner corner trim 5, chamfering 6, groove 7, raised line 10 self or make up orthogonal thereto, oblique, parallel and grade separation setting mutually.
Feature of the present invention is that also described the spacer draw piece 3 and the die wall global formation of the hollow die shell 1 of at least one internal-rib die cavity 2 become distance member 13.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and spacer draw piece 3 becomes distance member 13 with the die wall global formation of the hollow die shell 1 that constitutes internal-rib die cavity 2 therebetween.
Feature of the present invention also is described distance member 13 and hollow die shell 1 gluing, welding, riveted joint or pegs graft whole.As shown in figure 14, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its interval assembly 13 is riveted whole with hollow die shell 1.
Feature of the present invention also is described internal-rib die cavity more than 2 at least two, and they are straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature, oblique or grade separation.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, a plurality of hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute a plurality of Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavitys 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its internal-rib die cavity 2 is parallel to each other.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, a plurality of hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute a plurality of Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavitys 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its internal-rib die cavity 2 is straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell 1 is provided with reinforce 14.Reinforce 14 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, expanded metal lath, fiber, fleece, metal foil band, braid over braid or the strap.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, be provided with reinforce 14 in its hollow die shell 1, there is reinforce 14 to expose outside the hollow die shell 1 simultaneously, in addition, the reinforce 14 that exposes in addition passes internal-rib die cavity 2 hollow die shell 1 binding is one, and diagram reinforce 14 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell 1 has reinforce 14 to expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce 14 passes internal-rib die cavity 2 and fuses.
Feature of the present invention is that also described hollow die shell 1 is the hollow die shell of at least one face opening.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and its hollow die shell 1 is the hollow die shell of bottom surface opening.
Feature of the present invention is that also the bottom surface 15 of described hollow die shell 1 is extended with bridging piece 16.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the bottom surface 15 of its hollow die shell 1 is extended with bridging piece 16.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bottom surface 15 or bridging piece 16 wall thickness are greater than hollow die shell 1 other wall thickness.As shown in figure 19, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the wall thickness of its bridging piece 16 is greater than other wall thickness of hollow die shell 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bottom surface 15 or bridging piece 16 have reinforce 14 to expose.As shown in figure 19, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, have reinforce 14 to expose in its bridging piece 16, diagram reinforce 14 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention also is described hollow die shell 1 and bottom surface 15 connecting places fluted 7.As shown in figure 19, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, its hollow die shell 1 and bottom surface 15 connecting places fluted 7.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described hollow die shell 1 at least one in stiffener 17, bracing boom 18 or the reinforcing rib 19.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, be provided with stiffener 17, bracing boom 18 and reinforcing rib 19 in its hollow die shell 1 simultaneously, simultaneously, stiffener 17 and bracing boom 18 have part to expose outside the hollow die shell 1, and also exposing on the stiffener 17 that exposes has metal foil band reinforce 14.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21,1 minute two interlayer of a plurality of hollow die shells is every arrangement, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, is provided with reinforcing rib 19 in its hollow die shell 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described stiffener 17, bracing boom 18 or the reinforcing rib 19 at least one exposes.
Feature of the present invention also is have reinforce 14 to expose at least one of described stiffener 17, bracing boom 18 or reinforcing rib 19.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one die side wall of described hollow die shell 1 is corrugated surface, broken line face, curved surface, exasperate, plane or shaped face.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and a plurality of die side walls of its hollow die shell 1 are corrugated surface.
Feature of the present invention also is to fill or be pasted with light material 20 in the described hollow die shell 1.Light material 20 is at least a in foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or the haydite concrete.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, all be filled with light material 20 in its hollow die shell 1, diagram light material 20 is an expanded perlite.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, all be filled with light material 20 in its hollow die shell 1, diagram light material 20 is the haydite concrete.
Feature of the present invention is that also the die wall of described hollow die shell 1 is the die wall of Cement fibre, cement steel wire, metal or plastics.As shown in figure 24, two hollow die shells 1 are spaced, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2, be provided with a plurality of in the Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity 2 with spacer draw piece 3 between hollow die shell 1 binding formation cavity member, hollow die shell 1 is provided with a plurality of location spike 4, and the die wall of its hollow die shell 1 is the Cement fibre die wall.
During the invention process, can adopt the cement glass fibrous mesh cloth to make the hollow die shell 1 of band location spike 4 earlier, and at the pre-buried weldment in its side, use spacer draw piece 3 between the bar dowel conduct then, with the mode that is welded to connect, by spacer draw piece 3 between bar dowel a plurality of hollow die shells 1 are welded and fused, promptly become hollow component used for concrete.

Claims (31)

1. hollow component used for concrete, comprise hollow die shell (1), it is characterized in that at least two hollow die shells (1) alternately, constitute Cast-in-place concrete internal-rib die cavity (2) between the opposite face of hollow die shell (1), at least one spacer draw piece (3) of the alternate binding all-in-one-piece of hollow die shell (1) with relative or adjacent surface is arranged in the internal-rib die cavity (2), hollow die shell (1) is provided with location spike (4), and the draw piece of spacer between the upper and lower (3) that connects the two side in the same plane of hollow die shell (1) is parallel.
2. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described location spike (4) is arranged on the bottom surface of hollow die shell (1).
3. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described location spike (4) is arranged on the end face of hollow die shell (1) or all around on the side.
4. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described location spike (4) is small lugs or retort stand.
5. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1 is characterized in that described location spike (4) is movable removable or telescopic location spike.
6. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described spacer draw piece (3) for and hollow die shell (1) between be spacer draw piece between firmly linking.
7. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described spacer draw piece (3) for hollow die shell (1) between for flexibly connect or telescopic be connected between the spacer draw piece.
8. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described spacer draw piece (3) is at least one in rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, the pier.
9. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 8, it is characterized in that spacer draw piece (3) between described rod member, plate, piece or pier formula for hollow or porous hollow or compound between the spacer draw piece.
10. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described spacer draw piece (3) is metalwork.
11. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, anchoring in the die wall of hollow die shell (1) is stretched at least one the bending that it is characterized in that described spacer draw piece (3).
12. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the collar extension that it is characterized in that described internal-rib die cavity (2) is horn mouth or bench port.
13., it is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) is provided with at least a in inner corner trim (5), chamfering (6), groove (7), pit (8), hole (9), raised line (10), boss module (11), the external corner (12) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
14. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 13 is characterized in that described inner corner trim (5), chamfering (6), groove (7), raised line (10) self or makes up orthogonal thereto, oblique, parallel or grade separation setting mutually.
15., it is characterized in that described the spacer draw piece (3) and the die wall global formation of the hollow die shell (1) of at least one internal-rib die cavity (2) become distance member (13) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
16. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 15 is characterized in that described distance member (13) is glued with hollow die shell (1), it is whole to weld, rivet or peg graft.
17. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that described internal-rib die cavity more than (2) at least two, they are straight-through, parallel each other, quadrature, oblique or grade separation.
18., it is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) is provided with reinforce (14) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
19. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 18 is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) has reinforce (14) to expose.
20. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 18 is characterized in that described reinforce (14) passes internal-rib die cavity (2) and fuses.
21., it is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) is the hollow die shell of at least one face opening according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
22., it is characterized in that the bottom surface (15) of described hollow die shell (1) is extended with bridging piece (16) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
23. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 22 is characterized in that described bottom surface (15) or bridging piece (16) wall thickness are greater than other wall thickness of hollow die shell (1).
24. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 22 is characterized in that described bottom surface (15) or bridging piece (16) have reinforce (14) to expose.
25. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 22 is characterized in that the side and bottom surface (15) connecting place fluted (7) of described hollow die shell (1).
26., it is characterized in that being provided with in the described hollow die shell (1) at least one in stiffener (17), bracing boom (18) or the reinforcing rib (19) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
27. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 26 is characterized in that in described stiffener (17), bracing boom (18) or the reinforcing rib (19) at least one exposes.
28. a kind of hollow component used for concrete according to claim 26 is characterized in that having reinforce (14) to expose at least one of described stiffener (17), bracing boom (18) or reinforcing rib (19).
29. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, at least one die side wall that it is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) is corrugated surface, broken line face, curved surface, exasperate, plane or shaped face.
30., it is characterized in that filling or being pasted with in the described hollow die shell (1) light material (20) according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7.
31. according to the described a kind of hollow component used for concrete of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 7, the die wall that it is characterized in that described hollow die shell (1) is the die wall of Cement fibre, cement steel wire, metal or plastics.
CNB200510129817XA 2003-07-11 2003-07-11 Open web components for concrete construction Expired - Fee Related CN100400765C (en)

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CN102182301B (en) * 2011-01-12 2013-06-05 王军艇 Formwork for buildings, formwork component, cast-in-situ floor empty space and construction method thereof

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CN2417223Y (en) * 2000-03-23 2001-01-31 梁军 Floor structure cast in situ with reinforcement inside
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WO2000017464A1 (en) * 1998-09-22 2000-03-30 Nystroem Rolf Floor beam
CN2417223Y (en) * 2000-03-23 2001-01-31 梁军 Floor structure cast in situ with reinforcement inside
CN1356440A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Floor with space structure

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CN1793544A (en) 2006-06-28
CN1570313A (en) 2005-01-26

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