CN1176288C - Modular formwork members - Google Patents

Modular formwork members Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1176288C
CN1176288C CNB021459428A CN02145942A CN1176288C CN 1176288 C CN1176288 C CN 1176288C CN B021459428 A CNB021459428 A CN B021459428A CN 02145942 A CN02145942 A CN 02145942A CN 1176288 C CN1176288 C CN 1176288C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reinforce
mould
reinforcement
formwork
cloth
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CNB021459428A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1403667A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB021459428A priority Critical patent/CN1176288C/en
Publication of CN1403667A publication Critical patent/CN1403667A/en
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Publication of CN1176288C publication Critical patent/CN1176288C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a grouped modular shell member, which comprises a modular shell upper plate (1) and peripheral lateral walls (2), wherein a modular shell (4) provided with a hollow cavity is formed by the upper plate (1) and the peripheral lateral walls (2). The present invention is characterized in that at least two modular shells (4) are provided with connecting pipes (5) which are arranged on at least one position of at least one of the peripheral lateral wall (2), and the modular shells (4) are connected with each other into integration by the connecting pipes (5). Therefore, when the present invention is used for hollow building (room) roofs, cast-in-place concrete can form upper and lower ribs arranged on the upper section and the lower section of the connecting pipe, and a hollow section between the modular shells can form a shearing key so that hollow building roofs can form a reinforcement concrete shearing key type two-way hollow large plate and pour concrete one time only, and the construction of separating batches and laminaes is not needed. The present invention has the advantages of simple and single mould, simple and convenient construction, low cost and short periodicity so as to achieve the purpose of the present invention. Meanwhile, the present invention also has the advantages of high strength, simple structure, low cost, convenient manufacture, etc.

Description

A kind of gang mould mould component
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of gang mould mould component that the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structure is used.
(2) background technology
At present, the cast-in-situ concrete hollow structure applications is more is building (room) lid structure, and its common form of structure has beam and slab type or rib steel reinforced superstructure, prestressed slab structure, non-prestressed slabbed construction, and these structures all have the shortcoming that self can't overcome.The beam and slab type building cover structure in the ordinary course of things, the Vierendeel girder depth of section needs the 1/10-1/12 of span, thereby structure takes up room greatlyyer, is not easy to the pipe line arrangement in the building, when architecture indoor needs furred ceiling, will take the interior space again.For satisfying interior space requirement, must structurally increase floor height, when floor height is restricted, can only adopt to be not more than the wide wide-flat beam of post and to satisfy rigidity requirement, amount of reinforcement will increase about 25%-40% this moment, and concrete amount will increase by 50%; For the rib steel reinforced building cover structure, the postpone of building pipeline cloth still needs furred ceiling to handle, and is not remarkable to the reduction of building floor height, and steel concrete amount ratio beam and slab type superstructure also wants many; The arch without beam span generally about 6 meters, for improving slab column system horizontal force resistant performance and the punching failure that prevents plate, then needs establish cap in the sheet-pile junction, thereby the building implements pipeline still needs furred ceiling, compare with rib steel reinforced, rolled steel dosage increases by 70%, and concrete amount increases by 50%.Prestressed slab need apply prestressed facility, during prestressed reinforcement of tensioning, need take measures to eliminate the obstacle of floor compressive strain, and difficulty of construction is big.In low-rise building, use a kind of compound superstructure with ribbing at present, this kind superstructure is actually equivalence and is the groined slab floor behind the plate on mechanical property, because that its rib is is solid, thereby behind the shaping structures, part does not have value on an empty stomach.In order to overcome the deficiency that above-mentioned technology exists, Guizhou University of Technology has applied for that the patent No. is: ZL 97200102.6, name are called the utility model patent of " the two-way hollow big plate of steel bar concrete shear connector formula ", it is by upper plate and the last rib that is attached thereto, the shear connector formation that the rib up and down that the intersection point place of following rib and the grid that forms at last rib and following rib is provided with is connected.The superstructure of this structure from heavy and light, stress performance, anti-seismic performance are good, and be that flexible division of architectural space provided convenience, the horizontal pipeline of building can pass through in empty stomach, reduced floor height, be that steel bar concrete is many, the superior structural of highrise building superstructure, its total cost saves about 15% than ordinary construction, and it is applicable to many, high building structure.But the two-way hollow big plate construction complexity of this steel bar concrete shear connector formula, trouble, cycle are long; need the cast-in-place rib down of construction earlier; after treating concrete initial set; shelve shear connector cover and prefabricated bed die of last rib or conventional construction formwork; put the prefabricated template die of going up again; construction period certainly will be elongated like this; its construction period is than one times of the long construction period of beam and slab structure generally speaking; especially the quantity of its template, specification are many; thereby construction is complicated, trouble, while expense height, therefore; at above-mentioned deficiency, develop a kind of novel gang mould mould component for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of gang mould mould component, be applied to have characteristics such as construction is simple, convenient, cost is low, the cycle is short in hollow building (room) lid.
Solution of the present invention is with on the basis of formwork at existing close rib building roof, comprise formwork upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate and sidewall on every side constitute the formwork of cavity, it is characterized in that at least two formworks at least one place of sidewall around at least one has tube connector that formwork is connected to each other and is integral.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in hollow building (room) lid, at the position up and down of tube connector, Cast-in-place concrete can form rib up and down, and the neutral gear position between the formwork can form shear connector, thereby hollow building cover can form the two-way hollow big plate of steel bar concrete shear connector formula, can disposablely water and smash concrete, construction in layer in batches, mould is simple, single, construction is simple, convenient, cost is low, the cycle is short, thereby has reached purpose of the present invention.Simultaneously, shuttering member also have the intensity height, simple in structure, cost is low, characteristics such as easy to make.
Feature of the present invention is that also sidewall has at least one section pipe of encorbelmenting around at least one of at least one formwork.Like this, the pipe of encorbelmenting can be used as the device and the device connected to one another of locating mutually between the shuttering member when construction, simultaneously, also can further improve the hollow rate of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one formwork goes to the bottom.Like this, it is simpler, convenient to construct, and construction cost is lower, and simultaneously, the following of superstructure can be made lattice formula plane or whole plane as required, can save the furred ceiling expense of decorating.
Feature of the present invention also is to have at least two to go to the bottom and connect into integral body.Like this, it is simpler, convenient to construct, and construction cost is lower, and simultaneously, the following of superstructure can be made lattice formula plane or whole plane as required, can save the furred ceiling expense of decorating.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork is connected into one in same direction.Like this, be convenient to production, the construction of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is on the sidewall at least one section pipe of encorbelmenting arranged on every side at least one adjacent with the sidewall on every side that communicating pipe is arranged.Like this, be convenient between the shuttering member when construction mutual location be connected each other, can further improve the hollow rate of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention is that also the shape of cross section of the tube connector or the pipe of encorbelmenting is circular, oval, square, square circular, similar round, class ellipse, polygon, arc angle polygon or its combination.Like this, convenient design is selected for use with production unit, helps reducing construction, cost of production.
Feature of the present invention also be tube connector or encorbelment the pipe or both in be provided with reinforcement, reinforcement is at least one in ribs, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of the tube connector and the pipe of encorbelmenting further improve, and the intensity of respective mode mould component, rigidity and globality further improve.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement at least one formwork, and reinforcement is ribs, bracing boom or reinforcing rib.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member, rigidity and globality further improve.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, the tube connector on every side, perhaps also have reinforce to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member and rigidity and globality further improve.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate, contains reinforce at least one in sidewall, tube connector, encorbelment pipe, the reinforcement on every side, perhaps also have reinforce to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce exposes, and reinforce is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member, rigidity and globality further improve.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate, on every side sidewall, tube connector, the pipe of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom, contain reinforce in the reinforcement at least one, perhaps also have reinforce to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member, rigidity and globality further improve.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, at least one in the sidewall is the layer structure more than at least two layers on every side, layer structure is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce, then at cloth or net reinforce upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce more than one deck, perhaps also accompany at least one in the reinforces such as muscle, silk or thin band at least simultaneously in layer structure.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member, rigidity and globality further improve, and it is easier, convenient to produce.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate, on every side sidewall, tube connector, the pipe of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom, in the reinforcement at least one is the layer structure more than two layers, layer structure is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce, then at cloth or net reinforce upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce more than one deck, perhaps also accompany at least one in the reinforces such as muscle, silk or thin band at least simultaneously in layer structure.Like this, the intensity of shuttering member, rigidity and globality further improve, and it is easier, convenient to produce.
The formation of the sidewall on every side bridging piece that feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and stretches out formwork, or the inside puncture angle of going to the bottom.Like this, when shuttering member is used, if stretch out bridging piece, then can omit construction formwork, reduce construction cost, construction simultaneously is also convenient, if interior puncture angle, then the Cast-in-place concrete rib between the shuttering member is the I shape rib, and its intensity and rigidity are big, simultaneously, can prevent effectively that the crack between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member from producing.
Feature of the present invention also is the cavity inside branch or all fills or be pasted with light material that light material is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete.Like this, the insulation of shuttering member, heat insulation, sound insulation value is better.
Feature of the present invention also be ribs or go to the bottom at least one in accompany light material.Like this, ribs and the weight of going to the bottom are lighter, produce more convenient.
Feature of the present invention is that also the external surface of formwork is at least a in waveform, zigzag, plucking shape, curved surface shaped, folding shape plane, male and fomale(M﹠F) or the asperities.Like this, the bonding between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete is more firm, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical section of formwork is for trapezoidal.Like this, the mutual wedge action between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete is better, can prevent the generation in the crack between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member effectively.
On also being to go to the bottom, feature of the present invention have the tightening position that pulls down that connects construction formwork or support member to construct.Like this, the construction of shuttering member is easier, convenient, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to be useful on the shuttering member member of carrying lifting.Like this, the carrying of shuttering member is more convenient, more laborsaving with construction, and speed of application is faster.
Feature of the present invention also be the to encorbelment end of pipe is provided with the butt joint positioner, and the butt joint positioner is hole, groove, bar, weldment, location securing member, birdsmouth, connection iron wire, screw mandrel, nut.Like this, the connection location between the shuttering member when construction is more convenient, and speed of application is faster.
That feature of the present invention also is is fluted on the formwork, in the pothole, projection, raised line, protruding nail at least one.Like this, the mutual wedge action between shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete is better, and the globality of superstructure is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also formwork is provided with the pipe of drawing-in wire or at least one in hole or the air chimney.Like this, during floor construction, the layout of pipeline is more convenient, faster.
Feature of the present invention has angle on also being to go to the bottom.Like this, in when construction, when shuttering member all is wrapped in the Cast-in-place concrete, its location is easier, accurate, convenient.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and is steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, polymer steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement mortar or wire mesh mortar, and the cementitious materials of formwork is silicate series cement, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or above-mentioned combination.Like this, can and produce needs and select, conveniently design and produce, reduce production and construction cost according to design.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.Among Fig. 1,1 is the formwork upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is cavity, 4 is formwork, 5 is tube connector, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, its explanation is identical.In Fig. 1, there are 4 formworks 4 to pass through the tube connector 5 of sidewall 2 on every side, being connected to each other is integral.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is arranged on the sidewall 2 around the part of its formwork 4.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and its formwork 4 goes to the bottom 7, and each to go to the bottom between 7 be independently.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, its each go to the bottom and connected into an integral body between 7.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and its formwork 4 becomes one in same direction connection.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, on its formwork 4 with communicating pipes 5 place around sidewall 2 adjacent around the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is arranged on the sidewall 2.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and the cross sectional shape of its communicating pipe 5 is a polygon.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and the cross sectional shape of its communicating pipe 5 is oval.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, is provided with ribs 8 in its communicating pipe 5.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, is provided with bracing boom 8 in its communicating pipe 5.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 in its formwork 4.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 in its formwork 4.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 and reinforcing rib 8 in its formwork 4.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, contains gauze wire cloth reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its communicating pipe 5.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its pipe 6 of encorbelmenting.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 or reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its encorbelment pipe 6 or communicating pipe 5.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 or reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its encorbelment pipe 6 or communicating pipe 5.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, contains gauze wire cloth reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its communicating pipe 5.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and its 3 sidewalls on every side 2 that stretch out formwork 4 of going to the bottom constitute bridging pieces 11.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, its 3 inside puncture angles 12 of going to the bottom.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, is filled with expanded perlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, is filled with demi-inflation pearlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, is filled with expanded perlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, its ribs 8 and go to the bottom and accompany light material 13 in 7.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and the external surface of its formwork 4 is a plucking shape external surface.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and the vertical section of its formwork 4 is for trapezoidal.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, its go to the bottom have on 7 connect construction formwork or support member pull down tightening position structure 14.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, is useful on the member 15 of carrying lifting on its formwork 4.
Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, and its butt joint positioner 16 is bar 16 and weldment 16.
Figure 36 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 36, fluted 17 on its formwork 4, pothole 18.
Figure 37 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 37, and projection 19, raised line 20, protruding nail 21 are arranged on its formwork 4.
Figure 38 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 38, and its formwork 4 is provided with the pipe 20 and the air chimney 21 of drawing-in wire.
Figure 39 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 39, and it is gone to the bottom and 7 is provided with angle 24.
Figure 40 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 40, and its pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is bell-and-spigot pipe.
Figure 41 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 41, and its upper plate 1 is a round surface.
Figure 42 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 42, its upper plate 1 and go to the bottom and have groove 17 on 7.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise formwork upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side constitute the formwork 4 of cavity 3, it is characterized in that at least two formworks 4 at least one place of sidewall 2 around at least one has tube connector 5 that formwork 4 is connected to each other and is integral.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.Among Fig. 1,1 is the formwork upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 is cavity, 4 is formwork, 5 is tube connector, in following each accompanying drawing, numbers identically, its explanation is identical.In Fig. 1, there are 4 formworks 4 to pass through the tube connector 5 of sidewall 2 on every side, being connected to each other is integral.
Feature of the present invention is that also sidewall 2 has at least one section pipe 6 of encorbelmenting around at least one of at least one formwork 4.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is arranged on the sidewall 2 around the part of its formwork 4.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one formwork 4 goes to the bottom 7.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and its formwork 4 goes to the bottom 7, and each to go to the bottom between 7 be independently.
Feature of the present invention also is to have at least two to go to the bottom and 7 connect into integral body.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, its each go to the bottom and connected into an integral body between 7.
Feature of the present invention is that also described formwork 4 is connected into one in same direction.4 formworks 4 shown in Figure 1 become one in same direction connection.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and its formwork 4 becomes one in same direction connection.
Feature of the present invention also be with have communicating pipe 5 around on the sidewall 2 at least one section pipe 6 of encorbelmenting arranged around adjacent at least one of sidewall 2.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, on its formwork 4 with communicating pipes 5 place around sidewall 2 adjacent around the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is arranged on the sidewall 2.
Feature of the present invention also is tube connector 5 or the shape of cross section of the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is circular, oval, square, square circular, similar round, class ellipse, polygon, arc angle polygon or its combination.The cross sectional shape of the communicating pipe 5 that Fig. 1 is extremely shown in Figure 6 is a rectangle.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and the cross sectional shape of its communicating pipe 5 is a polygon.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and the cross sectional shape of its communicating pipe 5 is oval.
Feature of the present invention also be tube connector 5 or encorbelment the pipe 6 or both in be provided with reinforcement 8, reinforcement 8 is at least one in ribs, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, is provided with ribs 8 in its communicating pipe 5.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, is provided with bracing boom 8 in its communicating pipe 5.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with reinforcement 8 at least one formwork 4, and reinforcement 8 is ribs, bracing boom or reinforcing rib.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 in its formwork 4.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 in its formwork 4.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, is provided with ribs 8 and bracing boom 8 and reinforcing rib 8 in its formwork 4.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate 1, contains reinforce 9 at least one in sidewall 2, the tube connector 5 on every side, perhaps also have reinforce 9 to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce 9 is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, contains gauze wire cloth reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its communicating pipe 5.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate 1, contains reinforce 9 in sidewall 2, tube connector 5, the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting, in the reinforcement 8 at least one on every side, perhaps also have reinforce 9 to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce 9 is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its pipe 6 of encorbelmenting.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, tube connector 5, the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom 7, contain reinforce 9 in the reinforcement 8 at least one, perhaps also have reinforce 9 to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce 9 is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 or reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its encorbelment pipe 6 or communicating pipe 5.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, contains thin band reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains thin band reinforce 9 or reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its encorbelment pipe 6 or communicating pipe 5.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, contains gauze wire cloth reinforce 9 in its formwork 4, contains reinforcing bar reinforce 9 in its communicating pipe 5.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, at least one in the sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than at least two layers on every side, layer structure 10 is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce 9, then at cloth or net reinforce 9 upper berth one deck cementitious matters, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce 9 more than one deck, perhaps also accompany at least one in the reinforces 9 such as muscle, silk or thin band at least simultaneously in layer structure 10.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, tube connector 5, the pipe 6 of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom 7, in the reinforcement 8 at least one is the layer structure 10 more than two layers, layer structure 10 is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce 9, then at cloth or net reinforce 9 upper berth one deck cementitious matters, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce 9 more than one deck, perhaps also accompany at least one in the reinforces 9 such as muscle, silk or thin band at least simultaneously in layer structure 10.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and the upper plate 1 in its formwork 4, sidewall 2 is the layer structure 10 more than 2 layers on every side.
Feature of the present invention also be to go to the bottom 3 stretch out formwork 4 around sidewalls 2 constitute bridging pieces 11, or the 3 inside puncture angles 12 of going to the bottom.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, and its 3 sidewalls on every side 2 that stretch out formwork 4 of going to the bottom constitute bridging pieces 11.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, its 3 inside puncture angles 12 of going to the bottom.
Feature of the present invention also is partly or entirely to fill in the cavity 3 or be pasted with light material 13, and light material 13 is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, is filled with expanded perlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, is filled with demi-inflation pearlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, is filled with expanded perlite light material 13 in its cavity 3.
Feature of the present invention also be ribs 8 or in 7 at least one of going to the bottom in accompany light material 13.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, its ribs 8 and go to the bottom and accompany light material 13 in 7.
Feature of the present invention is that also the external surface of formwork 4 is at least a in waveform, zigzag, plucking shape, curved surface shaped, folding shape plane, male and fomale(M﹠F) or the asperities.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and the external surface of its formwork 4 is a plucking shape external surface.Figure 41 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 41, and its upper plate 1 is a round surface.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical section of formwork 4 is for trapezoidal.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and the vertical section of its formwork 4 is for trapezoidal.
Feature of the present invention also be to go to the bottom have on 7 connect construction formwork or support member pull down tightening position structure 14.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, its go to the bottom have on 7 connect construction formwork or support member pull down tightening position structure 14.
Feature of the present invention also is to be useful on the shuttering member member 15 of carrying lifting.Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, is useful on the member 15 of carrying lifting on its formwork 4.
Feature of the present invention also be the to encorbelment end of pipe 6 is provided with butt joint positioner 16, and butt joint positioner 16 is hole, groove, bar, weldment, location securing member, birdsmouth, connection iron wire, screw mandrel, nut.Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, and its butt joint positioner 16 is bar 16 and weldment 16.Figure 40 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 40, and its pipe 6 of encorbelmenting is bell-and-spigot pipe.
That feature of the present invention also is is fluted 17 on the formwork 4, in the pothole 18, projection 19, raised line 20, protruding nail 21 at least one.Figure 36 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 36, fluted 17 on its formwork 4, pothole 18.Figure 42 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 42, its upper plate 1 and go to the bottom and have groove 17 on 7.
Feature of the present invention is that also formwork 4 is provided with the pipe of drawing-in wire or at least one in hole 22 or the air chimney 23.Figure 38 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 38, and its formwork 4 is provided with the pipe 20 and the air chimney 21 of drawing-in wire.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and 7 is provided with angle 24.Figure 39 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 39, and it is gone to the bottom and 7 is provided with angle 24.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and 7 is steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, polymer steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement mortar.Perhaps wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of formwork 4 is silicate series cement, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or above-mentioned combination.
During the invention process, can adopt sulphate aluminium cement slurry, adopt one deck cementitious matter one deck fiber mode of one deck cementitious matter of arranging net again to make formwork 4 and tube connector 5, be the gang mould mould component through the maintenance moulding with layer structure 10 as cementitious matter.When shuttering member band is in groups gone to the bottom 7 the time, can adopt gauze wire cloth concrete or steel bar concrete to make and go to the bottom 7, at concrete not during setting and harden, go to the bottom 7 shuttering member of above-mentioned band be placed to be connected and fixed on and gone to the bottom on 7, through certain hour maintenance moulding, can form go to the bottom 7 shuttering member of band.

Claims (37)

1, a kind of gang mould mould component, comprise formwork upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1) and sidewall (2) on every side constitute the formwork (4) of cavity (3), it is characterized in that at least two formworks (4) at least one place of sidewall (2) around at least one has tube connector (5) that formwork (4) is connected to each other and is integral.
2, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 1 is characterized in that sidewall (2) has at least one section pipe (6) of encorbelmenting around at least one of at least one formwork (4).
3,, it is characterized in that at least one formwork (4) go to the bottom (7) according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components.
4, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3 is characterized in that having at least two go to the bottom (7) to connect into integral body.
5, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 4 is characterized in that being provided with reinforcement (8) at least one formwork (4), and reinforcement (8) is ribs, bracing boom or reinforcing rib.
6, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 5, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), contain reinforce (9) at least one in sidewall (2), tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), the reinforcement (8) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (9) to expose simultaneously, reinforce (9) is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.
7, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 6, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), in the reinforcement (8) at least one is the layer structure (10) more than two layers, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany muscle at least simultaneously in layer structure (10), in the reinforces (9) such as silk or thin band at least one.
8, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 4; it is characterized in that partly or entirely filling or being pasted with in the cavity (3) light material (13), light material (13) is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete.
9, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3 is characterized in that being provided with reinforcement (8) at least one formwork (4), and reinforcement (8) is ribs, bracing boom or reinforcing rib.
10, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 9, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), contain reinforce (9) at least one in sidewall (2), tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), the reinforcement (8) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (9) to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce (9) is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.
11, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (3) stretch out formwork (4) around sidewall (2) constitute bridging piece (11), or (3) the inwardly puncture angle (12) of going to the bottom.
12, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3; it is characterized in that partly or entirely filling or being pasted with in the cavity (3) light material (13), light material (13) is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete.
13, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3 has the tightening position that pulls down that connects construction formwork or support member to construct (14) on it is characterized in that going to the bottom (7).
14, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3 is characterized in that being useful on the shuttering member member (15) that carrying lifts.
15, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (7) are provided with angle (24).
16, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 3, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (7) be steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement concrete, gauze wire cloth concrete, prestressed reinforced concrete, polymer steel bar concrete, steel mesh reinforcement mortar or wire mesh mortar, the cementitious materials of formwork (4) is silicate series cement, polymer cement, alkali slag cement, ground caustic coal ash cement, sulphate aluminium cement, ferrous aluminate cement, magnesia oxychloride cement, high alumina cement, organic resin glue or above-mentioned combination.
17, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, it is characterized in that described formwork (4) is connected into one in same direction.
18,, it is characterized in that on the sidewall (2) at least one section pipe (6) of encorbelmenting being arranged on every side at least one adjacent with the sidewall (2) on every side that communicating pipe (5) is arranged according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components.
19,, it is characterized in that tube connector (5) or the shape of cross section of the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting is circular, oval, square, square circular, similar round, class ellipse, polygon, arc angle polygon or its combination according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components.
20, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, it is characterized in that in tube connector (5) or encorbelment pipe (6) or both, being provided with reinforcement (8), reinforcement (8) is at least one in ribs, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib.
21, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 20 is characterized in that being provided with reinforcement (8) at least one formwork (4), and reinforcement (8) is ribs, bracing boom or reinforcing rib.
22, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 21, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), contain reinforce (9) at least one in sidewall (2), tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), the reinforcement (8) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (9) to expose simultaneously, reinforce (9) is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.
23, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 22, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), in the reinforcement (8) at least one is the layer structure (10) more than two layers, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany muscle at least simultaneously in layer structure (10), in the reinforces (9) such as silk or thin band at least one.
24, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 23, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (3) stretch out formwork (4) around sidewall (2) constitute bridging piece (11), or (3) the inwardly puncture angle (12) of going to the bottom.
25, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 24; it is characterized in that partly or entirely filling or being pasted with in the cavity (3) light material (13), light material (13) is foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerating concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete.
26, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 25 is characterized in that accompanying light material (13) at least one in ribs (8) or go to the bottom (7).
27, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 21, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), in the reinforcement (8) at least one is the layer structure (10) more than two layers, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany muscle at least simultaneously in layer structure (10), in the reinforces (9) such as silk or thin band at least one.
28, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 20, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), contain reinforce (9) at least one in sidewall (2), tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, the reinforcement (8) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (9) to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce (9) is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.
29, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 28, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), in the reinforcement (8) at least one is the layer structure (10) more than two layers, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany muscle at least simultaneously in layer structure (10), in silk or the thin band reinforce (9) at least one.
30, a kind of gang mould mould component according to claim 20, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, tube connector (5), the pipe (6) of encorbelmenting, go to the bottom (7), in the reinforcement (8) at least one is the layer structure (10) more than two layers, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany muscle at least simultaneously in layer structure (10), in the reinforces (9) such as silk or thin band at least one.
31, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), contain reinforce (9) at least one in sidewall (2), the tube connector (5) on every side, perhaps also have reinforce (9) to expose outside simultaneously, reinforce (9) is at least one in reinforcing bar, prestressed reinforcement, steel wire, steel fibre, fibre, bundle, thin band, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fleece, nonwoven or the net.
32, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), at least one in the sidewall (2) is the layer structure (10) more than at least two layers on every side, layer structure (10) is one deck cementitious matter, its upper berth one deck cloth or net reinforce (9), then at cloth or net reinforce (9) upper berth one deck cementitious matter, so repeat the glued composition of multilayer build-up, cloth or net reinforce (9) more than one deck, perhaps also accompany at least one in the reinforces (9) such as muscle, silk or thin band at least simultaneously in layer structure (10).
33, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, the external surface that it is characterized in that formwork (4) is at least a in waveform, zigzag, plucking shape, curved surface shaped, folding shape plane, male and fomale(M﹠F) or the asperities.
34, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components, the vertical section that it is characterized in that formwork (4) is for trapezoidal.
35, according to claim 2 or 6 described a kind of gang mould mould components, it is characterized in that the encorbelmenting end of pipe (6) is provided with butt joint positioner (16), and butt joint positioner (16) is hole, groove, bar, weldment, location securing member, birdsmouth, connection iron wire, screw mandrel, nut.
36,, it is characterized in that at least one in formwork (4) last fluted (17), pothole (18), projection (19), raised line (20), the protruding nail (21) according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components.
37,, it is characterized in that formwork (4) is provided with the pipe of drawing-in wire or at least one in hole (22) or the air chimney (23) according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of gang mould mould components.
CNB021459428A 2002-10-25 2002-10-25 Modular formwork members CN1176288C (en)

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CN101372853B (en) * 2004-09-02 2013-05-01 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow carcass for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN101302855B (en) * 2004-09-02 2011-12-21 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow carcass for cast-in-situ concrete stuffing
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CN101353917B (en) * 2004-09-02 2014-12-10 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow carcass for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN100593614C (en) * 2004-09-02 2010-03-10 邱则有 Cast-in-situ concrete filled light stuffing
CN101733838A (en) * 2004-09-02 2010-06-16 邱则有 Hollow carcass for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN101424109A (en) * 2004-09-02 2009-05-06 邱则有 Hollow carcass for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN101358477B (en) * 2004-09-02 2012-02-29 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow mold for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN100449079C (en) * 2004-11-22 2009-01-07 邱则有 Precast member for hollow slab
CN101509301B (en) * 2004-11-22 2011-03-16 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cavity member for hollow slab
CN100439620C (en) * 2004-11-22 2008-12-03 邱则有 Cavity structural member for hollow slab
CN1779125B (en) * 2004-11-23 2010-05-05 邱则有 Hollow concrete board
CN1779112B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Lightweight concrete board
CN1779111B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Reinforcing bar lightweight concrete board
CN1779115B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Hollow concrete slab
CN1779120B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Hollow concrete slab
CN1779118B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Reinforcing bar lightweight concrete board
CN1779103B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Lightweight concrete board
CN1779113B (en) * 2004-11-24 2010-05-05 邱则有 Hollow concrete slab
CN1789603B (en) * 2004-12-18 2010-05-05 邱则有 Cast-in-situ reinforced concrete light board
CN101196035B (en) * 2005-06-06 2011-04-27 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete hollow slab
CN1958997B (en) * 2005-07-21 2010-10-06 邱则有 Lightweight permanent embryonic shell in use for filling concrete
CN101008243B (en) * 2006-01-23 2011-03-02 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete hollow board
CN101008250B (en) * 2006-01-24 2011-03-09 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete hollow board
CN101008259B (en) * 2006-01-27 2011-03-23 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete hollow board
CN101021091B (en) * 2006-02-15 2010-09-08 邱则有 Cast-in-place concrete hollow core slab
CN101021094B (en) * 2006-02-15 2010-09-22 邱则有 Cast-in-place concrete hollow coreslab
CN101025006B (en) * 2006-02-21 2010-09-22 邱则有 Cast-in-situ hollow board
CN106121106A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-11-16 吴方伯 A kind of Prefabricated component board of ribbed reinforced concrete

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