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Leakage-preventing fixation-free bead string type drainage tube

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Publication number
CN100387311C
CN100387311C CN 200510068053 CN200510068053A CN100387311C CN 100387311 C CN100387311 C CN 100387311C CN 200510068053 CN200510068053 CN 200510068053 CN 200510068053 A CN200510068053 A CN 200510068053A CN 100387311 C CN100387311 C CN 100387311C
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CN
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
type
preventing
fixation
tube
free
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Application number
CN 200510068053
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1666783A (en )
Inventor
军 吴
军 姜
毅 张
杨世昕
杨新华
Original Assignee
中国人民解放军第三军医大学第一附属医院
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Abstract

本发明提供一种主要用于医学领域女性乳腺癌术后、乳房脓腔引流或其他体腔引流的防漏免固定串珠式引流管,由导管和囊体一体构成,导管和囊体都为硅胶或橡胶材料制成,囊体包括无孔壁球囊体以及有孔壁球囊体,该引流管全长40cm,该引流管前20cm置于体外,为无孔导管;另外20cm为带孔串珠状导管,置于体内,每隔5cm设置有一个串珠状膨隆管壁的囊体,囊体管壁设有孔;中央设置成一个无孔壁球囊,导管和囊体的壁厚为1~3mm,这不仅解决了容易发生渗漏和需要固定的难题,而且通过球囊增加了引流孔的面积,特别是在对引流管施以负压吸引时,这种预防渗漏和防止堵塞的效果更为突出,使用时可达到减轻病人痛苦和减少相关并发症的目的。 The present invention provides a medical field primarily for breast cancer surgery, breast abscess drainage or other body lumen drainage leakproof fixing beaded free drainage tube, and integrally formed by the catheter balloon, the catheter and balloon are silica or made of a rubber material, comprising a non-porous balloon and porous balloon squash squash balloon, the entire length of the draft tube 40cm, 20cm vitro placed before the drainage pipe, the conduit is imperforate; beaded Further 20cm as perforated catheters placed vivo every 5cm provided with a beaded bulging balloon wall, the balloon wall is provided with holes; thickness provided a central imperforate walled balloon, and the balloon catheter is 1 3mm ~, which not only solves the easy leakage occurs and the problem needs to be fixed, and by increasing the area of ​​the drainage holes of the balloon, particularly when applied in the drainage tube for suction, and this leakage preventing clogging prevention effect is more prominent, and may use relieve pains and achieve the purpose of reducing related complications.

Description

防漏免固定串珠式引流管 Leak-free fixed beaded drainage tube

技术领域 FIELD

主要用于医学领域女性乳房乳腺癌术后、乳房脓腔引流,本技术的原理也可以延伸至尤其是被施以负压吸引的引流,如胃肠减压引流、胸腔引流、腹腔引流以及甲状腺手术后引流等等。 Mainly for breast cancer after the female breast, breast abscess drainage medical field, the principles of the present technology may also be extended to be applied in particular suction drainage, such as decompression drainage, chest drain, abdominal drainage, and thyroid after surgical drainage, and so on.

背景技术 Background technique

目前广泛使用的传统女性乳房乳腺癌术后、乳房脓腔引流常用普通的橡胶管引流,容易发生渗漏,需要固定,使用不方便,需在管上进行剪孔等加工处理。 Traditional female breast breast cancer after the widely used, conventional breast abscess drainage tube drainage ordinary rubber, prone to leakage, needs to be fixed, inconvenient to use, it needs to be processed cut hole or the like on the tube. 在对引流管施以负压吸引时,管腔变扁,因而很容易发生引流渗漏,给病人和临床医师带来极大的不便,还有可能造成感染。 When subjected to suction drainage tube, the lumen becomes flat, so it is prone to leakage of drainage, to patients and clinicians cause great inconvenience, but also may cause infection.

发明内容 SUMMARY

为了克服传统引流管固定麻烦和容易发生渗漏的不足,本提供一种在外形上明显有别于传统引流管的带球囊防漏免固定的引流管,其可由所述导管和所述囊体一体构成,所述导管和囊体相通,在置入体内段设置成每隔一段距离就可有一个膨隆的有孔囊体;而引流管的中央位点置成一个无孔壁球囊体,该囊体使用中具有封闭手术引流口的作用。 To overcome the problems and disadvantages of the fixed leakage easily occurs conventional drainage tube, this provides a significantly different from the traditional shape of the drainage tube with a balloon secured leakproof Free drainage tube, which can be the catheter and the balloon body formed integrally, the balloon catheter and communicating, can be arranged at some distance there is a bulge in the balloon apertured section into the body; and the central site of the drainage tube set to a non-porous balloon squash, the having a closed surgical drainage port using the balloon effect.

所述引流管采用硅塑或橡胶材料制成,为防漏免固定串珠式结构, The drainage tube is made of silicon rubber or of plastic material, fixed to the leakage preventing structure for Free bead,

全长40cm,包含以下连贯的3部分,根据功能分成:位于中间点位的无 Full length 40cm, comprising the coherent portion 3, into functional: no point in the middle

孔壁球囊体,球囊一体相连的一侧是管壁上无孔的导管,另外一侧为带孔串珠状导管,呈串珠球囊状。 Squash hole balloon, the balloon is integrally connected to one side of the tube wall is imperforate conduit, the other side of the perforated conduit beaded, beaded ball bladder. 位于中间位点的无孔壁球囊体,直径为 Site in the middle of the non-porous walled balloon with a diameter of

1.8cm。 1.8cm. 球囊一体相连的一侧管壁无孔的导管,其内径为i.3cm,可以引出体外做引流用,并可通过连接管与体外中心负压吸引起或负压吸引球连接。 Integrally connected to the side wall of the balloon catheter of non-porous, an inner diameter of i.3cm, drainage can be done in vitro by extraction, and suction from suction ball or connected by a connection pipe negative pressure center vitro. 球囊一体相连的一侧带孔串珠状导管可设计如下:包括囊壁带孔 Integrally connected to one side of a perforated balloon catheter beads may be designed as follows: a perforated wall comprising

球囊体以及连接球囊上的无孔导管。 Balloon catheter body and a connector on a non-porous balloon. 连接球囊的无孔导管,管内径为1.3 Nonporous catheter, the balloon is connected to an inner diameter 1.3

cm。 cm. 所述囊壁带孔球囊体设计如下:可以每隔5cm设置1个该种串珠状有孔球囊体,所述有孔球囊体直径为1.5cm,在球囊体上、下、左、右四个方向的管壁上都设置有直径为0.5cm的引流孔。 The perforated wall of the balloon body is designed as follows: 5cm 1 th set may be every kind of beads of the porous balloon member, said balloon member has a bore diameter of 1.5cm, on the balloon body, down, left It is provided on the wall and right directions drainage hole having a diameter of 0.5cm. 以上所述导管和所述囊体的壁的厚度全为lram,还可在所述引流管的管体上标注有刻度线。 Above the conduit and the thickness of the wall of the balloon are all lram, may be marked on the tubular body of the draft tube graduated line. 通过以上设计该引流管不仅具有无须固定的功能,还具备良好的防漏效果。 By the above design of the drainage tube need only have a fixed function, also have good leak-proof effect.

因本发明通过模具可把引流管中央位点设置成一个无孔壁球囊,所以通过球囊既可达到固定引流管和防漏的目的,又可不影响整体的引流效果。 The present invention may be the result of the drainage tube to the central site is provided by a non-porous mold walled balloon, so the balloon can achieve the object fixed by the draft tube and leak-proof, but also does not affect the overall effect of drainage. 另外,为便于引流,该引流管的引流端(置入体腔内的引流管段) 可以设计成具有多个球囊体,且在球囊上设置有引流孔,从而增加引流面积。 Further, for ease of drainage, drainage end (draft tube into a body cavity section) of the draft tube may be designed with a plurality of balloon body and is provided with drainage holes in the balloon, thereby increasing the area of ​​drainage. 该引流管的使用方法是把弓I流端和引流管中央位点的无孔球囊放入到人体手术的体腔,并通过置与体外端的引流管与体外中心负压吸引器或负压吸引球连接。 Use of the drainage tube is the bow end and a drainage I flows nonporous balloon tube placed in the central site to the human body cavity surgery, and suction or vacuum suction through the center of the draft tube and the in vitro and in vitro opposite ends ball connection.

本发明的有益效果是,将传统引流管制备成具有若干个球囊串珠状的引流管,不仅解决了其容易发生渗漏和需要针线固定的难题,而且还通过球囊体上增加的引流孔,从而增大了引流的面积,特别是在对引流管施以负压吸引时,这种预防渗漏和防止堵塞的效果就更为突出。 Advantageous effect of the invention is to traditional drainage pipe, a plurality of balloons having beaded drainage tube, which not only solve the leakage and prone to problems require a fixed needle, but also by increasing the drainage holes on the balloon body , thereby increasing the area of ​​drainage, particularly when applied to the suction drainage tube, this leakage and preventing clogging prevention effect is more prominent.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本发明的立体结构示意图图2为本发明的平面示意图。 Planar schematic perspective view of a structure of the present invention 2 is a schematic view of the present disclosure. 图3为本发明的侧面示意图。 FIG 3 is a side schematic view of the present invention. 符号说明 Symbol Description

1:引流管; 3:囊体(膨隆管壁); 5:有孔壁球囊体; 1: drainage tube; 3: balloon (wall bulge); 5: perforated capsule squash;

2:导管; 2: a catheter;

4:无孔壁球囊体; 6:引流孔 4: capsule nonporous squash; 6: drainage hole

具体实施方式 detailed description

本发明的引流管l,如图l、图2和图3所示,采用硅塑或橡胶材料制成。 L drainage tube of the present invention, as l, 2 and 3, the use of silicone rubber or plastic material. 该引流管1由导管2和囊体3 —体构成,从导管2的中心点开始向一侧每隔5cm的距离就有一段导管由内向外膨胀形成囊体3,把位于导管2中央处的管做成一个无孔壁球囊体4,距两端口各20cm,其直径为1.8cm,无孔壁球囊体4的一侧为无孔导管,且把位于该无孔壁球囊体4 另一侧的上述囊体3都做成有孔壁球囊体5,其直径为1.5cm。 The drainage tube and the balloon catheter 2 3 - construct, starting from the center point of the duct 2 there is a section of the catheter expands outwardly toward the balloon 3 is formed in 5cm intervals from one side, located at the center of the duct 2 a tube made of non-porous walled balloon body 4, two ports from each 20cm, with a diameter of 1.8cm, nonporous squash 4 side balloon catheter is non-porous, and the non-porous walled balloon located above the other side of the balloon body 4 3 are made of porous walled balloon 5 has a diameter of 1.5cm. 在有孔壁球囊体5其球囊体的上下左右都各自开有引流孔6,该孔的直径为0, 5cm, 且与内部的管腔导通。 In squash porous balloon up and down of the balloon member 5 which are each drainage hole 6 is opened, the diameter of the aperture is 0, 5cm, and the inside of the guide through the lumen.

导管2的内径为1.3cm,全长40cm,导管2和囊体3的壁的厚度为lmm,每个囊体3之间的间距为5cm,且引流管的管体上标注有刻度线。 The inner diameter of the catheter 2 is 1.3cm, the entire length of 40cm, thickness of the wall 2 and the balloon catheter 3 is lmm, the interval between each of the balloon 3 to 5cm, and marked on the tubular body of the draft tube graduated line.

引流管1为防漏免固定串珠式结构。 Free drainage tube 1 is fixed leakproof bead structure. 当在使用时,把所有的囊体都放入到人体的体内,由位于中心点的无孔壁球囊体4负责把引流管1固定在人体表面的切口下,因是个球囊体,在受到外部牵拉时把囊体挤靠在切口上,从而达到防止渗漏的效果,不会脱落,也不会造成伤口的堵塞。 When in use, all the capsules were put into the human body, from the center point of the non-porous walled balloon body is responsible for the drainage tube 4 fixed to a body surface at the incision, the balloon body is because, in the subject to external when pulling the balloon presses against the notch, so as to achieve the effect of preventing leakage, it will not fall off, will not cause clogging of the wound. 又因为除无孔壁球囊体4外,其它的囊体都为有孔壁球囊体5,即在球囊的上下左右都分别设置有引流孔6,这样不仅增大了引流的面积,同时也在有个别引流孔6被挤压而堵塞的情况下,不会造成引流点的堵塞, 从而达到更好的引流效果,并通过连接管与体外中心负压吸引器或负压吸引球连接。 And because in addition to the non-porous outer walled balloon body 4, other balloon are apertured walled balloon 5, i.e., both vertically and horizontally of the balloon 6 are provided with drainage holes, so that not only increases the drainage area, at the same time there is also where a particular drainage holes 6 are pressed and blocked, it does not cause clogging of the drainage point, so as to achieve a better effect of drainage and suction device or suction pipe is connected via a ball center vitro.

Claims (5)

1.一种引流管,其特征在于,由导管和囊体一体构成,所述导管和所述囊体相通,从置入端开始、位于所述导管的中间位置设置有一个无孔壁球囊体,并把除了该无孔壁球囊体之外的、位于引流管的置入体腔内的引流管段上的其它囊体都设置成有孔壁球囊体。 A draft tube, characterized in that the integrally formed by the catheter and balloon, the balloon catheter and the communication starts from the inserted end of the catheter located at an intermediate position is provided with a non-porous balloon squash, and the addition of the non-porous balloon squash, other balloon into the draft tube section of the draft tube located in a body cavity are provided with a hole squash balloon.
2. 如权利要求1所述的引流管,其特征在于,整根导管全长40cm, 所述导管从中间位置开始只向一侧每隔5cm设置有1个串珠状膨隆管壁, 所述导管的内径为1.3cm,位于导管中央点的无孔球囊体直径为1.8cm, 而有孔球囊体直径为1. 5cm,管壁厚1〜3mm。 2. The drainage tube according to claim 1, characterized in that the whole conduits full length 40cm, the conduit starting from the intermediate position to one side only is provided with a 5cm beaded every bulging wall, the conduit an inner diameter of 1.3cm, the diameter of the balloon nonporous center point of the catheter is 1.8cm, while the hole diameter of the balloon 1. 5cm, wall thickness 1~3mm.
3. 如权利要求1所述的引流管,其特征在于,所述引流管的管体上标注有刻度线。 Drainage tube according to claim 1, wherein said drainage tube is marked on the tubular body has a mark.
4. 如权利要求1所述的引流管,其特征在于,所述引流管采用硅塑或橡胶材料制成。 The drainage tube as claimed in claim 1, wherein said drainage tube is made of silicon plastic or rubber material.
5. 如权利要求1所述的引流管,其特征在于,所述引流管为一体管, 在置入体腔内段设置成串珠式结构。 5. The drainage tube according to claim 1, wherein said drainage tube is integrally pipe, arranged in the bead structure section into the body cavity.
CN 200510068053 2005-05-09 2005-05-09 Leakage-preventing fixation-free bead string type drainage tube CN100387311C (en)

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CN100387311C true CN100387311C (en) 2008-05-14

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102698351B (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-11-06 镇江市丹徒区荣炳许布医疗器械厂 Disposable ureter guide pipe

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4317452A (en) 1980-02-04 1982-03-02 C. R. Bard, Inc. Body fluid drain
CN2322640Y (en) 1997-11-07 1999-06-09 郭松林 Perfusion cannula for treatment of diseases of prostate and seminal vesicle
US6132365A (en) 1993-12-30 2000-10-17 Sigurdsson; Per Arne Valve
CN2626505Y (en) 2003-06-17 2004-07-21 阎嵩林 Disposable intestine filling drainage tube
CN2689950Y (en) 2003-10-10 2005-04-06 李宝平 Intrathoracic drain
CN2829743Y (en) 2005-05-09 2006-10-25 中国人民解放军第三军医大学第一附属医院 Leakage proof, fixing free string type drainage tube

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4317452A (en) 1980-02-04 1982-03-02 C. R. Bard, Inc. Body fluid drain
US6132365A (en) 1993-12-30 2000-10-17 Sigurdsson; Per Arne Valve
CN2322640Y (en) 1997-11-07 1999-06-09 郭松林 Perfusion cannula for treatment of diseases of prostate and seminal vesicle
CN2626505Y (en) 2003-06-17 2004-07-21 阎嵩林 Disposable intestine filling drainage tube
CN2689950Y (en) 2003-10-10 2005-04-06 李宝平 Intrathoracic drain
CN2829743Y (en) 2005-05-09 2006-10-25 中国人民解放军第三军医大学第一附属医院 Leakage proof, fixing free string type drainage tube

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