CN100385449C - Method and system for automatic recognizing idnetity document of leaving and entering a country as well as fingerprint of biological living body - Google Patents

Method and system for automatic recognizing idnetity document of leaving and entering a country as well as fingerprint of biological living body Download PDF

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CN100385449C
CN100385449C CN 200510021155 CN200510021155A CN100385449C CN 100385449 C CN100385449 C CN 100385449C CN 200510021155 CN200510021155 CN 200510021155 CN 200510021155 A CN200510021155 A CN 200510021155A CN 100385449 C CN100385449 C CN 100385449C
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fingerprint
data
personal
management
immigration
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CN 200510021155
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CN1728156A (en
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仲 付
喻明强
聪 国
波 陈
韩思怡
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成都翔宇信息技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法及系统,识别方法包括指纹识别、个人信息图文档案管理、身份证件管理、个人面相识别、自助查询、密钥管理、数据库、权限分配管理、自助匝道管理;识别系统包括活体指纹识别系统,个人面相识别系统。 The present invention discloses an identity document and the entry and exit of living organisms automated fingerprint identification method and system identification methods including fingerprint identification, personal information graphic file management, identity management, personal face recognition, self-inquiry, key management, database, rights allocation management, self-ramp management; identification systems including live fingerprint identification systems, personal face recognition system. 通过上面的叙述可以看出,本发明具有以下优点:采用目前最先进的真皮层指纹采集技术,真正有效地杜绝假手指,抗干扰性强,拒真率小于百分之一,认假率小于百万分之一,指纹处理时间小于2秒,指纹识别技术成熟,图像提取设备小巧,成本较低;面相识别也具有许多突出的优点,如主动性、非侵犯性和用户友好等,指纹识别与面相识别相结合,提高了识别的可靠性。 It can be seen from the above description, the present invention has the following advantages: the use of the most advanced technology fingerprint dermis, truly effective to eliminate fake finger, interference is strong, FRR less than one percent, less than False Accept Rate parts per million, less than 2 seconds fingerprint processing, fingerprint recognition technology is mature, the image extracting apparatus compact, low cost; facial recognition have many outstanding advantages, such as initiative, noninvasive and user friendliness, fingerprint identification combined with face recognition, improve the reliability of the recognition.

Description

出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法及系统所属领域本发明涉及一种自动识别方法及系统,特别是出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法及系统。 Immigration living organism identification and automated fingerprint identification system and method of the art The present invention relates to a method and system for automatic identification, in particular, immigration living organism identification and automated fingerprint identification method and system. 背景技术加强国家公民和访客的安全,促进合法的旅游和贸易,确保移民制度的完善,以及保护和尊重旅客的隐私。 BACKGROUND enhance the security of citizens and visitors, facilitate legitimate travel and trade, ensure the integrity of the immigration system, and protect and respect the privacy of passengers. 出入境人员的身份识别作为一项重要的课题在国内外得到广泛的研究。 Extensive research identity immigration officers as an important issue to get at home and abroad. 比尔,盖茨曾做过这样的断言:生物识别技术,即利用人的生理特征,例如指纹、虹膜等来识别个人的身份,将成为未来几年IT产业的重要革新。 Bill Gates has done such an assertion: biometrics, namely the use of human physiological characteristics, such as fingerprints, iris to identify an individual's identity, the next few years will be an important innovation in the IT industry. 盖茨这段言论的背后支撑是,越来越多的个人、消费者、公司乃至政府机关都承认, 现有的基于智能卡、身份号和密码的身份识别系统是远远不够的,生物特征识别技术将在未来提供解决方案方面占据重要的地位。 Gates support behind this statement is that more and more individuals, consumers, companies and even government agencies have acknowledged that the existing system identification smart cards, identity number and password-based is not enough, biometrics technology will occupy an important position in the future to provide solutions. 生物特征识别分为指纹、面相、语音、虹膜等,具有唯一性特征的人体生物特征作为识别依据的识别系统无疑是最先进的,也是最安全的。 Biometrics into fingerprints, face, voice, iris and other biometric feature is unique as a recognition system based on undoubtedly the most advanced, most secure. 在所有的生物特征中,指纹相对稳定,而且采集指纹不是非侵犯性的;面相特征具有很多优点,如主动性、非侵犯性和用户友好等,但面相会随年龄变化,而且容易被伪装;语音特征具有与面相特征相似的优点,也会随年龄、健康状况及环境等因素而变化,而且语音识别系统也比较容易被录音所欺骗、被伪造;虹膜特征识别解决了上述问题,同时还具有上述其他生物特征所具有的一些优点,不过技术没有指纹成熟,而且造价较高。 In all biometric, the fingerprint is relatively stable, and not the fingerprint of the non-invasive; surface features has many advantages, such as initiative, noninvasive and user friendliness, but the surface will vary with age, and could easily be disguised; voice feature has the advantage of similar features and face will age, health status and environmental factors, and speech recognition systems are also more likely to be deceived by the recording, it was forged; iris recognition solves the problem, but also has other biometric above has some advantages, but there is no fingerprint mature technology, and higher cost. 在生物识别技术民用化过程中首选指纹识别技术,原因是上千年的历史经验证明指纹唯一性原理的可靠性;指纹识别技术是研发时间最长、最成熟的技术;指纹识别系统是目前性价比最高的生物识别系统之一,同时再辅以面相等 The preferred fingerprint recognition technology in biometric technology civilian process, because a thousand years of history shows the uniqueness of fingerprints principle of reliability; fingerprint recognition technology research and development is the longest, most mature technology; fingerprint identification system is the most cost one of biometric systems, and the like supplemented surface

综合信息识别,无疑具有更加可靠的效果。 Comprehensive information identifying undoubtedly more reliable results. 指纹作为授权手段可以完美的符合安全授权手段的三大特性:安全性:指纹纹路在人出生时即已定型,并终生不变。 Three characteristics of the fingerprint authorization as a means perfectly in line with security authorization means: Security: The fingerprint is already finalized at the time of birth, and the same life. 活体指纹采集技术保证了"随身携带" 指纹的安全性;便捷性:无论是联机还是嵌入式的指纹处理系统,目前其处理速度均已达到理想水平;可靠性:指纹识别技术是典型的"认人不认物"的授权手段。 Live fingerprint acquisition technology to ensure that the "carry" security fingerprint; convenience: both online and embedded fingerprint processing system, which is currently processing speed have reached the desired level; Reliability: fingerprint identification technology is a typical "recognition people do not recognize things "authorized means. 在授权当时就可以确保使用者是"合法"授权者。 In that time we can ensure that authorized users are "legitimate" licensors. 它"不会丢失、不会遗忘、不易仿冒",与传统的"以物辨人"方式有着根本的区别,具有"人各有异、终生不变、随身携带"等特点。 It "will not be lost, do not forget, is not easy to counterfeit," traditional "to distinguish people were" fundamentally different way, with "people have their own different, the same life, carry" and so on. 历经多年的发展,指纹识别技术逐步完善、成熟,指纹识别产品的性价比也在不断地提高,在很多场合都有了应用,有广阔的市场前景。 After years of development, gradually improve the fingerprint recognition technology, mature, cost-effective fingerprint recognition products are constantly improving, have been applied in many occasions, have broad market prospects. 发明内容本发明的目的即在于克服现有技术的缺点,提供一种技术较为成熟,可靠性好的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法及系统,使用该方法具有主动性、非侵犯性和用户友好等特点,且性价比高。 Object of the present invention, i.e. to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a more mature technology, reliability and good entry and exit identification of living organisms automated fingerprint identification system and method for using the proactive method, non-invasive and user-friendly features, and cost-effective. 本发明的目的通过以下技术方案来实现:出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法,它包括有以下步骤-(1)指纹识别建立指纹模板:出入境人员通过设立唯一个人标识ID号,建立指纹模板, 采集两枚指纹,用户将同一手指两次按放在指纹传感器上分别获取指纹图像并生成指纹特征点数据,将这两次特征点数据优化组合生成指纹模板存储,指纹模板和指纹图像保存于数据库中,指纹模板也可通过管理软件系统下载到指纹出入控制器的存储器里;指纹图象提取:当有指纹输入,采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点; 指纹验证:将指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板进行比对验证,并将比对结果包含时间信息储存; 指纹搜索:当有指纹输入,采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点,并将指纹 Object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: immigration and the living organism identification method for an automatic fingerprint identification, comprising the following steps - (1) establishing a fingerprint template fingerprint: exit people through the establishment of a unique personal identification number ID, the establishment of fingerprint template, collecting two fingerprints, the user will press on the fingerprint sensor acquires a fingerprint image of the same finger twice and each fingerprint feature point data generated, optimization of these two feature point data to generate the fingerprint template stored in combination, a fingerprint image and fingerprint template stored in the database, the fingerprint template or can be downloaded to the memory management software system's fingerprint access controller; fingerprint image extracting: when there is a fingerprint input fingerprint image to extract the fingerprint feature points; fingerprint verification: the fingerprint feature points than the original fingerprint data, to compare the fingerprint verification by the memory controller or the management center corresponding position stored in the database template fingerprint and the comparison result comprises the time information is stored; fingerprint search: when the fingerprint input fingerprint image, fingerprint feature extraction point and fingerprint 征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板进行全局搜索,并将搜索结果包含时间信息储存;指纹接口:系统自动接收来自外部的黑名单数据中的指纹数据,形成黑名单指纹库;(2) 个人信息图文档案管理系统将出入境人员的身份证件、国籍、年龄、性别、出入境时间、头像、 指纹图像、指纹模板、指纹比对结果以及备注信息通过管理系统输入到数据库中,并通过唯一个人身份识别号码进行相关添加、修改、删除、査找、打印以及网络传输操作:(3) 身份证件管理非接触智能卡读写器通过RS232或者USB接口同业务工作站相连,采用IC 长密钥管理进行联机认证,业务工作站中管理软件系统对身份证卡的管理包括: 身份证件的发行、初始化、报废、挂失;(4) 个人面相识别出入境人员在登记个人身份 As for the intrinsic point than the original fingerprint data, global search fingerprint by the memory controller or the management center corresponding position stored in the database a fingerprint template, the search results include the time information is stored; fingerprint Interface: The system automatically receives the blacklist from the outside fingerprint data in the form blacklist fingerprint database; (2) personal information graphic file management system identification immigration officers, national origin, age, sex, time of entry and exit, picture, fingerprint images, fingerprint template, fingerprint matching the results, and notes the information entered into the database via the management system, and by a unique personal identification number associated to add, modify, delete, search, print and network transfer operations: (3) identity management contactless smart card reader via RS232 or a USB interface connected with the service station, using the IC for the long-line authentication key management, service management software system management workstation of the ID card comprising: issuing identity documents, initialization, scrap loss report; (4) identify the individual surface Immigration officers at the registration of personal identity ,通过现场摄像系统录入个人头像,并将面相图像和特征点保存于数据库中,所获取的特征点数据与黑名单中面相数据相比较,以分值的形式得出对比结果,当比对结果达到一定阈值时候,并显示出黑名单中该面部图像,并将该比对记录存放于数据库中;(5) 自助査询系统相关人员可以通过INTERNET直接进入自助査询系统主页,通过输入唯一个人身份识别ID号码以及授权的密码,便可以査阅该ID号码的详细个人基本信息和出入记录;(6) 密钥管理系统运行过程中,必须对网络传输的数据、智能卡身份证里的数据、数据库里保存的数据进行数据安全密钥管理;(7) 数据库 , Entered through the field imaging system of the personal avatar, and the face image and the feature points stored in the database, the acquired data is compared with the feature point blacklist surface data, comparing the results obtained in the form of value, when the comparison result when the value reaches a certain threshold, and shows the facial image blacklist, and the ratio of the record stored in the database; (5) self-check system related personnel can access the home page directly through the self-check system INTERNET, by entering a unique personal ID identification number and password authorization, you can access to detailed personal information and access to basic record of the ID number; (6) the process of key management system is running, the data must be transmitted over the network, the smart card ID card in the data, data stored in the database data security key management; (7) database

用于存放各个部门管理下的出入境人员的详细个人信息(身份、指纹、面相照片、出入境记录及其他)和黑名单数据以及对外接收到的接口数据;(8) 权限分配管理管理人员通过分配权限对各级管理人员和业务工作站操作人员进行分级管理,不同权限的人员只能在其权限设定内进行相应功能的操作;(9) 自助匝道管理当己经注册登记的出入境人员出入关口时候,先通过非接触智能卡读写器上刷卡,非接触智能卡读写器上识别该合法卡后便通过网络系统调出该人员的个人基本信息和图文信息,并下载该人员的指纹模板数据到指纹出入控制器的存储器中,已授权的合法出入境人员通过指纹出入控制器输入个人已经注册的指纹,指纹出入控制器验证该指纹信息,如果匹配,则输入控制信号,开启通关匝道;如果匹配不正确,提示不正确原因,并将本次记录 Used to store personal details (identity, fingerprint, face photographs, immigration records and other) and blacklist data and external data received interface immigration officers at the respective sector management; (8) through the allocation of management rights management assign permissions for all levels of management and operational hierarchical management workstation operating personnel, who operate only different permissions within its corresponding function permission settings; (9) when the self-management of the ramp exit people already registered access mark time, first by the contactless smart card swipe reader, contactless identification card after the legitimate smart card reader through the network system to call up the basic personal information and graphic information of the person and the person's fingerprint template download fingerprint data to a memory access controller, legally authorized personnel entry and exit out of the controller input through the fingerprint registered personal fingerprint, the fingerprint authentication access controller fingerprint information, if a match, then the input control signal, the ramp opening clearance; If the match is incorrect, suggesting that improper reasons, and this record 存至数据库中。 Saved to the database. 指纹搜索和比对方法有以下几种:a、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出身份证卡里存储器里的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统采集指纹图像数据,提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;b、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出中央数据库里该ID号码对应的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统采集指纹图像数据,提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;C、当用户将手指按放在指纹传感器上时,系统采集指纹图像,提取特征点, 形成指纹特征点数据,通过与黑名单指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索;d、当用户将手指按放在指纹出入控制器的指纹传感器上时,系统釆集指纹图像,提取特征点,形成指纹特征 Fingerprint search and comparison methods are the following: a, immigration officers to obtain personal ID card number, and reads out the ID card memory in personal fingerprint template, when that person has a fingerprint on the fingerprint sensor according to the system acquisition fingerprint image data, fingerprint feature points extracted as the original fingerprint data comparison, by comparing the individual matching template fingerprint readout; B, immigration officers obtain personal card ID number, a central database and reads out the ID number corresponding to personal fingerprint template, when the person is fingerprints by the system fingerprint image data, extract fingerprint feature points as the original than the fingerprint data, the matching ratio of personal fingerprint template and read out in the fingerprint sensor; C, when the user when the finger on the fingerprint sensor, a fingerprint image acquisition system, feature points are extracted fingerprint feature point data is formed by all the blacklist fingerprint library data in a search fingerprint; D, when the user access to the finger on the when the fingerprint sensor controller, the system sets Bian fingerprint image, feature points are extracted form minutiae 点数据,通过与指纹出入控制器存储器里指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索。 Point data, one by searching through the memory controller in the fingerprint repository of all fingerprint data with fingerprint access. 面相搜索和比对方法有以下几种: a、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,通过现场摄像,系统采集该出入境人员的面相图像数据,提取面相特征点作为原始比对数据,与中央数据库里的个人面相模板进行匹配比对;b、 出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据,与中央数据库中指定的黑名单库相应位置人员的面相模板进行匹配比对;c、 出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据,与黑名单面相模板库里所有的面相数据逐一搜索。 And a surface alignment search methods are the following: a, immigration officers obtain personal ID card number, face image data acquired by the exit people live imaging system, as a feature point extracting surface than the original data, with a central database in the face of personal template matching comparison; b, immigration officers at check in time, the acquired data through on-site face the camera, face template corresponding position personnel blacklist specified in the central database for matching ratio; c, immigration officers at check in time, acquired through on-site face the camera data, one by one face template library search and blacklist all face data. 出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别系统,它包括以下部分:(1) 活体指纹识别系统:它包括指纹采集仪、通关指纹出入控制器、管理计算机,指纹采集仪连接电脑,用于采集指纹图像;指纹出入控制器安装在外侧,用于检测输入到指纹输入部件的指纹数据,它通过控制线分别接外部扩展的执行机构,通讯总线和电源与网络控制器相连,电源与通讯控制器接管理计算机;(2) 个人面相识别系统:它包括数码摄像机、视频现场摄像头、视频解码卡和管理计算机,数码摄像机连接电脑,用于拍摄出入境手续办理人员的面相图像;视频现场摄像头安装在海关出入通道上方,用于捕捉出入境人员的面相图像,它通过电源和视频数据线连接到电脑主机板里的视频解码卡,完成与电脑的数据通讯。 Immigration ID with the living organism automatic fingerprint identification system, which includes the following components: (1) live fingerprint identification system: it comprises a fingerprint scanner, clearance fingerprint access controller, the management computer, fingerprint scanner connected to the computer, a fingerprint image; fingerprint access controller mounted on the outside, for detecting fingerprint data to the fingerprint input member inputs, which are connected through a control line external expansion actuators, communications and power supply connected to the network bus controller, power supply and communications controller connected management computer; (2) a personal face recognition system: it includes a digital video camera, video, live webcam, video decoder card and management computer, a digital camera connected to the computer, for taking the immigration formalities face image personnel; video live webcam mounted on customs above the access passage for immigration officers face image capture, which is connected to the motherboard in the computer card through the power of the video decoder and the video data lines, for data communication with the computer. 通过上面的叙述可以看出,本发明具有以下优点:指纹识别要求活体指纹采集,防伪性高,采用目前最先进的真皮层指纹采集技术,真正有效地杜绝假手指,抗千扰性强,拒真率小于百分之一(可按需要调节),认假率小于百万分之一(可按需要调节),指纹处理时间小于2秒。 As can be seen from the above description, the present invention has the following advantages: fingerprint claim live fingerprint acquisition, security is high, using the most advanced dermis fingerprint technology, truly effective to eliminate fake finger, anti one thousand interference is strong, resist unaffected less than one percent (may need to adjust), false Accept rate less than one millionth (may need to adjust), fingerprint processing time is less than 2 seconds. 指纹识别的研究历史较长,技术相对成熟,指纹图像提取设备小巧,同类产品,指纹识别的成本较低。 A long history of research of fingerprint identification technology is relatively mature, the fingerprint image to extract a small device, similar products is low, the cost of fingerprint identification. 面相识别也具有许多突出的优点,如主动性、非侵犯性和用户友好等,指纹识别与面相识别相结合,提高了识别的可靠性。 Face Recognition also has many outstanding advantages, such as initiative, noninvasive and user friendliness, fingerprint identification and face recognition in combination, to improve the reliability of the recognition.

附图说明图1为本发明识别方法流程图。 1 shows a flowchart of the method of the present invention is identified. 图2a为本发明识别方法指纹识别部分指纹识别搜索流程图。 FIG. 2a fingerprint identification method of partial fingerprint recognition search flowchart of the present invention. 图2b为本发明识别方法指纹识别部分指纹识别比对流程图。 Figure 2b flowchart fingerprint identification method of the present invention, a partial fingerprint recognition ratio. 图2c为本发明识别方法指纹识别部分指纹识别注册流程图。 FIG. 2c registered fingerprint recognition method flowchart fingerprint recognition portion of the present invention. 图3为本发明识别系统框图。 3 is a system block diagram of the invention identified. 具体实施方式下面结合附图对本发明做进一步的描述,出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法,识别方法流程图如图l所示,它包括有以下步骤: (1)指纹识别,指纹识别部分流程图如图2所示,建立指纹模板:如图2c所示,出入境人员通过设立唯一个人标识ID号, 建立指纹模板,采集两枚指纹,用户将同一手指两次按放在指纹传感器上分别获取指纹图像并生成指纹特征点数据,将这两次特征点数据优化组合生成指纹模板存储,指纹模板和指纹图像保存于数据库中,指纹模板也可通过管理软件系统下载到指纹出入控制器的存储器里;指纹图象提取:如图2b所示,当有指纹输入,指纹采集仪采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点;指纹验证:并将指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS further description of the invention, immigration and the living organism identification automated fingerprint identification method of identifying a flowchart of the method shown in FIG. L, comprising the steps of: (1) a fingerprint recognition, fingerprint recognition of the flowchart shown in Figure 2, the establishment of the fingerprint template: shown in FIG. 2C, immigration officers through the establishment of a unique personal identification number ID, the establishment of the fingerprint template, collecting two fingerprints, the user twice by the same finger on the fingerprint sensor respectively acquire the fingerprint and generating a fingerprint image feature point data, these two optimized combination generating feature point data stored fingerprint template, the fingerprint image and fingerprint template stored in the database, the fingerprint template may be downloaded to the access controller by the fingerprint system management software in a memory; fingerprint image extracting: shown in Figure 2b, when the input fingerprint, fingerprint scanner fingerprint image to extract the fingerprint feature points; fingerprint verification: the fingerprint and the feature points of the fingerprint data than the original, by fingerprints management Center controller memory or stored in the database corresponding position fingerprint template 进行比对验证,并将比对结果包含时间信息储存;指纹搜索:如图2a所示,当有指纹输入,采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点, 并将指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板进行全局搜索,并将搜索结果包含时间信息储存;指纹接口:系统自动接收来自外部的黑名单数据中的指纹数据,形成黑名单指纹库; To compare verification, and the comparison result comprises the time information is stored; fingerprint search: shown in Figure 2a, when the fingerprint input fingerprint image to extract fingerprint feature points, and the fingerprint feature points as compared to the original fingerprint data, global search by the memory controller and fingerprint management Center or stored in the database location corresponding to a fingerprint template, the search results include the time information is stored; fingerprint Interface: the system automatically receive data from outside the blacklist fingerprint data in the form of black list of fingerprint database;

获取搜索或比对结果后,将用户信息和比对结果连同当前时间下传到匝道出入口指纹识别终端里,与该身份卡里的指纹数据和本人的活体指纹数据相比较成功后自主通关,并保留该次通关记录。 After obtaining the search or comparison result, user information and the comparison results together spread ramp entrances fingerprint identification terminal in the current time, the fingerprint data associated with the identity card and I live fingerprint data is compared after successful independent clearance, and the retention times clearance records. 所述的指纹搜索和比对方法有以下几种:a、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出身份证卡里存储器里的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统采集指纹图像数据,提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;b、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出中央数据库里该ID号码对应的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统采集指纹图像数据,提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;c、 当用户将手指按放在指纹传感器上时,系统采集指纹图像,提取特征点, 形成指纹特征点数据,通过与黑名单指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索;d、 当用户将手指按放在指纹出入控制器的指纹传感器上时,系统采集指纹图像,提取特征点,形成 The fingerprint search and comparison are the following methods: a, card exit people obtain personal ID number, and reads out the memory card ID in the personal fingerprint template, a fingerprint when the person is on the fingerprint sensor according to the system fingerprint image data, fingerprint feature points extracted as the original fingerprint data comparison, by comparing the individual matching template fingerprint readout; B, immigration officers obtain personal card ID number, a central database and reads out the ID number corresponding to individual fingerprint template, when the person is fingerprints by the system fingerprint image data, extract fingerprint feature points as the original than the fingerprint data, the matching ratio of personal fingerprint template and read out in the fingerprint sensor; C when the user press a finger on the fingerprint sensor, a fingerprint image acquisition system, feature points are extracted fingerprint feature point data is formed by all the blacklist fingerprint library data in a search fingerprint; D, when the user put the finger the fingerprint sensor when a fingerprint access controller, the system fingerprint image, feature points are extracted, are formed 纹特征点数据,通过与指纹出入控制器存储器里指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索。 Pattern feature point data, the memory controller by searching one by one in all the fingerprint library access fingerprint data with the fingerprint. (2) 个人信息图文档案管理系统将出入境人员的身份证件、国籍、年龄、性别、出入境时间、头像、指纹图像、指纹模板、指纹比对结果以及备注信息等个人信息通过管理系统输入到数据库中,并通过唯一个人身份识别号码进行相关添加、修改、删除、査找、打印以及网络传输操作,本系统连证卡打印机。 (2) Personal information graphic file management system identification immigration officers, national origin, age, sex, time of entry and exit, picture, fingerprint images, fingerprint template, fingerprint matching results and remarks information and other personal information management system input to the database, and by a unique personal identification number associated to add, modify, delete, search, print and network transmission operation, the system even card printer. (3) 身份证件管理身份卡读写器即非接触智能卡读写器通过RS232或者USB接口同业务工作站相连,采用IC卡密钥管理进行联机认证,业务工作站中管理软件系统对身份证卡的管理主要包括:身份证件的发行、初始化、报废、挂失等。 (3) ID Management Identity card reader i.e. contactless smart card reader is connected via RS232 or USB interface with the service station, using the IC card for online authentication key management, service management software system management workstation of the ID card including: issuing identity documents, initialization, scrap, loss reporting. (4) 个人面相识别a、 出入境人员在登记个人身份时,通过现场摄像系统录入个人头像,并将面相图像和特征点保存于数据库中,所获取的特征点数据与黑名单中面相数据相比较,以分值的形式得出对比结果,当比对结果达到一定阈值时候,并显示出黑名单中该面部图像,并将该比对记录存放于数据库中;b、 当出入境人员通关时候,现场摄下的面相与数据库中保留的个人面相图像和特征点数据进行比较,作为辅助比对手段以确认该人员的身份,并将比对结果保存。 (4) Personal identification face a, immigration officers upon registration of personal identification, entered by the individual picture field imaging system, and the face image and the feature points stored in the database, the acquired feature point data with the data surface blacklist comparison, the comparison results in a score form, when the comparison result reaches a certain threshold time, and shows the blacklist face image, and the matching records stored in the database; B, when the clearance when immigration officers individuals face image and face feature point data with the database under taken in the field reserved to compare, as a supplementary comparisons means to confirm the identity of the person, and the comparison results are stored. 面相搜索和比对方法有以下几种:a、 出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,通过现场摄像,系统采集该出入境人员的面相图像数据,提取面相特征点作为原始比对数据,与中央数据库里的个人面相模板进行匹配比对。 And a surface alignment search methods are the following: a, immigration officers obtain personal ID card number, face image data acquired by the exit people live imaging system, as a feature point extracting surface than the original data, with a central database in the face of personal template matching comparison. b、 出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据,与中央数据库中指定的黑名单库相应位置人员的面相模板进行匹配比对。 b, immigration officers at check in time, the acquired data through on-site face the camera, face template corresponding position personnel blacklist specified in the central database for matching comparison. c、 出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据,与黑名单面相模板库里所有的面相数据逐一搜索。 c, immigration officers at check in time, acquired through on-site face the camera data, one by one face template library search and blacklist all face data. (5) 自助査询a、 相关人员可以通过INTERNET直接进入自助査询系统主页,通过输入唯一个人身份识别ID号码以及授权的密码,便可以査阅该ID号码的详细个人基本信息和出入记录。 (5) self-check a, self-service inquiry related personnel can enter the system directly through the home page INTERNET, by entering a unique personal identification number and password authorization ID, you can access basic information about the detailed personal ID number and access records. b、 相关人员可以通过柜式自助査询终端机直接进入自助査询系统,通过输入个人身份证件卡或者唯一个人身份识别ID号码以及授权的密码,便可以査阅该证卡或者该ID号码的详细个人基本信息和出入记录。 b, personnel direct access to self-service inquiry system through the cabinet self-check terminals, by entering a personal identification card or a unique personal identification number and password authorization ID, you can access the card or the ID number For more information and access to basic personal record. (6) 密钥管理系统运行过程中,必须对网络传输的数据、智能卡身份证里的数据、数据库里保存的数据进行数据安全密钥管理。 Process (6) key management system operation, data must be transmitted over the network, the smart card ID card in the data, the data stored in the database for data security key management. (7) 数据库用于存放各个部门管理下的出入境人员的详细个人信息(身份、指纹、面 (7) database used to store personal details immigration officers at the respective sector management (identity, fingerprint, face

相照片、出入境记录及其他)和黑名单数据以及对外接收到的接口数据。 With photographs, immigration records and other) and a blacklist of foreign data and interface data received.

(6) 权限分配管理 (6) Rights Assignment Management

管理人员通过分配权限对各级管理人员和业务工作站操作人员进行分级管理,不同权限的人员只能在其权限设定内进行相应功能的操作。 Management hierarchical management of all levels of management and operations by an operator workstation assigned permissions person different permissions can only be operated within its corresponding function permission settings.

(7) 自助匝道管理 (7) Self-ramp management

当已经注册登记的出入境人员出入关口时候,先通过非接触智能卡读写器上刷卡,非接触智能卡读写器上识别该合法卡后便通过网络系统调出该人员的 When immigration officers already registered mark out time, first by the contactless smart card swipe reader, contactless smart card reader to recognize the legitimate card after a network system call out to the staff

个人基本信息和图文信息,并下载该人员的指纹模板数据到指纹出入控制器的存储器中,已授权的合法出入境人员通过指纹出入控制器输入个人已经注册的指纹,通关指纹出入控制器验证该指纹信息,如果匹配,则输入控制信号,开启通关匝道;如果匹配不正确,提示不正确原因。 Basic personal information and graphic information, and download the fingerprint template data to the memory of the people of fingerprint access controller, legal immigration officers authorized by fingerprint access controller input fingerprint individuals already registered clearance verification fingerprint access controller the fingerprint information, if a match, then the input control signal, the ramp opening clearance; if the match is incorrect, suggesting that the reason is incorrect. 并将本次记录保存至数据库中。 And save this records to the database.

建立指纹模板中生成的指纹模板存储于中央数据库、指纹出入控制器存储器或保存于非接触智能卡的存储器里。 Establish fingerprint template stored fingerprint template generated in the central database of fingerprint access controller memory or stored in a memory card in contactless smart.

建立的个人信息包括基本信息、图文信息即面相和指纹图像、生物特征点信息即包括指纹特征点和面相特征点,存储于中央数据库中,同时个人的基本信息也保存于个人身份证卡即非接触智能卡的存储器里。 Personal information, including the establishment of basic information, graphic information that is face and fingerprint images, including biometric fingerprint feature point information that is points and face feature points, are stored in a central database, while the basic personal information is also stored in the personal identification card that is the memory card's contactless smart.

身份验证主要指活体指纹识别,同时面相识别为辅。 Authentication refers primarily live fingerprint recognition, face recognition, supplemented at the same time.

黑名单接口除了黑名单的基本信息外还包括指纹数据接口和面相数据接口,并生成相应的黑名单指纹库和黑名单面相库。 In addition to basic information of the interface blacklist blacklist fingerprint further comprises a data interface and a data interface surface, and generate a corresponding surface of the blacklist and blacklist fingerprint database library.

图3为本发明识别系统框图,出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别系统,它包括以下部分: 3 is a system block diagram of the invention to identify, immigration and the living organism identification AFIS, which includes the following components:

(1)活体指纹识别系统:它包括指纹采集仪、通关指纹出入控制器、管理计算机,在本实施例中包括图象指纹比对系统、活体指纹比对系统、个人信息图文档案管理系统、身份证件管理系统、自助査询系统、数据安全管理系统、 权限日志管理系统、自助匝道通行管理系统。 (1) live fingerprint identification system: it comprises a fingerprint scanner, clearance fingerprint access controller, the management computer, including an image of fingerprint matching system, the live fingerprint matching system, a personal information graphic file management system in the present embodiment, identity management systems, self-check systems, data security management system, privileges log management system, self-ramp management system.

本系统工作流程为: This system workflow:

办理登记手续:办理个人识别身份卡,建立个人图文档案信息库,通过连接到电脑的指纹采集仪采集活体指纹图像,并生成特征点数据,保存于数据库和指纹库里,同时将该特征点数据在黑名单指纹库进行搜索,并将匹配结果反馈于工作人员。 Check in: identification card for personal identification, the establishment of personal profile information graphic database connected to the computer through a fingerprint scanner capture live fingerprint image, and generates feature point data, and the fingerprint stored in the database library, while the feature point data search in the blacklist fingerprint database and match results fed back to staff. 个人基本信息、个人图文信息和指纹信息保存在分中心数据库。 Basic personal information, personal information and graphic information stored in the sub-centers fingerprint database.

通关:身份识别系统读取个人身份卡,在确认合法卡后将该用户指纹数据下传到匝道出入口通关指纹出入控制器里,与本人的活体指纹数据相比较成功后自主通关,并保留该次通关记录。 Clearance: identification system reads the personal identity card, the user fingerprint data to the ramp entrance clearance fingerprint access controller in after confirming legitimate card, and I live fingerprint data is compared after the success of self-clearance, and retain the times clearance records.

(2)个人面相识别系统:它包括数码摄像机、视频现场摄像头、视频解石马卡和管理计算机,数码摄像机连接电脑,在本实施例中包括现场摄像系统、个人信息图文档案管理系统、身份证件管理系统、自助査询系统、数据安全管理系统、权限日志管理系统、自助匝道通行管理系统。 (2) a personal face identification system: it comprises a digital camera, a video camera site, Maca and calcite video management computer, a digital video camera connected to a computer, including field imaging system, a personal information graphic file management system, in the present embodiment identity document management systems, self-check systems, data security management system, privileges log management system, self-ramp management system.

本系统工作流程为: This system workflow:

办理登记手续:办理个人识别身份卡,建立个人图文档案信息库,数码摄像机连接电脑设备,录入办理手续人员面相图像,并将面相图像和特征点保存于数据库中,所获取的特征点数据与黑名单中面相模板库数据相比较,以分值的形式得出对比结果,当比对结果达到一定阈值时候,并显示出黑名单中该面部图像,并将该比对记录存放于数据库中。 Check in: identity card for personal identification, establishment of personal graphic file repository feature a digital video camera connected to the computer equipment, entry formalities officers face image and face image and feature points stored in the database, and the data obtained point blacklist surface template library data comparison, comparing the results obtained in the form of value, when the comparison result reaches a certain threshold time, and shows the blacklist face image, and the matching records stored in the database.

通关:身份识别系统读取个人身份卡,在确认合法卡后现场摄像系统将该用户面相数据录入作为辅助身份鉴别手段,捕捉通关人员的面部图像,并生成特征点与数据库里该人员的面部图像模板相比较,以分值的形式得出比对结果, 当比对结果低于一定阈值时候,提示工作人员,并形成记录保存于数据库中。 Clearance: identification system reads the personal identification card, after confirming legitimate card field imaging system the user surface data entry as an auxiliary authentication means, the facial image capturing clearance personnel, and generates the face image feature points and the database of the person template comparison, the comparison result obtained in the form of value, when the comparison result is below a certain threshold time, suggesting that the staff, and stored in the database records are formed.

Claims (8)

1、出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法,其特征在于,它包括有以下步骤: (1)指纹识别建立指纹模板:出入境人员通过设立唯一个人标识ID号,建立指纹模板,采集两枚指纹,用户将同一手指两次按放在指纹传感器上分别获取指纹图像并生成指纹特征点数据,将这两次特征点数据优化组合生成指纹模板存储,指纹模板和指纹图像保存于数据库中,指纹模板也可通过管理软件系统下载到指纹出入控制器的存储器里; 指纹图象提取:当有指纹输入,采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点; 指纹验证:将指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板进行比对验证,并将比对结果包含时间信息储存; 指纹搜索:当有指纹输入,采集指纹图像,提取指纹特征点,并将指纹特征点作为原始比对指 1, immigration and the living organism identification method for an automatic fingerprint identification, characterized in that it comprises the following steps: (1) establishing a fingerprint template fingerprint: exit people through the establishment of a unique personal identification number ID, the establishment of the fingerprint template, two collection fingerprints, the user twice by the same finger on the fingerprint sensor are acquired fingerprint image and generates a fingerprint feature point data, these two optimal combination of feature point data generated fingerprint template stored fingerprint template and the fingerprint image stored in the database, fingerprint template or can be downloaded to the memory management software system's fingerprint access controller; fingerprint image extracting: when there is a fingerprint input fingerprint image to extract the fingerprint feature points; fingerprint verification: the fingerprint feature points as compared to the original fingerprint data and by the controller memory or the fingerprints stored in the database management center corresponding position verification fingerprint template matching, and stores the comparison result of the time information included; fingerprint search: when the fingerprint input fingerprint image to extract fingerprint feature points, and the fingerprint feature points as the original alignment means 纹数据,通过与指纹控制器存储器或管理中心数据库中相应位置保存的指纹模板进行全局搜索,并将搜索结果包含时间信息储存; 指纹接口:系统自动接收来自外部的黑名单数据中的指纹数据,形成黑名单指纹库; (2)个人信息图文档案管理系统将出入境人员的身份证件、国籍、年龄、性别、出入境时间、头像、指纹图像、指纹模板、指纹比对结果以及备注信息通过管理系统输入到数据库中,并通过唯一个人身份识别号码进行相关添加、修改、删除、查找、打印以及网络传输操作; (3)身份证件管理非接触智能卡读写器通过RS232或者USB接口同业务工作站相连,采用IC卡密钥管理进行联机认证,业务工作站中管理软件系统对身份证卡的管理包括:身份证件的发行、初始化、报废、挂失; (4)个人面相识别a、出入境人员在登记个人身份时,通过现场摄像系 Pattern data stored by the memory controller and fingerprint database management center or the corresponding position in the fingerprint template global search, the search results include the time information is stored; fingerprint Interface: The system automatically receive data from outside the blacklist fingerprint data in, forming a blacklist fingerprint database; (2) personal information graphic file management system identification immigration officers, national origin, age, sex, time of entry and exit, picture, fingerprint images, fingerprint template, fingerprint matching results and information via notes management entered into the database, and associated by adding a unique personal identification number, modify, delete, search, print and network transmission operation; (3) identity management contactless smart card reader via RS232 or USB interface with the business workstation is connected, using the IC card for online authentication key management, service management software system management workstation of the identity card comprising: issuing identity documents, initialization, scrap loss report; (4) personal identification face a, registration immigration officers personal identity, through on-site video camera system 录入个人头像,并将面相图像和特征点保存于数据库中,所获取的特征点数据与黑名单中面相数据相比较,以分值的形式得出对比结果,当比对结果达到一定阈值时候,并显示出黑名单中该面部图像,并将该比对记录存放于数据库中; b、当出入境人员通关时候,现场摄下的面相与数据库中保留的个人面相图像和特征点数据进行比较,作为辅助比对手段以确认该人员的身份,并将比对结果保存; (5)自助查询c、相关人员可以通过INTERNET直接进入自助查询系统主页,通过输入唯一个人身份识别ID号码以及授权的密码,便可以查阅该ID号码的详细个人基本信息和出入记录; d、相关人员可以通过柜式自助查询终端机直接进入自助查询系统,通过输入个人身份证件卡或者唯一个人身份识别ID号码以及授权的密码,便可以查阅该证卡或者该ID号码的详细个人基 Input personal avatar, and face image and the feature points stored in the database, the acquired feature point data with the data surface blacklist phase comparison, the comparison results in a score form, when the comparison result reaches a certain threshold time, and shows the blacklist face image, and the matching records stored in the database; B, when the immigration officers clearance time, individual face image and the feature point data of the lower surface of the database retained in the camera field are compared, as a supplementary comparisons means to confirm the identity of the person, and the comparison results are stored; (5) self-check c, personnel can enter the self-check system home page directly through the INTERNET, by entering a unique personal identification number ID and password authorization , you can access to detailed personal information and access to basic record of the ID number; d, personnel direct access to self-service inquiry system through the cabinet self-check terminals, by entering a personal identification card or a unique ID number and a personal identification authorized password, you can access to detailed personal base of the card or the ID number 信息和出入记录; (6)密钥管理系统运行过程中,必须对网络传输的数据、智能卡身份证里的数据、数据库里保存的数据进行数据安全密钥管理; (7)数据库用于存放各个部门管理下的出入境人员的详细个人信息,包括身份、指纹、面相照片、出入境记录、黑名单数据和对外接收到的接口数据; (8)权限分配管理管理人员通过分配权限对各级管理人员和业务工作站操作人员进行分级管理,不同权限的人员只能在其权限设定内进行相应功能的操作; (9)自助匝道管理当已经注册登记的出入境人员出入关口时候,先通过非接触智能卡读写器上刷卡,非接触智能卡读写器上识别该合法卡后便通过网络系统调出该人员的个人基本信息和图文信息,并下载该人员的指纹模板数据到指纹出入控制器的存储器中,已授权的合法出入境人员通过指纹出入控制器输入个人 Information and access to records; (6) the process of key management system is running, the data must be transmitted over the network, the smart card ID card in the data, the data stored in the database for data security key management; (7) database for storing various personal details of the immigration officers at the department of management, including identity, fingerprint, face photographs, immigration records, data and interface data blacklist of foreign received; (8) allocation of management rights management by assigning permissions to all levels of management workstation operators and business hierarchical management personnel can operate different permissions within its corresponding function permission settings; (9) when the self-management of entry and exit ramps have already registered access gateway when the first non-contact on a smart card swipe reader, a contactless smart card reader to identify the legitimate card through the network system after adjusting the basic information and graphic information of the person, and download the fingerprint template fingerprint data of the person to access the controller memory, the authorized legal immigration officers enter a personal fingerprint access controller 经注册的指纹,指纹出入控制器验证该指纹信息,如果匹配,则输入控制信号,开启通关匝道;如果匹配不正确,提示不正确原因,并将本次记录保存至数据库中。 Registered fingerprint by fingerprint to the authentication fingerprint information out of the controller, if a match, then the input control signal, the ramp opening clearance; if the match is incorrect, suggesting that the reason is incorrect, and to save the current record in the database.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,所述的建立指纹模板中生成的指纹模板存储于中央数据库、指纹出入控制器存储器或保存于非接触智能卡的存储器里。 2, with the biological identification immigration automatic fingerprint identification method according to the living body according to claim 1, wherein said establishing the stored fingerprint template fingerprint templates generated in the central database, or by fingerprint stored in the non-memory controller contactless smart card's memory.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,所述的建立的个人信息包括基本信息、图文信息即面相和指纹图像、生物特征点信息即包括指纹特征点和面相特征点,存储于中央数据库中, 同时个人的基本信息也保存于个人身份证卡即非接触智能卡的存储器里。 3, with the biological identification immigration automatic fingerprint identification method according to the living body according to claim 1, wherein the personal information includes basic information established, i.e., graphic information and the fingerprint image surface, i.e., the biometric information point including fingerprint feature points and face feature points, it is stored in a central database, while the basic personal information is also stored in the personal identification card that is memory's contactless smart card.
4、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,身份验证指活体指纹识别和面相识别。 4, according to claim immigration ID Automatic Identification and biological fingerprint of the method of claim 1, a living body, wherein the biological authentication, and fingerprint recognition face recognition.
5、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,黑名单接口还包括指纹数据接口和面相数据接口,并生成相应的黑名单指纹库和黑名单面相库。 5, according to claim immigration living organism identification and automated fingerprint identification method according to claim 1, wherein the interface further comprising a blacklist fingerprint data interface and a data interface surface, and generate a corresponding surface blacklist fingerprint database and blacklist library.
6、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,所述的指纹搜索和比对方法有以下几种:(1) 、出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出身份证卡里存储器里的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统釆集指纹图像数据, 提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;(2) 、出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,并读出中央数据库里该ID号码对应的个人指纹模板,当该人员在指纹传感器上有指纹按上,系统采集指纹图像数据,提取指纹特征点作为原始比对指纹数据,通过与读出的个人指纹模板进行匹配比对;(3) 、当用户将手指按放在指纹传感器上时,系统采集指纹图像,提取特征点,形成指纹特征点数据,通过与黑名单指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索; (4)、当 6, according to claim immigration ID Automatic Identification and biological fingerprint of the method of claim 1, a living body, wherein said fingerprint search and comparison methods are the following: (1), to obtain personal ID card immigration officers number, and reads out the memory card ID in the personal fingerprint template, a fingerprint when the person is on the press, the system sets preclude the fingerprint image data extracted fingerprint feature points as compared to the original fingerprint data on a fingerprint sensor, and the read out by personal fingerprint template matching comparison; (2), immigration officers obtain personal ID card number, and reads out the personal fingerprint templates in a central database corresponding to the ID number, when the person is on the fingerprints on the fingerprint sensor by the system fingerprint image data, fingerprint feature points extracted as the original fingerprint data comparison, by comparing the individual matching template fingerprint readout; (3), when the user press a finger on the fingerprint sensor, a fingerprint image capture systems, extracting feature points, the feature point of fingerprint data formed by all of the blacklist fingerprint library search fingerprint data individually; (4), when 户将手指按放在指纹出入控制器的指纹传感器上时,系统采集指纹图像,提取特征点,形成指纹特征点数据,通过与指纹出入控制器存储器里指纹库里所有的指纹数据逐一搜索。 When the user press on the fingerprint by fingerprint sensor controller, the system fingerprints acquired image, feature points are extracted form the fingerprint feature point data, one by searching through all the fingerprint data in the fingerprint by fingerprint library controller memory.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别方法, 其特征在于,所述的面相搜索和比对方法有以下几种:(1) 、出入境人员刷卡获取个人ID号码,通过现场摄像,系统采集该出入境人员的面相图像数据,提取面相特征点作为原始比对数据,与中央数据库里的个人面相模板迸行匹配比对;(2) 、出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据, 与中央数据库中指定的黑名单库相应位置人员的面相模板进行匹配比对;(3) 、出入境人员在办理登记手续时候,通过现场摄像所获取的面相数据, 与黑名单面相模板库里所有的面相数据逐一搜索。 7, according to the immigration ID biological fingerprint automatic identification method according to claim 1 living body, characterized in that said alignment surface and search methods are the following: (1), to obtain personal ID card immigration officers number, by the imaging field, the system acquires face image data immigration officers, extracting face feature points as compared to the original data, with a central database in the personal template into line matching surface alignment; (2), in the process of immigration officers check-in time, the acquired data through on-site face the camera, face template corresponding position personnel blacklist specified in the central database for matching ratio; (3), immigration officers at check in time, by the scene camera acquired surface data, one by one face template library search and blacklist all face data.
8、 出入境身份证件与生物活体指纹自动识别系统,其特征在于,它包括以下部分-(1) 活体指纹识别系统:它包括指纹采集仪、指纹出入控制器、管理计算机,指纹采集仪连接电脑,用于采集指纹图像;指纹出入控制器安装在外侧, 用于检测输入到指纹输入部件的指纹数据,它通过控制线分别接外部扩展的执行机构,通过通讯总线和电源与网络控制器相连,电源与通讯控制器接管理计算机;(2) 个人面相识别系统:它包括数码摄像机、视频现场摄像头、视频解码卡和管理计算机,数码摄像机连接电脑,用于拍摄出入境手续办理人员的面相图像;视频现场摄像头安装在海关出入通道上方,用于捕捉出入境人员的面相图像,它通过电源和视频数据线连接到电脑主机板里的视频解码卡,完成与电脑的数据通讯。 8, immigration identity with the living organism AFIS, characterized in that it comprises the following parts - (1) live fingerprint identification system: it comprises a fingerprint scanner, fingerprint access controller, the management computer, fingerprint scanner connected to the computer for acquiring a fingerprint image; fingerprint access controller mounted on the outside, for detecting fingerprint data is input to the fingerprint input member, which external expansion actuator connected via control lines, respectively, are connected via communication bus and power supply and a network controller, power and communications management controller connected to a computer; (2) a personal face recognition system: it includes a digital camera, video camera scene, video decoder card and management computer, a digital camera connected to the computer, the immigration formalities for taking face images of persons; a video camera mounted above the site of access customs, immigration officers for capturing an image of the surface, which is connected through a power supply cable to the computer and the video data in the video decoder card motherboard, for data communication with the computer.
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