CN100375025C - Computer system starting method - Google Patents

Computer system starting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100375025C
CN100375025C CNB2005101028293A CN200510102829A CN100375025C CN 100375025 C CN100375025 C CN 100375025C CN B2005101028293 A CNB2005101028293 A CN B2005101028293A CN 200510102829 A CN200510102829 A CN 200510102829A CN 100375025 C CN100375025 C CN 100375025C
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China
Prior art keywords
initialization
computer system
operating system
memory device
hard disk
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2005101028293A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1932763A (en
Inventor
郭卫先
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Lenovo Beijing Ltd
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Lenovo Beijing Ltd
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Abstract

This invention discloses a start method of computer system which includes the following steps: BIOS self checking; load the operating system which was stored in a speedy-start storage equipment; operation system initialization; check and initialize time-consuming equipment in backstage, load operation system and application in the hard disk when the first mutual application enters to the operating status. The computer system should include speedy-startup storage equipment, startup-loading program, system kernel, initialization files and speedy bootstrap program.

Description

Computer system starting method
Technical field
The present invention relates to computer technology, particularly relate to a kind of method of quick startup computer system.
Background technology
Present computer system powers up the standby upstate from off-mode needs the long period, fundamental cause is that the framework along with computer system becomes increasingly complex, continuing to bring out of various new hardware, good each equipment energising reaches to be provided with to work good each other and enters the standby upstate from the computer shutdown state to os starting, need increasing step and time, though consequently the specification of the parts of computing machine is more and more higher, performance is become better and better, and also might become longer but final computing machine there is no improvement from the time that off-mode enters into the standby upstate.
This makes the computer starting time can not satisfy the experience that obtains when domestic consumer uses general household electrical appliance, basically in 10 seconds, enter upstate the plug and play as TV from off-mode, in addition at present the on time standard of industry reference as, the on time standard of the XP that the development level of Microsoft's COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING machine industrial community software and hardware when design Windows XP is worked out: computing machine enters into upstate from off-mode in 30 seconds; Computing machine enters into upstate from dormant state in 20 seconds; Computing machine enters into upstate from stand-by state in 5 seconds.
The reason that this situation why occurs is exactly: the operating system software of generic computer system generally all is stored on the hard disk, the operating system run time version that detects the different hardware device of configuration in the computer starting process also needs to read from hard disk, and but hard disk is from power on to accepting to read and write data the instruction need of work long period, initialization procedure after hard disk powers on is because the tracking between hard disk internal disk and the magnetic head, location etc. all is to realize by mechanical hook-up, generally in 5-8 second, and along with the hard disc apparatus that articulates increases and the introducing of hard disk specification (SATA) newly, total detection of hard disk storage devices stabilization time can be longer in the computer system.
Therefore, be necessary to provide a kind of computer starting scheme, expend the too much time in the time of can avoiding computer starting and be used for the initialization of hard disk storage devices, and then reach the purpose of quick startup computing machine.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to, a kind of method that can start computer system fast is provided.
Computer system starting method of the present invention is used for starting fast computer system.Wherein, this computer system is provided with quick startup memory device, be used for storage operating system boot loader, operating system nucleus and the initialization files relevant with first interactive application and quick boot, other parts or the complete operating system of operating system are stored in the hard disk of computer system.This method may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, carry out the BIOS self check: in the flow process of BIOS initialization detection hardware, skip the detection of long equipment of initialization time, after BIOS initialization CPU, internal memory, video card and each PCI device end, for long equipment of initialization time its controller of initialization and do not do further locking equipment and survey only;
Step 2, load store is starting the operating system relevant with first interactive application on the memory device fast: call the boot loader on the quick startup memory device, directly read leader record and begin by this boot loader and give operating system nucleus with the CPU control again starting operating system nucleus on the memory device and operating system initialization document copying fast to internal memory from quick startup memory device;
Step 3, the initialization operation system: operating system nucleus begins initialization system after receiving the CPU control, and the hardware load driver of detection computations machine is with needed environment of first interactive application and related hardware device initialize;
Step 4, first interactive application start enter treat mode of operation after, carry out the detection and the initialization of long equipment of initialization time on the backstage, load other parts of operating system on the hard disk or complete operating system and application program, finish the configuration that the whole operation system applies starts environment.
Compared with prior art, computer system starting method of the present invention by the part that operating system is relevant with first interactive application be stored in the computer starting vectoring phase can the memory device of fast access in, and when computer system starting, skip long hard disc apparatus of initialization time, and then reach the purpose of quick startup computer system.
Description of drawings
The present invention please refer to accompanying drawing described below for further explaining:
Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of computer system starting method of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below the present invention is just described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Before describing the inventive method, need be according to user's needs, for example first interactive application behind the computer system starting is carried out corresponding modification to the computer system of implementing method of the present invention.At first, in order to realize the quick startup of computer system, in the present invention, need set up quick startup memory device (Flash Storage) for computer system, the startup memory device is established or external memory device on existing computer system in can being fast, for example, USB, CF, DOM, DOC or the like.Here said quick startup memory device is meant, for IDE hard disk and this class of SATA hard disk initialization time when the computer system starting long memory device, its needed initialization time when computer system starting is short.
Computer system also needs operating system is made amendment except setting up above-mentioned quick startup memory device.
At first, needs during according to os starting, the whole operation system is divided into two major parts: the needed operating system part relevant when first is os starting with first interactive application, comprise operating system nucleus and the needed file of computer system initialization, it is stored in the quick startup memory device of setting up, and is used for the quick startup of computer system; Second portion be in the operating system except the above-mentioned part that is used for the part that computer system starts fast, it is stored in the hard disk of computer system.Because above-mentioned first only is used for the startup of computer system, therefore, above-mentioned second portion also can be the whole operation system.
Particularly, the first of aforesaid operations system comprises: boot loader, operating system nucleus and quick boot, these contents can be configured according to user's needs.
1. boot loader
This boot loader is stored on the quick startup memory device, and its initial guide loading section is stored on the quick startup memory device, for example in first sector.
2. operating system nucleus
This operating system nucleus is stored on the quick startup memory device, is used to detect and dispose basic computer hardware equipment, loads associated drives and loads the quick boot that starts fast on the memory device after this.
3. quick boot
This quick boot is the application that starts the operating system fast that is stored on the operating system nucleus, be operation of specified functions system application and relevant reference document set, its target is the mutual input operation that is loaded in the internal memory apace and begins to start execution response user.
Further, in order to accelerate the toggle speed of computer system, also can comprise associated drives and program that the detection of IDE and SATA equipment and fdisk load in this quick boot, for background synchronization open the second portion that is stored in the operating system on the hard disk and prepare.
In addition, for convenience of description, here, the second portion of operating system is the whole operation system, comprises complete operating system and application program, and associated documents, and it is stored in the hard disk of computer system.Certainly, it also can be whole operation system another part except that part that is used for os starting.
After finishing above-mentioned processing, need carry out corresponding modification to the startup flow process of BIOS at above-mentioned processing, this will carry out specific description in following description computer system starting method of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the process flow diagram of computer system starting method of the present invention.Wherein, this method mainly may further comprise the steps:
At first, carry out the BIOS self check.Particularly, in the flow process of BIOS initialization detection hardware, skip the detection of long equipment (for example IDE hard disk, CD-ROM drive and SATA hard disk etc.) of initialization time, after BIOS initialization CPU, internal memory, video card and each PCI device end, for long equipment of initialization times such as IDE hard disk, SATA hard disk its controller of initialization and do not do further locking equipment and survey only.This can make BIOS initialization self check process shorten to 3-4 in second.
Secondly, load store is in the operating system that starts fast on the memory device.Particularly, call the boot loader on the quick startup memory device, directly read leader record and begin by this boot loader and give operating system nucleus with the CPU control again starting operating system nucleus on the memory device and operating system initialization document copying fast to internal memory from quick startup memory device.
Then, initialization operation system.Operating system nucleus begins initialization system after receiving the CPU control, the hardware load driver of detection computations machine etc.Further, for computer system realizes start faster, the initialization of hardware device that can initialization times such as IDE hard disk, SATA hard disk and CD-ROM drive is long is put off until the backstage and is carried out, and will make first interactive application of computer system move needed software and the preferential initialization of hardware driving.That is to say that this initialization is only with needed environment of first interactive application and related hardware device initialize.
At last, first interactive application start enter treat mode of operation after, carry out the detection and the initialization of long equipment of initialization time such as IDE hard disk, SATA hard disk and CD-ROM drive on the backstage, load complete operating system and application program on the hard disk, finish the configuration that the whole operation system applies starts environment.
From the explanation of computer system quick start method of the present invention as can be seen, the present invention by the part that operating system is relevant with computer system starting be stored in the computer starting vectoring phase can the memory device of fast access in, and when computer system starting, skip long hard disc apparatus of initialization time, and then reach the purpose of quick startup computer system.
Though below only be to be the explanation that example is carried out with an operating system, this method can be applied in the computer system with a plurality of operating systems equally.The part that is used for starting of different operating system can be stored in one and start fast memory device or be stored in respectively in a plurality of quick startup memory devices, and corresponding start key is set for the startup of different operating system.Being provided with being provided with of the start key of existing computer system of start key is similar, does not give unnecessary details here.
Further, owing to start fast the restriction on the limited and access speed in memory device space, in order to realize the quicker startup of computing machine, being stored in the kernel of the operating system on the quick startup memory device and initialization files etc. is satisfying under the situation that starts (first interactive application), size is as far as possible little, and remaining data and file still need to store in the hard disc of computer.

Claims (6)

1. computer system starting method, wherein, this computer system is provided with quick startup memory device, be used for storage operating system boot loader, operating system nucleus and the initialization files relevant and quick boot with first interactive application, other parts of operating system or complete operating system are stored in the hard disk of computer system, and this method may further comprise the steps:
Step 1, carry out the BIOS self check: in the flow process of BIOS initialization detection hardware, skip the detection of long equipment of initialization time, after BIOS initialization CPU, internal memory, video card and each PCI device end, for long equipment of initialization time its controller of initialization and do not do further locking equipment and survey only;
Step 2, load store is starting the operating system relevant with first interactive application on the memory device fast: call the boot loader on the quick startup memory device, directly read leader record and begin by this boot loader and give operating system nucleus with the CPU control again starting operating system nucleus on the memory device and operating system initialization document copying fast to internal memory from quick startup memory device;
Step 3, the initialization operation system: operating system nucleus begins initialization system after receiving the CPU control, and the hardware load driver of detection computations machine is with needed environment of first interactive application and related hardware device initialize;
Step 4, first interactive application start enter treat mode of operation after, carry out the detection and the initialization of long equipment of initialization time on the backstage, load other parts of operating system on the hard disk or complete operating system and application program, finish the configuration that the whole operation system applies starts environment.
2. computer system starting method as claimed in claim 1 wherein, is located in this computer system in the described quick startup memory device.
3. computer system starting method as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described quick startup memory device is external in this computer system.
4. computer system starting method as claimed in claim 2, wherein, the initial guide of this boot loader partly is stored in first sector of quick startup memory device.
5. computer system starting method as claimed in claim 3, wherein, the initial guide of this boot loader partly is stored in first sector of quick startup memory device.
6. as each described computer system starting method of claim 1 to 5, wherein, this initialization time, long equipment was IDE hard disk, SATA hard disk and CD-ROM drive.
CNB2005101028293A 2005-09-13 2005-09-13 Computer system starting method Expired - Fee Related CN100375025C (en)

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CN101604253A (en) * 2009-07-23 2009-12-16 威盛电子股份有限公司 Computer system and startup method
CN102081525A (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-06-01 英业达集团(天津)电子技术有限公司 Method for automatically executing kernel of operation system
CN102214131A (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-10-12 英业达股份有限公司 Server power supply test system and method for performing power supply test on server
CN102236567A (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-09 宇瞻科技股份有限公司 Quick start device and start method thereof
CN102289380B (en) * 2010-06-21 2014-02-26 中标软件有限公司 firefox starting acceleration method
CN102890634B (en) * 2011-07-19 2016-01-27 联想(北京)有限公司 The method of the operating system of terminal device and startup terminal device
CN102508682B (en) * 2011-11-10 2014-05-28 北京交通大学 Hardware-assisted CPU (central processing unit) virtualized environment setup method at pre-boot stage of system
CN102646066B (en) * 2012-02-22 2013-12-18 腾讯科技(深圳)有限公司 Method and device for obtaining starting-up time
CN103309689A (en) * 2012-03-12 2013-09-18 联想(北京)有限公司 Method and device for fast staring operating system
CN103309691A (en) * 2012-03-12 2013-09-18 联想(北京)有限公司 Information processing equipment and quick startup method thereof
CN104572137B (en) * 2013-10-10 2019-09-27 南京中兴软件有限责任公司 A kind of implementation method and device of NM client Acceleration of starting
CN104778066B (en) * 2015-04-21 2018-01-23 北京凌阳益辉科技有限公司 The quick start method and its device of a kind of embedded OS
CN107748677A (en) * 2017-10-17 2018-03-02 岳西县天鹅电子科技有限公司 A kind of method of computer quick start and configuration processor
CN108304209B (en) * 2018-02-28 2021-01-15 联想(北京)有限公司 Firmware upgrading method and firmware upgrading system
CN112114882A (en) * 2020-08-28 2020-12-22 深圳市金锐显数码科技有限公司 Mainboard starting method and device
CN113885950B (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-03-01 中国电子科技集团公司第十五研究所 Quick starting method and device of control panel, terminal equipment and storage medium

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