CN100357139C - System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield - Google Patents

System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN100357139C
CN100357139C CN 02809975 CN02809975A CN100357139C CN 100357139 C CN100357139 C CN 100357139C CN 02809975 CN02809975 CN 02809975 CN 02809975 A CN02809975 A CN 02809975A CN 100357139 C CN100357139 C CN 100357139C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid
heating
liquid heating
heating apparatus
temperature
Prior art date
Application number
CN 02809975
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1558798A (en
Inventor
乌里·阿尔卡舍夫斯基
约瑟夫·罗戈津斯基
维希斯拉夫·伊万诺夫
Original Assignee
米克罗希特公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US29070501P priority Critical
Application filed by 米克罗希特公司 filed Critical 米克罗希特公司
Publication of CN1558798A publication Critical patent/CN1558798A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100357139C publication Critical patent/CN100357139C/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/34Wiper arms; Mountings therefor
    • B60S1/3402Wiper arms; Mountings therefor with means for obtaining particular wiping patterns
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/34Wiper arms; Mountings therefor
    • B60S1/3415Wiper arms; Mountings therefor with means for supplying cleaning fluid to windscreen cleaners, e.g. washers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/34Wiper arms; Mountings therefor
    • B60S1/36Variable-length arms
    • B60S1/365Variable-length arms the effective length being automatically varied during angular oscillation of the arm
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/38Wiper blades
    • B60S1/3848Flat-type wiper blade, i.e. without harness
    • B60S1/3849Connectors therefor; Connection to wiper arm; Attached to blade
    • B60S1/3862Transport of liquid there through
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/40Connections between blades and arms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/46Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices using liquid; Windscreen washers
    • B60S1/48Liquid supply therefor
    • B60S1/481Liquid supply therefor the operation of at least part of the liquid supply being controlled by electric means
    • B60S1/482Liquid supply therefor the operation of at least part of the liquid supply being controlled by electric means combined with the operation of windscreen wipers
    • B60S1/485Liquid supply therefor the operation of at least part of the liquid supply being controlled by electric means combined with the operation of windscreen wipers including control systems responsive to external conditions, e.g. by detection of moisture, dirt or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/46Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices using liquid; Windscreen washers
    • B60S1/48Liquid supply therefor
    • B60S1/487Liquid supply therefor the liquid being heated
    • B60S1/488Liquid supply therefor the liquid being heated electrically
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/46Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices using liquid; Windscreen washers
    • B60S1/48Liquid supply therefor
    • B60S1/52Arrangement of nozzles; Liquid spreading means
    • B60S1/522Arrangement of nozzles; Liquid spreading means moving liquid spreading means, e.g. arranged in wiper arms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/46Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices using liquid; Windscreen washers
    • B60S1/48Liquid supply therefor
    • B60S1/52Arrangement of nozzles; Liquid spreading means
    • B60S1/522Arrangement of nozzles; Liquid spreading means moving liquid spreading means, e.g. arranged in wiper arms
    • B60S1/524Arrangement of nozzles; Liquid spreading means moving liquid spreading means, e.g. arranged in wiper arms arranged in wiper blades
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S1/00Cleaning of vehicles
    • B60S1/02Cleaning windscreens, windows or optical devices
    • B60S1/04Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers
    • B60S1/32Wipers or the like, e.g. scrapers characterised by constructional features of wiper blade arms or blades
    • B60S1/38Wiper blades
    • B60S2001/3827Wiper blades characterised by the squeegee or blade rubber or wiping element
    • B60S2001/3836Wiper blades characterised by the squeegee or blade rubber or wiping element characterised by cross-sectional shape

Abstract

本发明提供了一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置,所述液体加热装置包括:一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;以及一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,所述分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,沿该壁部分的不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔。 The present invention provides a liquid heating apparatus may be used with the windshield wiper and the ejector device, the liquid heating apparatus comprising: a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and a liquid space heating, heating of the liquid defining a space partition means disposed within said liquid heating chamber, the partition means comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights along the wall portion.

Description

用于风挡的液体加热装置 Liquid heating means for the windshield

参照2001年5月14日提交的名称为“小型化除冰系统”的美国临时专利申请No.60/290,705,这里对其提出优先权要求。 Referring to the name of May 14, 2001, filed as US Provisional Patent "miniaturization de-icing system" Application No.60 / 290,705, where it made the priority claim.

技术领域 FIELD

本发明总体上涉及车辆风挡冲洗器、清理器和除冰器。 The present invention relates generally to vehicle windscreen washer, cleaning and de-icer.

背景技术 Background technique

据认为下面的专利文件与本发明的主题相关:美国专利:653,629;1,636,190;3,202,447;3,332,045;3,977,436;3,979,068;4,090,668;4,106,508;4,159,026;4,253,493;4,295,111;4,306,589;4,403,756;4,489,863;4,561,632;4,534,539;4,524,797;4,574,841;4,690,371;4,877,186;5,012,977;5,118,040;5,280,806;5,254,083;5,318,071;5,345,968;5,351,934;5,354,965;5,383,247;5,509,606;5,727,769;5,784,751;5,927,608;5,947,348;5,957,384;5,988,529;6,133,546;6,164,564。 It is believed that the following patent documents related to the subject of the invention: US Patents: 653,629; 1,636,190; 3,202,447; 3,332,045; 4,106,508;; 4,090,668; 4,159,026; 4,253,493; 4,295,111; 4,306,589; 4,403,756; 4,489,863; 4,561,632; 3,977,436; 3,979,068 4,534,539; 4,524,797; 4,574,841; 4,690,371; 4,877,186; 5,012,977; 5,118,040; 5,280,806; 5,254,083; 5,318,071; 5,345,968; 5,351,934; 5,354,965; 5,383,247; 5,509,606; 5,727,769; 5,784,751; 5,927,608; 5,947,348; 5,957,384; 5,988,529; 6,133,546; 6,164,564.

JP 2-53656;JP 2-234866;JP 63-93652;JP 83-12824;GB 1451666。 JP 2-53656; JP 2-234866; JP 63-93652; JP 83-12824; GB 1451666.

本说明书中引用的全部文献以及又被这些文献引用的全部文献的公开内容结合在此作为参考。 All documents and publications and the contents of all of these documents cited documents cited in this specification are incorporated herein by reference.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明总体上试图提供改进的车窗冲洗器、清理器和除冰器。 The present invention generally tries to provide an improved window washer, cleaning and de-icer.

为了本专利申请的目的,术语“风挡”给出一个比通常情况下更广泛的含义,指车辆的任何窗、镜或前灯表面。 For purposes of this patent application, the term "windshield" is given a broader meaning than usual, refers to any window, mirror or headlight surface of a vehicle.

因此,根据本发明的一个优选实施例,提供了一种风挡冲洗系统,包括一个风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个风挡刮水器装置,一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,其可被操作而带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动,一个风挡喷射器装置,其安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上。 Thus, according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a windscreen irrigation system, comprising a windshield wiper and the injector means, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprising a windscreen wiper device, a windscreen wiper water driving means, which is operable to drive the windshield wiper device for a windscreen of the vehicle along the rotational and linear movement, a windscreen ejector means mounted on said windshield wiper device. 所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置。 The windscreen ejector means comprises at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing, the injector and a housing closure member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the injector housing positioning, and allow the ejection reaches a first position and a second position of a jet is not allowed. 该风挡冲洗系统还包括一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置。 The system further comprises a flushing windshield windscreen ejector device positioning means, the positioning means may operate in response to the linear motion of the windshield wiper device, to selectively with respect to the rotational position of the windshield wiper device to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position.

根据本发明的一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡冲洗的方法,包括提供一个风挡刮水器装置,所述风挡刮水器装置上安装有一个风挡喷射器装置,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个可相对于所述喷射器壳体移动的喷射器壳体封闭件,所述喷射器壳体封闭件提供了一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动;及响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动,根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is also provided a method for flushing a windshield, a windshield wiper apparatus comprising a windshield sprayer device a windscreen wiper device is mounted on the windscreen injection means comprising at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and an injector to allow a relative closure of the injector housing of the injector housing to move, the ejector housing closure member is provided first and second positions of a jet is not allowed; the windshield wiper drive device in the vehicle windscreen rotational and linear movement; and in response to said linear motion of said windshield wiper device according windscreen wiper the rotational position of the device the water selectively with respect to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个底座,该底座被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线旋转。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base which is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis.

一般地,用一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规刮水器驱动装置驱动所述底座作往复旋转运动。 Generally, a conventional configuration with a portion of a conventional automotive wiper drive means for driving said base for reciprocating rotational movement.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个底座安装壳体,该底座安装壳体用于与所述底座协作,被设置成用于相对于底座作从动线性运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base mounted housing, the base housing for cooperating with said mounting base, is arranged to be driven linearly relative to the base motion.

一般地,所述底座安装壳体相对于所述底座的从动线性运动是通过一个凸轮驱动装置而实现的。 Typically, the base mounted housing relative to the driven linear movement of said base drive means is realized by a cam.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个支承臂,该支承臂固定到所述底座安装壳体上,用于与之一起作线性和旋转运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device further comprises a support arm, the support arm is fixed to said base mounted housing for linear and rotational movement therewith as together.

附加地或者可替换地,喷射器包括至少一个已加热液体喷射器,它们与所述底座安装壳体一起进行线性和旋转运动,并通过流体导管接收用于喷射的加压流体。 Additionally or alternatively, the injector comprises at least one heated liquid injectors, which are mounted to the base housing for linear and rotational motion together, and through the fluid conduit for receiving a pressurized fluid injection.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡喷射器装置定位装置包括一个固定到所述底座上用于与之一起作旋转运动的竖直销,所述竖直销可滑动地与形成在所述底座安装壳体的底面中的一个底座安装壳体狭槽配合。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windscreen ejector device comprises a positioning means secured to said base for vertical pin for rotational movement therewith along said vertical pin slidably formed in mounting a bottom surface of said base chassis housing mounting slot mating housing.

优选地,所述竖直销还与形成在一个锚定元件中的锚定元件狭槽滑动配合,该锚定元件可沿一个大致平行于所述锚定元件狭槽的轴线相对于所述底座安装壳体和所述底座线性滑动。 Preferably, the vertical pin is formed with the anchoring element further slot in a sliding fit in the anchoring element, the anchoring element may be a direction substantially parallel to the axis of the anchor element slot relative to the base said base mounted housing and a linear slide.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,至少一个压力线材与所述锚定元件连接,所述至少一个压力线材穿过至少一个所述套筒延伸到所述风挡刮水器装置,并可被操作而相对于所述喷射器壳体控制和定位所述喷射器壳体封闭件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the at least one pressure of the wire anchoring element connected to a pressure at least one wire extending through at least one of said sleeve to said windshield wiper apparatus, and may be operated relative to the control and positioning of the injector housing of the injector housing is closed.

一般地,所述风挡喷射器装置包括一个限定在所述喷射器壳体与所述喷射器壳体封闭件之间的加压流体腔室,所述加压流体腔室通过一个入口管道从一个流体导管接收加压流体。 Generally, the ejector device comprising a windscreen defining a pressurized fluid chamber between the injector housing and the injector housing closure, the pressurized fluid chamber through an inlet conduit from a a fluid conduit for receiving a pressurized fluid.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述喷射器壳体封闭件包括一个盖,该盖可密封并紧靠在所述喷射器壳体的对应密封表面上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the injector comprises a housing closure lid, and the lid may be sealed against a corresponding sealing surface on the housing of the injector.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述盖设置成可通过一个包括压缩弹簧的弹簧加载轴装置而密封并紧靠。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cover is provided by a spring comprises a compression spring loading the sealing means and against the shaft.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,通过操作与压力线材一端连接的弹簧加载杆装置,将在常态下所述喷射器壳体封闭件相对于所述喷射器壳体定位在允许喷射的所述第一位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the wire spring has one end connected to the pressure operating the load lever means to a normal state in the injector housing closure member relative to the injector housing allowing the injector to be positioned the first position.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述弹簧加载杆装置包括一个压缩弹簧,该压缩弹簧在常态下向前推动一个与弹簧加载轴装置配合的杆臂,从而克服另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并推动所述喷射器壳体封闭件离开所述喷射器壳体。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the spring loaded lever means comprises a compression spring, the compression spring pushing a loading arm shaft means cooperating with the spring in a normal forward to overcome the spring force of another spring, and pushing the ejector housing closure away from the injector housing.

一般地,所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力超过所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力。 Generally, the further spring exceeds the spring force of the compression spring force of the spring.

此外,根据本发明的一个优选实施例,当所述底座安装壳体位于一个极限径向向内方位时,所述竖直销配合在所述锚定元件狭槽的径向向外端向压力线材施加一个压力,该压力足以克服所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并将所述杆臂推动到一个方位,在该方位它不与弹簧加载轴装置轴配合,且不能克服所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力,从而使所述压缩弹簧能够将所述喷射器壳体封闭件密封在所述喷射器壳体上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the base mounted housing is located in a position limit radially inwards, said vertical pin fitted radially to the pressure in the anchor element slot outer end wire applying a pressure which is sufficient to overcome the spring force of another spring, and pushing the lever arm to one position, which shaft means does not load the spring shaft in the fitting position, and does not overcome the compression spring the spring force, so that the compression spring capable of closing the injector housing seal member on the injector housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,当所述底座安装壳体位于所述极限径向向内方位时,所述锚定元件和所述底座壳体都位于它们的极限收缩位置,且在所述锚定元件的面向外表面与所述底座安装壳体的所述面向外的壁的面向内的表面之间限定了一个第一间隔。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the base mounted housing located radially inwardly of the limit position when the anchoring element and the base housing are in their extreme retracted position and in the defining a first spacing between the inner surface of the outer facing wall of said anchoring element facing the outer facing surface of said base mounted housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述底座安装壳体从所述极限径向向内方位径向向外移动,所述锚定元件可相对于所述底座安装壳体滑动,并在所述锚定元件的面向外的表面与所述底座安装壳体的所述面向外的壁的面向内的表面之间限定了一个大于所述第一间隔的第二间隔。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, said base mounted housing moves radially outward from the extreme inward radial orientation, the anchor member may be mounted relative to the base housing slides, and the defining a second spacing greater than the first spacing between the inner surface of the outer facing wall of the anchoring element facing said outwardly facing surface of said base mounted housing.

优选地,所述锚定元件可相对于所述底座安装壳体滑动。 Preferably, the anchor member may be mounted relative to the base housing to slide.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述销与所述锚定元件狭槽配合而提供一个空动机构,从而避免所述压力线材被张紧。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, with the pin member with the anchor slot to provide a lost motion mechanism, so as to avoid the pressure wire is tensioned.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述空动机构通过允许所述加压流体从所述加压流体腔室中逸出而形成一个流体射流。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the lost motion means allowing the pressurized fluid through the pressurized fluid from the chamber to escape to form a fluid jet.

一般地,所述底座安装壳体相对于所述底座径向运行。 Typically, the base mounted housing relative to the base run radially.

优选地,施加于所述加压流体腔室上的足够的液体压力可克服所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力,且即使当喷射器壳体位于所述第二位置时也能喷射。 Preferably, the pressure applied to the sufficient liquid pressure fluid chamber may overcome the spring force of the compression spring, and even when the injector housing in the second position can be injected.

附加地或者可替换地,所述至少一个喷射器包括一个用于对其加热的电源。 Additionally or alternatively, the at least one injector comprises a power source for heating thereof.

一般地,所述电加热元件通过一个电导体与一个电源相连。 Generally, the electric heating element by an electrical conductor connected to a power source.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡步骤还包括将加压流体接收到至少一个喷射器中,并将加压流体喷射到车辆风挡上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the damper further comprises the step of receiving a pressurized fluid to the at least one injector, and the pressurized fluid onto the vehicle windshield.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种风挡喷射器装置,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a windscreen further ejector means, said ejector means comprises windscreen at least one injector. 该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;及一个对所述喷射器壳体进行加热的加热器。 The injector includes an injector housing, the injector and a housing closure member, the closure member is provided for selectively allowing a first position with respect to the injection of the injector housing is positioned, and the arrival a second position does not allow the injection; and a heating heater of the injector housing.

根据本发明又一个优选实施例,还提供了一种风挡喷射方法。 According to another embodiment of the present invention, a preferred embodiment is also provided a method of ejecting windshield. 该方法包括提供至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;及加热所述喷射器壳体。 The method comprises providing at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and an injector housing closure member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the injector housing is positioned, and to the allowing a first position and a second position of the injection jet is not allowed; and heating the injector housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述加热器包括一个电加热器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heater comprises an electric heater.

附加地或者可替换地,所述加热器包括一个热交换加热器。 Additionally or alternatively, the heater comprises a heat exchange heater.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述加热器还对所述喷射器壳体封闭件进行加热。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heater further closure of the injector housing is heated.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述加热器靠近所述喷射器壳体的一端定位,该端是当所述喷射器壳体封闭件位于所述第二位置时与所述喷射器壳体封闭件接触的一端。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heater near the end of the injector housing is positioned, when the end of the injector housing when the closure member is in the second position and the injector housing One end of the closure body contact.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,还提供了一种风挡冲洗系统,包括一个风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个风挡刮水器装置,一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,其可被操作而带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转运动,一个风挡喷射器装置,其安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further provides a windscreen irrigation system, comprising a windshield wiper and the injector means, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprising a windscreen wiper device, a windshield wiper driving means which is operable to drive the windshield wiper apparatus for rotational movement in a vehicle windshield, a windshield sprayer device, which is mounted on the windscreen wiper device, said ejector means comprising at least windscreen a injector. 该风挡喷射器装置包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置。 The ejector device comprises a windscreen injector housing, the injector and a housing closure member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the injector housing is positioned and reaches a first allow ejection and second positions of a jet is not allowed. 该风挡冲洗系统还包括一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述旋转运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置。 The system further comprises a flushing windshield windscreen ejector device positioning means, the positioning means in response to the rotational movement of the operation of the windscreen wiper device, to selectively with respect to the rotational position of the windshield wiper device to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡冲洗的方法,包括提供一个风挡刮水器装置,所述风挡刮水器装置上安装有一个风挡喷射器装置,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个可相对于所述喷射器壳体移动的喷射器壳体封闭件,所述喷射器壳体封闭件具有一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转运动;及根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a method is also provided for flushing the windscreen, a windscreen wiper device comprising a windscreen injector means a windscreen wiper device is mounted on the windscreen injector means comprising at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and an injector housing with respect to the movement of the closure injector housing, the injector housing has a closure member to allow injection of a second position and a position of injection is not allowed; windshield wiper drive the rotary motion along a vehicle windshield means; and a rotational position of the windshield wiper apparatus for selectively with respect to the injector housing the said injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个底座,该底座被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线旋转。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base which is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis.

优选地,用一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规刮水器驱动装置驱动所述底座作往复旋转运动。 Preferably, a conventional configuration with a portion of a conventional automotive wiper drive means for driving said base for reciprocating rotational movement.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个底座安装壳体,该底座安装壳体用于与所述底座协作并被设置成用于与底座一起作旋转运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base mounted housing, the base housing for mounting to the base and arranged for cooperating with the base for rotation together motion.

此外,根据本发明的一个优选实施例,所述风挡喷射器装置响应于所述底座的旋转位置,以控制所述喷射器壳体与所述喷射器壳体封闭件的相对位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the injector means in response to a windscreen rotational position of the base, to control the relative position of the injector housing and the closure member of the injector housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个支承臂,该支承臂固定到所述底座安装壳体上,用于与之一起作旋转运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device further comprises a support arm, the support arm is fixed to the base mounted on the housing for rotational movement together therewith.

附加地或者可替换地,所述喷射器包括至少一个已加热液体喷射器,它们与所述底座安装壳体一起进行旋转运动,并通过流体导管接收用于喷射的加压流体。 Additionally or alternatively, the injector comprises at least one heated liquid injectors, which are mounted to the base housing with the rotational movement, and through the fluid conduit for receiving a pressurized fluid injection.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,压力线材与至少一个配合元件连接,所述至少一个压力线材穿过至少一个套筒延伸到所述风挡刮水器装置,并可被操作而相对于所述喷射器壳体控制和定位所述喷射器壳体封闭件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the wire with at least one mating pressure element connected to a pressure at least one wire extending through at least one sleeve to said windshield wiper apparatus, and may be with respect to operation of the positioning the injector and the injector housing of the control housing closure member.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡喷射器装置包括一个限定在所述喷射器壳体与所述喷射器壳体封闭件之间的加压流体腔室,所述加压流体腔室通过一个入口管道从一个流体导管接收加压流体。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the ejector device comprising a windscreen defining a pressurized fluid chamber between the injector housing and the injector housing closure, said pressurized fluid chamber chamber through a duct inlet pressurized fluid from a fluid receiving conduit.

一般地,所述喷射器壳体封闭件包括一个盖,该盖可以选择性地密封并紧靠在所述喷射器壳体的对应密封表面上。 Generally, the injector housing comprises a closure cover which can be selectively sealed and against a corresponding sealing surface on the housing of the injector.

优选地,所述盖设置成可通过一个包括压缩弹簧的弹簧加载轴装置而密封并紧靠。 Preferably, the cover is provided by a spring comprises a compression spring and the sealing means against the loading axis.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在常态下所述喷射器壳体封闭件相对于所述喷射器壳体定位在允许喷射的所述第一位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in a normal state of the injector housing closure member to allow the first injection position relative to the injector housing is positioned.

优选地,通过操作与所述压力线材的一端连接的弹簧加载杆装置而相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在允许喷射的所述第一位置。 Preferably, one end connected to the operating pressure of the wire spring loaded lever means with respect to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in said first position allowing injection.

一般地,所述弹簧加载杆装置包括一个压缩弹簧,该压缩弹簧在常态下向前推动一个与弹簧加载轴装置配合的杆臂,从而克服另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并推动所述喷射器壳体封闭件离开所述喷射器壳体。 Generally, the spring-loaded lever means comprises a compression spring, the compression spring pushing with a spring-loaded shaft and lever arm means in a normal forward to overcome the spring force of another spring, and push the injector housing the closure member away from the injector housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力超过所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the spring force of the further spring exceeds the spring force of the compression spring.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡喷射器装置定位装置包括按钮,这些按钮设置成当所述风挡刮水器装置到达一个极限位置时通过与一个配合元件的配合而被下压。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the damper means comprising means for positioning the ejector buttons that when the windshield wiper is arranged by means of fitting with a mating element is pressed reaches a limit position.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,当所述风挡刮水器装置位于至少一个极限位置时,所述配合元件与所述按钮的配合向压力线材施加一个压力,该压力足以克服所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并将所述杆臂推动到一个方位,在该方位它不与弹簧加载轴装置轴配合,且不能克服所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力,从而使所述压缩弹簧能够将所述喷射器壳体封闭件密封在所述喷射器壳体上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the windshield wiper means located in at least one extreme position, the mating member mating with said button applying a pressure to the pressure of the wire, the pressure is sufficient to overcome the other the spring force of the spring, and the lever arm is pushed to a position, which means the shaft axis is not loaded with the spring in this orientation, the compression does not overcome the spring force of the spring so that the compression spring capable of placing the the closure is sealed on the injector housing of the injector housing.

一般地,施加到所述加压流体腔室上的足够的液体压力可克服所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力,且即使当喷射器壳体位于所述第二位置时也能喷射。 Generally, a sufficient pressure is applied to the fluid pressure in the fluid chamber may overcome the spring force of the compression spring, and even when the injector housing in the second position can be injected.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,将加压流体接收到至少一个喷射器,并将加压流体喷射到车辆风挡上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the pressurized fluid received at least one injector, and the pressurized fluid onto the vehicle windshield.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention also provides a liquid heating apparatus may be used with the windshield wiper and sprayer device. 所述液体加热装置包括一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,沿该壁部分的不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔。 The liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and a liquid heating space, the space defining a liquid heating means disposed in the liquid heating sub-chamber, and comprising a bottom and a substantially cylindrical wall portion, the different heights along the wall portion is provided with a plurality of liquid inlet apertures.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡刮水器和喷射器装置中的液体加热方法,包括提供一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,在所述液体加热腔室中沿所述壁部分在不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a further method for windshield wiper and heated liquid injector apparatus comprising a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and a liquid heating space defined set points It means the sub-device comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights along the liquid heating chamber.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在一个入口处接收处于压力下的将被加热的液体,并穿过一个导管进入所述液体加热腔室,从而穿过所述小孔进入所述液体加热空间。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in a in a receiving inlet of the liquid to be heated under pressure, and through a conduit into the liquid heating chamber, whereby liquid passing through said apertures into said heating space.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,已加热流体在所述液体加热腔室顶部通过一个导管排出,并穿过一个迷宫式加热单元到达出口。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heated fluid is discharged through a conduit at the top of the liquid heating chamber, and through a heating unit to an outlet labyrinth.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在一个入口处接收处于压力下的将被加热的液体,并穿过一个导管进入所述液体加热腔室,从而进入所述液体加热空间。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in a in a receiving inlet of the liquid to be heated under pressure, and through a conduit into the liquid heating chamber, heating the liquid to enter the space.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个泵,该泵不是车辆原装设备的一部分,该泵对通过导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器是所述车辆的原装设备的一部分。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a pump, the pump is not part of the original equipment of the vehicle, the pump receives the liquid from a pressurized liquid container through the catheter, which liquid container is the vehicle part of the original equipment.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个泵,该泵通过一个单向阀对借助于导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprising a pump which pressurizes a liquid from the liquid receiving container through a check valve by means of a catheter.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置设置成用于改装到一个现有的汽车中。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating means provided for retrofitting to an existing vehicle.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个位置靠近所述液体加热腔室顶部的第一液体温度传感器,和一个位于所述液体加热腔室的壁中的第二温度传感器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a liquid temperature sensor near the first position on top of the liquid heating chamber, and a wall of the liquid heating chamber in a second temperature sensor is located.

一般地,所述第二温度传感器操作一个断路开关,该断路开关响应于超过一个预定的温度阈值,用于自动切断从车辆电池向液体加热装置供电。 Generally, the second temperature sensor operates a circuit breaker, the circuit breaker in response to exceeding a predetermined temperature threshold for automatically cut off power supply from the vehicle battery to the liquid heating apparatus.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention also provides a liquid heating apparatus may be used with the windshield wiper and sprayer device. 所述液体加热装置包括一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔;及一个迷宫式加热单元,该迷宫式加热单元从所述液体加热空间接收已加热液体,并将进一步加热的液体输送到出口。 The liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; liquid heating a space, the space defining a liquid heating device in the liquid fraction is heated in a chamber provided, and comprising a bottom and a substantially cylindrical shaped wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice; and a labyrinth heating unit, the heating unit receives labyrinth heated liquid from the liquid space heating, and further heated liquid to an outlet.

根据本发明又一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡刮水器和喷射器装置中的液体加热方法。 According to another embodiment of the present invention, a preferred embodiment is also provided a method of heating the liquid ejector and the windshield wiper apparatus is used. 该方法包括提供一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,在所述液体加热腔室中沿所述壁部分在不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔。 The method includes providing a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and setting a sub-device defining a liquid heating space, the sub-device comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, in the liquid along the heating chamber said wall portion being provided with a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在一个入口处接收处于压力下的将被加热的液体,并穿过一个导管进入所述液体加热腔室,从而进入所述液体加热空间。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in a in a receiving inlet of the liquid to be heated under pressure, and through a conduit into the liquid heating chamber, heating the liquid to enter the space.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个泵,该泵不是车辆原装设备的一部分,该泵对通过导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器是所述车辆的原装设备的一部分。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a pump, the pump is not part of the original equipment of the vehicle, the pump receives the liquid from a pressurized liquid container through the catheter, which liquid container is the vehicle part of the original equipment.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个泵,该泵通过一个单向阀对借助于导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprising a pump which pressurizes a liquid from the liquid receiving container through a check valve by means of a catheter.

根据本发明又一个优选实施例,还提供了一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置,所述液体加热装置包括一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔;及一个泵,该泵不是车辆原装设备的一部分,该泵对通过导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器是所述车辆的原装设备的一部分。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention further embodiment, also it provides a liquid heating apparatus may be used with the windshield wiper and the ejector device, the liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; a liquid heating space, the space defining a liquid heating device in the liquid fraction is heated in a chamber provided and includes a base portion and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice; and a part of the pump, the pump is not original equipment of the vehicle, which pump receives fluid from a pressurized liquid container through the conduit, the liquid container is a part of the original equipment of the vehicle.

根据本发明的另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡刮水器和喷射器装置中的液体加热方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of heating the liquid ejector and the windshield wiper apparatus is used. 该方法包括提供一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,在所述液体加热腔室中沿所述壁部分在不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔,通过一个导管从作为车辆原装设备一部分的液体容器中接收液体,并用一个不是所述车辆原装设备的一部分的泵对液体进行加压。 The method includes providing a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and setting a sub-device defining a liquid heating space, the sub-device comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, in the liquid along the heating chamber said wall portion being provided in a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights, to receive liquid from the liquid container as a part of the original equipment of the vehicle through a duct, and with a portion of the vehicle than the original equipment pump for pressurizing the liquid.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置设置成用于改装到一个现有的汽车中。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating means provided for retrofitting to an existing vehicle.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个位置靠近所述液体加热腔室顶部的第一液体温度传感器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprising a first liquid temperature sensor near the top of the liquid heating chamber.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个位于所述液体加热腔室的壁中的第二温度传感器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a heating of the wall of the liquid chamber in a second temperature sensor.

一般地,所述第二温度传感器操作一个断路开关,该断路开关响应于在所述第二温度传感器处超过一个预定的温度阈值,用于自动切断从车辆电池向液体加热装置供电。 Generally, the second temperature sensor operates a circuit breaker, the circuit breaker in response to said sensor at a second temperature exceeds a predetermined temperature threshold for automatically cut off power supply from the vehicle battery to the liquid heating apparatus.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置,所述液体加热装置包括一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔;及一个位于所述液体加热腔室的壁中的温度传感器。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention also provides a liquid heating apparatus may be used with the windshield wiper and the ejector device, the liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; a liquid heating space, the space defining a liquid heating device in the liquid fraction is heated in a chamber provided and includes a base portion and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice; and a a temperature sensor located in a wall of the liquid in the heating chamber.

根据本发明的另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于风挡刮水器和喷射器装置中的液体加热方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a method of heating the liquid ejector and the windshield wiper apparatus is used. 该方法包括提供一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,在所述液体加热腔室中沿所述壁部分在不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔,将一个温度传感器定位在液体加热腔室的壁中,用该温度传感器传感液体温度。 The method includes providing a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and setting a sub-device defining a liquid heating space, the sub-device comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, in the liquid along the heating chamber said wall portion being provided with inlets at different heights of the plurality of liquid orifices, the temperature sensor is positioned in a wall of the liquid heating chamber, the temperature sensor senses the temperature of the liquid used.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述温度传感器操作一个断路开关,该断路开关响应于在所述温度传感器处超过一个预定的温度阈值,用于自动切断从车辆电池向液体加热装置供电。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the temperature sensor operates a circuit breaker, the circuit breaker in response to said temperature at the sensor exceeds a predetermined temperature threshold for automatically cut off power supply from the vehicle battery to the liquid heating apparatus.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括电加热控制电路。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a control circuit electrically heated.

一般地,所述电加热控制电路向第一和第二加热单元及迷宫式加热单元中的至少一个供电。 Generally, the electrical heating power supply control circuit having at least a first and second heating means, and the labyrinth to the heating unit.

优选地,所述电加热控制电路控制到达所述加热元件的电能,从而控制喷射频率。 Preferably, the control circuit controls the electric heating power of the heating element reaches in order to control the ejection frequency.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述电加热控制电路控制到达所述加热元件中至少两个的电能,从而控制喷射频率。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the electrical heating element reaches a control circuit for controlling at least two of the heating power, thereby controlling the injection frequency.

一般地,所述电加热控制电路还向至少一个泵提供,该泵控制在压力下向所述液体加热腔室供应液体。 Generally, the electrical heating circuit is also provided to control at least one pump which controls supply of liquid under pressure to the liquid heating chamber.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述电加热控制电路还向风挡刮水器提供电能和电控制信号中的至少一个,从而使其产生往复旋转。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electric heating control circuitry also provides electrical power to at least one windshield wiper and an electrical control signal, so as to produce reciprocal rotation.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述电加热控制电路从一个外界气温传感器接收输入。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electric heating control circuitry receives an input from an outside air temperature sensor.

一般地,所述电加热控制电路响应于所述外界气温传感器而操作一个迷宫式加热单元。 Generally, the electric heating control circuitry is responsive to the ambient air temperature sensor operates a labyrinthine heating unit.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述电加热控制电路从一个污物传感器接收输入,用于当可喷射表面被污染时自动起动液体加热装置的操作。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the electrically operated heating control circuitry receives an input from a dirt sensor for automatically starting when the liquid heating apparatus the ejection surface may be contaminated.

优选地,所述电加热控制电路具有这样的功能,当车辆的电能状态不满足预定标准时,禁止液体加热装置工作。 Preferably, the electric heating control circuit has a function of, when the power state of the vehicle does not meet predetermined criteria, prohibiting liquid heating apparatus work.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述电加热控制电路从电池电压传感器、电池充电电流传感器和车辆转速传感器中的至少一个接收输入。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the at least one reception input electric current sensor and a vehicle speed sensor heating control circuit from a battery voltage sensor, a battery charging.

附加地或者可替换地,所述电加热控制电路从电池电压传感器、电池充电电流传感器和车辆转速传感器接收输入。 Additionally or alternatively, the heating control circuit electrically from a battery voltage sensor, a battery charging current sensor and a vehicle speed sensor to receive an input.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括一个循环泵,该循环泵可被操作而将已加热液体从所述液体加热空间循环通过循环导管,从而加热液体喷射器、风挡刮水器叶片和已加热液体供应导管中的至少一个。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises a circulation pump, the circulation pump can be operated while the heated liquid from the heating liquid circulates through the circulation duct space, thereby heating the liquid ejector, windscreen wiper blades and at least one heated liquid supply conduit.

一般地,所述循环泵由所述电加热控制电路响应于外界大气温度而自动操作。 Typically, the circulation pump is heated by the electrical control circuit is responsive to the outside air temperature automatically operated.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,液体加热装置还包括至少一个用于向所述电加热控制电路提供至少一个操作输入的操作者控制器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus further comprises at least one operator for providing at least one operator controls the heat input to the electrical control circuit.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例所述操作者控制器至少部分通过车辆中的布线与所述电加热控制电路相连。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operator controls the heating control circuit is connected to at least a portion of the vehicle through the electrical wiring.

一般地,所述操作者控制器对连接车辆电池和所述电加热控制电路的电源线进行信号调制,其中所述电加热控制电路具有对这种信号调制进行解码并用它控制液体加热装置的功能。 Generally, the operator controls the heating power-line control circuit is connected to the vehicle battery and the electrical modulating signal, wherein said electrical control circuit has a function of heating decoding such signal modulation and uses it for controlling the liquid heating apparatus .

优选地,液体加热装置具有停机模式功能。 Preferably, the liquid heating apparatus having a function stop mode.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述停机模式功能是自动致动,或者由车辆操作者用一个停机模式致动开关来致动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the function stop mode is actuated automatically or by the vehicle operator with a shutdown mode actuation switch actuated.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述多个液体入口小孔位于沿所述圆柱形壁部分的不同方位角位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a plurality of liquid inlet apertures located at different azimuthal locations along said cylindrical wall portion.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述圆柱形壁部分还包括一个狭槽。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the cylindrical wall portion further comprises a slot.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:响应于与所述电加热控制电路相连的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作至少一个第一加热元件,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation setting program, the setting program comprising the following functions: in response to said electrical signal to a control circuit connected to the heating a heated liquid injection command substantially continuously operating the at least one first heating element, thus preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching.

一般地,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 Generally, the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program comprising the following functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber; and the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber to reach a peak threshold and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.

优选地,对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化这个功能步骤。 Preferably, corresponding to the heated liquid injected into the circulation on the vehicle windscreen, so as to correspond to the supply of liquid to the liquid heating chamber is not heated, the temperature of the heated liquid at the outlet of the chamber to reach a peak threshold, then the this periodic variation between the peak threshold step function with a threshold value slightly lower.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能性步骤:响应于与所述电加热控制电路相连的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作第一加热元件和第二加热元件中的至少一个,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with one embodiment setting operation, the setting of the program includes the following functions: in response to the heating control circuit is electrically connected to a heated liquid injection command signal, substantially continuous operation of the first and second heating element at least one heating element, thereby preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation setting program, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber; and the liquid heating chamber temperature at the outlet reaches a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.

优选地,对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化这个功能步骤。 Preferably, corresponding to the heated liquid injected into the circulation on the vehicle windscreen, so as to correspond to the supply of liquid to the liquid heating chamber is not heated, the temperature of the heated liquid at the outlet of the chamber to reach a peak threshold, then the this periodic variation between the peak threshold step function with a threshold value slightly lower.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:响应于一般通过车辆操作者按压与所述电加热控制电路相连的按钮而提供的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作第一加热元件和第二加热元件及一个迷宫式加热单元中的至少一个,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation setting program, the setting program comprising functional steps: pressing a control button connected to the electric heating circuit in response to the vehicle operator typically by It provided a heated liquid injection command signal, a substantially continuous operation of the first heating element and the heating element, and a second labyrinth at least one heating unit, thereby preventing possible due to the high current switching off caused.

优选地,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 Preferably, the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber; liquid heating chamber and at the outlet temperature reaches a peak threshold, and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.

一般地,对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化这个功能步骤。 In general, corresponding to the heated liquid injected into the circulation on the vehicle windscreen, so as to correspond to a non-heated liquid to supply the liquid heating chamber, the temperature of the heated liquid at the outlet of the chamber to reach a peak threshold, then the this periodic variation between the peak threshold step function with a threshold value slightly lower.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:响应于一般通过车辆操作者按压与所述电加热控制电路相连的按钮而提供的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作至少一个第一加热元件,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电,及响应于由车辆操作者致动电加热控制电路而提供的一个即时喷射指令信号,即使在所述至少一个第一加热元件开始工作之前,从所述液体加热腔室向所述出口供应加压液体。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation setting program, the setting program comprising functional steps: pressing a control button connected to the electric heating circuit in response to the vehicle operator typically by It provided a heated liquid injection command signal substantially continuously operating the at least one first heating element, thus preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching, and, in response to heating by the vehicle operator actuated electrical control circuit and a command signal to provide immediate injection, even before the first of said at least one heating element to work, the pressurized liquid from the liquid heating chamber to said supply outlet.

一般地,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 Generally, the liquid heating apparatus in accordance with one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber; liquid heating chamber and at the outlet temperature reaches a peak threshold, and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化这个功能步骤。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield cycle, so as to correspond to the supply of liquid to the liquid heating chamber is not heated, the temperature of the liquid heating chamber to reach the outlet a peak threshold, then this step function periodically changes between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在已加热液体喷射指令信号之前致动一个迷宫式加热单元。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a labyrinth actuated before the heating unit heated liquid injection command signal.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,当外界大气温度低于一个阈值时,在车辆点火后致动一个迷宫式加热单元。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, when the outside air temperature is below a threshold value, after the actuation of the vehicle ignition labyrinth a heating unit.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述峰值阈值根据喷射液体的沸点而变化,从而高效地加热喷射液体,而不必将液体加热到超过其沸点。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the peak threshold varies according to the boiling point of liquid injection, thereby efficiently heating the ejection liquid, the liquid will not heated to above its boiling point.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,电加热控制电路可被操作而监测所述液体加热中喷射液体的温度,一旦在至少一个加热元件的连续操作过程中达到一个相对稳定的温度,则提示已经达到该大致沸点,以显示该稳定温度;及将所述峰值温度阈值设定成低于所传感的稳定温度,使所述峰值温度阈值成为喷射液体的成分的函数。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, electrical heating control circuit is operable to monitor the temperature of the heating liquid in the ejection liquid, to achieve a relatively stable temperature once during continuous operation of at least one heating element, it has been suggested substantially reached the boiling point, to display the temperature stability; and the peak temperature threshold is set to be lower than the steady temperature sensed, the peak temperature threshold is a function of the components of the ejection liquid.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述停机模式功能包括下列功能步骤:在车辆点火后,所述电加热控制电路检查下列车辆特性中的至少一项:车辆电池电压、车辆电池充电电流和车辆发动机转速,并将它们与预定的最小车辆特性进行比较;以及如果满足所述最小车辆特性阈值,则提供一个“GO”授权,将如下面所述在停机模式下操作所述液体加热装置:如果没有外界温度传感器,则所述电加热控制电路操作一个迷宫式加热单元,并操作至少一个加热元件,从而将所述液体腔室中的喷射液体保持在至少一个第一预定停机液体温度;如果有外界温度传感器,且由它测量的外界温度大于第一外界温度阈值,则仅操作所述迷宫式加热单元;如果由所述外界温度传感器测量的外界温度小于所述第一外界温度阈值但大于一个第二外界温度阈值,则操作所述 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the shutdown mode function includes the following functional steps: upon vehicle ignition, at least one of the electric heating control circuit to check the following vehicle characteristics: vehicle battery voltage, vehicle battery charging current, and vehicle engine speed, and compares them with predetermined minimum vehicle characteristic; and if the minimum vehicle characteristic thresholds are met, provides a "GO" authorization, as will be below the liquid heating apparatus operating in a shutdown mode: If there is no external temperature sensor, the control circuit operates the electric heating a labyrinth heating unit, and operates at least one heating element, thereby ejecting the liquid in the liquid chamber is maintained at at least a first predetermined temperature fluid stop; if there are ambient temperature sensor and it measures the ambient temperature is greater than a first outside temperature threshold only the labyrinthine heating unit operation; If the ambient temperature measured by the outside temperature sensor is less than the first threshold but greater than ambient temperature a second outside temperature threshold, the operation of the 宫式加热单元,并附加地操作至少一个所述加热元件,从而将所述液体腔室中的喷射液体保持在至少一第二预定的停机液体温度;及如果由所述外界温度传感器测量的外界温度小于所述第二温度阈值,则操作所述迷宫式加热单元,并操作至少一个所述加热元件,从而将喷射液体保持在大于所述第一和第二预定停机液体温度的一个第三停机液体温度。 Gong heating means, and additionally operating said at least one heating element, thereby ejecting the liquid in the liquid chamber is maintained at at least a second predetermined shutdown liquid temperature; and if the outside temperature measured by the ambient temperature is less than the second temperature threshold value, the operation of the heating unit labyrinth, and the operation is greater than the predetermined first and second fluid down a third temperature of at least one of said heating element is shut down, so that the liquid in the ejection liquid temperature.

一般地,所述最小车辆特性阈值大致如下:车辆电池电压:12.5伏;车辆电池充电电流:15安培;及车辆发动机转速:1000转每分。 Generally, the minimum vehicle characteristic thresholds as follows: vehicle battery voltage: 12.5 V; vehicle battery charging current: 15 amps; and vehicle engine rotation speed: 1000 rpm.

根据本发明又一个优选实施例,还提供了一种加热液体循环系统,包括一个液体加热装置和一个从所述液体加热装置供应加热液体的加热液体循环装置,用于与风挡刮水器、风挡喷射器和向所述风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管中的至少一个热交换配合地循环。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention further embodiment, also it provided a heated liquid circulation system comprising a heating means and a heating liquid means a liquid circulating heated liquid from the liquid supply heating means for the windshield wipers, windshield at least one heat exchanger and a liquid injector supplying liquid to the windshield in the injector supply conduit fitting circulated.

根据本发明又一个优选实施例,还提供了一种加热液体循环方法,包括:对液体进行加热;及供应所述已加热液体,用于与风挡刮水器、风挡喷射器和向所述风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管中的至少一个热交换配合地循环,从而将液体供应到所述风挡刮水器。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention further embodiment, also it provided a heated liquid circulation method comprising: heating the liquid; and supplying the heated liquid, a windshield wiper, the windshield to the windshield and the injector liquid injector supply conduit supplying liquid to at least one heat exchange with circulated, thereby supplying the liquid to the windshield wiper.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种受热液体刮水器和喷射器装置,包括:一个液体加热装置;至少一个喷射器;及一个包括至少一个加热液体供应导管的加热液体供应装置,该加热液体供应导管用于将加热液体从所述液体加热装置供应到其喷射的所述至少一个喷射器;及一个从所述液体加热装置供应加热液体的加热液体循环装置,用于与风挡刮水器、所述至少一个喷射器和用于加热的所述至少一个加热液体供应导管中的至少一个热交换配合地循环。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a further wiper and heated liquid ejection apparatus, comprising: a liquid heating means; at least one injector; and a heating liquid supply means comprising at least one heated liquid supply conduit the heated liquid supply conduit for supplying heated liquid from the liquid heating apparatus to which said at least one injector injection; and heating the liquid circulating device of a heated liquid from the liquid supply heating means for the windshield wiper, the at least one injector and at least one heating for heating the at least one heat exchange with the liquid supply conduit circulated.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种受热液体刮水和喷射方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a further wiper and heated liquid ejecting method. 该方法包括对液体进行加热;通过至少一个已加热液体供应导管将已加热液体供应到至少一个喷射它的喷射器;及与至少一个风挡刮水器、所述至少一个喷射器和所述至少一个已加热液体供应导管中的至少一个热交换配合地循环所述已加热液体。 The method comprises heating the liquid; heated by at least one heated liquid supply conduit supplying liquid to at least one of its injection injector; and at least one windshield wiper, said at least one injector and the at least one the heated fluid supplying at least one heat exchange with the heated liquid circulating in the conduit.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述受热液体刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个风挡刮水器装置;及一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,其可被操作而带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动,所述至少一个喷射器安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heated liquid wiper and the ejection means further comprises a windshield wiper device; and a windshield wiper drive device which can be operated to drive the windshield wiper means in the vehicle windscreen rotational and linear movement, said at least one injector mounted on said windshield wiper device.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器装置包括一个底座,该底座被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线旋转。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it said windscreen wiper device comprises a base which is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis.

一般地,所述底座由构成常规汽车一部分的一个常规刮水器驱动装置驱动而作往复旋转运动。 Generally, the base is made of a conventional part of a conventional automotive wiper drive means for driving the reciprocating rotational movement.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the injector comprises an injector housing, the injector and a housing closure member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the injector housing positioned and reaches a first position and to allow the injection of a second position of the injection allowed.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述受热液体刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heated liquid wiper and the ejection means further comprises a damper means ejector positioning means, the positioning means in response to said windscreen wiper apparatus and the linear movement operation, thereby selectively with respect to the injector housing according to the rotational position of the windshield wiper device according to the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个底座安装壳体,该底座安装壳体用于与所述底座协作,被设置成用于相对于底座作从动线性运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base mounted housing, the base housing for cooperating with said mounting base, is arranged relative to the base used for the moving linear movement.

一般地,所述底座安装壳体相对于所述底座的从动线性运动是通过一个凸轮驱动装置而实现的。 Typically, the base mounted housing relative to the driven linear movement of said base drive means is realized by a cam.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个支承臂,该支承臂固定到所述底座安装壳体上,用于与之一起作线性和旋转运动。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield wiper and sprayer device further comprises a support arm, the support arm is fixed to the base mounted on the housing for rotational movement therewith and with the linearly.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述喷射器包括至少一个已加热液体喷射器,它们与所述底座安装壳体一起进行线性和旋转运动,并通过流体导管接收用于喷射的加压流体。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the injector comprises at least one heated liquid injectors, which are mounted to the base housing for linear and rotational motion together, and through the fluid conduit for receiving a pressurized fluid injection .

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡喷射器装置定位装置包括一个固定到所述底座上用于与之一起作旋转运动的竖直销,所述竖直销可滑动地与形成在所述底座安装壳体的底面中的一个底座安装壳体狭槽配合。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windscreen ejector device comprises a positioning means secured to said base for vertical pin for rotational movement therewith along said vertical pin slidably formed in mounting a bottom surface of said base chassis housing mounting slot mating housing.

一般地,所述竖直销还与形成在一个锚定元件中的锚定元件狭槽滑动配合,该锚定元件可沿一个大致平行于所述锚定元件狭槽的轴线相对于所述底座安装壳体和所述底座线性滑动。 Generally, the vertical pin is formed with the anchoring element further slot in a sliding fit in the anchoring element, the anchoring element may be a direction substantially parallel to the axis of the anchor element slot relative to the base said base mounted housing and a linear slide.

优选地,至少一个压力线材与所述锚定元件连接,所述至少一个压力线材穿过至少一个套筒延伸到所述风挡刮水器装置,并可被操作而相对于所述喷射器壳体控制和定位所述喷射器壳体封闭件。 Preferably, at least one pressure member wire connected to the anchor, the at least one pressure sleeve extends through at least one wire to the windshield wiper device, and can be operated relative to the injector housing and controlling the positioning of the injector housing closure member.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述至少一个喷射器装置包括一个限定在所述喷射器壳体与所述喷射器壳体封闭件之间的加压流体腔室,所述加压流体腔室通过一个入口管道从一个流体导管接收加压流体。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the at least one injector comprises means defining a pressurized fluid chamber between the injector housing and the injector housing closure, the pressurized fluid the chamber through an inlet conduit to receive pressurized fluid from a fluid conduit.

一般地,所述喷射器壳体封闭件包括一个盖,该盖可选择地密封紧靠在所述喷射器壳体的对应密封表面上。 Generally, the injector housing comprises a closure cover which selectively seals against a corresponding sealing surface on the housing of the injector.

优选地,所述盖设置成可由一个包括压缩弹簧的弹簧加载轴装置而选择性地密封。 Preferably, the cover is provided by a compression spring comprises a spring loaded shaft sealing apparatus selectively.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,在常态下所述喷射器壳体封闭件相对于所述喷射器壳体定位在允许喷射的所述第一位置。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in a normal state of the injector housing closure member to allow the first injection position relative to the injector housing is positioned.

一般地,在常态下通过操作与压力线材的一端连接的弹簧加载杆装置而定位所述喷射器壳体封闭件。 Generally, under normal operating connection with one end of the wire spring loaded pressure lever of the closure means positioned injector housing.

一般地,所述弹簧加载杆装置包括一个压缩弹簧,该压缩弹簧在常态下向前推动一个与弹簧加载轴装置配合的杆臂,从而克服另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并推动所述喷射器壳体封闭件离开所述喷射器壳体。 Generally, the spring-loaded lever means comprises a compression spring, the compression spring pushing with a spring-loaded shaft and lever arm means in a normal forward to overcome the spring force of another spring, and push the injector housing the closure member away from the injector housing.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力超过所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the spring force of the further spring exceeds the spring force of the compression spring.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,当所述壳体位于一个极限径向向内方位时,所述压缩弹簧能够将所述喷射器壳体封闭件密封在所述喷射器壳体上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, when the housing is located in a position limit radially inwardly when the closure member capable of compressing the spring of the injector housing is sealed on the injector housing.

一般地,所述竖直销配合在所述锚定元件狭槽的径向向外端向压力线材施加一个压力,该压力足以克服所述另一个弹簧的弹簧力,并将所述杆臂推动到一个方位,在该方位它不与弹簧加载轴装置轴配合,且不能克服所述压缩弹簧的弹簧力。 Generally, the vertical pin fitted radially in the anchor element slot applies a pressure to the outer end of the wire pressure, the pressure is sufficient to overcome the spring force of another spring, and pushing the lever arm to a position, in which position it does not load the shaft with the spring shaft means, and does not overcome the spring force of the compression spring.

优选地,当所述底座安装壳体位于所述极限径向向内方位时,所述锚定元件和所述底座壳体都位于它们的极限收缩位置,且在所述锚定元件的面向外表面与所述底座安装壳体的所述面向外的壁的面向内的表面之间限定了一个第一间隔。 Preferably, when said base mounted housing when in said limit position radially inwardly, the anchoring element and the base housing are in their extreme retracted position and an outer face of the anchoring element in defining a first spacing between the inner surface of the outer facing wall facing the surface of said base mounted housing.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述液体加热装置包括一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔;及一个迷宫式加热单元,该迷宫式加热单元从所述液体加热腔室接收已加热液体并将进一步加热的液体供应到一个出口。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; liquid heating a space, which space defines a liquid heating liquid heating chamber provided in the partition a means and includes a base portion and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice; and a labyrinth heating unit, the heating unit receives labyrinth heated liquid from the liquid heating chamber and further heated to a liquid supply outlet.

一般地,在一个入口处接收处于压力下的将被加热的液体,并穿过一个导管进入所述液体加热腔室,从而进入所述液体加热空间。 Generally, in a receiving inlet of the liquid to be heated under pressure, and through a conduit into the liquid heating chamber, heating the liquid to enter the space.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述受热液体刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个泵,该泵不是车辆原装设备的一部分,该泵对通过导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器是所述车辆的原装设备的一部分。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heated liquid wiper and the ejection means further comprises a portion of a pump that is not original equipment of the vehicle, which pump receives fluid from a pressurized liquid container through the conduit the liquid container is a part of the original equipment of the vehicle.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,还包括一个泵,该泵通过一个单向阀对借助于导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a pump which pressurizes a liquid from the liquid receiving container through a check valve by means of a catheter.

一般地,所述液体加热装置设置成用于改装到一个现有的汽车中。 Generally, the liquid heating means provided for retrofitting to an existing vehicle.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,还包括一个位置靠近所述液体加热腔室顶部的第一液体温度传感器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a first liquid temperature sensor near the top of the liquid heating chamber.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,还包括一个位于所述液体加热腔室的壁中的第二温度传感器。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further comprising a liquid located in a wall of the heating chamber in a second temperature sensor.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述第二温度传感器操作一个断路开关,该断路开关响应于在第二温度传感器超过一个预定的温度阈值,用于自动切断从车辆电池向液体加热装置供电。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the second temperature sensor operates a circuit breaker, the circuit breaker in response to automatically cut off the power supply from the vehicle battery to the liquid heating apparatus the temperature in the second temperature sensor exceeds a predetermined threshold value, for .

一般地,来自所述液体加热装置的已加热液体通过一个循环泵而在所述加热流体供应导管侧部循环,并穿过所述至少一个喷射器,该泵与在所述至少一个喷射器处接合的一对循环导管配合而限定了一个连续循环路径。 Generally, the liquid from the liquid heating apparatus heated by a circulating pump in the heating fluid supply conduit loop portion side, and through the at least one injector, the pump and the at least one injector a pair of endless conduit mating engagement define a continuous circulation path.

优选地,所述循环导管和所述液体供应导管限定在一个整体导管中。 Preferably, the circulation conduits and the liquid supply conduit integrally defined in a conduit.

一般地,所述循环导管大致环绕所述加热液体供应导管,用于高效地与之进行热传导。 Generally, the circulation duct substantially surrounding said heated liquid supply conduit for efficient heat conduction therewith.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,其中所述至少一个喷射器形成一个与所述循环导管连接的内部液体循环路径,所述液体循环路径环绕一个将所述加热液体供应导管与一个喷射头连接的加热喷射液体路径。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein the at least one injector formed in the interior of a liquid circulation path connected to the circulation duct, said liquid circulation path surrounding a heated liquid supply conduit to the spray head is connected with a heating the liquid ejection path.

一般地,在车辆操作者起动加热喷射操作之后,所述循环泵立即致动,开始从液体加热器装置循环流体,从而单一地加热所述液体喷射装置以及所述加热液体供应导管中的液体,从而在喷射时将所述加热液体供应导管中的液体加热到大气温度以上的一个温度。 Generally, the vehicle operator after the injection start heating operation, the circulation pump is immediately actuated to begin circulating the fluid from the liquid heating apparatus, so that a single heating the liquid ejecting means and said heated liquid supply conduit to the liquid, so that when the heated liquid ejection liquid supply conduit is heated to a temperature above the atmospheric temperature.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述至少一个喷射器包括一个从所述供应导管接收处于压力下的喷射液体的密封空间,该密封空间设有多个将压力下的液体喷射到车辆风挡上的喷射出口;及一个设置于所述密封空间中并与所述加热液体循环装置连接的内部热交换液体循环路径元件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the at least one injector comprises a supply conduit from said receiving space is sealed ejecting the liquid under pressure, the sealing space is provided with a plurality of liquid under pressure is injected into the vehicle windscreen ejection outlet; and a seal disposed in said space and the liquid circulation path with the interior of the heat exchange element of the heated liquid circulating device is connected.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述风挡刮水器装置包括一个刮水器叶片,该刮水器叶片形成一个与所述已加热液体循环装置连接的内部热交换液体循环路径元件。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the wiper device comprising a windscreen wiper blade, the wiper blade is formed inside a heated thermal fluid circulating means connected to said switching element a liquid circulation path.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,受热液体刮水和喷射方法还包括将加压流体接收到喷射器中,并将加压流体喷射到车辆风挡上。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the heated liquid wiper and the ejection method further comprises receiving a pressurized fluid to the injector, and the pressurized fluid onto the vehicle windshield.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种风挡喷射器控制系统,包括一个风挡刮水器装置,该风挡刮水器装置包括一个风挡刮水器支承臂;及一个风挡刮水器;一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,该驱动装置可被操作而沿车辆风挡带动所述风挡刮水器装置作旋转运动;及至少一个安装到所述风挡刮水器装置上的风挡喷射器,所述支承臂根据所述刮水器装置相对于所述风挡的运动方向控制所述至少一个风挡喷射器。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is also provided a windshield injector control system comprising a windshield wiper apparatus, which windscreen wiper device comprising a windshield wiper support arm; and a windshield wiper; a windshield wiper drive device, the drive means may be operated along the windscreen of a vehicle windshield wiper drive means for rotational movement; and at least one injector mounted on the windshield to the windshield wiper device, the controlling at least one of said support arm relative to the injector windscreen windscreen wiper device according to the direction of movement.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种风挡喷射器控制方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is also provided a method of controlling an injector windshield. 该方法包括:提供一个风挡刮水器装置,该风挡刮水器装置包括一个风挡刮水器支承臂和一个风挡刮水器,该风挡刮水器装置上安装有至少一个风挡喷射器;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转运动;及根据所述刮水器装置相对于所述风挡的运动方向控制所述至少一个风挡喷射器。 The method comprising: providing a windshield wiper apparatus, which windscreen wiper device comprising a windshield wiper support arm and a windshield wiper, the windshield is mounted at least one injector means on the windshield wiper; driven by said windshield wiper device for a windscreen of the vehicle along a rotational movement; and a control with respect to the direction of movement of the windscreen at least one windshield wiper device according to the injector.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡喷射器控制系统还包括至少一个安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上的第二风挡喷射器,所述支承臂根据所述刮水器装置相对于所述风挡的运动方向控制所述至少一个第二风挡喷射器。 Further, according to the present invention, a preferred embodiment of a windscreen injector control system further comprises at least a second windshield injector mounted on the windshield wiper device, the wiper device in accordance with the support arm with respect to controlling the direction of movement of said windshield of said at least one second injector windscreen.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡喷射器控制系统还包括至少一个向所述至少一个风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管。 Further, according to the present invention, a preferred embodiment of a windscreen injector control system further comprises at least one liquid supply conduit supplying liquid to said at least one windshield injector.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡喷射器控制系统还包括一个向所述至少一个风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the windshield injector control system further comprises a liquid supply conduit supplying liquid to said at least one windshield injector.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,风挡喷射器控制系统还包括一个向所述至少一个风挡喷射器以及所述至少一个第二风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管。 Further, according to the present invention, a preferred embodiment of a windscreen injector control system further comprises a damper to said at least one injector and the at least one second injector windscreen liquid supply conduit for supplying the liquid.

一般地,所述支承臂包括一个控制机构。 Generally, the support arm comprises a control mechanism.

优选地,所述控制机构的位置靠近所述支承臂的一端。 Preferably, the position of the control means adjacent an end of said support arm.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述控制机构大致沿第一轴线松驰地枢转安装到所述支承臂的一个端部,并包括一个可滑动和取出地安装在一个轨道支承元件中的刮水器叶片,所述轨道支承元件与一对侧部连接壁一体成形,该对侧部连接壁形成对准的小孔,大致沿所述第一轴线延伸的一个轴穿过该小孔,从而允许风挡刮水器装置以常规方式绕所述第一轴线枢转,其中所述风挡刮水器装置松驰地安装到所述端部上还允许所述轨道支承元件相对于所述端部绕一个枢转轴线枢转,该枢转轴线与所述第一轴线相交,其中用这种绕所述枢转轴线的枢转,根据在任何给定的时刻风挡刮水器装置的运动方向,将液体导引到所述至少一个喷射器中的一个或多个。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the control mechanism along a first axis substantially loosely pivotally mounted to one end of the support arm, and comprising a slidably and removably mounted on a rail support element wiper blade, said track support element is integrally molded with a pair of side portions connecting wall portion connecting the pair of side wall forming apertures aligned substantially along the axis of a hole extending through the first axis , thereby allowing the windshield wiper apparatus in a conventional manner about the first pivot axis, wherein said windscreen wiper device loosely mounted on said end portion also allows the rail support element with respect to said end a pivot portion about pivot axis, the pivot axis intersects the first axis, wherein the pivot about this pivot axis, according to the direction of movement at any given moment of the windscreen wiper device the liquid guide to the at least one or a plurality of injectors.

一般地,所述支承臂的所述端部所在的平面大致垂直于所述风挡的表面。 Generally, the flat end of the support arm is located substantially perpendicular to the surface of the windshield.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,所述端部上形成至少一个配合表面,该配合表面可与通过所述供应导管接收加压液体的两个液体导管中的一个成液体流量中断操作配合,从而中断从中穿过的液体流量。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least one mating surface of said end portion, the mating surface may be received through said supply conduit into a fluid flow conduit two liquid pressurized in the liquid with the interrupt operation, thereby interrupting the flow of liquid therethrough.

根据本发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的加热液体喷射系统,包括一个风挡冲洗子系统和一个液体加热装置子系统,所述风挡冲洗子系统包括一个风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个风挡刮水器装置,一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,其可被操作而带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动,一个风挡喷射器装置,其安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;及一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention also provides a liquid ejecting a heating system for a vehicle comprising a windscreen and a rinsing liquid heating apparatus subsystem subsystem, said subsystem comprising a flush windshield and windshield wiper ejector means, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprising a windscreen wiper device, a windshield wiper drive device which can be operated to drive the windshield wiper device for a windscreen of the vehicle along the rotary and linear motion , a windshield sprayer device, which is mounted on the windscreen wiper device, said ejector means comprises windscreen at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing, the injector and a closure shell, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the positioning of the injector housing, allowing injection and reaches a first position and a second position of a jet is not allowed; a windshield ejector device and the positioning device, which positioning means in response to said linear motion of said windshield wiper apparatus is operated, thereby rotating the windshield wiper apparatus according to 置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;所述液体加热装置子系统包括:一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔。 Is selectively set with respect to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; the liquid heating apparatus subsystem comprising: a housing defining a liquid heating chamber thereof; and a liquid space heating, space heating of the liquid defining a separation unit disposed in the liquid heating chamber and including a bottom portion and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet holes.

根据发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的受热液体喷射方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, there is provided a heated liquid ejecting method for a vehicle. 该方法包括提供一个风挡刮水器装置,该风挡刮水器装置上安装有一个风挡喷射器装置,该风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个可相对于所述喷射器壳体移动的喷射器壳体封闭件,所述喷射器壳体封闭件提供了一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动;响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动,根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;提供一个液体加热腔室;设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个位于所述液体加热腔室中的大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔。 The method includes providing a windshield wiper device mounted on the windshield wiper ejector means has a damper means, the damper means comprise at least one injector the injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and a relatively to the injector housing closure member to move the injector housing, the injector housing provides a closure to allow the ejection of the first and second positions of a jet is not allowed; driving the windshield wiper means in the vehicle windscreen rotational and linear motion; in response to said linear movement of said windshield wiper apparatus, in accordance with the rotational position of the windshield wiper apparatus for selectively with respect to the injector to the injector housing the housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; providing a liquid heating chamber; providing a liquid heating space defined sub-device, which comprises a bottom sub-device and the liquid heating chamber located in a substantially cylindrical shaped wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice.

根据本发明的另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的加热液体喷射系统,包括一个风挡冲洗子系统和一个液体加热装置子系统,所述风挡冲洗子系统包括一个风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个风挡刮水器装置,一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,该驱动装置可被操作而沿车辆风挡带动所述风挡刮水器装置至少作旋转运动,一个风挡喷射器装置,其安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;及一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a heated liquid injection system for a vehicle, comprising a windscreen and a rinsing liquid heating apparatus subsystem subsystem, said subsystem comprising a windscreen flush windshield wiper and ejector means, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprising a windscreen wiper device, a windshield wiper drive device, the drive means may be operated along the windscreen of a vehicle windshield wiper drive apparatus for at least a rotational movement, a windscreen ejector means mounted on the windscreen wiper device, said ejector means comprises windscreen at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing, the injector housing and a closed member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the positioning of the injector housing, allowing injection and reaches a first position and a second position of a jet is not allowed; and a means for positioning the ejector device windshield the positioning means may be operated in response to the movement of the windscreen wiper device, so that the windshield wiper apparatus 转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;所述液体加热装置子系统包括:一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;及一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间限定了一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置,并包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔。 Selectively forwarding the location with respect to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; the liquid heating apparatus subsystem comprising: defining a liquid heating chamber a housing; and a liquid heating space, the space defining a liquid heating device in the liquid fraction is heated in a chamber provided and includes a base portion and a generally cylindrical wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice.

根据发明另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的受热液体喷射方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, there is provided a heated liquid ejecting method for a vehicle. 该方法包括提供一个风挡刮水器装置,该风挡刮水器装置上安装有一个风挡喷射器装置,该风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个可相对于所述喷射器壳体移动的喷射器壳体封闭件,所述喷射器壳体封闭件提供了一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动;响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动,根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;提供一个液体加热腔室;设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个位于所述液体加热腔室中的大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔,并将已加热液体从液体加热腔室供应到喷射器。 The method includes providing a windshield wiper device mounted on the windshield wiper ejector means has a damper means, the damper means comprise at least one injector the injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and a relatively to the injector housing closure member to move the injector housing, the injector housing provides a closure to allow the ejection of the first and second positions of a jet is not allowed; driving the windshield wiper means in the vehicle windscreen rotational and linear motion; in response to said linear movement of said windshield wiper apparatus, in accordance with the rotational position of the windshield wiper apparatus for selectively with respect to the injector to the injector housing the housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; providing a liquid heating chamber; providing a liquid heating space defined sub-device, which comprises a bottom sub-device and the liquid heating chamber located in a substantially cylindrical shaped wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice, and the heated fluid is supplied from the liquid heating chamber to the injector.

根据本发明的另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的加热液体喷射系统,包括一个风挡冲洗子系统和一个液体加热装置子系统,所述风挡冲洗子系统包括一个风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个风挡刮水器装置,一个风挡刮水器驱动装置,该驱动装置可被操作而沿车辆风挡带动所述风挡刮水器装置至少作旋转运动,一个风挡喷射器装置,其安装在所述风挡刮水器装置上,所述风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体,及一个喷射器壳体封闭件,该封闭件被设置成用于选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体定位,并到达一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;及一个风挡喷射器装置定位装置,该定位装置可响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述运动而操作,从而根据风挡刮水器装置的 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a heated liquid injection system for a vehicle, comprising a windscreen and a rinsing liquid heating apparatus subsystem subsystem, said subsystem comprising a windscreen flush windshield wiper and ejector means, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprising a windscreen wiper device, a windshield wiper drive device, the drive means may be operated along the windscreen of a vehicle windshield wiper drive apparatus for at least a rotational movement, a windscreen ejector means mounted on the windscreen wiper device, said ejector means comprises windscreen at least one injector, the injector comprising an injector housing, the injector housing and a closed member, the closure member is arranged for selectively with respect to the positioning of the injector housing, allowing injection and reaches a first position and a second position of a jet is not allowed; and a means for positioning the ejector device windshield the positioning means may be operated in response to the movement of the windscreen wiper device, so that the windshield wiper apparatus 转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;所述液体加热装置子系统包括:一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;一个限定了设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置的液体加热空间;及一个迷宫式加热单元,该迷宫式加热单元从所述液体加热空间接收已加热液体,并将进一步加热的液体供应到一个出口。 Selectively forwarding the location with respect to the injector housing of the injector housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; the liquid heating apparatus subsystem comprising: defining a liquid heating chamber housing; defining a heating space provided in the liquid fraction of the liquid heating apparatus chamber; and a labyrinth heating unit, the heating unit receives labyrinth heated liquid from the liquid space heating, and further heated the liquid supply to an outlet.

根据本发明的另一个优选实施例,还提供了一种用于车辆的受热液体喷射方法。 According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a heated liquid ejecting method for a vehicle. 该方法包括提供一个风挡刮水器装置,该风挡刮水器装置上安装有一个风挡喷射器装置,该风挡喷射器装置包括至少一个喷射器,该喷射器包括一个喷射器壳体和一个可相对于所述喷射器壳体移动的喷射器壳体封闭件,所述喷射器壳体封闭件提供了一个允许喷射的第一位置和一个不允许喷射的第二位置;带动所述风挡刮水器装置沿车辆风挡作旋转和线性运动;响应于所述风挡刮水器装置的所述线性运动,根据风挡刮水器装置的旋转位置选择性地相对于所述喷射器壳体将所述喷射器壳体封闭件定位在所述第一或第二位置;提供一个液体加热腔室;设置一个液体加热空间限定分装置,该分装置包括一个底部和一个位于所述液体加热腔室中的大致圆柱形的壁部分,该壁部分设有至少一个液体入口小孔,将已加热液体从液体加热空间接收到一个迷宫式加热 The method includes providing a windshield wiper device mounted on the windshield wiper ejector means has a damper means, the damper means comprise at least one injector the injector, the injector comprising an injector housing and a relatively to the injector housing closure member to move the injector housing, the injector housing provides a closure to allow the ejection of the first and second positions of a jet is not allowed; driving the windshield wiper means in the vehicle windscreen rotational and linear motion; in response to said linear movement of said windshield wiper apparatus, in accordance with the rotational position of the windshield wiper apparatus for selectively with respect to the injector to the injector housing the housing closure member positioned in the first or second position; providing a liquid heating chamber; providing a liquid heating space defined sub-device, which comprises a bottom sub-device and the liquid heating chamber located in a substantially cylindrical shaped wall portion, the wall portion is provided with at least one liquid inlet orifice, the heated liquid received from the liquid to a space heating heat labyrinth 元中,进一步加热所述已加热液体,并将进一步加热的液体从迷宫式加热单元供应到喷射器。 Yuan, and further heating the heated liquid, and further heated fluid is supplied from the labyrinth of the heating unit to the injector.

另外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,受热液体刮水器和喷射器装置还包括一个用于从液体加热腔室供应加热液体的加热液体循环装置子系统,用于与风挡刮水器、风挡喷射器和向所述风挡喷射器供应液体的液体供应导管中的至少一个热交换配合地循环。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heated liquid wiper and the ejection means further comprises a means for supplying heated liquid circulation subsystem heated liquid from the liquid heating chamber embodiment, and a windshield wiper, windshield injection at least one heat exchanger and the liquid supply liquid to the windshield in the injector supply conduit fitting circulated.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

从下面结合附图所作的详细说明中,本发明将得到更加全面的理解和认识,其中:图1A、1B和1C是根据本发明一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图,处于第一操作方位,图1A是部分切开的插图图示,图1B和1C是分别沿图1A中线IB-IB和IC-IC所取的剖视图。 Detail from the following description taken in, the present invention will be more fully understood and appreciated, in which: Figures 1A, 1B, and 1C are configured in accordance with one case windshield wiper and preferred embodiment of the present invention and the operation of the ejector device the simplified diagram, FIG. 1B 1C 1A is a sectional view taken along the line IB-IB, and IC-IC and are taken in the first operating position, FIG. 1A is a partially cut away illustration icon.

图2A、2B和2C是图1A-1C中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图,处于第二操作方位,图2A是部分切开的插图图示,图2B和2C是分别沿图2A中线IIB-IIB和IIC-IIC所取的剖视图。 Figures 2A, 2B and 2C is a simplified diagram of the windshield wiper and sprayer device of FIGS. 1A-1C, in a second operating position, FIG. 2A is a partially cut away illustration of illustration, FIG. 2B and 2C are sectional views taken along 2A line IIB-IIB and IIC-IIC cross-sectional view taken.

图3A、3B和3C图1A-1C中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图,处于第三操作方位,图3A是部分切开的插图图示,图3B和3C是分别沿图3A中线IIIB-IIIB和IIIC-IIIC所取的剖视图。 3A, a simplified diagram of the windshield wiper and 3B and FIG. 3C ejector device 1A-1C, in a third operative orientation, FIG. 3A is a partially cut away illustration shown, 3B and 3C are sectional views taken along 3A line IIIB-IIIB and IIIC-IIIC cross-sectional view taken.

图4A是根据本发明一个优选实施例,位于不同操作方位的图1A-3C中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图。 FIG 4A is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, located in a different operative orientation of FIG. FIGS. 1A-3C illustrates a simplified windshield wiper and the injector means.

图4B是根据本发明一个优选实施例,位于不同操作方位的图1A-3C中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的改型的简化示图。 4B is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, located in different operative orientation of FIG simplified diagram of a modification of the windshield wiper and the ejector apparatus 1A-3C.

图5A和5B是根据本发明另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图,处于第一操作方位,图5A是部分切开的插图图示,图5B是沿图5A中线VB-VB所取的剖视图。 5A and 5B are simplified diagrams constructed and operated windshield wiper and sprayer device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, further, in a first operating position, FIG. 5A is a partially cut away illustration of illustration, FIG. 5B is 5A a sectional view along line VB-VB taken.

图6A和6B是图5A和5B中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图,处于第二操作方位,图6A是部分切开的插图图示,图6B是沿图6A中线VIB-VIB所取的剖视图。 6A and 6B is a simplified diagram in FIG. 5A and windshield wiper and ejector device 5B, in a second operative orientation, FIG. 6A is a partially cut away illustration of illustration, FIG. 6B taken along the line VIB-VIB in FIG. 6A a cross-sectional view taken.

图7A是根据本发明一个优选实施例,位于不同操作方位的图5A-6B中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化示图。 7A is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a simplified diagram of FIGS. 5A-6B and the windshield wiper ejector device in different operating orientations.

图7B是根据本发明另一个优选实施例,位于不同操作方位的图5A和6B中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的改型的简化示图。 7B is a preferred embodiment in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, in different operative orientation modification of FIGS. 5A and windshield wiper and sprayer device shown in FIG. 6B simplified.

图8是根据本发明另一个优选实施例构造和操作的,可用于图1A-7B中风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的液体加热装置的简化剖视图。 FIG 8 is constructed and operative in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, preferably, a simplified cross-sectional view of the liquid heating apparatus windshield wiper and sprayer device of FIGS. 1A-7B may be used.

图9A和9B是图8中液体加热装置中使用的液体加热空间限定分装置的圆柱形壁部分的两个替换实施例的简化示图。 9A and 9B in FIG. 8 is a liquid heating space of the liquid heating apparatus in use defines a cylindrical wall portion of the two alternative sub-device of a simplified embodiment of the embodiment shown in FIG.

图10A、10B、10C、10D、10E和10F是简化的时序图,表示图8中液体加热装置的各种操作模式。 FIG. 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E and 10F are simplified timing diagram showing various modes of operation of the liquid heating apparatus in FIG. 8.

图11是根据本发明另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化局部图。 FIG 11 is a simplified partial view of a windshield wiper and the ejector apparatus constructed and operative in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention is preferred.

图12A和12B是沿图11中各线XIIA-XIIA和XIIB-XIIB所取的剖视图。 12A and 12B are sectional views each line XIIA-XIIA and XIIB-XIIB taken along FIG. 11.

图13是根据本发明又一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化局部图。 FIG 13 is a simplified partial view of a windshield wiper and the configuration and operation of the ejector device in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

图14是根据本发明再一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化局部图。 FIG 14 is a simplified partial view of another windshield wiper and sprayer device constructed in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention and operation.

图15A和15B是分别沿图14中线XVA-XVA和XVB-XVB所取的剖视图。 15A and 15B are respectively a cross-sectional view of the line XVA-XVA 14 and taken XVB-XVB in FIG.

图16A和16B、17A和17B以及18A和18B根据本发明一个优选实施例构造和操作的,具有刮水方向响应喷射功能的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的示图。 16A and 16B, 17A and 17B, and FIGS. 18A and 18B show, windshield wiper and sprayer device having a function of a wiping direction in response to an injection preferred embodiment constructed and operative in accordance with the present invention.

图19是一个简化流程图,表示图8中液体加热装置的停机操作。 FIG 19 is a simplified flow chart showing the stop operation of FIG. 8 of the liquid heating apparatus.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

现在参照图1A、1B和1C、2A、2B和2C及3A,它们是根据本发明一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器的简化示图,处于关闭和打开方位,图1A、2A和3A是部分切开的插图图示,图1B、2B和3B以及1C、2C和3C是分别沿线IB-IB和IC-IC、IIB-IIB和IIC-IIC以及IIIB-IIIB和IIIC-IIIC所取的剖视图。 Referring now to FIGS. 1A, 1B and 1C, 2A, 2B and 2C. 3A and, which is a simplified diagram of a windshield wiper and an injector constructed and operative in preferred embodiments of the present invention, in a closed and open position, FIG. 1A , 2A and 3A are illustrations shown partially cut, FIG. 1B, 2B and 3B and 1C, 2C and 3C taken along lines IB-IB and IC-IC, IIB-IIB and IIC-IIC and IIIB-IIIB, respectively and IIIC- a sectional view taken IIIC.

为了本专利申请的目的,术语“风挡”给出一个比通常情况下更广泛的含义,指车辆的任何窗、镜或前灯表面。 For purposes of this patent application, the term "windshield" is given a broader meaning than usual, refers to any window, mirror or headlight surface of a vehicle.

如在图1A-1C、2A-2C和3A-3C中看到的,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个固定到轴102上的底座100,该轴102被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线104旋转。 As shown in FIGS-1C 1A, and the 2A-2C 3A-3C see, windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base 100 fixed to the shaft 102, the shaft 102 is arranged for rotation about a rotation axis 104 rotates. 轴102优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 Shaft 102 is preferably constituted by a conventional portion of a conventional automotive wiper drive means (not shown) for driving the reciprocating rotational motion.

如箭头106所示,一个壳体108与底座100配合并被设置成用于相对于底座100驱动而线性运动。 As indicated by arrow 106, a housing 108 and the base 100 and is provided with a linear movement with respect to the base 100 to a drive. 底座安装壳体108相对于底座100的线性运动优选地具有大约70毫米的最大幅度。 A base mounted housing 108 relative to the linear movement of the base 100 preferably has a maximum amplitude of about 70 mm. 这种线性运动优选地由一个凸轮驱动装置(未图示)提供。 This linear motion is preferably driven by a cam (not shown) provided. 这种类型的适当驱动装置可如在型号为No.220C的梅赛德斯-奔驰汽车上作为原装设备安装的风挡刮水器上购买到。 This type of drive means may be suitable as model No.220C Mercedes - later to the windshield wiper as original equipment on Mercedes-Benz automobiles installation.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置110包括一个安装到壳体108上的支承臂112,该装置110固定到底座安装壳体108上,用于与之一起作线性和旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 110 comprises a support arm mounted to the housing 108 112, which is fixed in the end holder means 110 mounted on the housing 108 for rotational movement therewith and with the linearly. 装置110优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置114和一对加热液体喷射装置116,它们全部与壳体108一起进行线性和旋转运动。 Means 110 preferably includes a windshield wiper device 114 and a pair of heated liquid ejecting apparatus 116, they are all linear and rotational motion together with the housing 108. 喷射装置116接收加压流体,通过流体导管118喷射。 Ejection means 116 receives pressurized fluid through fluid conduit 118 injection.

一个竖直销120同样固定到底座100上,用于与之一起作旋转运动,该竖直销120与形成于底座安装壳体108的底面中的底座壳体狭槽122滑动配合。 Similarly a vertical pin 120 secured in the end seat 100 for rotational movement together therewith, which cooperate with vertical pin 120 formed on the bottom surface of the base 122 slidably mounted in the housing 108 of the base housing slot. 在所示实施例中,底座安装壳体狭槽122在长度上至少约为70毫米。 In the illustrated embodiment, base mounted housing slot 122 on a length of at least about 70 mm. 销120还与锚定元件128中的锚定元件狭槽126滑动配合。 Pin 120 also sliding fit member 126 and the anchor element slot 128 in anchor. 锚定元件128优选地可沿一个轴线130相对于底座安装壳体108和底座100线性滑动,该轴线130平行于箭头106且平行于底座安装壳体狭槽122。 Preferably the anchoring element 128 along axis 130 with respect to a 100 linear slide base 108 and base mounted housing 130 parallel to the axis of arrow 106 and parallel to the base mounting slot 122 of the housing.

一对压力线材132与锚定元件128连接,该对压力线材132延伸穿过各同轴套筒134,分别在常态下打开喷射装置116,并可被操作而控制喷射装置的打开和关闭。 A pair of pressure 132 wire 128 is connected with the anchoring element, the pressure of each wire 132 extends coaxially through the sleeve 134, the ejection means 116 are open in a normal state, and the injection control means and operable to open and close.

特别参照图1C、2C和3C,可以看到喷射装置116分别包括一个喷射器壳体136和一个由压力线材132的动作选择性地关闭的盖部分138。 With particular reference to FIG. 1C, 2C and 3C, the ejection means 116 can be seen comprising a respective injector housing 136 and a pressure of the operation wire 132 is selectively closing the cover portion 138.

在图1C、2C和3C中所示的本发明的优选实施例中,可以看到一个加压流体腔室140限定在喷射器壳体136和盖138之间,借助于一个入口管142从流体导管118接收要喷射的加压流体。 In 1C, the present invention is preferably as shown in Examples 2C and 3C embodiment, a pressurized fluid can be seen that chamber 140 is defined between the injector housing 136 and the cover 138 by means of a fluid inlet tube 142 from conduit 118 receives pressurized fluid to be injected. 盖138优选地可通过一个O形环144密封,并可通过一个包括压缩弹簧152的弹簧加载轴装置150紧密地保持在喷射器壳体136的一个对应密封表面146上。 Preferably, the cap 138 by an O-ring seal 144, shaft and loading means 150 tightly held on the injector housing 136 corresponds to a sealing surface 146 by a spring 152 comprising a compression spring. 如下面针对图8所述,盖138的密封一般可防止液体蒸发,污物渗透到液体喷射装置116,以及液体从容器337返回。 As described below with respect to Figure 8, the sealing cap 138 typically prevents evaporation of the liquid of dirt penetrate into the liquid ejecting apparatus 116, and the liquid from the container 337 to return.

如上所述,每个喷射装置116通常打开。 As described above, each of the injection device 116 is generally open. 这种通常打开状态是弹簧加载杆装置160的动作的结果,该装置160连接到每个压力线材132的一端。 This normally open state is the result of the operation of a spring-loaded lever device 160, the device 160 is connected to one end of the wire 132 of each of the pressure. 弹簧加载杆装置160优选地包括一个压缩弹簧162,该压缩弹簧162通常推动一个杆臂164而与弹簧加载轴装置150配合,从而克服弹簧152的弹簧力,推动盖138离开喷射壳体136。 Spring loaded lever means 160 preferably comprises a compression spring 162, the compression spring 162 normally push a lever arm 164 with spring loaded shaft 150 to overcome a spring force of the spring 152 pushes the cover 138 away from the injector housing 136. 在所示实施例中,压缩弹簧162的弹簧力超过压缩弹簧152的弹簧力。 In the illustrated embodiment, the spring force of the compression spring 162 exceeds the spring force of the compression spring 152.

图1A-1C中示出位于极限径向向内方位的底座安装壳体108及风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置110。 Figures 1A-1C are shown located radially inward orientation limit mounting base housing 108 and windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 110. 在该方位,销120配合在锚定元件128中锚定元件狭槽126的径向外端154,这样向压力线材132施加一个压力,该压力足以克服压缩弹簧162的弹簧力,并将杆臂164推动到一个方位,在该方位它不与弹簧加载轴装置150配合,且不能克服弹簧152的弹簧力。 In this orientation, the anchoring pin 120 fitted in the anchoring element 128 in the radial slots 126 of the outer element end 154, so that a pressure is applied to the wire 132 pressure, the pressure is sufficient to overcome the spring force of the compression spring 162, and lever arm 164 pushed into a position, in which position it is not loaded with the spring 150 with the shaft means, and does not overcome the spring force of the spring 152. 这样如图1C中所示,弹簧152将盖138密封在喷射器壳体136上。 Such shown in Figure 1C, the spring 152 seals the lid 138 on the injector housing 136.

如图1B中看到的,在该操作方位,锚定元件128和底座安装壳体108位于它们的极限收缩位置,在锚定元件128的面向外的表面166与底座安装壳体108的面向外的壁170的面向内的表面168之间限定了一个间隔“a”。 Outer seen in FIG. 1B, for operation in the position, the anchoring element 128 and base mounted housing 108 are in their extreme retracted position, the outer surface facing the anchoring element 128 and the base 166 of the housing 108 is mounted It is defined between the inner surface 168 of the wall 170 facing a gap "a".

由于锚定元件128可相对于底座安装壳体108滑动,在壳体108、支承臂112和喷射装置116最初径向向外移动之后,它不需要也不会与壳体108一起径向向外移动,因而图1 B中的间隔“a”增加到图2B中所示的“b”。 Since the anchoring member 128 may slide relative to the base mounted housing 108, 116 after the initial radial outward movement of housing 108, support arm 112 and the injection apparatus, it does not need to be radially outwardly together with housing 108 moving, thus the interval "a" in FIG increased "b" shown in FIG. 2B 1 B.

如图2A、2B和2C中看到的,销120保持与锚定元件128中的狭槽154的径向外端配合,同时底座安装壳体108和喷射装置116径向向外移动。 As shown in FIG. 2A, 2B and 2C seen, the radial pin 120 and the slot holding the anchoring member 128 with the outer end 154, while base mounted housing 108 and 116 radially outward movement of the ejection means. 这样减小或消除了对于压力线材132的压力,并使压缩弹簧162能够伸出并推动杆臂164到达一个方位,在该方位,它与弹簧加载轴装置150配合,从而如图2C中所示,克服弹簧152的弹簧力并推动盖138离开喷射器壳体136,从而允许加压液体通过导管172从加压流体腔室140中逸出,并产生液体射流174。 This reduces or eliminates the pressure on the pressure of the wire 132, and a compression spring 162 can extend and push the lever arm 164 reaches a position, in this orientation, it means the shaft 150 with a spring-loaded, so that as shown in FIG. 2C against the spring force of the spring 152 and pushes the lid 138 away from the injector housing 136, thereby allowing pressurized liquid to escape from pressurized fluid chamber 140 through conduit 172, and 174 to generate a liquid jet.

一般地,壳体108相对于底座100在图1A-1C和图2A-2C的方位之间的径向运行量大约是5毫米。 Generally, housing 108 with respect to the base 100 run in radial position between FIGS. 1A-1C and Figures 2A-2C is approximately 5 millimeters. 在所示实施例中,杆臂164的方位使得盖部分138相对于壳体部分136从关闭到打开的行程同样大约是5毫米。 In the illustrated embodiment, the position of the lever arm 164 such that the cover portion 138 relative to housing portion 136 from the closed to the open stroke of the same is approximately 5 millimeters.

在壳体108、支承臂112和喷射装置116进一步径向向外移动之后,尽管锚定元件128可相对于壳体108滑动,它还是与底座安装壳体108一起径向向外移动。 After 108, 116 support arms 112 and further radially outward movement of the injection device housing, although the anchoring member 128 can slide relative to housing 108, it is mounted to the base housing 108 together with the radially outward movement. 如图3A、3B和3C中看到的,销120保持与锚定元件128中的狭槽126配合,但由于底座安装壳体108和喷射装置116径向向外移动,它沿该狭槽的位置改变到进一步径向向外移动的程度。 As shown in FIG. 3A, 3B and 3C seen, pin 120 remains with the anchoring element slots 128,126 in the mating, but since the outward movement of base mounted housing 108 and 116 radially ejecting apparatus, which is along the slot position change to the extent that further radially outward movement. 因此,销120与锚定元件狭槽126的配合可以理解为提供一个空动机构,从而避免压力线材132的张紧,同时在面向外的表面166与面向内的表面168之间保持距离“b”。 Thus, with the pin 120 and the anchor element slot 126 may be understood to provide a lost motion mechanism, so as to avoid the pressure of the wire 132 tensioned, while keeping a distance "b between the outer facing surface 168 and the inwardly facing surface 166 . "

在底座安装壳体108的这种进一步径向向外移动过程中,压力线材132大致保持无应力,压缩弹簧162保持伸长,并连续将杆臂164推向它与弹簧加载轴装置150配合的一个方位,从而克服弹簧152的弹簧力,并如图3C中所示推动盖138离开喷射器壳体136,从而允许加压液体通过导管172从加压流体腔室140中逸出,并产生液体射流174。 In such a mounting base housing 108 further radially outward movement of the process, the pressure remains substantially unstressed wire 132, compression spring 162 remains extended, the lever arm 164 and continuously toward its spring-loaded shaft and cooperating device 150 a position, overcoming the spring force of the spring 152, as shown in FIG. 3C and pushes the cover 138 away from the injector housing 136, thereby allowing pressurized liquid to escape from pressurized fluid chamber 140 through conduit 172, and produce a liquid jet 174.

一般地,壳体108相对于底座100在图2A-2C和图3A-3C的方位之间的径向运行量大约是65毫米。 Generally, housing 108 radially with respect to the amount of operation of the base 100 between the orientation of FIG. 2A-2C and FIGS. 3A-3C is about 65 mm. 在所示实施例中,杆臂164的方位是这样,使得盖部分138不会相对于壳体部分136进一步运行。 Embodiment, the position of the lever arm 164 is in the illustrated embodiment, so that the cover portion 138 relative to the housing portion 136 without a further operation.

本发明的一个特别的特征在于,即使当喷射装置116位于其关闭位置时,施加于腔室140的足够的液体压力也能克服弹簧152的弹簧力并允许喷射。 A particular feature of the present invention, even when the injection apparatus 116 is in its closed position, sufficient liquid pressure applied to the chamber 140 can overcome the spring force of spring 152 and allow ejection.

可以理解,喷射装置116可由一个电加热元件180加热,该电加热元件180可通过一个电导体182与一个电源(未图示)连接。 It will be appreciated, the injection apparatus 116 may be an electrical heating element 180 is heated, the heating element 180 may be electrically connected to a power source 182 (not shown) via an electrical conductor. 可以理解,喷射装置116的加热还可熔化可能形成在喷射装置116周围的冰。 It will be appreciated, the injection apparatus 116 may also be heated to melt ice may form around the spray device 116.

还可以理解,可使用其它加热喷射装置116的方式。 It may also be understood that other heating means 116 injection mode.

现在参照图4A,图4A是根据本发明一个优选实施例处于各种操作方位的图1A-3C中风挡刮水器和喷射装置的简化示图。 Referring now to FIG. 4A, which is one embodiment of various operations in the orientation of FIG. 1A-3C simplified diagram of the windshield wiper and the ejection device according to the present invention is preferably. 如在图4A中看到的,由A表示的方位对应于图1A-1C中所示的方位,由B表示的方位对应于图2A-2C中所示的方位,由C表示的方位对应于图3C中所示的方位。 As seen in Figure 4A, the orientation indicated by A correspond to the orientation shown in FIGS. 1A-1C, the orientation indicated by B correspond to the orientation shown in Figures 2A-2C, the position indicated by C corresponds to the orientation shown in FIG. 3C.

现在参照图4B,图4B是根据本发明一个优选实施例处于各种操作方位的图1A-3C中风挡刮水器和喷射装置的简化示图。 Referring now to FIG. 4B, an operation of embodiment in various orientations simplified diagram of FIG. 1A-3C windshield wiper and the ejection device according to the present invention is preferably. 图4B中的实施例与图4A中实施例的不同之处在于,与其在图4A实施例中的位置相比,旋转轴线104的位置(图1A)向风挡刮水器一侧偏移。 In the embodiment of FIG. FIG. 4B 4A embodiment differs from the embodiment in that, as compared to its position in the embodiment, a position (FIG. 1A) shifted toward the rotational axis 104 of the side windshield wiper in FIG. 4A. 因此,由凸轮驱动装置(未图示)产生的壳体108(图1A)径向向外运行的形式略有不同。 Accordingly, the cam drive means (not shown) of the housing 108 (FIG. 1A) produced in the form of radially outwardly slightly different operation.

在图4B中,由A表示的方位对应于图1A-1C中所示的方位,由B表示的方位对应于图2A-2C中所示的方位,由C表示的方位的范围对应于图3C中所示的方位。 In Figure 4B, the orientation indicated by A correspond to the orientation shown in FIGS. 1A-1C, the orientation indicated by B correspond to the orientation shown in Figures 2A-2C, the range of the azimuth indicated by C corresponds to FIG 3C the orientation shown.

现在参照图5A和5B及6A和6B,它们是根据本发明另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器的简化示图,分别处于关闭和打开操作方位,图5A和6A是部分切开的插图示图,图5B和6B是分别沿线5B-5B和6B-6B所取的剖视图。 Referring now simplified diagram of Figures 5A and 5B and 6A and windshield wiper and the ejector 6B, which are constructed and operating in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, other elements, respectively in closed and open operative orientation, Figs. 5A and 6A are FIG illustration shown partially cut, and FIG. 5B and 6B is a cross-sectional view taken along the line respectively, 5B-5B 6B-6B.

如图5A-6B中看到的,风挡刮水器和喷射装置包括一个固定到轴202上的底座200,该轴202被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线204旋转。 See FIG. 5A-6B, the windshield wiper and the ejection means comprises a base 200 fixed to the shaft 202, the shaft 202 is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis 204 is rotated. 轴202优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 Shaft 202 is preferably a conventional wiper drive means (not shown) driven by reciprocating rotational motion of a portion constituting a conventional car.

一个具有盖209的壳体208与底座200配合并被设置成用于与之一起绕旋转轴线204旋转。 A housing 209 having a cover 208 and base 200 with 204 provided for rotation together therewith about the axis of rotation.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置210包括一个安装到底座安装壳体208上的支承臂212,该装置210固定到底座安装壳体208上,用于与之一起作旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device mounted in the end 210 includes a mounting base housing 208 on support arm 212 which is fixed in the end holder means 210 mounted on the housing 208 for rotation together therewith for movement. 装置210优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置214和一对加热液体喷射装置216,它们全部与底座安装壳体208一起进行旋转运动。 It means 210 preferably includes a windshield wiper device 214 and a pair of heated liquid ejecting apparatus 216, all of which together with the rotational movement of base mounted housing 208. 喷射装置216接收加压流体,通过流体导管218喷射。 Ejection device 216 receives pressurized fluid through fluid conduit 218 injection.

一对压力线材232从安装于底座安装壳体208上的各按钮235穿过各同轴套筒234延伸到喷射装置216。 Each button wire 232 to a pair of pressure from the mounting base 208 is mounted on the housing 235 of the sleeve 234 extends coaxially through each of the injection device 216. 如下面将说明的,特别参照图7A和7B,按钮23 5设置成当风挡刮水器装置214到达图7A和7B意义上的极限顺时针位置时,通过与配合元件236的配合而被下压,从而密封喷射装置216。 As will be explained, with particular reference to FIGS. 7A and 7B, when the button 235 is provided to limit clockwise 7A and 7B, when the position of the windshield wiper sense means 214 reaches the FIG., By mating with the mating member 236 is pressed , thereby sealing the injection device 216.

特别参照图5B和6B,可以看到喷射装置216分别包括一个喷射器壳体237和一个由压力线材232的动作选择性地关闭的盖部分238。 With particular reference to FIGS. 5B and 6B, the ejection device 216 can see the operation of one injector each comprises a housing 237 and a wire 232 by the pressure of the lid selectively closing portion 238.

在图5B和6B中所示的本发明的优选实施例中,可以看到一个加压流体腔室240限定在喷射器壳体237和盖238之间,借助于一个入口管242从流体导管218接收要喷射的加压流体。 In a preferred embodiment of the present invention shown in FIGS. 5B and 6B, the pressurized fluid can be seen that a cavity 240 is defined between the injector housing 237 and the cover 238, the inlet tube 242 by means of a fluid conduit 218 from receiving pressurized fluid to be injected. 盖238优选地可通过一个O形环244密封,并可通过一个包括压缩弹簧252的弹簧加载轴装置250紧密地保持在喷射器壳体237的一个对应密封表面246上。 Preferably, the cap 238 by an O-ring seal 244, and loading the shaft 250 tightly held on the injector housing 237 corresponds to a sealing surface 246 by a spring 252 comprising a compression spring.

如上所述,每个喷射装置216通常打开。 As described above, each of the injection device 216 is generally open. 这种通常打开状态是弹簧加载杆装置260的动作的结果,该装置260连接到每个压力线材232的一端。 This normally open state is the result of the operation of a spring loaded lever assembly 260, the apparatus 260 is connected to one end of the wire 232 of each of the pressure. 弹簧加载杆装置260优选地包括一个压缩弹簧262,该压缩弹簧262通常推动一个杆臂264而与弹簧加载轴装置250配合,从而克服弹簧252的弹簧力,推动盖238离开喷射壳体237。 Spring loaded lever means 260 preferably comprises a compression spring 262, the compression spring 262 normally push a lever arm 264 with spring loaded shaft 250 to overcome a spring force of the spring 252 pushes the cover 238 away from the injector housing 237. 在所示实施例中,压缩弹簧262的弹簧力超过压缩弹簧252的弹簧力。 In the illustrated embodiment, the spring force of the compression spring 262 exceeds the force of the spring 252 is a compression spring.

图5A和5B中示出位于极限径向向内方位的底座安装壳体208及风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置210。 5A and 5B is shown located radially inward orientation limit mounting base housing 208 and windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 210. 在该方位,按钮235的下压向压力线材232施加一个压力,该压力足以克服压缩弹簧262的弹簧力,并将杆臂264推动到一个方位,在该方位它不与弹簧加载轴装置250配合,且不能克服弹簧252的弹簧力。 In this orientation pressed, the button 235 to exert a pressure wires 232 pressure, the pressure is sufficient to overcome the spring force of the compression spring 262, lever arm 264 and pushed into a position that does not load the spring means in the azimuth axis 250 with , does not overcome the spring force of the spring 252. 这样如图5B中所示,弹簧252将盖238密封在喷射器壳体237上。 As shown in this way, the spring 252 5B lid 238 sealed in the injector housing 237.

由于风挡刮水器从其极限顺时针方位逆时针运动而导致的按钮235的下压结束,释放了先前施加于线232上的压力,因而使压缩弹簧262延伸并将杆臂264推到一个方位,在该方位,它不与弹簧加载轴装置250配合,且不能克服弹簧252的弹簧力,并如图6B中所示推动盖238离开喷射器壳体237,从而允许加压液体通过导管272从加压流体腔室240中逸出,并产生液体射流274。 Since the windshield wiper from its extreme clockwise button counterclockwise orientation caused by depression of the end 235, releasing the pressure previously applied to the line 232, so that the compression spring 262 extends and pushes the lever arm 264 to a position in this orientation, it is not loaded with the spring shaft 250, and does not overcome the spring force of the spring 252, and pushes the cover 238 in FIG away from the injector housing 237, thereby allowing the pressurized liquid through conduit 272 in FIG. 6B the pressurized fluid chamber 240 to escape, and to generate a liquid jet 274.

在所示实施例中,杆臂264的方位使得盖部分238相对于壳体部分237从关闭到打开的行程同样大约是5毫米。 In the illustrated embodiment, the orientation of lever arm 264 such that the cover portion 238 relative to the housing portion 237 from the closed to the open stroke of the same is about 5 mm.

在壳体208进一步旋转运动的过程中,压力线材232大致保持无应力,压缩弹簧262保持伸长,并连续将杆臂264推向它与弹簧加载轴装置250配合的一个方位,从而克服弹簧252的弹簧力。 During further rotational movement of the housing 208, the pressure remains substantially unstressed wire 232, compression spring 262 remains extended, the arm 264 continuously toward a position with the spring loading it with the shaft means 250, 252 to overcome the spring the spring force. 如.6B中所示,弹簧252继续将盖238与喷射器壳体237间隔开,从而允许加压液体通过导管172从加压流体腔室240中逸出,并产生液体射流274。 .6B As shown, the spring 252 continues to the lid 238 and the housing 237 is spaced apart from the injector, thereby allowing pressurized liquid to escape from pressurized fluid 240 in the chamber through the conduit 172, and 274 to generate a liquid jet.

本发明的一个特别的特征在于,即使当喷射装置216位于其关闭位置时,施加于腔室240的足够的液体压力也能克服弹簧252的弹簧力并允许喷射。 A particular feature of the present invention, even when the injection apparatus 216 is in its closed position, sufficient liquid pressure applied to the chamber 240 can overcome the spring force of spring 252 and allow ejection.

现在参照图7A,图7A是根据本发明一个优选实施例处于各种操作方位的图5A-6B中风挡刮水器和喷射装置的简化示图。 Referring now to FIG. 7A, FIG. 7A is a diagram of a simplified embodiment in FIG windshield wiper and the ejection means operating various orientations 5A-6B according to the present invention is preferable. 如在图7A中看到的,由A表示的方位对应于图5A和5B中所示的方位,由B表示的方位对应于图6A和6B中所示的方位。 As seen in FIG. 7A, the orientation indicated by A correspond to the orientation shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the orientation indicated by B correspond to the orientation shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B.

现在参照图7B,图7B是图7A中风挡刮水器和喷射装置的改型的简化示图,其中喷射装置被密封的风挡刮水器的极限顺时针方位位于风挡的下面。 Referring now to FIG. 7B, FIG. 7A and FIG. 7B is a modification of the windshield wiper and the ejection apparatus simplified diagram, extreme clockwise orientation wherein the injection device is a windshield wiper seal located below the windshield. 如图7B中看到的,由A表示的方位对应于图5A和5B中所示的方位,由B表示的方位对应于图6A和6B中所示的方位。 Seen in FIG. 7B, the orientation indicated by A correspond to the orientation shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the orientation indicated by B corresponds to that shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B orientation.

现在参照图8,图8是根据本发明一个优选实施例构造和操作的,可用于图1-7B中风挡刮水器和喷射器的一个液体加热装置的简化剖示图。 Referring now to FIG. 8, FIG. 8 is constructed in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention and operation, it may be used in FIG. 1-7B simplified windshield wiper and heated liquid injector means a cross-sectional diagram of FIG. 可以理解,图8的实施例并不限于与任何给定的风挡刮水器或喷射器装置一起使用。 It will be appreciated, the embodiment of FIG 8 is not limited to use with any given windshield wiper or an ejector apparatus.

转向图8,可以看到液体加热装置包括一个优选地由塑料材料制成的机壳300,该机壳300还用作一个多腔室壳体,并限定了一个液体加热装置302和一个圆形腔室304。 Turning to Figure 8, can be seen that the liquid heating apparatus comprises a housing 300 is preferably made of a plastic material, the casing 300 also serves as a multi-chamber housing, and defining a liquid heating means 302 and a circular chamber 304. 液体加热装置302一般由一个可取出的螺纹底板306密封。 Liquid heating device 302 by a threaded base 306 is generally a sealed removable.

一个液体加热体积限定分装置312设置在液体加热腔室302中,一般通过一个密封环310与机壳300密封配合。 A liquid heating volume defining a sub-device 312 is disposed in the liquid heating chamber 302, typically by a sealing ring 310 into sealing engagement with the housing 300. 分装置312优选地包括一个底部314和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分316,该壁部分316在不同高度以及沿不同高度的方位角位置设有多个液体入口小孔318。 Division means 312 preferably comprises a base 314 and a generally cylindrical wall portion 316, the wall portion 316 at different heights and provided with a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights along the azimuth position 318. 底部314及大致圆柱形壁部分316优选地限定了一个液体加热空间320,其中优选地设有第一和第二加热元件322和324。 A generally cylindrical wall 314 and bottom portion 316 preferably defines a liquid heating space 320, which is preferably provided with first and second heating elements 322 and 324.

将被加热的液体一般在入口326接收处于压力下的,并穿过导管328进入加热腔室302,因而通过小孔318进入液体加热空间320。 Usually the liquid to be heated is received under pressure at the inlet 326 and through the conduit 328 into the heating chamber 302, thereby heating the liquid into the space 320 through the aperture 318. 已加热的液体一般在液体加热腔室320的顶部通过一个同样一般由机壳300限定的导管330排出,并穿过一个迷宫式加热单元332到达出口334。 Typically heated liquid at the top of the liquid heating chamber 320 by the same generally consists of a housing 300 defined by the discharge conduit 330, and through a labyrinth heating unit 332 to the outlet 334.

有多种结构来将加压的液体加热到入口326。 There are various structures to the pressurized liquid is heated to the inlet 326. 在其中一个这种结构中,不是车辆原装设备一部分的可选择的泵335对通过导管336从液体容器337接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器337一般是车辆原装设备的一部分。 In one such configuration, the vehicle is not part of the original equipment pump 335 selectively pressurizes the liquid in the liquid receiving container 337 via conduit 336, to the liquid container 337 is generally part of the original equipment of the vehicle. 来自容器337的液体可通过一个泵338到达导管336,如果泵338是离心泵,则它构成车辆原装设备的一部分。 Liquid 338 from the container 337 may reach conduit 336 via a pump, if the pump is a centrifugal pump 338, which forms part of the original equipment of the vehicle. 可替换地,来自容器337的液体可穿过一个单向阀339直接到达导管336。 Alternatively, the liquid from the container 337 may pass through a check valve 339 directly to the conduit 336.

可以理解,将泵335与液体加热装置一起设置在更新情况下特别有用,在更新情况下,对泵338的操作和控制进行修改不方便也不可能。 It will be appreciated, updates be provided with a pump in the liquid heating apparatus 335 is particularly useful in the case of updating, and control the operation of the pump 338 can not be modified is inconvenient. 泵335还可能在非改装中具有价值,以克服系统的整体流动阻力。 Pump 335 may also be of value in non-retrofit in order to overcome the overall flow resistance of the system.

优选地靠近液体加热腔室302的顶部邻接通向导管330的入口设有一个液体温度传感器340。 Preferably near the top of the liquid heating chamber 302 adjacent to the inlet conduit 330 leading to a liquid temperature sensor 340 is provided. 另一个温度传感器342优选地位于液体加热腔室302的壁344中。 Another temperature sensor 342 is preferably located in the wall of the liquid heating chamber of 344,302. 温度传感器342优选地操作一个断路开关346,该断路开关346响应于在传感器342处超过一个预定的湿度阈值,自动切断从车辆电池348向液体加热装置300供电。 Temperature sensor 342 preferably operates a circuit breaker 346, the circuit breaker 346 in response to the sensor 342 exceeds a predetermined humidity threshold, automatically cut off the power supply from the vehicle battery 300 to the liquid heating apparatus 348.

温度传感器340和342向一般位于电路腔室304中的电加热控制电路350提供电输出。 Temperature sensors 340 and 342 to supply circuit is typically located in the chamber 304 of the heating control circuit 350 provides an electrical output. 电加热控制电路350一般通过断路开关346控制通向第一和第二加热元件322和324以及迷宫式加热单元332的电能,且优选地还控制通向泵335和/或泵338的电能,泵338控制在入口336处在压力下供应液体。 Electric heating power control circuit 350 generally leads to the first and second heating elements 322 and 324 and the labyrinth by disconnecting the heating unit 332 controls the switch 346 and preferably also controls the electrical power to the pump 335 and / or pump 338, the pump 338 control the supply of liquid under pressure at inlet 336. 电加热控制电路350还可控制电能或向风挡刮水器(未图示)提供电控制信号,使其产生往复旋转。 Electric heating control circuit 350 also controls the power or provide an electrical control signal to windshield wipers (not shown), so as to generate reciprocating rotational.

优选地,设有一个室外空气温度传感器352,该传感器352向电加热控制电路350提供电输出,使电加热控制电路350自动控制各构件的操作,尤其包括迷宫式加热单元332的操作。 Preferably, a sensor 352 an outdoor air temperature, the sensor 352 electrically to the heating control circuit 350 provides an electrical output, the electrical heating control circuit 350 controls the automatic operation of each member, including in particular the operation of labyrinthine heating unit 332.

根据本发明的一个优选实施例,可设置一个风挡污物传感器354,用于当风挡变脏时自动起动液体加热装置的操作。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention may be provided a windshield dirt sensor 354 for automatically starting operation of the liquid heating apparatus when the windshield is dirty.

此外,根据本发明一个优选实施例,电加热控制电路350包括当车辆的电能状态不满足预定标准时禁止液体加热装置操作的功能。 Further, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the control circuit 350 electrically heated liquid heating apparatus comprising a disabling function when the operation state of the vehicle does not satisfy the predetermined power criterion. 为此,一个电池电压传感器356、一个电池充电电流传感器358和一个车辆发动机转速传感器360优选地向电加热控制电路350提供输出。 For this purpose, a battery voltage sensor 356, a battery charging current sensor 358 and a vehicle engine rotation speed sensor 360 is preferably electrically to the heating control circuit 350 provides an output.

进一步根据本发明的一个优选实施例,优选地设置一个循环泵362,用于将已加热的液体从液体加热空间320循环通过导管364和366,从而加热系统的外部构件,如下面参照图11-14描述的,液体喷射器和风挡刮水器叶片,从而加热已加热液体供应导管,如与出口334耦接的导管368。 According to a further preferred embodiment of the present invention, preferably a circulating pump 362 provided for the heated liquid from the liquid heating circulating space 320 through conduits 364 and 366 to heat external components of the system, as described below with reference to Figure 11 14, liquid injector and described windshield wiper blade, thereby heating the heated liquid supply conduit, such as outlet 334 coupled to the conduit 368.

循环泵362可由电加热控制电路350操作,电加热控制电路350自动响应于落在一预定阈值以下或者在任何其它适当标准基础上由传感器352传感的外界大气温度。 A circulation pump 362 may be electrically heating operation control circuit 350, electrical heating control circuit 350 automatically in response to a predetermined threshold value falls or external air temperature sensed by the sensor 352 in any other suitable standard basis.

可用一个适当的操作者控制的开关370起动液体加热装置的操作,该开关370向电加热控制电路350提供输出。 A start operation switch 370 can be used to control the proper operation of the liquid heating apparatus, the switch 370 to the electric heating control circuit 350 provides an output. 可替换地,操作者控制开关372可向连接电池348和电加热控制电路350的电力线进行信号调制。 Alternatively, the operator control switch 372 can be heated to connect the battery 348 and the electrical power line control circuit 350 for signal modulation. 在这种情况下,电加热控制电路350具有这样的功能,括对这种信号调制进行解码并用它控制液体加热装置的功能,如其操作起动。 In this case, electrical heating control circuit 350 has a function, including decoding such signal modulation and use it to control the liquid heating apparatus, such as its operation start.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,如下面参照图19更全部描述的,图8中的液体加热装置可在停机模式下操作。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, all as will be described further with reference to FIG. 19, the liquid heating apparatus in FIG. 8 can be operated in the stop mode. 停机模式可如下面所述自动致动,和/或由车辆操作者用停机模式致动开关373来致动。 The shutdown mode is automatically actuated as described below, and / or by the vehicle operator by actuating a shutdown mode switch 373 is actuated.

现在参照图9A和9B,它们是图8的液体加热装置中使用的液体加热空间限定分装置的圆柱形壁部分的两个可替换实施例的简化示图。 Referring now to FIGS. 9A and 9B, the two liquids are liquid heating space heating apparatus of FIG. 8 apparatus using the cylindrical wall defining a sub-portion of an alternative embodiment of the simplified embodiment shown in FIG.

图9A示出本发明一个优选实施例,其中在不同高度以及沿圆柱形壁部分380的方位角位置设有液体入口小孔374、376和378。 9A shows a preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein a liquid inlet orifice 374, 376 and 378 at different azimuthal positions along the height of the cylindrical wall portion 380. 图9B示出一个可替换实施例,其中在圆柱形壁部分388中除了一个或多个小孔384和386之外,可设置一个大致垂直的狭槽382。 FIG 9B shows an alternative embodiment in which the cylindrical wall portion 388 in addition to one or more of the apertures 384 and 386, may be provided a substantially vertical slot 382.

现在参照图10A、10B、10C、10D、10E和10F,它们是表示图8中液体加热装置各操作模式的简化计时图。 Referring now to FIGS. 10A, 10B, 10C, 10D, 10E and 10F, which is a simplified timing chart of each operation mode of the liquid heating apparatus in FIG. 8. 转向图10A,可以看到响应于已加热液体喷射指令信号390(曲线A),加热元件322如曲线B中所示操作,该信号390一般通过操作者按压按钮,如与电加热控制电路350相连的开关370或372而提供。 Turning to Figure 10A, can be seen in response to a heated liquid injection command signal 390 (curve A), the heating element 322 as shown in operation curve B, the signal 390 is generally by an operator pressing a button, such as heating and control circuit 350 is electrically coupled to switch 370 or 372 is provided. 加热单元322的操作持续时间优选地大约为3分钟。 The heating unit 322 preferably operating duration about 3 minutes. 在这种操作模式下,加热元件324和迷宫式加热单元332分别如曲线C和D中所示操作。 In this mode of operation, the heating element 324 and labyrinthine heating unit 332 as shown by curve C and D, respectively, shown in operation.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,加热元件322的操作基本上是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the operation of the heating element 322 is substantially continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high current switching off caused.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到该温度到达一个峰值阈值392,然后周期性地在峰值阈值392与一个略低的阈值394之间变化。 We see that the temperature reaches a peak threshold value 392 and then periodically varies between the peak 394 of the thresholds 392 and a slightly lower. 这种温度上的变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室302供应未加热液体。 This change in temperature corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, thus corresponds to the curve F is shown as supplying unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber 302.

优选地,当由传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值392时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值394时停机。 Preferably, when measured by the temperature sensor 340 reaches the peak threshold value 392, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated fall down when the lower threshold 394 measured by the temperature sensor 340. 本实施例中,当迷宫式加热单元332不工作时,在出口334(曲线G)的液体的温度大致与传感器340测量的温度相同。 In this embodiment, the labyrinth when the heating unit 332 does not operate, the temperature sensor 340 is substantially the same as the temperature of the liquid measured at the outlet 334 (curve G),. 如曲线G中看到的,由于迷宫式加热单元332的热量保持能力,即使不工作,在出口334温度变化的幅度一般小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 As seen in graph G, by the heat of the heating unit 332 of the labyrinth holding ability, if not working, the magnitude of the outlet 334 is typically less than the magnitude of the temperature change measured by the sensor 340.

转向图10B,图10B表示提供更高液体喷射频率的一种替换工作模式,可以看到响应于已加热液体喷射指令信号396(曲线A),加热元件322和324优选地在一个大约3分钟的持续时间内如曲线B和C中所示操作,该信号396一般通过车辆操作者按压一个或多个按钮,如与电加热控制电路350相连的开关370或372而提供。 Turning to FIG. 10B, FIG. 10B shows an alternative mode of operation providing a higher frequency of the liquid jet, can be seen in response to a heated liquid injection command signal 396 (curve A), the heating elements 322 and 324 is preferably approximately 3 minutes in a the curves B and C shown in operation for the duration of the signal 396 typically by a vehicle operator pressing one or more buttons, such as an electrical heating control circuit 350 is connected to the switch 370 or 372 is provided. 在这种工作模式中,如曲线D中所示,迷宫式加热单元332不工作。 In this mode of operation, as shown by curve D, the labyrinth heating unit 332 does not operate.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,两个加热单元322和324的操作一般是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the heating operation of the two units 322 and 324 are generally continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high current switching off caused.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到该温度到达一个峰值阈值398,然后周期性地在峰值阈值398与一个略低的阈值400之间变化。 We see that the temperature reaches a peak threshold value 398 and then periodically varies between the peak 400 of the thresholds 398 and a slightly lower. 这种温度变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室供应未加热液体。 This temperature variation corresponds to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, such as supply thus corresponds to unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber F is shown in the graph.

优选地,当由传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值398时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值400时停机。 Preferably, when measured by the temperature sensor 340 reaches 398, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 actuated peak threshold, falls down when the lower threshold 340 measured by the temperature sensor 400. 本实施例中,当迷宫式加热单元332不工作时,在出口334(曲线G)的液体的温度大致与传感器340测量的温度相同。 In this embodiment, the labyrinth when the heating unit 332 does not operate, the temperature sensor 340 is substantially the same as the temperature of the liquid measured at the outlet 334 (curve G),. 如曲线G中看到的,由于迷宫式加热单元332的热量保持能力,即使不工作,在出口334温度变化的幅度一般小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 As seen in graph G, by the heat of the heating unit 332 of the labyrinth holding ability, if not working, the magnitude of the outlet 334 is typically less than the magnitude of the temperature change measured by the sensor 340.

比较图10B和10A,可以看到通过操作两个加热元件,即图10B实施例中的加热元件322和324,而不是如图10A中实施例那样仅操作一个加热元件322,可更快地加热液体加热腔室302中的液体,因而在一般3分钟的循环持续时间内,喷射液体的喷射频率和数量都得到提高。 Comparison of FIGS. 1OA and 10B, can be seen that by operating two heating elements, i.e. in the embodiment in FIG. 10B embodiment the heating elements 322 and 324, rather than operating as embodiment examples are only one heating element 322 in FIG. 1OA, may be heated faster ejection frequency and the number of the liquid heating chamber 302 in a liquid, and thus in the general cycle duration of 3 minutes, the ejection liquid can be improved. 本实施例中注意到,与图10A中的情况相比,由传感器340测量的液体的加热时间缩短了,而在泵335和/或泵338操作过程中液体的冷却时间略微加长。 In the present embodiment noted embodiment, as compared with the case of FIG. 10A, the heating time of the liquid measured by the sensor 340 is shortened, and the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is slightly longer operation time of the liquid during the cooling.

转向图10C,该图示出另一种替换工作模式,该模式提供与图10B实施例中相同的液体喷射频率,可以看到响应于已加热液体喷射指令信号402(曲线A),加热元件322、324和迷宫式加热单元332如曲线B、C和D中所示操作。 Steering 10C, the there is shown another alternative mode of operation, this mode provides a liquid jetting frequency view of the same embodiment of the 10B embodiment can be seen in response to a heated liquid injection command signal 402 (curve A), the heating element 322 , 324, and a heating unit 332 such as a labyrinth curves B, C and D operate in FIG. 在图10C中所示操作模式下致动设备可以是响应于任何操作者输入,或者是预定的。 In the operating mode shown in FIG. 10C actuating device may be in response to any input to the operator, or predetermined.

根据本发明一个优选实施例,在每个操作循环中两个加热元件322和324以及迷宫式加热单元332的操作基本上是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in each operating cycle of the heating elements 322 and two operation 324 and the labyrinth of the heating unit 332 is substantially continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high currents caused by switching power outages. 对于每个工作循环,加热元件322和324和迷宫式加热单元332的操作持续时间优选地大约为3分钟。 For each duty cycle, the duration of operation of heating element 322 is preferably a labyrinth and 324 and the heating unit 332 is approximately 3 minutes.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到该温度到达一个峰值阈值404,然后周期性地在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值406之间变化。 We see that the temperature reaches a peak threshold value 404, then the variation between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold 406 periodically. 这种温度上的变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室302供应未加热液体。 This change in temperature corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, thus corresponds to the curve F is shown as supplying unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber 302. 优选地,当由传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值404时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值406时停机。 Preferably, when the temperature reaches a peak threshold value by the sensor 340 measured 404, pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated fall down when the lower threshold 340 measured by the temperature sensor 406. 本实施例中,当迷宫式加热单元332工作时,在出口334(曲线G)的由参考数字408表示的液体温度总体上大于传感器340测量的温度。 In this embodiment, when the labyrinthine heating unit 332 work, the liquid temperature is generally in the outlet 334 (curve G) is represented by reference numeral 408 is greater than the temperature measured by sensor 340. 如曲线G中看到的,由于迷宫式加热单元332的操作,在出口334温度变化的幅度一般小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 As seen in the graph G, because the operation of the heating unit 332 of the labyrinth, the magnitude of the outlet 334 is typically less than the magnitude of the temperature change measured by the sensor 340.

比较图10C和10B,可以看到通过除操作图10B实施例中的加热元件322和324之外还操作图10C实施例中的迷宫式加热元件332,液体在出口334被加热到高于由传感器340测量温度的一个温度峰值408。 Comparison of FIGS. 10B and 10C, 332 can be seen, the liquid is heated by the operation of other embodiment in FIG. 10B embodiment in addition to the heating elements 322 and 324 in FIG. 10C embodiment further operation of the embodiment of the labyrinth in the heating element to above the outlet 334 by the sensor measuring the temperature of a peak temperature of 340 408. 这种补充加热并不影响每单位时间喷射液体的喷射频率或量。 This supplemental heating does not affect the frequency per unit time of the injection or the ejection amount of the liquid.

转向图10D,该图示出另一种替换工作模式,该模式提供与图10C实施例中大致相同的液体喷射功能,可以看到除一般通过车辆操作者按压与电加热控制电路350相连的按钮或者通过执行任何其它适当的驾驶员起动的致动而提供的已加热液体喷射指令信号(曲线A)之外,还提供了以参考数字410表示的一个即时喷射指令信号。 Steering 10D, the there is shown another alternative mode of operation, this mode provides substantially the same as in FIG. 10C liquid ejection functions embodiment, a button can be seen by the vehicle operator presses typically electrically connected to the heating control circuit 350 in addition injection command signal to the liquid (curve a) is performed by heating or any other suitable driver starts the actuation provided, also it provides an immediate injection command reference numeral 410 denotes a signal.

响应于该即时喷射指令信号410,即使在加热元件322和324开始工作之前,泵335和/或338工作而从液体加热腔室302向出口334供应加压液体。 Immediate response to the injection command signal 410, even before the heating elements 322 and 324 starts working, pump 335 and / or 338 the pressurized fluid from the work chamber 302 to the liquid heating chamber 334 supply outlet.

在相对于即时喷射指令410的任何时间,操作者还可通过按压与电加热控制电路350相连的一个或多个按钮,使加热元件322和324以用迷宫式加热元件332如曲线B、C和D中所示工作,而提供一个这里以参考数字412(曲线A)表示的已加热液体喷射指令信号。 With respect to the injection command at any time instant 410, the operator may be one or more buttons coupled to the electrical circuit 350 by pressing a heating control, the heating elements 322 and 324 with a labyrinthine heating element 332 as shown by curve B, C, and As shown in the working D, to provide a heated liquid injection command signal is here represented in a reference numeral 412 (curve a).

如图10C的实施例中那样,两个加热元件322和324以及迷宫式加热单元332的操作基本上是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 As shown in Example 10C above, operating two heating elements 322 and 324 and the labyrinth of the heating unit 332 is substantially continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high current switching off caused. 加热元件322和324以及迷宫式加热单元332的操作持续时间一般大约为每个工作循环3分钟。 Heating elements 322 and 324, and the operation duration of the labyrinth heating unit 332 is typically about 3 minutes per operating cycle.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到当加热元件322和324工作时,该温度到达峰值阈值414,然后周期性地在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值416之间变化。 See 324 and 322 when operation of the heating element, the temperature reaches a peak threshold value 414, then the variation between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold 416 periodically. 这种温度上的变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室302供应未加热液体。 This change in temperature corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, thus corresponds to the curve F is shown as supplying unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber 302.

优选地,在提供了已加热液体喷射指令信号412之后,当传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值414时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值416时停机。 Preferably, after providing a heated liquid injection command signal 412, when the temperature sensor 340 measured reaches a peak threshold value 414, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated when the falling lower by the temperature sensor 340 measured threshold down 416. 如上所述,泵335和/或338还响应于信号410致动。 As described above, the pump 335 and / or 338 is further responsive to the actuation signal 410.

本实施例中,在迷宫式加热元件332工作过程中,在出口334(曲线G)的液体温度418高于由传感器340测量的温度。 Embodiment, in labyrinthine heating element 332 during operation, the temperature of the liquid at outlet 334 (curve G) is higher than the temperature 418 measured by the sensor 340 of the present embodiment. 如曲线G中看到的,由于迷宫式加热元件332的操作,在出口334处的温度变化幅度一般小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 As seen in the graph G, since the operation of the labyrinth of the heating element 332, the temperature change width of the outlet 334 is typically less than the amplitude measured by the sensor 340.

比较图10D和10C,可以看到泵335和/或338响应于即时喷射指令信号410的操作,并不干扰如上面参照图10A-10C所述的设备的操作。 Comparison of FIGS. 1OC and 10D, can be seen that the pump 335 and / or 338 in response to the immediate operation of the injection instruction signal 410, does not interfere with the operation of apparatus 10A-10C above with reference to FIG.

比较图10D和10B,可以看到通过除操作图10B实施例中的加热元件322和324之外还操作图10D实施例中的迷宫式加热元件332,液体在出口334被加热到高于由传感器340测量温度的一个温度峰值418。 Comparison of FIGS. 10B and 10D, can be seen by FIG. 10B embodiment in addition to the operation of the heating elements 322 and 324 than further embodiment operation in the labyrinth of the heating element 332 in FIG. 10D embodiment, the liquid is heated to above the outlet 334 by the sensor measuring the temperature of a peak temperature of 340 418. 这种补充加热并不影响每单位时间喷射液体的喷射频率或量。 This supplemental heating does not affect the frequency per unit time of the injection or the ejection amount of the liquid.

转向图10E,该图示出另一种替换工作模式,该模式提供与图10D实施例中大致相同的液体喷射功能,可以看到除已加热液体喷射指令信号422(曲线A)之外,还提供了以参考数字420表示的一个即时喷射指令信号,该已加热液体喷射指令信号422一般通过车辆操作者按压与电加热控制电路350相连的按钮如按钮370和372,或者通过执行任何其它适当的驾驶员起动的致动而提供。 Turning to FIG. 10E, there is shown another alternative mode of operation, this mode provides substantially the same as in FIG. 10D liquid ejection functions embodiment, signal 422 can be seen outside (curve A) in addition to the heated liquid ejecting instruction, further providing an instant injection command signal to reference numeral 420 represents, which has been heated liquid injection command signal 422 generally presses the button control circuit is connected to 350, such as buttons and the electric heating 370 and 372 by the vehicle operator, or by performing any other suitable driver starts the actuation provided.

在已加热液体喷射指令信号422之前,优选地在由传感器352测量的外界大气温度低于某一预定阈值的情况下车辆点火之后,可如曲线D中所示致动迷宫式加热元件332。 The heated liquid prior to injection command signal 422, preferably 352 measured by the sensor is lower than the outside air temperature after the ignition of the vehicle, the curve D can actuate the heating element 332 shown labyrinth case where a predetermined threshold value.

如曲线F所示,响应于该即时喷射指令信号420,即使在加热元件322和324工作之前,泵335和/或338工作而从液体加热腔室302向出口334供应加压液体。 As shown in Curve F, the immediate response to the injection command signal 420, even before the operation of the heating elements 322 and 324, pump 335 and / or 338 the pressurized fluid from the work chamber 302 to the liquid heating chamber 334 supply outlet.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到当加热元件322和324工作时,该温度从大气温度423上升,并到达一个峰值阈值424,然后周期性地在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值426之间变化。 When the heating element 322 and the saw 324 is operated, the temperature rise from the atmospheric temperature 423 and reaches a peak threshold value 424, then the variation between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold 426 periodically. 这种温度上的变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室302供应未加热液体。 This change in temperature corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, thus corresponds to the curve F is shown as supplying unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber 302.

优选地,在提供了已加热液体喷射指令信号422之后,和/或当传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值424时,泵33 5和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值426时停机。 Preferably, after providing a heated liquid injection command signal 422, and / or when the temperature sensor 340 measured reaches a peak threshold value 424, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated when falling by the temperature sensor 340 measured down time when a lower threshold 426. 如上所述,泵335和/或338还响应于信号420致动。 As described above, the pump 335 and / or 338 is further responsive to the actuation signal 420.

本实施例中,在迷宫式加热元件332工作过程中,在出口334(曲线G)的液体温度高于由传感器340测量的温度。 In this embodiment, in labyrinthine heating element 332 during operation, the outlet 334 (curve G) is higher than the temperature by the liquid temperature sensor 340 measured. 由于迷宫式加热元件332从开始的操作,在即时喷射指令信号420之前,在出口334处的基本温度是由参考数字425表示的高于大气温度423的一个升高温度。 Higher than the atmospheric temperature due to the heating element 332 from the labyrinth operation starting at an instant prior to the injection instruction signal 420, the outlet 334 at a temperature substantially by the reference numeral 425 denotes an elevated temperature 423. 在泵335和/或338响应于即时喷射指令信号420而工作的过程中,在将未加热液体供应到迷宫式加热单元332时,出口334处的液体温度略微下降。 The pump 335 and / or 338 in response to an instant during the injection command signal 420 which operates in the unheated liquid supply 332 to the liquid temperature at the outlet 334 drops slightly labyrinth heating unit.

如图10C和10D的实施例中那样,两个加热元件322和324以及迷宫式加热单元332的操作基本上是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 10C and FIG. 10D, as in the embodiment, operating two heating elements 322 and 324 and the labyrinth of the heating unit 332 is substantially continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high currents caused by switching power off . 优选地,加热元件322和324的连续工作持续时间大约为每个工作循环3分钟。 Preferably, the heating elements 322 and 324 of continuous operation duration of approximately 3 minutes per operating cycle.

在响应于已加热液体喷射指令信号422的工作循环中,在出口334处的液体温度到达一个温度428,且由于迷宫式加热单元332的操作,在出口334处的温度变化幅度小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 In the signal duty cycle in response to a heated liquid injection command 422, the liquid temperature at the outlet 334 reaches a temperature of 428, and since the operation of the labyrinth heating unit 332, the temperature change width outlet 334 is smaller than the measurement by the sensor 340 Amplitude.

比较图10E和10C,可以看到泵335和/或338响应于即时喷射指令信号410的操作,并不干扰如上面参照图10A-10C所述的设备的操作。 Comparison of FIGS. 10E and 1OC, the pump 335 can be seen and / or 338 in response to the injection command signal for real time operation 410 does not interfere with the operation of the apparatus 10A-10C above with reference to FIG.

比较图10E和10B,可以看到通过除操作图10B实施例中的加热元件322和324之外还操作图10E实施例中的迷宫式加热元件332,液体在出口334被加热到高于由传感器340测量温度的一个温度峰值428。 Comparison of FIGS. 10B and 10E, can be seen through the embodiment of a heating element other than the operation of FIG. 10B embodiment 322 and embodiment 324 also operates labyrinthine heating element embodiment 332 of FIG. 10E, the liquid is heated to a temperature above the outlet 334 by the sensor measuring the temperature of a peak temperature of 340 428. 这种补充加热并不影响每单位时间喷射液体的喷射频率或量。 This supplemental heating does not affect the frequency per unit time of the injection or the ejection amount of the liquid.

图10F表示图8中设备的另一个替换操作模式,其中应用于由传感器340测量的温度的温度阈值根据喷射液体的沸点而变化。 FIG. 10F another diagram showing alternative mode of operation apparatus 8, wherein the temperature change is applied to a threshold temperature sensor 340 measured according to the boiling point of the liquid ejection. 这种模式能够有效地加热喷射液体,而不必将液体加热到超过其沸点。 This model can be effectively heat the ejection liquid, the liquid will not heated to above its boiling point.

可以理解,喷射液体的沸点是其中的防冻剂和其它填加剂的浓度的函数。 It will be appreciated, the boiling point of the ejection liquid is filled therein antifreeze and other additives as a function of concentration. 本实施例中,电加热控制电路350可被操作而监测由传感器340测量的温度。 In this embodiment, the electric heating operation of the control circuit 350 may be monitored by the temperature sensor 340 measured. 一旦在一个或两个加热元件322和324的连续工作过程中到达一个相对稳定的温度444,表示已经到达沸腾温度,该稳定温度444由电路350表示,电路350优选地将一个峰值温度阈值445设定为比由参考数字444表示的传感稳定温度低几个℃。 Upon reaching a relatively stable temperature in one or two heating elements continuous operation 322 and 324 of the process 444, represents has reached the boiling temperature, that stable temperature 444 is represented by the circuit 350, circuit 350 is preferably a peak temperature threshold value 445 is provided stable temperature than the sensor as a reference numeral 444 denotes a low number deg.] C. 以这种方式实现了对喷射液体的能量和液体加热。 In this manner energy and liquid heating of the ejection liquid.

可以理解,如曲线D中所示,在所示的工作模式中,迷宫式加热单元332不工作。 It will be appreciated, as shown by curve D, the operating mode shown, the labyrinth heating unit 332 does not operate. 但可以设想,在这种工作模式中,迷宫式加热单元332可以工作。 It is contemplated that in this mode of operation, labyrinthine heating unit 332 may operate.

转向图10F,可以看到除已加热液体喷射指令信号442(曲线A)之外,还提供了以参考数字440表示的一个即时喷射指令信号,该已加热液体喷射指令信号442一般通过车辆操作者按压与电加热控制电路350相连的按钮如按钮370和372,或者通过执行任何其它适当的驾驶员起动的致动而提供。 Turning to FIG. 1OF, in addition to the signal 442 can be seen (curve A) the heated liquid ejecting instruction, also provides an instant injection command signal is represented by reference numeral 440, the heated liquid injection command signal 442 typically by a vehicle operator pressing and heating control circuit electrically connected to buttons such as buttons 350 and 370 by performing any other suitable actuation driver starts to provide 372 or.

响应于该即时喷射指令信号440,即使在加热元件322和324开始工作之前,泵335和/或338工作而从液体加热腔室302向出口334供应加压液体。 Immediate response to the injection command signal 440, even before the heating elements 322 and 324 starts working, pump 335 and / or 338 the pressurized fluid from the work chamber 302 to the liquid heating chamber 334 supply outlet.

曲线E表示在液体加热腔室302的出口由传感器340测量的温度。 Curve E represents the outlet temperature sensor 340 measured by the liquid heating chamber 302. 看到当加热元件322和324工作时,该温度从大气温度443开始,首先到达稳定温度444,之后限定在一个峰值阈值445,然后周期性地在该峰值阈值445与一个略低的阈值446之间变化。 See when 322 and 324, operation of the heating element, the temperature is 443 starting from ambient temperature, first reaches stable temperature 444, after defining a peak threshold value 445 and then periodically the peak threshold value 445 and a somewhat lower threshold value 446 of the between changes. 这种温度上的变化对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,因而对应于如曲线F中所示向液体加热腔室302供应未加热液体。 This change in temperature corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield circulation, thus corresponds to the curve F is shown as supplying unheated liquid to the liquid heating chamber 302.

优选地,在提供了已加热液体喷射指令信号442之后,当传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值445时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值446时停机。 Preferably, providing a heated liquid injection command after the signal 442, when the temperature sensor 340 measured reaches a peak threshold value 445, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated when the falling lower by the temperature sensor 340 measured threshold down 446. 如上所述,泵335和/或338还响应于信号440致动。 As described above, the pump 335 and / or 338 is further responsive to the actuation signal 440.

优选地,当传感器340测量的温度到达峰值阈值445时,泵335和/或泵338致动,当由传感器340测量的温度落在较低的阈值446时停机。 Preferably, when the temperature measured by sensor 340 reaches the peak threshold value 445, the pump 335 and / or pump 338 is actuated fall down when the lower threshold 340 measured by the temperature sensor 446. 本实施例中,当迷宫式加热单元332不工作时,在出口334处的液体温度(曲线G)大致与传感器340测量的温度相同。 Embodiment, when the labyrinth heating unit 332 does not operate, the temperature sensor 340 is substantially the same measured at a liquid temperature (curve G) outlet 334 of the present embodiment. 如在曲线G中看到的,当不工作时,由于迷宫式加热单元332的热量保持能力,在出口334处的温度变化幅度一般小于由传感器340测量的幅度。 As seen in the graph G, when not working, due to the heat of the heating unit 332 the labyrinth holding ability, the temperature change width at the outlet 334 is typically less than the amplitude measured by the sensor 340.

如图10B的工作模式中那样,两个加热元件322和324的操作基本上是连续的,而不是间断的,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 Operating mode as in FIG. 10B, two operation 322 and heating element 324 is substantially continuous, rather than intermittent, thereby preventing possible due to the high current switching off caused. 对于每个工作循环,加热元件322和324的操作持续时间优选地大约为3分钟。 For each duty cycle, the duration of operation of heating element 322 is preferably approximately 3 and 324 minutes.

比较图10F和10E,可以看到图8中设备响应于可能随时间变化而在可变峰值温度阈值模式下的操作,并不干扰如上面参照图10A-10E所述的设备的操作。 Comparison of FIGS. 10E and 10F, the device can be seen in FIG. 8 may vary over time in response to operate at a variable peak temperature threshold mode, as described above does not interfere with the operation of the device 10A-10E with reference to FIG.

比较图10F和10C,可以看到泵335和/或338响应于即时喷射指令信号440的操作,并不干扰如上面参照图10A-10C所述的设备的操作。 Comparison of FIGS. 1OC and 10F, can be seen that the pump 335 and / or 338 in response to the operation of the instant injection command signal 440, as described above does not interfere with the operation of the apparatus 10A-10C with reference to FIG.

可以理解,图8中设备在可变峰值温度阈值模式下在的操作使峰值温度445成为液体成分的函数。 It will be appreciated, the apparatus of Figure 8 in a variable peak temperature threshold mode in operation 445 as a function of the peak temperature of the liquid component. 因此,峰值温度445可大于或小于图10B中的峰值温度398。 Thus, the peak temperature 445 may be greater or less than peak temperature 398 in FIG. 10B.

现在参照图11及图12A和12B,图11是根据本发明的另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的部分图形示图,图12A和12B是沿图11中各线XIIA-XIIA和XIIB-XIIB所取的剖视图。 Referring now to FIGS. 11 and 12A and 12B, FIG 11 is a another presently preferred embodiment of the partial graph illustrating constructed and windshield wiper and an operation of the ejector device, FIGS. 12A and 12B are each in FIG. 11 along XIIA-XIIA and XIIB-XIIB cross-sectional view taken in line.

如在图11、12A和12B中看到的,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个固定到轴502上的底座500,该轴502优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 As seen in FIGS. 11,12A and 12B, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base 500 fixed to the shaft 502, the shaft 502 is preferably constituted by a conventional wiper drive portion of a conventional car means (not shown) for driving the reciprocating rotational motion.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置510包括一个安装到底座500上的支承臂512,该装置510固定到底座500上,用于与之一起作往复旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 510 includes a base mounted in the end 500 of the support arm 512 in the end of the device 510 is fixed on the base 500 for reciprocating rotational motion together therewith. 装置510优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置514和至少一个加热液体喷射装置516,它们与底座500一起进行往复旋转运动。 Means 510 preferably includes a windshield wiper device 514 and the reciprocating rotational motion of the at least one heating liquid ejecting apparatus 516, 500 are performed together with the base. 喷射装置516接收加压流体,通过流体导管518从液体加热装置520喷射,该液体加热装置520可与图8中的液体加热装置相同。 Receiving a pressurized fluid injection means 516, 520 is heated from the liquid ejecting apparatus through the fluid conduit 518, device 520 may be the same heated liquid in the liquid heating apparatus 8 in FIG.

可选择地,如图1A-7B的实施例中那样,底座500可具有一个与之相连的壳体(未图示),该壳体被设置成用于相对于底座作从动线性运动。 Alternatively, as shown in FIG 1A-7B embodiments above, the base 500 may have a housing (not shown) connected thereto, the housing is arranged to be driven relative to the base for linear movement. 该线性运动优选地通过一个凸轮驱动装置(未图示)提供。 This linear motion is preferably provided by a cam drive means (not shown). 这种类型的适当驱动装置可如在型号为No.220C的梅赛德斯一奔驰汽车上作为原装设备安装的风挡刮水器上购买到。 This type of suitable drive means, such as may be purchased on the windshield wiper model No.220C on a Mercedes Benz installed as original equipment.

在所示实施例中,来自液体加热装置520的已加热液体优选地通过一个泵522而在流体导管518侧部循环并穿过加热液体喷射装置516,该泵522与在液体喷射装置516处接合的一对导管524和526配合而限定了一个连续循环路径。 In the illustrated embodiment, the liquid from the heating means 520 is preferably heated by a liquid pump 522 and the fluid conduit 518 and through the heating cycle side liquid ejecting apparatus 516, the pump 522 in engagement with the liquid ejecting apparatus 516 a pair of conduits 524 and 526 cooperate to define a continuous circulation path.

本发明的一个特别的特点在于,导管524和526可限定在一个整体导管元件528中,图12A中示出其一个优选的截面,其中导管524和526优选地大致环绕导管518,从而高效地在其间传导热量。 A particular feature of the invention is that the conduit 524 and 526 may be defined in an integral conduit element 528, FIG. 12A shows one of its preferred cross-section, wherein conduits 524 and 526 preferably substantially surrounds the conduit 518, thereby efficiently in during the conduction of heat. 优选地设置一个外部绝热体527。 It is preferably provided with an external insulation 527.

如图12B中看到的,液体喷射装置516优选地形成一个与导管524和526连接的内部液体循环路径529。 Seen in FIG. 12B, the liquid ejecting apparatus 516 is preferably formed with a conduit 529 524 and 526 connected to internal liquid circulation path. 流体循环路径529环绕一个已加热喷射液体路径530,该路径530将导管518与一个喷头532连接。 Fluid circulation path 529 surrounds a heated liquid injection path 530, the path 530 to a conduit 518 connected to the nozzle 532.

实际上,在车辆操作者起动加热喷射操作之后,泵522优选地立即致动,开始从液体加热器装置520循环流体,从而单一地加热液体喷射装置516以及导管518中的液体,从而在喷射时将导管518中的液体加热到大气温度以上的一个温度。 Indeed, after the vehicle operator to start injection heating operation, the pump 522 is preferably actuated immediately, starting from the liquid circulating fluid heater apparatus 520, so that a single heating liquid ejecting apparatus 516, and the liquid conduit 518 so that the injection time the liquid conduit 518 is heated to a temperature above the atmospheric temperature. 当存在相对较长的导管518时,如在向后窗和前灯提供加热液体喷射的系统中,这样特别有用。 When the system there is a relatively long conduit 518, as to provide a heated liquid injected headlights and a rear window, which is particularly useful.

现在参照图13,图13是根据本发明的另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的简化部分图形示图。 Referring now to FIG. 13, FIG. 13 is constructed and operating in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present invention is simplified partial diagram of a windshield wiper pattern and the ejector apparatus.

如在图13中看到的,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个固定到轴552上的底座550,该轴552被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线554旋转。 As seen in FIG. 13, a windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base 550 fixed to the shaft 552, the shaft 552 is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis 554 of rotation. 轴552优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 The shaft 552 is preferably a conventional wiper drive means (not shown) for driving the reciprocating rotational motion of a car by a portion of a conventional configuration.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置560包括一个安装到底座550上的支承臂562,该装置560固定到底座550上,用于与之一起作旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 560 comprises a base mounted in the end 550 of the support arm 562 fixed to the apparatus 560 in the end seat 550 for rotational movement together therewith. 装置560优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置564和至少一个加热液体喷射装置566,它们与底座550一起进行旋转运动。 Device 560 preferably includes a windshield wiper apparatus 564 and the rotational movement of the at least one heating liquid ejecting apparatus 566, 550 are performed together with the base. 喷射装置566接收加压流体,通过流体导管568从液体加热装置570喷射,该液体加热装置570可与图8中的液体加热装置相同。 Receiving a pressurized fluid injection means 566, 570 is heated from the liquid ejecting apparatus through the fluid conduit 568, the fluid heating device 570 may be the same as in FIG. 8 the liquid heating apparatus.

可选择地,如图1A-7B的实施例中那样,底座550可具有一个与之相连的壳体(未图示),该壳体被设置成用于相对于底座作从动线性运动。 Alternatively, as shown in FIG 1A-7B embodiments above, the base 550 may have a housing (not shown) connected thereto, the housing is arranged to be driven relative to the base for linear movement. 该线性运动优选地通过一个凸轮驱动装置(未图示)提供。 This linear motion is preferably provided by a cam drive means (not shown). 这种类型的适当驱动装置可如在型号为No.220C的梅赛德斯-奔驰汽车上作为原装设备安装的风挡刮水器上购买到。 This type of drive means may be suitable as model No.220C Mercedes - later to the windshield wiper as original equipment on Mercedes-Benz automobiles installation.

在所示实施例中,来自液体加热装置570的已加热液体优选地通过一个泵572而在流体导管568侧部循环并穿过加热液体喷射装置566,该泵572与在液体喷射装置566处接合的一对导管574和576配合而限定了一个连续循环路径。 In the illustrated embodiment, heated liquid from liquid heating apparatus 570 is preferably by a pump 572 in the side portion 568 and through the fluid conduit circulating the heated liquid ejecting apparatus 566, the pump 572 in engagement with the liquid ejecting apparatus 566 a pair of conduits 574 and 576 cooperate to define a continuous circulation path.

本发明的一个特别的特点在于,导管574和576可限定在一个整体导管元件578中,其中导管574和576优选地大致环绕导管568,从而高效地与之进行热量传导,并包括一个外部绝热体(未图示)。 A particular feature of the invention that the catheter 574, and 576 may be defined in an integral conduit element 578, wherein conduits 574 and 576 preferably substantially surrounds the conduit 568, to efficiently perform heat conduction therewith, and an outer insulation comprising (not shown).

实际上,在车辆操作者起动加热喷射操作之后,泵572优选地立即致动,开始从液体加热器装置570循环流体,从而单一地加热液体喷射装置566以及导管568中的液体,从而在喷射时将导管568中的液体加热到大气温度以上的一个温度。 Indeed, after the vehicle operator to start injection heating operation, the pump 572 is preferably actuated immediately, starting from the liquid circulating fluid heater apparatus 570, so that a single heating liquid ejecting apparatus 566 and the liquid conduit 568 so that the injection time the liquid conduit 568 is heated to a temperature above the atmospheric temperature. 当存在相对较长的导管568时,如在向后窗和前灯提供加热液体喷射的系统中,这样特别有用。 When the system there is a relatively long conduit 568, as to provide a heated liquid injected headlights and a rear window, which is particularly useful.

现在参照图14及图15A和15B,图14是根据本发明的另一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置的部分图形示图,图15A和15B是沿图14中各线XVA-XVA和XVB-XVB所取的剖视图。 Now and 15B, FIG 14 is a another presently preferred embodiment of the partial graph illustrating constructed and windshield wiper and an operation of the ejector device, 15A and 15B are taken along with reference to FIG. 14 and FIG. 15A FIG. 14 each XVA-XVA and XVB-XVB cross-sectional view taken in line.

如在图14、15A和15B中看到的,风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个固定到轴602上的底座600,该轴602被设置成用于绕一个旋转轴线604旋转。 As seen in FIGS. 14,15A and 15B, the windshield wiper and sprayer device comprises a base 600 fixed to the shaft 602, the shaft 602 is arranged for rotation about a rotational axis 604 of rotation. 轴602优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 Axis 602 is preferably a conventional wiper drive means (not shown) driven by reciprocating rotational motion of a portion constituting a conventional car.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置610包括一个安装到底座600上的支承臂612,该装置610固定到底座600上,用于与之一起作往复旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 610 includes a base mounted in the end 600 of the support arm 612 fixed to the apparatus 610 in the end seat 600 for reciprocating rotational motion together therewith. 装置610优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置614和至少一个加热液体喷射装置616,它们与底座600一起进行往复旋转运动。 Device 610 preferably includes a windshield wiper device 614 and the reciprocating rotational motion of the at least one heating liquid ejecting apparatus 616, 600 are performed together with the base. 喷射装置616接收加压流体,通过流体导管618从液体加热装置620喷射,该液体加热装置620可与图8中的液体加热装置相同。 Ejection means 616 receives a pressurized fluid, heat from the liquid ejecting apparatus 620 through the fluid conduit 618, the fluid heating device 620 may be the same as in FIG. 8 the liquid heating apparatus.

可选择地,如图1A-7B的实施例中那样,底座600可具有一个与之相连的壳体(未图示),该壳体被设置成用于相对于底座作从动线性运动。 Alternatively, as shown in FIG 1A-7B embodiments above, the base 600 may have a housing (not shown) connected thereto, the housing is arranged to be driven relative to the base for linear movement. 该线性运动优选地通过一个凸轮驱动装置(未图示)提供。 This linear motion is preferably provided by a cam drive means (not shown). 这种类型的适当驱动装置可如在型号为No.220C的梅赛德斯-奔驰汽车上作为原装设备安装的风挡刮水器上购买到。 This type of drive means may be suitable as model No.220C Mercedes - later to the windshield wiper as original equipment on Mercedes-Benz automobiles installation.

在所示实施例中,来自液体加热装置620的已加热液体优选地通过一个泵628而在流体导管618侧部循环,并穿过位于风挡刮水器叶片626中的一对接合的导管622和624,该泵628与一对导管630和632配合而限定了一个连续循环路径,该对导管630和632与导管622和624连接。 In the illustrated embodiment, heated liquid from the heating means 620 is preferably a liquid by a pump 628 and side portion 618 circulating in the fluid conduit, and a pair of conduits 622 positioned through engagement of the windshield wiper blades 626 and 624, the pump 628 and a pair of conduits 630 and 632 cooperate to define a continuous circulation path, the pair of conduits 630 and 632 connected to the conduit 622 and 624.

本发明的一个特别的特点在于,导管630和632可限定在一个整体导管元件634中,图15B中示出其一个优选的剖面,其中导管630和632优选地大致环绕导管618,从而高效地与之进行热量传导。 A particular feature of the invention that the catheter 630, and 632 may be defined in an integral conduit element 634, FIG. 15B shows one of its preferred cross-section, wherein conduits 630 and 632 preferably substantially surrounds the conduit 618, to efficiently and for the conduction of heat. 优选地设置一个外部绝热体636。 It is preferably provided with an external insulation 636.

液体喷射装置616优选地形成一个密封空间,该密封空间从导管618接收处于压力下的喷射液体,并设有多个用于将压力下的液体喷射到车辆风挡上的喷射出口638。 Forming a sealed space 616 is preferably a liquid ejecting apparatus, the ejection liquid receiving space sealed under pressure from conduit 618, and a plurality of fluid under pressure for ejection to the ejection outlet 638 on the vehicle windscreen.

实际上,在车辆操作者起动加热喷射操作之后,泵628优选地立即致动,开始从液体加热器装置620循环流体,从而单一地加热液体喷射装置626以及导管618中的液体,从而在喷射时将导管618中的液体加热到大气温度以上的一个温度。 Indeed, after the vehicle operator to start injection heating operation, the pump 628 is preferably actuated immediately, starting from the liquid heating fluid circulating device 620, so that a single heating liquid ejecting apparatus 626 and liquid conduit 618 so that the injection time the liquid conduit 618 is heated to a temperature above the atmospheric temperature. 当存在相对较长的导管618时,如在向后窗和前灯提供加热液体喷射的系统中,这样特别有用。 When the system there is a relatively long conduit 618, as to provide a heated liquid injected headlights and a rear window, which is particularly useful.

现在参照图16A和16B、17A和17B以及18A和18B,它们表示根据本发明一个优选实施例构造和操作的风挡刮水器和喷射器装置,该装置具有刮水方向响应喷射功能。 Referring now to FIGS. 16A and 16B, 17A and 17B, and 18A and 18B, which represents injector and windshield wiper device according to one preferred embodiment constructed and operative in accordance with the present invention, the injection means having a wiping direction responsive function. 图16B、17B和18B是分别沿线XVIB、XVIIB和XVIIIB而取的。 FIG. 16B, 17B and 18B are taken along lines XVIB, XVIIB and XVIIIB be taken. 转向图16A和16B,可以看到风挡刮水器和喷射器装置包括一个固定到轴702上的底座700,该轴702被设置成用于沿风挡706在极限位置708和709之间绕一个旋转轴线704旋转。 Turning to FIG. 16A and 16B, and windshield wiper can be seen that the ejector apparatus comprises a base 700 fixed to the shaft 702, the shaft 702 is provided for a rotational direction around the windshield 706 between extreme positions 708 and 709 the axis 704 of rotation. 轴702优选地由一个构成常规汽车一部分的常规的刮水器驱动装置(未图示)驱动而往复旋转运动。 The shaft 702 is preferably a conventional wiper drive means (not shown) for driving the reciprocating rotational motion of a car by a portion of a conventional configuration.

一个风挡刮水器和加热液体喷射器装置710包括一个安装到底座700上的支承臂712,该装置710固定到底座700上,用于与之一起作旋转运动。 A windshield wiper and heated liquid sprayer device 710 comprises a base mounted in the end 700 of the support arm 712 of the fixing device 710 in the end seat 700 for rotational movement together therewith. 装置710优选地包括一个风挡刮水器装置714和一对液体喷射器716和717,它们与底座700一起进行旋转运动。 Device 710 preferably includes a windshield wiper device 714 and a pair of liquid jet 716 and 717, which together with the rotational movement of the base 700. 喷射装置716接收加压流体,通过流体导管718从液体加热装置(未图示)喷射,该液体加热装置可与图8中的液体加热装置相同。 Receiving a pressurized fluid injection means 716, the liquid 718 ejected from the heating means (not shown) through a fluid conduit, the fluid heating apparatus may be the same liquid heating apparatus in FIG. 8.

如图16A和16B中看到的,如参考数字720所示,支承臂712优选地靠近其远端扭转,从而出现一个端部722,该端部722所在的平面大致垂直于风挡706的表面。 See FIG. 16A and 16B, as shown by reference numeral 720, the support arm 712 is preferably twisted adjacent its distal end, which appears an end portion 722, the plane of the end portion 722 is located substantially perpendicular to the surface 706 of the windshield. 一个风挡刮水器装置714大致沿轴线724松驰地枢转安装到端部722上,该风挡刮水器装置714优选地包括一个常规刮水器叶片725,该刮水器叶片725可滑动和取出地安装在一个轨道支承元件725中。 Substantially along the axis 714 a windscreen wiper device 724 loosely pivotally mounted to the end portions 722, 714 is preferably the windscreen wiper device 725 includes a conventional wiper blade, the wiper blade 725 slidably and removably mounted on a rail support member 725.

轨道支承元件725优选地与一对侧部连接壁730一体成形,该对侧部连接壁730形成对准的小孔732,大致沿轴线724延伸的一个轴734穿过该小孔732。 Track support element 725 is preferably connected with a pair of side wall portions 730 are integrally molded, the pair of side wall portion 730 connected to an alignment apertures 732, a shaft 724 extending substantially along the axis 734 through the aperture 732. 这种设置使得风挡刮水器装置714可以常规方式绕轴线724枢转。 This arrangement allows the windscreen wiper device 714 can pivot about the axis 724 in a conventional manner.

本发明的一个特别的特征在于,风挡刮水器装置714松驰地安装到端部722上还允许轨道支承元件728相对于端部722绕一个枢转轴线736枢转,该枢转轴线736优选地与轴线724相交。 A particular feature of the invention is that the windshield wiper apparatus 714 loosely mounted to the end also allows the rail support element with respect to 722 728 722 736 about a pivot axis of the pivot end portion, preferably the pivot axis 736 with the axis 724 intersect. 这种枢转的程度大致由箭头738表示。 This degree of pivoting substantially represented by arrow 738. 根据本发明一个优选实施例,使用这种由箭头738表示的绕轴线736的枢转,根据在任何给定的时刻风挡刮水器装置714的运动方向,将液体导引到一个或两个喷射器716和717。 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the use of such pivot about an axis 738 indicated by arrow 736, according to the direction of movement of the windscreen wiper device 714 at any given moment, the liquid jet directed to one or two 716 and 717.

在本发明的所示实施例中,在端部722上形成至少一个配合表面740,该配合表面740可与通过导管718接收加压液体的两个液体导管742和744中的一个成液体流量中断操作配合,从而中断从中穿过的液体流量。 In the illustrated embodiment of the present invention, at least one liquid conduit form two mating surfaces 740, 740 may be the mating surface of the receiving pressurized liquid via conduit 742 and 718 into a liquid flow 744 on the end portion 722 interrupts operation with, thereby interrupting the flow of liquid therethrough.

优选地,用一个盖748保护端部722和侧部连接壁730与元件分开。 Preferably, with a protective cover 748 and the end portion 722 connecting side wall portions 730 separated from the element.

如图16A和16B中所示,当风挡刮水器装置714在由参考数字750表示的第一方向相对于支承臂712移动时,产生的摩擦使风挡刮水器装置在由参考数字752表示的方向绕轴线736枢转,使配合表面740与液体导管742配合,从而基本上防止从中穿过的液体流量,从而将全部加压液体穿过导管744导引到喷射器716。 As shown in FIGS. 16A and 16B, when the windshield wiper device 714 when in a first direction relative denoted by reference numeral 750 for moving the support arm 712, so that the friction windshield wiper device represented by reference numeral 752 in direction about pivot axis 736, the mating surfaces 740,742 cooperate with the liquid conduit, thereby substantially preventing fluid flow therethrough, so that all the pressurized fluid through the catheter introducer 744 to the injector 716.

如图17A和17B中所示,当风挡刮水器装置714在由参考数字753表示的第二方向相对于支承臂712移动时,产生的摩擦使风挡刮水器装置在由参考数字754表示的相反方向绕轴线736枢转,使配合表面740与液体导管744配合,从而基本上防止从中穿过的液体流量,从而将全部加压液体穿过导管742导引到喷射器717。 As shown in FIG. 17A and 17B, when the windshield wiper device 714 in a second direction relative to by reference numeral 753 relative to the support arm 712 moves, friction causes the windshield wiper by means of the reference numeral 754 denotes in the opposite direction about the pivot axis 736, the mating surfaces 740,744 cooperate with the liquid conduit, thereby substantially preventing fluid flow therethrough, so that all the pressurized fluid through the catheter introducer 742 to the injector 717.

如图18A和18B中所示,当风挡刮水器装置位于极限位置,如位置708和709中的一个时,风挡刮水器装置714位于由参考数字758表示的一个中间位置,使配合表面740防止穿过导管742和744中任一个的液体流量。 As shown in FIG. 18A and 18B, when the windshield wiper device is located extreme positions, such as positions 708 and 709 of a windscreen wiper device 714 located at an intermediate position denoted by reference numeral 758, the mating surface 740 prevents fluid flow through the conduit 742 and any one of 744.

现在参照图19,该图是一个简化流程图,表示图8中液体加热装置的停机操作。 Referring now to Figure 19, this figure is a simplified flow chart showing the operation of the liquid 8 off the heating device. 如图19中看到的,电加热控制电路350优选地响应于由传感器356、358和360表示的车辆状态和由传感器352表示的外界温度,在停机模式下操作。 As seen in FIG 19, the control circuit 350 is preferably electrically heated in response to the 356, 358 and 360 represent the state of the vehicle and the ambient temperature sensor represented by the sensor 352, operating in a shutdown mode. 可替换地或附加地,可通过车辆操作者致动开关373而提供电加热控制电路350的停机模式操作。 Alternatively or additionally, switch 373 may be actuated by the vehicle operator to provide an electrical heating mode, the control circuit 350 stop operating.

优选地,在车辆点火后,电加热控制电路350检查至少一个优选地全部下列车辆特性:由传感器356测量的车辆电池电压,由传感器358测量的车辆电池充电电流,由传感器360测量的车辆转速。 Preferably, after the vehicle's ignition, electric heating control circuit 350 checks all of the following vehicle characteristics at least a preferably: by the vehicle battery voltage sensor 356 measured by the sensor 358 measuring a vehicle battery charging current, the rotational speed by the sensor 360 measuring vehicle. 优选的最小车辆特性阈值如下:车辆电池电压:12.5伏;车辆电池充电电流:15安培;车辆发动机转速:1000转每分。 The preferred minimum vehicle characteristic thresholds are as follows: vehicle battery voltage: 12.5 V; vehicle battery charging current: 15 amps; vehicle engine rotation speed: 1000 rpm.

如果满足最小车辆特性阈值,则提供一个“GO”授权,并如下所述在停机模式下操作液体加热装置:如果没有外界温度传感器,如传感器352,则优选地,电加热控制电路350操作迷宫式加热单元332,并操作加热元件322和324中的至少一个,从而一般将液体加热腔室302中的液体保持在+10℃。 If the minimum vehicle characteristic thresholds are met, it provides a "GO" authorization, and follows the liquid heating apparatus operating in a shutdown mode: If there is no external temperature sensor, such as sensor 352, it is preferred that the electrical heating control circuitry 350 operates labyrinthine a heating unit 332, and the operation of the heating elements 322 and 324 in at least one such generally liquid in the liquid heating chamber 302 is maintained at + 10 ℃.

如果没有外界温度传感器,如传感器352,且由它测量的外界温度大于一般为+15℃的第一温度阈值,则优选地仅操作迷宫式加热单元332。 If there is no external temperature sensor, such as sensor 352, and the outside temperature which is measured is greater than a first temperature threshold typically + 15 ℃, it is preferably only labyrinthine heating unit 332 operation.

如果外界温度传感器352测量的外界温度小于第一温度阈值而大于一般为-5℃的第二温度阈值,则优选地操作迷宫式加热单元332,并另外操作加热单元322和324中的至少一个,从而将液体加热腔室302中的液体一般保持在-5℃。 If the outside temperature sensor 352 measuring the ambient temperature is less than a first threshold temperature is greater than the second temperature threshold value typically -5 ℃, it is preferable to operate the labyrinth heating unit 332, and further operation of the heating unit 322 and at least a 324, thereby heating the liquid in the liquid chamber 302 is generally maintained at -5 ℃.

如果外界温度传感器352测量的外界温度小于第二温度阈值,则优选地操作迷宫式加热单元332,并另外操作加热单元322和324中的至少一个,从而将液体加热腔室302中的液体一般保持在+20℃。 If the outside temperature sensor 352 measuring the ambient temperature is less than the second temperature threshold value, it is preferably operated labyrinth heating unit 332, and further operation of the heating units 322 and 324 at least one, so that the liquid in the liquid heating chamber 302 is generally maintained at + 20 ℃.

注意到,优选地,当如上所述,电温度控制电路350在停机模式下操作图8中的液体加热装置时,则车辆操作者可起动手动操作,如液体加热装置的即时喷射指令并起动液体加热装置的正常操作。 It noted, preferably, as described above, the temperature control circuit 350 when the electrical liquid heating apparatus in FIG. 8, the vehicle operator may manually start, instant ejection liquid heating start instruction means and operating in a shutdown mode liquid normal operation of the heating device.

本领域技术人员可以理解,本发明并不限于上面所特别图示和描述的。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above as specifically illustrated and described. 相反,本发明的范围包括本领域技术人员在阅读了说明书之后对上述各特征进行的且现有技术中没有的组合和分组合以及变化和修改。 Rather, the scope of the present invention include those of skill without combinations and sub-combinations and alterations and modifications, and the prior art upon reading the specification to features of the above.

Claims (50)

1.一种可与风挡刮水器和喷射器装置一起使用的液体加热装置,所述液体加热装置包括:一个限定了液体加热腔室的壳体;以及一个液体加热空间,该液体加热空间由一个设置于所述液体加热腔室中的分装置限定,所述分装置包括一个底部和一个大致圆柱形的壁部分,沿该壁部分的不同高度设有多个液体入口小孔。 1. A liquid heating apparatus for use with a windshield wiper and the ejector device, the liquid heating apparatus comprising: a housing defining a liquid heating chamber; and a liquid heating space, the space defined by the liquid heating means defining a partition disposed in said liquid heating chamber, the partition means comprises a base and a generally cylindrical wall portion, a plurality of liquid inlet apertures at different heights along the wall portion.
2.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,在一个入口处接收处于压力下的将被加热的液体,并穿过一个导管进入所述液体加热腔室,从而穿过所述小孔进入所述液体加热空间。 2. The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, in a receiving inlet of the liquid to be heated is under pressure, and through a conduit into the liquid heating chamber to pass through the apertures into the liquid heating space.
3.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,已加热液体在所述液体加热腔室顶部通过一个导管排出,并穿过一个迷宫式加热单元到达出口。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the heated liquid is discharged through a conduit at the top of the liquid heating chamber, and through a heating unit to an outlet labyrinth.
4.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个泵,该泵不是车辆原装设备的一部分,该泵对通过导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压,该液体容器是所述车辆的原装设备的一部分。 4. The liquid heating apparatus of claim 1, further comprising a pump, the pump is not a part of the original equipment of the vehicle, the pump receives the liquid from a pressurized liquid container through the catheter, which liquid container is the vehicle part of the original equipment.
5.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个泵,该泵通过一个单向阀对借助于导管从一个液体容器接收的液体进行加压。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a pump which pressurizes a liquid from the liquid receiving container through a check valve by means of a catheter.
6.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置设置成用于改装到一个现有的汽车中。 6. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said liquid heating means provided for retrofitting to an existing vehicle.
7.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个位置靠近所述液体加热腔室顶部的第一液体温度传感器。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a first liquid temperature sensor near the top of the liquid heating chamber.
8.根据权利要求7所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个位于所述液体加热腔室的壁中的第二温度传感器。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 7, further comprising a liquid located in a wall of the heating chamber in a second temperature sensor.
9.根据权利要求8所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述第二温度传感器操作一个断路开关,该断路开关响应于超过一个预定的温度阈值,用于自动切断从车辆电池向液体加热装置供电。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 8, wherein said second temperature sensor operates a circuit breaker, the circuit breaker in response to exceeding a predetermined temperature threshold for automatically cut off the heating liquid from the battery to the vehicle power supply means.
10.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,还包括电加热控制电路。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, further comprising a control circuit electrically heated.
11.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,还包括设在所述限定了液体加热空间的分装置中的第一和第二加热元件以及沿着一个从所述液体加热腔室通向出口的流体流动导管设置的迷宫式加热单元,其中所述电加热控制电路控制向第一和第二加热元件及迷宫式加热单元中的至少一个的供电。 The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, further comprising first and second heating means provided in said partition member defining the liquid in the space heating and liquid heating leading from the outlet chamber along a labyrinthine heating unit disposed fluid flow conduit, wherein the heating control circuit controls the electrical power to at least a first and second heating element and a heating unit of the labyrinth.
12.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路控制到达所述加热元件的电能,从而控制喷射频率。 12. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein said control circuit controls the electrical heating power of the heating element reaches in order to control the ejection frequency.
13.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路控制到达所述加热元件中至少两个的电能,从而控制喷射频率。 13. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that the electrical heating element reaches a control circuit for controlling at least two of the heating power, thereby controlling the injection frequency.
14.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个泵,该泵控制在压力下向所述液体加热腔室供应液体,所述电加热控制电路还向所述泵提供电能。 14. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, further comprising a pump that controls the supply of liquid to the liquid heating chamber under pressure, the control circuitry also provides electrical heating power to the pump.
15.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路还向风挡刮水器提供电能和电控制信号中的至少一个,从而使其产生往复旋转。 15. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, wherein, said heating control circuitry also provides electrical power and electrical control signals to the at least one windshield wiper, thereby to produce reciprocal rotation.
16.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路从一个外界气温传感器接收输入。 16. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that the electrical heating circuit receives an input from a control outside air temperature sensor.
17.根据权利要求16所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路响应于所述外界气温传感器而操作所述迷宫式加热单元。 17. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 16, characterized in that the electrical heating control circuit responsive to the operation of the outside air temperature sensor and the heating unit labyrinth.
18.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路从一个污物传感器接收输入,用于当可喷射表面被污染时自动起动液体加热装置的操作。 18. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, wherein said electrically operated heating control circuitry receives an input from a dirt sensor for automatically starting when the liquid heating apparatus the ejection surface may be contaminated.
19.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路具有这样的功能,当车辆的电能状态不满足预定标准时,禁止液体加热装置工作。 19. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that the electrical heating control circuit has a function of, when the power state of the vehicle does not meet predetermined criteria, prohibiting liquid heating apparatus work.
20.根据权利要求19所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路从电池电压传感器、电池充电电流传感器和车辆转速传感器中的至少一个接收输入。 20. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 19, wherein, said heating control circuit electrically from a battery voltage sensor, a battery charging current sensor and a vehicle speed sensor receives at least one input.
21.根据权利要求19所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述电加热控制电路从电池电压传感器、电池充电电流传感器和车辆转速传感器接收输入。 21. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 19, wherein, said heating control circuit electrically from a battery voltage sensor, a battery charging current sensor and a vehicle speed sensor to receive an input.
22.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,还包括一个循环泵,该循环泵可被操作而将已加热液体从所述液体加热空间循环通过循环导管,从而加热液体喷射器、风挡刮水器叶片和已加热液体供应导管中的至少一个。 22. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, further comprising a circulation pump, the circulation pump can be operated while the heated liquid is circulated through the circulation duct to heat the liquid from said liquid ejector space heating, windscreen wiper blades and at least one heated liquid supply conduit.
23.根据权利要求22所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述循环泵由所述电加热控制电路响应于外界大气温度而自动操作。 23. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 22, wherein said electrical heating by the circulation pump control circuit in response to ambient air temperature and automatically operated.
24.根据权利要求10所述的液体加热装置,还包括至少一个用于向所述电加热控制电路提供至少一个操作输入的操作者控制器。 24. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 10, further comprising at least a heating control circuit for providing at least one electrically to the operation of the operator control input.
25.根据权利要求24所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述至少一个操作者控制器至少部分通过车辆中的布线与所述电加热控制电路相连。 25. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 24, wherein said at least one operator control of the vehicle at least partially through the electrical heating wire connected to the control circuit.
26.根据权利要求25所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述至少一个操作者控制器对连接车辆电池和所述电加热控制电路的电源线进行信号调制,其中所述电加热控制电路具有对这种信号调制进行解码并用它控制液体加热装置的功能。 26. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 25, wherein said at least one operator controls the heating power-line control signal modulation circuit is connected to the vehicle battery and the power, wherein the electric heating control circuit It has a function of decoding such signal modulation and liquid heating apparatus it controls.
27.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,具有停机模式功能。 27. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, further comprising a shutdown mode function.
28.根据权利要求27所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述停机模式功能是自动致动,或者由车辆操作者用一个停机模式致动开关来致动。 28. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 27, wherein said function stop mode is actuated automatically or by the vehicle operator with a shutdown mode actuation switch actuated.
29.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述多个液体入口小孔位于沿所述圆柱形壁部分的不同方位角位置。 29. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of liquid inlet apertures located at different azimuthal locations along said cylindrical wall portion.
30.根据权利要求1所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述圆柱形壁部分还包括一个狭槽。 30. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said cylindrical wall portion further comprises a slot.
31.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能性步骤:响应于与所述电加热控制电路相连的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作所述第一加热元件,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 31. The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said liquid heating apparatus according to one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following functional steps: responsive to said electrically connected to a heating control circuit a heated liquid injection command signal substantially continuously operating the first heating element, thus preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching.
32.根据权利要求31所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述已加热液体喷射指令信号由车辆操作者按压按钮而提供。 32. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 31, wherein said liquid injection command signal has been heated by the vehicle operator pressing a button provided.
33.根据权利要求31所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能性步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值、然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 33. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 31, wherein said liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation of the operation setting program, the setting program comprising the functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber ; and the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber to reach a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
34.根据权利要求33所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值、然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化的功能性步骤对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,所述循环又对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应。 34. The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 33, wherein the temperature of the heated liquid at the outlet of the chamber reaches a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value of functional steps corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield cycle, and the cycle corresponds to supplying the liquid to the liquid heating chamber is not heated.
35.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能性步骤:响应于与所述电加热控制电路相连的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作所述第一加热元件和第二加热元件中的至少一个,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 35. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein said liquid heating apparatus according to one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following functional steps: responsive to said electrically connected to a heating control circuit a heated liquid injection command signal substantially continuously operating the first and second heating element at least one heating element, thereby preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching.
36.根据权利要求35所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述已加热液体喷射指令信号由车辆操作者按压按钮而提供。 36. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 35, wherein said liquid injection command signal has been heated by the vehicle operator pressing a button provided.
37.根据权利要求35所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 37. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 35, wherein said liquid heating apparatus according to one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber ; and the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber to reach a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
38.根据权利要求37所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,还包括下列功能步骤:对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 38. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 37, characterized by further comprising the following functional steps: corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield cycle, so as to correspond to the unheated liquid to said liquid heating chamber the supply of the liquid heating chamber reaches a temperature at the outlet of the peak threshold, and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
39.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:响应于一般通过车辆操作者按压与所述电加热控制电路相连的按钮而提供的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作所述第一加热元件和第二加热元件及迷宫式加热单元中的至少一个,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电。 39. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein said liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation of the operation setting program, the setting program comprising the following functions: in response to the vehicle operator presses typically by the electric heating circuit is connected to the control buttons provided a heated liquid injection command signal, a substantially continuous operation of the first heating element and the heating element, and a second labyrinth at least one heating unit, thereby preventing high-current switching the possible cause of the power failure.
40.根据权利要求39所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 40. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 39, wherein said liquid heating apparatus according to one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber ; and the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber to reach a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
41.根据权利要求40所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,还包括下列功能步骤:对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 41. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 40, characterized by further comprising the following functional steps: corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield cycle, so as to correspond to the unheated liquid to said liquid heating chamber the supply of the liquid heating chamber reaches a temperature at the outlet of the peak threshold, and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
42.根据权利要求11所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列功能步骤:响应于一般通过车辆操作者按压与所述电加热控制电路相连的按钮而提供的一个已加热液体喷射指令信号,基本上连续地操作所述第一加热元件,从而防止由于高电流切换而导致的可能的断电,及响应于由车辆操作者致动电加热控制电路而提供的一个即时喷射指令信号,即使在所述第一加热元件开始工作之前,从所述液体加热腔室向所述出口供应加压液体。 42. A liquid heating apparatus as claimed in claim 11, wherein said liquid heating apparatus in accordance with an operation of the operation setting program, the setting program comprising the following functions: in response to the vehicle operator presses typically by the electric heating circuit is connected to the control buttons provided a heated liquid injection command signal substantially continuously operating the first heating element, thus preventing a possible power failure due to the high currents caused by switching, in response to the vehicle operator, and electrically actuated heating control circuit to provide immediate injection of a command signal, even before the first heating element to work, the pressurized liquid from the liquid heating chamber to said supply outlet.
43.根据权利要求42所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述液体加热装置根据一个操作设定方案操作,该设定方案包括下列附加功能步骤:测量在液体加热腔室出口处的温度;及使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 43. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 42, wherein said liquid heating apparatus according to one embodiment the operation setting operation, the setting program includes the following additional functional steps: measuring the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber ; and the temperature at the outlet of the liquid heating chamber to reach a peak threshold value and then periodically varying between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
44.根据权利要求43所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,还包括下列功能步骤:对应于将已加热液体喷射到车辆风挡上的循环,从而对应于未加热液体向所述液体加热腔室的供应,使液体加热腔室出口处的温度达到一个峰值阈值,然后在该峰值阈值与一个略低的阈值之间周期性变化。 44. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 43, characterized by further comprising the following functional steps: corresponding to the heated liquid onto a vehicle windshield cycle, so as to correspond to the unheated liquid to said liquid heating chamber the supply of the liquid heating chamber reaches a temperature at the outlet of the peak threshold, and then periodically varies between the peak threshold value and a somewhat lower threshold value.
45.根据权利要求42所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,在已加热液体喷射指令信号之前致动所述迷宫式加热单元。 45. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 42, wherein said actuating means labyrinth before heating the liquid injection command signal has been heated.
46.根据权利要求42所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,当外界大气温度低于一个阈值时,在车辆点火后致动所述迷宫式加热单元。 46. ​​A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 42, wherein, when the outside air temperature is below a threshold value, after the actuation of the vehicle ignition labyrinth heating unit.
47.根据权利要求33所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述峰值阈值根据喷射液体的沸点而变化,从而高效地加热喷射液体,而不必将液体加热到超过其沸点。 47. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 33, wherein said peak threshold varies according to the boiling point of liquid injection, thereby efficiently heating the ejection liquid, the liquid will not heated to above its boiling point.
48.根据权利要求47所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,电加热控制电路可被操作而执行:监测所述液体加热中喷射液体的温度,一旦在所述加热元件的连续操作过程中达到一个相对稳定的温度,则提示已经达到该大致沸点,以显示该稳定温度;及将所述峰值温度阈值设定成低于所传感的稳定温度,使所述峰值温度阈值成为喷射液体的成分的函数。 48. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 47, characterized in that the electric heating control circuit is operable to perform: monitoring the temperature of the liquid in the liquid heating jet, once reached during continuous operation of the heating element a relatively constant temperature, which substantially reached the boiling point has been suggested, to display the temperature stability; and setting said peak temperature threshold to be below the sensed stable temperature, the peak temperature threshold value becomes a component of the ejection liquid The function.
49.根据权利要求27所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述停机模式功能包括下列功能步骤:在车辆点火后,所述电加热控制电路检查下列车辆特性中的至少一项:车辆电池电压、车辆电池充电电流和车辆发动机转速,并将它们与预定的最小车辆特性进行比较;以及如果满足所述最小车辆特性阈值,则提供一个“GO”授权,将如下面所述在停机模式下操作所述液体加热装置:如果没有外界温度传感器,则所述电加热控制电路操作所述迷宫式加热单元,并操作至少一个所述加热元件,从而将所述液体腔室中的喷射液体保持在至少一个第一预定停机液体温度;如果有外界温度传感器,且由它测量的外界温度大于第一外界温度阈值,则仅操作所述迷宫式加热单元;如果由所述外界温度传感器测量的外界温度小于所述第一外界温度阈值但大于一个第二外界温 49. A liquid heating apparatus according to claim 27, wherein said stop mode functionality includes the following functional steps: upon vehicle ignition, at least one of the electric heating control circuit to check the following vehicle characteristics: vehicle battery voltage, vehicle battery charging current and vehicle engine rotation speed, and compares them with predetermined minimum vehicle characteristic; and if said minimum vehicle characteristic satisfies the threshold, provides a "GO" authorization, as will be described below in stop mode the operation of the liquid heating apparatus: If there is no external temperature sensor, the electric heating operation of the control circuit labyrinth heating unit, and operates said at least one heating element, thereby ejecting the liquid in the liquid chamber is maintained at at least a first predetermined shutdown temperature of the liquid; if the outside temperature sensor and it measures the ambient temperature is greater than a first outside temperature threshold only the labyrinthine heating unit operation; If the ambient temperature measured by the outside temperature sensor ambient temperature is less than the first threshold but greater than a second outside temperature 度阈值,则操作所述迷宫式加热单元,并附加地操作至少一个所述加热元件,从而将所述液体腔室中的喷射液体保持在至少一第二预定的停机液体温度;及如果由所述外界温度传感器测量的外界温度小于所述第二温度阈值,则操作所述迷宫式加热单元,并操作至少一个所述加热元件,从而将喷射液体保持在大于所述第一和第二预定停机液体温度的一个第三停机液体温度。 Threshold, the labyrinthine heating unit is operated, and additionally operating said at least one heating element, thereby ejecting the liquid in the liquid chamber is maintained at at least a second predetermined shutdown liquid temperature; and if the the said outside temperature sensor for measuring the outside temperature is less than the second temperature threshold value, the operation of the heating unit labyrinth and operates said at least one heating element, so that the injection liquid remains greater than said first and second predetermined shutdown a third liquid temperature fluid stop temperature.
50.根据权利要求49所述的液体加热装置,其特征在于,所述最小车辆特性阈值大致如下:车辆电池电压:12.5伏;车辆电池充电电流:15安培;及车辆发动机转速:1000转每分。 50. The liquid heating apparatus according to claim 49, wherein said minimum vehicle characteristic thresholds as follows: vehicle battery voltage: 12.5 V; vehicle battery charging current: 15 amps; and vehicle engine rotation speed: 1000 rpm .
CN 02809975 2001-05-14 2002-05-14 System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield CN100357139C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US29070501P true 2001-05-14 2001-05-14

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1558798A CN1558798A (en) 2004-12-29
CN100357139C true CN100357139C (en) 2007-12-26

Family

ID=23117192

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 02809975 CN100357139C (en) 2001-05-14 2002-05-14 System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield
CN 200710186475 CN101219657A (en) 2001-05-14 2002-05-14 System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200710186475 CN101219657A (en) 2001-05-14 2002-05-14 System and method for cleaning or de-icing a windshield

Country Status (14)

Country Link
US (1) US20050086758A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1395370B1 (en)
JP (2) JP2004532763A (en)
CN (2) CN100357139C (en)
AT (1) AT451970T (en)
AU (1) AU2002302946B2 (en)
BR (1) BR0209595A (en)
CA (1) CA2447409A1 (en)
CZ (1) CZ20033071A3 (en)
DE (1) DE60234765D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2337882T3 (en)
MX (1) MXPA03010331A (en)
PL (1) PL366623A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2002092237A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7641131B2 (en) 2002-10-02 2010-01-05 Sbr Investments Company Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US7588194B2 (en) 2003-09-03 2009-09-15 Sbr Investments Company Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US7657961B2 (en) 2002-10-02 2010-02-09 Sbr Investments Company Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US7857238B2 (en) 2002-10-02 2010-12-28 Sbr Investments Company Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US8157187B2 (en) * 2002-10-02 2012-04-17 Sbr Investments Company Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US10384653B2 (en) 2004-03-09 2019-08-20 Uusi, Llc Vehicle windshield cleaning system
CA2503020C (en) * 2002-10-21 2012-02-28 Uri Arkashevski Apparatus and method for cleaning or de-icing vehicle elements
WO2005076735A2 (en) 2004-02-12 2005-08-25 Microheat Inc. Apparatus and method for cleaning and de-icing
DE102005030972A1 (en) * 2005-06-30 2007-01-11 Valeo Systèmes d`Essuyage Wiping device for windscreens has fluid path in at least one wiper blade with fluid able to flow through it at least during heating mode of wiper use
US20070084484A1 (en) * 2005-10-17 2007-04-19 Porter Eugene B Selectively controllable heated wash system
FR2898848B1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2008-06-13 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa alternating washing device for a windshield wiper displacement linear
FR2898849B1 (en) * 2006-03-24 2008-06-20 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa A reciprocating washing for wiper linear displacement and a motor vehicle having a rear window fitted with such a device
KR20090035002A (en) 2006-07-24 2009-04-08 마이크로 히트 인코퍼레이티드 Vehicle surfaces cleaning and de-icing system and method
DE102008042405A1 (en) * 2008-04-17 2009-10-22 Robert Bosch Gmbh Wiper blade and a spray
DE102008020227A1 (en) 2008-04-22 2009-11-12 Valeo Systèmes d'Essuyage Wiper blade and wiper system with such a wiper blade
JP5243604B2 (en) * 2008-08-04 2013-07-24 王 建中WANG,Jianzhong Air blower for automobile back glass
DE102009006888A1 (en) * 2009-01-30 2010-08-05 Audi Ag Method for controlling heating device of spray water nozzle of e.g. windscreen wiper system, in motor vehicle, involves controlling heat output of heating device based on temperature of motor vehicle, vehicle speed or signal of rain sensor
DE102009059154A1 (en) * 2009-12-19 2011-06-22 Daimler AG, 70327 Arrangement of a wiper system with an associated washer of a motor vehicle
DE102009059118A1 (en) * 2009-12-19 2011-06-22 Daimler AG, 70327 Wiper system and method for operating a wiper system for a motor vehicle
DE102011012533A1 (en) * 2011-02-26 2012-08-30 GM Global Technology Operations LLC (n. d. Ges. d. Staates Delaware) Wiping and washing device for e.g. windscreen of motor car, has spray nozzles arranged on wiper arms to spray washing liquid on motor car pane and alternatively coupled with washing liquid supply line by valve arrangement arranged in arms
US9156066B2 (en) * 2011-08-29 2015-10-13 Raytheon Company Aperture cleaning system and methods of use
US8621705B1 (en) 2011-09-01 2014-01-07 Nelu Valeanu Spraying windshield wiper assembly
FR2989655B1 (en) * 2012-04-23 2014-05-23 Peugeot Citroen Automobiles Sa Wiper blade, washing and wiping system, projection system and vehicle
FR2994149B1 (en) * 2012-08-02 2015-07-03 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Device for connection between a wiper arm and a wiper, comprising a done up area to receive a plurality of projection orifices
FR3015944A1 (en) * 2012-09-27 2015-07-03 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Brush drive arm of a window window system, in particular a windshield of a motor vehicle, and a wiping system comprising such an arm
RU2514968C1 (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-05-10 Евгений Владимирович Новинский Wiper brush
FR3006969B1 (en) * 2013-06-14 2015-07-03 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Support for washer fluid container, washer fluid container and device comprising said support and container
EP2815936B1 (en) * 2013-06-18 2017-03-29 Volvo Car Corporation Windscreen washer
DE102013212194A1 (en) * 2013-06-26 2015-01-15 Robert Bosch Gmbh Wischarmvorrichtung
FR3023813B1 (en) * 2014-07-17 2016-08-12 Valeo Systemes D'essuyage Wiping system for motor vehicle with window wash system
FR3028825B1 (en) * 2014-11-25 2018-03-09 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Device for lateral projection of a washing liquid for a brush arm for a window system of a glass of a motor vehicle
FR3060493A1 (en) * 2016-12-19 2018-06-22 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Wiping system for a motor vehicle

Family Cites Families (103)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US26999A (en) * 1860-01-31 Printing-press
US137455A (en) * 1873-04-01 Improvement in car-couplings
US653629A (en) * 1899-10-17 1900-07-10 Levin H Burkhardt Device for cutting off the flow of water through flexible pipes.
US1523156A (en) * 1923-07-05 1925-01-13 Leslie M Adams Electrically-energized faucet heater
US1636190A (en) * 1925-07-30 1927-07-19 Frank D Mahoney Apparatus for washing vehicles
US2607944A (en) * 1947-08-15 1952-08-26 Turner William Combination windshield wiper
US3202447A (en) * 1962-10-29 1965-08-24 Robert E Whaley Can holding device
US3203477A (en) * 1962-11-21 1965-08-31 Itt Cryogenic cooling devices
US3319891A (en) * 1965-07-06 1967-05-16 Virginia K Campbell Electrically heated windshield washing nozzle in time delay circuit
US3332045A (en) * 1966-03-11 1967-07-18 Parker Hannifin Corp Permanent magnet and electromagnetic actuator
US3524044A (en) * 1966-06-27 1970-08-11 Vincent L Liardi Deicing apparatus
GB1202697A (en) * 1966-09-16 1970-08-19 Kilfrost Ltd Deicing and washing liquids
US3446942A (en) * 1967-01-10 1969-05-27 Us Navy Window de-icing controller circuit
US3427675A (en) * 1967-07-03 1969-02-18 James W Tibbet Windshield wiper and washer assembly
US3475588A (en) * 1968-08-20 1969-10-28 Permaglass Defrosting and deicing window assembly
US3632042A (en) * 1969-10-20 1972-01-04 Gen Motors Corp Heated windshield washer system
US3643193A (en) * 1970-10-19 1972-02-15 Essex International Inc Time-delay solenoid
US3711679A (en) * 1971-02-11 1973-01-16 Sterling Prod Co Inc Windshield de-icer
US3716886A (en) * 1971-03-29 1973-02-20 Gen Motors Corp Windshield cleaner system
US3747500A (en) * 1972-04-28 1973-07-24 Gen Motors Corp Windshield and windshield wiper de-icer
US3977436A (en) * 1972-11-02 1976-08-31 Fluid Devices Limited Bi-stable valve apparatus
US3888412A (en) * 1973-04-17 1975-06-10 Kenilworth Research & Dev Corp Apparatus for heating the fluid in a windshield washer system
US3979068A (en) * 1975-07-14 1976-09-07 Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc. Spray nozzle assembly for a windshield of an automobile
US4088269A (en) * 1975-11-06 1978-05-09 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag Electrically heated windshield washer spray nozzle assembly
US4106508A (en) * 1976-08-31 1978-08-15 Richard Barnard Berlin Clamp device
US4090668A (en) * 1976-12-06 1978-05-23 Kochenour Paul R Windshield washer and deicer
JPS5383121A (en) * 1976-12-27 1978-07-22 Detroit Coil Co Solenoide pilot valve
GB1591471A (en) * 1977-06-18 1981-06-24 Hart J C H Electromagnetic actuators
US4212425A (en) * 1978-02-27 1980-07-15 Vdo Adolf Schindling Ag. Electrically heated windshield washer spray nozzle assembly
US4295111A (en) * 1979-11-29 1981-10-13 Nasa Low temperature latching solenoid
US4275477A (en) * 1979-12-04 1981-06-30 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Vehicle window glass washing system
US4403756A (en) * 1980-12-22 1983-09-13 The Boeing Company Bifurcated feel simulator for aircraft
US4524797A (en) * 1982-02-25 1985-06-25 Robert Bosch Gmbh Solenoid valve
DE3271375D1 (en) * 1982-08-20 1986-07-03 Burkert Gmbh Magnetic-impulse valve with a permanent magnetic latch mechanism without changeable magnetisation
EP0104673B1 (en) * 1982-09-24 1987-11-19 Onofrio Rocchitelli Heating device for the glass washing fluid of motor vehicles and the like
AU570467B2 (en) * 1983-05-24 1988-03-17 Eion Alexander Abbott Pop-up sprinkler
DE3324634C2 (en) * 1983-07-08 1987-07-23 Swf Auto-Electric Gmbh, 7120 Bietigheim-Bissingen, De
DE3334160C2 (en) * 1983-09-21 1986-07-24 Sauer, Otto, 6800 Mannheim, De
JPS6246352B2 (en) * 1984-07-30 1987-10-01 Toyoda Gosei Kk
JPS6365825B2 (en) * 1984-09-13 1988-12-16 Akira Enami
US4690371A (en) * 1985-10-22 1987-09-01 Innovus Electromagnetic valve with permanent magnet armature
DE3634404C1 (en) * 1986-10-09 1987-11-26 Daimler Benz Ag Windscreen wiping installation for motor vehicles
DE3638074A1 (en) * 1986-11-07 1988-05-11 Swf Auto Electric Gmbh Windscreen washer system, particularly for motor vehicles
US4832262A (en) * 1986-12-12 1989-05-23 Robertson Harry J Automobile window washing apparatus and heat exchanger therefor
US4834289A (en) * 1987-05-15 1989-05-30 Hunter Edwin J Pop-up sprinkler unit
JPH0544217Y2 (en) * 1987-07-08 1993-11-09
US4815662A (en) * 1987-11-23 1989-03-28 Hunter Edwin J Stream propelled rotary stream sprinkler unit with damping means
US4946009A (en) * 1989-04-12 1990-08-07 Applied Power, Inc. Electromagnetic valve utilizing a permanent magnet
US5012977A (en) * 1989-09-18 1991-05-07 General Motors Corporation Vehicle window washer with washer fluid temperature responsive pressure control
US5034714A (en) * 1989-11-03 1991-07-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Universal relay
US5141160A (en) * 1990-05-07 1992-08-25 Waters Jimmy D Windshield deicing apparatus
JPH0411175U (en) * 1990-05-17 1992-01-30
CA2049452A1 (en) * 1990-08-21 1992-02-22 Sheng-Hann Lee Window cleaning fluid heating system
US5134266A (en) * 1990-10-26 1992-07-28 Peppard Dennis L Mobile deicing apparatus
IT1241327B (en) * 1990-11-30 1994-01-10 Matrix Srl three-way solenoid valve high-speed 'for a pressurized fluid, for example compressed air circuits
DE4111937C2 (en) * 1991-04-12 1993-01-28 Citadel Investments Ltd., St. Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands, Je
US5203049A (en) * 1991-05-20 1993-04-20 Jidosha Denki Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Wiper apparatus with mechanism for switching spraying direction of washing fluid
US5141157A (en) * 1991-08-01 1992-08-25 Anthony Mfg. Corp., Industrial Div. Vandal resistant locking device for pop-up sprinkler nozzle housings
GB9116935D0 (en) * 1991-08-06 1991-09-18 Gaslow Int Ltd Excess flow valve
US5254083A (en) * 1992-02-10 1993-10-19 Conmed Corporation Suction and irrigation apparatus
FR2695608B1 (en) * 1992-09-15 1994-12-02 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage An apparatus for washing and wiping a vehicle windscreen.
US5351934A (en) * 1992-12-15 1994-10-04 Alliedsignal, Inc. Proportional solenoid valve
US5345968A (en) * 1993-03-24 1994-09-13 General Electric Company Rotary magnetic valve for low noise low wear operation
US5509606A (en) * 1993-10-04 1996-04-23 Koltech, Inc. Instant hot wash device
US5334819A (en) * 1993-11-08 1994-08-02 Lin Hsiao Chih Instant heating type water heaters
FR2712964B1 (en) * 1993-11-25 1995-12-29 Vicard Electric boiler for heat-transfer fluid circulating in an open or closed circuit.
US5423486A (en) * 1994-04-11 1995-06-13 Hunter Industries, Inc. Pop-up sprinkler unit with floating sleeve
FR2721886B1 (en) * 1994-06-30 1996-08-02 Valeo Systemes Dessuyage Wiper arm having a spray of the window wiping device
FR2722463B1 (en) * 1994-07-13 1996-08-23 Valeo Systemes D Essuyage Sa Windscreen-wiper, especially for a motor vehicle
US5467522A (en) * 1994-08-25 1995-11-21 Gold; Peter Windshield wiper deicing windshield and method of constructing same
JPH0889141A (en) * 1994-09-21 1996-04-09 Daiwa Seiko Inc Handle for fishing reel
US5650080A (en) * 1995-03-24 1997-07-22 Koneke; Walter Electric heating attachment for deicing the rest zone of a windshield wiper
JP3322772B2 (en) * 1995-05-22 2002-09-09 日本エム・ケー・エス株式会社 Control valve
IT235865Y1 (en) * 1995-05-29 2000-07-18 Cooper Ind Inc A device for heating the washing liquid intended to esserespruzzato on a vehicle crystal.
US5669986A (en) * 1995-06-07 1997-09-23 Itt Automotive Electrical Systems, Inc. Replenishment of vehicle windshield washer solvent using rainwater
US5673360A (en) * 1995-09-11 1997-09-30 Scripps; J. Sebastian Travel Humidifier
JP3152622B2 (en) * 1995-09-19 2001-04-03 光雄 藤井 Wiper cleaning method and apparatus
US5636407A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-06-10 Len; Adolf Wiper deicing device for vehicles and methods of constructing and utilizing same
US5711486A (en) * 1996-01-31 1998-01-27 Hunter Industries, Inc. Pop-up sprinkler unit with pressure responsive extendable and retractable seal
US5881428A (en) * 1996-02-22 1999-03-16 Simmons; David L. Windshield and windshield wiper heating apparatus assembly
WO1997046431A1 (en) * 1996-06-04 1997-12-11 Mannesmann Vdo Ag Process and device for heating windscreen washer liquid
US5823439A (en) * 1996-08-16 1998-10-20 Hunter Industries Incorporated Pop-up sprinkler with shock absorbing riser spring
DE19641460C2 (en) * 1996-10-09 2002-08-08 Volkswagen Ag Device for moistening a window of a motor vehicle
KR100217618B1 (en) * 1996-12-12 1999-09-01 정몽규 Apparatus for controlling the position of washer water
US6281649B1 (en) * 1997-01-03 2001-08-28 Mccord Winn Textron Inc. Windshield wiper system
US5784751A (en) * 1997-03-04 1998-07-28 Tippets; Clyde A. Heat absorbing windshield wiper
DE19715359C2 (en) * 1997-04-12 1999-08-12 Mannesmann Vdo Ag An apparatus for heating of washing liquid of a washer
FR2763521B1 (en) * 1997-05-23 1999-07-16 Inderflex Device for heating a nozzle
AU8161498A (en) * 1997-06-24 1999-01-04 Micro-Heat, Inc. Windshield de-icing
US5957384A (en) * 1997-08-26 1999-09-28 Lansinger; Jere Rask Windshield heated wiping system
US5947348A (en) * 1997-10-07 1999-09-07 Briski; Richard J. Beverage tapper shut-off mechanism
EP0956222B1 (en) * 1997-12-02 2004-08-18 Robert Bosch Gmbh Nozzle system and windscreen wiper arm for receiving said nozzle system
US6199587B1 (en) * 1998-07-21 2001-03-13 Franco Shlomi Solenoid valve with permanent magnet
US6082632A (en) * 1998-08-31 2000-07-04 Hunter Industries, Inc. Co-molded split containment ring for riser retraction spring of a pop-up sprinkler
FR2783225B1 (en) * 1998-09-10 2001-02-23 Journee Paul Sa Device improves washing liquid spray and wiper bearing such a device
US6164564A (en) * 1998-11-06 2000-12-26 Micro-Heat, Inc. Apparatus for cleaning or de-icing a vehicle window
DE19856174A1 (en) * 1998-12-05 2000-06-15 Mannesmann Vdo Ag A windshield cleaning system for a motor vehicle
JP2000177538A (en) * 1998-12-16 2000-06-27 Asmo Co Ltd Wiper device for vehicle
US6265829B1 (en) * 1999-01-19 2001-07-24 The Louis Berkman Company Multiplex light harness
DE19906197B4 (en) * 1999-02-15 2006-09-21 Robert Bosch Gmbh Windscreen wiper with spray nozzle and the check valve
US6237861B1 (en) * 1999-06-10 2001-05-29 Thomas M. Northrop Window deicer and anti-icer
US6158625A (en) * 1999-08-17 2000-12-12 Calmar Inc. Anti-clog pump sprayer
US6236019B1 (en) * 1999-09-16 2001-05-22 Salvatore R. Piccione Heated windshield wiper assembly

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT451970T (en) 2010-01-15
CA2447409A1 (en) 2002-11-21
US20050086758A1 (en) 2005-04-28
AU2002302946B2 (en) 2007-02-01
PL366623A1 (en) 2005-02-07
DE60234765D1 (en) 2010-01-28
BR0209595A (en) 2006-01-17
CN101219657A (en) 2008-07-16
MXPA03010331A (en) 2005-04-11
EP1395370B1 (en) 2009-12-16
EP1395370A1 (en) 2004-03-10
CZ20033071A3 (en) 2004-10-13
WO2002092237A1 (en) 2002-11-21
EP1395370A4 (en) 2004-12-01
CN1558798A (en) 2004-12-29
JP2008137655A (en) 2008-06-19
ES2337882T3 (en) 2010-04-30
JP2004532763A (en) 2004-10-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR0153753B1 (en) Device for controlling a driving means for a vehicle accesory
US7836541B2 (en) Wiper blade and vehicle wiper device
CA2740384C (en) Frameless, heated wiper assembly and system utilizing same
EP0456934A1 (en) Apparatus for washing the window glass of a vehicle
US5944910A (en) Method of washing a glass surface of a vehicle
US5957384A (en) Windshield heated wiping system
US6719215B2 (en) Windshield washer system for automotive vehicle
US6912357B2 (en) Fluid heater
US3574881A (en) Heated windshield wiper-spray assembly
KR101644663B1 (en) Wiper arm/wiper blade connection, wiper blade and windscreen wiper installation
US5927608A (en) Washing liquid heating
US20040264951A1 (en) Fluid heater with low porosity thermal mass
US20090229630A1 (en) Low current switch for motor car anti-theft lock
US6364010B1 (en) Device to provide heated washer fluid
US6402052B1 (en) Pressure sensitive windshield washer nozzle
US5979796A (en) Heated windshield wiper washer nozzle system and method
FR2745396A1 (en) Device for draining water drops for a set of camera lenses
US20040112981A1 (en) Apparatus for cleaning or de-icing a vehicle window
EP1126919B1 (en) Apparatus for cleaning or de-icing a vehicle window
US5012977A (en) Vehicle window washer with washer fluid temperature responsive pressure control
US6892417B2 (en) Windshield de-icing
US3286931A (en) Nozzle assembly for windshield washer systems
US7588194B2 (en) Vehicle windshield cleaning system
US6029908A (en) Device for the heating of washing liquid of a windshield wiper system
EP0413801A1 (en) Windscreen cleaning device.

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C14 Granted
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: TEPEFACTION CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME OR ADDRESS: MICROHEAT INC

C17 Cessation of patent right