CN100351198C - Light thermal porous brick and producing method thereof - Google Patents

Light thermal porous brick and producing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100351198C
CN100351198C CNB031288766A CN03128876A CN100351198C CN 100351198 C CN100351198 C CN 100351198C CN B031288766 A CNB031288766 A CN B031288766A CN 03128876 A CN03128876 A CN 03128876A CN 100351198 C CN100351198 C CN 100351198C
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China
Prior art keywords
vegetable fibre
industrial residue
controlled
light thermal
vitriol
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CNB031288766A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1552655A (en
Inventor
盛昭俊
黄晓明
陈烈
鞠松
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上海积能建筑材料科技有限公司
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Priority to CNB031288766A priority Critical patent/CN100351198C/en
Publication of CN1552655A publication Critical patent/CN1552655A/en
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Publication of CN100351198C publication Critical patent/CN100351198C/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention discloses a light weight heat preservation porous brick which is characterized in that the heat preservation porous brick comprises the components by weight percentage: 6 to 10% of plant fiber, 20 to 25% of cement, 1 to 5% of sulfate, 55 to 62% of industrial waste residues and 6 to 12% of water. Compared with the prior art, the product has the following characteristics: 1. the self weight of a wall is reduced, and the structural engineering fabrication cost is effectively reduced; 2. the thermal performance of the structure is improved, and the energy consumption is reduced; 3. the thickness of preservation of the structure is decreased, and the actual use area of the structure is increased; 4. environment is improved by using worker peasant stuff; 5. the existing structure module is used; the construction is convenient, and pipeline pavement and covering and secondary finishing are also convenient.

Description

A kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick and manufacture method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the technical field of construction material, a kind of specifically vegetable fibre light thermal-insulation perforated brick and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology:
At present; the construction material of widespread use mainly is a sintered clay brick in the domestic construction; concrete small size hollow building block; aerated-block; gypsum sheet material etc.; and use clay brick will consume a large amount of non-renewable clay resources; reduce agricultural cultivated area; government department has limited its use under construction; and concrete small size hollow building block is big because of its unit weight; it is numerous and diverse to construct; shortcomings such as influence is finishing for the second time, is easy to generate shrinkage crack, the thermal property difference and influence its application under construction; aerated-block; its large-scale popularization of cause influence such as materials such as gypsum sheet material peel off easily because of body of wall whitewashes, along with the progress of society, the demand of social resources significantly increases; China is because economic level is limited for a long time; building standard is lower, and building energy consumption is huge, and environment protection falls behind; a large amount of uses of coagulating cob brick; not only expend non-renewable land resources, wasteful calorimetric energy produces great amount of carbon dioxide simultaneously; cause environmental pollution; building energy consumption is high, and particularly northern heating area has formed huge pressure to social power supply; how to realize under low-cost condition that it is the huge challenge that all insiders face that energy consumption, the product of sharp environmental protection are provided.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick and manufacture method thereof, it can overcome the some shortcomings of prior art.
To achieve these goals, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick, it is characterized in that: the weight percentages of components of described insulating, porous brick is that vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water are 6-12%.
A kind of manufacture method of light thermal-insulation perforated brick, it is characterized in that: vegetable fibre is immersed in the lime aqueous solution that contains 2-5% 1-5 hour and carries out desugar and handle, be placed on then to soak in the amine retardant solution that contains 3-8% and carried out fire-retardant finish in 1-5 hour, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled at 3-5%; It is that mix 6-12% metering back that vegetable fibre, industrial residue, cement, vitriol and water after handling are carried out respectively by vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water, stir again, make the mixture that stirs deliver to the shaper moulding by transfer roller, shaper contains radially the vibrating device with axial interlock, delivers to the finished product stockyard by transfer roller again after the moulding and dispatches from the factory after check.
The present invention is the green insulating wall material of lightweight, utilize depleted crop plants fibers such as straw and industrial residue etc. as weighting material, with cement, additive (vitriol), water is agglutinate and auxiliary material, through mix stirring, vibratory compaction, natural curing or vapor cure and the novel wall material made, this product compared with prior art has following characteristics: the body of wall deadweight is alleviated, and the Structural Engineering cost effectively reduces; 2, the buildings thermal property is improved, and energy consumption reduces, and 3, buildings safeguards that thickness reduces, the actual usable floor area increase of buildings; 4, utilized workers and peasants' material that environment is improved; 5, utilize the existing building modulus, easy construction has also made things convenient for the pipeline shop to bury and secondary decoration.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a manufacture method block diagram of the present invention
Embodiment:
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention is a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick, it is characterized in that: the weight percentages of components of described insulating, porous brick is that vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, surplus are water.The gelling material cement that the present invention selects for use in the enforcement is ordinary Portland cement and high-alumina cement; Vegetable fibre is straw, rice chaff, reed, mao bamboon or other plant, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is 0.5-1mm; Promotor is vitriol, and vitriol is sodium sulfate, calcium sulfate, vitriolate of tartar.
The processing of vegetable fibre is adopted 2-5% liming to carry out desugar and is carried out fire-retardant finish with the amine retardant solution of 3-8%, drying pulverizing again, and its diameter is controlled between 0.5~1mm.
Industrial residue is pulverized and is sieved, and its particle diameter is controlled at below the 5mm, and wherein the remaining component content of uncombusted is controlled at 3%~5%.
Because product is a vesicular structure, evacuation rate height (>40%), the characteristics of aggregate light weight, in cloth and vibration processes, adopted radially and axial interlock forced action type cloth and hydraulic multi-stage vibrating device, effective and reasonable control the discrete and demoulding cracking phenomena of product shape size, guaranteed that product reaches design requirements.
This insulating, porous brick adopts the modular sizes that meets existing GB sintered perforated brick, meets China's tradition construction operation method, and its extent of spreading amd application is enlarged.
This insulating, porous brick ultimate compression strength reaches MU5.0 level, unit weight≤900kg/m 3(common is 1200kg/m 3), 240 thick wall body heat transfer coefficients reach 0.98w/m 2.k, fire endurance reached more than 3 hours, and frost resistance reaches D 15 (behind 15 freeze-thaw cycle, loss of strength<25%, weight loss<5%), and 190 thick wall body sound reduction indexes are 48dB.
The concrete method of making of the present invention is: vegetable fibre is immersed in the lime aqueous solution that contains 2-5% 1-5 hour and carries out desugar and handle, be placed on then to soak in the amine retardant solution that contains 3-8% and carried out fire-retardant finish in 1-5 hour, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled at 3-5%; Each raw material after handling is pressed vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water is that 6-12% drops into weighing hopper, entering stirrer then stirs, churning time is between 0.5 minute~2 minutes, again material is dropped in the cloth bucket, control material volume accounts for 70%~80% cloth bucket volume, material is by the cloth hopper cloth of 5 seconds secondary front and back reciprocal axial motions then, vibrate again through the broken arch of 5KG pressurized air, and at hydraulic radial, its frequency is 2200 times/minute, vibration power is 90KN, material jolt ramming is full of die cavity, and whole process time was controlled in 12 seconds, and the material that is full of die cavity passes through matched moulds up and down, and through three grades of vibrations, initial again compacting, its frequency is 1800 times/minute, 1 second time, fully compacting again, its frequency is 3400 times/minute, 2 seconds time, the weakening of finalizing the design again, its frequency is 1200 times/minute, 1 second time, last die sinking brick output.
Embodiment 1
Vegetable fibre is immersed in to contain in 2% the lime aqueous solution 5 hours and carry out desugar handles, be placed on then to contain to soak in 3% the amine retardant solution and carried out fire-retardant finish in 4 hours, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled between the 3-5%; Vegetable fibre, industrial residue, cement, vitriol and water after handling are measured the back respectively to be mixed, wherein vegetable fibre is 8%, slag is 60%, ordinary portland cement is 18%, high-alumina cement is 3%, sodium sulfate 3%, water 9% stir again, make the mixture that stirs deliver to the shaper moulding by transfer roller, shaper contains radially the vibrating device with axial interlock, delivers to the finished product stockyard by transfer roller again after the moulding and dispatches from the factory after check.
Embodiment 2
Vegetable fibre is immersed in to contain in 3% the lime aqueous solution 4 hours and carry out desugar handles, be placed on then to contain to soak in 5% the amine retardant solution and carried out fire-retardant finish in 3 hours, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled between the 3-5%; Vegetable fibre, industrial residue, cement, vitriol and water after handling are measured the back respectively to be mixed, wherein vegetable fibre is 7%, slag is 59%, ordinary portland cement is 20%, high-alumina cement is 2%, calcium sulfate 4%, water 8% stir again, make the mixture that stirs deliver to the shaper moulding by transfer roller, shaper contains radially the vibrating device with axial interlock, delivers to the finished product stockyard by transfer roller again after the moulding and dispatches from the factory after check.
Embodiment 3
Vegetable fibre is immersed in to contain in 5% the lime aqueous solution 2 hours and carry out desugar handles, be placed on then to contain to soak in 6% the amine retardant solution and carried out fire-retardant finish in 2 hours, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled between the 3-5%; Vegetable fibre, industrial residue, cement, vitriol and water after handling are measured the back respectively to be mixed, wherein vegetable fibre is 9%, slag is 61%, ordinary portland cement is 20%, vitriolate of tartar 2%, water 8% stir again, make the mixture that stirs deliver to the shaper moulding by transfer roller, shaper contains radially the vibrating device with axial interlock, delivers to the finished product stockyard by transfer roller again after the moulding and dispatches from the factory after check.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick is characterized in that: the weight percentages of components of described insulating, porous brick is that vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water are 6-12%.
2, by the described a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick of claim 1, it is characterized in that: vegetable fibre is straw, rice chaff, reed or mao bamboon, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is 0.5-1mm.
3, by the described a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick of claim 1, it is characterized in that: vitriol is sodium sulfate, calcium sulfate or vitriolate of tartar.
4, by the described a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick of claim 1, it is characterized in that: industrial residue is slag or lime-ash, and granularity is below 5mm, and the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled at 3-5%.
5, press the manufacture method of the described a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick of claim 1, it is characterized in that: vegetable fibre is immersed in the lime aqueous solution that contains 2-5% 1-5 hour and carries out desugar and handle, be placed on then to soak in the amine retardant solution that contains 3-8% and carried out fire-retardant finish in 1-5 hour, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled at 3-5%; With vegetable fibre, industrial residue, cement, vitriol and water after handling is that 6-12% measures the back mixing by vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water respectively, stir again, make the mixture that stirs deliver to the shaper moulding by transfer roller, shaper contains radially the vibrating device with axial interlock, delivers to the finished product stockyard by transfer roller again after the moulding and dispatches from the factory after check.
6, press the manufacture method of the described a kind of light thermal-insulation perforated brick of claim 5, it is characterized in that: vegetable fibre is immersed in the lime aqueous solution that contains 2-5% 1-5 hour and carries out desugar and handle, be placed on then to soak in the amine retardant solution that contains 3-8% and carried out fire-retardant finish in 1-5 hour, drying is pulverized again, and the diameter of vegetable fibre is controlled between the 0.5-1mm; Industrial residue is pulverized and sieved, make its granularity below 5mm, the remaining component content of uncombusted wherein is controlled at 3-5%; Each raw material after handling is pressed vegetable fibre 6-10%, cement 20-25%, vitriol 1-5%, industrial residue 55-62%, water is that 6-12% drops into weighing hopper, entering stirrer then stirs, churning time is between 0.5 minute~2 minutes, again material is dropped in the cloth bucket, control material volume accounts for 70%~80% cloth bucket volume, material is by the cloth hopper cloth of 5 seconds secondary front and back reciprocal axial motions then, vibrate again through the broken arch of 5KG pressurized air, and at hydraulic radial, its frequency is 2200 times/minute, vibration power is 90KN, material jolt ramming is full of die cavity, and whole process time was controlled in 12 seconds, and the material that is full of die cavity passes through matched moulds up and down, and through three grades of vibrations, initial again compacting, its frequency is 1800 times/minute, 1 second time, fully compacting again, its frequency is 3400 times/minute, 2 seconds time, the weakening of finalizing the design again, its frequency is 1200 times/minute, 1 second time, last die sinking brick output.
CNB031288766A 2003-05-26 2003-05-26 Light thermal porous brick and producing method thereof CN100351198C (en)

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CN100351198C true CN100351198C (en) 2007-11-28

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101845868A (en) * 2009-03-23 2010-09-29 沈礼群 Plant straw heat-preserving wall brick and production method thereof
CN102674756A (en) * 2011-02-14 2012-09-19 丘华彪 Novel environmental protection and greening water permeable brick and manufacture method thereof
DE102011102337A1 (en) * 2011-05-25 2012-11-29 Werner Sobek Device and method for producing components with at least one continuous property change
CN104175385A (en) * 2013-05-23 2014-12-03 董昊南 Light-weight heat insulation brick automatic casting forming device
CN104609815A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-13 东莞市高能磁电技术有限公司 Method for preparing porous baking-free product from solid waste and product
CN105294149A (en) * 2015-03-11 2016-02-03 炫靓集团有限公司 Method for preparing aerated concrete being suitable for board production by utilizing Mo tailing sand
CN105330245A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-02-17 曹斌 Baking-free plant fiber brick and preparing method thereof
CN105690564B (en) * 2016-02-18 2017-12-05 丽水市陶筑建材科技有限公司 Haydite aerated building block production technology and its production equipment
CN108218369A (en) * 2016-12-15 2018-06-29 赖群广 A kind of preparation method of environmental-friendly hollow brick
CN107188535B (en) * 2017-06-19 2019-08-16 广东盖特奇新材料科技有限公司 Porous structure material and its preparation method and application
CN109020368A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 钱兴 A kind of thermal insulation porous bricks

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1056858A (en) * 1990-12-22 1991-12-11 鞍山钢铁公司 Make the method for hollow lump from slag concret
CN1154896A (en) * 1996-01-15 1997-07-23 黄晓明 Cement/plaster reed-fiber composite material and production method thereof
CN1226528A (en) * 1998-12-21 1999-08-25 李桓宇 Lightweight non-sintered bricks made from coal cinders

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1056858A (en) * 1990-12-22 1991-12-11 鞍山钢铁公司 Make the method for hollow lump from slag concret
CN1154896A (en) * 1996-01-15 1997-07-23 黄晓明 Cement/plaster reed-fiber composite material and production method thereof
CN1226528A (en) * 1998-12-21 1999-08-25 李桓宇 Lightweight non-sintered bricks made from coal cinders

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