CN100348511C - Flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited and preparation process thereof - Google Patents

Flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited and preparation process thereof Download PDF

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CN100348511C
CN100348511C CNB2005100438021A CN200510043802A CN100348511C CN 100348511 C CN100348511 C CN 100348511C CN B2005100438021 A CNB2005100438021 A CN B2005100438021A CN 200510043802 A CN200510043802 A CN 200510043802A CN 100348511 C CN100348511 C CN 100348511C
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ammonium chloride
diallyl ammonium
dimethyl
poly
inorganic organic
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CN1724404A (en
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高宝玉
王燕
岳钦艳
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山东大学
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a poly ferric-dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composite flocculant which is brown liquid by the appearance. In the composite flocculant, the weight percentage of Fe is between 5.5% and 8.0%, and the weight percentage of poly dimethyldiallylammonium chloride, the solid content of which is between 39% and 41%, is between 3% and 16.0%; the density of the composite flocculant is between 1.1 and 1.2 at the temperature of 20 DEGC; the alkalinity of the composite flocculant is between 16% and 50%; the pH value of the composite flocculant is between 0.7 and 1.1. The present invention also discloses a method for preparing the composite flocculant by introducing PDMDAAC into PFC solution. The method has the advantages of simple technology, low cost, economy, applicability, etc. The flocculant of the present invention has high stability, high capability of adsorbing and bridging colloidal substances and good flocculating effect; besides, a small amount of sludge is generated. The flocculant is widely applicable to supplied water and waste water treatment in the fields of oil exploitation, paper making, mining, textile and dyeing, daily chemical industry, etc.

Description

Diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl and preparation method thereof

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of composite flocculation agent and preparation technology thereof, relate in particular to diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of a kind of poly ferric-dimethyl (PFC-PDMDAAC) and preparation technology thereof, belong to environment and technical field of chemistry.

(2) background technology

In current environmental technology field, water treatment agent is most widely used general in current water and wastewater industry, water pollution control and the water saving reuse purifying treatment field of engineering technology, the specialty products of consumption maximum.Water treatment agent belongs to high-tech content, high value added product, and it is determining innovation and development, facility and technical process simplification, working cost and the purification of water quality quality of water technology and equipment to a great extent.Therefore, novel, efficient water treatment agent is the mainstay industry of giving priority in the water treatment environmental technology field all the time, also is the basic industry of water and wastewater industry and water pollution control engineering and equipment innovation and development.

Inorganic organic composite water disposal agent has the incomparable purifying water effect of traditional water treatment agent, has simultaneously that dosage is low, an applied range, easy to use, economic dispatch advantage.The development of inorganic organic composite water disposal agent and exploitation will water supply industries, water pollution control purifies to bring profoundly with water saving and changes, and will start the water treatment situation of efficient a, low consumption, low input for China.

At present, poly-ferric chloride (PFC) and Poly Dimethyl Diallyl Ammonium Chloride (PDMDAAC) are both at home and abroad at the inorganic and organic polymer coargulator to widespread use in water treatment, wastewater treatment and the sludge dewatering treatment.Advantages such as PFC is big with its alumen ustum, flco is closely knit, sedimentation is fast, consumption is few, effective, nontoxic become the focus of the research of water conditioner in recent years.But compare with organic floculant, molecular weight, globule size and flocculation bridge formation ability are all mutually far short of what is expected.For improving the single molysite polymerization degree, stability and purifying water effect etc., PFC is carried out the composite modified main contents that improve molysite class flocculation agent flocculation ability that become.Introducing positively charged ion or anionic polymer in the molysite system, the molysite flocculation agent is carried out composite modified, is the important method of current modification molysite flocculation agent.The particularly adding of cationic polymers can improve the surface charge of molysite flocculation agent, strengthens its charge neutrality effect, thereby improves its flocculation ability.As a kind of water-soluble cationic polymer, PDMDAAC has positive charge density height, good water solubility, molecular weight and is easy to control, high effect nontoxic, advantage such as cheap, therefore is widely used in fields such as water treatment.Abroad, PDMDAAC uses very extensive as water conditioner, almost relates to each corner of trade effluent, sanitary sewage and tap water.So, inorganic flocculating agent PFC and organic polymer coargulator PDMDAAC is composite, the novel polymeric ferric-dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composite coagulator (PFC-PDMDAAC) of development can improve molysite flocculation agent flocculation ability, improving the organic floculant performance, is the important invention of water treatment field.

About research reports such as inorganic organic composite coagulators,, magnify congruence referring to Gao Lixin. a kind of synthetic and performance study of ternary composite flocculation agent, " process water and waste water ", 2004,35 (1), 70-72; Tang Xinhu, Yin Hua etc. inorganic/organic composite coagulator is to the decolouring research of basic rhodamine B, " environmental science and technology ", 2003,26 (3), 41-43.But, by retrieval: with FeCl 36H 2O, PDMDAAC homopolymer are research and the application that main raw material prepares the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, the present domestic bibliographical information of not seeing.In the bibliographic data base, do not see the pertinent literature report at present abroad.

(3) summary of the invention

Deficiency at existing flocculation agent, the purpose of this invention is to provide diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of a kind of poly ferric-dimethyl and preparation method thereof, utilize method of the present invention can prepare the flocculation agent that not only has good storage stability but also have good flocculating effect.

The diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of the poly ferric-dimethyl that the present invention relates to, outward appearance is a brown liquid, wherein, the weight percent of Fe (effective concentration of product is in Fe) is 5.5%~8.0%, solid content is that the weight percent of 39%~41% Poly Dimethyl Diallyl Ammonium Chloride is 3%~16.0%, density is 1.1~1.2 in the time of 20 ℃, and basicity is 16%~50%, and pH is 0.7~1.1.

The diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of above-mentioned poly ferric-dimethyl, preferably, the weight percent 6.5%~7.8% of Fe, solid content is the weight percent 8%~14.0% of 39%~41% Poly Dimethyl Diallyl Ammonium Chloride, basicity is 26%~40%, and pH is 0.9~1.0.

The preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl that the present invention relates to, be made up of following step:

(1) with FeCl 36H 2O and distilled water are 45~55: 100 mixed dissolutions by weight, stir to add Na 2CO 3Powder to basicity is 16%~50%, and the while is with the Na of 4.5%~6% weight percent 2HPO 4As stablizer, react to such an extent that brown liquid is poly-ferric chloride (PFC), wherein: the Fe weight percentage is 5.5%~8.0%;

(2) be 55~57: 100 mixed dissolutions with dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC) by weight with distilled water, in solution, feed 20~40 minutes N 2, add the initiator of 2%~4% weight percent then, place 40 ℃~50 ℃ waters bath with thermostatic control, stir polymerization 4 hours~6 hours, make characteristic concentration and be expressed as 0.7~1.2mlg with viscosities il -1, solid content is 39%~41% dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC);

(3) getting PFC and the PDMDAAC that aforesaid method makes, is that 5~35: 1 ratio is mixed under 20 ℃~50 ℃ conditions with weight ratio, reacts 50 minutes~70 minutes, gets the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl.

Wherein, the described basicity of step (1) is preferably 26%~40%.

Wherein, the described Fe weight percentage of step (1) is preferably 6.5%~7.8%.

Wherein, the described N that in solution, feeds of step (2) 2Preferably 30 minutes time.

Wherein, the described initiator of step (2) is Potassium Persulphate or ammonium persulphate.

Wherein, the described bath temperature of step (2) is preferably 42 ℃~45 ℃.

Wherein, the blending ratio of described PFC of step (3) and PDMDAAC preferably weight ratio is 5~25: 1, preferably 25 ℃~40 ℃ of mixing temperatures.

The diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of the poly ferric-dimethyl that the inventive method makes is hereinafter to be referred as the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.

With laboratory method, describe preparation method in detail below to PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator of the present invention:

(1) gets 45~55g FeCl 36H 2The O solid adds 100ml distilled water in beaker, stir to add Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 16%~50%, and the while is with the Na of 4.5g~6g 2HPO 4As stablizer, stirring reaction gets brown liquid under the normal temperature.It is 6.5%~8.0% PFC that this step is prepared the Fe weight percentage.

(2) dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC) of getting 55g~57g places three mouthfuls of round-bottomed flasks of 150ml, and it is 55~57% that adding distil water is diluted to concentration expressed in percentage by weight, feeds 20 minutes~40 minutes N in solution 2(nitrogen) adds the initiator (Potassium Persulphate or ammonium persulphate) of 2%~4% weight percent then, places 40 ℃~50 ℃ waters bath with thermostatic control, stirs polymerization and stops after 4 hours~6 hours.Making characteristic concentration (representing with viscosities il) is 0.7~1.2mlg -1, solid content is 39%~41% PDMDAAC.

(3) get PFC and the PDMDAAC that aforesaid method makes, be that 5~35: 1 ratio is mixed under 20 ℃~50 ℃ conditions with weight ratio, reacted 50 minutes~70 minutes, make the PFC/PDMDAAC mass ratio and be 5~35: 1 PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, wherein, effective concentration is counted weight percent 5.5%~7.8% with Fe.

The PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator that the present invention prepares can be widely used in feedwater, wastewater treatment, fields such as oil production, papermaking, mining, textile printing and dyeing, daily-use chemical industry as a kind of new and effective water treatment agent.

PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator of the present invention compared with prior art has following excellent results:

PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator of the present invention belongs to novel high polymer flocculation agent in the water treatment field.This flocculation agent is the inorganic organic polymer coargulator of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE that grows up on the basis of traditional molysite flocculation agent, is with FeCl 36H 2O, PDMDAAC are raw material, adopt the method that PDMDAAC is incorporated in the PFC solution to be prepared from.This flocculation agent combines advantages such as PDMDAAC molecular weight height, product stability are good, strong to the adsorption bridging ability of colloidalmaterial, flocculating effect good, sludge quantity applied widely, that produce is few, and advantage such as the best dispensing of molysite wide ranges, cost of water treatment be low.

The present invention is with FeCl 36H 2O, PDMDAAC are main production raw material, have prepared the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, have characteristics such as production technique is simple and direct, economic, suitable.This flocculation agent can be widely used in feedwater, wastewater treatment, fields such as oil production, papermaking, mining, textile printing and dyeing, daily-use chemical industry, and good water treatment effect is arranged.See Application Example for details.

(4) embodiment

Embodiment 1:

With FeCl 36H 2O solid wiring solution-forming stirs adding Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 16%, prepares effective concentration (in Fe) and be 6.8% PFC.Be 14: 1 by weight, get PFC and PDMDAAC respectively, prepare the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.Product is represented with No.1, lists in the table 1.Concrete preparation method is as follows:

(1) gets 49.0gFeCl 36H 2The O solid adds 100ml distilled water in beaker, stir to add Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 16%, and stirring reaction gets brown liquid under the normal temperature, adds 5.0 gram Na simultaneously 2HPO 4As stablizer.It is 6.8% PFC that this step is prepared the Fe weight percentage.

(2) DMDAAC that gets 56g places three mouthfuls of round-bottomed flasks of 150ml, and it is 56% (weight percent) that adding distil water is diluted to concentration, feeds 30 minutes N in solution 2, add weight percent then and be 3% initiator potassium persulfate, place 45 ℃ of waters bath with thermostatic control, stir polymerization and stop after 5 hours.Prepare characteristic concentration (representing with viscosities il) and be 1.02dL/g, solid content is 40.6% PDMDAAC product.

(3) get PFC 98g and the PDMDAAC 7g that method for preparing goes out respectively, under 40 ℃ of conditions, mix, reacted 1 hour, prepare the PFC/PDMDAAC weight ratio and be 14: 1 PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.The effective concentration of this product is counted weight percent 6.32% with Fe.

Above-mentioned PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, outward appearance is a brown liquid, contains the weight percent 6.32% of Fe, contains the weight percent 7.0% of PDMDAAC (solid content is 40.6%), density (20 ℃) 1.15, basicity 16%, pH are 0.76.

Embodiment 2:

Get a certain amount of FeCl 36H 2O solid wiring solution-forming stirs adding Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 33%, and the effective concentration (in Fe) of preparing PFC is 7.45%.Be 35: 1 by weight, get PFC and PDMDAAC respectively, prepare the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, the product of this preparation is represented with No.2, lists among the table 1.

Preparation method such as embodiment 1, but different is: get FeCl 36H 2O solid 56g prepares PFC, adds Na 2CO 4Powder adds 5.9 gram Na then to predetermined basicity 33% 2HPO 4As stablizer, PFC effective concentration (in Fe) is 7.45% weight percent.Get the PFC of 98.0g and the PDMDAAC of 2.8g, under 30 ℃ of conditions, mix, preparation PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.

Above-mentioned PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, outward appearance is a brown liquid, contains the weight percent 7.19% of Fe, the weight percent 3.5% that contains PDMDAAC (solid content is 40.6%, and viscosity is 1.02dL/g), density (20 ℃) 1.12, basicity 33%, pH are 0.9.

Embodiment 3:

Get a certain amount of FeCl 36H 2O solid wiring solution-forming stirs adding Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 40%, and the effective concentration (in Fe) of preparing PFC is 7.45%.Be 13: 1 by weight, get PFC and PDMDAAC respectively, prepare the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, the product of this preparation is represented with No.3, lists among the table 1.

Preparation method such as embodiment 1, but different is: and the dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride (DMDAAC) of getting 55g places three mouthfuls of round-bottomed flasks of 150ml, and it is 55% weight percent that adding distil water is diluted to concentration, logical N 2Add the initiator ammonium persulfate of weight percent 4% half an hour then, places 42 ℃ of waters bath with thermostatic control, stirs polymerization and stop after 6 hours.Get the PFC of 91g and the PDMDAAC of 7g, under 35 ℃ of conditions, mix, preparation PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.

Above-mentioned PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, outward appearance is a brown liquid, contains the weight percent 6.92% of Fe, the weight percent 7% that contains PDMDAAC (solid content is 40.2%, and viscosity is 0.72dL/g), density (20 ℃) 1.14, basicity 33%, pH are 0.9.

Embodiment 4:

Get a certain amount of FeCl 36H 2O solid wiring solution-forming stirs adding Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 30%, and the effective concentration (in Fe) of preparing PFC is 7.45%.Be 6: 1 by weight, get PFC and PDMDAAC respectively, prepare the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, the product of this preparation is represented with No.4, lists among the table 1.

Preparation method such as embodiment 1, but different is: get the PFC of 90g and the PDMDAAC of 15g, under 45 ℃ of conditions, mix, preparation PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.

Above-mentioned PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, outward appearance is a brown liquid, contains the weight percent 6.33% of Fe, the weight percent 15% that contains PDMDAAC (solid content is 40.8%, and viscosity is 1.21dL/g), density (20 ℃) 1.18, basicity 33%, pH are 0.9.

Embodiment 5:

Get a certain amount of FeCl 36H 2O solid wiring solution-forming stirs adding Na down 2CO 3Powder is to predetermined basicity 50%, and the effective concentration (in Fe) of preparing PFC is 7.12%.Be 14: 1 by weight, get PFC and PDMDAAC respectively, prepare the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, the product of this preparation is represented with No.5, lists among the table 1.

Preparation method such as embodiment 1, but different is: get FeCl 36H 2O solid 52 g prepare PFC, add Na 2CO 3Powder adds 5.5 gram Na then to predetermined basicity 50% 2HPO 4As stablizer, PFC effective concentration (in Fe) is 7.12% weight percent.Get the PFC of 98g and the PDMDAAC of 7g, under 32 ℃ of conditions, mix, preparation PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator.

Above-mentioned PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator, outward appearance is a brown liquid, contains the weight percent 6.62% of Fe, the weight percent 7% that contains PDMDAAC (solid content is 40.6%, and viscosity is 1.02dL/g), density (20 ℃) 1.12, basicity 50%, pH are 1.1.

The PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator that the present invention prepares can be widely used in feedwater, wastewater treatment, fields such as oil production, papermaking, mining, textile printing and dyeing, daily-use chemical industry as new and effective water treatment agent.Set forth concrete effect with Application Example below.

One of Application Example:

The No.1,2,3,4 of above embodiment 1,2,3,4,5 preparations, the coagulation turbidity removal that 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator product is used for Huanghe water are handled, contrasted with PFC, PDMDAAC simultaneously.Raw water turbidity is 792.5NTU, pH value 8.64, and SS is 1300mg/L, belongs to the ultra.

Result is listed in table 1.

Table 1PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled the effect of Huanghe water

Dosage, mg/L Production code member ????1 ??2 ????3 ????4 ????5 ????PFC ????PDMDAAC ????1 ????2 ????3 ????1?3.8 ????6.03 ????4.39 ??8.4 ??6.76 ??4.32 ????7.06 ????5.09 ????3.91 ????7.02 ????6.22 ????4.98 ????12 ????5.29 ????3.13 ????19.18 ????9.11 ????8.69 ????19.52 ????8.87 ????8.65

????4 ????5 ????3.42 ????2.21 ????3.01 ????2.69 ????2.6 ????2.22 ????3.21 ????3.1?6 ????2.94 ????2.28 ????7.74 ????6.79 ????8.33 ????8.79

From above result visible (data are residual turbidity NTU in the table), the coagulation turbidity removal effect that the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled ultra's sample obviously is better than PFC flocculation agent and PDMDAAC flocculation agent.

Two of Application Example:

No.1,2,3,4, the 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator product of above embodiment 1,2,3,4,5 preparations is used for the crouch coagulating treatment of Tiger Mountain reservoir of Jinan, contrasts with PFC, PDMDAAC simultaneously.The raw water quality situation is as follows: pH value 8.40, turbidity are 44.8NTU, UV 254Be 0.116, total organic carbon (TOC) is 12.62ppm, belongs to medium turbidity water.

Result is listed in table 2.

Table 2PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled

The effect (dosage is 30mg/L) of the Tiger Mountain reservoir water that crouches

????No. Residual turbidity (NTU) ????????????TOC(mg/L) ????????????????UV 254 Before the processing After the processing Clearance (%) Before the processing After the processing Clearance (%) ????1 ????2 ????3 ????4 ????5 ????PFC ????PDMDAAC ??1.13 ??1.14 ??1.15 ??1.26 ??1.01 ??1.72 ??5.92 ????12.62 ????12.62 ????12.62 ????12.62 ????12.62 ????12.62 ????12.62 ??0.94 ??0.92 ??0.88 ??0.87 ??0.85 ??2.63 ??1.59 ??92.5 ??92.7 ??93.0 ??93.1 ??93.3 ??79.1 ??87.4 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.116 ??0.041 ??0.037 ??0.033 ??0.035 ??0.032 ??0.082 ??0.057 ??64.7 ??68.1 ??71.6 ??69.8 ??72.4 ??29.3 ??50.9

From above result as seen, the coagulation turbidity removal effect that the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled medium turbidity water sample obviously is better than PFC flocculation agent and PDMDAAC flocculation agent, and the clearance of TOC on average improves about 13% than PFC, on average improve than PDMDAAC about 6%, UV 254Clearance on average improve approximately 40% than PFC, on average improve about 20% than PDMDAAC.

Three of Application Example:

With the No.1,2,3,4 of above embodiment 1,2,3,4,5 preparations, the coagulating treatment that 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator product is used for dyeing waste water, contrast with PFC simultaneously.The raw water quality situation is as follows: pH value 10.34, absorbancy are 1.034, and COD is 4860mg/L.Percent of decolourization is the ratio of water sample absorbancy before handling back water sample absorbancy minimizing value and handling.

Result is listed in table 3.

Table 3 PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator

Treatment of dyeing and printing effect (dosage is 150mg/L)

????No. Absorbancy ??????????????COD Cr Before the processing After the processing Percent of decolourization (%) Before the processing After the processing Clearance (%) ??1 ??2 ??3 ??4 ??5 ??PFC ??PDMDAAC ??1.034 ??1.034 ??1.034 ??1.034 ??1.034 ??1.034 ??1.034 ??0.25 ??0.45 ??0.23 ??0.11 ??0.28 ??0.62 ??0.44 ????75.6 ????56.6 ????77.7 ????88.9 ????73.4 ????40.4 ????57.6 ????4860 ????4860 ????4860 ????4860 ????4860 ????4860 ????4860 ????865 ????952 ????843 ????795 ????821 ????2256 ????1539 ????82.2 ????80.4 ????82.7 ????83.6 ????83.1 ????53.6 ????68.3

From above result as seen, the flocculating effect of PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator treatment of dyeing and printing obviously is better than PFC flocculation agent and PDMDAAC flocculation agent, and percent of decolourization on average improves about 40% than PFC, on average improve than PDMDAAC about 20%, COD CrClearance on average improve approximately 30% than PFC, on average improve about 15% than PDMDAAC.

Four of Application Example:

With the No.1,2,3,4 of above embodiment 1,2,3,4,5 preparations, the coagulating treatment that 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator product is used for the oily(waste)water of shore refinery, contrast with PFC, PDMDAAC simultaneously.The raw water quality situation is as follows: pH value 7.6, oleaginousness are 104.8mg/L, COD CrBe 2634.3mg/L.

Result is listed in table 4.

Table 4PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled

The effect of oily(waste)water (dosage is 70mg/L)

????No. Deoiling effect ??????????????COD Cr Before the processing After the processing Oil removal rate (%) Before the processing After the processing Clearance (%) ????1 ????104.8 ????58.5 ??44.2 ??2634.3 ??642.8 ??75.6

???2 ???3 ???4 ???5 ???PFC ???PDMDAAC ????104.8 ????104.8 ????104.8 ????104.8 ????104.8 ????104.8 ????57.3 ????57.2 ????55.8 ????56.1 ????72.7 ????67.7 ????45.3 ????45.4 ????46.8 ????46.5 ????30.7 ????35.4 ????2634.3 ????2634.3 ????2634.3 ????2634.3 ????2634.3 ????2634.3 ??611.2 ??603.3 ??592.7 ??600.6 ??2397.2 ??943.1 ??76.8 ??77.1 ??77.5 ??77.2 ??9.0 ??64.2

From above result as seen, the flocculating effect that the PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator is handled oily(waste)water obviously is better than PFC flocculation agent and PDMDAAC flocculation agent, and oil removal rate improves 10% than PDMDAAC, COD than PFC raising 17% CrClearance improve 68% than PFC, improve 13% than PDMDAAC.

Five of Application Example:

The No.1,2,3,4 of above embodiment 1,2,3,4,5 preparations, the coagulating waste water that 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator product is used for different pH values are handled, contrasted with PFC simultaneously.Former water is the simulated water sample of reactive dark blue, and dyestuff content is 100mg/L, and absorbancy is 1.623 under 593nm, and percent of decolourization is the ratio of water sample absorbancy before handling back water sample absorbancy minimizing value and handling.

Result is listed in table 5.

Table 5PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator

Decolorizing effect (dosage is 30mg/L)

????No. Under the different pH, handle the percent of decolourization (%) of back water sample ????5 ????6 ????7 ????8 ????9 ????1 ????2 ????3 ????4 ????5 ????PFC ????87.9 ????90.1 ????91.0 ????96.2 ????91.1 ????82.4 ????96.8 ????98.2 ????99.6 ????99.7 ????98.6 ????92.2 ????97.4 ????99.1 ????99.7 ????99.7 ????99.2 ????69.2 ????97.2 ????99.2 ????99.6 ????99.6 ????99.6 ????66.2 ????97.1 ????98.7 ????98.6 ????99.3 ????98.9 ????64.3

From above result as seen, the suitable pH value scope of PFC-PDMDAAC inorganic organic composite coagulator obviously is wider than the PFC flocculation agent.

Claims (10)

1, the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of a kind of poly ferric-dimethyl, it is characterized in that, outward appearance is a brown liquid, wherein, the weight percent of Fe is 5.5%~8.0%, and solid content is that the weight percent of 39%~41% Poly Dimethyl Diallyl Ammonium Chloride is 3%~16.0%, and density is 1.1~1.2 in the time of 20 ℃, basicity is 16%~50%, and pH is 0.7~1.1.
2, the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the weight percent of Fe is 6.5%~7.8%, solid content is that the weight percent of 39%~41% Poly Dimethyl Diallyl Ammonium Chloride is 8%~14.0%, basicity is 26%~40%, and pH is 0.9~1.0.
3, the preparation method of claim 1 or the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of 2 described poly ferric-dimethyls, be made up of following step:
(1) with FeCl 36H 2O and distilled water are 45~55: 100 mixed dissolutions by weight, stir to add Na 2CO 3Powder to basicity is 16%~50%, and the while is with the Na of 4.5%~6% weight percent 2HPO 4As stablizer, react to such an extent that brown liquid is poly-ferric chloride, wherein: the Fe weight percentage is 5.5%~8.0%;
(2) be 55~57: 100 mixed dissolutions by weight with dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride and distilled water, in solution, feed 20~40 minutes N 2, add the initiator of 2%~4% weight percent then, place 40 ℃~50 ℃ waters bath with thermostatic control, stir polymerization 4 hours~6 hours, make characteristic concentration and be expressed as 0.7~1.2mlg with viscosities il -1, solid content is 39%~41% dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride;
(3) get poly-ferric chloride and the dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer that aforesaid method makes, be that 5~35: 1 ratio is mixed under 20 ℃~50 ℃ conditions with weight ratio, reacted 50 minutes~70 minutes, and got the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl.
4, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the described basicity of step (1) is 26%~40%.
5, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the described Fe weight percentage of step (1) is 6.5%~7.8%.
6, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the described N that feeds in solution of step (2) 2Time be 30 minutes.
7, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the described initiator of step (2) is Potassium Persulphate or ammonium persulphate.
8, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, the described bath temperature of step (2) is 42 ℃~45 ℃.
9, the preparation method of the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of poly ferric-dimethyl as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the blending ratio of described poly-ferric chloride of step (3) and dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer is that weight ratio is 5~25: 1, and mixing temperature is 25 ℃~40 ℃.
10, claim 1 or the diallyl ammonium chloride homopolymer inorganic organic composited flocculation agent of 2 described poly ferric-dimethyls as water treatment agent the feedwater, wastewater treatment, the application in oil production, papermaking, mining, textile printing and dyeing, the daily-use chemical industry.
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