CA2698433C - Shuttle for a climbing protection system - Google Patents

Shuttle for a climbing protection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2698433C
CA2698433C CA2698433A CA2698433A CA2698433C CA 2698433 C CA2698433 C CA 2698433C CA 2698433 A CA2698433 A CA 2698433A CA 2698433 A CA2698433 A CA 2698433A CA 2698433 C CA2698433 C CA 2698433C
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CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
shuttle
slider
cable
clamping lever
gap
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CA2698433A
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French (fr)
Other versions
CA2698433A1 (en
Inventor
Sergej Gossen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Honeywell Fall Protection Deutschland GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Honeywell Fall Protection Deutschland GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE202007012804U priority Critical patent/DE202007012804U1/en
Priority to DE202007012804.5 priority
Application filed by Honeywell Fall Protection Deutschland GmbH and Co KG filed Critical Honeywell Fall Protection Deutschland GmbH and Co KG
Priority to PCT/EP2008/062019 priority patent/WO2009037173A1/en
Publication of CA2698433A1 publication Critical patent/CA2698433A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA2698433C publication Critical patent/CA2698433C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B1/00Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
    • A62B1/06Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of rope-lowering devices
    • A62B1/14Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of rope-lowering devices with brakes sliding on the rope
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B35/00Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion
    • A62B35/0043Lifelines, lanyards, and anchors therefore
    • A62B35/005Vertical lifelines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B35/00Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion
    • A62B35/0043Lifelines, lanyards, and anchors therefore
    • A62B35/0056Horizontal lifelines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B35/00Safety belts or body harnesses; Similar equipment for limiting displacement of the human body, especially in case of sudden changes of motion
    • A62B35/0081Equipment which can travel along the length of a lifeline, e.g. travelers
    • A62B35/0087Arrangements for bypassing lifeline supports without lanyard disconnection

Abstract

The shuttle for a fall protection system is guided along a cable (S). If a user falls, the shuttle (10) is clamped on the cable (S). The shuttle comprises a guiding mechanism (14) for the cable (S), a rotatably mounted clamping lever that has a cam at a first end and an anchor point (24) at a second end, and a slider for opening and at least partially closing a gap (38) of the guiding mechanism (14), the shuttle being placed on the cable through said gap (38).
The slider is preloaded in the first position which at least partially closes the gap (38). The gap (38) is dimensioned such that the shuttle (10) can pass intermediate supports (70) of the cable. The shuttle also comprises a first locking mechanism which blocks the slider in the first position that at least partially closes the gap (38) and which can be released in order to allow the slider to be moved into a second position in which the gap (38) is open.

Description

Description SHUTTLE FOR A CLIMBING PROTECTION SYSTEM
Technical Field The present invention relates to a shuttle for a climbing protection system for preventing a user of a ladder, a platform or the like from falling.

The shuttle is guided along a cable and grips the cable if a user falls. The shuttle has a guiding mechanism for the cable and a rotatably mounted clamping lever which has a cam at a first end facing the cable, and an anchor point at a second end protruding from the casing.
State of the art Climbing protection systems usually consist of a cable, for example a wire cable, and a following fall arrester guided on the cable, which is hereafter called a shuttle. The cable can be fastened to a structure or the like by means of cable end attachments, a cable tensioner and fastening devices. A user of the climbing protection system is connected by means of a full body harness to the shuttle which follows the user. The full body harness is usually connected to the clamping lever of the shuttle which, if a user falls, ensures that the shuttle grips the cable of the climbing protection system, in order to thus prevent the free fall of the user.
Such a shuttle is offered for sale under the product name S.K.C. by Antec (now Sperian Fall Protection), 35-37 rue de la Bidauderie, BP334, 18103 Vierzon, France. A carabiner, which connects a user's full body harness to the shuttle, is fastened in an eye at one end of a clamping lever.
The clamping lever is rotatably mounted in the shuttle and is swivelled in the event of a fall by the pull exerted on it by the full body harness, with the result that the cam of the clamping lever presses against the cable guided in the guiding mechanism of the shuttle and the shuttle grips the cable.
Furthermore, when the shuttle is used, the clamping lever closes a gap along the guiding mechanism, which must be opened to attach the shuttle to the cable. In addition, when the shuttle is used, the gap is closed by a

2 plastic lever which has to be folded back first before the shuttle can be removed from the cable. In order to prevent inadvertent release of the shuttle from the cable, the carabiner must be separated from the shuttle, as otherwise the clamping lever cannot be swivelled far enough to free the gap.
Furthermore, a shuttle of the type described above is generally known, to which it is also possible to fasten a carabiner which connects a user's full body harness to the shuttle. In order to attach the shuttle to, or separate it from, the cable, a closing lever is released and a clamping lever, to which the carabiner is fastened, is swivelled upwards. If the user falls, a clamping jaw of the clamping lever is pressed against the cable.
Furthermore, when the shuttle is used, the clamping jaw closes the gap along the guiding mechanism of the shuttle.
A problem with shuttles for a climbing protection system of the type described above is that they are not suitable for use in a climbing protection system the cable of which is secured to a structure or the like by intermediate supports, as the shuttle cannot be moved over such intermediate supports. The shuttle must be passed manually over such intermediate supports.
US 2007/0119653 Al describes a climbing protection device consisting of a cable tensioned by several intermediate supports and a fall arrest device which can be moved along the cable. The fall arrest device has a U-shaped member, which encloses the cable of the climbing protection device, and a holder cam, which is rotatably mounted. In the event of a fall, the cable is clamped between the holder cam and the U-shaped member, with the result that the fall arrest device is locked in place on the cable.
The fall arrest device can be removed from or attached to the cable at any time.
For this purpose two mechanisms which are independent of each other must be actuated. The two mechanisms are arranged so that they cannot be actuated with one hand.

3 Description of the invention The problem that underlies the invention is therefore to provide a shuttle for a climbing protection system which can be moved over intermediate supports of the climbing protection system when the shuttle is secured on the cable, and which offers the user greater safety than the known climbing protection systems.
According to the invention this problem is solved in that the shuttle has a slider for opening and at least partly closing a gap in the guiding mechanism, wherein the slider is pretensioned into the first position at least partly closing the gap, and a first locking device which blocks the slider in the first position at least partly closing the gap and which can be released in order to allow the slider to move into a second position in which the gap is open.
The clamping lever and the slider of the shuttle operate independently of each other. The user is tied to the shuttle at the end of the clamping lever protruding outwards. The clamping lever is generally pretensioned into its clamping position by a spring, wherein the torque exerted by the elastic force on the clamping lever is overcome by the torque exerted in the opposite direction, which is produced by the shuttle's own weight, when it is pulled upwards on the full body harness along the cable. When in use, the slider secures the shuttle on the cable of the climbing protection system. Because the slider is pretensioned into the first position and the first locking device blocks it in this position, the user must first actuate the slider and the first locking device in order to move the cable through the gap in the guiding mechanism.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the slider does not completely close the gap in the guiding mechanism, during use of the shuttle. The width of the gap during use of the shuttle is then dimensioned such that on the one hand it is smaller than the diameter of the cable and on the other hand it is large enough for the shuttle to be able to pass intermediate supports of the cable in the secured state. The shuttle does not therefore have to be released from the cable in order to pass an intermediate support of the climbing protection system, which increases

4 the user's safety. Furthermore the cable is prevented from slipping out of the guiding mechanism during use of the shuttle. On the other hand, in an alternative embodiment, if the shuttle completely closes the gap in the guiding mechanism, the first locking device allows the slider enough play to open the gap in the guiding mechanism far enough for the shuttle to be able to pass an intermediate support of the cable, when the slider encounters the latter.
A further advantage of the shuttle according to the invention is that it can be used in climbing protection systems with different cable diameters.
In the USA cables with a diameter of 9.5 mm (3/8 inch) are normally used, whereas in Europe cables with a diameter of 8 mm or 10 mm are normally used. The guiding mechanism is preferably dimensioned such that cables with different diameters can be accommodated. In turn, the slider is then dimensioned such that on the one hand it can open the gap far enough for thicker cables also to be able to pass through and on the other hand it can close the gap far enough for thinner cables not to be able to slip out of the guiding mechanism during use of the shuttle. Furthermore the first end of the clamping lever which ensures that the shuttle grips the cable if the user falls is dimensioned such that it can exert its clamping effect on cables with different diameters.
The clamping lever can have different forms. In a first version, the first end of the clamping lever is bent with the result that the first end points downwards at an angle when the shuttle is attached to the cable in a predetermined orientation. Furthermore, the bent first end of the clamping lever is rounded off in such a way that the point of contact of the cable carries out an eccentric movement when the clamping lever moves into the clamping position. In a second version the clamping lever has a symmetrical form. The clamping lever is then preferably in the shape of an anchor, with the result that the clamping lever is symmetrical along its longitudinal axis. Due to the symmetrical form of the clamping lever and in particular of its first end, the shuttle can operate as a fall protection device in both directions as, if the user falls, its first end is always moved into a clamping position. Thus, when the shuttle is attached to the cable, there is no need to ensure that the shuttle is attached in a predetermined orientation.
A further advantage of the present invention is that the shuttle can be attached to the cable of the climbing protection system at any point and

5 removed again by opening the gap. However, as described above, two mechanisms have to be actuated in order to open the gap, thereby preventing an inadvertent release of the shuttle from the cable. In other words, the gap can be opened by moving the slider only when the first locking device is released. If, on the other hand, the first locking device blocks the slider, the shuttle cannot be released from the cable by an inadvertent actuation of the slider. The user's safety is thereby increased.
The first locking device is formed movable with the result that, in a first position, it blocks the slider and, in a second position, it allows movement of the slider. The first locking device is preferably pretensioned into the first position by means of a spring, in order to block the slider normally for safety reasons. Only when the user moves the first locking device against the elastic force into the second position can the slider be moved.
Particularly preferably, the first locking device has a pin which has an area of reduced diameter in its longitudinal direction and can be moved axially and a detent lug which is formed so that the area of reduced diameter of the pin is aligned with the detent lug when the pin is pressed is provided on the slider, in order to allow the slider to move into its second position. In other words, in order to be able to move the slider, the pin has to be shifted in such a way that, upon actuation of the slider, the detent lug encounters the area of reduced diameter of the pin, with the result that the detent lug can pass the pin. The first locking device, which has a pin, thus functions in such a way that the detent lug of the slider encounters an area with the actual pin diameter when the locking device is in the first position, and encounters an area of reduced diameter when the locking device is in the second position.
In a further embodiment of the shuttle according to the invention, the slider can be moved substantially at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the guiding mechanism and thus at right angles to the cable. The slider can

6 thereby be formed in such a way that it at least partly closes the gap over the whole length of the guiding mechanism. The shuttle can then be better guided along the cable, as the slider securely prevents the cable from escaping from the guiding mechanism.
In general the shuttle operates as a fall prevention means in one direction only, and therefore has to be attached to the cable in the predetermined direction. The front end of the bent clamping lever therefore points downwards at an angle. The shuttle therefore preferably has a second locking device which blocks the slider in its first position if the user tries to attach the shuttle to the cable in the reverse direction; the gap cannot then be opened, and the shuttle cannot be attached to the cable.
The second locking device is used in a shuttle which, in the case of an inclined or vertical climbing protection system, can be secured to the cable in only one direction. This is because, should the shuttle be secured to the cable in the wrong direction, the clamping lever could no longer perform its function in the event of the user falling. The second locking device consists of a bolt which is movably mounted in the casing of the slider and drops by its own weight into a hole in the casing of the shuttle when the shuttle is attached to the cable in the wrong orientation, whereby the slider is blocked (anti-inversion). In order to increase the user's safety, two holes are provided into which the bolt can drop, in order to block the slider. A
first hole is arranged in the casing such that the slider is situated in its at least partly closed position when the bolt drops into the hole. In other words, the second locking device ensures that the shuttle can be opened only in a predetermined orientation, in order to attach it to the cable. This safeguard alone is not sufficient, however, as it is conceivable that a user could open the slider in the correct orientation, then (inadvertently) turn the shuttle and then attach it to the cable in what would then be the wrong orientation. The shuttle could thus be attached to the cable in the wrong orientation, and could then no longer perform its function in the event of a fall. In addition, in this situation the bolt would prevent re-opening of the slider. In order to avoid this, a second hole is provided which is arranged such that the slider is located in its opened position when the bolt drops into the second hole.

7 This ensures that the shuttle can be closed only when the shuttle is located in the correct orientation relative to the cable. Due to the two holes in the casing of the shuttle, the bolt prevents any operation of the slider so long as the shuttle is situated in the wrong orientation. On the one hand, the user will thereby always consciously operate the shuttle in the correct orientation. On the other hand, however, it is also completely impossible for him to operate the shuttle wrongly, which increases the user's safety.
However, the second locking device is not necessary if the clamping lever has the symmetrical form described above, as the clamping lever can then perform its clamping function irrespective of the direction in which the shuttle is attached to the cable.
The clamping lever preferably has an attachment eye and a damping element at its second end. The carabiner which connects a user's full body harness to the shuttle can be fastened in the attachment eye.
Advantageously, the carabiner need not be removed during opening or closing of the gap in the guiding mechanism, as the clamping lever according to the present invention only acts as a brake for the shuttle and is not simultaneously used for closing the gap. In other words, the clamping lever according to the present invention need not first be moved into a predetermined position in order to be able to open the gap in the guiding mechanism. The opening and closing of the gap is controlled by the slider and the first locking device, which are independent of the clamping lever.
The damping element provides for a damping of the impact force if the user falls when the shuttle jerkily clamps onto the cable. The damping element may be fixed to or integral with the outward protruding end of the clamping levers. Suitable damping elements are described in DE 295 01 716 U1 and WO 99/49939 Al. The damping element, which thus functions as an energy-absorbing element for the user in the event of a fall, can be made from high-grade steel. However, the damping element can also be made from other metallic materials or plastic.
The shuttle according to the invention can in particular be made from high-grade steel, plastic or aluminium.

8 The shuttle according to the invention corresponds to the standard DIN
EN 353-1/A1 (Personal protective equipment against falls from a height - Part 1: Guided type fall arresters including a rigid anchor line;
German version EN 353-1: 2002/prA1:2007).
Brief description of the drawings The invention is described in more detail below, with reference to the drawings.
Figures 1 and 2 are sectional views of a shuttle with a clamping lever in the non-clamping position and in the clamping position respectively, wherein Figs. 1 and 2 are only intended to illustrate the function of the clamping lever.
Figure 3 is a sectional view of a shuttle with a clamping lever acting in both directions.
Figures 4 and 5 show the shuttle, wherein the gap in the guiding mechanism is partly closed and open respectively.
Figures 6 and 7 show in a side view a first locking device of the shuttle, wherein the slider is blocked and released respectively.
Figure 8 shows the shuttle according to the invention, running over an intermediate support for the cable of a climbing protection system.
Figures 9 and 10 show a second locking device in the correct and reverse orientation of the shuttle respectively.
Figure 11 shows the shuttle, wherein the two holes in the casing of the shuttle for the second locking device can be seen.
Ways of carrying out the invention The shuttle 10 is part of a climbing protection system and is guided along a cable S. If a user falls, the shuttle 10 grips the cable S. The shuttle 10 has a rectangular casing 12, a guiding mechanism 14 in the form of a channel along one longitudinal side of the casing 12, a clamping lever 16 with attachment eye 24 and a first and second locking device 50, 80. The clamping lever 16 is rotatably housed in the shuttle 10 and is used in

9 shuttles which are provided with a cable S, tensioned at an angle or vertically, for a climbing protection system.
Figure 1 shows the shuttle in its non-clamping, normal position, in which the clamping lever 16 does not project into the guiding mechanism 14. Although the clamping lever 16 is pretensioned by means of a clamping lever spring 20 into a clamping position, in which it clamps the shuttle 10 onto the cable S, when in use the clamping lever 16 is swivelled into the release position under the weight of the shuttle 10. As a result the clamping lever 16 does not normally lie against the cable S in the guiding mechanism 14 of the shuttle 10, with the result that there is no friction and a movement of the shuttle 10 on the cable S is not affected.
The clamping lever 16 of Figure 1 has two arms, and its first arm 22, facing the cable S, is bent downwards at an angle. When the first arm 22 of the clamping lever 16 is pointing downwards at an angle, the shuttle 10 is attached to the cable S in the right orientation, as it can then act as a fall prevention means. Furthermore the outer surface of the first arm 22 of the clamping lever facing the cable S is rounded so that the outer surface carries out an eccentric movement when the clamping lever 16 is moved into the clamping position. At the end of its second arm, protruding from the casing, the clamping lever 16 possesses an attachment eye 24 for fastening a carabiner 26 of the full body harness. Furthermore a damping element 28 is provided, the operation of which is described later. Guide rollers 30 in the guiding mechanism 14 of the shuttle 10 serve to guide the cable S of the climbing protection means.
The dimensioning of the guiding mechanism 14 is suitable for cables S
with different diameters (e.g. 8 mm, 10 mm, 3/8 inch). In order that the clamping lever 16 also does not touch thicker cables S in the guiding mechanism 14 during use of the shuttle 10, the relationship between the elastic force of the clamping lever spring 20 and the shuttle 10's own weight must be chosen accordingly.
Figure 2 shows the clamping lever 16 represented in Figure 1 in the clamping position which it assumes if a user falls. In the event of a fall, only the torque produced by the clamping spring still acts on the clamping lever 16, and no longer the greater torque exerted in the opposite direction, that is produced by the weight of the shuttle when it is suspended from the safety harness. The clamping lever 16 is therefore brought, by the pretensioning of the clamping lever spring 20, into the clamping position in 5 which the end of the first arm 22 of the clamping lever 16 presses against the cable in the guiding mechanism 14, with the result that the shuttle 10 grips the cable S. In other words, due to the eccentric form of the first arm 22 of the clamping lever 16, the shuttle 10 grips the cable Sand prevents a free fall of the user.

10 As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the clamping lever 16 has a damping element 28, which is formed by a non-rectilinear section of the clamping lever 16 at its second end. The damping element 28 is released when subjected to a specific load, for example if the user falls and the clamping lever 16 is moved into the clamping position. The impact force is thus dampened, reducing the risk of injury to the user.
Figure 3 shows a sectional view of a shuttle 10 with a symmetrically formed clamping lever 32. Here the clamping lever 32 is also rotatably mounted in the shuttle 10, but formed in the shape of an anchor, with the result that it is symmetrical along its longitudinal axis. Unlike the clamping lever 16 of Figures 1 and 2, the end of the first arm 22a of the clamping lever 32 is formed substantially perpendicular to its longitudinal axis. Due to the symmetrical form of the clamping lever 32 two clamping lever springs 20 are necessary, which hold the clamping lever 32 in a central position. An advantage of the symmetrical clamping lever 32 is that it can be used on horizontal, inclined and vertical cables. As the clamping lever 32 is formed symmetrically, according to this embodiment the shuttle 10 can be attached to the cable in both directions. Therefore the shuttle 10 according to Figure 3 requires no second locking device which prevents the shuttle being attached in the wrong orientation.
Spring mountings 34 for the guide rollers 30 are provided at the ends of the guiding mechanism 14. The spring-mounted guide rollers 30 serve to guide the cable and to decelerate the shuttle 10 to a certain extent during the movement on the cable S. In the event of a fall the shuttle 10 is

11 somewhat deceleated by the rollers 30, with the result that the clamping lever 16 swivels somewhat due to the weight of the user who has just lost his hold, and touches the cable S with the lower end of its first arm and jams, with the result that the shuttle 10 locks in place on the cable S.
The guiding mechanism 14 is a channel with a continuous lateral gap 38. The gap 38 can be opened or partly closed by means of a slider 40.
The first locking device blocks the slider 40 normally in the partly closed position of the gap 38.
The slider 40 is shown in Figure 4 in several parts. The slider 40 has a grip 42 with which the user operates the slider 40, and a plate 44 from which the grip 42 projects and which is shifted according to the actuation of the grip 42. The individual components of the slider 40 are screwed or welded together or the slider 40 is formed from a single piece (e.g. as a cast part). Both metallic and also non-metallic materials can be used for the slider 40.
Helical compression springs 46 for the slider 40 are arranged between a casing part 48 of the shuttle 10 and the slider 40. As can be seen from Figure 5, two helical compression springs 46 are provided for the slider 40.
The helical compression springs 46 serve to pretension the slider 40 into the position at least partly closing the gap 38 (Fig 4).
Figure 5 shows the shuttle 10 of Figure 4 with opened gap 38; in other words, the slider 40 is retracted. This allows the cable S to be inserted into, or respectively removed from, the guiding mechanism 14. The opened state of the gap 38 is thus achieved by pressing the first locking device 50, i.e. the pin 52, against the force of the helical compression springs 54 and then moving the slider 40 against the force of the helical compression springs. The pin 52 encounters the stop 58 on the shuttle casing. In other words, when the first locking device 50 and then the slider 40 are respectively moved into their second position, the gap 38 in the guiding mechanism 14 is opened (Fig. 5). The motion path of the slider 40 is so great that the shuttle 10 can on the one hand be attached to a cable S with a relatively large diameter (e.g. 10 mm) and on the other hand, in the partly

12 closed state of the gap 3, the shuttle 10 can be secured, as shown in Figure 4, to a cable with a relatively small diameter (e.g. 8 mm).
Figure 6 shows the first locking device 50 of the shuttle 10 without shuttle housing 12. The first locking device 50 has a pin 52, which has an area 52a with a reduced diameter in its longitudinal direction. The pin 52 is pretensioned upwards into its first position by a helical compression spring 54. When the pin 52 is in the first position, the slider 40 is blocked and cannot therefore be moved. This blocking is achieved by a detent lug 60 on the slider 40 encountering an area of the pin 52 with a large diameter. The slider 40 is thereby blocked in its first position, into which it is also pretensioned by the helical compression springs 46 for the slider 40. In this first position of the slider 40 the gap 38 in the guiding mechanism 14 is partly closed as shown in Figure 4, i.e. to the extent that on the one hand the cable S cannot fall out and on the other hand an intermediate support can be passed over.
The gap 38 is partly closed whenever the user does not actuate the pin 52 or the slider 40. This is because both the pin 52 and the slider 40 are pretensioned into their respective first positions by means of helical pressure springs 46 and 54 respectively.
Figure 7 shows the slider 40 in its retracted, second position, in which the gap 38 is then open. The pin 52 is pressed and lies against a stop 58, with the result that the area 52a with a reduced diameter is aligned with the detent lug 60 on the slider 40, in order to allow a shifting of the slider 40, with the result that, as shown in Figure 6, the gap 38 is opened by a movement of the slider 40. As the slider 40 can be moved only against the force of the helical pressure springs 46, these are compressed when the gap is opened, as can be seen from a comparison of Figures 6 and 7.
As shown in Figures 5 and 6, the slider 40 is moved substantially at right angles to the guiding mechanism 14 and the pin 52. The shuttle 10 can thereby be operated with one hand. For example the pin 52 can be pressed into its second position with the thumb and the slider 40 can then be moved into its second position with the fingers of the same hand in order to open the gap 38 in the shuttle 10. On the other hand, if the user

13 exerts no force on the pin 52 and the slider 40, they return to their first positions. Thus the shuttle 10 according to the invention allows a particularly simple operation, at the same time preventing an inadvertent release of the shuttle 10 from the cable S. Furthermore, the shuttle 10 can be of an extremely compact design because of the described arrangement of the individual elements, with the result that the shuttle casing 12 can be designed ergonomically.
Figure 8 shows the shuttle 10 according to the invention running while in use over an intermediate support 70 for the cable S of a climbing protection system. The slider 40 and the pin 52 are situated in their first position, with the result that the gap 38 in the guiding mechanism 14 is partly closed. The remaining opening of the gap on the one hand is large enough for the shuttle 10 to be able to run over the intermediate support 70 for the cable S, without having to open the gap 38. On the other hand the gap 38 is closed far enough for the cable S not to be able to slip out of the guiding mechanism 14. The intermediate support 70 is fastened directly to a structure, a ladder or another suitable base.
Figure 9 shows a preferred embodiment of the shuttle 10, wherein a second locking device 80 is provided which prevents the shuttle 10 from being attached to the cable S in the reverse orientation. The second locking device 80 has a bolt 82, which is movably housed in a blind hole 84, open at one end, in the slider 40. The blind hole 84 is situated at the end of the slider 40 against which the pressure springs 46 press. The blind hole 84 possesses a lower closed end 86 and an upper opened end 88. If the shuttle 10 is situated in the correct orientation relative to the cable S, the bolt 82 encounters the lower, closed end 86 of the blind hole 84 under its own weight and is completely accommodated in the blind hole 84. In this position the mechanism of the slider 40 can move freely.
However, if the shuttle 10 is situated in the reversed orientation relative to the cable S (Figure 10), the bolt 82 drops, under its own weight, through the opened end of the blind hole 84 into a hole 90 in the casing 12 of the shuttle 10. The slider 40 is thereby locked in place and can no longer be moved. Two holes 90a and 90b are provided in the casing 12 of the shuttle

14 (Fig. 10). If the slider 40 is situated in its first position, in which it closes the gap 38, the bolt 82 drops into the first hole 90a if the shuttle 10 is wrongly oriented. The slider 40 can now no longer be brought into its second position and the gap 38 cannot be opened. If the slider 40 is 5 already situated in the second position, the gap 38 is thus already opened, and if the shuttle 10 is only then turned round and an attempt made to attach it to the cable S the other way round, the bolt 82 drops into the second hole 90b in the casing 12 of the shuttle 10. Now the slider 40 can no longer be brought into the first position in order to close the gap 38, with 10 the result that the shuttle 10 does not remain on the cable S.

Claims (23)

CLAIMS:
1. A shuttle for a climbing protection system, in which the shuttle (10) is guided along a cable (S) and grips the cable (S) if a user falls, with a guiding mechanism (14) for the cable (S), a rotatably mounted clamping lever (16; 32) which has a cam (22) at a first end and an anchor point (24) at a second end, and a slider (40) for opening and at least partly closing a gap (38) in the guiding mechanism (14), through which the shuttle can be attached to the cable, wherein the slider (40) is pretensioned into the first position at least partly closing the gap (38), and wherein the gap (38) in its at least partly closed position allows the shuttle to pass through at intermediate fastenings of the cable, characterized by a first locking device (50) which blocks the slider (40) in the first position at least partly closing the gap (38) and which can be released in order to allow the slider (40) to move into a second position in which the gap (38) is open.
2. The shuttle according to claim 1, wherein the first locking device (50) blocks the slider (40) in a first position and in a second position allows a movement of the slider (40).
3. The shuttle according to claim 2, wherein the first locking device (50) is pretensioned into the first position by means of a spring (54).
4. The shuttle according to one of claims 2 or 3, wherein the first locking device (50) has a pin (52) which has an area (52a) of reduced diameter in its longitudinal direction and can be moved axially, with the result that the area (52a) of reduced diameter is aligned with a detent lug (60) on the slider (40), in order to allow the slider (40) to move into its second position.
5. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 4 wherein the slider (40) can be moved substantially perpendicularly to the guiding mechanism (14).
6. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the first end of the clamping lever (16) is bent with the result that the first end points downwards at an angle when the shuttle (10) is attached to the cable (8) in a predetermined orientation, and is rounded off in such a way that it carries out an eccentric movement when the clamping lever (16) moves into a clamping position.
7. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising a second locking device (80) which can be moved by its own weight in order to block a movement of the slider (40) when it is attached to the cable (8) in a wrong orientation.
8. The shuttle according to claim 7 wherein the second locking device (80) is a bolt (82), which can be moved into a hale (90) in order to block a movement of the slider (40).
9. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the clamping lever (32) is formed symmetrical to its longitudinal axis.
10. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the second end of the clamping lever (16, 32) comprises an attachment eye (24) and a damping element (28).
11. The shuttle according to any one of claims 1 to 10, further comprising at least one clamping lever spring (20) for pretensioning the clamping lever (16; 32).
12. A climbing protection system, comprising a shuttle (10) as defined in any one of claims 1 to 11.
13. A shuttle for a climbing protection system, in which the shuttle is guided along a cable and grips the cable if a user falls, comprising:

a casing;
a guiding mechanism for the cable in the casing, the guiding mechanism having a continuous lateral gap through which the shuttle is attachable to the cable;
a clamping lever which is rotatably mounted in the casing and has a cam at a first end and an anchor point at a second end;
a slider which is movable from a first position in which it at least partly closes the gap in the guiding mechanism into a second position in which the gap is open, the slider being pretensioned into the first position and being adapted to allow in its first position the shuttle to pass over an intermediate fastenings of the cable by the gap; and a first locking device which is adapted to block the slider in the first position and to be released in order to allow the slider to move into the second position.
14. The shuttle according to claim 13, wherein the first locking device is pretensioned into the first position by means of a spring.
15. The shuttle according to claim 14, wherein the first locking device has a pin which has an area of reduced diameter in its longitudinal direction and is adapted to be moved axially, with the result that the area of reduced diameter is aligned with a detent lug on the slider, in order to allow the slider to move into its second position.
16. The shuttle according to claim 13, wherein the slider is moveable substantially perpendicularly to the continuous lateral gap of the guiding mechanism.
17. The shuttle according to claim 13, wherein the first end of the clamping lever is bent in such a way that the first end points downwards at an angle when the shuttle is attached to the cable, and is rounded off in such a way that it carries out an eccentric movement when the clamping lever moves into a clamping position.
18. The shuttle according to claim 13, further comprising a second locking device which is moveable by its own weight in order to block a movement of the slider into its second position when the shuttle is attached to the cable in an inverted orientation.
19. The shuttle according to claim 18, wherein the second locking device is a bolt, which is moveable into a hole in order to block a movement of the slider into its second position.
20. The shuttle according to claim 19, wherein the clamping lever is formed symmetrical to its longitudinal axis.
21. The shuttle according to claim 13, wherein the second end of the clamping lever comprises an attachment eye and a damping element.
22. The shuttle according to claim 13, further comprising at least one clamping lever spring for pretensioning the clamping lever.
23. A climbing protection system, comprising a shuttle as defined in any one of claims 13 to 22.
CA2698433A 2007-09-13 2008-09-11 Shuttle for a climbing protection system Expired - Fee Related CA2698433C (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202007012804U DE202007012804U1 (en) 2007-09-13 2007-09-13 Fall Protection System
DE202007012804.5 2007-09-13
PCT/EP2008/062019 WO2009037173A1 (en) 2007-09-13 2008-09-11 Rope grab for a fall protection system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2698433A1 CA2698433A1 (en) 2009-03-26
CA2698433C true CA2698433C (en) 2015-10-20

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Family Applications (1)

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CA2698433A Expired - Fee Related CA2698433C (en) 2007-09-13 2008-09-11 Shuttle for a climbing protection system

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EP (1) EP2200702B1 (en)
AT (1) AT498430T (en)
AU (1) AU2008300650B9 (en)
BR (1) BRPI0816764A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2698433C (en)
DE (2) DE202007012804U1 (en)
DK (1) DK2200702T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2362039T3 (en)
NZ (1) NZ583922A (en)
PL (1) PL2200702T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2009037173A1 (en)

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LU91886A1 (en) * 2011-10-14 2013-04-15 Capital Access Sarl Vertical and / or inclined lifeline system
US9168402B2 (en) * 2012-07-18 2015-10-27 D B Industries, Llc Rope grab
US9132297B2 (en) 2012-07-18 2015-09-15 D B Industries, Llc Rope grab
USD746125S1 (en) 2013-05-10 2015-12-29 D B Industries, Llc Fixed side plate of a rope grab
USD739212S1 (en) 2013-05-10 2015-09-22 D B Industries, Llc Housing of a rope grab
USD764258S1 (en) 2013-05-10 2016-08-23 D B Industries, Llc Housing of a rope grab
CN103771047B (en) * 2014-01-07 2015-12-02 宁波北仑国际集装箱码头有限公司 A kind of case top safe fall-proof locking bar
WO2016093850A1 (en) 2014-12-12 2016-06-16 Honeywell International Inc. Shuttle for a climbing protection system
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CA2698433A1 (en) 2009-03-26
DE502008002643D1 (en) 2011-03-31
DK2200702T3 (en) 2011-06-06
PL2200702T3 (en) 2011-07-29
NZ583922A (en) 2011-10-28
BRPI0816764A2 (en) 2015-03-24
AU2008300650B2 (en) 2013-05-23
AU2008300650B9 (en) 2013-06-13
EP2200702B1 (en) 2011-02-16
AT498430T (en) 2011-03-15
DE202007012804U1 (en) 2009-02-12
AU2008300650A1 (en) 2009-03-26
EP2200702A1 (en) 2010-06-30
ES2362039T3 (en) 2011-06-27
WO2009037173A1 (en) 2009-03-26

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