CA2523841C - System and driving method for active matrix light emitting device display - Google Patents

System and driving method for active matrix light emitting device display Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2523841C
CA2523841C CA002523841A CA2523841A CA2523841C CA 2523841 C CA2523841 C CA 2523841C CA 002523841 A CA002523841 A CA 002523841A CA 2523841 A CA2523841 A CA 2523841A CA 2523841 C CA2523841 C CA 2523841C
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terminal
transistor
pixel circuit
display system
bias
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CA002523841A
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CA2523841A1 (en
Inventor
Arokia Nathan
Peyman Servati
G. Reza Chaji
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Ignis Innovation Inc
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Ignis Innovation Inc
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Priority to CA002490848A priority patent/CA2490848A1/en
Priority to CA 2503283 priority patent/CA2503283A1/en
Priority to CA2,503,283 priority
Application filed by Ignis Innovation Inc filed Critical Ignis Innovation Inc
Priority to CA002523841A priority patent/CA2523841C/en
Publication of CA2523841A1 publication Critical patent/CA2523841A1/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G3/00Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes
    • G09G3/20Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters
    • G09G3/22Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources
    • G09G3/30Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels
    • G09G3/32Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • G09G3/3208Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]
    • G09G3/3225Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix
    • G09G3/3233Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element
    • G09G3/3241Control arrangements or circuits, of interest only in connection with visual indicators other than cathode-ray tubes for presentation of an assembly of a number of characters, e.g. a page, by composing the assembly by combination of individual elements arranged in a matrix no fixed position being assigned to or needed to be assigned to the individual characters or partial characters using controlled light sources using electroluminescent panels semiconductive, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] organic, e.g. using organic light-emitting diodes [OLED] using an active matrix with pixel circuitry controlling the current through the light-emitting element the current through the light-emitting element being set using a data current provided by the data driver, e.g. by using a two-transistor current mirror
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0819Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels used for counteracting undesired variations, e.g. feedback or autozeroing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • G09G2300/0852Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor being a dynamic memory with more than one capacitor
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2300/00Aspects of the constitution of display devices
    • G09G2300/08Active matrix structure, i.e. with use of active elements, inclusive of non-linear two terminal elements, in the pixels together with light emitting or modulating elements
    • G09G2300/0809Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels
    • G09G2300/0842Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor
    • G09G2300/0861Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor with additional control of the display period without amending the charge stored in a pixel memory, e.g. by means of additional select electrodes
    • G09G2300/0866Several active elements per pixel in active matrix panels forming a memory circuit, e.g. a dynamic memory with one capacitor with additional control of the display period without amending the charge stored in a pixel memory, e.g. by means of additional select electrodes by means of changes in the pixel supply voltage
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2310/00Command of the display device
    • G09G2310/02Addressing, scanning or driving the display screen or processing steps related thereto
    • G09G2310/0243Details of the generation of driving signals
    • G09G2310/0251Precharge or discharge of pixel before applying new pixel voltage
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09GARRANGEMENTS OR CIRCUITS FOR CONTROL OF INDICATING DEVICES USING STATIC MEANS TO PRESENT VARIABLE INFORMATION
    • G09G2320/00Control of display operating conditions
    • G09G2320/04Maintaining the quality of display appearance
    • G09G2320/043Preventing or counteracting the effects of ageing

Abstract

Active matrix light emitting device display and its driving technique is provided. The pixel includes a light emitting device and a plurality of transistors. A capacitor may be used to store a voltage applied to a driving transistor so that a current through the light emitting device is independent of any shifts of the transistor and light emitting device characteristics. A bias data and a programming data are provided to the pixel circuit in accordance with a driving scheme.

Description

System and Driving Method for Active Matrix Light Emitting Device Display FIELD OF INVENTION

[0001 ] The present invention relates to a light emitting device displays, and more specifically to a driving technique for the light emitting device displays.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Recently active-matrix organic light-emitting diode (AMOLED) displays with amorphous silicon (a-Si), poly-silicon, organic, or other driving backplane technology have become more attractive due to advantages over active matrix liquid crystal displays. An AMOLED display using a-Si backplanes, for example, has the advantages which include low temperature fabrication that broadens the use of different substrates and makes flexible displays feasible, and its low cost fabrication is well-established and yields high resolution displays with a wide viewing angle.

[0003] An AMOLED display includes an array of rows and colunms of pixels, each having an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) and backplane electronics arranged in the array of rows and columns. Since the OLED is a current driven device, the pixel circuit of the AIVIOLED should be capable of providing an accurate and constant drive current.

[0004] One method that has been employed to drive the AMOLED display is programming the AMOLED pixel directly with current. However, the small current required by the OLED, coupled with a large parasitic capacitance, undesirably increases the settling time of the programming of the current-programmed AMOLED display.
Furthermore, it is difficult to design an external driver to accurately supply the required current. For example, in CMOS technology, the transistors must work in sub-threshold regime to provide the small current required by the OLEDs, which is not ideal.

Therefore, in order to use current-programmed AMOLED pixel circuits, suitable driving schemes are desirable.

[0005] Current scaling is one method that can be used to manage issues associated with the small current required by the OLEDs. In a current mirror pixel circuit, the current passing through the OLED can be scaled by having a smaller drive transistor as compared to the mirror transistor. However, this method is not applicable for other current-programmed pixel circuits. Also, by resizing the two mirror transistors the effect of mismatch increases.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] It is an object of the invention to provide a method and system that obviates or mitigates at least one of the disadvantages of existing systems.

[0007] In accordance with an aspect of the present invention there is provided a display system including: a pixel circuit having a light emitting device and a plurality of transistors, the plurality of transistors including a driving transistor for providing a pixel current to the light emitting device; a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver providing a controllable bias signal to the pixel circuit to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit; and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current.

[0008] In accordance with a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a pixel circuit including: a light emitting device; and a plurality of transistors, the plurality of transistors including a driving transistor for providing a pixel current to the light emitting device; wherein the pixel circuit is programmed and driven by a driver, the driver providing a controllable bias signal to the pixel circuit to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit.

[0009] This summary of the invention does not necessarily describe all features of the invention.

[0010] Other aspects and features of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from a review of the following detailed description of preferred embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0011 ] These and other features of the invention will become more apparent from the following description in which reference is made to the appended drawings wherein:
[0012] Figure 1 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

[0013] Figure 2 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 1;

[0014] Figure 3 is a timing diagram showing further exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 1;

[0015] Figure 4 is a graph showing a current stability of the pixel circuit of Figure 1;
[0016] Figure 5 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit which has p-type transistors and corresponds to the pixel circuit of Figure 1;

[0017] Figure 6 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 5;

[0018] Figure 7 is a timing diagram showing further exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 5;

[0019] Figure 8 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit in accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention;

[0020] Figure 9 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 8;

[0021] Figure 10 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit which has p-type transistors and corresponds to the pixel circuit of Figure 8;

[0022] Figure 11 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 10;

[0023] Figure 12 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] Figure 13 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the display of Figure 12;

[0025] Figure 14 is a graph showing the settling time of a CBVP pixel circuit for different bias currents;

[0026] Figure 15 is a graph showing I-V characteristic of the CBVP pixel circuit as well as the total error induced in the pixel current;

[0027] Figure 16 is a diagram showing a pixel circuit which has p-type transistors and corresponds to the pixel circuit of Figure 12;

[0028] Figure 17 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the display of Figure 16;

[0029] Figure 18 is a diagram showing a VBCP pixel circuit in accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention;

[0030] Figure 19 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 18;

[0031] Figure 20 is a diagram showing a VBCP pixel circuit which has p-type transistors and corresponds to the pixel circuit of Figure 18;

[0032] Figure 21 is a timing diagram showing exemplary waveforms applied to the pixel circuit of Figure 20;

[0033] Figure 22 is a diagram showing a driving mechanism for a display array having CBVP pixel circuits; and [0034] Figure 23 is a diagram showing a driving mechanism for a display array having VBCP pixel circuits.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE
INVENTION

[0035] Embodiments of the present invention are described using a pixel having an organic light emitting diode (OLED) and a driving thin film transistor (TFT).
However, the pixel may include any light emitting device other than OLED, and the pixel may include any driving transistor other than TFT. It is noted that in the description, "pixel circuit" and "pixel" may be used interchangeably.

[0036] A driving technique for pixels, including a current-biased voltage-programmed (CBVP) driving scheme, is now described in detail. The CBVP driving scheme uses voltage to provide for different gray scales (voltage programming), and uses a bias to accelerate the programming and compensate for the time dependent parameters of a pixel, such as a threshold voltage shift and OLED voltage shift.

[0037] Figure 1 illustrates a pixel circuit 200 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The pixel circuit 200 employs the CBVP driving scheme as described below. The pixel circuit 200 of Figure 1 includes an OLED 10, a storage capacitor 12, a driving transistor 14, and switch transistors 16 and 18. Each transistor has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal. In the description, "first terminal" ("second terminal") may be, but not limited to, a drain terminal or a source terminal (source terminal or drain terminal).

[0038] The transistors 14, 16 and 18 are n-type TFT transistors. The driving technique applied to the pixel circuit 200 is also applicable to a complementary pixel circuit having p-type transistors as shown in Figure 5.

[0039] The transistors 14, 16 and 18 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g.
organic TFTs), NMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g. MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 200 may form an AMOLED display array.

[0040] Two select lines SEL1 and SEL2, a signal line VDATA, a bias line IBIAS, a voltage supply line VDD, and a common ground are provided to the pixel circuit 200.
In Figure 1, the common ground is for the OLED top electrode. The common ground is not a part of the pixel circuit, and is formed at the final stage when the OLED 10 is formed.

[0041] The first terminal of the driving transistor 14 is connected to the voltage supply line VDD. The second terminal of the driving transistor 14 is connected to the anode electrode of the OLED 10. The gate terminal of the driving transistor 14 is connected to the signal line VDATA through the switch transistor 16. The storage capacitor 12 is connected between the second and gate terminals of the driving transistor 14.

[0042] The gate terminal of the switch transistor 16 is connected to the first select line SEL1. The first terminal of the switch transistor 16 is connected to the signal line VDATA. The second terminal of the switch transistor 16 is connected to the gate terminal of the driving transistor 14.

[0043] The gate terminal of the switch transistor 18 is connected to the second select line SEL2. The first terminal of transistor 18 is connected to the anode electrode of the OLED 10 and the storage capacitor 12. The second terminal of the switch transistor 18 is connected to the bias line IBIAS. The cathode electrode of the OLED 10 is connected to the common ground.

[0044] The transistors 14 and 16 and the storage capacitor 12 are connected to node All. The OLED 10, the storage capacitor 12 and the transistors 14 and 18 are connected to B 11.

[0045] The operation of the pixel circuit 200 includes a programming phase having a plurality of programming cycles, and a driving phase having one driving cycle.
During the programming phase, node B 11 is charged to negative of the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 14, and node A11 is charged to a programming voltage VP.

[0046] As a result, the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14 is:
VGS = VP - (-VT) = VP + VT (1) where VGS represents the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14, and VT
represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 14. This voltage remains on the capacitor 12 in the driving phase, resulting in the flow of the desired current through the OLED 10 in the driving phase.

[0047] The programming and driving phases of the pixel circuit 200 are described in detail. Figure 2 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 200 of Figure 1. In Figure 2, VnodeB represents the voltage of node B 11, and VnodeA

represents the voltage of node Al l. As shown in Figure 2, the programming phase has two operation cycles X11, X12, and the driving phase has one operation cycle X13.
[0048] The first operation cycle X11: Both select lines SEL1 and SEL2 are high. A bias current IB flows through the bias line IBIAS, and VDATA goes to a bias voltage VB.

[0049] As a result, the voltage of node B11 is:
VnodeB = VB - [ILB - VT (2) where VnodeB represents the voltage of node B 11, VT represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 14, and 0 represents the coefficient in current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the TFT given by IDS =(3 (VGS - VT)2. IDS represents the drain-source current of the driving transistor 14.

[0050] The second operation cycle X12: While SEL2 is low, and SEL1 is high, VDATA goes to a programming voltage VP. Because the capacitance 11 of the OLED
is large, the voltage of node B 11 generated in the previous cycle stays intact.

[0051 ] Therefore, the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14 can be found as:
15 VGS=VP+4VB+VT (3) AVB = f!_VB (4) [0052] AVB is zero when VB is chosen properly based on (4). The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14, i.e., VP+VT, is stored in the storage capacitor 12.

[0053] The third operation cycle X13: IBIAS goes to low. SEL1 goes to zero.
The 20 voltage stored in the storage capacitor 12 is applied to the gate terminal of the driving transistor 14. The driving transistor 14 is on. The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14 develops over the voltage stored in the storage capacitor 12.
Thus, the current through the OLED 10 becomes independent of the shifts of the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 14 and OLED characteristics.

[0054] Figure 3 illustrates a further exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 200 of Figure 1. In Figure 3, VnodeB represents the voltage of node B

11, and VnodeA represents the voltage of node A11.

[0055] The programming phase has two operation cycles X21, X22, and the driving phase has one operation cycle X23. The first operation cycle X21 is same as the first operation cycle X11 of Figure 2. The third operation cycle X33 is same as the third operation cycle X 13 of Figure 2. In Figure 3, the select lines SEL1 and SEL2 have the same timing. Thus, SEL1 and SEL2 may be connected to a common select line.
[0056] The second operating cycle X22: SELI and SEL2 are high. The switch transistor 18 is on. The bias current IB flowing through IBIAS is zero.

[0057] The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14 can be VGS = VP +
VT as described above. The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 14, i.e., VP+VT, is stored in the storage capacitor 12.

[0058] Figure 4 illustrates a simulation result for the pixel circuit 200 of Figure 1 and the waveforms of Figure 2. The result shows that the change in the OLED
current due to a 2-volt VT-shift in the driving transistor (e.g. 14 of Figure 1) is almost zero percent for most of the programming voltage. Simulation parameters, such as threshold voltage, show that the shift has a high percentage at low programming voltage.
[0059] Figure 5 illustrates a pixel circuit 202 having p-type transistors. The pixel circuit 202 corresponds to the pixel circuit 200 of Figure 1. The pixel circuit 202 employs the CBVP driving scheme as shown in Figures 6-7. The pixel circuit 202 includes an OLED 20, a storage capacitor 22, a driving transistor 24, and switch transistors 26 and 28. The transistors 24, 26 and 28 are p-type transistors.
Each transistor has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.

[0060] The transistors 24, 26 and 28 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g.
organic TFTs), PMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g. MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 202 may form an AMOLED display array.

[0061 ] Two select lines SEL1 and SEL2, a signal line VDATA, a bias line IBIAS, a voltage supply line VDD, and a common ground are provided to the pixel circuit 202.
[0062] The transistors 24 and 26 and the storage capacitor 22 are connected to node A12. The cathode electrode of the OLED 20, the storage capacitor 22 and the transistors 24 and 28 are connected to B 12. Since the OLED cathode is connected to the other elements of the pixel circuit 202, this ensures integration with any OLED
fabrication.

[0063] Figure 6 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 202 of Figure 5. Figure 6 corresponds to Figure 2. Figure 7 illustrates a further exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 202 of Figure 5.
Figure 7 corresponds to Figure 3. The CBVP driving schemes of Figures 6-7 use IBIAS and VDATA similar to those of Figures 2-3.

[0064] Figure 8 illustrates a pixel circuit 204 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The pixel circuit 204 employs the CBVP driving scheme as described below. The pixel circuit 204 of Figure 8 includes an OLED 30, storage capacitors 32 and 33, a driving transistor 34, and switch transistors 36, 38 and 40. Each of the transistors 34, 35 and 36 includes a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal. This pixel circuit 204 operates in the same way as that of the pixel circuit 200.
[0065] The transistors 34, 36, 38 and 40 are n-type TFT transistors. The driving technique applied to the pixel circuit 204 is also applicable to a complementary pixel circuit having p-type transistors, as shown in Figure 10.

[0066] The transistors 34, 36, 38 and 40 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g.
organic TFTs), NMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g. MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 204 may form an AMOLED display array.

[0067] A select line SEL, a signal line VDATA, a bias line IBIAS, a voltage line VDD, and a common ground are provided to the pixel circuit 204.

[0068] The first terminal of the driving transistor 34 is connected to the cathode electrode of the OLED 30. The second terminal of the driving transistor 34 is connected to the ground. The gate terminal of the driving transistor 34 is connected to its first terminal through the switch transistor 36. The storage capacitors 32 and 33 are in series and connected between the gate of the driving transistor 34 and the ground.

[0069] The gate terminal of the switch transistor 36 is connected to the select line SEL.
The first terminal of the switch transistor 36 is connected to the first terminal of the driving transistor 34. The second terminal of the switch transistor 36 is connected to the gate terminal of the driving transistor 34.

[0070] The gate terminal of the switch transistor 38 is connected to the select line SEL.
The first terminal of the switch transistor 38 is connected to the signal line VDATA.

The second terminal of the switch transistor 38 is connected to the connected terminal of the storage capacitors 32 and 33 (i.e. node C21).

[0071 ] The gate terminal of the switch transistor 40 is connected to the select line SEL.
The first terminal of the switch transistor 40 is connected to the bias line IBIAS. The second terminal of the switch transistor 40 is connected to the cathode terminal of the OLED 30. The anode electrode of the OLED 30 is connected to the VDD.

[0072] The OLED 30, the transistors 34, 36 and 40 are connected at node A21.
The storage capacitor 32 and the transistors 34 and 36 are connected at node B21.

[0073] The operation of the pixel circuit 204 includes a programming phase having a plurality of programming cycles, and a driving phase having one driving cycle.
During the programming phase, the first storage capacitor 32 is charged to a programming voltage VP plus the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 34, and the second storage capacitor 33 is charged to zero [0074] As a result, the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34 is:
VGS= VP+VT (5) where VGS represents the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34, and VT
represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 34.

[0075] The programming and driving phases of the pixel circuit 204 are described in detail. Figure 9 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 204 of Figure 8. As shown in Figure 9, the programming phase has two operation cycles X31, X32, and the driving phase has one operation cycle X33.

[0076] The first operation cycle X3 1: The select line SEL is high. A bias current IB
flows through the bias line IBIAS, and VDATA goes to a VB-VP where VP is and programming voltage and VB is given by:

VB = IFLB (6) [0077] As a result, the voltage stored in the first capacitor 32 is:
VCI = VP + VT (7) where VCl represents the voltage stored in the first storage capacitor 32, VT
represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 34, 0 represents the coefficient in current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the TFT given by IDS =(3(VGS -VT)2.
IDS
represents the drain-source current of the driving transistor 34.

[0078] The second operation cycle: While SEL is high, VDATA is zero, and IBIAS
goes to zero. Because the capacitance 31 of the OLED 30 and the parasitic capacitance of the bias line IBIAS are large, the voltage of node B21 and the voltage of node A21 generated in the previous cycle stay unchanged.

[0079] Therefore, the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34 can be found as:
VGS=VP+VT (8) where VGS represents the gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34..

[0080] The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34 is stored in the storage capacitor 32.

[0081] The third operation cycle X33: IBIAS goes to zero. SEL goes to zero.
The voltage of node C21 goes to zero. The voltage stored in the storage capacitor 32 is applied to the gate terminal of the driving transistor 34. The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 34 develops over the voltage stored in the storage capacitor 32.

Considering that the current of driving transistor 34 is mainly defined by its gate-source voltage, the current through the OLED 30 becomes independent of the shifts of the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 34 and OLED characteristics.

[0082] Figure 10 illustrates a pixel circuit 206 having p-type transistors.
The pixel circuit 206 corresponds to the pixel circuit 204 of Figure 8. The pixel circuit 206 employs the CBVP driving scheme as shown in Figure 11. The pixel circuit 206 of Figure 10 includes an OLED 50, a storage capacitors 52 and 53, a driving transistor 54, and switch transistors 56, 58 and 60. The transistors 54, 56, 58 and 60 are p-type transistors. Each transistor has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.

[0083] The transistors 54, 56, 58 and 60 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g.
organic TFTs), PMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g. MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 206 may form an AMOLED display array.

[0084] Two select lines SEL1 and SEL2, a signal line VDATA, a bias line IBIAS, a voltage supply line VDD, and a common ground are provided to the pixel circuit 206.
The common ground may be same as that of Figure 1.

[0085] The anode electrode of the OLED 50, the transistors 54, 56 and 60 are connected at node A22. The storage capacitor 52 and the transistors 54 and 56 are connected at node B22. The switch transistor 58, and the storage capacitors 52 and 53 are connected at node C22.

[0086] Figure 11 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the pixel circuit 206 of Figure 10. Figure 11 corresponds to Figure 9. As shown in Figure 11, the CBVP
driving scheme of Figure 11 uses IBIAS and VDATA similar to those of Figure 9.
[0087] Figure 12 illustrates a display 208 in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The display 208 employs the CBVP driving scheme as described below. In Figure 12, elements associated with two rows and one column are shown as example. The display 208 may include more than two rows and more than one column.
[0088] The display 208 includes an OLED 70, storage capacitors 72 and 73, transistors 76, 78, 80, 82 and 84. The transistor 76 is a driving transistor. The transistors 78, 80

12 and 84 are switch transistors. Each of the transistors 76, 78, 80, 82 and 84 includes a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.

[0089] The transistors 76, 78, 80, 82 and 84 are n-type TFT transistors. The driving technique applied to the pixel circuit 208 is also applicable to a complementary pixel circuit having p-type transistors, as shown in Figure 16.

[0090] The transistors 76, 78, 80, 82 and 84 maybe fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g.
organic TFTs), NMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g. MOSFET). The display 208 may form an AMOLED display array. The combination of the CBVP driving scheme and the display 208 provides a large-area, high-resolution AMOLED
display.
[0091] The transistors 76 and 80 and the storage capacitor 72 are connected at node A3 1. The transistors 82 and 84 and the storage capacitors 72 and 74 are connected at B31.

[0092] Figure 13 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the display 208 of Figure 12. In Figure 13, "Programming cycle [n]" represents a programming cycle for the row [n] of the display 208.

[0093] The programming time is shared between two consecutive rows (n and n+l).
During the programming cycle of the nth row, SEL[n] is high, and a bias current IB is flowing through the transistors 78 and 80. The voltage at node A31 is self-adjusted to (IB/(3)1/2+VT, while the voltage at node B31 is zero, where VT represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 76, and 0 represents the coefficient in current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the TFT given by IDS =[3 (VGS - VT)2, and IDS
represents the drain-source current of the driving transistor 76.

[0094] During the programming cycle of the (n+l)th row, VDATA changes to VP-VB.
As a result, the voltage at node A31 changes to VP+VT if VB =(IB/(3)1/2. Since a constant current is adopted for all the pixels, the IBIAS line consistently has the appropriate voltage so that there is no necessity to pre-charge the line, resulting in shorter programming time and lower power consumption. More importantly, the voltage of node B31 changes from VP-VB to zero at the beginning of the programming

13 cycle of the nth row. Therefore, the voltage at node A31 changes to (IB/0)1/2+VT, and it is already adjusted to its final value, leading to a fast settling time.

[0095] The settling time of the CBVP pixel circuit is depicted in Figure 14 for different bias currents. A small current can be used as IB here, resulting in lower power consumption.

[0096] Figure 15 illustrates I-V characteristic of the CBVP pixel circuit as well as the total error induced in the pixel current due to a 2-V shift in the threshold voltage of a driving transistor (e.g. 76 of Figure 12). The result indicates the total error of less than 2% in the pixel current. It is noted that IB=4.5 A.

[0097] Figure 16 illustrates a display 210 having p-type transistors. The display 210 corresponds to the display 208 of Figure 12. The display 210 employs the CBVP
driving scheme as shown in Figure 17. In Figure 12, elements associated with two rows and one column are shown as example. The display 210 may include more than two rows and more than one column.

[0098] The display 210 includes an OLED 90, a storage capacitors 92 and 94, and transistors 96, 98, 100, 102 and 104. The transistor 96 is a driving transistor. The transistors 100 and 104 are switch transistors. The transistors 24, 26 and 28 are p-type transistors. Each transistor has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.
[0099] The transistors 96, 98, 100, 102 and 104 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g. organic TFTs), PMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g.
MOSFET). The display 210 may form an AMOLED display array.

[00100] In Figure 16, the driving transistor 96 is connected between the anode electrode of the OLED 90 and a voltage supply line VDD.

[00101] Figure 17 illustrates one exemplary operation process applied to the display 210 of Figure 16. Figure 17 corresponds to Figure 13. The CBVP driving scheme of Figure 17 uses IBIAS and VDATA similar to those of Figure 13.

14 [00102] According to the CBVP driving scheme, the overdrive voltage provided to the driving transistor is generated so as to be independent from its threshold voltage and the OLED voltage.

[00103] The shift(s) of the characteristic(s) of a pixel element(s) (e.g. the threshold voltage shift of a driving transistor and the degradation of a light emitting device under prolonged display operation) is compensated for by voltage stored in a storage capacitor and applying it to the gate of the driving transistor. Thus, the pixel circuit can provide a stable current though the light emitting device without any effect of the shifts, which improves the display operating lifetime. Moreover, because of the circuit simplicity, it ensures higher product yield, lower fabrication cost and higher resolution than conventional pixel circuits.

[00104] Since the settling time of the pixel circuits described above is much smaller than conventional pixel circuits, it is suitable for large-area display such as high definition TV, but it also does not preclude smaller display areas either.

[00105] It is noted that a driver for driving a display array having a CBVP
pixel circuit (e.g. 200, 202 or 204) converts the pixel luminance data into voltage.

[00106] A driving technique for pixels, including voltage-biased current-programmed (VBCP) driving scheme is now described in detail. In the VBCP
driving scheme, a pixel current is scaled down without resizing mirror transistors. The VBCP driving scheme uses current to provide for different gray scales (current programming), and uses a bias to accelerate the programming and compensate for a time dependent parameter of a pixel, such as a threshold voltage shift. One of the terminals of a driving transistor is connected to a virtual ground VGND. By changing the voltage of the virtual ground, the pixel current is changed. A bias current IB is added to a programming current IP at a driver side, and then the bias current is removed from the programming current inside the pixel circuit by changing the voltage of the virtual ground.

[00107] Figure 18 illustrates a pixel circuit 212 in accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention. The pixel circuit 212 employs the VBCP
driving scheme as described below. The pixel circuit 212 of Figure 18 includes an OLED
I 10, a storage capacitor 111, a switch network 112, and mirror transistors 114 and 116. The mirror transistors 114 and 116 form a current mirror. The transistor 114 is a programming transistor. The transistor 116 is a driving transistor. The switch network 112 includes switch transistors 118 and 120. Each of the transistors 114, 116, 118 and 120 has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.

[00108] The transistors 114, 116, 118 and 120 are n-type TFT transistors. The driving technique applied to the pixel circuit 212 is also applicable to a complementary pixel circuit having p-type transistors as shown in Figure 20.

[00109] The transistors 114, 116, 118 and 120 may be fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g. organic TFTs), NMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g.
MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 212 may form an AMOLED display array.
[00110] A select line SEL, a signal line IDATA, a virtual grand line VGND, a voltage supply line VDD, and a common ground are provided to the pixel circuit 150.

[00111] The first terminal of the transistor 116 is connected to the cathode electrode of the OLED 110. The second terminal of the transistor 116 is connected to the VGND. The gate terminal of the transistor 114, the gate terminal of the transistor 116, and the storage capacitor 111 are connected to a connection node A4 1.

[00112] The gate tenninals of the switch transistors 118 and 120 are connected to the SEL. The first terminal of the switch transistor 120 is connected to the IDATA. The switch transistors 118 and 120 are connected to the first terminal of the transistor 114.
The switch transistor 118 is connected to node A41.

[00113] Figure 19 illustrates an exemplary operation for the pixel circuit 212 of Figure 18. Referring to Figures 18 and 19, current scaling technique applied to the pixel circuit 212 is described in detail. The operation of the pixel circuit 212 has a programming cycle X41, and a driving cycle X42.

[00114] The programming cycle X41: SEL is high. Thus, the switch transistors 118 and 120 are on. The VGND goes to a bias voltage VB. A current (IB+IP) is provided through the IDATA, where IP represents a programming current, and IB

represents a bias current. A current equal to (IB+IP) passes through the switch transistors 118 and 120.

[00115] The gate-source voltage of the driving transistor 116 is self-adjusted to:
VGS = /iP + IB + VT (9) where VT represents the threshold voltage of the driving transistor 116, and (3 represents the coefficient in current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the TFT
given by IDS =(3(VGS -VT)2. IDS represents the drain-source current of the driving transistor 116.

[00116] The voltage stored in the storage capacitor 111 is:
VCS = I+IB_VB+VT ~(10) where VCS represents the voltage stored in the storage capacitor I 11.

[00117] Since one terminal of the driving transistor 116 is connected to the VGND, the current flowing through the OLED I 10 during the programming time is:
Ipixel =IP+IB+/3=(VB)2 -2~fi =VB (IP+IB) (11) where Ipixel represents the pixel current flowing through the OLED 110.
[00118] If IB >> IP, the pixel current Ipixel can be written as:
Ipixel =IP+(IB+,l3=(VB)2 -2J6 - VB IB) (12) [00119] VB is chosen properly as follows:
VB = r (13) [00120] The pixel current Ipixel becomes equal to the programming current IP.
Therefore, it avoids unwanted emission during the programming cycle.

[00121] Since resizing is not required, a better matching between two mirror transistors in the current-mirror pixel circuit can be achieved.

[00122] Figure 20 illustrates a pixel circuit 214 having p-type transistors.
The pixel circuit 214 corresponds to the pixel circuit 212 of Figure 18. The pixel circuit 214 employs the VBCP driving scheme as shown Figure 21. The pixel circuit 214 includes an OLED 130, a storage capacitor 131, a switch network 132, and mirror transistors 134 and 136. The mirror transistors 134 and 136 form a current mirror. The transistor 134 is a programming transistor. The transistor 136 is a driving transistor. The switch network 132 includes switch transistors 138 and 140. The transistors 134, 136, 138 and 140 are p-type TFT transistors. Each of the transistors 134, 136, 138 and 140 has a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal.

[00123] The transistors 134, 136, 138 and 140 maybe fabricated using amorphous silicon, nano/micro crystalline silicon, poly silicon, organic semiconductors technologies (e.g. organic TFTs), PMOS technology, or CMOS technology (e.g.

MOSFET). A plurality of pixel circuits 214 may form an AMOLED display array.
[00124] A select line SEL, a signal line IDATA, a virtual grand line VGND, and a voltage supply line VSS are provided to the pixel circuit 214.

[00125] The transistor 136 is connected between the VGND and the cathode electrode of the OLED 130. The gate terminal of the transistor 134, the gate terminal of the transistor 136, the storage capacitor 131 and the switch network 132 are connected at node A42.

[00126] Figure 21 illustrates an exemplary operation for the pixel circuit 214 of Figure 20. Figure 21 corresponds to Figure 19. The VBCP driving scheme of Figure 21 uses IDATA and VGND similar to those of Figure 19.

[00127] The VBCP technique applied to the pixel circuit 212 and 214 is applicable to current programmed pixel circuits other than current mirror type pixel circuit.

[00128] For example, the VBCP technique is suitable for the use in AMOLED
displays. The VBCP technique enhances the settling time of the current-programmed pixel circuits display, e.g. AMOLED displays.

[00129] It is noted that a driver for driving a display array having a VBCP
pixel circuit (e.g. 212, 214) converts the pixel luminance data into current.

[00130] Figure 22 illustrates a driving mechanism for a display array 150 having a plurality of CBVP pixel circuits 151 (CBVP1-1, CBVP1-2, CBVP2-1, CBVP2-2).
The CBVP pixel circuit 151 is a pixel circuit to which the CBVP driving scheme is applicable. For example, the CBVP pixel circuit 151 may be the pixel circuit shown in Figure 1, 5, 8, 10, 12 or 16. In Figure 22, four CBVP pixel circuits 151 are shown as example. The display array 150 may have more than four or less than four CBVP
pixel circuits 151.

[00131] The display array 150 is an AMOLED display where a plurality of the CBVP pixel circuits 151 are arranged in rows and columns. VDATAI (or VDATA 2) and IBIAS 1(or IBIAS2) are shared between the common column pixels while SEL1 (or SEL2) is shared between common row pixels in the array structure.

[00132] The SEL1 and SEL2 are driven through an address driver 152. The VDATAI and VDATA2 are driven through a source driver 154. The IBIASI and IBIAS2 are also driven through the source driver 154. A controller and scheduler 156 is provided for controlling and scheduling programming, calibration and other operations for operating the display array, which includes the control and schedule for the CBVP driving scheme as described above.

[00133] Figure 23 illustrates a driving mechanism for a display array 160 having a plurality of VBCP pixel circuits. In Figure 23, the pixel circuit 212 of Figure 18 is shown as an example of the VBCP pixel circuit. However, the display array 160 may include any other pixel circuits to which the VBCP driving scheme described is applicable.
[00134] SEL1 and SEL2 of Figure 23 correspond to SEL of Figure 18. VGNDI
and VGAND2 of Figure 23 correspond to VDATA of Figure 18. IDATA1 and IDATA

2 of Figure 23 correspond to IDATA of Figure 18. In Figure 23, four VBCP pixel circuits are shown as example. The display array 160 may have more than four or less than four VBCP pixel circuits.

[00135] The display array 160 is an AMOLED display where a plurality of the VBCP pixel circuits are arranged in rows and columns. IDATAI (or IDATA2) is shared between the common column pixels while SELl (or SEL2) and VGND1 (or VGND2) are shared between common row pixels in the array structure.

[00136] The SELl, SEL2, VGND1 and VGND2 are driven through an address driver 162. The IDATAI and IDATA are driven through a source driver 164. A
controller and scheduler 166 is provided for controlling and scheduling programming, calibration and other operations for operating the display array, which includes the control and schedule for the VBCP driving scheme as described above.

[00137] The present invention has been described with regard to one or more embodiments. However, it will be apparent to persons skilled in the art that a number of variations and modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defmed in the claims.

Claims (56)

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A display system comprising one or more than one pixel circuit, the pixel circuit including:

a light emitting device having a first terminal and a second terminal;
a capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal;

a first transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the first transistor being connected to a first select line, the first terminal of the first transistor being connected to a signal line, the second terminal of the first transistor being connected to the first terminal of the capacitor;

a second transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the second transistor being connected to a second select line, the first terminal of the second transistor being connected to the second terminal of the capacitor, the second terminal of the second transistor being connected to a controllable bias line; and a third transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the third transistor being connected to the second terminal of the first transistor and the first terminal of the capacitor, the first terminal of the third transistor being connected to the first terminal of the light emitting device.
2. A display system according to claim 1, wherein the second terminal of the capacitor is connected to the first terminal of the light emitting device and the first terminal of the second transistor.
3. A display system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the second terminal of the third transistor is connected to a first voltage supply line, and wherein the second terminal of the light emitting device is connected to a second voltage supply line.
4. A display system according to any one of claims 1-3, wherein the first select line and the second select line are a common select line.
5. A display system according to any one of claims 1-4, wherein the system includes:

a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver operating the bias line and the signal line to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit; and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current.
6. A display system according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein the light emitting device includes an organic light emitting diode.
7. A display system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein at least one of the transistors is a thin film transistor.
8. A display system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein at least one of the transistors is a n-type transistor.
9. A display system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein at least one of the transistors is a p-type transistor.
10. A display system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein the pixel circuit forms an AMOLED display array, and a plurality of the pixel circuits are arranged in row and column.
11. A display system according to any one of claims 1-10, wherein a bias current, a bias voltage or a combination thereof is provided to the pixel circuit.
12. A display system according to any one of claims 1-11, wherein at least one of the pixel circuits is a current programmed circuit or a voltage programmed circuit.
13. A display system according to any one of claims 1-11, wherein at lease one of the pixel circuits is a current mirror based pixel circuit.
14. A display system according to any one of claims 1-13, wherein the pixel circuits are arranged so that the programming cycle of the nth row is overlapped with the programming cycle of the (n+l)th row.
15. A method of driving the pixel circuit defined in any one of claims 1-14, comprising the steps of:

at a first programming cycle, activating the bias line and providing a signal defined by a bias voltage to the signal line;

at a second programming cycle, providing a programming data to the signal line.
16. A method according to claim 15, wherein at the first and second programming cycles, a bias current is provided to the bias line.
17. A method of driving the pixel circuit defined in any one of claims 1-14, comprising the steps of:

at a first programming cycle, activating the bias line and providing a signal defined by a bias voltage to the signal line;

at a second programming cycle, deactivating the bias line and providing a programming data to the signal line.
18. A method according to claim 17, wherein at the first programming cycle, a bias current is provided to the bias line.
19. A display system comprising one or more than one pixel circuit, the pixel circuit including:

a light emitting device having a first terminal and a second terminal, a first capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal;

a second capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal, a first transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the first transistor being connected to a first select line, the first terminal of the first transistor being connected to a controllable bias line, the second terminal of the first transistor being connected to the first terminal of the light emitting device;

a second transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the second transistor being connected to a second select line, the first terminal of the second transistor being connected to the second terminal of the first transistor and the first terminal of the light emitting device, the second terminal of the second transistor being connected to the first terminal of the first capacitor;

a third transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the third transistor being connected to a third select line, the first terminal of the third transistor being connected to a signal line, the second terminal of the third transistor being connected to the second terminal of the first capacitor and the first terminal of the second capacitor;

a fourth transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the fourth transistor being connected to the second terminal of the second transistor and the first terminal of the first capacitor, the first terminal of the fourth transistor being connected to the first terminal of the light emitting device.
20. A display system according to claim 19, wherein the second terminal of the fourth transistor is connected to a first voltage supply line, and wherein the second terminal of the light emitting device is connected to a second voltage supply line.
21. A display system according to claim 19 or 20, wherein the second terminal of the second capacitor is connected to a voltage supply line.
22. A display system according to any one of claims 19-21, further including a fifth transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the gate terminal of the fifth transistor being connected to one of the first, second and third select lines, the first terminal of the fifth transistor being connected to the second terminal of the first capacitor and the first terminal of the second capacitor.
23. A display system according to any one of claims 19-22, wherein at least two of the first select line, the second select line and the third select line are a common select line.
24. A display system according to any one of claims 19-23, wherein the system includes:

a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver operating the bias line and the signal line to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit; and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current.
25. A display system according to any one of claims 19-24, wherein the light emitting device includes an organic light emitting diode.
26. A display system according to any one of claims 19-25, wherein at least one of the transistors is a thin film transistor.
27. A display system according to any one of claims 19-25, wherein at least one of the transistors is a n-type transistor.
28. A display system according to any one of claims 19-25, wherein at least one of the transistors is a p-type transistor.
29. A display system according to any one of claims 19-25, wherein the pixel circuit forms an AMOLED display array, and a plurality of the pixel circuits are arranged in row and column.
30. A display system according to any one of claims 19-29, wherein a bias current, a bias voltage or a combination thereof is provided to the pixel circuit.
31. A display system according to any one of claims 19-30, wherein at least one of the pixel circuits is a current programmed circuit or a voltage programmed circuit.
32. A display system according to any one of claims 19-30, wherein at lease one of the pixel circuits is a current mirror based pixel circuit.
33. A display system according to any one of claims 19-32, wherein the pixel circuits are arranged so that the programming cycle of the nth row is overlapped with the programming cycle of the (n+1)th row.
34. A method of driving the pixel circuit defined in any one of claims 19-33, comprising the steps of:

at a first cycle, activating the bias line, and providing a signal defined by a bias voltage and a programming data to the signal line;

at a second cycle, deactivating the bias line and the signal line.
35. A method according to claim 34, wherein at the first cycle, a bias current is provided to the bias line.
36. A method of driving the pixel circuit defined in any one of claims 19-33, comprising the steps of:

at a first cycle, activating the first select line and the second select line, activating the bias line;

at a second cycle, activating the third select line, deactivating the first select line and the second select line, deactivating the bias line, and providing a signal defined by a programming data and a bias voltage to the signal line.
37. A method according to claim 36, wherein at the first cycle, a bias current is provided to the bias line.
38. A display system comprising one or more than one pixel circuit, the pixel circuit including:

a light emitting device including a first terminal and a second terminal;

a capacitor including a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal of the capacitor being connected a bias line;

a switch network including a first transistor and a second transistor, each having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal;

the gate terminal of the first transistor being connected to a select line, the first terminal of the first transistor being connected to a signal line, the second terminal of the first transistor being connected to the first terminal of the second transistor;

the gate terminal of the second transistor being connected to the select line, the second terminal of the second transistor being connected to the second terminal of the capacitor;

a third transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal of the third transistor being connected to the second terminal of the first transistor and the first terminal of the second transistor;

a fourth transistor having a gate terminal, a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal of the fourth transistor being connected to the first terminal of the light emitting device, the second terminal of the fourth transistor being connected to the bias line.
39. A display system according to claim 38, wherein the second terminal of the third transistor is connected to a first voltage supply line, and wherein the second terminal of the light emitting device is connected to a second voltage supply line.
40. A display system according to claim 38 or 39, wherein the system includes:

a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver operating the bias line and the signal line to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the at least pixel circuit; and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current.
41. A display system according to any one of claims 38-40, wherein the light emitting device includes an organic light emitting diode.
42. A display system according to any one of claims 38-41, wherein at least one of the transistors is a thin film transistor.
43. A display system according to any one of claims 38-41, wherein at least one of the transistors is a n-type transistor.
44. A display system according to any one of claims 38-41, wherein at least one of the transistors is a p-type transistor.
45. A display system according to any one of claims 38-41, wherein the pixel circuit forms an AMOLED display array, and a plurality of the pixel circuits are arranged in row and column.
46. A display system according to any one of claims 38-45, wherein a bias current, a bias voltage or a combination thereof is provided to the pixel circuit.
47. A display system according to any one of claims 38-46, wherein at least one of the pixel circuits is a current programmed circuit or a voltage programmed circuit.
48. A display system according to any one of claims 38-46, wherein at least one of the pixel circuits is a current mirror based pixel circuit.
49. A display system according to any one of claims 38-48, wherein the pixel circuits are arranged so that the programming cycle of the nth row is overlapped with the programming cycle of the (n+1)th row.
50. A method of driving the pixel circuit defined in any one of claims 38-49, comprising the step of:

at a first cycle, activating the bias line, and providing a signal defined by a bias current and a programming data on the signal line; and at a second cycle, deactivating the bias line and the signal line.
51. A method according to claim 50, wherein at the programming cycle, a bias voltage is provided to the bias line.
52. A method of driving a pixel circuit in a display system, the pixel circuit including a light emitting device and a plurality of transistors, the transistors including a driving transistor for providing a pixel current to the light emitting device, the display system including a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver providing a controllable bias signal to the pixel circuit to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current, the bias signal being a bias current, a bias voltage or a combination thereof, the method comprising the steps of:

at a first programming cycle, providing the bias signal to the pixel circuit;

at a second programming cycle, providing a programming voltage signal to the pixel circuit; and at a driving cycle, deactivating the programming voltage signal and the bias signal.
53. A method of driving a pixel circuit in a display system, the pixel circuit including a light emitting device and a plurality of transistors, the transistors including a driving transistor for providing a pixel current to the light emitting device, the display system including a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit, the driver providing a controllable bias signal to the pixel circuit to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current, the bias signal being a bias current, a bias voltage or a combination thereof, the method comprising the steps of:

at a first programming cycle, providing the bias signal to the pixel circuit;

at a second programming cycle, providing a programming voltage signal to the pixel circuit and deactivating the bias signal; and at a driving cycle, deactivating the programming voltage signal.
54. A method of driving a pixel circuit in a display system, the pixel circuit including a light emitting device and a plurality of transistors, the transistors including a driving transistor for providing a pixel current to the light emitting device, the display system including a driver for programming and driving the pixel circuit to accelerate the programming of the pixel circuit and to compensate for a time dependent parameter of the pixel circuit and a controller for controlling the driver to generate a stable pixel current, the method comprising the steps of:

at a first cycle, providing a bias voltage, a bias current and a programming data to the pixel circuit; and at a second cycle, deactivating the bias voltage, the bias current and the programming data.
55. A method according to claim 54, wherein the programming data is a programming voltage.
56. A method according to claim 54, wherein the programming data is a programming current.
CA002523841A 2004-11-16 2005-11-15 System and driving method for active matrix light emitting device display Expired - Fee Related CA2523841C (en)

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CA 2503283 CA2503283A1 (en) 2005-04-08 2005-04-08 Method for scaled current programming of amoled displays
CA2,503,283 2005-04-08
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