CA2281230A1 - Flat web coupler for cmm's - Google Patents

Flat web coupler for cmm's Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CA2281230A1
CA2281230A1 CA 2281230 CA2281230A CA2281230A1 CA 2281230 A1 CA2281230 A1 CA 2281230A1 CA 2281230 CA2281230 CA 2281230 CA 2281230 A CA2281230 A CA 2281230A CA 2281230 A1 CA2281230 A1 CA 2281230A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
coupler
flat web
set forth
pair
web coupler
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA 2281230
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
John Bodjack
Allen Sajedi
Simon Raab
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Faro Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
Faro Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US14519598A priority Critical
Priority to US09/145,195 priority
Application filed by Faro Technologies Inc filed Critical Faro Technologies Inc
Publication of CA2281230A1 publication Critical patent/CA2281230A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01BMEASURING LENGTH, THICKNESS OR SIMILAR LINEAR DIMENSIONS; MEASURING ANGLES; MEASURING AREAS; MEASURING IRREGULARITIES OF SURFACES OR CONTOURS
    • G01B5/00Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means
    • G01B5/004Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring coordinates of points
    • G01B5/008Measuring arrangements characterised by the use of mechanical means for measuring coordinates of points using coordinate measuring machines
    • GPHYSICS
    • G12INSTRUMENT DETAILS
    • G12BCONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF INSTRUMENTS, OR COMPARABLE DETAILS OF OTHER APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G12B5/00Adjusting position or attitude, e.g. level, of instruments or other apparatus, or of parts thereof; Compensating for the effects of tilting or acceleration, e.g. for optical apparatus

Abstract

A flat web coupler for use with a multijoint manually positionable measuring arm of a three dimensional coordinate measurement system accurately translates rotational motion between a transfer coupling and a measurement device while accommodating misalignment between the components. In addition, the flat web coupler of the present invention is relatively thin thereby minimizing the space required within the arm for its mounting as well as the weight and moment created by the coupler and transferred to the arm.

Description

FLAT WEB COUPLI=;R FOR CMM'S
Background of the Invention:
Field of the Invention:
This invention relates generally to three dimensional coordinate measuring machines (or CMM's). More particularly, this invention relates to a new and improved coupler which compensates for misalignment between the moving component and the measurement transducer used for transmission of the rotational motion to the rotational measurement transducers used in each coupler in the CMM.
Without these couplers, significant forces in errors would occur in the transducer measurements.
Prior Art It will be appreciated that everything in the physical world occupies volume or space. Position in a space may be defined by length, width and height which, in engineering terms, is often called an X, Y, Z coordinate. The X, Y, Z numbers represent the dimensions of length, width and height or three dimensions.
Three-dimensional objects are described in terms of position and orientation; that is, not just where an object is but in what direction it points. The orientation of an object in space can be defined by the position of three points on the object.
Orientation can also be described by the angles of alignment of the object in space. The X, Y, and Z
coordinates can be most simply measured by l:hree linear scales. In other words, if you lay a scale along the length, width and height of a space, you can measure the position of a point in the space.
Presently, coordinate measurement machines or CMM's measure objects in a space using three linear scales. FARO Technologies, Inc. of Lake Mary, Florida (the assignee of the present invention) has successfully produced a series of electrogoniometer-type digitizing devices for the medical and industrial fields.
Electrogoniometer-type devices of the type used for skeletal analysis and surgery are disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,670,851, 5,251,127 and 5,305,203, all of which are assigned to the assignee hereof and incorporated herein by reference. Portable CMM's, are now used for three dimensional measurement of objects for reverse engineering, inspection, etc. An example of such a portable CMM system is disclosed in U.S. Patent 5,402,582, which is assigned to the assignee of the present application, and incorporated herein by reference. As shown in FIGURE 1, the three dimensional measuring system of the prior art generally comprises a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) 10 composed of a manually operated multijointed arm 12 and a support base or post 14, a controller or serial box 16 and a host computer 18.
It will be appreciated that CMM 10 electronically communicates with serial box 16 which, in turn, electronically communicates with hosl; computer 18. It should be noted that the number of transfer housings used is dependent on the number of degrees of freedom that are needed to make the desired measurements required of the individual CMM.
As will be discussed in more detail hereinafter, CMM 10 includes transducers (e.g., one transducer for each degree of freedom) which gather rotational positioning data and forward this basic data to serial box 16. The CMM 10 of the prior art comprises a base connected to a measuring arrn which includes a plurality of transfer housings. With respect to these transfer housings, it will be appreciated that the transmission of rotational motion to a rotational measurement transducer requires the use of a coupler to compensate for misalignments between the moving component and the measurement transducer. With reference to FIGURES 2 and 3, the transducer of the prior art is mounted to a universal mounting plate 82 for mounting into the transfer casing 64. High accuracy rotational measurements using encoders require that there be no loads applied to the encoders and that motion of the transfer casing be accurately transmitted to the encoder despite small misalignments of the axis of the transfer casing and axis of the encoder.
Refernng now to FIGURES 2-4 of the: prior art, the two diaphragm coupler is designated as item 84 in the FIGURES. Arrows designated as "A" in FIGURE 3 further highlight the space taken up by the prior art coupler 84 when assembled within arm 12. It should be noted that the transmission of rotational motion to a rotational measurement transducer requires the use of a coupler to compensate for misalignments between the moving component and the measurement transducer. As shown in FIGURES 2 and 3, the transducer 80 is mounted to a universal mounting plate 82 for mounting into the transfer casing 64.
The extension shaft 86 is utilized for ultimately connecting encoder 80 to the transfer casing. Shaft 86 is attached to coupler 84 and to the end of Garner 62 at threading 74 using socket head cap screws 88., 90. High accuracy rotational measurements using encoders 80 require that there be no loads applied to the encoders and that rotational motion of the transfer casing be accurately transmitted to the encoder despite small misalignments of the axis of the transfer casing and axis of the encoder.
Although the coupler 84 used in the CMM systems of the prior art is well suited for its intended purpose, there is always. a need to increase the accuracy and reduce the costs of these couplers used in CM:M systems. Therefore, there is a perceived need to develop more accuracy and~'or less costly couplers used in CMM
systems.
Summary of the Invention:
The above-discussed and other drawbacks and deficiencies of the prior art are overcome or alleviated by the flat web coupler for CMM's of the present invention.

As discussed, the prior art coupler in U.S. Patent 5,402,582 compensated for misalignments between the moving component and the measurement transducer.
Without these couplers, significant forces are produced which cause errors to occur in the transducer measurement. The prior art utilized a two diaphragm coupler to transmit rotational motion between the transff,r case spindle and the transducer. In accordance with the present invention, the transducer is instead mounted on a coupler comprised of a relatively thin flat web and is directly connected to the moving transducer. The flat web coupler, therefore, provides a flexible mounting to accommodate misalignment between the encoder and the transfer case while providing an accurate transmission of rotational movement between the parts.
The non-lubricated, flexible web coupler is comprised of non-wearing parts to directly connect the transfer casing to the measuring component making a significantly more reliable connection which accommodates misalignment while reducing shock loads.
Additionally, this design further reduces the axial length of the transfer case coupler and encoder combination by employing the relatively thin web coupler of the present invention in relation to the coupler element of the prior art. Thus, this allows the overall length of the arms of the CMM to be significantly more compact.
The above-discussed and other features and advantages of the present invention will be appreciated and understood lby those of ordinary skill in the art from the following detailed discussion and drawings.
Brief Description of the Drawings:
Refernng now to the drawings, wherein like elements are numbered alike in the several FIGURES:
FIGURE 1 is a front diagrammatic view depicting a three dimensional measuring machine (CMM) typical of the prior art including a coordinate measuring machine (CMM), a controller box and a host computer;
FIGURE 2 is an exploded, side elevation view of a transfer housing used in the prior art CMM of FIGURE 1;
FIGURE 3 is a cross-sectional elevation view of two assembled transversely oriented transfer housings of the prior art CMM of FIGURE l;

FIGURE 4 is a view taken along the Nine 4-4 of FIGURE 2;
FIGURE 5 is a plan view of a flat web coupler in accordance with the present invention;
FIGURE 6 is a side view of the flat web coupler in accordance with the present invention of FIGURE 5;
FIGURE 7 is a cross sectional diagra mnatic view of a flat web coupler showing a transfer casing and encoder;
FIGURE 8 is a view taken along line 8-8 in Figure 7 showing a flat web coupler and a universal mounting plate; and FIGURE 9 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of a flat web coupler.
Description of the Preferred Embodiment:
Referring first to FIGURE 5 a flat web coupler 200 for use in CMM's in accordance with the present invention will be discussed in detail as follows.
As seen in FIGURE 5, flat web coupler 200 is basically of square configuration, (preferably a little over one inch square), symmetric about the two plan view axis defined by centerlines 412, 414. Flat web coupler 200 includes flex members 420, 421 joined by links 422, 423 to central web 424 and are disposed on either side of centerline 414 and further includes flex members 425, 426 disposed on either side of centerline 412.
The flex members include spring portions 427 comprised of narrow strips of material shaped in circuitous paths. The inside radii at the end of the spring portions 427 are preferably .020 inches as shown typically at point 429 and the outside radii as shown typically at point 430 are preferably .0(SO inches. Other radii and groove lengths are sized to suit so long as consideration is given to minimizing stress and maintaining flexibility in the flat web coupler 200. The clearance hole 431 in the center of flat web coupler 200 is preferably .500 inch in diameter to provide sufficient clearance for extension shaft 222 (Fig. 7). The flex members maximize the ability of the flat web coupler 200 to deflect in and out of the plane defined by centerlines 412, 414 while accurately transfernng torque and rotational movement as will be more fully explained herein below. It should be further noted that the aforementioned dimensions may easily be altered as required without in any way departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Reducing the length of the coupling is of particular importance to the present invention, and as shown in FIGURE 6 the thickness represented by arrows 428 of the flat web coupler 200 in the embodiment showm is preferably .020 inches thick.
It is partly this relatively thin cross sectional thickness that allows for the reduction in the space taken up by the prior art coupler 84 whf.n assembled within arm 12 (Fig.
3).
The preferred material of the embodiment is ?~O1 or 302 full work hardened stainless steel which provides extraordinary strength fc~r such a narrow thickness 428.
Of course, any other suitable material may be substituted which meet the strength and deflection parameters which are required for satisfactory performance of web coupler 200 such as other high strength metals as well as some plastic and fiber reinforced composite materials.
The flat web coupler 200 shown in Figure 5 is next shown mounted to an encoder 280 in Figure 7 via attachment to universal mounting plate 201 as shown in Figure 8. In the embodiment shown cap screw receivers 400, 402 are preferably spaced on a center line 414 of 1.024 inches from one another and mount flat web coupler 200 to encoder 280 via socket head ca.p screws 90. Mounting tabs 404, 406, which have cap screw mounting holes 408, 410 are preferably spaced on centerline 412 at 1.63 inches apart from one another for .engaging flat web coupler 200 to universal mounting plate 201 via socket head cap screws 204 and nuts 205. In turn, universal mounting plate 201 mounts encoder 280 to transfer casing 264 via flat web coupler 200 by using socket head cap screws 287 through mounting holes 288. In this way, any small misalignments between the axis of the transfer casing 264 and the axis of the encoder 280 are compensated for easily by deflection of the spring portions 427 while rotational movement is accurately transmitted between the transfer casing and the encoder.
Refernng now to Figure 9 an alternative embodiment of flat web coupler is shown generally as 250. In this embodiment a flat web coupler similar to the earlier described embodiment is combined with a universal mounting plate. The advantage _7_ of this particular embodiment is that mounting tabs 404, 406 and cap screws 204 are eliminated and replaced by tab portions 251, 252 which connect spring portions to mounting plate portion 253.
With reference to FIGURES 3 and 7, i.t can be readily seen how substantial space is saved by substituting the flat web coupler 200 represented by arrow "B"
(FIGURE 7) in accordance with the present invention for the prior art coupling (FIGURE 3) represented by arrow "A". This savings in space reduces the movement arm and overall mass of the individual transfer casing, thereby producing inherent cost savings, a reduction in mass as well as decreased forces transmitted to the encoders. The result is an increase in accuracy of transfernng rotational movement between the transfer casing 264 and the encoder 280 by utilizing the new flat web coupler 200 in place of the prior art coupling 84 while maintaining the ability to compensate for misalignment between the two components.
While preferred embodiments have been shown and described, various modifications and substitutions may be made thereto without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, it is to be understood that the present invention has been described by way of illustrations and not limitation.
What is claimed is:

Claims (23)

  1. CLAIM 1. A flat web coupler comprising:
    a web portion; and a plurality of flex members depending from the web portion.
  2. CLAIM 2. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 1 wherein the flat web coupler is generally planar.
  3. CLAIM 3. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 1 wherein the flex members are comprised of spring portions arranged in circuitous paths.
  4. CLAIM 4. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 1 wherein the flex members include mounting holes disposed therein.
  5. CLAIM 5. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 1 wherein the flat web coupler is comprised of a metallic material, a plastic material or a fiber reinforced composite material.
  6. CLAIM 6. A flat web coupler connecting a rotating member to a measurement device, the flat web coupler comprising:
    a web portion;
    a first pair of flex members depending from the web portion connecting to the rotating member; and a second pair of flex members depending from the web portion connecting to the measurement device.
  7. CLAIM 7. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the flat web coupler is generally planar.
  8. CLAIM 8. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the flex members are comprised of spring portions arranged in circuitous paths.
  9. CLAIM 9. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the flex members include mounting holes disposed therein.
  10. CLAIM 10. A flat web coupler as set forth in. claim 6 wherein the flat web coupler is comprised of a metallic material, a plastic material or a fiber reinforced composite material.
  11. CLAIM 11. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the second pair of flex members is connected to the web portion by a. pair of links.
  12. CLAIM 12. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the second pair of flex members are attached to a mounting plate.
  13. CLAIM 13. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the rotating member is a transfer coupling of a multijointed arm.
  14. CLAIM 14. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 6 wherein the measurement device is an encoder of a multijointed arm.
  15. CLAIM 15. A flat web coupler for use in a multijointed arm translating rotational movement of a rotating member to a measurement device, the flat web coupler comprising:
    a web portion;
    a first pair of flex members depending from the web portion connecting to the rotating member; and a second pair of flex members depending from the web portion connecting to the measurement device.
  16. CLAIM 16. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the flat web coupler is generally planar.
  17. CLAIM 17. A flat web coupler as set forth in. claim 15 wherein the first pair and second pair of flex members are comprised of spring portions arranged in circuitous paths.
  18. CLAIM 18. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the first pair and second pair of flex members include mounting holes disposed therein.
  19. CLAIM 19. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the flat web coupler is comprised of a metallic material, a plastic material or a fiber reinforced composite material.
  20. CLAIM 20. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the second pair of flex members connected to the web portion by a pair of links.
  21. CLAIM 21. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the second pair of flex members are attached to a mounting plate.
  22. CLAIM 22. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the rotating member is a transfer coupling of a multijointed arm.
  23. CLAIM 23. A flat web coupler as set forth in claim 15 wherein the measurement device is an encoder of a multijointed arm.
CA 2281230 1998-09-01 1999-08-31 Flat web coupler for cmm's Abandoned CA2281230A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US14519598A true 1998-09-01 1998-09-01
US09/145,195 1998-09-01

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2281230A1 true CA2281230A1 (en) 2000-03-01

Family

ID=22512015

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2281230 Abandoned CA2281230A1 (en) 1998-09-01 1999-08-31 Flat web coupler for cmm's

Country Status (6)

Country Link
JP (1) JP2000074691A (en)
CA (1) CA2281230A1 (en)
DE (1) DE19941025A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2782791B3 (en)
GB (1) GB2341203A (en)
IT (1) IT1310109B1 (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102006031580A1 (en) 2006-07-03 2008-01-17 Faro Technologies, Inc., Lake Mary Method and apparatus for three-dimensionally detecting a region of space
DE102009015920B4 (en) 2009-03-25 2014-11-20 Faro Technologies, Inc. An apparatus for optical scanning and measuring an environment
US9551575B2 (en) 2009-03-25 2017-01-24 Faro Technologies, Inc. Laser scanner having a multi-color light source and real-time color receiver
DE102009057101A1 (en) 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Faro Technologies, Inc., Lake Mary An apparatus for optical scanning and measuring an environment
US8630314B2 (en) 2010-01-11 2014-01-14 Faro Technologies, Inc. Method and apparatus for synchronizing measurements taken by multiple metrology devices
US9628775B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2017-04-18 Faro Technologies, Inc. Articulated arm coordinate measurement machine having a 2D camera and method of obtaining 3D representations
US9163922B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2015-10-20 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measurement machine with distance meter and camera to determine dimensions within camera images
US8677643B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2014-03-25 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measurement machines with removable accessories
US8875409B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2014-11-04 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measurement machines with removable accessories
WO2011090896A1 (en) 2010-01-20 2011-07-28 Faro Technologies, Inc. Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine having integrated software controls
US9879976B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2018-01-30 Faro Technologies, Inc. Articulated arm coordinate measurement machine that uses a 2D camera to determine 3D coordinates of smoothly continuous edge features
US8832954B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2014-09-16 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measurement machines with removable accessories
US8615893B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2013-12-31 Faro Technologies, Inc. Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine having integrated software controls
GB2489370B (en) 2010-01-20 2014-05-14 Faro Tech Inc Coordinate measuring machine having an illuminated probe end and method of operation
CN102713776B (en) 2010-01-20 2015-04-22 法罗技术股份有限公司 Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine with multi-bus arm technology
US8638446B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2014-01-28 Faro Technologies, Inc. Laser scanner or laser tracker having a projector
US8898919B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2014-12-02 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measurement machine with distance meter used to establish frame of reference
US9607239B2 (en) 2010-01-20 2017-03-28 Faro Technologies, Inc. Articulated arm coordinate measurement machine having a 2D camera and method of obtaining 3D representations
DE102010020925B4 (en) 2010-05-10 2014-02-27 Faro Technologies, Inc. A method of optically scanning and measuring an environment
US9168654B2 (en) 2010-11-16 2015-10-27 Faro Technologies, Inc. Coordinate measuring machines with dual layer arm
DE102012100609A1 (en) 2012-01-25 2013-07-25 Faro Technologies, Inc. An apparatus for optical scanning and measuring an environment
US8997362B2 (en) 2012-07-17 2015-04-07 Faro Technologies, Inc. Portable articulated arm coordinate measuring machine with optical communications bus
DE102012109481A1 (en) 2012-10-05 2014-04-10 Faro Technologies, Inc. An apparatus for optical scanning and measuring an environment
US9513107B2 (en) 2012-10-05 2016-12-06 Faro Technologies, Inc. Registration calculation between three-dimensional (3D) scans based on two-dimensional (2D) scan data from a 3D scanner
US10067231B2 (en) 2012-10-05 2018-09-04 Faro Technologies, Inc. Registration calculation of three-dimensional scanner data performed between scans based on measurements by two-dimensional scanner
DE102015122844A1 (en) 2015-12-27 2017-06-29 Faro Technologies, Inc. 3D measuring device with battery pack

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GB694423A (en) * 1949-04-04 1953-07-22 Richard Edmund Reason Improvements in or relating to pivotal joints
GB995969A (en) * 1963-03-23 1965-06-23 Normalair Ltd Improvements in or relating to torsional diaphragms
DE2264050B2 (en) * 1972-12-29 1979-12-06 Siemens Ag, 1000 Berlin Und 8000 Muenchen
US4182187A (en) * 1978-04-24 1980-01-08 Sundstrand Data Control, Inc. Force balancing assembly for transducers
NO152885C (en) * 1978-05-15 1985-12-04 Sundstrand Data Control Support means for a avfoelingselement transducers.
GB2102579B (en) * 1981-07-14 1984-11-21 Sundstrand Data Control Force transducer flexure reed bearing electrical connectors

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2000074691A (en) 2000-03-14
GB9914718D0 (en) 1999-08-25
IT1310109B1 (en) 2002-02-11
GB2341203A (en) 2000-03-08
FR2782791A1 (en) 2000-03-03
ITTO990621A1 (en) 2000-03-01
FR2782791B3 (en) 2000-10-13
DE19941025A1 (en) 2000-03-02

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