CA1233042A - Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls - Google Patents

Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls

Info

Publication number
CA1233042A
CA1233042A CA 533568 CA533568A CA1233042A CA 1233042 A CA1233042 A CA 1233042A CA 533568 CA533568 CA 533568 CA 533568 A CA533568 A CA 533568A CA 1233042 A CA1233042 A CA 1233042A
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
rods
formwork
tie
ends
module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA 533568
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Serge Meilleur
Original Assignee
Serge Meilleur
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/42Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities
    • E04B2/54Walls having cavities between, as well as in, the elements; Walls of elements each consisting of two or more parts, kept in distance by means of spacers, at least one of the parts having cavities the walls being characterised by fillings in all cavities in order to form a wall construction
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0204Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections
    • E04B2002/0208Non-undercut connections, e.g. tongue and groove connections of trapezoidal shape

Abstract

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE:
A formwork is made up of a series of plastic foam modules disposed in the manner of a brick wall and forming a mold into which concrete is poured, the formwork remaining permanently secured to the concrete to produce a concrete wall insulated both on the inside and on the outside. Each module is formed of two identical sections disposed in mirror position. Each module section is a panel having inner spaced ribs which terminate short of the top and bottom panel edges and inserts are embedded in the ribs, having apertures opening in the free spaces formed by the ends of the ribs and the panel edges. Once the two identical module sections are placed in mirror position, at the cons-truction site, they are held together by horizontal tie-rods having hooked ends lockingly engaged in the insert apertures. Adjoining tie-rods, in modules, disposed one over the other, are further interlocked by vertical coupling rods to prevent separation of the modules during pouring of the concrete. Reinforcement bar supports are fixed to these coupling rods, being bent at their ends to form troughs into which horizontal reinforce-ment bars may be lodged.

Description

I

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Field of the invention The present invention generally relates to -the art of making a concrete Welch is insulated both on -the inside and on the outside by using a form work, made of foam plastic material such as expanded polyp styrenes as a mold into which the concrete mix is poured, which mold is permanently secured to the concrete after the latter has set.
Description of the prior art In present day practice, a form work made of wood or metal panels held together in spaced parallel position by tie-wires and other appropriate connection means at their ends, is used to build a concrete wall.
The form work is expensive and its mounting and disk mounting are time consuming and thus also costly.
Furthermore, the resulting concrete wall is not insulated.
form work has already been proposed which is constituted by hollow modules fully made of insulating foam plastic material; the modules being disposed and stacked in the manner of a brick wall and concrete mix briny thereafter poured into the assembled hollow modules acting as a mold which remain permanently secured to the concrete wall after the concrete has set.
In this manner, not only is time being saved in setting up the form work on site-appropriate tie-wires and tongue-and-groove joints being provided at the factory-but there is no time wasted in dismantling the form work as in the old practice. Also, the very advantageous result is the production of a concrete wall which is fully and permanently insulated both on the inside and on the outside.

~3~3~3~

However, these known insulated form works suffer severe drawbacks.
Indeed, because these modules are quite light, they tend to separate from one another by the pressure built by the concrete mix when being poured. Because of this, elaborate means must be provided, at the site and outside the form work, to prevent such separation caused by lifting of the modules as the latter tend to float on the concrete mix, because of their lightness.
Also, the known form works are built, as said above, from brick-like hollow modules molded in factory and formed of a pair of foam plastic panel-like sections held in space relationship by tie-wires or rods of which the ends are solidly embedded in the foam plastic, at the factory Roy result is that a module is useful for making a concrete wall having only one pro-determined thickness. It is therefore necessary for the manufacturer to keep a large inventory of modules of varying thicknesses to satisfy customers' demand.
Summary of the invasion It is therefore an object of -the present invention to propose an improved form work, of the above -type, capable of avoiding -the aforesaid drawbacks.
This is achieved, on the one hand, by manufacturing identical module sections as separate members rather than immediately connecting them two by two, at the factory, to produce complete modules; the required tie-wire or rod means being made and supplied separately. Appropriate provision has to be made, of course, on the module sections to receive the tie-wire means, but the latter are only applied on the construction site.

~33~2 As will be gathered from the above, this procedure makes it possible to supply always the same module sections and separate -tie-rods thereby appreciably reducing inventory since only the tie-rods need be of various sizes suited for the desired wall thickness. By the same token, volume is reduced so that less space is required for storage and transport-lion. This result is more specifically achieved by embedding inserts in the ribs of the module sections, to which reference is fully made hereinafter, which inserts have apertures into which hooked ends of tie-rods mockingly engage, thereby holding the module sections in appropriate lateral relationship to form modules.
Vertical coupling rods having hooked ends are, on the other hand, provided to interlock with tie-rods of stacked modules to prevent the latter from separating upward under the pressure built by the concrete mix when the latter is being poured. Thus, there is no need to provide any additional structure, on the site, to safely hold the modules in steady vertical position in relation to one another, -thus preventing the above mentioned lifting action.
More specifically and according to one aspect of the invention, there is provided a form work module section, made of foam plastic material, which is adapted to serve as one wall of a module of a form work and which comprises a panel, spaced ribs solid with the panel and projecting from the panel inner face between the panel upper and lower edges, and inserts embedded, each in one of the ribs, the inserts being formed with -tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures; these apertures being located at the upper and lower ends of the ribs short of the panel upper and lower edges.

~7~33~

According to a preferred form, the inserts may be tubular members having hollowed ends opening a-t the ribs upper and lower ends; these hollowed ends defining -the aforesaid tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures.
Alternatively, the inserts may be in the form of channel-shaped members having ends projecting beyond the ribs upper and lower ends; these members each having a central web formed with holes located in the projecting ends, these holes acting as the tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures.
Another aspect of the invention is a formworkmodule which comprises a pair of form work sections as defined above, these sections being disposed in mirror position and the form work module further comprising tie-rods having hooked ends mockingly engaged into the insert apertures.
Still another aspect of the invention lies in a Earmark for making an insulated concrete wall and comprising a pair of modules as defined above, which modules are stacked one upon the other with adjoining tie-rods disposed one above the other, in pairs, -the form work further having coupling rods with hooked ends, -these hooked ends interlocking with the tid-rods of the aforesaid pairs for preventing vertical separation of the form work modules as concrete is being poured into it.
Other objects, features and advantages of -the invention will become apparent from the following desk Croatian having reference to the appended drawings and given purely as an example as to how the invention may be put into practice.

30~

Brief description-of the drawings Figure 1 is a top plan view of two module sections in -their-mirror position of use, while Figure 2 is a side elevation view;
.5 Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of one module section taken along line III-III of Figure 2 while Figure PA is an end view likewise of a-module section;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a form work in the process of being erected, three modules being shown interconnected;
Figure 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the ends of two interconnected stacked modules, view taken in a vertical plane containing two tie-rods, a coupling rod and a reinforcing bar support;
Figure 6 is a side view of a coupling rod;
Figure 7 is a view similar to that of Figure 4 showing an alternative embodiment;
Figure 8 is a perspective view of an insert member for the embodiment of Figure 7;
Figure 9 is avow similar to that of Figure 5 but for the embodiment of Figure 7, and Figures 10 and 11 are alternative forms of tie-rods ion the embodiment of Figure 7.
Description of the preferred embodiments -Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, there is shown two module sections 1 in their position of use, that is, in mirror position. Each section 1, made completely of foam plastic material as aforesaid, comprises a panel 3 having an outer flat face 5 and an inner flat face 7; an upper edge 9 and a lower edge 11. Elongated evenly spaced ribs 13 project from the inner flat face 7 between the edges 9 and 11 and tiler upper and lower ends 15 and 17 preferably slope from the panel edges 9 and 11 ~33C~

toward flattened tips 19 of the ribs 13, as shown in Figs. 3 and PA. At least part of each ends 15 and 17 of the ribs 13 forms a flat wall located short of the edges 9, 11, of the panel 3. This may be obtained by cutting appropriate notches 21 and 23 figs. 3, 5) through the sloping ends 15, 17. One insert, in the form of a tubular member 25, is embedded in each rib 13, its hollowed end opening in the flat walls of the notches.
As shown, the ribs 13 preferably have vertical curved sides merging with the panel inner face 7 so that concrete mix poured in the mold formed by the two module sections 1 will produce a concrete column made up of a succession of rounded sections joined by narrow necks between the rib flat tips 19.
The module sections 1 are provided with con-ventional tongues 27 and grooves 2g for connection to adjoining modules 31, as illustrated in Fig. 4 where three modules 31 are shown interconnected. These tongue and groove joints of course prevent relative lateral disk placement of adjoining modules 31 of the form work. As mentioned previously, the modules 31 are laid in the same manner as bricks in a brick wall. They are rectangular in shape with appropriate overall dimensions being lug inches in height and 48 inches in length; the thickness being variable as said before. As the Earmark it briny erected, horizontal reinforcing bars 33 may be laid in the mold under formation in a manner described below.
Figure 4 shows the two sections 1 of each module 31 to be interconnected by resilient tie-rods 33 the assembly being made at the building site. The con-section is best illustrated in Fig. 5. The resilient tie-rods 33 have hooked ends mockingly engaged into the hollowed ends of the tubular members 25 both at the top 33~

and at the bottom, in the notches 21, 23. Each hooked end is formed of an inner part 35, flatly engaging the bores of the hollowed ends of the tubular members 25, and an inclined terminal part 37 in edge abutting engagement with the bores so as to prevent accidental withdrawal of the rods 31 from the tubular members 25.
Resilient coupling Rhodes are used to prevent relative lifting of stacked modules 31 by interlocking engagement of adjoining pairs of tie-rods 33 at the bottom and at the top of the stacked modules. For this purpose and as shown in Fig. 6, one end of each coupling rod 35 is bent at an acute angle to form a hook 37 adapted to firmly wind around the lower tie-rod 33 while the other end also bends in the same direction lo but far less sharply and then rises to form a smooth Jo hooking elbow 39. In use, when the tie-rods 33 have ; first been appropriately positioned in the tubular members 25, the hook 37 is first wound around the lower tie-rod 33 and the hooked elbow 39 is then snapped over the higher tie-rod 33, as illustrated in Fig. 5.
Preferably, the tie-rods 33 are bent slightly at their centers and toward oil another to form nicks 41 adapted to receive the hooks 37 and the elbows 39, respectively Reinforcement bar supports may Advent-juicily be provided, in the form of -the support rods 43 fixed at their centers -to the centers of the coupling rods 35; the ends of the support rods 43 being bent in the form of triangular troughs 44 for the seating of reinforcement bars 45.
In the embodiment of Figs 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11, the inserts embedded in the ribs 13 are channel-shaped members 47 of which the ends project into the notches 21, 23 or simply from the slopes 15, 17, of Fig. 3 The central web 49 of the members 47 is formed with I

holes 51, preferably elongated slots, one such hole being in each of the notches 21, 23, -or immediately above the slopes 15, 17 of Fig. 3. In this case, the tie-rods 53 have hooked ends that define an open recess engaged over the solid portions of the webs 49 that circumscribe the holes Sly In Fig. 9, the open recess 55 is an open circle. In the variant of Fig. 10, the open recess in the tie-rod 53' is U-shaped while in the tie-rod 53" , it is a rabbit. In both tie-rods 53' and 53" , the terminal portions are bent over -the main portions to provide flexible arms 55, SO' creating a bias action to force the rods 53', 53" , against the peripheral wall of the holes Sly The coupling Rhodes and support rods 43 are the same as in jig. S.
lo The foam plastic used in the molding of the module sections 1 is preferably expanded cellular polystyrene made according to ASTM D1692-59T. It should of course be homogeneous throughout its mass and be free from any accumulation of unexpanded polystyrene particles as well as of any foreign particles Vertical reinforcement bars (not shown) may of course be driven through the concrete mix after pouring.

Claims (15)

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A formwork module section, made of foam plastic material, said section being adapted to serve as one wall of a module of a formwork used in the molding of an insulated concrete wall, said section comprising:
- a panel having an outer face and an inner face, an upper edge and a lower edge;
- spaced ribs solid with said panel and projecting from said panel inner face between said edges, each of said ribs having an upper and a lower end, and - inserts embedded, each in one of said ribs, said inserts being formed with tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures, said apertures being located at said upper and lower ends of said ribs and short of said panel upper and lower edges.
2. A module section as claimed in claim 1, wherein said inserts are tubular members having hollowed ends opening at said ribs upper and lower ends; said hollowed ends defining said tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures.
3. A module section as claimed in claim 1, wherein said inserts are channel-shaped members having ends projecting beyond said ribs upper and lower ends;
said channel-shaped members each having a central web formed with holes through said member projecting ends;
said holes defining said tie-rod receiving-and-locking apertures.
4. A module section as claimed in claim 3, wherein said holes are elongated slots.
5. A module section as claimed in claim 2, wherein said ribs each has a longitudinal flat tip away from said inner face, wherein said ribs have slopes inclined inwardly from said panel edges toward said flat tips and wherein said ribs upper and lower ends are formed by notches cut through said slopes.
6. A module section as claimed in claim 3, wherein said ribs each has a longitudinal flat tip away from said inner face, wherein said ribs have slopes inclined inwardly from said panel edges toward said flat tips and wherein said ribs upper and lower ends are formed by notches cut through said slopes.
7. A formwork module comprising a pair of formwork module sections as claimed in claim 1, said sections being disposed in mirror position; said formwork module further comprising:
-tie-rods having hooked ends lockingly engaged into said insert apertures.
8. A formwork module comprising a pair of formwork module sections as claimed in claim 2, said sections being disposed in mirror position; said formwork module further comprising:
- tie rods having hooked ends lockingly engaged into said hollowed ends of said tubular members, said hooked ends being formed of an inner part, flatly engaging the bores of said hollowed ends, and of an inclined terminal part in edge-butting engagement with the said bores to prevent withdrawal of said tie-rods from said tubular members.
9. A formwork module comprising a pair of formwork module sections as claimed in claim 3, said sections being disposed in mirror position; said form-work module further comprising:
- tie rods having hooked ends lockingly engaged into said holes, said hooked ends defining open recesses engaged over portions of said channel-shaped members circumbscribing said holes.
10. A formwork for making an insulated concrete wall and comprising a pair of modules as claimed in claim 8, stacked one upon the other with adjoining tie-rods thereof disposed one above the other, in pairs, said formwork further comprising:
-coupling rods having hooked ends, said hooked ends interlocking with the tie-rods of said pairs of tie-rods for preventing vertical separation of said form-work modules as concrete is being poured into said formwork.
11. A formwork as claimed in claim 10, wherein said tie-rods of a pair slightly bend toward one another at the centers thereof to form nicks and said hooked ends of said coupling rods engage into said nicks.
12. A formwork as claimed in claim 10, further comprising reinforcing bar supports in the form of support rods fixed to said coupling rods between said tie-rods, the ends of said support rods being bent in the form of troughs for the lodging of reinforcement bars.
13. A formwork for making an insulated concrete wall and comprising a pair of modules as claimed in claim 9, stacked one upon the other with opening tie-rods thereof disposed one above the other, in pairs, said formwork further comprising:
- coupling rods having hooked ends, said hooked ends interlocking with the tie-rods of said pairs of tie-rods for preventing vertical separation of said formwork modules as concrete is being poured into said formwork.
14. A formwork as claimed in claim 13, wherein said tie-rods of a pair slightly bend toward one another at the centers thereof to form nicks and said hooked ends of said coupling rods engage into said nicks.
15. A formwork as claimed in claim 13, further comprising reinforcing bar supports in the form of support rods fixed to said coupling rods between said tie-rods, the ends of said support rods being bent in the form of troughs for the lodging of reinforcement bars.
CA 533568 1987-04-01 1987-04-01 Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls Expired CA1233042A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 533568 CA1233042A (en) 1987-04-01 1987-04-01 Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA 533568 CA1233042A (en) 1987-04-01 1987-04-01 Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls
EP19880400776 EP0285518A3 (en) 1987-04-01 1988-03-30 Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA1233042A true CA1233042A (en) 1988-02-23

Family

ID=4135349

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 533568 Expired CA1233042A (en) 1987-04-01 1987-04-01 Module sections, modules and formwork for making insulated concrete walls

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0285518A3 (en)
CA (1) CA1233042A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5323578A (en) * 1990-12-19 1994-06-28 Claude Chagnon Prefabricated formwork
US5390459A (en) * 1993-03-31 1995-02-21 Aab Building System Inc. Concrete form walls
US5657600A (en) * 1994-06-20 1997-08-19 Aab Building Systems Inc. Web member for concrete form walls
US5887401A (en) * 1997-07-24 1999-03-30 Eco-Block Llc Concrete form system
US6170220B1 (en) 1998-01-16 2001-01-09 James Daniel Moore, Jr. Insulated concrete form
US6314697B1 (en) 1998-10-26 2001-11-13 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system connector link and method
US6318040B1 (en) 1999-10-25 2001-11-20 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system and method
US6336301B1 (en) * 1998-11-05 2002-01-08 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system ledge assembly and method
US6438918B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2002-08-27 Eco-Block Latching system for components used in forming concrete structures
US6481178B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2002-11-19 Eco-Block, Llc Tilt-up wall
US7082732B2 (en) 2003-08-06 2006-08-01 Canstroy International Inc. Insulated concrete wall forming system and hinged bridging webs
US8276340B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2012-10-02 Polycrete International Inc. Concrete wall formwork module
US9175486B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-11-03 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with modular tie members and associated ICF tooling

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE1018783A5 (en) * 2009-10-23 2011-08-02 Cleys Kris Laminated insulating panel, the use of such an insulation panel, and a method for installation of such an insulation panel.

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1890532A (en) * 1931-06-08 1932-12-13 Insolo Holding Company Building block and wall form
GB1598237A (en) * 1978-03-22 1981-09-16 Stones H B Formwork for cementitious material

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5323578A (en) * 1990-12-19 1994-06-28 Claude Chagnon Prefabricated formwork
US5390459A (en) * 1993-03-31 1995-02-21 Aab Building System Inc. Concrete form walls
USRE41994E1 (en) * 1994-06-20 2010-12-14 Arxx Building Products, Inc. Web member for concrete form walls
US5657600A (en) * 1994-06-20 1997-08-19 Aab Building Systems Inc. Web member for concrete form walls
US5809727A (en) * 1994-06-20 1998-09-22 Aab Building System, Inc. Web member for concrete form walls
US5887401A (en) * 1997-07-24 1999-03-30 Eco-Block Llc Concrete form system
US6170220B1 (en) 1998-01-16 2001-01-09 James Daniel Moore, Jr. Insulated concrete form
US6481178B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2002-11-19 Eco-Block, Llc Tilt-up wall
US6609340B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2003-08-26 Eco-Block, Llc Concrete structures and methods of forming the same using extenders
US6526713B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2003-03-04 Eco-Block, Llc Concrete structure
US6438918B2 (en) 1998-01-16 2002-08-27 Eco-Block Latching system for components used in forming concrete structures
US6363683B1 (en) 1998-01-16 2002-04-02 James Daniel Moore, Jr. Insulated concrete form
US6314697B1 (en) 1998-10-26 2001-11-13 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system connector link and method
US6336301B1 (en) * 1998-11-05 2002-01-08 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system ledge assembly and method
US6318040B1 (en) 1999-10-25 2001-11-20 James D. Moore, Jr. Concrete form system and method
US7082732B2 (en) 2003-08-06 2006-08-01 Canstroy International Inc. Insulated concrete wall forming system and hinged bridging webs
US8276340B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2012-10-02 Polycrete International Inc. Concrete wall formwork module
US9175486B2 (en) 2013-03-12 2015-11-03 Icf Mform Llc Insulating concrete form (ICF) system with modular tie members and associated ICF tooling

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0285518A3 (en) 1989-03-22 application
EP0285518A2 (en) 1988-10-05 application
CA1233042A1 (en) grant

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