CA1212217A - Cladding element - Google Patents

Cladding element

Info

Publication number
CA1212217A
CA1212217A CA000444941A CA444941A CA1212217A CA 1212217 A CA1212217 A CA 1212217A CA 000444941 A CA000444941 A CA 000444941A CA 444941 A CA444941 A CA 444941A CA 1212217 A CA1212217 A CA 1212217A
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
ridge
panel portion
cladding element
wall
cladding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA000444941A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Kevin A.R. Studwell
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Australian Design Marketing Pty Ltd
Original Assignee
Australian Design Marketing Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to AU11314/83A priority Critical patent/AU545158B2/en
Priority to AU11314/83 priority
Application filed by Australian Design Marketing Pty Ltd filed Critical Australian Design Marketing Pty Ltd
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA1212217A publication Critical patent/CA1212217A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/24Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets with special cross-section, e.g. with corrugations on both sides, with ribs, flanges, or the like
    • E04D3/30Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets with special cross-section, e.g. with corrugations on both sides, with ribs, flanges, or the like of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/365Connecting; Fastening by simple overlapping of the marginal portions with use of separate connecting elements, e.g. hooks or bolts for corrugated sheets

Abstract

CLADDING ELEMENT

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE

A roof cladding element which is constructed to span at least two roof framing rafters and which, in use, avoids the need for conventional roofing battens. The cladding element is pressed from sheet steel and includes a panel portion, an inverted channel-shaped ridge formed along the top edge of the panel portion, a scalloped downwardly extending lip formed along the bottom edge of the panel portion. and a plurality of inverted channel-shaped ribs formed in the panel portion to extend to the bottom edge from an inner wall of the ridge. Also, a series of recesses are formed in the inner wall of the ridge, each recess being in alignment with one of the rib and defining a cavity into which the associated rib extends.

Description

~2~Z:~7 FIELD OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to a cladding element which it suitable or use in cladding the roof or walls of a building. The cladding element has been developed as a roofing element, and is hereinafter described in such context, but it is to be understood that tile element may also be used log cladding the walls ox a building structure.
The cladding element would normally be formed as a pressed sheet metal element but, depending upon the use and intended location of its usage, the element may be mounded from a plastics material or be cast or otherwise mounded in metal. A plurality of the elements would normally be affixed to structural support members in overlapped relationship and thereby cover an area substantially greater than the surface area of a single element.
The invention also relates to a roof structure when clad with a number of the cladding elements.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Conventional rooting systems employ various cladding elements, including terra-cotta tiles, concrete tiles, pressed or roll-formed metal panel, timber tile elements (shingles), glassfibre reinforced plastic material panels and various composite material panels. In addition to the dead weight which is applied to the structural members of a roof by these cladding elements, a roofing system can be subjected to further dead loads (imposed, for example, by snow), to wind loading and to other dynamic loadings imposed by, for example, seismic disturbance. These various type of load cause stressefi to be induced in the ~tLuctural members and/or in the cladding elements, and the elements may then break flee prom the structural members. In order to alleviate this problem, supplementary load bearing support members in the form of roofing battens and/or timber panels are customarily affixed to the skeletal structural members of a roof, and the cladding elements are affixed to the battens.
The cladding element of the present invention has been developed to provide an intrinsic, omnidirectional load bearing capability so that it might be affixed directly to roof rafters, trusses and/or stringers and, thus, so as to avoid the cost of providing and fixing the conventional roofing battens. The cladding element may also avoid the need for some of the customary roof frame bracing.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Broadly defined, the cladding element in accordance with the preset invention comprises a panel portion having opposed side edges and opposed top and bottom edges extending I in a lateral direction between the side edges. An inverted channel-shaped ridge extends along the top edge of the panel portion and it formed integrally with the panel portion. The ridge includes an inner wall which forms an upwardly projecting extension of the panel portion. A plurality of ribs are formed in the panel portion and extend from the inner wall of the ridge in a direction toward the bottom edge of the panel portion. A series of recesses are formed in the inner wall ox the ridge, with each recess being in alignment with one of the rib and defining a cavity into which the associated rib extends. Also, a downwardly projecting lip is formed at and extends along the bottom edge of the panel portion.
The cladding element it intended in use to span and be secured to at least two structural members of a building.
The ridge portion then performs a bracing function somewhat analogous to the conventional roofing battens, and the panel portion, whilst providing a load beating structure, functions to provide the weather sealing features which are exhibited by other types of roof cladding.
The cladding element it preferably formed from sheet material, and most preferably is pressed from sheet metal.
Each element preferably includes at least three ribs and most preferably has about twelve ribs.
Adjacent (side-by-side) elements are affixed in overlapping relationship, with one rib of one element being nested below a rib of an adjacent (overlapping) element.
Similarly, longitudinally arrayed elements are arranged in overlapping relationship, with the lip at the bottom edge of one element extending over the ridge of a lower element.
The invention will more fully understood from the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, the description being given with reference to the accompanying drawings BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a single cladding element, Figure 2 shows a sectional elevation view of the cladding element as viewed in the direction of section plane 2-2 in Figure 1, Figure 3 shows a further sectional elevation view of the cladding element as viewed in the direction of section plane I in Figure I
Figure 4 shows a perspective view of two (partial) cladding elements which-are interconnected in side-by-side overlapping relationship, Figure 5 shows a side elevation view of two (upper and lower) cladding elements mounted to a roof rafter, the elements being connected in end-to-end overlapping relationship, Figure 6 shows a plan view of a number of cladding element mounted to a portion of a roof structure.
Figures PA and 7B respectively show partial and elevation views of alternative arrangements for capping the upper margin of cladding elements at the ridge of a roof, Figure 8 shows a partial end elevation view of an arrangement for capping a side margin of a cladding element at the hip of a roof, and Figure 9 shows a partial end elevation view of an arrangement for weather sealing a valley in a roof structure.

Z;~:~7 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
As illustrated in figures 1 to 5 of the drawings, the cladding element 10 complies a rectangular panel portion 11 having side edges 12, a top edge 13 and a bottom edge I An inverted channel-shaped ridge 15 extends along the top edge of the panel portion 11 and is formed integrally therewith.
The complete cladding element is pressed from sheet metal and, whilst shown in Figure 1 as having only three ribs 16 and two gullets 17, the element would normally be sized to include approximately twelve ribs and eleven gullets. The element may be made in various size, to suit the Lifter spacing required by different building codes, but it might typically be 1.8 metros long, between the side edges 12, and I meres deep between the top and bottom edges 13 and I of the panel portion.
The ribs 16 have a width which is approximately equal to two-thirds ox the spacing between the jibs.
For the purposes of this description, the cladding element may be considered as having a base plane which contains the lower surface or wall of the gullets 17. Side projections 18 and an outward projection 19 of the ridge channel 15 also lie in the same base plane.
The ribs 16 are formed with side walls 20 which project upwardly from the base plane (i.e., from the lower wall of the gullets 17) and the top surface of each rib is disposed approximately parallel to the gully wall 17. Thus, the panel portion 11 has a generally corrugated configuration and ~2~Z;~

the underside of the panel has a shape which complements the top surface which is shown in inure 1. The ribs and Gaul 16 and 17, whilst shown to have flat surfaces, may be formed to provide the panel with a more curvaceous (undulating) configuration.
The bottom edge 14 of the panel portion 11 is formed with a downwardly projecting lip 21. The lip 21 extends for the full width of the element and scallops inwardly at the terminal end of each of the ribs 16. Also, as is best teen from Figures 2 and 3 of the drawings, the lip 21 it inclined to lie parallel to an inner wall 22 of the ridge channel 15.
The inner wall 22 of the ridge channel projects upwardly at an obtuse angle to the bate plane or gullets 17 of the panel, and the inner wall then joins the top Hall 23 of the ridge which lies parallel to the base plane 17. The ouzel wall 24 of the ridge channel joins the top wall 23 to the outwardly projecting flange 19, and the outer wall 24 is disposed at 90 to the base plane 17 of the panel.
Upwardly extending recesses 25 are formed in the inner wall 22 of the ridge channel. the respective recesses being in alignment with the ribs 16. Complementary, but smaller, projections 26 are formed in the outer wall of the ridge channel opposite each of the recesses 25.
with the cladding element formed as above described and allowing for the inherent resilience of the pressed metal structure, two such elements may be mounted side-by side in overlapping relationship as shown in Figure 4. Thus, the ugh hand rib 16 of one element it positioned to overlie the left hand rib 16 of an adjacent element, and the two elements are interconnected by driving a self-taeping screw 27 through the lapped lips 21 of both elements. Also, as indicated in Figure 5, screws 28 or other suitable fastening devices (such as clips) are employed Jo connect the outwardly projecting flange 19 of each channel element to each rafter 29 which it spanned by the cladding elements.
As is also shown in Figure 5, adjacent (upper and lower) cladding elements are overlapped in the longitudinal direction of the rafters 29. Thus, the lip Al of an upper element is positioned to overlie the ridge 15 of a lower element, and a self-~apping screw 30 is driven through the two elements.
With the combined fastening effect provided by screws 27, By and 30, the cladding elements 10 are positively connected to one another and to the rafters 29.
Figure 6 of the drawings shows an oblique plan view of a portion of a roof structure including rafters 29 and a facial board 31) and, in particular, the Figure shows a complete cladding element 10, and two partial such elements, spanning three rafters 29.
When laying the cladding elements, the first row is positioned above the facial board 31 and the cladding elements 10 of such row are secured to the facial board by fasteners 32. Thereafter, successive rows of the cladding elements are overlapped in the manner shown in Figure 5 until the ridge of the roof is reached.

~21~21~

If the full depth of a cladding element 10 can be accommodated in the row nearest the ridge of the roof, the final row of the cladding elements is secured in the manner indicated in Figure PA. That is, the projecting flange 19 of each element it secured to the rafters 29 adjacent the ridge board 33 by fasteners 28. Then, a pressed metal ridge cap 34 is fitted over the ridge board and secured to the upper edges of the cladding elements.
However, if the distance remaining between the second last row of cladding elements and the ridge board 33 is insufficient to accommodate the full depth of a cladding element, the arrangement shown in Figure 7B it employed In this case, a batten 35 is secured to the raters 29 and is positioned to span the rafters in the longitudinal direction of the Lodge board 33. Then, each cladding element in the final row of such elements it cut to an appropriate size and ~urned-up along its new) upper marginal edge 36 to form a weather barrier. The cap 34 is then fitted over the ridge.
A similar arrangement, as shown in Figure 8, is adopted when cutting a cladding element 10 to locate adjacent a hip board 37 of a roof structure and, in this case, a batten in the form of a hip board stringer aye is secured Jo hip creeper rafters 38. When cut to size, the (new) side edge of the cladding element is turned up Jo provide a weather barrier 39, and a hip cap 40 is fitted.
When witting the cladding elements into a valley in a roof structure, as indicated in Figure 9, the side edges of the cladding elements are cut as required and a valley sly ;;~ r7 channel 41 is positioned between the (new) marginal edges of the cladding elements. The channel is located above the valley rafter 42 and it affixed to stringers 43 which are let into the associated valley creeper rafter 29. Also, a strip 44 of an expandable plastics material is laid along the stringers I to bay access to the underside of the cladding elements from the valley channel 41.

US

Claims (10)

THE EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION IN WHICH AN EXCLUSIVE
PROPERTY OR PRIVILEGE IS CLAIMED ARE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS:
1. A sheet metal cladding element which is intended in use to span and to be secured to at least two structural members of a building, the cladding element comprising: a panel portion having opposed side edges and opposed top and bottom edges extending in a lateral direction between the side edges, an inverted channel-shaped ridge extending along the top edge of the panel portion and formed integrally with the panel portion, the ridge including an inner wall which forms an upwardly projecting extension of the panel portion, a plurality of upwardly projecting, inverted channel-shaped ribs formed in the panel portion and extending from the inner wall of the ridge in a direction toward the bottom edge of the panel portion, a series of recesses formed in the inner wall of the ridge, each recess being in alignment with one of the ribs and defining a cavity into which the associated rib ex-tends, and a downwardly projecting lip formed at and extending along the bottom edge of the panel portion, the cladding ele-ment being arranged to locate in overlapping relationship with adjacent said cladding elements, with a rib of one element being nested below a rib of laterally adjacent element and with the lip at the bottom edge of one element extending over the ridge at the top edge of another of the elements.
2. The cladding element as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower edge of the panel portion, including the lip, is scalloped inwardly in alignment with the ribs.
3. The cladding element as claimed in claim 1, wherein each rib has a width less than the spacing between the ribs.
4. The cladding element as claimed in claim 3, wherein each rib has a width approximately equal to two-thirds of the spacing distance between the ribs.
5. The cladding element as claimed in claim 1, wherein the spaces between the ribs are formed as non-inverted channel-shaped gulleys.
6. The cladding element as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inner wall of the ridge is inclined at an obtuse angle to a base plane of the panel portion and an outer wall of the ridge is disposed at approximately 90° to the base plane of the panel portion, with the inclined angle between the inner and outer walls being acute.
7. The cladding element as claimed in claim 6, wherein the outer wall of the ridge is formed with a series of outward projections which align with the recesses in the inner wall of the ridge.
8. The cladding element as claimed in claim 6, wherein a flange projects outwardly from the outer wall of the ridge, the flange being disposed in the base plane of the panel portion.
9. The cladding element as claimed in claim 2, wherein the lip projects downwardly for a distance which is approximately equal to the height of the ridge above the upper level of the ribs.
10. The cladding element as claimed in claim 2, wherein the lip is inclined and lies parallel with the inner wall of the ridge.
CA000444941A 1983-02-10 1984-01-09 Cladding element Expired CA1212217A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU11314/83A AU545158B2 (en) 1983-02-10 1983-02-10 Cladding element
AU11314/83 1983-02-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA1212217A true CA1212217A (en) 1986-10-07

Family

ID=3702085

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA000444941A Expired CA1212217A (en) 1983-02-10 1984-01-09 Cladding element

Country Status (9)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0115968B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH0547698B2 (en)
AT (1) AT27633T (en)
AU (1) AU545158B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1212217A (en)
DE (1) DE3464079D1 (en)
IN (1) IN160386B (en)
NZ (1) NZ207021A (en)
ZA (1) ZA839653B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0732714Y2 (en) * 1989-04-25 1995-07-31 株式会社動宣 Metal roof
US7707791B2 (en) * 2004-03-05 2010-05-04 Reuven Peleg Roofing method for self supporting roofing plate
JP4624835B2 (en) * 2005-03-30 2011-02-02 株式会社淀川製鋼所 Eaves structure of renovated metal roof
WO2015123721A1 (en) * 2014-02-18 2015-08-27 Bluescope Steel Limited A roof
WO2022216165A1 (en) 2021-04-08 2022-10-13 Więcek Budmat Roof covering element, modular roofing sheet

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL110663C (en) * 1959-02-19
JPS5210819U (en) * 1975-07-08 1977-01-25
US4219981A (en) * 1977-09-19 1980-09-02 Ahi Operations Limited Reinforcing struts for roofing tiles
GB2046326B (en) * 1979-02-12 1983-01-26 Permanent Roofs Ltd Interlocking roofing tiles
SE422610C (en) * 1980-04-28 1990-07-05 Plannja Ab TAKTAECKNINGSPLAAT

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT27633T (en) 1987-06-15
AU545158B2 (en) 1985-07-04
JPH0547698B2 (en) 1993-07-19
EP0115968A2 (en) 1984-08-15
EP0115968B1 (en) 1987-06-03
IN160386B (en) 1987-07-11
EP0115968A3 (en) 1985-08-28
AU1131483A (en) 1984-08-23
NZ207021A (en) 1986-11-12
ZA839653B (en) 1984-08-29
DE3464079D1 (en) 1987-07-09
JPS59145858A (en) 1984-08-21

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