CA1161415A - Swivel valve - Google Patents

Swivel valve

Info

Publication number
CA1161415A
CA1161415A CA000381864A CA381864A CA1161415A CA 1161415 A CA1161415 A CA 1161415A CA 000381864 A CA000381864 A CA 000381864A CA 381864 A CA381864 A CA 381864A CA 1161415 A CA1161415 A CA 1161415A
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
valve
stem
disposed
foot
annular
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA000381864A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Richard H. Swiers
Richard G. Parkison
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Trane US Inc
Original Assignee
Trane US Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US215,515 priority Critical
Priority to US06/215,515 priority patent/US4408745A/en
Application filed by Trane US Inc filed Critical Trane US Inc
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA1161415A publication Critical patent/CA1161415A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/32Details
    • F16K1/48Attaching valve members to screw-spindles
    • F16K1/482Attaching valve members to screw-spindles with a collar on the spindle or a groove in the spindle, by which a fixing element is supported, the spindle reaching into the valve member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/32Details
    • F16K1/34Cutting-off parts, e.g. valve members, seats
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/598With repair, tapping, assembly, or disassembly means
    • Y10T137/6011Assembling, disassembling, or removing cartridge type valve [e.g., insertable and removable as a unit, etc.]
    • Y10T137/6014Faucet type [e.g., domestic water use, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/598With repair, tapping, assembly, or disassembly means
    • Y10T137/6089With mechanical movement between actuator and valve
    • Y10T137/6092Plural motions of valve

Abstract

ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE

A faucet valve assembly comprises a valve stem and a swivel valve. One end of the valve stem defines a radially expanded foot member and an annular groove around the stem adjacent to the foot member while the opposite end of the stem is adapted to receive a faucet handle. The swivel valve comprises an annular valve body with a bearing surface adapted to mate with the bottom radially expanded surface of the foot member and includes gripping means for engaging one end of the valves stem consisting of resilient vertical arms spaced around the periphery of one surface of the valve body and terminating in inwardly and radially directed fingers adapted to engage the annular groove formed in the valve stem, to provide free rotation of the valve stem independently of the rotation of the valve. A dependent annular skirt is disposed peripherally about the opposite surface of the valve body.
An axially disposed neck element extends from the latter surface and terminates in an expanded knob, the skirt, neck and knob forming an annular recess. A compression washer of resilient compressible composition is disposed in the annular recess, the washer having a valve seat engaging surface adapted to prevent fluid flow between the washer and the valve seat when in abutment with each other.

Description

SWIVEL VALVE
TECHNICAL FIELD
This invention pertains to a valve assembly for faucets.
BACKGROUND OF' THE ART
It has been known in controlling fluid flow through a faucet heretofore to provide a valve cooperating with a stationary valve seat wherein the valve is adapted to abut the rim of the valve seat in the closed position and to be removed therefrom in the open posi~ion so that fluid is Der-mitted free egress from an inlet pipe throuy~h ~he valve chamber containing the valve and valve seat and thence through the outlet pipe into a sink or other ixtureO
In returning the valve to the closed position it has proven necessary, in order to assure a positive and continu-ous seal between the valve and valve seat,obviating leakage through the outlet pipe or conduit, to provide for and over-come misalignment resulting from variations in temperature 9 mechanical factors and the like tha~ often occur, at least over a period of time, between the valve and valve seat as well as irregularities in the rim of the valve seat itself.
This has been accomplished heretofore with varying degrees of success by a mult;plicity of different means known generi-cally as swivel valves~
In order to avoid or limit substantially the erosion of the valve surface and the valve seat in the abutting closed position it has proven efficacious to provide that the valve be attached-to the valve stem in such a manner that when the valve ~tem is rotated to close the v~alve, the valve may upon reaching an effective sealin~ position in the valve ' seat, assume a stationary ~osture, although, as renuentl~
occurs, the valve stem is further rotate~ to increase the pressure on the valve and the abutment between valve and valve seat.
A variety of swivel valves have also been proposed to effect this purpose. Generally they have resulted in a multiplicity of component parts requiring a carefully bal-anced and calibrated relationship, awkwardness and signifi-cant cost in manufacture and assembly; the use of resilient materials susceptible to fatigue or deterioxation over limited periods of time; the substitution of substantial erosion at the point of engagement of the valve with the valve stem for that occurring otherwise at the abutting surfases of the valve and valve seat; and indeed, in some instances, a reduc-tion in the e~fectiveness of the fluid seal to decrease erosion by use of less effective sealing materials which have better wearing properties.
In the event, therefore, that a swivel valve could be ! devised that would permit ready and economic manufacture and - 20 assembly, a simyle valve construction incorporating a limited number of parts or an integral element capable of aceommodating readily for misalignment in relation to a stationary valve sea~
and independent rotation of the valve stem when the valve is in an abutting position with the valve seat~and that would, at the same time, be composed of a long wearing material or materials that would assure an effective fluid seal and eliminate erosion substantially between valve and valve seat and minimal friction between valve stem and valve, a significant advance in the state of the art would be .~ attai~ed.
DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION
This invention provides, accordingly, a fauce~ valve for controlling the rate of flow of fluid from a first conduit usually to a second conduit in which there is provided a 11~ 4~

valve stem adapted by means of an externally threaded collar to be mounted and retained in a faucet housing and a swivel valve a~tached to one end of the foregoing valve stem by engaging or gripping means composed of a plurality 5 of spaced resilient elongate arms disposed circumferen-tially about the'body of said valve and terminating in a series of fingers or detents retained in, but detachable from, an annular groove'formed in the valve stem, and contiguous with the button or flattened knob or foot formin~
the adjacent end of the valve stem. The valve body is modi-fied on one..'surface'to provide a resilient snap-on engagement of the foregoing arms and fingers with the valve stem.
The foregoing arms abut the annular side walls of the valve'stem button or foot and in one embodiment the flattened under and outer surface of the button is in abutting relation with the flattened upper or bearing surface of the valve body about the periphery of which are arrayed the foregoing arms, thus effectively distributing the stress on the resilient valve arms when the valve body is compressed in a closed position.
In a preferred embodiment, a por~ion of said upper bearing surface disposed about the stem axis may form a recess, thus reducing the bearing surface between the valve body and valve stem and concomitantly the coefficient of friction between the valve and valve stem by providing a reservoir or well filled with entrapped fluid, such as j water (or any other liquid being conveyed or regulated by the valve) which acts as a low-friction, liquid bearing . between the two components. The upper rim of the stem groove engaging the foregoing fingers or detents is, in accordance with the invention, spaced from the bearing surface, whether the recess is present therein or not, a distance greater than the lcngth of the arms to which 4i~ ( the fingers are attached, thus precluding an increased frictional load between the fingers and the upper outwardly extending limit of the annular groove. The valve body is modified on its opposite surface to form a circumferential ; recess, in which i~ disposed a compressible washer which is secured in place by ultrasonically upsetting the central projection and thus forming the inverted dome.
The unique construction of the valve and its engagement with the valve stem, provides a valve assembly of simple and effective structure capable of adapting to misalignment of the valve with the valve seat while per-mitting independent movement of the valve stem with respect to the valve when the latter is in abutment with the valve seat and in a stationary position and accomplishing an effective seal in this position with substantial elimina-tion of friction between the valve and valve stem.
These and other advantages will be evident from the description appearing hereinafter in context with the appended drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OP THE DRAWDNGS
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of the valve stem and valve of the invention mounted in a faucet within a valve chamber with fluid inlet ànd outlet conduits. .
Fig. 2 is an elevational view of the swivel valve and valve stem assembly of the present invention shown in ' Fig. 1.
,~ Fig. 3 is an isolated sectional view of the swivel , valve o Figs. 1 and 2.
¦ Fig. 4 is a plan view of the upper side of the swivel valve of this invention shown in Figo 3.
_ Fig. 5 is a plan view of the under side of the swivel valve of the invention shown in Fig. 3.

i 4 BEST MODE OF CARRYING
OUT THE INVENTION

Referring to the drawings, and with reference particularly to Figs. 1, 2 and 3 thereof, the valve assembly 10 of the invention comprises a valve stem 12 and a swivel valve 14.
The stem 12 formed normally of ~rass, or usually less desirably, stainless steel or plastic is threadedly mounted on the internally threaded upper portion of the stem nut or sleeve 16 as shown in Fig. 1 which is, in turn, about its outer lower portion, threadably engaged with the valve housing 17 and seat upon the interposed sealing ring 18. Upon the splined expanded stem head 19 of the stem 12 is mounted the faucet handle 20 to provide for rotation and axial or rectilinear movement of the stem valve 12 and axial movement of the valve 14 attached thereto in the manner and to the extent described elsewhere herein. The faucet handle 20 is otherwise secured to the stem head 19 by a r 15 screw 22 received in the threaded interior of the recess 24 axially disposed in the stem head 19 under the faucet index cap 21 and continuing into t~e body of the stem 12.
Below the threaded exterior 26 of the valve stem 12 there is provided an upper of first circumferential groove 28 in which is disposed an 0-ring 29 (as shown in Fig. 1). This first groove 28 is bounded and defined on its upper side by the first annular flange 30 and on its lower side by a similar second annular flange 31. The flange 30 is adapted to engage the lower margin of the internally disposed threads of the sleeve 16 when the valve stem

2~ 12 and valve are moved outwardly of the valve chamber 32, in which they aro moun~ed, and away from the valve seat 60, defining the maximum valve open position attainable by the valve assembly 10.
The second lower flange 31 is interposed between the foregoing upper groove 28 and forms the upper margin or rim of a second annular groove 38 below and parallel to the upper groove 28. The 0-ring is employed to preclude leakage about the valve stem 12 from the valve chamber 32 positioned between ~he ends of the inlet conduit 34 and outlet conduit 36. The 0-ring 29 also performs an auxiliary role ~n providing a minimal but desirable resis-tance to ro~ation of the stem valve, tending, as a result, to inhibit abrupt rotation of the handle 20 and the valve assembly 10.
The second, lower, parallel groove 38 is defined, as indicated, in the valve stem 12 by the annular flange or rim 31 and the upper border of the expanded radially flat-tened stem button or foot 40 of the unitary valve stem 12.
As shown in Fig. 1, that portion of the valve stem 12 commencing with the annular groove 38 and extending to the foot 40 are disposed below the level of the stem nut 16 when the valve stem 12 and valve 14 are in the closed position.
The swivel valve 14 is an integral plastic structure composed preferably of a polyacetal or polyamide (nylon) resin composition and comprises a body portion 41, the outer overlapping periphery of which is modified to provide a plur-ality of upwardly projecting evenly spaced arms 44 terminating in a like number of inwardly directed fingers or detents 46 adapted for snap-on engagement in the foregoing lower annular valve stem groove 38. The arms 44, for stability and . . ( ll~l~lS

. 7 resistance to fracture,also abut the sides of the button or foot 40, but the fingers and arms are so constructed in a significantly preferred embodiment as to embrace respectively no more than one-third of the groove 38 and lateral surface of the stem foot 40.
The valve 14 is, in one embodiment of the invention, also adapted on its upper surface to conorm to, abut and overlap the cooperating flattened surface of the stem button or foot 4~,thus distributing the stress to which the arms 44 would otherwise be w lnerable. The valve body 41 is, therefore, flat across its upper surface to accomodate to the flat outer surface of the stem button-or knob 40.
It will be obvious that these abutting surfaces can be modified to present a variety of complementary configura-tions within the confines of the present invention. In apreferred embodiment, where present as an abutting or bearing surface, a flattened cooperating plane is preferred ;n that, while'the contact of the stem surface with the valve body is complete,it is minimal as contrasted with that which modified contours would provide.' In a particularly preferred embodiment, however, the surface disposed coaxially and concentrically within the periphery of said arms 44 is modified to form a recess 42 which'limits the bearing surface contact with the stem foot or knob 40 to the shoulders 43 defining the recess borders and the full extent of the bearing surface in con-tact with the stem foot 40. The'recess 42 provides a well or reservoir for the fluid, that is the liquid such as water, which is being transmitted through the valve which acts as a low-friction, liquid bearing when entrapped between the surfaces of the two parts.

iS
.

It is believed, without however, intending to be limited by any particular theory of operation, that the - liquid entrapped in the recess 42 carries a substantial portion of the downward force that is imparted by the valve stem 12 to the swivel valve 14. It is believed that this liquid is placed under pressure immediately outboard of the recess entrapping the water therebetween and providing the significant advantage of a liquid thrust bearing with very low friction.
The area of abutment of arms and fingers with the groove 38 and lateral button surfaces will, of course, vary with the composition forming the body of the valve body 41.
It has been found particularly functional, as well, to provide four such arms 44 and terminal fingers 46 although as few as three and as many as five, or indeed, six much arms 44 and fingers 46 may be utilized effectively.
-- The arms 44 and fingers 46 occur in a preferably, evenly distributed and spaced relation about the periphery of the top side of the valve body 41 as illustrated parti-cu~arly in Fig. 4.
It is essential, in any event, that the valve 14, including the arms 44 and fingers 46, be formed of a water-insoluble, hard, self supporting, non-corrosive, non-compressible, non-absorptive, chemically resistant synthetic polymeric composition, and mos~ desirably a thermoplastic polyacetal resin, in which the arms and fingers are, in the dimensions employed in the practice of the invention, resilient, whereas the remainder of said valve formed of the ~ame material (exclusive of the washer described hereinafter) is rigid. Significantly preferred is a polyacetal resin and indeet a polyacetal copolymer having a dynamic coefficient . . g :
of friction in contact with steel or brass or plastic (normally an engineering plas~ic, such as a polyacetal) of about 0.10 to about 0.35~ and preferably about 0.15, as measured by ASTM Test Method D-1894; a Rockwell hardness M-scale of about 30 to about 85 as measured by ASTM procedure ~ 785; a flexural strength at 5 percent deformation using ASTM D-790 of from 10,000 psi to 15,000 psi and preferably about 13,000 psi; and an elongation of 40F of 15 percent to 30 percent, and preferably about 45 percent to 75 percent, and most desirably about 20 percent, and at an ambient temperature of 73F of 60 percent, employ-ing ASTM D-638 Speed B. The preferred polyacetal resins for use herein are those resins having a melt index of from 7 to about 27. Polyacetal resins for use herein are sold.under the trade designation CELCON by Celanese Corpora-tion and most desirably that designated Celcon M 90-04 and those marketed under the trademark DELRIN by the DuPont . Corporation, Wilmington, Delaware. The coefficient of friction o a polyacetal resin for use in forming the swivel valve of the present invention may be further reduced where desired by use o~/a polymeric compound or composition such as.poly~tetrafluoroe~t,hylene~ marketed by the DuPont Cor-poration under the trademark TEFLON, alloyed or.admixed with the base resin, such as the foregoing polyacetals.
Another resin useful in forming the valve of the inventiOn (exclusive of:the compression washer) is nylon having properties equivalent to those recited for the polyacetal resins characterized hereinabove.

, 10~

The under or lower surface of the valve body 41 is modified about its outer periphery to form a cylin-drical, vertically and downwardly disposed flange or skirt 48, a concentricalLy arranged annular recess 50 and a centrally positioned neck 51,the end of which is ultra-sonically upset to form ~he re~aining head or dome 52 which confines and secured the compression washer 56 into recess 50 by means of the annular shoulder 53 in such a manner as to form an integral unit with the remainder of the valve. In a particularly preferred embodiment, the flange 48 does not embrace the entire side wall of the compression washer 56 nor does the flange 48 descend to a level corresponding to that of the shoulder 53 at the base of the dome 52. This is so in order that the hard or rigid polymeric composition of the valve 14 does not descend to a level where it will affect the mating of the washer with the rim 58 of a cooperating valve seat 60 that extends into the valve chamber 32 and is threadably mounted in the hous-ing 17. In this way, the washer 56, formed of an elastomeric compressible composition such as natural or synthetic rubber, will be permitted a lateral expansion when compressed against the vaLve seat 60 to better assure an effective fluid seal.
While the swivel valve is formed from a limited group of thermoplastic resins, and as indicated, most desirably a polyacetal copolymer (including terpolymers) of inherent lubricity having a coefficient of dynamic fric-tion within the range of 0.10 to 0.35 and other physical properties such as described hereinabove, the valve washer is formed of an elastomeric polymer such as natural or synthetic rubber. The elastomers for use herein include, illustratively, in addition, to synthetic and natural polyisoprene, poly (chloroprene), GRS, ~una-S styrene -- butadiene copolymers, poly (isobutylene-isoprene) and the like.

The elastomer, whether one of the foregoing or another, such as are well known to those skilled in the art, is one characterized, in a significantly preferred embodi-ment, by a durometer hardness as determined by a durometer gage according to ASTM D 2240-68, read using a Type A
scale,of within the range of 65 to 75 and preferably about 70; a minimum tensile strength as determined by ASTM D 412 of 600 psi. min. up to 150~ psi and, indeed, up to 2000 psi. min., but normally about 1000 psi. min; with a com pression set resistance according to ASTM D 395 Method B -of about 40 percent to about 10 percent; and preferably in the latter portion of this range, i.e. 20 percent to 15 percent.
The dome 52 of the valve 14 is most desirably of an arcuate conformation to facilitate a smooth path for the flow of water. It is desirable that the dome 52 extend appreciably beyond the diameter of the hole of the washer 56 for the purpose of providing an effective re-taining member or shoulder 53, but that the dome 52 avoid be~ng so obtrusive that it hinders the free passage of fluid through the valve chamber 32 when the valve 14 is removed from the valve seat 60 and is in the open state.
The annular and concentric disposition of the dependent flange 48, washer 56 and dome 52 of the valve 14 are futher illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawings.
A valve assembly, as thus described, permits for adjustment of the valve to any misalignment that may occur in the relation of the annular valve washer 56 to the under-lying stationary valve seat 60 and also permits for free

3~ rotation of the valve stem 12 when the valve 14 is impressed on the valve seat 60 with consequent elimination of friction therebetween without a compensating increase of the frictional coefficient occuring between the valve 14 and the valve stem 12;

indeed with a minimization of suc'n friction that is surprising in view of the secure engagement with accom-moda~ion for swivel adjustment achieved by the engagement of the valve 14 to the valve stem 12 in accordance with the invention.
The arms 44 and fingers 46 are, as aforesaid, critial to effect this swivel adjustment. It is signi-ficant that the fingers 46 are so removed from the bearing surface in a prefer~ed embodiment as to avoid abutting the flange 30 defining the upper limit of the stem groove 38, particularly when the compression washer 56 is impinging upon the valve seat 60; thus precluding any possible fric-tional engagement between the upper surfaces of the fingers 46 and the correspanding under surface of the flange 30.
1~ The elastomeric compressible composition of the washer 56 and the rigid, but selectively resilient, char-acter of the remainder of the valve 14 are, as has been made evident elsewhere, also significant in achieving the advantages of the present invention.
It will be evident that the elastomeric and rigid but resilient compositions of the valve assembly must not degrade at the temperatures of the fluids passing through the valve system employed in accordance with the invention or be chemically reactive with or absorptive of these fluids.
It will be evident, too, that the terms and expressions that have been employed herein are used as terms of descrip-tion and nat of limitation. There is no intention in the use of these terms and expressions of excluding equivalents of the features shown and described and portions thereof, and it is recognized that various modifications are possible within the scope of the invention cLaimed.

Claims (25)

THE EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION IN WHICH AN EXCLUSIVE
PROPERTY OR PRIVILEGE IS CLAIMED ARE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS:
1. A faucet valve assembly comprising a valve stem and a swivel valve; one end of said valve stem defining a radially expanded foot member and an annular groove disposed about said stem adjacent said expanded foot member, the opposing end of said stem being adapted to receive a faucet handle; said swivel valve comprising an annular valve body having a bearing surface adapted to mate with the bottom radially expanded surface of said foot member, gripping means adapted to engage one end of said valve stem, said gripping means comprising a plurality of resilient vertically disposed arms spaced about the periphery of one surface of said valve body, said arms terminating in a plurality of inwardly and radially directed fingers adapted to engage said annular groove formed in said valve stem to provide free rotation of said valve stem independently of the rotation of said valve; a dependent annular skirt disposed peripherally about the opposite sur-face of said valve body; an axially disposed neck element descending from said latter surface and terminating in an expanded knob; said skirt, neck and knob forming an annular recess; and a compression washer of resilient, compressible composition disposed in said annular recess; said washer having a valve seat engaging surface adapted to prevent fluid flow between said washer and said valve seat when in abutment with each other.
2. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein said bearing surface is modified to define a radially dis-posed recess.
3. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein said valve body, exclusive of said washer, comprises a hard, non-compressible thermoplastic resin, and said washer comprises a cured or vulcanized elastomeric thermosetting resin.
4. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein the annular border of said washer extends below the level of said annular skirt.
5. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein said expanded knob terminates at a level below that of said annular skirt and said compression washer; and includes an annular shoulder adapted to retain said washer in place.
6. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 3 wherein said valve body exclusive of said compression washer com-prises a polyacetal resin.
7. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein the arms of said valve are resilient.
8. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 3 wherein the arms of said valve are resilient.
9. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 1 wherein said arms are adapted to abut the lateral surface of said expanded terminal end of said valve stem disposed below the level of said annular groove.
10. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 7 wherein said arms are adapted to abut the lateral surface of said expanded terminal end of said valve stem disposed below the level of said annular groove.
11. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 8 wherein said arms are adapted to abut the lateral surface of said expanded terminal end of said valve stem disposed below the level of said annular groove.
12. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 9, 10 or 11, wherein said arms, each terminating in an inwardly directed finger, are from 3 to 6 in number and embrace up to about one third of the lateral surface of said expanded terminal end of said stem.
13. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 9, 10 or 11, wherein said arms each terminating in an inwardly directed finger, are 4 in number and embrace up to about one third of the lateral surface of said expanded terminal end of said stem.
14. A valve housing including a valve passage way defining a valve seat, a valve stem adapted to pass axially toward and away from said valve seat, said stem including an axially expanded foot and an annular flange disposed along the axis of said stem in spaced relation to said foot, said flange forming in cooperation with said foot an annular groove therebetween, a valve body carried by said flattened foot and including a compressible washer at one end adapted to engage said valve seat upon closure of said valve and a bearing surface at the opposite end of said valve body adapted to frictionally engage at least a por-tion of the corresponding flat surface of said flattened foot of said valve stem; said valve body including gripping means about the periphery of said bearing surface;
said gripping means comprising a plurality of resilient approximately vertically disposed arms spaced about the periphery of said valve body and terminating in a plural-ity of inwardly and radially directed fingers adapted to engage said annular groove disposed about said valve stem and adapted to provide free rotation of said valve stem when rotation of said valve is impeded; said valve body being composed of a non-compressible, non-metallic material having a low coefficient of friction with respect to any material of which said valve stem is formed, whereby the frictional resistance to rotation of said valve stem when rotation of said valve body is impeded is minimal.
15. A valve housing as claimed in claim 14 wherein said flange forming the upper margin of said annular groove is spaced from the bearing surface of said valve body a distance greater than the distance from said surface de-fined by said arms and fingers.
16. A valve housing as claimed in claim 14 wherein said bearing surface of said valve body includes a radially defined recess.
17. A valve housing as claimed in claim 16 wherein said recess is adapted to entrap liquid passing through said valve and utilize said liquid as a low friction bearing between said bearing surface and the radially expanded under surface of said flattened foot of said valve stem.
18. A valve as claimed in claim 1, wherein said valve body comprises a polyacetal resin having a dynamic coefficient of friction in contact with steel, brass or aluminum of within the range of about 0.10 to about 0.35.
19. A valve as claimed in claim 18 wherein said coefficient of friction is about 0.15.
20. A faucet valve assembly comprising a valve stem and a swivel valve; one end of said valve stem defining a radially expanded foot member and an annular groove disposed about said stem adjacent said expanded foot member, the opposing end of said stem being adapted to receive a faucet handle; said swivel valve comprising an annular valve body having a bearing surface adapted to mate with the bottom radially expanded surface of said foot member, gripping means adapted to engage one end of said valve stem, said gripping means comprising a plurality of resilient verti-cally disposed arms spaced about the periphery of one sur-face of said valve body, said arms terminating in a plurality of inwardly and radially directed fingers adapted to engage said annular groove formed in said valve stem to provide free rotation of said valve stem independently of the rotation of said valve; a dependent annular skirt disposed peripherally about the opposite surface of said valve body;
an axially disposed neck element descending from said lat-ter surface and terminating in an expanded knob; said skirt, neck and knob forming an annular recess; and a compression washer of resilient, compressible composition disposed in said annular recess; said washer having a valve seat engaging surface; and wherein said bearing surface is provided as a radially disposed shoulder formed within the periphery of said valve body intermediate between the axis of said valve body and the base of each of said vertically disposed arms.
21. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 20 wherein the interior surface of said valve body within said shoul-der defines a recess adapted to entrap liquid passing through said valve body and utilize said liquid as a low friction bearing.
22. A valve assembly as claimed in claim 20 wherein said shoulder is uninterrupted and, when incorporated in a valve housing, is in axial alignment with the periphery of the valve system and said valve seat engaging surface of said assembly.
23. A faucet valve assembly as claimed in claim 20 wherein said bearing surface of said valve body includes a radially defined recess, and disposed about said recess and forming the outer border thereof, an axially disposed shoul-der adapted, in combination with said arms and fingers, to secure said swivel valve and said valve stem in vertically fixed engagement.
24. A faucet valve assembly as claimed in claim 23 wherein said shoulder and said valve stem are disposed in axial alignment with each other and with an annular compression washer mounted in the surface of said valve body opposite that defining said bearing surface.
25. A valve housing including a valve passage way defining a valve seat, a valve stem adapted to pass axially toward and away from said valve seat, said stem including an axially expanded foot and an annular flange disposed along the axis of said stem in spaced relation to said foot, said flange forming in cooperation with said foot an annular groove therebetween, a valve body carried by said foot and including a compressible washer at one end adapted to engage said valve seat upon closure of said valve and a bearing surface at the opposite end of said valve body adapted to frictionally engage at least a portion of the corresponding surface of said foot of said valve stem;
said valve body including gripping means about the peri-phery of said bearing surface; said gripping means compris-ing a plurality of resilient approximately vertically dis-posed arms spaced about the periphery of said valve body and terminating in a plurality of inwardly and radially directed fingers adapted to engage said annular groove dis-posed about said valve stem and adapted to provide free rotation of said valve stem when rotation of said valve is impeded; said valve body being composed of a non-compressible, non-metallic material having a low coefficient of friction with respect to any material of which said valve stem is formed, whereby the frictional resistance to rotation of said valve stem when rotation of said valve body is impeded, is minimal; and wherein said bearing surface comprises a radially defined recess; a shoulder disposed about said recess, and within the gripping means mounted about the periphery of said valve body, and in axial alignment with the periphery of said valve stem.
CA000381864A 1980-12-11 1981-07-16 Swivel valve Expired CA1161415A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US215,515 1980-12-11
US06/215,515 US4408745A (en) 1980-12-11 1980-12-11 Swivel valve

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA1161415A true CA1161415A (en) 1984-01-31

Family

ID=22803281

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA000381864A Expired CA1161415A (en) 1980-12-11 1981-07-16 Swivel valve

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US4408745A (en)
JP (1) JPS57114063A (en)
AR (1) AR225685A1 (en)
AU (1) AU541874B2 (en)
BR (1) BR8105269A (en)
CA (1) CA1161415A (en)
PH (1) PH17995A (en)

Families Citing this family (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4514981A (en) * 1983-03-07 1985-05-07 Allied Corporation Brake booster
DE8311508U1 (en) * 1983-04-19 1983-10-20 Infusionstechnik Clinico Gmbh & Co, 6430 Bad Hersfeld, De DOSING DEVICE FOR ADJUSTING A CONSTANT FLOW RATE FOR BLOOD, BLOOD REPLACEMENT SOLUTIONS AND SIMILAR LIQUIDS
US4531532A (en) * 1983-09-02 1985-07-30 Ladish Co. Snap-on valve gasket
JPS60129563U (en) * 1984-02-09 1985-08-30
JPS61191571U (en) * 1985-05-21 1986-11-28
JPS6449770U (en) * 1987-09-22 1989-03-28
US4955796A (en) * 1988-09-21 1990-09-11 Bristol Compressors, Inc. Refrigerant gas compressor construction
US5106278A (en) * 1988-09-21 1992-04-21 Bristol Compressors, Inc. Refrigerant gas compressor construction
US4948096A (en) * 1989-11-13 1990-08-14 Amca International Corporation Valve stem and gasket with improved cleaning capability
WO1995025918A1 (en) * 1994-03-24 1995-09-28 Masco Corporation Of Indiana Compression cartridge
US5669407A (en) * 1994-03-24 1997-09-23 Masco Corporation Of Indiana Compression cartridge for a faucet valve assembly
US5445181A (en) * 1994-09-15 1995-08-29 Kohler Co. Mixing valve
US5454546A (en) * 1994-12-19 1995-10-03 Lin; Shao-Hsi Water faucet mechanism
LU88853A1 (en) * 1996-12-13 1997-03-18 Luxembourg Patent Company Tap
US5890513A (en) * 1997-05-22 1999-04-06 Di Stefano; Alfonso Non-wearing washer for fluid valve
FI102556B1 (en) * 1997-07-04 1998-12-31 Abloy Oy Abloy Oy Control device for door closers
US6056270A (en) * 1998-05-13 2000-05-02 Tri-Clover, Inc. Valve gasket formed of composite materials and process
DE19833679C1 (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-02-10 Neheim Goeke & Co Metall Flow valve with non return action has the spring loaded valve element pressed onto the valve seat by a profiled end of a closure sleeve
DE10000195C2 (en) * 2000-01-05 2002-06-13 Sartorius Gmbh Valves for liquids and gases
JP4247567B2 (en) * 2000-01-06 2009-04-02 Smc株式会社 2-port valve
US6241213B1 (en) * 2000-03-07 2001-06-05 Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc. Diaphragm valve
US6508272B1 (en) 2000-11-20 2003-01-21 Arichell Technologies, Inc. Device and method for operating at least two valves
DE10153142A1 (en) * 2001-10-27 2003-05-22 Itw Oberflaechentechnik Gmbh Valve needle, in particular for spray coating liquid
EP1558866A4 (en) 2002-06-24 2010-03-03 Arichell Tech Inc Automated water delivery systems with feedback control
CA2469182C (en) 2001-12-04 2014-06-03 Arichell Technologies, Inc. Electronic faucets for long-term operation
US7866339B2 (en) * 2004-10-01 2011-01-11 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Pressure regulator for a fuel supply unit
US8297305B2 (en) 2008-01-28 2012-10-30 Kohler Co. Valve assembly having an improved flow path
CN201507719U (en) * 2009-09-17 2010-06-16 路达(厦门)工业有限公司 Tap split type valve seat
US9695579B2 (en) 2011-03-15 2017-07-04 Sloan Valve Company Automatic faucets
MX346610B (en) 2011-03-15 2017-03-27 Sloan Valve Co Automatic faucets.
DE102011080139A1 (en) * 2011-07-29 2013-01-31 GEMÜ Gebr. Müller Apparatebau GmbH & Co. KG diaphragm valve
US20150137019A1 (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-05-21 Gary Wu Control valve structure of plastic faucet
DE102016205988A1 (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-10-12 Robert Bosch Gmbh Valve anchor for a solenoid valve and corresponding solenoid valve
WO2017205443A1 (en) 2016-05-25 2017-11-30 Swagelok Company Valve with self-aligning stem tip
CN105889527A (en) * 2016-06-17 2016-08-24 无锡美羊动力科技有限公司 Drip-proof water faucet

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2568615A (en) * 1951-09-18 X val valve stopper
US1250433A (en) * 1915-01-20 1917-12-18 William Righter Comings Washer and attaching means therefor.
US2311506A (en) * 1941-12-22 1943-02-16 Alton L Arey Valve structure
US2613907A (en) * 1945-01-29 1952-10-14 Fraser Kenneth G Sealing unit for a valve mechanism
US2563992A (en) * 1945-12-21 1951-08-14 Eljer Company Swivel valve head assembly
US3552714A (en) * 1968-05-08 1971-01-05 Manville Mfg Corp Torque free valve assembly
US3565467A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-02-23 American Standard Inc Spout connector apparatus
US3558098A (en) * 1969-06-02 1971-01-26 Robertshaw Controls Co Valve construction menas
US3700206A (en) * 1971-04-15 1972-10-24 Henry Valve Co Valve assembly
JPS4734911U (en) * 1971-05-14 1972-12-19
US3904169A (en) * 1973-10-19 1975-09-09 Bristol Prod Valve construction
US4134420A (en) * 1977-06-13 1979-01-16 Jameco Industries, Inc. Faucet valve for sinks, wash basins and other applications
US4183501A (en) * 1977-06-24 1980-01-15 Manville Manufacturing Corporation Control valve

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS57114063A (en) 1982-07-15
PH17995A (en) 1985-02-28
CA1161415A1 (en)
AU541874B2 (en) 1985-01-24
AR225685A1 (en) 1982-04-15
US4408745A (en) 1983-10-11
AU7300981A (en) 1982-07-15
BR8105269A (en) 1982-08-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2639194A (en) Antidrip valve for spray nozzles
EP0746806B1 (en) Pressure regulator
EP0077828B1 (en) Pressure-responsive shut-off valve
US2984452A (en) Syringe
US4609006A (en) Diverter
US5333643A (en) Solenoid valve
CA1245207A (en) Valve stem packing assembly
US4609014A (en) Variable rate flow controller
US4428396A (en) Adjustable valve assembly
EP0480899B1 (en) Live load packing system
US3926208A (en) Pressure regulator
US4781213A (en) Ball check valve
US4558874A (en) Valve stem packing assembly
EP0399625B1 (en) Valve
JP3318334B2 (en) valve
US5851004A (en) High pressure actuated metal seated diaphragm valve
CA1234528A (en) Pressure relief valve
US8087641B2 (en) Fluid control valve with a holding member to prevent loosening of threaded engagement
US3717323A (en) Ball valves
US3188048A (en) Valve having radially contained packing with axially acting follower
CA2419667C (en) Spring-loaded rotational limit stop
EP0202883B1 (en) Bellows valve
US5230498A (en) Live load packing system
US20040045605A1 (en) In-line check valve
US2920861A (en) Faucet valve assemblage

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
MKEX Expiry