AU2021100325A4 - In-bed exercising and monitoring device - Google Patents

In-bed exercising and monitoring device Download PDF

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Publication number
AU2021100325A4
AU2021100325A4 AU2021100325A AU2021100325A AU2021100325A4 AU 2021100325 A4 AU2021100325 A4 AU 2021100325A4 AU 2021100325 A AU2021100325 A AU 2021100325A AU 2021100325 A AU2021100325 A AU 2021100325A AU 2021100325 A4 AU2021100325 A4 AU 2021100325A4
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section
leg
sensors
exercising
sections
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AU2021100325A
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Ajay
Amit Jangir
Brijesh Kumar
Parveen
Sarita
Tanuj Satti
G. Sayiram
Virendra Kumar Shrivastava
T. Senthil Siva Subramanian
Ranjit Varma
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/16Supports for anchoring force-resisters
    • A63B21/1672Supports for anchoring force-resisters for anchoring on beds or mattresses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/021Measuring pressure in heart or blood vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/02Detecting, measuring or recording pulse, heart rate, blood pressure or blood flow; Combined pulse/heart-rate/blood pressure determination; Evaluating a cardiovascular condition not otherwise provided for, e.g. using combinations of techniques provided for in this group with electrocardiography or electroauscultation; Heart catheters for measuring blood pressure
    • A61B5/024Detecting, measuring or recording pulse rate or heart rate
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Measuring for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/145Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue
    • A61B5/1455Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters
    • A61B5/14551Measuring characteristics of blood in vivo, e.g. gas concentration, pH value; Measuring characteristics of body fluids or tissues, e.g. interstitial fluid, cerebral tissue using optical sensors, e.g. spectral photometrical oximeters for measuring blood gases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/005Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame tiltable around transverse horizontal axis, e.g. for Trendelenburg position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/015Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame divided into different adjustable sections, e.g. for Gatch position
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/002Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons having adjustable mattress frame
    • A61G7/018Control or drive mechanisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/10General characteristics of devices characterised by specific control means, e.g. for adjustment or steering
    • A61G2203/12Remote controls
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/10General characteristics of devices characterised by specific control means, e.g. for adjustment or steering
    • A61G2203/20Displays or monitors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G2203/00General characteristics of devices
    • A61G2203/30General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means
    • A61G2203/42General characteristics of devices characterised by sensor means for inclination
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G7/00Beds specially adapted for nursing; Devices for lifting patients or disabled persons
    • A61G7/05Parts, details or accessories of beds
    • A61G7/0504Harnesses or restraining devices in order to evacuate a patient with the mattress, e.g. in situations of emergency, disaster or fire
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B2023/006Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for stretching exercises

Abstract

In-Bed Exercising and Monitoring Device The present invention relates to an exercising bed comprising a mainframe 3 bearing a backrest section 1 hingably attached to a leg-rest section 2 for supporting a patient's lying body, atleast two support frames 6 substantially fenced around the backrest section 1 and the leg-rest section 2 to restrain unbalancing of the body, multiple belt slots 7, atleast one linkage 8a,8b connected to either of the sections 1,2, wherein the linkage 8a,8b transforms translatory motion received from their respective actuators 9a,9b into rotatory motion of the sections 1,2, one or more longitudinal and latitudinal supporters 10a,b rotatably connected to the linkages 8a,b multiple sensors arranged at substantially relevant positions to capture plurality of parameters relating to the body and a remotely controlled computing unit 11 operable to control the sections 1,2 based on information received from the sensors. Ref. Figure 6 5 10 18 Figure 6

Description

Figure 6
IN-BED EXERCISING AND MONITORING DEVICE FIELD OF THE INVENTION
[0001] The present invention relates generally to beds. More particularly, the present invention relates to an electromechanically operable in-bed exercising device for exercising the body of incapable patients whilst monitoring health status thereof.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[0002] Background description includes information that may be useful in understanding the present invention. It is not an admission that any of the information provided herein is prior art or relevant to the presently claimed invention, or that any publication specifically or implicitly referenced is prior art.
[0003] Patients, obese people and old age people usually tend to develop various health problems like obesity, joint pain, paralysis, cardiac disorders, blood pressure and muscular pains. Often, medical practitioners take care of the aforementioned health problems using medicinal treatments and recommending long-duration bed rests.
[0004] For instance, paralysis can occur in a localized form, most of which is caused by trauma, seizure, and accidents that cause damage to the nervous system (mainly linked with Spinal cord injuries which constitute the Central Nervous System). Paralysis can be treated with the allopathic method and the medical science came up with various amounts of mobility aids to make a patient feel less biased, mentally as well as physically, by inducing activeness.
[0005] Usually, such long bed rests stiffen the body of the patient and worsen their health conditions. Unfortunately, while being well-known to the fact that yoga is not only a source of energy generation but has also proven to be a healing source for some of the problems that allopathy has taken years to treat patients and old age people, they inhibit themselves from exercising their body because of their physical incapability, mental pressure and health issues.
[0006] Exercising, especially yoga has not only provided aid to many patients but also to the people who want to imbibe good value in their lifestyle. Yoga is said to be beneficial for all age groups, it comes with tons of good habits and making the body stretched up. Yoga is always seen to be an aid for old age, cardiac as well as paralytic patients.
[0007] Exercising helps improve muscle strength, aerobic fitness, balance, flexibility and mobility which are important for older people. Herein, Yoga is a low-impact activity that is easy on the joints, which is imperative in any exercise regime for seniors hence. It can be performed with less fatigue and has a long term effect on the patient.
[0008] Several attempts have been made by the researchers to ensure automatically facilitated exercising to the body of incapable patients by designing examining cum exercising beds. Many mechanisms for the bed have been patented which just aim at assisting patients after a surgery or for those who can't sit on their own. These beds are configured to assist in performing any sort of exercise. Instead, these beds can just be used for lifting patients on their back or lifting their foot.
[0009] Some attempts have been made to improve spinal arrangement or prevent spine-related defects like lumbar, thoracic, thoracolumbar, and many more defects. Some other works include electromechanical exercise machines used by normal users. However, researchers have still not been able to automatically induce complicated positions therewith and hence more flexible in-bed exercising devices are needed.
[0010] Additionally, there are strong possibilities that health conditions (such as blood pressure, heart rate, pulse rate, oxygen rate and so on) of exercising patients may worsen while performing such exercises. No mechanism has yet been included in examination cum exercising beds to provide remotely controlled real time monitoring of a patient's health status.
[0011] Hence, there exists a strong need for real-time monitoring of the health status of the patient while facilitating user-controlled and automatically generated exercising positions in the patient's body, thereby ensuring the smooth functioning of a patient's body.
OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION
[0012] The principal object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art.
[0013] An object of the present invention is to provide a multipurpose bed for supporting various needs of a patient as well as practitioners.
[0014] Another object of the present invention is to provide a device to assist patients in performing multi-angular complicated exercises.
[0015] Another object of the present invention is to provide real-time monitoring of the patient's health whilst performing exercises.
[0016] Another object of the present invention is to provide a user-controlled examination cum exercising bed.
[0017] Yet another object of the present invention is to facilitate safer exercising means to patients.
[0018] The foregoing and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become readily apparent upon further review of the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0019] The present invention relates to an examination cum exercising bed for facilitating considerably diversified movements in the body of an incapable patient whilst monitoring thereof for any critical health issues.
[0020] According to an embodiment of the present invention, an In-bed exercising and monitoring device comprising a mainframe bearing a backrest section hingably attached to a leg-rest section for supporting a patient's lying bod such that the backrest section includes a headrest member and a pair of shoulder rest members to grip up the body, atleast two support frames substantially fenced around the backrest section and the leg-rest section to restrain unbalancing of the body, multiple belt slots arranged on the backrest section, the leg-rest section and the support frame to withhold the patient's body while in motion, atleast one linkage connected to the backrest section so as to transform the translator motion of the linkage received from an actuator into rotatory motion of the backrest section, atleast one another linkage connected to the leg-rest section so as to transform the translator motion of another linkage received from another actuator into rotatory motion of the leg-rest section, one or more longitudinal and latitudinal supporters rotatably connected to the linkages for supplementing rotatory motion of the backrest section and the leg-rest section, multiple sensors arranged at substantially relevant positions to capture multiple parameters relating to the body and a remotely controlled computing unit operable to control the sections based on information received from the sensors.
[0021] According to an embodiment of present disclosure, the actuators are preferably electrically actuated linear actuators.
[0022] According to an embodiment of present disclosure, the linkages are connected to their respective sections using revolute joints chosen from but not limited to pinjoint, hingejoint and ball bearing rollers.
[0023] According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the sensors include but not limited to saturation oxygen (SpO2) sensors, blood pressure sensors, pulse rate sensors, seat belt sensors and tilt sensors.
[0024] According to an embodiment of present disclosure, the computing unit is operable to but not restricted to measure blood pressure, measure pulse rate, measure oxygen level, detect the orientation/inclination of the sections, control movements and angular inclinations of the sections, set up exercising timers, and set up frequency and intervals of exercising and display results.
[0001] While the invention has been described and shown with particular reference to the preferred embodiment, it will be apparent that variations might be possible that would fall within the scope of the present invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0002] The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the present disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure and, together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the present disclosure.
[0003] In the figures, similar components and/or features may have the same reference label. Further various components of the same type may be distinguished by following the reference label with a second label that distinguishes among the similar components. If only the first reference label is used in the specification, the description is applicable to any of the similar components having the same reference label irrespective of the second reference label.
Figure la illustrates a side view of an in-bed exercising and monitoring device, according to a preferred embodiment for depicting the outer visual physical structure of the disclosed embodiment; Figure lb illustrates a view similar to the preceding one, but for showcasing a limpid view, wherein the outer cover and guards are removed for depicting the mechanism behind the disclosure; Figure 2a shows the front view of the presented disclosure; Figure 2b illustrates a view similar to the preceding figure, but for showing a limpid view of the mechanism below the presented device and showcasing the safety slots incorporated therein; Figure 3 shows the top view of the disclosure to visualize plurality of apertures pertinent to achieving safety measures; Figure 4a shows the side view of the maximally achievable positions of the leg rest section and the backrest section; Figure 4b illustrates a perspective view of the maximally achievable positions of the leg-rest section and the backrest section; Figure 4c shows the front view of maximally achievable positions of the leg-rest section and the backrest section; Figure 5a shows the side view of the maximum angle of rotation possible between the two depicted sections; Figure 5b shows a perspective view of the maximum angle of rotation possible between the two depicted sections; Figure 6 illustrates a perspective view of the overall device according to a preferred embodiment, thereby showing a complete overlook of the disclosure; and Figure 7 illustrates a block diagram demonstrating the connectivity of different components, according to a preferred embodiment.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
[0004] As used in the description herein and throughout the claims that follow, the meaning of "a," "an," and "the" includes plural reference unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Also, as used in the description herein, the meaning of "in" includes "in" and "on" unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.
[0005] If the specification states a component or feature "may", "can", "could", or "might" be included or have a characteristic, that particular component or feature is not required to be included or have the characteristic.
[0006] Exemplary embodiments will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which exemplary embodiments are shown. This disclosure may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. These embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete and will fully convey the scope of the disclosure to those of ordinary skill in the art. Moreover, all statements herein reciting embodiments of the disclosure, as well as specific examples thereof, are intended to encompass both structural and functional equivalents thereof. Additionally, it is intended that such equivalents include both currently known equivalents as well as equivalents developed in the future (i.e., any elements developed that perform the same function, regardless of structure).
[0007] Various terms as used herein are shown below. To the extent a term used in a claim is not defined below, it should be given the broadest definition persons in the pertinent art have given that term as reflected in printed publications and issued patents at the time of filing.
[0008] In some embodiments, the numerical parameters set forth in the written description and attached claims are approximations that can vary depending upon the desired properties sought to be obtained by a particular embodiment. In some embodiments, the numerical parameters should be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques. Notwithstanding that the numerical ranges and parameters setting forth the broad scope of some embodiments of the invention are approximations, the numerical values set forth in the specific examples are reported as precisely as practicable. The numerical values presented in some embodiments of the invention may contain certain errors necessarily resulting from the standard deviation found in their respective testing measurements.
[0009] The present invention relates to a bed distinguished by an additional feature of robotically exercising a patient's body into different postures and monitoring multiple health parameters alongside.
[0010] Referring to Figure la, the disclosed embodiments include a mainframe 3, a backrest section 1 and a leg-rest section 2 affixed on the mainframe 3, a headrest member 4 and a pair of shoulder rest members 5 arranged on the backrest. The mainframe 3. The mainframe 3 is preferably made up of hollow pipes of stainless steel material but not limited thereto. The pipes can be arranged in a cuboidal manner to make the structure of the mainframe 3. From each of the bottom corners of the mainframe 3, heavy-duty casters may protrude out to add robustness and agility to the mainframe 3. The mainframe 3 is structured to act as a main structural building block for all mechanisms, accessories and applications undertaken by the present disclosure.
[0011] Referring to both Figure la and Figure 6, a backrest section 1 and a leg rest section 2 are used to prepare a base for a patient, ideally in a lying position. Both the aforesaid sections 1, 2 are abutted together using a hinge joint. The backrest section 1 further comprises of a headrest member 4 that can be positioned centrally down the top edge of the backrest section 1, a pair of shoulder-rest members 5 that can be positioned diagonally below the headrest member. All sections 1, 2 and members 4, 5 can be made up of but not constrained to stainless steel, wood, metal and plastic. The headrest member 4 and the shoulder-rest member 5 can rest the head and shoulders of the patient as and when required. Additionally, the backrest section 1 includes a pair of belt slots 7, herein elliptical, such that a patient may clench thereof as and when required.
[0012] Referring to Figure 3, the leg-rest section 2 can bear the lower body of the patient and comprises of multiple belt slots 7 equidistantly arranged on its surface to tie the patient's legs using a rope and thereby prevent any misbalancing due to reasons including but not limited to exercising, irritation, patient's motion, attacks, etc. The belt slots 7 are designed to have cushioned mountings.
[0013] Moreover, some user-specific mountings can be adapted for performing different yoga positions which include hand muscles to stimulate the different sections of body parts, wherein such mountings can be provided as accessories depending on the user's needs. Collectively, the back-rest safety belt slots and lower section support belt slots 7 can not only hold hands and legs but will also be used to hold the whole body using a cushioned belt 7 with adjustable straps, thus forming a safe yoga bed.
[0014] According to an embodiment, atleast two support frames 6 are fenced around substantial portions of the backrest section 1 and elongated portions of leg rest section 2. Herein, the support frames 6 contain a multitude of semicircular protrusions, each containing atleast one slot 7 that may be clenched by the patient to retrain unbalancing of his/her body.
[0015] Figure lb illustrates a view similar to the preceding one, but for showcasing a limpid view, wherein the outer cover and guards are removed for depicting the mechanism behind the disclosure. The backrest section 1 is made functional using a linear actuator 9a located at the bottom portion of the upper half of the mainframe 3 and the leg-rest section 2 is made functional using another linear actuator 9b located at the bottom portion of the lower half of the mainframe 3.
[0016] Atleast two actuators 9a, 9b are connected to the atleast two linkages 8a, 8b respectively, such that for backrest section 1 there is backrest linkage 8a (first linkage) connected to transmit the motion of the backrest actuator 9a (first actuator) onto the backrest linkage 8a, further helping in the conversion of translator motion of the backrest linkage 8a into the rotary movement of the backrest section 1 connected thereto. Similarly, the leg-rest section 2 can be made functional using the leg-rest linkage 8b (second linkage) which will transfer motion from the leg-rest linear actuator 9b (second actuator), thereby helping in the conversion of translator motion of the leg-rest linkage 8b into the rotary movement of the leg-rest section 2 connected thereto.
[0017] Preferably, linear actuators 9a, 9b can be fixed to the mainframe 3 using a linear actuator mount 14 and both the aforementioned sections 1, 2 are connected to their respective linkages 8a, 8b using revolute joints 15 chosen from but not limited to pin joint, hinge joint and ball bearing rollers, wherein such joints not only make connectivity but also add freedom of movement in a revolving sense. Pin joint is a revolute joint adapted for the present disclosure and has 1 Degree of Freedom (DOF) to rotate the connected sections 1, 2. All the movements generated in the backrest section 1 and the leg-rest section 2 due to the aforementioned actuators 9a, 9b and linkages 8a, 8b assist in robotically exercising the body of the patient in different angular positions like performing inverted exercises, tilted exercises, Trendelenburg position (also known as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation position) based exercises, etc.
[0018] Figure 2a and 2b illustrate a front view of the present disclosure having backrest section 1 in the upright position and the leg-rest section 2 in the horizontal position. One or more longitudinal supporters 10a and latitudinal supporters 10b are connected to both the linkages 8a, 8b for supplementing rotatory motion of the backrest section 1 and the leg-rest section 2. The supporters 10a, 10b are connected to the linkages 8a, 8b using revolute joints, therefore enabling strongly supported movement of sections 1, 2. These supports can be inserted in the hollow sections cut in the linkages 8a, 8b or can be held using the ball bearing roller support applied for the purpose of stress dissipation.
[0019] According to an embodiment of present disclosure, multiple sensors can be arranged at substantial portions of the proposed device to capture multiple parameters relating to the body like blood pressure, angle of sections, heart rate, oxygen level, seat belt status, etc. The Saturation oxygen (SpO2) sensor can be used to keep track of the Oxygen level of the patient's blood, and blood pressure (BP) sensors can be used to measure the blood pressure before and after the yoga sessions and/or any exercise session. Pulse Rate (PR) sensors can keep track of the number of times the user's heartbeats in one minute. Tilt sensors are small, feasible, and powerful in nature and can be affixed to detect the orientation of the sections. They can be equipped to detect the tilt, with the help of a ball bearing inserted in a protractor-like holder to determine the angle of inclination. Seat belt sensors can also be suitably arranged to alarm for untied arms and legs while during exercises.
[0020] In an embodiment, a computing unit 11 can be equipped at a suitable position with a display to act as a human-machine interface. The computing unit 11 may consist of multiple components like micro-controllers (for receiving the data which will be gathered from the sensors), distribution-box, power pack for battery back-up, timer, cycle button, ON/OFF button, settings button, etc. operable via a remote controller 12. The computing unit 11 can also have a button to determine the movement of the backrest section 1 and the leg-rest section 2. The timer button can be used to set the timing of the session or the therapy and the cycle can be applied to determine the no. of the frequency of that exercise with some preferred interval of time so that patient or a user does not feel fatigued.
[0021] Firstly, the inclination and orientation as per the exercise to be performed can be decided by the user/patient to set up the exercise/yoga the patient is intended to perform. Thereafter, the duration of the exercise can be set using the timer button and the frequency of the exercise is set using the cycle button. The display can be used to showcase the user-selected values and the values received from the sensors to ensure live monitoring of health parameters, thereby monitoring the health status of the patient and instructing/alarming any necessary action to keep up with the patients' health and/or interests. It would be appreciated by a person skilled in the art that these values can also be used for research purposes or improvement of the device.
[0022] Figure 4a, 4b and 4c depict the side, perspective and front view respectively of the ac backrest section 1 and the leg-rest section 2 are capable of moving in one degree of freedom using the backrest actuator 9a and leg-rest actuator 9b respectively, the maximum angle that can be traveled by the backrest section 1 range from 90 degrees downwards to 90 degrees upwards whereas that for leg-rest section 2 ranges from 50 upwards to 90 degrees upwards. Herein, the angles are mentioned with respect to the horizontal axis.
[0023] As indicated in Figure 5a and 5b, the side and perspective view of the maximum angle of rotation possible between the two leg-rest section 2 and backrest section 1 is shown. The maximum reachability of the backrest section 1 can be 90 degrees downwards whereas that of leg-rest section 2 can be 90 degrees upwards, maxing a maximally achievable total gap of 180 degrees. Figures 4a, 4b, 4c, 5a and 5b predict the viability and feasibility of the invention.
[0024] Figure 7 is a block diagram demonstrating the connectivity of different components, according to a preferred embodiment. The heart of the present disclosure lies in the control unit that connects with other components to conduct the workflow of the invention. The inputs provided to the control unit of the proposed device include but are not constrained to the power supply, battery, medical equipment for mapping blood pressure, pulse rate and oxygen saturation level, and the multiple sensors used therewith. The output components of the control unit of the proposed device are chosen to be but not restricted to the afore discussed arrangements of actuators 9a, 9b and linkages 8a, 8b. Additionally, the aforesaid computing unit 11 acts as both input and output components for the control unit such that the control unit retrieves the parameter values provided by the sensors/equipments and settings delivered by the user/patient to display the results and move sections 1, 2 accordingly.
[0025] It would be appreciated by a person skilled in the art that although the present invention has been described in terms of a hospital bed having exercising and monitoring means for the patient, other modifications of the invention are possible. Apart from hospitals, the proposed exercising bed may be used at homes as well. Client-specific designs can be designed to imbibe more comfortable and robust support, various modifications may be possible to suit the needs of people of different monetary levels.
[0026] A person skilled in the art would also admire that a voice feedback system can be incorporated in the aforementioned disclosure to provide voice notifications to the patient regarding section's angles, health status, seat belt status, etc. Moreover, additional emergency as well as safety features may be incorporated to impart the reliability and trust of patients in the invention. The invention can also be set up in gyms and/or private facilities for promoting the health and fitness of obese/paralytic/old age people and/or patients.
[0027] People skilled in the art would also appreciate that research and development can help in making this invention more user friendly and intelligent. Modifications may be done to ensure automatic leveling of the actuators 9a, b as per the body type, weight, height, etc. of the patient. Additionally, the aforementioned disclosure can also be used for sleeping purposes. More specifically, actuators 9a, 9b can be configured to align the posture of a sleeping patient, thus enabling correct sleeping patterns and postures of the patient.
[0028] It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that many more modifications besides those already described are possible without departing from the inventive concepts herein. The inventive subject matter, therefore, is not to be restricted except in the spirit of the appended claims. Moreover, in interpreting both the specification and the claims, all terms should be interpreted in the broadest possible manner consistent with the context. In particular, the terms "includes" and "including" should be interpreted as referring to elements, components, or steps in a non-exclusive manner, indicating that the referenced elements, components, or steps may be present, or utilized, or combined with other elements, components, or steps that are not expressly referenced. Where the specification claims refer to at least one of something selected from the group consisting of A, B, C .... and N, the text should be interpreted as requiring only one element from the group, not A plus N, or B plus N, etc. The foregoing description of the specific embodiments will so fully reveal the general nature of the embodiments herein that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily modify and/or adapt for various applications such specific embodiments without departing from the generic concept, and, therefore, such adaptations and modifications should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation. Therefore, while the embodiments herein have been described in terms of preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the embodiments herein can be practiced with modification within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
[0029] While embodiments of the present disclosure have been illustrated and described, it will be clear that the disclosure is not limited to these embodiments only. Numerous modifications, changes, variations, substitutions, and equivalents will be apparent to those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure, as described in the claims.
ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION
[0030] The present disclosure provides a multipurpose bed that aims to support various needs of a patient as well as practitioners like examination, exercising, resting, operating table and likewise.
[0031] The present disclosure provides a device to assist patients in performing multi-angular complicated exercising positions such as achieving Trendelenburg position (also known as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation position), inverted exercising positions and other multi-angular positions.
[0032] The present invention provides real-time monitoring of a patient's health parameters whilst performing exercises, wherein such health parameters unrestrictedly include blood pressure, oxygen level, pulse rate and heart rate.
[0033] The present invention provides a user-controlled examination cum exercising bed, wherein the patient itself may control the exercising operations and/or a third user may control thereof remotely.
[0034] The present disclosure facilitates means to increase blood flow throughout the patient's body, especially in the head region and other immobile portions of the body, assistably recovers any deformity, improves respiratory, physiological functions, and physical and psychical well-being as well due to the stimulation of glands, thus normalizing the vital functions.
[0035] The present invention reduced the interaction between the practitioner and the user thus minimizing the transmission and spread of the viruses.
[0036] The present invention provides a safer means of exercising for the patients.

Claims (4)

We Claim:
1) An In-bed exercising and monitoring device, comprising: i) a mainframe 3 bearing a backrest section 1 hingably attached to a leg-rest section 2 for supporting a patient's lying body; wherein said backrest section 1 includes a headrest member 4 and a pair of shoulder-rest members 5 to grip up said body; ii) atleast two support frames 6 substantially fenced around said backrest section 1 and said leg-rest section 2 to restrain unbalancing of said body; iii) plurality of belt slots 7 arranged on said backrest section 1, said leg rest section 2 and said support frame 6 to withhold said patient's body whilst in motion; iv) atleast one linkage 8a connected to said backrest section 1, wherein said linkage 8a transform translatory motion received from an actuator 9a into rotatory motion of said backrest section 1; v) atleast one another linkage 8b connected to said leg-rest section 2, wherein said another linkage 8b transform translatory motion received from another actuator 9b into rotatory motion of said leg rest section 2; vi) one or more longitudinal and latitudinal supporters 10a,b rotatably connected to said linkages 8a,b for supplementing rotatory motion of said backrest section 1 and said leg-rest section 2; vii) plurality of sensors arranged at substantially relevant positions to capture plurality of parameters relating to said body; and viii) a remotely controlled computing unit 11 operable to control said sections 1,2 based on information received from said sensors.
2) The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said actuators 9a,b are preferably electrically actuated linear actuators.
3) The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said linkages 8a,b are connected to respective sections 1, 2 thereof via revolute joints chosen from but not limited to pin joint, hinge joint and ball bearing rollers.
4) The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said sensors include but not limited to SpO2 sensors, blood pressure sensors, pulse rate sensors, seat belt sensors and tilt sensors.
) The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said computing unit 11 is operable to but not restricted to measure blood pressure, measure pulse rate, measure oxygen level, detect the orientation/inclination of said sections 1, 2, control movements and angular inclinations of said sections 1, 2, set up exercising timers, set up frequency and intervals of exercising and display results.
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
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