AU2013201083B2 - Gas outlet device for a medium-voltage functional unit and distribution substation comprising same - Google Patents

Gas outlet device for a medium-voltage functional unit and distribution substation comprising same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
AU2013201083B2
AU2013201083B2 AU2013201083A AU2013201083A AU2013201083B2 AU 2013201083 B2 AU2013201083 B2 AU 2013201083B2 AU 2013201083 A AU2013201083 A AU 2013201083A AU 2013201083 A AU2013201083 A AU 2013201083A AU 2013201083 B2 AU2013201083 B2 AU 2013201083B2
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
substation
chimney
cross
functional unit
members
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
AU2013201083A
Other versions
AU2013201083A1 (en
Inventor
Jon-Paul Bentley
Sebastien Brunet
Jerome Laye
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Original Assignee
Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from FR1200574 external-priority
Application filed by Schneider Electric Industries SAS filed Critical Schneider Electric Industries SAS
Publication of AU2013201083A1 publication Critical patent/AU2013201083A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU2013201083B2 publication Critical patent/AU2013201083B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B13/00Arrangements of switchgear in which switches are enclosed in, or structurally associated with, a casing, e.g. cubicle
    • H02B13/02Arrangements of switchgear in which switches are enclosed in, or structurally associated with, a casing, e.g. cubicle with metal casing
    • H02B13/025Safety arrangements, e.g. in case of excessive pressure or fire due to electrical defect
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/53Bases or cases for heavy duty; Bases or cases for high voltage with means for preventing corona or arcing

Abstract

GAS OUTLET DEVICE FOR A MEDIUM-VOLTAGE FUNCTIONAL UNIT AND DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION COMPRISING SAME 5 A modular medium-voltage distribution substation comprises a juxtaposition of functional units (4). To increase the distribution volume of the gases originating in particular from an internal arc, and to enable easy flow to the gas outlet means, the functional units comprise a chimney (9) at the rear and a tunnel (510) underneath the functional group. Gas flow between the tunnel (510) and chimney (9) is free, as is the flow between chimneys (9) and 10 tunnels (510) of adjacent substations. Furthermore, the chimney (9) comprises means (506) for absorbing the energy released by mechanical deformation. The gas flow is thus improved and controlled, and the tightness of the enclosure is maintained. (FIGURE 10A) 290 Ex-r h -F 8 510 518 52Fig. 10A d 520 m 522 Fig, 10B

Description

I GAS OUTLET DEVICE FOR A MEDIUM-VOLTAGE FUNCTIONAL UNIT AND DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION COMPRISING SAME 5 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to optimization of gas flow in a medium-voltage distribution substation. In particular, the invention relates to a functional unit of a medium-voltage substation comprising a chimney increasing the available volume and designed to 10 withstand electric arcs, and to a substation designed in such a way as to ensure free flow of the gases. STATE THE ART 15 In electric equipment, in particular in medium-voltage MV distribution substations (also sometimes referred to as high-voltage HVA), i.e. about 1 to 52 kV or 75 kV, different switchgear units for current interruption and/or measurement have to be electrically connected to one another. Furthermore, on account of the high voltages and to protect them, it is advantageous to insulate the connections by over-moulding, and even to 20 metalclad them in order to increase the compactness of the assembly and to direct the electric field. Different solutions have been developed, with in particular fitting of rigid bars connected to the switchgear units. Plug-in connectors of external or internal cone type according to 25 the standard EN 50181 are then inserted. An alternative solution enabling the overall dimensions to be reduced, in particular the height, is presented in the document EP 2,063,495. This solution using compressible flat interfaces further facilitates connection operations. 30 This type of connector system with shielding coating enables formation of electric arcs to be greatly reduced. However, some faults can still occur in a distribution substation which comprises numerous components. Even if the damage remains limited due to the use of 29L%6 EXT 2 shielding which enables the faults to be kept single-phase, other elements can be used to optimize the resistance of the substation in case of an internal arc. In particular, the functional units of a modular substation can comprise gas outlet devices, such as for example described in FR 2,839,817. It is however desirable to provide other solutions for 5 management of the gases arising from electric arcs, possibly in association with one another. Any discussion of documents, devices, acts or knowledge in this specification is included to explain the context of the invention. It should not be taken as an admission that any of 10 the material formed part of the prior art base or the common general knowledge in the relevant art in Australia on or before the priority date of the claims herein. Comprises/comprising and grammatical variations thereof when used in this specification are to be taken to specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps or components or 15 groups thereof, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, components or groups thereof. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION 20 It would be desirable to provide a functional unit for a medium-voltage distribution substation comprising means enabling improved outlet of the gases originating from a fault internal to the substation. In accordance with the present invention, there is provided a functional unit for a 25 medium-voltage substation including a substantially rectangular enclosure composed of a plurality of compartments, among which a compartment forming a functional group superposed on a cable passage compartment, the two being adjacent to a compartment forming a chimney, said chimney being located on one edge of the enclosure of the functional unit and extending over the whole of its height, said chimney being formed by 30 four corner uprights and two times four cross-members to form the edges of a rectangle the volume of which represents 15 to 30% of the volume of the enclosure and which defines: three outer walls of the substation including a back wall, a top wall and a bottom wall closed by panels; two side walls forming external walls of said unit including holes 2a separated by supporting cross-members provided with means enabling mechanical energy to be absorbed; a separating wall forming a wall internal to said unit and partially blanked off by a sheet plate. 5 In particular, the functional unit comprises a substantially rectangular-shaped enclosure which comprises a plurality of compartments, one compartment of which forming a central functional group, advantageously in two parts with a front instrumentation and control part separated from the core part, superposed on a cable passage compartment, advantageously also formed by two housings, and a rear compartment forming a chimney 10 over the whole height of the unit. The rear chimney of the functional unit is rectangular shaped, with four uprights and two times four cross-members forming the edges between walls. Three of the walls of the chimney form outer walls of the substation and are closed by panels which may be 15 provided with means for controlled outlet of gases located in the unit. One of the walls of the chimney is internal to the functional unit. It is partially blanked off by a plate at the level of the compartment for the functional group, but preferably remains free at the level of the adjacent part with the cable passage compartment. The other two walls of the chimney form outer walls of the unit but which can be internal to the substation and 20 comprise support cross-members separated by open passages between the two edges. The walls of the chimney comprise means for absorbing mechanical energy which are preferably also able to deform in controlled manner. In particular, some of the support 3 cross-members, and preferably all of them, are formed from folded metal sheet, for example with one or more V shapes, so that the deployed length of the support cross member is greater than the folded length, the profile of the cross-members being optimized for a controlled horizontal deformation. Advantageously, all the cross-members form part 5 of a side wall formed by a largely perforated sheet plate which is folded, in which only said cross-members and parts of upright remain. The apertures may not be centred on the wall, and the cross-members, preferably seven in number, are not necessarily of the same size although their folds are similar, the cross-members surrounding the central cross-member in particular being able to be wider. 10 The invention also relates to a distribution substation comprising a plurality of functional units secured to one another in such a way that the aligned chimneys form a rectangular assembly in which the gas can flow freely. Preferably, the bottom cable passage compartments of the functional units of the substation, and in particular their central 15 housing, are of identical height so that the housings located under the functional groups form a tunnel of rectangular shape in which the gases can also flow freely, the separating walls between units preferably being empty. Advantageously, the volume of the chimneys and of the tunnel represents at least 25%, or even 40% or one half of the volume of the distribution substation. 20 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Other advantages and features will become more clearly apparent from the following description of particular embodiments of the invention, given for illustrative and in no way 25 restrictive example purposes only, represented in the appended figures. Figure 1 shows a medium-voltage distribution substation according to a preferred embodiment of the invention. 30 Figures 2A and 2B represent a current interruption and disconnection cubicle in two configurations for a substation according to an embodiment of the invention. 29%Pb EXT 4 Figures 3A and 3B show connection in a distribution substation according to an embodiment of the invention, with in particular an example of a connecting bar. Figures 4A and 4B illustrate the modifications of other elements of the distribution 5 substation to optimize preferred connection of a substation according to the invention. Figure 5A represents a connector for a preferred distribution substation according to an embodiment of the invention, figures 5B and 5C illustrating two embodiments thereof. 10 Figures 6A, 6B and 6C show arrangements of connectors for a distribution substation according to the invention. Figure 7 represents a functional measuring unit for a medium-voltage distribution substation. 15 Figures 8A and 8B illustrate a cable for connection in a distribution substation according to an embodiment of the invention. Figure 9 represents an element for connection in a distribution substation according to an 20 embodiment of the invention. Figure 1 OA shows the enclosure of a functional unit of a distribution substation according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, with a diagram of the gas flow; figure 1 OB represents an enlargement of an element of the enclosure. 25 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As illustrated in figure 1, a medium-voltage (MV) electric distribution substation 1 is installed between the input 2 of the electric power system and at least one user feeder 3 30 which supplies different loads. The current interruption and/or earthing functions are in particular performed for each power supply phase A, B, C at the level of the substation 1. Other functions can be added, in particular measurements of different parameters. 2906 Er 5 The distribution substations 1 thus comprise several types of units which are associated with one another. Modular systems are known in which each functional unit comprises the means for performing at least one functionality and can be associated with another 5 functional unit, of the same type or not, to form an assembly meeting the user's requirements as best as possible: see for example the SM6 offer from Schneider Electric. A functional unit 4 of a MV substation 1 comprises an enclosure, which is usually made from metal, containing at least one electric apparatus and provided with means enabling 10 access to coupling elements between units 4, and also to the outside 2, 3. Advantageously, all the units are of identical width, for example 375 mm, or a multiple of this pitch. Conventionally, the enclosure is formed by several compartments, including in particular a MV functional group 5 which is surrounded by other elements performing different functions. In particular, a case 6 located above is reserved for the low-voltage protection, 15 instrumentation and control apparatuses. Its depth conventionally corresponds to the thickness of the control compartment 5' of the functional group 5, and its other dimensions, in particular its height, can vary according to the devices it houses. Preferably, the LV case 6 is manufactured as described in in the document FR 2,950,202, and it can be associated with a trunking 7 enabling the cables that are necessary for it to be "stowed 20 away", this trunking 7 also being able to be extended vertically in the control compartment 5' of the functional group 5. Below the functional group 5, a bottom compartment 8 dedicated to management of the cables and MV inputs/feeders is conventionally to be found, advantageously arranged as in patent application FR 11 03799. As specified further on, the bottom compartment 8 is, in the preferred embodiment, arranged for flow of the 25 gases, and is preferably associated with a rear compartment 9 of the functional unit 5 to optimize said gas flow. The MV group 5 can perform different functions, and in particular correspond to a switchgear group 10, 20, 30 or a measuring group 40. In the scope of current interruption, 30 the functional module 5 comprises a control compartment 5' on its front panel and the electric switchgear apparatus 50 for interrupting the three phases A, B, C is housed in an enclosure 12 usually made from metal plate and of rectangular shape. 2006 EXT 6 In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the switchgear apparatuses 50A, 50B, 50C are identical for each phase and in compliance with cubicles as described in the document FR 2,940,516. In particular, as illustrated in figure 2A, a switchgear cubicle 50 comprises 5 in series a vacuum cartridge 52 performing the interruption and disconnection function and a two-position selector 54 which can take a service position allowing flow of the current and an earthing position (alternatively, the selector 54 could take an optional third opening position). Series connection of the earthing selector 54 enables disconnection to be performed by a cubicle of small dimensions and without the use of sulphur hexafluoride 10 which contributes to the greenhouse effect, including in the event of subsequent malfunctioning of the vacuum cartridge 52. In an advantageous embodiment, the selector 54 is housed in a confinement enclosure 56. Different options are possible: as illustrated schematically in figure 2A, the enclosure 56' 15 houses all the elements 52, 54 of a switchgear cubicle 50. It is possible for the three cubicles 50A, 50B, 50C of the same group 5 to be unitary in one and the same enclosure. In the preferred embodiment illustrated in figure 2B, the three selectors 54 of a functional group 10, 20, 30 are housed in the same unitary enclosure 56. The vacuum cartridges 52A, 52B, 52C which are connected to it remain external to said enclosure 56, while being 20 secured thereto in tightly sealed manner so as to form an assembly 50 no element of which is in the air except for the connection terminals 60. Other alternatives are possible. As stipulated in the foregoing, the distribution substation 1 comprises a plurality of functional units 4, several of these 10, 20, 30 being able to comprise switchgear cubicles 25 50. In particular, in the illustrated embodiment, it can be observed that two current inputs 21, 22 are connected to the substation 1, a typical configuration of an open-loop or double branch power system. Each of the inputs 21, 22 is associated with a cubicle 501, 502 performing the function of a switch in order to isolate the circuit from the rated current. The three poles 50A, 50B, 50C connected to the three conductors of each input 2 are 30 housed in the same enclosure 12 of a switchgear group 10. 200 EX T 7 The two input lines are then connected at the level of the busbar to be connected to a general circuit breaker, fitted in the adjacent unit in order to perform protection of the panel by interrupting short-circuit currents. Preferably, the switchgear apparatus 509 of the general circuit breaker group 20 is similar in principle to the switching apparatuses 50,, 502 5 of the input modules 10. After the general circuit breaker module 20, the common line continues to run to other functional units 4, according to requirements, to in particular be terminated by several feeders 31, 32 enabling user-defined loads to be supplied, each feeder 3 being associated 10 with a transformer protection circuit breaker group 30 serving the purpose of breaking possible faults originating from the MV/LV transformers down-line from the substation 1. Here again, the switchgear apparatus 50 of group 30 can be of similar principle to the previous ones. The preferred embodiment of the switchgear cubicles 50 in fact enables the different functions to be performed with identical switchgear apparatuses, with 15 modification of a few parameters, and in particular only of the material used for manufacturing the contact pads of the vacuum cartridge 52. Although such a modularity reduces the number of industrial references and facilitates installation of the substation 1, it remains tributary to the connections between the units 4, 20 and it soon becomes apparent that management of the latter can prove complex and also require a certain amount of space. For reasons of compactness, but above all to simplify the connections between the electric apparatuses, according to the invention, the connections are performed by means of bars 100 with a flat interface, the principle and an embodiment of which are described in particular in the document EP 2,063,495. 25 In particular, as illustrated in figures 3, a bar 100 connects two cubicles 501, 502, 509 of units 101, 102, 20 by means of connection devices 102 located at each of its ends and mainly formed by a support 104 made from insulating material, with two opposite surfaces designed for connection, which are substantially flat, parallel to one another, circular (the 30 most suitable shape for managing the different dielectric phenomena and for optimizing the orientation of the stacks) and superposable so that the bar 100 can be used without a 2%6) HCI g preferred orientation. In general manner, the bar 100 is symmetric and the connection devices 102 are identical, their connection surfaces being parallel to one another. The insulating support 104, with the exception of the connection surfaces, is coated with a 5 conducting or semiconducting layer 106 having a thickness that is determined according to its resistivity so as to obtain a sufficient coating 106 to perform electrostatic shielding of the assembly. Maintaining the electric field inside the insulating support 104 enables the compactness of the connections made by a bar 100 provided with such a device 102 to be increased. 10 The connection device 102 comprises a connecting insert 110 with a high electric conductivity, usually made from copper or aluminium, which passes through the thickness of the connection device 102, between two flat and parallel connecting surfaces which are accessible on each side of the insulating support 104. The connecting insert 110 is centred 15 within the insulating support 104, and is symmetric of revolution in order to master dielectric constraints to the maximum. To optimize the dielectric strength, the connecting insert 110 is integrated in the insulating support 104, and in particular the insulating material is over-moulded on the insert 110 so that the interface between the two compounds 104, 110 is mastered and devoid of empty spaces (or spaces filled with air). For 20 the same reasons, the connecting insert 110 comprises a swelling within the insulating support 104, its central diameter thus being larger than the diameter of the connecting surfaces at the level of which the insulating material forms a neck, or throat, 112 around the insert in order to reduce the electric field at the level of the triple point of the interface on the side where insert is located. The conducting insert 110 is in some way embedded in 25 the insulating material 104. The connection devices 102 of one and the same bar 100 are linked to one another by a rod 114 having a high unitary electric conductivity with the connecting insert 110, and dimensioned according to the current flowing therein. The rod 114 is not compressible, but 30 to ensure a certain flexibility corresponding to a tolerance in the relative positioning of the connection devices 102 in the connection direction (orthogonal to the connection surfaces), the cross-section of the rod 114 is "flattened", of oblong shape. E2A XT 9. The conducting link rod 114 is also integrated at its ends in the insulator 104 of the connection device 102. Over the rest of its length, the residual part corresponding to the apparent length of the rod 114 is coated with an insulator 116 which provides a sufficient 5 dielectric strength. To reduce the necessary space around the bar 100, an electrostatic shielding 118 of the residual part is fitted. The set of insulating components 104, 116 of the connecting bar 100 are in fact produced in one step on all of the conducting elements 110, 114. In the same way, the shielding 106, 118 is unitary. 10 As illustrated in figure 3A, it is advantageous to have two geometries available for the bars 100, 100', with in particular a bar 100 the connection devices 1021, 1022 of which are coplanar, and a bar 100' in which the two devices 102'2, 102 '. are offset from one another in the direction orthogonal to their surface, by the height of an insert 110. This makes it possible to compensate for the differences of level due to series connection of two bars 15 100, 100' to successively connect three cubicles 501, 502, 50 g. Advantageously, the offset is achieved by shaping of a bearing 120 on a bar 100', the bearing 120 preferably being fitted on half of the length of the rod 114 and centred. To prevent flashovers when electric connection is performed and to ensure a tight contact 20 between the superposed connection devices 102, 102' of the two bars 100, 100', the insulating material of the supports 104 is deformable, and in particular its thickness can be reduced by orthogonal crushing between the two opposite faces. In particular, the support 104 is obtained by moulding of an elastomer the dielectric qualities of which are known and optimized, in particular an EPDM rubber (EPDM standing for Ethylene-Propylene 25 Diene Monomer), or by silicone. Thus, as far as the preferred production of a bar 100 is concerned, the conducting core (inserts + rod) 110, 114 is first made, in particular from aluminium for 630 A or from copper for 1250 A, by existing techniques, for example by die-stamping or by moulding. This assembly is over-moulded with an insulator 104, 116 of EPDM elastomer type, advantageously with the presence of an adhesion agent to ensure a 30 cohesive and fault-free interface between the conducting core and insulating coating. The shielding 106, 118 can be achieved, for example on a deburred external surface, by over moulding with an elastomer of the same type but charged with conducting particles, which 2906h .IVT 10 enables the same deformation properties to be preserved on the whole of the connection device 102, between the insulating body 104 and shielding 106. The height of the conducting insert 110, defined by the distance between its two connecting 5 surfaces, is therefore smaller than the thickness of the insulating support 104 at rest. Orthogonal compression of the insulating support 104 can bring towards the connection surfaces of the support 104 so that their separating distance is equal to said height. In use, the insulating surfaces are brought into contact, and deformation is performed until the conducting connecting surfaces of the insert 110 are in contact with one another, and the 10 assembly is kept in this position by clamping means so long as electric connection is required. The size of the insulating support 104, and also the thickness of the throat 112, depends on the size of the conducting insert 110, itself determined by the level of the current which is 15 flowing therein and on the electromechanical constraints. The dimensions of the rod 114 are also determined by the nature of the conducting material used and by the current flowing in the latter. In particular, for a substation 1 according to a preferred embodiment, the recommended dimensions for the connection devices 102 are: a diameter of 84 mm for a height of 42 mm of flexible material 104 being able to be compressed to a height of 38 20 mm of aluminium insert 110. There may been only a single bar of this kind for 17 and 24 kV substations, which enables management of stocks to be optimized by reducing the number of industrial references. According to a preferred embodiment, the length of the bars 100 between two connection devices 1021, 1022 (taken from insert to insert 110) corresponding to the width of a functional unit 4 is equivalent to the height of a switchgear 25 cubicle 50, taken from terminal to terminal 60, i.e. equal to 375 mm, in order to enable a group 5 to be "replaced" by a bar 100 (see further on and figures 1 and 7). As the connection device 102 of a bar 100 is designed to be connected to a terminal 60 of an electric apparatus, and as simplicity of assembly implies two opposite surfaces of the 30 connection devices 102 of the bars 100 that are identical, the terminals 60 of the switchgear cubicles 50 are designed accordingly, with in particular a "flattening" to achieve a flat interface. In particular, as illustrated in figure 4A, in similar manner to the connection 2906 EXT 11 device 102, the terminal 60 comprises a connecting insert 62 centred in an insulating support 64, the contact surfaces of the insert 62 and of the support 64 being superposable on the corresponding surfaces 110, 104 of the connection device 102 of a bar 100. The terminal 60, which is preferably shielded, is mainly composed of an insulating material 5 over-moulded on the insert 62, and advantageously forms a throat 66 under the contact surface, which optimizes the dielectric characteristics. In a preferred embodiment, the terminal is shielded and is salient from the cubicle 50 over a height of about 30 mm. The insulating material 64 of the terminal is preferably non-deformable, the surface of the terminal 60 being a flat disk and being suitable for contact and compression with a 10 connection device 102 of a bar 100. To ensure that the connection devices are kept in the "compressed" position, clamping means are provided. Advantageously, the clamping device 80, in addition to performing compression of the assembly and keeping the latter in the clamped position, performs 15 insulation of the surface of the connection device 102 which remains free (opposite the electric connection surface). In particular, a clamping device 80 comprises a flat surface with a size at least equal to the connection surface and forms an insulating cover the shape of which is optimized for dielectric strength. To ensure tightness and maximum protection against flashovers, the material 82 of the clamping and blanking device 80 is non 20 deformable, in particular for example a polymer material of thermosetting type, or even of thermoplastic type, preferably epoxy. A metallic coating 84 protects this material and ensures continuity of the shielding. The external shape of the device 80 can be adapted to include auxiliaries, for example sensors for a Voltage Detector Sensor (VDS) or a Voltage Presence Indicator Sensor (VPIS). 25 To enable easy fitting and clamping, the blanking and clamping device 80 comprises a link means 86 which can operate in conjunction with the connection devices 102. In particular a bolt or gudgeon-pin 86 is salient from the centre of the flat surface of the clamping device 80, and collaborates with a hole 180 drilled in the centre of the connecting inserts 110 of 30 the connection device 102. The hole 180 can be tapped, but it is preferably of larger diameter than that of the gudgeon-pin 86 which is clamped on the other side of the 2%6 EXT 12 connected assembly, in particular directly in the terminal 60 which comprises the suitable tapped hole 70. As presented in the foregoing, the switchgear groups 10, 20, 30 of the distribution 5 substation 1 each comprise three current breaking poles 52A, 52B, 52C, for each of the supply phases. For reasons of compactness, it is preferred for the cubicles 50 of a functional unit 4 to be aligned in the depthwise direction of the enclosure 12. In this way, the bars 1 OOA, 100B, 1 00C connecting two switchgear cubicles of two adjacent modules to one another are parallel to one another and to the front panel of the substation 1, and are 10 essentially straight, without any large bend or deviation (see also figure 6A). This configuration enables a better visibility in case of maintenance and for installation, and also results in the overall dimensions of the substation being kept small. Connection of the input of the power system 2 and/or to the user feeder 3 is achieved in the 15 usual manner by interfaces of external cone type, mainly of A, B or C type, or other, according to the EN 50181 standard, i.e. end-pieces salient outward from the enclosure 12 of the groups 10, 30, the latter usually remaining closed once the substation 1 has been installed. This type of end-piece notably has a partially standardized profile formed by a portion of cone, for example having a length of 90 mm and diameters of 46/56 mm for the 20 C type, onto which the suitable separable connector with which the end of the cables 2, 3 is provided is plugged. For optimal use in a substation according to the invention, the end-piece is located at one end of a connector 200 illustrated in figures 5A, and acting as interface between the 25 apparatuses 50 of the units 5 and the user's power system 2, 3. The second end of the connector 200, in the form of a horn in the represented embodiment, is thus provided with a connection device 202 which can be fitted on a terminal 60 of a switchgear cubicle 50 and/or a connection device 102 of a bar 100. The connection device 202 of a connector 200 is advantageously identical to the connection device 102 of a previously described bar 100, 30 and in particular comprises a compressible insulating support 204 made from elastomer, covered by an electrostatic shielding 206, and through which a conducting insert 210 of smaller length than the thickness of the support 204 passes, the dimensions of the latter 291J6 EXT 13 being similar to those previously given, through which a hole 208 enabling fitting of a blanking and clamping device 80 is preferably drilled. In the same way, a link part 212 extends the connection device 202, with a rod 214 5 securedly affixed to the insert 210 in the direction of the external connecting end-piece. Here again, the rod 214 and insert 210 are unitary, and the insulating support 204 over moulded on the insert 210 is extended by the same insulator 216 around the rod 214, which is preferably of oblong cross-section to easily compensate any deviations in alignment. A shielding 218 is fitted. 10 At the other end of the rod 214 and of its coating 216, the horn 200 comprises a connecting end-piece 220. As presented in the foregoing, the end-piece 220 has a standardized external shape. At the present time, this type of end-piece is made from thermoplastic material so that draw-out can be easily performed. However, as the connector 200 according to a 15 preferred embodiment of the invention comprises a flexible overmoulding 216 around the conducting rod 214, overmoulding of the conducting core by a thermosetting material would involve manufacturing the horn 200 in two distinct parts, generating additional interfaces, not to mention the complexity and cost of such manufacturing. 20 On the contrary, the use of an end-piece 220 manufactured on the model of the connection device 202, i.e. with a compressible external surface, is not desirable. It is in fact imperative for the connection on the end-piece 220 to be able to be broken in conventional manner, by draw-out, throughout the lifetime of the distribution substation 1, i.e. about 40 years in usual operation. However, connection of a plug-in cable on a flexible cone, in 25 addition to the problems due to the high friction coefficient, gives rise to sticking phenomena linked to the presence of an elastomer/elastomer interface between the separable connector of the cable and the draw-in support of the cross-member. These sticking phenomena can result for high ratings in forces of more than 90 daN to extract the cable, forces considered by the standard as corresponding to non-withdrawabilty. 30 According to the preferred embodiment, the connector 200 is achieved by a monoblock part which comprises fitting of a rigid shell 222 for the draw-out end-piece 220, extension 2()06 EXT 14 of the metal insert by a current conductor 224 within the shell 222 and opening out for connection, and preservation of an elastomer support 226 between the shell 222 and current conductor 224, said elastomer support 226 extending that 204 of the connection device 202 which enables connection of the horn 200 by simple pressure on a bar 100 and/or terminal 5 60 as described in the foregoing. The shell 222 is preferably made from thermoplastic material, in particular polyamide 6 charged with glass fibres. The conducting assembly 210, 214, 224 of the horn 200 is manufactured in unitary manner, in the preferred embodiment from aluminium, with a 10 standardized hole, which may be tapped, 228 at the end in the shell 222 according to the type of standardized end-piece made. The insulating elastomer 226 is arranged between the shell 222 and its conducting insert 224, in continuation of the support 204, 216 of the connection device 202 and of the link part 212, and unitary with the latter. To avoid adding a rigid sleeve around the elastomer, it is preferred to perform injection of the flexible 15 elastomer 204, 216, 226 around the conductor 210, 214, 224 but within the previously fitted shell 222. In order to enable this injection over the whole of the internal surface of the shell 222 and to expel the air which may remain in this narrow volume, the shape of the elements is chosen in precise manner. 20 In particular, in a preferred embodiment illustrated in figure 5B, the shape of the metal insert 224 at the level of the customer end-piece is modified so as to be tapered with substantially the same slope as the slope imposed on the shell 222 by the norm. For example, for an end-piece of C type, the external slope a forming the cone is equal to 3'. At the level of the shell 222 advantageously of constant thickness, comprised between 2 25 and 5 mm (a sufficient thickness to ensure the relative rigidity necessary for easy draw-in of the input and feeder cables 2, 3), the insert 224 takes this slope a. The thickness of elastomer over-moulding thus remains constant, preferably greater than 5 mm, for example about 6 mm, which makes for easy flow and especially vulcanization and therefore the absence of formation of bubbles inside the insulator or at the interfaces between materials. 30 As for the connection device, the interfaces between the deformable insulator and the shell, respectively the insert, are hermetic. 2906 LET 15 The length of the tapered part of the conducting insert 224 is greater than the length of the part of end-piece 220. The part of end-piece 220 is in fact designed directly for fitting of the cable connection, but the part of connector 200 salient from the enclosure of the substation I is longer. Advantageously, the conducting insert 224 is tapered over the whole 5 portion 230 of connector coming from the outside of the substation and serving the purposes of assembly, in particular to withstand the forces able to be exerted at the junction between the horizontal connecting end-piece 220 and the vertical wall of the enclosure, therefore with a maximum thickness of metal which enables the mechanical forces to be withstood at this level. On this securing part 232 extending the end-piece 220, although it 10 is possible to extend the shell 222, it is preferred to over-mould the insert 224 directly by the insulator 226, without any rigid protection. Advantageously, in order to simplify the manufacturing process, the thickness of over-moulding is kept at this level. Once the conducting core + elastomer + shell assembly has been produced, shielding of the 15 "free" elastomer is performed, i.e. the elastomer which is not enclosed in the shell 222. Shielding is in particular performed by an over-moulding 218 by the same elastomer as the insulating support 216, but charged with conducting particles, and identical to that of the link part 212. To achieve unity in the connector 200, the shape of the shell 222 is optimized at the level of its junction 234 with the securing part 232. In particular, as illustrated, if the 20 thickness of the shell 222 is constant over the length of the end-piece 220, its end is formed with the form of a notch enabling inclusion of a part of rigid shell 222 inside a thickness of insulator 226. The over-moulding shielding 218 preferably also comes around this end part to form four layers on the portion of junction 234 illustrated in figure 5B, in particular in order to reduce the electric field in the stopping area of the shielding. 25 It is possible to fit a shielding 218 of constant thickness around the securing part 232, naturally with the exception of the end around the shell 222. However, in an advantageous embodiment, a portion of the securing part 232 is associated with elements enabling fixing to be performed on the enclosure of the substation 1, and it is preferable to provide a 30 housing 236 for these elements. Thus, as illustrated, over a length of 45 to 50 mm, the external surface of the securing part 232 is of constant diameter, smaller than the diameters 29016 FAr 16 surrounding it, to form an annular groove 236 on which it is possible to couple a rigid element 240 able to be secured to the wall of the functional units 4, such as a sheet plate. Alternatively, in particular for certain less frequent standardized end-pieces 220, 5 manufacturing of inserts 224 with a tapered end can prove very costly, all the more so as the injection mould would also have to be modified to keep the thickness constant. It may then be preferred to modify the connector 250 and to use a more conventional insert 254, with an end cylindrical in revolution up to its end, illustrated in figure 5C. In this case, to fluidify filling of the space between shell 252 and insert 254, it is recommended to have a 10 thickness of increasing gradient of insulating over-moulding 256 between the end of the end-piece 220 and the securing part 232. Advantageously, the shell 252 keeps its constant thickness, and the slope a defined by the norm is kept for the over-moulding thickness. In this framework, the insert 254 remains of small diameter in the securing part 232. In 15 order to take up the mechanical stresses, it is recommended for the rigid shell 252 to also be extended around the securing part 232. The thickness of the shell 252 is preferably kept there, and strengtheners of rib type 258 are associated thereto on the outside. Other reinforcement solutions can be chosen such as thickening of the shell or metal strengtheners. 20 Both for reasons of controlling the electric field and of achieving tight interfaces and bubble-free moulding of the elastomer material 256 between the shell 222 and the insert 254, the above-mentioned general shape is not kept on an end area 260. In particular, the internal slope P of the shell 252 is increased so as to create a sort of funnel 260 at this level. 25 Over a length of 19.5 mm, the slope is about 24*, therefore with an opening of the shell 252 at the level of the securing part 232 of 100 mm. The final horn 250 is thus obtained by fitting of the shell 252 around a metal insert 210, 214, 254 centred in said shell 252, and then over-moulding around the insert 210, 214, 254 30 and in the shell 252. At the level of the end area of the shell 252, over-moulding of the elastomer 256 is performed in such a way as to form a rim 262, so that the insulator at this level is of maximum thickness. The over-moulding thickness is preferably constant around 2%)6 EXT 17 the connection device 202 and rod 214. The shielding is extended on the neck 260 of the link part 212 to completely cover the elastomer at this level. The shielding coating 218 forms a rim 264 around the shell 252. 5 A connector 200, 250 for the preferred embodiment of the invention thus comprises four distinct parts: a connection device 202 designed to come into contact with a similar device, a link part 212 the external surface of which is formed by the elastomer shielding coating 218, a securing part 232 the external surface of which is formed by a metallized rigid plastic 252 or an elastomer shielding coating 218 of larger external diameter than the link 10 part 212, and a connecting end-piece 220 designed to be inserted in a suitable cable end piece 2, 3 of tapered shape and coated with plastic 222, 252, an elastomer 226, 256 embedding a conducting insert 224, 254 that possibly comprises a tapped hole 228 being apparent on the end surface of the latter. Securing means 240 are advantageously securedly fixed on the securing part 232, these means particularly comprising a strengthening flange 15 242 and a plate 244 which can be secured directly to the wall of an enclosure of the substation 1, so as to take up the forces due to coupling and to guarantee a constant orientation of the protuberant connection part 230 (figures 6). These connectors 200, 250 are normally directly associated on the terminals 60 of the 20 switchgear cubicles 50. In a connection geometry which is a priori obvious, illustrated in figure 6A, the connecting end-pieces 220 are located facing the cubicles 50, or slightly offset according to the orientation of the horn 200, 250, on a side wall of the functional unit 10. In particular, as illustrated in figure 6B, the securing means 240 can secure three horns 200 to one another in order to simplify assembly and to give the structure an enhanced 25 rigidity. In particular, a clamping system 242, for example a metallic system with fixing of two complementary parts around the gripping part 232, completed by a sheet plate 244 provided with suitable apertures, enables positioning and/or securing to be performed within the enclosure 12 of the functional units 4. This assembly 246 can then be located at the top or especially at the bottom of the cubicle 50 when the latter comprises symmetric 30 terminals 60. 20AI6 EXI 18 It does however appear desirable to provide front (or rear) access for the inputs and outputs 2, 3. In fact, as also illustrated in figure 1, the side wall of some functional units 4 is not accessible, such as for example for the second input 22 to the unit surrounded by two other functional groups 101, 20. As the switchgear cubicles 50 are aligned orthogonally to the 5 connection panel, and as it is moreover desirable for the three cable connectors 200, 250 to be aligned horizontally, the connectors 200, 250 according to the preferred embodiment are produced with a bend in order to enable front connection of the alignment poles depthwise in the functional unit 4. On account of the difference of orientation, it is further desirable for the length of the link part 212 of the connectors to be variable in order to enable this 10 offset. In order to facilitate the different types of connection, it has been ascertained that three types of connector 200 are sufficient, with in particular a simple adaptation of the link part 212. Thus, as illustrated in figure 6C, three connectors 200, 200', 200" comprise link parts 15 212 of different lengths, in particular about 60, 200 and 340 mm. It is further advantageous to also provide here a securing element of three connectors 200, 200', 200" to form a unitary assembly 248 which can be coupled directly to the terminals of three apparatuses aligned in the depthwise direction of the substation, and to a front wall of the same substation 1. 20 Thus, to simplify assembly of the connectors in a MV substation 1, a support 240 composed of two complementary elements surrounding the set of three connectors at the level of housings provided for this purpose is fitted around the securing parts 232. A set of connectors 246, 248 is thus obtained comprising three aligned standardized end-pieces 220 25 affixed to a plate 244 and connected to three connection interfaces 202 which are also aligned, according to the case, in parallel direction to the end-pieces or orthogonally, with the same spacing. To couple this set of connectors 246, 248, it is advantageous for the receiving wall of the enclosure 12 of the functional unit 4 to comprise fitting means, in particular prongs and/or hooks in which the plate 244 of the set of connectors 246, 248 can 30 be accommodated. Once the set of connectors 200, 250 has been coupled to the enclosure, clamping of the connection interfaces 202 on the apparatuses 50 of the functional group 5 is performed, and coupling is then completed by clamping on the enclosure of said unit 1. 2906 EXT 19 Assembly is easy to perform, without any specific tooling, but enables the end-pieces 220 to be aligned and the assembly to be rigidified so that the cable connections do not budge and a draw-in/draw-out force on the connectors does not unduly stress the connections of the functional unit 4. 5 In particular, in the preferred embodiment of substation 1, all the bottom terminals 60 are located at the same height, just under the control compartment 5' and in the bottom compartment 8. Preferably, the height of the connectors 200 can thus be constant, in particular at 700 mm from the ground, in order to facilitate assembly and maintenance 10 operations. It is further possible to postpone the choice of customer connection wall on the functional unit 4, or even to modify it during the lifetime of the substation 1, for example when units are added. For this purpose, it is provided for several of the walls of the enclosure of the 15 functional units 4 to be provided with means for fitting the set of connectors 246, 248, with the possibility of two locations, i.e. at the top of the switchgear unit 50 and at the bottom, at a final height of 700 mm (or 500 mm in certain cases) when the group 5 is fitted on the bottom compartment 8. The following configurations are preferably scheduled: front panel at the bottom, rear panel at the top and at the bottom, side panels at the top, configurations 20 which can each be required in situ when erection of the substation is performed. Naturally, the embodiments are given for indicative purposes and alternatives are possible, in particular in the general shape and size of the different parts of the connector, but also in the accessories which are attached thereto or the materials used, such as for example as far 25 as the shielding by earthed conducting coating is concerned. Likewise, the arrangements between the elements can be modified. A distribution substation 1 according to the invention further comprises measuring means which can be of various kinds. In particular, as presented in the foregoing, a measuring coil 30 or a measurement sensor of any technology can be fitted on the securing part 232 of the connection horn 200. It is also possible to use a sensor as described in the document EP 2,253,963 at the level of a connection device 102, 202. flEA6 EXT 20 In a preferred embodiment, the substation I according to the invention comprises a functional group 40 dedicated in particular to measurement. As specified in the foregoing, it is preferable for the enclosure 42 of the measuring group 40 to have the same 5 characteristics as the switchgear groups, in particular as far as its dimensions and architecture are concerned. Alternatively, it is possible to dimension the measuring group 40 as an association of several switchgear groups 10 so that its width is for example twice that of the others. It is thus possible to always use the same type of connecting bars 100 to connect the units 4 to one another, and to only require a single length of bar 100 for the 10 substation 1. A measuring group 40, illustrated in figure 7, for a MV substation 1 comprises in usual manner voltage measuring means 44, which can be of conventional design, but advantageously with shielded solid insulation. Current measurement sensors 46 can also be 15 provided, also of conventional design, preferably comprising coils through which the shielded current conductors pass. The signals representative of the measured parameters are, as usual, transmitted to a monitoring unit which is advantageously housed in the LV compartment 6. The number of measuring means 44, 46 naturally depends on the data required by the user and on the subsequent processing which is scheduled. However, 20 whatever the functional apparatuses it contains, the measuring unit 40 is of similar design, which will be described for non-restrictive purposes for one voltage measurement and one current measurement per phase, extrapolation to the other configurations being immediate, As schematized in figure 1, it is frequent for the functional measuring units 40 to be 25 positioned in the center of the substation 1 so that lateral access to the inside of the enclosure 42 is not possible. Rear access is likewise complex once the substation 1 has been installed. The different measuring means 44, 46, and if possible their connection means, therefore have to be arranged in such a way as to allow access via the front of the substation 1 or via the top. According to the preferred embodiment, the voltage 30 transformers 44 are positioned for direct access via the front of the enclosure 42. In particular, the input terminals 48 of the three transformers 44 are aligned, one underneath the other, directly behind the door of the enclosure 42. The ergonomics of the distribution 29%b EXT 21 substation 1 are greatly enhanced. Indeed, in case of maintenance or to replace the sensors 44, it is easy to access the terminals 48. Likewise, during a power frequency test, disconnection of the sensors 44 is facilitated. To further enable direct access to each of the current sensors 46, the latter are located behind the frontal alignment, and preferably in a 5 horizontal plane, with corresponding opening of the roof of the substation 1. In particular, the current transformers 46 can be secured to one another, with an identical distance between their axes to that of the switchgear cubicles 50, to enable connection via the connecting bars 100. The current is in fact input to the measuring group 40 via connecting bars 100 from the adjacent group 20. 10 To connect the voltage sensors 44 to the current inputs from the connection devices 102 of the bars 100, it is advantageous to be able to use cables 300 which use the same flat interface system as described in the foregoing. In particular, according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, all the connections internal to the substation 1 are shielded 15 and made in similar manner, and a suitable cable 300 has been developed. The cable 300, illustrated in figures 8, is provided with a similar connection device 302 to the connection devices 102, 202 of the bars and connectors, with an insulating support 304 made from deformable material, in particular EPDM, surrounded with the exception of the 20 connection surfaces by a shielding 306 advantageously formed by an over-moulding of the same charged material. The compressible material is over-moulded around a conducting insert 310 so that the interface between the two is tight, devoid of free spaces, with the thickness of the support 304, defined between its two opposite connection surfaces, being greater than the height of the conducting insert 310 defined by the distance between its two 25 connecting surfaces, at rest, and equal to the latter in the clamped position by orthogonal compression of the insulating support 304. As far as the cable 300 is concerned, a hard-wired conductor 320 has to be secured to the insert 310. To simplify the coupling, the conducting insert 310 is formed in two parts: a 30 rigid central core 31 GA comprising the connecting surfaces and in which there is drilled a hole 308 for passage of the clamping means 80, over-moulded by a conducting elastomer 31GB. Preferably, the conducting over-moulding 310B, of the same nature as the insulating 29m EMr 22 support 304 but charged for example with conducting carbon, is distant from the connecting surfaces so that the material of the insulating support 304 forms a neck 312 at each end so as to only leave the conducting core 310A flush at the level of the connecting surfaces. 5 The conducting insert 310 comprises a lateral protuberance 314 provided with connection means of the conductor 320. In particular, the protuberance 314 is surrounded by the same conducting elastomer 310B, in its continuation. Coupled to the insert 310 by suitable means, in particular by clamping 316, it has drilled in it a hole 318 in which the end of the 10 conductor 320 is for example crimped. As is usual, the conductor 320 of the cable is, in its largest length and with the exception of the end coupled to the protuberance of the insert 310, coated with an insulation 324 which can be a three-layer insulation. In particular, after the end has been bared, the insulator 324 15 can be staged. The insulator 324 of the conductor is inserted at its end part, preferably forcibly, in the hole 318 of the conducting protuberance 314 to provide the dielectric strength. On its largest length, the hard-wired conductor 320 is further covered by a shielding coating 328, which may be covered by a protective sheath. The dimensions of the cable 300, and in particular its flexibility, are determined according to the use. 20 On the non-sheathed and non-shielded part of the cable, the assembly formed by the conductor 320 and connection device 302 is over-moulded by the insulating material, in unitary manner with the support 304, to obtain a sleeve 330 from which the length of cable coated with shielded insulator extends. This sleeve 330 is also coated with the same 25 shielding coating 306 as the connection device 302. Strengthening means of collar type 332 are advantageously fitted at the junction between the two shieldings. Connection to the other functional units 4 of the measuring group 40 is therefore performed by three flat-interface connecting bars 100, the three bars 100 forming a horizontal plane 30 preferably at the bottom of the group 40. A branch-off of the current lines is made to supply voltage measuring means 44, which are for their part located at the front of the group 40, one above the other in vertical alignment. To perform connection, the measuring 29(j6 EXa 23 means 44 are coupled by cables at least one end of which comprises a connection device by flat interface 302 connected to the bars 100 and associated with the measuring means 44. The cable 300 is advantageously symmetric, with two identical connection devices 302; the voltage measuring means 44 are adapted, with a similar connection terminal 48 to the 5 terminals 60 of the switchgear cubicles 50 and in particular with an axial conductor coated in an insulating support which is longitudinally coated by a shielding, such that the connection surface is a disk in which a connection surface of the conductor is centred. This further enables maximum advantage to be taken of the properties of the voltage measuring means 44, which are insulated and shielded, and of their location. 10 Advantageously, for ergonomic reasons, the voltage measuring means 44 are located in a compartment 40' functionally separated from the measuring group 40 but not partitioned for normative reasons, for example of the same depth as the control compartment 5' of the switchgear groups 5. The ergonomics are thus optimal. Furthermore, the power lines being 15 placed at the rear of the voltage measuring housing 40', the sensors 44 are located away from any electric arcs. In particular, the cables 300 act as fuses on account of their small cross-section. Inversely, in case of an arc at the level of the voltage sensors 44, the cables 300 also act as a fuse, preventing the arc from propagating and preventing the fault from degenerating into a three-phase fault. Safety of the operating personnel is enhanced. 20 As stipulated in the foregoing, a cable 300 could be connected directly on a bar 100, but also on a terminal 60 of an apparatus 50. However, on account of the required flexibility, it is hardly conceivable for its cross-section to enable it to connect the apparatuses 50 of two functional units 5 to one another. The connections internal to the units 4 in fact 25 advantageously recommend the use of the same, rigid, connecting bars 100, which enable a better organization of the inside of the enclosures while at the same time reducing the number of industrial references. In particular, to connect two switchgear cubicles 20, 30 separated by a measuring group 40, 30 it is possible to associate two bars side by side, as illustrated in figure 3A. When it is recommended to connect a terminal 60 at one end of a cubicle 50 g to a terminal at the other end of the latter (figure 1), in particular in the presence of a functional measuring unit 40 2906 EXT 24 comprising current sensors 46, the bar 100 of suitable dimensions can be used, with connection auxiliaries 400 between the connection devices 102 enabling reorientation of the connection surface in order to connect the connection means at the top and bottom of the group 40. This configuration with displacement on the input of the switchgear cubicle 5 50 of the group 30 is particularly advantageous for fitting the current sensors 46 around a length of bar 100 so as to accept substantial sizes of sensors 46. In particular, according to a preferred embodiment, the substation 1 according to the invention is provided with connection elbows 400 comprising two connection devices 402 10 connected by a right-angled link part 404, illustrated in figure 9 and preferably shielded. In a preferred embodiment, the elbow 400 is formed in a similar configuration to that of the terminals 48, 60, i.e. from epoxy type material 408 over-moulded around a metal insert 410 of suitable size and drilled 412 to enable the use of a blanking device 80 performing clamping against the connection device 102 of a connecting bar 100. Alternatively, in 15 particular when the elbow 400 is to be used directly on a terminal 60 of an electric switchgear unit which is itself constituted by a non-deformable material, the insulation over-moulded around the metal insert 410 can be made from elastomer. Thus, as the set of connections are insulated and shielded, the measuring group 40 only 20 comprises elements tested for their dielectric performances and in particular complying with the normative standards for the IEC. The functional measuring unit 40 can therefore be considered as eliminating the risk of an internal arc as far as possible, which makes for enhanced safety. 25 Although all precautions are taken, internal arcs may occur in the functional units 4 of a MV substation 1. An internal arc fault is a short-circuit able to occur in an electric equipment unit by loss of dielectric rigidity between two conductors at a different potential, or between a conductor and the ground of the equipment, the causes of which may be consecutive to overheating of conductors, to ageing of insulators, to forgetting a tool 30 between two non-insulated conductors when performing maintenance, to an animal entering a live equipment unit, etc. This fault, which has a duration which can exceed one second before the line-side protection devices trip to eliminate the short-circuit, is rare, but 2906 EX' 25 its criticality makes it necessary to master its effects. The internal are in fact comprises a first shock wave phase of 0 to 5 ms the effects of which are mechanical, a second pressure increase phase (between 5 and 30 ms) and a third gas expulsion phase, with a very high thermal release. 5 If the shock wave causes uncontrolled mechanical deformations and breaking of the securing elements, outgassing accentuates the mechanical deformations and weakening of the securing elements even further. Thus, for a medium-voltage substation 1, possible deterioration of the equipment has to be anticipated, above all of the closed enclosure, i.e.: 10 loss of tightness or perforation of the external enclosure, breaking of the door closings and panels and/or of the mechanical fixings, very high stresses on the structure of the equipment, expulsion of parts after breaking. The MV substation 1 according to a preferred embodiment of the invention is designed to 15 distribute and limit the pressure increase and to absorb the mechanical energy that is released. In particular, each functional unit 4 of the distribution substation I is provided with an additional compartment 9, on its rear panel, acting as gas distribution chimney. Its volume increases the volume of the functional unit 4, but above all, the chimney 9 enables the breaking gases to be distributed within the substation 1, so that the gases can occupy a 20 maximum volume of the substation 1, without damaging the critical equipment. The side walls of the chimney 9 are provided with wide passages 500; the separating walls with the functional group 5 are limited to the standards required to form IP2x (Ingress Protection Rating) compartments, and are provided where they are solid with check valves and/or other high-speed opening means. 25 As illustrated in figure 1 OA, a chimney 9 is formed from uprights 502 and cross-members 504 delineating a rectangle on which panels forming walls can be secured. The chimney 9 preferably corresponds to 15 to 30% of the volume of the functional unit 4. In the substation 1, the side walls of the chimney 9 advantageously comprise large empty spaces 30 500, separated by support cross-members 506 arranged in advantageously regularly spaced apart manner. The separating wall internal to the substation 1 is for its part preferably provided with a sheet plate 508 in which holes can be drilled. Thus, if an arc occurs in a 2t'i) EXT 26 functional unit 4, the gases escape from the latter to the chimney 9 which distributes them in the neighbouring chimneys. To increase the gas outlet volume even further and to reduce the pressure generated by the 5 arc gases, the substation 1 according to the invention takes advantage of the residual space situated in the bottom compartments 8 of the functional units 4, a space used to run the cables. Due to the connection system used, it is in fact possible to organize the connections in optimum manner and, according to a preferred embodiment, running of the cables is concentrated in the front part 8' of the functional unit 4, underneath the control 10 compartment 5' of the functional groups 5 where access to the connecting end-pieces 220 is located. The part 510 located under the electric switchgear units thus becomes free, and it is chosen to place this second housing in direct connection with the chimney 9, so that the gases can be distributed freely in the whole volume of the unit 4, with the exception of the control and cable compartments 5', 8' protected by panels complying with the IP2x 15 criterion. The bottom compartment 8 is thus separated into two, with a separating wall 512 between the front housing 8' for passage of the cables, and a rear housing 510 forming a tunnel. The rear housings 510 of the functional groups 5 are separated from one another by a minimum 20 amount of obstructive elements, and in particular it is advantageous for only the uprights and cross-members necessary for support of the functional group 5 to form their side separating walls between units 4, as for the separating wall with the chimney 9. A tunnel 510 common to the substation, and which can represent from 15 to 30% of the volume of the enclosure of the substation 1, is thus created, coupled to the volume of the chimneys 9. 25 The gases can therefore be distributed in a substation volume increased by 25 or 40%, or even doubled, compared with the simple volume of the functional groups 5. Furthermore, on account of the large openings between the tunnel 510 and the chimneys 9, the gas is directed mainly into these volumes 9, 510 and only enters the functional groups 5 of the units other than the one at fault in a less brutal, secondary manner, which enables the 30 apparatuses concerned, themselves designed to withstand the heat given off in certain cases, not to be damaged by blowing. 2906 FXT 27 It is advantageous to provide outlet check valves 514 between the housing 8' before passage of the cables and the tunnel 510, in order to enable a possible overpressure generated in particular by an arc in the cable housing 8' to also be distributed in the gas outlet volume 9, 510; reverse flow is not favoured. 5 The chimney 9 can further be provided with means enabling controlled outlet of the generated gases. In particular, a filter 516 as described in FR 2,839,817 and/or a check valve enabling outlet can be provided on an outer wall, in particular a rear wall, or on the roof. Alternatively, under certain conditions, the enclosure of the substation I and therefore 10 of the chimneys 9 is tightly scaled, with the presence of a gas outlet pipe sucking the gases when overpressures occur, for example hollowed out under the tunnel 510 of the substation 1 and accessible via a check valve 518. Due to the design of the apparatus, the choice of the outlet system (direct or via a civil engineering structure, with or without a filter, at the top or at the bottom) can be postponed, or even modified, with the substation 1. 15 Although the volume of the substation is greatly increased by means of the above system, to limit the potential damage due to the temporary overpressure generated by certain arcs even further, the chimneys 9 are provided with means 520 enabling at least a part of the mechanical energy to be absorbed. In particular, as illustrated in figure 10B, the support 20 cross-members 506 of the chimneys 9 are provided with directed expansion means formed by drawing of a metal sheet. The drawn length of said cross-members 506 is larger than the depth of the chimney 9 and their visible length when assembled on the substation 1. The substation MV 1 according to a preferred embodiment thus comprises a mechanical 25 device 520 with controlled deformation to absorb energy, which further enables an additional volume to be given for the purposes of reducing the pressure. Controlled deformation also enables the mechanical stresses on the components and securing elements to be mastered, in particularly the panels forming the outer walls of the enclosure of the substation 1, to maintain a good tightness level and to contain the gases in the outlet pipes. 30 In particular, the outer walls of the chimney 9 which are internal to the substation 1 are formed by a sheet plate 522 which is provided with substantially rectangular openings 500 2906 EXT 28 forming the majority of its surface, separated by the support cross-members 506. As illustrated, the cross-members 506 of the chimneys 9 comprise at least one V-shaped fold 520 towards the inside of the chimney 9 which are dimensioned and designed to deform in the plastic area of the material. Two folds are preferably fitted in order to enable high 5 speed opening of separating check valves 524 while at the same time optimizing the number of operations to make the V. In particular, all the folds have a depth p = 30mm for a separating distance e = 25mm, the width of the chimney 9 being about w = 200mm (which corresponds to a maximum extension of 25% of said width). 10 Furthermore, on account of the fact that the outer panels of the substation 1 have if possible to remain in place in tight manner including in case of an are and of deformation, the cross members 506 are designed to direct deformation of said panel. In particular, the width d of the cross-members 506 is not constant over the height of the substation, with for example cross-members of greater thickness at the heart of the chimney 9. Preferably, for a height 15 h = 1350mm, the distribution comprises a "thin" central cross-member (25 < d < 30mm, preferably d = 28mm), surrounded by two "thick" cross-members (35 < d < 45, preferably d = 40mm) themselves surrounded by "thin" cross-members. The end cross-members, which are fitted at the level of the edges 504 of the chimney 9, advantageously have an intermediate thickness (for example 30 < d < 35, preferably d = 34mm), their deformation 20 having to be minimal in case of an overpressure. The cross-members 306 are advantageously fitted at the level of the fixing points on the enclosure profile. However, for design reasons, this fitting may not be possible. It is then advantageous to "off-centre" the openings 500 of the wall 522 concerned so as to have a 25 rigidification at the level of the inner part of said wall, which enables the forces on the cross-members 506 to be better distributed. In particular, a solid part 526 with a thickness m = 30mm is kept on one side. Cutting of the cross-members 506 is moreover performed with the absence of sharp angles, with linking arcs of a circle the radii of which are optimized and may differ according to the heightwise location of the cross-member. 30 If the recommended solution, with a cut sheet plate 522 to form the side wall, enables the assemblies and management of the stocks to be simplified, an alternative can consist in 2906 EXT 29 securing the cross-members 506 directly on the uprights 504 of the chimney 9, in particular by welding. In this case, the cross-members 506 may not be identical, including in so far as the distribution and the number of folds, for example one, two or three folds, or even the shape of said folds within the wall, are concerned. The innovation in fact concerns a 5 suitable design by producing deformable parts with variable cross-sections enabling elongation according to the different pressure levels, in integrating and mastering the deformable areas in the cubicle to limit the stresses on the structure and the fixings. The device 520 solves the random and non-repeatable mechanical deformations of the enclosure in the two phases of the internal fault and improves removal of the gases. 10 The substation 1 according to the invention is therefore designed to withstand arcs, and all the apparatuses and connectors which it comprises are also designed in the same way. In particular, the connectors are shielded, as are the apparatuses, which further limits propagation of arcs. In addition, to optimize the modularity options, the substation 1 15 advantageously comprises a single technology for the different current interruption devices 50. The technical characteristics of the switchgear cubicle 50 are optimized for the use which is made thereof, but the operating principle remains identical, which simplifies maintenance and monitoring operations. In the same way, all the connections 48, 60, 100, 200, 300, 400 are made on the same principle, which is in additional easy to visualise and 20 to which it is easy to have access. All the connections are therefore made in identical manner and the connecting elements are interchangeable: inversion of two units 4 is easy without requiring additional references for the connectors. Advantageously, the dimensions are standardized. In particular, the switchgear cubicles 50 25 are of identical size whatever their parameter settings, the distance between their terminals 60 being compatible with the distance between the axes of the functional units 4 so that the same connecting bars 100 can be used in the horizontal or vertical position. In particular, for this restriction in the number of references for the connecting bars 100, 100', the external size of the functional units 4 is constant, to within an integer factor. Furthermore, 30 when all the options are taken, it is possible to change the input location 220 of the external cables at the last minute, or even when the substation has already been used, and to add 30 functional units 4 simply or to extract units temporarily for maintenance reasons for example. The cable inputs are moreover all made at the same height. 2016 EXT

Claims (12)

1. A functional unit for a medium-voltage substation including a substantially rectangular enclosure composed of a plurality of compartments, among which a compartment forming a functional group superposed on a cable passage compartment, the two being adjacent to a compartment forming a chimney, said chimney being located on one edge of the enclosure of the functional unit and extending over the whole of its height, said chimney being formed by four corner uprights and two times four cross members to form the edges of a rectangle the volume of which represents 15 to 30% of the volume of the enclosure and which defines: three outer walls of the substation including a back wall, a top wall and a bottom wall closed by panels; two side walls forming external walls of said unit including holes separated by supporting cross-members provided with means enabling mechanical energy to be absorbed; a separating wall forming a wall internal to said unit and partially blanked off by a sheet plate.
2. The functional unit according to claim 1 in which one of the outer walls of the chimney includes means for controlled outlet of gases located in the unit.
3. The functional unit according to any of claims 1 or 2 in which cross-members supporting the side walls are formed by a sheet plate folded towards the chimney, so that the deployed length of said cross-members is greater than the folded length orthogonally to the height of said chimney.
4. The functional unit according to claim 3 in which the side walls are formed by a sheet plate in which the holes are cut out, and in which all the cross-members have the same profile and the same folding dimensions.
5. The functional unit according to claim 4 in which the cross-members of each wall do not have the same thickness in the heightwise direction, and in which the holes are cut in eccentric manner. 32
6. The functional unit according to any one of claims 1 to 5 in which each wall includes seven cross-members provided with two identical folds, the cross-members being arranged symmetrically around a central cross-member, the two cross-members surrounding the central cross-member being of larger thickness than the other cross members.
7. The functional unit according to any one of claims 1 to 6 in which the cable passage compartment includes a first rectangular housing parallel and opposite to the chimney, and a second housing connecting the first housing and the chimney.
8. The functional unit according to claim 7 in which the passage via the side walls of the second housing and the wall separating the second housing and the chimney is free, said walls including openings covering their surface.
9. A medium-voltage distribution substation including a plurality of functional units according to any one of claims 1 to 8, said units being secured one next to the other so that the chimneys are aligned.
10. The distribution substation according to claim 9 in which the dimensions of the compartments of the functional units are identical, with the exception of being within an integer factor for the width, so that the second housings form a tunnel under the functional groups.
11. The distribution substation according to claim 10 in which the volume formed by the second housings and the chimneys represents from 25 to 60% of the volume of the substation, preferably 40 to 50%.
12. A functional unit for a medium-voltage substation, substantially as herein before described with reference to the accompanying drawings. SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES SAS WATERMARK PATENT AND TRADE MARKS ATTORNEYS P37055AU00
AU2013201083A 2012-02-28 2013-02-26 Gas outlet device for a medium-voltage functional unit and distribution substation comprising same Active AU2013201083B2 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1200574 2012-02-28
FR1200574A FR2987505B1 (en) 2012-02-28 2012-02-28 GAS DRAINAGE DEVICE FOR MEDIUM VOLTAGE FUNCTIONAL UNIT AND DISTRIBUTION STATION COMPRISING SAME

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2013201083A1 AU2013201083A1 (en) 2013-09-12
AU2013201083B2 true AU2013201083B2 (en) 2015-05-28

Family

ID=47681812

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2013201083A Active AU2013201083B2 (en) 2012-02-28 2013-02-26 Gas outlet device for a medium-voltage functional unit and distribution substation comprising same

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2634874B1 (en)
CN (1) CN103296605B (en)
AR (1) AR090188A1 (en)
AU (1) AU2013201083B2 (en)
BR (1) BR102013004729B1 (en)
FR (1) FR2987505B1 (en)
IN (1) IN2013CH00781A (en)
RU (1) RU2609669C2 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102014104541A1 (en) 2014-03-31 2015-10-01 Schneider Electric Industries Sas Control panel
JP5676829B1 (en) 2014-06-06 2015-02-25 三菱電機株式会社 Switchgear

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090185333A1 (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-23 Coomer Jarrod L Electrical enclosure assembly having venting system

Family Cites Families (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB773875A (en) 1953-05-19 1957-05-01 Gen Motors Ltd Improvements relating to the filtration of fluids
NL8902799A (en) * 1989-11-13 1991-06-03 Holec Syst & Componenten METAL COATED, MODULAR MID-VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.
DE29912027U1 (en) * 1999-07-02 1999-09-23 Siemens Ag Containers for switchgear, in particular for gas-insulated medium-voltage switchgear
RU14033U1 (en) * 1999-12-09 2000-06-27 ООО Научно-производственное предприятие "ЭКСПРЕСС" DEVICE FOR VENTILATION OF THE WAGON BATTERY BOX
FR2839817B1 (en) 2002-05-15 2004-06-25 Schneider Electric Ind Sa ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION WITH GAS INSULATION PROVIDED WITH A DEVICE FOR DISSIPATING ENERGY PRODUCED BY AN ELECTRIC ARC
FR2919764B1 (en) * 2007-08-03 2009-10-30 Areva T & D Sa DEVICE FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING BETWEEN TWO MEDIUM OR HIGH VOLTAGE CELLS AND DISTRIBUTION POST HAVING AT LEAST ONE SUCH DEVICE
FR2923953B1 (en) 2007-11-20 2010-02-26 Schneider Electric Ind Sas CONNECTION BAR WITH PLANE INTERFACE.
FR2940516B1 (en) 2008-12-18 2012-09-28 Schneider Electric Ind Sas MEDIUM VOLTAGE POWER DISTRIBUTION CELL
FR2945633A1 (en) 2009-05-18 2010-11-19 Schneider Electric Ind Sas SENSOR WITH FLAT INTERFACE AND ADAPTED CONNECTION
FR2950202A1 (en) 2009-09-17 2011-03-18 Schneider Electric Ind Sas BOX FOR RECEIVING LOW VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATED WITH MEDIUM VOLTAGE ELECTRIC CELL
CN202019146U (en) * 2011-03-10 2011-10-26 北京国电四维清洁能源技术有限公司 Unit cabinet of high-voltage frequency converter

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090185333A1 (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-23 Coomer Jarrod L Electrical enclosure assembly having venting system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2634874A1 (en) 2013-09-04
FR2987505B1 (en) 2014-12-12
BR102013004729A2 (en) 2015-06-23
AU2013201083A1 (en) 2013-09-12
EP2634874B1 (en) 2015-04-22
IN2013CH00781A (en) 2015-08-14
CN103296605A (en) 2013-09-11
RU2013106516A (en) 2014-08-20
BR102013004729B1 (en) 2020-05-05
FR2987505A1 (en) 2013-08-30
RU2609669C2 (en) 2017-02-02
AR090188A1 (en) 2014-10-22
CN103296605B (en) 2016-08-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US7572133B2 (en) Separable loadbreak connector and system
US9057742B2 (en) Functional measuring group for a medium-voltage distribution substation
AU2013201093B2 (en) Medium-voltage distribution substation
US9472926B2 (en) Gas-insulated switchgear arrangement
AU2013201083B2 (en) Gas outlet device for a medium-voltage functional unit and distribution substation comprising same
KR20060119402A (en) Epoxy mold insulated multi switch and switchgear for underground power line
US8462485B2 (en) Switchgear for underground electric power distribution line
US3983460A (en) Enclosed circuit interrupter with improved fuse assembly
AU2013201094B2 (en) Connector for connections by flat interface and medium-voltage substation comprising same
WO2008130353A1 (en) Method of making and repairing a modular push-on busbar system
KR101905441B1 (en) Elbow Insert and its application for live line replacement of the pad mounted transformer
KR100822266B1 (en) Power receiving and transforming device
EP3671972B1 (en) Connection apparatus for a medium voltage switchgear compartment
CN205753154U (en) Switchgear
CN103296496B (en) For the connector connected by flat interface and middle buckling power station
CN109935982A (en) Bus connecting device, bus casing and its manufacturing method
JP2016082837A (en) Switchgear and test method for cable using the switchgear

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
FGA Letters patent sealed or granted (standard patent)