AU2009202312A1 - A Cutting Head - Google Patents

A Cutting Head Download PDF

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Publication number
AU2009202312A1
AU2009202312A1 AU2009202312A AU2009202312A AU2009202312A1 AU 2009202312 A1 AU2009202312 A1 AU 2009202312A1 AU 2009202312 A AU2009202312 A AU 2009202312A AU 2009202312 A AU2009202312 A AU 2009202312A AU 2009202312 A1 AU2009202312 A1 AU 2009202312A1
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
cutting
cutting head
plasma
arm
torch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
AU2009202312A
Inventor
Gianpiero Antonio Buccella
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PROFILE CUTTING SYSTEMS Pty Ltd
Original Assignee
PROFILE CUTTING SYSTEMS Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PROFILE CUTTING SYSTEMS Pty Ltd filed Critical PROFILE CUTTING SYSTEMS Pty Ltd
Priority to AU2009202312A priority Critical patent/AU2009202312A1/en
Publication of AU2009202312A1 publication Critical patent/AU2009202312A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0241Attachments between the welding or cutting element and the carriage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K10/00Welding or cutting by means of a plasma
    • B23K10/02Plasma welding

Description

AUSTRALIA Patents Act 1990 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION Standard Patent Applicant: Profile Cutting Systems Pty Ltd Invention Title: A Cutting Head The following statement is a full description of this invention, including the best method for performing it known to us: P80933.AU PatSet_Filng Applicalon 200-8-10.doc (M) - 2 Title: A Cutting Head Introduction This invention relates to a cutting head for use with 5 cutting machines especially plasma cutters and, in particular, relates to a five axis cutting head. Background of the Invention Plasma cutting is a process that is used to cut steel and 10 other metals using a plasma torch. An inert gas is blown at high speed out of a nozzle and at the same time an electric arc is formed through that gas from the nozzle to the surface being cut turning some of that gas to plasma. The plasma is sufficiently hot to melt the metal being cut 15 and moves sufficiently fast to blow molten metal away from the cut. Plasma cutting can be used to cut both thin and thick materials. Plasma cutting is often used to cut 60 to 80mm thick steel but the technique has been known to cut steel up to 300mm thick. 20 These days the quality of plasma cutting is enhanced by the use of computer numerical controlled (CNC) machines that robotically control the movement of the cutting torch. 25 There has also been an increasing demand for more sophisticated cuts that have bevelled edges and for these type of cuts it is known to use five axes cutting heads. A five axes cutting head incorporates a conventional three 30 axis machine that mounts the cutting head assembly in such a way that it can move along an x-y plane and perpendicularly along a z axis, that is, towards and away from the work piece. In this manner the plasma jet is moved along the designated path in an x-y plane and is 35 raised and lowered relative to the work piece. Five axes machines operate in a similar manner but also provide movement about two additional rotary axes, usually one N Melboure\CasPatentrxxx)-80 999\P8933 AVU\S \ 33.AU Specifico.n 2(9-6-10 doc 10A62X(X)9 - 3 horizontal axis and one vertical axis, so as to achieve in combination with the other axes degrees of tilt and swivel. 5 In CNC machines, computers are used to control the interrelationship between the movement about the five axes to provide high quality cuts taken from a drawing. Many five axes cutting heads are exceedingly complex and thus very expensive. 10 This invention relates to a simplified mechanism that provides the necessary control to provide a bevelled edge on a cut by a plasma cutter. is Summary of the Invention According to the present invention there is provided, a cutting head for a cutting machine, the cutting head having a holder arranged to support a cutting device, the holder being secured to an arm assembly that is adapted to 20 be mounted to the cutting machine, a first servo motor to drive the arm assembly to effect rotational movement or swivel of the torch holder and a second servo motor to drive the arm assembly to effect tilt of the holder about a vertical axis whereby, in use, as the holder tilts and 25 swivels to impart a bevelled cut to the work piece, the tip of the cutting device is held stationary. According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided, a plasma cutting machine comprising a 30 cutting table on which a work piece can be placed, a cutting head that supports a plasma torch, the cutting head being coupled to a support gantry that is driven to displace the plasma torch horizontally in an X-Y plane and vertically along the Z axis, the plasma torch being 35 located in a holder attached to an arm assembly, a first servo motor to impart rotational movement to the holder and a second servo motor to impart tilting of the holder N:\elburcCases\P. tnt\ 0-999\P0933.ALASpecis\Pl0933 AU SpcIcation 2009.6-o doc I06/2N9 -4 about a vertical axis, the servo motors each having a feedback loop coupled to a computer, the machine defining a five axes cutting head whereby movement of the cutting head along all five axes is computer controlled. 5 Description of the Drawings An embodiment of the present invention will now be described by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: 10 Figure 1 is a perspective view of a plasma cutting machine, Figure 2 is a perspective view of a cutting head of the 15 plasma cutter, Figure 3 is a side on view of the cutting head, Figure 4 is a perspective view showing the cutting head in 20 greater detail, Figure 5 is a rear perspective view of the cutting head, Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of the cutting head, 25 and Figure 7 is an exploded view of a drive body that forms part of the cutting head. 30 Definition of the Preferred Embodiment A computer numerical controlled (CNC) plasma cutting machine 10 is illustrated in Figure 1. The machine comprises a large rectangular bed 11 bordered on either side by longitudinally extending rails 12 and 13. The 35 rectangular bed constitutes the underside of a long rectangular cutting platform that has spaced slats (not shown) constituting the cutting surface. An overhead N :MelbOurne\as\ -te n 99\Pt9 33 ALASpecs\PR0933 AU Spefcction 2009-Idoc I MM/20N9 - 5 gantry 15 is mounted on posts 16, 17 to extend across the bed to be longitudinally displaceable along the rails 12, 13. The overhead gantry 15 carries an elongate carriage 20 that supports a head assembly 30. The carriage 20 is 5 mounted on a rail 25 to be driven longitudinally of the gantry 15 and across the bed. At one end of the gantry 15 there is provided a screen 21 and console 22 at which an operator can sit to control the operation of the machine. The longitudinal rails 12, 13 provide displacement of the 10 cutting head assembly 30 in an X direction and the rail 25 on the gantry 15 provides control of movement of the cutting head in the Y direction. The cutting head 30 provides vertical movement in the Z direction. is Since the machine 10 is a plasma cutter, the cutting head 30 includes a plasma torch 50, that is a torch which includes a high speed nozzle for an inert gas and an electric arc, the combination of the inert gas at high speed and the electric arc causes the gas to turn to 20 plasma that melts the adjacent surface of the metal which is cut by the torch. Movement of the cutting head 30 in the X, Y and Z planes are controlled through servo motors in turn driven by a 25 computer that allows the metal to be cut closely following a cutting path defined by a drawing. The cutting head assembly 30 is shown in greater detail in Figure 4 and comprises the carriage 20 that is secured to 30 the overhead gantry 15 to be driven longitudinally of the gantry along the rail 25. The carriage 20 includes a downwardly extending lifting flange 31 that is coupled to the head assembly 30, a servo motor 32 is arranged to drive the flange 31 in a vertical sense thus providing the 35 Z axis of movement for the cutting head assembly 30. N :\Mkborn\Cascs\Pt t\U 8999\P933.AIASpecsP8933 AU Specffcation 209-6.10.dc I006/2009 -6 The cutting head assembly 30 is shown in greater detail with reference to Figures 2 to 7. The lifting flange 31 is attached to the servo motor 32 via a wedge-shaped housing 33 that has a front plate 34 that supports an arm 5 assembly 60 that in turn supports a rectangular torch holder 69. As shown in Figures 4 and 5, a rectangular wire frame 40 extends forwardly of the plate 34 constituting a crash sensor and a weld splatter shield 41 extends underneath the arm assembly 60. The wedge-shaped 10 housing 33 supports two servo motors 45, 46 and a pulley drive to effect drive to the arm assembly 60. As shown in Figure 5, the rear of the plate 34 supports the two servo motors 45, 46, the first 45 of which drives is a smaller pulley 51 through a toothed belt 52 to provide the backward and forward drive to the arm assembly 60. The second servo motor 46 is connected via another toothed belt 53 to a larger pulley 54 to provide the rotational drive to the arm assembly 60. 20 The arm assembly 60 comprises a drive body 61 that has a central throughway 62 in which is located a link arm 63. The drive body 61 is axially rotated by the larger pulley 54 and the link arm 63 is coupled to the smaller pulley 51 25 through a ball nut 64, ball screw 65 and splined arm 66 so that the rotation of the small pulley 51 translates into longitudinal movement of the link arm 63. As shown in Figures 6 and 7, the ball screw 65 is 30 externally threaded and elongate so that it is in threaded engagement within the ball nut 64 and extends into the splined arm 66. The splined arm 66 has external splines that engage within appropriate recesses 91 within linear bearings 92 and 93. The linear bearings hold the splined 35 arm and ball nut 64 from rotation and the splined interrelationship allows the splined arm to be displaced longitudinally as the ball screw 65 rotates within the N Melbounc\Cases\Patent\ S-80999\P80933.ALASpecisPS0933 AU Specikaion 2(094-O.doc I00612009 - 7 ball nut 64. In this manner, rotation of the small pulley 51 causes rotation of the ball screw 65 within the ball nut 64 to displace the splined arm 66 which is in turn pivotally coupled to the link arm 63. 5 As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the forward end of the drive body 61 has two spaced forwardly projecting legs 67, 68 into which are pivotally secured one end of a pair of rectangular plates 71, 72 that extend mutually parallel in 10 a vertical sense. Each plate 71, 72 has outer edges that are in turn pivotally secured to a pair of parallel extending link arms 75, 76 that extend forwardly of the plates 71, 72 as shown in Figures 2 and 3. The far ends of the link arms 75, 76 are in turn pivotally secured to 15 the exterior of the rectangular casing 77 of the torch holder 69. The upstanding plates 71, 72 have a central elongate slot 80, 81. The link arm 63 extends through the slot 80 in the first plate 71 and is pivotally secured to the second plate 72 within the slot 81 in that plate. In 20 this way, longitudinal displacement of the link arm 63 causes displacement of the parallelogram arm assembly to cause the torch holder 69 to translate a back and forth motion referred to herein as a tilt motion. Rotation of the drive body 61 causes the torch holder 69 and torch to 25 swivel. The drive body 61 is mounted at an angle of 230 to the horizontal and the torch holder 69 tilts about a substantially vertical axis. The parallelogram linkage that is particularly shown in 30 Figure 3 essentially has three parallel spaced vertical limbs, namely the torch holder 69 and the plates 71, 72, that are in turn pivotally secured to three "horizontal" limbs, namely the arms 75, 76 and legs 67 by horizontal, it is meant at an angle 23 degrees off the horizontal. 35 The parallel linkage ensures only one degree of freedom of movement as both the arm rotates and the link arm cause a tilting motion. Thus as the holder 69 is displaced the N \4lbom\Cs\Patent\B0000-80999\P0933.ALSpeci\ 933.AU Speciction 2009-6-10. doc / IOA6X)9 - 8 arms 75, 76 remain in the lane 23 degrees off the horizontal. The arm assembly and drive by the two servo motors 5 introduces two axes of displacement for the cutting head, namely a first tilting axis caused by the back and forth motion of the first servo motor and the swivelling axis caused by the rotation of the drive body by the second servo motor. 10 When a plasma cutter of the kind described above is used for cutting steel plate, there is often a need to provide bevelled edges on cut steel. Bevelled edges often facilitate welding and assembly of the steel plates into 15 an end product. The five axes cutting head allows the steel to be cut with a bevelled edge by programming a computer to ensure that during the cutting process, a bevel cut is provided whilst 20 holding the tip of the torch stationary. The computer program driven by the CNC hardware ensures that the required bevel is cut to the exact profile as designated by the data from the drawing on which the cutting action is based. The use of two servo motors, both of which 25 include feedback loops, provides close control of the tilting and swivelling movement of the torch by control of the exact movement of each motor. The constant feedback supplied from the servo motors allows the computer to frequently change and alter the position of the cutting 30 tip to ensure a precise cut with a high quality bevelled finish. The servo motors provide exceptionally close control and the drive system, through the use of a toothed belt, ensures a high degree of control under close tolerances. The cutting head is comparatively simple in 35 design and compact so that it does not impede the cutting operation of the plasma cutter. N :\Mlbur ,\SCa eI x-80999P"0933.AI\Spcis\PS0933.AU Spcc fiion 2009.6.10 do0 10 0J2009 - 9 Although the preferred embodiment relates to a plasma cutter, it is understood that the five axes head could be applied to other cutting machines such as water jet cutters. 5 In the claims which follow and in the preceding description of the invention, except where the context requires otherwise due to express language or necessary implication, the word "comprise" or variations such as lo "comprises" or "comprising" is used in an inclusive sense, i.e. to specify the presence of the stated features but not to preclude the presence or addition of further features in various embodiments of the invention. N-\elbourn \ Cas\Patent\EXX)-80999\P 933 ALSpecis\P 933 AU Specnation 2(XR94- ID doc I0/I/2dnl9
AU2009202312A 2009-06-11 2009-06-11 A Cutting Head Abandoned AU2009202312A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2009202312A AU2009202312A1 (en) 2009-06-11 2009-06-11 A Cutting Head

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AU2009202312A AU2009202312A1 (en) 2009-06-11 2009-06-11 A Cutting Head
AU2011100171A AU2011100171B4 (en) 2009-06-11 2011-02-09 A Cutting Head
AU2012261604A AU2012261604B2 (en) 2009-06-11 2012-12-10 A Cutting Head

Related Child Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2011100171A Division AU2011100171B4 (en) 2009-06-11 2011-02-09 A Cutting Head
AU2012261604A Division AU2012261604B2 (en) 2009-06-11 2012-12-10 A Cutting Head

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2009202312A1 true AU2009202312A1 (en) 2011-01-06

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Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2009202312A Abandoned AU2009202312A1 (en) 2009-06-11 2009-06-11 A Cutting Head
AU2011100171A Expired AU2011100171B4 (en) 2009-06-11 2011-02-09 A Cutting Head
AU2012261604A Active AU2012261604B2 (en) 2009-06-11 2012-12-10 A Cutting Head

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2011100171A Expired AU2011100171B4 (en) 2009-06-11 2011-02-09 A Cutting Head
AU2012261604A Active AU2012261604B2 (en) 2009-06-11 2012-12-10 A Cutting Head

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AU (3) AU2009202312A1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101879673A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-11-10 陈会荣 Steel member end plate assembler and assembly method thereof
CN102642073A (en) * 2012-04-11 2012-08-22 武汉法利普纳泽切割系统有限公司 Bevel cutting device of plasma cutting machine
CN107635718A (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-01-26 阿克旺公司 A kind of angle of welding gun adjustment mechanism and the cutter device with the mechanism

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000052032A (en) * 1998-08-04 2000-02-22 Koike Sanso Kogyo Co Ltd Torch angle setting device
JP3730468B2 (en) * 2000-01-13 2006-01-05 小池酸素工業株式会社 Torch angle setting device
CN2584337Y (en) * 2002-12-10 2003-11-05 王洪 Cutting blowpipe angle oscillation device
AT505575B1 (en) * 2007-08-03 2009-05-15 Inocon Technologie Gmbh Welding device with seam tracking system
SE532695C2 (en) * 2008-02-25 2010-03-16 Igems Software Ab Tool holders

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101879673A (en) * 2010-06-30 2010-11-10 陈会荣 Steel member end plate assembler and assembly method thereof
CN101879673B (en) * 2010-06-30 2012-07-25 陈会荣 Steel member end plate assembler and assembly method thereof
CN102642073A (en) * 2012-04-11 2012-08-22 武汉法利普纳泽切割系统有限公司 Bevel cutting device of plasma cutting machine
CN107635718A (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-01-26 阿克旺公司 A kind of angle of welding gun adjustment mechanism and the cutter device with the mechanism

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU2011100171A4 (en) 2011-03-10
AU2012261604B2 (en) 2015-01-22
AU2012261604A9 (en) 2013-07-18
AU2012261604A1 (en) 2013-01-10
AU2011100171B4 (en) 2011-03-17

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MK5 Application lapsed section 142(2)(e) - patent request and compl. specification not accepted