WO2023103839A1 - Main steel structure, steel structure and dome screen - Google Patents

Main steel structure, steel structure and dome screen Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023103839A1
WO2023103839A1 PCT/CN2022/135009 CN2022135009W WO2023103839A1 WO 2023103839 A1 WO2023103839 A1 WO 2023103839A1 CN 2022135009 W CN2022135009 W CN 2022135009W WO 2023103839 A1 WO2023103839 A1 WO 2023103839A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
steel structure
main steel
frame
main
rod
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/135009
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱斌
姜玲玲
陈雷
韩德玉
沈飞
王伟琪
Original Assignee
南京洛普股份有限公司
南京洛普科技有限公司
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Application filed by 南京洛普股份有限公司, 南京洛普科技有限公司 filed Critical 南京洛普股份有限公司
Publication of WO2023103839A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023103839A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/58Connections for building structures in general of bar-shaped building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H3/00Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries or prisons
    • E04H3/10Buildings or groups of buildings for public or similar purposes; Institutions, e.g. infirmaries or prisons for meetings, entertainments, or sports
    • E04H3/22Theatres; Concert halls; Studios for broadcasting, cinematography, television or similar purposes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F27/00Combined visual and audible advertising or displaying, e.g. for public address
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F9/00Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements
    • G09F9/30Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements
    • G09F9/33Indicating arrangements for variable information in which the information is built-up on a support by selection or combination of individual elements in which the desired character or characters are formed by combining individual elements being semiconductor devices, e.g. diodes

Definitions

  • the utility model relates to the technical field of display screens, in particular to a main steel structure, a steel structure and a dome screen.
  • LED dome display has the advantages of high brightness and high contrast. It is gradually replacing passive light-emitting display technologies such as projection or LCD splicing. LED dome can be Applied to various immersive scenes such as flight theaters, planetariums or flight simulations.
  • the diameter of the LED dome display screen is several meters, tens of meters, or even tens of meters. Therefore, a larger space is required for installation and debugging. Therefore, some places that have been built with a small space have special volume and weight requirements for the LED dome display.
  • the steel structure in the prior art has strong integrity and is difficult to disassemble and adjust.
  • the application document with the application number CN201810281639.X discloses a steel structure for large-scale curved LED screens and its layout method, and specifically discloses: a steel structure for large-scale curved LED screens, including sequential connections
  • the device, the main steel structure includes a plurality of uniformly spaced overall frame, each integral frame includes upright square steel pipes, horizontal square steel pipes, oblique square steel pipes and arc square steel pipes fixed by mutual welding connection or bolt connection ;
  • the secondary steel structure includes a plurality of parallel round steel pipes distributed in latitude, and the tertiary steel structure includes a plurality of square steel pipes distributed in warp.
  • the main steel structure includes multiple integral frames, there is no connection structure between the integral frames, and the integral frame cannot be disassembled, so it can only form a steel structure of a specific size, and cannot be adjusted according to needs. It is also inconvenient to disassemble and transport.
  • the utility model provides a main steel structure, a steel structure and a dome screen, which solve the above technical problems.
  • the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
  • a main steel structure the main steel structure includes a plurality of racks, each of the racks is spliced by an upper rack and a lower rack, a plurality of racks are arranged at equal intervals, and two adjacent racks
  • the frames are detachably connected by horizontal connecting rods and diagonal stay rods.
  • the film frame adopts the structure spliced by the upper film frame and the lower film frame, which can be easily disassembled into a smaller structure, which is convenient for transportation and installation; at the same time, adjacent film frames are connected by horizontal connecting rods, inclined
  • the connecting rod connection can make the assembled main steel structure an integral structure and enhance the overall strength of the main steel structure, that is, it can meet the strength requirements and detachable requirements of the main steel structure at the same time.
  • the upper film frame and the lower film frame are plugged together and clamped by a clamping assembly, and the ends connected between the upper film frame and the lower film frame are formed with As for the end plate, the two end plates are inserted through the convex groove structure, and the clamping component wraps and clamps the edges of the two end plates.
  • the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod cooperate with the two adjacent film racks through the plug sockets, and the horizontal connecting rod moves from up to down to realize the connection with the two adjacent film racks.
  • the plug-in between, the cross-connecting rod after plug-in is supported by two adjacent racks, and the opening in the horizontal direction of the jack is set as a constriction to prevent the plug from coming out.
  • a connecting plate is fixed on the film frame, and several limit seats are formed on the connecting plate, and the connecting plates on two adjacent film frames are horizontally dislocated, and the diagonal stay rod The two ends are respectively limited by the limit seat.
  • the diagonal stay rod includes a turnbuckle screw, and two ends of the turnbuckle screw are respectively connected with rod heads, and the outer ends of the two rod heads extend to limit flanges, and the rod heads pass through the The limit seat, the limit flange can abut against the limit seat to realize the limit, and the diagonal tie rod is tightened by tightening the turnbuckle screw.
  • the inner and outer ends of two adjacent film racks are connected by horizontal connecting rods, the outer ends of two adjacent film racks are connected by diagonal tie rods, and the pole of the main steel structure is located at the top.
  • a steel structure comprising:
  • the secondary steel structure is detachably assembled on the inner circumference of the primary steel structure
  • the connecting plate installation steel frame is arranged between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure, and the connecting plate installation steel frame is detachably connected with the main steel structure.
  • the secondary steel structure includes a plurality of longitudinal bars extending in the warp direction, two adjacent longitudinal bars are connected by cross bars, and the longitudinal bars are connected to the sheets of the primary steel structure. between racks.
  • the connecting plate installation steel frame includes a plurality of arc-shaped rods extending in the direction of the warp, the outer surface of the arc-shaped rods extends to limit the limit plate, and the horizontal connecting rods are rotatably connected by screws.
  • the limiting plate can extend between the horizontal connecting rod and the eccentric member, and the eccentric member can rotate and press the limiting plate.
  • a dome comprising a steel structure, LED unit modules are installed on the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure, the LED unit modules are used to display picture information, a number of through holes are formed on the LED unit modules, the steel structure A hanging ladder can also be hung on the top.
  • the light-emitting surface of the LED unit module faces the center of the sphere and is used to play the display screen.
  • each LED display module is equipped with several through holes to avoid sound reflection. .
  • the through hole can also play the role of sound transmission to ensure that the picture and sound are synchronized.
  • the film frame adopts the structure spliced by the upper film frame and the lower film frame, which can be easily disassembled into a smaller structure, which is convenient for transportation and installation; at the same time, the adjacent film frames are connected by horizontal
  • the connection of rods and oblique connecting rods can make the assembled main steel structure an integral structure instead of a discrete structure, which can enhance the overall strength of the main steel structure, that is, meet the strength requirements and detachable requirements of the main steel structure at the same time; in addition, the sheet The rack can be further divided into multiple upper film racks and multiple lower film racks according to the needs for flexible division;
  • the connection structure of the plug-in and clamping components can be used to realize the detachable connection between the upper film frame and the lower film frame, and the connection between the two is stable;
  • the horizontal connection The rod and the film frame are matched through the plug socket, and when the horizontal connecting rod moves from top to bottom to realize the insertion with the film frame, the film frame can support the horizontal connecting rod, and the shrinking setting of the socket can also prevent the plug from coming out Plug, so that there is no need to set up another connecting structure between the horizontal connecting rod and the frame, the assembly process is very convenient; the two ends of the diagonal rod are limited, and the quick disassembly of the diagonal rod can also be realized; in addition, the diagonal rod includes a flower basket The screw
  • the steel structure of the present utility model adopts the aforementioned detachable main steel structure, secondary steel structure and connecting plate to install the steel frame, and a detachable connection method is adopted between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure.
  • the steel structure includes longitudinal bars and cross bars, the longitudinal bars are connected by cross bars, and the secondary steel structure is an integral structure, so it can be inserted into the main steel structure; there is a circumferential
  • the steel frame for connecting plate installation is located in the circumferential gap, which can realize the limit of the steel frame for connecting plate installation, and the steel frame for connecting plate installation is connected with the horizontal connecting rod of the main steel structure, and the steel frame for connecting plate can be installed
  • the specific position is limited; the specific setting is to rotate and compress the limit plate extended on the arc rod through the rotation of the eccentric member, which is convenient for disassembly and assembly; in addition, the longitudinal rod of the secondary steel structure and/or the arc rod of the connecting plate installation steel frame can also be It can be flexibly divided into multiple rod bodies
  • the dome of the present utility model adopts the aforementioned steel structure, and the size of the steel structure can be adjusted according to the needs to obtain the required dome.
  • the inner surface of the steel structure is a display surface, which can be hung on the outer surface of the steel structure.
  • An arc-shaped hanging ladder is set up to facilitate the staff to repair the steel structure and LED unit modules at the corresponding position;
  • audio equipment can be hung on the back of the steel structure or on the back building, and the sound is transmitted to the audience in the built-in space of the dome through the through hole on the LED unit module.
  • the following two measures can be further taken. The first is to adopt a unified time axis in the front-end video processing stage; the second is to set up scattered sound holes on the LED unit module. The sound holes can be Ensure that the sound spreads quickly to the audience position, avoiding the delay of sound transmission.
  • Fig. 1 is the structural representation of main steel structure of the present utility model
  • Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sheet holder
  • Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of part A of Fig. 2;
  • Figure 4 is an exploded view of the connection between the upper film frame and the lower film frame
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of adjacent film racks connected by horizontal connecting rods
  • Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of part B of Fig. 5;
  • Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a part provided with a jack
  • Fig. 8 is a front view of a part provided with a jack
  • Fig. 9 is a top view of a portion provided with a jack
  • Figure 10 is a schematic structural view of the end of the tie rod
  • Figure 11 is a top view of the end of the tie rod
  • Fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of adjacent film racks connected by diagonal stays;
  • Fig. 13 is a structural schematic diagram of a position-limiting seat
  • Fig. 14 is the structural representation of the steel structure of the present utility model
  • Fig. 15 is an enlarged view of part C of Fig. 14;
  • Fig. 16 is the structural representation of secondary steel structure
  • Fig. 17 is a structural schematic diagram of the connection between adjacent longitudinal bars and cross bars in the secondary steel structure
  • Fig. 18 is an enlarged view of part D of Fig. 17;
  • Figure 19 is a structural schematic diagram of the connection between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure
  • Figure 20 is a partially enlarged view of Figure 19;
  • Fig. 21 is a schematic structural view of the connecting plate installation steel frame
  • Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the connecting plate installation steel frame and the main steel structure
  • Fig. 23 is an enlarged view of part E of Fig. 22;
  • Figure 24 is an exploded view of the connection between the connecting plate installation steel frame and the main steel structure
  • Figure 25 is a perspective view of the eccentric
  • Figure 26 is the front view of the eccentric
  • Fig. 27 is a schematic structural diagram of an adjustment layer
  • Fig. 28 is an enlarged view of part F of Fig. 27;
  • Figure 29 is an exploded view of the dome of the present utility model
  • Fig. 30 is the structural representation of hanging ladder
  • orientation words such as “front, back, up, down, left, right", “horizontal, vertical, vertical, horizontal” and “top, bottom” etc. indicate The orientation or positional relationship is generally based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for the convenience of describing the utility model and simplifying the description. In the absence of a contrary statement, these orientation words do not indicate or imply the referred device Or components must have a specific orientation or be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, so it cannot be construed as limiting the protection scope of the present utility model; the orientation words “inside and outside” refer to the inside and outside relative to the outline of each component itself.
  • spatially relative terms may be used here, such as “on !, “over !, “on the surface of !, “above”, etc., to describe The spatial positional relationship between one device or feature shown and other devices or features. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, devices described as “above” or “above” other devices or configurations would then be oriented “beneath” or “above” the other devices or configurations. under other devices or configurations”. Thus, the exemplary term “above” can encompass both an orientation of “above” and “beneath”. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptions used herein interpreted accordingly.
  • this embodiment provides a main steel structure 1, including a plurality of sheet racks 11, which are arranged equidistantly in the circumferential direction, and two adjacent sheet racks 11 are separated by a horizontal
  • the connecting rod 12 and the diagonal stay rod 13 are detachably connected to form an integral structure.
  • the main steel structure 1 includes a plurality of racks 11, and the plurality of racks 11 are equidistantly arranged in the circumferential direction.
  • the inner ends of all the racks 11 are located on the same surface.
  • the inner ends of all the racks 11 are arranged on the same spherical surface. superior.
  • the film holder 11 is set as a split structure.
  • the film holder 11 includes an upper film holder 111 and a lower film holder 112.
  • the upper film holder 111 and the lower film holder 112 are detachably spliced.
  • the upper film holder 111 includes two Parallel arc-shaped steel pipes, two arc-shaped steel pipes are welded together by radial steel pipes and oblique steel pipes; The steel pipes are welded together.
  • the lower end of the upper film holder 111 is detachably connected to the upper end of the lower film holder 112 .
  • the upper film holder 111 and the lower film holder 112 are inserted and fitted and clamped by the clamping assembly 113 .
  • the lower ends of the two arc-shaped steel pipes of the upper frame 111 are formed with an upper end plate 1111
  • the upper ends of the arc-shaped steel pipes and the upright steel pipes of the lower frame 112 are formed with a lower end plate 1121
  • both the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1121 extend horizontally.
  • the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111 is formed with at least one protrusion 1112
  • the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121 is correspondingly formed with a groove 1122
  • the two upper end plates 1111 are respectively plugged with the corresponding ones on the two lower end plates 1121; the upper end plate 1111 and the outer edges of the lower end plate 1112 protrude horizontally relative to the steel pipe where they are located, and the clamping assembly 113 can clamp the outer edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112 .
  • two protrusions 1112 are formed on the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111, and two grooves 1122 are correspondingly formed on the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121, and the protrusions 1112 can be arranged as square protrusions.
  • a protrusion can be formed on the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121
  • a groove 1122 can be formed on the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111 , so as to realize the insertion between the upper film rack 111 and the lower film rack 112 .
  • the clamping assembly 113 includes a U-shaped piece 1131 and a locking piece 1132, the U-shaped piece 1131 encloses the edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112, and the locking piece 1132 passes through the U-shaped piece 1131
  • One side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 is used to lock the edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112 on the other side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 .
  • at least two locking pieces 1132 are correspondingly arranged on each U-shaped piece 1131.
  • a long groove 1113 is formed on the upper surface of the upper end plate 1111 away from the lower end plate 1112, and the locking piece 1132 passes through the upper side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 and extends into the long groove 1113 Internally locking the upper and lower end plates can function as a position-limiting locking member 1132 .
  • Two adjacent film racks 11 are detachably connected by a horizontal connecting rod 12 .
  • both ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12 are connected to two adjacent film racks 11 by plugging.
  • plugs 121 are formed at the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12
  • plugs are formed on the opposite surfaces of two adjacent film racks 11, and jacks 114 are formed in the plugs.
  • the plugs at the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12 After the plug 121 slides into the socket 114 from top to bottom, the socket 114 can support the horizontal connecting rod 12 upwards, and at the same time prevent the plug 121 from going out of the socket 114 horizontally.
  • the jack 114 is set as a through hole with openings on three sides, the size of the jack 114 gradually decreases from top to bottom, and the horizontal opening of the jack 114 is set as Shrink structure; the plug 121 is adapted to the shape of the jack 114.
  • the jack 114 can support the plug 121 upwards, and the horizontal shrinkage of the jack 114 can prevent the plug 121 from being horizontal. Pull out the socket 114.
  • the socket 114 and the plug 121 may be set to be correspondingly trapezoidal.
  • the plugs can be arranged on the sheet holder 11, the jacks are formed at the end of the horizontal connecting rod 12, the size of the jacks gradually increases from top to bottom, and the plugs are set corresponding to the jacks, so
  • the horizontal connecting rod 12 moves from top to bottom, when the socket slides on the outside of the plug, the plug can play the role of supporting the socket, and then the sheet frame 11 can support the horizontal connecting rod 12, and the horizontal connecting rod 12 can be connected to the adjacent socket. Two racks 11 are connected together.
  • Two adjacent film racks 11 are also connected by diagonal stay rods 13 , and the diagonal stay rods 13 obliquely connect two adjacent film racks 11 .
  • a connecting plate 14 is fixed on the arc-shaped steel pipe of the sheet frame 11, and a limit seat 15 is arranged on the connecting plate 14.
  • the connecting plates 14 on two adjacent sheet frames 11 are horizontally dislocated, and the two ends of the diagonal stays 13 are respectively It is limited by the limit seats 15 on two adjacent film racks 11 to realize the connection of two adjacent film racks 11 .
  • the four corners of the connecting plate 14 are provided with limit seats 15, and the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 form limit flanges 1321, and the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 can pass through the limit seats 15, and the limit protrusions The edge 1321 abuts against the limit seat 15 to realize the limit connection to the diagonal stay rod 13 .
  • the diagonal tie rod 13 includes a turnbuckle 131 , two ends of the turnbuckle 131 are respectively connected with rod heads 132 , and the outer ends of the two rod heads 132 away from the turnbuckle 131 extend to limit flanges 1321 .
  • the turnbuckle 131 By setting the turnbuckle 131, the overall length of the diagonal stay rod 13 can be adjusted to adapt to the main steel structure 1 of different sizes.
  • the limit seat 15 includes a fixed seat 151, a movable seat 152 and a tightening member 153
  • the fixed seat 151 is fixed on the connecting plate 14
  • one end of the movable seat 152 is movably matched with the fixed seat 151
  • the tightening member 153 passes through the movable seat 152 and is connected with the fixed seat 151
  • a limiting hole is formed between the fixed seat 151 and the movable seat 152, and the size of the limiting hole can be adjusted by twisting the tightening member 153.
  • the movable seat 152 is in sliding fit with the fixed seat 151 .
  • the tightening member 153 can be screwed earlier so that the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 can pass through the limit hole, and then the tightening member 153 can be screwed to make the movable seat 152 slide towards the fixed seat 151, and the limit hole is reduced, and the movable seat 152 can cooperate with the fixing seat 151 to press the rod head 132, and the limit flange 1321 can lean against the limit seat 15 to realize the limit connection to the diagonal tie rod 13.
  • the radially inner and outer ends of two adjacent film holders 11 are connected by a transverse connecting rod 12, and the radially outer ends of two adjacent film holders 11 are also connected by a diagonal tie rod 13.
  • the pole of the assembled main steel structure 1 is located at the top, and the lower end of the main steel structure 1 is open and can be stood upright.
  • This embodiment also provides a steel structure, including the above-mentioned main steel structure 1, and also includes a secondary steel structure 2 and a connecting plate installation steel frame 3, the secondary steel structure 2 is arranged on the inner peripheral surface of the main steel structure 1,
  • the connecting plate mounting steel frame 3 is arranged between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2, and both the secondary steel structure 2 and the connecting plate mounting steel frame 3 are detachably connected with the primary steel structure 1.
  • the secondary steel structure 2 includes a plurality of longitudinal rods 21 extending in the warp direction, and the plurality of longitudinal rods 21 are arranged equidistantly in the circumferential direction, and two adjacent longitudinal rods 21 are connected by cross rods 22 .
  • the longitudinal bar 21 is horizontally connected with a fixed pin 211, and a slot is formed on the fixed pin 211, and a latch 221 is formed at both ends of the cross bar 22, and the latch 221 at the two ends of the cross bar 22 can be respectively inserted into the slot to prevent falling off.
  • the piece 23 passes through the bolt 221 and the fixing pin 211 to connect the cross bar 22 and the longitudinal bar 21 together.
  • the secondary steel structure 2 is inserted into the primary steel structure 1 .
  • a hook 212 is formed on the outer peripheral surface of the longitudinal bar 21 of the secondary steel structure 2.
  • a hanging groove 115 is formed on the inner peripheral surface of the rack 11 of the primary steel structure 1.
  • the hook 212 It can be inserted into the hanging groove 115 from top to bottom.
  • each longitudinal rod 21 is formed with a multi-gag insertion hook 212, which can form multiple insertion points and ensure the stability of the connection.
  • the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 is arranged between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2, and the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 includes a plurality of arc-shaped rods 31 extending in the warp direction.
  • the rod 31 is detachably connected to the transverse connecting rod 12 of the main steel structure 1 .
  • the limit plate 311 is extended on the outer peripheral surface of the arc rod 31, the upper surface of the transverse connecting rod 12 of the main steel structure 1 is provided with a screw 122, the screw 122 is connected with an eccentric member 123, and an avoidance plate 311 is formed on the limit plate 311.
  • the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 is located between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2. On the one hand, it supports part of the weight of the main steel structure 1 to further reduce the error of the main steel structure 1. On the other hand, it is used to install the LED dome display Screen control adapter board.
  • This embodiment also provides a dome, which includes the aforementioned steel structure.
  • the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure is equipped with an LED display layer 5 , and the LED display layer 5 is spliced by a plurality of LED unit modules.
  • an adjustment layer 4 is installed on the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure, and the LED unit modules are assembled on the adjustment layer 4 .
  • the adjustment layer 4 is spliced by a plurality of adjustment steel plates 41.
  • the adjustment steel plates 41 are assembled on the secondary steel structure 2.
  • the adjustment steel plates 41 are formed with assembly through holes. When assembling, the LED unit module can be adsorbed on the adjustment steel plates by the magnetic steel group. 41, the assembly through hole is used to pass through the power line and the signal line, in addition, it can also realize the functions of sound transmission and heat dissipation.
  • the LED unit module includes a PCB board, on which LED lamp beads are arranged in an array, and there are through holes between the LED lamp beads and the LED lamp beads, which can play the role of sound transmission and heat dissipation .
  • the sound can be hung on the main steel structure 1, and the sound passes through the through hole on the LED unit module, which can give the audience a sense of immersion.
  • the light-emitting surface of the LED unit module faces the center of the sphere and is used to play the display screen. The audience's sound will be reflected by the concave dome. Therefore, each LED display module is provided with several through holes to avoid sound reflection.
  • the through hole can also play the role of sound transmission to ensure that the picture and sound are synchronized.
  • a hanging ladder 6 is also provided.
  • the hanging ladder 6 is arc-shaped. At least two hooks 61 are formed on the top of the hanging ladder 6.
  • the hanging ladder 6 can be hung on the main steel structure 1 through the hooks 61. On the outer surface of the dome, maintenance personnel can climb the hanging ladder 6 to carry out maintenance on the dome, which is very convenient.
  • the dome of this embodiment adopts a floor-standing installation method, and its back occupies a small space, which is suitable for places with small spaces. Its steel structure can be disassembled into smaller units to facilitate adjustment and transportation. After the assembly of the dome, the pole is located at the top, so that the LED display layer 5 is not easy to fall dust, and will not be damaged by falling objects from high altitude. In addition, the expansion of the horizontal field of view can also be realized, and a 360° panoramic field of view can be realized .

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Theoretical Computer Science (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of display screens, and in particular, to a main steel structure, a steel structure, and a dome screen. The main steel structure comprises a plurality of racks, each rack is formed by splicing an upper rack and a lower rack, the plurality of racks are arranged at equal intervals, and every two adjacent racks are detachably connected by means of a transverse connecting rod and a diagonal draw bar. The steel structure comprises: a main steel structure; a secondary steel structure detachably assembled on the inner circumference of the main steel structure; and a connecting plate mounting steel frame provided between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure. The connecting plate mounting steel frame is detachably connected to the main steel structure. The dome screen comprises a steel structure. LED unit modules are mounted on the inner circumferential surface of the steel structure, and a hanging ladder can be hung on the steel structure. The technical problems in the prior art that an overall rack adopted by the main steel structure is large in size, high in integrality and not easy to disassemble and adjust are solved.

Description

一种主钢构、钢结构及穹幕A main steel structure, steel structure and dome 技术领域technical field
本实用新型涉及显示屏技术领域,具体涉及一种主钢构、钢结构及穹幕。The utility model relates to the technical field of display screens, in particular to a main steel structure, a steel structure and a dome screen.
背景技术Background technique
沉浸类显示产品受到市场的追捧,LED穹幕显示屏作为一种新型的LED显示应用,其具有高亮度、高对比度等优势,正逐步取代投影或LCD拼接等被动发光显示技术,LED穹幕可应用于各类飞行影院、天文馆或是飞行模拟等沉浸式场景。Immersive display products are sought after by the market. As a new type of LED display application, LED dome display has the advantages of high brightness and high contrast. It is gradually replacing passive light-emitting display technologies such as projection or LCD splicing. LED dome can be Applied to various immersive scenes such as flight theaters, planetariums or flight simulations.
通常LED穹幕显示屏的直径在几米、十几米、甚至几十米,因此,需要较大的空间场所安装调试。因此,部分已建成的空间较小的场所对LED穹幕显示屏有特殊的体积和重量要求。Usually, the diameter of the LED dome display screen is several meters, tens of meters, or even tens of meters. Therefore, a larger space is required for installation and debugging. Therefore, some places that have been built with a small space have special volume and weight requirements for the LED dome display.
现有技术中钢结构整体性强,不易拆卸和调整。如申请号为CN201810281639.X的申请文件公开了一种用于大型曲面LED屏幕的钢结构及其布局方法,并具体公开了:一种用于大型曲面LED屏幕的钢结构,包括有依序连接的主钢构、二次钢构、三次钢构和调整层,以及用于连接主钢构与二次钢构的第一调整装置,用于连接二次钢构与三次钢构的第二调整装置,主钢构包括有多个等间距分布的整体片架,每个整体片架包括有相互焊接连接固定或螺栓连接固定的直立方钢管、横向方钢管、斜向方钢管及弧形方钢管;二次钢构包括有多根平行且呈纬线分布的圆钢管,三次钢构包括有多根呈经线分布的方钢管。由上述内容可知,主钢构结构包括多个整体片架,整体片架之 间没有连接结构,且整体片架无法拆卸,因此其仅可构成特定尺寸的钢结构,而无法根据需求进行调整,也不方便拆卸和运输。The steel structure in the prior art has strong integrity and is difficult to disassemble and adjust. For example, the application document with the application number CN201810281639.X discloses a steel structure for large-scale curved LED screens and its layout method, and specifically discloses: a steel structure for large-scale curved LED screens, including sequential connections The main steel structure, secondary steel structure, tertiary steel structure and adjustment layer, as well as the first adjustment device for connecting the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure, and the second adjustment device for connecting the secondary steel structure and the tertiary steel structure The device, the main steel structure includes a plurality of uniformly spaced overall frame, each integral frame includes upright square steel pipes, horizontal square steel pipes, oblique square steel pipes and arc square steel pipes fixed by mutual welding connection or bolt connection ; The secondary steel structure includes a plurality of parallel round steel pipes distributed in latitude, and the tertiary steel structure includes a plurality of square steel pipes distributed in warp. From the above, it can be seen that the main steel structure includes multiple integral frames, there is no connection structure between the integral frames, and the integral frame cannot be disassembled, so it can only form a steel structure of a specific size, and cannot be adjusted according to needs. It is also inconvenient to disassemble and transport.
实用新型内容Utility model content
为了解决现有技术中主钢构采用整体片架整体性强,不易拆卸和调整的技术问题,本实用新型提供了一种主钢构、钢结构及穹幕,解决了上述技术问题。本实用新型的技术方案如下:In order to solve the technical problems in the prior art that the main steel structure adopts an integral frame with strong integrity and is difficult to disassemble and adjust, the utility model provides a main steel structure, a steel structure and a dome screen, which solve the above technical problems. The technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
一种主钢构,所述主钢构包括多个片架,每个所述片架由上片架和下片架拼接而成,多个片架等间距排布,相邻的两个片架之间通过横连杆和斜拉杆可拆卸连接。A main steel structure, the main steel structure includes a plurality of racks, each of the racks is spliced by an upper rack and a lower rack, a plurality of racks are arranged at equal intervals, and two adjacent racks The frames are detachably connected by horizontal connecting rods and diagonal stay rods.
本申请的主钢构,片架采用上片架和下片架拼接而成的结构,可方便拆卸成较小结构,方便运输和安装;同时,相邻片架之间通过横连杆、斜连杆连接,可使组装后的主钢构为整体结构,增强主钢构整体的强度,即同时满足主钢构的强度要求和可拆卸要求。The main steel structure of the present application, the film frame adopts the structure spliced by the upper film frame and the lower film frame, which can be easily disassembled into a smaller structure, which is convenient for transportation and installation; at the same time, adjacent film frames are connected by horizontal connecting rods, inclined The connecting rod connection can make the assembled main steel structure an integral structure and enhance the overall strength of the main steel structure, that is, it can meet the strength requirements and detachable requirements of the main steel structure at the same time.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述上片架和所述下片架插接配合并通过夹紧组件夹紧,所述上片架和所述下片架相连接的端部均形成有端板,两个端板通过凸起凹槽结构插接,所述夹紧组件包住并夹紧两个端板的边缘。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the upper film frame and the lower film frame are plugged together and clamped by a clamping assembly, and the ends connected between the upper film frame and the lower film frame are formed with As for the end plate, the two end plates are inserted through the convex groove structure, and the clamping component wraps and clamps the edges of the two end plates.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述横连杆的两端与相邻两个片架之间通过插头插孔配合,所述横连杆由上向下运动实现与相邻两个片架之间的插接,插接后的所述横连杆被相邻两个片架支撑,所述插孔的水平方向上的开口设置为缩口以防止所述插头脱出。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod cooperate with the two adjacent film racks through the plug sockets, and the horizontal connecting rod moves from up to down to realize the connection with the two adjacent film racks. The plug-in between, the cross-connecting rod after plug-in is supported by two adjacent racks, and the opening in the horizontal direction of the jack is set as a constriction to prevent the plug from coming out.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述片架上固定有连接板,所述 连接板上形成有若干个限位座,相邻两个片架上的连接板水平错位设置,所述斜拉杆的两端分别被限位座限位。According to an embodiment of the present invention, a connecting plate is fixed on the film frame, and several limit seats are formed on the connecting plate, and the connecting plates on two adjacent film frames are horizontally dislocated, and the diagonal stay rod The two ends are respectively limited by the limit seat.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述斜拉杆包括花篮螺杆,所述花篮螺杆的两端分别连接有杆头,两个杆头的外端延伸有限位凸缘,所述杆头穿过所述限位座,所述限位凸缘可抵靠在所述限位座上实现限位,通过收紧花篮螺杆将斜拉杆收紧。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the diagonal stay rod includes a turnbuckle screw, and two ends of the turnbuckle screw are respectively connected with rod heads, and the outer ends of the two rod heads extend to limit flanges, and the rod heads pass through the The limit seat, the limit flange can abut against the limit seat to realize the limit, and the diagonal tie rod is tightened by tightening the turnbuckle screw.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,相邻两个片架的内外端均通过横连杆连接,相邻两个片架的外端通过斜拉杆连接,所述主钢构的极点位于顶端。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the inner and outer ends of two adjacent film racks are connected by horizontal connecting rods, the outer ends of two adjacent film racks are connected by diagonal tie rods, and the pole of the main steel structure is located at the top.
一种钢结构,包括:A steel structure comprising:
主钢构;main steel structure;
二次钢构,所述二次钢构可拆卸地装配在所述主钢构的内周;a secondary steel structure, the secondary steel structure is detachably assembled on the inner circumference of the primary steel structure;
连接板安装钢架,所述连接板安装钢架设置在所述主钢构和所述二次钢构之间,所述连接板安装钢架与所述主钢构可拆卸连接。The connecting plate installation steel frame is arranged between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure, and the connecting plate installation steel frame is detachably connected with the main steel structure.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述二次钢构包括多根经线方向延伸的纵杆,相邻两根纵杆之间通过横杆连接,所述纵杆与所述主钢构的片架之间插接。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the secondary steel structure includes a plurality of longitudinal bars extending in the warp direction, two adjacent longitudinal bars are connected by cross bars, and the longitudinal bars are connected to the sheets of the primary steel structure. between racks.
根据本实用新型的一个实施例,所述连接板安装钢架包括多根经线方向延伸的弧形杆,所述弧形杆的外表面延伸有限位板,所述横连杆上通过螺杆转动连接有偏心件,所述限位板可伸到所述横连杆与所述偏心件之间,所述偏心件可转动压紧所述限位板。According to an embodiment of the present invention, the connecting plate installation steel frame includes a plurality of arc-shaped rods extending in the direction of the warp, the outer surface of the arc-shaped rods extends to limit the limit plate, and the horizontal connecting rods are rotatably connected by screws. There is an eccentric member, the limiting plate can extend between the horizontal connecting rod and the eccentric member, and the eccentric member can rotate and press the limiting plate.
一种穹幕,包括钢结构,所述钢结构的内周面安装有LED单元模 块,所述LED单元模块用于显示画面信息,所述LED单元模块上形成有若干通孔,所述钢结构上还可挂设挂梯。LED单元模块的发光面朝向球心位置,用于播放显示画面,考虑到观众发出声音会被内凹形穹幕反射,因此,每个LED显示模块上设有若干个通孔,以避免声音反射。当音响安装在LED单元模块的背面(外周)时,通孔还可以起到透声作用,确保画面与声音同步。A dome, comprising a steel structure, LED unit modules are installed on the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure, the LED unit modules are used to display picture information, a number of through holes are formed on the LED unit modules, the steel structure A hanging ladder can also be hung on the top. The light-emitting surface of the LED unit module faces the center of the sphere and is used to play the display screen. Considering that the sound of the audience will be reflected by the concave dome, each LED display module is equipped with several through holes to avoid sound reflection. . When the sound is installed on the back (periphery) of the LED unit module, the through hole can also play the role of sound transmission to ensure that the picture and sound are synchronized.
基于上述技术方案,本实用新型所能实现的技术效果为:Based on the above-mentioned technical scheme, the technical effect that the utility model can realize is:
1.本实用新型的主钢构,片架采用上片架和下片架拼接而成的结构,可方便拆卸成较小结构,方便运输和安装;同时,相邻片架之间通过横连杆、斜连杆连接,可使组装后的主钢构为整体结构,而不是离散结构,可增强主钢构整体的强度,即同时满足主钢构的强度要求和可拆卸要求;此外,片架可根据需求进一步分为多个上片架和多个下片架拼接而成,以进行灵活的分割;1. The main steel structure of the utility model, the film frame adopts the structure spliced by the upper film frame and the lower film frame, which can be easily disassembled into a smaller structure, which is convenient for transportation and installation; at the same time, the adjacent film frames are connected by horizontal The connection of rods and oblique connecting rods can make the assembled main steel structure an integral structure instead of a discrete structure, which can enhance the overall strength of the main steel structure, that is, meet the strength requirements and detachable requirements of the main steel structure at the same time; in addition, the sheet The rack can be further divided into multiple upper film racks and multiple lower film racks according to the needs for flexible division;
2.本实用新型的主钢构,上片架和下片架插接配合可避免两者在水平方向上发生相对移动,然后在通过夹紧组件夹紧端板的边缘,可防止上片架和下片架在竖直方向上发生相对移动,采用插接配合夹紧组件的连接结构,可实现上片架和下片架之间的可拆卸连接,且两者之间连接稳定;横连杆与片架之间通过插头插孔配合,且当横连杆从上至下运动实现与片架的插接后,片架可支撑横连杆,插孔的缩口设置也可防止插头脱出插头,如此横连杆与片架之间可无需另设连接结构,装配过程十分便捷;斜拉杆的两端被限位装配,也可实现对斜拉杆的快速拆装;此外,斜拉杆包括花篮螺杆,可调节斜拉杆的长度, 适用性强;2. In the main steel structure of the present utility model, the upper film frame and the lower film frame are plugged together to prevent the relative movement of the two in the horizontal direction, and then the edge of the end plate is clamped by the clamping assembly to prevent the upper film frame from Relatively moving with the lower film frame in the vertical direction, the connection structure of the plug-in and clamping components can be used to realize the detachable connection between the upper film frame and the lower film frame, and the connection between the two is stable; the horizontal connection The rod and the film frame are matched through the plug socket, and when the horizontal connecting rod moves from top to bottom to realize the insertion with the film frame, the film frame can support the horizontal connecting rod, and the shrinking setting of the socket can also prevent the plug from coming out Plug, so that there is no need to set up another connecting structure between the horizontal connecting rod and the frame, the assembly process is very convenient; the two ends of the diagonal rod are limited, and the quick disassembly of the diagonal rod can also be realized; in addition, the diagonal rod includes a flower basket The screw rod can adjust the length of the diagonal rod, which has strong applicability;
3.本实用新型的钢结构,采用前述的可拆卸的主钢构、二次钢构和连接板安装钢架,主钢构和二次钢构之间采用可拆卸的连接方式,由于二次钢构包括纵杆和横杆,纵杆通过横杆连接,二次钢构为一个整体结构,故其与主钢构之间插接即可;主钢构和二次钢构之间存在周向间隙,连接板安装钢架位于周向间隙内,可实现对连接板安装钢架的限位,且连接板安装钢架与主钢构的横连杆连接,可对连接板安装钢架的具体位置进行限定;具体设置通过偏心件转动压紧弧形杆上延伸的限位板,拆装方便;此外,二次钢构的纵杆和/或连接板安装钢架的弧形杆也可灵活分割为多个杆体,然后拼接而成。3. The steel structure of the present utility model adopts the aforementioned detachable main steel structure, secondary steel structure and connecting plate to install the steel frame, and a detachable connection method is adopted between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure. The steel structure includes longitudinal bars and cross bars, the longitudinal bars are connected by cross bars, and the secondary steel structure is an integral structure, so it can be inserted into the main steel structure; there is a circumferential The steel frame for connecting plate installation is located in the circumferential gap, which can realize the limit of the steel frame for connecting plate installation, and the steel frame for connecting plate installation is connected with the horizontal connecting rod of the main steel structure, and the steel frame for connecting plate can be installed The specific position is limited; the specific setting is to rotate and compress the limit plate extended on the arc rod through the rotation of the eccentric member, which is convenient for disassembly and assembly; in addition, the longitudinal rod of the secondary steel structure and/or the arc rod of the connecting plate installation steel frame can also be It can be flexibly divided into multiple rod bodies and then spliced together.
4.本实用新型的穹幕,采用前述的钢结构,可根据需要调整钢结构的大小,进而获得所需穹幕,此外,钢结构的内表面为显示面,可在钢结构的外表面挂设弧形的挂梯,方便工作人员到对应位置对钢结构、LED单元模块进行维修;4. The dome of the present utility model adopts the aforementioned steel structure, and the size of the steel structure can be adjusted according to the needs to obtain the required dome. In addition, the inner surface of the steel structure is a display surface, which can be hung on the outer surface of the steel structure. An arc-shaped hanging ladder is set up to facilitate the staff to repair the steel structure and LED unit modules at the corresponding position;
5.本实用新型的穹幕,其钢结构的背面或者背面建筑物上可悬挂音响设备,声音通过LED单元模块上的通孔传至穹幕内置空间的观众处。为了保证图像和声音的同步,可进一步采取如下两种措施,第一是在前端视频处理阶段,采用统一的时间轴;第二是在LED单元模块上开设分散的透声孔,透声孔可保证声音快速传播至观众位置,避免声音传播的延时。5. In the dome of the present utility model, audio equipment can be hung on the back of the steel structure or on the back building, and the sound is transmitted to the audience in the built-in space of the dome through the through hole on the LED unit module. In order to ensure the synchronization of images and sounds, the following two measures can be further taken. The first is to adopt a unified time axis in the front-end video processing stage; the second is to set up scattered sound holes on the LED unit module. The sound holes can be Ensure that the sound spreads quickly to the audience position, avoiding the delay of sound transmission.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1为本实用新型的主钢构的结构示意图;Fig. 1 is the structural representation of main steel structure of the present utility model;
图2为片架的结构示意图;Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sheet holder;
图3为图2的A部放大图;Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of part A of Fig. 2;
图4为上片架和下片架连接处的爆炸图;Figure 4 is an exploded view of the connection between the upper film frame and the lower film frame;
图5为相邻片架通过横连杆连接的结构示意图;Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of adjacent film racks connected by horizontal connecting rods;
图6为图5的B部放大图;Fig. 6 is an enlarged view of part B of Fig. 5;
图7为设有插孔部分的立体图;Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a part provided with a jack;
图8为设有插孔部分的主视图;Fig. 8 is a front view of a part provided with a jack;
图9为设有插孔部分的俯视图;Fig. 9 is a top view of a portion provided with a jack;
图10为横拉杆端部的结构示意图;Figure 10 is a schematic structural view of the end of the tie rod;
图11为横拉杆端部的俯视图;Figure 11 is a top view of the end of the tie rod;
图12为相邻片架通过斜拉杆连接的结构示意图;Fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of adjacent film racks connected by diagonal stays;
图13为限位座的结构示意图;Fig. 13 is a structural schematic diagram of a position-limiting seat;
图14为本实用新型的钢结构的结构示意图;Fig. 14 is the structural representation of the steel structure of the present utility model;
图15为图14的C部放大图;Fig. 15 is an enlarged view of part C of Fig. 14;
图16为二次钢构的结构示意图;Fig. 16 is the structural representation of secondary steel structure;
图17为二次钢构中相邻纵杆与横杆连接的结构示意图;Fig. 17 is a structural schematic diagram of the connection between adjacent longitudinal bars and cross bars in the secondary steel structure;
图18为图17的D部放大图;Fig. 18 is an enlarged view of part D of Fig. 17;
图19为主钢构与二次钢构连接处的结构示意图;Figure 19 is a structural schematic diagram of the connection between the main steel structure and the secondary steel structure;
图20为图19的局部放大图;Figure 20 is a partially enlarged view of Figure 19;
图21为连接板安装钢架的结构示意图;Fig. 21 is a schematic structural view of the connecting plate installation steel frame;
图22为连接板安装钢架与主钢构连接的结构示意图;Fig. 22 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the connecting plate installation steel frame and the main steel structure;
图23为图22的E部放大图;Fig. 23 is an enlarged view of part E of Fig. 22;
图24为连接板安装钢架与主钢构的连接处的爆炸图;Figure 24 is an exploded view of the connection between the connecting plate installation steel frame and the main steel structure;
图25为偏心件的立体图;Figure 25 is a perspective view of the eccentric;
图26为偏心件的主视图;Figure 26 is the front view of the eccentric;
图27为调整层的结构示意图;Fig. 27 is a schematic structural diagram of an adjustment layer;
图28为图27的F部放大图;Fig. 28 is an enlarged view of part F of Fig. 27;
图29为本实用新型的穹幕的爆炸图;Figure 29 is an exploded view of the dome of the present utility model;
图30为挂梯的结构示意图;Fig. 30 is the structural representation of hanging ladder;
图中:1-主钢构;11-片架;111-上片架;1111-上端板;1112-凸起;1113-长槽;112-下片架;1121-下端板;1122-凹槽;113-夹紧组件;1131-U型件;1132-锁紧件;114-插孔;115-挂槽;12-横连杆;121-插头;122-螺杆;123-偏心件;13-斜拉杆;131-花篮螺杆;132-杆头;1321-限位凸缘;14-连接板;15-限位座;151-固定座;152-活动座;153-拧紧件;2-二次钢构;21-纵杆;211-固定销;212-插钩;22-横杆;221-插销;23-防脱件;3-连接板安装钢架;31-弧形杆;311-限位板;3111-避让槽;4-调整层;41-调整钢板;5-LED显示层;6-挂梯;61-挂钩。In the figure: 1-main steel structure; 11-film frame; 111-upper frame; 1111-upper end plate; ;113-clamping assembly; 1131-U-shaped piece; 1132-locking piece; 114-jack; 115-hanging groove; Diagonal tie rod; 131-turnbuckle screw; 132-rod head; 1321-limit flange; 14-connecting plate; 15-limit seat; 151-fixed seat; 152-movable seat; 153-tightening piece; Steel structure; 21-longitudinal bar; 211-fixing pin; 212-hook; 22-cross bar; 221-bolt; 3111-avoidance groove; 4-adjustment layer; 41-adjustment steel plate; 5-LED display layer; 6-hanging ladder; 61-hook.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面将结合本实用新型实施例中的附图,对本实用新型实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本实用新型一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。以下对至少一个示例性实施例的描述实际上仅仅是说明性的,决不作为对本实用新型及其应用或使用的任何限制。基于本实用新型中的实施例,本领域普通技 术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本实用新型保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments are only part of the embodiments of the present invention, not all of them. example. The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature, and in no way serves as any limitation of the invention and its application or use. Based on the embodiments in the utility model, all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without creative work, all belong to the protection scope of the utility model.
需要注意的是,这里所使用的术语仅是为了描述具体实施方式,而非意图限制根据本申请的示例性实施方式。如在这里所使用的,除非上下文另外明确指出,否则单数形式也意图包括复数形式,此外,还应当理解的是,当在本说明书中使用术语“包含”和/或“包括”时,其指明存在特征、步骤、操作、器件、组件和/或它们的组合。It should be noted that the terminology used here is only for describing specific implementations, and is not intended to limit the exemplary implementations according to the present application. As used herein, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise, the singular is intended to include the plural, and it should also be understood that when the terms "comprising" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they mean There are features, steps, operations, means, components and/or combinations thereof.
除非另外具体说明,否则在这些实施例中阐述的部件和步骤的相对布置、数字表达式和数值不限制本实用新型的范围。同时,应当明白,为了便于描述,附图中所示出的各个部分的尺寸并不是按照实际的比例关系绘制的。对于相关领域普通技术人员已知的技术、方法和设备可能不作详细讨论,但在适当情况下,所述技术、方法和设备应当被视为授权说明书的一部分。在这里示出和讨论的所有示例中,任何具体值应被解释为仅仅是示例性的,而不是作为限制。因此,示例性实施例的其它示例可以具有不同的值。应注意到:相似的标号和字母在下面的附图中表示类似项,因此,一旦某一项在一个附图中被定义,则在随后的附图中不需要对其进行进一步讨论。The relative arrangements of components and steps, numerical expressions and numerical values set forth in these embodiments do not limit the scope of the present invention unless specifically stated otherwise. At the same time, it should be understood that, for the convenience of description, the sizes of the various parts shown in the drawings are not drawn according to the actual proportional relationship. Techniques, methods and devices known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail, but where appropriate, such techniques, methods and devices should be considered part of the Authorized Specification. In all examples shown and discussed herein, any specific values should be construed as illustrative only, and not as limiting. Therefore, other examples of the exemplary embodiment may have different values. It should be noted that like numerals and letters denote like items in the following figures, therefore, once an item is defined in one figure, it does not require further discussion in subsequent figures.
在本实用新型的描述中,需要理解的是,方位词如“前、后、上、下、左、右”、“横向、竖向、垂直、水平”和“顶、底”等所指示的方位或位置关系通常是基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本实用新型和简化描述,在未作相反说明的情况下,这些方位词并不指示和暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位或者以 特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本实用新型保护范围的限制;方位词“内、外”是指相对于各部件本身的轮廓的内外。In the description of the present utility model, it should be understood that orientation words such as "front, back, up, down, left, right", "horizontal, vertical, vertical, horizontal" and "top, bottom" etc. indicate The orientation or positional relationship is generally based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is only for the convenience of describing the utility model and simplifying the description. In the absence of a contrary statement, these orientation words do not indicate or imply the referred device Or components must have a specific orientation or be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, so it cannot be construed as limiting the protection scope of the present utility model; the orientation words "inside and outside" refer to the inside and outside relative to the outline of each component itself.
为了便于描述,在这里可以使用空间相对术语,如“在……之上”、“在……上方”、“在……上表面”、“上面的”等,用来描述如在图中所示的一个器件或特征与其他器件或特征的空间位置关系。应当理解的是,空间相对术语旨在包含除了器件在图中所描述的方位之外的在使用或操作中的不同方位。例如,如果附图中的器件被倒置,则描述为“在其他器件或构造上方”或“在其他器件或构造之上”的器件之后将被定位为“在其他器件或构造下方”或“在其他器件或构造之下”。因而,示例性术语“在……上方”可以包括“在……上方”和“在……下方”两种方位。该器件也可以其他不同方式定位(旋转90度或处于其他方位),并且对这里所使用的空间相对描述作出相应解释。For the convenience of description, spatially relative terms may be used here, such as "on ...", "over ...", "on the surface of ...", "above", etc., to describe The spatial positional relationship between one device or feature shown and other devices or features. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, devices described as "above" or "above" other devices or configurations would then be oriented "beneath" or "above" the other devices or configurations. under other devices or configurations”. Thus, the exemplary term "above" can encompass both an orientation of "above" and "beneath". The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptions used herein interpreted accordingly.
此外,需要说明的是,使用“第一”、“第二”等词语来限定零部件,仅仅是为了便于对相应零部件进行区别,如没有另行声明,上述词语并没有特殊含义,因此不能理解为对本实用新型保护范围的限制。In addition, it should be noted that the use of words such as "first" and "second" to define components is only for the convenience of distinguishing corresponding components. To limit the scope of protection of the utility model.
如图1-30所示,本实施例提供了一种主钢构1,包括多个片架11,多个片架11等距离周向排布,相邻两个片架11之间通过横连杆12和斜拉杆13可拆卸连接成一体结构。As shown in Figures 1-30, this embodiment provides a main steel structure 1, including a plurality of sheet racks 11, which are arranged equidistantly in the circumferential direction, and two adjacent sheet racks 11 are separated by a horizontal The connecting rod 12 and the diagonal stay rod 13 are detachably connected to form an integral structure.
主钢构1包括多个片架11,多个片架11等距离周向排布,所有片架11的内端位于同一面上,本实施例中设置所有片架11的内端位 于同一球面上。为了方便拆装,设置片架11为分体结构,片架11包括上片架111和下片架112,上片架111和下片架112之间可拆卸拼接,上片架111包括两根平行的弧形钢管,两根弧形钢管之间通过径向钢管、斜钢管焊接成一体;下片架112包括弧形钢管和直立钢管,弧形钢管和直立钢管之间通过径向钢管、斜钢管焊接成一体。The main steel structure 1 includes a plurality of racks 11, and the plurality of racks 11 are equidistantly arranged in the circumferential direction. The inner ends of all the racks 11 are located on the same surface. In this embodiment, the inner ends of all the racks 11 are arranged on the same spherical surface. superior. In order to facilitate disassembly and assembly, the film holder 11 is set as a split structure. The film holder 11 includes an upper film holder 111 and a lower film holder 112. The upper film holder 111 and the lower film holder 112 are detachably spliced. The upper film holder 111 includes two Parallel arc-shaped steel pipes, two arc-shaped steel pipes are welded together by radial steel pipes and oblique steel pipes; The steel pipes are welded together.
上片架111的下端与下片架112的上端可拆卸连接,本实施例中,上片架111和下片架112之间插接配合并通过夹紧组件113夹紧。具体地,上片架111的两根弧形钢管的下端形成有上端板1111,下片架112的弧形钢管和直立钢管的上端形成有下端板1121,上端板1111和下端板1121均水平延伸,上端板1111的下表面形成有至少一个凸起1112,下端板1121的上表面上对应形成有凹槽1122,两个上端板1111上分别与两个下端板1121上的对应插接;上端板1111和下端板1112的外边缘均相对于所在钢管水平伸出,夹紧组件113可夹紧上端板1111和下端板1112的外边缘。本实施例中,上端板1111的下表面形成有两个凸起1112,下端板1121的上表面上对应形成两个凹槽1122,凸起1112可设置成方形凸起。除此之外,还可设置下端板1121的上表面上形成凸起,上端板1111的下表面上形成凹槽1122,也可实现上片架111和下片架112之间的插接。The lower end of the upper film holder 111 is detachably connected to the upper end of the lower film holder 112 . In this embodiment, the upper film holder 111 and the lower film holder 112 are inserted and fitted and clamped by the clamping assembly 113 . Specifically, the lower ends of the two arc-shaped steel pipes of the upper frame 111 are formed with an upper end plate 1111, and the upper ends of the arc-shaped steel pipes and the upright steel pipes of the lower frame 112 are formed with a lower end plate 1121, and both the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1121 extend horizontally. , the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111 is formed with at least one protrusion 1112, and the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121 is correspondingly formed with a groove 1122, and the two upper end plates 1111 are respectively plugged with the corresponding ones on the two lower end plates 1121; the upper end plate 1111 and the outer edges of the lower end plate 1112 protrude horizontally relative to the steel pipe where they are located, and the clamping assembly 113 can clamp the outer edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112 . In this embodiment, two protrusions 1112 are formed on the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111, and two grooves 1122 are correspondingly formed on the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121, and the protrusions 1112 can be arranged as square protrusions. In addition, a protrusion can be formed on the upper surface of the lower end plate 1121 , and a groove 1122 can be formed on the lower surface of the upper end plate 1111 , so as to realize the insertion between the upper film rack 111 and the lower film rack 112 .
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,夹紧组件113包括U形件1131和锁紧件1132,U形件1131包住上端板1111和下端板1112的边缘,锁紧件1132穿过U形件1131的一侧侧壁,将上端板1111和下端板1112的边缘锁紧在U形件1131的另一侧侧壁上。优选地,每个U形 件1131上对应设置至少两个锁紧件1132。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the clamping assembly 113 includes a U-shaped piece 1131 and a locking piece 1132, the U-shaped piece 1131 encloses the edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112, and the locking piece 1132 passes through the U-shaped piece 1131 One side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 is used to lock the edges of the upper end plate 1111 and the lower end plate 1112 on the other side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 . Preferably, at least two locking pieces 1132 are correspondingly arranged on each U-shaped piece 1131.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,设置上端板1111的远离下端板1112的上表面上形成有长槽1113,锁紧件1132穿过U形件1131的上侧侧壁,伸入到长槽1113内锁紧上下端板,可起限位锁紧件1132的作用。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, a long groove 1113 is formed on the upper surface of the upper end plate 1111 away from the lower end plate 1112, and the locking piece 1132 passes through the upper side wall of the U-shaped piece 1131 and extends into the long groove 1113 Internally locking the upper and lower end plates can function as a position-limiting locking member 1132 .
相邻两个片架11之间通过横连杆12可拆卸连接,本实施例中,横连杆12的两端与相邻两个片架11之间采用插接的方式进行连接。本实施例中,设置横连杆12的两端形成有插头121,相邻两个片架11的相对面上形成有插块,插块内形成插孔114,横连杆12的两端的插头121从上而下滑入插孔114中后,插孔114可向上支撑横连杆12,同时防止插头121水平脱出插孔114。Two adjacent film racks 11 are detachably connected by a horizontal connecting rod 12 . In this embodiment, both ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12 are connected to two adjacent film racks 11 by plugging. In this embodiment, plugs 121 are formed at the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12, plugs are formed on the opposite surfaces of two adjacent film racks 11, and jacks 114 are formed in the plugs. The plugs at the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod 12 After the plug 121 slides into the socket 114 from top to bottom, the socket 114 can support the horizontal connecting rod 12 upwards, and at the same time prevent the plug 121 from going out of the socket 114 horizontally.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,如图7-11所示,设置插孔114为三面开口的通孔,插孔114沿从上到下方向尺寸逐渐减小,插孔114的水平开口设置成缩口结构;插头121与插孔114的形状相适应,当插头121从上向下滑入插孔114内后,插孔114可向上支撑插头121,插孔114的水平缩口可防止插头121水平脱出插孔114。具体地,可设置插孔114和插头121为对应的梯形。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, as shown in Figure 7-11, the jack 114 is set as a through hole with openings on three sides, the size of the jack 114 gradually decreases from top to bottom, and the horizontal opening of the jack 114 is set as Shrink structure; the plug 121 is adapted to the shape of the jack 114. When the plug 121 slides into the jack 114 from top to bottom, the jack 114 can support the plug 121 upwards, and the horizontal shrinkage of the jack 114 can prevent the plug 121 from being horizontal. Pull out the socket 114. Specifically, the socket 114 and the plug 121 may be set to be correspondingly trapezoidal.
作为插孔和插头的替换结构,可设置插头位于片架11上,插孔形成在横连杆12的端部,插孔沿从上到下方向尺寸逐渐增大,插头对应插孔设置,如此当横连杆12从上向下运动,插孔滑动套在插头的外部时,插头可起到支撑插孔的作用,进而片架11可支撑横连杆12,横连杆12可将相邻两个片架11连接在一起。As an alternative structure for jacks and plugs, the plugs can be arranged on the sheet holder 11, the jacks are formed at the end of the horizontal connecting rod 12, the size of the jacks gradually increases from top to bottom, and the plugs are set corresponding to the jacks, so When the horizontal connecting rod 12 moves from top to bottom, when the socket slides on the outside of the plug, the plug can play the role of supporting the socket, and then the sheet frame 11 can support the horizontal connecting rod 12, and the horizontal connecting rod 12 can be connected to the adjacent socket. Two racks 11 are connected together.
相邻两个片架11还通过斜拉杆13进行连接,斜拉杆13斜向连接相邻两个片架11。具体地,片架11的弧形钢管上固定有连接板14,连接板14上设置有限位座15,相邻两个片架11上的连接板14水平错位设置,斜拉杆13的两端分别被相邻两个片架11上的限位座15限位,实现对相邻两个片架11的连接。本实施例中,连接板14的四个角上均设置有限位座15,斜拉杆13的两端形成有限位凸缘1321,斜拉杆13的两端可穿过限位座15,限位凸缘1321抵靠在限位座15上,实现对斜拉杆13的限位连接。Two adjacent film racks 11 are also connected by diagonal stay rods 13 , and the diagonal stay rods 13 obliquely connect two adjacent film racks 11 . Specifically, a connecting plate 14 is fixed on the arc-shaped steel pipe of the sheet frame 11, and a limit seat 15 is arranged on the connecting plate 14. The connecting plates 14 on two adjacent sheet frames 11 are horizontally dislocated, and the two ends of the diagonal stays 13 are respectively It is limited by the limit seats 15 on two adjacent film racks 11 to realize the connection of two adjacent film racks 11 . In this embodiment, the four corners of the connecting plate 14 are provided with limit seats 15, and the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 form limit flanges 1321, and the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 can pass through the limit seats 15, and the limit protrusions The edge 1321 abuts against the limit seat 15 to realize the limit connection to the diagonal stay rod 13 .
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,斜拉杆13包括花篮螺杆131,花篮螺杆131的两端分别连接有杆头132,两个杆头132的远离花篮螺杆131的外端延伸有限位凸缘1321。通过设置花篮螺杆131,可调节斜拉杆13的整体长度,以适应不同尺寸的主钢构1。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the diagonal tie rod 13 includes a turnbuckle 131 , two ends of the turnbuckle 131 are respectively connected with rod heads 132 , and the outer ends of the two rod heads 132 away from the turnbuckle 131 extend to limit flanges 1321 . By setting the turnbuckle 131, the overall length of the diagonal stay rod 13 can be adjusted to adapt to the main steel structure 1 of different sizes.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,限位座15包括固定座151、活动座152和拧紧件153,固定座151固定在连接板14上,活动座152的一端与固定座151活动配合,拧紧件153穿过活动座152与固定座151连接,固定座151与活动座152之间形成有限位孔,通过拧动拧紧件153,可调节限位孔的大小。优选地,活动座152与固定座151滑动配合。装配时,可先拧动拧紧件153,使斜拉杆13的两端可穿过限位孔,然后再拧动拧紧件153,使活动座152朝向固定座151滑动,缩小限位孔,活动座152可配合固定座151压住杆头132,限位凸缘1321可抵靠在限位座15上,实现对斜拉杆13的限位连接。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the limit seat 15 includes a fixed seat 151, a movable seat 152 and a tightening member 153, the fixed seat 151 is fixed on the connecting plate 14, one end of the movable seat 152 is movably matched with the fixed seat 151, and the tightening member 153 passes through the movable seat 152 and is connected with the fixed seat 151, and a limiting hole is formed between the fixed seat 151 and the movable seat 152, and the size of the limiting hole can be adjusted by twisting the tightening member 153. Preferably, the movable seat 152 is in sliding fit with the fixed seat 151 . During assembly, the tightening member 153 can be screwed earlier so that the two ends of the diagonal stay rod 13 can pass through the limit hole, and then the tightening member 153 can be screwed to make the movable seat 152 slide towards the fixed seat 151, and the limit hole is reduced, and the movable seat 152 can cooperate with the fixing seat 151 to press the rod head 132, and the limit flange 1321 can lean against the limit seat 15 to realize the limit connection to the diagonal tie rod 13.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,相邻两个片架11的径向内外端 均通过横连杆12连接,相邻两个片架11的径向外端还通过斜拉杆13连接。装配后的主钢构1的极点位于顶端,主钢构1的下端呈开口状,可直接立住。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the radially inner and outer ends of two adjacent film holders 11 are connected by a transverse connecting rod 12, and the radially outer ends of two adjacent film holders 11 are also connected by a diagonal tie rod 13. The pole of the assembled main steel structure 1 is located at the top, and the lower end of the main steel structure 1 is open and can be stood upright.
本实施例还提供了一种钢结构,包括上述的主钢构1,还包括二次钢构2和连接板安装钢架3,二次钢构2设置在主钢构1的内周面,连接板安装钢架3设置在主钢构1和二次钢构2之间,二次钢构2和连接板安装钢架3均与主钢构1可拆卸连接。This embodiment also provides a steel structure, including the above-mentioned main steel structure 1, and also includes a secondary steel structure 2 and a connecting plate installation steel frame 3, the secondary steel structure 2 is arranged on the inner peripheral surface of the main steel structure 1, The connecting plate mounting steel frame 3 is arranged between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2, and both the secondary steel structure 2 and the connecting plate mounting steel frame 3 are detachably connected with the primary steel structure 1.
二次钢构2包括多根经线方向延伸的纵杆21,多根纵杆21周向等距排布,相邻两根纵杆21之间通过横杆22进行连接。具体地,纵杆21上横向连接有固定销211,固定销211上形成有插槽,横杆22的两端形成有插销221,横杆22两端的插销221可分别插入插槽内,防脱件23穿过插销221和固定销211,将横杆22与纵杆21连接在一起。The secondary steel structure 2 includes a plurality of longitudinal rods 21 extending in the warp direction, and the plurality of longitudinal rods 21 are arranged equidistantly in the circumferential direction, and two adjacent longitudinal rods 21 are connected by cross rods 22 . Specifically, the longitudinal bar 21 is horizontally connected with a fixed pin 211, and a slot is formed on the fixed pin 211, and a latch 221 is formed at both ends of the cross bar 22, and the latch 221 at the two ends of the cross bar 22 can be respectively inserted into the slot to prevent falling off. The piece 23 passes through the bolt 221 and the fixing pin 211 to connect the cross bar 22 and the longitudinal bar 21 together.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,二次钢构2与主钢构1之间插接。具体地,二次钢构2的纵杆21的外周面上形成有插钩212,对应地,主钢构1的片架11的内周面上形成有挂槽115,装配时,插钩212可从上向下插入挂槽115内。优选地,每根纵杆21上形成有多嘎插钩212,可形成多处插接,保证连接的稳定性。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the secondary steel structure 2 is inserted into the primary steel structure 1 . Specifically, a hook 212 is formed on the outer peripheral surface of the longitudinal bar 21 of the secondary steel structure 2. Correspondingly, a hanging groove 115 is formed on the inner peripheral surface of the rack 11 of the primary steel structure 1. During assembly, the hook 212 It can be inserted into the hanging groove 115 from top to bottom. Preferably, each longitudinal rod 21 is formed with a multi-gag insertion hook 212, which can form multiple insertion points and ensure the stability of the connection.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,连接板安装钢架3设置在主钢构1和二次钢构2之间,连接板安装钢架3包括多根经线方向延伸的弧形杆31,弧形杆31可拆卸地连接在主钢构1的横连杆12上。具体地,弧形杆31的外周面上延伸有限位板311,主钢构1的横连杆12 的上表面设置螺杆122,螺杆122上连接有偏心件123,限位板311上形成有避让槽3111,使限位板311可伸到横连杆12的上表面与偏心件123之间,偏心件123旋转,即可将限位板311压紧,实现连接板安装钢架3与主钢构1的可拆卸连接。连接板安装钢架3位于主钢构1和二次钢构2之间,一方面支撑主钢构1的部分重量,进一步缩小主钢构1的误差,另一方面用于安装LED穹幕显示屏的控制转接板。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 is arranged between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2, and the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 includes a plurality of arc-shaped rods 31 extending in the warp direction. The rod 31 is detachably connected to the transverse connecting rod 12 of the main steel structure 1 . Specifically, the limit plate 311 is extended on the outer peripheral surface of the arc rod 31, the upper surface of the transverse connecting rod 12 of the main steel structure 1 is provided with a screw 122, the screw 122 is connected with an eccentric member 123, and an avoidance plate 311 is formed on the limit plate 311. Slot 3111, so that the limiting plate 311 can extend between the upper surface of the transverse connecting rod 12 and the eccentric piece 123, and the eccentric piece 123 rotates to compress the limiting plate 311, so that the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 and the main steel The detachable connection of structure 1. The connecting plate installation steel frame 3 is located between the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2. On the one hand, it supports part of the weight of the main steel structure 1 to further reduce the error of the main steel structure 1. On the other hand, it is used to install the LED dome display Screen control adapter board.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,装配后的主钢构1和二次钢构2之间存在周向间隙,连接板安装钢架3位于该周向间隙内,主钢构1和二次钢构2可配合限位连接板安装钢架3。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, there is a circumferential gap between the assembled main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure 2, and the connecting plate installation steel frame 3 is located in the circumferential gap, and the main steel structure 1 and the secondary steel structure The structure 2 can cooperate with the limit connecting plate to install the steel frame 3.
本实施例还提供了一种穹幕,包括前述的钢结构,钢结构的内周面装配有LED显示层5,LED显示层5由多个LED单元模块拼接而成。This embodiment also provides a dome, which includes the aforementioned steel structure. The inner peripheral surface of the steel structure is equipped with an LED display layer 5 , and the LED display layer 5 is spliced by a plurality of LED unit modules.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,钢结构的内周面安装有调整层4,LED单元模块装配在调整层4上。调整层4由多块调整钢板41拼接而成,调节钢板41装配在二次钢构2上,调节钢板41上形成有装配通孔,装配时,LED单元模块可通过磁钢组吸附在调节钢板41上,装配通孔用于穿过电源线和信号线,除此之外,还可实现透声和散热的作用。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, an adjustment layer 4 is installed on the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure, and the LED unit modules are assembled on the adjustment layer 4 . The adjustment layer 4 is spliced by a plurality of adjustment steel plates 41. The adjustment steel plates 41 are assembled on the secondary steel structure 2. The adjustment steel plates 41 are formed with assembly through holes. When assembling, the LED unit module can be adsorbed on the adjustment steel plates by the magnetic steel group. 41, the assembly through hole is used to pass through the power line and the signal line, in addition, it can also realize the functions of sound transmission and heat dissipation.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,LED单元模块包括PCB板,PCB板上阵列排布有LED灯珠,LED灯珠和LED灯珠之间还存在通孔,可起到透声和散热的作用。主钢构1上可悬挂音响,声音通过LED单元模块上的通孔,可给观众沉浸感。LED单元模块的发光面朝向球心位置,用于播放显示画面,观众发出声音会被内凹形穹幕反射,因此, 每个LED显示模块上设有若干个通孔,以避免声音反射。当音响安装在LED单元模块的背面(外周)时,通孔还可以起到透声作用,确保画面与声音同步。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, the LED unit module includes a PCB board, on which LED lamp beads are arranged in an array, and there are through holes between the LED lamp beads and the LED lamp beads, which can play the role of sound transmission and heat dissipation . The sound can be hung on the main steel structure 1, and the sound passes through the through hole on the LED unit module, which can give the audience a sense of immersion. The light-emitting surface of the LED unit module faces the center of the sphere and is used to play the display screen. The audience's sound will be reflected by the concave dome. Therefore, each LED display module is provided with several through holes to avoid sound reflection. When the sound is installed on the back (periphery) of the LED unit module, the through hole can also play the role of sound transmission to ensure that the picture and sound are synchronized.
作为本实施例的优选技术方案,还设置有挂梯6,挂梯6呈圆弧状,挂梯6的顶端形成有至少两个挂钩61,挂梯6可通过挂钩61悬挂在主钢构1的外表面上,检修人员可攀爬挂梯6对穹幕进行检修,十分方便。As a preferred technical solution of this embodiment, a hanging ladder 6 is also provided. The hanging ladder 6 is arc-shaped. At least two hooks 61 are formed on the top of the hanging ladder 6. The hanging ladder 6 can be hung on the main steel structure 1 through the hooks 61. On the outer surface of the dome, maintenance personnel can climb the hanging ladder 6 to carry out maintenance on the dome, which is very convenient.
本实施例的穹幕采用的是落地式的安装方式,其背面占用空间小,适用空间较小的场所,其钢结构可拆卸成较小单元,以方便进行调整和搬运。装配后的穹幕,极点位于顶端,如此LED显示层5上不易落灰,且不会因高空落物而损坏,此外,还可实现水平视场角的扩大,可实现360°全景视场角。The dome of this embodiment adopts a floor-standing installation method, and its back occupies a small space, which is suitable for places with small spaces. Its steel structure can be disassembled into smaller units to facilitate adjustment and transportation. After the assembly of the dome, the pole is located at the top, so that the LED display layer 5 is not easy to fall dust, and will not be damaged by falling objects from high altitude. In addition, the expansion of the horizontal field of view can also be realized, and a 360° panoramic field of view can be realized .
上面结合附图对本实用新型的实施方式作了详细说明,但是本实用新型并不限于上述实施方式,在本领域普通技术人员所具备的知识范围内,还可以在不脱离本实用新型的宗旨的前提下做出各种变化。The embodiments of the present utility model have been described in detail above in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but the present utility model is not limited to the above-mentioned embodiments. Various changes are made.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,所述主钢构(1)包括多个片架(11),每个所述片架(11)由上片架(111)和下片架(112)拼接而成,多个片架(11)等间距排布,相邻的两个片架(11)之间通过横连杆(12)和斜拉杆(13)可拆卸连接。A kind of main steel structure (1), it is characterized in that, described main steel structure (1) comprises a plurality of sheet racks (11), and each described sheet rack (11) is made of upper sheet rack (111) and lower sheet rack (112) are spliced together, a plurality of film holders (11) are arranged at equal intervals, and two adjacent film holders (11) are detachably connected by horizontal connecting rods (12) and diagonal stay rods (13).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,所述上片架(111)和所述下片架(112)插接配合并通过夹紧组件(113)夹紧,所述上片架(111)和所述下片架(112)相连接的端部均形成有端板,两个端板通过凸起凹槽结构插接,所述夹紧组件(113)包住并夹紧两个端板的边缘。A main steel structure (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper frame (111) and the lower frame (112) are plugged and fitted and clamped by a clamping assembly (113) , the connected ends of the upper film holder (111) and the lower film holder (112) are formed with end plates, and the two end plates are inserted through the raised groove structure, and the clamping assembly (113) Wrap and clamp the edges of the two end panels.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,所述横连杆(12)的两端与相邻两个片架(11)之间通过插头插孔配合,所述横连杆(12)由上向下运动实现与相邻两个片架(11)之间的插接,插接后的所述横连杆(12)被相邻两个片架(11)支撑,所述插孔(114)的水平方向上的开口设置为缩口以防止所述插头(121)脱出。A main steel structure (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that, the two ends of the horizontal connecting rod (12) are matched with two adjacent sheet frames (11) through plug sockets, so The horizontal connecting rod (12) moves from up to down to realize the insertion between the adjacent two film holders (11), and the inserted horizontal connecting rod (12) is connected by the adjacent two film holders (11). ) support, the opening in the horizontal direction of the jack (114) is set as a constriction to prevent the plug (121) from coming out.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,所述片架(11)上固定有连接板(14),所述连接板(14)上形成有若干个限位座(15),相邻两个片架(11)上的连接板(14)水平错位设置,所述斜拉杆(13)的两端分别被限位座(15)限位。A main steel structure (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that, a connection plate (14) is fixed on the sheet frame (11), and several limit positions are formed on the connection plate (14). The seat (15), the connecting plates (14) on two adjacent film racks (11) are horizontally dislocated, and the two ends of the diagonal stay rod (13) are respectively limited by the limit seat (15).
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,所述斜拉杆(13)包括花篮螺杆(131),所述花篮螺杆(131)的两端分别连接有杆头(132),两个杆头(132)的外端延伸有限位凸缘(1321), 所述杆头(132)穿过所述限位座(15),所述限位凸缘(1321)可抵靠在所述限位座(15)上实现限位,通过收紧花篮螺杆(131)将斜拉杆(13)收紧。A kind of main steel structure (1) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described diagonal stay rod (13) comprises turnbuckle screw (131), and the two ends of described turnbuckle screw (131) are respectively connected with bar head ( 132), the outer ends of the two rod heads (132) extend a limit flange (1321), the rod head (132) passes through the limit seat (15), and the limit flange (1321) can The limit is realized by leaning against the limit seat (15), and the diagonal tie rod (13) is tightened by tightening the turnbuckle screw (131).
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种主钢构(1),其特征在于,相邻两个片架(11)的内外端均通过横连杆(12)连接,相邻两个片架(11)的外端通过斜拉杆(13)连接,所述主钢构(1)的极点位于顶端。A main steel structure (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner and outer ends of two adjacent sheet frames (11) are connected by transverse connecting rods (12), and the two adjacent sheet frames (11) ) is connected by a diagonal tie rod (13), and the pole of the main steel structure (1) is at the top.
  7. 一种钢结构,其特征在于,包括:A steel structure, characterized in that it comprises:
    权利要求1-6任一项所述的主钢构(1);The main steel structure (1) described in any one of claims 1-6;
    二次钢构(2),所述二次钢构(2)可拆卸地装配在所述主钢构(1)的内周;a secondary steel structure (2), the secondary steel structure (2) is detachably assembled on the inner periphery of the primary steel structure (1);
    连接板安装钢架(3),所述连接板安装钢架(3)设置在所述主钢构(1)和所述二次钢构(2)之间,所述连接板安装钢架(3)与所述主钢构(1)可拆卸连接。The connecting plate is installed with a steel frame (3), and the connecting plate is installed with a steel frame (3) arranged between the main steel structure (1) and the secondary steel structure (2), and the connecting plate is installed with a steel frame ( 3) It is detachably connected with the main steel structure (1).
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种钢结构,其特征在于,所述二次钢构(2)包括多根经线方向延伸的纵杆(21),相邻两根纵杆(21)之间通过横杆(22)连接,所述纵杆(21)与所述主钢构(1)的片架(11)之间插接。The steel structure according to claim 7, characterized in that, the secondary steel structure (2) comprises a plurality of longitudinal rods (21) extending in the meridian direction, and passing between two adjacent longitudinal rods (21) The horizontal bar (22) is connected, and the longitudinal bar (21) is inserted into the frame (11) of the main steel structure (1).
  9. 根据权利要求7所述的一种钢结构,其特征在于,所述连接板安装钢架(3)包括多根经线方向延伸的弧形杆(31),所述弧形杆(31)的外表面延伸有限位板(311),所述横连杆(12)上通过螺杆(122)转动连接有偏心件(123),所述限位板(311)可伸到所述横连杆(12)与所述偏心件(123)之间,所述偏心件(123)可转 动压紧所述限位板(311)。The steel structure according to claim 7, characterized in that, the connecting plate installation steel frame (3) includes a plurality of arc-shaped rods (31) extending in the meridian direction, and the outer surfaces of the arc-shaped rods (31) The limit plate (311) is extended on the surface, and the eccentric member (123) is connected to the horizontal connecting rod (12) through the rotation of the screw (122), and the limiting plate (311) can extend to the horizontal connecting rod (12). ) and the eccentric member (123), the eccentric member (123) can rotate and press the limiting plate (311).
  10. 一种穹幕,其特征在于,包括权利要求7-9任一项所述的钢结构,所述钢结构的内周面安装有LED单元模块,所述LED单元模块用于显示画面信息,所述LED单元模块上形成有若干通孔,所述钢结构上还可挂设挂梯(6)。A dome, characterized in that it comprises the steel structure described in any one of claims 7-9, an LED unit module is installed on the inner peripheral surface of the steel structure, and the LED unit module is used to display picture information, so A plurality of through holes are formed on the LED unit module, and hanging ladders (6) can also be hung on the steel structure.
PCT/CN2022/135009 2021-12-09 2022-11-29 Main steel structure, steel structure and dome screen WO2023103839A1 (en)

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