WO2023103486A1 - 一种地质勘探用旋转取样器 - Google Patents

一种地质勘探用旋转取样器 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023103486A1
WO2023103486A1 PCT/CN2022/116779 CN2022116779W WO2023103486A1 WO 2023103486 A1 WO2023103486 A1 WO 2023103486A1 CN 2022116779 W CN2022116779 W CN 2022116779W WO 2023103486 A1 WO2023103486 A1 WO 2023103486A1
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Prior art keywords
drill bit
plate
support
support rod
transmission
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PCT/CN2022/116779
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
张瑞刚
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重庆地质矿产研究院
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Publication of WO2023103486A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023103486A1/zh

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting
    • G01N1/08Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting involving an extracting tool, e.g. core bit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A90/00Technologies having an indirect contribution to adaptation to climate change
    • Y02A90/30Assessment of water resources

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of geological exploration, in particular to a rotary sampler for geological exploration.
  • “Geological prospecting” refers to surveying and detecting the geology through various means and methods, determining the appropriate bearing layer, determining the foundation type and calculating the foundation parameters according to the foundation bearing capacity of the bearing layer. Mineral deposits with industrial significance are found in the general survey of minerals. In order to ascertain the quality and quantity of minerals, as well as the technical conditions for mining and utilization, and provide mineral reserves and geological data required for mine construction design, the rocks, strata, structures, Conduct investigation and research work on geological conditions such as mineral resources, hydrology, and geomorphology.
  • the prospectors In the process of geological exploration, in order to understand the distribution of soil or rock layers under the surface, the prospectors need to drill and sample the soil. For soil sampling with low depth requirements, the prospectors usually directly drill and sample the soil. At present, in the process of drilling and sampling, a drill is generally used to drill the hole first, and then sample the soil accumulated in the hole after drilling, which is not only cumbersome to operate, but also easily leads to inaccurate sampling.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide a rotary sampler for geological exploration to solve the problem. Sampling the soil accumulated in the hole is not only cumbersome, but also prone to inaccurate sampling.
  • a rotary sampler for geological exploration comprising a bottom plate, a borehole is opened in the middle of the bottom plate, a plurality of support rods are arranged on the circumference of the bottom plate, transmission plates are arranged on a plurality of the support rods, and a drive plate is arranged on the plurality of support rods.
  • a plurality of support columns are arranged on the circumference, and mounting plates are arranged on the plurality of support columns, and a sampling mechanism is installed on the mounting plate, and the sampling mechanism is connected to the transmission plate, and the sampling mechanism includes a power assembly and a sampling assembly , the power assembly is in transmission connection with the transmission plate, the power assembly is in transmission connection with the sampling assembly, and the support assembly is rotatably arranged on the installation plate.
  • the power assembly includes a motor, a rotating shaft and a rotating tube, the motor is arranged on a mounting plate, a gasket is provided between the motor and the mounting plate, and the rotating shaft is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the motor,
  • the rotating tube is sleeved on the rotating shaft, and the upper circumference of the inner wall of the rotating tube is provided with a plurality of first sliding slots, and the upper circumference of the rotating shaft is provided with splines, and the splines are located in the first sliding slots.
  • the outer wall of the rotating tube is provided with external threads
  • the transmission plate is hollow
  • the inner wall of the transmission plate is provided with internal threads
  • the external threads and internal threads are screwed
  • the top of the rotating tube is provided with a limit
  • the ring is arranged in this way so that when the motor is working, it can drive the rotating tube to rotate and simultaneously lower it.
  • the sampling assembly includes a first drill bit, a connecting sleeve, a second drill bit and a connecting piece, the first drill bit is sleeved at the bottom of the rotating pipe, the section of the connecting sleeve is L-shaped, and the connecting sleeve is arranged on On the first drill bit and the rotating pipe, the connecting piece is arranged in the first drill bit, the second drill bit is sleeved in the first drill bit, and the inner wall of the first drill bit is symmetrically opened with a second chute, and the The second drill bit is symmetrically provided with slide blocks, the slide block is located in the second chute, and the connecting piece is connected to the second drill bit in a transmission manner. In this way, through the cooperation of the first drill bit and the second drill bit, drilling is easier. At the same time, a specified depth position can be sampled.
  • the connecting piece includes a fixed plate, an electric push rod, a transmission shaft, a bearing, a positioning sleeve, a connecting seat and a buffer, the fixed plate is fixedly arranged in the first drill bit, and the electric push rod is fixedly arranged on the fixed plate
  • the fixed plate is fixedly arranged in the first drill bit
  • the electric push rod is fixedly arranged on the fixed plate
  • one end of the transmission shaft is fixedly arranged on the output shaft of the electric push rod
  • the buffer member is arranged on the second drill bit
  • the connecting seat is fixedly arranged on the buffer member
  • the free end of the transmission shaft passes through
  • the bearing is arranged between the transmission shaft and the connection seat
  • the positioning sleeve is sleeved on the transmission shaft and fixedly connected with the connection seat, so that the second drill bit can enter the first drill bit, thereby
  • the first drill bit is working, the designated depth is sampled, and after sampling, the collection of samples is facilitated.
  • the buffer member includes a fixed column, a shock absorbing spring, a connection plate and a fixed sleeve, the circumference of the fixed column is set on the second drill bit, the shock absorbing spring is set on the fixed column, and the connection plate is set on the On the fixed column, the fixed column passes through the connection plate, one end of the shock-absorbing spring is fixedly connected with the second drill bit, and the other end is fixedly connected with the connection plate, the fixed sleeve is arranged on the free end of the fixed column, and the connection The seat is fixedly arranged in the middle of the connection plate, so that the damage to the electric push rod during the drilling process can be reduced.
  • the support assembly includes a rotating seat, a support member and a storage member, the circumference of the rotating seat is arranged at the bottom of the mounting plate at equal angles, the support member is rotatably arranged on the rotating seat, and the receiving member is slidably arranged on the mounting plate , set in this way, on the one hand, the whole device can be fixed and supported at the sampling site, on the other hand, when not in use, it is convenient for the storage of the support.
  • the support includes at least three supports with the same structure, the support includes a first support rod, a second support rod and a support pad, one end of the first support rod is hinged on the rotating seat, the A third chute is opened on the first support bar, track grooves are opened on both sides of the third chute on the first support bar, the second support bar is slidably installed in the third chute, and the first support bar is slidably installed in the third chute.
  • Limiting blocks are symmetrically arranged on the two supporting rods, the limiting blocks are located in the track groove, the free end of the first supporting rod is provided with a retaining ring, and one end of the second supporting rod is provided with a blind hole.
  • a spring and a clamping ball are installed in the hole, one end of the spring is fixedly connected to the bottom of the blind hole, and the other end is fixedly connected to the clamping ball, and a plurality of clamping holes are opened on the first support rod, and the clamping ball is set In the card hole, the support pad is fixedly arranged on the free end of the second support rod, so that it is convenient to adjust the relative length of the second support rod and the first support rod according to different sampling positions, thereby stably supporting the whole device .
  • blocks are symmetrically arranged on the support pad, a slot is opened on the bottom plate, and limiting slots are opened on both sides of the slot, so that the second support rod can be stably stored on the bottom plate.
  • the receiving part includes a first housing and a second housing, the first housing is arranged on the mounting plate, sliding grooves are symmetrically opened on the first housing, and the first housing is used for sliding A first connecting groove and a second connecting groove are opened at the groove, the second casing is transparent, fixed blocks are symmetrically arranged on the inner wall of the second casing, and fixed blocks are arranged on the outer wall of the second casing.
  • the handle is arranged in such a way that the support member can be accommodated by the second housing when not in use, which facilitates the transportation of the entire device.
  • the bottom of the support pad is fixed with a first cone head, and the circumference of the bottom plate is provided with a second cone head, so that the entire device can be stably installed at the sampling site, thereby adapting to different terrains.
  • the entire device can be stably installed on different terrains, which is convenient for sampling. When sampling, it can target different depths according to different sampling needs. Sampling the soil layer is convenient and fast, and the sample after sampling is easy to collect;
  • the power assembly includes a motor, a rotating shaft and a rotating tube. Through the mutual cooperation of the motor, rotating shaft, rotating tube and the transmission plate, the motor can drive the rotating tube to rotate and descend when the motor is working, thereby driving the sampling component to rotate and descend. Drilling and sampling are more convenient, and the use of power sources is reduced, saving the cost of use;
  • the sampling assembly includes the first drill bit, the connecting sleeve, the second drill bit and the connecting piece. Through the mutual cooperation of the first drill bit, the connecting sleeve, the second drill bit and the connecting piece, the damage to the second drill bit and the connecting piece is reduced when drilling.
  • the second drill bit is driven into the first drill bit through the connecting piece to form a sampling space, so that different samples can be drilled according to different needs;
  • the support assembly includes a rotating seat, a support piece and a storage piece.
  • the support piece includes a first support rod, a second support rod and a support pad.
  • Fig. 1 is a structural representation of a rotary sampler for geological exploration of the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic sectional structure diagram of a rotary sampler for geological exploration of the present invention
  • Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at A in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at B in Fig. 2;
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic diagram of the installation structure of the first mounting frame in a rotary sampler for geological exploration according to the present invention
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a disassembled structure of a casing in a rotary sampler for geological exploration according to the present invention
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a drill bit in a rotary sampler for geological exploration according to the present invention.
  • First drill bit 5 connecting sleeve 51, second chute 511, second drill bit 52, fixed column 521, damping spring 522, connecting disc 523, fixing sleeve 524, slider 525, connecting seat 53, bearing 531, positioning sleeve 532, fixed plate 54, electric push rod 541, transmission shaft 542.
  • a rotary sampler for geological exploration includes a bottom plate 1 , and a borehole 14 is opened in the middle of the bottom plate 1 .
  • a plurality of support rods 12 are arranged on the upper circumference of the bottom plate 1
  • a transmission plate 13 is arranged on the plurality of support rods 12 .
  • the upper circumference of the base plate 1 is provided with a plurality of support columns 2, and the plurality of support columns 2 are provided with a mounting plate 21, and a sampling mechanism is installed on the mounting plate 21, which can accurately sample soil at different depths according to different needs.
  • the sampling mechanism is connected in transmission with the transmission plate 13, so that the sampling mechanism can be raised and lowered on the transmission plate 13.
  • the sampling mechanism includes a power assembly and a sampling assembly, the power assembly is connected to the transmission plate 13, and the power assembly is connected to the sampling assembly.
  • the sampling assembly Through the mutual cooperation of the power assembly, the sampling assembly and the transmission plate 13, it can be used for different depths according to different sampling needs. It is convenient and quick to sample the soil layer, and the sample after sampling is easy to collect.
  • a supporting assembly is rotatably arranged on the mounting plate 21 for stably installing the whole device on different terrains.
  • the power assembly includes a motor 22, a rotating shaft 221 and a rotating tube 25.
  • the motor 22 is arranged on the mounting plate 21, and a gasket 23 is arranged between the motor 22 and the mounting plate 21 to avoid damage to the motor 22 body.
  • the rotating shaft 221 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the motor 22, the rotating tube 25 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 221, the inner wall of the rotating tube 25 is provided with a plurality of first slide grooves 251 on the circumference, and the upper circumference of the rotating shaft 221 is provided with splines. 222 , the spline 222 is located in the first chute 251 , and the rotation tube 25 can be driven to rotate through the operation of the motor 22 .
  • the outer wall of the rotating tube 25 is provided with an external thread 252, the transmission plate 13 is hollow, the internal wall of the transmission plate 13 is provided with an internal thread 131, and the external thread 252 and the internal thread 131 are screwed together. 252 is screwed with the internal thread 131, so that the rotating pipe 25 can descend, so that the rotating pipe 25 can rotate and descend.
  • the top of the rotating tube 25 is provided with a limit ring 253 to prevent the rotating shaft 221 from detaching from the rotating tube 25 .
  • the sampling assembly includes a first drill bit 5, a connecting sleeve 51, a second drill bit 52 and a connector.
  • the first drill bit 5 is sleeved on the bottom of the rotating tube 25.
  • the cross section of the connecting sleeve 51 is L-shaped, and the connecting sleeve 51 is arranged on the first drill bit. 5 and the rotating tube 25 are used to fixedly connect the first drill bit 5 and the rotating tube 25, so that the rotation and descent of the rotating tube 25 can drive the first drill bit 5 and the second drill bit 52 to rotate and descend.
  • the connecting piece is arranged in the first drill bit 5, the second drill bit 52 is sleeved in the first drill bit 5, the inner wall of the first drill bit 5 is symmetrically provided with a second chute 511, and the second drill bit 52 is symmetrically provided with a slider 525 , the slider 525 is located in the second chute 511, on the one hand, the rotation of the first drill bit 5 can drive the second drill bit 52 to rotate, and on the other hand, the second drill bit 52 can move in the first drill bit 5.
  • the connecting piece is in transmission connection with the second drill bit 52 , and is used to drive the second drill bit 52 to move inside the first drill bit 5 , so as to form a sampling space, and then sample a specified depth position.
  • the connector includes a fixed plate 54, an electric push rod 541, a transmission shaft 542, a bearing 531, a positioning sleeve 532, a connecting seat 53 and a buffer, the fixed plate 54 is fixedly arranged in the first drill bit 5, and the electric push rod 541 is fixedly arranged on a fixed On the plate 54, the electric push rod 541 is fixedly installed in the first drill bit 5.
  • One end of the transmission shaft 542 is fixedly arranged on the output shaft of the electric push rod 541, the buffer member is arranged on the second drill bit 52, the connection seat 53 is fixedly arranged on the buffer member, and the free end of the transmission shaft 542 is installed in the connection seat 53 , the bearing 531 is arranged between the transmission shaft 542 and the connection base 53 , so that the transmission shaft 542 can rotate relative to the connection base 53 .
  • the positioning sleeve 532 is sleeved on the transmission shaft 542, and is fixedly connected with the connection seat 53, so that the position of the transmission shaft 542 and the connection seat 53 is fixed, and then the transmission shaft 542 is fixedly connected with the buffer member, so that when the electric push rod 541 works, It can drive the second drill bit 52 into the first drill bit 5 to form a sampling space.
  • the buffer includes a fixed column 521, a shock absorbing spring 522, a connection plate 523 and a fixed sleeve 524.
  • the circumference of the fixed column 521 is arranged on the second drill bit 52, the shock absorbing spring 522 is sleeved on the fixed column 521, and the connection plate 523 is arranged on the fixed column 521.
  • one end of the shock absorbing spring 522 is fixedly connected with the second drill bit 52, and the other end is fixedly connected with the connecting plate 523, so that when the second drill bit 52 works, the shock absorbing spring 522 can Avoiding the vibration generated by the second drill bit 52 from being transmitted to the electric push rod 541 , avoiding damage to the electric push rod 541 , and at the same time, reducing the damage to the second drill bit 52 .
  • the fixing sleeve 524 is fixedly arranged on the free end of the fixing column 521, and connects the connecting plate 523 and the second drill bit 52 into a whole.
  • the connection seat 53 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the connection plate 523, further reducing damage to the electric push rod 541 during the drilling process.
  • the support assembly includes a rotating seat 40, a support and a storage member.
  • the rotating seat 40 is fixed at the bottom of the mounting plate 21 at an equiangular circumference, and is staggered with the support column 2 to avoid blocking the collection of samples.
  • the supporting member is rotatably arranged on the rotating seat 40, and the receiving member is slidably arranged on the mounting plate 21.
  • the support includes at least three supports with the same structure for providing stable support.
  • the support member comprises a first support rod 4, a second support rod 41 and a support pad 42, and one end of the first support rod 4 is hinged on the rotating seat 40 so that the first supporting rod 4 and the second supporting rod 41 can rotate relative to the rotating seat 40 Turn for easy adjustment of support position.
  • the first support rod 4 is provided with a third chute 401, and the first support rod 4 is provided with a track groove 402 on both sides of the third chute 401, and the second support rod 41 is slidably installed in the third chute 401, Limiting blocks 411 are symmetrically arranged on the second supporting rod 41 , and the limiting blocks 411 are located in the track groove 402 , so that the second supporting rod 41 can slide stably in the first supporting rod 4 and reduce damage to the first supporting rod 4 .
  • the free end of the first support rod 4 is provided with a retaining ring to prevent the second support rod 41 from slipping off from the first support rod 4 .
  • One end of the second support rod 41 is provided with a blind hole 412, and a spring 413 and a snap ball 414 are installed in the blind hole 412.
  • One end of the spring 413 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the blind hole 412, and the other end is fixedly connected with the snap ball 414.
  • the supporting rod 4 is provided with a plurality of clamping holes 403, and the clamping beads 414 are clamped in the clamping holes 403 for adjusting the position of the second supporting rod 41 on the first supporting rod 4 according to different terrains, and the adjusted The position is fixed, so that the whole device is installed stably.
  • the supporting pad 42 is fixedly arranged on the free end of the second supporting rod 41 to increase the supporting area of the second supporting rod 41 .
  • the bottom of the support pad 42 is fixedly provided with a first cone 422, and the upper circumference of the bottom plate 1 is provided with a second cone 11.
  • first cone 422 and the second cone 11 Through the mutual cooperation of the first cone 422 and the second cone 11, the whole device is further stably installed in the sampling area. location, further adapting to different terrains.
  • the receiving part includes a first housing 24 and a second housing 3.
  • the first housing 24 is fixedly arranged on the mounting plate 21.
  • the motor 22 is covered to prevent external impurities from entering the motor 22 and affecting the performance of the motor 22. service life; on the other hand, it facilitates the use of the second housing 3 .
  • the first housing 24 is symmetrically provided with sliding grooves 241, the first housing 24 is provided with a first connecting groove 242 and a second connecting groove 243 at the sliding groove 241, the second housing 3 is transparent, and the second housing 24 is transparent.
  • the inner wall of 3 is symmetrically provided with fixed blocks 32, when the support is not in use, by sliding the fixed blocks 32 from the first connecting groove 242 into the second connecting groove 243, so that the second housing 3 connects the first supporting rod 4 and the upper part of the second support rod 41 are accommodated, on the one hand, to prevent the support member from freely rotating during transport; on the other hand, to facilitate the transport of the entire device.
  • the outer wall of the second housing 3 is provided with a handle 31, which further facilitates the handling of the whole device.
  • the support pad 42 is symmetrically provided with blocks 421, the bottom plate 1 is provided with a slot 15, and both sides of the slot 15 are provided with limiting slots 151.
  • the support pad 42 When the support is not in use, the support pad 42 is accommodated in the slot 15, Therefore, the clamping block 421 is installed in the limiting groove 151, and the second support rod 41 can be stably stored on the bottom plate 1, further preventing the first support rod 4 and the second support rod 41 from rotating during transportation.
  • the usage method of this embodiment when in use, rotate the second casing 3 through the handle 31, so that the second casing 3 is snapped into the first connection groove 242 from the second connection groove 243, and the first support rod 4 is exposed, according to For different terrains, adjust the position of the second support rod 41 on the first support rod 4, and make the snap beads 414 snap into the corresponding snap holes 403, thereby fixing the adjusted position of the second support rod 41 and fixing the first support rod 41.
  • the cone head 422 and the second cone head 11 are inserted into the ground to further fix the position of the whole device and the sampling position.

Abstract

一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,包括底板(1),底板(1)的中部开设有钻孔(14),底板(1)上圆周设置有多个支撑杆(12),多个支撑杆(12)上设置有传动板(13),底板(1)上圆周设置有多个支撑柱(2),多个支撑柱(2)上设置有安装板(21),安装板(21)上安装有取样机构,取样机构和传动板(13)传动连接,取样机构包括动力组件和取样组件,动力组件和传动板(13)传动连接,动力组件和取样组件传动连接,安装板(21)上转动设置有支撑组件。

Description

一种地质勘探用旋转取样器 技术领域
本发明涉及地质勘探技术领域,尤其涉及一种地质勘探用旋转取样器。
背景技术
“地质勘探”即是通过各种手段、方法对地质进行勘查、探测,确定合适的持力层,根据持力层的地基承载力,确定基础类型,计算基础参数的调查研究活动,是在对矿产普查中发现有工业意义的矿床,为查明矿产的质和量,以及开采利用的技术条件,提供矿山建设设计所需要的矿产储量和地质资料,对一定地区内的岩石、地层、构造、矿产、水文、地貌等地质情况进行调查研究工作。
在地质勘探过程中,勘探人员为了了解地表下土壤或岩层的分布情况,需要对土壤进行钻探取样,对于深度要求不高的土壤取样,一般由勘探人员直接对土壤钻探并取样。目前,在钻探并取样的过程中,一般是先采用钻孔器先进行钻孔,钻孔后再对孔洞中堆积的泥土进行取样,不仅操作较为繁琐,且容易造成取样不准确。
发明内容
有鉴于此,本发明的目的是提供一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,用来解决,目前,在钻探并取样的过程中,一般是先采用钻孔器先进行钻孔,钻孔后再对孔洞中堆积的泥土进行取样,不仅操作较为繁琐,且容易造成取样不准确的问题。
本发明通过以下技术手段解决上述技术问题:
一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,包括底板,所述底板的中部开设有钻孔,所述底板上圆周设置有多个支撑杆,多个所述支撑杆上设置有传动板,所述底板上圆周设置有多个支撑柱,多个所述支撑柱上设置有安装板,所述安装板上安装有取样机构,所述取样机构和传动板传动连接,所述取样机构包括动力组件和取样组件,所述动力组件和传动板传动连接,所述动力组件和取样组件传动连接,所述安装板上转动设置有支撑组件。
进一步,所述动力组件包括电机、转动轴和转动管,所述电机设置在安装板上,所述电机与安装板之间设置有垫片,所述转动轴固定连接在电机的输出轴上,所述转动管套接在转动轴上,所述转动管的内壁上圆周开设有多个第一滑槽,所述转动轴上圆周设置有花键,所述花键位于第一滑槽内,所述转动管外壁上开设有外螺纹,所述传动板呈中空状,所述传动板的内壁上开设有内螺纹,所述外螺纹和内螺纹螺接,所述转动管的顶部设置有限位环,这样设置,使电机工作时,能够带动转动管转动,同时能够下降。
进一步,所述取样组件包括第一钻头、连接套、第二钻头和连接件,所述第一钻头套设在转动管的底部,所述连接套的截面呈L形,所述连接套设置在第一钻头和转动管上,所述连接件设置在第一钻头内,所述第二钻头套设在第一钻头内,所述第一钻头的内壁上对称开设有第二滑槽,所述第二钻头上对称设置有滑块,所述滑块位于第二滑槽内,所述连接件和第二钻头传动连接,这样设置,通过第一钻头和第二钻头配合,钻孔更容易,同时,能够对指定深度位置进行取样。
进一步,所述连接件包括固定板、电动推杆、传动轴、轴承、定位套、连接座和缓冲件,所述固定板固定设置在第一钻头内,所述电动推杆固定设置在固定板上,所述传动轴的一端固定设置在电动推杆的输出轴上,所述缓冲件设置在第二钻头上,所述连接座固定设置在缓冲件上,所述传动轴的自由端穿设在连接座内,所述轴承设置在传动轴和连接座之间,所述定位套套设在传动轴上,并与连接座固定连接,这样设置,使第二钻头能够进入第一钻头内,从而在第一钻头工作时,对指定深度进行取样,且取样后,便于样品的收集。
进一步,所述缓冲件包括固定柱、减震弹簧、连接盘和固定套,所述固定柱圆周设置在第二钻头上,所述减震弹簧套设在固定柱上,所述连接盘设置在固定柱上,所述固定柱穿出连接盘,所述减震弹簧的一端与第二钻头固定连接,另一端与连接盘固定连接,所述固定套设置在固定柱的自由端,所述连接座固定设置在连接盘的中部,这样设置,减少钻孔过程中对电动推杆的损伤。
进一步,所述支撑组件包括转动座、支撑件和收纳件,所述转动座圆周、等角度设置在安装板底部,所述支撑件转动设置在转动座上,所述收纳件滑动设置安装板上,这样设置,一方面,能够将整个装置固定支撑在取样的地点,另一方面,在不使用时,便于支撑件的收纳。
进一步,所述支撑件包括至少三个结构相同的支撑件,所述支撑件包括第一支撑杆、第二支撑杆和支撑垫,所述第一支撑杆的一端铰接在转动座上,所述第一支撑杆上开设有第三滑槽,所述第一支撑杆上于第三滑槽的两侧开设有轨迹槽,所述第二支撑杆滑动安装在第三滑槽内,所述第二支撑杆上对称设置有限位块,所述限位块位于轨迹槽内,所述第一支撑杆的自由端设置有挡环,所述第二支撑杆的一端开设有盲孔,所述盲孔内安装有弹簧和卡珠,所述弹簧的一端与盲孔的底部固定连接,另一端与卡珠固定连接,所述第一支撑杆上开设有多个卡孔,所述卡珠卡设在卡孔内,所述支撑垫固定设置在第二支撑杆的自由端,这样设置,便于根据不同的取样位置,调节第二支撑杆与第一支撑杆的相对长度,从而将整个装置稳定支撑。
进一步,所述支撑垫上对称设置有卡块,所述底板上开设有卡槽,所述卡槽的两侧开设有限位槽,这样设置,能够将第二支撑杆稳定收纳在底板上。
进一步,所述收纳件包括第一壳体和第二壳体,所述第一壳体设置在安装板上,所述第一壳体上对称开设有滑动槽,所述第一壳体于滑动槽处开设有第一连接槽和第二连接槽,所述第二壳体呈透明状,所述第二壳体的内壁上对称设置有固定块,所述第二壳体的外壁上设置有手柄,这样设置,使支撑件在不使用时,能够被第二壳体收纳,便于整个装置的搬运。
进一步,所述支撑垫的底部固定设置有第一锥头,所述底板上圆周设置有第二锥头,这样设置,进一步将整个装置稳定安装在取样地点,从而适应不同的地形。
本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,具有如下优点:
1、通过底板、传动板、动力组件、取样组件和支撑组件的相互配合,能够将整个装置稳定安装在不同的地形上,便于取样,在取样时,能够根据不同的取样需要,针对不同深度的土壤层进行取样,方便、快捷,且取样后的样品便于收集;
2、动力组件包括电机、转动轴和转动管,通过电机、转动轴、转动管和传动板的相互配合,使电机在工作时,能够带动转动管旋转并下降,从而带动取样组件旋转下降,使钻孔和取样更方便,并减少动力源的使用,节约使用成本;
3、取样组件包括第一钻头、连接套、第二钻头和连接件,通过第一钻头、连接套、第二钻头和连接件的相互配合,使在钻孔时,减少对第二钻头和连接件的损伤,在取样时,通过连接件带动第二钻头进入第一钻头,形成取样空间,从而能够根据不同的需要,钻取不同的样品;
4、支撑组件包括转动座、支撑件和收纳件,支撑件包括第一支撑杆、第二支撑杆和支撑垫,一方面通过包括第一支撑杆、第二支撑杆、支撑垫和底板的相互配合,能够将整个装置稳定安装在不同的地形上,避免倾倒,也不需要手扶;另一方面通过第一支撑杆、第二支撑杆、支撑垫、底板和收纳件的相互配合,便于整个装置的搬运。
附图说明
图1是本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器的结构示意图;
图2是本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器的剖视结构示意图;
图3是图2中A处的放大结构示意图;
图4是图2中B处的放大结构示意图;
图5是本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器中第一安装架的安装结构示意图;
图6是本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器中套壳的拆分结构示意图;
图7是本发明一种地质勘探用旋转取样器中钻头钻探时的结构示意图;
其中,底板1、第二锥头11、支撑杆12、传动板13、内螺纹131、钻孔14、卡槽15、限位槽151、支撑柱2、安装板21、电机22、转动轴221、花键222、垫片23、第一壳体24、滑动槽241、第一连接槽242、第二连接槽243、转动管25、第一滑槽251、外螺纹252、限位环253、第二壳体3、手柄31、固定块32;
第一支撑杆4、转动座40、第三滑槽401、轨迹槽402、卡孔403、第二支撑杆41、限位块411、盲孔412、弹簧413、卡珠414、支撑垫42、卡块421、第一锥头422;
第一钻头5、连接套51、第二滑槽511、第二钻头52、固定柱521、减震弹簧522、连接盘523、固定套524、滑块525、连接座53、轴承531、定位套532、固定板54、电动推杆541、传动轴542。
具体实施方式
以下将结合附图和具体实施例对本发明进行详细说明:
如图1-7所示,本发明的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,包括底板1,底板1的中部开设有钻孔14。底板1上圆周设置有多个支撑杆12,多个支撑杆12上设置有传动板13。底板1上圆周设置有多个支撑柱2,多个支撑柱2上设置有安装板21,安装板21上安装有取样机构,能够根据不同的需要,对不同深度的土壤进行精准取样。取样机构和传动板13传动连接,使取样机构能够在传动板13上升降。取样机构包括动力组件和取样组件,动力组件和传动板13传动连接,动力组件和取样组件传动连接,通过动力组件、取样组件和传动板13的相互配合,能够根据不同的取样需要,针对不同深度的土壤层进行取样,方便、快捷,且取样后的样品便于收集。安装板21上转动设置有支撑组件,用于将整个装置稳定安装在不同的地形上。
动力组件包括电机22、转动轴221和转动管25,电机22设置在安装板21上,电机22与安装板21之间设置有垫片23,避免损伤电机22本体。转动轴221固定连接在电机22的输出轴上,转动管25套接在转动轴221上,转动管25的内壁上圆周开设有多个第一滑槽251,转动轴221上圆周设置有花键222,花键222位于第一滑槽251内,通过电机22的工作,能够带动转动管25转动。转动管25外壁上开设有外螺纹252,传动板13呈中空状,传动板13的内壁上开设有内螺纹131,外螺纹252和内螺纹131螺接,当转动管25转动时,通过外螺纹252和内螺纹131螺接,使转动管25能够下降,从而使转动管25能够旋转下降。转动管25的顶部设置有限位环253,避免转动轴221与转动管25脱离。
取样组件包括第一钻头5、连接套51、第二钻头52和连接件,第一钻头5套设在转动管25的底部,连接套51的截面呈L形,连接套51设置在第一钻头5和转动管25上,用于将第一钻头5和转动管25固定连接,从而使转动管25的旋转下降能够带动 第一钻头5和第二钻头52旋转并下降。连接件设置在第一钻头5内,第二钻头52套设在第一钻头5内,第一钻头5的内壁上对称开设有第二滑槽511,第二钻头52上对称设置有滑块525,滑块525位于第二滑槽511内,一方面,使第一钻头5的转动能够带动第二钻头52转动,另一方面,使第二钻头52能够在第一钻头5内移动。连接件和第二钻头52传动连接,用于带动第二钻头52在第一钻头5内移动,从而能够形成取样空间,进而能够对指定深度位置进行取样。
连接件包括固定板54、电动推杆541、传动轴542、轴承531、定位套532、连接座53和缓冲件,固定板54固定设置在第一钻头5内,电动推杆541固定设置在固定板54上,将电动推杆541固定安装在第一钻头5内。传动轴542的一端固定设置在电动推杆541的输出轴上,缓冲件设置在第二钻头52上,连接座53固定设置在缓冲件上,传动轴542的自由端穿设在连接座53内,轴承531设置在传动轴542和连接座53之间,使传动轴542能够相对连接座53转动。定位套532套设在传动轴542上,并与连接座53固定连接,将传动轴542和连接座53的位置固定,进而将传动轴542和缓冲件固定连接,使电动推杆541工作时,能够带动第二钻头52进入第一钻头5,形成取样空间。
缓冲件包括固定柱521、减震弹簧522、连接盘523和固定套524,固定柱521圆周设置在第二钻头52上,减震弹簧522套设在固定柱521上,连接盘523设置在固定柱521上,且固定柱521穿出连接盘523,减震弹簧522的一端与第二钻头52固定连接,另一端与连接盘523固定连接,使第二钻头52工作时,减震弹簧522能够避免第二钻头52工作产生的震动传递到电动推杆541上,避免电动推杆541的损伤,同时,也能减少第二钻头52的损伤。固定套524固定设置在固定柱521的自由端,将连接盘523和第二钻头52连接成一个整体。连接座53固定设置在连接盘523的中部,进一步减少钻孔过程中对电动推杆541的损伤。
支撑组件包括转动座40、支撑件和收纳件,转动座40圆周、等角度固定设置在安装板21底部,并与支撑柱2错开,避免对收集样品造成阻挡。支撑件转动设置在转动座40上,收纳件滑动设置安装板21上,通过支撑件和收纳件的相互配合,一方面,能够将整个装置固定支撑在取样的地点,另一方面,在不使用时,便于支撑件的收纳,从而便于整个装置的搬运。
支撑件包括至少三个结构相同的支撑件,用于提供稳定的支撑。支撑件包括第一支撑杆4、第二支撑杆41和支撑垫42,第一支撑杆4的一端铰接在转动座40上,使第一支撑杆4和第二支撑杆41能够相对转动座40转动,便于调整支撑位置。第一支撑杆4上开设有第三滑槽401,第一支撑杆4上于第三滑槽401的两侧开设有轨迹槽 402,第二支撑杆41滑动安装在第三滑槽401内,第二支撑杆41上对称设置有限位块411,限位块411位于轨迹槽402内,使第二支撑杆41能够在第一支撑杆4内稳定滑动,减少对第一支撑杆4的损伤。第一支撑杆4的自由端设置有挡环,避免第二支撑杆41与第一支撑杆4滑脱。第二支撑杆41的一端开设有盲孔412,盲孔412内安装有弹簧413和卡珠414,弹簧413的一端与盲孔412的底部固定连接,另一端与卡珠414固定连接,第一支撑杆4上开设有多个卡孔403,卡珠414卡设在卡孔403内,用于根据不同的地形,调整第二支撑杆41在第一支撑杆4上的位置,并将调整后的位置固定,使整个装置稳定安装。支撑垫42固定设置在第二支撑杆41的自由端,增大第二支撑杆41的支撑面积。支撑垫42的底部固定设置有第一锥头422,底板1上圆周设置有第二锥头11,通过第一锥头422和第二锥头11的相互配合,进一步将整个装置稳定安装在取样地点,进一步适应不同的地形。
收纳件包括第一壳体24和第二壳体3,第一壳体24固定设置在安装板21上,一方面,将电机22罩住,避免外界的杂质进入电机22内,影响电机22的使用寿命;另一方面,便于第二壳体3的使用。第一壳体24上对称开设有滑动槽241,第一壳体24于滑动槽241处开设有第一连接槽242和第二连接槽243,第二壳体3呈透明状,第二壳体3的内壁上对称设置有固定块32,当支撑件不使用时,通过将固定块32从第一连接槽242滑动卡入第二连接槽243,从而使第二壳体3将第一支撑杆4和第二支撑杆41的上部收纳,一方面,避免支撑件在搬运时,随意转动;另一方面,便于整个装置的搬运。第二壳体3的外壁上设置有手柄31,进一步便于整个装置的搬运。支撑垫42上对称设置有卡块421,底板1上开设有卡槽15,卡槽15的两侧开设有限位槽151,当支撑件不使用时,支撑垫42被收纳在卡槽15内,从而使卡块421安装在限位槽151内,能够将第二支撑杆41稳定收纳在底板1上,进一步避免第一支撑杆4和第二支撑杆41在搬运时转动。
本实施例的使用方法:使用时,通过手柄31转动第二壳体3,使第二壳体3从第二连接槽243卡入第一连接槽242,将第一支撑杆4暴露出来,根据不同的地形,调节第二支撑杆41在第一支撑杆4上的位置,并使卡珠414卡入相应的卡孔403,从而将调节后的第二支撑杆41的位置固定,将第一锥头422和第二锥头11插在地面,进一步将整个装置的位置固定,并使取样位置固定。
启动电机22,电机22工作时,带动转动轴221转动,转动轴221带动转动管25转动,转动管25转动时,外螺,252沿内螺纹131转动,从而使转动管25旋转并下降,在转动管25旋转下降的过程中,带动第一钻头5和第二钻头52旋转下降,使第一钻头5和第二钻头52穿过钻孔14,并对土壤进行钻孔,当第一钻头5和第二钻头52到 达指定的取样深度时,启动电动推杆541,电动推杆541的输出轴带动传动轴542收缩,使第二钻头52进入第一钻头5内,形成取样空间,再次启动电机22,使第一钻头5继续旋转下降,从而使土壤进入取样空间,从而完成取样;取样完成后,启动电机22反转,使第一钻头5和第二钻头52退出土壤,并位于底板1上,再次启动电动推杆541,使第二钻头52复位,从而将取样空间的土壤样品推出取样空间,方便、快捷,能够根据不同的需要,对不同深度的土壤精准取样。
以上实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案而非限制,尽管参照较佳实施例对本发明进行了详细说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解,可以对本发明的技术方案进行修改或者等同替换,而不脱离本发明技术方案的宗旨和范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求范围当中。本发明未详细描述的技术、形状、构造部分均为公知技术。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:包括底板,所述底板的中部开设有钻孔,所述底板上圆周设置有多个支撑杆,多个所述支撑杆上设置有传动板,所述底板上圆周设置有多个支撑柱,多个所述支撑柱上设置有安装板,所述安装板上安装有取样机构,所述取样机构和传动板传动连接,所述取样机构包括动力组件和取样组件,所述动力组件和传动板传动连接,所述动力组件和取样组件传动连接,所述安装板上转动设置有支撑组件。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述动力组件包括电机、转动轴和转动管,所述电机设置在安装板上,所述电机与安装板之间设置有垫片,所述转动轴固定连接在电机的输出轴上,所述转动管套接在转动轴上,所述转动管的内壁上圆周开设有多个第一滑槽,所述转动轴上圆周设置有花键,所述花键位于第一滑槽内,所述转动管外壁上开设有外螺纹,所述传动板呈中空状,所述传动板的内壁上开设有内螺纹,所述外螺纹和内螺纹螺接,所述转动管的顶部设置有限位环。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述取样组件包括第一钻头、连接套、第二钻头和连接件,所述第一钻头套设在转动管的底部,所述连接套的截面呈L形,所述连接套设置在第一钻头和转动管上,所述连接件设置在第一钻头内,所述第二钻头套设在第一钻头内,所述第一钻头的内壁上对称开设有第二滑槽,所述第二钻头上对称设置有滑块,所述滑块位于第二滑槽内,所述连接件和第二钻头传动连接。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述连接件包括固定板、电动推杆、传动轴、轴承、定位套、连接座和缓冲件,所述固定板固定设置在第一钻头内,所述电动推杆固定设置在固定板上,所述传动轴的一端固定设置在电动推杆的输出轴上,所述缓冲件设置在第二钻头上,所述连接座固定设置在缓冲件上,所述传动轴的自由端穿设在连接座内,所述轴承设置在传动轴和连接座之间,所述定位套套设在传动轴上,并与连接座固定连接。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述缓冲件包括固定柱、减震弹簧、连接盘和固定套,所述固定柱圆周设置在第二钻头上,所述减震弹簧套设在固定柱上,所述连接盘设置在固定柱上,所述固定柱穿出连接盘,所述减震弹簧的一端与第二钻头固定连接,另一端与连接盘固定连接,所述固定套设置在固定柱的自由端,所述连接座固定设置在连接盘的中部。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述支撑组件包括转动座、支撑件和收纳件,所述转动座圆周、等角度设置在安装板底部,所述支撑件转动设置在转动座上,所述收纳件滑动设置安装板上。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述支撑件包括至少三个结构相同的支撑件,所述支撑件包括第一支撑杆、第二支撑杆和支撑垫,所述第一支撑杆的一端铰接在转动座上,所述第一支撑杆上开设有第三滑槽,所述第一支撑杆上于第三滑槽的两侧开设有轨迹槽,所述第二支撑杆滑动安装在第三滑槽内,所述第二支撑杆上对称设置有限位块,所述限位块位于轨迹槽内,所述第一支撑杆的自由端设置有挡环,所述第二支撑杆的一端开设有盲孔,所述盲孔内安装有弹簧和卡珠,所述弹簧的一端与盲孔的底部固定连接,另一端与卡珠固定连接,所述第一支撑杆上开设有多个卡孔,所述卡珠卡设在卡孔内,所述支撑垫固定设置在第二支撑杆的自由端。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述支撑垫上对称设置有卡块,所述底板上开设有卡槽,所述卡槽的两侧开设有限位槽。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述收纳件包括第一壳体和第二壳体,所述第一壳体设置在安装板上,所述第一壳体上对称开设有滑动槽,所述第一壳体于滑动槽处开设有第一连接槽和第二连接槽,所述第二壳体呈透明状,所述第二壳体的内壁上对称设置有固定块,所述第二壳体的外壁上设置有手柄。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的一种地质勘探用旋转取样器,其特征在于:所述支撑垫的底部固定设置有第一锥头,所述底板上圆周设置有第二锥头。
PCT/CN2022/116779 2021-12-09 2022-09-02 一种地质勘探用旋转取样器 WO2023103486A1 (zh)

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