WO2022166317A1 - 一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置 - Google Patents

一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022166317A1
WO2022166317A1 PCT/CN2021/132224 CN2021132224W WO2022166317A1 WO 2022166317 A1 WO2022166317 A1 WO 2022166317A1 CN 2021132224 W CN2021132224 W CN 2021132224W WO 2022166317 A1 WO2022166317 A1 WO 2022166317A1
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Prior art keywords
water
air
storage tank
impeller
cylinder
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PCT/CN2021/132224
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English (en)
French (fr)
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王刚
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王刚
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Publication of WO2022166317A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022166317A1/zh

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S10/00PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power
    • H02S10/10PV power plants; Combinations of PV energy systems with other systems for the generation of electric power including a supplementary source of electric power, e.g. hybrid diesel-PV energy systems
    • H02S10/12Hybrid wind-PV energy systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/50Hydropower in dwellings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction

Definitions

  • the utility model relates to the field of clean energy, in particular to the field of hydropower generation, in particular to a high-efficiency hydropower generation device, in particular to a high-efficiency power generation device for generating low-head and micro-water sources.
  • the current hydropower technology uses the potential energy and potential energy of water to convert mechanical energy to generate electricity.
  • the disadvantages are that the utilization rate of water resources is low, the construction of dams is required, the construction cost is high, the cycle is long, and the impact on the ecological environment is large.
  • the present invention provides a power generating device capable of generating high-efficiency power from a low-head and micro-water source.
  • a power generating device capable of producing high-efficiency water sources with low head and micro water volume, including a gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator, a vertical-axis wind-assisted generator set and its auxiliary devices.
  • the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator includes: a central main shaft, a centrifugal impeller, a centrifugal impeller driving bin, a dispersing impeller, and a dispersing impeller driving cylinder, and the central main shaft and the centrifugal impeller driving bin and the dispersing impeller driving cylinder are A concentric cylindrical structure centered on the central main shaft, the central main shaft penetrates the centrifugal impeller and the dispersing impeller and is fixed on the central main shaft, the centrifugal impeller is located on the upper part of the central main shaft, and the centrifugal impeller is placed on the central main shaft.
  • the centrifugal impeller driving bin there are at least three through holes in the middle of the bin wall of the centrifugal impeller driving bin, which are distributed in a clockwise rotation and connected to the steam-water mixing nozzle, and the dispersing impeller is placed in the dispersing impeller driving cylinder.
  • the dispersing impeller is placed in the dispersing impeller driving cylinder.
  • There are no less than 5 dispersing impellers one dispersing impeller is placed on the upper end of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder, one dispersing impeller is placed at the lower end of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder, and no less than 3 dispersing impellers are equally spaced in the middle of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder.
  • the impeller drives the middle part of the barrel wall corresponding to the dispersing impeller, and there are at least three through holes in the horizontal direction, which are distributed in a clockwise rotation and are connected to the gas-water mixing nozzle.
  • the gas-water mixing nozzle is connected to the beam duct, and the vertical direction corresponds to the horizontal direction.
  • the connecting extension line between the gas-water mixing nozzle and the beam conduit has an inclination angle of not less than 5 degrees, and one end of the gas-water mixing nozzle is Below the beam conduit, a draft water pipe interface is provided on the clockwise side of the lower end of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder.
  • the inner diameter of the centrifugal impeller driving bin is larger than the inner diameter of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder, and the connecting parts are connected as a whole by a funnel-shaped structure, the dispersing impeller driving cylinder has a base, and the base and the dispersing impeller driving cylinder wall
  • the edge is sealed
  • the centrifugal impeller drive bin has a top cover
  • the top cover is sealed with the edge of the centrifugal impeller drive bin wall
  • the edge of the top cover has a through hole for the water inlet
  • the centrifugal impeller top cover has a flip and the centrifugal impeller drive bin
  • the L-shaped edge sealing of the warehouse wall is connected by rollers to ensure the minimum friction force when the centrifugal impeller moves.
  • the centrifugal impeller driving chamber has two areas.
  • the upper part is the negative pressure chamber and the lower part is the high pressure chamber.
  • the top of the centrifugal impeller The cover is a fan blade structure. When the centrifugal impeller rotates with the central main shaft, the air and water flow are transported downward.
  • the base of the dispersion impeller driving cylinder and the top cover of the centrifugal impeller driving bin are equipped with waterproof bearings in the center position and are fixed with the outer ring of the waterproof bearing.
  • the central main shaft The bottom is fixed on the inner ring of the waterproof bearing at the base of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder, and the upper end passes through the central bearing of the top cover of the centrifugal impeller driving bin and is connected to the vertical axis wind auxiliary generator set by the transmission device.
  • the vertical-axis wind auxiliary generator set includes: a vertical-axis wind turbine, a transmission device, a plurality of series-connected generator sets radially distributed with the central main shaft, a main shaft central generator, a gear reducer, and a fixed bracket.
  • the connecting lines of the series-connected generator set radially distributed with the central main shaft and the axis of the central main shaft are all equal to each other, and are multiples of 5; connected with the central main shaft through the transmission device, the vertical axis wind impeller is in the central main shaft.
  • the gear reducer connected with the extension of the generator extension line is connected with the series-connected generator set through a transmission device, and is uniformly fixed on the fixed bracket with the series-connected generator set.
  • the auxiliary device includes a water collection and water supply pressurization device
  • the water collection and water supply pressurization device is composed of a pressurized water storage tank, a water supply water collection tank, a water inlet grit chamber, and an organ gas-water booster. It is composed of a pressure pump, a compressed air storage tank and an electric air pump.
  • the pressurized water storage tank is composed of a plurality of sealed cavity structures, which are arranged on the outside of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator and are distributed radially with the central main shaft as the center.
  • the distance between the connecting lines and the axis of the central main shaft is equal, and the included angles of the connecting lines are equal to each other and are multiples of 5; the upper and lower ends of the pressurized water storage tank are connected as a whole through pipes, and the inner side of the pressurized water storage tank is connected as a whole.
  • the pressurizing device at the top of the body is an external air bag and a built-in air bag.
  • the external air bag is placed outside the tank body, and the built-in air bag is placed inside the tank body. It is connected to the tank body through a sealing device.
  • the air bag is connected, the air outlet pipe and the air return pipe are controlled by a solenoid valve, another air inlet pipe of the external air bag is connected with a one-way check valve in the tank body, and a pressure control valve is provided on the upper end of the outer side wall of the pressurized water storage tank.
  • the lower end of the outer side wall is provided with an outer wire live interface, which can be connected to external equipment, and the bottom of the pressurized water storage tank is provided with an outer wire live interface to connect the central water supply pipe of the organ gas-water booster pump.
  • the organ air-water booster pump is made of a flexible rubber material, and the sealed cavity structure is composed of a central water supply pipe, a top cover, a bottom rubber valve, an organ cylinder, and a solenoid valve.
  • the upper end of the central water supply pipe of the organ air-water dual-purpose booster pump is connected to the pressurized water storage tank, and the lower end of the central water supply pipe extends into the water supply water collecting tank.
  • the central water supply pipe is equipped with a one-way check valve.
  • the rubber valve at the bottom of the booster pump is connected to the top of the water supply water collecting tank, and is connected with the water supply collecting tank by a sealing device.
  • the organ air-water dual-purpose booster pump is connected to the compressed air storage tank for air supply.
  • the organ cylinder has an intake pipe connected to the outlet pipe of the water return piston booster pump, and the air outlet pipe of the organ cylinder is connected to the soda-water mixture of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder.
  • Nozzle the water supply water collecting tank is a closed structure, and the top is connected to the pressurized water storage tank through an organ gas-water booster pump.
  • the top of the water supply water collecting tank has an opening corresponding to the position of the pressurized water storage tank, and the aperture of the opening is the same as that of the organ.
  • the rubber valve at the bottom of the air-water dual-purpose booster pump is connected to the water inlet grit chamber by a pipeline on one side of the water supply water collecting tank, and the other side is connected to the water tank through a return piston booster pump, and the water inlet grit chamber is a sealed structure
  • its upper end is provided with a water source water inlet pipe
  • the water inlet pipe is provided with a valve
  • the other end of the water outlet pipe is connected to the inside of the water supply water collecting tank.
  • the lower end of one side of the water inlet grit chamber is provided with a silt removal port and a sealing device.
  • the air intake pipe of the compressed air storage tank is connected to an organ air-water booster pump and equipped with an electric air pump to supply air
  • the air outlet pipe of the compressed air storage tank is connected to the inlet of the cylinder of the water return piston booster pump. breath.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a return water booster device
  • the return water booster device includes a return water piston booster pump, a return water pool and a tail water scattering collector, and the return water piston booster
  • the pressure water pump has a T-shaped tubular structure. One side of the straight-shaped pipe is connected to the water supply collecting tank and the other side is connected to the return pool. One-way check valves are installed at both ends.
  • the vertical pipe is a piston pipe, and the piston is controlled by a cylinder to reciprocate up and down.
  • the air cylinder is controlled by a solenoid valve, which is provided with a time delay switch, the air intake pipe of the air cylinder is connected to the compressed air storage tank, and the air outlet pipe is connected to the air inlet of the air-water booster pump cylinder of the organ.
  • a solenoid valve which is provided with a time delay switch
  • the air intake pipe of the air cylinder is connected to the compressed air storage tank
  • the air outlet pipe is connected to the air inlet of the air-water booster pump cylinder of the organ.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a volute generator set, and the volute generator set includes a volute, a generator, and a draft tube.
  • the volute has a built-in water wheel connected to the generator, and one end of the draft tube is connected to the generator.
  • the other end of the water outlet connected to the bottom of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder is connected to the volute, the water outlet of the volute is connected to the tail water scattering collector, and the draft water pipe is provided with a valve.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a photothermal photoelectric power generation drive device
  • the photothermal photoelectric power generation drive device includes a high-level water storage tank, a siphon, a solar panel, a solar heat collection glass plate, and a hot water storage tank , composed of a steam generator
  • the high-level reservoir is cylindrical
  • the center is concentric with the central main shaft
  • the siphon pipe extends into the bottom of the return tank
  • the lower end of the siphon pipe is provided with a one-way check valve, equipped with an electric submersible pump
  • the upper end is equipped with an electric submersible pump.
  • the bottom of the high-level storage tank is provided with a through hole and a pipeline is connected to the top opening of the centrifugal impeller driving tank.
  • the water storage tank is a concentric closed cavity structure on the outer edge of the high-level storage tank.
  • the water inlet is connected to the solar heat collecting glass plate, and the water outlet is connected to the steam generator.
  • the solar heat collecting glass plate is placed in the hot water storage tank.
  • the outer edge and the central axis are radially distributed, and there is an inclination angle of not less than 5 degrees with the hot water storage tank, and there are not less than six pieces.
  • the water inlet is connected to the high-level storage tank through the pipeline, and the lower water outlet is connected to the hot water storage tank.
  • the water inlet of the steam generator is connected to the hot water storage tank, and the air outlet is connected to the soda-water mixing nozzles on the wall of the centrifugal impeller-driven warehouse.
  • the solar panel is equipped with a controller.
  • the power generation of the generator set of the power generation device is connected to the general controller.
  • the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows: the utility model enables the low-head and micro-water source water source to generate high-energy-efficiency electric energy, the structure is compact, the principle is clear, the process is concise and easy to popularize, and the benefits are obvious without being restricted by environmental conditions.
  • FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a preferred embodiment of the present utility model, a power generation device capable of producing high-efficiency power generation from a low-head and micro-water source;
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a centrifugal impeller according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 4 is the top view of the top cover of the centrifugal impeller according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 5 is a vertical cross-sectional view of a centrifugal impeller drive bin according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model
  • FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of an organ gas-water dual-purpose booster pump according to a preferred embodiment of the present utility model
  • FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a photothermal photovoltaic power generation drive device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator and a pressurized water storage tank according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a water collection and water supply booster device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a volute generator set and a return pool according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 11 is the location diagram of the generator set according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of the gas circuit circulation according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 14 is a top view of a photothermal photovoltaic power generation drive device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 15 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 16 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 17 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 19 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 20 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 21 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 22 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 23 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 24 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • 25 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 26 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 27 is a schematic diagram of the transformation of the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
  • the present utility model discloses a power generating device capable of generating high-efficiency water from a low-head and micro-water source, which is characterized in that it includes a gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator 10 and a vertical-axis wind-assisted generator set 20 and its auxiliary devices, the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator 10 includes: a central main shaft 11, a centrifugal impeller 12, a centrifugal impeller drive bin 13, a dispersing impeller 14, and a dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15.
  • the main shaft 11, the centrifugal impeller driving bin 13, and the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 are concentric cylindrical structures with the central main shaft 11 as the center.
  • the centrifugal impeller 12 is located on the upper part of the central main shaft 11, the centrifugal impeller 12 is placed in the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13, and there are at least no less than three parts in the middle of the bin wall of the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13.
  • the through holes are distributed in a clockwise rotation and are connected to the steam-water mixing nozzle 16.
  • the dispersing impeller 14 is placed in the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, and the number of dispersing impellers 14 is not less than 5.
  • One dispersing impeller 14 is placed in the dispersing impeller driving cylinder At the upper end of 15, a dispersing impeller 14 is placed at the lower end of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, and no less than three dispersing impellers 14 are equally spaced in the middle section of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, and the middle part of the cylinder wall of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 corresponds to the position of the dispersing impeller 14
  • There are at least three through holes in the horizontal direction which are distributed in a clockwise rotation and are connected to the gas-water mixing nozzle 16.
  • the gas-water mixing nozzle 16 is connected to the beam duct 17.
  • the air-water mixing nozzle 16 is connected to the three through holes.
  • the connecting extension line between the air-water mixing nozzle 16 and the beam duct 17 has an inclination angle of not less than 5 degrees, and one end of the air-water mixing nozzle 16 is lower than the beam.
  • the conduit 17, the lower end of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 is provided with a draft water pipe interface 18 on the clockwise side.
  • an implementation method of generating a high-efficiency power generation device from a water source with a low head and a small amount of water is to first perform a hierarchical hydrostatic pressurization of the dynamic water pressure of the water source through an auxiliary device, and use the gas-water mixed fluid vortex generator 10 to generate static water pressure.
  • the water pressure is converted into kinetic energy
  • the kinetic energy is converted into mechanical energy by the centrifugal impeller 12 and the dispersing impeller 14 attached to the central main shaft 11, and the central main shaft 11 drives the generator to generate electricity, thereby realizing the conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy.
  • the first step is to realize the first step of hydrostatic pressurization by collecting flowing water through the pipeline into the water inlet grit chamber;
  • the high-pressure water flow through the hydrostatic pressurization of the above-mentioned four steps passes through the beam conduit 17 and the compressed air through the gas-water mixing nozzle 16 to form a high-pressure gas-water mixed fluid rotary cut into the dispersing impeller drive cylinder 14, and the gas-water mixed fluid Vortex acceleration is achieved in the dispersing impeller drive cylinder 14, thereby converting the hydrostatic pressure into kinetic energy;
  • the kinetic energy achieved by the gas-water fluid vortex drives the dispersing impeller 14 to rotate, drives the central main shaft 11 to rotate, and drives the generator to generate electricity, thereby realizing the process of converting kinetic energy into mechanical energy and converting mechanical energy into electrical energy;
  • the gas-water mixed fluid enters the volute drive chamber 51 from the draft tube of the dispersion impeller drive chamber 14, drives the water wheel to rotate, and drives the generator, thereby converting kinetic energy into mechanical energy again, and the utilization process of converting mechanical energy into electrical energy. ;
  • tail water of the volute drive bin 51 is separated from the gas and water by the tail water scattering collector 42, and the water is collected in the return pool 41;
  • the return water in the return tank 41 is siphoned into the high-level storage tank 61 through a siphon, so that the water in the return tank 41 is raised from a low water level to a high water level to form potential energy, and enters the centrifugal impeller drive through the pipeline.
  • the gravitational water is formed into potential energy through the action of gravity of the water, and the centrifugal impeller 12 is driven to rotate, and the potential energy is converted into mechanical energy through the rotation of the centrifugal impeller 12, and the mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy by driving the generator through the central main shaft 11;
  • the water in the high-level storage tank enters the solar heat collecting glass plate to realize photothermal conversion, realizes the vaporization of water through the steam generator 66, and enters the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13 through the steam-water mixing nozzle 16.
  • the hydrostatic energy is converted into kinetic energy, and the kinetic energy drives the rotation of the centrifugal impeller 12 to drive the central main shaft 11 to rotate, thereby converting the kinetic energy into mechanical energy, and then converting the mechanical energy into electrical energy;
  • this device adds a solar panel, and converts solar energy into electrical energy through photoelectric conversion of solar energy;
  • the vertical axis wind auxiliary generator set 20 is added to the device, and the central main shaft 11 is connected through the transmission device to realize the complementation of wind energy and water energy, thereby realizing high efficiency;
  • the cylinder drive device that realizes the organ air-water dual-purpose booster pump 34 of the 3rd step hydrostatic supercharging device and the cylinder driving device that realizes the return water piston booster pump 43 of the 5th step hydrostatic supercharging device is composed of a compressed air storage tank.
  • the outlet pipe of the compressed air storage tank 35 is connected to the air inlet of the cylinder of the water return piston booster pump 43, and the outlet pipe of the cylinder of the return piston booster pump 43 is connected to the organ air-water booster pump
  • the air inlet of the 34 cylinder, the air-water dual-purpose booster pump of the organ 34 cylinder is connected to the gas-water mixing nozzle 16 of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, so as to realize the conversion of gas kinetic energy into fluid kinetic energy, and the fluid kinetic energy is rotated through the dispersing impeller 14
  • the central main shaft 11 is driven to rotate, and the generator is driven to generate electricity, thereby realizing the high-efficiency purpose of converting kinetic energy into mechanical energy and mechanical energy into electrical energy.
  • the inner diameter of the centrifugal impeller driving bin 13 is larger than the inner diameter of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, and the connecting parts are connected as a whole by a funnel-shaped structure.
  • the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 has a base, and the base and the dispersing impeller drive The edge of the cylinder wall of the cylinder 15 is sealed, the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13 has a top cover 19, the top cover 19 is sealed with the edge of the bin wall of the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13, and the edge of the top cover 19 has a through hole as a water inlet, and the top of the centrifugal impeller is closed.
  • the cover has a flip and is connected with the L-shaped edge-sealing roller of the centrifugal impeller drive bin wall to ensure that the centrifugal impeller 12 is subject to minimal friction when moving, and at the same time, two upper and lower areas are formed in the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13, and the upper part is negative pressure
  • the lower part of the warehouse is a high-pressure warehouse
  • the top cover of the centrifugal impeller is a fan blade structure. When the centrifugal impeller rotates with the central main shaft 11, the air and water flow are transported downward.
  • the position is equipped with a waterproof bearing and is fixed with the outer ring of the waterproof bearing.
  • the bottom of the central main shaft 11 is fixed on the inner ring of the waterproof bearing at the base of the dispersing impeller drive cylinder 15, and the upper end passes through the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13.
  • the top cover 19 The central bearing is connected by a transmission device to the vertical axis wind force Auxiliary generator set 20 .
  • the vertical axis wind auxiliary generator set 20 includes: a vertical axis wind turbine 21, a transmission device 22, a plurality of series connected generator sets 23 radially distributed with the central main shaft 11, a main shaft central generator 24, gears
  • the speed reducer is composed of a fixed bracket 25.
  • the connecting lines of the series-connected generator set 23 radially distributed with the central main shaft 11 and the axis of the central main shaft 11 are all equal to each other, and are multiples of 5;
  • the central main shaft 11 is connected, and the vertical axis wind impeller 21 is connected to the extension line of the central main shaft 11 and the generator extension line. .
  • the auxiliary device includes a water collection and water supply pressurization device 30, the water collection and water supply pressurization device 30 is composed of a pressurized water storage tank 31, a water supply water collection tank 32, a water inlet grit chamber 33, an organ Air-water dual-purpose booster pump 34 , compressed air storage tank 35 and electric air pump.
  • the central main shaft 11 With the central main shaft 11 as the center, it is radially distributed, and the distance between the connecting lines and the axis of the central main shaft 11 is equal, and the included angles of the connecting lines are equal to each other and are multiples of 5; the upper and lower ends of the pressurized water storage tank 31 are connected by pipes.
  • the inner wall of the pressurized water storage tank 31 has through holes connected to the beam conduit 17, the beam conduit 17 is connected to the gas-water mixing nozzle 16, and the gas-water mixing nozzle 16 is connected to the gas-water mixed fluid vortex.
  • the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 of the generator 10 the pressurizing device at the top of the tank body of the pressurized water storage tank 31 is an external air bag 36 and a built-in air bag 37, the external air bag 36 is placed outside the tank body, and the built-in air bag 37 is placed on the outside of the tank.
  • the inside of the tank body is connected to the tank body through a sealing device.
  • the external air bag 36 is provided with an air outlet pipe 38 and a return air pipe 39 and is connected with the built-in air bag 37.
  • the air outlet pipe 38 and the air return pipe 39 are controlled by a solenoid valve, and the external air bag 36 has another one.
  • a one-way check valve is arranged in the air inlet pipe communicating with the tank body, a pressure control valve is arranged at the upper end of the outer side wall of the pressurized water storage tank 31, and an outer wire live interface is arranged at the lower end of the outer side wall, which can be connected to external equipment.
  • the bottom of the water storage tank 31 is provided with a central water supply pipe of an organ air-water dual-purpose booster pump 34 with an outer wire live interface.
  • the organ gas-water booster pump 34 is made of a flexible rubber material.
  • the sealed cavity structure consists of a central water supply pipe 341, a top cover 342, a bottom rubber valve 343, an organ cylinder 344, and a solenoid valve.
  • the upper end of the central water supply pipe 341 of the organ air-water booster pump 34 is connected to the pressurized water storage tank 31, and the lower end of the central water supply pipe 341 extends into the water supply collection tank 32.
  • the central water supply pipe 341 has a one-way The check valve, the rubber valve 343 at the bottom of the organ air-water booster pump 34 is connected to the top of the water supply water collecting tank 32, and is connected with the water supply collecting tank 32 by a sealing device, and the organ air-water dual-purpose booster pump 34 is connected by the organ cylinder.
  • the 344 is controlled to do up and down reciprocating motion, the cylinder is controlled by a solenoid valve, the organ air-water booster pump 34 is connected to a compressed air storage tank 35 for air supply, and the organ cylinder 344 has an intake pipe connected to a water return piston
  • the air outlet pipe 38 of the booster water pump, the air outlet pipe 38 of the organ cylinder 344 is connected to the air-water mixing nozzle 16 of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15, the water supply water collecting tank 32 is a closed structure, and the top is connected to the air-water dual-purpose booster pump 34 through the organ.
  • the pressurized water storage tank 31 is connected.
  • the top of the water supply water collecting tank 32 has an opening corresponding to the position of the pressurized water storage tank 31.
  • One side is connected to the water inlet grit chamber 33 and the other side is connected to the return tank through the return water piston booster pump.
  • the water pipe, the water inlet pipe is provided with a valve, and the other end of the water outlet pipe is connected to the inside of the water supply water collecting tank 32 .
  • the lower end of one side of the water inlet grit chamber 33 is provided with a dredging port and a sealing device.
  • the air intake pipe of the compressed air storage tank 35 is connected to the organ air-water booster pump 34 and equipped with an electric air pump to supply air, and the air outlet pipe 38 of the compressed air storage tank 35 is connected to the water return piston for boosting Air intake to the pump cylinder.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a return water booster device 40
  • the return water booster device 40 includes a return water piston booster pump 43 , a return water pool 41 and a tail water scattering collector 42 .
  • the backwater piston booster pump 43 is of a T-shaped tubular structure. One side of the in-line pipe is connected to the water supply collecting tank 32 and the other side is connected to the return pool 41. Both ends are equipped with a one-way check valve 44, and the vertical pipe is a piston pipe 45.
  • the piston is controlled by the cylinder to reciprocate up and down
  • the cylinder is controlled by a solenoid valve
  • the solenoid valve is provided with a time delay switch
  • the air intake pipe of the cylinder is connected to the compressed air storage tank 35
  • the air outlet pipe 38 is connected to the organ for both air and water.
  • the air inlet of the cylinder of the booster pump 34, the backwater piston booster pump 43 is at least three, and the tail water scattering collector 42 is placed in a cylindrical structure above the backwater pool 41, and the top and bottom are open.
  • the side wall of the lower end is provided with a through-hole pipe connected to the volute water outlet of the volute generator set.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a volute generator set 50.
  • the volute generator set 50 includes a volute 51, a generator 52, and a draft tube 53.
  • the volute 51 has a built-in water wheel connected to the generator. 52.
  • One end of the draft water pipe 53 is connected to the bottom water outlet of the dispersing impeller driving cylinder 15 and the other end is connected to the volute 51.
  • the water outlet of the volute 51 is connected to the draft water scattering collector 42, and a valve is provided on the draft water pipe 53.
  • the auxiliary device further includes a photothermal photoelectric power generation driving device 60
  • the photothermal photoelectric power generation driving device 60 includes a high-level storage tank 61 , a siphon 62 , a solar cell panel 63 , and a solar heat collecting glass plate 64 .
  • a hot water storage tank 65, a steam generator 66, the high-level storage tank 61 is cylindrical, the center is concentric with the central main shaft 11, the siphon 62 extends into the bottom of the return tank 41, and the lower end of the siphon 62 is provided with
  • the bottom of the high-level reservoir () 61 There is a through hole and a pipe is connected to the top opening of the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13.
  • the hot water storage tank 65 is a concentric closed cavity structure on the outer edge of the high-level storage tank 61, and the water inlet is connected to the solar heat collection glass plate 64. , the water outlet is connected to the steam generator 66, the solar heat collecting glass plate 64 is placed on the outer edge of the hot water storage tank 65 and is radially distributed with the central main shaft 11, and has a distance of not less than 5 degrees from the hot water storage tank 65.
  • the inclination angle is not less than six radially distributed along the central main axis 11 and has an inclination angle of not less than 5 degrees with the hot water storage tank 65.
  • the solar heat collecting glass plate 64 is a hollow and airtight fan-shaped structure of the upper and lower glass plates.
  • the water outlet is connected to the high-level reservoir 61 through a pipeline, and the lower water outlet is connected to a hot water storage tank 65.
  • the steam generator 66 is composed of an electric heating rod, a wound copper pipe, a high-boiling point solution sealed tank structure and a high-pressure gas storage chamber.
  • the water inlet of the steam generator 66 is connected to the hot water storage tank 65, the air outlet is connected to the soda-water mixing nozzle 16 on the wall of the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13, the steam generator 66 is connected to the soda water on the centrifugal impeller drive bin 13
  • the number of positions of the mixing nozzles 16 is corresponding, and the solar cell panels 63 are not less than six, which are arranged at intervals from the solar heat collecting glass panels 64 and fixed on the bracket together with them.
  • the solar panel 63 is equipped with a controller.
  • the generators 52 of the power generating device are connected to the general controller for power generation.
  • the utility model enables low-head and micro-water sources to generate high-energy-efficiency electric energy, and the utility model has a compact structure, a clear principle, a concise process, and is easy to popularize, and is not limited by environmental conditions and has obvious benefits.

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Abstract

一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置。是流体力学涡旋原理的运用,是一种在筒状体内促使流体产生涡旋提高加速度的流体动能转化成电能的高效能发电装置,该装置通过多个密封腔体进行多级静水增压,通过气水混合流体涡旋发生器(10)转换成流体动能通过附加在中心主轴(11)上的离心叶轮(12)和分散叶轮(14)将动能转化成机械能,驱动中心主轴(11)带动发电机发电。本装置利用压缩空气动力,风力辅助动力,光热光电转化动力,水资源循环利用等手段结合使得低水头微水量水源能够高能效发电,且其结构紧凑原理清晰工艺简明易于推广,不受环境条件限制效益明显。不仅可以小型化家用化,也可大型化电站化,应用前景十分广泛。

Description

一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置 技术领域
本实用新型涉及清洁能源领域,特别是涉及水力发电领域,特别是一种高效能的水力发电装置,特别是一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置。
背景技术
目前的水力发电技术是利用水的位能和势能转化为机械能来发电的,其弊端在于水资源利用率低,需要建造拦水坝,建造成本高,周期长,对生态环境影响大等问题。然而,低水头微水量的水源很难达到高效能电能转化的利用。
因此,现在市面上亟需一种能够解决上述一个或者多个问题的使低水头微水量水源也能产生高效能的发电装置,从而更好的解决水资源利用与环境保护相矛盾的问题,更好的高效能的达到发展利用清洁能源的目的。
实用新型内容
为解决现有技术中存在的一个或者多个问题,本实用新型提供了使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置。
本实用新型为达到上述目的所采用的技术方案是:一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,包括气水混合流体涡旋发生器和垂直轴风力辅助发电机组及其辅助装置所构成,所述气水混合流体涡旋发生器包括:中心主轴、离心叶轮、离心叶轮驱动仓、分散叶轮、分散叶轮驱动筒所构成,所述中心主轴与离心叶轮驱动仓、分散叶轮驱动筒是一个以中心主轴为中心的同心圆筒状结构,所述中心主轴贯穿离心叶轮、分散叶轮并将离心叶轮、分散叶轮固定在中心主轴上,所述离心叶轮位于中心主轴上部,所述离心叶轮置于离心叶轮驱动仓中,所述离心叶轮驱动仓的仓壁中部至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切 状分布与汽水混合喷嘴连接,所述分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒中,所述分散叶轮不少于5个,一个分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒上端,一个分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒下端,不少于3个分散叶轮等距置于分散叶轮驱动筒中段,所述分散叶轮驱动筒筒壁中部对应分散叶轮,位置水平方向至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切状分布并连通气水混合喷嘴,所述气水混合喷嘴连接束流导管,垂直方向对应水平方向的通孔位置上下也有不少于三个通孔连接连通气水混合喷嘴,所述气水混合喷嘴与束流导管的连接延长线有不少于5度的倾角,所述气水混合喷嘴一端低于束流导管,所述分散叶轮驱动筒下端顺时针一侧设有尾水管接口。
在一些实施例中,所述离心叶轮驱动仓内径大于分散叶轮驱动筒的内径,连接部位用一个漏斗形结构连接成为一个整体,所述分散叶轮驱动筒有底座,底座与分散叶轮驱动筒筒壁边缘密闭,所述离心叶轮驱动仓有顶盖,顶盖与离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁边缘密闭,顶盖边缘开有通孔为进水口,所述离心叶轮顶盖有翻沿与离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁L形封边用滚轴相连,以保证离心叶轮运动时所受摩擦力最小同时在离心叶轮驱动仓内形成上下两个区域,上部为负压仓下部为高压仓,所述离心叶轮顶盖为扇叶结构离心叶轮以中心主轴旋转时将空气和水流往下输送,所述分散叶轮驱动筒底座和离心叶轮驱动仓顶盖中心位置装有防水轴承并与防水轴承外圈固定,中心主轴底部固定在分散叶轮驱动筒底座防水轴承内圈,上端穿过离心叶轮驱动仓顶盖中心轴承由传动装置连接垂直轴风力辅助发电机组。
在一些实施例中,所述垂直轴风力辅助发电机组包括:垂直轴风力叶轮,传动装置,多个与中心主轴呈放射状分布的串接发电机组,主轴中心发电机,齿轮减速器,固定支架所构成,所述与中心主轴呈放射状分布的串接发电机组与中心主轴轴心的连线相互夹角都相等,且是5的倍数;通过传动装置与中心主轴连接,垂直轴风力叶轮在中心主轴与发电机延伸线的外延连接齿轮减速器通过传动装置与串接发电机组相连,并与串接发电机组统一固定固定支架上。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置包括集水供水增压装置,所述集水供水增压装置,由增压储水罐、供水集水箱、进水沉砂箱、风琴气水两用增压泵、压缩空气储气罐及电动气泵所构成,所述增压储水罐由多个密封腔体结构组成,设置在气水混合流体涡旋发生器外侧以中心主轴为中心呈放射状分布,与中心主轴轴心的连线距离相等,连线相互夹角都相等并且是5的倍数;所述增压储水罐上下两端都通过管道连通为一个整体,所述增压储水罐内侧壁有通孔连接束流导管,所述束流导管连接气水混合喷嘴,所述气水混合喷嘴连接气水混合流体涡旋发生器的分散叶轮驱动筒,所述增压储水罐的罐体顶部增压装置为外置气囊与内置气囊,外置气囊置于罐体外部,内置气囊置于罐体内部,通过密封装置与罐体相连,外置气囊设有出气管与回气管与内置气囊相连,出气管与回气管用电磁阀控制,外置气囊另有一根进气管连通罐体内设有单向止回阀,所述增压储水罐罐体外侧壁上端设有压力控制阀,外侧壁下端设有外丝活接口,可外接设备,所述增压储水罐底部设有外丝活接口连接风琴气水两用增压泵的中心供水管。
在一些实施例中,所述风琴气水两用增压泵为橡胶柔性材料所制成的密封腔体结构由中心供水管、顶盖,底部橡胶瓣膜,风琴气缸,电磁阀所构成,所述风琴气水两用增压泵中心供水管上端连接增压储水罐,中心供水管下端伸进供水集水箱内部,所述中心供水管装有单向止回阀,所述风琴气水两用增压泵底部橡胶瓣膜连接供水集水箱顶部,并用密封装置与供水集水箱连接,所述风琴气水两用增压泵由风琴气缸控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述风琴气水两用增压泵连接压缩空气储气罐为之供气,所述风琴气缸有进气管连接回水活塞增压水泵出气管,所述风琴气缸出气管连接分散叶轮驱动筒的汽水混合喷嘴,所述供水集水箱为密闭结构,顶部通过风琴气水两用增压泵与增压储水罐相连,所述供水集水箱顶部对应增压储水罐位置开孔,开孔孔径同风琴气水两用增压泵底部橡胶瓣膜,所述供水集水箱一侧有管道连接进水沉砂箱另一侧通过回水活塞增压水泵连接回水池,所述进水沉砂箱为密封结构且高 于供水集水箱其上部一端设有水源进水管,进水管设有阀门,另一端出水管接进供水集水箱的内部。所述进水沉砂箱一侧下端设有清淤口并设有密封装置。
在一些实施例中,所述压缩空气储气罐进气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵并配备电动气泵供气,所述压缩空气储气罐出气管连接回水活塞增压泵气缸的进气口。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括回水增压装置,所述回水增压装置包括回水活塞增压水泵,回水池和尾水散落收集器所构成,所述回水活塞增压水泵为到T形管状结构,一字形管一侧连接供水集水箱另一侧连接回水池两头均装有单向止回阀,竖向管为活塞管,活塞由气缸控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述电磁阀设有延时开关,所述气缸进气管连接压缩空气储气罐,出气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵气缸的进气口,所述回水活塞增压水泵至少不少于三个,所述尾水散落收集器置于回水池上方的筒状结构,上下为开口状,下端侧壁有通孔管道连接蜗壳发电机组的蜗壳出水口。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括蜗壳发电机组,所述蜗壳发电机组包括蜗壳、发电机、尾水管构成,所述蜗壳内置水轮连接发电机,所述尾水管一端连接分散叶轮驱动筒底部出水口另一端连接蜗壳,所述蜗壳出水口连接尾水散落收集器,所述尾水管上设有阀门。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括光热光电发电驱动装置,所述光热光电发电驱动装置包括高位蓄水池、虹吸管、太阳能电池板、太阳能集热玻璃板、热水储水罐、蒸汽发生器构成,所述高位蓄水池为圆筒状,中心与中心主轴同心,所述虹吸管伸入回水池底部,所述虹吸管下端设有单向止回阀,配备电动潜水泵,上端接入高位蓄水池中另有一分支管连接离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴,所述高位蓄水池底部开有通孔设有管道连接离心叶轮驱动仓顶部开口,所述热水储水罐是在高位蓄水池外沿的同心圆密闭腔体结构,进水口连接太阳能集热玻璃板,出水口连接蒸汽发生器,所述太阳能集热玻璃板置于热水储水罐的外沿并与中心主轴呈放射状分布,与热水储水罐有不小于5度 的倾角,并不少于六块,所述太阳能集热玻璃板为上下玻璃板的中空密闭的扇形结构,上端进水口通过管道连接高位蓄水池,下端出水口连接热水储水罐,所述蒸汽发生器由电加热棒、缠绕型铜管、高沸点溶液密闭的罐体结构和高压储汽室构成,所述蒸汽发生器进水口连接热水储水罐,出气口连接离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴,所述蒸汽发生器与离心叶轮驱动仓上的汽水混合喷嘴的位置数量相对应,所述太阳能电池板不少于六块并与太阳能集热玻璃板间隔排布并与之一起固定在支架上。所述太阳能电池板配备控制器。
在一些实施例中,所述发电装置的发电机组发电接入总控制器。
本实用新型的有益效果是:本实用新型使得低水头微水量水源能够产生高能效的电能,且其结构紧凑原理清楚工艺简明易于推广,不受环境条件限制效益明显。
附图说明
图1为本实用新型较佳实施例一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置的剖视图;
图2为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的结构示意图;
图3为本实用新型较佳实施例离心叶轮横剖面示意图;
图4为本实用新型较佳实施例离心叶轮顶盖俯视图;
图5为本实用新型较佳实施例离心叶轮驱动仓竖剖面图;
图6为本实用新型较佳实施例风琴气水两用增压泵剖面图;
图7为本实用新型较佳实施例光热光电发电驱动装置的剖视图;
图8为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器和增压储水罐的结构示意图;
图9为本实用新型较佳实施例集水供水增压装置的结构示意图;
图10为本实用新型较佳实施例蜗壳发电机组和回水池的结构示意图;
图11为本实用新型较佳实施例发电机组定位图;
图12为本实用新型较佳实施例水路循环示意图;
图13为本实用新型较佳实施例气路循环示意图;
图14为本实用新型较佳实施例光热光电发电驱动装置的俯视图;
图15为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图16为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图17为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图18为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图19为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图20为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图21为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图22为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图23为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图24为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图25为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图26为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图;
图27为本实用新型较佳实施例气水混合流体涡旋发生器的变换示意图。
具体实施方式
下面将结合附图对本发明做进一步的详细说明:本实施例在以本发明技术方案为前提下进行实施,给出了详细的实施方式,但本发明的保护范围不限于下述实施例。
参照图1-图29所示,本实用新型公开了一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,包括气水混合流体涡旋发生器10和垂直轴风力辅助发电机组20及其辅助装置所构成,所述气水混合流体涡旋发生器10包括:中心主轴11、离心叶轮12、离心叶轮驱动仓13、分散叶轮14、分散叶轮驱动筒15所构成,所述中心主轴11与离心叶轮驱动仓13、分散叶轮驱动筒 15是一个以中心主轴11为中心的同心圆筒状结构,所述中心主轴11贯穿离心叶轮12、分散叶轮14并将离心叶轮12、分散叶轮14固定在中心主轴11上,所述离心叶轮12位于中心主轴11上部,所述离心叶轮12置于离心叶轮驱动仓13中,所述离心叶轮驱动仓13的仓壁中部至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切状分布与汽水混合喷嘴16连接,所述分散叶轮14置于分散叶轮驱动筒15中,所述分散叶轮14不少于5个,一个分散叶轮14置于分散叶轮驱动筒15上端,一个分散叶轮14置于分散叶轮驱动筒15下端,不少于3个分散叶轮14等距置于分散叶轮驱动筒15中段,所述分散叶轮驱动筒15筒壁中部对应分散叶轮14位置水平方向至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切状分布并连通气水混合喷嘴16,所述气水混合喷嘴16连接束流导管17,垂直方向对应水平方向的通孔位置上下也有不少于三个通孔连接连通气水混合喷嘴16,所述气水混合喷嘴16与束流导管17的连接延长线有不少于5度的倾角,所述气水混合喷嘴16一端低于束流导管17,所述分散叶轮驱动筒15下端顺时针一侧设有尾水管接口18。
具体地,一种使低水头微水量的水源产生高效能的发电装置的实现方法是首先将水源的动水压通过辅助装置进行层级静水增压,通过气水混合流体涡旋发生器10将静水压转换成动能,动能通过附加在中心主轴11上的离心叶轮12和分散叶轮14将动能转化成机械能,中心主轴11带动发电机发电,从而实现将机械能转化成电能。
具体实现如下:
1)首先通过收集流水经过管道进入进水沉砂箱,实现第一步静水增压;
2)进一步的,进水沉砂箱内的水通过管道进入到供水集水箱内,实现第二步静水增压;
3)进一步的,供水集水箱内的水通过风琴两用增压泵泵压进入到增压储水罐内,实现第三步静水增压;
4)进一步的,水受增压储水罐内的内置气囊体积膨胀压缩罐内体积,实 现第四步静水增压;
5)进一步的,经过上述四步的静水增压的高压水流通过束流导管17和压缩空气通过气水混合喷嘴16形成高压气水混合流体旋切进入分散叶轮驱动筒14内,气水混合流体在分散叶轮驱动筒14内实现涡旋加速,从而将静水压转换成动能;
6)进一步的,通过气水流体涡旋实现的动能,带动分散叶轮14旋转,驱动中心主轴11转动,带动发电机发电,从而实现了将动能转化成机械能,将机械能转化成电能的过程;
7)进一步的,气水混合流体从分散叶轮驱动仓14尾水管进入到蜗壳驱动仓51,带动水轮旋转,驱动发电机,从而再一次将动能转化成机械能,机械能转换成电能的利用过程;
8)进一步的,蜗壳驱动仓51尾水通过尾水散落收集器42实现气水分离,将水收集到回水池41中;
9)进一步的,回水池41中的回水通过回水活塞增压水泵43再一次泵压进供水集水箱32内,从而实现第五步静水增压;
10)进一步的,同时,回水池41中的回水通过虹吸管虹吸到高位蓄水池61中,从而将回水池41的水从低水位提升到高水位形成位能,通过管道进入到离心叶轮驱动仓13内,形成重力水通过水的重力作用形成势能,驱动离心叶轮12转动,通过离心叶轮12旋转将势能转换成机械能,机械能通过中心主轴11带动发电机转化成电能;
11)进一步的,高位蓄水池中的水进入到太阳能集热玻璃板中,实现光热转化,通过蒸汽发生器66实现了水的汽化,通过汽水混合喷嘴16进入到离心叶轮驱动仓13内,通过光热转化,将静水能转化成动能,动能通过驱动离心叶轮12的旋转,带动中心主轴11旋转,从而将动能转化成机械能,将机械能再转化成电能;
12)进一步的,本装置增加太阳能电池板,通过太阳能的光电转换,将太 阳能转化为电能;
13)进一步的,本装置还增加了垂直轴风力辅助发电机组20,通过传动装置连接中心主轴11,实现风能水能互补,从而实现了高效能;
14)进一步的,实现第三步静水增压装置的风琴气水两用增压泵34和实现第五步静水增压装置的回水活塞增压水泵43的气缸驱动装置由压缩空气储气罐35供气,首先压缩空气储气罐35的出气管连接回水活塞增压水泵43的气缸的进气口,回水活塞增压水泵43的气缸的出气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵34气缸的进气口,风琴气水两用增压泵34气缸的出气管连接分散叶轮驱动筒15的气水混合喷嘴16,从而实现将气体动能转化成流体动能,流体动能通过分散叶轮14转带动中心主轴11旋转,驱动发电机发电,从而实现了动能转化成机械能,机械能转化成电能的高效能目的。
在一些实施例中,所述离心叶轮驱动仓13内径大于分散叶轮驱动筒15的内径,连接部位用一个漏斗形结构连接成为一个整体,所述分散叶轮驱动筒15有底座,底座与分散叶轮驱动筒15筒壁边缘密闭,所述离心叶轮驱动仓13有顶盖19,顶盖19与离心叶轮驱动仓13仓壁边缘密闭,顶盖19边缘开有通孔为进水口,所述离心叶轮顶盖有翻沿与离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁L形封边用滚轴相连,以保证离心叶轮12运动时所受摩擦力最小同时在离心叶轮驱动仓13内形成上下两个区域,上部为负压仓下部为高压仓,所述离心叶轮顶盖为扇叶结构离心叶轮以中心主轴11旋转时将空气和水流往下输送,所述分散叶轮驱动筒15底座和离心叶轮驱动仓13顶盖19中心位置装有防水轴承并与防水轴承外圈固定,中心主轴11底部固定在分散叶轮驱动筒15底座防水轴承内圈,上端穿过离心叶轮驱动仓13顶盖19中心轴承由传动装置连接垂直轴风力辅助发电机组20。
在一些实施例中,所述垂直轴风力辅助发电机组20包括:垂直轴风力叶轮21,传动装置22,多个与中心主轴11呈放射状分布的串接发电机组23,主轴中心发电机24,齿轮减速器,固定支架25所构成,所述与中心主轴11呈放 射状分布的串接发电机组23与中心主轴11轴心的连线相互夹角都相等,且是5的倍数;通过传动装置22与中心主轴11连接,垂直轴风力叶轮21在中心主轴11与发电机延伸线的外延连接齿轮减速器通过传动装置22与串接发电机组23相连,并与串接发电机组23统一固定固定支架25上。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置包括集水供水增压装置30,所述集水供水增压装置30,由增压储水罐31、供水集水箱32、进水沉砂箱33、风琴气水两用增压泵34、压缩空气储气罐35及电动气泵所构成,所述增压储水罐31由多个密封腔体结构组成,设置在气水混合流体涡旋发生器10外侧以中心主轴11为中心呈放射状分布,与中心主轴11轴心的连线距离相等,连线相互夹角都相等并且是5的倍数;所述增压储水罐31上下两端都通过管道连通为一个整体,所述增压储水罐31内侧壁有通孔连接束流导管17,所述束流导管17连接气水混合喷嘴16,所述气水混合喷嘴16连接气水混合流体涡旋发生器10的分散叶轮驱动筒15,所述增压储水罐31的罐体顶部增压装置为外置气囊36与内置气囊37,外置气囊36置于罐体外部,内置气囊37置于罐体内部,通过密封装置与罐体相连,外置气囊36设有出气管38与回气管39与内置气囊37相连,出气管38与回气管39用电磁阀控制,外置气囊36另有一根进气管连通罐体内设有单向止回阀,所述增压储水罐31罐体外侧壁上端设有压力控制阀,外侧壁下端设有外丝活接口,可外接设备,所述增压储水罐31底部设有外丝活接口连接风琴气水两用增压泵34的中心供水管。
在一些实施例中,所述风琴气水两用增压泵34为橡胶柔性材料所制成的密封腔体结构由中心供水管341、顶盖342,底部橡胶瓣膜343,风琴气缸344,电磁阀所构成,所述风琴气水两用增压泵34中心供水管341上端连接增压储水罐31,中心供水管341下端伸进供水集水箱32内部,所述中心供水管装341有单向止回阀,所述风琴气水两用增压泵34底部橡胶瓣膜343连接供水集水箱32顶部,并用密封装置与供水集水箱32连接,所述风琴气水两用增压泵34由风琴气缸344控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述风琴气水 两用增压泵34连接压缩空气储气罐35为之供气,所述风琴气缸344有进气管连接回水活塞增压水泵出气管38,所述风琴气缸344出气管38连接分散叶轮驱动筒15的气水混合喷嘴16,所述供水集水箱32为密闭结构,顶部通过风琴气水两用增压泵34与增压储水罐31相连,所述供水集水箱32顶部对应增压储水罐31位置开孔,开孔孔径同风琴气水两用增压泵34底部橡胶瓣膜343,所述供水集水箱32一侧有管道连接进水沉砂箱33另一侧通过回水活塞增压水泵连接回水池,所述进水沉砂箱33为密封结构且高于供水集水箱32其上部一端设有水源进水管,进水管设有阀门,另一端出水管接进供水集水箱32的内部。所述进水沉砂箱33一侧下端设有清淤口并设有密封装置。
在一些实施例中,所述压缩空气储气罐35进气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵34并配备电动气泵供气,所述压缩空气储气罐35出气管38连接回水活塞增压泵气缸的进气口。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括回水增压装置40,所述回水增压装置40包括回水活塞增压水泵43,回水池41和尾水散落收集器42所构成,所述回水活塞增压水泵43为到T形管状结构,一字形管一侧连接供水集水箱32另一侧连接回水池41两头均装有单向止回阀44,竖向管为活塞管45,活塞由气缸控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述电磁阀设有延时开关,所述气缸进气管连接压缩空气储气罐35,出气管38连接风琴气水两用增压泵34气缸的进气口,所述回水活塞增压水泵43至少不少于三个,所述尾水散落收集器42置于回水池41上方的筒状结构,上下为开口状,下端侧壁有通孔管道连接蜗壳发电机组的蜗壳出水口。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括蜗壳发电机组50,所述蜗壳发电机组50包括蜗壳51、发电机52、尾水管53构成,所述蜗壳51内置水轮连接发电机52,所述尾水管53一端连接分散叶轮驱动筒15底部出水口另一端连接蜗壳51,所述蜗壳51出水口连接尾水散落收集器42,所述尾水管53上设有阀门。
在一些实施例中,所述辅助装置还包括光热光电发电驱动装置60,所述光热光电发电驱动装置60包括高位蓄水池61、虹吸管62、太阳能电池板63、太阳能集热玻璃板64、热水储水罐65、蒸汽发生器66构成,所述高位蓄水池61为圆筒状,中心与中心主轴11同心,所述虹吸管62伸入回水池41底部,所述虹吸管62下端设有单向止回阀,配备电动潜水泵,上端接入高位蓄水池61中另有一分支管连接离心叶轮驱动仓13仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴16,所述高位蓄水池()61底部开有通孔设有管道连接离心叶轮驱动仓13顶部开口,所述热水储水罐65是在高位蓄水池61外沿的同心圆密闭腔体结构,进水口连接太阳能集热玻璃板64,出水口连接蒸汽发生器66,所述太阳能集热玻璃板64置于热水储水罐65的外沿并与中心主轴11呈放射状分布,与热水储水罐65有不小于5度的倾角,并不少于六块沿中心主轴11放射状分布与热水储水罐65有不小于5度的倾角,所述太阳能集热玻璃板64为上下玻璃板的中空密闭的扇形结构,上端进水口通过管道连接高位蓄水池61,下端出水口连接热水储水罐65,所述蒸汽发生器66由电加热棒、缠绕型铜管、高沸点溶液密闭的罐体结构和高压储气室构成,所述蒸汽发生器66进水口连接热水储水罐65,出气口连接离心叶轮驱动仓13仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴16,所述蒸汽发生器66与离心叶轮驱动仓13上的汽水混合喷嘴16的位置数量相对应,所述太阳能电池板63不少于六块并与太阳能集热玻璃板64间隔排布并与之一起固定在支架上。所述太阳能电池板63配备控制器。
在一些实施例中,所述发电装置的发电机52组发电接入总控制器。
综上所述,本实用新型使得低水头微水量水源能够产生高能效的电能,且其结构紧凑原理清晰工艺简明易于推广,不受环境条件限制效益明显。
以上所述,仅为本发明较佳的具体实施方式,这些具体实施方式都是基于本发明整体构思下的不同实现方式,而且本发明的保护范围并不局限于此,任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到的变化或替换,都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。因此,本发明的保护范围应该以 权利要求书的保护范围为准。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,包括气水混合流体涡旋发生器和垂直轴风力辅助发电机组及其辅助装置所构成,所述气水混合流体涡旋发生器包括:中心主轴、离心叶轮、离心叶轮驱动仓、分散叶轮、分散叶轮驱动筒所构成,所述中心主轴与离心叶轮驱动仓、分散叶轮驱动筒是一个以中心主轴为中心的同心圆筒状结构,所述中心主轴贯穿离心叶轮、分散叶轮并将离心叶轮、分散叶轮固定在中心主轴上,所述离心叶轮位于中心主轴上部,所述离心叶轮置于离心叶轮驱动仓中,所述离心叶轮驱动仓的仓壁中部至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切状分布与汽水混合喷嘴连接,所述分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒中,所述分散叶轮不少于5个,一个分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒上端,一个分散叶轮置于分散叶轮驱动筒下端,不少于3个分散叶轮等距置于分散叶轮驱动筒中段,所述分散叶轮驱动筒筒壁中部对应分散叶轮位置水平方向至少有不少于三个通孔呈顺时针旋切状分布并连通汽水混合喷嘴,所述汽水混合喷嘴连接束流导管,垂直方向对应水平方向的通孔位置上下也有不少于三个通孔连接连通汽水混合喷嘴,所述汽水混合喷嘴与束流导管的连接延长线有不少于5度的倾角,所述汽水混合喷嘴一端低于束流导管,所述分散叶轮驱动筒下端顺时针一侧设有尾水管接口。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述离心叶轮驱动仓内径大于分散叶轮驱动筒的内径,连接部位用一个漏斗形结构连接成为一个整体,所述分散叶轮驱动筒有底座,底座与分散叶轮驱动筒筒壁边缘密闭,所述离心叶轮驱动仓有顶盖,顶盖与离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁边缘密闭,顶盖边缘开有通孔为进水口,所述离心叶轮顶盖有翻沿与离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁L形封边用滚轴相连,以保证离心叶轮运动时所受摩擦力最小同时在离心叶轮驱动仓内形成上下两个区域,上部为负压仓下部为高压仓,所述离心叶轮顶盖为扇叶结构,离心叶轮以中心主轴旋转时将空气和水流往下输送,所述分散叶轮驱动筒底座和离心叶轮驱动仓顶盖中心位置装有防水轴承并与防水轴承外圈固定,中心主轴底部固定在分散叶轮驱动筒底座防水轴 承内圈,上端穿过离心叶轮驱动仓顶盖中心轴承由传动装置连接垂直轴风力辅助发电机组。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述垂直轴风力辅助发电机组包括:垂直轴风力叶轮,传动装置,多个与中心主轴呈放射状分布的串接发电机组,主轴中心发电机,齿轮减速器,固定支架所构成,所述与中心主轴呈放射状分布的串接发电机组与中心主轴轴心的连线相互夹角都相等,且是5的倍数;通过传动装置与中心主轴连接,垂直轴风力叶轮在中心主轴与发电机延伸线的外延连接齿轮减速器通过传动装置与串接发电机组相连,并与串接发电机组统一固定固定支架上。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述辅助装置包括集水供水增压装置,所述集水供水增压装置,由增压储水罐、供水集水箱、进水沉砂箱、风琴气水两用增压泵、压缩空气储气罐及电动气泵所构成,所述增压储水罐由多个密封腔体结构组成,设置在气水混合流体涡旋发生器外侧以中心主轴为中心呈放射状分布,与中心主轴轴心的连线距离相等,连线相互夹角都相等且是5的倍数;所述增压储水罐上下两端都通过管道连通为一个整体,所述增压储水罐内侧壁有通孔连接束流导管,所述束流导管连接汽水混合喷嘴,所述汽水混合喷嘴连接气水混合流体涡旋发生器的分散叶轮驱动筒,所述增压储水罐的罐体顶部增压装置为外置气囊与内置气囊,外置气囊置于罐体外部,内置气囊置于罐体内部,通过密封装置与罐体相连,外置气囊设有出气管与回气管与内置气囊相连,出气管与回气管用电磁阀控制,外置气囊另有一根进气管连通罐体内设有单向止回阀,所述增压储水罐罐体外侧壁上端设有压力控制阀,外侧壁下端设有外丝活接口,可外接设备,所述增压储水罐底部设有外丝活接口连接风琴气水两用增压泵的中心供水管。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述风琴气水两用增压泵为橡胶柔性材料所制成的密封腔体结构 由中心供水管、顶盖,底部橡胶瓣膜,风琴气缸,电磁阀所构成,所述风琴气水两用增压泵中心供水管上端连接增压储水罐,中心供水管下端伸进供水集水箱内部,所述中心供水管装有单向止回阀,所述风琴气水两用增压泵底部橡胶瓣膜连接供水集水箱顶部,并用密封装置与供水集水箱连接,所述风琴气水两用增压泵由风琴气缸控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述风琴气水两用增压泵连接压缩空气储气罐为之供气,所述风琴气缸有进气管连接回水活塞增压水泵出气管,所述风琴气缸出气管连接分散叶轮驱动筒的汽水混合喷嘴,所述供水集水箱为密闭结构,顶部通过风琴气水两用增压泵与增压储水罐相连,所述供水集水箱顶部对应增压储水罐位置开孔,开孔孔径同风琴气水两用增压泵底部橡胶瓣膜,所述供水集水箱一侧有管道连接进水沉砂箱另一侧通过回水活塞增压水泵连接回水池,所述进水沉砂箱为密封结构且高于供水集水箱,其上部一端设有水源进水管,进水管设有阀门,另一端出水管接进供水集水箱的内部,所述进水沉砂箱一侧下端设有清淤口并设有密封装置。
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述压缩空气储气罐进气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵并配备电动气泵供气,所述压缩空气储气罐出气管连接回水活塞增压泵气缸的进气口。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述辅助装置还包括回水增压装置,所述回水增压装置包括回水活塞增压水泵,回水池和尾水散落收集器所构成,所述回水活塞增压水泵为到T形管状结构,一字形管一侧连接供水集水箱另一侧连接回水池两头均装有单向止回阀,竖向管为活塞管,活塞由气缸控制做上下往复运动,所述气缸由电磁阀控制,所述电磁阀设有延时开关,所述气缸进气管连接压缩空气储气罐,出气管连接风琴气水两用增压泵气缸的进气口,所述回水活塞增压水泵至少不少于三个,所述尾水散落收集器置于回水池上方的筒状结构,上下为开口状,下端侧壁有通孔管道连接蜗壳发电机组的蜗壳出水口。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述辅助装置还包括蜗壳发电机组,所述蜗壳发电机组包括蜗壳、发电机、尾水管构成,所述蜗壳内置水轮连接发电机,所述尾水管一端连接分散叶轮驱动筒底部出水口另一端连接蜗壳,所述蜗壳出水口连接尾水散落收集器,所述尾水管上设有阀门。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述辅助装置还包括光热光电发电驱动装置,所述光热光电发电驱动装置包括高位蓄水池、虹吸管、太阳能电池板、太阳能集热玻璃板、热水储水罐、蒸汽发生器构成,所述高位蓄水池为圆筒状,中心与中心主轴同心,所述虹吸管伸入回水池底部,所述虹吸管下端设有单向止回阀,配备电动潜水泵,上端接入高位蓄水池中另有一分支管连接离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴,所述高位蓄水池底部开有通孔设有管道连接离心叶轮驱动仓顶部开口,所述热水储水罐是在高位蓄水池外沿的同心圆密闭腔体结构,进水口连接太阳能集热玻璃板,出水口连接蒸汽发生器,所述太阳能集热玻璃板置于热水储水罐的外沿并与中心主轴呈放射状分布,与热水储水罐有不小于5度的倾角,并不少于六块,所述太阳能集热玻璃板为上下玻璃板的中空密闭的扇形结构,上端进水口通过管道连接高位蓄水池,下端出水口连接热水储水罐,所述蒸汽发生器由电加热棒、缠绕型铜管、高沸点溶液密闭的罐体结构和高压储汽室构成,所述蒸汽发生器进水口连接热水储水罐,出汽口连接离心叶轮驱动仓仓壁上的汽水混合喷嘴,所述蒸汽发生器与离心叶轮驱动仓上的汽水混合喷嘴的位置数量相对应,所述太阳能电池板不少于六块并与太阳能集热玻璃板间隔排布并与之一起固定在支架上,所述太阳能电池板配备控制器。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的使低水头微水量水源产生高效能的发电装置,其特征在于,所述发电装置的发电机组发电接入总控制器。
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