WO2021164499A1 - Electronic device - Google Patents

Electronic device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021164499A1
WO2021164499A1 PCT/CN2021/073601 CN2021073601W WO2021164499A1 WO 2021164499 A1 WO2021164499 A1 WO 2021164499A1 CN 2021073601 W CN2021073601 W CN 2021073601W WO 2021164499 A1 WO2021164499 A1 WO 2021164499A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
electronic device
antenna module
camera
camera decoration
antenna
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2021/073601
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周林
Original Assignee
Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority claimed from CN202010110306.8A external-priority patent/CN113285207A/en
Priority claimed from CN202020191632.1U external-priority patent/CN211556118U/en
Application filed by Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 filed Critical Oppo广东移动通信有限公司
Publication of WO2021164499A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021164499A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors

Definitions

  • This application relates to the field of communication equipment, and in particular to an electronic device.
  • the antenna radiator of the mobile phone is set on the frame or on the circuit board inside the mobile phone.
  • the present application provides an electronic device, wherein the electronic device includes a back cover, a main board fixed to the back cover, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, a first antenna module provided on the main board, and
  • the pressing plate bracket is pressed on the main board, the pressing plate bracket is located between the back cover and the main board, the pressing plate bracket is provided with a metal trace electrically connected to the first antenna module, and the camera is decorated
  • the metal trace is electrically connected to the first antenna module, so that the first antenna module is electrically connected to the camera decoration, so as to feed power to the camera decoration, and make the camera decoration radiate antenna signals.
  • the present application provides an electronic device, wherein the electronic device includes a middle frame, a back cover that is covered with the middle frame, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, and a second part fixed on the inner side of the back cover.
  • An antenna module and a second antenna module are electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame so that the edge of the middle frame generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency of 1.575GHz ⁇ 5MHz, and the second antenna module
  • the camera decoration is electrically connected, so that the camera decoration generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.17GHz ⁇ 5MHz.
  • the electronic device provided by the present application is electrically connected to the first antenna module through the camera decoration, and the camera decoration can receive the feed of the first antenna module, so that the camera decoration can radiate antenna signals ,
  • the structural parts of the electronic device are fully utilized, the headroom area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.
  • FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 2 is a partial simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 3 is a partial exploded schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic rear view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • Fig. 5 is an overall exploded schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 6 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 7 is another simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of metal wiring of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • Fig. 9 is an enlarged schematic diagram of part V of the electronic device of Fig. 5;
  • FIG. 10 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 11 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 12 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 13 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 14 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 15 is a partial three-dimensional schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 16 is an enlarged schematic diagram of part X of the electronic device of FIG. 15;
  • FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of an antenna arrangement of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of another antenna arrangement of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • the GPS antenna of the L5 frequency band is arranged on the metal frame of the electronic device, or on the main board, circuit board, or bracket of the electronic device.
  • the GPS antenna structure of the conventional L5 frequency band is on the metal frame, so that the GPS antenna of the L5 frequency band can obtain better antenna efficiency, but it will occupy a relatively large antenna setting area, which will give other important communication antennas such as LTE, WIFI and other important communication antenna structures.
  • the cloth brings an increase in difficulty.
  • the area where the traditional frame of the electronic device can be used to set the antenna radiator will appear to be less and less.
  • the GPS antenna of the conventional L5 frequency band is set on the main board, circuit board, or bracket, so that the performance of the antenna is limited by the size of the clearance area around the antenna. Since the working frequency band of the L5 frequency band antenna is very low, compared to the L1 frequency band antenna, the L5 frequency band antenna requires a larger antenna clearance area. As electronic equipment becomes thinner and lighter, the antenna clearance area of the L5 frequency band cannot be too large. Therefore, the efficiency of setting the radiator of the L5 band antenna on the motherboard, or on the circuit board or on the bracket is often very low, usually not exceeding -15dB.
  • the present application provides an electronic device 100
  • the electronic device 100 includes a back cover 10, a camera decoration 20 embedded in the back cover 10 and fixed on the back cover 10 first antenna module 30 inside.
  • the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 to feed the camera decoration 20 so that the camera decoration 20 radiates antenna signals.
  • the electronic device 100 may be a mobile phone, a notebook computer, a tablet computer, or other devices.
  • the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 form an antenna, and the antenna may be any one or a combination of GPS antennas, 5G antennas, WIFI antennas, NFC antennas, and Bluetooth antennas.
  • the camera decoration 20 can receive the feed of the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals, sufficiently Utilizing the structural components of the electronic device 100 ensures that the clearance area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.
  • the rear cover 10 serves as a protective structure on the back of the electronic device 100.
  • the back cover 10 protects the internal components of the electronic device 100.
  • the back cover 10 has a top short side 11 and a bottom short side 12 opposite to the top short side 11, and two long sides 13 connected between the top short side 11 and the bottom short side 12.
  • the top short side 11 is the edge at the top when the electronic device 100 is held vertically.
  • the bottom short side 12 is the edge of the bottom when the electronic device 100 is held vertically.
  • the electronic device 100 is a mobile phone, and the top short side 11 may be adjacent to the earpiece of the electronic device 100.
  • the bottom short side 12 may be adjacent to the power interface or audio interface of the electronic device 100.
  • the two long sides 13 may be respectively adjacent to the power button and the volume adjustment button of the electronic device 100.
  • the back cover 10 has an outer surface 14 and an inner surface 15 opposite to the outer surface 14.
  • the outer surface 14 forms a back surface of the electronic device 100 that can face the user.
  • the space of the electronic device 100 adjacent to the inner surface 15 forms an inner space of the back cover 10.
  • the first antenna module 30 is fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, that is, the first antenna module 30 is fixed relative to the back cover 10 and is adjacent to the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10.
  • the back cover 10 is a glass back cover 10, and the back cover 10 is made of a non-metallic material, so that the back cover 10 can provide a larger clearance area for the camera decoration 20 and improve the camera The antenna efficiency of the trim 20.
  • the back cover 10 is a ceramic back cover 10.
  • the back cover 10 can also increase structural stability and ensure the safety of the electronic device 100 .
  • the back cover 10 is a plastic back cover 10, which provides a larger antenna clearance area for the camera decoration 20, and the back cover 10 is convenient to manufacture, which reduces production costs.
  • the back cover 10 is a metal back cover 10, which increases the appearance performance of the back of the electronic device 100 and improves the appearance of the electronic device 100 with a metallic texture.
  • the back cover 10 and the camera decoration 20 are separated by an insulating material, and the insulating material forms an antenna clearance area of the camera decoration 20 to ensure that the camera decoration 20 can effectively radiate antenna signals.
  • the camera decoration 20 penetrates the outer surface 14 and the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10.
  • the camera decoration 20 has a top that protrudes from the outer surface 14 or is flush with the outer surface 14, and the top forms a structure for decorating the camera module on the back of the electronic device 100 to increase
  • the electronic device 100 can recognize the position of the camera module and improve the appearance performance of the back of the electronic device 100.
  • the camera decoration is further provided with a bottom protruding relative to the inner surface 15 or flush with the inner surface 15. The bottom is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30.
  • the camera decoration 20 can cover, protect, and block light of the camera module of the electronic device 100, so as to ensure the performance of the electronic device 100 to effectively take pictures by using the camera module.
  • the camera decoration 20 is embedded in the back cover 10 and can be used as an antenna radiator to generate a resonance signal.
  • the camera decoration 20 can obtain a larger antenna clearance area, so that the antenna of the camera decoration 20
  • the efficiency is -9dB ⁇ -10dB, which greatly improves the antenna efficiency.
  • the camera decoration 20 is embedded in the angle between the top short side 11 and the long side 13, for example, the camera decoration 20 is embedded in the top short side 11 and adjacent Between the long sides 13 of the power button.
  • the camera decoration 20 is adjacent to the top short side 11 and located in the middle of the two long sides 13.
  • the camera decoration 20 is an all-metal part, so that the area where the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals is increased.
  • the camera decoration 20 is an integrally formed structure of a metal part and a non-metal part, so that the cost of the camera decoration 20 is reduced.
  • the camera decoration 20 is a decoration of a multi-camera module.
  • the camera decoration 20 has a long decorative side 21 parallel to the long side 13 and two short decorative sides 22 substantially parallel to the top short side 11.
  • the two long decorative edges 21 and the two short decorative parts are jointly formed on the peripheral side of the camera decorative part 20, so that the outer shape of the camera decorative part 20 is approximately an oval racetrack shape.
  • the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is a single frequency band, and the resonance frequency of the camera decoration 20 is 1.17 GHz ⁇ 5 MHz, so that the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 form a GPS Antenna, the camera decoration 20 can meet the L5 frequency band communication requirements of the GPS antenna.
  • the camera decoration 20 is used as the radiator of the GPS antenna in the L5 frequency band, so that the GPS antenna in the L5 frequency band of the electronic device 100 can obtain a larger antenna headroom area and improve the antenna efficiency.
  • the antenna efficiency can reach -9dB ⁇ - 10dB.
  • the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is 1.575 GHz ⁇ 5 MHz, so that the camera decoration 20 can meet the L1 frequency band communication requirements of the GPS antenna.
  • the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is a multi-frequency band.
  • the camera decoration 20 can be divided into a plurality of radiators.
  • the electronic device 100 includes a plurality of first antenna modules 30. ⁇ Body electrical connection.
  • the first antenna module 20 is integrated on an antenna chip, and the antenna chip is used to electrically connect the camera decoration 20 to realize power feeding to the camera decoration 20.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a main board 40 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the first antenna module 30 is disposed on the main board 40.
  • the main board 40 is adjacent to the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10.
  • the main board 40 is provided with a processor and a conductive circuit electrically connected to the first antenna module 30.
  • the processor is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30 through the conductive line, so that the processor transmits and receives electrical signals with the first antenna module 30 through the conductive line, so that the first antenna module 30 effectively communicates with the antenna formed by the camera decoration 20.
  • the main board 40 is also provided with functional devices such as memory, sensors, radio frequency devices, circuit board connectors, and various electronic components.
  • the first antenna module 30 is arranged on the side of the main board 40 facing the back cover 10, so that the distance between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 is reduced, so that the first antenna is convenient
  • the module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20.
  • the first antenna module 30 is arranged on a side of the main board 40 away from the back cover 10, the main board 40 may be provided with a conductive element connected to the first antenna module 30, and the conductive element is formed by the main board.
  • the side of 40 away from the back cover 10 extends to the side facing the back cover 10, so as to facilitate the electrical connection of the camera decoration 20 with a conductive element.
  • the first antenna module 30 is disposed on the side of the main board 40 away from the back cover 10, so as to make full use of the layout area of the main board 40 to optimize the internal structure of the electronic device 100.
  • the first antenna module 30 is arranged on the main board 40, so that the first antenna module 30 can be directly electrically connected to the processor of the main board 40 via a conductive line, which is convenient for the first antenna
  • the module 30 effectively transmits and receives electrical signals with the processor.
  • the first antenna module 30 is arranged on the main board 40 to realize the unified integration of the first antenna module 30 and the processor on the main board 40, which facilitates the production of the first antenna module 30 and the addition of the electronics
  • the internal structure of the device 100 is compact.
  • FIG. 4 it is substantially the same as the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, except that the electronic device 100 is provided with a camera telescopic structure 101, the rear cover 10 and the camera decoration 20 is provided in the camera telescopic structure 101.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a circuit board 102 disposed on the camera telescopic structure 101, and the first antenna module 30 is disposed on the circuit board 102.
  • the electronic device 100 is provided with a device body 103 that can move relative to the back cover 10 and the camera decoration 20, and the device body 103 is provided with a main board 40.
  • the main board 40 is electrically connected to the circuit board 102 via a flexible circuit board.
  • the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 are both retractable relative to the main board 40, and the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 are electrically connected to the main board 40 via the circuit board 102 and the flexible circuit board. It is connected to realize that the camera decoration 20 can effectively radiate antenna signals.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a pressure plate support 50, which covers the main board 40 and is located between the back cover 10 and the main board 40, so The pressure plate support 50 is provided with a metal wire 60 electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the camera decoration 20 is electrically connected to the metal wire 60.
  • the pressing plate bracket 50 covers each device on the main board 40, so that each device on the main board 40 is more stable.
  • the pressure plate support 50 can cover the board-to-board connector on the main board 40, and the cover support can cover the plug-in components on the main board 40.
  • the pressure plate bracket 50 can also cover various devices on the main board 40 to protect each device on the main board 40.
  • the pressure plate bracket 50 can also cover the first antenna module 30 to protect the first antenna module 30 and prevent the first antenna module 30 from being damaged.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is a non-metallic piece.
  • the pressure plate support 50 provides an insulating environment for the components of the main board 40 and the first antenna module 30 to ensure the safety of the components on the main board 40 and the first antenna module 30.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is made of plastic material, so that the production cost of the pressure plate support 50 is reduced.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is a ceramic piece to increase the rigidity of the pressure plate support 50, so that the pressure plate support 50 can effectively protect the main board 40, and increase the pressure plate support 50 to the back cover 10 effective support.
  • the pressure plate bracket 50 is an integrally formed structure of metal and non-metal parts, so as to facilitate the use of the metal part of the pressure plate bracket 50 to electrically connect the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
  • the metal wiring 60 extends from the pressure plate bracket 50 toward the main board 40 to the camera decoration 20 side.
  • the metal wiring 60 can extend on the pressure plate support 50 according to a preset route, so that the metal wiring 60 can avoid the pressure plate support 50 to cover the position of the electronic device on the main board 40, and prevent any damage.
  • the metal trace 60 is short-circuited with the electronic device on the main board 40.
  • the function of the metal trace 60 is to transmit electrical signals between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20, so that the antenna formed by the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 can be normal Send and receive signals.
  • the metal trace 60 is a relatively narrow line-shaped metal conductive object.
  • the metal traces 60 are arranged on the pressure plate support 50 to ensure that most of the pressure plate support 50 is a non-metal area, so that the pressure plate support 50 can provide an insulating environment and effectively stabilize each of the main board 40 Device.
  • the metal wiring 60 conducts conduction to the first antenna module 30 in a targeted manner, and uses the structure of the pressure plate support 50 to stack the main board 40, which fully utilizes the arrangement space on the pressure plate support 50, so that all The internal structure of the electronic device 100 is compact, and the conductive structure between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 is simplified.
  • the metal wiring 60 is disposed on the pressure plate support 50 by using laser direct structuring technology.
  • the metal wiring 60 extends along the surface of the pressure plate support 50 to ensure the scratch resistance of the metal wiring 60 and to ensure the effective conductivity of the metal wiring 60.
  • the metal wiring 60 is formed on the pressure plate support 50 by a metal coating process, so that the metal wiring 60 is formed quickly and easily.
  • the metal wiring 60 is a copper foil circuit formed by a screen printing process.
  • the metal wiring 60 is a columnar metal conductor that penetrates the pressure plate support 50.
  • the pressing plate bracket 50 is provided with two through holes 51 with two open ends facing the main board 40 and the camera decoration 20 respectively.
  • the metal trace 60 passes through the inner wall of the through hole 51.
  • the through hole 51 is substantially opposite to the edge of the camera decoration 20.
  • the extending direction of the through hole 51 is substantially perpendicular to the pressure plate support 50.
  • the opening port diameter of the through hole 51 facing the main board 40 is larger than the opening port diameter facing the camera decoration 20.
  • the portion of the metal trace 60 passing through the inner wall of the through hole 51 covers the peripheral side wall of the through hole 51.
  • the metal trace 60 is also provided with a first connecting end 61 extending out of the through hole 51 toward the outside of the open end of the main board 40, and provided with a first connecting end 61 extending out of the through hole 51 toward the outside of the opening end of the decorative element
  • the second connection end 62 The first connecting end 61 and the second connecting end 62 respectively extend along the bottom surface and the top surface of the pressure plate support 50.
  • one port diameter is larger than the other port diameter, so that the coverage area of the first connection end 61 is larger than the coverage area of the second connection end 62, so that the first connection end 61 is connected to the motherboard 40.
  • the first antenna module 30, the second connecting end 62 is connected to the edge of the camera decoration 20.
  • the pressure plate bracket 50 is provided with two through holes 51, the inner walls of the two through holes 51 are both provided with the metal wiring 60, and the two through holes 51 are respectively connected to the camera
  • the two decorative long sides 13 of the decorative piece 20 are opposite to each other, or respectively opposite to the two decorative short sides.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is provided with one through hole 51, and one through hole 51 is opposite to one of the decorative long sides 13 of the camera decoration 20, or to one of the decorative short sides. relatively.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is provided with more than two through holes 51, the inner walls of the two or more through holes 51 are all provided with the metal wiring 60, and the two or more through holes 51 are arranged equidistantly along the periphery of the camera decoration 20.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a conductive elastic sheet 70 fixed to the main board 40.
  • One end of the conductive elastic sheet 70 is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end
  • the metal wires 60 of the pressure plate support 50 elastically interfere with each other.
  • the conductive elastic sheet 70 is provided with a fixed end 71 and an elastic contact end 72 extending from the fixed end 71.
  • the fixed end 71 is fixed to an end of the main board 40 facing the pressure plate support 50, and the elastic abutting end 72 elastically abuts against the first connecting end 61 of the metal wiring 60.
  • the conductive elastic sheet 70 serves as the feeding conductive device of the first antenna module 30, and the conductive elastic sheet 70 is responsible for the electrical signal transmission between the first antenna module 30 and the metal trace 60, and facilitates the transmission of the electrical signal on the pressure plate.
  • the metal wiring 60 can be maintained in the conducting state of the conductive elastic sheet 70 to facilitate the electrical connection between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
  • the fixed end 71 and the main board 40 are kept in a normally fixed state, and are kept in a normally conducting state with the feed signal output end of the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40, so that the first antenna module 30 and the
  • the conductive spring 70 maintains a constantly connected state.
  • the elastic contact end 72 is elastically deformed by the pressing force of the pressure plate support 50, so that the elastic contact end 72 is under the elastic deformation force
  • the first connection end 61 of the metal trace 60 can be firmly resisted. Utilizing the large effective coverage area of the first connecting end 61, the elastic abutting end 72 can effectively contact the first connecting end 61 of the metal wiring 60, and avoiding the conductive elastic member from contacting the metal. Line 60 is broken.
  • the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic sheet 70 is welded to the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 so that the first antenna module 30 and the conductive elastic sheet 70 are firmly connected.
  • the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic piece 70 and the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 can be connected through the socket to facilitate the disassembly and maintenance of the conductive elastic piece 70.
  • the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic sheet 70 may also be bonded to the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 via conductive adhesive, so that the conductive elastic sheet 70 and the main board 40 can be quickly assembled and firmly secured.
  • the first connection end 61 may be coated with an anti-oxidation layer to prevent oxidation of the first connection end 61 and ensure that the first connection end 61 is in effective contact with the conductive elastic sheet 70.
  • the first connection end 61 may also be coated with a scratch-resistant coating to increase the scratch resistance of the first connection end 61 and prevent the elastic contact end 72 from scratching the first connection end 61.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes an elastic conductive member 80 that is elastically compressed between the pressure plate support 50 and the camera decoration 20, and the camera decoration 20 is electrically conductive through the elastic
  • the member 80 is electrically connected to the metal trace 60.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 is assembled between the camera decoration 20 and the pressure plate bracket 50. One side of the elastic conductive member 80 is in contact with the bottom edge of the camera decoration 20, and the other side is in contact with the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 serves as a conductive device between the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20, and the elastic conductive member 80 is responsible for the electrical connection between the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20. Signal transmission.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 has conductive properties, and can be elastically deformed and compressed by the pressing force, so that the elastic conductive member 80 can tightly contact the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50 and tightly contact the camera decoration member 20.
  • the metal wire 60 can be kept in a conductive state with the camera decoration 20 to facilitate the first antenna module 30 It is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 to prevent the conductive elastic member from being disconnected from the metal wiring 60.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 can also make up for the assembly tolerance between the camera decoration 20 and the pressing plate bracket 50, and keep the metal running of the elastic conductive member 80 and the camera decoration 20 and the pressing plate bracket 50. Line 60 is always on.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 can also buffer the camera decoration 20 and the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 during the assembly process, so as to absorb the camera decoration 20 and the metal wiring 60. The assembling force of the two connecting ends 62 prevents the camera decoration 20 and the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 from being scratched and damaged, and ensures that the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20 are safety.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 is conductive foam, and the elastic conductive member 80 is laminated and compressed between the pressure plate support 50 and the camera decoration 20.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 extends along the decorative long side 21 of the camera decorative member 20 to increase the contact area between the elastic conductive member 80 and the camera decorative member.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 is a metal conductive sheet in a bent shape.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 is a conductive film.
  • one end of the elastic conductive member 80 is adhered to the camera decoration member 20 via conductive adhesive, and the other end is in elastic contact with the metal trace 60 of the pressure plate support 50.
  • one end of the elastic conductive member 80 is bonded to the metal trace 60 of the pressure plate support 50 with conductive adhesive, and the other end elastically abuts against the edge of the camera decoration 20.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a power feeding spring 90 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, one end of the power feeding spring 90 is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end is connected to the camera decoration 20 Flexible resistance.
  • the structure of the feeding elastic piece 90 is substantially similar to the structure of the conductive elastic piece 70.
  • the feeding elastic piece 90 serves as a feeding signal transmission device of the first antenna module 30.
  • One end of the feed elastic piece 90 is fixed on the main board 40 and is connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end directly elastically abuts the edge of the camera decoration 20.
  • the pressure plate support 50 is provided with a through hole, and the power feeding elastic piece 90 passes through the through hole of the pressure plate support 50 and elastically abuts against the camera decoration 20.
  • FIG. 11 is substantially the same as the embodiment shown in FIG.
  • a coupling device is provided between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
  • the coupling device can normally ensure that the feed signal of the first antenna module 30 is transmitted to the camera decoration 20, and the coupling device can form a capacitive device, and the coupling device can prevent a high-level signal from allowing a low voltage
  • the flat signal is passed through, that is, to avoid the direct connection between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can receive the bottom level signal of the first antenna module 30 and communicate with the main board.
  • the high-level signal on the 40 is disconnected to prevent the high-level signal on the main board 40 from being transmitted to the camera decoration 20, that is, to prevent the user from touching the camera decoration 20 to get an electric shock.
  • the main board 40 is fixed to the side of the pressure plate support 50 with a first metal member 91 that is connected to the first antenna module 30, and the camera decoration 20 is fixed to the side of the pressure plate support 50 There is a second metal piece 92 that is connected to the camera decoration 20.
  • the first metal part 91 is coupled to the second metal part 92 to realize the coupling and feeding connection between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration part 20.
  • the first metal piece 91 and the second metal piece 92 pass through the pressure plate support 50 to be coupled and connected.
  • the main board 40 is fixed on the side facing the pressure plate support 50 with a first metal member 91 that is conductive with the first antenna module 30.
  • the first metal member 91 is coupled to the first connection end 61 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50.
  • the second connecting end 62 of the metal trace 60 is connected to the camera decoration 20 via the elastic conductive member 80.
  • a second metal member 92 connected to the camera decoration 20 is fixed on the side of the camera decoration 20 facing the pressure plate bracket 50.
  • the second metal member 92 is coupled to the second connecting end 62 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50.
  • the first connecting end 61 of the metal trace 60 is connected to the first antenna module 30 via the conductive elastic sheet 70.
  • the main board 40 is fixed with a first metal member 91 that is connected to the first antenna module 30 on the side facing the pressure plate support 50, and the camera decoration 20 is facing the A second metal piece 92 connected to the camera decoration 20 is fixed on one side of the pressure plate bracket 50.
  • the first metal piece 91 and the second metal piece 92 are respectively coupled to the first connection end 61 and the second connection end 62 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a ground pole 110 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the camera decoration 20 faces the first antenna module 30
  • a grounding portion 29 is provided on one side of the, and the grounding portion 29 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110.
  • the grounding portion 29 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110, so that the camera decoration 20 is grounded, so as to prevent the camera decoration 20 from generating static electricity and prevent the user from touching the camera decoration 20. Electric shock.
  • the grounding portion 29 is disposed at the camera decoration 20 adjacent to the top short side 11 of the back cover 10, so that the grounding portion 29 to the camera decoration 20 are connected to the elastic conductive member The distance at 80 is farther, and the path length of the camera decoration 20 is increased.
  • the grounding portion 29 is disposed at the top short side 11 of the camera decoration 20 away from the back cover 10,
  • the grounding portion 29 is arranged at one of the decorative long sides 13 of the camera decoration 20.
  • the grounding portion 29 is directly connected to the ground electrode 110 to ensure that the camera decoration part and the ground electrode 110 are effectively connected.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a ground elastic piece 120 fixedly connected to the ground portion 29, and the ground elastic piece 120 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110.
  • the ground spring 120 passes through the pressure plate bracket 50 and is connected to the ground electrode 110 to simplify the grounding structure of the camera decoration 20.
  • the ground portion 29 is coupled to the ground pole 110 to simplify the connection structure between the camera decoration 20 and the ground level.
  • the ground electrode 110 is disposed on the main board 40 to facilitate the camera decoration 20 to be grounded via the main board 40.
  • the ground electrode 110 is arranged on the circuit board 102 connected to the main board 40 via the flexible circuit board 102 to facilitate the movement of the camera decoration 20 relative to the main board 40.
  • the first antenna module 30 is provided with a feed source 31 and a matching circuit 32 electrically connected to the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60.
  • the matching circuit 32 has the function of adjusting the antenna length and impedance matching.
  • the matching circuit 32 needs to be determined according to the original Smith image of the antenna.
  • the matching circuit 32 is formed by a combination of at least one capacitor and/or at least one inductance.
  • the matching circuit 32 is connected to the feed source 31 via a conductive circuit.
  • the matching circuit 32 and the feed source 31 are arranged on the main board 40, and an end of the matching circuit 32 away from the feed source 31 is connected to the conductive elastic sheet 70.
  • the matching circuit 32 is provided with a capacitor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60 and an inductor connected in parallel with the capacitor.
  • the matching circuit 32 is provided with an inductor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60 and a capacitor connected in parallel with the inductor.
  • the matching circuit 32 is provided with an inductor and a capacitor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a middle frame 130 that is covered with the back cover 10 and a camera module 140 fixed to the middle frame 130, and the camera decoration 20 is provided with a camera hole 24, and the camera hole 24 is directly opposite to the camera module 140.
  • the main board 40 is fixed to the middle frame 130, and the back cover 10 is closed with the middle frame 130.
  • the camera module 140 is fixed to the side of the main board 40 facing the pressure plate support 50.
  • the camera module 140 is a rear camera.
  • the camera module 140 obtains light through the camera hole 24.
  • the camera decoration 20 covers the camera module 140 and effectively protects the camera module 140.
  • the electronic device 100 is provided with a plurality of the camera modules 140, and the plurality of camera modules 140 are arranged in a direction parallel to the long side 13 of the back cover 10.
  • the camera decoration 20 is provided with a plurality of camera holes 24.
  • the electronic device 100 is further provided with a frame bracket 150 fixed to the peripheral side of the plurality of camera modules 140, and the frame bracket 150 stabilizes the plurality of camera modules 140.
  • the camera decoration 20 includes a metal frame 25 and a metal plate 26 fixed on the inner side of the metal frame 25, the camera hole 24 is provided on the metal plate 26, and the metal frame 25 is connected to the metal plate 26.
  • a fixing groove is formed between the metal plates 26, the electronic device 100 further includes a camera lens 160 fixed to the fixing groove, and the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the metal frame 25.
  • the metal plate 26 and the metal frame 25 are integrally formed.
  • the metal frame 25 forms the peripheral structure of the camera decoration 20.
  • the top of the camera decoration 20 is set on the metal frame 25.
  • the metal frame 25 may protrude relative to the outer surface 14 of the back cover 10 or be flush with the outer surface 14 of the back cover 10.
  • the metal plate 26 supports the camera lens 160 to increase the stability of the camera decoration 20 and the camera lens 160.
  • the elastic conductive member 80 elastically abuts against the bottom of the metal frame 25 so that the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20.
  • the rear cover 10 is provided with a mounting hole 19
  • the camera decoration 20 is provided with a fixing portion 27 embedded in the mounting hole 19, and extends from the peripheral side of the fixing portion 27 to the rear cover
  • the skirt 28 on the inner side of the skirt 28 is provided with a feeding point, and the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the feeding point.
  • the fixing portion 27 is formed with the bottom of the metal frame 25.
  • the bottom of the metal frame 25 protrudes relative to the inner surface 15.
  • the skirt 28 is attached to the inner surface 15 and extends to increase the stability of the camera decoration 20 and the back cover 10.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a light-transmitting cover 170 covering the middle frame 130 and a display screen 180 fixed between the light-transmitting cover 170 and the middle frame 130.
  • the display screen 180 displays light through the transparent cover 170.
  • the transparent cover 170 and the back cover 10 respectively form the front and rear parts of the electronic device 100.
  • the periphery of the back cover 10 and the periphery of the middle frame 130 are firmly connected, so that a cavity for accommodating the main board 40 and the pressure plate bracket 50 is formed between the back cover 10 and the middle frame 130.
  • There is a distance between the pressure plate support 50 and the inner surface of the back cover 10, and the size of the distance is determined by the assembly tolerance of the back cover 10 and the pressure plate support 50.
  • the camera decoration 20 is located at the rear of the electronic device 100, and the camera decoration 20 can face a relatively open space to increase the antenna clearance area of the camera decoration 20 , Improve the utilization of the camera decoration 20, and increase the antenna efficiency of the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
  • the electronic device 100 further includes a second antenna module 190 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the second antenna module 190 is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame 130 so that the The edge of the frame 130 generates an antenna signal.
  • the second antenna module 190 is disposed on the main board 40.
  • the second antenna module 190 is provided with a feed source and a matching circuit.
  • the middle frame 130 has a top edge 131 adjacent to the top short side 11 and two long edges 132 adjacent to the two long sides.
  • a frame radiator 191 is provided at the corner between the top short side 11 and the long edge 132 adjacent to the camera decoration 20, and the second antenna module 190 is electrically connected to the frame radiator 191, so that the frame radiator 191 can generate antenna signals.
  • the second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 form a GPS antenna with an L1 frequency band. That is, the frame radiator 191 can generate an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.575GHz ⁇ 5MHz.
  • the second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 are directly electrically connected via a feed spring.
  • the second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 are coupled and fed.
  • the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 can be integrated on one antenna chip, and the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 pass through two antenna chips on one antenna chip.
  • the two different feeding ports are electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 and the frame radiator 191 respectively.
  • two different matching circuits are provided for the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 on one antenna chip, and the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 are respectively Two different matching circuits feed and connect the camera decoration 30 and the frame radiator 191.
  • a circuit for realizing the L5 frequency band provided in an antenna chip plus a matched filter circuit between the feed port of the chip and the camera decoration 20 can be regarded as the first antenna module 30 together.
  • a circuit for realizing the L1 frequency band provided in an antenna chip plus a matched filter circuit between the feed port of the chip and the frame radiator 191 can be regarded as the second antenna module 190.
  • the camera decoration 20 can receive the feed of the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals, sufficiently Utilizing the structural components of the electronic device 100 ensures that the clearance area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.

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Abstract

The present application discloses an electronic device. The electronic device comprises a rear cover, a main plate fixed on the rear cover, a camera decorative member embedded in the rear cover, a first antenna module provided on the main plate, and a press plate support capped on the main plate. The press plate support is located between the rear cover and the main plate, the press plate support is provided with a metal wiring electrically connected to the first antenna module, and the camera decorative member is electrically connected to the metal wiring, so that the first antenna module is electrically connected to the camera decorative member, so as to feed power to the camera decorative member and enable the camera decorative member to radiate an antenna signal. The camera decorative member is electrically connected to the first antenna module, the camera decorative member can receive the power fed by the first antenna module, so that the camera decorative member can radiate an antenna signal, making full use of a structural member of the electronic device, ensuring an increased clearance area of the antenna, and improving the antenna efficiency.

Description

电子设备Electronic equipment 技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及通信设备领域,尤其涉及一种电子设备。This application relates to the field of communication equipment, and in particular to an electronic device.
背景技术Background technique
目前手机的天线辐射体都是设置在边框上,或者是设置手机内部的电路板上。虽然,手机通信要求越来越高,使得手机的天线辐射体会越来越多,导致手机可用作天线辐射体的空间也越来越少,使得天线的效率降低。At present, the antenna radiator of the mobile phone is set on the frame or on the circuit board inside the mobile phone. Although the communication requirements of mobile phones are getting higher and higher, there will be more and more antenna radiators of mobile phones, resulting in less and less space for mobile phones to be used as antenna radiators, which reduces the efficiency of the antenna.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本申请提供一种电子设备,其中,所述电子设备包括后盖、固定于所述后盖的主板、内嵌于所述后盖的摄像头装饰件、设置于所述主板的第一天线模块和压盖于所述主板的压板支架,所述压板支架位于所述后盖和所述主板之间,所述压板支架设有与所述第一天线模块电连接的金属走线,所述摄像头装饰件电连接所述金属走线,以使所述第一天线模块电连接所述摄像头装饰件,以向所述摄像头装饰件馈电,并使得所述摄像头装饰件辐射天线信号。The present application provides an electronic device, wherein the electronic device includes a back cover, a main board fixed to the back cover, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, a first antenna module provided on the main board, and The pressing plate bracket is pressed on the main board, the pressing plate bracket is located between the back cover and the main board, the pressing plate bracket is provided with a metal trace electrically connected to the first antenna module, and the camera is decorated The metal trace is electrically connected to the first antenna module, so that the first antenna module is electrically connected to the camera decoration, so as to feed power to the camera decoration, and make the camera decoration radiate antenna signals.
本申请提供一种电子设备,其中,所述电子设备包括中框、与所述中框盖合的后盖、内嵌于所述后盖的摄像头装饰件、固定于所述后盖内侧的第一天线模块及第二天线模块,所述第一天线模块电连接所述中框的边缘,以使所述中框的边缘产生谐振频段为1.575GHz±5MHz的天线信号,所述第二天线模块电连接所述摄像头装饰件,以使所述摄像头装饰件产生谐振频段为1.17GHz±5MHz的天线信号。The present application provides an electronic device, wherein the electronic device includes a middle frame, a back cover that is covered with the middle frame, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, and a second part fixed on the inner side of the back cover. An antenna module and a second antenna module. The first antenna module is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame so that the edge of the middle frame generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency of 1.575GHz±5MHz, and the second antenna module The camera decoration is electrically connected, so that the camera decoration generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.17GHz±5MHz.
本申请提供的电子设备,通过所述摄像头装饰件与所述第一天线模块电连接,所述摄像头装饰件可以接收所述第一天线模块的馈电,使得所述摄像头装饰件可以辐射天线信号,充分利用了所述电子设备的结构件,保证了天线的净空区域增大,提高了天线效率。The electronic device provided by the present application is electrically connected to the first antenna module through the camera decoration, and the camera decoration can receive the feed of the first antenna module, so that the camera decoration can radiate antenna signals , The structural parts of the electronic device are fully utilized, the headroom area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.
附图说明Description of the drawings
为了更清楚地说明本申请实施例的技术方案,下面将对实施方式中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本申请一些实施方式,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。In order to explain the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application more clearly, the following will briefly introduce the drawings that need to be used in the embodiments. Obviously, the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present application, which are common in the field. As far as technical personnel are concerned, they can also obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative work.
图1是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的立体示意图;FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图2是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的局部简化截面示意图;2 is a partial simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图3是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的部分分解示意图;FIG. 3 is a partial exploded schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图4是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的后视示意图;FIG. 4 is a schematic rear view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图5是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的整体分解示意图;Fig. 5 is an overall exploded schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图6是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;FIG. 6 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图7是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的另一简化截面示意图;FIG. 7 is another simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图8是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的金属走线示意图;FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of metal wiring of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图9是图5的电子设备的V部分放大示意图;Fig. 9 is an enlarged schematic diagram of part V of the electronic device of Fig. 5;
图10是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;10 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图11是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;11 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图12是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;12 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图13是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;FIG. 13 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图14是本申请另一实施例提供的电子设备的简化截面示意图;14 is a simplified schematic cross-sectional view of an electronic device provided by another embodiment of the present application;
图15是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的局部立体示意图;FIG. 15 is a partial three-dimensional schematic diagram of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图16是图15的电子设备的X部分放大示意图;FIG. 16 is an enlarged schematic diagram of part X of the electronic device of FIG. 15;
图17是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的天线排布示意图;FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of an antenna arrangement of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application;
图18是本申请实施例提供的电子设备的另一天线排布示意图。FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of another antenna arrangement of an electronic device provided by an embodiment of the present application.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面将结合本申请实施例中的附图,对本申请实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本申请一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本申请中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有付出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本申请保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present application. Obviously, the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, rather than all the embodiments. Based on the embodiments in this application, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work shall fall within the protection scope of this application.
本申请实施例的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“厚度”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本申请和简化描述,而不是暗示或指示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本申请的限制。In the description of the embodiments of the present application, it should be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the term "thickness" is based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, which is only for the convenience of describing the application and simplifying the description, and does not imply Or the device or element pointed to by the indication must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present application.
可以理解的是,在常规的技术方案中,L5频段的GPS天线设置在电子设备的金属边框上,或者设置在电子设备的主板、电路板、或支架上。常规L5频段的GPS天线结构在金属边框上,使得L5频段的GPS天线能够获得比较好的天线效率,但是会占用比较多的天线设置区域,给其他诸如LTE,WIFI等其他重要通信天线的结构排布带来难度的提升。特别是当5G天线系统越来越多的地应用于电子设备中,电子设备传统的边框可用于设置天线辐射体的区域会显得越来越少。常规L5频段的GPS天线设置于主板、电路板、或支架上,使得天线的性能受限于天线周围净空区的大小。由于L5频段天线的工作频段很低,相对于L1频段天线,L5频段天线需要更大的天线净空区。随着电子设备越来越轻薄化,又限制了L5频段的天线净空区不能太大。因此,在主板上、或电路板上或支架上设置L5频段天线的辐射体的效率往往很低,通常不超过-15dB。因此为了,提高电子设备中既可以满足多天线排布的要求,又可以满足天线净空区域增大的要求,需要针对电子设备中,在边框、主板、电路板和支架之外的结构上设置天线辐射体。It is understandable that in the conventional technical solution, the GPS antenna of the L5 frequency band is arranged on the metal frame of the electronic device, or on the main board, circuit board, or bracket of the electronic device. The GPS antenna structure of the conventional L5 frequency band is on the metal frame, so that the GPS antenna of the L5 frequency band can obtain better antenna efficiency, but it will occupy a relatively large antenna setting area, which will give other important communication antennas such as LTE, WIFI and other important communication antenna structures. The cloth brings an increase in difficulty. Especially when 5G antenna systems are increasingly used in electronic devices, the area where the traditional frame of the electronic device can be used to set the antenna radiator will appear to be less and less. The GPS antenna of the conventional L5 frequency band is set on the main board, circuit board, or bracket, so that the performance of the antenna is limited by the size of the clearance area around the antenna. Since the working frequency band of the L5 frequency band antenna is very low, compared to the L1 frequency band antenna, the L5 frequency band antenna requires a larger antenna clearance area. As electronic equipment becomes thinner and lighter, the antenna clearance area of the L5 frequency band cannot be too large. Therefore, the efficiency of setting the radiator of the L5 band antenna on the motherboard, or on the circuit board or on the bracket is often very low, usually not exceeding -15dB. Therefore, in order to improve the electronic equipment that can not only meet the requirements of multi-antenna arrangement, but also meet the requirements of increasing the antenna clearance area, it is necessary to install antennas on structures other than the frame, main board, circuit board and bracket in the electronic equipment. Radiator.
请参阅图1、图2和图3,本申请提供一种电子设备100,所述电子设备100包括后盖10、内嵌于所述后盖10的摄像头装饰件20和固定于所述后盖10内侧的第一天线模块30。所述第一天线模块30电连接所述摄像头装饰件20,以向所述摄像头装饰件20馈电,使得所述摄像头装饰件20辐射天线信号。Please refer to Figures 1, 2 and 3, the present application provides an electronic device 100, the electronic device 100 includes a back cover 10, a camera decoration 20 embedded in the back cover 10 and fixed on the back cover 10 first antenna module 30 inside. The first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 to feed the camera decoration 20 so that the camera decoration 20 radiates antenna signals.
可以理解的是,所述电子设备100可以是手机、笔记本电脑、平板电脑等设备。所述第一天线模块30和所述摄像头装饰件20形成天线,该天线可以是GPS天线、5G天线、WIFI天线、NFC天线、蓝牙天线的任意一种或多种组合。It is understandable that the electronic device 100 may be a mobile phone, a notebook computer, a tablet computer, or other devices. The first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 form an antenna, and the antenna may be any one or a combination of GPS antennas, 5G antennas, WIFI antennas, NFC antennas, and Bluetooth antennas.
通过所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30电连接,所述摄像头装饰件20可以接收所述第一天线模块30的馈电,使得所述摄像头装饰件20可以辐射天线信号,充分利用了所述电子设备100的结构件,保证了天线的净空区域增大,提高了天线效率。Through the electrical connection between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30, the camera decoration 20 can receive the feed of the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals, sufficiently Utilizing the structural components of the electronic device 100 ensures that the clearance area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.
本实施方式中,所述后盖10作为所述电子设备100背部的防护结构。所述后盖10对所述电子设备100的内部器件进行防护。所述后盖10具有顶部短边11和与所述顶部短边11相对的底部短边12,以及连接于所述顶部短边11和所述底部短边12之间的两个长边13。所述顶部短边11为所述电子设备100在竖向握持时,位于顶部的边缘。所述底部短边12为所述电子设备100竖向握持时,位于底部的边缘。In this embodiment, the rear cover 10 serves as a protective structure on the back of the electronic device 100. The back cover 10 protects the internal components of the electronic device 100. The back cover 10 has a top short side 11 and a bottom short side 12 opposite to the top short side 11, and two long sides 13 connected between the top short side 11 and the bottom short side 12. The top short side 11 is the edge at the top when the electronic device 100 is held vertically. The bottom short side 12 is the edge of the bottom when the electronic device 100 is held vertically.
作为一种实施方式中,所述电子设备100为手机,所述顶部短边11可邻近所述电子设备100的听筒。所述底部短边12可邻近所述电子设备100的电源接口或者音频接口。两个所述长边13可分别邻近所述电子设备100的电源键和音量调节键。In an implementation manner, the electronic device 100 is a mobile phone, and the top short side 11 may be adjacent to the earpiece of the electronic device 100. The bottom short side 12 may be adjacent to the power interface or audio interface of the electronic device 100. The two long sides 13 may be respectively adjacent to the power button and the volume adjustment button of the electronic device 100.
所述后盖10具有外表面14和与所述外表面14相对的内表面15。所述外表面14形成所述电子设备100可朝向用户的背面。所述电子设备100邻近所述内表面15的空间形成所述后盖10的内侧空间。所述第一天线模块30固定于所述后盖10的内侧,即所述第一天线模块30相对所述后盖10固定,并邻近所述后盖10的内表面15。The back cover 10 has an outer surface 14 and an inner surface 15 opposite to the outer surface 14. The outer surface 14 forms a back surface of the electronic device 100 that can face the user. The space of the electronic device 100 adjacent to the inner surface 15 forms an inner space of the back cover 10. The first antenna module 30 is fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, that is, the first antenna module 30 is fixed relative to the back cover 10 and is adjacent to the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10.
可选的,所述后盖10为玻璃后盖10,利用所述后盖10为非金属材质,使得所述后盖10可以为所述摄像头装饰件20提供较大净空区域,提高所述摄像头装饰件20的天线效率。Optionally, the back cover 10 is a glass back cover 10, and the back cover 10 is made of a non-metallic material, so that the back cover 10 can provide a larger clearance area for the camera decoration 20 and improve the camera The antenna efficiency of the trim 20.
可选的,所述后盖10为陶瓷后盖10,所述后盖10除了可以提高所述摄像头装饰件20的天线效率外,还可以增加结构稳固性,保证所述电子设备100的安全性。Optionally, the back cover 10 is a ceramic back cover 10. In addition to improving the antenna efficiency of the camera decoration 20, the back cover 10 can also increase structural stability and ensure the safety of the electronic device 100 .
可选的,所述后盖10为塑胶后盖10,所述后盖10为所述摄像头装饰件20提供较大面积的天线净空区域,并且所述后盖10方便制作,降低生产成本。Optionally, the back cover 10 is a plastic back cover 10, which provides a larger antenna clearance area for the camera decoration 20, and the back cover 10 is convenient to manufacture, which reduces production costs.
可选的,所述后盖10为金属后盖10,增加所述电子设备100的背部外观性能,提高所述电子设备100的外观金属质感。所述后盖10与所述摄像头装饰件20之间通过绝缘材料相隔离,所述绝缘材料形成所述摄像头装饰件20的天线净空区域,以保证所述摄像头装饰件20可有效辐射天线信号。Optionally, the back cover 10 is a metal back cover 10, which increases the appearance performance of the back of the electronic device 100 and improves the appearance of the electronic device 100 with a metallic texture. The back cover 10 and the camera decoration 20 are separated by an insulating material, and the insulating material forms an antenna clearance area of the camera decoration 20 to ensure that the camera decoration 20 can effectively radiate antenna signals.
本实施方式中,所述摄像头装饰件20贯穿所述后盖10的外表面14及内表面15。所述摄像头装饰件20设有相对所述外表面14凸出或与所述外表面14平齐的顶部,所述顶部构成所述电子设备100的背部对摄像头模组进行装饰的结构,以增加所述电子设备100对摄像头模组的位置辨识度,以及提高所述电子设备100的背部外观性能。所述摄像头装饰还设有相对所述内表面15凸出或与所述内表面15平齐的底部。所述底部电连接所述第一天线模块30。所述摄像头装饰件20可对所述电子设备100的摄像头模组进行遮盖、防护、挡光,以保证所述电子设备100利用摄像头模组进行有效拍照的性能。所述摄像头装饰件20内嵌于所述后盖10,并可作为天线辐射体产生谐振信号,所述摄像头装饰件20可获得较大的天线净空区域,以使得所述摄像头装饰件20的天线效率为-9dB~-10dB,极大地提高天线效率。In this embodiment, the camera decoration 20 penetrates the outer surface 14 and the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10. The camera decoration 20 has a top that protrudes from the outer surface 14 or is flush with the outer surface 14, and the top forms a structure for decorating the camera module on the back of the electronic device 100 to increase The electronic device 100 can recognize the position of the camera module and improve the appearance performance of the back of the electronic device 100. The camera decoration is further provided with a bottom protruding relative to the inner surface 15 or flush with the inner surface 15. The bottom is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30. The camera decoration 20 can cover, protect, and block light of the camera module of the electronic device 100, so as to ensure the performance of the electronic device 100 to effectively take pictures by using the camera module. The camera decoration 20 is embedded in the back cover 10 and can be used as an antenna radiator to generate a resonance signal. The camera decoration 20 can obtain a larger antenna clearance area, so that the antenna of the camera decoration 20 The efficiency is -9dB~-10dB, which greatly improves the antenna efficiency.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20内嵌于所述顶部短边11与所述长边13的夹角之间,例如,所述摄像头装饰件20内嵌于所述顶部短边11与邻近电源键的长边13之间。Optionally, the camera decoration 20 is embedded in the angle between the top short side 11 and the long side 13, for example, the camera decoration 20 is embedded in the top short side 11 and adjacent Between the long sides 13 of the power button.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20邻近所述顶部短边11,并位于两个所述长边13中间的位置。Optionally, the camera decoration 20 is adjacent to the top short side 11 and located in the middle of the two long sides 13.
可选的,摄像头装饰件20为全金属件,以使得所述摄像头装饰件20可辐射天线信号的区域增加。Optionally, the camera decoration 20 is an all-metal part, so that the area where the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals is increased.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20为金属件与非金属件一体成型结构件,使得所述摄像头装饰件20的成本降低。Optionally, the camera decoration 20 is an integrally formed structure of a metal part and a non-metal part, so that the cost of the camera decoration 20 is reduced.
具体的,所述摄像头装饰件20为多摄像头模组的装饰件。所述摄像头装饰件20具有平行所述长边13的长装饰边21和大致平行所述顶部短边11的两个短装饰边22。两个所述长装饰边21和两个所述短装饰件共同形成于所述摄像头装饰件20的周侧,以使得所述摄像头装饰件20的外形大致呈椭圆形跑道状。Specifically, the camera decoration 20 is a decoration of a multi-camera module. The camera decoration 20 has a long decorative side 21 parallel to the long side 13 and two short decorative sides 22 substantially parallel to the top short side 11. The two long decorative edges 21 and the two short decorative parts are jointly formed on the peripheral side of the camera decorative part 20, so that the outer shape of the camera decorative part 20 is approximately an oval racetrack shape.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20的谐振频段为单频段,所述摄像头装饰件20的谐振频段为1.17GHz±5MHz,以使得所述第一天线模块30和所述摄像头装饰件20形成GPS天线,所述摄像头装饰件20可满足GPS天线的L5频段通讯要求。将所述摄像头装饰件20作为L5频段的GPS天线的辐射体,使得所述电子设备100的L5频段的GPS天线可以获得较大的天线净空区域,提高天线效率,天线效率可达到-9dB~-10dB。Optionally, the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is a single frequency band, and the resonance frequency of the camera decoration 20 is 1.17 GHz±5 MHz, so that the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 form a GPS Antenna, the camera decoration 20 can meet the L5 frequency band communication requirements of the GPS antenna. The camera decoration 20 is used as the radiator of the GPS antenna in the L5 frequency band, so that the GPS antenna in the L5 frequency band of the electronic device 100 can obtain a larger antenna headroom area and improve the antenna efficiency. The antenna efficiency can reach -9dB~- 10dB.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20的谐振频段为1.575GHz±5MHz,以使得所述摄像头装饰件20可满足GPS天线的L1频段通讯要求。Optionally, the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is 1.575 GHz±5 MHz, so that the camera decoration 20 can meet the L1 frequency band communication requirements of the GPS antenna.
可选的,所述摄像头装饰件20的谐振频段为多频段。所述摄像头装饰件20可划分为多个辐射体,所述电子设备100包括多个第一天线模块30,多个所述第一天线模块30可分别与所述摄像头装饰件20的多个辐射体电连接。Optionally, the resonance frequency band of the camera decoration 20 is a multi-frequency band. The camera decoration 20 can be divided into a plurality of radiators. The electronic device 100 includes a plurality of first antenna modules 30.体电连接。 Body electrical connection.
可以理解的是,所述第一天线模块20集成在天线芯片上,利用天线芯片与所述摄像头装饰件20电连接,实现对所述摄像头装饰件20馈电。It is understandable that the first antenna module 20 is integrated on an antenna chip, and the antenna chip is used to electrically connect the camera decoration 20 to realize power feeding to the camera decoration 20.
进一步地,所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述后盖10内侧的主板40,所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40上。Further, the electronic device 100 further includes a main board 40 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the first antenna module 30 is disposed on the main board 40.
本实施方式中,所述主板40邻近所述后盖10的内表面15。所述主板40设有处理器 和电连接所述第一天线模块30的导电线路。所述处理器经所述导电线路与所述第一天线模块30电连接,以实现所述处理器经所述导电线路与所述第一天线模块30收发电信号,使得所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20所构成的天线有效通讯。所述主板40还设有存储器、传感器、射频器件、电路板连接器等功能器件以及各种电子元器件。In this embodiment, the main board 40 is adjacent to the inner surface 15 of the back cover 10. The main board 40 is provided with a processor and a conductive circuit electrically connected to the first antenna module 30. The processor is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30 through the conductive line, so that the processor transmits and receives electrical signals with the first antenna module 30 through the conductive line, so that the first antenna module 30 effectively communicates with the antenna formed by the camera decoration 20. The main board 40 is also provided with functional devices such as memory, sensors, radio frequency devices, circuit board connectors, and various electronic components.
可选的,所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40朝向所述后盖10一面,减小所述第一天线模块30至所述摄像头装饰件20的距离,方便所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20电连接。Optionally, the first antenna module 30 is arranged on the side of the main board 40 facing the back cover 10, so that the distance between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 is reduced, so that the first antenna is convenient The module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20.
可选的,所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40远离所述后盖10的一面,所述主板40可设置连接所述第一天线模块30的导电件,导电件由所述主板40远离所述后盖10的一面延伸至朝向所述后盖10的一面,以方便利用导电件电连接所述摄像头装饰件20。所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40远离所述后盖10一面,充分利用所述主板40的排布面积,优化所述电子设备100内部结构。Optionally, the first antenna module 30 is arranged on a side of the main board 40 away from the back cover 10, the main board 40 may be provided with a conductive element connected to the first antenna module 30, and the conductive element is formed by the main board. The side of 40 away from the back cover 10 extends to the side facing the back cover 10, so as to facilitate the electrical connection of the camera decoration 20 with a conductive element. The first antenna module 30 is disposed on the side of the main board 40 away from the back cover 10, so as to make full use of the layout area of the main board 40 to optimize the internal structure of the electronic device 100.
可以理解的是,将所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40,使得所述第一天线模块30可经导电线路直接与所述主板40的处理器电连接,方便所述第一天线模块30与所述处理器有效收发电信号。所述第一天线模块30设置于所述主板40,实现所述第一天线模块30与所述处理器统一集成于所述主板40,方便制作所述第一天线模块30,以及增加所述电子设备100内部结构紧凑性。It is understandable that the first antenna module 30 is arranged on the main board 40, so that the first antenna module 30 can be directly electrically connected to the processor of the main board 40 via a conductive line, which is convenient for the first antenna The module 30 effectively transmits and receives electrical signals with the processor. The first antenna module 30 is arranged on the main board 40 to realize the unified integration of the first antenna module 30 and the processor on the main board 40, which facilitates the production of the first antenna module 30 and the addition of the electronics The internal structure of the device 100 is compact.
在另一个实施例中,如图4所示,与图1所示实施例大致相同,不同的是,所述电子设备100设有摄像头伸缩结构101,所述后盖10和所述摄像头装饰件20设置于摄像头伸缩结构101。所述电子设备100还包括设置于所述摄像头伸缩结构101的电路板102,所述第一天线模块30设置于所述电路板102。所述电子设备100设有可与所述后盖10及摄像头装饰件20相对运动的设备本体103,设备本体103设有主板40。主板40经柔性电路板与所述电路板102电连接。即所述摄像头装饰件20和第一天线模块30均相对所述主板40可伸缩,所述摄像头装饰件20和所述第一天线模块30经电路板102、柔性电路板与所述主板40电连接,实现所述摄像头装饰件20可有效辐射天线信号。In another embodiment, as shown in FIG. 4, it is substantially the same as the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, except that the electronic device 100 is provided with a camera telescopic structure 101, the rear cover 10 and the camera decoration 20 is provided in the camera telescopic structure 101. The electronic device 100 further includes a circuit board 102 disposed on the camera telescopic structure 101, and the first antenna module 30 is disposed on the circuit board 102. The electronic device 100 is provided with a device body 103 that can move relative to the back cover 10 and the camera decoration 20, and the device body 103 is provided with a main board 40. The main board 40 is electrically connected to the circuit board 102 via a flexible circuit board. That is, the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 are both retractable relative to the main board 40, and the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 are electrically connected to the main board 40 via the circuit board 102 and the flexible circuit board. It is connected to realize that the camera decoration 20 can effectively radiate antenna signals.
进一步地,请参阅图5和图6,所述电子设备100还包括压板支架50,所述压板支架50压盖所述主板40,并位于所述后盖10和所述主板40之间,所述压板支架50设有与所述第一天线模块30电连接的金属走线60,所述摄像头装饰件20电连接所述金属走线60。Further, referring to FIGS. 5 and 6, the electronic device 100 further includes a pressure plate support 50, which covers the main board 40 and is located between the back cover 10 and the main board 40, so The pressure plate support 50 is provided with a metal wire 60 electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the camera decoration 20 is electrically connected to the metal wire 60.
本实施方式中,所述压板支架50压盖所述主板40上的各个器件,使得所述主板40上的各个器件更加稳固。例如,所述压板支架50可以压盖所述主板40上的板对板连接器,所述压盖支架可压盖所述主板40上的插接器件。所述压板支架50还可以覆盖所述主板40上的各个器件,以对所述主板40上的各个器件进行防护。所述压板支架50还可遮盖所述第一天线模块30,以对所述第一天线模块30进行防护,避免所述第一天线模块30损毁。所述压板支架50为非金属件。所述压板支架50为所述主板40的各个器件以及第一天线模块30提供绝缘环境,保证所述主板40上各个器件以及第一天线模块30的安全性。In this embodiment, the pressing plate bracket 50 covers each device on the main board 40, so that each device on the main board 40 is more stable. For example, the pressure plate support 50 can cover the board-to-board connector on the main board 40, and the cover support can cover the plug-in components on the main board 40. The pressure plate bracket 50 can also cover various devices on the main board 40 to protect each device on the main board 40. The pressure plate bracket 50 can also cover the first antenna module 30 to protect the first antenna module 30 and prevent the first antenna module 30 from being damaged. The pressure plate support 50 is a non-metallic piece. The pressure plate support 50 provides an insulating environment for the components of the main board 40 and the first antenna module 30 to ensure the safety of the components on the main board 40 and the first antenna module 30.
可选的,所述压板支架50为塑胶材质,使得所述压板支架50生产成本降低。Optionally, the pressure plate support 50 is made of plastic material, so that the production cost of the pressure plate support 50 is reduced.
可选的,所述压板支架50为陶瓷件,以增大所述压板支架50的刚性,使得所述压板支架50对所述主板40有效防护,以及增加所述压板支架50对所述后盖10的有效支撑性。Optionally, the pressure plate support 50 is a ceramic piece to increase the rigidity of the pressure plate support 50, so that the pressure plate support 50 can effectively protect the main board 40, and increase the pressure plate support 50 to the back cover 10 effective support.
可选的,所述压板支架50为金属件与非金属件一体成型结构件,以方便利用所述压板支架50的金属部分电连接所述第一天线模块30和所述摄像头装饰件20。Optionally, the pressure plate bracket 50 is an integrally formed structure of metal and non-metal parts, so as to facilitate the use of the metal part of the pressure plate bracket 50 to electrically connect the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
本实施方式中,所述金属走线60由所述压板支架50朝向所述主板40一侧延伸至朝向所述摄像头装饰件20一侧。所述金属走线60可按照预设路线延伸于所述压板支架50上,以使得所述金属走线60可避开所述压板支架50压盖所述主板40上电子器件的位置,防止所述金属走线60与所述主板40上的电子器件短路。所述金属走线60的作用是负责所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20传递电信号,以使得所述第一天线模块30 和所述摄像头装饰件20所构成的天线可正常收发信号。In this embodiment, the metal wiring 60 extends from the pressure plate bracket 50 toward the main board 40 to the camera decoration 20 side. The metal wiring 60 can extend on the pressure plate support 50 according to a preset route, so that the metal wiring 60 can avoid the pressure plate support 50 to cover the position of the electronic device on the main board 40, and prevent any damage. The metal trace 60 is short-circuited with the electronic device on the main board 40. The function of the metal trace 60 is to transmit electrical signals between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20, so that the antenna formed by the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20 can be normal Send and receive signals.
可以理解的是,所述金属走线60为较窄线条状金属导电物体。利用所述金属走线60设置于所述压板支架50,保证所述压板支架50大部分区域为非金属区域,使得所述压板支架50可以提供绝缘环境,并有效稳固所述主板40上的各个器件。所述金属走线60有针对性地对所述第一天线模块30进行导电,并利用所述压板支架50堆叠所述主板40的结构,充分使用了压板支架50上的排布空间,使得所述电子设备100内部结构紧凑,并简化所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30之间的导电结构。在组装所述电子设备100时,只需要将所述压板支架50压盖于所述主板40上,并将所述摄像头装饰件20随所述后盖10盖合于所述主板40上,即实现所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30导通,快速有效,且保证所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30的导通性能。It can be understood that the metal trace 60 is a relatively narrow line-shaped metal conductive object. The metal traces 60 are arranged on the pressure plate support 50 to ensure that most of the pressure plate support 50 is a non-metal area, so that the pressure plate support 50 can provide an insulating environment and effectively stabilize each of the main board 40 Device. The metal wiring 60 conducts conduction to the first antenna module 30 in a targeted manner, and uses the structure of the pressure plate support 50 to stack the main board 40, which fully utilizes the arrangement space on the pressure plate support 50, so that all The internal structure of the electronic device 100 is compact, and the conductive structure between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 is simplified. When assembling the electronic device 100, it is only necessary to press the pressing plate bracket 50 on the main board 40, and cover the camera decoration 20 along with the back cover 10 on the main board 40, namely Realizing the conduction between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 is fast and effective, and the conduction performance between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 is ensured.
可选的,所述金属走线60采用激光直接成型技术设置于所述压板支架50。所述金属走线60沿所述压板支架50的表面延伸,以保证所述金属走线60的耐刮擦性,以及保证所述金属走线60有效导电性能。Optionally, the metal wiring 60 is disposed on the pressure plate support 50 by using laser direct structuring technology. The metal wiring 60 extends along the surface of the pressure plate support 50 to ensure the scratch resistance of the metal wiring 60 and to ensure the effective conductivity of the metal wiring 60.
可选的,所述金属走线60采用金属镀膜工艺成型于所述压板支架50上,使得所述金属走线60成型快速简单。Optionally, the metal wiring 60 is formed on the pressure plate support 50 by a metal coating process, so that the metal wiring 60 is formed quickly and easily.
可选的,所述金属走线60为经丝网印刷工艺成型的铜箔线路。Optionally, the metal wiring 60 is a copper foil circuit formed by a screen printing process.
可选的,所述金属走线60为贯穿所述压板支架50的柱状金属导电体。Optionally, the metal wiring 60 is a columnar metal conductor that penetrates the pressure plate support 50.
具体的,请一并参阅图5、图7和图8,所述压板支架50设有两开口端分别朝向所述主板40及所述摄像头装饰件20的通孔51。所述金属走线60经过所述通孔51的内壁。所述通孔51大致与所述摄像头装饰件20的边缘相对。所述通孔51的延伸方方向大致垂直所述压板支架50。所述通孔51朝向所述主板40的开口端口径大于朝向所述摄像头装饰件20的开口端口径。所述金属走线60经过所述通孔51内壁的部分覆盖所述通孔51周侧壁。所述金属走线60还设有延伸出所述通孔51朝向所述主板40开口端外侧的第一连接端61,以及设有延伸出所述通孔51朝向所述装饰件开口端外侧的第二连接端62。所述第一连接端61和所述第二连接端62分别沿所述压板支架50的底面和顶面延伸。利用所述通孔51一端口径大于另一端口径,便于所述第一连接端61的覆盖面积大于所述第二连接端62的覆盖面积,以方便所述第一连接端61连接所述主板40的第一天线模块30,所述第二连接端62连接所述摄像头装饰件20的边缘。Specifically, referring to FIGS. 5, 7 and 8 together, the pressing plate bracket 50 is provided with two through holes 51 with two open ends facing the main board 40 and the camera decoration 20 respectively. The metal trace 60 passes through the inner wall of the through hole 51. The through hole 51 is substantially opposite to the edge of the camera decoration 20. The extending direction of the through hole 51 is substantially perpendicular to the pressure plate support 50. The opening port diameter of the through hole 51 facing the main board 40 is larger than the opening port diameter facing the camera decoration 20. The portion of the metal trace 60 passing through the inner wall of the through hole 51 covers the peripheral side wall of the through hole 51. The metal trace 60 is also provided with a first connecting end 61 extending out of the through hole 51 toward the outside of the open end of the main board 40, and provided with a first connecting end 61 extending out of the through hole 51 toward the outside of the opening end of the decorative element The second connection end 62. The first connecting end 61 and the second connecting end 62 respectively extend along the bottom surface and the top surface of the pressure plate support 50. By using the through hole 51, one port diameter is larger than the other port diameter, so that the coverage area of the first connection end 61 is larger than the coverage area of the second connection end 62, so that the first connection end 61 is connected to the motherboard 40. The first antenna module 30, the second connecting end 62 is connected to the edge of the camera decoration 20.
可选的,所述压板支架50上设有两个所述通孔51,两个所述通孔51内壁均设置有所述金属走线60,两个所述通孔51分别于所述摄像头装饰件20的两个装饰长边13相对,或分别于两个所述装饰短边相对。Optionally, the pressure plate bracket 50 is provided with two through holes 51, the inner walls of the two through holes 51 are both provided with the metal wiring 60, and the two through holes 51 are respectively connected to the camera The two decorative long sides 13 of the decorative piece 20 are opposite to each other, or respectively opposite to the two decorative short sides.
可选的,所述压板支架50上设有一个所述通孔51,一个所述通孔51与所述摄像头装饰件20的其中一个装饰长边13相对,或与其中一个所述装饰短边相对。Optionally, the pressure plate support 50 is provided with one through hole 51, and one through hole 51 is opposite to one of the decorative long sides 13 of the camera decoration 20, or to one of the decorative short sides. relatively.
可选的,所述压板支架50上设有两个以上的所述通孔51,两个以上的所述通孔51内壁均设置有所述金属走线60,两个以上的所述通孔51沿所述摄像头装饰件20的周缘等距排布。Optionally, the pressure plate support 50 is provided with more than two through holes 51, the inner walls of the two or more through holes 51 are all provided with the metal wiring 60, and the two or more through holes 51 are arranged equidistantly along the periphery of the camera decoration 20.
进一步地,请一并参阅图5和图9,所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述主板40的导电弹片70,所述导电弹片70一端与所述第一天线模块30电连接,另一端与所述压板支架50的金属走线60弹性抵触。Further, referring to FIGS. 5 and 9 together, the electronic device 100 further includes a conductive elastic sheet 70 fixed to the main board 40. One end of the conductive elastic sheet 70 is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end The metal wires 60 of the pressure plate support 50 elastically interfere with each other.
本实施方式中,所述导电弹片70设有固定端71和由所述固定端71延伸出的弹性抵触端72。所述固定端71固定于所述主板40朝向所述压板支架50一端,所述弹性抵触端72弹性抵触于所述金属走线60的第一连接端61。所述导电弹片70作为所述第一天线模块30的馈电导电器件,所述导电弹片70负责所述第一天线模块30与所述金属走线60的电信号传输,以及方便在所述压板支架50组合盖合于所述主板40上之后,所述金属走线60可保持于所述导电弹片70导通状态,便于所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件 20电连接。所述固定端71与所述主板40保持常固定状态,并与所述主板40上第一天线模块30的馈电信号输出端保持常导通状态,使得所述第一天线模块30与所述导电弹片70保持常连接状态。所述弹性抵触端72在所述压板支架50与所述主板40压盖后,受所述压板支架50的压盖力作用而产生弹性形变,使得所述弹性抵触端72在弹性形变作用力下可稳固抵触所述金属走线60的第一连接端61。利用所述第一连接端61的有效覆盖面积较大,使得所述弹性抵触端72可与所述金属走线60的第一连接端61有效接触,避免所述导电弹性件与所述金属走线60断开。In this embodiment, the conductive elastic sheet 70 is provided with a fixed end 71 and an elastic contact end 72 extending from the fixed end 71. The fixed end 71 is fixed to an end of the main board 40 facing the pressure plate support 50, and the elastic abutting end 72 elastically abuts against the first connecting end 61 of the metal wiring 60. The conductive elastic sheet 70 serves as the feeding conductive device of the first antenna module 30, and the conductive elastic sheet 70 is responsible for the electrical signal transmission between the first antenna module 30 and the metal trace 60, and facilitates the transmission of the electrical signal on the pressure plate. After the bracket 50 is assembled and covered on the main board 40, the metal wiring 60 can be maintained in the conducting state of the conductive elastic sheet 70 to facilitate the electrical connection between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20. The fixed end 71 and the main board 40 are kept in a normally fixed state, and are kept in a normally conducting state with the feed signal output end of the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40, so that the first antenna module 30 and the The conductive spring 70 maintains a constantly connected state. After the pressure plate support 50 and the main board 40 are pressed, the elastic contact end 72 is elastically deformed by the pressing force of the pressure plate support 50, so that the elastic contact end 72 is under the elastic deformation force The first connection end 61 of the metal trace 60 can be firmly resisted. Utilizing the large effective coverage area of the first connecting end 61, the elastic abutting end 72 can effectively contact the first connecting end 61 of the metal wiring 60, and avoiding the conductive elastic member from contacting the metal. Line 60 is broken.
可选的,所述导电弹片70的固定端71与所述主板40上的第一天线模块30焊接,以使得所述第一天线模块30与所述导电弹片70稳固连接。Optionally, the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic sheet 70 is welded to the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 so that the first antenna module 30 and the conductive elastic sheet 70 are firmly connected.
可选的,所述导电弹片70的固定端71与所述主板40上的第一天线模块30可经插孔插接导通,以方便所述导电弹片70拆卸维护。Optionally, the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic piece 70 and the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 can be connected through the socket to facilitate the disassembly and maintenance of the conductive elastic piece 70.
可选的,所述导电弹片70的固定端71还可以经导电粘胶粘接于所述主板40上的第一天线模块30,以便于所述导电弹片70与所述主板40快速组装稳固。Optionally, the fixed end 71 of the conductive elastic sheet 70 may also be bonded to the first antenna module 30 on the main board 40 via conductive adhesive, so that the conductive elastic sheet 70 and the main board 40 can be quickly assembled and firmly secured.
可选的,所述第一连接端61可涂覆防氧化图层,以避免所述第一连接端61氧化,保证所述第一连接端61与所述导电弹片70有效接触。Optionally, the first connection end 61 may be coated with an anti-oxidation layer to prevent oxidation of the first connection end 61 and ensure that the first connection end 61 is in effective contact with the conductive elastic sheet 70.
可选的,所述第一连接端61还可以涂覆耐刮涂层,以增加所述第一连接端61的耐刮擦性,避免所述弹性抵触端72刮损所述第一连接端61。Optionally, the first connection end 61 may also be coated with a scratch-resistant coating to increase the scratch resistance of the first connection end 61 and prevent the elastic contact end 72 from scratching the first connection end 61.
进一步地,所述电子设备100还包括弹性导电件80,所述弹性导电件80弹性压缩于所述压板支架50和所述摄像头装饰件20之间,所述摄像头装饰件20经所述弹性导电件80电连接所述金属走线60。Further, the electronic device 100 further includes an elastic conductive member 80 that is elastically compressed between the pressure plate support 50 and the camera decoration 20, and the camera decoration 20 is electrically conductive through the elastic The member 80 is electrically connected to the metal trace 60.
本实施方式中,所述弹性导电件80组装于所述摄像头装饰件20和所述压板支架50之间。所述弹性导电件80的一侧与所述摄像头装饰件20的底部边缘抵触,另一侧与所述金属走线60的第二连接端62抵触。所述弹性导电件80作为所述金属走线60与所述摄像头装饰件20导电器件,所述弹性导电件80负责所述金属走线60的第二连接端62与所述摄像头装饰件20电信号传输。所述弹性导电件80具有导电性能,并且受压盖力可产生弹性形变压缩,以使得所述弹性导电件80可紧密抵触所述压板支架50上金属走线60以及紧密抵触所述摄像头装饰件20。在所述摄像头装饰件20随所述后盖10盖合于所述压板支架50之后,所述金属走线60可保持与所述摄像头装饰件20导通状态,便于所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20电连接,避免所述导电弹性件与所述金属走线60断开。所述弹性导电件80还可弥补所述摄像头装饰件20与所述压板支架50之间的组装公差,保持所述弹性导电件80与所述摄像头装饰件20及所述压板支架50的金属走线60常导通。所述弹性导电件80还可对所述摄像头装饰件20与所述金属走线60的第二连接端62组装过程中进行缓冲,以吸收所述摄像头装饰件20与所述金属走线60第二连接端62的组装作用力,避免所述摄像头装饰件20及所述金属走线60的第二连接端62相互刮擦受损,保证所述金属走线60及所述摄像头装饰件20的安全性。In this embodiment, the elastic conductive member 80 is assembled between the camera decoration 20 and the pressure plate bracket 50. One side of the elastic conductive member 80 is in contact with the bottom edge of the camera decoration 20, and the other side is in contact with the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60. The elastic conductive member 80 serves as a conductive device between the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20, and the elastic conductive member 80 is responsible for the electrical connection between the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20. Signal transmission. The elastic conductive member 80 has conductive properties, and can be elastically deformed and compressed by the pressing force, so that the elastic conductive member 80 can tightly contact the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50 and tightly contact the camera decoration member 20. After the camera decoration 20 is covered with the back cover 10 on the pressure plate bracket 50, the metal wire 60 can be kept in a conductive state with the camera decoration 20 to facilitate the first antenna module 30 It is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 to prevent the conductive elastic member from being disconnected from the metal wiring 60. The elastic conductive member 80 can also make up for the assembly tolerance between the camera decoration 20 and the pressing plate bracket 50, and keep the metal running of the elastic conductive member 80 and the camera decoration 20 and the pressing plate bracket 50. Line 60 is always on. The elastic conductive member 80 can also buffer the camera decoration 20 and the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 during the assembly process, so as to absorb the camera decoration 20 and the metal wiring 60. The assembling force of the two connecting ends 62 prevents the camera decoration 20 and the second connecting end 62 of the metal wiring 60 from being scratched and damaged, and ensures that the metal wiring 60 and the camera decoration 20 are safety.
可选的,所述弹性导电件80为导电泡棉,所述弹性导电件80层叠压缩于所述压板支架50与所述摄像头装饰件20之间。所述弹性导电件80沿所述摄像头装饰件20的装饰长边21延伸,以增加所述弹性导电件80与所述摄像头装饰件的接触面积。Optionally, the elastic conductive member 80 is conductive foam, and the elastic conductive member 80 is laminated and compressed between the pressure plate support 50 and the camera decoration 20. The elastic conductive member 80 extends along the decorative long side 21 of the camera decorative member 20 to increase the contact area between the elastic conductive member 80 and the camera decorative member.
可选的,所述弹性导电件80为呈折弯状的金属导电片。Optionally, the elastic conductive member 80 is a metal conductive sheet in a bent shape.
可选的,所述弹性导电件80为导电胶片。Optionally, the elastic conductive member 80 is a conductive film.
可选的,所述弹性导电件80一端经导电粘胶粘接所述摄像头装饰件20,另一端与所述压板支架50的金属走线60弹性抵触。Optionally, one end of the elastic conductive member 80 is adhered to the camera decoration member 20 via conductive adhesive, and the other end is in elastic contact with the metal trace 60 of the pressure plate support 50.
可选的,所述弹性导电件80一端经导电粘胶粘接所述压板支架50的金属走线60,另一端与所述摄像头装饰件20的边缘弹性抵触。Optionally, one end of the elastic conductive member 80 is bonded to the metal trace 60 of the pressure plate support 50 with conductive adhesive, and the other end elastically abuts against the edge of the camera decoration 20.
在另一个实施例中,请参阅图10,与图9示实施例大致相同,不同的是,所述第一天 线模块30经馈电弹片90与所述摄像头装饰件20直接导通。即所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述后盖10内侧的馈电弹片90,所述馈电弹片90的一端与所述第一天线模块30电连接,另一端与所述摄像头装饰件20弹性抵触。In another embodiment, please refer to FIG. 10, which is substantially the same as the embodiment shown in FIG. That is, the electronic device 100 further includes a power feeding spring 90 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, one end of the power feeding spring 90 is electrically connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end is connected to the camera decoration 20 Flexible resistance.
具体的,所述馈电弹片90的结构大致与所述导电弹片70的结构类似。所述馈电弹片90作为所述第一天线模块30的馈电信号传递器件。所述馈电弹片90的一端固定于所述主板40上,并与所述第一天线模块30导通,另一端直接与所述摄像头装饰件20的边缘弹性抵触。所述压板支架50设有过孔,所述馈电弹片90穿过所述压板支架50的过孔与所述摄像头装饰件20弹性抵触。利用所述馈电弹片90替代所述导电弹片70、压板支架50上的金属走线60及弹性导电件80,使得所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30的连接结构简单,便于所述电子设备100快速组装,降低生产成本。Specifically, the structure of the feeding elastic piece 90 is substantially similar to the structure of the conductive elastic piece 70. The feeding elastic piece 90 serves as a feeding signal transmission device of the first antenna module 30. One end of the feed elastic piece 90 is fixed on the main board 40 and is connected to the first antenna module 30, and the other end directly elastically abuts the edge of the camera decoration 20. The pressure plate support 50 is provided with a through hole, and the power feeding elastic piece 90 passes through the through hole of the pressure plate support 50 and elastically abuts against the camera decoration 20. Use the feed spring 90 to replace the conductive spring 70, the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50, and the elastic conductive member 80, so that the connection structure of the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30 is simple and convenient The electronic device 100 is quickly assembled, reducing production costs.
在另一个实施例中,请参阅图11,与图9示实施例大致相同,不同的,是所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20经耦合馈电方式电连接。所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20之间设有耦合器件。所述耦合器件可正常保证所述第一天线模块30的馈电信号与所述摄像头装饰件20传输,并且所述耦合器件可形成电容器件,所述耦合器件可阻止高电平信号允许底电平信号通过,即避免所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30直接连接,使得所述摄像头装饰件20可接收所述第一天线模块30的底电平信号,而与所述主板40上的高电平信号断开,防止所述主板40上的高电平信号传递至所述摄像头装饰件20,即防止用户触摸所述摄像头装饰件20触电。In another embodiment, please refer to FIG. 11, which is substantially the same as the embodiment shown in FIG. A coupling device is provided between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20. The coupling device can normally ensure that the feed signal of the first antenna module 30 is transmitted to the camera decoration 20, and the coupling device can form a capacitive device, and the coupling device can prevent a high-level signal from allowing a low voltage The flat signal is passed through, that is, to avoid the direct connection between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can receive the bottom level signal of the first antenna module 30 and communicate with the main board. The high-level signal on the 40 is disconnected to prevent the high-level signal on the main board 40 from being transmitted to the camera decoration 20, that is, to prevent the user from touching the camera decoration 20 to get an electric shock.
可选的,所述主板40朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述第一天线模块30导通的第一金属件91,所述摄像头装饰件20朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述摄像头装饰件20导通的第二金属件92。所述第一金属件91与所述第二金属件92耦合连接,以实现所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20耦合馈电连接。所述第一金属件91和所述第二金属件92穿过所述压板支架50耦合连接。Optionally, the main board 40 is fixed to the side of the pressure plate support 50 with a first metal member 91 that is connected to the first antenna module 30, and the camera decoration 20 is fixed to the side of the pressure plate support 50 There is a second metal piece 92 that is connected to the camera decoration 20. The first metal part 91 is coupled to the second metal part 92 to realize the coupling and feeding connection between the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration part 20. The first metal piece 91 and the second metal piece 92 pass through the pressure plate support 50 to be coupled and connected.
可选的,如图12所示,所述主板40朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述第一天线模块30导通的第一金属件91。所述第一金属件91与所述压板支架50上金属走线60的第一连接端61耦合连接。所述金属走线60的第二连接端62经所述弹性导电件80与所述摄像头装饰件20连接。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 12, the main board 40 is fixed on the side facing the pressure plate support 50 with a first metal member 91 that is conductive with the first antenna module 30. The first metal member 91 is coupled to the first connection end 61 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50. The second connecting end 62 of the metal trace 60 is connected to the camera decoration 20 via the elastic conductive member 80.
可选的,如图13所示,所述摄像头装饰件20朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述摄像头装饰件20导通的第二金属件92。所述第二金属件92与所述压板支架50上金属走线60的第二连接端62耦合连接。所述金属走线60的第一连接端61经所述导电弹片70与所述第一天线模块30连接。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 13, a second metal member 92 connected to the camera decoration 20 is fixed on the side of the camera decoration 20 facing the pressure plate bracket 50. The second metal member 92 is coupled to the second connecting end 62 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50. The first connecting end 61 of the metal trace 60 is connected to the first antenna module 30 via the conductive elastic sheet 70.
可选的,如图14所示,所述主板40朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述第一天线模块30导通的第一金属件91,所述摄像头装饰件20朝向所述压板支架50一侧固定有与所述摄像头装饰件20导通的第二金属件92。所述第一金属件91和所述第二金属件92分别于所述压板支架50上金属走线60的第一连接端61和第二连接端62耦合连接。Optionally, as shown in FIG. 14, the main board 40 is fixed with a first metal member 91 that is connected to the first antenna module 30 on the side facing the pressure plate support 50, and the camera decoration 20 is facing the A second metal piece 92 connected to the camera decoration 20 is fixed on one side of the pressure plate bracket 50. The first metal piece 91 and the second metal piece 92 are respectively coupled to the first connection end 61 and the second connection end 62 of the metal trace 60 on the pressure plate support 50.
进一步地,请一并参阅图1、图15和图16,所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述后盖10内侧的地极110,所述摄像头装饰件20朝向所述第一天线模块30的一侧设有接地部29,所述接地部29与所述地极110电连接。Further, referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 15 and FIG. 16, the electronic device 100 further includes a ground pole 110 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the camera decoration 20 faces the first antenna module 30 A grounding portion 29 is provided on one side of the, and the grounding portion 29 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110.
本实施方式中,所述接地部29与所述地极110电连接,使得所述摄像头装饰件20接地,以防止所述摄像头装饰件20产生静电,以及避免用户触摸所述摄像头装饰件20发生触电。In this embodiment, the grounding portion 29 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110, so that the camera decoration 20 is grounded, so as to prevent the camera decoration 20 from generating static electricity and prevent the user from touching the camera decoration 20. Electric shock.
可选的,所述接地部29设置于所述摄像头装饰件20邻近所述后盖10的顶部短边11处,以使得所述接地部29至所述摄像头装饰件20连接所述弹性导电件80处距离较远,增加所述摄像头装饰件20的通路路径长度。Optionally, the grounding portion 29 is disposed at the camera decoration 20 adjacent to the top short side 11 of the back cover 10, so that the grounding portion 29 to the camera decoration 20 are connected to the elastic conductive member The distance at 80 is farther, and the path length of the camera decoration 20 is increased.
可选的,所述接地部29设置于所述摄像头装饰件20远离所述后盖10的顶部短边11 处,Optionally, the grounding portion 29 is disposed at the top short side 11 of the camera decoration 20 away from the back cover 10,
可选的,所述接地部29设置于所述摄像头装饰件20的其中一个装饰长边13处。Optionally, the grounding portion 29 is arranged at one of the decorative long sides 13 of the camera decoration 20.
可选的,所述接地部29与所述地极110直接连接,以保保证所述摄像装饰件与所述地极110有效导通。Optionally, the grounding portion 29 is directly connected to the ground electrode 110 to ensure that the camera decoration part and the ground electrode 110 are effectively connected.
具体的,所述电子设备100还包括固定连接所述接地部29的接地弹片120,所述接地弹片120与所述地极110电连接。所述接地弹片120远离所述接地部29的一端与所述地极110弹性抵触。所述接地弹片120穿过所述压板支架50与所述地极110连接,以简化所述摄像头装饰件20的接地结构。Specifically, the electronic device 100 further includes a ground elastic piece 120 fixedly connected to the ground portion 29, and the ground elastic piece 120 is electrically connected to the ground electrode 110. One end of the ground elastic piece 120 away from the ground portion 29 elastically abuts the ground pole 110. The ground spring 120 passes through the pressure plate bracket 50 and is connected to the ground electrode 110 to simplify the grounding structure of the camera decoration 20.
可选的,所述接地部29与所述地极110耦合连接,以简化所述摄像头装饰件20与所述地级的连接结构。Optionally, the ground portion 29 is coupled to the ground pole 110 to simplify the connection structure between the camera decoration 20 and the ground level.
可选的,所述地极110设置于所述主板40,方便所述摄像头装饰件20经所述主板40接地。Optionally, the ground electrode 110 is disposed on the main board 40 to facilitate the camera decoration 20 to be grounded via the main board 40.
可选的,所述地极110设置于与所述主板40经柔性电路板102连接的电路板102上,方便所述摄像头装饰件20相对所述主板40活动。Optionally, the ground electrode 110 is arranged on the circuit board 102 connected to the main board 40 via the flexible circuit board 102 to facilitate the movement of the camera decoration 20 relative to the main board 40.
进一步地,请参阅图17,所述第一天线模块30设有馈电源31和电连接所述馈电源31及所述金属走线60的匹配电路32。Further, referring to FIG. 17, the first antenna module 30 is provided with a feed source 31 and a matching circuit 32 electrically connected to the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60.
本实施方式中,所述匹配电路32具有调节天线长度及阻抗匹配的作用。所述匹配电路32需要根据天线的史密斯原图来确定。所述匹配电路32由至少一个电容和或/和至少一个电感组合连接形成。所述匹配电路32经导电线路与所述馈电源31连接。In this embodiment, the matching circuit 32 has the function of adjusting the antenna length and impedance matching. The matching circuit 32 needs to be determined according to the original Smith image of the antenna. The matching circuit 32 is formed by a combination of at least one capacitor and/or at least one inductance. The matching circuit 32 is connected to the feed source 31 via a conductive circuit.
可选的,所述匹配电路32和所述馈电源31设置于所述主板40,所述匹配电路32远离所述馈电源31一端与所述导电弹片70连接。Optionally, the matching circuit 32 and the feed source 31 are arranged on the main board 40, and an end of the matching circuit 32 away from the feed source 31 is connected to the conductive elastic sheet 70.
可选的,所述匹配电路32设有与所述馈电源31及所述金属走线60串联的电容和与所述电容并联的电感。Optionally, the matching circuit 32 is provided with a capacitor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60 and an inductor connected in parallel with the capacitor.
可选的,所述匹配电路32设有与所述馈电源31及所述金属走线60串联的电感和与所述电感并联的电容。Optionally, the matching circuit 32 is provided with an inductor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60 and a capacitor connected in parallel with the inductor.
可选的,所述匹配电路32设有与所述馈电源31及所述金属走线60串联的电感和电容。Optionally, the matching circuit 32 is provided with an inductor and a capacitor connected in series with the feed source 31 and the metal trace 60.
进一步地,请继续参阅图1和图5,所述电子设备100还包括与所述后盖10盖合的中框130和固定于所述中框130的摄像头模组140,所述摄像头装饰件20设有摄像头孔24,所述摄像头孔24与所述摄像头模组140正对。Further, please continue to refer to FIGS. 1 and 5, the electronic device 100 further includes a middle frame 130 that is covered with the back cover 10 and a camera module 140 fixed to the middle frame 130, and the camera decoration 20 is provided with a camera hole 24, and the camera hole 24 is directly opposite to the camera module 140.
本实施方式中,所述主板40固定于所述中框130,所述后盖10与所述中框130相盖合。所述摄像头模组140固定于所述主板40朝向所述压板支架50一侧。所述摄像头模组140为后置摄像头。所述摄像头模组140经所述摄像头孔24获取光线。所述摄像头装饰件20对所述摄像头模组140进行遮盖,并对所述摄像头模组140进行有效防护。In this embodiment, the main board 40 is fixed to the middle frame 130, and the back cover 10 is closed with the middle frame 130. The camera module 140 is fixed to the side of the main board 40 facing the pressure plate support 50. The camera module 140 is a rear camera. The camera module 140 obtains light through the camera hole 24. The camera decoration 20 covers the camera module 140 and effectively protects the camera module 140.
具体的,所述电子设备100设有多个所述摄像头模组140,多个所述摄像头模组140沿平行所述后盖10的长边13方向排布。所述摄像头装饰件20设有多个所述摄像头孔24。所述电子设备100还设有固定于所述多个所述摄像头模组140周侧边框支架150,所述边框支架150对多个所述摄像头模组140进行稳固。Specifically, the electronic device 100 is provided with a plurality of the camera modules 140, and the plurality of camera modules 140 are arranged in a direction parallel to the long side 13 of the back cover 10. The camera decoration 20 is provided with a plurality of camera holes 24. The electronic device 100 is further provided with a frame bracket 150 fixed to the peripheral side of the plurality of camera modules 140, and the frame bracket 150 stabilizes the plurality of camera modules 140.
进一步地,所述摄像头装饰件20包括金属框25和固定于所述金属框25内侧的金属板件26,所述摄像头孔24设置于所述金属板件26,所述金属框25与所述金属板件26之间形成固定凹槽,所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述固定槽的摄像头镜片160,所述第一天线模块30电连接所述金属框25。Further, the camera decoration 20 includes a metal frame 25 and a metal plate 26 fixed on the inner side of the metal frame 25, the camera hole 24 is provided on the metal plate 26, and the metal frame 25 is connected to the metal plate 26. A fixing groove is formed between the metal plates 26, the electronic device 100 further includes a camera lens 160 fixed to the fixing groove, and the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the metal frame 25.
本实施方式中,所述金属板件26与所述金属框25一体成型。所述金属框25形成所述摄像头装饰件20的周侧结构。所述摄像头装饰件20的顶部设置于所述金属框25。所述金属框25可相对所述后盖10的外表面14凸出,或相对所述后盖10的外表面14平齐。 所述金属板件26对所述摄像头镜片160进行承载,以增加所述摄像头装饰件20与所述摄像头镜片160的稳固性。所述弹性导电件80弹性抵触于所述金属框25底部,以使得所述第一天线模块30与所述摄像头装饰件20电连接。In this embodiment, the metal plate 26 and the metal frame 25 are integrally formed. The metal frame 25 forms the peripheral structure of the camera decoration 20. The top of the camera decoration 20 is set on the metal frame 25. The metal frame 25 may protrude relative to the outer surface 14 of the back cover 10 or be flush with the outer surface 14 of the back cover 10. The metal plate 26 supports the camera lens 160 to increase the stability of the camera decoration 20 and the camera lens 160. The elastic conductive member 80 elastically abuts against the bottom of the metal frame 25 so that the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the camera decoration 20.
具体的,所述后盖10设有安装孔19,所述摄像头装饰件20设有内嵌于所述安装孔19的固定部27,以及由所述固定部27周侧延伸至所述后盖10内侧的裙边28,所述裙边28设有馈电点,所述第一天线模块30电连接所述馈电点。所述固定部27形成与所述金属框25的底部。所述金属框25的底部相对所述内表面15凸出。所述裙边28贴合于所述内表面15延伸,以增加所述摄像头装饰件20与所述后盖10的稳固性。Specifically, the rear cover 10 is provided with a mounting hole 19, the camera decoration 20 is provided with a fixing portion 27 embedded in the mounting hole 19, and extends from the peripheral side of the fixing portion 27 to the rear cover The skirt 28 on the inner side of the skirt 28 is provided with a feeding point, and the first antenna module 30 is electrically connected to the feeding point. The fixing portion 27 is formed with the bottom of the metal frame 25. The bottom of the metal frame 25 protrudes relative to the inner surface 15. The skirt 28 is attached to the inner surface 15 and extends to increase the stability of the camera decoration 20 and the back cover 10.
所述电子设备100还包括与所述中框130相盖合的透光盖板170和固定于所述透光盖板170与所述中框130之间的显示屏180。所述显示屏180透过所述透光盖板170显示光线。所述透光盖板170和所述后盖10分别形成所述电子设备100的前后两部分。所述后盖10的周缘与所述中框130的周缘稳固连接,以使得所述后盖10与所述中框130之间形成收容所述主板40和压板支架50的腔体。所述压板支架50与所述后盖10的内表面存在间距,该间距的大小由所述后盖10与所述压板支架50的组装公差决定。在用户使用所述电子设备100时,所述摄像头装饰件20位于电子设备100的后部,所述摄像头装饰件20可朝向较为开阔的空间,以增大所述摄像头装饰件20的天线净空区域,提高所述摄像头装饰件20的利用率,以及增大所述第一天线模块30和所述摄像头装饰件20的天线效率。The electronic device 100 further includes a light-transmitting cover 170 covering the middle frame 130 and a display screen 180 fixed between the light-transmitting cover 170 and the middle frame 130. The display screen 180 displays light through the transparent cover 170. The transparent cover 170 and the back cover 10 respectively form the front and rear parts of the electronic device 100. The periphery of the back cover 10 and the periphery of the middle frame 130 are firmly connected, so that a cavity for accommodating the main board 40 and the pressure plate bracket 50 is formed between the back cover 10 and the middle frame 130. There is a distance between the pressure plate support 50 and the inner surface of the back cover 10, and the size of the distance is determined by the assembly tolerance of the back cover 10 and the pressure plate support 50. When the user uses the electronic device 100, the camera decoration 20 is located at the rear of the electronic device 100, and the camera decoration 20 can face a relatively open space to increase the antenna clearance area of the camera decoration 20 , Improve the utilization of the camera decoration 20, and increase the antenna efficiency of the first antenna module 30 and the camera decoration 20.
进一步地,请参阅图18,所述电子设备100还包括固定于所述后盖10内侧的第二天线模块190,所述第二天线模块190电连接所述中框130的边缘,以使得所述中框130的边缘产生天线信号。Further, referring to FIG. 18, the electronic device 100 further includes a second antenna module 190 fixed on the inner side of the back cover 10, and the second antenna module 190 is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame 130 so that the The edge of the frame 130 generates an antenna signal.
本实施方式中,所述第二天线模块190设置于所述主板40上。所述第二天线模块190设有馈电源和匹配电路。所述中框130设有与所述顶部短边11邻近的顶部边缘131和与两个所述长边邻近的两个长边缘132。所述顶部短边11与邻近所述摄像头装饰件20的长边缘132夹角处设置边框辐射体191,所述第二天线模块190电连接所述边框辐射体191,以使得所述边框辐射体191可产生天线信号。所述第二天线模块190与所述边框辐射体191构成具有L1频段的GPS天线。即所述边框辐射体191可产生谐振频段为1.575GHz±5MHz的天线信号。In this embodiment, the second antenna module 190 is disposed on the main board 40. The second antenna module 190 is provided with a feed source and a matching circuit. The middle frame 130 has a top edge 131 adjacent to the top short side 11 and two long edges 132 adjacent to the two long sides. A frame radiator 191 is provided at the corner between the top short side 11 and the long edge 132 adjacent to the camera decoration 20, and the second antenna module 190 is electrically connected to the frame radiator 191, so that the frame radiator 191 can generate antenna signals. The second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 form a GPS antenna with an L1 frequency band. That is, the frame radiator 191 can generate an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.575GHz±5MHz.
可选的,所述第二天线模块190与所述边框辐射体191经馈电弹片直接电连接。Optionally, the second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 are directly electrically connected via a feed spring.
可选的,所述第二天线模块190与所述边框辐射体191耦合馈电连接。Optionally, the second antenna module 190 and the frame radiator 191 are coupled and fed.
可以理解的是,所述第一天线模块30和所述第二天线模块190可集成于一个天线芯片上,所述第一天线模块30和所述第二天线模块190通过一个天线芯片上的两个不同馈电端口分别电连接所述摄像头装饰件20和所述边框辐射体191。例如,一个所述天线芯片上分别对所述第一天线模块30和所述第二天线模块190设置两个不同的匹配电路,并使得第一天线模块30和所述第二天线模块190分别经两个不同的匹配电路对所述摄像头装饰件30和所边框辐射体191馈电连接。在一个天线芯片内设置用于实现L5频段的电路加上芯片的馈电端口到所述摄像头装饰件20之间的匹配滤波电路一起可以视为第一天线模块30。同理,在一个天线芯片内设置用于实现L1频段的电路加上芯片的馈电端口到所述边框辐射体191之间的匹配滤波电路一起可以视为第二天线模块190。It is understandable that the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 can be integrated on one antenna chip, and the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 pass through two antenna chips on one antenna chip. The two different feeding ports are electrically connected to the camera decoration 20 and the frame radiator 191 respectively. For example, two different matching circuits are provided for the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 on one antenna chip, and the first antenna module 30 and the second antenna module 190 are respectively Two different matching circuits feed and connect the camera decoration 30 and the frame radiator 191. A circuit for realizing the L5 frequency band provided in an antenna chip plus a matched filter circuit between the feed port of the chip and the camera decoration 20 can be regarded as the first antenna module 30 together. Similarly, a circuit for realizing the L1 frequency band provided in an antenna chip plus a matched filter circuit between the feed port of the chip and the frame radiator 191 can be regarded as the second antenna module 190.
通过所述摄像头装饰件20与所述第一天线模块30电连接,所述摄像头装饰件20可以接收所述第一天线模块30的馈电,使得所述摄像头装饰件20可以辐射天线信号,充分利用了所述电子设备100的结构件,保证了天线的净空区域增大,提高了天线效率。Through the electrical connection between the camera decoration 20 and the first antenna module 30, the camera decoration 20 can receive the feed of the first antenna module 30, so that the camera decoration 20 can radiate antenna signals, sufficiently Utilizing the structural components of the electronic device 100 ensures that the clearance area of the antenna is increased, and the antenna efficiency is improved.
以上是本申请实施例的实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本申请实施例原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也视为本申请的保护范围。The above is the implementation of the embodiments of the present application. It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the principle of the embodiments of the present application, several improvements and modifications can be made, and these improvements and modifications are also Treated as the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (22)

  1. 一种电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备包括后盖、固定于所述后盖的主板、内嵌于所述后盖的摄像头装饰件、设置于所述主板的第一天线模块和压盖于所述主板的压板支架,所述压板支架位于所述后盖和所述主板之间,所述压板支架设有与所述第一天线模块电连接的金属走线,所述摄像头装饰件电连接所述金属走线,以使所述第一天线模块电连接所述摄像头装饰件,以向所述摄像头装饰件馈电,并使得所述摄像头装饰件辐射天线信号。An electronic device, characterized in that the electronic device includes a back cover, a main board fixed to the back cover, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, a first antenna module arranged on the main board, and a pressure A pressure plate support covering the main board, the pressure plate support is located between the back cover and the main board, the pressure plate support is provided with a metal trace electrically connected to the first antenna module, the camera decoration The metal trace is electrically connected, so that the first antenna module is electrically connected to the camera decoration, so as to feed power to the camera decoration, and make the camera decoration radiate antenna signals.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述压板支架设有两开口端分别朝向所述主板及所述摄像头装饰件的通孔,所述金属走线经过所述通孔的内壁。The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the pressure plate bracket is provided with through holes with two open ends respectively facing the main board and the camera decoration, and the metal wiring passes through the inner wall of the through hole .
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述金属走线经激光成型技术设置于所述压板支架。The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the metal trace is disposed on the pressure plate support through laser forming technology.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述主板的导电弹片,所述导电弹片一端与所述第一天线模块电连接,另一端与所述压板支架的金属走线弹性抵触。The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the electronic device further comprises a conductive elastic sheet fixed to the main board, one end of the conductive elastic sheet is electrically connected to the first antenna module, and the other end is connected to the pressure plate The metal traces of the stents resist elastically.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括弹性导电件,所述弹性导电件弹性压缩于所述压板支架和所述摄像头装饰件之间,所述摄像头装饰件经所述弹性导电件电连接所述金属走线。The electronic device according to claim 1, wherein the electronic device further comprises an elastic conductive element, the elastic conductive element is elastically compressed between the pressure plate support and the camera decoration part, the camera decoration part The metal trace is electrically connected via the elastic conductive member.
  6. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述后盖内侧的地极,所述摄像头装饰件朝向所述第一天线模块的一侧设有接地部,所述接地部与所述地极电连接。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the electronic device further comprises a ground pole fixed on the inner side of the back cover, and the camera decoration piece faces a side of the first antenna module. A grounding part is provided on the side, and the grounding part is electrically connected to the ground electrode.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定连接所述接地部的接地弹片,所述接地弹片与所述地极电连接。7. The electronic device according to claim 6, wherein the electronic device further comprises a ground elastic piece fixedly connected to the ground portion, and the ground elastic piece is electrically connected to the ground electrode.
  8. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述第一天线模块设有馈电源和电连接所述馈电源及所述金属走线的匹配电路。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the first antenna module is provided with a feed power source and a matching circuit electrically connected to the feed power source and the metal trace.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述匹配电路设有与所述馈电源及所述金属走线串联的电容和与所述电容并联的电感。8. The electronic device according to claim 8, wherein the matching circuit is provided with a capacitor connected in series with the feed source and the metal trace, and an inductor connected in parallel with the capacitor.
  10. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括与所述后盖盖合的中框和固定于所述中框的摄像头模组,所述摄像头装饰件设有摄像头孔,所述摄像头孔与所述摄像头模组正对。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the electronic device further comprises a middle frame covered with the back cover and a camera module fixed to the middle frame, the camera The decoration part is provided with a camera hole, and the camera hole is directly opposite to the camera module.
  11. 根据权利要求10所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述后盖内侧的第二天线模块,所述第二天线模块电连接所述中框的边缘,以使所述中框的边缘产生谐振频段为1.575GHz±5MHz的天线信号。The electronic device according to claim 10, wherein the electronic device further comprises a second antenna module fixed on the inner side of the back cover, and the second antenna module is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame so that The edge of the middle frame generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.575GHz±5MHz.
  12. 根据权利要求10所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述摄像头装饰件包括金属框和固定于所述金属框内侧的金属板件,所述摄像头孔设置于所述金属板件,所述金属框与所述金属板件之间形成固定凹槽,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述固定槽的摄像头镜片,所述第一天线模块电连接所述金属框。The electronic device according to claim 10, wherein the camera decoration includes a metal frame and a metal plate fixed on the inner side of the metal frame, the camera hole is provided in the metal plate, and the metal A fixing groove is formed between the frame and the metal plate, the electronic device further includes a camera lens fixed to the fixing groove, and the first antenna module is electrically connected to the metal frame.
  13. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述后盖设有安装孔,所述摄像头装饰件设有内嵌于所述安装孔的固定部,以及由所述固定部周侧延伸至所述后盖内侧的裙边,所述裙边设有馈电点,所述第一天线模块电连接所述馈电点。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the rear cover is provided with a mounting hole, the camera decoration is provided with a fixing part embedded in the mounting hole, and the The peripheral side of the fixing part extends to the skirt inside the back cover, the skirt is provided with a feeding point, and the first antenna module is electrically connected to the feeding point.
  14. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述摄像头装饰件的谐振频段为单频段或多频段。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the resonant frequency band of the camera decoration is a single frequency band or multiple frequency bands.
  15. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述摄像头装饰件的谐振频段为1.17GHz±5MHz。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the resonant frequency band of the camera decoration is 1.17GHz±5MHz.
  16. 根据权利要求1~5任意一项所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述摄像头装饰件的天线效率-9dB~-10dB。The electronic device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the antenna efficiency of the camera decoration is -9dB to -10dB.
  17. 一种电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备包括中框、与所述中框盖合的后盖、内嵌于所述后盖的摄像头装饰件、固定于所述后盖内侧的第一天线模块及第二天线模块,所述第一天线模块电连接所述中框的边缘,以使所述中框的边缘产生谐振频段为1.575GHz±5MHz的天线信号,所述第二天线模块电连接所述摄像头装饰件,以使所述摄像头装饰件产生谐振频段为1.17GHz±5MHz的天线信号。An electronic device, characterized in that, the electronic device comprises a middle frame, a back cover that is closed with the middle frame, a camera decoration embedded in the back cover, and a first An antenna module and a second antenna module. The first antenna module is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame, so that the edge of the middle frame generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency of 1.575GHz±5MHz, and the second antenna module is electrically connected to the edge of the middle frame. The camera decoration is connected, so that the camera decoration generates an antenna signal with a resonance frequency band of 1.17GHz±5MHz.
  18. 根据权利要求17所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述中框和所述后盖之间主板和压盖于所述主板的压板支架,所述压板支架位于所述主板和所述后盖之间,所述第一天线模块设置于所述主板上,所述压板支架设有与所述天线模块电连接的金属走线,所述摄像头装饰件电连接所述金属走线。The electronic device according to claim 17, wherein the electronic device further comprises a main board fixed between the middle frame and the back cover and a pressure plate bracket for pressing on the main board, and the pressure plate bracket is located at Between the main board and the back cover, the first antenna module is arranged on the main board, the pressure plate bracket is provided with a metal trace that is electrically connected to the antenna module, and the camera decoration is electrically connected to the The metal traces.
  19. 根据权利要求18所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述主板的导电弹片,所述导电弹片一端与所述第一天线模块电连接,另一端与所述压板支架的金属走线弹性抵触。The electronic device according to claim 18, wherein the electronic device further comprises a conductive elastic sheet fixed to the main board, one end of the conductive elastic sheet is electrically connected to the first antenna module, and the other end is connected to the pressure plate The metal traces of the stents resist elastically.
  20. 根据权利要求18所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括弹性导电件,所述弹性导电件弹性压缩于所述压板支架和所述摄像头装饰件之间,所述摄像头装饰件经所述弹性导电件电连接所述金属走线。The electronic device according to claim 18, wherein the electronic device further comprises an elastic conductive member, the elastic conductive member is elastically compressed between the pressure plate support and the camera decoration, and the camera decoration The metal trace is electrically connected via the elastic conductive member.
  21. 根据权利要求17所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述电子设备还包括固定于所述后盖内侧的馈电弹片,所述馈电弹片的一端与所述第一天线模块电连接,另一端与所述摄像头装饰件弹性抵触。The electronic device according to claim 17, wherein the electronic device further comprises a feeding elastic piece fixed on the inner side of the back cover, one end of the feeding elastic piece is electrically connected to the first antenna module, and One end elastically conflicts with the camera decoration part.
  22. 根据权利要求17所述的电子设备,其特征在于,所述第一天线模块与所述摄像头装饰件耦合馈电连接。18. The electronic device according to claim 17, wherein the first antenna module is connected to the camera decoration by coupling and feeding.
PCT/CN2021/073601 2020-02-20 2021-01-25 Electronic device WO2021164499A1 (en)

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CN202010110306.8A CN113285207A (en) 2020-02-20 2020-02-20 Electronic device
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