WO2021098326A1 - 一种智慧末端配电系统 - Google Patents

一种智慧末端配电系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021098326A1
WO2021098326A1 PCT/CN2020/111553 CN2020111553W WO2021098326A1 WO 2021098326 A1 WO2021098326 A1 WO 2021098326A1 CN 2020111553 W CN2020111553 W CN 2020111553W WO 2021098326 A1 WO2021098326 A1 WO 2021098326A1
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Prior art keywords
power distribution
module
power
equipment
circuit
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PCT/CN2020/111553
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
沈远飞
叶君华
朱英
王铭
刘黎军
丁涛
严凯力
余艳
夏邦泽
李�昊
陈旭晖
黄勇
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国网浙江省电力有限公司舟山供电公司
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Publication of WO2021098326A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021098326A1/zh

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02HEMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS
    • H02H3/00Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal electric working condition with or without subsequent reconnection ; integrated protection
    • H02H3/08Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal electric working condition with or without subsequent reconnection ; integrated protection responsive to excess current
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02HEMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS
    • H02H3/00Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal electric working condition with or without subsequent reconnection ; integrated protection
    • H02H3/26Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal electric working condition with or without subsequent reconnection ; integrated protection responsive to difference between voltages or between currents; responsive to phase angle between voltages or between currents
    • H02H3/32Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal electric working condition with or without subsequent reconnection ; integrated protection responsive to difference between voltages or between currents; responsive to phase angle between voltages or between currents involving comparison of the voltage or current values at corresponding points in different conductors of a single system, e.g. of currents in go and return conductors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/124Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wired telecommunication networks or data transmission busses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S40/00Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them
    • Y04S40/12Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment
    • Y04S40/126Systems for electrical power generation, transmission, distribution or end-user application management characterised by the use of communication or information technologies, or communication or information technology specific aspects supporting them characterised by data transport means between the monitoring, controlling or managing units and monitored, controlled or operated electrical equipment using wireless data transmission

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of terminal power distribution management systems for communication equipment, in particular to a smart terminal power distribution system.
  • the technical problem to be solved and the technical task proposed by the present invention are to perfect and improve the existing technical scheme and provide a smart terminal power distribution system for the purpose of ensuring the monitoring and safe operation of various power communication equipment.
  • the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
  • a smart terminal power distribution system including a power distribution terminal device and a remote control platform for equipment that connects and interacts with the power distribution terminal device.
  • the power distribution terminal device includes an equipment cabinet, a power supply module and a communication module arranged in the equipment cabinet And a power distribution module, the power module is connected to the communication module and the power distribution module to provide power, the communication module is connected to the power distribution module to collect the current, power, voltage, leakage, and overcurrent electrical Data is transmitted to the equipment remote control platform and remote interactive control is realized.
  • the power distribution module is equipped with automatic protection and control devices for leakage, short-term overload, overvoltage, undervoltage, short circuit, ignition, arc and overtemperature;
  • the described equipment remote control platform includes a remote control module for monitoring the power consumption of different equipment and remote control of electrical switches according to demand, an electricity design module for timing switches and power settings, and a real-time view of each electrical equipment
  • the power query module for voltage, current, power, temperature and power consumption of the system.
  • the power distribution module includes a motor control device, a trip device, an integrated processing circuit, a current transformer, a residual current transformer, and a residual current detection module.
  • the load equipment circuit is connected with mutual inductance
  • the current transformer and the residual current detection module are connected to an integrated processing circuit
  • the integrated processing circuit is connected to the motor control device
  • the motor control device is controlly connected to the tripping device
  • the said tripping device is arranged on the load equipment circuit to realize the breaking of the load equipment circuit.
  • the residual current detection module transmits the collected residual current value to the integrated processing circuit through the residual current transformer.
  • the integrated processing circuit When the integrated processing circuit detects that the residual current value is too large, it sends a signal to the motor control device to control the trip device to disconnect the circuit;
  • the current transformer collects the current information of the circuit in real time and transmits the current information to the integrated processing circuit.
  • the integrated processing circuit detects excessive current or short circuit, it sends a signal to the motor control device to control the tripping device to disconnect the circuit, which is effective Automatic circuit break protection control for leakage, short circuit and short-term overload.
  • the power distribution module is provided with a voltage sensor, and the voltage sensor is connected to the integrated processing circuit and connected to the load device circuit.
  • the voltage sensor collects the voltage information of the circuit in real time and transmits the voltage information to the integrated processing circuit.
  • the integrated processing circuit detects overvoltage or undervoltage, it sends a signal to the motor control device to control the tripping device to disconnect the circuit. Automatic detection of voltage and undervoltage, and realize automatic circuit breaker protection control.
  • the power distribution module is provided with a temperature sensor, and the temperature sensor is connected to the integrated processing circuit.
  • the temperature sensor collects the temperature information of the circuit in real time and transmits the temperature information to the integrated processing circuit.
  • the integrated processing circuit detects that the temperature is too high, it sends a signal to the motor control device to control the tripping device to disconnect the circuit, effectively realizing the internal Temperature detection, realize automatic circuit breaker protection control when over temperature.
  • the power distribution module is provided with an arc extinguishing device
  • the motor control device controls and connects the arc extinguishing device
  • the arc extinguishing device is installed on the load equipment circuit to perform arc extinguishing on the load equipment circuit. Extinguish the arc. It can effectively realize the arc extinguishing treatment of the arc.
  • the communication interface is connected with the integrated processing circuit and the communication module.
  • the communication interface is connected with the communication module in the power distribution terminal equipment.
  • the power distribution module interacts with the equipment remote control platform through the communication module, that is, it can upload the data collected by the power distribution module to the management center, and can also receive control commands from the management center. It can effectively realize the information interaction between the power distribution terminal equipment and the equipment remote control platform, and realize the upload of collected information and the download of control instructions.
  • the power module is AC220V to convert direct current, and the power module is provided with a lightning and surge protection circuit. It can effectively realize the anti-lightning surge effect and improve the protection capability of the equipment.
  • the communication module is in the form of a wired Ethernet network or a wireless WIFI. With mature technology and large bandwidth, it can effectively realize the transmission of large amounts of data within a certain distance.
  • the power supply module, communication module, and power distribution module are all independent modular products, and the equipment box is provided with multiple power supply modules, communication modules, and power distribution module installation interfaces. All power distribution modules can be connected to the same communication module through their respective communication interfaces. It can effectively realize the independent installation of multiple power supply modules, communication modules and power distribution modules.
  • the number of modules can be configured according to the actual number of devices that need to be monitored, and multiple power distribution modules can be connected to the same through their respective communication interfaces
  • the communication module can effectively reduce the cost, reduce the number of concurrent connections of the equipment remote control platform, make the system smoother, modular structure, simplify the installation method, and make it easier to maintain.
  • the device remote control platform includes a platform server for computing, analyzing, storing, and responding to instructions, and a platform terminal device for system query, monitoring, alarm, and control.
  • the platform terminal device is wired Connect to the platform server via an Ethernet network, wireless Wifi or wireless mobile network. It is convenient to query, monitor and control various power communication equipment through mobile or fixed terminals.
  • Beneficial effects Through the power distribution terminal equipment, it can effectively realize the automatic protection mechanism against leakage, short-term overload, overvoltage, undervoltage, short circuit, ignition, arc and over temperature. Through the remote control platform, it is convenient to realize the protection of electric power. Monitoring the operating status of communication equipment, and realizing power metering, safety early warning, fault location, leakage self-check, load limitation, remote control and other functions through the equipment remote control platform, effectively improving the safety of power communication equipment and supplying power for power communication equipment Provide more accurate, faster and more reliable protection measures to ensure the safe and stable operation of power.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention.
  • Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the power distribution module of the present invention.
  • 1-power module 2-power distribution module; 3-communication module; 201-integrated processing circuit; 202-residual current detection module; 203-motor control device; 204-current transformer; 205-residual current transformer 206-trip device; 207-temperature sensor; 208-voltage sensor; 209-communication interface; 210-arc extinguishing device; 211-load equipment circuit.
  • a smart terminal power distribution system includes power distribution terminal equipment and a remote control platform for equipment that connects and interacts with the power distribution terminal equipment.
  • the power distribution terminal equipment includes an equipment cabinet, which is installed in the equipment cabinet.
  • Power module 1 is connected to communication module 3 and power distribution module 2 to provide power
  • communication module 3 is connected to power distribution module 2 to collect the current and power collected by power distribution module 2 , Voltage, leakage and overcurrent electrical data are transmitted to the equipment remote control platform and realize remote interactive control.
  • the power distribution module 2 is equipped with leakage, short-term overload, overvoltage, undervoltage, short circuit, ignition, arc and overtemperature.
  • the equipment remote control platform includes a remote control module for monitoring the power consumption of different equipment and remote control of electrical switches according to demand, a power design module for timing switches and power settings, and a real-time viewing Electricity query module for voltage, current, power, temperature and power consumption of electric equipment.
  • the power distribution module 2 includes a motor control device 203, a trip device 206, an integrated processing circuit 201, a current transformer 204, a residual current transformer 205, and a residual current
  • the detection module 202, the current transformer 204 and the residual current transformer 205 are mutually inductively connected with the load device circuit 211, the current transformer 204 and the residual current detection module 202 are connected to the integrated processing circuit 201, and the integrated processing circuit 201 is connected to the motor control device 203,
  • the motor control device 203 is in control connection with the trip device 206, and the trip device 206 is provided on the load equipment circuit 211 to switch off the load equipment circuit 211.
  • the residual current detection module 202 transmits the collected residual current value to the integrated processing circuit 201 through the residual current transformer 205.
  • the integrated processing circuit 201 detects that the residual current value is too large, it sends a signal to the motor control device 203 to control the trip
  • the device 206 disconnects the circuit; the current transformer 204 collects the current information of the circuit in real time and transmits the current information to the integrated processing circuit 201.
  • the integrated processing circuit 201 detects excessive current or short circuit, it sends a signal to the motor control device 203,
  • the tripping device 206 is controlled to disconnect the circuit, which effectively realizes the automatic circuit breaker protection control for leakage, short circuit and short-term overload.
  • the power distribution module 2 is provided with a voltage sensor 208, which is connected to the integrated processing circuit 201 and connected to the load device circuit 211.
  • the voltage sensor 208 collects the voltage information of the circuit in real time and transmits the voltage information to the integrated processing circuit 201.
  • the integrated processing circuit 201 detects overvoltage or undervoltage, it sends a signal to the motor control device 203 to control the tripping device 206 to disconnect
  • the circuit effectively realizes the automatic detection of overvoltage and undervoltage, and realizes automatic circuit breaker protection control.
  • the power distribution module 2 is provided with a temperature sensor 207, which is connected to the integrated processing circuit 201.
  • the temperature sensor 207 collects the temperature information of the circuit in real time and transmits the temperature information to the integrated processing circuit 201.
  • the integrated processing circuit 201 detects that the temperature is too high, it sends a signal to the motor control device 203 to control the tripping device 206 to disconnect the circuit, Effectively realize the temperature detection inside the equipment, and realize the automatic circuit breaker protection control when the temperature is over.
  • the power distribution module 2 is provided with an arc extinguishing device 210.
  • the motor control device 203 controls and connects to the arc extinguishing device 210.
  • the arc extinguishing device 210 is installed on the load equipment circuit 211 to extinguish the arc that appears in the load equipment circuit 211. arc. It can effectively realize the arc extinguishing treatment of the arc.
  • the communication interface 209 is connected with the integrated processing circuit 201 and the communication module 3.
  • the communication interface 209 is connected to the communication module 3 in the power distribution terminal equipment.
  • the power distribution module 2 interacts with the equipment remote control platform through the communication module 3, that is, the data collected by the power distribution module 2 can be uploaded to the management center, and it can also be received and managed.
  • the control commands of the center can effectively realize the information interaction between the power distribution terminal equipment and the equipment remote control platform, and realize the upload of collected information and the download of control instructions.
  • the power module 1 is converted from AC220V to DC12V, and the power module 1 is equipped with a lightning and surge protection circuit. It can effectively realize the anti-lightning surge effect and improve the protection capability of the equipment.
  • the communication module 3 is in the form of a wired Ethernet network.
  • the technology is mature and the bandwidth is large, which can effectively realize the transmission of a large amount of data within a certain distance.
  • wireless WIFI can also be used instead.
  • the power supply module 1, communication module 3 and power distribution module 2 are all independent modular products.
  • the equipment box is equipped with multiple power supply modules 1, communication modules 3 and power distribution modules 2 for installation.
  • each power distribution module 2 can be connected to the same communication module 3 through its own communication interface. It can effectively realize the independent installation of multiple power supply modules 1, communication modules 3 and power distribution modules 2.
  • the number of modules can be configured according to the actual number of devices that need to be monitored, and multiple power distribution modules 2 can be passed through their respective communication interfaces
  • Connecting to the same communication module 3 can effectively reduce costs, reduce the number of concurrent connections to the remote control platform of the device, make the system smoother, modular structure, simplify installation, and more convenient for maintenance.
  • 1 communication module is used 3
  • 5 power distribution modules 2 are respectively connected to 5 load devices, and one power module 1 is used for power supply.
  • the equipment remote control platform includes a platform server for information calculation, analysis, storage, and command response, and a platform terminal equipment for system query, monitoring, alarm, and control.
  • the equipment terminal in this example uses a computer, Tablets and smart phones, among them, computers, tablets and smart phones can be connected to the platform server through wireless mobile networks and wireless wifi, and computers can also be connected to the platform server through a wired Ethernet network, which can be easily accessed through mobile or fixed terminals.
  • the equipment remote control platform can be connected to multiple power distribution terminal equipment at all times.
  • the system can effectively monitor the system operation, collect and display the current, voltage, power, power, alarm, temperature and other energy and gas parameters of the circuit in real time, and use the platform terminal equipment to adjust the comparison of electricity consumption at different times, and display the switch status. Provide intuitive graphics and data for operation and maintenance personnel.
  • the system can effectively understand the power consumption profile, adjust the power consumption status of the distribution loops in each area, and provide 24-hour and monthly power consumption data reports to understand the overall operation status of the power distribution on the campus, so that the operation and maintenance personnel can intuitively grasp the power consumption Trends and as a basis for management.
  • the system can realize leakage self-check, and can set monthly leakage self-check to ensure that when a leakage accident occurs on the line, it can be shut down quickly within 0.04 seconds to protect property and personnel safety.
  • the system can realize load alarm.
  • the system can set and detect the power change range of the power line, monitor the power value of the power line in real time, and trigger the warning information if it exceeds the preset value. It can retrieve and display all items under conditions such as location and time. An electrical box device that exceeds the pre-set value of the load power pre-warning occurs. Provide 24-hour, monthly load test data report.
  • the system can realize power grid voltage fluctuation analysis, real-time monitoring of equipment operating parameters, such as voltage information, current information, and can display the voltage information of each hour of the equipment within 24 hours of the day as a graph.
  • the system can query real-time data and historical report data.
  • the real-time data and historical report numbers support EXECL format export data, such as daily reports, monthly reports, quarterly reports, annual reports, etc., for current, voltage, power load, electric energy measurement, alarm information, Detect information and other data disturbances to query and print.
  • EXECL format export data, such as daily reports, monthly reports, quarterly reports, annual reports, etc., for current, voltage, power load, electric energy measurement, alarm information, Detect information and other data disturbances to query and print.
  • This system can effectively realize the automatic protection mechanism against leakage, short-term overload, overvoltage, undervoltage, short circuit, ignition, arc and overtemperature. It can easily monitor the operating status of power communication equipment and remotely control the equipment.
  • the platform implements functions such as electricity metering, safety warning, fault location, leakage self-check, load limitation, remote control, etc., which effectively improves the safety of power communication equipment, and provides more accurate, faster and more reliable protection measures for the power supply of power communication equipment , To ensure the safe and stable operation of electric power.

Abstract

本发明公开了一种智慧末端配电系统,涉及通信设备末端配电管理系统领域。目前,普通断路器往往不会同时具备漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、过温、灭弧等保护功能,对电力通信设备的安全造成极大隐患。本系统包括配电终端设备和设备远程控制平台,配电终端设备包括设备箱体,设于设备箱体内的电源模块、通讯模块和配电模块,配电模块设有自动保护控制装置,设备远程控制平台包括远程控制模块、用电设计模块及用电查询模块。可有效实现针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温时的自动保护机制,实现用电计量,安全预警、故障定位、漏电自检、负载限定、远程控制等功能,有效提升通信设备的安全性。

Description

一种智慧末端配电系统 技术领域
本发明涉及通信设备末端配电管理系统领域,尤其涉及一种智慧末端配电系统。
背景技术
随着技术的迅猛发展,变电站机房正朝着高密度、模块化方向发展;对机房内通信设备末端配电系统在经济性、持续性、灵活性、可靠性上提出了新的挑战。目前,普通断路器往往不会同时具备漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、过温、灭弧等保护功能,瞬间大电流的冲击就会将其烧坏并引发火灾。对电力通信设备的安全造成极大隐患。普通断路器也没有电参数探测功能与远程控制,需外挂相应的探测设备才能采集到配电线路上的电流、电压、温度、剩余电流、电量等数据,无法支持终端配电系统配电管理系统监控各种电力通信设备。因此现有的配电终端很难保障对各电力通信设备的监控和安全运行,普通的断路器末端配电方式已难以适应当今技术的发展。
发明内容
本发明要解决的技术问题和提出的技术任务是对现有技术方案进行完善与改进,提供一种智慧末端配电系统,以保障对各电力通信设备的监控和安全运行为目的。为此,本发明采取以下技术方案。
一种智慧末端配电系统,包括配电终端设备和与配电终端设备连接交互的设备远程控制平台,所述的配电终端设备包括设备箱体,设于设备箱体内的电源模块、通讯模块和配电模块,所述的电源模块连接到通讯模块和配电模块以提供电源,所述的通讯模块与配电模块连接以把配电模块采集的电流、电量、电压、漏电、过流电气数据传输至设备远程控制平台并实现远程交互控制,所述的配电模块设有针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温的自动保护控制装置;所述的设备远程控制平台包括用于监控不同设备用电情况和根据需求远程控制电器开关的远程控制模块、用于进行定时开关、功率设定的用电设计模块及用于实时查看各用电设备的电压、电流、功率、温度和用电量的用电查询模块。通过配电终端设备,可有效实现针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温时的自动保护机制,通过远程控制平台,可方便实现对电力通信设备运行状态的监控,并通过设备远程控制平台实现用电计量,安全预警、故障定位、漏电自检、负载限定、远程控制等功能,有效提升通信设备的安全性,为电力通信设备供电提供更精准,更快速,更可靠的保护措施,保障电力安全稳定运行。
作为优选技术手段:所述的配电模块包括电机控制装置、脱扣装置、集成处理电路、电流互感器、剩余电流互感器和剩余电流检测模块,所述的电流互感器和剩余电流互感器与负载设备电路互感连接,所述的电流互感器和剩余电流检测模块连接到集成处理电路,所述的集成处理电路连接到所述的电机控制装置,所述的电机控制装置与脱扣装置控制连接,所述的脱扣装置设于负载设备电路上以对负载设备电路实现开断。剩余电流检测模块通过剩余电流互感器将采集到的剩余电流值传输至集成处理电路,当集成处理电路检测到剩余电流值过大时,发送信号至电机控制装置,控制脱扣装置断开电路;电流互感器实时采集电路的电流信息,并将电流信息传输至集成处理电路,当集成处理电路检测到电流过大或短路时,发送信号至电机控制装置,控制脱扣装置断开电路,有效实现对漏电、短路和短时过载时的自动断路保护控制。
作为优选技术手段:所述的配电模块设有电压传感器,所述的电压传感器连接到集成处理电路并与负载设备电路连接。电压传感器实时采集电路的电压信息,并将电压信息传输至集成处理电路,当集成处理电路检测到过压、欠压时,发送信号至电机控制装置,控制脱扣装置断开电路,有效实现过压、欠压时的自动检测,并实现自动断路保护控制。
作为优选技术手段:所述的配电模块设有温度传感器,所述的温度传感器连接到集成处理电路。温度传感器实时采集电路的温度信息,并将温度信息传输至集成处理电路,当集成处理电路检测到温度过高时,发送信号至电机控制装置,控制脱扣装置断开电路,有效实现设备内部的温度检测,在过温时实现自动断路保护控制。
作为优选技术手段:所述的配电模块设有灭弧装置,所述的电机控制装置控制连接灭弧装置,所述的灭弧装置设于负载设备电路上以对负载设备电路出现的电弧进行灭弧。可有效实现对电弧的灭弧处理。
作为优选技术手段:所述的通信接口与所述的集成处理电路和所述的通讯模块连接。通信接口与配电终端设备内的通讯模块连接,配电模块通过通讯模块与设备远程控制平台实现交互,即能将配电模块采集的数据上传至管理中心,亦可接收管理中心的控制命令,可有效实现配电终端设备与设备远程控制平台的信息交互,实现采集信息的上传和控制指令的下载。
作为优选技术手段:所述的电源模块为AC220V转换直流,电源模块设有防雷击浪涌保护电路。可有效实现防雷击浪涌效果,提升设备的防护能力。
作为优选技术手段:所述的通讯模块为有线以太网络或无线WIFI形式。使用技术成熟,带宽大,能有效实现一定距离内的大数据量的传输。
作为优选技术手段:所述的电源模块、通讯模块和配电模块均为独立的模块化产品,所述的设备箱体内设有多个电源模块、通讯模块和配电模块的安装接口,多个配电模块均可通过各自的通讯接口连接到同一个通讯模块。可有效实现多个电源模块、通讯模块和配电模块的独立安装,可根据实际所需要监控的设备的多少进行模块数量配置,而且多个配电模块均可通过各自的通讯接口连接到同一个通讯模块,可有效降低成本,降低设备远程控制平台的并发连接数,使系统更流畅,模块化结构,简化了安装方式,更便于维护。
作为优选技术手段:所述的设备远程控制平台包括实现信息的计算分析、存储、指令响应的平台服务器和用于实现系统查询、监视报警、控制的平台终端设备,所述的平台终端设备通过有线以太网络、无线Wifi或无线移动网络连接到平台服务器。可方便的通过移动或固定终端实现对各种电力通信设备的查询、监控和控制。
有益效果:通过配电终端设备,可有效实现针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温时的自动保护机制,通过远程控制平台,可方便实现对电力通信设备运行状态的监控,并通过设备远程控制平台实现用电计量,安全预警、故障定位、漏电自检、负载限定、远程控制等功能,有效提升电力通信设备的安全性,为电力通信设备供电提供更精准,更快速,更可靠的保护措施,保障电力安全稳定运行。
附图说明
图1是本发明结构原理图。
图2是本发明配电模块结构原理图。
图中:1-电源模块;2-配电模块;3-通讯模块;201-集成处理电路;202-剩余电流检测模块;203-电机控制装置;204-电流互感器;205-剩余电流互感器;206-脱扣装置;207-温度传感器;208-电压传感器;209-通信接口;210-灭弧装置;211-负载设备电路。
具体实施方式
以下结合说明书附图对本发明的技术方案做进一步的详细说明。
如图1-2所示,一种智慧末端配电系统,包括配电终端设备和与配电终端设备连接交互的设备远程控制平台,配电终端设备包括设备箱体,设于设备箱体内的电源模块1、通讯模块3和配电模块2,电源模块1连接到通讯模块3和配电模块2以提供电源,通讯模块3与配电模块2连接以把配电模块2采集的电流、电量、电压、漏电、过流电气数据传输至设备远程控制平台并实现远程交互控制,配电模块2设有针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温的自动保护控制装置;设备远程控制平台包括用于监控不同设备用电情况和根据需求远程控制电器开关的远程控制模块、用于进行定时开关、功率设定的用电 设计模块及用于实时查看各用电设备的电压、电流、功率、温度和用电量的用电查询模块。
为了实现对漏电、短路和短时过载时的自动断路保护控制,配电模块2包括电机控制装置203、脱扣装置206、集成处理电路201、电流互感器204、剩余电流互感器205和剩余电流检测模块202,电流互感器204和剩余电流互感器205与负载设备电路211互感连接,电流互感器204和剩余电流检测模块202连接到集成处理电路201,集成处理电路201连接到电机控制装置203,电机控制装置203与脱扣装置206控制连接,脱扣装置206设于负载设备电路211上以对负载设备电路211实现开断。剩余电流检测模块202通过剩余电流互感器205将采集到的剩余电流值传输至集成处理电路201,当集成处理电路201检测到剩余电流值过大时,发送信号至电机控制装置203,控制脱扣装置206断开电路;电流互感器204实时采集电路的电流信息,并将电流信息传输至集成处理电路201,当集成处理电路201检测到电流过大或短路时,发送信号至电机控制装置203,控制脱扣装置206断开电路,有效实现对漏电、短路和短时过载时的自动断路保护控制。
为了实现过压、欠压时的自动断路保护控制,配电模块2设有电压传感器208,电压传感器208连接到集成处理电路201并与负载设备电路211连接。电压传感器208实时采集电路的电压信息,并将电压信息传输至集成处理电路201,当集成处理电路201检测到过压、欠压时,发送信号至电机控制装置203,控制脱扣装置206断开电路,有效实现过压、欠压时的自动检测,并实现自动断路保护控制。
为了过温时自动断路保护控制,配电模块2设有温度传感器207,温度传感器207连接到集成处理电路201。温度传感器207实时采集电路的温度信息,并将温度信息传输至集成处理电路201,当集成处理电路201检测到温度过高时,发送信号至电机控制装置203,控制脱扣装置206断开电路,有效实现设备内部的温度检测,在过温时实现自动断路保护控制。
为了实现灭弧功能,配电模块2设有灭弧装置210,电机控制装置203控制连接灭弧装置210,灭弧装置210设于负载设备电路211上以对负载设备电路211出现的电弧进行灭弧。可有效实现对电弧的灭弧处理。
为了实现配电终端设备与设备远程控制平台的信息交互,通信接口209与集成处理电路201和通讯模块3连接。通信接口209与配电终端设备内的通讯模块3连接,配电模块2通过通讯模块3与设备远程控制平台实现交互,即能将配电模块2采集的数据上传至管理中心,亦可接收管理中心的控制命令,可有效实现配电终端设备与设备远程控制平台的信息交互,实现采集信息的上传和控制指令的下载。
为了提升设备的防护能力,电源模块1为AC220V转换为DC12V,电源模块1设有防雷击浪涌保护电路。可有效实现防雷击浪涌效果,提升设备的防护能力。
为了实现一定距离内的大数据量的传输,通讯模块3为有线以太网络形式。使用技术成熟,带宽大,能有效实现一定距离内的大数据量的传输,本实例中,也可以采用无线WIFI代替。
为了便于维护,并且降低成本,电源模块1、通讯模块3和配电模块2均为独立的模块化产品,设备箱体内设有多个电源模块1、通讯模块3和配电模块2的安装接口,各个配电模块2均可通过各自的通讯接口连接到同一个通讯模块3。可有效实现多个电源模块1、通讯模块3和配电模块2的独立安装,可根据实际所需要监控的设备的多少进行模块数量配置,而且多个配电模块2均可通过各自的通讯接口连接到同一个通讯模块3,可有效降低成本,降低设备远程控制平台的并发连接数,使系统更流畅,模块化结构,简化了安装方式,更便于维护,本实例中,采用1个通讯模块3对应连接5个配电模块2,5个配电模块2分别下挂到5台负载设备,采用一个电源模块1供电。
为了方便查询、监控和控制,设备远程控制平台包括实现信息的计算分析、存储、指令响应的平台服务器和用于实现系统查询、监视报警、控制的平台终端设备,本实例的设备终端采用电脑、平板和智能手机,其中,电脑、平板和智能手机可通过无线移动网络和无线wifi连接到平台服务器,电脑也可以通过有线以太网络连接到平台服务器,可方便的通过移动或固定终端实现对各种电力通信设备的查询、监控和控制,设备远程控制平台可通时连接多个配电终端设备。
系统可有效实现系统运行监控,实时采集显示线路的电流、电压、功率、电量、报警、温度等能气参数,通过平台终端设备调看不同时间用电情况的对比,显示开关的分合状态,为运维人员提供直观的图形和数据。
系统可有效了解用电概况,可调出各区域配电回路的用电状况,提供24小时、月度用电数据报表,以了解校园内的配电整体运行状况,让运维人员直观掌握用电趋势并作为管理依据。
系统可实现漏电自检,可设定每月漏电自检,确保线路出现漏电意外时,可在0.04秒内极速关断,保护产财和人员安全。提供24小时、月度检测数据报表,确保漏电功能实时有效。同时也减少电工维护时间和人工成本,管理人员通后台数据分析快速作出判断布署。
系统可实现负载报警,系统可设定和检测用电线路的功率变化范围,实时监控用电 线路的电量值,超出预设值可触发预警信息,可通过位置、时间等条件检索显示项目下所有发生超出负载功率预警预设值的电箱设备。提供24小时、月度用负载检测数据报表。
系统可实现电网用电电压波动分析,实时监测设备运行参数,如电压信息,电流信息,可将所属设备在当日24小时内的每个小时电压信息以曲线图形化显示。
系统可查询实时数据及历史报表数据,实时数据和历史报表数支持EXECL格式导出数据,如日报表、月报表、季度报表、年报表等,对电流、电压、功率负荷、电能计量、报警信息、检测信息等数扰进行查询打印。为计量统计,安全排查统计、内耗分析等需求提供管理支持。
本系统可有效实现针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温时的自动保护机制,可方便实现对电力通信设备运行状态的监控,并通过设备远程控制平台实现用电计量,安全预警、故障定位、漏电自检、负载限定、远程控制等功能,有效提升电力通信设备的安全性,为电力通信设备供电提供更精准,更快速,更可靠的保护措施,保障电力安全稳定运行。
以上图1-2所示的一种智慧末端配电系统是本发明的具体实施例,已经体现出本发明突出的实质性特点和显著进步,可根据实际的使用需要,在本发明的启示下,对其进行形状、结构等方面的等同修改,均在本方案的保护范围之列。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:包括配电终端设备和与配电终端设备连接交互的设备远程控制平台,所述的配电终端设备包括设备箱体,设于设备箱体内的电源模块(1)、通讯模块(3)和配电模块(2),所述的电源模块(1)连接到通讯模块(3)和配电模块(2)以提供电源,所述的通讯模块(3)与配电模块(2)连接以把配电模块(2)采集的电流、电量、电压、漏电、过流电气数据传输至设备远程控制平台并实现远程交互控制,所述的配电模块(2)设有针对漏电、短时过载、过压、欠压、短路、打火、电弧和过温的自动保护控制装置;所述的设备远程控制平台包括用于监控不同设备用电情况和根据需求远程控制电器开关的远程控制模块、用于进行定时开关、功率设定的用电设计模块及用于实时查看各用电设备的电压、电流、功率、温度和用电量的用电查询模块。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的配电模块(2)包括电机控制装置(203)、脱扣装置(206)、集成处理电路(201)、电流互感器(204)、剩余电流互感器(205)和剩余电流检测模块(202),所述的电流互感器(204)和剩余电流互感器(205)与负载设备电路(211)互感连接,所述的电流互感器(204)和剩余电流检测模块(202)连接到集成处理电路(201),所述的集成处理电路(201)连接到所述的电机控制装置(203),所述的电机控制装置(203)与脱扣装置(206)控制连接,所述的脱扣装置(206)设于负载设备电路(211)上以对负载设备电路(211)实现开断。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的配电模块(2)设有电压传感器(208),所述的电压传感器(208)连接到集成处理电路(201)并与负载设备电路(211)连接。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的配电模块(2)设有温度传感器(207),所述的温度传感器(207)连接到集成处理电路(201)。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的配电模块(2)设有灭弧装置(210),所述的电机控制装置(203)控制连接灭弧装置(210),所述的灭弧装置(210)设于负载设备电路(211)上以对负载设备电路(211)出现的电弧进行灭弧。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的通信接口(209)与所述的集成处理电路(201)和所述的通讯模块(3)连接。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的电源模块(1)为AC220V转换直流,电源模块(1)设有防雷击浪涌保护电路。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的通讯模块(3)为有线以太网络或无线WIFI传输形式。
  9. 根据权利要求7所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的电源模块(1)、通讯模块(3)和配电模块(2)均为独立的模块化产品,所述的设备箱体内设有多个电源模块(1)、通讯模块(3)和配电模块(2)的安装接口,多个配电模块(2)均可通过各自的通讯接口连接到同一个通讯模块(3)。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的一种智慧末端配电系统,其特征在于:所述的设备远程控制平台包括实现信息的计算分析、存储、指令响应的平台服务器和用于实现系统查询、监视报警、控制的平台终端设备,所述的平台终端设备通过有线以太网络、无线Wifi或无线移动网络连接到平台服务器。
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