WO2021047141A1 - Automated pipe feeding device - Google Patents

Automated pipe feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021047141A1
WO2021047141A1 PCT/CN2020/073260 CN2020073260W WO2021047141A1 WO 2021047141 A1 WO2021047141 A1 WO 2021047141A1 CN 2020073260 W CN2020073260 W CN 2020073260W WO 2021047141 A1 WO2021047141 A1 WO 2021047141A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pipe
separation
assembly
motor
oblique side
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2020/073260
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
常勇
周怀帮
Original Assignee
佛山市宏石激光技术有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 佛山市宏石激光技术有限公司 filed Critical 佛山市宏石激光技术有限公司
Priority to DE112020003455.0T priority Critical patent/DE112020003455T5/en
Publication of WO2021047141A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021047141A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/02Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors
    • B65G47/04Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles
    • B65G47/12Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles
    • B65G47/14Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding
    • B65G47/1407Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl
    • B65G47/1442Devices for feeding articles or materials to conveyors for feeding articles from disorderly-arranged article piles or from loose assemblages of articles arranging or orientating the articles by mechanical or pneumatic means during feeding the articles being fed from a container, e.g. a bowl by means of movement of the bottom or a part of the wall of the container
    • B65G47/1471Movement in one direction, substantially outwards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D21/00Machines or devices for shearing or cutting tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D33/00Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices
    • B23D33/02Arrangements for holding, guiding, and/or feeding work during the operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/24Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools using optics or electromagnetic waves
    • B23Q17/2433Detection of presence or absence
    • B23Q17/2447Detection of presence or absence of a workpiece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/001Lateral transport of long workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D5/00Arrangements for operating and controlling machines or devices for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D7/00Details of apparatus for cutting, cutting-out, stamping-out, punching, perforating, or severing by means other than cutting
    • B26D7/06Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form
    • B26D7/0683Arrangements for feeding or delivering work of other than sheet, web, or filamentary form specially adapted for elongated articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26DCUTTING; DETAILS COMMON TO MACHINES FOR PERFORATING, PUNCHING, CUTTING-OUT, STAMPING-OUT OR SEVERING
    • B26D3/00Cutting work characterised by the nature of the cut made; Apparatus therefor
    • B26D3/16Cutting rods or tubes transversely
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0276Tubes and pipes

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of pipe feeding, in particular to an automatic pipe feeding device.
  • the prior art CN108840068A discloses an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes an integrated material receiving warehouse, a distance adjusting device, a pipe material distributing device, a pipe pressing device, an ejector device, and a sliding table transfer device; the integrated material bearing device
  • the discharge end of the library is connected with the feed end of the pipe material distributing device; the discharge end of the pipe distributing device is connected with the ejecting device; the top end of the ejecting device is connected with the feeding end of the sliding table moving device; the pitch adjustment
  • the device is arranged on the integrated material storage, and is used to make the pipes in a single row and non-overlapping state when the pipes are sent to the pipe distribution device; the pipe pressing device is arranged above the pipe distribution device to make the pipes in the distribution device.
  • the feeding device is in a single row forward and backward in sequence.
  • the integrated material storage of the automatic pipe feeding device can carry multiple pipes, the automatic feeding saves time and effort, and has high efficiency; the set pitch adjustment device and detachable pull block can adapt to different specifications and sizes of pipe drawstrings. ;
  • the automatic pipe feeding device still needs to manually adjust the distance adjustment device when switching pipes, the feeding efficiency of the switching pipe is still low, and the degree of automation is still low; and the distance adjustment device is provided with a large number of The pipes need to be output from the integrated storage in a single layer, which is prone to blockage.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes a frame, a receiving device, a distributing device, a measuring device, and a conveying device.
  • the automatic pipe feeding device has an automatic switching of pipes.
  • An automatic pipe feeding device including a frame, a receiving device, a distributing device and a conveying device;
  • the material receiving device is docked with an automatic material storage, and the material receiving device sends a number of pipes from the automatic material storage to the material distributing device;
  • the distributing device includes a pusher component, a separation component, a stopper component and an infrared sensor; the separation component is arranged on the frame, and the separation component includes a first oblique side surface and a second oblique side surface.
  • An oblique side surface is connected to the second oblique side surface;
  • the pusher assembly is slidably arranged on the first oblique side surface to form the feed side of the material distributing device, and the pusher assembly includes An abutting surface of the first oblique side surface and a parallel surface parallel to the first oblique side surface, the parallel surface is connected to the abutting surface, and the distance between the parallel surface and the first oblique side surface is adjustable;
  • the stopper assembly is slidably arranged on the second oblique side to form the discharge side of the distributing device;
  • the infrared sensor is arranged at the intersection of the first oblique side and the second oblique side At the line, the pusher assembly pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly;
  • the conveying device is docked with the distributing device, and the conveying device conveys the pipe from the discharge side of the distributing device to the pipe cutting machine.
  • the distributing device further includes a separation motor, the separation motor is arranged on the frame, and the separation motor is located below the separation assembly, and the output shaft of the separation motor is provided with a first separation sprocket,
  • the driven shaft driven by the separation motor is provided with a second separation sprocket and a separation gear, a separation chain is provided between the first separation sprocket and the second separation sprocket, and the separation gear is connected to the
  • the separating rack of the separating assembly is engaged and matched, the separating assembly is arranged on the separating slide rail of the rack, and the separating slide rail is perpendicular to the first oblique side surface.
  • the separating motor is driven by The separation chain works, so that the separation gear on the driven shaft engages with the separation rack to drive the separation assembly to move in a direction perpendicular to the first oblique side surface, thereby adjusting the first oblique side surface.
  • the distance between the oblique side surface and the parallel surface is equal to the outer dimension of the pipe; when switching pipes, the distance between the first oblique side surface and the parallel surface can be automatically adjusted according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine In order to be equal to the external dimensions of the required type of pipe, it is ensured that when the pusher assembly pushes up different types of pipes, the pusher assembly can still only push several pipes up to the stopper in a single-layer, non-stacked manner. In terms of components, the automatic pipe feeding device has strong applicability.
  • the included angle between the first oblique side surface and the second oblique side surface is a right angle
  • the stopper assembly includes a receiving surface perpendicular to the second oblique side surface; the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface
  • the distance between the sides is adjustable.
  • the distributing device further includes a stopper motor, the stopper motor is arranged on the frame, and the stopper motor is located at the bottom end of the discharging side of the distributing device, the stopper motor
  • the output shaft is provided with a first stop sprocket
  • the frame is provided with a second stop sprocket
  • a stop chain is arranged between the first stop sprocket and the second stop sprocket, so The stopper chain is connected to the stopper assembly.
  • the assembly moves in the direction perpendicular to the first inclined side surface, not only can the distance between the receiving surface and the first inclined side surface be adjusted automatically according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine when the pipe is switched
  • the external dimensions of the model pipe are required so that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface, and the movement of the stopper assembly in the direction perpendicular to the first oblique side surface can also deliver the pipe.
  • the measuring device further includes a measuring device, the measuring device is arranged on the frame, and the measuring device is located above the stopper assembly, the measuring device includes a first cylinder and a displacement sensor, the first The piston rod of the cylinder is connected to the displacement sensor, the displacement sensor is perpendicular to the second oblique side surface.
  • the measuring device is located above the stopper assembly, and the piston rod of the first cylinder drives the displacement sensor.
  • the displacement sensor is compressed from the surface of the conflicting pipe to the displacement sensor, and the outer dimension of the pipe is measured by the displacement difference of the displacement sensor; the outer dimension of the pipe can be measured, and the measured value is used to determine whether the model of the pipe is a cut pipe The type of pipe required by the machine.
  • the measuring device further includes a pressing plate and a connecting plate, the connecting plate connects the piston rod of the first cylinder with the displacement sensor, and the pressing plate is slidably arranged on the connecting plate
  • the displacement sensor is arranged in the pressing plate, and the displacement sensor is fixedly connected to the pressing plate;
  • the pressing plate includes a pressing surface, and the pressing surface is connected to the second inclined surface. The side surfaces are parallel.
  • the pressing surface is parallel to the second oblique side surface, that is, the pressing surface is parallel to the surface of the pipe, and the first cylinder drives the pressing plate to make the pressing
  • the tube is better compressed by the surface, and after the compression surface is compressed and fixed, the first cylinder drives the displacement sensor to measure the outer dimension of the tube, which improves the measurement accuracy of the displacement sensor.
  • the material receiving device includes a material receiving frame, a pull rope assembly, an intermediate shaft, and a material pulling motor; the end of the material receiving frame hinged to the frame is a discharge end, and the discharge end is located at the On the feeding side of the distributing device, one end of the receiving rack opposite to the discharging end is the feeding end, and the pulling rope assembly is provided on both sides of the receiving rack perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, One end of the pull rope assembly is hingedly connected to the feed end of the material receiving frame, the intermediate shaft is arranged on both sides of the frame, and the intermediate shaft is higher than the material receiving frame; The other end of the rope assembly bypasses the intermediate shaft and is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the pulling motor.
  • the axes of the intermediate shaft and the output shaft of the pulling motor are perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe.
  • the output shaft of the pulling motor rotates, and the pulling rope assembly is wound around the output shaft of the pulling motor, so that the pulling rope assembly pulls the pulling frame around the pulling frame and the
  • the hinged end of the frame rotates, that is, the feed end of the pull frame rotates upwards around the discharge end of the pull frame, so that the pull device sends the pipe from the automatic storage to the substation.
  • this feeding method can realize the feeding of large quantities of pipes and improve the feeding efficiency.
  • the conveying device includes a belt and a lifting device, one end of the belt is arranged on the discharging side of the distributing device, the other end of the belt is provided with the lifting device, and the lifting device includes a limiter.
  • the output shaft of the lifting motor is provided with the lifting gear, and the lifting gear meshes and cooperates with the lifting rack.
  • the conveying device further includes a manipulator, a conveying motor, and a clamping motor
  • the manipulator is arranged on the frame, and the manipulator includes an upper clamp and a lower clamp, between the upper clamp and the lower clamp.
  • the clamping motor drives the opposite clamping or separation between the upper clamp and the lower clamp;
  • the conveying motor drives the manipulator in a direction parallel to the conveying direction of the pipe Move, by setting up in this way, the upper clamp and the lower clamp can be clamped to each other synchronously, ensuring that the center point of the pipe is still at the specified fixed height. Even if the manipulator clamps different types of pipes, the pipe can still be held. The center point of is at the specified fixed height, and then the manipulator is accurately sent to the pipe cutting machine for processing through the conveying motor.
  • the lifting device is further provided with a length detection device along both sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, and the length detection device includes a first baffle provided on one side of the lifting device, and another A second baffle and a servo motor on one side; the servo motor drives the first baffle to move toward the second baffle in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying.
  • the servo motor drives the first baffle.
  • One baffle hits one end of the pipe, and the other end of the pipe hits the second baffle.
  • the length of the pipe is calculated according to the difference in the moving distance of the servo motor, and the pipe is sent to the cutting pipe according to the length value provided by the servo motor. The cutting distance of the machine.
  • the automatic material warehouse switches the required pipe model according to the needs of the pipe cutting machine.
  • the automatic pipe feeding device also adjusts the distance between the parallel surface and the first oblique side to be equal to the required pipe cutting machine.
  • the external dimensions of the model that requires the pipe even if the external dimensions of the pipe are different, it can still ensure that the pusher assembly can only push several pipes upward in a single-layer, non-stacked form.
  • the infrared sensor detects that there is one When the pipe falls on the stopper assembly, the infrared sensor sends a signal to control the pusher assembly to retreat, which can ensure that one and only one pipe falls on the stopper assembly; when the pipe is switched, the parallel The surface and the first oblique side surface can be automatically adjusted, the whole process does not require manual participation, the intelligent automation degree is high, the applicability is strong, and the production cost is reduced.
  • the displacement sensor of the measuring device can measure the outer dimensions of the pipe, so as to determine whether the type of the pipe is the type of the pipe required by the pipe cutter.
  • the pushing device can only push several pipes upward in a single-layer, non-stacked form, and only one pipe can fall into the stopper assembly, the feeding device can feed in large quantities. It does not need to feed single pipes one by one, which improves the efficiency of feeding.
  • Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the assembly shaft side of an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the axial side of a part of the structure of the embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 4 is another axial schematic view of part of the structure of the embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of the relationship of FIG. 4 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of the relationship of FIG. 4 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an axial side of a part of the structure of an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 7 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 7 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a partial structural diagram of a conveying device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 11 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a measuring device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 13 is a schematic view of the shaft side of the bottom frame and the stopper assembly of the embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram of another axial side of the assembly of the base frame and the stopper assembly according to the embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 15 is a schematic diagram of a separation assembly of an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of a pusher assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • First cylinder 4.4. Connecting plate; 5. Conveying device; 5.1. Second baffle; 5.2. First baffle; 5.3. Limit post; 5.4. Undertake column; 5.5, lifting rack; 5.6, lifting gear; 5.7, manipulator mounting seat; 5.8, lower clamp; 5.9, upper clamp; 5.10, conveyor belt; 5.11, conveyor belt mounting seat; 5.12, transmission belt.
  • this embodiment discloses an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes a frame 1, a material receiving device 2, a material distributing device 3, and a conveying device 5.
  • the frame 1 includes a base frame 1.2, frames 1.1 arranged on both sides of the base frame 1.2 in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, and beams 1.3 arranged at the tops of the frames 1.1 on both sides.
  • the material receiving device 2 is docked with the automatic material storage device, and the material receiving device 2 sends a number of pipes from the automatic material storage device to the material distribution device 3.
  • the distributing device 3 includes a pusher component 3.21, a separation component 3.19, a stopper component and an infrared sensor 3.20; the separation component 3.19 is arranged on the chassis 1.2, and the separation component 3.19 includes a first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2, the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2 are connected, and the pusher assembly 3.21 is slidably arranged on one side of the first oblique side 3.19.1 to form
  • the pusher assembly 3.21 includes an abutment surface 3.21.2 perpendicular to the first oblique side 3.19.1 and a parallel surface 3.21.1 parallel to the first oblique side 3.19.1, and a parallel surface 3.21.
  • the stopper component is slidably arranged on one side of the second oblique side 3.19.2 to form a component
  • the discharge side of the material device 3 the infrared sensor 3.20 is arranged at the intersection of the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2, and the surface of the infrared sensor 3.20 does not protrude from the first oblique side 3.19.1 and On the second oblique side 3.19.2, the pusher assembly 3.21 pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly.
  • the conveying device 5 is docked with the distributing device 3, and the conveying device 5 conveys the pipe from the discharging side of the distributing device 3 to the pipe cutting machine.
  • the automatic material warehouse switches the required pipe model according to the needs of the pipe cutting machine, and the automatic pipe feeding device is also based on the needs of the pipe cutting machine.
  • the distance between the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be adjusted to be equal to
  • the size of the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine that is, the width of the pipe required; even if the size of the pipe is different, the distance between the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be automatically adjusted to be equal to the pipe
  • the external dimensions of the single-layer pipe can ensure that the pusher assembly 3.21 can only push several pipes upwards in a single-layer, non-stacked form.
  • the infrared sensor 3.20 detects a pipe, that is, the uppermost pipe of the single-layer pipe falls into the stopper assembly .
  • the infrared sensor 3.20 sends a signal to control the pusher assembly 3.21 to retract, which can ensure that one and only one of the several pipes in a single layer can fall into the stopper assembly; when the pipes are switched, the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side surface 3.19.1 It can be automatically adjusted, the whole process does not require operator involvement, the degree of intelligent automation is high, and the production cost is reduced; the automatic pipe feeding device can be applied to different types of pipes for feeding, and has strong applicability.
  • the distributing device 3 also includes a pusher motor 3.1.
  • the pusher motor 3.1 is set on the chassis 1.2.
  • the output shaft of the pusher motor 3.1 is connected with a pusher reduction box 3.2 to reduce the speed of the pusher.
  • Box 3.2 decelerates the speed of the pusher motor 3.1 and outputs it to the first pusher sprocket 3.12.
  • the underframe 1.2 is also provided with a second pusher sprocket 3.14, the first pusher sprocket 3.12 and the second pusher sprocket.
  • the pusher assembly 3.21 is set on the pusher slide 3.13 of the underframe 1.2, and the pusher slide 3.13 is parallel to the first pipe along the conveying direction of the pipe.
  • An oblique side 3.19.1; the pushing motor 3.1 drives the pushing chain to work, thereby driving the pushing assembly 3.21 along the pushing slide 3.13 to push up or back down.
  • the distributing device 3 also includes a separation motor 3.3.
  • the separation motor 3.3 is arranged on the chassis 1.2, and the separation motor 3.3 is located below the separation assembly 3.19.
  • the separation motor 3.3 is output to the first separation sprocket through the separation reduction box 3.4 3.5.
  • the passive shaft driven by the separation motor 3.3 is provided with a second separation sprocket 3.6 and a separation gear 3.7.
  • a separation chain is provided between the first separation sprocket 3.5 and the second separation sprocket 3.6.
  • the separation rack 3.8 of the separation assembly 3.19 is engaged and matched.
  • the separation assembly 3.19 is arranged on the separation slide 3.9 of the frame 1.
  • the separation slide 3.9 is perpendicular to the first inclined side 3.19.1.
  • the separation motor 3.3 works by driving the separation chain, thereby The separation gear 3.7 on the driven shaft is engaged with the separation rack 3.8 to drive the separation assembly 3.19 to move in a direction perpendicular to the first inclined side surface 3.19.1, thereby adjusting the first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21
  • the distance between .1 is equal to the outer dimensions of the pipe; when switching pipes, the separation motor 3.3 can drive the separation assembly 3.19 to move in the direction perpendicular to the first oblique side 3.19.1 according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine.
  • the stopper assembly includes a stop 3.18 and a stop mounting seat 3.15.
  • the stop 3.18 is fixedly installed on the stop.
  • On the mounting seat 3.15, the stop 3.18 includes a receiving surface 3.18.1 perpendicular to the second oblique side 3.19.2.
  • the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 is adjustable.
  • the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be adjusted to be equal to the outer dimension of the pipe , So that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1, which further ensures that only one of the several pipes in a single layer can fall into the stopper assembly.
  • the material distribution device 3 also includes a stopper motor, the stopper motor is arranged on the bottom frame 1.2, and the stopper motor is located at the bottom end of the discharge side of the distributor 3, the output shaft of the stopper motor
  • a first stop sprocket is provided
  • a second stop sprocket 3.16 is provided on the underframe 1.2
  • a stop chain is arranged between the first stop sprocket and the second stop sprocket 3.16
  • the stop assembly further includes The second cylinder 3.22 and the stop slide 3.23, the stop chain is connected to the stop mounting seat 3.15, the stop mounting seat 3.15 is set on the stop slide 3.17 of the chassis 1.2, and the stop slide 3.17 is perpendicular to the first inclined Side 3.19.1;
  • the second cylinder 3.22 is set on the stopper mounting seat 3.15, and the piston rod of the second cylinder 3.22 is fixedly connected to the stopper 3.18, the stopper 3.18 is fixedly connected to the stopper slide 3.23, and the stopper slide 3.
  • the stopper motor works by driving the stopper chain to drive the stopper assembly to move up and down along the stopper slide 3.17, that is, drive the stop 3.18 to move up and down along the stopper slide 3.17 ; Not only can the stopper motor drive the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17 when switching pipes, according to the different dimensions of the different types of pipes, the distance between the bearing surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 It is automatically adjusted to be equal to the outer dimension of the pipe, so that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1, and the downward movement of the stop 3.18 along the stop slide 3.17 can move the pipe Send to the conveying device 5.
  • the automatic pipe feeding device further includes a measuring device 4, which is arranged in one side of the frame 1.1, and the measuring device 4 is located above the stopper assembly, and the measuring device 4 includes a first Cylinder 4.3 and displacement sensor 4.2, the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 is connected to the displacement sensor 4.2, the displacement sensor 4.2 is perpendicular to the second oblique side, that is, the displacement sensor 4.2 is perpendicular to the measuring surface of the pipe, and the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 drives the displacement sensor 4.2 From the measuring surface of the conflicting pipe to the displacement sensor 4.2 being compressed, the outer dimension of the pipe located on the stopper assembly is measured by the compression amount of the displacement sensor 4.2, that is, the difference in the movement, and the pipe model is judged by the measured value Whether it is the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine.
  • the measuring device 4 also includes a compression plate 4.1 and a connecting plate 4.4.
  • the connecting plate 4.4 connects the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 with the displacement sensor 4.2.
  • the compression plate 4.1 is slidably arranged on On the connecting plate 4.4, the displacement sensor 4.2 is arranged in the pressing plate 4.1, and the end of the displacement sensor 4.2 away from the first cylinder 4.3 is fixedly connected to the pressing plate 4.1;
  • the pressing plate 4.1 includes a pressing surface 4.1.1, a pressing surface 4.1.1 is parallel to the second oblique side 3.19.2, that is, the pressing surface 4.1.1 is parallel to the measuring surface of the pipe, the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 drives the pressing plate 4.1 to move downward to make the pressing surface 4.1.1 more The pipe is well compressed.
  • the first cylinder 4.3 drives the displacement sensor 4.2 to measure the outer dimensions of the pipe and improves the accuracy of the displacement sensor 4.2.
  • the material receiving device 2 includes a material receiving frame 2.1, a rope pull assembly 2.2, an intermediate shaft 2.3 and a material drawing motor 10; the output shaft of the material drawing motor 10 is connected to the material drawing reduction box 3.11, and the material receiving frame 2.1 is connected to
  • the hinged end of the chassis 1.2 is the discharging end, and the discharging end is located on the feeding side of the distributing device 3.
  • the end of the receiving frame 2.1 and the discharging end opposite to the discharging end is the feeding end.
  • the feeding end of the receiving frame 2.1 is connected to the Automatic silo docking, the receiving rack 2.1 is provided with draw rope assemblies 2.2 along the two sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, one end of the draw rope assembly is hingedly connected with the feeding end of the receiving rack 2.1, and the intermediate shaft 2.3 is set on the door frames on both sides On the upper part, the other end of the pull rope assembly 2.2 bypasses the intermediate shaft 2.3 and is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11.
  • the axes of the intermediate shaft 2.3 and the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11 are perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe.
  • the output shaft of the motor 10 rotates, after being decelerated by the material pulling reduction box 3.11, the pulling rope assembly 2.2 is driven by the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11, and the pulling rope assembly 2.2 is wound around the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11, making the pulling
  • the rope assembly 2.2 is gradually tightened and the pulling frame is rotated around the end hinged between the pulling frame and the bottom frame 1.2, that is, the feeding end of the pulling frame rotates upwards around the output end of the pulling frame, so that the pulling device will remove the pipe. It is sent from the automatic storage to the distribution device 3.
  • This feeding method can realize the feeding of large batches of pipes and improve the feeding efficiency.
  • the conveying device 5 includes a conveying belt 5.12 and a lifting device.
  • One end of the conveying belt 5.12 is set on the discharge side of the distributing device 3, and the other end of the conveying belt 5.12 is provided with a lifting device.
  • the lifting device includes an upright Limiting column 5.3, horizontal receiving column 5.4, lifting rack 5.5, lifting gear 5.6 and lifting motor, the side of receiving column 5.4 away from the distributing device 3 is the outer side, and the upper side of the receiving column 5.4 is provided with a limiting column 5.3 to accept
  • the conveying device 5 also includes a manipulator, a manipulator mounting seat 5.7, a conveying motor, a clamping motor, a conveying belt 5.10, and a conveying belt mounting seat 5.11.
  • the manipulator mounting seat 5.7 is set under the cross beam 1.3, and the manipulator It is fixedly installed in the manipulator mounting seat 5.7.
  • the manipulator includes an upper clamp 5.9 and a lower clamp 5.8. Both the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 include a clamping block and a clamping rack.
  • the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are arranged opposite to each other to clamp the motor
  • the output shaft is connected with a clamping gear
  • the clamping racks of the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are meshed with the same clamping gear
  • the clamping motor drives the opposite clamping or clamping between the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8.
  • the conveyor belt 5.10 is installed on the beam 1.3
  • the conveyor belt 5.10 is installed on the conveyor belt installation seat 5.11
  • the conveyor belt 5.10 is connected with the manipulator
  • the output shaft of the conveyor motor is connected with the pulley at the end of the conveyor belt 5.10 to drive the conveyor.
  • the belt 5.10 drives the manipulator to move in the direction parallel to the pipe conveying.
  • the clamping racks of the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are meshed with the same clamping gear, which can realize the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8. Synchronously clamp in opposite directions, and the center point of the manipulator is at the same height as the center point of the pipe to ensure that the center point of the pipe is still at the specified fixed height. Even if the manipulator clamps different types of pipes, the center point of the pipe can still be kept at At the specified fixed height, the manipulator is accurately sent to the pipe cutting machine for processing through the conveying motor.
  • the lifting device is also provided with length detection devices along both sides perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe.
  • the length detection device includes a first baffle 5.2 provided on one side of the lifting device, and a first baffle 5.2 provided on the lifting device.
  • the automatic material warehouse automatically fetches materials according to the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine.
  • the automatic pipe feeding device according to the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine, the program controls the separation motor 3.3 to drive the separation chain to drive
  • the separation assembly 3.19 moves along the separation slide 3.9, so that the distance between the first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 is automatically adjusted to be equal to the shape of the pipe; at the same time, the program controls the stopper motor to drive the stopper chain, thereby Drive the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17, so that the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 is automatically adjusted to be equal to the external dimension of the pipe; after the adjustment, the automatic hopper will be a bundle
  • the pipe is sent to the material receiving device 2, and the material pulling motor 10 drives the rope assembly 2.2, thereby driving the feeding end of the material receiving frame 2.1 to turn upwards around the discharge end of the material receiving frame 2.1, and the one sent from the automatic
  • the outer red sensor sends a signal to control the push
  • the feed motor 3.1 reverses to make the pusher assembly 3.21 retreat to the initial point; the initial state of the second cylinder 3.23 is extended to the maximum distance.
  • the infrared sensor 3.20 detects that the pipe falls into the stopper assembly, it drives the second cylinder 3.23 The piston rod retracts and the pipe is sent to the bottom of the measuring device 4.
  • the pressure plate 4.1 of the measuring device 4 initially drops to the lowest point by its own weight, but the pressure plate 4.1 is still placed on top of the pipe, and then the first part of the measuring device 4
  • the piston cover of a cylinder 4.3 drives the connecting plate 4.4 to move toward the pipe, and the pressing plate 4.1 moves along with the connecting plate toward the pipe until the pressing surface 4.1.1 of the pressing plate 4.1 touches the measuring surface of the pipe.
  • the connecting plate 4.4 moves relative to the pressure plate 4.1 towards the direction of the pipe groove, so that the displacement sensor 4.2 is continuously compressed, and the displacement is determined by the compression of the displacement sensor 4.2.
  • the difference of the amount of measurement measures the outer dimensions of the pipe, so as to determine whether the model of the pipe is the model that needs to be processed by the pipe cutting machine; if not, the stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to slide up along the stopper slide 3.17, and the pipe Push to the pusher assembly 3.21, and then switch the pipe; if it is, the stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to move down along the stopper slide 3.17, when the bearing surface 3.18.1 of the stopper assembly drops below the 5.12 conveyor belt On On the surface, the upper surface of the conveying belt 5.12 transmits the pipe to the lifting device, and the limit column 5.3 restricts the continuous transmission of the pipe.
  • the lifting device is based on the outer dimensions of the pipe obtained by the measuring device 4, and the lifting motor drives the lifting device to rise to lift the pipe.
  • the servo motor calculates the length of the pipe by the difference of the moving distance.
  • the conveying motor drives the manipulator to move along the pipe conveying direction
  • the clamping motor drives the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 to simultaneously clamp each other, and the manipulator clamps
  • the lifting motor reverses to drive the lifting device down
  • the conveying motor continues to drive the manipulator to move along the pipe conveying direction until the center point of the pipe coincides with the center point of the pipe cutter clamp; after the pipe cutter clamps the pipe ,
  • the clamping motor reversibly drives the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 to open apart, and the conveying motor reverses to drive the manipulator back to the initial point.
  • the pulling motor 10 reverses to drive the pulling frame back to the initial point; the automatic storage hopper takes away the remaining pipes; the automatic storage hopper then takes the other required by the pipe cutting machine
  • the type of pipe is conveyed to the receiving device 2; the separation motor 3.3 drives the separation assembly 3.19 to move along the separation slide 3.9, and automatically adjusts the distance between the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 to be the outer dimension of the pipe .
  • the stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17, and automatically adjust the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 to the shape of the pipe; repeat the above steps after the adjustment is completed.
  • the entire process does not require operator involvement, and the degree of intelligent automation is high, which reduces production costs; it can measure pipes and judge the type of pipes; the pulling device can feed large quantities of pipes to improve the efficiency of feeding; suitable for unused Models of pipes are loaded with strong applicability.

Abstract

An automated pipe feeding device comprises a machine frame (1), a receiving device (2), a distribution device (3), a measurement device, and a conveying device (5). The receiving device conveys multiple pipes from an automated warehouse to the distribution device. The distribution device comprises a pushing assembly (3.21), a separation assembly (3.19), a blocking assembly, and an infrared sensor (3.20). The pushing assembly and the blocking assembly are respectively provided on two sides of the separation assembly to form a feeding side and a discharging side of the distribution device. A distance between the separation assembly and the pushing assembly is adjustable. Multiple pipes can only be pushed upwards one layer at a time without being stacked. The infrared sensor is provided at a top end of the separation assembly. The measurement device is located above the blocking assembly. The measurement device comprises a displacement sensor for measuring the size of a pipe. The conveying device conveys a single pipe from the discharging side of the distribution device to a pipe cutting machine. The automated pipe feeding device automatically switches pipes, is intelligent and automated, measures the size of pipes to determine types thereof, is widely applicable, and reduces production costs.

Description

一种管材自动上料装置Automatic pipe feeding device 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及管材上料技术领域,具体涉及一种管材自动上料装置。The invention relates to the technical field of pipe feeding, in particular to an automatic pipe feeding device.
背景技术Background technique
在切管自动上料的领域中,还没有做到全智能化生产,在不同的管材选择方面还需要人工装在,不仅降低了生产效率,而且还提高了生产成本。In the field of automatic pipe feeding, fully intelligent production has not yet been achieved. Different pipe materials need to be manually installed, which not only reduces production efficiency, but also increases production costs.
市面上目前都是单独的切管机或者单独的上料机构,存在智能化程度低,成功率不高和稳定性差的情况,在切换不同的管材时需要人工切换,不仅效率低,而且还需要使用吊机等设备进行切换管材,但是吊机等设备兼容不了料库,实现不了无人操作功能和大规模生产。At present, there are separate pipe cutting machines or separate feeding mechanisms on the market, which have low intelligence, low success rate and poor stability. Manual switching is required when switching between different pipes, which is not only inefficient, but also requires Use cranes and other equipment to switch pipes, but cranes and other equipment are not compatible with the material warehouse, and cannot realize unmanned operation and large-scale production.
现有技术CN108840068A公开了一种管材自动上料装置,包括一体式承料库、调距装置、管材分料装置、压管装置、顶料装置、及滑台移送装置;所述一体式承料库的出料端与管材分料装置的进料端衔接;管材分料装置的出料端与顶料装置衔接;顶料装置的顶端与滑台移动装置的进料端衔接;所述调距装置设置在一体式承料库上,用于使管材单送至管材分料装置时为单排、不叠加状态;所述压管装置设置在管材分料装置的上方,用于使管材在分料装置为单排前后依次前进状态。虽然该管材自动上料装置的一体式承料库可承载多根管材,自动上料,省时省力,效率高;设置的调距装置和可拆卸拉块可适应不同规格、尺寸的管材拉绳;但是该管材自动上料装置在切换管材时,仍需人工调整所述调距装置,切换管材的上料效率仍然偏低,自动化程度仍然偏低;并且设有所述调距装置,大量的管材需要单层地从一体式承料库输出,容易发生堵塞情况。The prior art CN108840068A discloses an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes an integrated material receiving warehouse, a distance adjusting device, a pipe material distributing device, a pipe pressing device, an ejector device, and a sliding table transfer device; the integrated material bearing device The discharge end of the library is connected with the feed end of the pipe material distributing device; the discharge end of the pipe distributing device is connected with the ejecting device; the top end of the ejecting device is connected with the feeding end of the sliding table moving device; the pitch adjustment The device is arranged on the integrated material storage, and is used to make the pipes in a single row and non-overlapping state when the pipes are sent to the pipe distribution device; the pipe pressing device is arranged above the pipe distribution device to make the pipes in the distribution device. The feeding device is in a single row forward and backward in sequence. Although the integrated material storage of the automatic pipe feeding device can carry multiple pipes, the automatic feeding saves time and effort, and has high efficiency; the set pitch adjustment device and detachable pull block can adapt to different specifications and sizes of pipe drawstrings. ; However, the automatic pipe feeding device still needs to manually adjust the distance adjustment device when switching pipes, the feeding efficiency of the switching pipe is still low, and the degree of automation is still low; and the distance adjustment device is provided with a large number of The pipes need to be output from the integrated storage in a single layer, which is prone to blockage.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明的目的在于提供一种管材自动上料装置,其包括机架、接料装置、分料装置、测量装置及输送装置,该管材自动上料装置具有可自动切换管材、智能化自动化程度高、降低生产成本、能测量管材、判断管材型号、大批量管材进料及适用性强的优点。In order to solve the above technical problems, the purpose of the present invention is to provide an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes a frame, a receiving device, a distributing device, a measuring device, and a conveying device. The automatic pipe feeding device has an automatic switching of pipes. , The advantages of high degree of intelligent automation, lower production cost, ability to measure pipes, judge pipe types, large quantities of pipe feeding and strong applicability.
为实现上述发明目的,本发明采取的技术方案如下:In order to achieve the above-mentioned purpose of the invention, the technical solutions adopted by the present invention are as follows:
一种管材自动上料装置,包括机架、接料装置、分料装置及输送装置;An automatic pipe feeding device, including a frame, a receiving device, a distributing device and a conveying device;
所述接料装置与自动料库对接,所述接料装置将若干管材从所述自动料库送至所述分料装置;The material receiving device is docked with an automatic material storage, and the material receiving device sends a number of pipes from the automatic material storage to the material distributing device;
所述分料装置包括推料组件、分离组件、挡料组件及红外传感器;所述分离组件设置在所述机架上,所述分离组件包括第一斜侧面及第二斜侧面,所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面连接;所述推料组件可滑动地设置在所述第一斜侧面上,形成所述分料装置的进料侧,所述推料组件包括垂直于所述第一斜侧面的抵触面及平行于所述第一斜侧面的平行面,所述平行面与所述抵触面连接,所述平行面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离可调;所述挡料组件可滑动地设置在所述第二斜侧面上,形成所述分料装置的出料侧;所述红外传感器设置在所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面的交线处,所述推料组件将管材向上推送至所述挡料组件;The distributing device includes a pusher component, a separation component, a stopper component and an infrared sensor; the separation component is arranged on the frame, and the separation component includes a first oblique side surface and a second oblique side surface. An oblique side surface is connected to the second oblique side surface; the pusher assembly is slidably arranged on the first oblique side surface to form the feed side of the material distributing device, and the pusher assembly includes An abutting surface of the first oblique side surface and a parallel surface parallel to the first oblique side surface, the parallel surface is connected to the abutting surface, and the distance between the parallel surface and the first oblique side surface is adjustable; The stopper assembly is slidably arranged on the second oblique side to form the discharge side of the distributing device; the infrared sensor is arranged at the intersection of the first oblique side and the second oblique side At the line, the pusher assembly pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly;
所述输送装置与所述分料装置对接,所述输送装置将管材从所述分料装置的出料侧输送至切管机。The conveying device is docked with the distributing device, and the conveying device conveys the pipe from the discharge side of the distributing device to the pipe cutting machine.
作为优选,所述分料装置还包括分离电机,所述分离电机设置机架上,并且所述分离电机位于所述分离组件的下方,所述分离电机的输出轴设有第一分离链轮,被所述分离电机驱动的被动轴设有第二分离链轮及分离齿轮,所述第一分离链轮及所述第二分离链轮之间设有分离链条,所述分离齿轮与设置在所述分离组件的分离齿条啮合配合,所述分离组件设置在所述机架的分离滑轨上,所述分离滑轨垂直于所述第一斜侧面,通过这样设置,所述分离电机通过驱动所述分离链条工作,从而使所述被动轴上的分离齿轮通过与分离齿条的啮合配合,驱动所述分离组件沿垂直于所述第一斜侧面的方向进行移动,从而调整所述第一斜侧面与所述平行面之间的距离等于管材的外形尺寸;在切换管材时,能够根据切管机所需的管材型号,自动调整所述第一斜侧面与所述平行面之间的距离为等于所需型号管材的外形尺寸,保证所述推料组件在向上推送不同型号的管材时,所述推料组件依旧只能单层、不层叠的形式将若干管材向上推送至所述挡料组件上,管材自动上料装置的适用性强。Preferably, the distributing device further includes a separation motor, the separation motor is arranged on the frame, and the separation motor is located below the separation assembly, and the output shaft of the separation motor is provided with a first separation sprocket, The driven shaft driven by the separation motor is provided with a second separation sprocket and a separation gear, a separation chain is provided between the first separation sprocket and the second separation sprocket, and the separation gear is connected to the The separating rack of the separating assembly is engaged and matched, the separating assembly is arranged on the separating slide rail of the rack, and the separating slide rail is perpendicular to the first oblique side surface. By such arrangement, the separating motor is driven by The separation chain works, so that the separation gear on the driven shaft engages with the separation rack to drive the separation assembly to move in a direction perpendicular to the first oblique side surface, thereby adjusting the first oblique side surface. The distance between the oblique side surface and the parallel surface is equal to the outer dimension of the pipe; when switching pipes, the distance between the first oblique side surface and the parallel surface can be automatically adjusted according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine In order to be equal to the external dimensions of the required type of pipe, it is ensured that when the pusher assembly pushes up different types of pipes, the pusher assembly can still only push several pipes up to the stopper in a single-layer, non-stacked manner. In terms of components, the automatic pipe feeding device has strong applicability.
作为优选,所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面的夹角为直角,所述挡料组件包括垂直于所述第二斜侧面的承接面;所述承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离可调,通过这样设置,当所述推料组件将管材向上推送至所述挡料组件时,即使所述推料组件稍有过冲的情况下,所述承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离可调整为等于管材的外形尺寸,使得所述 承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间仅能容纳一根管材,即保证有且仅有一根管材能掉进所述挡料组件上。Preferably, the included angle between the first oblique side surface and the second oblique side surface is a right angle, and the stopper assembly includes a receiving surface perpendicular to the second oblique side surface; the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface The distance between the sides is adjustable. Through this setting, when the pusher assembly pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly, even if the pusher assembly slightly overshoots, the bearing surface and the The distance between the first oblique side surface can be adjusted to be equal to the outer dimension of the pipe, so that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface, that is, it is guaranteed that only one pipe can fall into it. On the stopper assembly.
作为优选,所述分料装置还包括挡料电机,所述挡料电机设置在机架上,并且所述挡料电机位于所述分料装置的出料侧的底端,所述挡料电机的输出轴设有第一挡料链轮,所述机架设有第二挡料链轮,所述第一挡料链轮与所述第二挡料链轮之间设有挡料链条,所述挡料链条与所述挡料组件连接,通过这样设置,由于所述挡料链条与所述挡料组件连接,所述挡料电机通过驱动所述挡料链条工作,从而驱动所述挡料组件沿垂直于所述第一斜侧面的方向移动,不仅能够在切换管材时,根据切管机所需的管材型号,自动调整所述承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离等于所需型号管材的外形尺寸,使得所述承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间仍只能容纳一根管材,而且挡料组件沿垂直于所述第一斜侧面的方向移动还能将管材送至所述输送装置中。Preferably, the distributing device further includes a stopper motor, the stopper motor is arranged on the frame, and the stopper motor is located at the bottom end of the discharging side of the distributing device, the stopper motor The output shaft is provided with a first stop sprocket, the frame is provided with a second stop sprocket, a stop chain is arranged between the first stop sprocket and the second stop sprocket, so The stopper chain is connected to the stopper assembly. Through this arrangement, since the stopper chain is connected to the stopper assembly, the stopper motor works by driving the stopper chain to drive the stopper. The assembly moves in the direction perpendicular to the first inclined side surface, not only can the distance between the receiving surface and the first inclined side surface be adjusted automatically according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine when the pipe is switched The external dimensions of the model pipe are required so that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface, and the movement of the stopper assembly in the direction perpendicular to the first oblique side surface can also deliver the pipe. To the conveying device.
作为优选,还包括测量装置,所述测量装置设置在所述机架上,并且所述测量装置位于所述挡料组件的上方,所述测量装置包括第一气缸及位移传感器,所述第一气缸的活塞杆连接所述位移传感器,所述位移传感器垂直于所述第二斜侧面,通过这样设置,所述测量装置位于所述挡料组件的上方,所述第一气缸的活塞杆驱动所述位移传感器从抵触管材的表面至所述位移传感器被压缩,通过所述位移传感器的位移差测量处管材的外形尺寸;能够得测量管材的外形尺寸,通过测量值判断管材的型号是否为切管机所需的管材型号。Preferably, it further includes a measuring device, the measuring device is arranged on the frame, and the measuring device is located above the stopper assembly, the measuring device includes a first cylinder and a displacement sensor, the first The piston rod of the cylinder is connected to the displacement sensor, the displacement sensor is perpendicular to the second oblique side surface. By such arrangement, the measuring device is located above the stopper assembly, and the piston rod of the first cylinder drives the displacement sensor. The displacement sensor is compressed from the surface of the conflicting pipe to the displacement sensor, and the outer dimension of the pipe is measured by the displacement difference of the displacement sensor; the outer dimension of the pipe can be measured, and the measured value is used to determine whether the model of the pipe is a cut pipe The type of pipe required by the machine.
作为优选,所述测量装置还包括压紧板及连接板,所述连接板将所述第一气缸的活塞杆与所述位移传感器连接,所述压紧板可滑动地设置在所述连接板上,所述位移传感器设置在所述压紧板内,且所述位移传感器与所述压紧板固定连接;所述压紧板包括压紧面,所述压紧面与所述第二斜侧面平行,通过这样设置,所述压紧面与所述第二斜侧面平行,即所述压紧面与所述管材的表面平行,所述第一气缸驱动所述压紧板能够使压紧面更好地压紧管材,压紧面压紧固定管材后,第一气缸再驱动位移传感器测量管材的外形尺寸,提高所述位移传感器测量的精准度。Preferably, the measuring device further includes a pressing plate and a connecting plate, the connecting plate connects the piston rod of the first cylinder with the displacement sensor, and the pressing plate is slidably arranged on the connecting plate In the above, the displacement sensor is arranged in the pressing plate, and the displacement sensor is fixedly connected to the pressing plate; the pressing plate includes a pressing surface, and the pressing surface is connected to the second inclined surface. The side surfaces are parallel. By setting it in this way, the pressing surface is parallel to the second oblique side surface, that is, the pressing surface is parallel to the surface of the pipe, and the first cylinder drives the pressing plate to make the pressing The tube is better compressed by the surface, and after the compression surface is compressed and fixed, the first cylinder drives the displacement sensor to measure the outer dimension of the tube, which improves the measurement accuracy of the displacement sensor.
作为优选,所述接料装置包括接料架、拉绳组件、中间轴及拉料电机;所述接料架与所述机架铰接的一端为出料端,所述出料端位于所述分料装置的进料侧,所述接料架与所述出料端相对设置的一端为进料端,所述接料架沿垂直于管材输送方向的两侧设有所述拉绳组件,所述拉绳组件的一端与所述接料架的进料端铰接连接,所述中间轴设置在所述机 架的两侧,并且所述中间轴高于所述接料架;所述拉绳组件的另一端绕过所述中间轴与所述拉料电机的输出轴固定连接,所述中间轴及所述拉料电机的输出轴的轴线均垂直于管材的输送方向,通过这样设置,所述拉料电机的输出轴旋转,所述拉绳组件绕着所述拉料电机的输出轴缠绕,使得所述拉绳组件拉着所述拉料架绕着所述拉料架与所述机架铰接的一端旋转,即所述拉料架的进料端绕着所述拉料架的出料端向上旋转,使得所述拉料装置将管材从所述自动料库送至所述分料装置上;并且这种进料方式能实现大批量管材的进料,提高进料的效率。Preferably, the material receiving device includes a material receiving frame, a pull rope assembly, an intermediate shaft, and a material pulling motor; the end of the material receiving frame hinged to the frame is a discharge end, and the discharge end is located at the On the feeding side of the distributing device, one end of the receiving rack opposite to the discharging end is the feeding end, and the pulling rope assembly is provided on both sides of the receiving rack perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, One end of the pull rope assembly is hingedly connected to the feed end of the material receiving frame, the intermediate shaft is arranged on both sides of the frame, and the intermediate shaft is higher than the material receiving frame; The other end of the rope assembly bypasses the intermediate shaft and is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the pulling motor. The axes of the intermediate shaft and the output shaft of the pulling motor are perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe. The output shaft of the pulling motor rotates, and the pulling rope assembly is wound around the output shaft of the pulling motor, so that the pulling rope assembly pulls the pulling frame around the pulling frame and the The hinged end of the frame rotates, that is, the feed end of the pull frame rotates upwards around the discharge end of the pull frame, so that the pull device sends the pipe from the automatic storage to the substation. On the feeding device; and this feeding method can realize the feeding of large quantities of pipes and improve the feeding efficiency.
作为优选,所述输送装置包括皮带及升降装置,所述皮带的一端设置在所述分料装置的出料侧,所述皮带的另一端设有所述升降装置,所述升降装置包括限位柱、承接柱、升降齿条、升降齿轮及升降电机;所述承接柱水平设置,所述承接柱的外侧上方设有所述限位柱,所述承接柱的内侧下方设有所述升降齿条,所述升降电机的输出轴设有所述升降齿轮,所述升降齿轮与所述升降齿条啮合配合,通过这样设置,所述皮带将管材从所述分料装置的出料侧输送至升降装置中,限位柱限制了管材在皮带的带动下继续输送,根据所述测量装置测量管材的外形尺寸,所述升降装置将管材的中心点提升至指定的固定高度。Preferably, the conveying device includes a belt and a lifting device, one end of the belt is arranged on the discharging side of the distributing device, the other end of the belt is provided with the lifting device, and the lifting device includes a limiter. Column, receiving column, lifting rack, lifting gear, and lifting motor; the receiving column is arranged horizontally, the upper side of the receiving column is provided with the limiting column, and the inner side of the receiving column is provided with the lifting teeth The output shaft of the lifting motor is provided with the lifting gear, and the lifting gear meshes and cooperates with the lifting rack. Through such arrangement, the belt conveys the pipe from the discharging side of the distributing device to In the lifting device, the limit column restricts the pipe from continuing to be conveyed under the belt. The measuring device measures the outer dimension of the pipe, and the lifting device lifts the center point of the pipe to a specified fixed height.
作为优选,所述输送装置还包括机械手、输送电机及夹紧电机,所述机械手设置在所述机架上,所述机械手包括上夹具及下夹具,所述上夹具与所述下夹具之间通过齿轮齿条配合,所述夹紧电机驱动所述上夹具与所述下夹具之间的相向夹紧或相离张开;所述所述输送电机驱动所述机械手沿平行于管材输送的方向移动,通过这样设置,所述上夹具及所述下夹具能实现同步相向夹紧,保证管材的中心点仍在指定的固定高度上,即使所述机械手夹持不同型号的管材,仍能保持管材的中心点在指定的固定高度上,再通过输送电机将所述机械手精准的送到切管机进行加工。Preferably, the conveying device further includes a manipulator, a conveying motor, and a clamping motor, the manipulator is arranged on the frame, and the manipulator includes an upper clamp and a lower clamp, between the upper clamp and the lower clamp. Through gear and rack cooperation, the clamping motor drives the opposite clamping or separation between the upper clamp and the lower clamp; the conveying motor drives the manipulator in a direction parallel to the conveying direction of the pipe Move, by setting up in this way, the upper clamp and the lower clamp can be clamped to each other synchronously, ensuring that the center point of the pipe is still at the specified fixed height. Even if the manipulator clamps different types of pipes, the pipe can still be held. The center point of is at the specified fixed height, and then the manipulator is accurately sent to the pipe cutting machine for processing through the conveying motor.
作为优选,所述升降装置沿垂直于管材输送方向的两侧还设有长度检测装置,所述长度检测装置包括设置在所述升降装置一侧的第一挡板、设置在所述升降装置另一侧的第二挡板及伺服电机;所述伺服电机驱动所述第一挡板沿垂直于管材输送的方向朝向所述第二挡板移动,通过这样设置,所述伺服电机驱动所述第一挡板抵触至管材的一端,管材的另一端抵触在所述第二挡板上,根据伺服电机的移动距离差值计算管材的长度,根据伺服电机提供的长度值,决定管材送至切管机的切割距离。Preferably, the lifting device is further provided with a length detection device along both sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, and the length detection device includes a first baffle provided on one side of the lifting device, and another A second baffle and a servo motor on one side; the servo motor drives the first baffle to move toward the second baffle in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying. By setting it in this way, the servo motor drives the first baffle. One baffle hits one end of the pipe, and the other end of the pipe hits the second baffle. The length of the pipe is calculated according to the difference in the moving distance of the servo motor, and the pipe is sent to the cutting pipe according to the length value provided by the servo motor. The cutting distance of the machine.
相对于现有技术,本发明取得了有益的技术效果:Compared with the prior art, the present invention has achieved beneficial technical effects:
1、自动料库根据切管机的需求切换所需的管材型号,管材自动上料装置也根据切管机 的需求,所述平行面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离调整为等于所需管材的型号的外形尺寸,即使管材的型号不同外形尺寸不同,仍能保证所述推料组件仅能以单层、不层叠的形式将若干管材向上推送,当所述红外传感器检测到有一根管材掉进所述挡料组件上时,所述红外传感器发出信号控制所述推料组件回退,能够保证有且仅有一根管材掉进所述挡料组件上;切换管材时,所述平行面与所述第一斜侧面可自动调整,整个过程无需人工参与,智能化自动化程度高,适用性强,降低生产成本。1. The automatic material warehouse switches the required pipe model according to the needs of the pipe cutting machine. The automatic pipe feeding device also adjusts the distance between the parallel surface and the first oblique side to be equal to the required pipe cutting machine. The external dimensions of the model that requires the pipe, even if the external dimensions of the pipe are different, it can still ensure that the pusher assembly can only push several pipes upward in a single-layer, non-stacked form. When the infrared sensor detects that there is one When the pipe falls on the stopper assembly, the infrared sensor sends a signal to control the pusher assembly to retreat, which can ensure that one and only one pipe falls on the stopper assembly; when the pipe is switched, the parallel The surface and the first oblique side surface can be automatically adjusted, the whole process does not require manual participation, the intelligent automation degree is high, the applicability is strong, and the production cost is reduced.
2、由于管材自动上料装置还包括所述测量装置,所述测量装置的所述位移传感器能够测量管材的外形尺寸,从而判断管材的型号是否为切管机所需管材的型号。2. Since the automatic pipe feeding device also includes the measuring device, the displacement sensor of the measuring device can measure the outer dimensions of the pipe, so as to determine whether the type of the pipe is the type of the pipe required by the pipe cutter.
3、由于所述推料装置仅能以单层、不层叠的形式将若干管材向上推送,有且仅有一根管材能掉进所述挡料组件中,在所述进料装置能够大批量进料,无需单根管材逐一进料,提高进料的效率。3. Since the pushing device can only push several pipes upward in a single-layer, non-stacked form, and only one pipe can fall into the stopper assembly, the feeding device can feed in large quantities. It does not need to feed single pipes one by one, which improves the efficiency of feeding.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1是本发明实施例的总装轴侧示意图;Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the assembly shaft side of an embodiment of the present invention;
图2是本发明实施例的部分结构的轴侧示意图;FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the axial side of a part of the structure of the embodiment of the present invention;
图3是本发明实施例的关于图2的局部放大示意图;FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 2 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图4是本发明实施例的部分结构的另一轴侧示意图;Fig. 4 is another axial schematic view of part of the structure of the embodiment of the present invention;
图5是本发明实施例的关系图4的局部放大示意图;FIG. 5 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of the relationship of FIG. 4 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图6是本发明实施例的关系图4的局部放大示意图;FIG. 6 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of the relationship of FIG. 4 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图7是本发明实施例的部分结构的轴侧示意图;FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an axial side of a part of the structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
图8是本发明实施例的关于图7的局部放大示意图;FIG. 8 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 7 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图9是本发明实施例的关于图7的局部放大示意图;FIG. 9 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 7 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图10是本发明实施例的输送装置的部分结构示意图;Fig. 10 is a partial structural diagram of a conveying device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图11是本发明实施例的关于图10的局部放大示意图;FIG. 11 is a partial enlarged schematic diagram of FIG. 10 according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图12是本发明实施例的测量装置的示意图;Fig. 12 is a schematic diagram of a measuring device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图13是本发明实施例的底架与挡料组件组装的轴侧示意图;Figure 13 is a schematic view of the shaft side of the bottom frame and the stopper assembly of the embodiment of the present invention;
图14是本发明实施例的底架与挡料组件组装的另一轴侧示意图;14 is a schematic diagram of another axial side of the assembly of the base frame and the stopper assembly according to the embodiment of the present invention;
图15是本发明实施例的分离组件的示意图;Fig. 15 is a schematic diagram of a separation assembly of an embodiment of the present invention;
图16是本发明实施例的推料组件的示意图。Fig. 16 is a schematic diagram of a pusher assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention.
其中,各附图标记所指代的技术特征如下:Among them, the technical features referred to by the reference signs are as follows:
1、机架;1.1、框架;1.2、底架;1.3、横梁;2、接料装置;2.1、接料架;2.2、拉绳组件;2.3、中间轴;3、分料装置;3.1、推料电机;3.2、推料减速箱;3.3、分离电机;3.4、分离减速箱;3.5、第一分离链轮;3.6、第二分离链轮;3.7、分离齿轮;3.8、分离齿条;3.9、分离滑轨;3.10、拉料电机;3.11、拉料减速箱;3.12、第一推料链轮;3.13、推料滑轨;3.14、第二推料链轮;3.15、挡块安装座;3.16、第二挡料链轮;3.17、挡料滑轨;3.18、挡块;3.18.1、承接面;3.19、分离组件;3.19.1、第一斜侧面;3.19.2、第二斜侧面;3.20、红外传感器;3.21、推料组件;3.21.1、平行面;3.21.2、抵触面;3.22、第二气缸;3.23、挡块滑轨;4、测量装置;4.1、压紧板;4.1.1、压紧面;4.2、位移传感器;4.3、第一气缸;4.4、连接板;5、输送装置;5.1、第二挡板;5.2、第一挡板;5.3、限位柱;5.4、承接柱;5.5、升降齿条;5.6、升降齿轮;5.7、机械手安装座;5.8、下夹具;5.9、上夹具;5.10、输送皮带;5.11、输送皮带安装座;5.12、传输皮带。1. Frame; 1.1. Frame; 1.2. Underframe; 1.3. Beam; 2. Receiving device; 2.1. Receiving rack; 2.2. Pull rope assembly; 2.3. Intermediate shaft; 3. Distributing device; 3.1. Push Feeding motor; 3.2. Pushing gear box; 3.3. Separation motor; 3.4. Separation reduction box; 3.5. First separation sprocket; 3.6. Second separation sprocket; 3.7. Separation gear; 3.8. Separation rack; 3.9. Separate slide rail; 3.10, pull material motor; 3.11, pull reduction gear box; 3.12, first push sprocket; 3.13, push slide; 3.14, second push sprocket; 3.15, stopper mounting seat; 3.16 , The second stop sprocket; 3.17, stop slide; 3.18, stop block; 3.18.1, bearing surface; 3.19, separation component; 3.19.1, the first oblique side; 3.19.2, the second oblique side; 3.20. Infrared sensor; 3.21, pusher component; 3.21.1, parallel surface; 3.21.2, contact surface; 3.22, second cylinder; 3.23, stop slide; 4. measuring device; 4.1, compression plate; 4.1 .1. Compression surface; 4.2. Displacement sensor; 4.3. First cylinder; 4.4. Connecting plate; 5. Conveying device; 5.1. Second baffle; 5.2. First baffle; 5.3. Limit post; 5.4. Undertake column; 5.5, lifting rack; 5.6, lifting gear; 5.7, manipulator mounting seat; 5.8, lower clamp; 5.9, upper clamp; 5.10, conveyor belt; 5.11, conveyor belt mounting seat; 5.12, transmission belt.
具体实施方式detailed description
为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合实施例对本发明进行进一步详细说明,但本发明要求保护的范围并不局限于下述具体实施例。In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with embodiments, but the scope of protection claimed by the present invention is not limited to the following specific embodiments.
参考图1-16,本实施例公开了一种管材自动上料装置,包括机架1、接料装置2、分料装置3及输送装置5。1-16, this embodiment discloses an automatic pipe feeding device, which includes a frame 1, a material receiving device 2, a material distributing device 3, and a conveying device 5.
参考图1和图10,机架1包括底架1.2、沿垂直于管材输送的方向设置在底架1.2两侧的框架1.1及设置在两侧框架1.1顶端的横梁1.3。1 and 10, the frame 1 includes a base frame 1.2, frames 1.1 arranged on both sides of the base frame 1.2 in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, and beams 1.3 arranged at the tops of the frames 1.1 on both sides.
接料装置2与自动料库对接,接料装置2将若干管材从自动料库送至分料装置3。The material receiving device 2 is docked with the automatic material storage device, and the material receiving device 2 sends a number of pipes from the automatic material storage device to the material distribution device 3.
参考图1、图15及图16,分料装置3包括推料组件3.21、分离组件3.19、挡料组件及红外传感器3.20;分离组件3.19设置在底架1.2上,分离组件3.19包括第一斜侧面3.19.1及第二斜侧面3.19.2,第一斜侧面3.19.1与第二斜侧面3.19.2连接,推料组件3.21可滑动地设置在第一斜侧面3.19.1的一侧,形成分料装置3的进料侧,推料组件3.21包括垂直于第一斜侧面3.19.1的抵触面3.21.2及平行于第一斜侧面3.19.1的平行面3.21.1,平行面3.21.1与抵触面3.21.2连接,平行面3.21.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离可调;挡料组件可滑动地设置在第二斜侧面3.19.2的一侧,形成分料装置3的出料侧;红外传感器3.20设置在第一斜侧面3.19.1与第二斜侧面3.19.2的交线处,且红外传感器3.20的表面不突出于第一 斜侧面3.19.1及第二斜侧面3.19.2,推料组件3.21将管材向上推送至挡料组件上。Referring to Figure 1, Figure 15 and Figure 16, the distributing device 3 includes a pusher component 3.21, a separation component 3.19, a stopper component and an infrared sensor 3.20; the separation component 3.19 is arranged on the chassis 1.2, and the separation component 3.19 includes a first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2, the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2 are connected, and the pusher assembly 3.21 is slidably arranged on one side of the first oblique side 3.19.1 to form On the feed side of the feeding device 3, the pusher assembly 3.21 includes an abutment surface 3.21.2 perpendicular to the first oblique side 3.19.1 and a parallel surface 3.21.1 parallel to the first oblique side 3.19.1, and a parallel surface 3.21. 1 is connected to the resisting surface 3.21.2, the distance between the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 is adjustable; the stopper component is slidably arranged on one side of the second oblique side 3.19.2 to form a component The discharge side of the material device 3; the infrared sensor 3.20 is arranged at the intersection of the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2, and the surface of the infrared sensor 3.20 does not protrude from the first oblique side 3.19.1 and On the second oblique side 3.19.2, the pusher assembly 3.21 pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly.
输送装置5与分料装置3对接,输送装置5将管材从分料装置3的出料侧输送至切管机。The conveying device 5 is docked with the distributing device 3, and the conveying device 5 conveys the pipe from the discharging side of the distributing device 3 to the pipe cutting machine.
自动料库根据切管机的需要切换所需的管材型号,管材自动上料装置也根据切管机的需求,平行面3.21.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离可调整为等于切管机所需管材的型号的外形尺寸,即所需管材的宽度;即使管材的型号不同外形尺寸不同,平行面3.21.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间距离可自动调整为等于管材的外形尺寸,能保证推料组件3.21仅能以单层、不层叠的形式将若干管材向上推送,当红外传感器3.20检测有一根管材,即单层管材的最上方管材掉进挡料组件上时,红外传感器3.20发出信号控制推料组件3.21回退,能够保证单层的若干管材中有且仅有一根管材能够掉进挡料组件上;管材切换时,平行面3.21.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1可自动调整,整个过程无需操作人员参与,智能化自动化程度高,降低生产成本;管材自动上料装置可以适用于不同型号的管材进行上料,适用性强。The automatic material warehouse switches the required pipe model according to the needs of the pipe cutting machine, and the automatic pipe feeding device is also based on the needs of the pipe cutting machine. The distance between the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be adjusted to be equal to The size of the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine, that is, the width of the pipe required; even if the size of the pipe is different, the distance between the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be automatically adjusted to be equal to the pipe The external dimensions of the single-layer pipe can ensure that the pusher assembly 3.21 can only push several pipes upwards in a single-layer, non-stacked form. When the infrared sensor 3.20 detects a pipe, that is, the uppermost pipe of the single-layer pipe falls into the stopper assembly , The infrared sensor 3.20 sends a signal to control the pusher assembly 3.21 to retract, which can ensure that one and only one of the several pipes in a single layer can fall into the stopper assembly; when the pipes are switched, the parallel surface 3.21.1 and the first oblique side surface 3.19.1 It can be automatically adjusted, the whole process does not require operator involvement, the degree of intelligent automation is high, and the production cost is reduced; the automatic pipe feeding device can be applied to different types of pipes for feeding, and has strong applicability.
参考图4、图5及图13,分料装置3还包括推料电机3.1,推料电机3.1设置在底架1.2上,推料电机3.1的输出轴连接有推料减速箱3.2,推料减速箱3.2将推料电机3.1的转速减速后输出于第一推料链轮3.12输出,底架1.2还设有第二推料链轮3.14,第一推料链轮3.12与第二推料链轮3.14之间设有推料链条,推料链条与推料组件3.21固定连接,推料组件3.21设置在底架1.2的推料滑轨3.13,推料滑轨3.13沿着管材的输送方向平行于第一斜侧面3.19.1;推料电机3.1驱动推料链条工作,从而驱动推料组件3.21沿着推料滑轨3.13实现向上推料或者向下回退。Referring to Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 13, the distributing device 3 also includes a pusher motor 3.1. The pusher motor 3.1 is set on the chassis 1.2. The output shaft of the pusher motor 3.1 is connected with a pusher reduction box 3.2 to reduce the speed of the pusher. Box 3.2 decelerates the speed of the pusher motor 3.1 and outputs it to the first pusher sprocket 3.12. The underframe 1.2 is also provided with a second pusher sprocket 3.14, the first pusher sprocket 3.12 and the second pusher sprocket. There is a pusher chain between 3.14, and the pusher chain is fixedly connected to the pusher assembly 3.21. The pusher assembly 3.21 is set on the pusher slide 3.13 of the underframe 1.2, and the pusher slide 3.13 is parallel to the first pipe along the conveying direction of the pipe. An oblique side 3.19.1; the pushing motor 3.1 drives the pushing chain to work, thereby driving the pushing assembly 3.21 along the pushing slide 3.13 to push up or back down.
参考图8,分料装置3还包括分离电机3.3,分离电机3.3设置在底架1.2上,并且分离电机3.3位于分离组件3.19的下方,分离电机3.3通过分离减速箱3.4输出于第一分离链轮3.5,被分离电机3.3驱动的被动轴设有第二分离链轮3.6及分离齿轮3.7,第一分离链轮3.5及第二分离链轮3.6之间设有分离链条,分离齿轮3.7与设置在在分离组件3.19的分离齿条3.8啮合配合,分离组件3.19设置在机架1的分离滑轨3.9上,分离滑轨3.9垂直于第一斜侧面3.19.1,分离电机3.3通过驱动分离链条工作,从而使被动轴上的分离齿轮3.7通过与分离齿条3.8的啮合配合,驱动分离组件3.19沿垂直于第一斜侧面3.19.1的方向进行移动,从而调整第一斜侧面3.19.1与平行面3.21.1之间的距离等于管材的外形尺寸;在切换管材时,能够根据切管机所需的管材型号,分离电机3.3驱动分离组件3.19沿垂直于第一斜侧 面3.19.1的方向进行移动,自动调整第一斜侧面3.19.1与平行面3.21.1之间的距离为等于所需管材的外形尺寸,保证推料组件3.21向上推送不同型号的管材时,推料组件3.21依旧只能以单层、不层叠的形式将若干管材向上推送至挡料组件上,管材自动上料装置的适用性强。Referring to Fig. 8, the distributing device 3 also includes a separation motor 3.3. The separation motor 3.3 is arranged on the chassis 1.2, and the separation motor 3.3 is located below the separation assembly 3.19. The separation motor 3.3 is output to the first separation sprocket through the separation reduction box 3.4 3.5. The passive shaft driven by the separation motor 3.3 is provided with a second separation sprocket 3.6 and a separation gear 3.7. A separation chain is provided between the first separation sprocket 3.5 and the second separation sprocket 3.6. The separation rack 3.8 of the separation assembly 3.19 is engaged and matched. The separation assembly 3.19 is arranged on the separation slide 3.9 of the frame 1. The separation slide 3.9 is perpendicular to the first inclined side 3.19.1. The separation motor 3.3 works by driving the separation chain, thereby The separation gear 3.7 on the driven shaft is engaged with the separation rack 3.8 to drive the separation assembly 3.19 to move in a direction perpendicular to the first inclined side surface 3.19.1, thereby adjusting the first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21 The distance between .1 is equal to the outer dimensions of the pipe; when switching pipes, the separation motor 3.3 can drive the separation assembly 3.19 to move in the direction perpendicular to the first oblique side 3.19.1 according to the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine. Automatically adjust the distance between the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 to be equal to the shape of the required pipe, ensuring that when the pusher assembly 3.21 pushes up different types of pipes, the pusher assembly 3.21 can still only be ordered Several pipes are pushed up to the stopper assembly in a layered, non-stacked form, and the automatic pipe feeding device has strong applicability.
参考图13及图14,第一斜侧面3.19.1与第二斜侧面3.19.2的夹角为直角,挡料组件包括挡块3.18及挡块安装座3.15,挡块3.18固定安装在挡块安装座3.15上,挡块3.18包括垂直于第二斜侧面3.19.2的承接面3.18.1,承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离可调,当推料组件3.21将若干管材向上推送至挡料组件时,即使推料组件3.21稍有向上过冲的情况下,承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离可调整为等于管材的外形尺寸,使得承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间仅能容纳一根管材,即进一步保证单层的若干管材中有且仅有一根管材能掉进挡料组件上。Referring to Figure 13 and Figure 14, the angle between the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the second oblique side 3.19.2 is a right angle. The stopper assembly includes a stop 3.18 and a stop mounting seat 3.15. The stop 3.18 is fixedly installed on the stop. On the mounting seat 3.15, the stop 3.18 includes a receiving surface 3.18.1 perpendicular to the second oblique side 3.19.2. The distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 is adjustable. When the pusher assembly 3.21 When pushing several pipes up to the stopper assembly, even if the pusher assembly 3.21 slightly overshoots, the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 can be adjusted to be equal to the outer dimension of the pipe , So that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1, which further ensures that only one of the several pipes in a single layer can fall into the stopper assembly.
参考图13及图14,分料装置3还包括挡料电机,挡料电机设置在底架1.2上,并且挡料电机位于分料装置3的出料侧的底端,挡料电机的输出轴设有第一挡料链轮,底架1.2上设有第二挡料链轮3.16,第一挡料链轮与第二挡料链轮3.16之间设有挡料链条,挡料组件还包括第二气缸3.22及挡块滑轨3.23,挡料链条与挡块安装座3.15连接,挡块安装座3.15设置在底架1.2的挡料滑轨3.17上,挡料滑轨3.17垂直于第一斜侧面3.19.1;第二气缸3.22设置在挡块安装座3.15上,且第二气缸3.22的活塞杆与挡块3.18固定连接,挡块3.18与挡块滑轨3.23固定连接,且挡块滑轨3.23设置在挡块安装座3.15的滑块上,挡料电机通过驱动挡料链条工作,从而驱动挡料组件沿挡料滑轨3.17上下移动,即驱动挡块3.18沿挡料滑轨3.17上下移动;不仅能够在切换管材时,根据管材的不同型号的不同外形尺寸,挡料电机驱动挡料组件沿挡料滑轨3.17移动,承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离自动调整为等于管材的外形尺寸,使得承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间仍只能容纳一根管材,而且挡块3.18沿挡料滑轨3.17的向下移动能将管材送至输送装置5中。13 and 14, the material distribution device 3 also includes a stopper motor, the stopper motor is arranged on the bottom frame 1.2, and the stopper motor is located at the bottom end of the discharge side of the distributor 3, the output shaft of the stopper motor A first stop sprocket is provided, a second stop sprocket 3.16 is provided on the underframe 1.2, a stop chain is arranged between the first stop sprocket and the second stop sprocket 3.16, and the stop assembly further includes The second cylinder 3.22 and the stop slide 3.23, the stop chain is connected to the stop mounting seat 3.15, the stop mounting seat 3.15 is set on the stop slide 3.17 of the chassis 1.2, and the stop slide 3.17 is perpendicular to the first inclined Side 3.19.1; the second cylinder 3.22 is set on the stopper mounting seat 3.15, and the piston rod of the second cylinder 3.22 is fixedly connected to the stopper 3.18, the stopper 3.18 is fixedly connected to the stopper slide 3.23, and the stopper slide 3.23 is set on the sliding block of the stopper mounting seat 3.15. The stopper motor works by driving the stopper chain to drive the stopper assembly to move up and down along the stopper slide 3.17, that is, drive the stop 3.18 to move up and down along the stopper slide 3.17 ; Not only can the stopper motor drive the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17 when switching pipes, according to the different dimensions of the different types of pipes, the distance between the bearing surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 It is automatically adjusted to be equal to the outer dimension of the pipe, so that only one pipe can be accommodated between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1, and the downward movement of the stop 3.18 along the stop slide 3.17 can move the pipe Send to the conveying device 5.
参考图2、图3及图12,管材自动上料装置还包括测量装置4,测量装置4设置在框架1.1的一侧内,并且测量装置4位于挡料组件的上方,测量装置4包括第一气缸4.3及位移传感器4.2,第一气缸4.3的活塞杆连接位移传感器4.2,位移传感器4.2垂直于第二斜侧面,即位移传感器4.2垂直于管材的测量表面,第一气缸4.3的活塞杆驱动位移传感器4.2从抵触管材的测量表面至位移传感器4.2被压缩,通过位移传感器4.2的压缩量,即移动量的差值测量出位于挡料组件上的管材的外形尺寸,并且通过测量值判断出管材的型号是否为切 管机所需的管材型号。Referring to Figures 2, 3 and 12, the automatic pipe feeding device further includes a measuring device 4, which is arranged in one side of the frame 1.1, and the measuring device 4 is located above the stopper assembly, and the measuring device 4 includes a first Cylinder 4.3 and displacement sensor 4.2, the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 is connected to the displacement sensor 4.2, the displacement sensor 4.2 is perpendicular to the second oblique side, that is, the displacement sensor 4.2 is perpendicular to the measuring surface of the pipe, and the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 drives the displacement sensor 4.2 From the measuring surface of the conflicting pipe to the displacement sensor 4.2 being compressed, the outer dimension of the pipe located on the stopper assembly is measured by the compression amount of the displacement sensor 4.2, that is, the difference in the movement, and the pipe model is judged by the measured value Whether it is the pipe model required by the pipe cutting machine.
参考图2、图3及图12,测量装置4还包括压紧板4.1及连接板4.4,连接板4.4将第一气缸4.3的活塞杆与位移传感器4.2连接,压紧板4.1可滑动地设置在连接板4.4上,位移传感器4.2设置在压紧板4.1内,且位移传感器4.2远离第一气缸4.3的一端与压紧板4.1固定连接;压紧板4.1包括压紧面4.1.1,压紧面4.1.1与第二斜侧面3.19.2平行,即压紧面4.1.1与管材的测量表面平行,第一气缸4.3的活塞杆驱动压紧板4.1向下移动使压紧面4.1.1更好地压紧管材,压紧面4.1.1压紧固定管材后,第一气缸4.3再驱动位移传感器4.2测量管材的外形尺寸,提高位移传感器4.2的精准度。Referring to Figures 2, 3 and 12, the measuring device 4 also includes a compression plate 4.1 and a connecting plate 4.4. The connecting plate 4.4 connects the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 with the displacement sensor 4.2. The compression plate 4.1 is slidably arranged on On the connecting plate 4.4, the displacement sensor 4.2 is arranged in the pressing plate 4.1, and the end of the displacement sensor 4.2 away from the first cylinder 4.3 is fixedly connected to the pressing plate 4.1; the pressing plate 4.1 includes a pressing surface 4.1.1, a pressing surface 4.1.1 is parallel to the second oblique side 3.19.2, that is, the pressing surface 4.1.1 is parallel to the measuring surface of the pipe, the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 drives the pressing plate 4.1 to move downward to make the pressing surface 4.1.1 more The pipe is well compressed. After the pressing surface 4.1.1 compresses and fixes the pipe, the first cylinder 4.3 drives the displacement sensor 4.2 to measure the outer dimensions of the pipe and improves the accuracy of the displacement sensor 4.2.
参考图7及图9,接料装置2包括接料架2.1、拉绳组件2.2、中间轴2.3及拉料电机10;拉料电机10的输出轴连接拉料减速箱3.11,接料架2.1与底架1.2铰接的一端为出料端,出料端位于分料装置3的进料侧,接料架2.1与出料端相对设置的一端为进料端,接料架2.1的进料端与自动料库对接,接料架2.1沿垂直于管材输送方向的两侧设有拉绳组件2.2,拉绳组件的一端与接料架2.1的进料端铰接连接,中间轴2.3设置在两侧门框上,拉绳组件2.2的另一端绕过中间轴2.3与拉料减速箱3.11的输出轴固定连接,中间轴2.3及拉料减速箱3.11的输出轴的轴线均垂直于管材的输送方向,拉料电机10的输出轴旋转,经过拉料减速箱3.11的减速后,通过拉料减速箱3.11的输出轴驱动拉绳组件2.2,拉绳组件2.2绕着拉料减速箱3.11的输出轴缠绕,使得拉绳组件2.2逐步绷紧并且将拉料架绕着拉料架与底架1.2铰接的一端旋转,即拉料架的进料端绕着拉料架的输出端向上旋转,使得拉料装置将管材从自动料库送至分料装置3上,这种进料方式能实现大批量管材的进料,提高进料的效率。Referring to Figures 7 and 9, the material receiving device 2 includes a material receiving frame 2.1, a rope pull assembly 2.2, an intermediate shaft 2.3 and a material drawing motor 10; the output shaft of the material drawing motor 10 is connected to the material drawing reduction box 3.11, and the material receiving frame 2.1 is connected to The hinged end of the chassis 1.2 is the discharging end, and the discharging end is located on the feeding side of the distributing device 3. The end of the receiving frame 2.1 and the discharging end opposite to the discharging end is the feeding end. The feeding end of the receiving frame 2.1 is connected to the Automatic silo docking, the receiving rack 2.1 is provided with draw rope assemblies 2.2 along the two sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, one end of the draw rope assembly is hingedly connected with the feeding end of the receiving rack 2.1, and the intermediate shaft 2.3 is set on the door frames on both sides On the upper part, the other end of the pull rope assembly 2.2 bypasses the intermediate shaft 2.3 and is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11. The axes of the intermediate shaft 2.3 and the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11 are perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe. The output shaft of the motor 10 rotates, after being decelerated by the material pulling reduction box 3.11, the pulling rope assembly 2.2 is driven by the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11, and the pulling rope assembly 2.2 is wound around the output shaft of the pulling reduction box 3.11, making the pulling The rope assembly 2.2 is gradually tightened and the pulling frame is rotated around the end hinged between the pulling frame and the bottom frame 1.2, that is, the feeding end of the pulling frame rotates upwards around the output end of the pulling frame, so that the pulling device will remove the pipe. It is sent from the automatic storage to the distribution device 3. This feeding method can realize the feeding of large batches of pipes and improve the feeding efficiency.
参考图4和图6,输送装置5包括传输皮带5.12及升降装置,传输皮带5.12的一端设置在分料装置3的出料侧,传输皮带5.12的另一端设有升降装置,升降装置包括竖立的限位柱5.3、水平的承接柱5.4、升降齿条5.5、升降齿轮5.6及升降电机,承接柱5.4远离分料装置3的一侧为外侧,承接柱5.4的外侧上方设有限位柱5.3,承接柱5.4的内侧下方设有升降齿条5.5,升降电机设置在底架1.2上,升降电机连接有升降减速箱,通过升降减速箱减速后的输出轴设有升降齿轮5.6,升降齿轮5.6与升降齿条5.5啮合;皮带将管材从分料装置3的出料侧输送至升降装置中,限位柱5.3限制了管材在皮带的带动下继续输送,升降电机驱动升降装置上升,根据测量装置4测量管材的外形尺寸,升降装置将管材的中心点提升至指定的固定高度。4 and 6, the conveying device 5 includes a conveying belt 5.12 and a lifting device. One end of the conveying belt 5.12 is set on the discharge side of the distributing device 3, and the other end of the conveying belt 5.12 is provided with a lifting device. The lifting device includes an upright Limiting column 5.3, horizontal receiving column 5.4, lifting rack 5.5, lifting gear 5.6 and lifting motor, the side of receiving column 5.4 away from the distributing device 3 is the outer side, and the upper side of the receiving column 5.4 is provided with a limiting column 5.3 to accept There is a lifting rack 5.5 under the inner side of the column 5.4, the lifting motor is arranged on the base frame 1.2, the lifting motor is connected with a lifting reduction box, the output shaft after the reduction by the lifting reduction box is equipped with a lifting gear 5.6, a lifting gear 5.6 and a lifting gear Strip 5.5 is engaged; the belt conveys the pipe from the discharge side of the distributing device 3 to the lifting device, the limit column 5.3 restricts the pipe from continuing to be conveyed under the belt drive, the lifting motor drives the lifting device to rise, and the pipe is measured according to the measuring device 4 The lifting device lifts the center point of the pipe to the specified fixed height.
参考图1、图10及图11,输送装置5还包括机械手、机械手安装座5.7、输送电机、夹紧电机、输送皮带5.10及输送皮带安装座5.11,机械手安装座5.7设置在横梁1.3下,机械手固定安装在机械手安装座5.7中,机械手包括上夹具5.9及下夹具5.8,上夹具5.9及下夹具5.8均包括夹紧块及夹紧齿条,上夹具5.9与下夹具5.8相对设置,夹紧电机的输出轴连接有夹紧齿轮,上夹具5.9及下夹具5.8的夹紧齿条均与同一个夹紧齿轮进行啮合配合,夹紧电机驱动上夹具5.9与下夹具5.8之间的相向夹紧或相离张开,输送皮带5.10安装座设置在横梁1.3上,输送皮带5.10设置在输送皮带安装座5.11,输送皮带5.10与机械手连接,输送电机的输出轴与输送皮带5.10一端的皮带轮连接,驱动输送皮带5.10的工作,从而驱动机械手沿平行于管材输送的方向移动,上夹具5.9与下夹具5.8的夹紧齿条均与同一个夹紧齿轮进行啮合配合,能实现上夹具5.9与下夹具5.8的同步相向夹紧,并且机械手的中心点与管材的中心点位于同一高度上,保证管材的中心点仍在指定的固定高度上,即使机械手夹持不同型号的管材,仍能保持管材的中心点在指定的固定高度上,再通过输送电机将机械手精准地送到切管机进行加工。Referring to Figure 1, Figure 10 and Figure 11, the conveying device 5 also includes a manipulator, a manipulator mounting seat 5.7, a conveying motor, a clamping motor, a conveying belt 5.10, and a conveying belt mounting seat 5.11. The manipulator mounting seat 5.7 is set under the cross beam 1.3, and the manipulator It is fixedly installed in the manipulator mounting seat 5.7. The manipulator includes an upper clamp 5.9 and a lower clamp 5.8. Both the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 include a clamping block and a clamping rack. The upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are arranged opposite to each other to clamp the motor The output shaft is connected with a clamping gear, the clamping racks of the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are meshed with the same clamping gear, and the clamping motor drives the opposite clamping or clamping between the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8. The conveyor belt 5.10 is installed on the beam 1.3, the conveyor belt 5.10 is installed on the conveyor belt installation seat 5.11, the conveyor belt 5.10 is connected with the manipulator, and the output shaft of the conveyor motor is connected with the pulley at the end of the conveyor belt 5.10 to drive the conveyor. The belt 5.10 drives the manipulator to move in the direction parallel to the pipe conveying. The clamping racks of the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 are meshed with the same clamping gear, which can realize the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8. Synchronously clamp in opposite directions, and the center point of the manipulator is at the same height as the center point of the pipe to ensure that the center point of the pipe is still at the specified fixed height. Even if the manipulator clamps different types of pipes, the center point of the pipe can still be kept at At the specified fixed height, the manipulator is accurately sent to the pipe cutting machine for processing through the conveying motor.
参考图3、图4及图6,升降装置沿垂直于管材的输送方向的两侧还设有长度检测装置,长度检测装置包括设置在升降装置一侧的第一挡板5.2、设置在升降装置另一侧的第二挡板5.1及伺服电机;伺服电机驱动第一挡板5.2沿垂直于管材输送的方向朝第二挡板5.1移动,伺服电机驱动第一挡板5.2抵触至管材的一端,管材的另一端抵触在第二挡板5.1上,根据伺服电机的移动距离差值计算管材的长度,根据伺服电机提供的长度值,决定管材送至切管机的切割距离。Referring to Figures 3, 4 and 6, the lifting device is also provided with length detection devices along both sides perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe. The length detection device includes a first baffle 5.2 provided on one side of the lifting device, and a first baffle 5.2 provided on the lifting device. The second baffle 5.1 and the servo motor on the other side; the servo motor drives the first baffle 5.2 to move toward the second baffle 5.1 in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying, and the servo motor drives the first baffle 5.2 to abut one end of the pipe, The other end of the pipe is against the second baffle 5.1, the length of the pipe is calculated according to the difference in the moving distance of the servo motor, and the cutting distance of the pipe to the pipe cutter is determined according to the length value provided by the servo motor.
本发明实施例的使用过程:The use process of the embodiment of the present invention:
当切管机需要加工管材时,自动料库根据切管机所需的管材型号自动取材,管材自动上料装置根据切管机所需的管材型号,程序控制分离电机3.3驱动分离链条,从而驱动分离组件3.19沿分离滑轨3.9进行移动,使得第一斜侧面3.19.1与平行面3.21.1之间的距离自动调整为等于管材的外形尺寸;同时程序控制挡料电机驱动挡料链条,从而驱动挡料组件沿挡料滑轨3.17进行移动,使得承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离自动调整为等于管材的外形尺寸;调整完后,自动料库将一捆管材送至接料装置2上,拉料电机10驱动拉绳组件2.2,从而驱动接料架2.1的进料端绕着接料架2.1的出料端向上翻转,将自动料库送来的一捆管材翻转至分料装置3的进料侧,接料架2.1仍保持斜向的状态;一捆管材堆积在第一斜侧面3.19.1、抵触面3.21.2及接料架2.1的表面中,随后推料电机3.1驱动推 料链条,从而驱动推料组件3.21沿着推料滑轨3.13向上移动,由于第一斜侧面3.19.1与平行面3.21.1之间的距离等于管材的外形尺寸,推料组件3.21的抵触面3.21.2抵触只能以单层、不层叠的形式向上推送管材,当红外传感器3.20检测到有一根管材掉进挡料组件上时,外红传感器发出信号控制推料电机3.1反转,使得推料组件3.21回退至初始点;第二气缸3.23的初始状态处于伸展至最大距离,当红外传感器3.20检测到管材掉进挡料组件的同时驱动第二气缸3.23的活塞杆回退,将管材送至测量装置4的下方,测量装置4的压紧板4.1初始装置靠自重下降至最低点,但压紧板4.1仍在管材的上放,随后测量装置4的第一气缸4.3的活塞盖驱动连接板4.4朝向管材的方向移动,压紧板4.1随着连接板朝向管材的方向移动,直至压紧板4.1的压紧面4.1.1抵触在管材的测量表面时,第一气缸4.3的活塞杆仍继续朝向管材伸展至最大值时,连接板4.4相对压紧板4.1朝向管槽的方向移动,使得位移传感器4.2被不断压缩,通过位移传感器4.2的压缩量,即位移量的差值测量出管材的外形尺寸,从而判断管材的型号是否为切管机所需要加工的型号;若不是,则挡料电机驱动挡料组件沿着挡料滑轨3.17向上滑动,将管材推送至推料组件3.21,随后进行切换管材;若是,则挡料电机驱动挡料组件沿着挡料滑轨3.17向下移动,当挡料组件的承接面3.18.1下降至低于传输皮带5.12的上表面时,传输皮带5.12的上表面将管材传输至升降装置,限位柱5.3限制了管材的继续传输,升降装置根据测量装置4得出的管材的外形尺寸,升降电机驱动升降装置上升,将管材的中心点上升至指定的固定高度;伺服电机驱动第一挡板5.2抵触至管材的一端,管材的另一端抵触至第二挡板5.1上,伺服电机通过移动距离的差值计算管材的长度,决定管材送至切管机的切割距离;伺服电机测量完长度后,输送电机驱动机械手沿着管材输送的方向移动,夹紧电机驱动上夹具5.9及下夹具5.8同步地相向夹紧,机械手夹紧管材后,升降电机反转驱动升降装置向下下降,输送电机继续驱动机械手沿着管材输送的方向移动至管材的中心点与切管机夹具的中心点重合;切管机的夹具夹紧管材后,夹紧电机反转驱动上夹具5.9及下夹具5.8相离张开,输送电机反转驱动机械手回退至初始点,当切管机仍需同一类型的管材时,重复上述步骤进行上料。When the pipe cutting machine needs to process pipes, the automatic material warehouse automatically fetches materials according to the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine. The automatic pipe feeding device according to the pipe type required by the pipe cutting machine, the program controls the separation motor 3.3 to drive the separation chain to drive The separation assembly 3.19 moves along the separation slide 3.9, so that the distance between the first inclined side surface 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 is automatically adjusted to be equal to the shape of the pipe; at the same time, the program controls the stopper motor to drive the stopper chain, thereby Drive the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17, so that the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 is automatically adjusted to be equal to the external dimension of the pipe; after the adjustment, the automatic hopper will be a bundle The pipe is sent to the material receiving device 2, and the material pulling motor 10 drives the rope assembly 2.2, thereby driving the feeding end of the material receiving frame 2.1 to turn upwards around the discharge end of the material receiving frame 2.1, and the one sent from the automatic material warehouse The bundle of pipes is turned over to the feeding side of the distributing device 3, and the receiving rack 2.1 remains oblique; a bundle of pipes is stacked on the first oblique side 3.19.1, the contact surface 3.21.2 and the surface of the receiving rack 2.1 , And then the pusher motor 3.1 drives the pusher chain, thereby driving the pusher assembly 3.21 to move upward along the pusher slide 3.13, because the distance between the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 is equal to the outer dimension of the pipe , The resistance surface of the pusher component 3.21 3.21.2 The resistance can only push the pipe upward in a single-layer, non-stacked form. When the infrared sensor 3.20 detects that a pipe falls into the stopper assembly, the outer red sensor sends a signal to control the push The feed motor 3.1 reverses to make the pusher assembly 3.21 retreat to the initial point; the initial state of the second cylinder 3.23 is extended to the maximum distance. When the infrared sensor 3.20 detects that the pipe falls into the stopper assembly, it drives the second cylinder 3.23 The piston rod retracts and the pipe is sent to the bottom of the measuring device 4. The pressure plate 4.1 of the measuring device 4 initially drops to the lowest point by its own weight, but the pressure plate 4.1 is still placed on top of the pipe, and then the first part of the measuring device 4 The piston cover of a cylinder 4.3 drives the connecting plate 4.4 to move toward the pipe, and the pressing plate 4.1 moves along with the connecting plate toward the pipe until the pressing surface 4.1.1 of the pressing plate 4.1 touches the measuring surface of the pipe. When the piston rod of the first cylinder 4.3 continues to extend towards the pipe to its maximum value, the connecting plate 4.4 moves relative to the pressure plate 4.1 towards the direction of the pipe groove, so that the displacement sensor 4.2 is continuously compressed, and the displacement is determined by the compression of the displacement sensor 4.2. The difference of the amount of measurement measures the outer dimensions of the pipe, so as to determine whether the model of the pipe is the model that needs to be processed by the pipe cutting machine; if not, the stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to slide up along the stopper slide 3.17, and the pipe Push to the pusher assembly 3.21, and then switch the pipe; if it is, the stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to move down along the stopper slide 3.17, when the bearing surface 3.18.1 of the stopper assembly drops below the 5.12 conveyor belt On On the surface, the upper surface of the conveying belt 5.12 transmits the pipe to the lifting device, and the limit column 5.3 restricts the continuous transmission of the pipe. The lifting device is based on the outer dimensions of the pipe obtained by the measuring device 4, and the lifting motor drives the lifting device to rise to lift the pipe. The center point of, rises to the specified fixed height; the servo motor drives the first baffle 5.2 to collide with one end of the pipe, and the other end of the pipe collides with the second baffle 5.1. The servo motor calculates the length of the pipe by the difference of the moving distance. Determine the cutting distance of the pipe to the pipe cutting machine; after the servo motor measures the length, the conveying motor drives the manipulator to move along the pipe conveying direction, the clamping motor drives the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 to simultaneously clamp each other, and the manipulator clamps After the pipe, the lifting motor reverses to drive the lifting device down, and the conveying motor continues to drive the manipulator to move along the pipe conveying direction until the center point of the pipe coincides with the center point of the pipe cutter clamp; after the pipe cutter clamps the pipe , The clamping motor reversibly drives the upper clamp 5.9 and the lower clamp 5.8 to open apart, and the conveying motor reverses to drive the manipulator back to the initial point. When the pipe cutting machine still needs the same type of pipe, repeat the above steps for feeding.
若切管机需要另一型号的管材时,拉料电机10反转驱动拉料架回到初始点;自动料库将剩余的管材取走;自动料库再将切管机所需的另一型号的管材输送至接料装置2中;分离电机3.3驱动分离组件3.19沿着分离滑轨3.9移动,自动调整第一斜侧面3.19.1与平行面3.21.1之间的距离为管材的外形尺寸,挡料电机驱动挡料组件沿着挡料滑轨3.17移动,自动调整承接面3.18.1与第一斜侧面3.19.1之间的距离为管材的外形尺寸;调整完成后重复 上述步骤。实现切换管材时,整个过程无需操作人员参与,智能化自动化程度高,降低生产成本;能够测量管材,判断管材的型号;拉料装置能大批量管材进料,提高进料的效率;适用于不用型号的管材进行上料,适用性强。If the pipe cutting machine needs another type of pipe, the pulling motor 10 reverses to drive the pulling frame back to the initial point; the automatic storage hopper takes away the remaining pipes; the automatic storage hopper then takes the other required by the pipe cutting machine The type of pipe is conveyed to the receiving device 2; the separation motor 3.3 drives the separation assembly 3.19 to move along the separation slide 3.9, and automatically adjusts the distance between the first oblique side 3.19.1 and the parallel surface 3.21.1 to be the outer dimension of the pipe , The stopper motor drives the stopper assembly to move along the stopper slide 3.17, and automatically adjust the distance between the receiving surface 3.18.1 and the first oblique side 3.19.1 to the shape of the pipe; repeat the above steps after the adjustment is completed. When switching pipes, the entire process does not require operator involvement, and the degree of intelligent automation is high, which reduces production costs; it can measure pipes and judge the type of pipes; the pulling device can feed large quantities of pipes to improve the efficiency of feeding; suitable for unused Models of pipes are loaded with strong applicability.
根据上述说明书的揭示和教导,本发明所属领域的技术人员还可以对上述实施方式进行变更和修改。因此,本发明并不局限于上面揭示和描述的具体实施方式,对发明的一些修改和变更也应当落入本发明的权利要求的保护范围内。此外,尽管本说明书中使用了一些特定的术语,但这些术语只是为了方便说明,并不对发明构成任何限制。Based on the disclosure and teaching of the foregoing specification, those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains can also make changes and modifications to the foregoing embodiments. Therefore, the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and described above, and some modifications and changes to the invention should also fall within the protection scope of the claims of the present invention. In addition, although some specific terms are used in this specification, these terms are only for convenience of description and do not constitute any limitation to the invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,包括机架、接料装置、分料装置及输送装置;An automatic pipe feeding device, which is characterized by comprising a frame, a receiving device, a distributing device and a conveying device;
    所述接料装置与自动料库对接,所述接料装置将若干管材从所述自动料库送至所述分料装置;The material receiving device is docked with an automatic material storage, and the material receiving device sends a number of pipes from the automatic material storage to the material distributing device;
    所述分料装置包括推料组件、分离组件、挡料组件及红外传感器;所述分离组件设置在所述机架上,所述分离组件包括第一斜侧面及第二斜侧面,所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面连接;所述推料组件可滑动地设置在所述第一斜侧面上,形成所述分料装置的进料侧,所述推料组件包括垂直于所述第一斜侧面的抵触面及平行于所述第一斜侧面的平行面,所述平行面与所述抵触面连接,所述平行面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离可调;所述挡料组件可滑动地设置在所述第二斜侧面上,形成所述分料装置的出料侧;所述红外传感器设置在所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面的交线处,所述推料组件将管材向上推送至所述挡料组件;The distributing device includes a pusher component, a separation component, a stopper component and an infrared sensor; the separation component is arranged on the frame, and the separation component includes a first oblique side surface and a second oblique side surface. An oblique side surface is connected to the second oblique side surface; the pusher assembly is slidably arranged on the first oblique side surface to form the feed side of the material distributing device, and the pusher assembly includes An abutting surface of the first oblique side surface and a parallel surface parallel to the first oblique side surface, the parallel surface is connected to the abutting surface, and the distance between the parallel surface and the first oblique side surface is adjustable; The stopper assembly is slidably arranged on the second oblique side to form the discharge side of the distributing device; the infrared sensor is arranged at the intersection of the first oblique side and the second oblique side At the line, the pusher assembly pushes the pipe up to the stopper assembly;
    所述输送装置与所述分料装置对接,所述输送装置将管材从所述分料装置的出料侧输送至切管机。The conveying device is docked with the distributing device, and the conveying device conveys the pipe from the discharge side of the distributing device to the pipe cutting machine.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述分料装置还包括分离电机,所述分离电机在设置机架上,并且所述分离电机位于所述分离组件的下方,所述分离电机的输出轴设有第一分离链轮,被所述分离电机驱动的被动轴设有第二分离链轮及分离齿轮,所述第一分离链轮及所述第二分离链轮之间设有分离链条,所述分离齿轮与设置在所述分离组件的分离齿条啮合配合,所述分离组件设置在所述机架的分离滑轨上,所述分离滑轨垂直于所述第一斜侧面。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the distributing device further comprises a separating motor, the separating motor is on the set frame, and the separating motor is located in the separating assembly. Below, the output shaft of the separation motor is provided with a first separation sprocket, the driven shaft driven by the separation motor is provided with a second separation sprocket and a separation gear, the first separation sprocket and the second separation sprocket A separation chain is provided between the sprockets, the separation gear meshes with a separation rack provided on the separation assembly, the separation assembly is arranged on the separation slide rail of the frame, and the separation slide rail is perpendicular to The first oblique side surface.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述第一斜侧面与所述第二斜侧面的夹角为直角,所述挡料组件包括垂直于所述第二斜侧面的承接面;所述承接面与所述第一斜侧面之间的距离可调。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the included angle between the first oblique side surface and the second oblique side surface is a right angle, and the stopper assembly includes The receiving surface of the oblique side surface; the distance between the receiving surface and the first oblique side surface is adjustable.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述分料装置还包括挡料电机,所述挡料电机设置在机架上,并且所述挡料电机位于所述分料装置的出料侧的底端,所述挡料电机的输出轴设有第一挡料链轮,所述机架设有第二挡料链轮,所述第一挡料链轮与所述第二挡料链轮之间设有挡料链条,所述挡料链条与所述挡料组件连接。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 2, characterized in that, the distributing device further comprises a stopper motor, the stopper motor is arranged on the frame, and the stopper motor is located in the At the bottom end of the discharging side of the distributing device, the output shaft of the stopper motor is provided with a first stopper sprocket, and the frame is provided with a second stopper sprocket. A stop chain is arranged between the second stop sprocket, and the stop chain is connected with the stop assembly.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,还包括测量装置,所述测量装置设置在所述机架上,并且所述测量装置位于所述挡料组件的上方,所述测量装置 包括第一气缸及位移传感器,所述第一气缸的活塞杆连接所述位移传感器,所述位移传感器垂直于所述第二斜侧面。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 1, further comprising a measuring device, the measuring device is arranged on the frame, and the measuring device is located above the stopper assembly, The measuring device includes a first cylinder and a displacement sensor, the piston rod of the first cylinder is connected to the displacement sensor, and the displacement sensor is perpendicular to the second oblique side surface.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述测量装置还包括压紧板及连接板,所述连接板将所述第一气缸的活塞杆与所述位移传感器连接,所述压紧板可滑动地设置在所述连接板上,所述位移传感器设置在所述压紧板内,且所述位移传感器与所述压紧板固定连接;所述压紧板包括压紧面,所述压紧面与所述第二斜侧面平行。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 5, wherein the measuring device further comprises a compression plate and a connecting plate, and the connecting plate connects the piston rod of the first cylinder with the displacement sensor Connected, the pressing plate is slidably arranged on the connecting plate, the displacement sensor is arranged in the pressing plate, and the displacement sensor is fixedly connected to the pressing plate; the pressing plate It includes a pressing surface, and the pressing surface is parallel to the second oblique side surface.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述接料装置包括接料架、拉绳组件、中间轴及拉料电机;所述接料架与所述机架铰接的一端为出料端,所述出料端位于所述分料装置的进料侧,所述接料架与所述出料端相对设置的一端为进料端,所述接料架沿垂直于管材输送方向的两侧设有所述拉绳组件,所述拉绳组件的一端与所述接料架的进料端铰接连接,所述中间轴设置在所述机架的两侧,并且所述中间轴高于所述接料架;所述拉绳组件的另一端绕过所述中间轴与所述拉料电机的输出轴固定连接,所述中间轴及所述拉料电机的输出轴的轴线均垂直于管材的输送方向。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the receiving device includes a receiving frame, a rope assembly, an intermediate shaft, and a material pulling motor; the receiving frame and the frame The hinged end is the discharging end, and the discharging end is located on the feeding side of the distributing device. The end of the receiving frame opposite to the discharging end is the feeding end. The two sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction are provided with the pull rope assembly, one end of the pull rope assembly is hingedly connected with the feeding end of the material receiving frame, and the intermediate shaft is arranged on both sides of the frame, And the intermediate shaft is higher than the material receiving frame; the other end of the pull rope assembly bypasses the intermediate shaft and is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the material pulling motor. The axis of the output shaft is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the pipe.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述输送装置包括皮带及升降装置,所述皮带的一端设置在所述分料装置的出料侧,所述皮带的另一端设有所述升降装置,所述升降装置包括限位柱、承接柱、升降齿条、升降齿轮及升降电机;所述承接柱水平设置,所述承接柱的外侧上方设有所述限位柱,所述承接柱的内侧下方设有所述升降齿条,所述升降电机的输出轴设有所述升降齿轮,所述升降齿轮与所述升降齿条啮合配合。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the conveying device includes a belt and a lifting device, one end of the belt is arranged on the discharge side of the distributing device, and the belt The other end is provided with the lifting device, which includes a limit column, a receiving column, a lifting rack, a lifting gear, and a lifting motor; the receiving column is arranged horizontally, and the upper side of the receiving column is provided with the limiting The position column is provided with the lifting rack under the inner side of the receiving column, the output shaft of the lifting motor is provided with the lifting gear, and the lifting gear meshes and cooperates with the lifting rack.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述输送装置还包括机械手、输送电机及夹紧电机,所述机械手设置在所述机架上,所述机械手包括上夹具及下夹具,所述上夹具与所述下夹具之间通过齿轮齿条配合,所述夹紧电机驱动所述上夹具与所述下夹具之间的相向夹紧或相离张开;所述所述输送电机驱动所述机械手沿平行于管材输送的方向移动。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 8, wherein the conveying device further comprises a manipulator, a conveying motor, and a clamping motor, the manipulator is arranged on the frame, and the manipulator includes an upper A clamp and a lower clamp, the upper clamp and the lower clamp are matched by a rack and pinion, and the clamping motor drives the upper clamp and the lower clamp to clamp or open apart from each other; The conveying motor drives the manipulator to move in a direction parallel to the conveying direction of the pipe.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的一种管材自动上料装置,其特征在于,所述升降装置沿垂直于管材输送方向的两侧还设有长度检测装置,所述长度检测装置包括设置在所述升降装置一侧的第一挡板、设置在所述升降装置另一侧的第二挡板及伺服电机;所述伺服电机驱动所述第一挡板沿垂直于管材输送的方向朝向所述第二挡板移动。The automatic pipe feeding device according to claim 9, wherein the lifting device is further provided with a length detection device along both sides perpendicular to the pipe conveying direction, and the length detection device includes a length detection device provided on the lifting device. A first baffle on one side of the device, a second baffle and a servo motor arranged on the other side of the lifting device; the servo motor drives the first baffle toward the second baffle in a direction perpendicular to the pipe conveying The baffle moves.
PCT/CN2020/073260 2019-09-12 2020-01-20 Automated pipe feeding device WO2021047141A1 (en)

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CN114082821A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-02-25 佛山泰格斯自动化设备有限公司 Dish washer inner bag flanging equipment
CN114082821B (en) * 2021-11-18 2023-11-14 佛山泰格斯自动化设备有限公司 Dish washer inner bag turn-ups equipment
CN114160864A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-03-11 黄秀春 Automatic feeding, blanking, pipe cutting and deformation prevention integrated machining device for pipes
CN114160864B (en) * 2021-12-03 2023-11-24 青岛泽昊汽车配件有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging pipe cutting deformation-preventing integrated machining device for pipes
CN114772284A (en) * 2022-03-23 2022-07-22 张达宇 Automatic square steel pipe feeder
CN114986842B (en) * 2022-04-20 2024-01-26 上海伊川水塑料制品有限公司 Feeding device for perfluoroethylene propylene pipe
CN114986842A (en) * 2022-04-20 2022-09-02 上海伊川水塑料制品有限公司 A loading attachment for gathering perfluoroethylene propylene tubular product
CN114799581B (en) * 2022-05-09 2023-09-19 青岛顺丰机械有限公司 Feeding device of laser pipe cutting machine
CN114799581A (en) * 2022-05-09 2022-07-29 青岛顺丰机械有限公司 Feeding device of laser pipe cutting machine
CN115055930A (en) * 2022-06-28 2022-09-16 湖南振辉管业有限公司 Pipe penetrating machine and pipe penetrating method
CN115091253A (en) * 2022-07-26 2022-09-23 广东品图科技有限公司 Transmission equipment who possesses tool transmission
CN115431016A (en) * 2022-09-29 2022-12-06 湖北丽美药用包装有限公司 Casing device for assembling pipe-made products and casing method thereof
CN116689861A (en) * 2023-04-21 2023-09-05 杭州中宙建工集团有限公司 A continuity steel pipe cutting device for construction
CN116689861B (en) * 2023-04-21 2023-11-03 杭州中宙建工集团有限公司 A continuity steel pipe cutting device for construction

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