WO2019128516A1 - Air conditioner system - Google Patents

Air conditioner system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019128516A1
WO2019128516A1 PCT/CN2018/115747 CN2018115747W WO2019128516A1 WO 2019128516 A1 WO2019128516 A1 WO 2019128516A1 CN 2018115747 W CN2018115747 W CN 2018115747W WO 2019128516 A1 WO2019128516 A1 WO 2019128516A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
heat exchanger
air conditioner
throttle
refrigerant
compressor
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PCT/CN2018/115747
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王飞
付裕
罗荣邦
许文明
Original Assignee
青岛海尔空调器有限总公司
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Priority to CN201711474368.1A priority Critical patent/CN108332285B/en
Priority to CN201711474368.1 priority
Application filed by 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司 filed Critical 青岛海尔空调器有限总公司
Publication of WO2019128516A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019128516A1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B13/00Compression machines, plant or systems with reversible cycle
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/0007Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units
    • F24F1/0059Indoor units, e.g. fan coil units characterised by heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/14Heat exchangers specially adapted for separate outdoor units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • F24F11/41Defrosting; Preventing freezing
    • F24F11/42Defrosting; Preventing freezing of outdoor units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/65Electronic processing for selecting an operating mode
    • F24F11/67Switching between heating and cooling modes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/80Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air
    • F24F11/83Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the supply of heat-exchange fluids to heat-exchangers
    • F24F11/84Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the temperature of the supplied air by controlling the supply of heat-exchange fluids to heat-exchangers using valves
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/30Arrangement or mounting of heat-exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B40/00Subcoolers, desuperheaters or superheaters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B47/00Arrangements for preventing or removing deposits or corrosion, not provided for in another subclass
    • F25B47/02Defrosting cycles
    • F25B47/022Defrosting cycles hot gas defrosting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/04Refrigeration circuit bypassing means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/13Economisers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2400/00General features or devices for refrigeration machines, plants or systems, combined heating and refrigeration systems or heat-pump systems, i.e. not limited to a particular subgroup of F25B
    • F25B2400/23Separators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2600/00Control issues
    • F25B2600/25Control of valves
    • F25B2600/2501Bypass valves

Abstract

An air conditioner system, comprising a compressor (1), an indoor heat exchanger (2), a first throttle device (3), and an outdoor heat exchanger (4) connected in series in a main circuit. The main circuit is also provided with a heat exchanger (5) and a first gas-liquid separator (6). A bypass defrosting circuit (P) is disposed between the compressor (1) and the outdoor heat exchanger (4). One side of the heat exchanger (5) is connected to a first pipeline (M) between the first throttle device (3) and the indoor heat exchanger (2), and the other side of the heat exchanger (5) is connected to a second pipeline (N) between the first throttle device (3) and the outdoor heat exchanger (4). A refrigerant passing through the first pipeline (M) and a refrigerant passing through the second pipeline (N) can exchange heat in the heat exchanger (5). A bypass pipeline (L) is disposed between the first gas-liquid separator (6) and the compressor (1). The air conditioner system can achieve the purpose of defrosting without being turned off while increasing the degree of supercooling of the refrigerant in the first pipeline (M).

Description

空调器系统Air conditioner system 技术领域Technical field
本发明属于空调器技术领域,具体涉及一种空调器系统。The invention belongs to the technical field of air conditioners, and in particular relates to an air conditioner system.
背景技术Background technique
现有的空调器系统通常由冷凝器、节流装置、蒸发器、压缩机形成制冷/制热循环回路,压缩机排出的高温高压气态冷媒在冷凝器中凝结成低温高压液体,并经节流装置节流成低温低压液体,然后进入蒸发器吸热蒸发,完成一个制冷/制热循环。The existing air conditioner system usually forms a refrigeration/heating cycle by a condenser, a throttle device, an evaporator, and a compressor, and the high temperature and high pressure gaseous refrigerant discharged from the compressor is condensed into a low temperature and high pressure liquid in the condenser, and is throttled. The device is throttled into a low temperature and low pressure liquid, and then enters the evaporator to absorb heat and evaporate to complete a refrigeration/heating cycle.
空调器在制热运行时,高温高压的气态冷媒在经过冷凝器换热后,形成低温高压的液态冷媒,而后经过节流装置节流降压,形成低温低压气液两相区冷媒,进入蒸发器换热。蒸发面积越大,则相对蒸发能力越高。其中,低温高压的液态冷媒如果继续放热会增加过冷度,从而增加系统循环的制冷制热量。制冷剂在换热时,95%以上的换热量来源于其两相区的汽化潜热量,而单向区(纯液体、纯气体)的等压比热容相对很小,换热量占总系统循环的比例小。此外,气态制冷剂在管路内的压降大,是系统循环压损的主要来源,会增加循环做功量,即增加了系统循环的能耗。During the heating operation of the air conditioner, the high-temperature and high-pressure gaseous refrigerant forms a low-temperature and high-pressure liquid refrigerant after heat exchange through the condenser, and then throttling and depressurization through the throttling device to form a low-temperature low-pressure gas-liquid two-phase zone refrigerant to enter the evaporation. Heat exchange. The larger the evaporation area, the higher the relative evaporation capacity. Among them, the low temperature and high pressure liquid refrigerant will increase the degree of subcooling if it continues to exotherm, thereby increasing the cooling capacity of the system cycle. When the refrigerant is in heat exchange, more than 95% of the heat exchange is derived from the latent heat of vaporization in the two-phase region, while the isobaric specific heat capacity of the unidirectional zone (pure liquid, pure gas) is relatively small, and the heat exchange capacity accounts for the total system. The proportion of the loop is small. In addition, the pressure drop of the gaseous refrigerant in the pipeline is large, which is the main source of the system cyclic pressure loss, which increases the amount of work done by the cycle, that is, increases the energy consumption of the system cycle.
此外,参照图3,图3是传统空调器制热运行时的循环原理图。如图3所示,空调器制热运行的实际运行温度点一般为,A点高温气态70℃冷媒,进入室内换热器和20℃的室内环境进行换热,温度降低为30℃,流经联机管后进入节流装置,其中,B点和节流装置之间的温度(30℃左右)远远高于室外环境温度7℃,余热被浪费,如果余热被吸收利用,还可以增加系统循环的过冷度。In addition, referring to FIG. 3, FIG. 3 is a cycle schematic diagram of a conventional air conditioner during heating operation. As shown in Figure 3, the actual operating temperature of the air conditioner heating operation is generally: A point high temperature gaseous 70 ° C refrigerant, enter the indoor heat exchanger and 20 ° C indoor environment for heat exchange, the temperature is reduced to 30 ° C, flow through After the line tube enters the throttling device, the temperature between point B and the throttling device (about 30 ° C) is much higher than the outdoor ambient temperature of 7 ° C, and the waste heat is wasted. If the residual heat is absorbed and utilized, the system cycle can be increased. Too cold.
基于此,特提出本发明。Based on this, the present invention has been specifically proposed.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为了解决现有技术中的上述问题,即为了提高空调器的制热循环效果,本发明提供的空调器系统包括串联在主回路中的压缩机、室内换热器、第一节流装置和室外换热器,所述主回路中还设置有热交换器和第一气液分离器,并且所述压缩机和所述室外换热器之间设置有旁通除霜回路;所述热交 换器的一侧与所述第一节流装置和所述室内换热器之间的第一管路相连,所述热交换器的另一侧与所述第一节流装置和所述室外换热器之间的第二管路相连;通过所述第一管路的冷媒与通过所述第二管路的冷媒能够在所述热交换器内进行热交换;所述第一气液分离器位于所述热交换器与所述室内换热器之间的第二管路区段中,且所述第一气液分离器与所述压缩机之间设置有旁通管路;所述旁通除霜回路用于在空调制热的过程中对所述室外换热器进行除霜操作。In order to solve the above problems in the prior art, that is, in order to improve the heating cycle effect of the air conditioner, the air conditioner system provided by the present invention includes a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, a first throttle device, and an outdoor unit connected in series in the main circuit. a heat exchanger, wherein the main circuit is further provided with a heat exchanger and a first gas-liquid separator, and a bypass defrost circuit is disposed between the compressor and the outdoor heat exchanger; One side is connected to a first line between the first throttling device and the indoor heat exchanger, and the other side of the heat exchanger is in heat exchange with the first throttling device and the outdoor a second line between the tubes is connected; a refrigerant passing through the first line and a refrigerant passing through the second line are capable of performing heat exchange in the heat exchanger; the first gas-liquid separator is located a second pipeline section between the heat exchanger and the indoor heat exchanger, and a bypass pipeline is disposed between the first gas-liquid separator and the compressor; the bypass The defrost circuit is used to perform a defrosting operation on the outdoor heat exchanger during the heating of the air conditioner.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述旁通管路中设置有第二节流装置,当所述空调器系统制热运行时,所述第二节流装置用于控制气态冷媒的流量。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, a second throttle device is disposed in the bypass line, and when the air conditioner system is heated, the second throttle device is used to control the gaseous refrigerant. flow.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述第一管路穿过所述热交换器的一侧,并且/或者所述第二管路穿过所述热交换器的另一侧。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, the first conduit passes through one side of the heat exchanger and/or the second conduit passes through the other side of the heat exchanger.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述主回路中还设置有第三节流装置,所述第三节流装置位于所述热交换器与所述室内换热器之间的第一管路区段中。In a preferred embodiment of the air conditioner system, a third throttle device is further disposed in the main circuit, and the third throttle device is located between the heat exchanger and the indoor heat exchanger. In the pipeline section.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,当所述空调器系统制热运行时,所述第三节流装置处于全开状态,所述第一节流装置用于冷媒节流。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, when the air conditioner system is operating in heating, the third throttle device is in a fully open state, and the first throttle device is used for refrigerant throttling.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,当所述空调器系统制冷运行时,所述第一节流装置处于全开状态,所述第三节流装置用于冷媒节流。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, when the air conditioner system is in a cooling operation, the first throttle device is in a fully open state, and the third throttle device is used to throttle the refrigerant.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述旁通除霜回路中设置有节流阀,当所述室外换热器需要除霜时,所述节流阀被打开以使从所述压缩机流出的冷媒通过所述旁通除霜回路对所述室外换热器进行除霜操作;当所述室外换热器不需要除霜时,所述节流阀被关闭。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, a throttle valve is disposed in the bypass defrost circuit, and when the outdoor heat exchanger requires defrosting, the throttle valve is opened to enable compression from the The refrigerant flowing out of the machine performs a defrosting operation on the outdoor heat exchanger through the bypass defrosting circuit; when the outdoor heat exchanger does not require defrosting, the throttle valve is closed.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述压缩机设置有第二气液分离器,冷媒经过所述第二气液分离器后回流到所述压缩机中。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, the compressor is provided with a second gas-liquid separator, and the refrigerant is returned to the compressor after passing through the second gas-liquid separator.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述旁通管路连接到所述第二气液分离器的上游。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, the bypass line is connected upstream of the second gas-liquid separator.
在上述空调器系统的优选实施方式中,所述空调器系统还包括四通阀,所述四通阀用于在制冷模式与制热模式之间切换所述空调器系统。In a preferred embodiment of the above air conditioner system, the air conditioner system further includes a four-way valve for switching the air conditioner system between a cooling mode and a heating mode.
在本发明的技术方案中,空调器系统中增加了热交换器,并且该热交换器的两侧分别与第一管路和第二管路相连,这样一来,第一管路中的冷媒和 第二管路中的冷媒能够在热交换器处进行热交换,不仅有效地增加了第一管路中的冷媒的过冷度,而且还可以促进第二管路中的冷媒的蒸发,从而提升了系统的制热量。并且,本发明的第一气液分离器与压缩机之间设置有旁通管路,经过气液分离器的气态冷媒能够通过该旁通管路进入到压缩机的吸气口,从而减小了这部分气态冷媒在制热循环中的压力损失,相当于增加了压缩机吸气口的压力,进而降低了压缩机的功耗,增加了空调器系统在制热循环时的冷媒的循环量,起到提升制热量的目的。本发明还增加了旁通除霜回路,在空调器除霜的过程中,冷媒会继续进入室内换热器进行制热,即可以使空调器仍然维持在制热工况,实现空调器不停机除霜的目的。此外,本发明的空调器还通过设置第三节流装置的方式,使得空调器在切换为制冷模式时,利用该第三节流装置替代第一节流装置(此时第一节流装置处于全开状态)给冷媒进行节流,从而避免了出现在制冷循环时制冷量被降低的现象。In the technical solution of the present invention, a heat exchanger is added to the air conditioner system, and two sides of the heat exchanger are respectively connected to the first pipeline and the second pipeline, so that the refrigerant in the first pipeline is And the refrigerant in the second pipeline can exchange heat at the heat exchanger, which not only effectively increases the degree of subcooling of the refrigerant in the first pipeline, but also promotes evaporation of the refrigerant in the second pipeline, thereby Increased system heat. Moreover, a bypass line is disposed between the first gas-liquid separator of the present invention and the compressor, and the gaseous refrigerant passing through the gas-liquid separator can enter the suction port of the compressor through the bypass line, thereby reducing The pressure loss of this part of the gaseous refrigerant in the heating cycle is equivalent to increasing the pressure of the suction port of the compressor, thereby reducing the power consumption of the compressor and increasing the circulation of the refrigerant in the heating cycle of the air conditioner system. To promote the purpose of heating. The invention also adds a bypass defrost circuit, in the process of defrosting the air conditioner, the refrigerant will continue to enter the indoor heat exchanger for heating, that is, the air conditioner can still be maintained in the heating condition, and the air conditioner is not stopped. The purpose of defrosting. In addition, the air conditioner of the present invention also uses the third throttle device to replace the first throttle device when the air conditioner is switched to the cooling mode by setting the third throttle device (at this time, the first throttle device is at The fully open state is to throttle the refrigerant, thereby avoiding the phenomenon that the cooling capacity is reduced when the refrigeration cycle occurs.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明的空调器系统的实施例一的结构原理图;1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of an air conditioner system of the present invention;
图2是本发明的空调器系统的实施例二的结构原理图;Figure 2 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment of the air conditioner system of the present invention;
图3是传统空调器制热运行时的循环原理图。Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of the cycle of a conventional air conditioner during heating operation.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
为使本发明的实施例、技术方案和优点更加明显,下面将结合附图对本发明的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所述的实施例是本发明的一部分实施例,而不是全部实施例。本领域技术人员应当理解的是,这些实施方式仅仅用于解释本发明的技术原理,并非旨在限制本发明的保护范围。The embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, which are obvious, but not all Example. Those skilled in the art should understand that these embodiments are only used to explain the technical principles of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
首先参照图1,图1是本发明的空调器系统的实施例一的结构原理图。如图1所示,本发明的空调器系统包括串联在主回路的压缩机1、室内换热器2、第一节流装置3和室外换热器4,在该主回路中还设置有热交换器5。为了便于说明,将第一节流装置3与室内换热器2之间的管路作为第一管路M,将第一节流装置3与室外换热器4之间的管路作为第二管路N,热交换器5的一侧与第一管路M相连,热交换器5的另一侧与第二管路N相连,如图1中所示的连接方式:第一管路M穿过热交换器5的一侧,第二管路N穿过热交换器N的另一侧。并且,通过第一管路M的冷媒与通过第二管路N的冷媒能够在热交换器5中进行热交换。此外,在主回路中还设置有第一 气液分离器6,第一气液分离器6位于热交换器5与室外换热器4之间的第二管路N区段,且第一气液分离器6与压缩机1之间设置有旁通管路L。并且,在本发明的空调空调器系统中,压缩机1和室外换热器4之间还设置有旁通除霜回路P,该旁通除霜回路P用于在空调制热循环过程中,对室外换热器4进行除霜操作。Referring first to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a first embodiment of an air conditioner system of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the air conditioner system of the present invention includes a compressor 1 connected in series in the main circuit, an indoor heat exchanger 2, a first throttle device 3, and an outdoor heat exchanger 4, and heat is also disposed in the main circuit. Switch 5. For convenience of explanation, the pipeline between the first throttle device 3 and the indoor heat exchanger 2 is used as the first pipeline M, and the pipeline between the first throttle device 3 and the outdoor heat exchanger 4 is used as the second conduit. The pipe N, one side of the heat exchanger 5 is connected to the first pipe M, and the other side of the heat exchanger 5 is connected to the second pipe N, as shown in FIG. 1 : the first pipe M Passing through one side of the heat exchanger 5, the second line N passes through the other side of the heat exchanger N. Further, the refrigerant passing through the first line M and the refrigerant passing through the second line N can exchange heat in the heat exchanger 5. In addition, a first gas-liquid separator 6 is further disposed in the main circuit, and the first gas-liquid separator 6 is located in the second pipeline N section between the heat exchanger 5 and the outdoor heat exchanger 4, and the first gas A bypass line L is provided between the liquid separator 6 and the compressor 1. Further, in the air conditioning air conditioner system of the present invention, a bypass defrosting circuit P is provided between the compressor 1 and the outdoor heat exchanger 4, and the bypass defrosting circuit P is used during the air conditioning heating cycle. The outdoor heat exchanger 4 is subjected to a defrosting operation.
作为示例,如图1所示,旁通除霜回路P上设置有节流阀9,当室外换热器4需要除霜时,节流阀9被打开以使冷媒通过旁通除霜回路P对室外换热器4进行除霜操作;当室外换热器4不需要除霜时,节流阀9被关闭。通过增加旁通除霜回路P,在空调器除霜的过程中,冷媒会继续进入室内换热器2进行制热,即可以使空调器仍然维持在制热工况,实现空调器不停机除霜的目的。As an example, as shown in FIG. 1, the bypass defrosting circuit P is provided with a throttle valve 9, and when the outdoor heat exchanger 4 needs defrosting, the throttle valve 9 is opened to pass the refrigerant through the bypass defrosting circuit P. The outdoor heat exchanger 4 is subjected to a defrosting operation; when the outdoor heat exchanger 4 does not require defrosting, the throttle valve 9 is closed. By increasing the bypass defrost circuit P, during the defrosting process of the air conditioner, the refrigerant will continue to enter the indoor heat exchanger 2 for heating, that is, the air conditioner can still be maintained in the heating condition, and the air conditioner is not stopped. The purpose of the frost.
在空调器制热循环过程中,压缩机1排出的高温高压气态冷媒流向室内换热器2,在室内换热器2进行热交换,变为低温高压的液态冷媒,冷媒通过沿第一管路M到达C点,此时冷媒温度在20℃左右(此处的热量为废热没有被充分利用)。然后,冷媒经过第一节流装置3节流后进入第二管路N,此时D点冷媒(经过节流后的冷媒)的温度作5℃左右。由于第一管路M中的冷媒和第二管路N中的冷媒存在温差,且两者都通过热交换器5,这样一来,第一管路M中的冷媒和第二管路N中的冷媒在热交换器5处进行热交换,不仅有效地增加了第一管路M中的冷媒的过冷度(即C点到第一节流装置3的那部分冷媒继续放热降温),而且还可以促进第二管路N中的冷媒的蒸发(即D点处的低温冷媒可以对C点处余热进行蒸发吸热,这也相当于增加了蒸发面积,有效提升了换热能力),从而提升了制热量。During the heating cycle of the air conditioner, the high-temperature and high-pressure gaseous refrigerant discharged from the compressor 1 flows to the indoor heat exchanger 2, and performs heat exchange in the indoor heat exchanger 2 to become a low-temperature high-pressure liquid refrigerant, and the refrigerant passes along the first pipeline. M reaches point C, at which time the temperature of the refrigerant is around 20 ° C (the heat here is not fully utilized for waste heat). Then, the refrigerant enters the second line N after being throttled by the first throttle device 3, and the temperature of the refrigerant at the point D (after the throttled refrigerant) is about 5 °C. Since the refrigerant in the first line M and the refrigerant in the second line N have a temperature difference, and both pass through the heat exchanger 5, the refrigerant in the first line M and the second line N are The heat exchange of the refrigerant at the heat exchanger 5 not only effectively increases the degree of subcooling of the refrigerant in the first line M (ie, the portion of the refrigerant from the point C to the first throttle device 3 continues to radiate and cool down), Moreover, the evaporation of the refrigerant in the second pipe N can be promoted (that is, the low-temperature refrigerant at the point D can evaporate and absorb the heat of the residual heat at the point C, which is equivalent to increasing the evaporation area and effectively improving the heat exchange capacity). Thereby increasing the heat production.
接下来,经过热交换器5进行换热后的冷媒进入第一气液分离器6,经过第一气液分离器6分离出的气态冷媒直接沿旁通管路L回流到压缩机1中,从而减小了这部分气态冷媒在制热循环中的压力损失,也相当于增加了压缩机1吸气口的压力,进而降低了压缩机1的功耗,增加了空调器系统在制热循环时的冷媒循环量,起到提升制热量的目的。经过第一气液分离器6的液态冷媒再经过室外换热器4回流至压缩机1。通过上述设计,在空调器制热运行的过程中不仅能够使废热再利用,而且可以降低系统功耗,增加空调器系统在制热循时的冷媒循环量,从而提升整个系统的制热量。Next, the refrigerant that has undergone heat exchange through the heat exchanger 5 enters the first gas-liquid separator 6, and the gaseous refrigerant separated by the first gas-liquid separator 6 is directly returned to the compressor 1 along the bypass line L. Thereby reducing the pressure loss of the part of the gaseous refrigerant in the heating cycle, and also increasing the pressure of the suction port of the compressor 1, thereby reducing the power consumption of the compressor 1, and increasing the heating cycle of the air conditioner system. The amount of refrigerant circulation at the time is used to enhance the heat production. The liquid refrigerant passing through the first gas-liquid separator 6 is returned to the compressor 1 through the outdoor heat exchanger 4. Through the above design, not only the waste heat can be reused in the heating operation of the air conditioner, but also the system power consumption can be reduced, and the refrigerant circulation amount of the air conditioner system during the heating cycle can be increased, thereby increasing the heating capacity of the entire system.
作为示例,在旁通管路L上设置有第二节流装置7,当空调制热运行时, 该第二节流装置7用于控制气态冷媒的流量,即可以根据实际的运行工况调整第二节流装置7的开度以便于灵活地控制气态冷媒通过的量。在制冷循环时,可以关闭第二节流装置7,使得旁通管路L不参与制冷循环。As an example, a second throttle device 7 is provided on the bypass line L. When the air conditioner is heating, the second throttle device 7 is used to control the flow rate of the gaseous refrigerant, that is, it can be adjusted according to actual operating conditions. The opening of the second throttle device 7 facilitates flexible control of the amount of gaseous refrigerant passing. During the refrigeration cycle, the second throttle device 7 can be closed so that the bypass line L does not participate in the refrigeration cycle.
需要说明的是,上文中的热交换器5可以是一个盛有水的水箱也可以是任意其他适宜的形式,只要能够使第一节流装置3上游和下游的冷媒进行换热即可。此外,上述设计对于制热循环能有效提升制热量,而对于制冷循环时降低制冷量。It should be noted that the heat exchanger 5 in the above may be a water tank containing water or any other suitable form as long as heat can be exchanged between the upstream and downstream refrigerants of the first throttle device 3. In addition, the above design can effectively increase the heating capacity for the heating cycle and reduce the cooling capacity for the refrigeration cycle.
作为一种示例,本发明的空调器系统还包括模式切换装置(例如图1中的四通阀Q),该模式切换装置用于在制冷模式与制热模式之间切换空调器系统。As an example, the air conditioner system of the present invention further includes a mode switching device (such as the four-way valve Q in FIG. 1) for switching the air conditioner system between the cooling mode and the heating mode.
作为示例,参照图2,图2是本发明的空调器系统的实施例二的结构原理图。如图2所示,本发明的空调器系统的主回路中还设置有第三节流装置8,该第三节流装置8位于热交换器5与室内换热器2之间的第一管路M区段中。当空调器制热运行时,第三节流装置8处于全开状态,第一节流装置3用于冷媒节流。此时与实施例一中的空调器系统的原理相同。通过四通阀Q将空调器系统切换为制冷运行时,第一节流装置3处于全开状态,第三节流装置8用于冷媒节流,同时关闭第二节流装置7。此时热交换器5两侧的冷媒几乎无温差,即热交换器5在制冷循环的过程中不发挥作用,整个制冷循环为常规制冷循环。从而避免降低制冷运行时的制冷量。As an example, referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is a structural schematic diagram of a second embodiment of the air conditioner system of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, a third throttle device 8 is disposed in the main circuit of the air conditioner system of the present invention, and the third throttle device 8 is located between the heat exchanger 5 and the indoor heat exchanger 2. In the M section. When the air conditioner is operating in heating, the third throttle device 8 is in a fully open state, and the first throttle device 3 is used for refrigerant throttling. At this time, the principle of the air conditioner system in the first embodiment is the same. When the air conditioner system is switched to the cooling operation by the four-way valve Q, the first throttle device 3 is in the fully open state, and the third throttle device 8 is used for the refrigerant throttling while the second throttle device 7 is closed. At this time, the refrigerant on both sides of the heat exchanger 5 has almost no temperature difference, that is, the heat exchanger 5 does not function during the refrigeration cycle, and the entire refrigeration cycle is a conventional refrigeration cycle. This avoids reducing the amount of cooling during cooling operation.
优选地,参照图1和图2,压缩机1设置有气液分离器11,进入压缩机1的气态冷媒首先经过该气液分离器11后,再被压缩机1吸入,从而开启下一循环。其中,旁通管路L连接到第二气液分离器11的上游。Preferably, referring to Figures 1 and 2, the compressor 1 is provided with a gas-liquid separator 11, and the gaseous refrigerant entering the compressor 1 first passes through the gas-liquid separator 11, and is then sucked by the compressor 1, thereby opening the next cycle. . The bypass line L is connected to the upstream of the second gas-liquid separator 11.
综上所述,本发明的空调器系统中增加了热交换器,并且该热交换器的两侧分别与第一管路和第二管路相连,这样一来,第一管路中的冷媒和第二管路中的冷媒能够在热交换器处进行热交换,不仅有效地增加了第一管路中的冷媒的过冷度,而且还可以促进第二管路中的冷媒的蒸发,从而提升了系统的制热量。并且,本发明的第一气液分离器与压缩机之间设置有旁通管路,经过第一气液分离器的气态冷媒能够通过该旁通管路进入到压缩机的吸气口,从而减小了这部分气态冷媒在制热循环中的压力损失,相当于增加了压缩机吸气口的压力,进而降低了压缩机的功耗,增加了空调器系统在制热循环时的冷媒循环量,起到提升制热量的目的。本发明还增加了旁通除霜回路, 在空调器除霜的过程中,冷媒会继续进入室内换热器进行制热,即可以使空调器仍然维持在制热工况,实现空调器不停机除霜的目的。此外,本发明的空调器还通过设置第三节流装置的方式,使得空调器在切换为制冷模式时,利用该第三节流装置替代第一节流装置(此时第一节流装置处于全开状态)给冷媒进行节流,从而避免了出现在制冷循环时制冷量被降低的现象。In summary, a heat exchanger is added to the air conditioner system of the present invention, and two sides of the heat exchanger are respectively connected to the first pipeline and the second pipeline, so that the refrigerant in the first pipeline is obtained. And the refrigerant in the second pipeline can exchange heat at the heat exchanger, which not only effectively increases the degree of subcooling of the refrigerant in the first pipeline, but also promotes evaporation of the refrigerant in the second pipeline, thereby Increased system heat. Moreover, a bypass line is disposed between the first gas-liquid separator of the present invention and the compressor, and the gaseous refrigerant passing through the first gas-liquid separator can enter the suction port of the compressor through the bypass line, thereby The pressure loss of the part of the gaseous refrigerant in the heating cycle is reduced, which is equivalent to increasing the pressure of the compressor suction port, thereby reducing the power consumption of the compressor and increasing the refrigerant circulation of the air conditioner system during the heating cycle. Amount, to enhance the purpose of heating. The invention also adds a bypass defrost circuit, in the process of defrosting the air conditioner, the refrigerant will continue to enter the indoor heat exchanger for heating, that is, the air conditioner can still be maintained in the heating condition, and the air conditioner is not stopped. The purpose of defrosting. In addition, the air conditioner of the present invention also uses the third throttle device to replace the first throttle device when the air conditioner is switched to the cooling mode by setting the third throttle device (at this time, the first throttle device is at The fully open state is to throttle the refrigerant, thereby avoiding the phenomenon that the cooling capacity is reduced when the refrigeration cycle occurs.
至此,已经结合附图所示的优选实施方式描述了本发明的技术方案,但是,本领域技术人员容易理解的是,本发明的保护范围显然不局限于这些具体实施方式。在不偏离本发明的原理的前提下,本领域技术人员可以对相关技术特征作出等同的更改或替换,这些更改或替换之后的技术方案都将落入本发明的保护范围之内。Heretofore, the technical solutions of the present invention have been described in conjunction with the preferred embodiments shown in the drawings, but it is obvious to those skilled in the art that the scope of the present invention is obviously not limited to the specific embodiments. Those skilled in the art can make equivalent changes or substitutions to the related technical features without departing from the principles of the present invention, and the technical solutions after the modifications or replacements fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种空调器系统,包括串联在主回路中的压缩机、室内换热器、第一节流装置和室外换热器,An air conditioner system comprising a compressor connected in series in a main circuit, an indoor heat exchanger, a first throttling device and an outdoor heat exchanger,
    其中,所述主回路中还设置有热交换器和第一气液分离器,并且所述压缩机和所述室外换热器之间设置有旁通除霜回路;Wherein, the main circuit is further provided with a heat exchanger and a first gas-liquid separator, and a bypass defrost circuit is disposed between the compressor and the outdoor heat exchanger;
    所述热交换器的一侧与所述第一节流装置和所述室内换热器之间的第一管路相连,所述热交换器的另一侧与所述第一节流装置和所述室外换热器之间的第二管路相连,使通过所述第一管路的冷媒与通过所述第二管路的冷媒能够在所述热交换器内进行热交换;One side of the heat exchanger is connected to a first line between the first throttling device and the indoor heat exchanger, and the other side of the heat exchanger is connected to the first throttling device and a second conduit between the outdoor heat exchangers is connected to enable heat exchange between the refrigerant passing through the first conduit and the refrigerant passing through the second conduit in the heat exchanger;
    所述第一气液分离器位于所述热交换器与所述室内换热器之间的第二管路区段中,且所述第一气液分离器与所述压缩机之间设置有旁通管路;The first gas-liquid separator is located in a second pipeline section between the heat exchanger and the indoor heat exchanger, and the first gas-liquid separator and the compressor are disposed between Bypass line
    所述旁通除霜回路用于在空调制热的过程中对所述室外换热器进行除霜操作。The bypass defrost circuit is configured to perform a defrosting operation on the outdoor heat exchanger during heating of the air conditioner.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的空调器系统,其中,所述旁通管路中设置有第二节流装置,当所述空调器系统制热运行时,所述第二节流装置用于控制气态冷媒的流量。The air conditioner system according to claim 1, wherein a second throttle device is disposed in the bypass line, and the second throttle device is used to control a gaseous state when the air conditioner system is heated to operate The flow of refrigerant.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的空调器系统,其中,所述第一管路穿过所述热交换器的一侧,并且/或者所述第二管路穿过所述热交换器的另一侧。The air conditioner system according to claim 1, wherein the first conduit passes through one side of the heat exchanger and/or the second conduit passes through the other side of the heat exchanger .
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的空调器系统,其中,所述主回路中还设置有第三节流装置,所述第三节流装置位于所述热交换器与所述室内换热器之间的第一管路区段中。The air conditioner system according to claim 3, wherein said main circuit is further provided with a third throttle device, said third throttle device being located between said heat exchanger and said indoor heat exchanger In the first pipe section.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的空调器系统,其中,当所述空调器系统制热运行时,所述第三节流装置处于全开状态,所述第一节流装置用于冷媒节流。The air conditioner system according to claim 4, wherein said third throttle device is in a fully open state when said air conditioner system is heated, said first throttle device being used for refrigerant throttling.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的空调器系统,其中,当所述空调器系统制冷运行时,所述第一节流装置处于全开状态,所述第三节流装置用于冷媒节流。The air conditioner system according to claim 4, wherein said first throttle device is in a fully open state when said air conditioner system is in a cooling operation, and said third throttle device is used for refrigerant throttling.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的空调器系统,其中,所述旁通除霜回路中设置有节流阀,The air conditioner system according to claim 1, wherein a throttle valve is provided in the bypass defrost circuit,
    当所述室外换热器需要除霜时,所述节流阀被打开以使从所述压缩机流出的冷媒通过所述旁通除霜回路对所述室外换热器进行除霜操作;When the outdoor heat exchanger needs to be defrosted, the throttle valve is opened to cause the refrigerant flowing out from the compressor to perform a defrosting operation on the outdoor heat exchanger through the bypass defrosting circuit;
    当所述室外换热器不需要除霜时,所述节流阀被关闭。The throttle valve is closed when the outdoor heat exchanger does not require defrosting.
  8. 根据权利要求1至7中任一项所述的空调器系统,其中,所述压缩机 设置有第二气液分离器,冷媒经过所述第二气液分离器后回流到所述压缩机中。The air conditioner system according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the compressor is provided with a second gas-liquid separator, and the refrigerant is returned to the compressor after passing through the second gas-liquid separator .
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的空调器系统,其中,所述旁通管路连接到所述第二气液分离器的上游。The air conditioner system of claim 8, wherein the bypass line is connected upstream of the second gas-liquid separator.
  10. 根据权利要求1至7中任一项所述的空调器系统,其中,所述空调器系统还包括四通阀,所述四通阀用于在制冷模式与制热模式之间切换所述空调器系统。The air conditioner system according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the air conditioner system further includes a four-way valve for switching the air conditioner between a cooling mode and a heating mode System.
PCT/CN2018/115747 2017-12-29 2018-11-15 Air conditioner system WO2019128516A1 (en)

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