WO2019034971A1 - A threat detection system for industrial controllers - Google Patents

A threat detection system for industrial controllers Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2019034971A1
WO2019034971A1 PCT/IB2018/055998 IB2018055998W WO2019034971A1 WO 2019034971 A1 WO2019034971 A1 WO 2019034971A1 IB 2018055998 W IB2018055998 W IB 2018055998W WO 2019034971 A1 WO2019034971 A1 WO 2019034971A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
plc
report
physical
output
monitoring unit
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2018/055998
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ilan Gendelman
Amir SAMOILOFF
Original Assignee
Si-Ga Data Security (2014) Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201762544831P priority Critical
Priority to US62/544,831 priority
Application filed by Si-Ga Data Security (2014) Ltd. filed Critical Si-Ga Data Security (2014) Ltd.
Publication of WO2019034971A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019034971A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/12Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications adapted for proprietary or special purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in a car or remote metering networks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/05Programmable logic controllers, e.g. simulating logic interconnections of signals according to ladder diagrams or function charts
    • G05B19/058Safety, monitoring
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B9/00Safety arrangements
    • G05B9/02Safety arrangements electric
    • G05B9/03Safety arrangements electric with multiple-channel loop, i.e. redundant control systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B2219/00Program-control systems
    • G05B2219/10Plc systems
    • G05B2219/14Plc safety
    • G05B2219/14008Pc monitors plc
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B23/00Testing or monitoring of control systems or parts thereof
    • G05B23/02Electric testing or monitoring
    • G05B23/0205Electric testing or monitoring by means of a monitoring system capable of detecting and responding to faults
    • G05B23/0259Electric testing or monitoring by means of a monitoring system capable of detecting and responding to faults characterized by the response to fault detection
    • G05B23/0286Modifications to the monitored process, e.g. stopping operation or adapting control
    • G05B23/0289Reconfiguration to prevent failure, e.g. usually as a reaction to incipient failure detection

Abstract

A threat detection system for industrial controllers, comprising a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) comprising a report back line; a physical device connected with the PLC and comprising an output line; and a monitoring unit connected with the output line and with the report back line; the monitoring unit configured to record an output sent from the physical device to the PLC, and the PLC's report back; compare the physical device's output with the PLC's report back; and communicate at least one alert upon the physical device's output not being consistent with the PLC's report back.

Description

A THREAT DETECTION SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL CONTROLLERS
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention, in some embodiments thereof, relates to industrial control systems and, more specifically, but not exclusively, to monitoring of industrial control systems for security and maintenance.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED PATENT APPLICATIONS
This patent application claims priority from and is related to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial Number 62/544,831 , filed 08/13/2017, this U.S. Provisional Patent Application incorporated by reference in its entirety herein. BACKGROUND
Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, or any type of industrial control systems (ICSs), are where computer controlled systems interact with real-world processes by monitoring and controlling the analog and digital input and output from devices, such as pumps, valves, heaters, etc. ICSs are at the center of today's technological infrastructures. ICSs are used to control and monitor from the most crucial processes, such as infrastructures for power generation, electrical transmission grids, water distribution, and transportation control, down to low scale ventilation, heating, and gas control in public or private facilities.
ICSs comprise programmable logic controllers (PLCs), SCADA data networks, operator and supervisor terminals, management terminals, etc. The PLC devices are connected to physical devices, such as pumps, meters, valves, heaters, etc. and control these physical devices using hardware interfaces, such as analog and/or digital input and/or output (I/O) electrical conductor lines, referred to herein as I/O lines. The PLCs frequently use a system bus design to attach I/O modules to the PLC processing unit, and the I/O modules contain electronics to control the output conductors and perform measurements on the input conductors. By manipulating the I/O lines in a certain order, the operation of the facility is implemented. The physical devices are operated by the PLC according to embedded logic, and each PLC is designed to work autonomously, often in groups where each PLC might control part of the process. Select information and statuses gathered by the PLCs are transferred to operator and/or supervisor terminals who have limited control of the operations according to predefined constraints, such as manual overrides of certain devices and/or operations when needed. Higher level information is transferred to management terminals for executive monitoring of the operations.
ICSs may be described as control systems where most of the logic is performed on the level of the PLCs, which have exclusive real world connection to the physical devices. The PLC's operational logic runs automatically in real time till the logic is changed, parameters are changed, or a manual override is sent from a control terminal. ICSs are designed to provide high reliability and environmental protection, and major efforts were done to reach high values of mean time between failures (MTBF). Hence the control systems were designed to be robust, autonomous, and easily overridden by the operator and/or programmer when needed.
Current security techniques for ICS include network level security using firewalls, internet packet diodes and high security level password protected gateways. These security techniques are designed to prevent unauthorized access through the internet. Cyber security is the protection of computer systems from the theft or damage to their hardware, software or information, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide or the tasks they should perform. Cyber security
includes controlling physical access to the hardware, as well as protecting against harm that might come via network access, data and code injection. Cyber security is attained by the use of three main processes: prevention, detection and response.
Prevention systems attempt to detect a threat before any damage is done.
Detection systems attempt to detect any damage, disruption or misdirection and e.g., alert. Reaction systems intended to react upon threats detection. SUMMARY
According to an aspect of the invention there is provided a threat detection system for industrial controllers, comprising: a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC); a physical device connected with the PLC; and a monitoring unit connected with an output line of the physical device and with a line through which the PLC reports back; the monitoring unit configured to record an output sent from the physical device to the PLC, and the PLC's report back; compare the physical device's output with the PLC's report back; and communicate at least one alert upon the physical device's output not being consistent with the PLC's report back.
The comparison may comprise one of: converting the physical device's output to the PLC's report back representation; and converting the PLC's report back representation to electrical data representation.
The comparison may comprise compensating for a delay between the physical device's output and the PLC's report back.
The industrial control system, may comprise an information technology (IT) layer connected to the internet; a DeMilitarized Zone (DMZ) layer connected with the IT layer; and an operational technology (OT) layer connected with the DMZ layer; the OT layer may comprises the threat detection system for industrial controllers described above. The threat detection system for industrial controllers may further comprise an
emergency PLC connected with the monitoring unit; the emergency PLC configured to perform a set of preprogrammed actions upon receiving an electrical signal from the monitoring unit.
According to an aspect of the invention there is provided a method of detecting threats in industrial systems, comprising: recording, by a monitoring unit, an output sent from a physical device to a PLC; recording, by the monitoring unit, a report back sent by the PLC; comparing, by the monitoring unit, the output with the report back; and providing, by the monitoring unit, at least one alert upon the physical device's output not being consistent with the PLC's report back.
The comparison may comprise one of: converting the physical device's output to the PLC's report back representation; and converting the PLC's report back representation to electrical data representation.
The comparison may comprise compensating for a delay between the physical device's output and the PLC's report back.
The method may further comprise sending an electrical signal to an emergency PLC thereby activating a set of preprogrammed actions.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
For better understanding of the invention and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, purely by way of example, to the accompanying drawings. With specific reference now to the drawings in detail, it is stressed that the particulars shown are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the preferred embodiments of the present invention only, and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for a
fundamental understanding of the invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention may be embodied in practice. In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an exemplary existing industrial control system; Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the system of Fig. 1 with the monitoring unit according to embodiments of the present invention; and Fig. 3 is a flowchart showing the detection process performed by the monitoring unit according to embodiments of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Before explaining at least one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not necessarily limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of the components and/or methods set forth in the following description and/or illustrated in the drawings and/or the Examples. The invention is capable of other embodiments or of being practiced or carried out in various ways.
As will be appreciated by one skilled in the art, aspects of the present invention may be embodied as a system, method or computer program product. Accordingly, aspects of the present invention may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment (including firmware, resident software, micro-code, etc.) or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects that may all generally be referred to herein as a "circuit," "module" or "system." Furthermore, aspects of the present invention may take the form of a computer program product embodied in one or more computer readable medium(s) having computer readable program code embodied thereon.
Any combination of one or more computer readable medium(s) may be utilized. The computer readable medium may be a computer readable signal medium or a computer readable storage medium. A computer readable storage medium may be, for example, but not limited to, an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system, apparatus, or device, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. More specific examples (a non-exhaustive list) of the computer readable storage medium would include the following: an electrical connection having one or more wires, a portable computer diskette, a hard disk, a random access memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), an erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM or Flash memory), an optical fiber, a portable compact disc read-only memory (CD-ROM), an optical storage device, a magnetic storage device, or any suitable combination of the foregoing. In the context of this document, a computer readable storage medium may be any tangible medium that can contain, or store a program for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device. A computer readable signal medium may include a propagated data signal with computer readable program code embodied therein, for example, in baseband or as part of a carrier wave. Such a propagated signal may take any of a variety of forms, including, but not limited to, electro-magnetic, optical, or any suitable combination thereof. A computer readable signal medium may be any computer readable medium that is not a computer readable storage medium and that can communicate, propagate, or transport a program for use by or in connection with an instruction execution system, apparatus, or device.
Program code embodied on a computer readable medium may be transmitted using any appropriate medium, including but not limited to wireless, wire line, optical fiber cable, RF, etc., or any suitable combination of the foregoing.
Computer program code for carrying out operations for aspects of the present invention may be written in any combination of one or more programming languages, including an object oriented programming language such as Java, Smalltalk, C++ or the like and conventional procedural programming languages, such as the "C" programming language or similar programming languages. The program code may execute entirely on the user's computer, partly on the user's computer, as a stand-alone software package, partly on the user's computer and partly on a remote computer or entirely on the remote computer or server. In the latter scenario, the remote computer may be connected to the user's computer through any type of network, including a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN), or the connection may be made to an external computer (for example, through the Internet using an Internet Service
Provider).
Aspects of the present invention are described below with reference to flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams of methods, apparatus (systems) and computer program products according to embodiments of the invention. It will be understood that each block of the flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams, and combinations of blocks in the flowchart illustrations and/or block diagrams, can be implemented by computer program instructions. These computer program instructions may be provided to a processor of a general purpose computer, special purpose computer, or other programmable data processing apparatus to produce a machine, such that the instructions, which execute via the processor of the computer or other programmable data processing apparatus, create means for implementing the functions/acts specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks.
These computer program instructions may also be stored in a computer readable medium that can direct a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other devices to function in a particular manner, such that the instructions stored in the computer readable medium produce an article of manufacture including instructions which implement the function/act specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks.
The computer program instructions may also be loaded onto a computer, other programmable data processing apparatus, or other devices to cause a series of operational steps to be performed on the computer, other programmable apparatus or other devices to produce a computer implemented process such that the instructions which execute on the computer or other programmable apparatus provide processes for implementing the functions/acts specified in the flowchart and/or block diagram block or blocks. The present invention, in some embodiments thereof, relates to a detection layer for monitoring industrial control systems (ICS).
Since the whole historical design concepts of ICS were not security oriented, a set of misconceptions, such as security through obscurity and/or physical layer protection have led to an erroneous sense of security by ICS managers. Such security measures do not prevent access to the PLCs. Beyond physical security access, such as locked control boxes, there are no security measures or monitoring at the PLC level of ICSs. Thus there exists an urgent security risk, and the mitigation of this risk is the goal of some aspects of the embodiments of the invention. The enormous potential damage combined with embedded vulnerabilities make ICS high profile targets for malicious attacks. Critical national infrastructural damage will affect directly the public health and safety, and is a high profile target and threat to homeland security. The install base of ICSs is extremely large and mostly defenseless, eager for security solutions. The industry cannot afford to replace and/or upgrade existing control systems to comply with the threats and/or upcoming changes in regulations. Any monitoring system that offers to secure existing hardware will have an advantage.
ICSs were designed to be highly reliable and operate in extreme environmental conditions, such as temperature, humidity, vibration, etc. This results in a very conservative industry, very careful and slow to adopt new technologies or changes. In addition the cost of replacing ICS hardware is extremely high. Any monitoring system needs to overlay the existing control systems, offering a full solution for existing hardware without interrupting operations or requiring control system changes.
ICSs are considered, incorrectly, as inherently secure, and only recently have their vulnerabilities become a growing source of concern. Therefore the security solutions for ICS, unlike those for information technology (IT) networks, are in an early stage of development and most current solutions are migrated solutions from the IT world that protect against unauthorized access from the internet. These solutions and approaches for securing an ICS network are focused on the communication layers and gateways, and not the PLC internal and/or external hardware interfaces. Unlike IT systems, ICSs have defined endpoint interactions with real world processes through hardware input and/or output (I/O) lines, resulting in clear operational outcomes. When the hardware interfaces are affected by an attack, the cyber defense may fail and might or might not detect the violation. Therefore, the critical defense point, and last line of defense, is the hardware interface between the PLC and the real world processes.
Most existing solutions are supplied by the PLC manufacturers and require a vast and extremely costly hardware upgrades. Existing solutions are tailor made for each manufacturer, model, and/or protocol, requiring integration per each different product line, and for any future products. The present invention provides a cost effective solution for maintaining ICS security. According to some embodiments of the present invention there is provided a monitoring system, which may comprise a method and a monitoring unit. The combined hardware devices and software methods may monitor and identify cyber-attacks and/or any abnormal operation in industrial control systems (ICSs) and/or supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems. The monitoring unit is connected to the output of the physical devices in order to collect data and compare each physical device's output with the output reported back by each physical device's respective PLC. During monitoring, based on the comparison results anomalies may be detected. Based on the detected anomalies, alerts may be sent to the appropriate response personnel of the ICS. This approach may result in protection of critical ICS operations with minimal infrastructure changes.
Occasionally, when a malicious entity wishes to do damage, it penetrates some of the system's Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and changes their instructions (commands and/or parameters). Additionally, in some cases the malicious entity reports back that everything is working properly. That way, once the malicious entity penetrates the prevention layer of the system, with no detection system, it may continue harming the system for a long time, until detected, if detected, through faulty system operation. In such cases, the system of the present invention using the comparison results will detect those minor changes. Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an exemplary existing industrial control system 100, comprising: an information technology (IT) layer 120 connected to the internet 110, a DeMilitarized Zone (DMZ) layer 130 which serves as a prevention layer and is connected with the IT layer 120, an operational technology (OT) layer 140 connected with the DMZ layer 130 and comprising at least one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) 160A-160N and at least one physical device 170A-170N, such as pumps, meters, valves, heaters, robots, actuators, etc. each connected to its respective PLC .e.g., via the PLC's I/O lines.
It will be appreciated that more than one physical device may be connected to a single PLC. It will be appreciated that the IT layer 120 may be connected to the internet 110 via a firewall.
The IT layer 120 comprises any networking, storage, computers and other physical devices, processes and infrastructure to store, process, create, secure and exchange all forms of electronic data.
The DMZ layer 130 is a physical or logical sub network that contains and exposes the system's external-facing services to the Internet. The purpose of a DMZ is to add an additional layer of security to the system. An external network node can access only what is exposed in the DMZ, while the rest of the system's network is firewalled. The OT layer 140 comprises hardware and software for detecting, controlling and/or regulating system processes and physical devices such as pumps, valves, etc. The OT layer comprises systems that process operational data including computer systems, electronics, telecommunications, technical components, etc. and may be intended to control physical devices, e.g., open a valve, activate an engine, etc. and/or regulate various process values such as pressure or temperature, etc.
According to embodiments of the present invention, the OT layer may include a Human Machine Interface (HMI) used to monitor and control the system's technical processes.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the system of Fig. 1 with the monitoring unit 210 according to embodiments of the present invention. The monitoring unit comprises at least a Central Processing Unit (CPU), a memory, storage and a data acquisition unit (DAQ) to measure signals. The monitoring unit 210 is connected to the output line of each physical device (180A-180N) and records the outputs sent from the physical devices to their respective PLC. Additionally, the monitoring unit 210 is connected to the PLCs' lines 190 through which each PLC reports back, and records the reporting. It will be appreciated that the monitoring unit 210 may be connected to any line, which is connected to the PLCs and transfers the report back.
Using these records, the monitoring unit 210 compares each physical device's output with the respective PLC's report back. Since the monitoring unit 210 expects a specific result, namely, that the physical device's output is consistent with the respective PLC's report back, it is able to detect if a malicious entity changed the PLC's performance.
It will be appreciated that in order to perform the comparison, a conversion may be needed as the I/O measurements of the physical device are raw electrical data while the PLC reports back in another representation (e.g. RPM, temperature, height, flow, pressure, etc.). According to embodiments of the present invention, the conversion may be made using machine learning where the monitoring unit learns which electrical data equals which PLC's representation.
In addition, there might be a time latency between the I/O measurements and the PLC's report back which might create an offset, e.g. the physical device outputs may be sampled every 1 second while the PLC reports back every 5 second, hence there might be a delay in the comparison which needs to be taken into consideration. According to embodiments of the present invention, the conversion may be made using machine learning where the monitoring unit learns what the time delay is between the physical device's measurements and the PLC's report back.
It will be appreciated that other methods of conversion and compensation for time delay can be applied, by using mathematical assumptions on the type of the conversion (mostly can be assumed as linear), e.g., linear regression, piecewise linear regression, etc. Higher order conversions, i.e. nonlinear, can be achieved using various methods know in the art of polynomial regression on a preset order.
Other approaches, which may be used, are approximations to the conversion function using a basis switch, for example, when using wavelets approach.
It will be appreciated that not all the physical devices and PLCs have to be connected to the monitoring unit 210.
Thus, any misfunctions or malfunctions of the PLC caused for example by a technical problem, software problem, etc. and any attack intended to manipulate or harm the PLCs' logic, i.e. program commands and/or parameters, may be detected by the monitoring unit 210 and reported either by wired or wireless connection to the client by an email, a phone call, an alert notification, the HMI, etc.
In order to provide different security levels, there are various connectivity options for passing the monitoring unit's alerts. in an extreme secure setup, such as nuclear arena, a dedicated Ethernet line may connect the monitoring unit 210 and a viewing machine in a control room - i.e.
physically separated network.
in a more common setup, the information may be passed on the same physical LAN using a V-LAN (virtual LAN) defined to the network switches.
In other options, the information may be passed on external autonomous network (for example, using a dedicated cellular router) and be pushed to the client's accessible port (in various protocols such as FTP, email or dedicated HTTPS port), this port is opened by the client in his firewall and all its security is managed by the client.
It will be appreciated that the monitoring unit 210 of the present invention may be installed in a system comprising more or less components than the ones presented in Figs. 1 and 2. To clarify, the internet 110, the IT layer 120 and the DMZ 130 are optional and presented for the purpose of demonstration of an exemplary system. The mandatory components of the present invention are the OT layer 140 including at least one physical device, at least one PLC and the monitoring unit 210 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a flowchart showing the detection process performed by the monitoring unit 210 according to embodiments of the present invention. For the purpose of explanation, the process is described with one physical device and one PLC. In step 310 the monitoring unit 210 records an output sent from the physical device to its respective PLC and the PLC's report back. In step 320 the monitoring unit 210 compares the physical device's output with the PLC's report back. According to embodiments of the present invention, as mentioned above, prior to the comparison, the monitoring unit may perform a conversion to the physical device's output or the PLC's report back (step 315) and/or may perform time delay compensation (step 316). If in step 330, the physical device's output is consistent with the PLC's report back, the process loops back to step 310. Otherwise, in step 340 the monitoring unit 210 alerts.
According to embodiments of the present invention, upon detection, the monitoring unit 210 may act as a reaction layer by sending, recommending and/or performing a set of actions such as, for example, lowering activity, shut down, etc.
According to embodiments of the present invention, the system of the present invention may further include an emergency PLC thus upon detection, the monitoring unit 210 may send an electrical signal to the emergency PLC preprogrammed to perform a set of actions upon receiving an electrical signal. The set of actions may be programmed by the system of the present invention or by the client of the system of the present invention.
It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to what has been particularly shown and described hereinabove. Rather the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and includes combinations and sub-combinations of the various features described hereinabove as well as variations and modifications thereof which would occur to persons skilled in the art upon reading the foregoing description.

Claims

1 . A threat detection system for industrial controllers, comprising:
a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) comprising a report back line;
a physical device connected with said PLC and comprising an output line; and a monitoring unit connected with said output line and with said report back line; said monitoring unit configured to record an output sent from said physical device to said PLC, and said PLC's report back; compare said physical device's output with said PLC's report back; and communicate at least one alert upon said physical device's output not being consistent with said PLC's report back.
2. The threat detection system for industrial controllers of claim 1 , wherein said
comparison comprises one of: converting said physical device's output to said PLC's report back representation; and converting said PLC's report back representation to electrical data representation.
3. The threat detection system for industrial controllers of claim 1 , wherein said
comparison comprises compensating for a delay between said physical device's output and said PLC's report back.
4. An industrial control system, comprising:
an information technology (IT) layer connected to the internet;
a DeMilitarized Zone (DMZ) layer connected with said IT layer; and
an operational technology (OT) layer connected with said DMZ layer; said OT layer comprises the threat detection system for industrial controllers of claim 1.
5. The threat detection system for industrial controllers of claim 1 , further comprising an emergency PLC connected with said monitoring unit; said emergency PLC configured to perform a set of preprogrammed actions upon receiving an electrical signal from said monitoring unit.
6. A method of detecting threats in industrial systems, comprising:
recording, by a monitoring unit, an output sent from a physical device to a PLC; recording, by said monitoring unit, a report back sent by said PLC;
comparing, by said monitoring unit, said output with said report back; and providing, by said monitoring unit, at least one alert upon said physical device's output not being consistent with said PLC's report back.
The method of claim 6, wherein said comparison comprises one of: converting said physical device's output to said PLC's report back representation; and converting said PLC's report back representation to electrical data representation.
The method of claim 6, wherein said comparison comprises compensating for a delay between said physical device's output and said PLC's report back.
The method of claim 6, further comprising:
sending an electrical signal to an emergency PLC thereby activating a set of preprogrammed actions.
PCT/IB2018/055998 2017-08-13 2018-08-09 A threat detection system for industrial controllers WO2019034971A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201762544831P true 2017-08-13 2017-08-13
US62/544,831 2017-08-13

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2019034971A1 true WO2019034971A1 (en) 2019-02-21

Family

ID=65362905

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IB2018/055998 WO2019034971A1 (en) 2017-08-13 2018-08-09 A threat detection system for industrial controllers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2019034971A1 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6424258B1 (en) * 1998-07-29 2002-07-23 Cegelec Acec S.A. Redundant process control system
CN101546187A (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-09-30 上海宝信软件股份有限公司 Redundant PLC system
JP2013143077A (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-22 Hitachi Ltd Monitoring method for control device and control device monitoring system
US20150346706A1 (en) * 2014-06-01 2015-12-03 Ilan GENDELMAN Industrial control system smart hardware monitoring

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6424258B1 (en) * 1998-07-29 2002-07-23 Cegelec Acec S.A. Redundant process control system
CN101546187A (en) * 2008-03-25 2009-09-30 上海宝信软件股份有限公司 Redundant PLC system
JP2013143077A (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-07-22 Hitachi Ltd Monitoring method for control device and control device monitoring system
US20150346706A1 (en) * 2014-06-01 2015-12-03 Ilan GENDELMAN Industrial control system smart hardware monitoring

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10698378B2 (en) Industrial control system smart hardware monitoring
US10862902B2 (en) System and methodology providing automation security analysis and network intrusion protection in an industrial environment
EP2866407A1 (en) Protection of automated control systems
Gao et al. SCADA communication and security issues
JP2016105591A (en) Process plant network with secured external access
US11153277B2 (en) Security system, device, and method for internet of things networks
WO2018048351A1 (en) Defense system and method against cyber-physical attacks
JP2017506377A (en) System and method for protecting industrial control systems
EP3646561B1 (en) A threat detection system for industrial controllers
Settanni et al. Protecting cyber physical production systems using anomaly detection to enable self-adaptation
Flaus Cybersecurity of industrial systems
Escudero et al. Process-aware model based IDSs for industrial control systems cybersecurity: approaches, limits and further research
WO2018156428A1 (en) Transparent firewall for protecting field devices
EP3320661B1 (en) Automation system with self-defending smart field devices
US10530749B1 (en) Security system, device, and method for operational technology networks
CA2927826A1 (en) Industrial control system smart hardware monitoring
Krotofil et al. Are you threatening my hazards?
WO2019034971A1 (en) A threat detection system for industrial controllers
Rao et al. Industrial control systems security and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)
Tantawy et al. Continuous stirred tank reactors: modeling and simulation for CPS security assessment
Negi et al. Intrusion Detection & Prevention in Programmable Logic Controllers: A Model-driven Approach
CN111338297B (en) Industrial control safety framework system based on industrial cloud
EP3889711A1 (en) Portable cybersecurity run-time engines
Wyman Consider the consequences: Understanding and limiting physical impacts caused by an ICS cyberattack
Yask et al. A review of model on malware detection and protection for the distributed control systems (Industrial control systems) in oil & gas sectors

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 18846588

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 18846588

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1