WO2018103142A1 - Decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light and production process - Google Patents

Decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light and production process Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018103142A1
WO2018103142A1 PCT/CN2016/111306 CN2016111306W WO2018103142A1 WO 2018103142 A1 WO2018103142 A1 WO 2018103142A1 CN 2016111306 W CN2016111306 W CN 2016111306W WO 2018103142 A1 WO2018103142 A1 WO 2018103142A1
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layer
substrate
pattern
light
transparent
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PCT/CN2016/111306
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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许东勇
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许东勇
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Priority to CN201611134792.7 priority Critical
Priority to CN201611134797.X priority
Priority to CN201611134792.7A priority patent/CN106515293A/en
Priority to CN201621352299.8U priority patent/CN206306700U/en
Priority to CN201621352299.8 priority
Priority to CN201611134797.XA priority patent/CN106515294A/en
Priority to CN201621352300.7U priority patent/CN206306701U/en
Priority to CN201621352300.7 priority
Application filed by 许东勇 filed Critical 许东勇
Publication of WO2018103142A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018103142A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/04Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B15/08Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies

Abstract

A decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light and a production process, mainly comprising steps such as a substrate forming step, a reflecting layer vacuum plating step and a transmitting film optical plating step. A metal reflective film layer (2) is arranged on a back surface of a substrate (1) of the decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light, and a toner resin layer (3), a visible pattern layer (5) and a light-transmitting film (4) are arranged on the surface of the substrate. Said process is simple, implementation is easy, the production process is environmentally friendly and pollution-free, and the produced decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light has better dazzle light effects. In the processes of static observation and dynamic observation, the decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light is observed from different angles and different distances, different areas of the decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light present different colors and color changes respectively, the decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light presents cooler color changes, the colors are brighter and a great anti-counterfeit function is achieved.

Description

一种聚光变炫光装饰片及生产工艺Concentrated light glare decorative piece and production process thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及炫光装饰片及其生产工艺技术领域,尤其是涉及一种使用在服装、鞋子和帽子等物品的聚光变炫光装饰片及其生产工艺。The invention relates to the field of glare decorative sheets and the production technology thereof, in particular to a concentrating glare decorative sheet used in articles such as clothing, shoes and hats and a production process thereof.
背景技术Background technique
现有技术中,使用在服装、鞋子和帽子等物品上经常固定有装饰片,传统的装饰片是非常简单的,仅仅在基材的表面印刷、缝纫或粘贴商标图案。而随着时代的发展,消费者的喜欢也在发生改变,尤其是年轻一代,喜欢服装、鞋子和帽子上具有醒目的炫光的饰片,而现有技术的具有炫光效果的饰片的视觉效果及明亮度较为一般,色彩变化也较为单一,有必要予以改进。In the prior art, decorative sheets are often fixed on articles such as clothing, shoes, and hats. The conventional decorative sheets are very simple, and only the surface of the substrate is printed, sewn, or affixed with a logo pattern. With the development of the times, the consumer's likes are also changing, especially the younger generation, who likes the glare of glare on clothing, shoes and hats, while the prior art glare-like plaques Visual effects and brightness are more general, color changes are also relatively simple, and it is necessary to improve.
发明内容Summary of the invention
针对现有技术存在的不足,本发明的目的是提一种结构简单、环保无污染、成本低、具有更好的炫光效果的聚光变炫光装饰片及其生产工艺。In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a concentrating glare decorative sheet with simple structure, environmental protection, no pollution, low cost, and better glare effect, and a production process thereof.
针对现有技术存在的不足,本发明的目的是提一种在具有更好的炫光效果的同时具有极好的防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片及生产工艺。In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a concentrating glare decorative sheet and a production process which have an excellent anti-counterfeiting function while having a better glare effect.
为了实现上述目的,本发明所采用的技术方案是。In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is.
一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet, comprising the following steps,
成型基片,通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片;Forming the substrate, obtaining a transparent substrate of a corresponding shape by a molding process;
真空镀反射层,通过真空镀工艺在基片的背面的局部区域或全部区域镀上一金属反射膜层,基片背面镀有金属反射膜层的区域形成光效反射区;Vacuum-reflecting the reflective layer, and depositing a metal reflective film layer on a part or all of the back surface of the substrate by a vacuum plating process, and forming a light-reflecting region on the back surface of the substrate with the metal reflective film layer;
喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺在基片正面喷涂一透明的调色树脂层, 调色树脂层包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层;Spraying a colored transparent layer, spraying a transparent tinted resin layer on the front side of the substrate by a spraying process. The toning resin layer includes a transparent colorless toning resin region and/or a transparent toning resin region having different colors, respectively, each of the toning resin regions being joined into one piece and constituting the toning resin layer;
光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在基片正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层表面的局部区域镀一显性图案层,显性图案层包含有彩色图案,所述显性图案层至少分布在两个不同颜色的调色树脂区;In the optical plating step, a dominant pattern layer is plated on a partial region of the front surface of the substrate and/or a partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer includes a color pattern, and the dominant pattern layer is at least Distributed in two different color toner resin areas;
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺在调色树脂层的表面镀上一层透光膜;Optically plating a light-transmissive film, and plating a light-transmissive film on the surface of the toning resin layer by an optical plating process;
成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片。Finished product, get the glare glare decorative piece.
进一步的技术方案中,在所述光学镀透光膜步骤之前进行防伪图案凹印制作步骤,在所述调色树脂层形成防伪图案凹印,用于形成防伪图案,包括以下子步骤,In a further technical solution, the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure manufacturing step is performed before the step of the optically-plated transparent film, and the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure is formed on the toning resin layer for forming the anti-counterfeiting pattern, including the following sub-steps.
防伪图案遮蔽,基片的正面贴一防伪图案遮蔽片,防伪图案遮蔽片的形状与隐性防伪图案相同;The anti-counterfeiting pattern is shielded, and the front surface of the substrate is attached with an anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet, and the shape of the anti-counterfeiting pattern shielding sheet is the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern;
喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片正面防伪图案遮蔽片以外的区域喷涂一透明的调色树脂层;Spraying a colored transparent layer, spraying a transparent toning resin layer in a region other than the front surface anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet by a spraying process;
移除防伪图案遮蔽,将防伪图案遮蔽片移除,在所述调色树脂层上形成一防伪图案凹印,防伪图案凹印与仅在特定条件下显现的隐性防伪图案相同;Removing the anti-counterfeit pattern mask, removing the anti-counterfeit pattern mask, and forming a security pattern gravure on the toning resin layer, the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure being the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern appearing only under certain conditions;
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺形成所述基片的最外层的所述透光膜覆盖所述调色树脂层及防伪图案凹印,透光膜填满防伪图案凹印,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印及其周边区域上方的透光膜的外表面是连续平整的。Optically plating a light-transmissive film, the light-transmissive film forming the outermost layer of the substrate by an optical plating process covers the toning resin layer and the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure, and the light-transmissive film fills the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure and covers The outer surface of the light transmissive film above the security pattern gravure and its peripheral region is continuously flat.
进一步的技术方案中,在所述防伪图案凹印制作步骤和所述光学镀透光膜步骤之间增加喷涂乙酸丁酯步骤和/或防伪图案处理步骤,In a further technical solution, a step of spraying a butyl acetate step and/or a security pattern is added between the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure manufacturing step and the optical plate translucent film step,
喷涂乙酸丁酯步骤,遮蔽所述防伪图案凹印外的区域,先向防伪图案凹印喷涂乙酸丁酯,形成一乙酸丁酯层; Spraying a butyl acetate step, masking the area outside the gravure of the anti-counterfeit pattern, firstly spraying butyl acetate to the anti-counterfeiting pattern to form a butyl acetate layer;
防伪图案处理步骤,遮蔽所述防伪图案凹印外的区域,通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在防伪图案凹印中,使氧化锆粉与凹印底部的材料结合并形成一透明的表面凹凸不平的纳米氧化锆复合层,纳米氧化锆复合层的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层的顶面,移除遮蔽后再行光学镀透光膜步骤;火焰喷涂工艺中将火焰温度控制在350~380℃,纳米氧化锆复合层的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层的表面布满凸起的粒状体。The anti-counterfeiting pattern processing step masks the area outside the gravure of the anti-counterfeiting pattern, and uniformly sprays the nano-sized zirconia powder in the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure by a flame spraying process, so that the zirconia powder is combined with the material of the gravure bottom to form a a transparent surface of the uneven nano-zirconia composite layer, the top surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer, and the step of optically plating the light-transmissive film is removed after being shielded; in the flame spraying process The flame temperature is controlled at 350 to 380 ° C, and the average thickness of the nano zirconia composite layer is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the surface of the nano zirconia composite layer is covered with convex granules.
进一步的技术方案中,通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片,在基片的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片背面的穴腔,穴腔朝向基片正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;所述真空镀反射层步骤中,通过真空镀工艺在基片的背面镀上一金属反射膜层,金属反射膜层从基片背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层。所述基片选用塑料或树脂材料制成的透明片材,基片的厚度为0.2~3mm;所述真空镀工艺选用溅射镀或离子镀,所述金属反射膜层选用铝反射膜层,金属反射膜层的厚度为1~10μm;调色树脂层的厚度为5~50μm;所述透光膜选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜的厚度为0.3~10μm;所述穴腔的底面敞开,穴腔的高度为0.5~2mm,各穴腔的高度各不相同,各穴腔的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔的距离各不相同,穴腔布满基片的背面;所述小型面片包括曲面和平面,所述立体光效面凸向基片的正面。In a further technical solution, a transparent substrate having a corresponding shape is obtained by a molding process, and a plurality of three-dimensional recesses recessed in the back surface of the substrate are formed on the back surface of the substrate, and a cavity is formed on a side of the front surface of the substrate. The three-dimensional light-effect surface is formed by splicing a plurality of small-sized patches of different sizes and different inclination angles; in the vacuum plating reflective layer step, a metal is plated on the back surface of the substrate by a vacuum plating process. The reflective film layer and the metal reflective film layer cover the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces from the back surface of the substrate, and a three-dimensional light-reflecting layer is formed on the back surface of each of the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces. The substrate is made of a transparent sheet made of plastic or resin material, and the thickness of the substrate is 0.2 to 3 mm; the vacuum plating process is selected by sputtering or ion plating, and the metal reflective film layer is made of an aluminum reflective film layer. The metal reflective film layer has a thickness of 1 to 10 μm; the toning resin layer has a thickness of 5 to 50 μm; the transparent film is made of a transparent metal plating film, and the transparent film has a thickness of 0.3 to 10 μm; the bottom surface of the cavity is open. The height of the cavity is 0.5~2mm, the height of each cavity is different, the shape and size of the bottom surface of each cavity are different, the distances of adjacent cavity are different, and the cavity is covered with the substrate. a back surface; the small patch includes a curved surface and a plane, the stereoscopic light surface being convex toward the front surface of the substrate.
一种聚光变炫光装饰片,包括由塑料或树脂材料制成的一体成型的透明的基片;基片背面的局部区域或全部区域通过真空镀工艺镀上一金属反射膜层,基片背面镀有金属反射膜层的区域形成光效反射区,基片正面通过喷涂工艺喷涂有一透明的调色树脂层,调色树脂层包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/ 或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层;调色树脂层的表面通过光学镀工艺镀上一层透光膜,所述基片正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层表面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀有一显性图案层,显性图案层包含有彩色图案,所述显性图案层至少分布在两个不同颜色的调色树脂区。A concentrating glare decorative sheet comprising an integrally formed transparent substrate made of plastic or a resin material; a partial or all area of the back surface of the substrate is plated with a metal reflective film layer by a vacuum plating process, the substrate A region on the back side of which is coated with a metal reflective film layer forms a light-reflecting region, and a front surface of the substrate is sprayed with a transparent toner resin layer, and the toner resin layer includes a transparent colorless toner resin region and/or Or a transparent toner resin region having different colors, each of the toner resin regions being joined into a sheet and constituting the toner resin layer; the surface of the toner resin layer is plated with a light-transmissive film by an optical plating process, The partial area of the front side of the substrate and/or the partial area of the surface of the toning resin layer are plated with a dominant pattern layer by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer comprises a color pattern, and the dominant pattern layer is distributed in at least two different colors. The coloring resin area.
进一步的技术方案中,所述基片的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片背面的穴腔,穴腔朝向基片正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;所述金属反射膜层从基片背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层。所述穴腔的底面敞开,各穴腔的高度各不相同,各穴腔的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔的距离各不相同,穴腔布满基片的背面;所述小型面片包括曲面和平面,所述立体光效面凸向基片的正面。In a further technical solution, the back surface of the substrate is formed with a plurality of three-dimensional recesses recessed in the back surface of the substrate, and the cavity faces a side of the front surface of the substrate to form a three-dimensional light effect surface, and the three-dimensional light effect surface is formed by a plurality of Small pieces of different sizes and different inclination angles are spliced together; the metal reflective film layer covers each three-dimensional light-effect surface from the back surface of the substrate, and a three-dimensional light-reflecting layer is formed on the back surface of each three-dimensional light-effect surface. . The bottom surface of the cavity is open, the height of each cavity is different, the shape and size of the bottom surface of each cavity are different, the distances of adjacent cavity are different, and the cavity is covered with the back surface of the substrate; The small patch comprises a curved surface and a plane, the stereoscopic light surface being convex toward the front side of the substrate.
进一步的技术方案中,所述调色树脂层设置有至少一防伪图案凹印,防伪图案凹印是凹陷于调色树脂层表面的隐性防伪图案的形状,所述透光膜覆盖所述调色树脂层及所述防伪图案凹印,所述透光膜填满防伪图案凹印,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印及其周边区域上方的透光膜的外表面是连续平整的。In a further technical solution, the toning resin layer is provided with at least one anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure, and the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure is a shape of a recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern recessed on the surface of the toning resin layer, the transparent film covering the tune The color resin layer and the anti-counterfeiting pattern are gravure, the light-transmissive film is filled with the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure, and the outer surface of the light-transmissive film covering the gravure pattern gravure and the peripheral region thereof is continuous and flat.
进一步的技术方案中,所述防伪图案凹印的表面设置有一通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在所述凹印中而形成的透明的纳米氧化锆复合层,纳米氧化锆复合层的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层的顶面,所述纳米氧化锆复合层的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层的表面布满凸起的粒状体。In a further technical solution, the surface of the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure is provided with a transparent nano-zirconia composite layer formed by uniformly spraying nano-scale zirconia powder in the gravure by a flame spraying process, and the nano-zirconia composite The top surface of the layer is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer, and the average thickness of the nano-zirconia composite layer is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer is covered with convex granular bodies.
本发明和现有技术相比所具有的优点是:本发明的工艺简单,易于实施,生产过程环保无污染,且生产得到的聚光变炫光装饰片具有更好的炫光效果, 在静态观察和动态观察的过程中,从不同角度和不同距离观察聚光变炫光装饰片,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域分别呈现不同的色彩和色彩变化,聚光变炫光装饰片呈现更炫酷的色彩变化,且色彩更加透亮。Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that the process of the invention is simple, easy to implement, environmentally friendly and pollution-free in the production process, and the produced glazed glare decorative sheet has better glare effect. In the process of static observation and dynamic observation, the glare-changing glare decorative piece is observed from different angles and different distances. Different areas of the concentrating glare decorative piece show different color and color changes, and the glare glare decoration The film presents a more cool color change and the color is more translucent.
本发明在调色树脂层形成防伪图案凹印,在附着有水雾、水汽或水珠时显现隐性防伪图案,使聚光变炫光装饰片具有极好的防伪功能。The invention forms an anti-counterfeit pattern gravure on the toning resin layer, and exhibits a recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern when water mist, water vapor or water bead is attached, so that the concentrated light-changing glare decorative sheet has an excellent anti-counterfeiting function.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明实施例一的聚光变炫光装饰片的结构示意图。1 is a schematic structural view of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to a first embodiment of the present invention.
图2是本发明实施例二的聚光变炫光装饰片的结构示意图。2 is a schematic structural view of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention.
图3是本发明实施例二的调色树脂层设有防伪图案凹印的结构示意图。Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the toner resin layer of the second embodiment of the present invention provided with the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure.
图4是本发明实施例三的聚光变炫光装饰片的结构示意图。4 is a schematic structural view of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to a third embodiment of the present invention.
图5是本发明实施例三的调色树脂层设有防伪图案凹印的结构示意图。Fig. 5 is a structural schematic view showing the printing resin layer of the third embodiment of the present invention having a security pattern gravure.
图6是本发明实施例四的聚光变炫光装饰片的结构示意图。Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention.
图中:1、基片2、金属反射膜层3、调色树脂层4、透光膜5、显性图案层6、防伪图案凹印7、纳米氧化锆复合层8、穴腔。In the drawings: 1. The substrate 2, the metal reflective film layer 3, the toner resin layer 4, the light-transmissive film 5, the dominant pattern layer 6, the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 7, the nano-zirconia composite layer 8, and the cavity.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,并不因此而限定本发明的保护范围。The following description is only a preferred embodiment of the invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
实施例一Embodiment 1
一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet, comprising the following steps,
成型基片,通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片1,基片1为薄片或薄条,基片1的厚度为0.2~3mm,基片1的正面或背面可以成型有不同形状的实体。其中,呈片材形状,可以规则形状的片材,如圆形片材、椭圆形片材、方形片材或长条形的薄型片材,也可以不规则形状的片状,可以是平面形状的片状,也可以立体的曲面形状的片状;基片1的轮廓边缘形状可以制 作成各种形状,基片1也可以中部局部镂空,例如制成各种产品的商标形状,或者制作成所需要的各种装饰图案的形状。The molded substrate is obtained by a molding process to obtain a transparent substrate 1 of a corresponding shape. The substrate 1 is a thin sheet or a thin strip. The thickness of the substrate 1 is 0.2 to 3 mm, and the front or back surface of the substrate 1 can be formed with different shapes of solids. . Wherein, the sheet is in the shape of a sheet, and the sheet can be a regular shape, such as a circular sheet, an elliptical sheet, a square sheet or a long thin sheet, or an irregularly shaped sheet, which may be a flat shape. The shape of the sheet can also be a three-dimensional curved shape; the contour edge shape of the substrate 1 can be made In various shapes, the substrate 1 may also be partially hollowed out in the middle, for example, in the shape of a trademark of various products, or in the shape of various decorative patterns required.
于较佳实施方式中,基片1的正面为光滑面,在基片1的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片1背面的穴腔8,穴腔8的底面敞开,各穴腔8的高度各不相同,各穴腔8的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔8的距离各不相同,穴腔8布满基片1的背面;In a preferred embodiment, the front surface of the substrate 1 is a smooth surface. On the back surface of the substrate 1, a plurality of three-dimensional shaped cavities 8 recessed in the back surface of the substrate 1 are formed, and the bottom surface of the cavity 8 is open, and each cavity is opened. The heights of 8 are different, the shapes and sizes of the bottom surfaces of the cavities 8 are different, the distances of the adjacent cavities 8 are different, and the cavities 8 are covered with the back surface of the substrate 1;
穴腔8朝向基片1正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面凸向基片1的正面;立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;小型面片包括曲面和平面。它使聚光变炫光装饰片的不同位置都具有不同的折射率和反射率,从侧面观察和正面观察各有不同视觉效果,聚光变炫光装饰片呈现不同的色彩,另外,在动态观察的过程中,从不同距离、不同角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片的视觉效果各不相同,且存在一种动态变化,同时更加色彩炫丽。The cavity 8 faces a side of the front side of the substrate 1 to form a three-dimensional light effect surface, and the three-dimensional light effect surface is convex toward the front surface of the substrate 1; the three-dimensional light effect surface is composed of a plurality of small-sized patch pieces of different sizes and different inclination angles. Made up; small patches include surfaces and planes. It makes the different positions of the glare glare decorative sheet have different refractive index and reflectivity. From the side view and the front view, each has different visual effects. The concentrating glare decorative piece presents different colors. In addition, in the dynamic During the observation process, the visual effects of the glare-changing glare decorative sheets from different distances and different angles are different, and there is a dynamic change, and at the same time more colorful and dazzling.
真空镀反射层,通过真空镀工艺在基片1的背面镀上一金属反射膜层2,金属反射膜层2从基片1背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层;真空镀工艺选用溅射镀或离子镀,形成的金属反射膜层2为铝反射膜层,金属反射膜层2的厚度为1~10μm。The reflective layer is vacuum-plated, and a metal reflective film layer 2 is plated on the back surface of the substrate 1 by a vacuum plating process. The metal reflective film layer 2 covers the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces from the back surface of the substrate 1, and is respectively disposed on the back surface of each of the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces. A three-dimensional light-reflecting layer is formed; the vacuum plating process is selected by sputtering or ion plating, and the formed metal reflective film layer 2 is an aluminum reflective film layer, and the thickness of the metal reflective film layer 2 is 1 to 10 μm.
喷涂有色层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片1正面喷涂一透明的调色树脂层3,通过多次喷涂作业在基片1正面的不同区域分别喷涂具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层3,形成在基片1正面的调色树脂层3包括透明无色的调色树脂区和分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,调色树脂层3的厚度为5~50μm,调色树脂层3的较佳厚度为6~8μm。调色树脂层3是透明的着色层或实色层,不但具有滤光的效果,还能 增加调色树脂层3可以控制聚光变炫光装饰片的色彩变化趋势,调色树脂层3的厚度为8~10μm。从正面观察观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现相同的色彩,且从正面动态观察聚光变炫光装饰片时聚光变炫光装饰片的各个区域具有基本相同的色彩变化。而从侧面或倾斜角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不相同的色彩,各区域呈现的色彩接近于喷涂在该区域的调色树脂层3的色彩,且从侧面或倾斜角度动态观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的各个区域具有不同的色彩变化。The colored layer is sprayed, and a transparent toning resin layer 3 is sprayed on the front side of the substrate 1 by spraying, and transparent colored resin regions having different colors are respectively sprayed on different areas on the front side of the substrate 1 by multiple spraying operations. Each of the toner resin regions is joined into a sheet and constitutes the toner resin layer 3, and the toner resin layer 3 formed on the front surface of the substrate 1 includes a transparent colorless toner resin region and transparent toner resins each having a different color. The thickness of the toner resin layer 3 is 5 to 50 μm, and the thickness of the toner resin layer 3 is preferably 6 to 8 μm. The coloring resin layer 3 is a transparent colored layer or a solid color layer, which not only has a filtering effect but also Increasing the toning resin layer 3 can control the color change tendency of the condensed glare decorative sheet, and the thickness of the toning resin layer 3 is 8 to 10 μm. When viewing the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from the front, the different areas of the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibit the same color, and each of the glare-changing glare decorative sheets is dynamically observed from the front. The areas have essentially the same color variations. When the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is viewed from the side or the oblique angle, different regions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet exhibit different colors, and the colors appearing in each region are close to the coloring resin layer 3 sprayed on the region. When the color is changed and the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is dynamically observed from the side or the inclined angle, each region of the concentrating glare decorative sheet has a different color change.
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺在调色树脂层3的表面镀上一层透光膜4;透光膜4选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜4的厚度为0.3~10μm,透光膜4的较佳厚度为3~5μm。透光膜4第一起保护作用,第二,具有重要的光学作用。The optically plated transparent film is coated with a transparent film 4 on the surface of the toning resin layer 3 by an optical plating process; the transparent film 4 is selected from a transparent metal plating film, and the thickness of the transparent film 4 is 0.3 to 10 μm. The film 4 preferably has a thickness of 3 to 5 μm. The light transmissive film 4 serves as a first protection and, secondly, has an important optical effect.
成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片,图1所示。Finished product, get the glare glare decorative piece, as shown in Figure 1.
可以在光学镀透光膜步骤之前增加一光学镀图案步骤,可选实施方式如下:An optical plating step may be added prior to the step of optically plating the transparent film, and an alternative embodiment is as follows:
第一种实施方式,在喷涂有色层步骤之前进行光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在基片1正面的局部区域镀一显性图案层5。In the first embodiment, an optical plating step is performed before the step of spraying the colored layer, and a dominant pattern layer 5 is plated on a partial portion of the front surface of the substrate 1 by an optical plating process.
第二实施方式,在喷涂有色层步骤之后进行光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在调色树脂层3表面的局部区域镀一显性图案层5。In the second embodiment, the optical plating step is performed after the step of spraying the colored layer, and a dominant pattern layer 5 is plated on a partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer 3 by an optical plating process.
第三实施方式,在喷涂有色层步骤之前以及喷涂有色层步骤之后分别增加一光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在基片1正面的局部区域和调色树脂层3表面的局部区域分别镀一显性图案层5。In a third embodiment, an optical plating step is added before the step of spraying the colored layer and after the step of spraying the colored layer, and a partial portion of the front surface of the substrate 1 and a partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer 3 are respectively plated by an optical plating process. Dominant pattern layer 5.
人眼从不同角度和不同距离均可以观察到聚光变炫光装饰片的显性图案层5,显性图案层5的不同区域的色彩各不相同,且在动态观察显性图案层5 时,显性图案层5的不同区域会呈现不同的色彩变化,能够更加凸显出显性图案层5。The dominant pattern layer 5 of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet can be observed from different angles and different distances of the human eye, and the colors of different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 are different, and the dominant pattern layer 5 is dynamically observed. When different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 exhibit different color variations, the dominant pattern layer 5 can be more prominently highlighted.
本实施例中,透光膜4配合基片1、立体光效面和调色树脂层3共同作用,提高聚光变炫光装饰片的不同位置的折射率和反射率的变化幅度,且折射率和反射率更加趋向于无方向性,在静态观察的过程中,人眼从不同距离和不同角度观察,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不同的色彩,在动态观察过程中,即聚光变炫光装饰片移动或晃动的过程中,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不同的色彩分别呈现不同的色彩变化,不同区域的视觉效果各不相同,且存在一种动态变化,同时更加色彩炫丽。In this embodiment, the light transmissive film 4 cooperates with the substrate 1, the three-dimensional light effect surface and the toning resin layer 3 to improve the variation range of the refractive index and the reflectance at different positions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, and the refraction. The rate and reflectivity tend to be non-directional. In the process of static observation, the human eye observes different distances and different angles, and different regions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet exhibit different colors. During the dynamic observation process, During the process of moving or shaking the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, different regions of the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibit different color variations, and the visual effects of different regions are different, and there is a dynamic change. At the same time, it is more colorful.
综上所述,聚光变炫光装饰片具有静态炫光效果和动态炫光效果,聚光变炫光装饰片呈现出更多的色彩变化,且色彩更加透亮,具有更好的炫光效果。In summary, the concentrating glare decorative sheet has a static glare effect and a dynamic glare effect, and the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibits more color changes, and the color is more translucent, and has a better glare effect. .
实施例二Embodiment 2
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,本实施例是在实施例一的基础之上增加隐性防伪图案,在调色树脂层3形成防伪图案凹印6,其相同步骤不再赘述,其不同之处在于,依次包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet having an anti-counterfeiting function, in this embodiment, a recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern is added on the basis of the first embodiment, and an anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is formed on the toning resin layer 3, which is the same The steps are not described again, and the difference is that the following steps are included in sequence.
成型基片步骤。Forming the substrate step.
真空镀反射层步骤。Vacuum plating step of the reflective layer.
防伪图案遮蔽,基片1的正面贴一防伪图案遮蔽片,防伪图案遮蔽片的形状与隐性防伪图案相同;The anti-counterfeit pattern is shielded, and the front surface of the substrate 1 is attached with an anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet, and the shape of the anti-counterfeiting pattern shielding sheet is the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern;
喷涂有色层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片1正面防伪图案遮蔽片以外的区域喷涂一透明的调色树脂层3;Spraying a colored layer, spraying a transparent toning resin layer 3 in a region other than the front anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet of the substrate 1 by a spraying process;
移除防伪图案遮蔽,将防伪图案遮蔽片移除,在所述调色树脂层3上形 成一防伪图案凹印6,防伪图案凹印6与仅在特定条件下显现的隐性防伪图案相同;隐性防伪图案为商标图案、标志或装饰图案等各种具有识别性的图案形状。Removing the security pattern mask, removing the security pattern mask, and forming on the toner resin layer 3 The anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is formed in the same manner as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern which appears only under specific conditions; the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern is a variety of recognizable pattern shapes such as a logo pattern, a logo or a decorative pattern.
光学镀图案步骤。Optical plating step.
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺形成所述基片1的最外层的所述透光膜4覆盖所述调色树脂层3及防伪图案凹印6。透光膜4填满防伪图案凹印6,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印6及其周边区域上方的透光膜4的外表面是连续平整的。The light-transmissive film is optically plated, and the light-transmissive film 4 which forms the outermost layer of the substrate 1 by an optical plating process covers the toning resin layer 3 and the security pattern gravure 6. The light transmissive film 4 is filled with the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6, and the outer surface of the light transmissive film 4 overlying the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 and its peripheral region is continuously flat.
成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片,图2和3所示。Finished product, the glare glare decorative piece is obtained, as shown in Figures 2 and 3.
本实施例除了实施例二的优点之处,本实施例中,先在调色树脂层3形成防伪图案凹印6,再通过学镀工艺镀上一层透光膜4,透光膜4表面光滑。由于防伪图案凹印6是透明无色的,在静态观察和动态观察的过程中,无论从任何角度、任何距离和位置观察观察聚光变炫光装饰片,人眼都观察不到隐性防伪图案,隐性防伪图案不会显现出来。当聚光变炫光装饰片的隐性防伪图案所在区域附着有水雾或水汽时,在光线折射作用下,人眼则能够观察到通过通过折射光线所形成而显现出来隐性防伪图案,人眼所观察到的并非是由隐性防伪图案的反射光线所形成的图案本体,而是由折射光线所形成的图案,与海市蜃楼的原理相似,观察到的隐性防伪图案是浮现在透光膜4的表面,隐性防伪图案也可以是浮现在透光膜4的上方,且呈纯灰色的激光图案效果,具有极好的防伪性能。In this embodiment, in addition to the advantages of the second embodiment, in the embodiment, the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is formed on the toning resin layer 3, and then a transparent film 4 is coated by a plating process, and the surface of the transparent film 4 is coated. smooth. Since the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is transparent and colorless, in the process of static observation and dynamic observation, no matter whether it is observed from any angle, any distance and position, the hidden glare decorative piece is observed, and no hidden anti-counterfeiting is observed by the human eye. Patterns, hidden security patterns will not appear. When the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern of the concentrating glare decorative sheet is attached with water mist or water vapor, under the action of light refraction, the human eye can observe the hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern formed by the refracted light. What the eye observes is not the pattern body formed by the reflected light of the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern, but the pattern formed by the refracted light. Similar to the principle of the mirage, the observed hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern is floating on the transparent film. The surface of the 4, the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern may also be above the light-transmissive film 4, and has a pure gray laser pattern effect, and has excellent anti-counterfeiting performance.
实施例三Embodiment 3
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,本实施例是在实施例二的基础之上增加防伪图案处理步骤和喷涂乙酸丁酯步骤,包括以下步骤,成型基片步骤、真空镀反射层步骤、防伪图案遮蔽步骤、喷涂有色层步骤、 移除防伪图案遮蔽步骤、光学镀图案步骤和光学镀透光膜步骤,其相同步骤不再赘述,其不同之处在于,依次包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet having an anti-counterfeiting function, the embodiment is an step of adding an anti-counterfeiting pattern processing step and a step of spraying butyl acetate on the basis of the second embodiment, comprising the steps of forming a substrate, Vacuum plating reflective layer step, anti-counterfeiting pattern shielding step, spraying colored layer step, The steps of removing the anti-counterfeit pattern masking step, the optical plating step, and the optically-plating film are omitted, and the same steps are not described again, and the difference is that the following steps are sequentially included.
成型基片步骤。Forming the substrate step.
真空镀反射层步骤。Vacuum plating step of the reflective layer.
防伪图案遮蔽步骤。Anti-counterfeiting pattern masking step.
喷涂有色层步骤。Spray the colored layer step.
移除防伪图案遮蔽步骤。Remove the security pattern masking step.
防伪图案处理步骤,对防伪图案凹印6外的区域进行遮蔽,通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在防伪图案凹印6中,使氧化锆粉与基片1相结合而形成一透明的表面凹凸不平的纳米氧化锆复合层7,火焰喷涂工艺中将火焰温度控制在350~380℃,纳米氧化锆复合层7的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层7的表面布满凸起的粒状体,纳米氧化锆复合层7的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层3的顶面,然后移除遮蔽。In the anti-counterfeiting pattern processing step, the area outside the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is shielded, and the nano-sized zirconia powder is uniformly sprayed in the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 by a flame spraying process, so that the zirconia powder is combined with the substrate 1 to form A transparent surface of the uneven nano-zirconia composite layer 7, the flame temperature is controlled at 350-380 ° C in the flame spraying process, the average thickness of the nano-zirconia composite layer 7 is 0.5 ~ 2 μm, the surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer 7 The convex granules are covered, and the top surface of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer 3, and then the shadow is removed.
光学镀图案步骤。Optical plating step.
光学镀透光膜步骤。Optically plated light transmissive film step.
成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片,图4和5所示。Finished product, the glare glare decorative piece is obtained, as shown in Figures 4 and 5.
本实施例的工艺中,还可以在增加一涂乙酸丁酯步骤,对防伪图案凹印6外的区域进行遮蔽后,先向防伪图案凹印6喷涂乙酸丁酯,形成一乙酸丁酯层,通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在防伪图案凹印6中,从而形成一纳米氧化锆复合层7。In the process of the embodiment, after the step of adding a butyl acetate is applied, the area outside the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is masked, and then the butyl acetate is sprayed onto the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 to form a butyl acetate layer. The nano-sized zirconia powder is uniformly sprayed in the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 by a flame spraying process to form a nano-zirconia composite layer 7.
本实施例除了实施例二的优点之处,本实施例中,当聚光变炫光装饰片的隐性防伪图案所在区域附着有水雾或水汽时,人眼则能够观察到通过折射光线所形成而显现出来的隐性防伪图案,显现出来的隐性防伪图案与周边区 域相比具有更大的色差,显现出来的隐性防伪图案呈彩色效果,在动态观察过程中其色彩呈现动态变化,具有炫丽彩色变化效果,具有极好的防伪性能。In this embodiment, in addition to the advantages of the second embodiment, in the embodiment, when the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is attached with water mist or water vapor, the human eye can observe the refracted light. The hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern formed and formed, the hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern and the surrounding area Compared with the domain, the hidden color anti-counterfeiting pattern has a color effect. During the dynamic observation process, its color changes dynamically, with a dazzling color change effect and excellent anti-counterfeiting performance.
实施例四Embodiment 4
一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet, comprising the following steps,
成型基片,通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片1,基片1选用塑料或树脂材料制成的透明片材,基片1的厚度为0.2~3mm。基片1的正面或背面可以成型有不同形状的实体,基片1的正面为光滑面,其中,呈片材形状,可以规则形状的片材,如圆形片材、椭圆形片材、方形片材或长条形的薄型片材,也可以不规则形状的片状,可以是平面形状的片状,也可以立体的曲面形状的片状;基片1的轮廓边缘形状可以制作成各种形状,基片1也可以中部局部镂空,例如制成各种产品的商标形状,或者制作成所需要的各种装饰图案的形状。The molded substrate is obtained by a molding process to obtain a transparent substrate 1 of a corresponding shape. The substrate 1 is made of a transparent sheet made of a plastic or a resin material, and the thickness of the substrate 1 is 0.2 to 3 mm. The front side or the back side of the substrate 1 may be formed with different shapes of solids, and the front side of the substrate 1 is a smooth surface, wherein the sheet shape may be a regular shape of the sheet, such as a circular sheet, an elliptical sheet, a square. The sheet or the elongated thin sheet may be in the form of an irregularly shaped sheet, and may be a flat sheet or a three-dimensional curved sheet; the contour edge shape of the substrate 1 may be various. The shape, the substrate 1 may also be partially hollowed out in the middle, for example, in the shape of a trademark of various products, or in the shape of various decorative patterns required.
真空镀反射层,通过真空镀工艺在基片1的背面的局部区域或全部区域镀上一金属反射膜层2,真空镀工艺选用溅射镀或离子镀,金属反射膜层2选用铝反射膜层,金属反射膜层2的厚度为1~10μm,金属反射膜层2的较佳厚度为6~8μm,基片1背面镀有金属反射膜层2的区域形成光效反射区;The vacuum reflective layer is plated with a metal reflective film layer 2 in a partial or full area of the back surface of the substrate 1 by vacuum plating, vacuum plating or ion plating is used for the vacuum plating process, and aluminum reflective film is selected for the metal reflective film layer 2. The thickness of the metal reflective film layer 2 is 1 to 10 μm, the thickness of the metal reflective film layer 2 is 6 to 8 μm, and the region of the back surface of the substrate 1 coated with the metal reflective film layer 2 forms a light-effect reflective region;
喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片1正面喷涂一透明的调色树脂层3,通过多次喷涂作业在基片1正面的不同区域分别喷涂具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层3,形成在基片1正面的调色树脂层3包括透明无色的调色树脂区和分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,调色树脂层3的厚度为5~50μm,调色树脂层3的较佳厚度为6~8μm。A colored transparent layer is sprayed, and a transparent toning resin layer 3 is sprayed on the front side of the substrate 1 by spraying, and transparent colored resin regions having different colors are respectively sprayed on different areas of the front surface of the substrate 1 by multiple spraying operations. Each of the toner resin regions is joined into a sheet and constitutes the toner resin layer 3, and the toner resin layer 3 formed on the front surface of the substrate 1 includes a transparent colorless toner resin region and transparent toners having different colors, respectively. In the resin region, the thickness of the toner resin layer 3 is 5 to 50 μm, and the thickness of the toner resin layer 3 is preferably 6 to 8 μm.
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺在调色树脂层3的表面镀上一层透光膜4; 透光膜4选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜4的厚度为0.3~10μm,透光膜4的较佳厚度为3~5μm。The optically plated transparent film is coated with a transparent film 4 on the surface of the toning resin layer 3 by an optical plating process; The transparent film 4 is made of a transparent metal plating film. The thickness of the light-transmissive film 4 is 0.3 to 10 μm, and the thickness of the light-transmitting film 4 is preferably 3 to 5 μm.
成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片,图6所示。Finished product, get the glare glare decorative piece, as shown in Figure 6.
本实施例可以增加实施例一中所述的光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在基片1正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层3表面的局部区域镀一显性图案层5。In this embodiment, the optical plating step described in the first embodiment may be added, and a dominant pattern layer 5 is plated on a partial region of the front surface of the substrate 1 and/or a partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer 3 by an optical plating process.
透光膜4、基片1和调色树脂层3相配合,对光线形成特殊的折射和反射,在静态观察时,人眼从不同距离和不同角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域所呈现的色彩各不相同,且各区域的色彩非常炫丽;在动态观察的过程中,即在聚光变炫光装饰片移动或晃动的过程中,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域所呈现的色彩会出现一种动态变化,且不同区域所呈现的色彩变化各不相同,也更加炫丽。The transparent film 4, the substrate 1 and the toning resin layer 3 cooperate to form a special refraction and reflection of the light. When viewed statically, the human eye observes the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from different distances and different angles, and condenses the light. The different areas of the glare decorative sheet are different in color, and the colors of each area are very dazzling; in the process of dynamic observation, that is, during the movement or shaking of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, the concentrating light changes The color of the different areas of the glare decorative film will change dynamically, and the color changes in different areas will be different and more dazzling.
实施例五Embodiment 5
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,本实施例的工艺步骤“成型基片”、“真空镀反射层”、“喷涂有色透明层”和“光学镀透光膜”分别与实施例四的相应步骤相同,本实施例具有实施二的隐形防伪图案的优点和实施例四的优点,这里不再赘述,其不同之处在于,包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet with anti-counterfeiting function, the process steps of the embodiment, “molding substrate”, “vacuum plating reflective layer”, “spraying colored transparent layer” and “optical plating transparent film” The advantages of the invisible anti-counterfeiting pattern of the second embodiment and the advantages of the fourth embodiment are the same as those of the fourth embodiment, and are not described here. The difference is that the following steps are included.
成型基片。Molded substrate.
真空镀反射层。Vacuum reflective layer.
防伪图案遮蔽,基片1的正面贴一防伪图案遮蔽片,防伪图案遮蔽片的形状与隐性防伪图案相同。The anti-counterfeit pattern is shielded, and the front surface of the substrate 1 is attached with an anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet. The shape of the anti-counterfeiting pattern shielding sheet is the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern.
喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片1正面防伪图案遮蔽片以外的区域喷涂一透明的调色树脂层3。 A colored transparent layer is sprayed, and a transparent toning resin layer 3 is sprayed on the area other than the frontal anti-counterfeit pattern mask of the substrate 1 by a spraying process.
移除防伪图案遮蔽,将防伪图案遮蔽片移除,在所述调色树脂层3上形成一防伪图案凹印6,防伪图案凹印6与仅在特定条件下显现的隐性防伪图案相同。The security pattern mask is removed, the security pattern mask is removed, and a security pattern gravure 6 is formed on the toning resin layer 3, the security pattern gravure 6 being the same as the recessive security pattern appearing only under certain conditions.
光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺形成所述基片1的最外层的透光膜4覆盖所述调色树脂层3及防伪图案凹印6。透光膜4填满防伪图案凹印6,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印6及其周边区域上方的透光膜4的外表面是连续平整的。The light-transmissive film is optically plated, and the light-transmissive film 4 which forms the outermost layer of the substrate 1 by an optical plating process covers the toning resin layer 3 and the security pattern gravure 6. The light transmissive film 4 is filled with the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6, and the outer surface of the light transmissive film 4 overlying the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 and its peripheral region is continuously flat.
成品,得到具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片。The finished product is provided with a concentrating glare decorative piece with anti-counterfeiting function.
实施例六Embodiment 6
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,本实施例的主要步骤与实施例五的相应步骤相同,本实施例具有实施三的隐形防伪图案的优点和实施例五的优点,这里不再赘述,其不同之处在于,在光学镀透光膜步骤之前进行防伪图案处理步骤,对防伪图案凹印6外的区域进行遮蔽,通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在防伪图案凹印6中,使氧化锆粉与基片1相结合而形成一透明的表面凹凸不平的纳米氧化锆复合层7,纳米氧化锆复合层7的表面布满凸起的粒状体,所述火焰喷涂工艺中将火焰温度控制在350~380℃,纳米氧化锆复合层7的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层7的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层3的顶面。A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet having an anti-counterfeiting function, the main steps of the embodiment are the same as the corresponding steps of the fifth embodiment, and the embodiment has the advantages of implementing the invisible anti-counterfeiting pattern of the third embodiment and the advantages of the fifth embodiment. Therefore, the difference is that the anti-counterfeiting pattern processing step is performed before the step of optically plating the light-transmissive film, and the area outside the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is shielded, and the nano-sized zirconia powder is uniformly distributed by the flame spraying process. Sprayed in the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6, the zirconia powder is combined with the substrate 1 to form a transparent surface irregular nano-zirconia composite layer 7, and the surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer 7 is covered with convex granular bodies. In the flame spraying process, the flame temperature is controlled at 350 to 380 ° C, the average thickness of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the top surface of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is slightly lower than the toning resin layer 3 The top surface.
实施例七Example 7
一种聚光变炫光装饰片,图1所示,本实施例是根据实施例一所述的工艺而得到的聚光变炫光装饰片,包括通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片1,所述基片1选用塑料或树脂材料制成的透明片材,基片1为薄片或薄条,基片1的厚度为0.2~3mm,基片1的正面或背面可以成型有不同形状的实体。其中,呈片材形状,可以规则形状的片材,如圆形片材、椭圆形片材、方形 片材或长条形的薄型片材,也可以不规则形状的片状,可以是平面形状的片状,也可以立体的曲面形状的片状;基片1的轮廓边缘形状可以制作成各种形状,基片1也可以中部局部镂空,例如制成各种产品的商标形状,或者制作成所需要的各种装饰图案的形状。A concentrating glare decorative sheet, as shown in FIG. 1 , is a concentrating glare decorative sheet obtained by the process according to the first embodiment, and comprises a transparent substrate having a corresponding shape by a molding process. 1. The substrate 1 is made of a transparent sheet made of plastic or resin material. The substrate 1 is a sheet or a thin strip. The thickness of the substrate 1 is 0.2 to 3 mm, and the front or back of the substrate 1 can be formed into different shapes. Entity. Among them, a sheet shape, a sheet of a regular shape, such as a circular sheet, an oval sheet, a square The sheet or the elongated thin sheet may be in the form of an irregularly shaped sheet, and may be a flat sheet or a three-dimensional curved sheet; the contour edge shape of the substrate 1 may be various. The shape, the substrate 1 may also be partially hollowed out in the middle, for example, in the shape of a trademark of various products, or in the shape of various decorative patterns required.
基片1的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片1背面的穴腔8,穴腔8朝向基片1正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成。于较佳实施方式中,基片1的正面为光滑面,在基片1的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片1背面的穴腔8,穴腔8的底面敞开,各穴腔8的高度各不相同,各穴腔8的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔8的距离各不相同,穴腔8布满基片1的背面;The back surface of the substrate 1 is formed with a plurality of three-dimensional recesses 8 recessed in the back surface of the substrate 1. The cavity 8 forms a three-dimensional light effect surface on the side of the front surface of the substrate 1. The three-dimensional light effect surface is different in size. Small pieces with different inclination angles are spliced together. In a preferred embodiment, the front surface of the substrate 1 is a smooth surface. On the back surface of the substrate 1, a plurality of three-dimensional shaped cavities 8 recessed in the back surface of the substrate 1 are formed, and the bottom surface of the cavity 8 is open, and each cavity is opened. The heights of 8 are different, the shapes and sizes of the bottom surfaces of the cavities 8 are different, the distances of the adjacent cavities 8 are different, and the cavities 8 are covered with the back surface of the substrate 1;
穴腔8朝向基片1正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面凸向基片1的正面;立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;小型面片包括曲面和平面。它使聚光变炫光装饰片的不同位置都具有不同的折射率和反射率,从侧面观察和正面观察各有不同视觉效果,聚光变炫光装饰片呈现不同的色彩,另外,在动态观察的过程中,从不同距离、不同角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片的视觉效果各不相同,且存在一种动态变化,同时更加色彩炫丽。The cavity 8 faces a side of the front side of the substrate 1 to form a three-dimensional light effect surface, and the three-dimensional light effect surface is convex toward the front surface of the substrate 1; the three-dimensional light effect surface is composed of a plurality of small-sized patch pieces of different sizes and different inclination angles. Made up; small patches include surfaces and planes. It makes the different positions of the glare glare decorative sheet have different refractive index and reflectivity. From the side view and the front view, each has different visual effects. The concentrating glare decorative piece presents different colors. In addition, in the dynamic During the observation process, the visual effects of the glare-changing glare decorative sheets from different distances and different angles are different, and there is a dynamic change, and at the same time more colorful and dazzling.
基片1的背面通过真空镀工艺镀有一金属反射膜层2,形成的金属反射膜层2为铝反射膜层,金属反射膜层2的厚度为1~10μm。金属反射膜层2从基片1背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层;The back surface of the substrate 1 is plated with a metal reflective film layer 2 by a vacuum plating process, and the formed metal reflective film layer 2 is an aluminum reflective film layer. The thickness of the metal reflective film layer 2 is 1 to 10 μm. The metal reflective film layer 2 covers the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces from the back surface of the substrate 1 and forms a three-dimensional light-reflecting layer on the back surface of each of the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces;
基片1正面通过喷涂工艺形成一透明的调色树脂层3,调色树脂层3包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区;通过多 次喷涂作业在基片1正面的不同区域分别喷涂具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层3,形成在基片1正面的调色树脂层3包括透明无色的调色树脂区和分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,调色树脂层3的厚度为5~50μm,调色树脂层3的较佳厚度为6~8μm。调色树脂层3是透明的着色层或实色层,不但具有滤光的效果,还能增加调色树脂层3可以控制聚光变炫光装饰片的色彩变化趋势,调色树脂层3的厚度为8~10μm。从正面观察观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现相同的色彩,且从正面动态观察聚光变炫光装饰片时聚光变炫光装饰片的各个区域具有基本相同的色彩变化。而从侧面或倾斜角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不相同的色彩,各区域呈现的色彩接近于喷涂在该区域的调色树脂层3的色彩,且从侧面或倾斜角度动态观察聚光变炫光装饰片时,聚光变炫光装饰片的各个区域具有不同的色彩变化。The front side of the substrate 1 is formed into a transparent toner resin layer 3 by a spray coating process, and the toning resin layer 3 comprises a transparent colorless toner resin region and/or a transparent toner resin region having different colors respectively; The sub-spraying operation respectively sprays transparent toner resin regions having different colors on different regions on the front surface of the substrate 1, and the respective toner resin regions are joined into one piece and constitute the toning resin layer 3, forming a tone on the front side of the substrate 1. The color resin layer 3 includes a transparent colorless toner resin region and transparent toner resin regions each having a different color, the toning resin layer 3 has a thickness of 5 to 50 μm, and the toning resin layer 3 preferably has a thickness of 6 to 8μm. The coloring resin layer 3 is a transparent colored layer or a solid color layer, which not only has the effect of filtering, but also increases the color change tendency of the toner resin layer 3 to control the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, and the coloring resin layer 3 The thickness is 8 to 10 μm. When viewing the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from the front, the different areas of the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibit the same color, and each of the glare-changing glare decorative sheets is dynamically observed from the front. The areas have essentially the same color variations. When the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is viewed from the side or the oblique angle, different regions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet exhibit different colors, and the colors appearing in each region are close to the coloring resin layer 3 sprayed on the region. When the color is changed and the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is dynamically observed from the side or the inclined angle, each region of the concentrating glare decorative sheet has a different color change.
调色树脂层3的表面通过光学镀工艺在镀有一层透光膜4。透光膜4选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜4的厚度为0.3~10μm,透光膜4的较佳厚度为3~5μm。透光膜4第一起保护作用,第二,具有重要的光学作用。The surface of the toner resin layer 3 is plated with a light-transmissive film 4 by an optical plating process. The transparent film 4 is made of a transparent metal plating film. The thickness of the light-transmissive film 4 is 0.3 to 10 μm, and the thickness of the light-transmitting film 4 is preferably 3 to 5 μm. The light transmissive film 4 serves as a first protection and, secondly, has an important optical effect.
调色树脂层3表面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀有一显性图案层5,显性图案层5包含有彩色图案,显性图案层5可以为商标文字等识别性符号,也可以为装饰性图案,显性图案层5至少分布在两个不同颜色的调色树脂区。A partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer 3 is plated with a dominant pattern layer 5 by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer 5 includes a color pattern, and the dominant pattern layer 5 may be an identification symbol such as a trademark or a decorative one. The pattern, dominant pattern layer 5 is distributed over at least two differently colored toner resin regions.
本实施例中,也可以在基片1正面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀有一显性图案层5,当然,也可以在基片1正面的局部区域和调色树脂层3表面的局部区域均镀有一显性图案层5。人眼从不同角度和不同距离均可以观察到聚光变炫光装饰片的显性图案层5,显性图案层5的不同区域的色彩各不相同,且 在动态观察显性图案层5时,显性图案层5的不同区域会呈现不同的色彩变化,能够更加凸显出显性图案层5。In this embodiment, a dominant pattern layer 5 may also be plated on the front surface of the substrate 1 by an optical plating process. Of course, it may be a partial region on the front side of the substrate 1 and a partial region on the surface of the toner resin layer 3. A dominant pattern layer 5 is plated. The human eye can observe the dominant pattern layer 5 of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from different angles and different distances, and the colors of different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 are different, and When the dominant pattern layer 5 is dynamically observed, different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 exhibit different color changes, and the dominant pattern layer 5 can be more prominently highlighted.
本实施例中,透光膜4配合基片1、立体光效面和调色树脂层3共同作用,提高聚光变炫光装饰片的不同位置的折射率和反射率的变化幅度,且折射率和反射率更加趋向于无方向性,在静态观察的过程中,人眼从不同距离和不同角度观察,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不同的色彩,在动态观察过程中,即聚光变炫光装饰片移动或晃动的过程中,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域呈现不同的色彩分别呈现不同的色彩变化,不同区域的视觉效果各不相同,且存在一种动态变化,同时更加色彩炫丽。In this embodiment, the light transmissive film 4 cooperates with the substrate 1, the three-dimensional light effect surface and the toning resin layer 3 to improve the variation range of the refractive index and the reflectance at different positions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, and the refraction. The rate and reflectivity tend to be non-directional. In the process of static observation, the human eye observes different distances and different angles, and different regions of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet exhibit different colors. During the dynamic observation process, During the process of moving or shaking the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, different regions of the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibit different color variations, and the visual effects of different regions are different, and there is a dynamic change. At the same time, it is more colorful.
综上所述,聚光变炫光装饰片具有静态炫光效果和动态炫光效果,聚光变炫光装饰片呈现出更多的色彩变化,且色彩更加透亮,具有更好的炫光效果。In summary, the concentrating glare decorative sheet has a static glare effect and a dynamic glare effect, and the concentrating glare decorative sheet exhibits more color changes, and the color is more translucent, and has a better glare effect. .
实施例八Example eight
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片,图2和3所示,本实施例的主要结构与实施例七相同,这里不再赘述,本实施例是在实施例七的基础之上增加隐性防伪图案,本实施例具有实施二所述的隐形防伪图案的优点和实施例七的优点,其不同之处在于,调色树脂层3设置有至少一防伪图案凹印6,防伪图案凹印6是凹陷于调色树脂层3表面的隐性防伪图案的形。透光膜4覆盖所述调色树脂层3及所述防伪图案凹印6,所述透光膜4填满防伪图案凹印6,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印6及其周边区域上方的透光膜4的外表面是连续平整的。A glare-changing glare decorative sheet with anti-counterfeiting function, as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the main structure of this embodiment is the same as that of the seventh embodiment, and is not described here again. This embodiment is based on the seventh embodiment. The recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern is added, and the embodiment has the advantages of the invisible anti-counterfeiting pattern described in the second embodiment and the advantages of the seventh embodiment, and the difference is that the toning resin layer 3 is provided with at least one anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6, the anti-counterfeiting pattern. The gravure 6 is in the form of a recessive security pattern recessed on the surface of the toner resin layer 3. The light transmissive film 4 covers the toning resin layer 3 and the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6, and the transparent film 4 fills the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 and covers the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 and its peripheral region. The outer surface of the light film 4 is continuously flat.
实施例九Example nine
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片,图4和5所示,本实施例的主 要结构与实施例八相同,这里不再赘述,在防伪图案凹印6中增加纳米氧化锆复合层7,本实施例具有具有实施三所述的隐形防伪图案的优点和实施例八的优点,具体的,防伪图案凹印6的表面设置有一通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在基片1正面而形成的透明的纳米氧化锆复合层7,纳米氧化锆复合层7的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层7的表面布满凸起的粒状体。纳米氧化锆复合层7的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层3的顶面。A concentrating glare decorative sheet with anti-counterfeiting function, as shown in Figures 4 and 5, the main embodiment of the present embodiment The structure is the same as that of the eighth embodiment, and the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is added to the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 in this embodiment. This embodiment has the advantages of the invisible anti-counterfeiting pattern described in the third embodiment and the advantages of the eighth embodiment. Specifically, the surface of the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is provided with a transparent nano-zirconia composite layer 7 formed by uniformly spraying nano-sized zirconia powder on the front surface of the substrate 1 by a flame spraying process, and the average of the nano-zirconia composite layer 7 The thickness is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer 7 is covered with a convex granular body. The top surface of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer 3.
本实施例中,可以在防伪图案凹印6中设置有一乙酸丁酯层和一纳米氧化锆复合层7,乙酸丁酯层位于防伪图案凹印6的底部,纳米氧化锆复合层7位于防伪图案凹印6的上部。In this embodiment, a butyl acetate layer and a nano zirconia composite layer 7 may be disposed in the security pattern gravure 6. The butyl acetate layer is located at the bottom of the security pattern gravure 6, and the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is located in the security pattern. The upper part of the gravure 6.
本实施例除了实施例八的优点之处,当聚光变炫光装饰片的隐性防伪图案所在区域附着有水雾、水汽或水珠时,人眼则能够观察到通过折射光线所形成而显现出来的隐性防伪图案,显现出来的隐性防伪图案与周边区域相比具有更大的色差,显现出来的隐性防伪图案呈彩色效果,在动态观察过程中其色彩呈现动态变化,具有炫丽彩色变化效果,具有极好的防伪性能。In addition to the advantages of the eighth embodiment, when the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet is attached with water mist, water vapor or water drops, the human eye can observe that the refracted light is formed. The hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern appears, and the hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern has greater chromatic aberration than the surrounding area. The hidden anti-counterfeiting pattern has a color effect, and its color changes dynamically during the dynamic observation process. Color change effect with excellent anti-counterfeiting performance.
实施例十Example ten
一种聚光变炫光装饰片,图6所示,包括通过一体成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片1,基片1选用塑料或树脂材料制成的透明片材。基片1背面的局部区域或全部区域通过真空镀工艺镀上一金属反射膜层2,金属反射膜层2选用铝反射膜层,基片1背面镀有金属反射膜层2的区域形成光效反射区。A concentrating glare decorative sheet, as shown in Fig. 6, comprises a transparent substrate 1 having a corresponding shape obtained by an integral molding process, and the substrate 1 is made of a transparent sheet made of plastic or resin material. A partial or full area of the back surface of the substrate 1 is plated with a metal reflective film layer 2 by a vacuum plating process, an aluminum reflective film layer is selected for the metal reflective film layer 2, and a region of the substrate 1 with a metal reflective film layer 2 is formed on the back surface thereof to form a light effect. Reflecting area.
基片1正面通过至少一次喷涂工艺喷涂有一透明的调色树脂层3,调色树脂层3的厚度为5~50μm,形成在基片1正面的调色树脂层3包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层3,调色树脂层3的表面通过光学镀工艺镀上一层 透光膜4,透光膜4选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜4的厚度为0.3~10μm。The front surface of the substrate 1 is sprayed with a transparent toning resin layer 3 by at least one spraying process, the thickness of the toning resin layer 3 is 5 to 50 μm, and the toning resin layer 3 formed on the front surface of the substrate 1 comprises a transparent colorless toning. Resin regions and/or transparent toner resin regions each having a different color, each of the toner resin regions being joined into a sheet and constituting the toner resin layer 3, and the surface of the toner resin layer 3 is plated by an optical plating process For the light-transmissive film 4, the transparent film 4 is made of a transparent metal plating film, and the thickness of the light-transmitting film 4 is 0.3 to 10 μm.
如实施例七所示,在基片1正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层3表面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀一显性图案层5。人眼从不同角度和不同距离均可以观察到聚光变炫光装饰片的显性图案层5,显性图案层5的不同区域的色彩各不相同,且在动态观察显性图案层5时,显性图案层5的不同区域会呈现不同的色彩变化,能够更加凸显出显性图案层5。As shown in the seventh embodiment, a dominant pattern layer 5 is plated by an optical plating process in a partial region on the front side of the substrate 1 and/or a partial region on the surface of the toner resin layer 3. The human eye can observe the dominant pattern layer 5 of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from different angles and different distances, and the colors of different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 are different, and when the dominant pattern layer 5 is dynamically observed Different regions of the dominant pattern layer 5 may exhibit different color variations, and the dominant pattern layer 5 can be more prominently highlighted.
透光膜4、基片1和调色树脂层3相配合,对光线形成特殊的折射和反射,在静态观察时,人眼从不同距离和不同角度观察聚光变炫光装饰片,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域所呈现的色彩各不相同,且各区域的色彩非常炫丽;在动态观察的过程中,即在聚光变炫光装饰片移动或晃动的过程中,聚光变炫光装饰片的不同区域所呈现的色彩会出现一种动态变化,且不同区域所呈现的色彩变化各不相同,也更加炫丽。The transparent film 4, the substrate 1 and the toning resin layer 3 cooperate to form a special refraction and reflection of the light. When viewed statically, the human eye observes the glare-changing glare decorative sheet from different distances and different angles, and condenses the light. The different areas of the glare decorative sheet are different in color, and the colors of each area are very dazzling; in the process of dynamic observation, that is, during the movement or shaking of the glare-changing glare decorative sheet, the concentrating light changes The color of the different areas of the glare decorative film will change dynamically, and the color changes in different areas will be different and more dazzling.
实例例十一Example 11
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片,本实施例的主要结构与实施例十相同,本实施例是在实施例十的基础之上增加隐性防伪图案,调色树脂层3设置有至少一防伪图案凹印6,防伪图案凹印6是凹陷于调色树脂层3表面的隐性防伪图案的形状。具有实施例二的防隐形伪图案的优点和实施例十的优点,这里不再赘述,A concentrating glare decorative sheet having an anti-counterfeiting function, the main structure of the embodiment is the same as that of the tenth embodiment. In this embodiment, a recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern is added on the basis of the tenth embodiment, and the toning resin layer 3 is set. There is at least one anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 which is in the shape of a recessive security pattern recessed on the surface of the toner resin layer 3. The advantages of the anti-invisible pseudo pattern of the second embodiment and the advantages of the tenth embodiment are not described herein again.
实例例十二Example 12
一种具有防伪功能的聚光变炫光装饰片,本实施例的主要结构与实施例十一相同,防伪图案凹印6的表面设置有一透明的纳米氧化锆复合层7,具有实施例三的防隐形伪图案的优点和实施例十一的优点,这里不再赘述,具体的,纳米氧化锆复合层7是通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂 在基片1正面而形成的,纳米氧化锆复合层7的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层3的顶面。纳米氧化锆复合层7的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层7的表面布满凸起的粒状体。调色树脂层3表面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀一显性图案层5,显性图案层5位于调色树脂层3与透光膜4之间。当然,还可以在基片1正面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀一显性图案层5。A glazing glare decorative sheet having an anti-counterfeiting function. The main structure of the embodiment is the same as that of the eleventh embodiment. The surface of the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure 6 is provided with a transparent nano-zirconia composite layer 7 having the third embodiment. The advantages of the anti-invisible pseudo pattern and the advantages of the eleventh embodiment are not described herein. Specifically, the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is uniformly sprayed with nano-sized zirconia powder by a flame spraying process. The top surface of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 formed on the front surface of the substrate 1 is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer 3. The average thickness of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the surface of the nano zirconia composite layer 7 is covered with convex granules. A partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer 3 is plated with a dominant pattern layer 5 by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer 5 is positioned between the toner resin layer 3 and the light-transmissive film 4. Of course, it is also possible to plate a dominant pattern layer 5 by an optical plating process in a partial region on the front side of the substrate 1.
以上内容仅为本发明的较佳实施例,对于本领域的普通技术人员,依据本发明的思想,在具体实施方式及应用范围上均会有改变之处,本说明书内容不应理解为对本发明的限制。 The above content is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and those skilled in the art will have a change in the specific embodiment and application scope according to the idea of the present invention. The content of the present specification should not be construed as the present invention. limits.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,其特征在于:包括以下步骤,A production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet, characterized in that the following steps are included,
    成型基片,通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片;Forming the substrate, obtaining a transparent substrate of a corresponding shape by a molding process;
    真空镀反射层,通过真空镀工艺在基片的背面的局部区域或全部区域镀上一金属反射膜层,基片背面镀有金属反射膜层的区域形成光效反射区;Vacuum-reflecting the reflective layer, and depositing a metal reflective film layer on a part or all of the back surface of the substrate by a vacuum plating process, and forming a light-reflecting region on the back surface of the substrate with the metal reflective film layer;
    喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺在基片正面喷涂一透明的调色树脂层,调色树脂层包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层;Spraying a colored transparent layer, spraying a transparent toning resin layer on the front side of the substrate by a spraying process, the toning resin layer comprising a transparent colorless toning resin region and/or a transparent toning resin region having different colors respectively, each The toning resin regions are joined together to form the toning resin layer;
    光学镀图案步骤,通过光学镀工艺在基片正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层表面的局部区域镀一显性图案层,显性图案层包含有彩色图案,所述显性图案层至少分布在两个不同颜色的调色树脂区;In the optical plating step, a dominant pattern layer is plated on a partial region of the front surface of the substrate and/or a partial region of the surface of the toner resin layer by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer includes a color pattern, and the dominant pattern layer is at least Distributed in two different color toner resin areas;
    光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺在调色树脂层的表面镀上一层透光膜;Optically plating a light-transmissive film, and plating a light-transmissive film on the surface of the toning resin layer by an optical plating process;
    成品,得到聚光变炫光装饰片。Finished product, get the glare glare decorative piece.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,其特征在于:在所述光学镀透光膜步骤之前进行防伪图案凹印制作步骤,在所述调色树脂层形成防伪图案凹印,包括以下子步骤,The process for producing a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to claim 1, wherein a step of forming an anti-counterfeit pattern gravure is performed before the step of optically lithographically transmissive film, forming a layer of the toning resin layer Anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure, including the following sub-steps,
    防伪图案遮蔽,基片的正面贴一防伪图案遮蔽片,防伪图案遮蔽片的形状与隐性防伪图案相同;The anti-counterfeiting pattern is shielded, and the front surface of the substrate is attached with an anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet, and the shape of the anti-counterfeiting pattern shielding sheet is the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern;
    喷涂有色透明层,通过喷涂工艺分次在基片正面防伪图案遮蔽片以外的区域喷涂一透明的调色树脂层;Spraying a colored transparent layer, spraying a transparent toning resin layer in a region other than the front surface anti-counterfeit pattern shielding sheet by a spraying process;
    移除防伪图案遮蔽,将防伪图案遮蔽片移除,在所述调色树脂层上形成一防伪图案凹印,防伪图案凹印与仅在特定条件下显现的隐性防伪图案相同;Removing the anti-counterfeit pattern mask, removing the anti-counterfeit pattern mask, and forming a security pattern gravure on the toning resin layer, the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure being the same as the recessive anti-counterfeiting pattern appearing only under certain conditions;
    光学镀透光膜,通过光学镀工艺形成所述基片的最外层的所述透光膜覆盖所述调色树脂层及防伪图案凹印,透光膜填满防伪图案凹印,且覆盖在防 伪图案凹印及其周边区域上方的透光膜的外表面是连续平整的。Optically plating a light-transmissive film, the light-transmissive film forming the outermost layer of the substrate by an optical plating process covers the toning resin layer and the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure, and the light-transmissive film fills the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure and covers In defense The dummy pattern gravure and the outer surface of the light transmissive film over the peripheral region thereof are continuously flat.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,其特征在于:在所述防伪图案凹印制作步骤和所述光学镀透光膜步骤之间增加喷涂乙酸丁酯步骤和/或防伪图案处理步骤,The process for producing a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to claim 2, wherein a step of spraying butyl acetate is added between the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure manufacturing step and the optical plating transparent film step And/or anti-counterfeiting pattern processing steps,
    喷涂乙酸丁酯步骤,遮蔽所述防伪图案凹印外的区域,先向防伪图案凹印喷涂乙酸丁酯,形成一乙酸丁酯层;Spraying a butyl acetate step, masking the area outside the gravure of the anti-counterfeit pattern, firstly spraying butyl acetate to the anti-counterfeiting pattern to form a butyl acetate layer;
    防伪图案处理步骤,遮蔽所述防伪图案凹印外的区域,通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在防伪图案凹印中,使氧化锆粉与凹印底部的材料结合并形成一透明的表面凹凸不平的纳米氧化锆复合层,纳米氧化锆复合层的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层的顶面,移除遮蔽后再行光学镀透光膜步骤;火焰喷涂工艺中将火焰温度控制在350~380℃,纳米氧化锆复合层的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层的表面布满凸起的粒状体。The anti-counterfeiting pattern processing step masks the area outside the gravure of the anti-counterfeiting pattern, and uniformly sprays the nano-sized zirconia powder in the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure by a flame spraying process, so that the zirconia powder is combined with the material of the gravure bottom to form a a transparent surface of the uneven nano-zirconia composite layer, the top surface of the nano-zirconia composite layer is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer, and the step of optically plating the light-transmissive film is removed after being shielded; in the flame spraying process The flame temperature is controlled at 350 to 380 ° C, and the average thickness of the nano zirconia composite layer is 0.5 to 2 μm, and the surface of the nano zirconia composite layer is covered with convex granules.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,其特征在于:通过成型工艺得到相应形状的透明的基片,在基片的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片背面的穴腔,穴腔朝向基片正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;The production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to claim 1, wherein a transparent substrate of a corresponding shape is obtained by a molding process, and a plurality of three-dimensional recesses are formed on the back surface of the substrate. a cavity on the back surface of the substrate, the cavity facing the front side of the substrate forms a three-dimensional light effect surface, and the three-dimensional light effect surface is formed by splicing a plurality of small patches of different sizes and different inclination angles;
    所述真空镀反射层步骤中,通过真空镀工艺在基片的背面镀上一金属反射膜层,金属反射膜层从基片背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层。In the step of vacuum plating the reflective layer, a metal reflective film layer is plated on the back surface of the substrate by a vacuum plating process, and the metal reflective film layer covers the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces from the back surface of the substrate, respectively, on the back side of each three-dimensional light-effect surface. A three-dimensional light effect reflective layer is formed.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片的生产工艺,其特征在于:所述基片选用塑料或树脂材料制成的透明片材,基片的厚度为0.2~3mm;所述真空镀工艺选用溅射镀或离子镀,所述金属反射膜层选用铝反射膜层,金属反射膜层的厚度为1~10μm;调色树脂层的厚度为5~50μm;所述透光膜 选用透明的金属镀膜,透光膜的厚度为0.3~10μm;The production process of a concentrating glare decorative sheet according to claim 4, wherein the substrate is made of a transparent sheet made of plastic or resin material, and the thickness of the substrate is 0.2 to 3 mm; The vacuum plating process is performed by sputtering or ion plating, and the metal reflective film layer is made of an aluminum reflective film layer, the thickness of the metal reflective film layer is 1 to 10 μm; the thickness of the coloring resin layer is 5 to 50 μm; Membrane Transparent metal coating is used, and the thickness of the transparent film is 0.3-10 μm;
    所述穴腔的底面敞开,穴腔的高度为0.5~2mm,各穴腔的高度各不相同,各穴腔的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔的距离各不相同,穴腔布满基片的背面;所述小型面片包括曲面和平面,所述立体光效面凸向基片的正面。The bottom surface of the cavity is open, the height of the cavity is 0.5-2 mm, the height of each cavity is different, the shape and size of the bottom surface of each cavity are different, and the distances of adjacent cavity are different. The cavity is covered with the back side of the substrate; the small patch comprises a curved surface and a plane, the stereoscopic light surface being convex toward the front side of the substrate.
  6. 一种聚光变炫光装饰片,包括由塑料或树脂材料制成的一体成型的透明的基片;基片背面的局部区域或全部区域通过真空镀工艺镀上一金属反射膜层,基片背面镀有金属反射膜层的区域形成光效反射区,其特征在于:基片正面通过喷涂工艺喷涂有一透明的调色树脂层,调色树脂层包括透明无色的调色树脂区和/或分别具有不同颜色的透明的调色树脂区,各调色树脂区连成一片并组成所述调色树脂层;调色树脂层的表面通过光学镀工艺镀上一层透光膜,所述基片正面的局部区域和/或调色树脂层表面的局部区域通过光学镀工艺镀有一显性图案层,显性图案层包含有彩色图案,所述显性图案层至少分布在两个不同颜色的调色树脂区。A concentrating glare decorative sheet comprising an integrally formed transparent substrate made of plastic or a resin material; a partial or all area of the back surface of the substrate is plated with a metal reflective film layer by a vacuum plating process, the substrate The region on the back side of which is coated with the metal reflective film layer forms a light-effect reflective region, wherein the front surface of the substrate is sprayed with a transparent toner resin layer, and the toner resin layer comprises a transparent colorless toner resin region and/or a transparent toning resin region having different colors, each of the toning resin regions being joined into one piece and constituting the toning resin layer; the surface of the toning resin layer is plated with a light transmissive film by an optical plating process, the base The partial area of the front side of the sheet and/or the partial area of the surface of the toning resin layer are plated with a dominant pattern layer by an optical plating process, and the dominant pattern layer comprises a color pattern, the dominant pattern layer being distributed at least in two different colors Toning the resin area.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片,其特征在于:所述基片的背面成型有若干立体形状的内凹在基片背面的穴腔,穴腔朝向基片正面的一侧形成一立体光效面,立体光效面由若干大小不一且倾斜角度各不相同的小型面片拼接而成;所述金属反射膜层从基片背面覆盖各立体光效面,在各立体光效面的背面分别形成一立体光效反射层。The glazing glare decorative sheet according to claim 6, wherein the back surface of the substrate is formed with a plurality of three-dimensional recesses recessed in the back surface of the substrate, the cavity facing the front surface of the substrate. Forming a three-dimensional light-effect surface on one side, the three-dimensional light-effect surface is formed by splicing a plurality of small-sized patches of different sizes and different inclination angles; the metal reflective film layer covers each three-dimensional light-effect surface from the back surface of the substrate, A stereoscopic light-reflecting layer is formed on each of the back surfaces of the three-dimensional light-effect surfaces.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片,其特征在于:所述穴腔的底面敞开,各穴腔的高度各不相同,各穴腔的底面的形状和大小各不相同,相邻的穴腔的距离各不相同,穴腔布满基片的背面;所述小型面片包括曲面和平面,所述立体光效面凸向基片的正面。 The glazing glare decorative sheet according to claim 7, wherein the bottom surface of the cavity is open, the heights of the cavity are different, and the shape and size of the bottom surface of each cavity are different. The distance between the adjacent cavities is different, and the cavity covers the back surface of the substrate; the small patch includes a curved surface and a plane, and the stereoscopic light surface protrudes toward the front surface of the substrate.
  9. 根据权利要求6所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片,其特征在于:所述调色树脂层设置有至少一防伪图案凹印,防伪图案凹印是凹陷于调色树脂层表面的隐性防伪图案的形状,所述透光膜覆盖所述调色树脂层及所述防伪图案凹印,所述透光膜填满防伪图案凹印,且覆盖在防伪图案凹印及其周边区域上方的透光膜的外表面是连续平整的。The glare-changing glare decorative sheet according to claim 6, wherein the toning resin layer is provided with at least one anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure, and the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure is recessed on the surface of the toning resin layer. a shape of the anti-counterfeiting pattern, the light-transmissive film covering the toning resin layer and the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure, the light-transmissive film filling the anti-counterfeiting pattern gravure, and covering the gravure pattern and the peripheral area thereof The outer surface of the light transmissive film is continuously flat.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的一种聚光变炫光装饰片,其特征在于:所述防伪图案凹印的表面设置有一通过火焰喷涂工艺将纳米级的氧化锆粉均匀喷涂在所述凹印中而形成的透明的纳米氧化锆复合层,纳米氧化锆复合层的顶面略低于所述调色树脂层的顶面,所述纳米氧化锆复合层的平均厚度为0.5~2μm,纳米氧化锆复合层的表面布满凸起的粒状体。 The glazing glare decorative sheet according to claim 9, wherein the surface of the anti-counterfeit pattern gravure is provided with a uniform spraying of nano-sized zirconia powder in the gravure by a flame spraying process. And forming a transparent nano zirconia composite layer, the top surface of the nano zirconia composite layer is slightly lower than the top surface of the toning resin layer, the average thickness of the nano zirconia composite layer is 0.5 to 2 μm, nano zirconia The surface of the composite layer is covered with raised granules.
PCT/CN2016/111306 2016-12-11 2016-12-21 Decorative sheet for changing spot light into dazzle light and production process WO2018103142A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201611134797.X 2016-12-11
CN201611134792.7A CN106515293A (en) 2016-12-11 2016-12-11 Production technology of condensed light-to-dazzle-light converting decorative sheet
CN201621352299.8U CN206306700U (en) 2016-12-11 2016-12-11 A kind of optically focused becomes glare cosmetic sheet
CN201621352299.8 2016-12-11
CN201611134797.XA CN106515294A (en) 2016-12-11 2016-12-11 Production process for decorative sheets capable of changing spot light into dazzle light
CN201611134792.7 2016-12-11
CN201621352300.7U CN206306701U (en) 2016-12-11 2016-12-11 Optically focused becomes glare cosmetic sheet
CN201621352300.7 2016-12-11

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070000596A1 (en) * 2003-08-28 2007-01-04 The Boeing Company Methods of Forming Metal Foil Ply Replacement in Composite Structures
CN102795015A (en) * 2011-09-15 2012-11-28 武汉虹之彩包装印刷有限公司 Electrochemical aluminum for stamping gold on ultraviolet (UV) glazing oil surface and preparation method thereof
CN103342064A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-09 上海宏盾防伪材料有限公司 Positioning laser certificate anti-fake thin film for individually printing and preparation method thereof
CN203267302U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-11-06 白纱科技印刷股份有限公司 Printed matter with dazzle light and encrypted visual effect
CN203485509U (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-03-19 李珊 Double-color advertisement sticking film
CN204998062U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-27 湖南工业大学 Separation packaging film with changeable colour pattern

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20070000596A1 (en) * 2003-08-28 2007-01-04 The Boeing Company Methods of Forming Metal Foil Ply Replacement in Composite Structures
CN102795015A (en) * 2011-09-15 2012-11-28 武汉虹之彩包装印刷有限公司 Electrochemical aluminum for stamping gold on ultraviolet (UV) glazing oil surface and preparation method thereof
CN203267302U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-11-06 白纱科技印刷股份有限公司 Printed matter with dazzle light and encrypted visual effect
CN103342064A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-10-09 上海宏盾防伪材料有限公司 Positioning laser certificate anti-fake thin film for individually printing and preparation method thereof
CN203485509U (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-03-19 李珊 Double-color advertisement sticking film
CN204998062U (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-27 湖南工业大学 Separation packaging film with changeable colour pattern

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