WO2017172516A1 - Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films - Google Patents

Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2017172516A1
WO2017172516A1 PCT/US2017/024019 US2017024019W WO2017172516A1 WO 2017172516 A1 WO2017172516 A1 WO 2017172516A1 US 2017024019 W US2017024019 W US 2017024019W WO 2017172516 A1 WO2017172516 A1 WO 2017172516A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
polymer
layer
cationic
wt
method
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2017/024019
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Daniella Gonzalez-Toro
Jim Singer
Original Assignee
L'oreal
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US15/087,700 priority Critical patent/US20170281514A1/en
Priority to US15/087,703 priority
Priority to US15/087,703 priority patent/US20170281515A1/en
Priority to US15/087,700 priority
Application filed by L'oreal filed Critical L'oreal
Publication of WO2017172516A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017172516A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/81Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/817Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by a single or double bond to nitrogen or by a heterocyclic ring containing nitrogen; Compositions or derivatives of such polymers, e.g. vinylimidazol, vinylcaprolactame, allylamines (Polyquaternium 6)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/30Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds
    • A61K8/58Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic compounds containing atoms other than carbon, hydrogen, halogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur or phosphorus
    • A61K8/585Organosilicon compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/18Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition
    • A61K8/72Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds
    • A61K8/81Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by the composition containing organic macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions involving only carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • A61K8/8105Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers of unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbons having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • A61K8/8117Homopolymers or copolymers of aromatic olefines, e.g. polystyrene; Compositions of derivatives of such polymers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q5/00Preparations for care of the hair
    • A61Q5/004Preparations used to protect coloured hair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/40Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of particular ingredients
    • A61K2800/54Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties
    • A61K2800/542Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge
    • A61K2800/5424Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge anionic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/40Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of particular ingredients
    • A61K2800/54Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties
    • A61K2800/542Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge
    • A61K2800/5426Polymers characterized by specific structures/properties characterized by the charge cationic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/80Process related aspects concerning the preparation of the cosmetic composition or the storage or application thereof
    • A61K2800/88Two- or multipart kits
    • A61K2800/884Sequential application

Abstract

The present disclosure relates to methods for inhibiting color fading in hair and for improving the color durability and stability of artificial color of hair. The methods entail forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on hair, and optionally forming a cationic surface layer on the LbL film. The LbL film is formed by applying a cationic silane layer or a cationic polymer layer on the hair and subsequently applying an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane layer or the cationic polymer layer. Multiple cationic silane layers or cationic polymer layers, and anionic polymer layers, can sequentially be added as desired. Finally, the LbL film may include a cationic surface layer.

Description

TITLE

INHIBITING COLOR FADING WITH LAYER-BY-LAYER FILMS

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

The present disclosure relates to methods for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair, which thereby improves the color durability and stability of hair color. The methods entail forming layer-by-layer (LbL) film on hair.

BACKGROUND

There are many products available for changing the natural color of hair. The process of changing the color of hair can involve either depositing an artificial color onto the hair, which provides a different shade or color to the hair, or lifting the color of the hair, such as for example, from a dark brown shade to a medium brown or a light brown shade. Hair color can be changed using permanent, semi-permanent, or temporary hair coloring products.

Many consumers desire a permanent color change and therefore use products containing permanent dyes. Conventional permanent hair coloring products are dye compositions comprising oxidation dye precursors, which are also known as primary intermediates or couplers. These oxidation dye precursors are colorless or weakly colored compounds which, when combined with oxidizing products, give rise to colored complexes by a process of oxidative condensation. The oxidizing products conventionally use peroxides such as hydrogen peroxide as oxidizing agents. Such permanent hair color products also contain ammonia or other alkalizing agents such as monoethanolamine (MEA) which causes the hair shaft to swell, thus allowing the small oxidative dye molecules to penetrate the cuticle and cortex before the oxidation condensation process is completed. The resulting larger- sized colored complexes from the oxidative reaction are then trapped inside the hair fiber, thereby permanently altering the color of the hair.

Newly, permanently colored hair usually has a vibrant, shiny, and rich appearance. Unfortunately, however, in just a few short weeks, or in some cases even less, the color begins to fade due to washing or exposure to environmental conditions. For instance, gorgeous rich brown colors become muddy and dull, beautiful shades of blonde turn brassy, and vibrant reds do not look so vibrant anymore acquiring golden, orange or brownish tonalities not desirable to the consumer. As described herein, the inventors of the instant disclosure have developed methods and kits that improve color durability by preventing color fading from hair. SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

The present disclosure relates to methods for improving the color durability and stability of hair color by inhibiting color fading. Color fading is inhibited by applying a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the hair. LbL is a method for creating thin films through serial assembly of individual layers that rely on complementary interactions to associate with one another. Typically, the LbL films are applied to artificially colored hair by: (a) applying a cationic silane or cationic polymer layer on the hair; and subsequently; (b) applying an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane or cationic polymer layer; and (c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers. In some cases, a cationic surface layer (d) is applied as the outermost layer of the LbL film. Thus, LbL films are films assembled by serial application of individual layers that associate with one another through non-covalent, covalent, and/or other interactions.

The cationic silane or cationic polymer layer, the anionic polymer layer, and the cationic surface layer (when present) are typically separately and sequentially applied to the hair as solutions, such as aqueous or non-aqueous solutions, comprising the cationic components and separately the anionic polymers. An exemplary but non-limiting example using a cationic silane includes:

(a) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of a cationic silane to the hair and forming a cationic silane layer on the hair; subsequently, (b) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.% of a polystyrene to the cationic silane layer and forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane layer; and

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form one or more additional layers; thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair. Additionally, a solution comprising 0.1 wt% to 20 wt.% of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups may finally be applied to the outermost layer of the LbL film to form a cationic polymer surface layer. Often, a drying step is employed after each of the cationic or anionic solutions is applied to the hair. For instance, after applying the solution of cationic silane or anionic polymer (or the cationic outer layer), the treated hair is then dried to remove substantially all of the liquid in the solution leaving behind a cationic silane layer and/or the anionic polymer layer on the hair.

The instant disclosure also relates to kits comprising the components for treating hair with LbL films. For example, professional hair practitioners or individual consumers can use the kits to treat hair and inhibit color fading. The kits typically include: (a) a cationic silane or cationic polymer, or a solution comprising the cationic silane or cationic polymer, for forming a cationic silane or cationic polymer layer on the hair; and separately, (b) an anionic polymer, or a solution comprising the anionic polymer, for forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane or cationic polymer layer. Finally, the kit may optionally include (c) a separate cationic polymer, or cationic polymer solution, for forming a cationic polymer surface layer on the LbL film.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE

The instant disclosure relates to methods for applying LbL film layers on hair, methods for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair, and kits comprising the components necessary to create LbL films on hair and inhibit color fading.

In one aspect, LbL films may be formed on hair with a method comprising:

(a) applying a cationic polymer layer on the hair; and subsequently

(b) applying an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polymer layer; and

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers; thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair. Further, a cationic surface layer (d) may be applied as the outer surface of the LbL film. The cationic surface layer may comprise the same cationic polymer as the cationic surface layer of (a), or it may comprise a different cationic polymer (or a combination of the same and different cationic polymers). The cationic polymer layer of (a) may include, for example, a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, a polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a quaternized or non-quaternized

vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water-soluble polyaminoamide prepared by polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine, a

polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of

polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a

homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing an amine or quaternary

ammonium function, a quaternary vinylpyrrolidone or vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof. In some instances, the cationic polymer is a polyquaternium, for example, a polyquaternium selected from the group consisting of polyquaternium- 4, polyquaternium-6, polyquaternium-7, polyquaternium-10, polyquaternium-1 1 , polyquaternium-16, polyquaternium-22, polyquaternium-28, polyquaternium-37, polyquaternium-55, polyquaternium-68, and a mixture thereof. Moreover, in some instances, the polyquaternium is polyquaternium-6.

The anionic polymer layer of (b) may include, for example, an anionic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, carboxyvinylpolymer, an acrylate copolymer, a sulfonate polymer, a

carboxymethycellulose a carboxy guar gum, a copolymer of ethylene and maleic acid, an acrylate silicone polymer, and a mixture thereof. In some cases, the anionic polymer may be a sulfonate polymer such as polysulfonic acid, polystyrene sulphonate, a copolymer of methacrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, a copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, and a mixture thereof. The cationic surface layer of (d), when present, may include a cationic polymer that is the same or different than the cationic surface layer (a). Thus, the cationic surface layer of (d) may include, for example, a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, a polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a quaternized or non-quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing

quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic

polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water-soluble polyaminoamide prepared by

polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine, a polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with

polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a

methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a

methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof.

In some cases, the cationic polymer that forms the cationic surface layer is a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, such as, for example, polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride (I NCI name), a highly charged polymer, also described as a homopolymer of acrylamido-N-propyltrimethylammonium chloride and commercially available from the company Ashland under the tradename N-DurHance™ A- 1000.

The LbL films are typically formed on hair by sequentially applying separate solutions comprising the cationic and anionic polymers. For instance, the LbL films are typically formed by:

(a) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the hair and forming a cationic polymer layer; followed by (b) applying a separate solution comprising an anionic polymer to the cationic polymer layer and forming an anionic polymer layer; and

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers.

Additionally, the LbL film may include a cationic surface layer formed by: (d) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the LbL film and forming a cationic surface layer.

The solutions of cationic and anionic polymers comprise cosmetically acceptable carriers, which may be aqueous solutions, or solutions of other

cosmetically acceptable carriers, which may or may not include water. The cosmetically acceptable carrier may also or alternatively comprise a hydrophilic organic solvent and/or an amphiphilic organic solvent, wherein the hydrophilic organic solvent is a monohydric CrC8 alcohol, a polyethylene glycol having from 6 to 80 ethylene oxides, a mono or di-alkyl isosorbide; and the amphiphilic organic solvent is a polypropylene glycol (PPG) or a propylene glycol alkyl ester or alkyl ether of PPG; a volatile hydrocarbon-based oils such as, for example, isoparaffins, i.e., branched alkanes containing from 8 to 16 carbon atoms, such isododecane.

The solutions of cationic polymer (solutions for the cationic polymer of (a) and/or the cationic surface layer of (d)), may include, about 0.01 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.01 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.05 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.1 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.5 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, or about 0.1 wt.% to about 3 wt.% of cationic polymer, based on the total weight of the solution comprising the cationic polymer. Similarly, the solutions of anionic polymer, may include, about 0.01 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.01 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.01 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.05 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.05 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.1 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.1 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 50 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 40 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 30 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 20 wt.%, about 0.5 wt. % to about 10 wt.%, about 0.5 wt.% to about 5 wt.%, or about 0.1 wt.% to about 3 wt.% of anionic polymer, based on the total weight of the solution comprising the anionic polymer.

In some instances, the weight ratio of the cationic polymer of (a) to the anionic polymer of (b) in the LbL film is from about about 25: 1 to about 1 :25, from about 20: 1 to about 1 :20, from about 15: 1 to about 1 : 15, from about 10: 1 to about 1 : 10, from about 5: 1 to about 1 :5, from about 1 :2 to about 2: 1 , or about 1 : 1. In some instance, the ratio of the anionic polymer of (b) to cationic polymer of (d) in the LbL film is from about 25: 1 to about 1 :25, from about 20:1 to about 1 :20, from about 15: 1 to about 1 : 15, from about 10: 1 to about 1 :10, from about 5: 1 to 1 :5, or from about 1 :2 to 2: 1 , or even about 1 :1 .

In some instances, the methods according to the instant disclosure, such as a method for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair may comprise the following procedure:

(a) applying an aqueous solution comprising about 0.1 wt.% to about 5 wt.% of a polyquaternium to the hair and forming a cationic polymer layer on the hair, which may or may not include drying the aqueous solution comprising the polyquaternium (or other cationic polymer) that has been applied to the hair; and subsequently

(b) applying a solution comprising about 0.1 wt.% to about 5 wt.% of a polystyrene to the cationic polymer layer and forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polymer layer, which may or may not include drying the aqueous solution comprising the polystyrene (or other anionic polymer); (C) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form one or more additional layers; and optionally, applying a solution comprising about 0.1 wt% to about 5 wt.% of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, to the LbL layer of (a) and (b) (or multiple layers of (a) and (b)) to form a cationic polymer surface layer, which may include drying the aqueous solution comprising the polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups (or other cationic polymer); thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair.

The instant disclosure also relates to kits comprising the components for treating hair with LbL films. For example, professional hair practitioners or individual consumers can use the kits to treat hair and inhibit color fading. The kits typically include: (a) a cationic polymer, or a solution comprising the cationic polymer, for forming a cationic polymer layer on the hair; and separately, (b) an anionic polymer, or a solution comprising the anionic polymer, for forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polymer layer. Finally, the kit may optionally include (c) a separate cationic polymer, or cationic polymer solution, for forming a cationic polymer surface layer on the LbL film. The components of the kits may be limited as described above for the methods. In another aspect, LBL films may be formed on hair with a method comprising:

(a) applying a cationic silane layer on the hair; and subsequently

(b) applying an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane layer; and

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers; thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair. Further, a cationic surface layer (d) may be applied to the outer surface of the LbL film. The cationic surface layer may comprise the cationic silane of (a), or it may comprise a different cationic polymer (or a combination of the same and different cationic polymers).

The cationic silane layer of (a), in some cases, is an aminoalkoxysilane layer, for example, a compound of the following formula:

H2N-R1-Si-R2 m(OR3)3-lm

wherein R1 is Ci-C6-alkylene, C5-C6-cycloalkylene or C5-C6-arylene, each of which may be optionally substituted by one or two Ci -C3-alkyl groups, and

R2 and R3, independently of one another, are Ci -C6-alkyl or Cs-Ce-cycloalkyl, each of which may optionally be substituted by one or two C1-C3 -alkyl groups, and m is 0, 1 or 2.

In some instances, the aminoalkoxysilane may be selected from the group consisting of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3- aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylenetriamine, 3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-amino-propyltriethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylentriamine, 3-aminoethyltriethoxysilane (AETES), 3- aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane (APMDES), and N- cyclohexylaminomethyltriethoxysilane. Likewise, in some cases, the

aminoalkoxysilane is aminoalkoxysilane is 3-aminopropyltriethyoxysilane (APTES).

The anionic polymer layer of (b) may include, for example, an anionic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, carboxyvinylpolymer, an acrylate copolymer, a sulfonate polymer, a

carboxymethycellulose a carboxy guar gum, a copolymer of ethylene and maleic acid, an acrylate silicone polymer, and a mixture thereof. In some cases, the anionic polymer may be a sulfonate polymer such as polysulfonic acid, polystyrene

sulphonate, a copolymer of methacrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, a copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, and a mixture thereof.

The cationic surface layer of (d), when present, may include, for example, a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a quaternized or non-quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water-soluble polyaminoamide prepared by polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine, a

polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing an amine or quaternary

ammonium function, a quaternary vinylpyrrolidone or vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof. In some instances, the cationic polymer may be a

polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, such as

polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride (INCI), also described as a homopolymer of acrylamido-N-propyltrimethylammonium chloride.

The LBL films are typically formed on hair by sequentially applying separate solutions comprising the cationic silanes and anionic polymers. For instance, the LbL films are typically formed by:

(a) applying a solution comprising a cationic silane to the hair and forming a cationic silane layer; followed by

(b) applying a separate solution comprising an anionic polymer to the

cationic silane layer and forming an anionic polymer layer; and

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers.

Additionally, the surface of the LbL film may include a cationic surface layer formed by:

(d) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the LbL film and forming a cationic surface layer.

The solutions of cationic silanes and anionic polymers are cosmetically acceptable carriers, which may be aqueous solutions (or solutions of other cosmetically acceptable carriers, which may or may not include water). The cosmetically acceptable carrier may also or alternatively comprise a hydrophilic organic solvent and/or an amphiphilic organic solvent, wherein the hydrophilic organic solvent is a monohydric C-i-Ce alcohol, a polyol such as propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol and glycerol, a polyethylene glycol having from 6 to 80 ethylene oxides, a mono or di-alkyl isosorbide; and the

amphiphilic organic solvent is a a polypropylene glycol (PPG) or a propylene glycol alkyl ester or alkyl ether of PPG. The solutions of the cationic silanes of (a) may include, 0.01 wt.% to 50 wt.%,

0.01 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.01 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 5 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.05 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 15 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.1 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 15 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.5 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 15 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 1 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 2 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 3 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 4 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 5 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 7 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 10 wt.% to 15 wt.%, of cationic silane, based on the total weight of the solution comprising the cationic silane. Similarly, the solutions of anionic polymer of (b), may include, 0.01 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.01 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 5 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.05 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 5 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.1 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.5 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 5 wt.%, or 0.1 wt.% to 3 wt.% of anionic polymer, based on the total weight of the solution comprising the anionic polymer.

Finally, the solutions of cationic polymer of (d), may include, 0.01 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 20 wt.%, 0.01 wt. % to 10 wt.%, 0.01 wt.% to 5 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.05 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.05 wt.% to 15 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.1 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.1 wt.% to 15 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 50 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 40 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 30 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 25 wt.%, 0.5 wt. % to 20 wt.%, 0.5 wt.% to 15 wt.%, or 0.5 wt.% to 20 wt.% of cationic polymer, based on the total weight of the solution comprising the cationic polymer. In some instances, the weight ratio of the cationic silanes of (a) to the anionic polymer of (b) in the LbL is from 25: 1 to 1 : 1 , from 25: 1 to 5: 1 , from 20: 1 to 5: 1 , or from 18: 1 to 8: 1 . In some instance, the ratio of the anionic polymer of (b) to cationic polymer of (d) in the LbL is from 1 :0.1 to 1 :25, from 1 :0.1 to 1 :20, from 1 :0.5 to 1 :20, from 1 :0.5 to 1 :15, or from 1 : 1 to 1 : 15.

In some instances, the methods according to the instant disclosure, such as a method for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair, may comprise the following procedure:

(a) applying an aqueous solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of a

cationic silane to the hair and forming a cationic silane layer on the hair, which may or may not include drying the solution comprising the cationic silane that has been applied to the hair; and subsequently

(b) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.% of a polystyrene to the cationic silane layer and forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane layer, which may or may not include drying the solution comprising the polystyrene (or other anionic polymer);

(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form one or more additional layers; and

(d) optionally, applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt% to 20 wt.% of a

polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups (or other cationic polymer) to the LbL layer of (a) and (b) (or multiple layers of (a) and (b)) to form a cationic polymer surface layer, which may or may not include drying the solution comprising the polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups (or other cationic polymer); thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair.

The instant disclosure also relates to kits comprising the components for treating hair with LbL films. For example, professional hair practitioners or individual consumers can use the kits to treat hair and inhibit color fading. The kits typically include: (a) a cationic silane, or a solution comprising the cationic silane, for forming a cationic silane layer on the hair; and separately, (b) an anionic polymer, or a solution comprising the anionic polymer, for forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic silane layer. Finally, the kit may optionally include (c) a cationic polymer, or cationic polymer solution, for forming a cationic polymer surface layer on the LbL film. The components of the kits may be limited as described above for the methods.

More exhaustive but non-limiting lists of components useful in the methods (and kits) described herein are presented below. Cationic Polymers

The expression "cationic polymer" denotes any polymer containing cationic groups or groups which can be ionized into cationic groups. The cationic polymers may be those that contain units containing primary, secondary, tertiary and/or quaternary amine groups which can either form part of the main polymer chain or which can be borne by a side substituent that is directly attached thereto. The cationic polymers used generally have a molecular mass of between 500 and 5x 106 approximately and preferably between 103 and 3x 1 06 approximately.

Among the cationic polymers, mention may be made more particularly of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups. A suitable example of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups is

polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride (INCI name), a highly charged polymer, also described as a homopolymer of acrylamido-N-propyltrimethylammonium chloride and commercially available from the company Ashland under the tradename N- DurHance™ A-1000. Among the cationic polymers, mention may be made more particularly of quaternized proteins (or protein hydrolysates) and polymers of the polyamine, polyaminoamide and quaternary polyammonium type. These are known products.

The quaternized proteins or protein hydrolysates are, in particular, chemically modified polypeptides bearing quaternary ammonium groups at the end of the chain or grafted thereto. Their molecular mass can range, for example, from 1 500 to

1 0,000 and in particular from 2000 to 5000 approximately. Among these compounds, mention may be made in particular of: collagen hydrolysates bearing triethyl-ammonium groups, such as the products sold under the name "Quat-Pro E" by the company Maybrook and referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Triethonium Hydrolyzed Collagen Ethosulfate"; collagen hydrolysates bearing trimethyl-ammonium and

trimethylstearylammonium chloride groups, sold under the name "Quat-Pro S" by the company Maybrook and referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Steartrimonium

Hydrolyzed Collagen"; protein hydrolysates bearing, on the polypeptide chain, quaternary ammonium groups containing at least one alkyl radical having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms.

Among these protein hydrolysates, mention may be made, inter alia, of:

"Croquat L" in which the quaternary ammonium groups contain a C12 alkyl group; "Croquat M" in which the quaternary ammonium groups contain C10-C18 alkyl groups; "Croquat S" in which the quaternary ammonium groups contain a C18 alkyl group; "Crotein Q" in which the quaternary ammonium groups contain at least one alkyl group having 1 to 18 carbon atoms. These various products are sold by the company Croda. Other quaternized proteins or hydrolysates are, for example, those corresponding to the formula:

(I)

Figure imgf000015_0001

in which X© is an anion of an organic or inorganic acid, A denotes a protein residue derived from collagen protein hydrolysates, R5 denotes a lipophilic group containing up to 30 carbon atoms and R6 represents an alkylene group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Mention may be made, for example, of the products sold by the company Inolex under the name "Lexein QX 3000", referred to in the CTFA

dictionary as "Cocotrimonium Collagen Hydrolysate".

Mention may also be made of quaternized plant proteins such as wheat, corn or soybean proteins: as quaternized wheat proteins, mention may be made of those sold by the company Croda under the name "Hydrotriticum WQ or QM", referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Cocodimonium Hydrolysed Wheat Protein", "Hydrotriticum QL", referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Lauridimonium Hydrolysed Wheat Protein" or alternatively "Hydrotriticum QS", referred to in the CTFA dictionary as

"Steardimonium Hydrolysed Wheat Protein". Cationic proteins can also be non- quaternized proteins that have an inherent cationic charge by having a preponderant basic amino acids

Another family of cationic polymers is that of cationic silicone polymers.

Among these polymers, mention may be made of: (a) silicone polymers corresponding to formula (II) below: a 1G3-a 1-Si(OSIG2 2)n-(OSIGb 3R2-b 2)m-0-SiG3-a' 4- a' 3 (II) in which:

G1 , G2, G3 and G4, which may be identical or different, denote a hydrogen atom, a phenyl group, an OH group, a Ci-Ci8 alkyl group, for example methyl, a C2- C-I 8 alkenyl group or a d-C-ie alkoxy group, a and a', which may be identical or different, denote the number 0 or an integer from 1 to 3, in particular 0, b denotes 0 or 1 and in particular 1 , m and n are numbers such that the sum (n+m) can range especially from 1 to 2000 and in particular from 50 to 150, it being possible for n to denote a number from 0 to 1999 and in particular from 49 to 149 and it being possible for m to denote a number from 1 to 2000 and in particular from 1 to 10,

Ri , R2, Rs and R4, which may be identical or different, denote a monovalent radical of formula— CqH2qOsR5 tL in which q is a number from 1 to 8, s and t, which may be identical or different, are equal to 0 or 1 , R5 denotes an optionally

hydroxylated alkylene group and L is an optionally quaternized amine group chosen from the groups:

— NR"— CH2— CH2— N'(R")2 -N(R")2

— N®(R")3

— N®H(R")2A® — N®H2(R")A® — N(R")— CH2— CH2— N®R"H2A63 , in which R" can denote hydrogen, phenyl, benzyl or a monovalent saturated hydrocarbon-based radical, for example an alkyl radical having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms and A© represents a halide ion such as, for example, fluoride, chloride, bromide or iodide. Products corresponding to this definition are, for example, the polysiloxanes referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Amodimethicone" and corresponding to formula (II) below:

Figure imgf000017_0001

in which x' and y' are integers dependent on the molecular weight, generally such that the said molecular weight is between 5000 and 20,000 approximately.

A product corresponding to formula (II) is the polymer referred to in the CTFA dictionary as "Trimethylsilylamodimethicone", corresponding to the formula:

(CI¾)3Sr Q—Si- "OSi(CI¾

9A

iCH,),

NH, in which n and m have the meanings given above (cf. formula II).

A commercial product corresponding to this definition is a mixture (90/10 by weight) of a poly-dimethylsiloxane containing aminoethyl aminoisobutyl groups and of a polydimethylsiloxane, sold under the name "Q2-8220" by the company Dow Corning. Such polymers are described, for example, in patent application EP-A- 95238.

Other polymers corresponding to formula (II) are the silicone-based polymers corresponding to the following formula:

Figure imgf000018_0001

in which:

R7 represents a monovalent hydrocarbon-based radical having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms, and in particular a d-c is alkyl or C2-C18 alkenyl radical, for example methyl; R8 represents a divalent hydrocarbon-based radical, in articular a Ci-C is alkylene radical or a C1 -C18, for example d-Ce, divalent alkylenoxy radical;

Q© is a halide ion, in particular chloride; r represents an average statistical value from 2 to 20 and in particular from 2 to 8; s represents an average statistical value from 20 to 200 and in particular from

20 to 50. Such polymers are described more particularly in US Pat. No. 4, 185,087. A polymer entering into this category is the polymer sold by the company Union Carbide under the name "Ucar Silicone ALE 563".

The polymers of the polyamine, polyaminoamide or polyquaternary ammonium type which can be used in accordance with the present invention and which can be mentioned in particular are those described in French patents Nos. 2,505,348 and 2,542,997. Among these polymers, mention may be made of:

(1 ) Quaternized or non-quaternized vinyl-pyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymers, such as the products sold under the name "Gafquat" by the company ISP, such as, for example, "Gafquat 734, Gafquat 755 or Gafquat HS100" or alternatively the products known as "Copolymer 937" or

"Copolymer 845". These polymers are described in detail in French patents

2,077, 143 and 2,393,573.

(2) The cellulose ether derivatives containing quaternary ammonium groups described in French patent 1 ,492,597, and in particular the polymers sold under the names "JR" (JR 400, JR 125, JR 30M) or "LR" (LR 400, LR 30M) by the company Union Carbide Corporation. These polymers are also defined in the CTFA dictionary as quaternary ammoniums of hydroxyethylcellulose which has reacted with an epoxide substituted with a trimethylammonium group. (3) Cationic cellulose derivatives such as cellulose copolymers or cellulose derivatives grafted with a water-soluble quaternary ammonium monomer, and described in particular in U.S. Pat. No. 4, 131 ,576, such as hydroxyalkylcelluloses, for instance hydroxymethyl-, hydroxyethyl- or hydroxypropylcelluloses grafted in particular with a methacryloylethyltrimethylammonium,

methacrylamidopropyltrimethylammonium or dimethyl-diallylammonium salt. The commercial products corresponding to this definition are, more particularly, the products sold under the names "Celquat L 200" and "Celquat H 100" by the company National Starch.

(4) Cationic polysaccharides, and in particular guar gums, described more particularly in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,589,578 and 4,031 ,307 and more particularly the products sold under the names "Jaguar C 13 S", "Jaguar C 15" and "Jaguar C 17" sold by the company Meyhall.

(5) Polymers consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals containing straight or branched chains, optionally

interrupted with oxygen, sulphur or nitrogen atoms or with aromatic or heterocyclic rings, as well as the oxidation and/or quaternization products of these polymers. Such polymers are described in particular in French patents 2, 162,025 and

2,280,361 .

(6) Water-soluble polyaminoamides prepared in particular by

polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine; these polyaminoamides can be crosslinked with an epihalohydrin, a diepoxide, a dianhydride, an unsaturated dianhydride, a bis-unsaturated derivative, a bis-halohydrin, a bis-azetidinium, a bis- haloacyldiamine, a bis-alkyl halide or alternatively with an oligomer resulting from the reaction of a difunctional compound which is reactive towards a bis-halohydrin, a bis- azetidinium, a bis-haloacyldiamine, a bis-alkyl halide, an epihalohydrin, a diepoxide or a bis-unsaturated derivative, the crosslinking agent being used in proportions ranging from 0.025 to 0.35 mol per amine group of the polyaminoamide; these polyaminoamides can be alkylated or, if they contain one or more tertiary amine functions, they can be quaternized. Such polymers are described in particular in French patents 2,252,840 and 2,368,508.

(7) Polyaminoamide derivatives resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents. Mention may be made, for example, of adipic

acid/dialkylaminohydroxyalkyldialkylene-triamine polymers in which the alkyl radical contains from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and preferably denotes methyl, ethyl or propyl. Such polymers are described in particular in French patent 1 ,583,363. Among these derivatives, mention may be made more particularly of the adipic

acid/dimethylamino-hydroxypropyl/diethylenetriamine polymers sold under the name "Cartaretine F", "Cartaretine F4" or "Cartaretine F8" by the company Sandoz.

(8) Polymers obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a

dicarboxylic acid chosen from diglycolic acid and saturated aliphatic dicarboxylic acids having from 3 to 8 carbon atoms, the molar ratio between the

polyalkylenepolyamine and the dicarboxylic acid being between 0.8: 1 and 1 .4:1 , the polyaminoamide resulting therefrom being reacted with the epichlorohydrin in a molar ratio of epichlorohydrin relative to the secondary amine group in the

polyaminoamide of between 0.5: 1 and 1 .8:1 . Such polymers are described in particular in U.S. Pat. Nos. 3,227,615 and 2,961 ,347.

Polymers of this type are sold in particular under the name "Hercosett 57" by the company Hercules Inc. or under the name "PD 170" or "Delsette 101 " by the company Hercules in the case of the adipic acid/epoxypropyl/diethylenetriamine copolymer. (9) Methyldiallylamine or dimethyldiallyl-ammonium cyclopolymers such as polymers containing, as constituents of the chain, units corresponding to formula (VI) or (VI'):

V i !

rvn

Figure imgf000021_0001

in which formulae k and t are equal to 0 or 1 , the sum k+t being equal to 1 ;

R-I2 denotes a hydrogen atom or a methyl radical; R 0 and R-n , independently of each other, denote an alkyl group having from 1 to 22 carbon atoms, a hydroxyalkyl group in which the alkyl group preferably has 1 to 5 carbon atoms, a lower amidoalkyl group or Rio and Rn can denote, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached, heterocyclic groups such as piperidyl or morpholinyl; Y63 is an anion such as bromide, chloride, acetate, borate, citrate, tartrate, bisulphate, bisulphite, sulphate or phosphate. These polymers are described in particular in French patent 2,080,759 and in its Certificate of Addition 2,190,406.

Among the polymers defined above, mention may be made more particularly of the dimethyldiallyl-ammonium chloride homopolymer sold under the name

"Merguat 100" by the company Merck, and the copolymers of

dimethyldiallylammonium chloride and of acrylamide sold under the name "Merquat 550". (10) The quaternary diammonium polymer containing repeating units corresponding to the formula:

Figure imgf000022_0001
in which formula (VII):

R-13, Ri4, R 5 and R 6, which may be identical or different, represent aliphatic, alicyclic or arylaliphatic radicals containing from 1 to 20 carbon atoms or lower hydroxyalkylaliphatic radicals, or alternatively Ri3, Ri4, Ri5 and Ri6, together or separately, constitute, with the nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, heterocycles optionally containing a second heteroatom other than nitrogen, or alternatively Ri3, Ri4, Ri5 and Ri6 represent a linear or branched C1-C6 alkyl radical substituted with a nitrile, ester, acyl, amide or— CO— O— R17— D or— CO— NH— R 7— D group in which R 7 is an alkylene and D is a quaternary ammonium group;

A-i and B-i represent polymethylene groups containing from 2 to 20 carbon atoms which can be linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, and which can contain, linked to or intercalated in the main chain, one or more aromatic rings or one or more oxygen or sulphur atoms or sulphoxide, sulphone, disulphide, amino, alkylamino, hydroxyl, quaternary ammonium, ureido, amide or ester groups, and

X© denotes an anion derived from an inorganic or organic acid;

A-i , R 3 and R 5 can form, with the two nitrogen atoms to which they are attached, a piperazine ring; in addition, if Ai denotes a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radical, Bi can also denote a group (CH2)n— CO— D— OC— (CH2)n in which D denotes:

a) a glycol residue of formula:— O— Z— O, in which Z denotes a linear or branched hydrocarbon radical or a group corresponding to one of the following formulae:

— (CH2— CH2— O)^CH2 — [CH2— CH(CH3)— 0]y— CH2— CH(CH3)—

in which x and y denote an integer from 1 to 4, representing a defined and unique degree of polymerization or any number from 1 to 4 representing an average degree of polymerization; b) a bis-secondary diamine residue such as a piperazine derivative; c) a bis-primary diamine residue of formula:— NH— Y— NH, in which Y denotes a linear or branched hydrocarbon-based radical or alternatively the divalent radical

— CH2— CH2— S— S— CH2— CH2— ;

d) a ureylene group of formula:

NH— CO— NH— .

In some cases, X© is an anion such as chloride or bromide.

These polymers have a molecular mass generally of between 1000 and 100,000. Polymers of this type are described in articular in French patents

2,320,330, 2,270,846, 2,316,271 , 2,336,434 and 2,413,907 and U.S. Pat. Nos.

2,273,780, 2,375,853, 2,388,614, 2,454,547, 3,206,462, 2,261 ,002, 2,271 ,378, 3,874,870, 4,001 ,432, 3,929,990, 3,966,904, 4,005, 193, 4,025,617, 4,025,627, 4,025,653, 4,026,945 and 4,027,020.

(1 1 ) Polyquaternary ammonium polymers consisting of units of formula (VIII):

Figure imgf000023_0001

in which formula:

R-I 8, Rig, R20 and R2 , which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl, ethyl, propyl, β-hydroxyethyl, β-hydroxypropyl or— CH2CH2(OCH2CH2)p OH radical, in which p is equal to 0 or to an integer between 1 and 6, with the proviso that R-I 8, Rig, R20 and R2 do not simultaneously represent a hydrogen atom, r and s, which may be identical or different, are integers between 1 and 6, q is equal to 0 or to an integer between 1 and 34, X denotes a halogen atom,

A denotes a radical of a dihalide or preferably represents— CH2— CH2— 0— CH2— CH2— . Such compounds are described in particular in patent application EP- A-122,324. Among those, mention may be made, for example, of the products "Mirapol A 15", "Mirapol 10 AD1 ", "Mirapol AZ1 " and "Mirapol 175" sold by the company Miranol.

(12) Homopolymers or copolymers derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid and containing units:

Figure imgf000025_0001

in which the groups R22 independently denote H or CH3, the groups A2 independently denote a linear or branched alkyl group of 1 to 6 carbon atoms or a hydroxyalkyl group of 1 to 4 carbon atoms, the groups R23, R24 and R25, which may be identical or different, independently denote an alkyl group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a benzyl radical, the groups R26 and R27 represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, X2 θ denotes an anion, for example methosulphate or halide, such as chloride or bromide.

The comonomer(s) which can be used in the preparation of the corresponding copolymers belong(s) to the family of acrylamides, methacrylamides, diacetone acrylamides, acrylamides and methacrylamides substituted on the nitrogen with lower alkyls, alkyl esters, acrylic or methacrylic acids, vinylpyrrolidone or vinyl esters.

(13) Quaternary vinylpyrrolidone and vinyl-imidazole polymers such as, for example, the products sold under the names "Luviquat FC 905", "Luviquat FC 550" and "Luviquat FC 370" by the company BASF. (14) Polyamines such as "Polyquart H" sold by Henkel referred to under the name "Polyethylene glycol (15) Tallow Polyamine" in the CTFA dictionary.

(15) Methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymers, such as the polymers obtained by homopolymerization of dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate quaternized with methyl chloride, or by copolymerization of acrylamide with dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate quaternized with methyl chloride, the homo- or copolymerization being followed by crosslinking with a compound containing olefinic unsaturation, in particular methylenebisacrylamide. An acrylamide/

methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked copolymer (20/80 by weight) in the form of a dispersion containing 50% by weight of the said copolymer in mineral oil can be used more particularly. This dispersion is sold under the name "Salcare SC 92" by the company Allied Colloids. A methacryloyloxyethyltrimethyl- ammonium chloride crosslinked homopolymer containing about 50% by weight of the homopolymer in mineral oil can also be used. This dispersion is sold under the name "Salcare SC 95" by the company Allied Colloids. Other cationic polymers which can be used in the context of the disclosure are polyalkyleneimines, in particular polyethyleneimines, polymers containing

vinylpyridine or vinylpyridinium units, condensates of polyamines and of

epichlorohydrin, quaternary polyureylenes and chitin derivatives.

Among all of the cationic polymers which can be used in the context of the present disclosure, mention is made of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups such Polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium Chloride, sold under the tradename N-DurHance™ A-1000 by the company Ashland, quaternized or non- quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymers, such as the products sold under the name "Gafquat" by the company ISP, such as, for example, "Gafquat 734, Gafquat 755 or Gafquat HS 100" or alternatively the products known as "Copolymer 937" or "Copolymer 845" also sold by the company ISP, and quaternary vinylpyrrolidone and vinylimidazole polymers such as the products sold under the names "Luviquat FC 905", "Luviquat FC 550" and "Luviquat FC 370" by the company BASF.

In some cases, the cationic polymer may be polyquaternium 4,

polyquaternium 6, polyquaternium 7, polyquaternium 10, polyquaternium 1 1 , polyquaternium 16, polyquaternium 22, polyquaternium 28, polyquaternium 32, polyquaternium-46, polyquaternium-51 , polyquaternium-52, polyquaternium-53, polyquaternium-54, polyquaternium-55, polyquaternium-56, polyquaternium-57, polyquaternium-58, polyquaternium-59, polyquaternium-60, polyquaternium-63, polyquaternium-64, polyquaternium-65, polyquaternium-66, polyquaternium-67, polyquaternium-70, polyquaternium-73, polyquaternium-74, polyquaternium-75, polyquaternium-76, polyquaternium-77, polyquaternium-78, polyquaternium-79, polyquaternium-80, polyquaternium-81 , polyquaternium-82, polyquaternium-84, polyquaternium-85, polyquaternium-86, polyquaternium-87, polyquaternium-90, polyquaternium-91 , polyquaternium-92, polyquaternium-94, and guar

hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride.

Cationic Silanes

Exemplary cationic silanes that may be used according to various

embodiments of the disclosure include, but are not limited to, organosilanes and derivatives thereof, such as alkylsilanes, allylsilanes, and alkoxysilanes. In some cases, the cationic silane may be chosen from alkoxysilanes comprising at least one solubilizing functional group, such as for example, methoxysilanes, triethoxysilanes, aminopropyltnethoxysilane, methyltnethoxysilane, and derivatives thereof and mixtures thereof. As used herein, the term "at least one solubilizing functional group" means any functional chemical group facilitating the bringing into solution of the alkoxysilane in the solvent or in a combination of solvents of the composition, for example, in solvents chosen from water, water- alcoholic mixtures, organic solvents, polar solvents and non-polar solvents. Suitable solubilizing functional groups include, but are not limited to, primary, secondary, and tertiary amine, aromatic amine, alcohol, carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, anhydride, carbamate, urea, guanidine, aldehyde, ester, amide, epoxy, pyrrole,

dihydroimidazole, gluconamide, pyridyle, and polyether groups. In some cases, the alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may comprise two or three alkoxy functions. Likewise, in some cases, the alkoxy functional groups are chosen from methoxy and ethoxy functional groups.

According to some embodiments, the alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group present in the composition of the present disclosure is chosen from compounds of formula (VIII):

Figure imgf000028_0001

(VIII)

wherein, -R4 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR' groups, and R-n groups;

-R5 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR" groups, and Ri2 groups;

-R6 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR'" groups, and Ri3 groups;

-Ri , R2, R3, R', R", R"\ R11 , R12, and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon groups, optionally bearing at least one additional chemical group, wherein R-i , R2, R', R", and R'" may also be chosen from hydrogen; provided that at least two groups R4, R5, and R6 are different from R-n , R 2, and R-13, and at least two groups R', R", and R'" are not hydrogen. The alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may also be chosen from compounds of formula (IX):

Figure imgf000029_0001

(IX)

wherein,

-R9 is chosen from halogen atoms and OR'9 groups;

-R-io is chosen from halogen atoms and OR'i0 groups; -R'9 and R'i0, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen, and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated Ci-Ci4 hydrocarbon groups;

-R7 is a non hydrolyzable functional group providing a cosmetic effect; and

-R8 is a non hydrolyzable functional group bearing at least one function chosen from amines; and provided that at least one of R9 and Rio is not a halogen;

As used herein, the term "functional group providing a cosmetic effect" means a group derived from an entity chosen from reducing agents, oxidizing agents, coloring agents, polymers, surfactants, antibacterial agents, and UV absorbing filters.

In some instances, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may be chosen from compounds of formula (XI):

(R2lO)x(R22)ySi-(A)p-[NR23-(A')p.]q-[NR'23-(A")p..]q.-Si-(R'22)y OR'2lk

(XI)

wherein, -R21 , R22, R'21 , and R'22, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-x is an integer ranging from 1 to 3;

-y is 3-x;

-x' is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; -y' is 3-x', -p, p', p", q , and q' can each be 0 or 1 , wherein at least one of q or q' is not equal to zero;

-A, A', and A", which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched Ci-C2o alkylene divalent radicals; and

-R23 and R'23, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, C1 -C20 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl,

alkoxysilane, C6-C30 aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings, optionally substituted with at least one group chosen from C3-C20 alcohol ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, hydroxyl, carbonyl, and acyl groups.

The alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may also be chosen from compounds of formula (XII):

Figure imgf000030_0001
(XII)

wherein,

-R24 and R25, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-x" is2 or 3;

-y" is 3-x"; -n' is O oM ;

-n" is 0 or 1 ;

-E and E', which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched C1-C20 alkylene divalent radicals;

-R26 and R27, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, CrC20 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl,

alkoxysilane, C6-C3o aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings, optionally substituted with at least one group chosen from Ci-C20 alcohol ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, hydroxyl, carbonyl, and acyl groups;

-r is an integer ranging from 0 to 4;

-r -0 or 1 ; and

-R28 is chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, comprising, optionally at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, alkyl alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, alkyl aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings.

In some cases, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may be chosen from compounds of formula (XIII): (R290)xi(R3o)yi-Si-(A1)s-CH=0

(XIII)

wherein, -R29 and R30, independently, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-x-i is 2 or 3; -y-i is 3-x-i;

-Ai is chosen from linear and branched C1 -C20 alkylene divalent radicals, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from C1-C30 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, C6-C3o aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups; and -s is O or l

Furthermore, in some caes, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group is chosen from compounds of formula (XIV):

Figure imgf000032_0001
wherein the R radicals, which may be identical or different, are chosen from Ci-C6 alkyl radicals and n is an integer ranging from 1 to 6, for example, from 2 to 4.

Alkoxysilanes useful in the present disclosure can be chosen from

alkoxysilanes comprising a silicon atom in a formula R(4-n)SiXn, wherein X is a hydrolysable group such as methoxy, ethoxy or 2-methoxyethoxy, R is a monovalent organic radical which contains 1 to 12 carbon atoms and may contain groups such as mercapto, epoxy, acrylyl, methacrylyl, amino or urea, and n is an integer from 1 to 4, and according to at least one embodiment is 3. Exemplary alkoxysilanes include, but are not limited to, 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane and aminoalkyltnalkoxysilanes such as 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, as described in French Patent Application No. FR2789896, incorporated by reference herein.

Other useful alkoxysilanes are alkoxysilanes comprising at least one hydrocarbon chain containing amino functions. In this respect, non-limiting mention may be made of the N-[(3-trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ethylenediamine and N,N'-Bis[(3- trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ethylenediamine compounds supplied by GELEST. Non-limiting examples of useful alkoxysilanes

include aminoalkyltnalkoxysilanes such as 3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane ("APTES", described in French Patent Application No. FR 2 789 896, incorporated herein by reference), and mixtures thereof.

Exemplary cationic silanes that may be used according to various

embodiments of the disclosure include, but are not limited to, organosilanes and derivatives thereof, such as alkylsilanes, allylsilanes, and alkoxysilanes.

In some cases, the cationic silane may be chosen from alkoxysilanes

comprising at least one solubilizing functional group, such as for example, methoxysilanes, triethoxysilanes, aminopropyltriethoxysilane, methyltriethoxysilane, and derivatives thereof and mixtures thereof. As used herein, the term "at least one solubilizing functional group" means any functional chemical group facilitating the bringing into solution of the alkoxysilane in the solvent or in a combination of solvents of the composition, for example, in solvents chosen from water, water- alcoholic mixtures, organic solvents, polar solvents and non-polar solvents. Suitable solubilizing functional groups include, but are not limited to, primary, secondary, and tertiary amine, aromatic amine, alcohol, carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, anhydride, carbamate, urea, guanidine, aldehyde, ester, amide, epoxy, pyrrole,

dihydroimidazole, gluconamide, pyridyle, and polyether groups. In some cases, the alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may comprise two or three alkoxy functions. Likewise, in some cases, the alkoxy functional groups are chosen from methoxy and ethoxy functional groups. According to some embodiments, the alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group present in the composition of the present disclosure is chosen from compounds of formula (VIII):

Figure imgf000034_0001

(VIII)

wherein,

-R4 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR' groups, and R-n groups;

-R5 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR" groups, and R12 groups;

-R6 is chosen from halogen atoms, OR'" groups, and R 3 groups;

-Ri , R2, R3, R', R", R"\ R11 , R12, and R13, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon groups, optionally bearing at least one additional chemical group, wherein R-i , R2, R', R", and R'" may also be chosen from hydrogen; provided that at least two groups R4, R5, and R6 are different from R-n , R 2, and R-I 3, and at least two groups R', R", and R'" are not hydrogen.

The alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may also be chosen from compounds of formula (IX):

Figure imgf000035_0001

(IX)

wherein, -R9 is chosen from halogen atoms and OR'g groups;

-R-i o is chosen from halogen atoms and OR'10 groups;

-R'9 and R'i0, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen, and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated Ci-Ci4 hydrocarbon groups;

-R7 is a non hydrolyzable functional group providing a cosmetic effect; and -R8 is a non hydrolyzable functional group bearing at least one function chosen from amines; and provided that at least one of Rg and R 0 is not a halogen;

As used herein, the term "functional group providing a cosmetic effect" means a group derived from an entity chosen from reducing agents, oxidizing agents, coloring agents, polymers, surfactants, antibacterial agents, and UV absorbing filters.

In some instances, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may be chosen from compounds of formula (XI):

(R2lO)x(R22)ySi-(A)p-[NR23-(A')p.]q-[NR'23-(A")p"]q.-Si-(R'22)y OR'2lk

(XI)

wherein,

-R21 , R22, R'21 , and R'22, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-x is an integer ranging from 1 to 3;

-y is 3-x; -x' is an integer ranging from 1 to 3;

-y' is 3-x',

-p, p', p", q , and q' can each be 0 or 1 , wherein at least one of q or q' is not equal to zero;

-A, A', and A", which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched Ci-C20 alkylene divalent radicals; and

-R23 and R'23, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, C1-C20 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl,

alkoxysilane, C6-C3o aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings, optionally substituted with at least one group chosen from C3-C2o alcohol ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, hydroxyl, carbonyl, and acyl groups.

The alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may also be chosen from compounds of formula (XII):

Figure imgf000036_0001

(XII) wherein,

-R24 and R25, which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-x" is2 or 3;

-y" is 3-x";

-n' is 0 or 1 ;

-n" is 0 or 1 ; -E and E', which may be identical or different, are chosen from linear and branched C1 -C20 alkylene divalent radicals;

-R26 and R27, which may be identical or different, are chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, C1-C20 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl,

alkoxysilane, C6-C3o aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings, optionally substituted with at least one group chosen from C1-C20 alcohol ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, hydroxyl, carbonyl, and acyl groups; -r is an integer ranging from 0 to 4;

-r -0 or 1 ; and

-R28 is chosen from hydrogen and linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, comprising, optionally at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one entity chosen from ether, alkyl alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, alkyl aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups, and aromatic, heterocyclic, and non-heterocyclic rings.

In some cases, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group may be chosen from compounds of formula (XIII):

(R290)xi(R3o)yi-Si-(A1 )s-CH=0

(XIII) wherein,

-R29 and R30, independently, are chosen from linear and branched, saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbon chains, optionally comprising at least one heteroatom, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from ether, ester, amine, amide, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups;

-xi is 2 or 3;

-yi is 3-xi,

-A-i is chosen from linear and branched C1-C20 alkylene divalent radicals, optionally interrupted by or substituted with at least one group chosen from C1-C30 alcohol ester, amine, carboxyl, alkoxysilane, C6-C3o aryl, hydroxyl, and carbonyl groups; and

-s is 0 or 1 .

Furthermore, in some caes, the at least one alkoxysilane comprising at least one solubilizing functional group is chosen from compounds of formula (XIV):

Figure imgf000038_0001
wherein the R radicals, which may be identical or different, are chosen from Ci-C6 alkyl radicals and n is an integer ranging from 1 to 6, for example, from 2 to 4.

Alkoxysilanes useful in the present disclosure can be chosen from

alkoxysilanes comprising a silicon atom in a formula R(4-n)SiXn, wherein X is a hydrolysable group such as methoxy, ethoxy or 2-methoxyethoxy, R is a monovalent organic radical which contains 1 to 12 carbon atoms and may contain groups such as mercapto, epoxy, acrylyl, methacrylyl, amino or urea, and n is an integer from 1 to 4, and according to at least one embodiment is 3. Exemplary alkoxysilanes include, but are not limited to, 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane and aminoalkyltrialkoxysilanes such as 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, as described in French Patent Application No. FR2789896, incorporated by reference herein.

Other useful alkoxysilanes are alkoxysilanes comprising at least one

hydrocarbon chain containing amino functions. In this respect, non-limiting mention may be made of the N-[(3-trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ethylenediamine and N,N'-Bis[(3- trimethoxysilyl)propyl]ethylenediamine compounds supplied by GELEST. Further, non-limiting examples of useful alkoxysilanes include aminoalkyltrialkoxy silanes such as 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, and mixtures thereof. The cationic silane layer of (a), in some cases, is an aminoalkoxysilane layer, for example, a compound of the following formula:

H2N-R1-Si-R2 m(OR3)3-m

wherein

R1 is Ci-C6-alkylene, Cs-Ce-cycloalkylene or Cs-Ce-arylene, each of which may be optionally substituted by one or two Ci -C3-alkyl groups, and

R2 and R3, independently of one another, are Ci -C6-alkyl or C5-C6-cycloalkyl, each of which may optionally be substituted by one or two CrC3 -alkyl groups, and m is 0, 1 or 2.

In some instances, the aminoalkoxysilane may be selected from the group consisting of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3- aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylenetriamine, 3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-amino-propyltriethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylentriamine, 3-aminoethyltriethoxysilane (AETES), 3- aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane (APMDES), and N- cyclohexylaminomethyltriethoxysilane. Likewise, in some cases, the

aminoalkoxysilane is aminoalkoxysilane is 3-aminopropyltriethyoxysilane (APTES).

Anionic Polymers

Anionic polymers may be polymers with anionic groups distributed along the polymer backbone. Anionic groups, which may include carboxylate, sulfonate, sulphate, phosphate, nitrate, or other negatively charged or ionizable groupings, may be disposed upon groups pendant from the backbone or may be incorporated in the backbone itself.

Anionic polymers useful herein include, for example: Polyacrylic acid;

Polymethacrylic acid; Carboxyvinylpolymer; acrylate copolymers such as Acrylate/C 10-30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer, Acrylic acid/vinyl ester copolymer/Acrylates/Vinyl Isodecanoate crosspolymer, Acrylates/Palmeth-25 Acrylate copolymer,

Acrylate/Steareth-20 Itaconate copolymer, and Acrylate/Celeth-20 Itaconate copolymer; sulfonate polymers such as Polysulfonic acid, Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate supplied from Akzo Nobel under the tradename FLEXAN II, copolymers of methacrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, and copolymers of acrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid; carboxymethycellulose; carboxy guar gum; copolymers of ethylene and maleic acid; and acrylate silicone polymer. In some instances, the anionic polymers include, for example, Carbomer supplied from Noveon under the tradename Carbopol 981 and Carbopol 980;

Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer having tradenames Pemulen TR-1 , Pemulen TR-2, Carbopol 1342, Carbopol 1382, and Carbopol ETD 2020, all available from Noveon; sodium carboxymethylcellulose supplied from Hercules as CMC series; and Acrylate copolymer having a tradename Capigel supplied from Seppic; acrylates copolymer having the tradename CARBOPOL® Aqua SF-1 and available from Lubrizol as an aqueous dispersion, and acrylates crosspolymer-4 having the tradename CARBOPOL® Aqua SF-2 and available from Lubrizol as an aqueous dispersion.

The compositions according to the instant disclosure may take various forms and consistencies, such that the compositions can be provided in the form of a solution, liquid emulsion, a liquid-lotion, liquid-gel, liquid-cream, such as a thick cream or gel-cream, or a foam or mousse. Implementation of the present disclosure is provided by way of the following examples. The examples serve to illustrate the technology without being limiting in nature. For instance, the examples apply various component to hair to form layers by spraying a solution comprising the components on the hair, but application of the components to the hair is not limited to spraying (any application method can be used).

Example

Example 1

(Coloration Process)

Regular bleached hair swatches were colored with Excellence Creme Nuance

6RR or Nutrisse 69, commercially available permanent red shade hair dye products that are known for their propensity to fade with washing. The colorant mixture (colorant + developer) was prepared according to the product instructions. The colorant and the developer were uniformly mixed immediately prior to application to the hair. The colorant mixture was applied to the hair and allowed to remain on the hair for 30 minutes. After 30 minutes, the hair swatches were rinsed thoroughly with tap water at 40°C and 90 gallons per hour (GPH) flow rate until the water ran clear, then gently blotted with a towel to remove excess water. The rinse did not exceed 3 minutes. The hair swatches were then dried at room temperature overnight (at least 16 hours).

Example 2

(Formation of a Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Film using a Cationic Polymer)

After the colored hair swatches of Example 1 were dried, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with a 1 wt.% aqueous solution of cationic polymer

(polyquaternium-6), or with deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 5 minutes at room temperature before applying the next layer. Then, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with 1 wt.% aqueous solution of an anionic polymer (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) or deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 5 minutes at room temperature before applying the next layer.

After application and drying of the anionic polymer, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with 1 wt.% aqueous solution of a cationic polymer

(polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride), or with deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 20 minutes before the hair swatches were blown dry at low heat for 2 minutes.

Example 3

(Shampoo (Fading) Study) The LbL treated hair swatches and the control hair swatches from Example 2, and three commercially available hair color protection benchmarks were tested in duplicates or triplicates. The initial L* a*, b* values of the swatches were taken.

The hair swatches were shampooed with DOP shampoo (0.33 gram

DOP/gram hair) for 4, 7, and 10 cycles. Each cycle entailed a 15 second shampoo followed by a 10 second rinse with tap water (40°C, 90 GPH). The swatches were blotted with a towel to remove excess water and then blow dried for 2 minutes with low heat. The day after treatment (24 hours), the Initial L* a* b* measurements were taken at 0 shampoos. Then the hair swatches were shampooed 4, 7, 10 or more times and the L* a* b* measurements were again taken. The ΔΕ value is the difference in color of the hair swatch from its initial value before washing and final value after washing, based on L*a*b* parameters. ΔΕ of each hair swatch sample was taken in order to determine degree of color fading of treated hair swatches in comparison to controls. A lower ΔΕ represents less change in hair color (less color fading); therefore a lower ΔΕ is desirable.

Table 1 (below) shows the average ΔΕ values of control hair swatches versus the LbL treated hair swatches.

Table 1

Figure imgf000043_0001

Table 2 (below) shows the average ΔΕ values of control hair swatches, the LbL treated hair swatches, and commercial benchmarks.

Table 2

Figure imgf000043_0002

The data shows that the LbL treated hair swatches had lower Δ E values than untreated hair (control). In the case of commercial benchmarks, again the LbL treated treated hair swatches had lower ΔΕ values. Thus, the data shows that the LbL films provide significant color protection (prevention of color fading).

Example 4

(Formation of a Layer-by-Layer (LbL) Film using a Cationic Silane)

After the colored hair swatches of Example 1 were dried, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with a 10 wt.%, 12 wt.%, or 16 wt.% aqueous solution a cationic silane (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)), or with deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 20 minutes before the hair swatches were blown dry at low heat for 2 minutes.

After blow drying, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with 1 wt.% aqueous solution of an anionic polymer (sodium polystyrene sulfonate(PSS)) or deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 5-10 minutes (without blow drying).

After application of the anionic polymer, each side of the hair swatches were sprayed with aqueous solutions of cationic polymer, Some swatches were treated with 1 wt.% of polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride. Other swatches were treated with 10 wt.% or 12 wt.% 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). And finally, some swatches were treated with deionized water for a control. One side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times and then combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Then the other side of the hair swatches was sprayed 10 times with the same solution and the hair swatches were again combed through 3 times to ensure even application. Thus, a total of 20 sprays (2.8 g solution) per hair swatch were applied. The aqueous solution was left on the hair swatches for 20 minutes before the hair swatches were blown dry at low heat for 2 minutes. The table below shows the weight percent ratios of the layers (weight percent ages are based on 100% active material).

Figure imgf000044_0001

* Poly-A is polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium chloride (INCI name), commercially available from the company Ashland under the tradename N-DURHANCE™ A- 1000 Example 5

(Shampoo (Fading) Study)

The LbL treated hair swatches and the control hair swatches from Example 4, and three commercially available hair color protection benchmarks were tested in duplicates or triplicates. The initial L* a*, b* values of the swatches were taken.

The position on the ordinate (z-axis) representing brightness is designated by

L*.

The hair swatches were shampooed with DOP shampoo (0.33 gram

DOP/gram hair) for 4, 7, and 10 cycles. Each cycle entailed a 15 second shampoo followed by a 10 second rinse with tap water (40°C, 90 GPH). The swatches were blotted with a towel to remove excess water and then blow dried for 2 minutes with low heat. The day after treatment (24 hours), the Initial L* a* b* measurements were taken at 0 shampoos. Then the hair swatches were shampooed 4, 7, 10, 15, or 20 times and the L* a* b* measurements were again taken. The ΔΕ value is the difference in color of the hair swatch from its initial value before washing and final value after washing, based on L*a*b* parameters. ΔΕ of each hair swatch sample was taken in order to determine degree of color fading of treated hair swatches in comparison to controls. A lower ΔΕ represents less change in hair color (less color fading); therefore a lower ΔΕ is desirable.

The table below shows the average ΔΕ values of control hair swatches, the

LbL treated hair swatches, and commercial benchmarks.

Figure imgf000045_0001
The data shows that the LBL treated hair swatches had lower Δ E values than untreated hair (control). In the case of commercial benchmarks, again the LBL treated treated hair swatches had lower ΔΕ values. Thus, the data shows that the LBL films provide significant color protection (prevention of color fading). The multilayer films may be referred to as a "polyelectric multilayer," which is a composition formed by sequential and repeated application of alternating anionic and cationic polymer layers. The term applies to a single cationic polymer layer coated with a single cationic polymer layer (that is optionally surface treated with a cationic polymer) and also to multiple alternating cationic polymer and anionic polymer layers, which are then optionally surface-treated with a cationic polymer.

As mentioned above, "LbL films" are films assembled by serial application of individual layers that associate with one another through non-covalent or covalent interactions. LbL films may be constructed to have any of a variety of film

architectures, (e.g., number of layers, thickness of individual layers (understanding that "merging" of layer materials may occur once films are assembled), overall film thickness, etc.). In general, LbL films comprise multiple layers. In some cases, LbL films are comprised of multilayer units; each unit comprising individual layers. In accordance with the present disclosure, individual layers in an LbL film interact with one another. In particular, a layer in an LbL film comprises an interacting moiety, which interacts with that from an adjacent layer, so that a first layer associates with a second layer adjacent to the first layer, each contains at least one interacting moiety. In some cases, adjacent layers are associated with one another via non-covalent interactions. Exemplary non-covalent interactions include, but are not limited to, ionic bonding, hydrogen bonding, affinity interactions, metal coordination, physical adsorption, host-guest interactions, hydrophobic interactions, pi stacking interactions, hydrogen bonding interactions, van der Waals interactions, magnetic interactions, dipole-dipole interactions and combinations thereof. In other cases, the the adjacent layer are associated by covalent bonding interactions. LbL films may be comprised of multilayer units with alternating layers of opposite charge, such as alternating anionic and cationic layers. For example, an electrostatic interaction can be a primary interaction; a hydrogen bonding interaction can be a secondary interaction between the two layers. According to the present disclosure, LbL films may be comprised of one or more multilayer units. In some embodiments, an LbL film include a plurality of a single unit (e.g., a bilayer unit, a tetralayer unit, etc.). In some embodiments, an LbL film is a composite that include more than one units. For example, more than one unit can have different film materials (e.g., polymers), film architecture (e.g., bilayers, tetralayer, etc.), film thickness, and/or agents that are associated with one of the units. In some embodiments, an LbL film is a composite that include more than one bilayer units, more than one tetralayer units, or any combination thereof. In some embodiments, an LbL film is a composite that include a plurality of a single bilayer unit and a plurality of a single tetralayer unit. In some embodiments, the number of multilayer units is about 3, about 5, about 10, about 20, about 30, about 40, about 50, about 60, about 70, about 80, about 90, about 100, about 150, about 200, about 300, about 400 or even about 500 or up to a maximum of about 20, about 30, about 40, about 50, about 60, about 70, about 80, about 90, about 100, about 150, about 200, about 300, about 400 or even about 500.

LbL films may have various thicknesses depending on methods of fabricating and applications. In some embodiments, an LbL film has an average thickness in a range of about 1 nm and about 100 pm. In some embodiments, an LbL film has an average thickness in a range of about 1 pm and about 50 pm. In some embodiments, an LBL film has an average thickness in a range of about 2 pm and about 5 pm. In some embodiments, the average thickness of an LbL film is or more than about 1 nm, about 5 nm, about 10 nm, about 20 nm, about 50 nm, about 75 nm, about 100 nm, about 200 nm, about 300 nm, about 400 nm, about 500 nm, about 600 nm, about 700 nm, about 800 nm, about 900 nm, about 1 pm about 1 .5 pm, about 2 pm, about 3 pm about 4 pm, about 5 pm, about pm 10 pm, about 20 pm, about 50 pm, about 100 pm. In some embodiments, an LbL film has an average thickness in a range of any two values above.

The terms "comprising," "having," and "including" are used in their open, non- limiting sense. The terms "a," "an," and "the" are understood to encompass the plural as well as the singular. The expression "at least one" means "one or more" and vice versa, and thus includes individual components as well as mixtures/combinations.

All ranges and values disclosed herein are inclusive and combinable. For examples, any value or point described herein that falls within a range described herein can serve as a minimum or maximum value to derive a sub-range, etc.

All publications and patent applications cited in this specification are herein incorporated by reference, and for any and all purposes, as if each individual publication or patent application were specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between the present disclosure and any publications or patent application incorporated herein by reference, the present disclosure controls.

Claims

A method for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair comprising:
(a) applying a cationic polymer or a cationic silane layer on the hair; and subsequently
(b) applying an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polymer layer or the cationic silane layer; and
(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers;
thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair.
The method of claim 1 , further comprising:
(d) applying a cationic surface layer to the LbL film.
The method of claim 1 comprising applying a cationic polymer layer to the hair, wherein the cationic polymer layer (a) comprises a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, a polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a quaternized or non-quaternized
vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water- soluble polyaminoamide prepared by polycondensation of an acidic
compound with a polyamine, a polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing an amine or quaternary ammonium function, a quaternary vinylpyrrolidone or vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein the cationic polymer layer of (a) comprises a polyquaternium.
5. The method of claim 4, wherein the polyquaternium is selected from the group consisting of polyquaternium-4, polyquaternium-6, polyquaternium-7, polyquaternium-10, polyquaternium-1 1 , polyquaternium-16, polyquaternium- 22, polyquaternium-28, polyquaternium-37, polyquaternium-55, and polyquaternium-68.
6. The method of claim 5, wherein the polyquaternium is polyquaternium-6. 7. The method of claim 1 , wherein the anionic polymer layer of (b) comprises an anionic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, carboxyvinylpolymer, an acrylate copolymer, a sulfonate polymer, a carboxymethycellulose a carboxy guar gum, a copolymer of ethylene and maleic acid, an acrylate silicone polymer, and a mixture thereof.
8. The method of claim 7, wherein the anionic polymer layer of (b) is a sulfonate polymer.
9. The method of claim 8, wherein the sulfonate polymer is selected from the group consisting of polysulfonic acid, polystyrene sulphonate, ancopolymers of methacrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, a copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, and a mixture thereof. 10. The method of claim 9, wherein the sulfonate polymer is polystyrene
sulphonate. The method of claim 2, wherein the cationic surface layer of (d) comprises a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, a polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a quaternized or non- quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water-soluble polyaminoamide prepared by polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine, a polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a
methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing an amine or quaternary ammonium function, a quaternary vinylpyrrolidone or vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a polyamide, a methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof.
The method of claim 1 1 , wherein the cationic polymer of the cationic surface layer of (d) comprises a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups.
The method of claim 12, wherein the polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups is polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium.
The method of claim 1 , wherein the LbL film is formed by:
(a) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the hair and forming a cationic polymer layer; followed by
(b) applying a separate solution comprising an anionic polymer to the cationic polymer layer and forming an anionic polymer layer; and (c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers.
The method of claim 14, further comprising:
(d) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the LbL film and forming a cationic surface layer.
The method of claim 14, wherein the solutions comprising the cationic polymer of (a), the anionic polymer of (b), and the cationic polymer of (d) are aqueous solutions.
A method for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair comprising:
(a) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.% of a polyquaternium to the hair and forming a cationic polymer layer on the hair; and
subsequently
(b) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.% of a polystyrene to the cationic polymer layer and forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polymer layer; and
(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form one or more additional layers;
thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair.
The method of claim 17, further comprising:
(d) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt% to 5 wt.% of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups to the LbL layer to form a cationic polymer surface layer.
A kit for forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on artificially colored hair to inhibit color fading of the artificially colored hair comprising:
(a) a cationic polymer for forming a cationic polymer layer on the hair; and separately,
(b) an anionic polymer for forming an anionic polymer layer on the cationic polyelectrolyte layer.
0. The kit of claim 19, further comprising:
(c) a cationic polymer for forming a cationic polymer surface layer to the LbL film.
A method of claim 1 comprising applying a cationic silane layer on the hair
The method of claim 21 , further comprising:
(d) applying a cationic surface layer to the LbL film.
The method of claim 21 , wherein the cationic silane layer of (a) comprises aminoalkoxysilane.
The method of claim 23, wherein the aminoalkoxysilane is a compound of formula (I)
H2N-R1-Si-R2 m(OR3)3-m (I)
wherein
R1 is CrC6-alkylene, C5-C6-cycloalkylene or C5-C6-arylene, each of which may be optionally substituted by one or two CrC3-alkyl groups, and
R2 and R3, independently of one another, are Ci -C6-alkyl or Cs-Ce- cycloalkyl, each of which may optionally be substituted by one or two C1 -C3 alkyl groups, and
m is 0, 1 or 2.
The method of claim 23, wherein the aminoalkoxysilane is selected from the group consisting of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-(2-aminoethyl)-3- aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylenetriamine, 3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-amino- propyltriethoxysilane, (3-triethoxysilylpropyl)-diethylentriamine, 3- aminoethyltriethoxysilane (AETES), 3- aminopropylmethyldiethoxysilane (APMDES), and N-cyclohexylaminomethyltriethoxysilane.
The method of claim 23, wherein the aminoalkoxysilane is 3- aminopropyltriethyoxysilane (APTES).
27. The method of claim 21 , wherein the anionic polymer layer of (b) comprises an anionic polymer selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, polymethacrylic acid, carboxyvinylpolymer, an acrylate copolymer, a sulfonate polymer, a carboxymethycellulose a carboxy guar gum, a copolymer of ethylene and maleic acid, an acrylate silicone polymer, and a mixture thereof.
28. The method of claim 27, wherein the anionic polymer layer of (b) is a
sulfonate polymer.
29. The method of claim 28, wherein the sulfonate polymer is selected from the group consisting of polysulfonic acid, polystyrene sulfonate, a copolymers of methacrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, a copolymer of acrylic acid and acrylamidomethylpropane sulfonic acid, and a mixture thereof.
30. The method of claim 29, wherein the sulfonate polymer is polystyrene
sulphonate.
31 . The method of claim 22, wherein the cationic surface layer of (d) comprises a cationic polymer selected from the group consisting of a polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups, a polyquaternium, a quaternized protein or protein hydrolysate, a silicone-based cationic polymer, a
quaternized or non-quaternized vinylpyrrolidone/dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate or methacrylate copolymer, a cellulose ether derivative containing quaternary ammonium groups, a cationic cellulose derivative, a cationic polysaccharide, a polymer consisting of piperazinyl units and of divalent alkylene or
hydroxyalkylene radicals, a water-soluble polyaminoamide prepared by polycondensation of an acidic compound with a polyamine, a polyaminoamide derivative resulting from the condensation of polyalkylenepolyamines with polycarboxylic acids followed by an alkylation with difunctional agents, a polymer obtained by reaction of a polyalkylenepolyamine containing two primary amine groups and at least one secondary amine group with a dicarboxylic acid, a methyldiallylamine or dimethyl-diallylammonium cyclopolymer, a quaternary diammonium polymer, a polyquaternary ammonium polymer, a homopolymer or copolymer derived from acrylic or methacrylic acid containing ester or amide units substituted with a group containing an amine or quaternary ammonium function, a quaternary vinylpyrrolidone or vinylimidazole polymer, a polyamine, a
methacryloyloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride crosslinked polymer, and a mixture thereof.
32. The method of claim 31 , wherein the cationic polymer of the cationic surface layer of (d) comprises polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups.
33. The method of claim 32, wherein the polyacrylamide having quaternary
ammonium groups is a polyacrylamidopropyltrimonium.
The method of claim 21 , wherein the LbL film is formed by:
(a) applying a solution comprising a cationic silane to the hair and forming a cationic silane layer; followed by
(b) applying a separate solution comprising an anionic polymer to the cationic silane layer and forming an anionic polymer layer; and
(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form additional layers.
35. The method of claim 34, further comprising:
(d) applying a solution comprising a cationic polymer to the LbL film and forming a cationic surface layer.
36. The method of claim 34, wherein the solutions comprising the cationic silane of (a), the anionic polymer of (b), and the cationic polymer of (d) are aqueous solutions.
A method for inhibiting color fading in artificially colored hair comprising: (a) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 25 wt.% of an
aminoalkoxysilane the hair and forming a cationic polymer layer on hair; and subsequently (b) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt.% to 5 wt.% of a polystyrene to the aminoalkoxysilane layer and forming an anionic polymer layer on the aminoalkoxysilane layer; and
(c) optionally, repeating (a) and (b) to form one or more additional layers;
thereby forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on the artificially colored hair.
38. The method of claim 37, further comprising:
(d) applying a solution comprising 0.1 wt% to 20 wt.% of a
polyacrylamide having quaternary ammonium groups to the LbL layer to form a cationic polymer surface layer.
A kit for forming a layer-by-layer (LbL) film on artificially colored hair to inhibit color fading of the artificially colored hair comprising:
(a) an aminoalkoxysilane for forming an aminoalkoxysilane layer on the hair; and separately,
(b) an anionic polymer for forming an anionic polymer layer on the
aminoalkoxysilane layer.
40. The kit of claim 24, further comprising:
(c) a cationic polymer for forming a cationic polymer surface layer to the LbL film.
PCT/US2017/024019 2016-03-31 2017-03-24 Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films WO2017172516A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US15/087,700 US20170281514A1 (en) 2016-03-31 2016-03-31 Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films
US15/087,703 2016-03-31
US15/087,703 US20170281515A1 (en) 2016-03-31 2016-03-31 Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films
US15/087,700 2016-03-31

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2017172516A1 true WO2017172516A1 (en) 2017-10-05

Family

ID=59966364

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2017/024019 WO2017172516A1 (en) 2016-03-31 2017-03-24 Inhibiting color fading with layer-by-layer films

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2017172516A1 (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999055295A1 (en) * 1998-04-27 1999-11-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Cosmetic method for treating coloured hair to reduce colour fade
EP1321131A2 (en) * 2001-12-22 2003-06-25 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien Colour protection
US20100008885A1 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-01-14 Susan Daly Methods and kits imparting benefits to keratin-containing substrates
US7744655B2 (en) * 2005-03-14 2010-06-29 L'oreal S.A. Process for dyeing the hair using an anionic coloured polymer
US20130209388A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-15 Paquita Erazo-Majewicz Conditioning composition additive for providing immediate and long lasting benefits to keratin substrates
US8523953B2 (en) * 2010-04-29 2013-09-03 Kao Germany Gmbh Use of an amine and/or a quaternary ammonium compound for protecting colour of artificially coloured hair with respect to the washing and process therefore
US20150157545A1 (en) * 2013-12-09 2015-06-11 L'oreal Cleansing composition with cationic silanes and silicones

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999055295A1 (en) * 1998-04-27 1999-11-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Cosmetic method for treating coloured hair to reduce colour fade
EP1321131A2 (en) * 2001-12-22 2003-06-25 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien Colour protection
US7744655B2 (en) * 2005-03-14 2010-06-29 L'oreal S.A. Process for dyeing the hair using an anionic coloured polymer
US20100008885A1 (en) * 2008-07-09 2010-01-14 Susan Daly Methods and kits imparting benefits to keratin-containing substrates
US8523953B2 (en) * 2010-04-29 2013-09-03 Kao Germany Gmbh Use of an amine and/or a quaternary ammonium compound for protecting colour of artificially coloured hair with respect to the washing and process therefore
US20130209388A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-15 Paquita Erazo-Majewicz Conditioning composition additive for providing immediate and long lasting benefits to keratin substrates
US20150157545A1 (en) * 2013-12-09 2015-06-11 L'oreal Cleansing composition with cationic silanes and silicones

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4445521A (en) Composition and process for the treatment of keratin materials with polymers
EP0914079B1 (en) Hair shampoo comprising silicone compounds
EP1312335B1 (en) Cosmetic compositions containing aminosilicone and a conditioning agent and their use
CN1082805C (en) Detergent cosmetic compositions for hair-care application and use thereof
AU728168B2 (en) anhydrous composition for bleaching keratin fibres, comprising a combination of anionic and/or nonionic amphiphilic polymers comprising at least one fatty chain, and cationic or amphoteric substantive polymers
KR100272784B1 (en) Detergent cosmetic hair-care compositions, and use thereof
CA1283608C (en) Use of partially acetylated polyvinylic alcohol as foaming agent in aerosol compositions
JP3676378B2 (en) Conditioning shampoo composition
EP1064921B1 (en) Method for perming with a pretreatment with a composition containing at least an anionic polymer
US6139849A (en) Cosmetic composition for fixing and sheen
US20030161804A1 (en) Self-adhesive cationic or amphoteric free-radical polymers and cosmetic use thereof
DE60218253T2 (en) A copolymer of methacrylic acid and an oil containing cosmetic compositions and uses thereof
JP3260382B2 (en) Conditioning shampoo composition
EP1321130B1 (en) Reshapable hair styling composition comprising (meth)acrylic copolymers
RU2203026C2 (en) Cosmetic compositions containing amphoteric starch and cationic conditioner and their applications
AU746456B2 (en) Detergent cosmetic compositions containing a specific amphoteric starch, and uses thereof
US6451298B1 (en) Cosmetic compositions comprising at least one silicone copolymer and at least one cationic polymer, and uses thereof
RU2229874C1 (en) Cosmetic compositions comprising aminated silicon and component with conditioning effect and their using
EP1291005B1 (en) Cosmetic compositions containing a copolymer of methacrylic acid, a dimethicone and a cationic polymer and uses thereof
US20040156800A1 (en) Cosmetic composition comprising at least one cyclic carbonate
CN1263445C (en) Oxidation composition containing specific aminosiloxane for treating keratin fibers
RU2266103C2 (en) Oxidative composition based on amphiphylic polymers containing at least one ethylenically unsaturated monomer with sulfate group and including hydrophobic mixture for keratin material treatment
KR100263218B1 (en) Cosmetic composition including at least one silicone-grafted polymer and at least one combination of an anionic polymer
JP2001505923A (en) Hair dye compositions and methods
EP1335698B1 (en) Composition for bleaching or permanent waving of keratinous fibres comprising a cationic associative polyurethane

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 17776349

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1