WO2017088339A1 - Internet of things-based pneumatic ventilator having safety monitoring function - Google Patents

Internet of things-based pneumatic ventilator having safety monitoring function Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017088339A1
WO2017088339A1 PCT/CN2016/077603 CN2016077603W WO2017088339A1 WO 2017088339 A1 WO2017088339 A1 WO 2017088339A1 CN 2016077603 W CN2016077603 W CN 2016077603W WO 2017088339 A1 WO2017088339 A1 WO 2017088339A1
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alarm
module
humidifier
control
breathing
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PCT/CN2016/077603
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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刘洋
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刘洋
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Priority to CN201510847047.6 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510847047.6A priority patent/CN105288809A/en
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Publication of WO2017088339A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017088339A1/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/021Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes operated by electrical means
    • A61M16/022Control means therefor
    • A61M16/024Control means therefor including calculation means, e.g. using a processor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M16/00Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes
    • A61M16/0051Devices for influencing the respiratory system of patients by gas treatment, e.g. mouth-to-mouth respiration; Tracheal tubes with alarm devices

Abstract

An Internet of Things-based pneumatic ventilator having a safety monitoring function, comprising a central control device and, electrically connected to the central control device, a ventilation mechanism and a monitoring and alarm mechanism. The ventilation mechanism comprises an inhalation air supply apparatus (4), a humidifier (8), an oxygen partial pressure apparatus (11), a respiration control apparatus (14), a vital capacity measuring apparatus (16), and a ventilation mouthpiece (15). The inhalation air supply apparatus (4) is in communication with the humidifier (8). The oxygen partial pressure apparatus (11) is in communication with the humidifier (8). The Internet of Things-based pneumatic ventilator having the safety monitoring function allows staff to monitor in real-time via a wireless communication module (18) a use state of the ventilator by a user, allows an oxygen supply pressure alarm apparatus (3), a power supply cutoff alarm apparatus (5), a switchover fault alarm apparatus (6), a temperature detecting apparatus (9), a horizontal plane sensor (10), and an airway pressure measuring apparatus (12) to monitor in real-time a work state of the ventilator via a monitoring and alarm module (24), and issues an alarm in a timely manner, thus increasing the reliability of the ventilator.

Description

一种基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器A pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on Internet of Things 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器。The invention relates to a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things.
背景技术Background technique
随着科学技术水平的不断进步,给人们带来的便利也越来越多。在现代医疗器械领域,由于医疗器械对于人们的帮助是显著的,所以人们为了更好地开发医疗器械的实用性,开始慢慢对医疗器械更深入的开发。With the continuous advancement of science and technology, the convenience brought to people is also increasing. In the field of modern medical devices, because medical devices are very helpful to people, people have begun to develop more deeply into medical devices in order to better develop the practicality of medical devices.
在现在的呼吸器市场,普遍都是采用简单的测量保护功能,从而对使用者提供呼吸帮助,但是由于保护功能单一,无法满足人们的要求,不仅如此,由于缺少在线监控能力,降低了呼吸器的实用性和可靠性。In the current respirator market, it is common to use a simple measurement protection function to provide breathing assistance to the user, but because the protection function is single, it cannot meet people's requirements. Moreover, due to the lack of online monitoring capability, the respirator is reduced. Practicality and reliability.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明要解决的技术问题是:为了克服现有技术保护功能单一且缺少在线监控能力的不足,提供一种具有线监控能力且具有全面安全监控功能的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is: in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art protection function and lack of online monitoring capability, an IoT-based pneumatic breathing function with safety monitoring function with line monitoring capability and comprehensive safety monitoring function is provided. Device.
本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,包括中央控制装置、与中央控制装置电连接的呼吸机构和监测报警机构,所述呼吸机构包括吸气气源装置、湿润器、氧分压装置、呼吸控制装置、肺活量测量装置和呼吸嘴,所述吸气气源装置与湿润器连通,所述氧分压装置与湿润器连通,所述湿润器通过呼吸控制装置分别与肺活量测量装置和呼吸嘴连接,所述吸气气源装置连接有第一进气管和第二进气管;The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem thereof is: a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things, comprising a central control device, a respiratory mechanism electrically connected with the central control device, and a monitoring alarm mechanism, the breathing The mechanism comprises an inspiratory air source device, a humidifier, an oxygen partial pressure device, a respiratory control device, a vital capacity measuring device and a breathing nozzle, wherein the inspiratory air source device is in communication with the humidifier, and the oxygen partial pressure device is connected to the humidifier, The humidifier is respectively connected to the vital capacity measuring device and the breathing nozzle through a breathing control device, and the inhaling air source device is connected with a first intake pipe and a second intake pipe;
所述监测报警机构包括氧源压力报警装置、电源断开报警装置、切换故障报警装置、温度检测装置、水平面传感器、气道压力测量装置和安全阀,所述氧源压力报警装置与第二进气管电连接,所述电源断开报警装置和切换故障报 警装置均与吸气气源装置电连接,所述温度检测装置和水平面传感器均与湿润器电连接,所述气道压力测量装置和安全阀均设置在氧分压装置和呼吸控制装置之间,所述气道压力测量装置和安全阀均与湿润器连接;The monitoring alarm mechanism comprises an oxygen source pressure alarm device, a power disconnection alarm device, a switching failure alarm device, a temperature detecting device, a water level sensor, an airway pressure measuring device and a safety valve, and the oxygen source pressure alarm device and the second inlet Tracheal electrical connection, the power disconnection alarm device and switching failure report The alarm devices are electrically connected to the inhalation air supply device, and the temperature detecting device and the horizontal surface sensor are electrically connected to the humidifier, and the airway pressure measuring device and the safety valve are disposed between the oxygen partial pressure device and the respiratory control device. The airway pressure measuring device and the safety valve are both connected to the humidifier;
所述中央控制装置包括中央控制系统、与中央控制系统连接的无线通讯模块、吸气气源控制模块、湿润控制模块、氧分压控制模块、呼吸控制模块、肺活量测量模块、监测报警模块和工作电源模块,所述吸气气源装置与吸气气源控制模块电连接,所述湿润器与湿润控制模块电连接,所述氧分压装置与氧分压控制模块电连接,所述呼吸控制装置与呼吸控制模块电连接,所述肺活量测量装置与肺活量测量模块电连接,所述氧源压力报警装置、电源断开报警装置、切换故障报警装置、温度检测装置、水平面传感器和气道压力测量装置均与监测报警模块电连接。The central control device comprises a central control system, a wireless communication module connected to the central control system, an inhalation gas source control module, a humidification control module, an oxygen partial pressure control module, a respiratory control module, a vital capacity measurement module, a monitoring alarm module, and a work a power supply module, the suction air source device is electrically connected to the air intake air source control module, the humidifier is electrically connected to the humidification control module, and the oxygen partial pressure device is electrically connected to the oxygen partial pressure control module, the breathing control The device is electrically connected to the breathing control module, the spirometry device is electrically connected to the spirometry module, the oxygen source pressure alarm device, the power disconnect alarm device, the switching fault alarm device, the temperature detecting device, the water level sensor and the airway pressure measuring device Both are electrically connected to the monitoring alarm module.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的测量精确性和安全性,所述肺活量测量装置为肺活量计,所述气道压力测量装置为压力测量仪。Preferably, in order to improve the measurement accuracy and safety of the pneumatic respirator, the spirometry device is a spirometer, and the airway pressure measuring device is a pressure gauge.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性,所述呼吸控制装置为呼吸控制阀。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability of the pneumatic respirator, the breathing control device is a breathing control valve.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性和实用性,所述呼吸嘴的材质为硅胶。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability and practicability of the pneumatic respirator, the material of the breathing nozzle is silica gel.
作为优选,所述第一进气管为空气进气管,所述第二进气管为氧气进气管。Preferably, the first intake pipe is an air intake pipe, and the second intake pipe is an oxygen intake pipe.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的实用性,所述吸气气源装置和湿润器之间设有过滤器。Preferably, in order to improve the utility of the pneumatic respirator, a filter is provided between the suction air source device and the humidifier.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性,所述安全阀为呼气安全阀。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability of the pneumatic respirator, the safety valve is an exhalation safety valve.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性和实用性,所述吸气气源装置中设有空氧混合器。 Preferably, in order to improve the reliability and practicability of the pneumatic respirator, an air-oxygen mixer is provided in the inhalation air source device.
本发明的有益效果是,该基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器通过无线通讯模块能够实现实现工作人员对使用者对呼吸器的使用情况进行实时监控;通过监测报警模块使得氧源压力报警装置、电源断开报警装置、切换故障报警装置、温度检测装置、水平面传感器和气道压力测量装置对呼吸器的工作状态进行实时监控,并且及时报警,提高了呼吸器的可靠性。The utility model has the beneficial effects that the utility model-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function can realize real-time monitoring of the user's use of the respirator by the wireless communication module; and the oxygen source pressure is monitored by monitoring the alarm module. The alarm device, the power disconnect alarm device, the switching fault alarm device, the temperature detecting device, the water level sensor and the airway pressure measuring device monitor the working state of the respirator in real time, and timely alarm, thereby improving the reliability of the respirator.
附图说明DRAWINGS
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明。The invention will now be further described with reference to the drawings and embodiments.
图1是本发明的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural view of a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things according to the present invention;
图2是本发明的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器的系统原理图;2 is a schematic diagram of a system of a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things of the present invention;
图中:1.第一进气管,2.第二进气管,3.氧源压力报警装置,4.吸气气源装置,5.电源断开报警装置,6.切换故障报警装置,7.过滤器,8.湿润器,9.温度检测装置,10.水平面传感器,11.氧分压装置,12.气道压力测量装置,13.安全阀,14.呼吸控制装置,15.呼吸嘴,16.肺活量测量装置,17.中央控制系统,18.无线通讯模块,19.吸气气源控制模块,20.湿润控制模块,21.氧分压控制模块,22.呼吸控制模块,23.肺活量测量模块,24.监测报警模块,25.工作电源模块。In the figure: 1. The first intake pipe, 2. The second intake pipe, 3. The oxygen source pressure alarm device, 4. The suction air source device, 5. The power disconnection alarm device, 6. The switching fault alarm device, 7. Filter, 8. humidifier, 9. temperature detecting device, 10. horizontal level sensor, 11. oxygen partial pressure device, 12. airway pressure measuring device, 13. safety valve, 14. breathing control device, 15. breathing nozzle, 16. Spirometry device, 17. Central control system, 18. Wireless communication module, 19. Inspiratory air source control module, 20. Wet control module, 21. Oxygen partial pressure control module, 22. Respiratory control module, 23. Vital capacity Measurement module, 24. Monitoring alarm module, 25. Working power module.
具体实施方式detailed description
现在结合附图对本发明作进一步详细的说明。这些附图均为简化的示意图,仅以示意方式说明本发明的基本结构,因此其仅显示与本发明有关的构成。The invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the drawings. The drawings are simplified schematic diagrams, and only the basic structure of the present invention is illustrated in a schematic manner, and thus only the configurations related to the present invention are shown.
如图1和图2所示,一种基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,包括中央控制装置、与中央控制装置电连接的呼吸机构和监测报警机构,所述呼吸机构包括吸气气源装置4、湿润器8、氧分压装置11、呼吸控制装置14、 肺活量测量装置16和呼吸嘴15,所述吸气气源装置4与湿润器8连通,所述氧分压装置11与湿润器8连通,所述湿润器8通过呼吸控制装置14分别与肺活量测量装置16和呼吸嘴15连接,所述吸气气源装置4连接有第一进气管1和第二进气管2;As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, an IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function includes a central control device, a respiratory mechanism electrically connected to the central control device, and a monitoring alarm mechanism, and the respiratory mechanism includes inhalation. Air source device 4, humidifier 8, oxygen partial pressure device 11, respiratory control device 14, A spirometry device 16 and a breathing nozzle 15, the inspiratory air source device 4 is in communication with a humidifier 8, the oxygen partial pressure device 11 is in communication with a humidifier 8, and the humidifier 8 is separately measured by the respiratory control device 14 The device 16 is connected to the breathing nozzle 15, the suction air source device 4 is connected to the first intake pipe 1 and the second intake pipe 2;
所述监测报警机构包括氧源压力报警装置3、电源断开报警装置5、切换故障报警装置6、温度检测装置9、水平面传感器10、气道压力测量装置12和安全阀13,所述氧源压力报警装置3与第二进气管2电连接,所述电源断开报警装置5和切换故障报警装置6均与吸气气源装置4电连接,所述温度检测装置9和水平面传感器10均与湿润器8电连接,所述气道压力测量装置12和安全阀13均设置在氧分压装置11和呼吸控制装置14之间,所述气道压力测量装置12和安全阀13均与湿润器8连接;The monitoring alarm mechanism includes an oxygen source pressure alarm device 3, a power disconnection alarm device 5, a switching failure alarm device 6, a temperature detecting device 9, a level sensor 10, an airway pressure measuring device 12, and a safety valve 13, the oxygen source The pressure alarm device 3 is electrically connected to the second intake pipe 2, and the power disconnection alarm device 5 and the switching failure alarm device 6 are both electrically connected to the intake air source device 4, and the temperature detecting device 9 and the horizontal surface sensor 10 are both The humidifier 8 is electrically connected, and the airway pressure measuring device 12 and the safety valve 13 are both disposed between the oxygen partial pressure device 11 and the breathing control device 14, and the airway pressure measuring device 12 and the safety valve 13 are both connected to the humidifier 8 connections;
所述中央控制装置包括中央控制系统17、与中央控制系统17连接的无线通讯模块18、吸气气源控制模块19、湿润控制模块20、氧分压控制模块21、呼吸控制模块22、肺活量测量模块23、监测报警模块24和工作电源模块25,所述吸气气源装置4与吸气气源控制模块19电连接,所述湿润器8与湿润控制模块20电连接,所述氧分压装置11与氧分压控制模块21电连接,所述呼吸控制装置14与呼吸控制模块22电连接,所述肺活量测量装置16与肺活量测量模块23电连接,所述氧源压力报警装置3、电源断开报警装置5、切换故障报警装置6、温度检测装置9、水平面传感器10和气道压力测量装置12均与监测报警模块24电连接。The central control device includes a central control system 17, a wireless communication module 18 connected to the central control system 17, an inhalation gas source control module 19, a humidification control module 20, an oxygen partial pressure control module 21, a respiratory control module 22, and a vital capacity measurement. The module 23, the monitoring alarm module 24 and the working power module 25, the inhalation gas source device 4 is electrically connected to the inhalation gas source control module 19, and the humidifier 8 is electrically connected to the humidification control module 20, the oxygen partial pressure The device 11 is electrically connected to the oxygen partial pressure control module 21, the respiratory control device 14 is electrically connected to the respiratory control module 22, the vital capacity measuring device 16 is electrically connected to the vital capacity measuring module 23, the oxygen source pressure alarm device 3, and the power source The disconnection alarm device 5, the switching failure alarm device 6, the temperature detecting device 9, the level sensor 10, and the airway pressure measuring device 12 are all electrically connected to the monitoring alarm module 24.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的测量精确性和安全性,所述肺活量测量装置16为肺活量计,所述气道压力测量装置12为压力测量仪。Preferably, in order to improve the measurement accuracy and safety of the pneumatic respirator, the spirometry device 16 is a spirometer, and the airway pressure measuring device 12 is a pressure gauge.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性,所述呼吸控制装置14为呼吸控 制阀。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability of the pneumatic respirator, the breathing control device 14 is a breath control Valves.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性和实用性,所述呼吸嘴15的材质为硅胶。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability and practicability of the pneumatic respirator, the material of the breathing nozzle 15 is silica gel.
作为优选,所述第一进气管1为空气进气管,所述第二进气管2为氧气进气管。Preferably, the first intake pipe 1 is an air intake pipe, and the second intake pipe 2 is an oxygen intake pipe.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的实用性,所述吸气气源装置4和湿润器8之间设有过滤器7。Preferably, in order to improve the utility of the pneumatic respirator, a filter 7 is provided between the suction air source device 4 and the humidifier 8.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性,所述安全阀13为呼气安全阀。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability of the pneumatic respirator, the safety valve 13 is an exhalation safety valve.
作为优选,为了提高气动呼吸器的可靠性和实用性,所述吸气气源装置4中设有空氧混合器。Preferably, in order to improve the reliability and practicability of the pneumatic respirator, an air-oxygen mixer is provided in the intake air source device 4.
该基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器的工作原理是:The IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring works on:
首先第一进气管1为空气进气管,第二进气管2为氧气进气管,通过吸气气源装置4将空气和氧气混合,调节氧气的浓度,其中电源断开报警装置5用来对吸气气源装置4的工作电源进行实时监控,当电源断开时,就会发出报警,防止医疗事故;切换故障报警装置6用于对调节氧气的浓度切换进行实时监控,当切换发生故障时,就会发出报警,提高了呼吸器的可靠性;氧源压力报警装置3用于对第二进气管2中通入的氧气压力进行检测,防止压力过大,对装置造成损坏,从而提高了呼吸器的可靠性。First, the first intake pipe 1 is an air intake pipe, and the second intake pipe 2 is an oxygen intake pipe. The air and oxygen are mixed by the suction air source device 4 to adjust the concentration of oxygen, wherein the power disconnecting alarm device 5 is used for sucking. The working power supply of the gas source device 4 is monitored in real time, and when the power is disconnected, an alarm is issued to prevent medical accidents; the switching failure alarm device 6 is used for real-time monitoring of the concentration switching of the adjusted oxygen, when the switching fails, An alarm is issued to improve the reliability of the respirator; the oxygen source pressure alarm device 3 is used to detect the oxygen pressure introduced in the second intake pipe 2 to prevent excessive pressure and damage the device, thereby improving the breathing. Reliability of the device.
随后吸气气源装置4通过过滤器7与湿润器8连通,过滤器7用于对输出的混合气体进行过滤,提高了呼吸器的可靠性;湿润器8采用加热湿化的方法,对混合气体进行湿润,从而提高了混合气体对使用者的舒适性,提高了呼吸器的实用性;其中温度检测装置9用于对湿润器8的工作温度进行实时监控,提高了湿润的精确性;水平面传感器10用于对湿润器8进行实时水平检测,防止 发生倾斜,造成医疗事故,从而提高了呼吸器的可靠性。Then, the inhalation gas source device 4 is connected to the humidifier 8 through the filter 7, and the filter 7 is used for filtering the output mixed gas to improve the reliability of the respirator; the humidifier 8 is heated and humidified, and the mixture is mixed. The gas is wetted, thereby improving the comfort of the mixed gas to the user and improving the utility of the respirator; wherein the temperature detecting device 9 is used for real-time monitoring of the working temperature of the humidifier 8 to improve the accuracy of the wetting; The sensor 10 is used for real-time level detection of the humidifier 8 to prevent The tilt occurs, causing a medical accident, which improves the reliability of the respirator.
然后湿润器8输出的混合气体通过氧分压装置11对气体的压力进行调节,防止压力过大,对使用者造成呼吸障碍;呼吸控制装置14用于控制使用者在呼气和吸气之间切换,保证使用者吸入氧气,呼出空气,肺活量测量装置16用于测量使用者的肺活量,对使用者的呼吸状况进行实时监控;呼吸嘴15便于使用者进行使用;其中气道压力测量装置12用于对湿润器8输出的混合气体的压力进行检测,从而配合氧分压装置11对气体的压力进行调节;安全阀13为呼气安全阀,其结构大多采用直动式溢流阀,其工作原理是将溢流阀与气道系统相连接,当后者的压力在规定范围内时,由于气压作用于阀板上的力小于弹簧的压力,阀门处于关闭状态。当气道系统的压力升高,作用于阀板上的压力大于弹簧上的压力时,阀门开启,排出气体,直至气道压降至规定范围之内,阀门重新关闭。因此,这种安全阀13能保证病人气道压在一个安全范围之内。Then, the mixed gas output from the humidifier 8 is adjusted by the oxygen partial pressure device 11 to prevent the pressure from being excessive, which causes a breathing disorder to the user; the breathing control device 14 is used to control the user between exhalation and inhalation. Switching, ensuring that the user inhales oxygen and exhales air, the vital capacity measuring device 16 is used for measuring the lung capacity of the user, and real-time monitoring of the breathing state of the user; the breathing nozzle 15 is convenient for the user to use; wherein the airway pressure measuring device 12 is used The pressure of the mixed gas outputted by the humidifier 8 is detected to adjust the pressure of the gas in conjunction with the oxygen partial pressure device 11; the safety valve 13 is an exhalation safety valve, and the structure thereof mostly adopts a direct-acting relief valve, and its operation The principle is to connect the relief valve to the airway system. When the pressure of the latter is within the specified range, the valve is in the closed state because the force exerted on the valve plate by the air pressure is less than the pressure of the spring. When the pressure of the airway system rises and the pressure acting on the valve plate is greater than the pressure on the spring, the valve opens and vents the gas until the airway pressure falls within the specified range and the valve closes again. Therefore, the safety valve 13 ensures that the patient's airway pressure is within a safe range.
该基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器中:无线通讯模块18用于实现工作人员对使用者对呼吸器的使用情况进行实时监控;吸气气源控制模块19用于控制吸气气源装置4输出的氧气的浓度;湿润控制模块20用于控制湿润器8的工作,保证混合气体的湿度;氧分压控制模块21用于控制氧分压装置11对气体压力进行调节,提高了气动呼吸器的可靠性;呼吸控制模块22用于控制呼吸控制装置14的工作,保证使用者在呼气和吸气之间切换;肺活量测量模块23通过肺活量测量装置16对使用者的肺活量进行实时监测;监测报警模块24通过氧源压力报警装置3、电源断开报警装置5、切换故障报警装置6、温度检测装置9、水平面传感器10和气道压力测量装置12对呼吸器的工作状态进行实时监控,并且及时报警,提高了呼吸器的可靠性;工作电源模块25用于保证呼吸器的工作可靠;中央控制系统17用于控制各个模块,提高了呼吸器的智能化。 The IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function: the wireless communication module 18 is used for real-time monitoring of the user's use of the respirator by the user; the inhalation air source control module 19 is used for controlling the inhalation gas. The concentration of oxygen outputted by the source device 4; the humidification control module 20 is used to control the operation of the humidifier 8, to ensure the humidity of the mixed gas; the oxygen partial pressure control module 21 is used to control the oxygen partial pressure device 11 to adjust the gas pressure, thereby improving The reliability of the pneumatic respirator; the breathing control module 22 is used to control the operation of the breathing control device 14 to ensure that the user switches between exhalation and inhalation; the spirometry module 23 performs real-time calculation of the user's vital capacity by the spirometry device 16. Monitoring; monitoring alarm module 24 performs real-time monitoring of the working state of the respirator through the oxygen source pressure alarm device 3, the power disconnection alarm device 5, the switching failure alarm device 6, the temperature detecting device 9, the level sensor 10, and the airway pressure measuring device 12. And timely alarm, improve the reliability of the respirator; work power module 25 is used to ensure the respirator As reliable; central control system 17 for controlling each module, to improve the intelligence of the respirator.
与现有技术相比,该基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器通过无线通讯模块18能够实现实现工作人员对使用者对呼吸器的使用情况进行实时监控;通过监测报警模块24使得氧源压力报警装置3、电源断开报警装置5、切换故障报警装置6、温度检测装置9、水平面传感器10和气道压力测量装置12对呼吸器的工作状态进行实时监控,并且及时报警,提高了呼吸器的可靠性。Compared with the prior art, the IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function can realize real-time monitoring of the user's use of the respirator by the wireless communication module 18; and the oxygen is monitored by the monitoring alarm module 24. The source pressure alarm device 3, the power failure alarm device 5, the switching failure alarm device 6, the temperature detecting device 9, the level sensor 10, and the airway pressure measuring device 12 perform real-time monitoring of the working state of the respirator, and promptly alarm and improve breathing. Reliability of the device.
以上述依据本发明的理想实施例为启示,通过上述的说明内容,相关工作人员完全可以在不偏离本项发明技术思想的范围内,进行多样的变更以及修改。本项发明的技术性范围并不局限于说明书上的内容,必须要根据权利要求范围来确定其技术性范围。 In view of the above-described embodiments of the present invention, various changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the contents of the specification, and the technical scope thereof must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,包括中央控制装置、与中央控制装置电连接的呼吸机构和监测报警机构,所述呼吸机构包括吸气气源装置(4)、湿润器(8)、氧分压装置(11)、呼吸控制装置(14)、肺活量测量装置(16)和呼吸嘴(15),所述吸气气源装置(4)与湿润器(8)连通,所述氧分压装置(11)与湿润器(8)连通,所述湿润器(8)通过呼吸控制装置(14)分别与肺活量测量装置(16)和呼吸嘴(15)连接,所述吸气气源装置(4)连接有第一进气管(1)和第二进气管(2);A pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things, comprising: a central control device, a breathing mechanism electrically connected to the central control device, and a monitoring alarm mechanism, the breathing mechanism comprising an inhalation gas source device (4) ), a humidifier (8), an oxygen partial pressure device (11), a breathing control device (14), a spirometry device (16), and a breathing nozzle (15), the inspiratory air source device (4) and the humidifier ( 8) communicating, the oxygen partial pressure device (11) is in communication with the humidifier (8), and the humidifier (8) is connected to the vital capacity measuring device (16) and the breathing nozzle (15) respectively through the breathing control device (14) The suction air source device (4) is connected to the first intake pipe (1) and the second intake pipe (2);
    所述监测报警机构包括氧源压力报警装置(3)、电源断开报警装置(5)、切换故障报警装置(6)、温度检测装置(9)、水平面传感器(10)、气道压力测量装置(12)和安全阀(13),所述氧源压力报警装置(3)与第二进气管(2)电连接,所述电源断开报警装置(5)和切换故障报警装置(6)均与吸气气源装置(4)电连接,所述温度检测装置(9)和水平面传感器(10)均与湿润器(8)电连接,所述气道压力测量装置(12)和安全阀(13)均设置在氧分压装置(11)和呼吸控制装置(14)之间,所述气道压力测量装置(12)和安全阀(13)均与湿润器(8)连接;The monitoring alarm mechanism includes an oxygen source pressure alarm device (3), a power disconnection alarm device (5), a switching failure alarm device (6), a temperature detecting device (9), a water level sensor (10), and an airway pressure measuring device. (12) and a safety valve (13), the oxygen source pressure alarm device (3) is electrically connected to the second intake pipe (2), and the power disconnection alarm device (5) and the switching failure alarm device (6) are both Electrically connected to the inspiratory gas source device (4), the temperature detecting device (9) and the horizontal surface sensor (10) are electrically connected to the humidifier (8), the airway pressure measuring device (12) and the safety valve ( 13) both disposed between the oxygen partial pressure device (11) and the respiratory control device (14), the airway pressure measuring device (12) and the safety valve (13) are connected to the humidifier (8);
    所述中央控制装置包括中央控制系统(17)、与中央控制系统(17)连接的无线通讯模块(18)、吸气气源控制模块(19)、湿润控制模块(20)、氧分压控制模块(21)、呼吸控制模块(22)、肺活量测量模块(23)、监测报警模块(24)和工作电源模块(25),所述吸气气源装置(4)与吸气气源控制模块(19)电连接,所述湿润器(8)与湿润控制模块(20)电连接,所述氧分压装置(11)与氧分压控制模块(21)电连接,所述呼吸控制装置(14)与呼吸控制模块(22)电连接,所述肺活量测量装置(16)与肺活量测量模块(23)电连接,所述氧源压力报警装置(3)、电源断开报警装置(5)、切换故障报警装置(6)、温度 检测装置(9)、水平面传感器(10)和气道压力测量装置(12)均与监测报警模块(24)电连接。The central control device comprises a central control system (17), a wireless communication module (18) connected to the central control system (17), an inhalation gas source control module (19), a humidification control module (20), and an oxygen partial pressure control. Module (21), breathing control module (22), spirometry module (23), monitoring alarm module (24) and working power module (25), the inhalation gas source device (4) and the inspiratory gas source control module (19) Electrically connecting, the humidifier (8) is electrically connected to the humidification control module (20), and the oxygen partial pressure device (11) is electrically connected to the oxygen partial pressure control module (21), the respiratory control device ( 14) electrically connected to the breathing control module (22), the spirometry device (16) is electrically connected to the spirometry module (23), the oxygen source pressure alarm device (3), the power disconnection alarm device (5), Switching fault alarm device (6), temperature The detecting device (9), the level sensor (10) and the airway pressure measuring device (12) are all electrically connected to the monitoring alarm module (24).
  2. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述肺活量测量装置(16)为肺活量计,所述气道压力测量装置(12)为压力测量仪。The invention relates to a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function according to claim 1, wherein the spirometry device (16) is a spirometer, and the airway pressure measuring device (12) is a pressure measuring device. .
  3. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述呼吸控制装置(14)为呼吸控制阀。The IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function according to claim 1, wherein the breathing control device (14) is a breathing control valve.
  4. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述呼吸嘴(15)的材质为硅胶。The invention relates to a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things, characterized in that the breathing nozzle (15) is made of silica gel.
  5. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述第一进气管(1)为空气进气管,所述第二进气管(2)为氧气进气管。The utility model-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function according to claim 1, wherein the first intake pipe (1) is an air intake pipe, and the second intake pipe (2) is an oxygen inlet. trachea.
  6. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述吸气气源装置(4)和湿润器(8)之间设有过滤器(7)。The invention relates to a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things, characterized in that a filter (7) is arranged between the inhalation gas source device (4) and the humidifier (8).
  7. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述安全阀(13)为呼气安全阀。The IoT-based pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function according to claim 1, wherein the safety valve (13) is an exhalation safety valve.
  8. 如权利要求1所述的基于物联网的具有安全监控功能的气动呼吸器,其特征在于,所述吸气气源装置(4)中设有空氧混合器。 The invention relates to a pneumatic respirator with safety monitoring function based on the Internet of Things, characterized in that an air-oxygen mixer is arranged in the inhalation air source device (4).
PCT/CN2016/077603 2015-11-27 2016-03-28 Internet of things-based pneumatic ventilator having safety monitoring function WO2017088339A1 (en)

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