WO2017054468A1 - Method and system implementing inspection - Google Patents

Method and system implementing inspection Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017054468A1
WO2017054468A1 PCT/CN2016/082518 CN2016082518W WO2017054468A1 WO 2017054468 A1 WO2017054468 A1 WO 2017054468A1 CN 2016082518 W CN2016082518 W CN 2016082518W WO 2017054468 A1 WO2017054468 A1 WO 2017054468A1
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network
information
wireless communication
patrol
terminal
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PCT/CN2016/082518
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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洪小伟
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Priority to CN201510643876.2A priority patent/CN106559823A/en
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Publication of WO2017054468A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017054468A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W24/00Supervisory, monitoring or testing arrangements
    • H04W24/02Arrangements for optimising operational condition

Abstract

The disclosure discloses a method and system implementing inspection. The method comprises: transmitting, by an inspection terminal, equipment subscription information to a wireless communication device connected to network element equipment; and feeding back, by the wireless communication device, according to the equipment subscription information, and to the inspection terminal, equipment information of the network element equipment.

Description

一种实现巡检的方法及系统Method and system for realizing inspection 技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及但不限于核心网领域。This application relates to, but is not limited to, the core network field.
背景技术Background technique
核心网(Core Network)是电信通讯网络的核心,定期对核心网的网元设备进行巡检,是运营商为保障网元设备健康稳定进行的一项重要工作,通过及时发现网元设备存在的问题并进行隐患排除,网元设备的健康稳定为核心网及系统网络的正常工作提供了重要的通信基础。The core network (Core Network) is the core of the telecommunication network. It is an important task for the operator to ensure the health and stability of the network element equipment. The problem and the elimination of hidden dangers, the health and stability of the network element equipment provides an important communication basis for the normal operation of the core network and the system network.
相关技术中,运营商对网元设备一般采用以下巡检方式进行:In the related art, the carrier generally uses the following patrol mode for the NE device:
1、维护人员在监控室通过巡检系统(通常是台式机)检查网元设备的运行状态,对网元设备的硬件异常(例如、网口指示灯未正常工作),维护人员到机房进行故障排除。1. The maintenance personnel check the running status of the NE device in the monitoring room through the inspection system (usually the desktop). The hardware of the NE device is abnormal (for example, the network port indicator is not working properly), and the maintenance personnel goes to the equipment room to perform the fault. exclude.
2、维护人员到机房进行日常巡检,检查网元设备指示灯是否正常,对于网元设备指示灯异常情况,维护人员需要返回监控室,在巡检系统中进行网元设备查找,登记网元设备指示灯异常后,到机房进行故障排除。2. The maintenance personnel go to the equipment room for routine inspections to check whether the indicator of the NE device is normal. For the abnormality of the indicator of the NE device, the maintenance personnel need to return to the monitoring room. The NE device searches for the NE in the inspection system. After the device indicator is abnormal, go to the equipment room for troubleshooting.
上述巡检方式:维护人员、监控室的巡检系统和网元设备三方分离,进行故障发现和分析处理无法实时实地进行,降低了巡检的工作效率。另外,针对机房面积大的机房(一般指省市一级的机房),由于网元设备多,无法在机房内快速的查找存在故障的网元设备也影响巡检工作的工作效率。The above-mentioned inspection mode: the maintenance personnel, the inspection system of the monitoring room, and the network element equipment are separated, and the fault detection and analysis processing cannot be performed in real time, which reduces the work efficiency of the inspection. In addition, for a computer room with a large computer room area (generally a computer room at the provincial and municipal level), because there are many network elements, it is impossible to quickly find the faulty network element equipment in the equipment room and also affect the efficiency of the inspection work.
发明内容Summary of the invention
以下是对本文详细描述的主题的概述。本概述并非是为了限制权利要求的保护范围。The following is an overview of the topics detailed in this document. This Summary is not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
本文提供一种实现巡检的方法及系统,能够避免巡检过程三方分离的问题,提高巡检的工作效率。This paper provides a method and system for implementing inspections, which can avoid the problem of separation of the three sides of the inspection process and improve the efficiency of inspection.
一种实现巡检的方法,包括: A method for implementing inspections, including:
巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;The patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device;
无线通信装置根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。The wireless communication device feeds back the device information of the network element device to the patrol terminal according to the device subscription information.
可选地,所述巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息之前,该方法还包括:Optionally, before the patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device, the method further includes:
为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的所述无线通信装置,并通过所述无线通信装置采集与所述无线通信装置连接的网元设备的设备信息。Corresponding to each of the network element devices in the equipment room, the corresponding wireless communication device is connected, and the device information of the network element device connected to the wireless communication device is collected by the wireless communication device.
可选地,为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的无线通信装置包括:Optionally, respectively, connecting each of the network element devices in the equipment room to the corresponding wireless communication device includes:
为每个网元设备分别部署一个所述无线通信装置;Deploying one of the wireless communication devices separately for each network element device;
将所述网元设备的机架和部署给网元设备的所述无线通信装置连接。The rack of the network element device is connected to the wireless communication device deployed to the network element device.
可选地,设备订阅信息包括:Optionally, the device subscription information includes:
所述网元设备的设备标识、和/或设备位置、和/或设备状态、和/或设备服务日期、和/或设备维护记录。Device identification of the network element device, and/or device location, and/or device status, and/or device service date, and/or device maintenance record.
可选地,无线通信装置为蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议ZigBee装置。Optionally, the wireless communication device is a Bluetooth device or a ZigBee protocol ZigBee device.
可选地,设备信息包括设备位置时,该方法还包括,Optionally, when the device information includes the device location, the method further includes
所述巡检终端根据网元设备的设备位置生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。The patrol terminal generates path information to the network element device according to the device location of the network element device.
可选地,该方法还包括:Optionally, the method further includes:
所述巡检终端与监控室的巡检系统进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步。The patrol terminal performs information exchange with the patrol system of the monitoring room, and synchronizes information about the device information of the network element device.
可选地,所述巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息之前,该方法还包括:Optionally, before the patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device, the method further includes:
所述巡检终端对与每个网元设备连接的无线通信装置进行鉴权。The patrol terminal authenticates the wireless communication device connected to each network element device.
一种实现巡检的系统,包括:巡检终端、与网元设备成一一对应的无线通信装置;其中,A system for implementing a patrol inspection, comprising: a patrol terminal, and a wireless communication device in one-to-one correspondence with the network element device; wherein
巡检终端包括订阅单元和接收单元;其中, The patrol terminal includes a subscription unit and a receiving unit; wherein
订阅单元,设置为:向无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;a subscription unit, configured to: send device subscription information to the wireless communication device;
接收单元,设置为:接收无线通信装置反馈的网元设备的设备信息;a receiving unit, configured to: receive device information of the network element device fed back by the wireless communication device;
无线通信装置与网元设备连接,包括反馈单元,The wireless communication device is connected to the network element device, including a feedback unit,
反馈单元,设置为:接收设备订阅信息后,根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。The feedback unit is configured to: after receiving the subscription information of the device, feed back the device information of the network element device to the inspection terminal according to the subscription information of the device.
可选地,无线通信装置还包括采集单元,设置为:采集与所述无线通信装置连接的网元设备的设备信息。Optionally, the wireless communication device further includes an acquisition unit, configured to: collect device information of the network element device connected to the wireless communication device.
可选地,无线通信装置为蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议ZigBee装置。Optionally, the wireless communication device is a Bluetooth device or a ZigBee protocol ZigBee device.
可选地,巡检终端还包括路径生成单元,设置为:接收的网元设备的所述设备信息包括设备位置时,根据网元设备的设备位置生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。Optionally, the patrol terminal further includes a path generating unit, configured to: when the device information of the received network element device includes the device location, generate path information to the network element device according to the device location of the network element device.
可选地,巡检终端还包括同步单元,该系统还包括巡检系统,Optionally, the patrol terminal further includes a synchronization unit, and the system further includes a patrol system.
同步单元,设置为:与监控室的巡检系统进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步;The synchronization unit is configured to: perform information exchange with the inspection system of the monitoring room, and synchronize information of the device information of the network element device;
巡检系统,设置为:与巡检终端进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步。The patrol system is configured to: perform information exchange with the patrol terminal, and synchronize information of the device information of the network element device.
可选地,巡检终端还包括鉴权单元,设置为:对与每个网元设备连接的无线通信装置进行鉴权。Optionally, the patrol terminal further includes an authentication unit configured to: authenticate the wireless communication device connected to each network element device.
一种计算机可读存储介质,存储有计算机可执行指令,所述计算机可执行指令用于执行上述任一项的方法。A computer readable storage medium storing computer executable instructions for performing the method of any of the above.
与相关技术相比,本申请技术方案包括:巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;无线通信装置根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。本发明实施例方法根据无线通信装置反馈的设备信息进行网元设备的巡检,避免巡检过程三方分离的问题,提高了巡检的工作效率;另外,通过生成路径信息和巡检终端与巡检系统的信息同步,进一步提高了巡检工作的工作效率。Compared with the related art, the technical solution of the present application includes: the patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device; and the wireless communication device feeds back the device information of the network element device to the patrol terminal according to the device subscription information. The method of the embodiment of the present invention performs the patrol inspection of the network element device according to the device information fed back by the wireless communication device, avoids the problem of separation of the patrol inspection process, and improves the working efficiency of the patrol inspection. In addition, the path information and the patrol terminal and the patrol are generated. The information of the inspection system is synchronized, which further improves the efficiency of the inspection work.
在阅读并理解了附图和详细描述后,可以明白其他方面。 Other aspects will be apparent upon reading and understanding the drawings and detailed description.
附图概述BRIEF abstract
图1为本发明实施例实现巡检的方法的流程图;1 is a flowchart of a method for implementing a patrol inspection according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图2为本发明实施例实现巡检的系统的结构框图;2 is a structural block diagram of a system for implementing a patrol inspection according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图3是本发明第二实施例的方法流程图;Figure 3 is a flow chart of a method of the second embodiment of the present invention;
图4是本发明第三实施例的方法流程图;Figure 4 is a flow chart of a method of a third embodiment of the present invention;
图5为本发明第四实施例的方法流程图;FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a method according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图6是本发明第五实施例的方法流程图。Figure 6 is a flow chart of a method in accordance with a fifth embodiment of the present invention.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the invention
下文中将结合附图对本发明的实施方式进行详细说明。需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互任意组合。Embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be noted that, in the case of no conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments in the present application may be arbitrarily combined with each other.
图1为本发明实施例实现巡检的方法的流程图,如图1所示,包括:FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method for implementing a patrol inspection according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes:
步骤100、巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;Step 100: The patrol terminal sends device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device.
本步骤之前还可包括:This step can also include:
为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的无线通信装置,并通过无线通信装置采集与其连接的网元设备的设备信息。Each of the network element devices in the equipment room is respectively connected with a corresponding wireless communication device, and the device information of the network element device connected thereto is collected by the wireless communication device.
可选的,为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的无线通信装置包括:Optionally, each of the network element devices in the equipment room is respectively connected to a corresponding wireless communication device, including:
为每个网元设备分别部署一个无线通信装置;Deploying one wireless communication device separately for each network element device;
将网元设备的机架和部署给网元设备的无线通信装置连接。The rack of the network element device is connected to the wireless communication device deployed to the network element device.
通过与网元设备的机架的连接,无线通信装置与网元设备的机架管理模块(CMM)板及业务单板连接。这里,与CMM板和业务板连接可以通过集成在CMM板中实现。The wireless communication device is connected to the rack management module (CMM) board of the network element device and the service board through the connection with the rack of the network element device. Here, the connection to the CMM board and the business board can be realized by integration in the CMM board.
本发明实施例方法中,设备订阅信息可以包括: In the method of the embodiment of the present invention, the device subscription information may include:
网元设备的设备标识、和/或设备位置、和/或设备状态、和/或设备服务日期、和/或设备维护记录等。Device identification of the network element device, and/or device location, and/or device status, and/or device service date, and/or device maintenance record, and the like.
设备订阅信息可以根据实际情况进行设定,例如根据巡检目的、网元设备的状态和性能要求等进行设定。The device subscription information can be set according to the actual situation, for example, according to the purpose of the inspection, the status of the network element device, and performance requirements.
无线通信装置可以是蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议(ZigBee)装置。The wireless communication device can be a Bluetooth device or a ZigBee device.
为了实现巡检的工作需求,一般选用的无线通信装置在覆盖范围和传输质量需要得到满足,例如、蓝牙装置在传输效率和无线覆盖范围上需要满足要求,一般的,蓝牙装置采用蓝牙技术4.0版本以上的装置。ZigBee是基于IEEE802.15.4标准的低功耗局域网协议。In order to meet the work requirements of the inspection, the wireless communication device generally selected needs to meet the coverage and transmission quality. For example, the Bluetooth device needs to meet the requirements in terms of transmission efficiency and wireless coverage. Generally, the Bluetooth device adopts Bluetooth technology version 4.0. The above device. ZigBee is a low-power LAN protocol based on the IEEE802.15.4 standard.
步骤101、无线通信装置根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。Step 101: The wireless communication device feeds back the device information of the network element device to the patrol terminal according to the device subscription information.
设备信息包括设备位置时,本发明实施例方法还可包括,When the device information includes the device location, the method of the embodiment of the present invention may further include
巡检终端根据网元设备的设备位置生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。The patrol terminal generates path information to the network element device according to the device location of the network element device.
本发明实施例方法还可包括:The method of the embodiment of the present invention may further include:
巡检终端与监控室的巡检系统进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步。The inspection terminal interacts with the inspection system of the monitoring room to synchronize information of the device information of the network element device.
步骤100之前还可包括:Before step 100, the method may further include:
巡检终端对与每个网元设备连接的无线通信装置进行鉴权。The patrol terminal authenticates the wireless communication device connected to each network element device.
本发明实施例方法根据无线通信装置反馈的设备信息进行网元设备的巡检,避免巡检过程三方分离的问题,提高了巡检的工作效率;另外,通过生成路径信息和巡检终端与巡检系统的信息同步,进一步提高了巡检工作的工作效率。The method of the embodiment of the present invention performs the patrol inspection of the network element device according to the device information fed back by the wireless communication device, avoids the problem of separation of the patrol inspection process, and improves the working efficiency of the patrol inspection. In addition, the path information and the patrol terminal and the patrol are generated. The information of the inspection system is synchronized, which further improves the efficiency of the inspection work.
图2为本发明实施例实现巡检的系统的结构框图,如图2所示,包括:巡检终端21、与网元设备23成一一对应的无线通信装置22;其中,2 is a structural block diagram of a system for implementing a patrol inspection according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the patrol terminal 21 includes a wireless communication device 22 that is in one-to-one correspondence with the network element device 23.
巡检终端21包括订阅单元211和接收单元212;其中,The patrol terminal 21 includes a subscription unit 211 and a receiving unit 212;
订阅单元211,设置为:向无线通信装置22发送设备订阅信息;The subscription unit 211 is configured to: send the device subscription information to the wireless communication device 22;
接收单元212,设置为:接收无线通信装置22反馈的网元设备23的设 备信息;The receiving unit 212 is configured to: receive the setting of the network element device 23 fed back by the wireless communication device 22 Preparation information
无线通信装置22与网元设备23连接,至少包括反馈单元221,The wireless communication device 22 is connected to the network element device 23 and includes at least a feedback unit 221.
反馈单元221,设置为:接收设备订阅信息后,根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备23的设备信息至巡检终端21。The feedback unit 221 is configured to: after receiving the subscription information of the device, feed back the device information of the network element device 23 to the patrol terminal 21 according to the device subscription information.
无线通信装置22还包括采集单元222,设置为:采集与所述无线通信装置22连接的网元设备23的设备信息。The wireless communication device 22 further includes an acquisition unit 222 configured to collect device information of the network element device 23 connected to the wireless communication device 22.
无线通信装置22可以是蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议(ZigBee)装置。The wireless communication device 22 can be a Bluetooth device or a ZigBee device.
巡检终端21还可包括路径生成单元213,设置为:接收的网元设备23的设备信息包括设备位置时,根据网元设备23的设备位置生成前往该网元设备23的路径信息。The patrol terminal 21 may further include a path generating unit 213 configured to: when the device information of the received network element device 23 includes the device location, generate path information to the network element device 23 according to the device location of the network element device 23.
巡检终端21还可包括同步单元214,该系统还可包括巡检系统24,The inspection terminal 21 may further include a synchronization unit 214, which may further include a inspection system 24,
同步单元214,设置为:与监控室的巡检系统24进行信息交互,对网元设备23的设备信息进行信息同步;The synchronization unit 214 is configured to: perform information interaction with the inspection system 24 of the monitoring room, and perform information synchronization on the device information of the network element device 23;
巡检系统24,设置为:与巡检终端21进行信息交互,对网元设备2的设备信息进行信息同步。The patrol system 24 is configured to: perform information exchange with the patrol terminal 21, and perform information synchronization on the device information of the network element device 2.
巡检终端21还可包括鉴权单元215,设置为:对与每个网元设备23连接的无线通信装置22进行鉴权。The patrol terminal 21 may further include an authentication unit 215 configured to authenticate the wireless communication device 22 connected to each network element device 23.
以下通过实施例进行清楚详细的说明,实施例仅用于陈述本发明,并不用于限定本发明方法的保护范围。The following is a clear and detailed description of the embodiments, which are merely used to illustrate the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
实施例1Example 1
为机房内的每个网元设备分别部署一个无线通信装置,本实施例无线通信装置可以是蓝牙装置(也可以成为蓝牙基站);维护人员使用巡检终端进行机房的日常巡检。为了保证核心网的安全和巡检系统的管理,巡检终端和网元设备部署的蓝牙装置进行鉴权,根据通信组网方式,一般的,每个蓝牙装置通过已有的算法或策略分配相应的设备标识。日常巡检过程中,当蓝牙装置反馈的设备信息表示网元设备异常时,可以通过设备标识进行网元设备的确定;由于机房面积大,网元设备多,本实施例为每个网元设备连接蓝牙装置后,除了为蓝牙装置设置设备标识外,还根据网元设备的分布确定了网 元设备的设备位置的信息,这里一般指坐标信息。本实施例巡检终端为可以与监控室巡检系统进行信息同步,实现巡检系统对网元设备的设备信息进行实时更新。本实施例巡检过程可以包含以下部分:A wireless communication device is separately deployed for each network element device in the equipment room. The wireless communication device in this embodiment may be a Bluetooth device (which may also be a Bluetooth base station); the maintenance personnel use the inspection terminal to perform daily inspections of the equipment room. In order to ensure the security of the core network and the management of the patrol system, the patrol terminal and the Bluetooth device deployed by the network element device perform authentication. According to the communication networking mode, generally, each Bluetooth device allocates corresponding information through an existing algorithm or policy. Device identification. During the daily patrol process, when the device information fed back by the Bluetooth device indicates that the network element device is abnormal, the device identification can be performed by the device identifier. The network device has a large area and a large number of network element devices. In this embodiment, each network element device is used. After the Bluetooth device is connected, in addition to setting the device identification for the Bluetooth device, the network is also determined according to the distribution of the network element device. Information about the device location of the metadevice, which is generally referred to herein as coordinate information. In this embodiment, the patrol terminal can perform information synchronization with the monitoring room patrol system, and the patrol system can update the device information of the network element device in real time. The inspection process of this embodiment may include the following parts:
巡检终端根据巡检内容制定设备订阅信息,巡检终端采用蓝牙通信的方式向其通信覆盖范围内的蓝牙装置广播推送设备订阅信息。The patrol terminal develops device subscription information according to the patrol content, and the patrol terminal broadcasts the push device subscription information to the Bluetooth device within its communication coverage by means of Bluetooth communication.
可选的,订阅设备信息一般包括:设备标识、和/或设备位置、和/或设备状态、和/或设备服务日期、和/或设备维护记录。根据巡检目的和效率,本实施例可以设定订阅设备信息包括:设备编号、设备位置、设备维护记录和设备状态,设备订阅信息可根据实际巡检情况进行调整。Optionally, the subscription device information generally includes: a device identifier, and/or a device location, and/or a device status, and/or a device service date, and/or a device maintenance record. According to the purpose and efficiency of the patrol, the device can set the subscription device information including: device number, device location, device maintenance record, and device status. The device subscription information can be adjusted according to actual patrol conditions.
每个蓝牙装置根据巡检终端推送的设备订阅信息,采集与其连接的网元设备的设备信息;Each Bluetooth device collects device information of the network element device connected thereto according to the device subscription information pushed by the patrol terminal;
蓝牙装置将采集的设备信息发送到巡检终端;这里,设备信息定向发送至巡检终端的方法可以根据已有的通信方式实现。The Bluetooth device sends the collected device information to the patrol terminal; here, the method for the device information to be sent to the patrol terminal can be implemented according to an existing communication method.
巡检终端接收蓝牙装置发送的设备信息后,维护人员可以根据设备信息判断网元设备是否发生故障;After the patrol terminal receives the device information sent by the Bluetooth device, the maintenance personnel can determine whether the network element device is faulty according to the device information.
当通过设备信息确定网元设备发生故障时,可以通过设备信息确定设备标识和设备位置,根据设备标识可以确定网元设备,根据巡检终端的位置和设备位置,可以生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。当然如果通过设备标识确定网元设备后,可以通过巡检终端和未发生故障的蓝牙装置作为参考基站,结合已有的无线定位方法,例如、基于信号强度的计算方法,确定发生故障的网元设备的位置和生成前往该网元设备的路径信息,一般还包含距离信息。When it is determined by the device information that the network element device is faulty, the device identifier and the device location may be determined by using the device information, and the network element device may be determined according to the device identifier, and according to the location of the inspection terminal and the device location, the device may be generated to go to the network element device. Path information. Of course, if the network element device is determined by the device identifier, the patrol terminal and the non-faulty Bluetooth device can be used as the reference base station, and the existing wireless positioning method, for example, based on the signal strength calculation method, is used to determine the faulty network element. The location of the device and the path information for generating the device to the network element, and generally also the distance information.
根据路径信息查找到网元设备后,对网元设备可以进行故障的排除,本实施例巡检终端将网元设备完成故障排除后的设备信息发往巡检系统进行设备信息的同步。After the NE device is found according to the path information, the device can perform troubleshooting on the NE device. In this embodiment, the patrol device sends the device information after the NE device completes the troubleshooting to the patrol system for device information synchronization.
实施例2Example 2
本实施例无线通信装置依旧以蓝牙装置为例,由于网元设备与蓝牙装置按照一一对应关系连接,网元设备位置和蓝牙装置位置可以认为是相同的, 蓝牙装置的区分标识也可以使用网元设备的设备标识;机房内每个蓝牙装置可以通过相互通信,实现设备标识与位置信息的传输,通过交互传输,每个蓝牙基站可以获取机房内所有蓝牙基站的区分标识和设备位置。图3是本发明第二实施例的方法流程图,如图3所示,巡检终端进入机房时,包括:In the wireless communication device of the embodiment, the Bluetooth device is still taken as an example. Since the network element device and the Bluetooth device are connected in a one-to-one correspondence, the location of the network element device and the location of the Bluetooth device can be considered to be the same. The distinguishing identifier of the Bluetooth device can also use the device identifier of the network element device; each Bluetooth device in the equipment room can communicate with each other to realize the transmission of the device identification and the location information, and each Bluetooth base station can acquire all the Bluetooth base stations in the equipment room through mutual transmission. Distinguish the identity and location of the device. 3 is a flowchart of a method according to a second embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, when the patrol terminal enters the equipment room, the method includes:
步骤300、巡检终端检测到一个与网元设备连接的蓝牙装置(假设编号为1),发送设备订阅消息;Step 300: The patrol terminal detects a Bluetooth device connected to the network element device (assuming the number is 1), and the sending device subscribes to the message;
步骤301、巡检终端与蓝牙装置交互后,获得机房内所有蓝牙基站的区分标识和设备位置;Step 301: After the patrol terminal interacts with the Bluetooth device, obtain the distinguishing identifier and device location of all Bluetooth base stations in the equipment room;
步骤302、蓝牙装置1将巡检终端发送的设备订阅信息通过广播方式发送到机房内的其他蓝牙装置,本实施例通过蓝牙装置n表示其他蓝牙装置,即他可以是蓝牙装置2、蓝牙装置3……。Step 302: The Bluetooth device 1 sends the device subscription information sent by the patrol terminal to other Bluetooth devices in the equipment room by means of a broadcast mode. In this embodiment, the Bluetooth device n indicates other Bluetooth devices, that is, the Bluetooth device 2 and the Bluetooth device 3 ....
步骤303、每个蓝牙装置根据设备订阅信息确定是否反馈设备信息到巡检终端;即,如果设备订阅信息包含对其连接的网元设备的设备信息的订阅,则执行步骤304;如果设备订阅信息不包含对其连接的网元设备的设备信息的订阅,则蓝牙装置无需向巡检终端反馈设备信息,即结束流程。Step 303: Each Bluetooth device determines, according to the device subscription information, whether to feed back the device information to the patrol terminal; that is, if the device subscription information includes a subscription to the device information of the network element device to which it is connected, step 304 is performed; if the device subscription information If the subscription of the device information of the network element device to which it is connected is not included, the Bluetooth device does not need to feed back the device information to the patrol terminal, that is, the process ends.
步骤304、蓝牙装置将采集存储的设备信息发往巡检终端。Step 304: The Bluetooth device sends the collected device information to the patrol terminal.
本实施例蓝牙装置按照设定方式采集与其连接的网元设备的设备信息后,通过自身包含的存储介质进行存储。In this embodiment, the Bluetooth device collects the device information of the network element device connected to it according to the setting mode, and then stores the information through the storage medium included in the device.
实施例3Example 3
本实施例以无线通信装置为蓝牙装置为例,将蓝牙装置与网元设备连接后,通过蓝牙装置采集网元设备的设备信息,图4是本发明第三实施例的方法流程图,如图4所示,包括:In this embodiment, the wireless communication device is a Bluetooth device, and after the Bluetooth device is connected to the network element device, the device information of the network element device is collected by using the Bluetooth device. FIG. 4 is a flowchart of the method according to the third embodiment of the present invention. 4, including:
步骤400、蓝牙装置向网元设备发起获取设备信息的获取请求;Step 400: The Bluetooth device initiates an acquisition request for acquiring device information to the network element device.
步骤401、网元设备根据获取请求收集设备信息;本步骤中,设备信息可以通过从机架管理模块(CMM)板和业务单板中收集;可选的,本实施例设备信息可以包括:设备状态、和/或设备服务日期、和/或设备维护记录等。Step 401: The network element device collects the device information according to the acquisition request. In this step, the device information may be collected from the rack management module (CMM) board and the service board. Optionally, the device information in this embodiment may include: Status, and/or device service date, and/or device maintenance records, etc.
步骤402、网元设备将收集的设备信息向蓝牙设备反馈;这里,网元设 备可以通过二进制流的方式向蓝牙设备返回收集的设备信息;另外,如果收集的设备信息较大,例如大于1兆(M),则可以在返回收集的设备信息之前进行压缩处理。Step 402: The network element device feeds back the collected device information to the Bluetooth device. Here, the network element is set. The device can return the collected device information to the Bluetooth device by means of a binary stream; in addition, if the collected device information is large, for example, greater than 1 megabyte (M), the compression process can be performed before returning the collected device information.
步骤403、蓝牙装置保存接收到的网元设备的设备信息;本实施例可以保存在蓝牙装置的闪存中。Step 403: The Bluetooth device saves the device information of the received network element device. This embodiment may be saved in the flash memory of the Bluetooth device.
为了减少网元设备与蓝牙装置之间设备信息的数据传输,对未发生变化的设备信息,可以在步骤402之后,通过下述步骤仅更新变化的设备信息;In order to reduce the data transmission of the device information between the network element device and the Bluetooth device, for the device information that has not changed, after step 402, only the changed device information may be updated by the following steps;
步骤404、蓝牙装置向网元设备发送订购设备信息变化通知;Step 404: The Bluetooth device sends a subscription device information change notification to the network element device.
步骤405、网元设备根据设备信息变化通知,在检查到设备信息发生变化时,主动向蓝牙设备反馈变化的设备信息;Step 405: The network element device actively reports the changed device information to the Bluetooth device when the device information changes according to the device information change notification.
步骤406、蓝牙装置保存接收到的变化的设备信息。Step 406: The Bluetooth device saves the received changed device information.
由于蓝牙装置闪存有一定限制,在不增加闪存空间和其他存储介质情况下,如果闪存的存储空间存储的数据占到存储总空间一定比例时,例如80%,本实施例还可以对接收的设备信息按照时间先后顺序进行删除处理。Since the flash memory of the Bluetooth device has a certain limitation, if the storage space of the flash memory accounts for a certain proportion of the total storage space, for example, 80%, without increasing the flash memory space and other storage media, the embodiment can also be used for the receiving device. Information is deleted in chronological order.
实施例4Example 4
本实施例蓝牙装置向巡检终端发送的设备信息包含设备标识和设备位置,因此根据设备标识确定网元设备后,可以根据设备位置进行网元设备的定位导航。图5为本发明第四实施例的方法流程图,如图5所示,包括:The device information sent by the Bluetooth device to the patrol terminal in this embodiment includes the device identifier and the device location. Therefore, after the network element device is determined according to the device identifier, the location and navigation of the network element device can be performed according to the device location. FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a method according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 5, the method includes:
步骤500、巡检终端根据发生故障的网元设备的设备信息获得网元设备的设备标识和设备位置;这里,设备位置可以是设备坐标。Step 500: The patrol terminal obtains the device identifier and the device location of the network element device according to the device information of the faulty network element device; where the device location may be the device coordinates.
本实施例可以通过确定巡检终端坐标位置直接生成导航信息,也可以通过下述方式生成路径信息;In this embodiment, the navigation information may be directly generated by determining the coordinate position of the inspection terminal, or the path information may be generated by the following manner;
步骤501、巡检终端广播推送设备标识到机房内的每个蓝牙装置中,每个蓝牙装置根据采集的与自身连接的网元设备的设备标识,确定是否与巡检终端寻找的网元设备相匹配,匹配时,执行步骤5020;不匹配时,执行步骤5030蓝牙装置广播设备标识到其他蓝牙装置。Step 501: The patrol terminal broadcasts the push device identifier to each Bluetooth device in the equipment room, and each Bluetooth device determines whether it is related to the network element device sought by the patrol terminal according to the collected device identifier of the network element device connected to the quarantine terminal. If the matching is matched, step 5020 is performed; if there is no matching, the Bluetooth device broadcasts the device identifier to other Bluetooth devices in step 5030.
步骤5020、蓝牙装置向巡检终端返回匹配成功信息。Step 5020: The Bluetooth device returns matching success information to the patrol terminal.
步骤5030、蓝牙装置广播设备标识到其他蓝牙装置,以使其他蓝牙装置 继续进行设备标识的匹配,直至设备标识匹配成功为止。Step 5030, the Bluetooth device broadcasts the device identifier to other Bluetooth devices to enable other Bluetooth devices. Continue to match the device ID until the device ID matches successfully.
步骤5031、巡检终端与匹配的蓝牙装置进行通信后,根据接收信号强度进行定位,结合其他网元设备的设备位置可以生成路径信息。Step 5011: After the patrol terminal communicates with the matched Bluetooth device, the locating is performed according to the received signal strength, and the path information may be generated by combining the device locations of other network element devices.
实施例5Example 5
本实施例对巡检系统和巡检终端的信息同步进行清除的描述,图6是本发明第五实施例的方法流程图,如图6所示,包括:In this embodiment, the information of the patrol system and the patrol terminal is cleared. FIG. 6 is a flowchart of the method according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 6, the method includes:
步骤600、巡检终端向巡检系统上传每个网元设备的设备信息;Step 600: The patrol terminal uploads device information of each network element device to the patrol system.
步骤601、巡检系统将系统存储的网元设备的设备信息与上传的网元设备的设备信息进行对比,并向巡检终端确定差异信息;Step 601: The patrol system compares the device information of the network element device stored in the system with the device information of the uploaded network element device, and determines the difference information to the patrol terminal.
步骤602、巡检终端根据用户分析确定是否将差异信息同步至巡检系统,如果是,执行步骤603;将差异信息同步至巡检系统完成信息同步,并反馈信息同步结果至巡检终端;如果否,直接结束本次流程。Step 602: The patrol terminal determines whether to synchronize the difference information to the patrol system according to the user analysis. If yes, step 603 is performed; the difference information is synchronized to the patrol system to complete the information synchronization, and the information synchronization result is fed back to the patrol terminal; No, directly end this process.
步骤603、将差异信息同步至巡检系统,完成信息同步;Step 603: Synchronize the difference information to the patrol system to complete information synchronization.
步骤604、巡检系统反馈信息同步结果至巡检终端。Step 604: The patrol system feeds back the information synchronization result to the patrol terminal.
当网元设备发生故障时,本实施例巡检终端还可以设置查询条件,从巡检系统获得网元设备的设备信息,以进行故障分析。When the network element device is faulty, the patrol terminal of the embodiment can also set the query condition, and obtain the device information of the network element device from the patrol system to perform fault analysis.
本领域普通技术人员可以理解上述实施例的全部或部分步骤可以使用计算机程序流程来实现,所述计算机程序可以存储于一计算机可读存储介质中,所述计算机程序在相应的硬件平台上(如系统、设备、装置、器件等)执行,在执行时,包括方法实施例的步骤之一或其组合。One of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that all or a portion of the steps of the above-described embodiments can be implemented using a computer program flow, which can be stored in a computer readable storage medium, such as on a corresponding hardware platform (eg, The system, device, device, device, etc. are executed, and when executed, include one or a combination of the steps of the method embodiments.
可选地,上述实施例的全部或部分步骤也可以使用集成电路来实现,这些步骤可以被分别制作成一个个集成电路模块,或者将它们中的多个模块或步骤制作成单个集成电路模块来实现。Alternatively, all or part of the steps of the above embodiments may also be implemented by using an integrated circuit. These steps may be separately fabricated into individual integrated circuit modules, or multiple modules or steps may be fabricated into a single integrated circuit module. achieve.
上述实施例中的装置/功能模块/功能单元可以采用通用的计算装置来实现,它们可以集中在单个的计算装置上,也可以分布在多个计算装置所组成的网络上。The devices/function modules/functional units in the above embodiments may be implemented by a general-purpose computing device, which may be centralized on a single computing device or distributed over a network of multiple computing devices.
上述实施例中的装置/功能模块/功能单元以软件功能模块的形式实现并作为独立的产品销售或使用时,可以存储在一个计算机可读取存储介质中。上述提到的计算机可读取存储介质可以是只读存储器,磁盘或光盘等。 When the device/function module/functional unit in the above embodiment is implemented in the form of a software function module and sold or used as a stand-alone product, it can be stored in a computer readable storage medium. The above mentioned computer readable storage medium may be a read only memory, a magnetic disk or an optical disk or the like.
虽然本发明所揭露的实施方式如上,但所述的内容仅为便于理解本发明而采用的实施方式,并非用以限定本发明。任何本发明所属领域内的技术人员,在不脱离本发明所揭露的精神和范围的前提下,可以在实施的形式及细节上进行任何的修改与变化,但本发明的专利保护范围,仍须以所附的权利要求书所界定的范围为准。While the embodiments of the present invention have been described above, the described embodiments are merely for the purpose of understanding the invention and are not intended to limit the invention. Any modification and variation in the form and details of the embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The scope defined by the appended claims shall prevail.
工业实用性Industrial applicability
本发明实施例根据无线通信装置反馈的设备信息进行网元设备的巡检,避免巡检过程三方分离的问题,提高了巡检的工作效率;另外,通过生成路径信息和巡检终端与巡检系统的信息同步,更提高了巡检工作的工作效率。 The embodiment of the present invention performs the patrol inspection of the network element device according to the device information fed back by the wireless communication device, avoids the problem of separation of the patrol inspection process, and improves the working efficiency of the patrol inspection. In addition, the path information and the patrol inspection terminal and the patrol inspection are generated. The information synchronization of the system improves the efficiency of the inspection work.

Claims (14)

  1. 一种实现巡检的方法,包括:A method for implementing inspections, including:
    巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;The patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device;
    无线通信装置根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。The wireless communication device feeds back the device information of the network element device to the patrol terminal according to the device subscription information.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息之前,该方法还包括:The method of claim 1, wherein the method further comprises: before the patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device, the method further comprising:
    为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的所述无线通信装置,并通过所述无线通信装置采集与所述无线通信装置连接的网元设备的设备信息。Corresponding to each of the network element devices in the equipment room, the corresponding wireless communication device is connected, and the device information of the network element device connected to the wireless communication device is collected by the wireless communication device.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中,所述为机房内的每个网元设备分别连接相应的无线通信装置包括:The method of claim 2, wherein the respectively connecting each of the network element devices in the equipment room to the corresponding wireless communication device comprises:
    为每个网元设备分别部署一个所述无线通信装置;Deploying one of the wireless communication devices separately for each network element device;
    将所述网元设备的机架和部署给网元设备的所述无线通信装置连接。The rack of the network element device is connected to the wireless communication device deployed to the network element device.
  4. 根据权利要求1、2或3所述的方法,其中,所述设备订阅信息包括:The method of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the device subscription information comprises:
    所述网元设备的设备标识、和/或设备位置、和/或设备状态、和/或设备服务日期、和/或设备维护记录。Device identification of the network element device, and/or device location, and/or device status, and/or device service date, and/or device maintenance record.
  5. 根据权利要求1、2或3所述的方法,其中,所述无线通信装置为蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议ZigBee装置。The method of claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the wireless communication device is a Bluetooth device or a Zigbee protocol ZigBee device.
  6. 根据权利要求1或5所述的方法,其中,所述设备信息包括设备位置时,该方法还包括,The method according to claim 1 or 5, wherein when the device information includes a device location, the method further includes
    所述巡检终端根据网元设备的设备位置生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。The patrol terminal generates path information to the network element device according to the device location of the network element device.
  7. 根据权利要求1、2或3所述的方法,该方法还包括:The method of claim 1, 2 or 3, further comprising:
    所述巡检终端与监控室的巡检系统进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步。 The patrol terminal performs information exchange with the patrol system of the monitoring room, and synchronizes information about the device information of the network element device.
  8. 根据权利要求1、2或3所述的方法,其中,所述巡检终端向与网元设备连接的无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息之前,该方法还包括:The method according to claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein before the patrol terminal sends the device subscription information to the wireless communication device connected to the network element device, the method further includes:
    所述巡检终端对与每个网元设备连接的无线通信装置进行鉴权。The patrol terminal authenticates the wireless communication device connected to each network element device.
  9. 一种实现巡检的系统,包括:巡检终端、与网元设备成一一对应的无线通信装置;其中,A system for implementing a patrol inspection, comprising: a patrol terminal, and a wireless communication device in one-to-one correspondence with the network element device; wherein
    巡检终端包括订阅单元和接收单元;其中,The patrol terminal includes a subscription unit and a receiving unit; wherein
    订阅单元,设置为:向无线通信装置发送设备订阅信息;a subscription unit, configured to: send device subscription information to the wireless communication device;
    接收单元,设置为:接收无线通信装置反馈的网元设备的设备信息;a receiving unit, configured to: receive device information of the network element device fed back by the wireless communication device;
    无线通信装置与网元设备连接,包括反馈单元,The wireless communication device is connected to the network element device, including a feedback unit,
    反馈单元,设置为:接收设备订阅信息后,根据设备订阅信息,反馈网元设备的设备信息至巡检终端。The feedback unit is configured to: after receiving the subscription information of the device, feed back the device information of the network element device to the inspection terminal according to the subscription information of the device.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的系统,其中,所述无线通信装置还包括采集单元,设置为:采集与所述无线通信装置连接的网元设备的设备信息。The system of claim 9, wherein the wireless communication device further comprises an acquisition unit configured to: collect device information of the network element device connected to the wireless communication device.
  11. 根据权利要求8或9所述的系统,其中,所述无线通信装置为蓝牙装置或紫蜂协议ZigBee装置。The system of claim 8 or 9, wherein the wireless communication device is a Bluetooth device or a ZigBee protocol ZigBee device.
  12. 根据权利要求9或10所述的系统,其中,所述巡检终端还包括路径生成单元,设置为:接收的网元设备的所述设备信息包括设备位置时,根据网元设备的设备位置生成前往该网元设备的路径信息。The system according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the patrol terminal further comprises a path generating unit, configured to: generate, according to the device location of the network element device, the device information of the received network element device Path information to the NE device.
  13. 根据权利要求8或9所述的系统,其中,所述巡检终端还包括同步单元,该系统还包括巡检系统,The system according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the inspection terminal further comprises a synchronization unit, the system further comprising a patrol system,
    同步单元,设置为:与监控室的巡检系统进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步;The synchronization unit is configured to: perform information exchange with the inspection system of the monitoring room, and synchronize information of the device information of the network element device;
    巡检系统,设置为:与巡检终端进行信息交互,对网元设备的设备信息进行信息同步。The patrol system is configured to: perform information exchange with the patrol terminal, and synchronize information of the device information of the network element device.
  14. 根据权利要求8或9所述的系统,其中,所述巡检终端还包括鉴权单元,设置为:对与每个网元设备连接的无线通信装置进行鉴权。 The system according to claim 8 or 9, wherein the patrol terminal further comprises an authentication unit configured to authenticate the wireless communication device connected to each network element device.
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