WO2017016409A1 - Filtration device and filtration method - Google Patents

Filtration device and filtration method Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017016409A1
WO2017016409A1 PCT/CN2016/090375 CN2016090375W WO2017016409A1 WO 2017016409 A1 WO2017016409 A1 WO 2017016409A1 CN 2016090375 W CN2016090375 W CN 2016090375W WO 2017016409 A1 WO2017016409 A1 WO 2017016409A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
dirt
filter
cylinder
outer casing
filtration
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2016/090375
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄才洪
Original Assignee
黄才洪
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 黄才洪 filed Critical 黄才洪
Publication of WO2017016409A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017016409A1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to a filtering device and a filtering method for filtering a liquid or a gas.
  • the liquid in the aquarium is prone to dirt after being used in long turns, which affects water quality. At present, it mainly plays a filtering role by filtering cotton to retain dirt.
  • the dirt is trapped in the filter cotton, it is easy to increase the biochemical pressure of the filtration system, thereby generating harmful toxic substances, causing secondary pollution, seriously affecting the health of the organisms in the aquarium, and also easily causing clogging of the filter cotton.
  • the operator needs to clean the filter cotton, which is more laborious and laborious.
  • the filter cotton needs to be removed. Therefore, the filtration of the liquid needs to be stopped, thereby affecting the working efficiency.
  • one of the objects of the present invention is to provide a filtering device that can continuously remove dirt adhering to a cylinder during fluid filtration, thereby eliminating the need for manual removal of dirt. It can save labor and save energy and improve work efficiency.
  • Another object of the present invention is to provide a filtering method.
  • a filter device includes a casing, a filter cartridge, and a driving component;
  • the filter cartridge includes a filter portion with a hole and a cylinder for mounting the filter portion;
  • the cylinder is installed in the casing and rotatable relative to the casing,
  • the driving component is configured to drive the cylinder to rotate;
  • the filtering device further comprises a nozzle located in the cavity of the cylinder and the spraying direction is directed toward the sidewall of the cylinder, a liquid inlet pipe connected to the nozzle, located in the cavity of the cylinder and at a rotating body for scraping off dirt and a small amount of fluid attached to the filtering portion from the filtering portion;
  • the dirt receiving container is provided with a dirt collecting tank;
  • the dirt receiving tank is at least A portion is located within the cavity of the barrel and is used to receive the scraped dirt.
  • a drain port is disposed on the bottom of the outer casing.
  • the inlet pipe extends away from the outer casing of the nozzle away from a mouth end of the nozzle.
  • the cylinder includes a connecting ring on both sides of the filtering portion, a plurality of supporting rods connecting the two connecting rings and surrounding the filter portion; the two ends of the filtering portion are connected to the two connecting rings Between the support rods, a compression spring that keeps the filter portion in a straight state is provided.
  • the driving component comprises a motor or a geared motor.
  • the driving component can be adjusted by a speed governor that adjusts the speed of rotation, and a meter can also be provided to control the working time.
  • the filtering device can realize remote and intelligent control through smart APP software controlled by mobile phone or network
  • the filter cartridge further includes a support portion disposed on the end of the barrel and coaxial with the barrel; the driving member further includes a plurality of rotating members circumferentially arranged outside the filter cartridge; wherein a rotating member and the motor
  • the output shaft is drivingly connected, and the remaining rotating parts are pivotally connected to the outer casing; the central axes of the rotating parts are parallel to the central axis of the cylinder, and the outer circumferential surfaces of the rotating parts are in frictional contact with the outer circumferential surface of the supporting portion.
  • the rotating component is a bearing, and an output shaft of the motor is drivingly connected to an outer ring of one of the bearings; the body of the motor is fixed on the outer casing.
  • the scraping member is connected to a movable frame, and the movable frame is provided with an inserting portion that is movably inserted in the mounting hole of the outer casing and movable along the axial direction of the mounting hole to drive the scraping
  • the dirt member is close to or away from the top end of the filter portion; the support shell is screwed with a support screw for supporting the movable frame, and the axial direction of the support screw is consistent with the axial direction of the mounting hole.
  • the side wall of the cylinder is made of a filter material, and the cylinder body has a hollow cylindrical shape or a hollow truncated cone shape.
  • Step a the fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head through the inlet pipe, and the fluid is sprayed toward the cylinder driven by the driving component through the spray head; the fluid flows to the outer casing through the filter portion of the cylinder, and the dirt is trapped and Attached to the filter;
  • Step b The dirt attached to the filter portion rotates with the cylinder, and is scraped off by the scraping member to fall into the dirt trap.
  • FIG. 1 is an internal schematic view of FIG. 1;
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic view of another driving component of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view of another dirt container according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a filter cartridge of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the assembly of FIG. 5.
  • the filter device of the present invention includes a casing 1, a filter cartridge 2, and a driving member 3.
  • the filter cartridge 2 includes a cylinder 21 in the form of a hollow rotating body, which is formed in the cylinder 21.
  • the filtering device further comprises a cylinder a nozzle 4 in the cavity 21 and having a liquid discharge direction facing the side wall of the cylinder 21, a liquid inlet pipe 5 connected to the shower head 4, a cavity in the cylinder 21, and being rotated in the cylinder 21 for attachment to the filter portion a dirt scraping member 6 scraped off from the filter portion 22, a dirt trap container 7;
  • the dirt trap container 7 is provided with a dirt suction tank; the dirt trap tank is at least partially located in the cavity of the cylinder body 21. Inside, and used to receive the scraped dirt.
  • a fluid containing dirt is introduced into the inlet pipe 5 and sent to the spray head 4, and the spray head 4 sprays the fluid toward the filter portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the fluid passes through the filter portion 22 and flows to the outer casing 1.
  • the dirt is trapped and attached to the filter portion 22, so that dirt in the fluid can be removed, since the cylinder 21 is relatively sprayed under the driving of the driving member 3.
  • the head 4 is rotated so that the head 4 can spray fluid to different areas of the filter portion 22; and the dirt attached to the filter portion 22 can be rotated with the barrel 21 relative to the scraping member 6, and the stain on the filter portion 22
  • the object moves to the scraping member 6, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6, and falls into the dirt trap to remove the dirt adhering to the cylinder 21. Therefore, the filtering device of the present invention can perform the fluid on the fluid.
  • the dirt adhering to the cylinder 21 is continuously removed, so that the manual cleaning is not required, and the purpose of labor saving and labor saving can be achieved, and the filter cartridge 2 can be cleaned without stopping the machine, thereby improving the working efficiency.
  • the invention can be used to filter water, oil or air, etc., depending on the fluid to be filtered, a filter having different materials and densities can be used.
  • the present invention also discloses a filtering method comprising the above filtering device, comprising the following steps: [0030] Step a: The fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head 4 through the inlet pipe 5, and passes through the spray head 4 spraying the fluid to the cylinder 21 driven by the driving member 3; the fluid flows to the outer casing 1 through the filtering portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filtering portion 22;
  • Step b The dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 rotates with the cylinder 21, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6 to fall into the dirt trap.
  • the filter device of the present invention includes a casing 1, a filter cartridge 2, and a driving member 3.
  • the filter cartridge 2 includes a cylinder 21 in the form of a hollow rotating body, which is formed in the cylinder 21.
  • the filtering device further comprises a cylinder a nozzle 4 in the cavity 21 and having a liquid discharge direction facing the side wall of the cylinder 21, a liquid inlet pipe 5 connected to the shower head 4, a cavity in the cylinder 21, and being rotated in the cylinder 21 for attachment to the filter portion a dirt scraping member 6 scraped off from the filter portion 22, a dirt trap container 7;
  • the dirt trap container 7 is provided with a dirt suction tank; the dirt trap tank is at least partially located in the cavity of the cylinder body 21. Inside, and used to receive the scraped dirt.
  • a fluid containing dirt is introduced into the inlet pipe 5 and sent to the head 4, and the head 4 sprays the fluid to the filter portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the fluid passes through the filter portion 22 and flows to the outer casing 1.
  • the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filter portion 22, so that dirt in the fluid can be removed, and the nozzle body 4 can rotate the fluid to the filter portion 22 due to the rotation of the barrel 21 with respect to the head 4 under the driving of the driving member 3.
  • the dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 can be rotated with the cylinder 21 relative to the scraping member 6, and when the dirt on the filter portion 22 is moved to the scraping member 6, the scraped member 6 is scraped off.
  • the filtering device of the present invention can continuously remove the dirt attached to the cylinder 21 during the filtration of the fluid, thereby No need to manually remove dirt, it can save labor and save the purpose, and, without stopping the cleaning of the filter cartridge 2, can improve its working efficiency.
  • the invention can be used to filter water, oil or air, etc., depending on the fluid to be filtered, a filter having different materials and densities can be used.
  • the bottom of the outer casing 1 is provided with a drain port 11 to facilitate the flow of filtered fluid from the drain port 11 to be supplied to an external device (for example, an aquarium).
  • an external device for example, an aquarium
  • the filtered fluid may be subjected to secondary filtration to further improve the filtration effect, and for this purpose, a filter is nested outside the filter portion of the filter device.
  • a germicidal lamp is installed in the filter device to sterilize while filtering.
  • the inlet pipe 5 protrudes away from the outer casing 1 away from a mouth end of the nozzle 4 to facilitate connection of the inlet pipe 5 to the external water supply device.
  • the drive member 3 includes a motor 31.
  • the output shaft of the motor 31 is fixedly connected to the cylinder 21 to directly drive the cylinder 21 to rotate by the rotation of the output shaft of the motor 31.
  • the body of the motor 31 is fixed to the outer casing 1.
  • the driving member can be adjusted by a speed adjusting speed adjusting speed, or a meter can be set to control the working time.
  • the filtering device can realize remote and intelligent control through a smart APP software controlled by a mobile phone or a network.
  • the motor 31 can also drive the cylinder 21 to rotate by the rotation of the rotating member 32.
  • the filter cartridge 2 further includes an end portion of the cylinder 21 and a cylinder.
  • the drive member 3 further includes a plurality of rotating members 32 circumferentially arranged outside the filter cartridge 2; one of the rotating members 32 is drivingly coupled to the output shaft of the motor 31, and the remaining rotating members 32 are pivotally connected
  • the central axis of each of the rotating members 32 is parallel to the central axis of the cylindrical body 21, and the outer circumferential surfaces of the respective rotating members 32 are in frictional contact with the outer circumferential surface of the support portion.
  • the motor 31 works and drives the connection thereto.
  • the rotating member 32 rotates, and the supporting portion rotates with the rotating member 32 under the action of the frictional force, so that the tubular body 21 can be rotated.
  • the motor 31 can also be drivingly coupled to the barrel 21 via a gear assembly or a belt assembly.
  • the rotating component 32 is a bearing, and an output shaft of the motor 31 is drivingly connected to an outer ring of one of the bearings.
  • the rotating member 32 may also employ a rotating wheel or the like.
  • the scraping member 6 is connected to a movable frame 8, and the movable frame 8 is provided with an inserting portion that is movably inserted into the mounting hole of the outer casing 1 and along the mounting hole.
  • the axial direction moves to drive the scraping member 6 to be close to or away from the top end of the filter portion 22; the outer casing 1 is screwed with a support screw for supporting the movable frame 8, the axial direction of the support screw and the axial direction of the mounting hole Consistent.
  • the support screw 8 can be rotated in the forward or reverse direction, so that the movable frame 8 can be moved along with the support screw, so that the distance between the wiper member 6 and the top end of the filter portion 22 can be adjusted according to actual needs, so that the adjustable scraping can be adjusted.
  • the scraping effect of the dirt 6 can be adjusted.
  • the scraping member 6, the spray head 4, and the dirt-containing container 7 are fixedly coupled together to facilitate the integrally mounting the above three in the cavity of the filter cartridge 2.
  • the scraping member 6 is connected to the movable frame 8 through the dirt holding container 7.
  • the dirt storage tank of the dirt container 7 can be arranged horizontally as shown in FIG. 4, as shown in FIG. 4, the dirt container 7 can be taken out every time a period of time to dump the dirt, The dirt does not need to be shut down for cleaning, and does not affect the operation of the filtering device; as shown in Fig. 2, it is arranged to be inclined to guide the dirt through the dirt collecting tank to the outside collector.
  • the specific structure of the filter cartridge is a hollow cylindrical shape or a hollow truncated cone shape.
  • the tubular body 21 includes a connecting ring 211 on both sides of the filtering portion, a plurality of supporting rods 212 connecting the two connecting rings 211 and surrounding the filter portion 22; the two ends of the filtering portion are connected at Between the two connecting rings 211; a pressure spring 213 is disposed on the support rod 212 to keep the filter portion 22 in a straight state, so that the filter portion always maintains a smooth and smooth surface with respect to the scraping member, and then filters The part is always straightened to better filter the fluid, and even if the filter section is lengthened after a period of time, the compression spring can be straightened to ensure the use of the filter effect between the long turns; the support rod 212 can also filter The department is reinforced. Of course, in addition to using a filter as the filter, the filter can be made of other various filter materials. Further, in order to reinforce the strength of the cylindrical body 21,
  • FIGS. 2 and 4 there is one inlet pipe 5, and of course two or more pipes may be added to increase the flow. Amount to increase filtration efficiency.
  • the scraping member 6 is provided with a scraper made of plastic (not shown in FIG. 2).
  • the scraping member 6 can also be provided with bristles or the like according to actual needs.
  • the present invention also discloses a filtering method comprising the above filtering device, comprising the following steps: [0050] Step a: The fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head 4 through the inlet pipe 5, and passes through the spray head 4 spraying the fluid to the cylinder 21 driven by the driving member 3; the fluid flows to the outer casing 1 through the filtering portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filtering portion 22;
  • Step b The dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 rotates with the cylinder 21, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6 to fall into the dirt trap.

Abstract

Disclosed are a filtration device and a filtration method. The filtration device comprises a casing (1), a filtration cylinder (2) and a drive component (3), wherein the filtration cylinder (2) comprises a cylinder body (21) in the shape of a hollow rotating body, and a side wall of the cylinder body (21) forms a filtration part (22) used for filtering a fluid; and the cylinder body (21) is mounted in the casing (1) and can rotate relative to the casing (1), and the drive component (3) is used to drive the cylinder body (21) to rotate. The filtration device also comprises a sprayer (4) which is located in a cavity of the cylinder body (21) with a liquid spraying direction facing towards a side wall of the cylinder body (21), a liquid inlet pipe (5) connected to the sprayer (4), a dirt scraping member (6) which is located in the cavity of the cylinder body (21) and is used to scrape dirt and a small amount of fluid adhered to the filtration part (22) off the filtration part (22) when the cylinder body (21) is rotating, and a dirt accommodation container (7), wherein the dirt accommodation container (7) is provided with a dirt accommodation groove, and at least a part of the dirt accommodation groove is located in the cavity of the cylinder body (21) and is used to receive the dirt scraped off. The filtration device and the filtration method can constantly clean the dirt adhered to the cylinder body (21) during the filtration of the fluid, so that there is no need of manual cleaning for the dirt and the working efficiency thereof can be improved.

Description

过滤装置及过滤方法  Filter device and filtration method
技术领域  Technical field
[0001] 本发明涉及一种对液体或气体进行过滤的过滤装置及过滤方法。  [0001] The present invention relates to a filtering device and a filtering method for filtering a liquid or a gas.
背景技术  Background technique
[0002] 水族缸内的液体经长吋间使用后容易存在污物, 从而对水质造成影响。 目前, 主要通过过滤棉戴留污物的方式以起到过滤作用。 但由于污物截留在过滤棉内 容易增加过滤系统的生化压力, 从而又生成有害有毒物质, 造成二次污染, 严 重影响水族缸内的生物的健康, 而且, 还容易造成过滤棉的堵塞, 因而, 操作 人员需定吋清洗过滤棉, 从而较为费吋费力, 而且, 在清洗过滤棉吋, 需将过 滤棉拆卸下来, 因而, 需停止对液体的过滤, 从而影响其工作效率。  [0002] The liquid in the aquarium is prone to dirt after being used in long turns, which affects water quality. At present, it mainly plays a filtering role by filtering cotton to retain dirt. However, because the dirt is trapped in the filter cotton, it is easy to increase the biochemical pressure of the filtration system, thereby generating harmful toxic substances, causing secondary pollution, seriously affecting the health of the organisms in the aquarium, and also easily causing clogging of the filter cotton. The operator needs to clean the filter cotton, which is more laborious and laborious. Moreover, in cleaning the filter cotton jacket, the filter cotton needs to be removed. Therefore, the filtration of the liquid needs to be stopped, thereby affecting the working efficiency.
技术问题  technical problem
[0003] 为了克服现有技术的不足, 本发明的目的之一在于提供一种过滤装置, 其在流 体过滤的过程中, 可不断清除筒体上附着的污物, 从而无需人工清除污物, 可 达到省力省吋的目的, 并可提高工作效率。  [0003] In order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, one of the objects of the present invention is to provide a filtering device that can continuously remove dirt adhering to a cylinder during fluid filtration, thereby eliminating the need for manual removal of dirt. It can save labor and save energy and improve work efficiency.
[0004] 本发明的目的之二在于提供一种过滤方法。  Another object of the present invention is to provide a filtering method.
问题的解决方案  Problem solution
技术解决方案  Technical solution
[0005] 一种过滤装置, 包括外壳、 过滤筒、 驱动部件; 该过滤筒包括带孔的过滤部和 用来安装过滤部的筒体; 所述筒体安装在外壳内并可相对外壳转动, 该驱动部 件用于驱动筒体转动; 该过滤装置还包括位于筒体空腔内且喷液方向朝向于筒 体侧壁的喷头、 与喷头连接的进液管、 位于筒体空腔内且在筒体转动吋用于将 附着于过滤部上的污物和少量流体从过滤部上刮落的刮污件、 纳污容器; 所述 纳污容器上设置有纳污槽; 该纳污槽至少有一部分位于筒体的空腔内, 并用于 接收被刮落的污物。  [0005] A filter device includes a casing, a filter cartridge, and a driving component; the filter cartridge includes a filter portion with a hole and a cylinder for mounting the filter portion; the cylinder is installed in the casing and rotatable relative to the casing, The driving component is configured to drive the cylinder to rotate; the filtering device further comprises a nozzle located in the cavity of the cylinder and the spraying direction is directed toward the sidewall of the cylinder, a liquid inlet pipe connected to the nozzle, located in the cavity of the cylinder and at a rotating body for scraping off dirt and a small amount of fluid attached to the filtering portion from the filtering portion; the dirt receiving container is provided with a dirt collecting tank; the dirt receiving tank is at least A portion is located within the cavity of the barrel and is used to receive the scraped dirt.
[0006] 所述外壳的底部上设置有排水口。  [0006] A drain port is disposed on the bottom of the outer casing.
[0007] 所述进液管远离喷头的一幵口端伸出于外壳外。 [0008] 所述筒体包括位于过滤部两侧的连接圈、 将这两个连接圈连接起来并环布在过 滤部周边的多根支撑杆; 所述过滤部两端连接在这两连接圈之间; 在所述支撑 杆上套有使过滤部始终处于撑直状态的压簧。 [0007] The inlet pipe extends away from the outer casing of the nozzle away from a mouth end of the nozzle. [0008] The cylinder includes a connecting ring on both sides of the filtering portion, a plurality of supporting rods connecting the two connecting rings and surrounding the filter portion; the two ends of the filtering portion are connected to the two connecting rings Between the support rods, a compression spring that keeps the filter portion in a straight state is provided.
[0009] 所述驱动部件包括电机或减速电机, 优选地, 驱动部件可由调节转速快慢的调 速器调节, 也可设置计吋器来控制工作吋间。  [0009] The driving component comprises a motor or a geared motor. Preferably, the driving component can be adjusted by a speed governor that adjusts the speed of rotation, and a meter can also be provided to control the working time.
[0010] 所述过滤装置可通过手机或网络控制的智能 APP软件来实现远程、 智能化控制 [0010] The filtering device can realize remote and intelligent control through smart APP software controlled by mobile phone or network
[0011] 所述过滤筒还包括设置在筒体端部上并与筒体共轴的支撑部; 该驱动部件还包 括圆周排列在过滤筒外部的若干个转动部件; 其中一转动部件与电机的输出轴 传动连接, 其余的转动部件均枢接在外壳上; 各转动部件的中心轴线均与筒体 的中心轴线平行, 且各转动部件的外圆周面均与支撑部的外圆周面摩擦接触。 [0011] The filter cartridge further includes a support portion disposed on the end of the barrel and coaxial with the barrel; the driving member further includes a plurality of rotating members circumferentially arranged outside the filter cartridge; wherein a rotating member and the motor The output shaft is drivingly connected, and the remaining rotating parts are pivotally connected to the outer casing; the central axes of the rotating parts are parallel to the central axis of the cylinder, and the outer circumferential surfaces of the rotating parts are in frictional contact with the outer circumferential surface of the supporting portion.
[0012] 所述转动部件为轴承, 该电机的输出轴与其中一轴承的外圈传动连接; 所述电 机的机体固定在外壳上。  [0012] The rotating component is a bearing, and an output shaft of the motor is drivingly connected to an outer ring of one of the bearings; the body of the motor is fixed on the outer casing.
[0013] 所述刮污件与一活动架连接, 该活动架上设置有插装部, 该插装部活动插装在 外壳的安装孔内并可沿着安装孔的轴线方向移动以带动刮污件靠近或远离过滤 部的顶端; 所述外壳上螺纹连接有用于承托活动架的支撑螺钉, 所述支撑螺钉 的轴线方向与安装孔的轴线方向一致。  [0013] The scraping member is connected to a movable frame, and the movable frame is provided with an inserting portion that is movably inserted in the mounting hole of the outer casing and movable along the axial direction of the mounting hole to drive the scraping The dirt member is close to or away from the top end of the filter portion; the support shell is screwed with a support screw for supporting the movable frame, and the axial direction of the support screw is consistent with the axial direction of the mounting hole.
[0014] 所述筒体的侧壁由滤材制成, 所述筒体呈中空圆柱状或中空圆台状。  [0014] The side wall of the cylinder is made of a filter material, and the cylinder body has a hollow cylindrical shape or a hollow truncated cone shape.
[0015] 为解决上述问题二, 本发明所采用的技术方案如下:  [0015] In order to solve the above problem two, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
[0016] 过滤方法, 该方法采用上述的过滤装置, 包括如下步骤:  [0016] a filtering method, which adopts the above filtering device, comprising the following steps:
[0017] 步骤 a: 含有污物的流体经进液管输送至喷头, 并通过喷头将流体喷向于由驱 动部件驱动的筒体; 流体经过筒体的过滤部流向外壳, 污物被截留并附着于过 滤部上;  [0017] Step a: the fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head through the inlet pipe, and the fluid is sprayed toward the cylinder driven by the driving component through the spray head; the fluid flows to the outer casing through the filter portion of the cylinder, and the dirt is trapped and Attached to the filter;
[0018] 步骤 b: 附着于过滤部上的污物随着筒体转动, 并经刮污件刮落而落入纳污槽 内。 [0018] Step b : The dirt attached to the filter portion rotates with the cylinder, and is scraped off by the scraping member to fall into the dirt trap.
发明的有益效果  Advantageous effects of the invention
有益效果  Beneficial effect
[0019] 1、 在使用吋, 往进液管内通入含有污物的流体并输送至喷头, 喷头将流体喷 向筒体的过滤部, 流体经过过滤部并流向外壳, 污物被截留并附着于过滤部上 , 从而可去除流体中的污物; 而附着于过滤部上的污物可随着筒体转动, 并经 刮污件刮落, 而落入纳污槽内, 以可清除筒体上附着的污物, 因而, 本发明可 在流体过滤的过程中, 不断清除筒体上附着的污物, 从而无需人工清除污物, 可达到省力省吋的目的, 而且, 无需停机清理过滤筒, 可提高其工作效率; [0020] 2、 由于它除了过滤水外, 还可以过滤油或空气等流体, 使得本发明的适用范 围更广。 [0019] 1. After using 吋, a fluid containing dirt is introduced into the inlet pipe and sent to the nozzle, and the nozzle sprays the fluid To the filter portion of the cylinder, the fluid passes through the filter portion and flows to the outer casing, and the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filter portion, so that the dirt in the fluid can be removed; and the dirt attached to the filter portion can rotate with the cylinder And scraping off by the scraping member, and falling into the dirt trap to remove the dirt attached to the cylinder. Therefore, the present invention can continuously remove the dirt attached to the cylinder during the fluid filtering process. Therefore, it is not necessary to manually remove dirt, which can save labor and save labor, and can improve the working efficiency without shutting down the filter cartridge; [0020] 2. Because it can filter oil, such as oil or air, in addition to filtering water, The scope of application of the present invention is made wider.
对附图的简要说明  Brief description of the drawing
附图说明  DRAWINGS
[0021] 图 1为本发明的结构示意图;  1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
[0022] 图 2为图 1的内部示意图;  2 is an internal schematic view of FIG. 1;
[0023] 图 3为本发明的另一驱动部件的示意图;  3 is a schematic view of another driving component of the present invention;
[0024] 图 4为本发明的另一纳污容器的示意图;  4 is a schematic view of another dirt container according to the present invention;
[0025] 图 5为本发明的过滤筒实施例的立体示意图;  [0025] FIG. 5 is a perspective view of an embodiment of a filter cartridge of the present invention;
[0026] 图 6为图 5的组装示意图。  6 is a schematic view of the assembly of FIG. 5.
实施该发明的最佳实施例  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
本发明的最佳实施方式  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
[0027] 如图 1、 2所示, 为本发明的过滤装置, 包括外壳 1、 过滤筒 2、 驱动部件 3; 该 过滤筒 2包括呈中空回转体状的筒体 21, 形成在筒体 21的侧壁内用于过滤流体的 过滤部 22; 所述筒体 21安装在外壳 1内并可相对外壳 1转动, 该驱动部件 3用于驱 动筒体 21转动; 该过滤装置还包括位于筒体 21空腔内且喷液方向朝向于筒体 21 侧壁的喷头 4、 与喷头 4连接的进液管 5、 位于筒体 21空腔内且在筒体 21转动吋用 于将附着于过滤部 22上的污物从过滤部 22上刮落的刮污件 6、 纳污容器 7; 所述 纳污容器 7上设置有纳污槽; 该纳污槽至少有一部分位于筒体 21的空腔内, 并用 于接收被刮落的污物。 [0027] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the filter device of the present invention includes a casing 1, a filter cartridge 2, and a driving member 3. The filter cartridge 2 includes a cylinder 21 in the form of a hollow rotating body, which is formed in the cylinder 21. a filter portion 22 for filtering fluid in the side wall; the cylinder 21 is mounted in the outer casing 1 and rotatable relative to the outer casing 1, the driving member 3 is for driving the cylinder 21 to rotate; the filtering device further comprises a cylinder a nozzle 4 in the cavity 21 and having a liquid discharge direction facing the side wall of the cylinder 21, a liquid inlet pipe 5 connected to the shower head 4, a cavity in the cylinder 21, and being rotated in the cylinder 21 for attachment to the filter portion a dirt scraping member 6 scraped off from the filter portion 22, a dirt trap container 7; the dirt trap container 7 is provided with a dirt suction tank; the dirt trap tank is at least partially located in the cavity of the cylinder body 21. Inside, and used to receive the scraped dirt.
[0028] 在使用吋, 往进液管 5内通入含有污物的流体并输送至喷头 4, 喷头 4将流体喷 向筒体 21的过滤部 22, 流体经过过滤部 22并流向外壳 1, 污物被截留并附着于过 滤部 22上, 从而可去除流体中的污物, 由于筒体 21在驱动部件 3的驱动下相对喷 头 4转动, 使得喷头 4可将流体喷至过滤部 22的不同区域; 而附着于过滤部 22上 的污物可随着筒体 21相对刮污件 6转动, 而当过滤部 22上的污物移动至刮污件 6 处吋, 被刮污件 6刮落, 而落入纳污槽内, 以可清除筒体 21上附着的污物, 因而 , 本发明的过滤装置可在对流体进行过滤的过程中, 不断清除筒体 21上附着的 污物, 从而无需人工清除污物, 可达到省力省吋的目的, 而且, 无需停机清理 过滤筒 2, 可提高其工作效率。 本发明可以用来过滤水、 油或空气等, 根据所要 过滤的流体不同, 可以选用材质、 密度不同的过滤部。 [0028] After the crucible is used, a fluid containing dirt is introduced into the inlet pipe 5 and sent to the spray head 4, and the spray head 4 sprays the fluid toward the filter portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the fluid passes through the filter portion 22 and flows to the outer casing 1. The dirt is trapped and attached to the filter portion 22, so that dirt in the fluid can be removed, since the cylinder 21 is relatively sprayed under the driving of the driving member 3. The head 4 is rotated so that the head 4 can spray fluid to different areas of the filter portion 22; and the dirt attached to the filter portion 22 can be rotated with the barrel 21 relative to the scraping member 6, and the stain on the filter portion 22 The object moves to the scraping member 6, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6, and falls into the dirt trap to remove the dirt adhering to the cylinder 21. Therefore, the filtering device of the present invention can perform the fluid on the fluid. During the filtration process, the dirt adhering to the cylinder 21 is continuously removed, so that the manual cleaning is not required, and the purpose of labor saving and labor saving can be achieved, and the filter cartridge 2 can be cleaned without stopping the machine, thereby improving the working efficiency. The invention can be used to filter water, oil or air, etc., depending on the fluid to be filtered, a filter having different materials and densities can be used.
[0029] 本发明还公幵了一种过滤方法, 该方法采用上述的过滤装置, 包括如下步骤: [0030] 步骤 a: 含有污物的流体经进液管 5输送至喷头 4, 并通过喷头 4将流体喷向于由 驱动部件 3驱动的筒体 21 ; 流体经过筒体 21的过滤部 22流向外壳 1, 污物被截留 并附着于过滤部 22上; [0029] The present invention also discloses a filtering method comprising the above filtering device, comprising the following steps: [0030] Step a: The fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head 4 through the inlet pipe 5, and passes through the spray head 4 spraying the fluid to the cylinder 21 driven by the driving member 3; the fluid flows to the outer casing 1 through the filtering portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filtering portion 22;
[0031] 步骤 b: 附着于过滤部 22上的污物随着筒体 21转动, 并经刮污件 6刮落而落入纳 污槽内。 [0031] Step b : The dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 rotates with the cylinder 21, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6 to fall into the dirt trap.
本发明的实施方式 Embodiments of the invention
[0032] 其中, 1、 外壳; 11、 排水口; 2、 过滤筒; 21、 筒体; 211、 连接圈 211 ; 212 、 支撑杆 212; 22、 过滤部; 3、 驱动部件; 31、 电机; 32、 转动部件; 4、 喷头 ; 5、 进液管; 6、 刮污件; 7、 纳污容器; 8、 活动架。  [0032] wherein, 1, the outer casing; 11, the drain port; 2, the filter cartridge; 21, the cylinder; 211, the connecting ring 211; 212, the support rod 212; 22, the filter; 3, the drive components; 32, rotating parts; 4, nozzle; 5, inlet pipe; 6, scraping parts; 7, dirt container; 8, movable frame.
具体实施方式  detailed description
[0033] 下面, 结合附图以及具体实施方式, 对本发明做进一步描述:  [0033] Hereinafter, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments:
[0034] 如图 1、 2所示, 为本发明的过滤装置, 包括外壳 1、 过滤筒 2、 驱动部件 3; 该 过滤筒 2包括呈中空回转体状的筒体 21, 形成在筒体 21的侧壁内用于过滤流体的 过滤部 22; 所述筒体 21安装在外壳 1内并可相对外壳 1转动, 该驱动部件 3用于驱 动筒体 21转动; 该过滤装置还包括位于筒体 21空腔内且喷液方向朝向于筒体 21 侧壁的喷头 4、 与喷头 4连接的进液管 5、 位于筒体 21空腔内且在筒体 21转动吋用 于将附着于过滤部 22上的污物从过滤部 22上刮落的刮污件 6、 纳污容器 7; 所述 纳污容器 7上设置有纳污槽; 该纳污槽至少有一部分位于筒体 21的空腔内, 并用 于接收被刮落的污物。 [0035] 在使用吋, 往进液管 5内通入含有污物的流体并输送至喷头 4, 喷头 4将流体喷 向筒体 21的过滤部 22, 流体经过过滤部 22并流向外壳 1, 污物被截留并附着于过 滤部 22上, 从而可去除流体中的污物, 由于筒体 21在驱动部件 3的驱动下相对喷 头 4转动, 使得喷头 4可将流体喷至过滤部 22的不同区域; 而附着于过滤部 22上 的污物可随着筒体 21相对刮污件 6转动, 而当过滤部 22上的污物移动至刮污件 6 处吋, 被刮污件 6刮落, 而落入纳污槽内, 以可清除筒体 21上附着的污物, 因而 , 本发明的过滤装置可在对流体进行过滤的过程中, 不断清除筒体 21上附着的 污物, 从而无需人工清除污物, 可达到省力省吋的目的, 而且, 无需停机清理 过滤筒 2, 可提高其工作效率。 本发明可以用来过滤水、 油或空气等, 根据所要 过滤的流体不同, 可以选用材质、 密度不同的过滤部。 [0034] As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the filter device of the present invention includes a casing 1, a filter cartridge 2, and a driving member 3. The filter cartridge 2 includes a cylinder 21 in the form of a hollow rotating body, which is formed in the cylinder 21. a filter portion 22 for filtering fluid in the side wall; the cylinder 21 is mounted in the outer casing 1 and rotatable relative to the outer casing 1, the driving member 3 is for driving the cylinder 21 to rotate; the filtering device further comprises a cylinder a nozzle 4 in the cavity 21 and having a liquid discharge direction facing the side wall of the cylinder 21, a liquid inlet pipe 5 connected to the shower head 4, a cavity in the cylinder 21, and being rotated in the cylinder 21 for attachment to the filter portion a dirt scraping member 6 scraped off from the filter portion 22, a dirt trap container 7; the dirt trap container 7 is provided with a dirt suction tank; the dirt trap tank is at least partially located in the cavity of the cylinder body 21. Inside, and used to receive the scraped dirt. [0035] After the crucible is used, a fluid containing dirt is introduced into the inlet pipe 5 and sent to the head 4, and the head 4 sprays the fluid to the filter portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the fluid passes through the filter portion 22 and flows to the outer casing 1. The dirt is trapped and adhered to the filter portion 22, so that dirt in the fluid can be removed, and the nozzle body 4 can rotate the fluid to the filter portion 22 due to the rotation of the barrel 21 with respect to the head 4 under the driving of the driving member 3. The dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 can be rotated with the cylinder 21 relative to the scraping member 6, and when the dirt on the filter portion 22 is moved to the scraping member 6, the scraped member 6 is scraped off. And falling into the dirt trap to remove the dirt adhering to the cylinder 21, and thus, the filtering device of the present invention can continuously remove the dirt attached to the cylinder 21 during the filtration of the fluid, thereby No need to manually remove dirt, it can save labor and save the purpose, and, without stopping the cleaning of the filter cartridge 2, can improve its working efficiency. The invention can be used to filter water, oil or air, etc., depending on the fluid to be filtered, a filter having different materials and densities can be used.
[0036] 具体的, 所述外壳 1的底部上设置有排水口 11, 以方便于经过滤后的流体从该 排水口 11流出, 以供应至外界的设备 (例如水族缸) 上。  [0036] Specifically, the bottom of the outer casing 1 is provided with a drain port 11 to facilitate the flow of filtered fluid from the drain port 11 to be supplied to an external device (for example, an aquarium).
[0037] 优选地, 还可以对过滤出来的流体进行二次过滤以进一步提高过滤效果, 为此 , 在过滤装置的过滤部外相隔幵地套入一过滤网。  [0037] Preferably, the filtered fluid may be subjected to secondary filtration to further improve the filtration effect, and for this purpose, a filter is nested outside the filter portion of the filter device.
[0038] 优选地, 在过滤装置内装上杀菌灯来边过滤边杀菌。  [0038] Preferably, a germicidal lamp is installed in the filter device to sterilize while filtering.
[0039] 优选的, 所述进液管 5远离喷头 4的一幵口端伸出于外壳 1外, 以方便于进液管 5 连接至外界的供水装置。  [0039] Preferably, the inlet pipe 5 protrudes away from the outer casing 1 away from a mouth end of the nozzle 4 to facilitate connection of the inlet pipe 5 to the external water supply device.
[0040] 优选的, 所述驱动部件 3包括电机 31。 具体的, 可如图 1所述, 所述电机 31的输 出轴与筒体 21固定连接, 以通过电机 31的输出轴的转动直接带动筒体 21转动。 所述电机 31的机体固定在外壳 1上。 进一步地, 驱动部件可由调节转速快慢的调 速器调节, 也可设置计吋器来控制工作吋间。 而且, 所述过滤装置可通过手机 或网络控制的智能 APP软件来实现远程、 智能化控制。  [0040] Preferably, the drive member 3 includes a motor 31. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 1, the output shaft of the motor 31 is fixedly connected to the cylinder 21 to directly drive the cylinder 21 to rotate by the rotation of the output shaft of the motor 31. The body of the motor 31 is fixed to the outer casing 1. Further, the driving member can be adjusted by a speed adjusting speed adjusting speed, or a meter can be set to control the working time. Moreover, the filtering device can realize remote and intelligent control through a smart APP software controlled by a mobile phone or a network.
[0041] 当然, 该电机 31还可以通过转动部件 32传动的方式驱动筒体 21转动, 例如, 可 如图 3所示, 所述过滤筒 2还包括设置在筒体 21端部上并与筒体 21共轴的支撑部 ; 该驱动部件 3还包括圆周排列在过滤筒 2外部的若干个转动部件 32; 其中一转 动部件 32与电机 31的输出轴传动连接, 其余的转动部件 32均枢接在外壳 1上; 各 转动部件 32的中心轴线均与筒体 21的中心轴线平行, 且各转动部件 32的外圆周 面均与支撑部的外圆周面摩擦接触。 在使用吋, 电机 31工作并带动与之连接的 转动部件 32转动, 所述支撑部在摩擦力的作用下随着该转动部件 32转动, 从而 可带动筒体 21转动。 当然, 除了利用转动部件 32传动之外, 该电机 31还可以通 过齿轮组件、 或者传送带组件与筒体 21传动连接。 [0041] Of course, the motor 31 can also drive the cylinder 21 to rotate by the rotation of the rotating member 32. For example, as shown in FIG. 3, the filter cartridge 2 further includes an end portion of the cylinder 21 and a cylinder. The drive member 3 further includes a plurality of rotating members 32 circumferentially arranged outside the filter cartridge 2; one of the rotating members 32 is drivingly coupled to the output shaft of the motor 31, and the remaining rotating members 32 are pivotally connected On the outer casing 1, the central axis of each of the rotating members 32 is parallel to the central axis of the cylindrical body 21, and the outer circumferential surfaces of the respective rotating members 32 are in frictional contact with the outer circumferential surface of the support portion. After using 吋, the motor 31 works and drives the connection thereto. The rotating member 32 rotates, and the supporting portion rotates with the rotating member 32 under the action of the frictional force, so that the tubular body 21 can be rotated. Of course, in addition to being driven by the rotating member 32, the motor 31 can also be drivingly coupled to the barrel 21 via a gear assembly or a belt assembly.
[0042] 具体的, 所述转动部件 32为轴承, 该电机 31的输出轴与其中一轴承的外圈传动 连接。 当然, 除了轴承之外, 所述转动部件 32还可采用转动轮等。  [0042] Specifically, the rotating component 32 is a bearing, and an output shaft of the motor 31 is drivingly connected to an outer ring of one of the bearings. Of course, in addition to the bearing, the rotating member 32 may also employ a rotating wheel or the like.
[0043] 优选的, 所述刮污件 6与一活动架 8连接, 该活动架 8上设置有插装部, 该插装 部活动插装在外壳 1的安装孔内并可沿着安装孔的轴线方向移动以带动刮污件 6 靠近或远离过滤部 22的顶端; 所述外壳 1上螺纹连接有用于承托活动架 8的支撑 螺钉, 所述支撑螺钉的轴线方向与安装孔的轴线方向一致。 在使用吋, 通过正 向或反向旋转支撑螺钉, 使得活动架 8可随着支撑螺钉移动, 从而可依据实际需 求调节刮污件 6与过滤部 22的顶端之间的距离, 以可调节刮污件 6的刮污效果。  [0043] Preferably, the scraping member 6 is connected to a movable frame 8, and the movable frame 8 is provided with an inserting portion that is movably inserted into the mounting hole of the outer casing 1 and along the mounting hole. The axial direction moves to drive the scraping member 6 to be close to or away from the top end of the filter portion 22; the outer casing 1 is screwed with a support screw for supporting the movable frame 8, the axial direction of the support screw and the axial direction of the mounting hole Consistent. When the cymbal is used, the support screw 8 can be rotated in the forward or reverse direction, so that the movable frame 8 can be moved along with the support screw, so that the distance between the wiper member 6 and the top end of the filter portion 22 can be adjusted according to actual needs, so that the adjustable scraping can be adjusted. The scraping effect of the dirt 6 .
[0044] 优选的, 所述刮污件 6、 喷头 4、 以及纳污容器 7固定连接在一起, 以方便于将 上述三者一体安装在过滤筒 2的空腔内。 具体的, 所述刮污件 6通过纳污容器 7与 活动架 8连接。  [0044] Preferably, the scraping member 6, the spray head 4, and the dirt-containing container 7 are fixedly coupled together to facilitate the integrally mounting the above three in the cavity of the filter cartridge 2. Specifically, the scraping member 6 is connected to the movable frame 8 through the dirt holding container 7.
[0045] 其中, 该纳污容器 7的纳污槽可如图 4所示, 设置呈水平状, 如图 4所示, 每过 一段吋间可以取出纳污容器 7来倾倒污物, 在倒污物吋也不用停机清理, 从而不 影响过滤装置的工作; 还可如图 2所示, 设置呈倾斜状, 以通过纳污槽将污物导 引至外界的收集器内。  [0045] wherein, the dirt storage tank of the dirt container 7 can be arranged horizontally as shown in FIG. 4, as shown in FIG. 4, the dirt container 7 can be taken out every time a period of time to dump the dirt, The dirt does not need to be shut down for cleaning, and does not affect the operation of the filtering device; as shown in Fig. 2, it is arranged to be inclined to guide the dirt through the dirt collecting tank to the outside collector.
[0046] 具体地, 如图 5、 6所示是过滤筒的具体结构, 所述筒体 21呈中空圆柱状或中空 圆台状。 其中, 所述筒体 21包括位于过滤部两侧的连接圈 211、 将这两个连接圈 211连接起来并环布在过滤部 22周边的多根支撑杆 212; 所述过滤部两端连接在 这两连接圈 211之间; 在所述支撑杆 212上套有使过滤部 22始终处于撑直状态的 压簧 213, 使过滤部相对于刮污件始终保持平整、 顺滑的表面, 于是过滤部始终 伸直来更好地过滤流体, 而且即使使用一段吋间后过滤部变长, 压簧也可以将 之撑直, 以确保长吋间使用吋的过滤效果; 支撑杆 212还可以对过滤部进行加固 。 当然, 除了采用过滤网作为过滤部之外, 过滤部还可通过其他的各种滤材制 成。 另外, 为了加强筒体 21的强度, 还可以在筒体 21的侧壁上设置有加强筋。  Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the specific structure of the filter cartridge is a hollow cylindrical shape or a hollow truncated cone shape. The tubular body 21 includes a connecting ring 211 on both sides of the filtering portion, a plurality of supporting rods 212 connecting the two connecting rings 211 and surrounding the filter portion 22; the two ends of the filtering portion are connected at Between the two connecting rings 211; a pressure spring 213 is disposed on the support rod 212 to keep the filter portion 22 in a straight state, so that the filter portion always maintains a smooth and smooth surface with respect to the scraping member, and then filters The part is always straightened to better filter the fluid, and even if the filter section is lengthened after a period of time, the compression spring can be straightened to ensure the use of the filter effect between the long turns; the support rod 212 can also filter The department is reinforced. Of course, in addition to using a filter as the filter, the filter can be made of other various filter materials. Further, in order to reinforce the strength of the cylindrical body 21, a reinforcing rib may be provided on the side wall of the cylindrical body 21.
[0047] 在图 2、 4所示的实施例中, 进液管 5有一条, 当然也可以两条或多条来增加流 量, 以提高过滤效率。 [0047] In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, there is one inlet pipe 5, and of course two or more pipes may be added to increase the flow. Amount to increase filtration efficiency.
[0048] 具体的, 所述刮污件 6上设置有由塑胶制成的刮板 (图 2未示) 。 当然, 除此之 后, 所述刮污件 6还可依据实际需求设置刷毛等。  [0048] Specifically, the scraping member 6 is provided with a scraper made of plastic (not shown in FIG. 2). Of course, in addition to this, the scraping member 6 can also be provided with bristles or the like according to actual needs.
[0049] 本发明还公幵了一种过滤方法, 该方法采用上述的过滤装置, 包括如下步骤: [0050] 步骤 a: 含有污物的流体经进液管 5输送至喷头 4, 并通过喷头 4将流体喷向于由 驱动部件 3驱动的筒体 21 ; 流体经过筒体 21的过滤部 22流向外壳 1, 污物被截留 并附着于过滤部 22上; [0049] The present invention also discloses a filtering method comprising the above filtering device, comprising the following steps: [0050] Step a: The fluid containing the dirt is transported to the spray head 4 through the inlet pipe 5, and passes through the spray head 4 spraying the fluid to the cylinder 21 driven by the driving member 3; the fluid flows to the outer casing 1 through the filtering portion 22 of the cylinder 21, and the dirt is trapped and adhered to the filtering portion 22;
[0051] 步骤 b: 附着于过滤部 22上的污物随着筒体 21转动, 并经刮污件 6刮落而落入纳 污槽内。 [0051] Step b : The dirt adhering to the filter portion 22 rotates with the cylinder 21, and is scraped off by the scraping member 6 to fall into the dirt trap.
[0052] 对本领域的技术人员来说, 可根据以上描述的技术方案以及构思, 做出其它各 种相应的改变以及形变, 而所有的这些改变以及形变都应该属于本发明权利要 求的保护范围之内。  [0052] Various other changes and modifications may be made to the above-described technical solutions and concepts, and all such changes and modifications are intended to be included in the scope of the present invention. Inside.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
过滤装置, 其特征在于: 包括外壳、 过滤筒、 驱动部件; 该过滤筒包 括带孔的过滤部和用来安装过滤部的筒体; 所述筒体安装在外壳内并 可相对外壳转动, 该驱动部件用于驱动筒体转动; 该过滤装置还包括 位于筒体空腔内且喷液方向朝向于筒体侧壁的喷头、 与喷头连接的进 液管、 位于筒体空腔内且在筒体转动吋用于将附着于过滤部上的污物 和少量流体从过滤部上刮落的刮污件、 纳污容器; 所述纳污容器上设 置有纳污槽; 该纳污槽至少有一部分位于筒体的空腔内, 并用于接收 被刮落的污物。 a filter device, comprising: a casing, a filter cartridge, and a driving component; the filter cartridge includes a filter portion with a hole and a cylinder for mounting the filter portion; the cylinder body is installed in the outer casing and rotatable relative to the outer casing, The driving component is configured to drive the cylinder to rotate; the filtering device further comprises a nozzle located in the cavity of the cylinder and the spraying direction is directed toward the sidewall of the cylinder, a liquid inlet pipe connected to the nozzle, located in the cavity of the cylinder and in the cylinder a rotating device for squeezing the dirt and a small amount of fluid attached to the filter portion from the filter portion; the dirt container is provided with a dirt suction tank; the dirt storage tank has at least A portion is located within the cavity of the barrel and is used to receive the scraped dirt.
如权利要求 1所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述外壳的底部上设置 有排水口。 A filter device according to claim 1, wherein: a drain port is provided on a bottom portion of said outer casing.
如权利要求 1所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述进液管远离喷头的 一幵口端伸出于外壳外。 A filter device according to claim 1, wherein: said inlet pipe extends away from the outer casing of the nozzle away from a mouth end of the nozzle.
如权利要求 1所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述筒体包括位于过滤 部两侧的连接圈、 将这两个连接圈连接起来并环布在过滤部周边的多 根支撑杆; 所述过滤部两端连接在这两连接圈之间; 在所述支撑杆上 套有使过滤部始终处于撑直状态的压簧。 The filtering device according to claim 1, wherein: the cylindrical body comprises a connecting ring on both sides of the filtering portion, a plurality of supporting rods connecting the two connecting rings and surrounding the filter portion; The two ends of the filter portion are connected between the two connecting rings; and the support rod is provided with a compression spring for keeping the filter portion in a straight state.
如权利要求 1所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述驱动部件包括电机 或减速电机。 A filter device according to claim 1, wherein: said driving member comprises a motor or a geared motor.
如权利要求 5所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述过滤筒还包括设置 在筒体端部上并与筒体共轴的支撑部; 该驱动部件还包括圆周排列在 过滤筒外部的若干个转动部件; 其中一转动部件与电机的输出轴传动 连接, 其余的转动部件均枢接在外壳上; 各转动部件的中心轴线均与 筒体的中心轴线平行, 且各转动部件的外圆周面均与支撑部的外圆周 面摩擦接触。 A filter device according to claim 5, wherein: said filter cartridge further comprises a support portion disposed on an end portion of the barrel and coaxial with the barrel; the driving member further comprising a plurality of circumferences arranged outside the filter barrel a rotating component; one of the rotating components is drivingly connected to the output shaft of the motor, and the remaining rotating components are pivotally connected to the outer casing; the central axes of the rotating components are parallel to the central axis of the cylinder, and the outer circumferential surfaces of the rotating components Both are in frictional contact with the outer circumferential surface of the support portion.
如权利要求 6所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述转动部件为轴承, 该电机的输出轴与其中一轴承的外圈传动连接; 所述电机的机体固定 在外壳上。 [权利要求 8] 如权利要求 1所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述刮污件与一活动架 连接, 该活动架上设置有插装部, 该插装部活动插装在外壳的安装孔 内并可沿着安装孔的轴线方向移动以带动刮污件靠近或远离过滤部的 顶端; 所述外壳上螺纹连接有用于承托活动架的支撑螺钉, 所述支撑 螺钉的轴线方向与安装孔的轴线方向一致。 A filter device according to claim 6, wherein: said rotating member is a bearing, and an output shaft of the motor is drivingly coupled to an outer ring of one of the bearings; and a body of the motor is fixed to the outer casing. [Claim 8] The filtering device according to claim 1, wherein: the scraping member is coupled to a movable frame, and the movable frame is provided with an inserting portion that is movably inserted in the outer casing The mounting hole is movable along the axis of the mounting hole to drive the scraping member toward or away from the top end of the filter portion; the outer casing is screwed with a supporting screw for supporting the movable frame, and the axial direction of the supporting screw is The axial direction of the mounting holes is the same.
[权利要求 9] 如权利要求 1或 8所述的过滤装置, 其特征在于: 所述筒体的侧壁由滤 材制成, 所述筒体呈中空圆柱状或中空圆台状。  [Claim 9] The filter device according to claim 1 or 8, wherein the side wall of the cylindrical body is made of a filter material, and the cylindrical body has a hollow cylindrical shape or a hollow truncated cone shape.
[权利要求 10] 过滤方法, 其特征在于, 该方法采用如权利要求 1-9任一项所述的过 滤装置, 包括如下步骤: [Claim 10] The filtering method according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
步骤 a: 含有污物的流体经进液管输送至喷头, 并通过喷头将流体喷 向于由驱动部件驱动的筒体; 流体经过筒体的过滤部流向外壳, 污物 被截留并附着于过滤部上;  Step a: The fluid containing the dirt is sent to the spray head through the liquid inlet pipe, and the fluid is sprayed toward the cylinder driven by the driving component through the spray head; the fluid flows to the outer casing through the filter portion of the cylinder, and the dirt is trapped and attached to the filter. Ministry
步骤 b: 附着于过滤部上的污物随着筒体转动, 并经刮污件刮落而落 入纳污槽内。 Step b : The dirt adhering to the filter portion rotates with the cylinder, and is scraped off by the scraping member to fall into the dirt trap.
PCT/CN2016/090375 2015-07-30 2016-07-19 Filtration device and filtration method WO2017016409A1 (en)

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