一种具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇Leafless fan with air purification function
本发明涉及一种无叶风扇，特别涉及一种具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇。The invention relates to a bladeless fan, in particular to a bladeless fan with an air purifying function.
目前，因为室外空气污染的问题，尤其在夏天，再加上空调的使用，人们开窗换气的时间越来越少，从而导致室内细菌滋生、空气不流通以及潮湿等问题，而人们使用风扇时，风扇会将这些空气直接吹向人体，直接危害到人们的身体健康。现有的无叶风扇没有除湿和空气净化的功能，要么具有除湿和空气净化的功能，但是效果却不是很好。At present, because of the problem of outdoor air pollution, especially in the summer, coupled with the use of air conditioners, people spend less and less time opening windows, resulting in indoor bacteria breeding, air circulation and humidity, and people use fans. When the fan blows the air directly to the human body, it directly harms people's health. Existing leafless fans do not have the function of dehumidification and air purification, or have the functions of dehumidification and air purification, but the effect is not very good.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是克服现有技术的不足，提供一种具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇，用于可以达到空气除湿净化的目的。The object of the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and to provide a leafless fan having an air purifying function for the purpose of purifying air and dehumidifying.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a bladeless fan having an air purifying function, comprising: a fluid guiding body, a lower part of the guiding fluid is connected with a host body, and a connecting air duct is arranged at a connection between the fluid guiding body and the host body, and the host body The utility model comprises a heat pump device, a water collecting device, a controller and a casing; the controller is connected with a control panel, and the control panel is provided with a control switch, the heat pump device comprises a compressor, an evaporator, a radiator, an expansion valve and a fan, The surface of the evaporator and the radiator is coated with a nano titanium dioxide coating, the refrigerant output joint of the compressor is connected with the radiator, the radiator is connected with the expansion valve, the expansion valve is connected with the evaporator, the evaporator is connected with the compressor, and the water collecting device includes There is a collecting tank, the collecting trough is provided with a groove, a boss and a drainage tube, and one end of the drainage tube is connected to the other end of the purification device and the groove, the inside of the boss is hollow, and an ultraviolet lamp tube is arranged, and a vent hole is arranged at the top of the boss; The upper end surface of the main body is provided with an exhaust port, and the lower part of the main machine is provided with an air inlet, and the fan, the evaporator and the radiator are arranged at the exhaust port and the inlet Between the port, the ventilation hole communicating with the exhaust port and the intake port, a sump located between the evaporator and the heat sink; a controller connected to the compressor and the fan via the control line.
所述导流体为环形。The fluid guide is annular.
所述排气口为环形网状结构，所述排气口为多个。The exhaust port is an annular mesh structure, and the exhaust port is a plurality of.
所述排气口上设置有空气滤棉。An air filter cotton is disposed on the exhaust port.
所述进气口设有多个，进气口设于外壳的周壁；风机位于排气口的下面，蒸发器位于风机下面，集水槽位于蒸发器下面，散热器位于集水槽下面，散热器位于进气口的上方；风机的机座、蒸发器、集水槽以及散热器与外壳的固定连接。The air inlet is provided with a plurality of air inlets disposed on a peripheral wall of the outer casing; the fan is located below the exhaust port, the evaporator is located below the fan, the water collection tank is located below the evaporator, the radiator is located below the water collection tank, and the radiator is located Above the air inlet; the base of the fan, the evaporator, the sump, and the fixed connection of the heat sink to the outer casing.
所述的集水槽设有多层，非最下面一层的集水槽的凹槽的槽底设有排水孔，集水槽之间留有空间，每层集水槽设有多个凹槽以及多个凸台，所述的集水槽由铝合金板构成，集水槽的表面涂有纳米二氧化钛涂层。The sump is provided with a plurality of layers, and the bottom of the groove of the non-lowermost sump is provided with a drainage hole, and a space is left between the sump, and each sump is provided with a plurality of grooves and a plurality of The boss, the sump is composed of an aluminum alloy plate, and the surface of the sump is coated with a nano titanium dioxide coating.
所述的多个集水槽，上层集水槽的排水孔对应下层集水槽的凹槽。In the plurality of sump, the drainage hole of the upper sump corresponds to the groove of the lower sump.
所述的热泵装置包括有储存器以及气液分离器；膨胀阀与储存器连接，储存器与散热器连接；压缩机与气液分离器连接，气液分离器与蒸发器连接；外壳设有控制室，压缩机、气液分离器、储存器以及膨胀阀设于控制室内。The heat pump device includes a reservoir and a gas-liquid separator; the expansion valve is connected to the reservoir, the reservoir is connected to the radiator; the compressor is connected to the gas-liquid separator, the gas-liquid separator is connected to the evaporator; and the outer casing is provided; The control room, the compressor, the gas-liquid separator, the reservoir, and the expansion valve are disposed in the control room.
所述的控制室位于进气口的下方，控制室设有隔板，将控制室与进气口隔开。The control room is located below the air inlet, and the control room is provided with a partition to separate the control room from the air inlet.
所述接水箱设于外壳外面，外壳设有挂钩，接水箱挂在挂钩上，所述接水箱与引流管连接。The water receiving tank is disposed outside the outer casing, the outer casing is provided with a hook, and the water receiving tank is hung on the hook, and the water receiving tank is connected with the drainage tube.
除湿效率的目的；蒸发器滴下到集水槽冷凝水，由最上一层集水槽其凹槽的排水孔以及透气孔流入下一层的集水槽，最后流到最后一层的集水槽，利用冷凝水将各层的集水槽降温，增加集水槽与被散热器升温的潮湿空气的温差，利用被冷凝水降温的各层集水槽与升温的潮湿空气接触，使升温的水蒸汽冷凝成水珠，提高除湿的效率；由蒸发器滴下到下面集水槽的冷凝水，由最后一层集水槽上面各层集水槽的排水孔流到最后一层的集水槽中，被散热器加热的湿空气经过各层集水槽的排水孔时，被流经排水孔冷凝水吸收变成水，并排到接水箱中，进一步提高除湿的效率。The principle of the bladeless fan with air purification function is: nano titanium dioxide has very valuable optical properties, nano titanium dioxide also has high chemical stability, thermal stability, non-toxicity, super hydrophilicity, non-migration, and It can completely contact with food, activate nano titanium dioxide under the action of ultraviolet light and generate free radicals with high catalytic activity, which can produce strong photooxidation and reduction ability, catalyze and photolyze various organic substances such as formaldehyde and some inorganic substances. It can function to purify the indoor air, and purify the passing air during the passage of the air through the purifier; when working, the device is placed in a room to be purified, and the controller is used to control the compressor and the fan to operate, the air It is drawn in by the air inlet of the outer casing, firstly evaporates and absorbs moisture through the radiator and the sump, and then condenses and dehumidifies through the evaporator, is absorbed by moisture, and is condensed and dehumidified, and the air is discharged from the exhaust port; the sump and the evaporator absorb Water is collected into the water tank to reach the water
Dehumidification efficiency; the evaporator drops to the sump condensate, the drain hole and the vent hole of the groove of the uppermost sump sink into the sump of the next layer, and finally flows to the sump of the last layer, using condensed water Cooling the sump of each layer, increasing the temperature difference between the sump and the humid air heated by the radiator, and using the sump of each layer cooled by the condensed water to contact the warmed humid air to condense the heated water vapor into water droplets, thereby improving The efficiency of dehumidification; the condensed water dropped by the evaporator to the sump below, flows from the drainage hole of each layer of the sump above the last sump to the sump of the last layer, and the humid air heated by the radiator passes through the layers. When collecting the drain hole of the water tank, the condensed water flowing through the drain hole is absorbed into water and discharged into the water tank to further improve the efficiency of dehumidification.
本发明的有益效果是：具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇，开启后，装置内的紫外线灯管随之打开，涂与散热器、蒸发器及集水槽表面的纳米二氧化钛起到催化作用，能达到去除空气中的甲醛，灭杀多种有害细菌的效果，在净化的过程中，装置内设有热泵装置以及集水装置，利用散热器以及集水槽进行第一次除湿，再利用蒸发器进行第二次除湿，利用蒸发器的冷凝水将集水槽降温，以及利用蒸发器的冷凝水吸收蒸汽，把蒸汽变成水排到接水箱。风扇将室内空气净化并除湿后再吹出，在使用的同时对整个室内的空气起到净化并除湿的作用。The beneficial effects of the invention are: a leafless fan with air purifying function, after opening, the ultraviolet lamp tube in the device is opened, and the nano titanium dioxide coated on the surface of the radiator, the evaporator and the sump plays a catalytic role, and can reach To remove formaldehyde from the air and kill various harmful bacteria. In the process of purification, a heat pump device and a water collecting device are arranged in the device, and the first dehumidification is performed by using a radiator and a sump, and then the evaporator is used for the first dehumidification. After the second dehumidification, the condensate of the evaporator is used to cool the sump, and the condensed water of the evaporator is used to absorb the steam, and the steam is turned into water to the water tank. The fan purifies and dehumidifies the indoor air, and then blows out the air in the entire room while purifying and dehumidifying.
图1是具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇的结构示意图。Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of a bladeless fan having an air purifying function.
图2是图1中A处引流风道的放大示意图Figure 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the drainage duct at A in Figure 1
下面结合附图与具体实施例对本发明进行进一步的说明：The present invention will be further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments:
与膨胀阀8连接，膨胀阀8连接与蒸发器6连接，蒸发器6与压缩机5连接；集水装置2包括有集水槽11，集水槽11设有凹槽13、凸台14以及引流管18，引流管18一端连接至净化装置外侧另一端与凹槽13，凸台14内部中空，设置有紫外线灯管12，凸台14顶部设有透气孔15；主机32的上端面设有排气口16，主机下部设置有进气口17，所述风机9、蒸发器6以及散热器7设于排气口16与进气口17之间，透气孔15与排气口16以及进气口17连通，集水槽11位于蒸发器6与散热器7之间；控制器3通过控制线与压缩机5以及风机9连接。为了实施利用集水槽11吸收蒸汽的水分，集水槽11设有多层；非最下面一层的集水槽11的凹槽13的槽底设有排水孔20，集水槽11之间留有空间，每层集水槽11设有多个凹槽13以及多个凸台14，上层集水槽11的排水孔20与下层集水槽11的凹槽13对应。净化除湿后的空气由排气口16向上排出，引流风道处设置与出风气流相平行的平行导风面和与出风气流成一定角度的斜向导风面33，通过该平行导风面34的作用其可不改变气流方向，而通过斜向导风面33可将出风口挤出的部份气流可改变原有方向并斜向导流，由此可提供向上扩散的气流，从而拉动侧面和后面的气流一起向前运行，提供自然轻柔的风凉效果。FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a bladeless fan having an air purifying function: a bladeless fan having an air purifying function, comprising: a fluid guiding body 31, a lower portion of the guiding fluid 31 connected to a host 32, a fluid guiding body 31 and a host 32 The connection portion is provided with a drainage air duct, and the main unit 32 includes a heat pump device 1, a water collecting device 2, a controller 3 and a casing 4; the controller 3 is connected with a control panel 21, and the control panel 21 is provided with a control switch, the heat pump device 1 includes a compressor 5, an evaporator 6, a radiator 7, an expansion valve 8, and a fan 9, the surface of the evaporator 6 and the radiator 7 is coated with a nano titanium dioxide coating, and the refrigerant output connector 10 and the radiator of the compressor 5 7 connection, radiator 7
Connected to the expansion valve 8, the expansion valve 8 is connected to the evaporator 6, the evaporator 6 is connected to the compressor 5; the water collecting device 2 includes a sump 11, the sump 11 is provided with a groove 13, a boss 14 and a drainage tube 18, one end of the drainage tube 18 is connected to the other end of the purification device and the groove 13. The inside of the boss 14 is hollow, and the ultraviolet lamp tube 12 is disposed. The top of the boss 14 is provided with a venting hole 15; the upper end surface of the main unit 32 is provided with exhaust gas. The port 16 is provided with an air inlet 17 at a lower portion thereof, and the fan 9, the evaporator 6, and the radiator 7 are disposed between the exhaust port 16 and the air inlet 17, the vent hole 15 and the exhaust port 16 and the air inlet 17 is connected, and the sump 11 is located between the evaporator 6 and the radiator 7; the controller 3 is connected to the compressor 5 and the fan 9 through a control line. In order to carry out the moisture absorption of the steam by the sump 11, the sump 11 is provided with a plurality of layers; the bottom of the groove 13 of the sump 11 of the non-lowermost layer is provided with a drainage hole 20, and a space is left between the sump 11 Each of the sump 11 is provided with a plurality of grooves 13 and a plurality of bosses 14, and the drain holes 20 of the upper sump 11 correspond to the grooves 13 of the lower sump 11. The air after purifying and dehumidifying is discharged upward from the exhaust port 16, and a parallel wind guiding surface parallel to the air flow and a diagonal wind guiding surface 33 at an angle to the air flow are disposed at the drainage air passage, and the parallel wind guiding surface is passed through the parallel air guiding surface The action of 34 does not change the direction of the airflow, and the portion of the airflow that can be extruded through the inclined guide surface 33 can change the original direction and obliquely flow, thereby providing an upwardly diffusing airflow, thereby pulling the side and the back. The airflow runs forward together, providing a natural, gentle coolness.
具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇工作原理是：工作时，将风扇开启，紫外线灯管12随之打开，涂与散热器、蒸发器及集水槽表面的纳米二氧化钛起到催化作用，去除空气中的甲醛等有害物质，灭杀多种有害细菌，利用控制器3控制压缩机5以及风机9运行，潮湿的空气由外壳4的进气口17抽入，先经过散热器7以及集水槽11蒸发吸收水分，再经过蒸发器6冷凝除湿，被吸收水分以及冷凝除湿后的到空气由排气口16排出；集水槽11以及蒸发器6吸收的水被引流管18引流到外侧接水箱内，从而到达提高除湿效率的目的。The working principle of the leafless fan with air purification function is: when working, the fan is turned on, and the ultraviolet lamp 12 is turned on, and the nano titanium dioxide coated on the surface of the radiator, the evaporator and the sump acts as a catalyst to remove the air. A harmful substance such as formaldehyde kills a plurality of harmful bacteria, and the controller 3 controls the compressor 5 and the fan 9 to operate. The humid air is drawn in from the air inlet 17 of the outer casing 4, and firstly evaporates and absorbs through the radiator 7 and the sump 11. The moisture is condensed and dehumidified by the evaporator 6, and the absorbed air and the condensed and dehumidified air are discharged from the exhaust port 16; the water absorbed by the sump 11 and the evaporator 6 is drained by the drain pipe 18 to the outer water tank, thereby reaching Improve the purpose of dehumidification efficiency.
流到最下面一层的集水槽11内，排水孔20与凹槽13对应的同时就会与透气孔15错开，滴下的水滴可以直接落入凹槽13内，另一方面对减慢进入装置空气的速度，加强净化效果与除湿效果，由最底下一层的集水槽11的凹槽13流到引流管18中，蒸发吸收潮湿空气的水分；经过第一次蒸发吸收后的潮湿空气，由最上面一层集水槽11的透气孔15排出到蒸发器6，被蒸发器6降温冷凝成水，对潮湿空气进行第二次除湿；冷凝水由蒸发器6滴下到下面的集水槽11，冷凝水经非最后一层各层的集水槽11的凹槽13的排水孔20流入最下一层集水槽11内，再由最下面一层集水槽11排到接水箱12内；潮湿的空气经过散热器7、集水槽11以及蒸发器6两次吸收水分后，由排气口16排出；利用蒸发器6吸收空气的热量转化到散热器7，利用散热器7蒸发潮湿空气，过程中纳米二氧化钛在紫外线的照射下发生催化作用，对空气中的有害物质进行净化，灭杀多种细菌，如此不断循环。When the leafless fan with the air purifying function is operated, the air enters the air inlet port 17, and is heated by the radiator 7 to become water vapor. The water vapor enters from the vent hole 15 of the bottommost sump 11 and evaporates to the upper side. The lower surface of the first layer of the water collecting tank 11 is condensed into water droplets on the lower surface, and the water droplets flow into the grooves 13 of the lower layer of the sump 11, and the drainage holes 20 in the grooves 13 are formed.
Flowing into the sump 11 of the lowermost layer, the drain hole 20 is offset from the vent hole 15 while being corresponding to the groove 13, and the dripping water droplets can directly fall into the groove 13, and on the other hand, slow down the inlet device The speed of the air enhances the purifying effect and the dehumidifying effect, and flows from the groove 13 of the bottommost sump 11 to the drainage tube 18, evaporating and absorbing the moisture of the moist air; after the first evaporation, the humid air is absorbed by the first The vent hole 15 of the uppermost layer of the sump 11 is discharged to the evaporator 6, is cooled and condensed into water by the evaporator 6, and dehumidified for a second time; the condensed water is dropped from the evaporator 6 to the lower sump 11 and condensed. The water flows into the lowermost sump 11 through the drainage hole 20 of the groove 13 of the sump 11 of each layer other than the last layer, and is discharged from the lowermost sump 11 into the water receiving tank 12; the humid air passes through After the radiator 7, the sump 11 and the evaporator 6 absorb moisture twice, they are discharged by the exhaust port 16; the heat absorbed by the evaporator 6 is converted into the radiator 7, and the radiator 7 is used to evaporate the humid air, and the nano titanium dioxide is in the process. Under ultraviolet light It catalyzes the purification of harmful substances in the air, kills a variety of bacteria, and so on.
具有空气净化功能的无叶风扇工作时，蒸发器6滴下到集水槽11冷凝水，由最上一层集水槽11其凹槽13的排水孔20以及透气孔15流入下一层的集水槽11，最后流到最后一层的集水槽11，利用冷凝水将各层的集水槽11降温，增加集水槽11与被散热器7升温的潮湿空气的温差，利用被冷凝水降温的各层集水槽11与升温的潮湿空气接触，使升温的水蒸汽冷凝成水珠，提高除湿的效率。When the leafless fan having the air purifying function is operated, the evaporator 6 drops to the condensate 11 condensed water, and the drain hole 20 of the groove 13 of the uppermost sump 11 and the vent hole 15 flow into the sump 11 of the next layer. Finally, it flows to the sump 11 of the last layer, and the sump 11 of each layer is cooled by the condensed water, and the temperature difference between the sump 11 and the humid air heated by the radiator 7 is increased, and the sump 11 of each layer cooled by the condensed water is used. Contact with warmed humid air to condense the warmed water vapor into water droplets to improve the efficiency of dehumidification.
为了使集水槽11即能集水，又能通风，每层的集水槽11的凹槽13设有多个；使由透气孔15出来的湿蒸汽直接喷在集水槽11的下表面上。排气口16设有多个，排气口16设于外壳4的上端面24，进气口17设有多个，进气口17设于外壳4的周壁25；风机9位于排气口16的下面，蒸发器6位于风机9下面，集水槽11位于蒸发器6下面，散热器7位于集水槽11下面，散热器7位于进气口17的上方；风机9的机座、蒸发器6、集水槽11以及散热器7与外壳4的固定连接。In order to allow the sump 11 to collect water and ventilate, a plurality of grooves 13 of the sump 11 of each layer are provided; and the wet steam from the vent holes 15 is directly sprayed on the lower surface of the sump 11. The exhaust port 16 is provided in plurality, the exhaust port 16 is disposed on the upper end surface 24 of the outer casing 4, the air inlet port 17 is provided in plurality, the air inlet port 17 is disposed on the peripheral wall 25 of the outer casing 4, and the fan 9 is located at the exhaust port 16 Below, the evaporator 6 is located below the fan 9, the sump 11 is located below the evaporator 6, the radiator 7 is located below the sump 11, the radiator 7 is located above the air inlet 17, the base of the fan 9, the evaporator 6, The sump 11 and the heat sink 7 are fixedly connected to the outer casing 4.
各层集水槽11的下表面与水蒸气充分接触，使蒸汽冷凝为水；由蒸发器6滴下到下面集水槽11的冷凝水，由最后一层集水槽11上面各层集水槽11的排水孔20流到最后一层的集水槽11中，被散热器7加热的湿空气经过各层集水槽11的排水孔20时，被流经排水孔20冷凝水吸收变成水，并排到接水箱12中，进一步提高除湿的效率；风机9运行时，外壳4内空气的流向是由进气口17指向排气口16。When the bladeless fan having the air purifying function is operated, the humid air heated by the radiator 7 is heated to become water vapor, and the water vapor enters from the plurality of vent holes 15 of the sump 11 of each layer, and the heated water vapor is directly evaporated to The lower surface of the sump 11 of each layer is cooled by the condensed water.
The lower surface of each layer of the sump 11 is in full contact with water vapor to condense the steam into water; the condensed water dropped from the evaporator 6 to the lower sump 11 is drained from the sump 11 of each layer above the last sump 11 20 flows into the sump 11 of the last layer, and the humid air heated by the radiator 7 passes through the drain hole 20 of each layer of the sump 11, is condensed by the drain hole 20, is absorbed into water, and is discharged to the water tank 12 Further, the efficiency of dehumidification is further improved; when the fan 9 is in operation, the flow of air in the outer casing 4 is directed from the air inlet 17 to the exhaust port 16.
The heat pump device 1 includes a reservoir 26 and a gas-liquid separator 27; the expansion valve 8 is connected to the reservoir 26, the reservoir 26 is connected to the radiator 7, the compressor 5 is connected to the gas-liquid separator 27, and the gas-liquid separator 27 is The evaporator 6 is connected; the outer casing 4 is provided with a control chamber 28, the compressor 5, the gas-liquid separator 26, the reservoir 25 and the expansion valve 8 are disposed in the control chamber 28; the control chamber 28 is located below the air inlet 17, the control room 28 is provided with a partition 29 separating the control room 28 from the air inlet 17; the water tank is disposed outside the outer casing 4, and the outer casing 4 is provided with a hook, and the water tank is hung on the hook to facilitate cleaning of the collected water.