WO2016053223A1 - Remote contactless method for charging mobile devices - Google Patents

Remote contactless method for charging mobile devices Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016053223A1
WO2016053223A1 PCT/UA2015/000086 UA2015000086W WO2016053223A1 WO 2016053223 A1 WO2016053223 A1 WO 2016053223A1 UA 2015000086 W UA2015000086 W UA 2015000086W WO 2016053223 A1 WO2016053223 A1 WO 2016053223A1
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Prior art keywords
device
charging
signal
method
characterized
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PCT/UA2015/000086
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French (fr)
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Алексей Анатольевич МАРЦЕНЮК-КУХАРУК
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Алексей Анатольевич МАРЦЕНЮК-КУХАРУК
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Priority to UA201410590 priority Critical
Priority to UAa201410589 priority
Priority to UA201410589 priority
Priority to UAa201410590 priority
Application filed by Алексей Анатольевич МАРЦЕНЮК-КУХАРУК filed Critical Алексей Анатольевич МАРЦЕНЮК-КУХАРУК
Publication of WO2016053223A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016053223A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06KRECOGNITION OF DATA; PRESENTATION OF DATA; RECORD CARRIERS; HANDLING RECORD CARRIERS
    • G06K7/00Methods or arrangements for sensing record carriers, e.g. for reading patterns
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/10Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using inductive coupling

Abstract

The invention relates to electrotechnics. The claimed method is implemented using a device for the inductive transmission of digital data. The remote contactless charging of an independent power supply of a mobile device is carried out during the emission of electromagnetic waves. Remote charging is carried out during telephone conversations, during the transmission of digital or voice data and during contactless payments with the aid of a device for the inductive transmission of digital data. A device for the inductive transmission of digital data comprises a digital signal synthesizer, a module for charging the power supply of a device for inductively receiving radio waves from an emission source of a mobile device, a bluetooth-type wireless transmission module, a peripheral device for interfacing with a read head of a magnetic card reader, and an interface device. The digital signal synthesizer is provided with a real-time microcomputer system and is connected to an emitter driver. The emitter driver is connected to an inductor. The emitter driver is in the form of a high-frequency switch with a consumption midpoint and stabilization of the midpoint voltage relative to a top point and a bottom point of power supply. The emitter driver is configured as an H bridge circuit. The inductor is capable of converting an alternating electromagnetic field into direct current with the transmission thereof to an independent power supply in order to charge same. The module for charging the power supply is disposed preferably parallel to or corresponding with the position of the antenna of a mobile device. The contactless transmission of digital data is controlled by means of software of the mobile device.

Description

METHOD contactless remote CHARGING

MOBILE DEVICES

TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to electrical engineering and is aimed at allowing the contactless remote transmission on wireless devices - keyboard, computer mouse, cell phones, smart phones, tablets, photographs, videos, webcams, handheld computers, the RFID-active tags, wireless remotes and an input device including for recharging the power source of the mobile device, as well as any other low-power wireless devices.

In the description below the following notation is used (determination).

MST (English -. Magnetic security transaction) - safety magnetic transaction. ILC - magnetic stripe cards. Produced in accordance with the standard

WHEEL 7810, ISO / EEC 7811, the wheel 7812, the wheel 7813, G 8583 and 4909 WHEELS.

Payment card - card with a magnetic strip, which is designed for use in payment systems.

issue of bank cards - activities for the production of bank cards, account opening and settlement and cash services to clients in the implementation of operations with use of bank cards issued to them.

Emulating - emulation process comprising inheritance behavior and characteristics of the emulated object.

Head reader or magnetic stripe reader (SMP) - the magnetic head.

Transfer - mathematical / geometric operation of moving objects on the grid without changing their spatial orientation.

Polarization - criterion characterizing dependence codirectional axes emitter inductance winding and a magnetic stripe reader (the angle between the axes at their parallel displacement) at the maximum distance stable signal reading therebetween.

Safe storage - storage, which prevents unauthorized access to them.

Sekyurny tool (English -. Security - security) - a tool designed to meet the requirements of safe storage and data transfer. Contactless data transmission - the transmission of information on the distance between two or more devices by which data is transmitted, and which does not require contact directly between the devices (e.g., between the inductive transmitter coil which transmits a signal, and a reader head which is in drive magnetic card reader).

Driver - constructive element or module for matching a control signal (from any source, capable of giving a command to the driver) and the payload, in particular an inductive transmitter coil.

Inductor - Inductive transmitter coil which transmits a signal.

f / 2f method (English -. double frequency) - digital signal modulation method described in ISO / IEC Standard 781 1.

The quality factor - oscillatory system parameter, which defines the width of the resonance and which describes how many times the sum of the dynamic and supplies the stored energy in the system is greater than the energy loss per oscillation period.

Magnetic core - the part or set of parts designed for the passage of magnetic flux with certain of its losses.

The mid-point of consumption - the common wire (ground, zero). Referred to as the "medium" when used bipolar power systems.

Props - a set of digital data needed to identify the user in the system (payment, discount, security, authentication, etc.).

Multivibrator (signal synthesizer) - a device consisting of a resistor and the upper and lower order driver (boundary shoulder). Flicker is a mechanism for sequential switching of positive and negative (forward and reverse) current flow.

USB 2.0 (English -. Universal serial bus) - a serial communication interface for sredneskorostngh and low-speed peripherals in computing. Version 2.0.

USBotg (English -. Universal serial bus on-the go) - the further expansion of USB 2.0 specification designed to facilitate connection of peripherals with each other USB-devices without having to connect to a personal computer (PC).

POS-terminal (English -. Point of sale - the point of sale) - electronic program-technical device for receiving a payment for plastic cards, which may take the card with the chip module and non-contact magnetic stripe card, and tayuke other devices having contactless interface. bpi (Engl -. bit per inch) - a recording density of digital data,

one-time-pin - a one-time unique PIN code.

LRC (Engl -. Longitudinal redundancy check) - longitudinal redundancy check.

Termination - auxiliary closure lowercase feature data.

Ν-bit encoding - the interpretation of the bit sequence, where N denotes the number of bits that is divided in the flow for interpreting a data stream elements. Typically, the number of bits in the sequence must be a multiple of N, or the data (the remainder of the division) are discarded.

EMF - electromotive force.

Sensing distance - distance between the transmitter and the receiver (detector), at which the stable data transmission.

H-Bridge - an electronic circuit that makes it possible to apply a voltage to the load in different directions.

Software (SW) - a sequence of instructions, implemented in the form of a command execution environment, including in the form of serial codes, intended for the operation of computer systems, and implementing the tasks, as well as the developed algorithms.

Frame (Engl frame.) - indivisible information volume describing the state in which the inductive coil must be emitter.

Current frame (English -. Current frame) - frame, which is currently read by the driver. Based on the information obtained from the frame, the driver sets the transmitter to the appropriate mode.

NFC (Engl -. Near field communication, near field communication) - the high-frequency wireless communication technology is a short-range, which enables communication between devices located at a distance of about 10 centimeters.

Transponder - receiver-transmitter device sends a signal in response to the received signal.

RFID (Engl -. Radio frequency identification, RFID) - Method of automatic identification of objects, wherein by means of radio signals are read or written data stored in the transponders or tags RFID-.

The mobile device (computer system) - a smartphone, mobile phone, tablet, personal computer, and other electronic gadgets, etc. BACKGROUND ART

Recently, the market ΙΤ-technologies are actively developing the technology of non-contact remote (wireless) charging sources inductive mobile power method [http.V / www.mobile- networks. m / articles / budushhee_besprovodnyix_zaryadok.html]. One of the leaders in this field is the US company PowerCast [http://www.powercastco.com/].

Background Wireless transmission of electromagnetic induction method involves the use of near electromagnetic field at distances of about one-sixth wavelength. The energy of the near-field itself is not radiating, but some of this energy radiation losses do occur. Moreover, as a rule, occur and resistive power losses.

Due electrodynamic induction alternating electrical current flowing through the primary winding generates an alternating magnetic field, which, in turn, acts on the secondary winding, inducing therein electric current. To achieve high efficiency of such an interaction should be sufficiently close. As the distance of the secondary winding from the primary winding, an increasing part of the magnetic field arising reaches the secondary coil. Even at relatively small distances inductive coupling becomes extremely inefficient, spending much of the transmitted energy is wasted [http://venture-biz.rU/tekhnologii-innovatsii/l 52-besprovodnaya-peredacha- energii].

The simplest device for wireless power transmission is an electric transformer. The primary and secondary windings of the transformer are not directly linked. The energy transfer is then carried out by a process known as mutual inductance. The main function of the transformer is to increase or decrease the primary voltage. Contactless chargers (batteries) mobile phones are also examples of using the principle of electrodynamic induction.

As to the means for transmission (digital) inductively data, today in the technology market, there are many electronic devices which transfer data, payment instruments, access control systems, identification systems, and methods of cash management services, authentication methods, accounting systems, and others.

Such tools include magnetic stripe cards (ILC) 2015/000086

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containing including cardholder data. By paying the Commission include, among others, credit, debit, gift cards and discount cards. Data "written" on the magnetic stripe of the card by means of alternation of the magnetization of the particles embedded in the magnetic strip.

Payment card data read from the magnetic stripe of a POS-terminal with Activity card through a magnetic card reader (via kartopriemnuyu gap). Apparatus for reading magnetic cards comprises reading head and the associated decoding circuits. When a magnetic card is moved through a magnetic stripe reader (through the slit kartopriemnuyu), its magnetic stripe passes in front of the reading head. When moving the reading head with respect to the magnetic strip which is equipped with magnetic domains of alternating polarity, generates a fluctuating magnetic field in the gap of the reading head. The latter makes it a pulsed magnetic field into an equivalent electrical signal.

decoder scheme amplifies and digitizes the electrical signal, reproducing the same data stream that was recorded (i.e., has been embedded at the time of recording) on ​​a magnetic strip card. Magnetic stripe encoding is described in the international standard ISO 1 781 and ISO 7813.

With the growing popularity and capabilities of smartphones is growing desire to use them as mobile wallets, as well as use them to make payments at retail outlets without using multiple cards. A key obstacle to the adoption of such a decision was the lack of a data link between mobile phones (smartphones) and POS-terminals.

In this regard, several alternatives have been proposed. These include the manual set data for transmission to the POS-teminale, 2D barcodes displayed on the screen and readable by an apparatus for reading the 2D barcode, PvFID, attached to telephones and embedded in their hardware for the implementation of near noncontact communications (BBS), triggered by a phone application.

Of these methods, 2D bar codes and BBS are the most promising. They have a wide range of reception, but there is no possibility of their wide practical use due to lack of corresponding readers in retail outlets. And in the case of the BBC should also cite the lack of standardized possibilities of using ACS in many smartphones. Accordingly, there exists a need for improved devices and methods for transmitting payment card data and other digital information from the smartphone or other electronic device, remotely on a POS-terminal or other magnetic card reader.

Thus, the known US patent 8628012 [1], [System and method for a baseband nearfield magentic stripe data transmitter (system and method of the transmitter data bandwidth of the near field magnetic strip). Patent US 8628012. MP G06K7 / 08 (2006.01). Publication date 01/14/2014. Priority date: 20.01.2013], which describes a system and method of the transmitter data bandwidth of the near field magnetic MST band which transmit payment card data from the smartphone or other electronic device in POS-terminal to conduct transactions.

A device operating on the basis of the method MST, includes a driver and an inductor. A device operating on the basis of the method MST, receives data from the magnetic strip containing cardholder data, processes the received data from the magnetic strip and generating magnetic pulses of high power, comprising the processed data to a magnetic strip, which can then be obtained by using for reading the magnetic card device POS-terminal.

Disadvantages of the above technical solutions due to constructive implementation and functioning of elements (devices) of the base system [1] as follows.

Firstly, the implementation of data transfer via the system may remotely on a limited distance in the range of 1 to 2 inches, as measured between the device transmitting the signal formed in the form of an inductor (coil arrangement, which transmits the signal) and the detector (a device which receives a signal), designed as a head located in the reader and a magnetic card reading device.

This "hard" limit on the distance between the transmission device and reception digital signal is due to the fact that between the two (i.e. less than 1 inch) of the inductor power is too large for a smaller distance. This leads to a magnetizable core head and / or excessive amplitude signal, which is the cause of degradation of the input stage amplifier / detector.

For greater distances between these devices (i.e., 2 inches) of the inductor current design is not conducive to unambiguous interpretation inductor transmitted signal. The consequence of this is noisy. Also, when this is not determined by the magnetic field distribution in the space and on good data.

Second, the implementation of technology (method) and a device operating on the basis of the MST method, provided an opportunity to preserve the memory after the power is turned off to store credit card data and other personal information. This characteristic of the invention nesekyurna as preservation of information can lead to unauthorized use by third parties.

Third, when implementing MST technology uses a coil inductor with a quality factor ranging from 10 mkmN / ohms to 80 mkmN / ohms. A consequence of the above high value of the quality factor of the inductor coil is its high reactivity due to extraneous electromagnetic waves generated. This results in a signal to noise and complicates the interpretation of the data produced by the decoder, which is in the card reader. Payment extraneous vibrations leads to a larger (at least 15%) consumption of electric ektroen ergii.

Also as a result of high Q inductor coil to maintain the desired ratio between the useful signal and the noise signal must provide increased radiation power. This in turn leads to the core of magnetization reversal reader heads, so that an intensive magnetic head wear.

Fourthly, a device operating on the basis of MST technology, additionally equipped with a magnetic strip reader head (SMP) for the possibility of producing a magnetic stripe card and data for further use. The presence of the head of SMP may facilitate unauthorized copying (use) and / or unauthorized transfer of protected data stored on the magnetic strip.

Fifthly, the alarm device operating according to the method MST, due to the high transmission power may be registered devices, including not intended for recording magnetic signals (for example, an electret microphone). The negative consequences of this is the possibility of extraneous data reading and unauthorized access to information. Sixthly, the device [1] is not implemented by hardware and software function one- time-pin. A negative consequence of this may be the lack of additional protection (due to the use of the same PIN-code) for each use.

It is also known a number of wireless power transmission systems based on the reception of electromagnetic waves from ether [WO 2005069503, 28.07.2005, H02J17 / 00, JP 2005537773T, 08.12.2005, H02J17 / 00, US 2005077872, 14.04.2005, H02J17 / 00, WO 200438890, 02.02.2006, H02J17 / 00], and others.

In an analog implementation of the developed method to select a method for providing emergency power cellular radiotelephones [RU 2180465, 10.03.2002, H02J17 / 00], which is implemented on the basis of a device comprising a broadband antenna up transformer, a rectifier, the voltage comparison unit, the mode switching unit, storage battery, the display and control unit, the power terminals of the radiotelephone. Broadband antenna is transmitting electromagnetic waves in a wide range, thus allowing for the accumulation of electricity almost anywhere. At low frequencies better electricity accumulation occurs in the vicinity of power lines, and high frequency - preferably during a thunderstorm and close to the transmitting station. Step-up transformer is needed for the operation of rectifier diodes and to provide the drive voltage charge, since the magnitude of the electrical signal in a broadband antenna is several tenths of a volt. The rectified voltage is used to charge the accumulator, which as a capacitor with a small current leakage can be used or, more suitably for the present case, the battery.

A disadvantage of this method is that analog that for its implementation may be cases in which electromagnetic field strength is small, since no electromagnetic radiation sources nearby, and the field strength is insufficient to provide recharging power sources on the side of the charging unit. Thus itself voltage converter circuit (step-up transformer and rectifier) ​​can not provide guaranteed power (charging), despite considerable losses to them.

As the closest analog (prototype) process is selected, which is part of a wireless charging system operation [2], [RU 2306654, H02J17 / 00, N04V 1/38, publ. 20.09.2006, Bull. jN ° 26]. The above wireless charging system comprises on the feed side of the narrowband high-frequency generator with the radiating antenna and on the side of the charging unit - reception antenna coupled to the voltage inverter, whose output is connected to the input of the charge-discharge controller, which is connected to the battery unit and / or a supercapacitor unit . Wherein the inverter comprises a rectifier at the input and a pulse voltage multiplier, comprising n stages (n> 2), each of which comprises a series-connected first diode, a storage capacitor and a second diode connected in the first, as well as MOS transistor (i.e., transistor structure "Metal oxide semiconductor") with the induced channel, a drain of which is connected to the gate and to the junction point of the first diode and storage capacitor, which connection point to a second diode connected to the source of the MOS Transistor ora induced preceding stage channel. In this interconnected free terminals of the first diodes respectively connected between a free terminal of the second diode are input pulse voltage multiplier whose output is the source of the MOS transistor with the channel induced last cascade connection point and the storage capacitor and the second diode of the first stage.

A feature of the method [2] on the basis of the respective device is the fact that on the feed side of the narrowband high-frequency generator via the radiating antenna radiates electromagnetic waves with a certain frequency. These waves produce a receiving antenna of the charging unit variable emf of the same frequency ω and amplitude of which depend on the distance to the emitter. Invertor, comprising a rectifier and a pulse voltage multiplier must provide transform AC to DC (i.e. one which varies slowly), or a pulse voltage, which should not be below the threshold level due to particular construction of the charge-discharge controller and used by the battery pack and supercapacitors block.

charge-discharge controller is a standard component used in modern mobile devices. It serves to optimize the charge-discharge of batteries and supercapacitors mode (maintaining the necessary voltages and currents, preventing complete discharge) load switching on the charged batteries and electric double layer capacitors to maintain the required supply voltage (e.g., a start mode), disconnection of the load elements which are in the charging mode, etc. Disadvantages of the above technical solutions due to complicated constructive execution and inefficient operation of elements (devices) basic wireless charging system [2], resulting in the inability to effectively use it for contactless remote transmission of electric power to the existing wireless devices - keyboard, computer mouse, mobile telephones, photographic , video, web cameras, PDAs, active, the RFID tags, wireless remote controls and input devices, including for recharging the power source of the mobile device, as well as any other low-power wireless devices.

The basis of the invention is to improve the method for the contactless remote recharging of the mobile device power supply inductively by carrying out conversion of radiant energy of the mobile device (the source) to the charging current for the consumer (receiver, battery, auxiliary power source) as well as due to the effective implementation of the method procedures and optimal performance of the basic design components of the device, which is realized using a method which will facilitate ulu chshennym energy-economic parameters when performing such procedures self-charging power supply (battery) of a mobile device. Furthermore, the claimed method provides a more efficient synthesis of the energy in the electromagnetic wave transmission mode in a digital, including Billing and / or voice data from the mobile device, and also provides flexibility self-charging power source (battery) of the mobile device (similar to the "direct" recharging during data transmission, and "additional" recharging when in range of the nearest base receiving-transmitting mobile station connection or a similar device comprising a high-frequency radiation GSM-module).

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION.

The technical problem is solved by a method for the contactless remote recharging of autonomous power supply for mobile devices inductively performed, for example, as a computer, mobile phone, smart phone, tablet, or other electronic devices, and communication systems with autonomous power source, comprising: in radiation via a radiating antenna in the form of a narrowband high-frequency generator of electromagnetic waves of a certain frequency, which is located in the mobile ustro ystve and hover at reception antenna signal variable emf charging current having an amplitude depending on the distance to the emitter of electromagnetic waves, and subsequently providing converting an AC voltage into a DC voltage, which varies slowly with time, or a pulse voltage, which should not be below a predetermined threshold level for a rechargeable auxiliary power source as a battery, new is that the remote recharging a contactless autonomous power source abundant device produced in the process of the radiation of electromagnetic waves when implementing telephone conversation, transmission or digital voice data, implementing contactless payment via digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) by radiation inductor signal (2) digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) on charging module (24) receiving device of electromagnetic induction waves in a low frequency pulses, and the transmission of electromagnetic waves by GSM-high frequency from a source frequency radiation mobile device that comprises a GSM-module high-frequency radiation and in the absence of the above actions when receiving the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) of electromagnetic waves at the location of digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) within range of the nearest base receiving- transmitting mobile station or similar device comprising a GSM-module high-frequency radiation, for example, POS-terminal GSM- modem, a cell phone, a tablet a GSM-module, wherein the device transmitting digital data inductive method (15) operate as part of a digital signal synthesizer or schemes for direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) which is provided with computing microsystem real time, and connected to the driver (7) of the radiator, which is connected with the inductor (2), charging module (24), power source (26) radio wave receiving apparatus inductively from a source of radiation of the mobile device which is disposed in the mobile computing and communication system (14), the module Wireless transmission type blue-tooth, the peripheral interface device (27) with the reader head for reading magnetic cards (9), and the coupling device (4), said digital signal synthesizer or circuit direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) is configured to generate an outgoing digital signal preassigned time slots and the form and to ensure that no distortion outgoing digital signal irrespective of its frequency and to switch the supply voltage polarity Applied to the inductor (2) and to transmit the digital data due to the phenomenon of magnetic induction in the receiving device (16) with magnetic head (1) of the reader at a distance of 30 cm as a radiator driver (7) using high-frequency switch with an average consumption point and voltage stabilization midpoint relative to the upper and lower feeding points and operate emitter driver (7) for an H-bridge, which provide protection against simultaneous switch on the upper and lower keys, the inductor (2) is configured to transformations azovaniya alternating electromagnetic field into direct current with its transfer to the autonomous power source (26) of the mobile computing and communication system (14) to recharge it, and operate with a quality factor which is in the range up to 1200 mH / Ohm, and to generate electromagnetic field (3) and induce a voltage in the power source charging module (24) which is disposed substantially parallel to or respectively the placement of the antenna of the mobile device, during the operation of the mobile device using polarization by using the binary pulse width modulation signal of the inductor (2) and adjusting the normalized signal power inductor radiation (2) and changing the polarity, which is the fast switching polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), with simultaneous amplification of the current therein, as well as by creating a peak of the magnetic field on the magnetic reader (1) and the contactless transmission of digital data is controlled by appropriate software, mouth ment of a communication or computing system (14), which is stored in the mobile device.

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) is a mobile device housing.

power source charging module operate removably and movably and subsequent fixing strip on a mobile device depending on the location of its radiating antennas. 6

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power source charging module, the wireless transmission-type blue-tooth, the power source of the mobile device and peripheral interface device (27) are arranged on the cover of the mobile device with its rear side.

The interface device (4) for connecting to a communications or computer system with installed software (software) (14) is identified as a serial port RS232 standard, UART, with which the transmission of commands and data in the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15).

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) provided with a real time computing microsystem, which is configured to transmit signal synthesis.

a signal synthesizer (6) is provided microsystem Unprocessed commands or computer microsystem real time, which is performed to sequentially set the value of the current frame signal at the terminals of two-bit digital bus of frequency playback digital signal ranging from 0 Hz to 4 KHz.

As emitter driver (7) using the operational amplifier.

The digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) use the coupling device (4) with a communication system or computer with installed software (software) (14) which is configured to transmit digital, including Billing data and commands digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) and to check the state of the device (15).

The interface device (4) to a communication or a computer system with installed software (software) (14) operate to maintain a standard communication techniques such as, e.g., blue-tooth, UART, RS232, NFC, USB, wi-fi and others.

The interface device (4) is in the form of buttons and switches modes, and the normalized radiation power is controlled by rapidly switching the polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), which ranges from 10 "6 to 10 for each switch.

The flat core (19) of the inductor (2) is made of magnetically neutral or magnetically conductive material. 6

14

The flat core (19), an inductive transmitter coil (2) operate and elongated rectangular shape with a cross section in the form of polygonal faces.

Winding inductor (2) is made of a conductive material insulated from each winding of adjacent coils, or ordered or disordered stacking of coils.

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) is in the form of a protective cover or on a communications or computer system with installed software (software) (14) or in the form of a keychain or a bracelet (14).

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) operate as an external module that is integrated into the communication system or computer with installed software (software) (14).

Billing method inductive transmission device (15) is configured to use the polarization effect.

Increase the transmission distance of the output signal from the magnetic polarization of the radiation field.

Generating an output signal from the transmission device Billing inductive method (15) by switching the polarity of the power inductor (2).

Module recharging digital data transmission apparatus power source of the inductive method (15) is configured to operate in the process of conducting telephone conversations at the output of transmitted signal 900 MHz or 1800 MHz and the transmission data output power max 2 W, and with a voltage (DC) from the module (25) in the range (3.7 - 4.2) V, and a current intensity of (500 - 2000) mA.

The method complies with wireless charging Qi vers.1.2 or earlier.

For the diagnosis of complete mobile device battery, the charging indicator light is used to signal the user of the charging completion, the indicator flashes red and yellow while charging, and glows green when the mobile device battery is fully charged.

For the diagnosis of full battery charge of the mobile device using an audio signal for signaling the user about the end of charging. For the diagnosis of complete mobile device battery charging using both sound and light indicator that signals the user of the charging completion, the indicator flashes red and yellow while charging and glows green at its end.

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) operate to provide the functions of an automatic stop charging when full charge the mobile device battery.

On the screen of the mobile device icon shows the battery charging status.

power source charging module disposed near the radiating antenna of the mobile device.

Full charging of the mobile device provides the implementation of telephone calls and / or digital transmission, including Billing and / or voice data using the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method for at least 168 hours.

Charging rate varies depending on the frequency or amount of commission payments digital data transmission device (15).

These features of the method is the essence of the invention.

A causal connection between the set of essential features of the invention and the achieved technical result is as follows.

As is known, the main disadvantage of the wireless transmission is a very short distance of its action, since the receiver must be in close proximity to the transmitter in order to effectively interact with it.

It should be noted that the use of multiple resonance increases the transmission range, since the transmitter and receiver are tuned to the same frequency at the resonant induction. Performance may be increased by changing the shape of the control current to a sine wave from the transient non-sinusoidal waveforms.

In turn, the pulse energy transfer occurs within a few cycles. Thus, a large power can be transmitted between two mutually LC-tuned circuits with relatively low coupling coefficient. Standard transmitting and receiving inductive coils usually are unilamellar or planar spiral coils with a set of capacitors, which allow to adjust the receiving frequency of the transmitter element.

Thus, the effective use of electrodynamic resonant induction is optimal for charging batteries of portable devices such as laptop computers and cellular phones, smart phones, tablets, and electric medical implants. Resonance is used in the receiver module (built-in load) to ensure maximum efficiency of energy transfer. This transmission technique is suitable for universal wireless chargers for portable electronics charging mentioned above.

Furthermore, the resonant electrodynamic induction is also used to power the device without batteries, such as an RFID- tag and contactless smart cards, as well as for transmission of electrical energy from the primary inductor to the helical resonator Tesla transformer, which is also a wireless transmitter electrical energy.

It should be noted that the technique of the resonant electrodynamic induction accepted as part of the standard Qi wireless charging, which has developed a global giant Wireless Power Consortium. This global standard is approved in more than all over the world by hundreds of companies, resulting in mobile devices can be recharged anywhere in the world.

Modern wireless charging designed to power up to 5 W, which provide two-way communication between the wireless charging and the mobile device. Qi advantage is that it is the standard, the use of which began many global companies to produce mobile gadgets.

Qi technology transfers energy gadgets on the principle of magnetic induction. Basic charger consists of an induction coil which produces an electromagnetic field when an AC admission. In gadzhete- receiver is similar coil is capable of trapping field, converting the received energy into direct current. The result is a mobile device battery charging.

Thus, Qi ver.1.2 standard provides for maintaining the resonant wireless charging method. This means that the rechargeable electronic gadgets does not necessarily have to come into contact with the surface of the base station. It is noted that power transmission is possible at a distance of 45 mm. Thus, the charger may be integrated in, say, a computer table or countertop in speech compartment automobile panel.

Wireless Power Consortium notes that there are already prototypes of charging stations, to ensure the transfer of energy in a wireless manner by 40-50 mm [http://htn.su/hardware/2013-04-24/123-besprovodnye-zaryadnye-ustrojstva-qi- i -ix- budushhee.html]. The new standard is backward compatible with the version of Qi ver 1.1. Due to this existing device with support for Qi Kogut also use the remote charging, but the radius of action in this case will be limited to 30 mm.

Existing experimental mobile power supplies are equipped with a built-in lithium-ion battery capacity of 2000 mAh, which is charged by fixed wireless docking station. According to the developers data for transmission using electromagnetic induction in the near field.

However, at the current stage of development of one of the most serious problems is the large losses in electricity transmission, reaching 30-60%. Furthermore, the normal operation of charging system can prevent metal chassis rechargeable devices that are between the built-in wireless charging unit and the tablet surface. Nevertheless, it is expected that soon the wireless charging technology will be publicly available. This means that, for example, came to the cafe, you can put your smartphone on the table and see the charging icon on the screen and control the process [http.7 / compress.ru / article.aspx? Id = 20424].

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The technical solution is explained in FIG. 1 - FIG. 6, wherein: FIG. 1 illustrates a conventional transmission circuit and receiving signals from the coil to inductively read head, and the conditional distribution of the field lines in the region of the head; FIG. 2 shows a diagram of the digital transmission apparatus, including payment data inductive method; FIG. 3 depicts connection and interaction of the components of the system working on the basis of the described method with a card reader; FIG. 4 is a diagram of the construction of the read head and an inductive transmitter coil structure and orientation of the inductive radiator coil at the time of data transmission; FIG. June 5th

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represented PCB devices conventionally placed on it radioelements; FIG. 6 is a diagram of a reception and transmission during a mobile communication session as well as the implementation of self-charging power source (battery) of a mobile device.

FIG. 1 oval lines shown in the conditional distribution of magnetic field lines in the magnetic head (pos. 3). FIG. 3 by the dashed lines indicate the axis of the emitter coil winding (pos. 12) and the coil of the read head (pos. 10).

FIG. 1 - FIG. 6, the following notations: 1 - reading head (reader component); 2 - inductive radiator coil; 3 - spatial distribution of magnetic field lines in the magnetic head; 4 - the coupling device; 5 - bus for in-circuit programming; 6 - a signal synthesizer; 7 - driver of the radiator; 8 - the driver of increasing the voltage; 9 - the reader, the reading core member; 10 - coil winding axis of the read head; 1 1 - of the read head gap; 12 - winding axis inductive coil; 13 - layout when the signal transmission (. Key 13 includes a key 2, and key 13 as well as key 1, key position 9 and 10....); 14 - communication or computer system with installed software; 15 - the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method; 16 - a receiver (receiving) device (e.g., POS-terminal); 17 - an entity (bank / shop / office); 18 - a mobile application (software) installed in communication or computing system (14); 19 - core inductive radiator coil; 20 - constructive inductance of the reader of the magnetic head; 21 - contactless transmission channel Billing; 22 - Antenna communications or computer system with pre-installed software (14); 23 - a communication module or a computer system with preinstalled software (14) comprising a digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15); 24 - radio wave receiving apparatus inductive charging module by a source of a mobile device with subsequent conversion to DC current supplied to the autonomous power source for charging (26); 25 - wireless transmission unit type blue-tooth digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15); 26 - an independent power source (e.g., battery) of the device; 27 - peripheral interface device for communication with the receiving device (16); 28 - base transceiver station 00086

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a mobile antenna (29); 30 - display communication or computer system with preinstalled software (14); 31 - icon on the screen communications or computer systems with pre-installed software (14), which diagnoses the state of the process of charging the battery (26).

Justification of the Invention.

The developed method for recharging a contactless remote autonomous power source for a mobile device inductive method is based on the use of digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15).

In turn, the device (15) in the system, on the basis of which is implemented inventive method is performed as part of the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2), the emitter driver (Pos. 8), the signal synthesizer (pos. 6), the interface device ( pos. 4) with computing (computer, mobile phone, smartphone, tablet, etc.) and / or communication systems (pos. 14).

Inductive transmitter coil (transducer) (pos. 2) has the following features. Flat radiator core inductive coil (pos. 19 in FIG. 4) is made of magnetically neutral material, acting as a fixing frame conductor. Core carry oblong rectangular cross-section. Allowed to form core with rounded or truncated edges cross section.

Winding the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) made of a conductive material insulated from each winding of adjacent coils. Also, for example, air layer can act as an insulator at a considerable potential difference, which is less than 2 kV / mm (at a relative humidity less than 50%).

In operation, the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) of the magnetic gradient field has the same direction length (winding direction) of the radiator (pos. 3 in FIG. 1). Since the magnetic head (pos. 1) detects the magnetic field change (i.e., first derivative), for the greater peak amplitude (signal burst or peak) is necessary to change the polarity of the front sought to instant.

In this connection, the radiator driver (pos. 7) has the following features. To generate expression bursts and for pulling the front of the emitted signal during operation (pos. 15) using the change in polarity of the current through the emitter (pos. 2) with the H-bridge. This leads to the doubling of the actual driver input voltage (Pos. 8) for contacting the emitter, thereby increasing the range of the claimed stable actuation of means transmitting digital data inductive method, as well as recharged.

Also permitted as drivers use a high-frequency switch (pos. 8 in FIG. 2) with an average consumer point and the stabilization voltage midpoint relative to the upper and lower feed point. This is implemented by the control system mikrovychislitelnoy (pos. 6).

Signal Synthesizer (pos. 6) has the following features. Computer micro (micro real time computer that uses an operating system and which excludes balancing the computational load), acts as a synthesizer (pos. 6), and sequentially sets the frames of the current signal value at the terminals of two-bit digital bus (pos between 6-7. in Fig. 2). reproduction signal frequency range from 0 Hz to 4 KHz.

Possible to use a single-bit bus (Figure 1 -.. Figure 6 is not shown) using a logical negation to control H-bridge (that is one embodiment of the synthesizer and matching drivers simulation auxiliary discharge). Thus, due to the potential difference of data transmission is realized most effectively.

Tire for in-circuit programming (5) serves for the recording device software and does not participate in the immediate operation of the device, because designed to adjust the settings in the test sample. Ie bus for in-circuit programming (5) is used to update the "firmware" (software) computer micro chips without disassembly of the board and is connected to the serial port of the micro-computer.

Increasing the voltage driver (8) is connected with the H-bridge and serves to enable the use of high impedance of the radiating coils, i.e. increases the input voltage to the required level.

Receiving data and commands, preparation, radiation and a device control (pos. 15) is carried out via the computer system (pos. 14).

The interface device (Pos. 4) with the computing or communication systems (pos. 14) has the following features. It is capable of transmitting data and commands digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) and with the possibility of interrogation (check) the state of the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15). The message can be implemented using standard communication techniques such as Bluetooth, UART, RS232, NFC, USB, etc.

In the case where the billing information is not extensible, that is installed by the manufacturer and are not intended to be added or modified during operation, or digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) is operated without the aid of extraneous control devices, the interface device (pos. 4) made in the form of buttons or the mode switch.

Using (according to standards WHEELS 7810, wheel 781 1, ISO / IEC 7812, the wheel 7813, ISO 8583 and the wheel 4909) of digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) realize stable reading of information by reading card emulation (ILC) using card reader (for example, pOS-terminals) (pos. 16), security cards, discount, promotions, discounts, etc.

While providing maximum operating distance between the inductive radiator coil (Pos. 2) and a magnetic head reader (pos. 1), which reaches up to 15-30 cm, 1-2 inches and not as in the system and method of the closest analog (prototype ) [2].

Given the use of cards in payment systems, digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) is used for transmitting digital information, including payment information required to perform cashless payment transactions.

Method and device for performing it, are used in this way. Contactless remote recharge the independent power supply of the mobile device produced in the process of the radiation of electromagnetic waves when implementing telephone conversation, transmission or digital voice data, implementing contactless payment via digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) by radiation inductor signal (2) digital data transmission device inductive method (15) to the charging module (24) receiving device of electromagnetic induction waves in a low frequency pulses at.

Also, charging is carried out during transmission of electromagnetic waves by

GSM-frequency source of high-frequency radiation of a mobile device, which module comprises a GSM-frequency radiation.

Another embodiment of the charging is receiving device transmitting digital data inductive method (15) of electromagnetic waves at the location of digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) within range of the nearest base receiving-transmitting mobile station or similar device comprising a GSM-module high-frequency radiation For example, POS-terminal with GSM-modem, mobile phone, tablet with GSM-module.

Implementing the method of digital data transmission device is an inductive method (15) operate, with constant electricity storage (charge) power source by converting the electromagnetic field energy, which is received by them from the radiation source of radio waves of the mobile device.

The interface device (4) with computing and communication systems (14) operate to maintain a standard communication techniques such as, e.g., Bluetooth, UART, RS232, NFC, USB, wi-fi, and others.

Also the interface device (4) is in the form of buttons and switches modes, and the normalized radiation power is controlled by rapidly switching the polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), which ranges from 10 "6 to 10 for each switch.

The interface device (pos. 4), being connected to a computer or communications system (pos.14) is identified as a serial port (RS232 standard, UART), via which transmit commands and data in the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15).

a signal synthesizer (6) is provided microsystem Unprocessed commands or computer microsystem real time, which is performed to sequentially set the value of the current frame signal at the terminals of two-bit digital bus of frequency playback digital signal ranging from 0 Hz to 4 KHz.

Emitter inductor (2) is performed with the ratio of inductance to resistance, which is in the range of from 0.0001 to 1200 μΗ / Ohm, as well as ordered or disordered stacking of coils.

During data transmission, including payment, the user interface of the application (running in the computer system, e.g., smartphone, phone, tablet, etc. (1 - 6, not shown) selects what information (that is loaded and to be transmitted) it will use. then using a computer system (pos. 14 in FIG. 3) transmit data to the computing microsystem (pos. 5).

Using the coupling device (pos. 4) transmitting the data synthesizer signal (pos. 6), after which this data is checked for consistency and prepared (converted into a sequence of frames) to radiation inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) in the card reader with magnetic stripe (pos. 16).

After preparing the data signal synthesizer (item 6), sends a driver oscillator (pos. 7) a signal that allows the power source of electricity. Signal Synthesizer (item 6) sequentially transfers the available memory frames which have been converted on the basis of data transmitted in the signal synthesizer (item 6) of the computer system (pos.14) with fixed time delays according to predetermined encoding method f / 2f .

After the end of transmission data signal synthesizer (item 6) transmits the prohibiting signal transmitter driver (Pos. 8), whereby the emitter driver stops power supply (Pos. 8) and subsidiary devices (i.e. inductive transmitter coil) (pos. 2) and related modules (ie all child objects).

Based on the input received from the signal synthesizer (item 6) via a radiator driver (position 8) form a signal with distinct ascending and descending fronts of the signal which emits inductive coil connected emitter (pos. 2).

In digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) once emulate only one track containing data to be transmitted. The two other paths are discarded from the reading process because they do not pass the integrity check data of Ν-bit encoding H LRC.

Inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) is performed magnetically neutral core, which acts as a frame exclusively for fixing the conductor (pos. 19 in Figure 4) the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2).

A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) may be implemented as additions to the mobile telephones, smartphones, tablets, etc., as well as overlays to the electronic device, a protective cover, a keychain, a bracelet, etc. Transmitting data (including payment) via the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) is carried out at a distance between the sensor head card reader (e.g., POS-terminal) (pos.16) to the inductive radiator coil (Pos . 2) which averages about 5-10 cm real possibility of data transmission range between the transceivers -. at a distance of 30 cm, depending on the constructive vyspolneniya digital data reader (key 16)..

At the time of data transmission smartphone (phone, tablet, etc.) necessary to keep the gap substantially parallel to the card reader (e.g., POS- terminal) in the range 5-10 cm. Do not move and rotate the device (poz.15) during data transmission. That is, the shaft (. 12 pos) emitter coil (. 2 pos) arranged parallel kartopriemochnoy gap (FIG 1 - FIG. 6 not shown) card reader.

The card reading device (reader) is used readout magnetic head with three tracks (in accordance with ISO / IEC 7810). That is, in case the magnetic head reader (pos. 1 in FIG. 4) are three independent reader (pos. 9 in FIG. 4) for each track which are disposed at a distance substantially less than the distance between the sensor head (pos. 1 ) and inductive radiator coil (pos. 2).

In the case of inductive data transmission distance between a reader (pos. 9) and the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) it is much greater than the distance between the reader (pos. 9) in the readhead housing (pos. 1). To explain the physical representation, assume that all three sensors (Pos. 9) are at the same point and do not affect each other. Experimentally, it has been confirmed that the influence of the three sensors on each other is so small as to be negligible. Thus, confirmed the above assumption.

By reading head (pos. 1) is as follows. The plane of the magnetic read head gap (. Item 1 1) is oriented perpendicular to the direction of movement of the magnetic strip (1 - 6 is not shown). Thus, the shaft (. 10 pos) constructive inductor winding (. Pos 20) is parallel to the feeding direction (pos. 12) the magnetic strip (1 - 6 is not shown).

Thus, when passing the magnetic strip (1 - 6 is not shown) in the head region of the gap (key 1 January.) There is a change (gradient) of the magnetization. This creates a voltage in the inductor (20 pos.) Readhead (1 pos.), Which is amplified by amplifier reader (1 - 6 are not indicated) and is passed on for further processing (decrypting).

That is, a magnetic read head (pos. 1) detects a gradient magnetic field, and not its absolute value. Thus, to transmit a signal magnetic field you need to quickly change in the magnetic gap (pos. 11). This can be achieved at a considerable distance from the reading head (FIG. 1), using a more powerful source of magnetic signal than the magnetic tape, for example, an electromagnet.

The immediate physical model of our transmission system ( "head - emitter") is a "transformer". In fact, the magnetic head reader (Pos. 1) and the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) in this transmission system is a transformer with unfavorable magnetic field transmission medium (due to the significant distances between windings "transformer" and the lack of a common magnetically permeable core (pos. 19). inductive coil (. 2 pos) acts as a primary winding, a magnetic head reader (1 pos.) - as a secondary winding.

Since according to the standard ISO 781 1 cards with a magnetic stripe encoded by the method f / 2f, which is a digital coding technique (i.e., signal in favor excessive turnover), it is sufficient to determine the characteristics of the signal which occurs based on the detection, recognition and decoding digital signal.

We have determined experimentally that a necessary and sufficient condition for decoding a digital signal is the presence of the expression (maximum) peaks with changing polarity, and a fixed interval between them depending on the value that is encoded (single frequency (f) for coding a logical zero and twice the frequency ( 2f) for encoding a logical one).

Given the specificity of the digital signal, there is no need to pass it in full, ie the full repetition of the waveform, the absence of noise and interference is optional. It should be significantly (for winding a magnetic head (item 1) to transfer the peaks of alternating polarity with fixed time intervals (i.e., exercise f / 21 coding). This is achieved by sharp (i.e., one that tends to virtually instantaneous ) switching polarity of voltage applied to the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) with corresponding reinforcement (maximization) current. The switching distance (actual successful transmission) of the digital signal depends on the magnetic field strength, which can regis acce magnetic head (pos. 1) of the reader. Thus, the field that generates the emitter coil (pos. 3) should have a significant damping (increasing gradient) or field inhomogeneity to head (pos. 1) could detect the signal.

To increase the transmission sensing distance necessary a more intense field in the source (inductive radiator coil - 2 pos.). The maximum operating distance is determined by the power supply capacity and the initial requirements of the weight and size characteristics.

We have conducted numerous experiments, which resulted were chosen systems are essential differences of elements (method) transmission, are indicated in the claims. In the course of experiments with different coils contact it has been determined that it is feasible to send the digital data at a distance from the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2) to the head gap (pos. 1: 1) reader, up to 30 cm between them.

Such a result we have been able to achieve by using an inductive transmitter coil (2 pos.) With shaped magnetic core (core magnetically horseshoe configuration) (1 - 6 is not shown).

This led to an increase in the local magnetic field strength. However, we were able to register qualitative increase the magnetic field intensity on circumstantial evidence (for fluctuations magnetically element in the gap of the radiator) and directional distribution of the field.

However, when transferring data via said coil with shaped yoke (1 - 6 is not shown) at a distance closer than 10 cm appears the risk of damage readhead. Also, using the coil with shaped yoke, it is necessary to use more powerful (about 60 W) power source.

Using said coil (with shaped yoke) increases the thickness of the device (at least 2 times in comparison with the product) by increasing the power source, the coil dimensions, the cooling coil (characteristics stabilization radiation) and electron binding with the (high power) characteristics . Since one of the requirements for digital data transmission by inductive device (pos. 15) was presented compact size and low power consumption, the H-bridge used to double the effective voltage, which controls the inductive radiator coil (pos. 2).

In order to suppress the dynamic effects (hysteresis and signal delay front harmonic oscillations due to inharmonious) in inductance inductive radiator coil (item 2) has been performed with low quality factor and magnetically neutral core (pos. 12). Reel testing apparatus of the quality factor of the sample was less than 10 μΗ / Ohm.

To reduce the Q contact chaotic winding coil has been proposed

(I.e. disordered stacking turns). It was established experimentally that the increase in the inductive radiator coil length (pos. 2) leads to deterioration (in logarithmic) response range, and thick (thickness 2 mm) cylindrical coil does not meet dimensional requirements. As a result, it was decided to use a flat coil with a winding axis parallel to the plane of the inductive transmitter coil arrangement (Pos. 2).

In this regard, constructive decision we have been experimentally established effect of polarization. It consists in that the low-energy radiation sensing distance was greater at the parallel orientation inductive radiator coil winding axes (pos. 2) and the inductance (pos. 20) in the magnetic head (pos. 1).

In turn, with perpendicular arrangement of the axes of the coils of the reader (pos. 10) and emitter (pos. 12) reaches the lowest (already before failure in direct contact with the read head) distance range, stable data transfer between the inductive radiator coil (Pos. 2) and reader (pos. 9). With a significant (more than 5 W) increasing the radiation energy of the polarization effect has not been noticed. Considering the effect of polarization was reduced negative impact on the core (pos. 9) the read head (pos. 1) which is not magnetized.

It was found that the noise signal (harmonics and noise magnetic medium) has little effect on the transmission of digital data since the magnetic field gradient produces a signal which is much stronger than the noise level, and which can be recorded less sensitive amplifiers and detectors. In the present invention, the device introduced diagram of a direct digital signal synthesis samples wherein the synthesized signal is calculated by means of digital computer microsystem real time or chip Unprocessed commands, which operate to sequentially set the value of the current frame signal at the terminals of two-bit digital bus of frequency playback digital signal ranging from 0 Hz to 4 KHz. This gives the effect that distortion of the digital signal synthesizer does not depend on the frequency of a reproduced signal.

At the same time used diagram of a direct digital signal synthesis is a module, which can be directed to change the composition and relative arrangement of the structural elements constituting the circuit, and directionally control its properties - change the shape or the type, duration, and frequency of the generated outgoing signal. This allows to automatically adjust the digital signal synthesizing unit for the maximum efficiency, depending on the parameters of the magnetic antenna with an inductive transmitter coil (2).

In the invention, designed for controlling the radiation power using a binary (two-level) digital pulse width modulation, wherein the periods between edges of clock pulses remain stable. This allows to stabilize the radiation frequency at the device implementing the method, the maximum output inductive coils radiation.

The inventive method the invention is characterized by the fact that the flat core (19) of the inductor (2) is made of magnetically neutral or magnetically conductive material, oblong rectangular cross-section with rounded edges in the form of polygonal faces, and an inductive transmitter coil (2) is performed with Q ranging from 0,0001 μΗ / Ohm to 1200 μΗ / Ohm. Such an arrangement of structural components implementing a method contributes to the technical result of the declared invention.

Claimed preferential inducer axis location and the read head parallel to and at a distance of 30 cm is not obvious a priori. We have experimentally investigated many embodiments of arrangements of the inductor and the read head, so that has been developed and applied to this method a special magnetic antenna with an inductive transmitter coil that has been formed with a special magnetic flat core of magnetically neutral or magnetically conductive material made oblong rectangular cross-section with rounded edges in the form of polygonal faces.

Research has shown that the method makes it possible to induce data transmission over a distance up to 30 cm without losses and distortion that theoretically can not be predicted or calculated.

Another feature used devices that implement the inventive method, is that digital data transmission device with which realize this method, provided with an inducer capable of generating magnetic force lines, and operate to switch the polarity of the voltage applied to the inductive coil transducer which is formed flat with a magnetic core of magnetically neutral or magnetically conductive material. Wherein the inductor axis and a read head substantially parallel to and at a distance of 30 cm.

For the use of the tracks. In the claimed method a digital data transmission device is an inductive method (15) is configured to emulate a single track, namely the number 1 or (track 1) or a number 2 (track 2) or number 3 (track 3). It has been found that such a performance maximum transmitting device increases the security and minimizes distortions of the transmitted digital data, as this unit is autonomous serial transfer tracks, which also increases the reliability of the transmitted digital data.

As emitter driver in the developed method employs a high-frequency switch to a midpoint voltage consumption and stabilization of the midpoint relative to the upper and lower feed point. This allows maximum support efektivnost waveform of the positive half cycles and otritsatelnnogo radiation, while protecting against failure of the radiator driver while simultaneously operating the upper and lower keys.

Unlike the claimed invention in that any multifunctional gadget, or a controller with an operating system configured to record details may be used as a computer system. The claimed technical solution makes it possible in advance at the stage of identifying the procedures to carry out identification of the card holder, and authorize it without saving identification and payment information in the digital data transmission apparatus. Applying the operational amplifier with variable gain and ultra low consumption in the digital data transmission apparatus allows to save power consumption to increase the duration of operation from the autonomous power source.

Furthermore, the claimed technical solution allows remotely or locally, directly to the digital data transmission apparatus, on command, to monitor the state of the device and the power supply charge level monitoring system for timely notifications and perform the respective reactions when changing parameters.

The claimed technical solution also helps to protect against failure of the driver transmitter device transmitting digital (payment) of data in case of a sudden (random) changes in the machine's power, as well as a malfunction in the device software.

Thus, a fundamental difference developed by the technical solutions of the prior art is the use of advanced technology and it implements a device for the safe, fail-safe wireless (remote) and reliable transmission of billing information (digital information), including: charging, by converting the magnetic impulses of identification data at a distance of 30 cm.

Moreover, in this technology standard POS-terminal is used only as a receiver of the above information, transmitted remotely. While known technical means is used as a contact type of reception (billing) information, and the contactless reception (billing) information on a distance not exceeding 1-2 inches, with the binding of its preservation, which dramatically increases the probability of unauthorized access (hacking) and loss.

In addition, the claimed technical solution makes it possible to use almost all the known interfaces to interface that makes it easy to integrate the present invention with a number of existing computing and communication devices, as well as payment systems. Best Embodiment

Collect the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) composed of a digital signal synthesizer or schemes for direct digital synthesis of the signal (6), the module communication or computing system (23) with pre-installed software, the module charge (24), power source (26) radio wave receiving device inductively from a source of radiation of the mobile device which is disposed in / on mobile computing and communication system (14), the wireless transmission module type blue-tooth (25), the peripheral interface device (27) d I connection with the receiving device (16).

Digital signal synthesizer circuit or direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) is provided with a real time computing microsystem and connected with the driver (7) of the radiator, which is used as a high frequency switch to a midpoint voltage consumption and stabilization of the midpoint relative to the upper and lower feed point. In addition, the emitter driver (7) is performed by an H-bridge, which provide protection against simultaneous switch on the upper and lower keys.

Transmitter driver (7) is connected to the inductor (2). Last is configured to convert AC electromagnetic field into direct current with its transfer to the autonomous power source (26) of the mobile computing and communication system (14) for recharging it. Furthermore, the inductor (2) is performed with a quality factor which is in the range up to 1200 mil / Ohm, and capable of generating an electromagnetic field (3) and induce a voltage in the power source charging module (24). Last a substantially parallel or, respectively, placement of the antenna of the mobile device.

Digital signal synthesizer or circuit direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) is configured to generate during operation outgoing digital signal preassigned shape and slots, and ensuring the absence of distortions outgoing digital signal irrespective of its frequency and to switch the polarity of voltage power applied to the inductor (2) and to transmit the digital data due to the phenomenon of magnetic induction in the receiving device (16) with magnetic head (1) of the reader at a distance to 30 cm. In this digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15), generally spaced apart from the housing communication or computer system with preinstalled software (14).

charging device power supply module (24) removable and operate movably and subsequent fixation (e.g., using "Velcro") on the cover (23) communications or computer system with preinstalled software (14) depending on the location (i.e. . top, bottom or side) of its antenna (22). A wireless transmission-type blue-tooth (25) is also connected to the peripheral interface device (27) adapted for communication with the receiving device (16).

That is actually the power source charging module unit (24), a wireless transmission unit type blue-tooth (25), power source (26) communications or computer system with preinstalled software (14) and a peripheral interface device (27) arranged on the cover plate communications or computer system with preinstalled software (14) and preferably with its rear side.

Further, recharging is performed contactless remote autonomous source of power in a mobile device during the radiation of electromagnetic waves when transmitting digital (voice) data, as well as implementing contactless payment via digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15).

This is realized by the signal radiation inductor (2) digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) to the charging module (24) receiving device of electromagnetic induction waves of low frequency pulses.

After activating the communication or computer system with preinstalled software (14) for carrying out telephone conversations and / or transmission of digital data, including payments, the output digital signal from the antenna (22) communications or computer system with preinstalled software (14) using channel contactless transmission of billing information (21) supplied to the wireless transmission unit type blue-tooth (26) of the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15).

charging module unit (24) generates charge by converting alternating electromagnetic field from the mobile device at the time of telephone calls and / or transmission of digital data in a constant current supplied further to the autonomous power source (26), i.e. there is the required charging device power source ( 26).

The same occurs as when transmitting digital and / or voice data, including the implementation of payments by a digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) and in the absence of the above, but positioning in the latter case digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) together with a communications or computer system with installed software (14) within range of the nearest base receiving-transmitting mobile station (28) with an antenna (29) or similar on functional desig eniyu device, e.g., POS-terminal (16).

Module charging a digital data transmission device by an inductive power supply (15) functions in the process of transmitting digital data (payment) by inducing an alternating electromagnetic field from the inductor coil (2) in the charging device module (24). Thus recharging the charging speed depends on the frequency (number) making payments digital data transmission apparatus.

In operation, the mobile device using the polarization by using the binary pulse width modulation inductor signal (2) and adjusting the normalized power inductor signal radiation (2) and changing the polarity, which is the fast switching polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2) with simultaneous power amplification therein, and by establishing the peak of the magnetic field on the magnetic reader (1).

Contactless transmission of digital data is controlled by appropriate software installed in the computer or communications system (14), which is stored in the mobile device.

Module recharging digital data transmission apparatus power source of the inductive method (15) functions in the process of the telephone conversation when the output signal frequency transmitted at a frequency of 900 MHz or 1800 MHz and the transmission data output power max 2 W, and with a voltage (DC) from the module (24) in the range (3.7 - 4.2) V, and a current intensity of (500 - 2000) mA.

When fully charged battery (26), communication or computer system with preinstalled software (14) is activated indicator light, and / or (or without) the audio signal (or without it). This signals the user of the charging is finished, and the indicator (or without) flashes red and yellow while charging, and glows green when communications or computer system with installed (14) is fully charged. In this case, the display (screen) (30) communications or computer system with preinstalled software (14) displayed icon (31), battery status (26).

It was found that complete charging of communication or computer system with preinstalled software (14) provide the implementation of telephone calls and / or transmission of digital and / or voice data using the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) for at least 168 hours.

In the case of digital data transmission, including payments, the digital data is transmitted protected channel and stored in the protected area IN (poz.18) installed on the computing system (smart phone, tablet, etc.) that supports digital data transmission by inductive device (15) .

With the computer system (smart phone, tablet, etc.) with installed software (. Pos 18) transmitted billing information in digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (key 15.), And then - by the card reader (pos. 20).

For example, for the payment transaction, POS-terminal uses the information contained in track2 (according to ISO / IEC 7813 standard). Using the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (. Pos 15) transmitting information in a magnetic field oscillations, creating a signal in the read head (1 pos.) Similar to the signal of the magnetic strip (1 - 6 is not shown) payment card (1 - 6 is not shown).

In this example, the normalized radiation power is controlled by rapidly switching the polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), which is 1 with each change.

That is, except the payment information through a digital data transmission device is an inductive method (pos. 15), which is based on the corresponding digital data transmission method inductively convey any digital information. The computer system with installed (pos. 18) may be formed as part of the authorization and identification system that provides safe storage and transmission of digital information. In this digital data transmission by inductive device itself (pos. 15) does not store digital information, and it serves only as a means of bypass. This makes it impossible to use digital (first payment) information by any other user, except for the authorized user.

Also in the technical solution has a function of one-time-pin, which promotes information security, even in the event of unauthorized access to payment data.

If necessary, the transfer of payment data, the client accesses an organization authorized to issue a card to obtain information about the customer's account, which contains the digital data and enables data transfer, for example, to carry out payment transactions in interaction with card readers, for example, POS- terminals.

The same information, including the account of the client, all the payment details, and other characteristics of the accounts to which the organization issuing records on magnetic stripe cards, is transmitted via a secure channel to the protected area of ​​the software, the computer system (pos. 14) cooperating with digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15).

Using a computer system with installed (pos. 18) is transmitted through a digital data transmission device is an inductive method (pos. 15) through the channel (21) corresponding to (including billing) information on the contactless card reader (e.g., POS- terminal) without physical use of a card with a magnetic stripe for data transmission (e.g., in the calculation).

industrial applicability

The advantages of the proposed technical solutions are:

• low energy consumption (savings of 15% and higher) in comparison with the analogues and the prototype non-contact;

• the ability to work from USBotg;

• Provision of standardized (optimized devoid of redundancy) output power, making it difficult to read the third-party data (ie, contributes to strengthening the security of transactions); ensuring minimization (i.e. reduction to the minimum required level) of energy consumption and the weight and size characteristics due to normalization of the radiation power;

implementation synthesis solely required signal characteristics computing means microsystem;

• implementation of the control modules consumption in various operating modes of the device, which gives energy saving and increases the life of the single charge;

the full charging of the mobile device which is provided in the implementation of telephone calls and / or digital transmission, including Billing and / or voice data using the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method for at least 168 hours.

The developed method complies with wireless charging Qi vers.1.2 or earlier.

Another advantage of the claimed method on the basis of the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) is that said device (15) does not store a digital (including billing) information, whereby it is sekyurnym tool. A digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (pos. 15) also comprises a magnetic card reader, which is protected against unauthorized dissemination of information.

Implementing the method of digital data transmission device is an inductive method (poz.15) composed of the same name of the system is portable, compact and energy efficient as compared with existing contactless analogues and the prototype. This allows you to use it as part of the standard USB2.0 and USBotg electricity consumption. According to standards, the power which is available to the consumer of up to 2,5 W (5V, 0,5 A).

Inductive transmission system digital (payment) data makes it possible to dynamically generate information available computing / communication means for identification (payment) type systems POS-terminal.

Develop a technical solution is aimed at allowing the contactless remote transmission of electric power to the wireless keyboard device, computer mice, mobile phones, smartphones, tablets, photographs, videos, webcams, handheld computers, the RFID-active tags, wireless remote controls and input devices including for recharging the power source of the mobile device, as well as any other low-power wireless devices.

Thus, the implementation of the technical solution that meets the requirements and demands of the modern market, makes it possible to serve all types of transactions and the different types of payment accounts as well as the transfer of digital information and charging.

Claims

Claim
1. A method for recharging a contactless remote autonomous power source for mobile devices inductively performed, for example, as a computer, mobile phone, smart phone, tablet, or other electronic devices, and communication systems with autonomous power source, comprising using radiation radiating antenna a narrowband high-frequency generator of electromagnetic waves of a certain frequency, which is located in the mobile device, and to hover signal receiving antenna n AC line emf charging current having an amplitude depending on the distance to the emitter of electromagnetic waves, and subsequently providing converting an AC voltage into a DC voltage, which varies slowly with time, or a pulse voltage, which should not be below a predetermined threshold level for a rechargeable autonomous source power in the form of battery, which is characterized in that a contactless recharging of autonomous remote mobile device power source produced in the process e radiation of electromagnetic waves when implementing telephone conversation, transmission or digital voice data, implementing contactless payment via digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) by radiation inductor signal (2) digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) to the charging module (24 ) receiving device of electromagnetic induction waves in a low frequency pulses, and the transmission of electromagnetic waves by GSM-frequency rf source of radiation mobile devices and which comprises a GSM- module high-frequency radiation, and also in the absence of the above while reception device by inductive transmission of digital data (15) of electromagnetic waves at the location of digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) within range of the nearest base receiving-transmitting mobile station connection or a similar device comprising a GSM-module high-frequency radiation, for example, POS- terminal with GSM-modem mobile phone, a tablet with a GSM-module, wherein the transmission apparatus c Numeric data inductive method (15) operate as part of a digital signal synthesizer or schemes for direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) which is provided with computing microsystem real time, and connected to the driver (7) of the radiator which is connected to the inductor (2), charging module ( 24), power source (26) radio wave receiving apparatus inductively from a source of radiation of the mobile device which is disposed in the mobile computing and communication system (14), the wireless transmission module type blue-tooth, the periphery ynogo coupling device (27) with the reader head for reading magnetic cards (9), and the coupling device (4), said digital signal synthesizer or circuit direct digital synthesis of the signal (6) is configured to generate the outgoing digital signal preassigned shape and time slots, and ensuring the absence of outgoing digital signal distortion regardless of its frequency, and also to switch the polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2) and transmitting qi Frova data due to the phenomenon of magnetic induction in the receiving device (16) with magnetic head (1) of the reader at a distance of 30 cm as a radiator driver (7) using high-frequency switch to a midpoint consumption and stabilization of the voltage midpoint relative to the upper and lower feed point and operate the radiator driver (7) of the bridge circuit El- wherein provide protection against simultaneous switch on the upper and lower keys, the inductor (2) is configured to convert AC electromagnetic n Proportion in the constant current with its transfer to the autonomous power source (26) of the mobile computing and communication system (14) to recharge it, and operate with a quality factor which is in the range up to 1200 mH / Ohm, and capable of generating an electromagnetic field (3 ) and inducing a voltage in the power source charging module (24) which is disposed substantially parallel to or respectively the placement of the antenna of the mobile device, signal polarization inductor used during mobile device operation (2) and adjusting the normalized power inductor signal radiation (2) by using binary PWM, and the change in polarity, which is the fast switching polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), while the current gain therein, and and by establishing the peak of the magnetic field on the magnetic reader (1) and the contactless transmission of digital data is controlled by appropriate software installed in the communication or computational Yelnia system (14), which is stored in the mobile device.
2. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) is a mobile device housing.
3. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that, the power source charging module operate removably and movably and subsequent fixing strip on a mobile device depending on the location of the radiating antenna.
4. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the power source charging module, the wireless transmission-type blue-tooth, the power source of the mobile device and peripheral interface device (27) arranged on the cover plate of the mobile device with its rear side.
5. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the real-time processing microsystem operate advantageously in the form of a microcomputer.
6. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling device (4) when connecting to the communication system or computer with installed software (software) (14) identified as a standard RS232 serial port, UART, by which the transfer of commands and produce data in the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15).
7. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) provided with a real time computing microsystem, which is configured to transmit signal synthesis.
8. The method of claim 5, wherein the signal synthesizer (6) is provided microsystem Unprocessed commands or computer microsystem real time, which is performed to sequentially set the value of the current frame signal at the terminals of two-bit digital bus of frequency playback digital signal from 0 Hz to 4 KHz.
9. A method according to claim 1, characterized in that both the emitter driver (7) using an operational amplifier.
10. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) use the coupling device (4) to a communication or a computer system with installed software (14) which is configured to transmit digital, in Vol. h. Billing data and commands digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) and to check the state of the device (15).
1 1. The method of claim 1 1, characterized in that the coupling device (4) to a communication or a computer system with installed software (software) (14) operate to maintain a standard communication techniques such as, for example, blue - tooth, UART, RS232, NFC, USB, wi-fl and others.
12. The method of para. 12 and claim 1 1, characterized in that the coupling device (4) is in the form of buttons and switches modes, and the normalized radiation power is controlled by rapidly switching the polarity of voltage applied to the inductor (2), which from 10 ~ 6 to 10 for each switch.
13. The method of claim 1, wherein said flat core (19) of the inductor (2) is made of magnetically neutral or magnetically conductive material.
14. The method of claim 14, wherein said flat core (19), an inductive transmitter coil (2) operate and elongated rectangular shape with a cross section in the form of polygonal faces.
15. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the winding inductor (2) is made of a conductive material insulated from each winding of adjacent coils, or ordered or disordered stacking of coils.
16. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) is in the form of a protective cover or on a communications or computer system with installed software (software) (14) or in a keychain, or a bracelet (14).
17. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) operate as an external module that is integrated into the communication system or computer with installed software (software) (14).
18. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the increase of the output signal transmission distance using a polarization magnetic field radiation.
19. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the module charging source of digital data transmission device by an inductive power supply (15) is configured to operate in the course of the telephone calls transmitted at the output signal frequency of 900 MHz or 1800 MHz and the data transfer max output power of 2 W, and with a voltage (DC) of the module (25) in the range (3.7 - 4.2) V, and a current intensity of (500 - 2000) GPa.
20. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the method corresponds to the standard wireless charging Qi vers.1.2 or previous versions.
21. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that a light indicator to signal the user of completion of charging, the LED flashes red and yellow color during charging, and is lit green when the battery of the mobile device for the diagnosis of full battery charge of the mobile device completely charged.
22. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that for the diagnosis of full battery charge of the mobile device using an audio signal for signaling the user about the end of charging.
23. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that for the diagnosis of full battery charge of the mobile device using both audio signal and light indicator to signal the user of completion of charging, the LED flashes red and yellow colors during charging and lights green at its end .
24. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) operate to provide the functions of an automatic stop charging when full charge the mobile device battery.
25. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that on the output screen of the mobile device battery status icon.
26. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the power source charging module disposed near the radiating antenna of the mobile device.
27. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the full charging of the mobile device provides the implementation of telephone calls and / or digital transmission, including Billing and / or voice data using the digital data transmission apparatus inductive method (15) for at least 168 hours.
28. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the charging rate can vary depending on the frequency or amount of commission payments digital data transmission device (15).
PCT/UA2015/000086 2014-09-29 2015-09-18 Remote contactless method for charging mobile devices WO2016053223A1 (en)

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