WO2016045335A1 - Intelligent string instrument and system - Google Patents

Intelligent string instrument and system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2016045335A1
WO2016045335A1 PCT/CN2015/075056 CN2015075056W WO2016045335A1 WO 2016045335 A1 WO2016045335 A1 WO 2016045335A1 CN 2015075056 W CN2015075056 W CN 2015075056W WO 2016045335 A1 WO2016045335 A1 WO 2016045335A1
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data
module
stringed instrument
indicator
communication module
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PCT/CN2015/075056
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
韩启贤
王正盛
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北京趣乐科技有限公司
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Priority to DE212015000016.8U priority Critical patent/DE212015000016U1/en
Publication of WO2016045335A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016045335A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D1/00General design of stringed musical instruments
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/06Necks; Fingerboards, e.g. fret boards
    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10GREPRESENTATION OF MUSIC; RECORDING MUSIC IN NOTATION FORM; ACCESSORIES FOR MUSIC OR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. SUPPORTS
    • G10G1/00Means for the representation of music
    • G10G1/02Chord or note indicators, fixed or adjustable, for keyboard of fingerboards

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the field of musical instruments, and in particular relates to a smart stringed instrument and system.
  • Stringed instruments are an important branch of the instrument family. In classical music and even modern light music, almost all lyric melody is played by the string part. The tone of the stringed instrument is unified, and there are many levels of expressiveness: the ensemble is full of excitement, and the solo is gentle and graceful; it is also agile because of the rich and varied bowing method (shake, broken, dial, jump, etc.). Stringed instruments include cellos, violins, guitars, and more.
  • the essential behavior of guitar playing is to press the grade, then simultaneously move the corresponding strings, and different grades are combined into different sounds.
  • 101 marks the grade combination of the AM chord
  • 102 marks the grade combination of the C major scale.
  • Chords and scales are sequences that are combined in a certain interval relationship, and their combination relationship is ever-changing.
  • the author of the "Guitar Chords Daquan” co-edited by [German] Norbert Eugenute and Jerome Bessler lists more than 4,000 commonly used chords.
  • the author is Bradley's "Blues Guitar Scale Fingerboard Illustration", which lists more than 40 common guitar scales, and each of them has 12 kinds of adjustments.
  • Sexual grade combination Dealing with such a large and complex knowledge, how to remember and learn is an urgent problem.
  • the final presentation is to present the taste on paper or on the screen (as shown in Figures 2a-2b).
  • the learner's learning style does not produce essential changes, and it is still the first to learn the taste of the textbook. Place In the position, and then on the guitar neck to find the corresponding grade to play, this process of remembering and looking for the position of the grade makes the learning inefficiency. For example, the learner goes to learn the C major scale shown in 102 in Fig. 1, and does not say whether he can skillfully play the scale. The beginning of the reciting is a big problem.
  • a smart stringed instrument includes: a first data communication module, a data processing module, a light indicator module, and a power supply module, wherein the data communication module receives note data from the outside and the note is Data is sent to the data processing module, the data processing module processes the received note data to generate an indication signal, and sends an indication signal to the indicator module; the indicator module includes a plurality of arrays arranged in an array And a light-emitting unit that supplies power to the data communication module, the data processing module, and the indicator module.
  • the note data includes at least one of chord data and scale data.
  • the plurality of indicator units are arranged in an array in rows and columns.
  • the array rows of the plurality of indicator units correspond to grades, and the columns correspond to chord positions.
  • the indication signal indicates a row and column position of at least one indicator unit corresponding to one note data.
  • the data communication module continuously receives a plurality of note data of the musical score from the outside, and sequentially indicates the row and column positions of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to each of the note data.
  • the indicator unit is an LED unit.
  • the LED indicator displays a different color and/or a different brightness indicating whether the corresponding position of the string is currently pressed and whether the next moment is pressed.
  • the indicator unit is an LED digital tube, and the LED digital tube displays a number when lighting to indicate the finger used.
  • the digital tube comprises a first group of digital tubes and a second group of digital tubes, wherein the first group of digital tubes indicates the chord and the grade when illuminated, and displays a number to indicate the finger used when the string is used,
  • the two sets of digital tubes indicate the chord when lit, and a number is displayed to indicate the finger used when pulling the string.
  • the data communication module includes at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
  • the stringed instrument is one selected from the group consisting of a cello, a violin, and a guitar.
  • a smart stringed instrument system comprising an intelligent terminal and the intelligent stringed instrument according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the intelligent terminal comprises the intelligent terminal comprising a data storage module, data a search module and a second data communication module, wherein the first data communication module is in two-way communication with a second data communication module, the data storage module is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument, and the data search module is configured to receive a smart stringed instrument Transmitting a note data search signal, and searching for corresponding note data from the data storage module according to the search signal, and sending the data to the second data communication module, the second data communication module receiving the found note data, and The note data is sent to the smart terminal.
  • the intelligent terminal comprises the intelligent terminal comprising a data storage module, data a search module and a second data communication module, wherein the first data communication module is in two-way communication with a second data communication module, the data storage module is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument, and the data search module is configured to receive
  • the second data communication module includes at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
  • the smart stringed instrument acquires note data from an external device, and uses the indicator light to indicate a chord and/or grade corresponding to the note data.
  • the intelligent stringed instrument combines the query and indication of note data (chords, scales, etc.).
  • the note data that the user queries on the external smart terminal can be immediately transmitted to the smart stringed instrument to indicate the actual performance position. By sequentially transmitting the individual note data of the score, the performance position of the entire score can be indicated.
  • the intelligent stringed instrument itself does not need to contain a stored music score, chord and scale data, such as a memory, so that the complexity of the processing circuit can be reduced, resulting in a reduction in product cost.
  • Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of a chord and scale of a stringed instrument
  • 2a-2b are schematic diagrams showing chord and scale display of a prior art stringed instrument
  • FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed musical instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 shows a perspective view of a smart stringed instrument guitar in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 5 shows a schematic rear view of a smart stringed instrument guitar in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 6 shows a circuit diagram of an LED array of a smart stringed instrument in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 7 shows a schematic diagram of finger fingering in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 shows a schematic diagram of a chord matrix in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • references to "one embodiment” or “an embodiment” in this specification are intended to mean that the particular features, structures, or characteristics described in connection with the embodiments are included in at least one embodiment of the invention.
  • the guitar is a kind of stringed instrument.
  • the guitar is taken as an example to introduce the structure of the intelligent stringed instrument.
  • the structure is also applicable to other types of stringed instruments, such as violin, cello and so on.
  • the guitar includes a body 1 with a string, a neck 2, and a fingerboard 3.
  • FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the back of a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • the smart stringed instrument 300 includes a first data communication module 31, a data processing module 32, and an indicator module 33.
  • the first data communication module 31 receives note data from the outside and sends the note data to the data processing module 32 for processing.
  • the first data communication module is a communication module, and can receive the note data sent by the smart terminal through one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
  • the symbol data includes at least chord data and/or scale data.
  • the first data communication module is also connected to the data processing module 32 via a serial port.
  • the data processing module 32 processes the received note data to generate an indication signal and transmits an indication signal to the indicator module.
  • the note data is transmitted in the form of a serial signal, and the data is stored in the form of a matrix.
  • the processing module selects the EP1C3T100C8N FPGA chip of ALTERA Cyclone I as the processing chip, which has the advantages of low procurement cost and 110 pins, and can directly drive the indicator module 33 by adding a pin without adding other peripheral chips.
  • the indicator module 33 includes a plurality of indicator units arranged in an array, and illuminates or extinguishes the corresponding indicator units according to the indication signals.
  • the indicator module 33 is located between the guitar fingerboard 2 and the neck neck portion 3.
  • a patch LED is soldered underneath the timbre corresponding to each string on the module.
  • the plurality of LEDs are arranged in an array in rows and columns, and the rows correspond to the grades, and the columns correspond to the strings.
  • the plurality of LEDs are turned on or off according to the indication signal to indicate the rank position of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to the particular chord and/or scale.
  • the electric guitar has 24 grades and 25 strings of empty strings, so there are 144 LEDs in 25 ⁇ 6.
  • the LED is made of 3014 size patch.
  • the size of the LED is 3.0*1.4*0.8mm (length, width and height).
  • the narrowest grade of the guitar is between 23 and 24, and the width is 9.63mm.
  • the use of the above LEDs ensures that the light source has sufficient light transmission space between all grades.
  • the LED module adopts a common anode connection and is displayed by using a line scan mode.
  • the schematic diagram of the circuit connection is shown in FIG. 6.
  • the guitar fingerboard shown in 2 in Fig. 4 is made of translucent plastic material to ensure the light transmission of the LED neck module.
  • the power module 34 supplies power to the data communication module 31, the data processing module 32, and the indicator module 33.
  • the power module uses two 3.7V lithium batteries in parallel to supply power to the above modules.
  • the plurality of indicator units are arranged in an array in rows and columns, and the array rows of the plurality of indicator units correspond to grades, and the columns correspond to the strings.
  • the indication signal indicates a row and column position of at least one indicator unit corresponding to one note data.
  • the data communication module continuously receives a plurality of note data of the musical score from the outside, and sequentially indicates the row and column positions of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to each of the note data.
  • the LED indicator light is composed of a plurality of light-emitting tubes, respectively corresponding to a plurality of sounds, and when a certain light-emitting tube is lit, the corresponding grade is pressed, and the corresponding string is played, for learning People of stringed instruments intuitively Tips.
  • the LED indicator displays a different color and/or a different brightness indicating whether the grade of the corresponding position is currently pressed and whether the next moment is pressed.
  • the indicator unit is an LED digital tube, and the LED digital tube displays a number when lighting to indicate the finger used.
  • the LED indicator light can also be an LED digital tube, which can display the corresponding grades and the corresponding strings by using different fingers according to the displayed numbers.
  • the LED digital tube includes a first group of digital tubes and a second group of digital tubes, wherein the first group of digital tubes indicates the string position and grade when illuminated, and displays a number to indicate the finger used when the string is used, and the second group of digital tubes The chord is indicated when lit, and a number is displayed to indicate the finger used when pulling the string.
  • the number “1" of the first group of digital tubes represents the thumb of the left hand
  • “2” represents the index finger of the left hand
  • "3” represents the middle finger of the left hand
  • "4" represents the ring finger of the left hand
  • "5" The little finger representing the left hand.
  • the number “1” of the second group of digital tubes represents the thumb of the right hand
  • “2” represents the index finger of the right hand
  • "3” represents the middle finger of the right hand
  • "4" represents the ring finger of the right hand
  • "5" represents the little finger of the right hand.
  • the first set of digital tubes includes, for example, a 25 x 6 digital tube array between the guitar fingerboard 2 and the neck neck portion 3 for indicating the chord of the left hand chord when illuminated. Position, taste and left hand fingers used.
  • the second group of digital tubes includes, for example, six digital tubes in a row on the panel of the body 1, for indicating the chord position of the right hand and the right hand finger used when lighting.
  • the note data is received by the first data communication module, and the note data is converted into an LED array signal, and the control LED indicates that the module prompts the string to be played.
  • the intelligent stringed instrument converts the LED indication according to the chord data, intuitively prompting the user to play the strings, and solving the problem that the user does not recognize the chord.
  • FIG. 8 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument system including the smart stringed instrument 300 and the smart terminal 400 in the above embodiment, wherein the smart stringed instrument 300 includes a first data communication module 31, in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
  • the data stringing module 32 and the indicator light module 33, the smart stringed instrument in this embodiment is the same as the smart stringed instrument in the above embodiment, and will not be further described herein.
  • the smart terminal 400 includes a data storage module 41, a data search module 42, and a second data communication module 43,
  • the data storage module 41 is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument
  • the data search module 42 is configured to receive a note data search signal sent by the smart stringed instrument, and search for corresponding note data from the data storage module 41 according to the search signal. And sent to the second data communication module 42,
  • the second data communication module 42 receives the found note data and sends the note data to the smart terminal.
  • the smart terminal may be a type of a tablet computer or a mobile phone
  • the second data communication module like the first data communication module, includes at least a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
  • Wi-Fi wireless network
  • the chord data is stored in a matrix, as shown in FIG.
  • Each bit of data in the matrix corresponds to one LED, so the matrix is stored in a 25 ⁇ 6 format.
  • 1 indicates that the LED is in a lit state
  • 0 indicates that the LED is in an extinguished state.
  • the intelligent terminal sends the matrix data to the first data communication module through the second data communication module, and the first data communication module receives the data and transmits the data to the data processing module, and finally the data processing module adjusts the voltage change on the pin according to the matrix data to achieve control.
  • the purpose of lighting and extinguishing the LED is to complete the transmission of a data. If you need to transfer songs, you only need to repeat the above steps to switch the chords to achieve the purpose of transmitting the scores, while the guitar scales can be used to display the scales by using different matrix combinations.
  • the note data of the smart terminal is transmitted to the first data communication module of the intelligent stringed instrument in the form of a serial signal through a communication method in a signal line, a Bluetooth, or a wireless network, and the above note data is Converted to an LED array signal, the control LED indicates that the module is prompted for the string to be played.
  • the intelligent stringed instrument converts the LED indication according to the chord data, intuitively prompting the user to play the strings, and solving the problem that the user does not recognize the chord.

Abstract

An intelligent string instrument, comprising: a first data communication module (31), a data processing module (32), an indicator light module (33) and a power module (34); the data communication module (31) receives external note data and transmits the same to the data processing module (32), and the data processing module (32) processes the received note data to produce an indicator signal and transmits the same to the indicator light module (33); the indicator light module (33) comprises several indicator light units arranged in an array, and turns on or off the respective indicator light unit according to the indicator signal. The power module (34) powers the data communication module (31), the data processing module (32) and the indicator light module (33). The intelligent string instrument facilitates fast searching and indication of note data such as chords and scales, and reduces product cost by eliminating the need to store the note data on an intelligent string instrument.

Description

智能弦乐器及系统Intelligent stringed instruments and systems
本申请要求了2014年9月22日提交的、申请号为201410488129.1、发明名称为“智能弦乐器及系统”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。The present application claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201410488129., filed on Sep. 22,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
技术领域Technical field
本发明属于乐器领域,具体地涉及一种智能弦乐器及系统。The invention belongs to the field of musical instruments, and in particular relates to a smart stringed instrument and system.
背景技术Background technique
弦乐器是乐器家族内的一个重要分支,在古典音乐乃至现代轻音乐中,几乎所有的抒情旋律都由弦乐声部来演奏。弦乐器的音色统一,有多层次的表现力:合奏时澎湃激昂,独奏时温柔婉约;又因为丰富多变的弓法(颤、碎、拨、跳,等)而具有灵动的色彩。弦乐器包括大提琴、小提琴、吉他等。Stringed instruments are an important branch of the instrument family. In classical music and even modern light music, almost all lyric melody is played by the string part. The tone of the stringed instrument is unified, and there are many levels of expressiveness: the ensemble is full of excitement, and the solo is gentle and graceful; it is also agile because of the rich and varied bowing method (shake, broken, dial, jump, etc.). Stringed instruments include cellos, violins, guitars, and more.
吉他演奏的本质行为是按下品位,然后同时拨动相应的琴弦,不同的品位组合成不同的声音。如图1中101标注了AM和弦的品位组合,102标注了C大调音阶的品位组合。The essential behavior of guitar playing is to press the grade, then simultaneously move the corresponding strings, and different grades are combined into different sounds. As shown in Fig. 1, 101 marks the grade combination of the AM chord, and 102 marks the grade combination of the C major scale.
和弦和音阶都是按一定音程关系组合的序列,它们的组合关系千变万化。由人民音乐出版社出版,作者为〔德国〕诺伯特·欧根努特和杰若米·贝斯勒共同编著的《吉他和弦大全》一书中就列出了常用和弦4000余种。由吉林出版集团有限责任公司出版,作者为〔英国〕布拉德利《Blues吉他音阶指板图解》一书中就列出了常用吉他音阶40余种,而每种又衍生出十二种调性的品位组合。应对如此繁多与复杂的知识,如何记忆和学习是一个需要迫切解决的问题。Chords and scales are sequences that are combined in a certain interval relationship, and their combination relationship is ever-changing. Published by the People's Music Publishing House, the author of the "Guitar Chords Daquan" co-edited by [German] Norbert Eugenute and Jerome Bessler lists more than 4,000 commonly used chords. Published by Jilin Publishing Group Co., Ltd., the author is Bradley's "Blues Guitar Scale Fingerboard Illustration", which lists more than 40 common guitar scales, and each of them has 12 kinds of adjustments. Sexual grade combination. Dealing with such a large and complex knowledge, how to remember and learn is an urgent problem.
传统的学习吉他方式主要通过专业书籍,但是书籍厚重且使用不便,如上文提及的《吉他和弦大全》,书籍厚达144页,查找过程过于繁琐,学习效率不高。随着科技的发展,计算机的应用普及,开始出现了各类吉他应用软件,如由AROBAS公司开发的知名吉他软件Guitar Pro,通过预设好的数据库,实现了快速查询和弦、音阶,电子吉他谱等的功能,极大地方便了学习者的学习。The traditional way of learning guitar is mainly through professional books, but the books are heavy and inconvenient to use. For example, the "Guitar Chords" mentioned above, the book is 144 pages thick, the search process is too cumbersome and the learning efficiency is not high. With the development of technology and the popularity of computers, various guitar application softwares have emerged. For example, Guitar Pro, a well-known guitar software developed by AROBAS, has achieved fast query of chords, scales and electronic guitar scores through a preset database. The function of the other is greatly convenient for the learner's learning.
无论软件还是书籍,最终的呈现方式都是把品位呈现在纸上或者屏幕上(如图2a-图2b所示),学习者的学习方式没有产生本质的变化,仍然是先学习教材中品位的所 在位置,然后再在吉他琴颈上寻找对应的品位进行弹奏,这种需要记忆并查找品位位置的过程使得学习效率低下。例如学习者去学习图1中102所示的C大调音阶,且不说最后能否熟练弹奏此音阶,一开始的背诵就是个很大的问题。Regardless of software or books, the final presentation is to present the taste on paper or on the screen (as shown in Figures 2a-2b). The learner's learning style does not produce essential changes, and it is still the first to learn the taste of the textbook. Place In the position, and then on the guitar neck to find the corresponding grade to play, this process of remembering and looking for the position of the grade makes the learning inefficiency. For example, the learner goes to learn the C major scale shown in 102 in Fig. 1, and does not say whether he can skillfully play the scale. The beginning of the reciting is a big problem.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种智能弦乐器及系统。It is an object of the present invention to provide an intelligent stringed instrument and system.
根据本发明的一方面,提供一种智能弦乐器,包括:第一数据通信模块、数据处理模块、指示灯模块和电源模块,其中,所述数据通信模块从外部接收音符数据,并将所述音符数据发送至所述数据处理模块,所述数据处理模块对接收到的音符数据进行处理以生成指示信号,并将指示信号发送至所述指示灯模块;所述指示灯模块包括排列成阵列的多个指示灯单元,并且根据指示信号点亮或熄灭相应的指示灯单元,所述电源模块为所述数据通信模块、数据处理模块、指示灯模块供电。According to an aspect of the present invention, a smart stringed instrument includes: a first data communication module, a data processing module, a light indicator module, and a power supply module, wherein the data communication module receives note data from the outside and the note is Data is sent to the data processing module, the data processing module processes the received note data to generate an indication signal, and sends an indication signal to the indicator module; the indicator module includes a plurality of arrays arranged in an array And a light-emitting unit that supplies power to the data communication module, the data processing module, and the indicator module.
优选地,所述音符数据包括和弦数据、音阶数据中的至少一种。Preferably, the note data includes at least one of chord data and scale data.
优选地,所述多个指示灯单元按行列排列成阵列。Preferably, the plurality of indicator units are arranged in an array in rows and columns.
优选地,所述多个指示灯单元的阵列行与品位相对应,列与弦位对应。Preferably, the array rows of the plurality of indicator units correspond to grades, and the columns correspond to chord positions.
优选地,所述指示信号指示与一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。Preferably, the indication signal indicates a row and column position of at least one indicator unit corresponding to one note data.
优选地,所述数据通信模块从外部连续接收乐谱的多个音符数据,并且依次指示与每一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。Preferably, the data communication module continuously receives a plurality of note data of the musical score from the outside, and sequentially indicates the row and column positions of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to each of the note data.
优选地,所述指示灯单元为LED单元。Preferably, the indicator unit is an LED unit.
优选地,所述LED指示灯显示不同的颜色和/或不同的亮度指示对应位置的琴弦当前是否被按下以及下一时刻是否被按下。Preferably, the LED indicator displays a different color and/or a different brightness indicating whether the corresponding position of the string is currently pressed and whether the next moment is pressed.
优选地,所述指示灯单元为LED数码管,并且该LED数码管在点亮时显示数字以指示所使用的手指。Preferably, the indicator unit is an LED digital tube, and the LED digital tube displays a number when lighting to indicate the finger used.
优选地,所述数码管包括第一组数码管和第二组数码管,其中第一组数码管在点亮时指示弦位和品位,并且显示数字以指示摁弦时所使用的手指,第二组数码管在点亮时指示弦位,并且显示数字以指示拔弦时所使用的手指。Preferably, the digital tube comprises a first group of digital tubes and a second group of digital tubes, wherein the first group of digital tubes indicates the chord and the grade when illuminated, and displays a number to indicate the finger used when the string is used, The two sets of digital tubes indicate the chord when lit, and a number is displayed to indicate the finger used when pulling the string.
优选地,所述数据通信模块至少包括信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块中的一种。Preferably, the data communication module includes at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
优选地,所述弦乐器为选自大提琴、小提琴、吉他中的一种。 Preferably, the stringed instrument is one selected from the group consisting of a cello, a violin, and a guitar.
根据本发明的另一方面,提供一种智能弦乐器系统,包括智能终端和上述权利要求1-12中任一项所述的智能弦乐器,所述智能终端包括所述智能终端包括数据存储模块、数据查找模块和第二数据通信模块,其中,所述第一数据通信模块与第二数据通信模块双向通信,所述数据存储模块用于存储弦乐器的音符数据,所述数据查找模块用于接收智能弦乐器发送的音符数据查找信号,并根据所述查找信号从数据存储模块中查找相应的音符数据,并发送至所述第二数据通信模块,所述第二数据通信模块接收查找到的音符数据,并将该音符数据发送至智能终端。According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a smart stringed instrument system comprising an intelligent terminal and the intelligent stringed instrument according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the intelligent terminal comprises the intelligent terminal comprising a data storage module, data a search module and a second data communication module, wherein the first data communication module is in two-way communication with a second data communication module, the data storage module is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument, and the data search module is configured to receive a smart stringed instrument Transmitting a note data search signal, and searching for corresponding note data from the data storage module according to the search signal, and sending the data to the second data communication module, the second data communication module receiving the found note data, and The note data is sent to the smart terminal.
优选地,所述第二数据通信模块至少包括信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块中的一种。Preferably, the second data communication module includes at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
根据本发明的智能弦乐器从外部设备获取音符数据,并且利用指示灯指示与音符数据相对应的弦位和/或品位。该智能弦乐器将音符数据(和弦、音阶等)的查询与指示相结合。用户在外部的智能终端上查询的音符数据,可以立即传送到智能弦乐器上指示实际的演奏位置。通过依次传送乐谱的各个音符数据,可以指示整个乐谱的演奏位置。The smart stringed instrument according to the present invention acquires note data from an external device, and uses the indicator light to indicate a chord and/or grade corresponding to the note data. The intelligent stringed instrument combines the query and indication of note data (chords, scales, etc.). The note data that the user queries on the external smart terminal can be immediately transmitted to the smart stringed instrument to indicate the actual performance position. By sequentially transmitting the individual note data of the score, the performance position of the entire score can be indicated.
该智能弦乐器本身不需要包含存储器等存储乐谱、和弦以及音阶数据,因此可以减小处理电路的复杂度,使得产品成本降低。The intelligent stringed instrument itself does not need to contain a stored music score, chord and scale data, such as a memory, so that the complexity of the processing circuit can be reduced, resulting in a reduction in product cost.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1示出了弦乐器和弦与音阶示意图;Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of a chord and scale of a stringed instrument;
图2a-图2b示出了现有技术的弦乐器的和弦与音阶显示示意图;2a-2b are schematic diagrams showing chord and scale display of a prior art stringed instrument;
图3示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器的结构示意图;FIG. 3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed musical instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
图4示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器吉他的立体示意图;4 shows a perspective view of a smart stringed instrument guitar in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图5示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器吉他的背面示意图;Figure 5 shows a schematic rear view of a smart stringed instrument guitar in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图6示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器的LED阵列的电路图;6 shows a circuit diagram of an LED array of a smart stringed instrument in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图7示出了根据本发明的实施例的手指指法的示意图;Figure 7 shows a schematic diagram of finger fingering in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图8示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器系统的结构示意图;Figure 8 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument system in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
图9示出了根据本发明的实施例的和弦矩阵的示意图。Figure 9 shows a schematic diagram of a chord matrix in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下公开为实施本申请的不同特征提供了许多不同的实施方式或实例。下面描述 了部件或者布置的具体实施例以简化本发明。当然,这些仅仅是实例并不旨在限制本发明。The following disclosure provides many different embodiments or examples for implementing different features of the present application. Described below Specific embodiments of the components or arrangements are provided to simplify the invention. Of course, these are merely examples and are not intended to limit the invention.
此外,在说明书和权利要求书中,术语“第一”、“第二”等用于在类似元素之间进行区分,而未必描述时间顺序、空间顺序、等级顺序或者任何其他方式的顺序、应当理解,如果使用的这些术语在适当的环境下可互换,并且此处描述的本发明的实施例能够以本文描述或示出以外的其他顺序来操作。In addition, in the specification and claims, the terms "first," "second," etc. are used to distinguish between the like elements, and do not necessarily describe the chronological order, the spatial order, the hierarchical order, or any other order. It is to be understood that the terms of the invention are to be construed as being in the context
应当注意,在权利要求书中使用的术语“包括”不应被解释为限于下文所列出的手段,它并不排除其他元件或步骤。由此,它应当被解释为指定如涉及的所述特征、数字、步骤或部件的存在,但是并不排除一个或多个其他特征、数字、步骤或部件、或者其组合的存在或添加。It should be noted that the term "comprising", used in the claims, is not to be construed as limited Thus, it should be understood that the <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt; </ RTI> <RTIgt;
在本说明书通篇中对“一个实施例”或“实施例”的引用意味着结合该实施例描述的特定特征、结构或特性包括在本发明的至少一个实施例中。由此,在说明书的各处出现的短语“在一个实施例中”或者“在实施例中”不一定都指同一实施例,但是可能如此。此外,根据本发明公开对本领域技术人员而言显而易见的是,在一个或多个实施例中,特定特征、结构或特性可以任何合适的方式组合。References to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" in this specification are intended to mean that the particular features, structures, or characteristics described in connection with the embodiments are included in at least one embodiment of the invention. Thus, the appearance of the phrases "in one embodiment" or "the" In addition, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art <RTI ID=0.0></RTI> that the particular features, structures, or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiments.
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts are within the scope of the present invention.
吉他属于弦乐器的一种,下面以吉他为例具体介绍智能弦乐器的结构,该结构也适用于其他类型的弦乐器,比如小提琴、大提琴等等。吉他包括设有琴弦的琴身1、琴颈2、指板3。The guitar is a kind of stringed instrument. The guitar is taken as an example to introduce the structure of the intelligent stringed instrument. The structure is also applicable to other types of stringed instruments, such as violin, cello and so on. The guitar includes a body 1 with a string, a neck 2, and a fingerboard 3.
图3示出根据本发明实施例的智能弦乐器的结构框图,图4示出了根据本发明实施例的智能弦乐器的立体示意图,图5示出了根据本发明的实施例的智能弦乐器的背面示意图,所述智能弦乐器300包括第一数据通信模块31、数据处理模块32和指示灯模块33,3 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 4 is a perspective view showing a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the back of a smart stringed instrument according to an embodiment of the present invention. The smart stringed instrument 300 includes a first data communication module 31, a data processing module 32, and an indicator module 33.
其中,所述第一数据通信模块31从外部接收音符数据,并将所述音符数据发送至数据处理模块32进行处理。The first data communication module 31 receives note data from the outside and sends the note data to the data processing module 32 for processing.
在本实施例中,第一数据通信模块作为一个通信模块,可以通过信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块其中的一种,可以接收智能终端发送的音符数据,该音 符数据至少包括和弦数据和/或音阶数据。第一数据通信模块还通过串口与所述数据处理模块32连接。In this embodiment, the first data communication module is a communication module, and can receive the note data sent by the smart terminal through one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module. The symbol data includes at least chord data and/or scale data. The first data communication module is also connected to the data processing module 32 via a serial port.
所述数据处理模块32对接收到的音符数据进行处理以生成指示信号,并将指示信号发送至所述指示灯模块。The data processing module 32 processes the received note data to generate an indication signal and transmits an indication signal to the indicator module.
在本实施例中,所述音符数据以串行信号的方式进行传输,该数据以矩阵的形式存储。处理模块选用ALTERA公司Cyclone I的EP1C3T100C8N FPGA芯片作为处理芯片,其优点为采购成本低,引脚则多达110个,不需要添加其他外围芯片就可以直接通过添加引脚驱动指示灯模块33。In this embodiment, the note data is transmitted in the form of a serial signal, and the data is stored in the form of a matrix. The processing module selects the EP1C3T100C8N FPGA chip of ALTERA Cyclone I as the processing chip, which has the advantages of low procurement cost and 110 pins, and can directly drive the indicator module 33 by adding a pin without adding other peripheral chips.
所述指示灯模块33包括排列成阵列的多个指示灯单元,并且根据指示信号点亮或熄灭相应的指示灯单元。The indicator module 33 includes a plurality of indicator units arranged in an array, and illuminates or extinguishes the corresponding indicator units according to the indication signals.
在本实施例中,指示灯模块33,位于吉他指板2与琴颈颈木部分3之间。该模块上每根弦所对应的音品下方都焊接有一片贴片LED。多个LED按行列排列成阵列,并且行与品位相对应,列与弦位对应。所述多个LED根据指示信号点亮或熄灭,从而指示与特定和弦和/或音阶相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。In the present embodiment, the indicator module 33 is located between the guitar fingerboard 2 and the neck neck portion 3. A patch LED is soldered underneath the timbre corresponding to each string on the module. The plurality of LEDs are arranged in an array in rows and columns, and the rows correspond to the grades, and the columns correspond to the strings. The plurality of LEDs are turned on or off according to the indication signal to indicate the rank position of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to the particular chord and/or scale.
电吉他有品位24品,加上空弦共25品,所以焊接有25×6共144片LED。LED选用3014规格贴片,该LED尺寸为3.0*1.4*0.8mm(长宽高),吉他最窄的品位位于23品至24品之间,宽度为9.63mm。选用上述的LED可以保证光源在所有品位之间都有足够的透光空间。LED模块采用共阳极连接,使用行扫描方式来显示,电路连接原理图如图6所示。图4中2所示的吉他指板采用半透明的塑料材质,保证LED琴颈模块的透光性。The electric guitar has 24 grades and 25 strings of empty strings, so there are 144 LEDs in 25×6. The LED is made of 3014 size patch. The size of the LED is 3.0*1.4*0.8mm (length, width and height). The narrowest grade of the guitar is between 23 and 24, and the width is 9.63mm. The use of the above LEDs ensures that the light source has sufficient light transmission space between all grades. The LED module adopts a common anode connection and is displayed by using a line scan mode. The schematic diagram of the circuit connection is shown in FIG. 6. The guitar fingerboard shown in 2 in Fig. 4 is made of translucent plastic material to ensure the light transmission of the LED neck module.
所述电源模块34为所述数据通信模块31、数据处理模块32、指示灯模块33供电。The power module 34 supplies power to the data communication module 31, the data processing module 32, and the indicator module 33.
在本实施例中,电源模块使用两节3.7V锂电池并联为上述模块供电。In this embodiment, the power module uses two 3.7V lithium batteries in parallel to supply power to the above modules.
优选地,所述多个指示灯单元按行列排列成阵列,并且多个指示灯单元的阵列行与品位相对应,列与弦位对应。Preferably, the plurality of indicator units are arranged in an array in rows and columns, and the array rows of the plurality of indicator units correspond to grades, and the columns correspond to the strings.
优选地,指示信号指示与一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。Preferably, the indication signal indicates a row and column position of at least one indicator unit corresponding to one note data.
优选地,所述数据通信模块从外部连续接收乐谱的多个音符数据,并且依次指示与每一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。Preferably, the data communication module continuously receives a plurality of note data of the musical score from the outside, and sequentially indicates the row and column positions of the at least one indicator unit corresponding to each of the note data.
在本实施例中,LED指示灯由多个发光管组成,分别与多个音品一一对应,当某个发光管点亮,则按下对应的品位,并且弹对应的琴弦,给学习弦乐器的人们直观上 的提示。优选地,所述LED指示灯显示不同的颜色和/或不同的亮度指示对应位置的品位当前是否被按下以及下一时刻是否被按下。In this embodiment, the LED indicator light is composed of a plurality of light-emitting tubes, respectively corresponding to a plurality of sounds, and when a certain light-emitting tube is lit, the corresponding grade is pressed, and the corresponding string is played, for learning People of stringed instruments intuitively Tips. Preferably, the LED indicator displays a different color and/or a different brightness indicating whether the grade of the corresponding position is currently pressed and whether the next moment is pressed.
优选地,所述指示灯单元为LED数码管,并且该LED数码管在点亮时显示数字以指示所使用的手指。Preferably, the indicator unit is an LED digital tube, and the LED digital tube displays a number when lighting to indicate the finger used.
在本实施例中,LED指示灯还可以是LED数码管,可以根据显示的数字表示使用不同的手指摁下对应的品位以及拨动对应的琴弦。LED数码管包括第一组数码管和第二组数码管,其中第一组数码管在点亮时指示弦位和品位,并且显示数字以指示摁弦时所使用的手指,第二组数码管在点亮时指示弦位,并且显示数字以指示拔弦时所使用的手指。In this embodiment, the LED indicator light can also be an LED digital tube, which can display the corresponding grades and the corresponding strings by using different fingers according to the displayed numbers. The LED digital tube includes a first group of digital tubes and a second group of digital tubes, wherein the first group of digital tubes indicates the string position and grade when illuminated, and displays a number to indicate the finger used when the string is used, and the second group of digital tubes The chord is indicated when lit, and a number is displayed to indicate the finger used when pulling the string.
例如,如图7所示,第一组数码管的数字“1”代表左手的拇指,“2”代表左手的食指,“3”代表左手的中指,“4”代表左手的无名指,“5”代表左手的小指。第二组数码管的数字“1”代表右手的拇指,“2”代表右手的食指,“3”代表右手的中指,“4”代表右手的无名指,“5”代表右手的小指。在图4所示的吉他中,第一组数码管例如包括位于吉他指板2与琴颈颈木部分3之间的25×6数码管阵列,用于在点亮时指示左手摁弦的弦位、品位和使用的左手手指。第二组数码管例如包括位于琴身1的面板一行6个数码管,用于在点亮时指示右手拔弦的弦位和使用的右手手指。For example, as shown in FIG. 7, the number "1" of the first group of digital tubes represents the thumb of the left hand, "2" represents the index finger of the left hand, "3" represents the middle finger of the left hand, "4" represents the ring finger of the left hand, "5" The little finger representing the left hand. The number "1" of the second group of digital tubes represents the thumb of the right hand, "2" represents the index finger of the right hand, "3" represents the middle finger of the right hand, "4" represents the ring finger of the right hand, and "5" represents the little finger of the right hand. In the guitar shown in Fig. 4, the first set of digital tubes includes, for example, a 25 x 6 digital tube array between the guitar fingerboard 2 and the neck neck portion 3 for indicating the chord of the left hand chord when illuminated. Position, taste and left hand fingers used. The second group of digital tubes includes, for example, six digital tubes in a row on the panel of the body 1, for indicating the chord position of the right hand and the right hand finger used when lighting.
根据本发明实施例的智能弦乐器,通过第一数据通信模块接收音符数据,并将上述音符数据转换成LED阵列信号,控制LED指示模块提示要弹奏的琴弦。智能弦乐器根据和弦数据转换LED指示,直观地提示用户要弹奏的琴弦,解决用户不识和弦的问题。According to the smart stringed instrument of the embodiment of the invention, the note data is received by the first data communication module, and the note data is converted into an LED array signal, and the control LED indicates that the module prompts the string to be played. The intelligent stringed instrument converts the LED indication according to the chord data, intuitively prompting the user to play the strings, and solving the problem that the user does not recognize the chord.
图8示出根据本发明实施例的智能弦乐器系统的结构框图,所述智能弦乐器系统包括上述实施例中的智能弦乐器300和智能终端400,其中,所述智能弦乐器300包括第一数据通信模块31、数据处理模块32和指示灯模块33,本实施例中的智能弦乐器与上述实施例中的智能弦乐器一样,在此不再具体赘述。8 is a block diagram showing the structure of a smart stringed instrument system including the smart stringed instrument 300 and the smart terminal 400 in the above embodiment, wherein the smart stringed instrument 300 includes a first data communication module 31, in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. The data stringing module 32 and the indicator light module 33, the smart stringed instrument in this embodiment is the same as the smart stringed instrument in the above embodiment, and will not be further described herein.
所述智能终端400包括数据存储模块41、数据查找模块42和第二数据通信模块43,The smart terminal 400 includes a data storage module 41, a data search module 42, and a second data communication module 43,
所述数据存储模块41用于存储弦乐器的音符数据,所述数据查找模块42用于接收智能弦乐器发送的音符数据查找信号,并根据所述查找信号从数据存储模块41中查找相应的音符数据,并发送至所述第二数据通信模块42,The data storage module 41 is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument, and the data search module 42 is configured to receive a note data search signal sent by the smart stringed instrument, and search for corresponding note data from the data storage module 41 according to the search signal. And sent to the second data communication module 42,
所述第二数据通信模块42接收查找到的音符数据,并将该音符数据发送至智能 终端。The second data communication module 42 receives the found note data and sends the note data to the smart terminal.
在本实施例中,智能终端可以是平板电脑或手机的一种,第二数据通信模块与第一数据通信模块一样,都至少包括信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块中的一种。In this embodiment, the smart terminal may be a type of a tablet computer or a mobile phone, and the second data communication module, like the first data communication module, includes at least a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module. One.
在本实施例中,和弦数据使用矩阵存储方式,如图9所示。矩阵中每一位数据都对应一片LED,所以矩阵采取25×6格式存储。矩阵中1表示LED处于点亮的状态,0表示LED处于熄灭的状态。智能终端通过第二数据通信模块发送矩阵数据到第一数据通信模块,第一数据通信模块接收数据后传输给数据处理模块,最后数据处理模块按照矩阵数据来调整引脚上的电压变化,达到控制LED的点亮与熄灭的目的,完成一次资料的传输。如果需要传输歌曲,只需要通过重复以上步骤的重复,即可以实现和弦的显示切换,达到传输歌谱的目的,而吉他音阶则可以通过使用不同的矩阵组合即可完成音阶的显示。In this embodiment, the chord data is stored in a matrix, as shown in FIG. Each bit of data in the matrix corresponds to one LED, so the matrix is stored in a 25×6 format. In the matrix, 1 indicates that the LED is in a lit state, and 0 indicates that the LED is in an extinguished state. The intelligent terminal sends the matrix data to the first data communication module through the second data communication module, and the first data communication module receives the data and transmits the data to the data processing module, and finally the data processing module adjusts the voltage change on the pin according to the matrix data to achieve control. The purpose of lighting and extinguishing the LED is to complete the transmission of a data. If you need to transfer songs, you only need to repeat the above steps to switch the chords to achieve the purpose of transmitting the scores, while the guitar scales can be used to display the scales by using different matrix combinations.
根据本发明的智能弦乐器系统,通过信号线、蓝牙、无线网络中的一种通信方式将智能终端的音符数据以串行信号的形式传输给智能弦乐器的第一数据通信模块,并将上述音符数据转换成LED阵列信号,控制LED指示模块提示要弹奏的琴弦。智能弦乐器根据和弦数据转换LED指示,直观地提示用户要弹奏的琴弦,解决用户不识和弦的问题。According to the intelligent stringed instrument system of the present invention, the note data of the smart terminal is transmitted to the first data communication module of the intelligent stringed instrument in the form of a serial signal through a communication method in a signal line, a Bluetooth, or a wireless network, and the above note data is Converted to an LED array signal, the control LED indicates that the module is prompted for the string to be played. The intelligent stringed instrument converts the LED indication according to the chord data, intuitively prompting the user to play the strings, and solving the problem that the user does not recognize the chord.
上述实施例只是本发明的举例,尽管为说明目的公开了本发明的实施例和附图,但是本领域的技术人员可以理解:在不脱离本发明及所附的权利要求的精神和范围内,各种替换、变化和修改都是可能的。因此,本发明不应局限于实施例和附图所公开的内容。 The above-described embodiments are only examples of the invention, and although the embodiments and the drawings of the invention are disclosed for the purpose of illustration, it will be understood by those skilled in the art Various substitutions, changes, and modifications are possible. Therefore, the invention should not be limited to the details disclosed in the embodiments and the drawings.

Claims (14)

  1. 一种智能弦乐器,包括:第一数据通信模块、数据处理模块、指示灯模块和电源模块,A smart stringed instrument comprising: a first data communication module, a data processing module, an indicator module, and a power module,
    其中,所述数据通信模块从外部接收音符数据,并将所述音符数据发送至所述数据处理模块,The data communication module receives note data from the outside and transmits the note data to the data processing module.
    所述数据处理模块对接收到的音符数据进行处理以生成指示信号,并将指示信号发送至所述指示灯模块;The data processing module processes the received note data to generate an indication signal, and sends an indication signal to the indicator module;
    所述指示灯模块包括排列成阵列的多个指示灯单元,并且根据指示信号点亮或熄灭相应的指示灯单元,The indicator module includes a plurality of indicator units arranged in an array, and illuminates or extinguishes the corresponding indicator unit according to the indication signal.
    所述电源模块为所述数据通信模块、数据处理模块、指示灯模块供电。The power module supplies power to the data communication module, the data processing module, and the indicator module.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述音符数据包括和弦数据、音阶数据中的至少一种。The intelligent stringed instrument of claim 1, wherein the note data comprises at least one of chord data and scale data.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述多个指示灯单元按行列排列成阵列。A smart stringed instrument according to claim 1, wherein said plurality of indicator units are arranged in an array in rows and columns.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述多个指示灯单元的阵列行与品位相对应,列与弦位对应。The intelligent stringed instrument according to claim 3, wherein the array of the plurality of indicator units corresponds to the grade, and the column corresponds to the chord.
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述指示信号指示与一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。The intelligent stringed instrument according to claim 3, wherein said indication signal indicates a row and column position of at least one indicator unit corresponding to one note data.
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述数据通信模块从外部连续接收乐谱的多个音符数据,并且依次指示与每一个音符数据相对应的至少一个指示灯单元的行列位置。The intelligent stringed instrument according to claim 3, wherein said data communication module continuously receives a plurality of note data of the musical score from the outside, and sequentially indicates a row and column position of at least one of the indicator units corresponding to each of the note data.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述指示灯单元为LED单元。A smart stringed instrument according to claim 1 wherein said indicator unit is an LED unit.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述LED指示灯显示不同的颜色和/或不同的亮度指示对应位置的琴弦当前是否被按下以及下一时刻是否被按下。A smart stringed instrument according to claim 7, wherein said LED indicators display different colors and/or different brightness indicating whether the strings of the corresponding positions are currently pressed and whether the next moment is pressed.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述指示灯单元为LED数码管,并且该LED数码管在点亮时显示数字以指示所使用的手指。A smart stringed instrument according to claim 1, wherein said indicator unit is an LED digital tube, and the LED digital tube displays a number when illuminated to indicate the finger used.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述数码管包括第一组数码管和第二组数码管,其中第一组数码管在点亮时指示弦位和品位,并且显示数字以指示摁弦时所使用的手指,第二组数码管在点亮时指示弦位,并且显示数字以指示拔弦时所使用的手指。 The intelligent stringed instrument according to claim 9, wherein said digital tube comprises a first group of digital tubes and a second group of digital tubes, wherein the first group of digital tubes indicates a chord and a grade when illuminated, and a number is displayed to indicate The finger used when chording, the second set of digital tubes indicates the chord when lit, and a number is displayed to indicate the finger used when pulling the string.
  11. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,其中,所述数据通信模块至少包括信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块中的一种。The intelligent stringed instrument of claim 1, wherein the data communication module comprises at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
  12. 根据权利要求1所述的智能弦乐器,所述弦乐器为选自大提琴、小提琴、吉他中的一种。The intelligent stringed instrument according to claim 1, wherein the stringed instrument is one selected from the group consisting of a cello, a violin, and a guitar.
  13. 一种智能弦乐器系统,包括智能终端和上述权利要求1-12中任一项所述的智能弦乐器,所述智能终端包括所述智能终端包括数据存储模块、数据查找模块和第二数据通信模块,其中,所述第一数据通信模块与第二数据通信模块双向通信,An intelligent stringed instrument system comprising an intelligent terminal and the intelligent stringed instrument according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the intelligent terminal comprises the intelligent terminal comprising a data storage module, a data search module and a second data communication module, The first data communication module and the second data communication module communicate bidirectionally,
    所述数据存储模块用于存储弦乐器的音符数据,所述数据查找模块用于接收智能弦乐器发送的音符数据查找信号,并根据所述查找信号从数据存储模块中查找相应的音符数据,并发送至所述第二数据通信模块,The data storage module is configured to store note data of a stringed instrument, and the data search module is configured to receive a note data search signal sent by the smart stringed instrument, and search for corresponding note data from the data storage module according to the search signal, and send the data to the corresponding The second data communication module,
    所述第二数据通信模块接收查找到的音符数据,并将该音符数据发送至智能终端。The second data communication module receives the found note data and transmits the note data to the smart terminal.
  14. 根据权利要求13所述的智能弦乐器系统,其中,所述第二数据通信模块至少包括信号线、蓝牙模块和无线网络(Wi-Fi)模块中的一种。 The intelligent stringed instrument system of claim 13, wherein the second data communication module comprises at least one of a signal line, a Bluetooth module, and a wireless network (Wi-Fi) module.
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