WO2015143753A1 - Simple damping base of horizontal pump - Google Patents

Simple damping base of horizontal pump Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2015143753A1
WO2015143753A1 PCT/CN2014/076328 CN2014076328W WO2015143753A1 WO 2015143753 A1 WO2015143753 A1 WO 2015143753A1 CN 2014076328 W CN2014076328 W CN 2014076328W WO 2015143753 A1 WO2015143753 A1 WO 2015143753A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
steel frame
channel steel
horizontal pump
simple horizontal
base according
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2014/076328
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂平生
Original Assignee
聂平生
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 聂平生 filed Critical 聂平生
Publication of WO2015143753A1 publication Critical patent/WO2015143753A1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16FSPRINGS; SHOCK-ABSORBERS; MEANS FOR DAMPING VIBRATION
    • F16F15/00Suppression of vibrations in systems; Means or arrangements for avoiding or reducing out-of-balance forces, e.g. due to motion
    • F16F15/02Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems
    • F16F15/04Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means
    • F16F15/08Suppression of vibrations of non-rotating, e.g. reciprocating systems; Suppression of vibrations of rotating systems by use of members not moving with the rotating systems using elastic means with rubber springs ; with springs made of rubber and metal
    • F16F15/085Use of both rubber and metal springs
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D13/00Pumping installations or systems
    • F04D13/02Units comprising pumps and their driving means
    • F04D13/06Units comprising pumps and their driving means the pump being electrically driven
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/60Mounting; Assembling; Disassembling
    • F04D29/605Mounting; Assembling; Disassembling specially adapted for liquid pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D29/00Details, component parts, or accessories
    • F04D29/66Combating cavitation, whirls, noise, vibration or the like; Balancing
    • F04D29/661Combating cavitation, whirls, noise, vibration or the like; Balancing especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps
    • F04D29/668Combating cavitation, whirls, noise, vibration or the like; Balancing especially adapted for elastic fluid pumps damping or preventing mechanical vibrations
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16MFRAMES, CASINGS OR BEDS OF ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS, NOT SPECIFIC TO ENGINES, MACHINES OR APPARATUS PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE; STANDS; SUPPORTS
    • F16M9/00Special layout of foundations with respect to machinery to be supported

Definitions

  • the invention discloses a water pump damping base, in particular to a simple horizontal pump damping base.
  • the pump is a commonly used device in people's lives. When the pump is in use, it usually needs to be fixed. In some occasions, the pump needs to use a damping base to absorb the pump to prevent the pump from being used. Damage caused by strong vibration.
  • the pump damping bases are usually of a specially designed structure, and the processing process is complicated and expensive, and the construction cost is too high.
  • the present invention provides a simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base, which only needs 10# channel steel and JGS type finished rubber. Shock absorbers, low cost, simple processing, can meet the requirements of horizontal pump damping, can effectively reduce engineering costs.
  • a simple horizontal pump damping base the base comprises a raft base, a channel steel frame, a rubber shock absorber and a water pump, and a water pump is installed on the channel steel frame.
  • the hole and the water pump are installed in the water pump mounting hole, and the through hole is opened in the channel steel frame.
  • the top of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly installed in the through hole, and the bottom of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly mounted on the raft base.
  • the channel steel frame is a "day"-shaped structure in which the channel steel is connected.
  • the trough steel frame is provided with reinforcing support, and the reinforcing support is connected with the trough steel frame to form a triangular structure.
  • the bottom of the rubber shock absorber is provided with a support chassis, and the support chassis is provided with a shock absorber mounting hole.
  • the channel steel frame has a two-layer structure, which is a first channel steel frame and a second channel steel frame, and the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame are stacked, and the second channel steel frame is fixedly installed at four corners respectively.
  • a limit support column There is a limit support column, and a mounting hole is opened at a corresponding position on the first channel steel frame, and the limit support column is inserted in the installation hole, and a nut is installed on the top of the limit support column, and each limit support column is respectively set A pressure regulating spring, the pressure adjusting spring is disposed between the first channel frame and the second channel frame.
  • a connecting rod supporting arm is arranged between the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame, and the connecting rod supporting arm comprises two connecting rods connected by a pin shaft, and the connecting rod supporting arm is arranged in a "V" shape.
  • the top is connected to the first channel steel frame and the bottom is connected to the second channel steel frame.
  • the mounting hole is a long hole, and an auxiliary positioning spring is respectively disposed between the two sides of the limiting support column and the first channel steel frame in the long hole.
  • the slotted steel frame is provided with more than one auxiliary spring at a wide side, and the auxiliary spring is disposed between the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame.
  • a balance spring bracket is fixedly mounted below the channel steel frame, and the balance spring bracket includes an upper support plate, a lower support plate and one or more balance springs, and the balance spring is distributed in a matrix between the upper support plate and the lower support plate.
  • the upper support plate and the lower support plate adopt a mesh steel plate or a mesh steel frame structure.
  • the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention satisfies the horizontal pump damping and the simple steel structure platform Installation accuracy requirements, simple and practical, low cost, speed up the construction schedule, and save construction costs.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic side view of the structure of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the three-dimensional structure of the channel steel frame of the present invention.
  • Figure 5 is a schematic perspective view of the rubber shock absorber of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view showing the second embodiment of the channel steel frame of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a third embodiment of a channel steel frame of the present invention.
  • the present embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and other principles and basic structures thereof are the same as or similar to those of the present embodiment, and are all within the scope of the present invention.
  • the present invention mainly comprises a raft base 1, a channel steel frame 2, a rubber damper 3 and a water pump 4.
  • the channel steel frame 2 is made of 10# channel steel.
  • the channel steel frame 2 is composed of five downwardly buckled 10# channel steels, wherein two slots are provided in the longitudinal direction. There are 3 channel steels in the width direction, and the five channel steels are formed in a "day" shape.
  • a reinforcing support 5 is provided in the channel steel frame 2, and the support is strengthened.
  • the channel steel frame 5 It is reinforced by four downwardly buckled 10# channel steel braces, which are respectively connected with the channel steel frame 2 to form a triangular structure to eliminate the weakening of the steel structure and the deformation of the steel structure caused by the opening.
  • the joints of the steel structure of the channel steel frame 2 and the reinforcing support 5 are required to be full, and the strength of the joint is not less than 90% of the strength of the 10# channel steel body.
  • the width of the channel steel frame 2 is the same as the base of the water pump 4, and the length is 500 mm longer than the length of the base of the water pump 4.
  • the horizontal water pump 4 is installed centrally, and the channel steel at the corresponding position on the channel steel frame 2
  • the circular hole of the opening 020 is used as the water pump mounting hole 6 for fixing the base of the water pump 4.
  • the water pump 4 and the channel steel frame 2 are fixedly mounted together by connecting bolts, and the connection of the channel steel frame 2 and the water pump The bolts need to be flattened with washers and spring washers to eliminate the loosening of the fixed point due to the vibration of the pump 4.
  • a hole of 020 is opened at a distance of 150 mm from the end of the channel steel in the longitudinal direction of the channel steel frame 2 for mounting four finished JGS-type rubber dampers 3, in this embodiment,
  • the JGS type shock absorber 3 avoids the installation at the end of the channel steel frame 2, reduces the influence on the strength of the steel structure, ensures the integrity of the transverse skeleton and the reinforcing effect of the oblique support, and weakens the deformation effect of the steel structure.
  • the damper 3 is fixedly provided with a support chassis 7, and the support chassis 7 is provided with a damper mounting hole 8, and the damper 3 is mounted on the cymbal base by an anchor bolt fixed in the cymbal base 1
  • the working surface of the fixed water pump 4 is required to be as horizontal as possible. If the upper plane level of the water pump 4 is not guaranteed, the gasket adjustment level should be added at the top of the shock absorber 3 to reduce the horizontal pump. The effect of axis accuracy.
  • the channel steel frame 2 can also adopt a relatively complicated structure. Referring to FIG. 6, in the embodiment, the channel steel frame 2 adopts an upper and lower two-layer structure, two layers.
  • the channel steel frame 2 is composed of a "Japanese"-shaped channel steel frame and a reinforcing support 5, and the main structure thereof is the same as that of the above embodiment, and the description is omitted here.
  • the upper channel steel frame is provided with the same motor as that of the first embodiment.
  • the same damper 3 mounting structure as in the first embodiment is provided on the lower channel steel frame.
  • the upper channel steel frame 2 is defined as a first channel steel frame 9
  • the lower channel steel frame 3 is defined as a second channel steel frame 10 to distinguish.
  • the first channel steel frame 9 is provided with a water pump mounting hole 6
  • the water pump 4 is mounted on the first channel steel frame 9
  • the second channel steel frame 10 is provided with a shock absorber mounting hole 8
  • the shock absorber 3 is installed in the second
  • the installation position of the water pump mounting hole 6 and the damper mounting hole 8 and the installation manner of the water pump 4 and the damper 3 are the same as those in the first embodiment, and will not be described herein.
  • the first channel steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10 are connected together by two pairs of "V"-shaped link support arms 11.
  • the link support arm 11 is composed of two segments.
  • the two-stage link support arms 11 are connected together by a pin shaft, which can be freely rotated along the pin shaft, the two-section link support arm 11 is arranged in a "V" shape, and the upper end of the link support arm 11 passes through a pin shaft and the first groove
  • the steel frame 9 is connected, and the lower end of the link support arm 11 is connected to the second channel steel frame 10 through a pin.
  • the link support arm 11 is disposed on the long side direction of the channel steel frame, and two sides and two sides are provided on one side.
  • the lever support arms 11 are symmetrically arranged.
  • a limit support column 12 is fixedly mounted at four corners of the second channel steel frame 10, and a strip hole 13 is opened at a corresponding position on the first channel steel frame 9, and the strip hole 13 direction and the channel steel
  • the longitudinal direction of the frame is parallel, and the top of the limiting support column 12 is disposed in the strip hole 13 and fixed by a nut.
  • the strip hole 13 is provided with an auxiliary positioning spring 14, and each strip hole 13 is provided with two auxiliary The positioning springs 14 are respectively disposed between the limiting support columns 12 and the side edges of the strip holes 13 to appropriately offset the first channel steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10 to reach the pump body 4 The purpose of the level.
  • a pressure adjusting spring 15 is respectively disposed on each of the limiting support columns 12, and the pressure of the pressure adjusting spring 15 can be adjusted by adjusting the nut of the top of the limiting support column 12, thereby adjusting the first groove.
  • the elastic force between the steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10, in this embodiment, one or more auxiliary springs 16 are provided in the width direction of the channel steel frame, and the auxiliary springs 16 are disposed on the first channel steel frame 9 Between the second channel steel frame 10.
  • FIG. 7 is still another embodiment of the present invention.
  • a balance spring bracket is added under the channel steel frame 2, and the balance spring bracket includes an upper layer support.
  • the plate 17, the lower support plate 18 and one or more balance springs 19, in this embodiment, the upper support plate 17 and the lower support plate 18 are realized by a mesh steel plate or a mesh steel frame structure, and the balance spring 19 is on the upper support plate 17 and
  • the lower support plates 18 are distributed in a matrix shape.
  • the upper support plate 17 is fixedly mounted below the channel steel frame 2 in the second embodiment, and the lower support plate 18 is provided with the same shock absorber 3 mounting structure as in the first embodiment, thereby achieving better shock absorption. effect.
  • the invention satisfies the requirements of the horizontal pump shock absorption and installation precision through a simple steel structure platform, is simple and practical, has low cost, accelerates the construction progress, and saves the construction cost.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Acoustics & Sound (AREA)
  • Aviation & Aerospace Engineering (AREA)
  • Structures Of Non-Positive Displacement Pumps (AREA)
  • Vibration Prevention Devices (AREA)

Abstract

A simple damping base for a horizontal pump; the base comprises a concrete base (1), a channel steel frame (2), a rubber damper (3) and a water pump (4); the channel steel frame (2) is provided with a water pump installation hole (6); the water pump (4) is installed in the water pump installation hole (6); the channel steel frame (2) is provided with a through hole thereon; the top of the rubber damper (3) is fixedly installed in the through hole, and the bottom of the rubber damper (3) is fixedly installed on the concrete base (1). The damping base of the horizontal pump satisfies the damping and installation precision requirements of the horizontal pump by employing a simple steel-structure platform, and is simple and practical, has low costs, increases the construction speed, and saves construction costs.

Description

一种简易的卧式泵减震基座  A simple horizontal pump damping base
技术领域 Technical field
本发明公开一种水泵减震基座, 特别是一种简易的卧式泵减震基座。 水泵是人们生活中常用的器件, 水泵在使用过程中, 通常需要对其进行固 定, 而有些场合使用时, 水泵需要采用一个减震基座对水泵进行减震处理, 以 防止水泵在使用过程中因强烈震动而造成损坏。 现有技术中水泵减震基座通常 都是采用特殊设计的结构, 其加工过程复杂, 造价昂贵, 在施工中使用会造成 施工成本过高。  The invention discloses a water pump damping base, in particular to a simple horizontal pump damping base. The pump is a commonly used device in people's lives. When the pump is in use, it usually needs to be fixed. In some occasions, the pump needs to use a damping base to absorb the pump to prevent the pump from being used. Damage caused by strong vibration. In the prior art, the pump damping bases are usually of a specially designed structure, and the processing process is complicated and expensive, and the construction cost is too high.
发明内容 Summary of the invention
针对上述提到的现有技术中的水泵减震基座加工复杂, 造价昂贵的缺点, 本发明提供一种简易的卧式泵减震基座, 只需由 10#槽钢和 JGS型成品橡胶减 震器, 造价低廉, 经简单加工, 就可满足卧式泵减震的要求, 可有效减低工程 成本。  In view of the above-mentioned prior art water pump shock absorbing base, which is complicated in processing and expensive in cost, the present invention provides a simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base, which only needs 10# channel steel and JGS type finished rubber. Shock absorbers, low cost, simple processing, can meet the requirements of horizontal pump damping, can effectively reduce engineering costs.
本发明解决其技术问题采用的技术方案是: 一种简易的卧式泵减震基座, 基座包括砼基座、 槽钢架、 橡胶减震器和水泵, 槽钢架上开设有水泵安装孔, 水泵安装在水泵安装孔内, 槽钢架上开设有通孔, 橡胶减震器顶部固定安装在 通孔内, 橡胶减震器底部固定安装在砼基座上。  The technical solution adopted by the invention to solve the technical problem is: a simple horizontal pump damping base, the base comprises a raft base, a channel steel frame, a rubber shock absorber and a water pump, and a water pump is installed on the channel steel frame. The hole and the water pump are installed in the water pump mounting hole, and the through hole is opened in the channel steel frame. The top of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly installed in the through hole, and the bottom of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly mounted on the raft base.
本发明解决其技术问题采用的技术方案进一步还包括:  The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem thereof further includes:
所述的槽钢架为槽钢悍接成的 "日 "字形结构。  The channel steel frame is a "day"-shaped structure in which the channel steel is connected.
所述的槽钢架内设有加强支撑, 加强支撑与槽钢架悍接成三角形结构。 所述的橡胶减震器底部设有支撑底盘, 支撑底盘上开有减震器安装孔。 所述的槽钢架为两层结构, 分别为第一槽钢架和第二槽钢架, 第一槽钢架 和第二槽钢架层叠设置, 第二槽钢架的四角处分别固定安装有一个限位支撑 柱, 第一槽钢架上对应位置开设有安装孔, 限位支撑柱插装在安装孔内, 限位 支撑柱顶部安装有螺母, 每个限位支撑柱上分别套装有一个压力调节弹簧, 压 力调节弹簧设置在第一槽钢架和第二槽钢架之间。  The trough steel frame is provided with reinforcing support, and the reinforcing support is connected with the trough steel frame to form a triangular structure. The bottom of the rubber shock absorber is provided with a support chassis, and the support chassis is provided with a shock absorber mounting hole. The channel steel frame has a two-layer structure, which is a first channel steel frame and a second channel steel frame, and the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame are stacked, and the second channel steel frame is fixedly installed at four corners respectively. There is a limit support column, and a mounting hole is opened at a corresponding position on the first channel steel frame, and the limit support column is inserted in the installation hole, and a nut is installed on the top of the limit support column, and each limit support column is respectively set A pressure regulating spring, the pressure adjusting spring is disposed between the first channel frame and the second channel frame.
所述的第一槽钢架和第二槽钢架之间设有连杆支撑臂, 连杆支撑臂包括两 段通过销轴安装在一起连杆, 连杆支撑臂呈 "V"字形设置, 顶部连接在第一 槽钢架上, 底部连接在第二槽钢架上。  A connecting rod supporting arm is arranged between the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame, and the connecting rod supporting arm comprises two connecting rods connected by a pin shaft, and the connecting rod supporting arm is arranged in a "V" shape. The top is connected to the first channel steel frame and the bottom is connected to the second channel steel frame.
所述的安装孔为长条孔, 长条孔内限位支撑柱两侧与第一槽钢架之间分别 设有辅助定位弹簧。  The mounting hole is a long hole, and an auxiliary positioning spring is respectively disposed between the two sides of the limiting support column and the first channel steel frame in the long hole.
所述的槽钢架宽边处设有一个以上的辅助弹簧, 辅助弹簧设置在第一槽钢 架和第二槽钢架之间。  The slotted steel frame is provided with more than one auxiliary spring at a wide side, and the auxiliary spring is disposed between the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame.
所述的槽钢架下方固定安装有平衡弹簧支架, 平衡弹簧支架包括上层支撑 板、 下层支撑板和一个以上的平衡弹簧, 平衡弹簧在上层支撑板和下层支撑板 之间呈矩阵型分布。  A balance spring bracket is fixedly mounted below the channel steel frame, and the balance spring bracket includes an upper support plate, a lower support plate and one or more balance springs, and the balance spring is distributed in a matrix between the upper support plate and the lower support plate.
所述的上层支撑板和下层支撑板采用网状钢板或网状钢架结构。  The upper support plate and the lower support plate adopt a mesh steel plate or a mesh steel frame structure.
本发明的有益效果是: 本发明通过简单的钢结构平台, 满足卧式泵减震和 安装精度要求, 简单实用, 成本低, 加快了施工进度, 节省了施工成本。 The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention satisfies the horizontal pump damping and the simple steel structure platform Installation accuracy requirements, simple and practical, low cost, speed up the construction schedule, and save construction costs.
下面将结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做进一步说明。  The invention will be further described with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
附图说明 DRAWINGS
图 1为本发明正视结构示意图。  Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention.
图 2为本发明俯视结构示意图。  2 is a schematic plan view of the present invention.
图 3为本发明侧视结构示意图。  Figure 3 is a schematic side view of the structure of the present invention.
图 4为本发明槽钢架立体结构示意图。  4 is a schematic view showing the three-dimensional structure of the channel steel frame of the present invention.
图 5为本发明橡胶减震器立体结构示意图。  Figure 5 is a schematic perspective view of the rubber shock absorber of the present invention.
图 6为本发明槽钢架实施例二立体结构示意图。  6 is a schematic perspective view showing the second embodiment of the channel steel frame of the present invention.
图 7为本发明槽钢架实施例三立体结构示意图。  7 is a schematic perspective view of a third embodiment of a channel steel frame of the present invention.
图中, 1-砼基座, 2-槽钢架, 3-橡胶减震器, 4-水泵, 5-加强支撑, 6-水泵 安装孔, 7-支撑底盘, 8-减震器安装孔, 9-第一槽钢架, 10-第二槽钢架, 11-连 杆支撑臂, 12-限位支撑柱, 13-条形孔, 14-辅助定位弹簧, 15-压力调节弹簧, 16-辅助弹簧, 17-上层支撑板, 18-下层支撑板, 19-平衡弹簧。  In the figure, 1-砼 base, 2-channel steel frame, 3-rubber shock absorber, 4-water pump, 5-reinforced support, 6-pump mounting hole, 7-support chassis, 8-damper mounting hole, 9-first channel steel frame, 10-second channel steel frame, 11-link support arm, 12-position support column, 13-bar hole, 14-assisted positioning spring, 15-pressure adjustment spring, 16- Auxiliary spring, 17-upper support plate, 18-lower support plate, 19-balance spring.
具体实施方式 detailed description
本实施例为本发明优选实施方式, 其他凡其原理和基本结构与本实施例相 同或近似的, 均在本发明保护范围之内。  The present embodiment is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and other principles and basic structures thereof are the same as or similar to those of the present embodiment, and are all within the scope of the present invention.
请参看附图 1至附图 5, 本发明主要包括砼基座 1、 槽钢架 2、 橡胶减震器 3 和水泵 4, 本实施例中, 槽钢架 2采用 10#槽钢做成的钢结构卧式泵安装平 台, 卧式泵减震基座上表面保持水平, 本实施例中, 槽钢架 2 由五条向下扣的 10#槽钢, 其中, 长度方向设有 2 条槽钢, 宽度方向设有 3 条槽钢, 五条槽钢 呈 "日"字形悍接而成, 为了保证槽钢架 2更加牢固, 本发明中, 在槽钢架 2 内设有加强支撑 5, 加强支撑 5 由四条向下扣的 10#槽钢斜撑做成加强处理, 分别与槽钢架 2悍接成三角形结构, 以消除因开孔造成的钢结构强度减弱和钢 结构的变形。 本实施例中, 槽钢架 2 和加强支撑 5 的钢结构的悍接点都需满 悍, 悍接处强度不低于 10#槽钢本体强度的 90%。 本实施例中, 槽钢架 2的宽 度与水泵 4底座相同, 长度比水泵 4底座长度多 500毫米, 本实施例中卧式水 泵 4居中安装, 在槽钢架 2上的相应位置的槽钢处开 020的圆孔, 作为水泵安 装孔 6, 用于固定水泵 4底座, 本实施例中, 水泵 4与槽钢架 2之间通过连接 螺栓固定安装在一起, 槽钢架 2 与水泵的连接螺栓固定需加平垫圈、 弹簧垫 圈, 消除固定点因水泵 4的振动而松动偏移。 本实施例中, 在槽钢架 2的长度 方向的槽钢上距端头 150毫米处各开一 020的圆孔, 用于安装 4个成品 JGS型 橡胶减震器 3, 本实施例中, JGS型减震器 3避开在槽钢架 2端头安装, 减少 对钢结构强度的影响, 保证横向骨架的完整性和斜向支撑的加强作用, 消弱钢 结构的变形影响。 本实施例中, 减震器 3 固定设有支撑底盘 7, 支撑底盘 7上 开设有减震器安装孔 8, 减震器 3通过固定在砼基座 1 内的地脚螺栓安装在砼 基座 1上, 固定水泵 4的工作面要求与地面尽可能水平, 若不能保证槽钢架 2 安装水泵 4的上平面水平, 需在减震器 3顶端增加垫片调节水平, 以减少对卧 式泵轴线精度的影响。 上述实施例为本发明最简结构, 具体实施时, 槽钢架 2也可以采用相对复 杂的结构, 请参看附图 6, 本实施例中, 槽钢架 2采用上下两层式结构, 两层 槽钢架 2均为 "日 "字形槽钢架和加强支撑 5悍接构成, 其主体结构与上述实 施例相同, 此处不再赘述, 上层槽钢架上设有与实施例一相同的电机安装结 构, 下层槽钢架上设有与实施例一相同的减震器 3 安装结构。 本实施例中, 将 上层槽钢架 2定义为第一槽钢架 9, 将下层的槽钢架 3定义为第二槽钢架 10, 以示区分。 第一槽钢架 9上开设有水泵安装孔 6, 水泵 4安装在第一槽钢架 9 上, 第二槽钢架 10上开设有减震器安装孔 8, 减震器 3安装在第二槽钢架 10 上, 水泵安装孔 6和减震器安装孔 8的开设位置以及水泵 4和减震器 3的安装 方式与实施例一中的相同, 此处也不再赘述。 本实施例中, 第一槽钢架 9和第 二槽钢架 10通过两对 "V"字形的连杆支撑臂 11 连接在一起, 本实施例中, 连杆支撑臂 11 由两段组成, 两段连杆支撑臂 11通过销轴连接在一起, 其可以 沿销轴自由转动, 两段连杆支撑臂 11 呈 "V"字形设置, 连杆支撑臂 11 上端 通过一个销轴与第一槽钢架 9 连接, 连杆支撑臂 11 下端通过一个销轴与第二 槽钢架 10连接, 连杆支撑臂 11设置在槽钢架的长边方向上, 一侧设有两个, 两个连杆支撑臂 11对称设置。 本实施例中, 在第二槽钢架 10的四角处各固定 安装有一个限位支撑柱 12, 第一槽钢架 9上对应位置开设有条形孔 13, 条形 孔 13方向与槽钢架长边方向平行, 限位支撑柱 12顶部设置在条形孔 13 内, 并通过螺母进行固定, 条形孔 13内设有辅助定位弹簧 14, 每个条形孔 13内设 有两个辅助定位弹簧 14, 分别设置在限位支撑柱 12与条形孔 13侧边之间, 可 使第一槽钢架 9和第二槽钢架 10之间适当的产生偏位, 以达到泵体 4的水平 的目的。 本实施例中, 在每个限位支撑柱 12 上分别套装有一个压力调节弹簧 15, 通过调节限位支撑柱 12顶部的螺母, 可调节压力调节弹簧 15所承受的压 力, 从而调节第一槽钢架 9和第二槽钢架 10之间的弹力, 本实施例中, 在槽 钢架的宽边方向上, 设有一个以上的辅助弹簧 16, 辅助弹簧 16 设置在第一槽 钢架 9和第二槽钢架 10之间。 Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 5, the present invention mainly comprises a raft base 1, a channel steel frame 2, a rubber damper 3 and a water pump 4. In this embodiment, the channel steel frame 2 is made of 10# channel steel. In the steel structure horizontal pump installation platform, the upper surface of the horizontal pump damping base is kept horizontal. In this embodiment, the channel steel frame 2 is composed of five downwardly buckled 10# channel steels, wherein two slots are provided in the longitudinal direction. There are 3 channel steels in the width direction, and the five channel steels are formed in a "day" shape. In order to ensure that the channel steel frame 2 is more secure, in the present invention, a reinforcing support 5 is provided in the channel steel frame 2, and the support is strengthened. 5 It is reinforced by four downwardly buckled 10# channel steel braces, which are respectively connected with the channel steel frame 2 to form a triangular structure to eliminate the weakening of the steel structure and the deformation of the steel structure caused by the opening. In this embodiment, the joints of the steel structure of the channel steel frame 2 and the reinforcing support 5 are required to be full, and the strength of the joint is not less than 90% of the strength of the 10# channel steel body. In this embodiment, the width of the channel steel frame 2 is the same as the base of the water pump 4, and the length is 500 mm longer than the length of the base of the water pump 4. In this embodiment, the horizontal water pump 4 is installed centrally, and the channel steel at the corresponding position on the channel steel frame 2 The circular hole of the opening 020 is used as the water pump mounting hole 6 for fixing the base of the water pump 4. In this embodiment, the water pump 4 and the channel steel frame 2 are fixedly mounted together by connecting bolts, and the connection of the channel steel frame 2 and the water pump The bolts need to be flattened with washers and spring washers to eliminate the loosening of the fixed point due to the vibration of the pump 4. In this embodiment, a hole of 020 is opened at a distance of 150 mm from the end of the channel steel in the longitudinal direction of the channel steel frame 2 for mounting four finished JGS-type rubber dampers 3, in this embodiment, The JGS type shock absorber 3 avoids the installation at the end of the channel steel frame 2, reduces the influence on the strength of the steel structure, ensures the integrity of the transverse skeleton and the reinforcing effect of the oblique support, and weakens the deformation effect of the steel structure. In this embodiment, the damper 3 is fixedly provided with a support chassis 7, and the support chassis 7 is provided with a damper mounting hole 8, and the damper 3 is mounted on the cymbal base by an anchor bolt fixed in the cymbal base 1 On the 1st, the working surface of the fixed water pump 4 is required to be as horizontal as possible. If the upper plane level of the water pump 4 is not guaranteed, the gasket adjustment level should be added at the top of the shock absorber 3 to reduce the horizontal pump. The effect of axis accuracy. The above embodiment is the simplest structure of the present invention. In the specific implementation, the channel steel frame 2 can also adopt a relatively complicated structure. Referring to FIG. 6, in the embodiment, the channel steel frame 2 adopts an upper and lower two-layer structure, two layers. The channel steel frame 2 is composed of a "Japanese"-shaped channel steel frame and a reinforcing support 5, and the main structure thereof is the same as that of the above embodiment, and the description is omitted here. The upper channel steel frame is provided with the same motor as that of the first embodiment. In the mounting structure, the same damper 3 mounting structure as in the first embodiment is provided on the lower channel steel frame. In the present embodiment, the upper channel steel frame 2 is defined as a first channel steel frame 9, and the lower channel steel frame 3 is defined as a second channel steel frame 10 to distinguish. The first channel steel frame 9 is provided with a water pump mounting hole 6 , the water pump 4 is mounted on the first channel steel frame 9 , the second channel steel frame 10 is provided with a shock absorber mounting hole 8 , and the shock absorber 3 is installed in the second The installation position of the water pump mounting hole 6 and the damper mounting hole 8 and the installation manner of the water pump 4 and the damper 3 are the same as those in the first embodiment, and will not be described herein. In this embodiment, the first channel steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10 are connected together by two pairs of "V"-shaped link support arms 11. In this embodiment, the link support arm 11 is composed of two segments. The two-stage link support arms 11 are connected together by a pin shaft, which can be freely rotated along the pin shaft, the two-section link support arm 11 is arranged in a "V" shape, and the upper end of the link support arm 11 passes through a pin shaft and the first groove The steel frame 9 is connected, and the lower end of the link support arm 11 is connected to the second channel steel frame 10 through a pin. The link support arm 11 is disposed on the long side direction of the channel steel frame, and two sides and two sides are provided on one side. The lever support arms 11 are symmetrically arranged. In this embodiment, a limit support column 12 is fixedly mounted at four corners of the second channel steel frame 10, and a strip hole 13 is opened at a corresponding position on the first channel steel frame 9, and the strip hole 13 direction and the channel steel The longitudinal direction of the frame is parallel, and the top of the limiting support column 12 is disposed in the strip hole 13 and fixed by a nut. The strip hole 13 is provided with an auxiliary positioning spring 14, and each strip hole 13 is provided with two auxiliary The positioning springs 14 are respectively disposed between the limiting support columns 12 and the side edges of the strip holes 13 to appropriately offset the first channel steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10 to reach the pump body 4 The purpose of the level. In this embodiment, a pressure adjusting spring 15 is respectively disposed on each of the limiting support columns 12, and the pressure of the pressure adjusting spring 15 can be adjusted by adjusting the nut of the top of the limiting support column 12, thereby adjusting the first groove. The elastic force between the steel frame 9 and the second channel steel frame 10, in this embodiment, one or more auxiliary springs 16 are provided in the width direction of the channel steel frame, and the auxiliary springs 16 are disposed on the first channel steel frame 9 Between the second channel steel frame 10.
请结合参看附图 7, 附图 7为本发明的又一实施例, 本实施例中相对于实 施例二来讲, 其在槽钢架 2 下方增设有平衡弹簧支架, 平衡弹簧支架包括上层 支撑板 17、 下层支撑板 18和一个以上的平衡弹簧 19, 本实施例中, 上层支撑 板 17和下层支撑板 18采用网状钢板或网状钢架结构实现, 平衡弹簧 19在上 层支撑板 17和下层支撑板 18之间呈矩阵型分布。 其中, 上层支撑板 17与实 施例二中的槽钢架 2 下方固定安装在一起, 下层支撑板 18 上设有与实施例一 相同的减震器 3安装结构, 从而可达到更好的减震效果。  Referring to FIG. 7 in conjunction with FIG. 7, FIG. 7 is still another embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, in relation to the second embodiment, a balance spring bracket is added under the channel steel frame 2, and the balance spring bracket includes an upper layer support. The plate 17, the lower support plate 18 and one or more balance springs 19, in this embodiment, the upper support plate 17 and the lower support plate 18 are realized by a mesh steel plate or a mesh steel frame structure, and the balance spring 19 is on the upper support plate 17 and The lower support plates 18 are distributed in a matrix shape. The upper support plate 17 is fixedly mounted below the channel steel frame 2 in the second embodiment, and the lower support plate 18 is provided with the same shock absorber 3 mounting structure as in the first embodiment, thereby achieving better shock absorption. effect.
本发明通过简单的钢结构平台, 满足卧式泵减震和安装精度要求, 简单实 用, 成本低, 加快了施工进度, 节省了施工成本。  The invention satisfies the requirements of the horizontal pump shock absorption and installation precision through a simple steel structure platform, is simple and practical, has low cost, accelerates the construction progress, and saves the construction cost.

Claims

权利要求书 Claim
1. 一种简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的基座包括砼基座、 槽钢架、 橡胶减震器和水泵, 槽钢架上开设有水泵安装孔, 水泵安装在水泵安装孔内, 槽 钢架上开设有通孔, 橡胶减震器顶部固定安装在通孔内,橡胶减震器底部固定安 装在砼基座上。  1. A simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base, characterized in that: the base comprises a raft base, a channel steel frame, a rubber shock absorber and a water pump, and a water pump mounting hole is opened on the channel steel frame, the water pump It is installed in the water pump installation hole, and the through hole is opened in the channel steel frame. The top of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly installed in the through hole, and the bottom of the rubber shock absorber is fixedly mounted on the raft base.
2. 根据权利要求 1所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的槽钢架为 槽钢焊接成的 "日"字形结构。  2. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 1, wherein: the channel steel frame is a "day"-shaped structure welded by channel steel.
3. 根据权利要求 2所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的槽钢架内 设有加强支撑, 加强支撑与槽钢架焊接成三角形结构。  3. The simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base according to claim 2, wherein: the channel steel frame is provided with a reinforcing support, and the reinforcing support is welded to the channel steel frame to form a triangular structure.
4. 根据权利要求 1或 2或 3所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的 橡胶减震器底部设有支撑底盘, 支撑底盘上开有减震器安装孔。 4. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, wherein: the bottom of the rubber damper is provided with a support chassis, and the support chassis is provided with a shock absorber mounting hole. .
5. 根据权利要求 1所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的槽钢架为 两层结构,分别为第一槽钢架和第二槽钢架,第一槽钢架和第二槽钢架层叠设置, 第二槽钢架的四角处分别固定安装有一个限位支撑柱,第一槽钢架上对应位置开 设有安装孔, 限位支撑柱插装在安装孔内, 限位支撑柱顶部安装有螺母, 每个限 位支撑柱上分别套装有一个压力调节弹簧,压力调节弹簧设置在第一槽钢架和第 二槽钢架之间。  5. The simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base according to claim 1, wherein: the channel steel frame is a two-layer structure, which is a first channel steel frame and a second channel steel frame, respectively. The channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame are stacked, and a limit support column is fixedly mounted at four corners of the second channel steel frame, and a mounting hole is opened at a corresponding position on the first channel steel frame, and the limit support column is inserted in the In the mounting hole, a nut is mounted on the top of the limiting support column, and each of the limiting support columns is respectively provided with a pressure adjusting spring, and the pressure adjusting spring is disposed between the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame.
6. 根据权利要求 5所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的第一槽钢 架和第二槽钢架之间设有连杆支撑臂,连杆支撑臂包括两段通过销轴安装在一起 连杆, 连杆支撑臂呈 "V"字形设置, 顶部连接在第一槽钢架上, 底部连接在第 二槽钢架上。  6. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 5, wherein: the first channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame are provided with a link support arm, and the link support arm The two sections are connected by a pin and the connecting rods are arranged in a "V" shape, the top is connected to the first channel steel frame, and the bottom is connected to the second channel steel frame.
7. 根据权利要求 5所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的安装孔为 长条孔, 长条孔内限位支撑柱两侧与第一槽钢架之间分别设有辅助定位弹簧。  7. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 5, wherein: the mounting hole is a long hole, and the two sides of the limiting support column and the first channel steel frame are arranged in the long hole. There are auxiliary positioning springs respectively.
8. 根据权利要求 5或 6或 7所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的 槽钢架宽边处设有一个以上的辅助弹簧,辅助弹簧设置在第一槽钢架和第二槽钢 架之间。  8. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 5 or 6 or 7, wherein: the grooved steel frame is provided with more than one auxiliary spring at the wide side, and the auxiliary spring is disposed at the first Between the channel steel frame and the second channel steel frame.
9. 根据权利要求 5或 6或 7所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的 槽钢架下方固定安装有平衡弹簧支架, 平衡弹簧支架包括上层支撑板、下层支撑 板和一个以上的平衡弹簧,平衡弹簧在上层支撑板和下层支撑板之间呈矩阵型分 布。 9. The simple horizontal pump shock absorbing base according to claim 5 or 6 or 7, wherein: the balance spring bracket is fixedly mounted under the channel steel frame, and the balance spring bracket comprises an upper support plate and a lower layer. Support plate and more than one balance spring, the balance spring is matrixed between the upper support plate and the lower support plate Cloth.
10. 根据权利要求 9所述的简易的卧式泵减震基座, 其特征是: 所述的上层支撑 板和下层支撑板采用网状钢板或网状钢架结构。  10. The simple horizontal pump damper base according to claim 9, wherein: the upper support plate and the lower support plate are formed of a mesh steel plate or a mesh steel frame structure.
PCT/CN2014/076328 2014-03-24 2014-04-28 Simple damping base of horizontal pump WO2015143753A1 (en)

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CN2908968Y (en) * 2006-05-16 2007-06-06 张明亮 Two-layer vibro-damping mount for equipment
CN203035621U (en) * 2013-02-04 2013-07-03 天津市津能双鹤热力设备有限公司 Water pump shock absorbing base
CN203770957U (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-08-13 中核华泰建设有限公司 Simple damping base for horizontal pump

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