WO2014169667A1 - Physicochemical-reaction-type low-temperature cigarette - Google Patents

Physicochemical-reaction-type low-temperature cigarette

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Publication number
WO2014169667A1
WO2014169667A1 PCT/CN2013/088337 CN2013088337W WO2014169667A1 WO 2014169667 A1 WO2014169667 A1 WO 2014169667A1 CN 2013088337 W CN2013088337 W CN 2013088337W WO 2014169667 A1 WO2014169667 A1 WO 2014169667A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
smoke
cigarette
chamber
mouthpiece
valve
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2013/088337
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘祥浩
陈义坤
潘曦
刘华臣
罗诚浩
Original Assignee
湖北中烟工业有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
    • A24F47/002Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • A61M11/04Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised
    • A61M11/041Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters
    • A61M11/042Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters electrical
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M11/00Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes
    • A61M11/04Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised
    • A61M11/041Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters
    • A61M11/047Sprayers or atomisers specially adapted for therapeutic purposes operated by the vapour pressure of the liquid to be sprayed or atomised using heaters by exothermic chemical reaction
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/06Inhaling appliances shaped like cigars, cigarettes or pipes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M15/00Inhalators
    • A61M15/0001Details of inhalators; Constructional features thereof
    • A61M15/0021Mouthpieces therefor
    • A61M15/0023Mouthpieces therefor retractable

Abstract

A physicochemical-reaction-type low-temperature cigarette comprises a cigarette end (1-1), a cigarette cavity (1-2), and a cigarette mouthpiece (1-3) that are connected along an axial direction and communicate with each other. The cigarette end (1-1) is a cavity provided with acidic materials, and two ends of the cigarette end (1-1) are separately provided with an air inlet of the cigarette end and an air outlet of the cigarette end. The cigarette cavity (1-2) is a cavity provided with nicotine, and two ends of the cigarette cavity (1-2) are separately provided with an air inlet of the cigarette cavity and an air outlet of the cigarette cavity. The air inlet of the cigarette cavity is connected to the air outlet of the cigarette end, and a first valve (1-4) is disposed at the joint thereof. The air outlet of the cigarette cavity is connected to the cigarette mouthpiece, and a second valve (1-5) is disposed at the joint thereof. The low-temperature cigarette can be used as a replacement for the conventional cigarette. In the low-temperature cigarette, an external heat source is not needed, smoke including nicotine can be formed only through suction, the air drives the volatile acid to be combined with the nicotine, so as to form the smoke; and then the smoke including nicotine enters the mouth through the cigarette mouthpiece through sucking, so that the smoker has a sense of satisfaction.

Description

The physical and chemical reaction cryogenic cigarette Field

The present invention relates to cryogenic cigarette, in particular to a low-temperature physical and chemical reactions cigarette. Background technique

In recent years, as people's attention to the problem of passive smoking, environmental tobacco smoke has become one of the main topics of the debate on smoking and health of the public. The remaining major mainstream smoke environmental tobacco smoke released from the burning cigarette sidestream smoke exhaled by smokers and composition. Therefore, reducing sidestream smoke is a major way to reduce the environmental smoke.

Traditional cigarette combustion point of about 900 ° C, low temperature heating temperature cigarettes not exceeding 500 ° C, thereby significantly reducing the harmful ingredients of cigarette tobacco smoke and environmental hazards, is considered to be the future development trend of the tobacco industry.

Therefore, the study of low-temperature cigarettes widespread concern around the world. CN102131411 describes a way to use crystals during recrystallization exotherm, the invention system is heated to a temperature 45-55 degrees, at this temperature the nicotine tobacco flavoring agents was evaporated, with the suction flow into the body. Although the invention allows smokers to nicotine in tobacco smoking, etc., but you can not simulate smog produced when burning traditional cigarettes, so the lack of visual satisfaction for smokers, can not replace the traditional cigarette.

CN102355914 describes a heating method utilizing heat of dissolution, the invention system heated to a temperature of about 80 degrees, at this temperature the nicotine was evaporated, with the suction air current into the body, but the invention does not contain tobacco taste, only source for delivering nicotine to the lungs in order to achieve the treatment of respiratory disorders and other medical purposes.

CN101351238 discloses a powder aerosol delivery device, mechanically crushing the aerosolizable powder aerosol particles or loosely formed aerosolizable powder and a secondary powder disposed in the chamber, provided no complex moving parts, external power source and apparatus to heat the powder into an aerosol for delivering the aerosol particles via the mucosa of the oral cavity upon inhalation. The patent does not contain nicotine component, only the gas mist inhaler as a special flavor, it does not allow the user to generate a physiological satisfaction. SUMMARY

Object of the present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the background art, to provide a simulated smoking conventional low-temperature physical and chemical reactions embodiment of the cigarette, the tobacco so that it can eliminate the majority of harmful components in the combustion process, and not the surrounding environment or population pollution. To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions: A low-temperature physical and chemical reactions of cigarettes, comprising successively connected and communicating axially cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece, wherein: the cigarette is equipped with an acidic substance cavity, the two ends of each cigarette with cigarette butts and the intake air outlet port; said smoke chamber is equipped with a cavity nicotine or other tobacco alkaloids, tobacco ends of the chamber are provided with smoke chamber air inlet and outlet port smoke chamber; the smoke chamber inlet and outlet connected to outlet cigarette, which is connected at a first valve; the smoke chamber and the outlet port is connected to the mouthpiece, which is connected with the second valve. Cigarette volatile acids present invention, a stream of air by suction into the smoke chamber, when in contact with a volatile acid with nicotine suction flow, since nicotine has a certain volatility, will be mixed in a smoke chamber and acid-base neutralization reaction to produce solid particles of nicotine salt, i.e. raw sensory smoke, the smoke enters the oral cavity through the mouthpiece, so that smokers are met. In the first and second valves are normally closed to prevent communication with the cigarette smoke chamber to prevent the acid-base neutralization reaction, only when the smoker draws on the first and second valves open, for communicates with cigarette smoke chamber.

In the above embodiment, the cavity may be selected butts adsorbent adsorbed with a volatile acid, said acidic substance adsorbed on the adsorbent material, the cigarette may also be provided with the air inlet of the third valve for close or open the intake port cigarette.

Specifically, the adsorbent material is preferably a nonwoven fabric in cigarette, oil absorbent, porous glass screen or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene.

Preferably, the cigarette of the acidic substance is an organic weak acid, the content thereof is preferably 0.1 to 10 g.

Preferably, said weak organic acid is pyruvic acid, acetic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxo pentanoic acid, 4-methyl-2-oxo-3-methyl-2-oxo-valeric acid or any one of a or two or more of any of the above combinations.

In the above embodiment, the cavity may also be selected butts provided with electric heating means for heating the atomizer and atomized in acidic substance.

Preferably, the electrically heated cigarette atomizing means provided in the cavity by the electric heating wire 5-1.2, 5-1.3 power supply, and a main control circuit board 5-1.4 5-1.5 movable film constituting the power 5-1.3 power is supplied to the electrically heated wire 5-1.1, the main control circuit board by a movable membrane 5-1.5 5-1.3 for controlling the power of the discharge.

Preferably, the electric heating wires disposed cigarette 5-1 5-1.2 air inlet end portion, 5-1.2 external electrical heating wire butts from the adsorption chamber a volatile acid adsorbent 5-1.1 package.

Preferably, the power supply and the main circuit board 5-1.3 5-1.4 5-1 in the middle of the cigarette, the air supply through the gap between the inner wall butts left.

Preferably, the movable diaphragm is provided cigarette 5-1 5-1.5 outlet end, the movable film is moved in accordance with changes in air pressure 5-1.5, 5-4.3 switch for controlling the heating wire.

In the above embodiment, the cavity may be selected smoke chamber adsorbent adsorbed with nicotine or other tobacco alkaloids.

Preferably, the adsorbent material is a nonwoven fabric in the smoke chamber, oil absorbent, porous glass mesh, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, or recombinant tobacco cut filler.

The nicotine content is preferably 1 to 500 mg.

In the above embodiment, the cavity may also be provided with smoke on exposure to air or water heating material capable of exothermic.

Preferably, the heating material is an alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, nano-silver, elemental iron, and alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides, calcium carbide, as well as various mixtures of any of the above alkali metal.

In the above embodiment, the mouthpiece may be selected in the atomized powder can be built with.

Preferably, the mouthpiece of the atomized powder may contain glucose, lactose, vanillin, or tobacco flavor.

Preferably the particle size, the mouthpiece of the atomized powder can be between 10 and 50 microns.

Preferably one end, the mouthpiece section near the smoke chamber to be atomized powder storage chamber, the storage chamber is provided near the outlet mouthpiece can be prevented from atomized powder or a large amount of air into the airway flow restrictor.

Preferably, the air flow restrictor Honeycomb filter material.

Preferably, the storage chamber from one end opening of nested closed end of the semi-closed configuration the first and second cylinders, the first cylinder is greater than the diameter of the second cylinder, said first cylinder and two opposite open end of the second cylinder arrangement, the atomized powder can be located inside the first cylinder and the second cylinder, the opening direction of the first cylinder toward the outlet direction of the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece toward the closed end of the intake port direction at an open end, said first cylinder located outside the outer wall of the second cylinder covered with a plurality of guide vanes for generating an irregular air vortices.

Preferably, l-2mm spacing between the inner wall of the first cylinder and the second cylinder outer wall.

In the above embodiment, the cigarette butts, cigarette smoke chamber and successively in the axial direction are preferably threadably connected coaxially. Preferably, the cigarette butts are cylindrical and the smoke chamber, and cigarette smoke chamber axially connected to an interference fit, with the smoke chamber mouthpiece also axially interference fit connection.

In the above embodiment, the first valve is selected to provided the smoke chamber air inlet and / or outlet of the first sealing film at a cigarette; said second valve is selected to provided the smoke chamber outlet and / or into the mouthpiece second sealing films at the air inlet.

Preferably, the cigarette has a jacket at the inlet of the intake port can blocked cigarette sealing cap. The sealing cap that is disposed at the inlet of the third valve in the cigarette. In the above embodiment, the cigarette, smoke chamber and a mouthpiece is preferably a unitary structure formed of a cylindrical pipe tobacco, the first valve is disposed in the smoke chamber inlet and outlet connections at the butts of a rotary valve; a second valve is disposed in the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece air outlet at the inlet of the second rotary valve; a cigarette in the air inlet is also provided with a third rotary valve.

Preferably, the first rotary valve, a second rotary valve and the third valve by rotating the rotary valve plate and a stationary valve plate configuration, the rotary valve plate and the stationary valve plate are located within a cylindrical sector valve smoke tube arranged to overlap sheet, mounted on the rotary valve plate is located in the cigarette, and the smoke chamber of the rotary shaft axis of the mouthpiece and rotatable about a rotation axis, a fixed valve plate is fixed in a cylindrical smoke tube, is provided on the cylindrical pipe tobacco a control member controls rotation of the rotating valve plate.

Preferably, the control member is a rotary shaft projecting from an outer end of the projecting portion butts.

In the above embodiment, may also be preferred that the cigarette, the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece are located inside the cigarette tube, said cigarette holder and cigarette smoke are located two tube, pipe tobacco smoke chamber is located in the middle of the smoke tube at a position in the middle of the smoke chamber the wall is provided with an opening can be placed in the smoke chamber, the first valve is located smoke chamber air inlet end, said second valve located in the smoke chamber outlet end, said first and second valves to seal cap , respectively, set in the smoke chamber inlet and outlet ends.

Preferably, the first and second valves is a disposable seal cover made of a brittle material, respectively smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet connected integrally, and respectively protrude smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet portion.

Preferably, the smoke chamber is made of a transparent plastic material cavity.

The present invention can be used as a substitute of a conventional cigarette, without the use of an external heat source, suction alone can be formed of nicotine-containing aerosol composition, the exothermic chemical reaction with the excitation mist of volatile, volatile acid and nicotine driven airflow mixed to form smog smoking nicotine-containing component and then through the mouthpiece into the mouth, so that smokers satisfaction.

Since the present invention does not burn at high temperatures, the complete elimination of tobacco combustion during most of the harmful ingredients, no second-hand smoke and soot, or the environment surrounding population does not have any impact, does not affect the smokers of nicotine intake, in addition , due to the low temperature of cigarette products, but also to eliminate fire hazards. BRIEF DESCRIPTION

FIG 1 overall schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG 2 overall schematic structural diagram of the embodiment 2 of the present invention.

FIG 3 3 overall schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention.

FIG 4 4 overall schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention. 5 5 overall schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention. detailed description

DRAWINGS Examples and embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail, facilitate a clear understanding of the invention, but they do not limit the present invention.

Example 1, shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment is a low-temperature physical and chemical reactions cigarette comprising a cigarette 1-1, 1-2 and a smoke chamber mouthpiece 1-3, 1-1 of the cigarette, the smoke chamber 1 2 and 1-3 mouthpiece by an integral structure composed of a cylindrical pipe tobacco. among them:

1-1 cigarette chamber features a first adsorbent adsorbed volatile acids, a first of said adsorbent material is a nonwoven fabric in cigarette, oil absorbent, porous glass screen or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene. The cigarette of volatile organic acid is a weak acid, in an amount of 0.1 to 10 g, preferably pyruvic acid, acetic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxo pentanoic acid, 4-methyl-2-oxo acid or 3 - any one or a combination of any of the above-methyl-2-oxo acid 1-5 thereof.

1-1 butts front and rear ends of the cavity are cigarette butts and the intake port outlet. 1-2 smoke chamber equipped with a second adsorbent material impregnated with a nicotine, a second adsorbent material in the smoke chamber of the nonwoven fabric, oil absorbent, porous glass mesh, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, or recombinant tobacco tobacco leaf. The nicotine content is preferably 1 to 500 mg. 1-2 are at both ends of the smoke chamber smoke chamber air inlet and outlet smoke chamber. Mouthpiece 1-3 has an air inlet and a mouthpiece outlet mouthpiece. Smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet communicates with the air inlet mouthpiece. 2-1 cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece 2-2 2-3 smoke chamber and the intake port are provided at the outlet to open or close the valve.

In this embodiment, the cigarette smoke chamber and outlet 1-1 1-2 intake port provided at the connection of the first valve 1-4, 1-2 smoke chamber outlet port and inlet port connected to the mouthpiece 1-3 is provided at a second valve 1-5, 1-1 cigarette distal end provided at the inlet of the third valve 1-6, 1-4 of the first valve, the second valve and the third valve 1-6 are 1-5 rotary valve. The first rotary valve, a second rotary valve and the third valve by rotating the rotary valve plate and a stationary valve plate configuration, the rotary valve plate and the stationary valve plate are located in a cylindrical fan valve smoke tube arranged overlapping, the said rotary valve plate mounted on the cigarette is located, and the smoke chamber of the rotary shaft axis of the mouthpiece and rotatable about a rotation axis, a fixed valve plate is fixed in a cylindrical smoke tube, provided with a control on rotation of the cylindrical pipe tobacco rotation of the valve control member.

Preferably, the control member is a rotary shaft projecting from an outer end of the projecting portion butts.

This embodiment utilizes a first control valve 1-4, 1-5 and the second valve third valve switches 1-6, 2-1 can be conveniently cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece, interconnected between 2-2 and 2-3 shut down. When the usual cigarette in the storage state, the respective valve is closed, and cigarette smoke chamber 1-1 1-2 sealed from each other; when the consumer uses the cigarette, the valves open, so that the smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece. In this case the user can cigarette from the suction outlet at the mouthpiece, the inner cavity of cigarette smoke the volatile acid with the suction flow entering the smoke chamber, in contact with the nicotine in the smoke chamber, since nicotine has a certain volatility, It will be mixed in a smoke chamber and the acid-base reaction occurs to produce solid particles of nicotine salt, i.e. the sensory smoke, the smoke enters the oral cavity through the mouthpiece, so that smokers are met.

Example analog cylindrical mouthpiece 1-3 according to the present embodiment the filter, or pipe flat lip, made of hard plastic, non-toxic. Example 2, shown in Figure 2, for example, comprising successively arranged in the axial direction of the present embodiment 2-1 cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece 2-2 2-3 2-1 butts first adsorption chamber with volatile acids 2-11 an adsorbent material, the front and rear cavities 2-1 cigarette butts were the air inlet and the air outlet cigarette. 2-2 smoke chamber equipped with a second adsorbent material impregnated with a nicotine 2-21, 2-2, respectively, at both ends of the smoke chamber and the intake port of the smoke chamber outlet smoke chamber. Mouthpiece 2-3 may be provided with atomized powder of 2-31, respectively, at both ends of the mouthpiece and the mouthpiece air inlet mouthpiece outlet. Smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet communicates with the air inlet mouthpiece.

In this embodiment, the cigarette smoke chamber 2-1, and 2-2 are cylindrical, cigarette, smoke chamber and connected to the mouthpiece in the axial direction are disposed to open or close the first and second valves, said first and second valves are both a rotary switch, a cigarette provided with a third valve at the air inlet, the third valve plug cap to be removed. The present embodiment can be easily disposed three cigarette plug 2-1, and closing communication between mutually 2-3 2-2 smoke chamber and mouthpiece. When the usual cigarette in the storage state, the chambers isolated from each other segment seal; when the consumer need cigarettes, cigarette remove the cover in the intake port at the plug lid to open the smoke chamber and the smoke gas inlet chamber at the outlet section a valve and a second valve, so that the smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece. Then the user can suction from the outlet port of the cigarette mouthpiece.

Example 2-3 analog filter mouthpiece cylindrical, or flat lip pipe of the present embodiment, is made of hard plastic, non-toxic. 2-3 near the mouthpiece end of a length of the smoke chamber to be atomized powder storage chamber, the storage chamber is provided near the outlet mouthpiece can be prevented from atomized powder or a large amount of air entering the flow restrictor airway 2-32. The air flow restrictor 2-32 honeycomb filter made of a material, preferably a polymeric foam, a honeycomb filter, a screen or cigarette filter material, cigarettes can be prevented due to the atomized powder may fall out of the inverted during suction, by suction while not affecting the atomized powder can be sucked out.

Said storage chamber comprises a semi-nested closed first cylinder and the second cylinder 2-33 2-34, a first cylinder cylindrical 2-33 2-34 greater than the second diameter, the first cylindrical 2-33 and a second open end opposite the cylindrical 2-34 arrangement, the atomized powder can be positioned within the first 2-34 2-33 cylinder and the second cylinder, a first and a second circular cylindrical 2-33 the distance between the inner wall of the cartridge 2-34 is l-2mm. The opening direction of the first cylinder toward the outlet direction of the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece closed end toward the direction of the intake port, the mouthpiece 3 may be connected to the intake port of the second valve, located on the outside of the outer wall of the second cylindrical 2-34 the open end is covered with a cylindrical 2-33 for generating a plurality of guide vanes irregular air swirl 2-35; 2-34 closed end of the second cylinder with the air flow restrictor connected 2-32.

During normal pumping, the atomized powder can be driven by the suction airstream 2-31 2-35 sucked out through the guide vane, with the air through the atomizing air outlet into the suction mouthpiece in vivo, when inverted during suction cigarette when, due to the presence of the guide vanes 2-35, 2-33 to block the opening of the first cylinder, so that an atomized powder 31 can not fall out. One end of the mouthpiece near the storage chamber is provided with an air outlet flow restrictor 2-32, the atomized powder can be prevented once poured into the respiratory tract, causing coughing and other adverse reactions by suction.

A first adsorbent material in the cigarette 2-1 2-11 absorbing cotton or a nonwoven fabric, the adsorbent in the adsorption of volatile organic acid is a weak acid, the weak organic acid is pyruvic acid, 3-methyl-2 - any one of the oxygen acid, 4-methyl-2-oxo acid or 3-methyl-2-oxo acid 2-5, or any combination thereof. 2-2 in the smoke chamber, the nicotine content of 1 to 500 mg, of the second adsorbent 2-21 nonwoven fabric, oil, cotton, tobacco and other tobacco or recombinant. In the mouthpiece 2-3 may be atomized powder as glucose, lactose, vanillin, tobacco flavor any one or any of several of dissolving fragrances, between 10 and 50 microns in size.

Examples of volatile acids in the cigarette of the present embodiment, the suction effect in the user, a stream of air by suction into the smoke chamber, the encounter with nicotine vapor, acid-base neutralization reaction to form a solid salt particles, apparently is the smoke, nicotine salts formed together with the mouthpiece of the tobacco flavor modulating powder into the body together, smokers to give satisfaction.

The present embodiment can produce the nicotine aerosol having tobacco flavor, can be used as a substitute of a conventional cigarette, without the use of an external heat source, can be formed only by the suction nicotine containing smoke components, and gives rise to satisfaction. The smoking article of the present invention since there is no high-temperature combustion, the complete elimination of tobacco combustion during most of the harmful ingredients, but does not affect the smokers of nicotine intake, does not produce second-hand smoke and soot, or the surrounding environment does not crowd any impact. Further, since the smoking article is at room temperature, but also complete elimination of fire hazard. Example 3, shown in Figure 3, the present embodiment relates to another embodiment of physical and chemical reactions cryogenic cigarette, comprising successively in the axial direction are spliced ​​together cigarette 3-1, 3-2 and a smoke chamber mouthpiece 3-3, cigarette 3-1 adsorbing adsorbent is provided within the cavity of volatile acids, front and rear ends of the cavity 1 cigarette butts are provided with air inlet and an air outlet cigarettes; 3-2 smoke chamber equipped with infiltration of tobacco nicotine in case air and water and capable of exothermic heating material, smoke chamber ends 3-2 are provided with smoke chamber air inlet and air outlet smoke chamber; smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, cigarette smoke chamber outlet and communication; smoke chamber air inlet and outlet of the smoke chamber can be opened or closed are provided with first and second valves.

The present embodiment: 3-1 and cigarette smoke are cylindrical cavities 3-2, 3-1, and cigarette smoke chamber 3-2 axially screwed in the mouthpiece 3-3 and 3-2 in the smoke chamber axis to be screwed in, to facilitate cigarette 3-1, each assembly and disassembly of the smoke chamber and mouthpiece 3-2 3-3, 3-1 when the cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece 3-2 3-3 assembled into a cigarette , the valve inlet port and the outlet port of the smoke chamber of the smoke chamber is punctured after tightening the screw, so that the smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece.

3-3 analog cylindrical mouthpiece filter, or pipe flat lip, made of hard plastic, non-toxic; also possible smoke chamber designed to mouthpiece 3-3 to 3-2 and the one-piece structure, smoke 3-2 mouthpiece chamber is turned along the axis 3-3.

3-1 cigarette adsorbent material for absorbing cotton or a nonwoven fabric, the adsorbent in the adsorption of volatile organic acid is a weak acid, the weak organic acid is pyruvic acid, acetic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxo pentanoic acid, 4 - any one of the acid or 3-methyl-2-oxo-2-oxo acid or any one of several compositions.

3-2 in the smoke chamber, the nicotine content of tobacco content of 5 to 20% (by weight), a single heating material is a metal material, a metal oxide, a metal oxide or metal material of a single composition.

Examples of volatile acids present embodiment, the suction air flow into the smoke chamber 3-2, 3-2 smoke chamber in case of a chemical reaction exothermic material heat air or water in the air occurs, the excitation volatile nicotine, and aerosol-generating volatile acids and acid-base reaction, formation of solid salt particles, i.e. the apparent smoke, nicotine salts formed taking into the human body, so that the smoker satisfaction obtained.

Other chemical heating hydrated embodiment further comprises a heat, and the heat, and heat curing, etc. Such as sodium hydroxide, calcium oxide generated during the heat of solution, sodium hydroxide and sulfuric acid-base neutralization reaction is exothermic, and heat the glass supersaturated sodium acetate and the like released. This way the heat generated by the chemical discards, are common inorganic salts, alkalis, environmentally friendly. During storage and transport, as long as the seal can be stored for a long time.

E.g:

Nicotine in the smoke chamber 3-2 with reduced iron powder, when the encounter with the suction air, an oxidation reaction occurs:

2Fe + 0 2 + 2H 2 0 = 2Fe (OH) 2 Shang;

4Fe (OH) 2 + 2H 2 0 + 0 2 = 4Fe (OH) 3 Shang.

Iron oxidation process in air rather slow, but when the iron particle size reduction at 200 mesh or more, the oxidation easily occurs, and even spontaneous combustion. It is required to control the amount of the iron powder, so that both reach a temperature of the heating excitation nicotine, but not excessively high melter walls, reduced iron powder according to the present embodiment in an amount of 0.1-5g. If the reduced iron with a low particle size, as an anode active carbon must be added for chemical batteries, salt (NaCl) as the conductive medium.

Fe-2e = Fe 2+;

0 2 + 2H 2 0 + 4e = 40H-.

The chemical reaction heat required to maintain the temperature above 45 degrees and for 5-10 minutes, preferably a temperature of 60 to 100 degrees, the temperature and time during the release of heat is adjusted by the amount of iron powder and activated carbon addition ratio, salt.

This excitation nicotine chemical reaction heat, the reaction with the carrier gas into the suction via the volatile organic weak acid, and in the smoke chamber to a solid 3-2 micro salt.

Chemical reaction heat employed in the embodiment of the present embodiment effectively improves the chemical exothermic reaction exotherm can volatilize nicotine effective to increase the effect of smoking, the combustion temperature can be below the maximum simulated conventional cigarette and tobacco-free combustion of tar and other harmful substances. Example 4, shown in Figure 4, the cigarette of the present embodiment will be 4-1, 4-2 and a smoke chamber mouthpiece 4-3 are placed in the smoke tube 4-4, 4-1 and cigarette mouthpiece 4-3 are located two smoke pipes, smoke chamber 4-4 4-2 4-4 smoke tube in the middle, can be provided into the smoke chamber situated on the wall 4-2 at the middle of the smoke tube smoke chamber 4-2 position 4-4 opening the first valve 4-2 on the both ends of the smoke chamber gas inlet and outlet and the second valve are removable sealing cap 4-5, 4-2 smoke chamber is made of transparent plastic material, so that smoking are directly visible form of nicotine smoke, while the plastic must be able to withstand a temperature of 150 degrees or less, and is harmless to human body; removable sealing cap across the smoke chamber 4-5 is made of brittle material disposable, respectively smoke chamber with gas inlet and outlet connected integrally, and respectively protrude smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet portion. When using the smoke chamber 4-2 is pushed into smoke tubes 4-4, 4-5 rupture detachable sealing cap, so that cigarette smoke chamber 4-2 with 4-1, 4-3 is turned mouthpiece. Example 5, shown in Figure 5, for example, comprising successively in the axial direction are spliced ​​together according to the present embodiment 5-1 cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece 5-2 5-3, 5-1 cigarette atomizing chamber provided with an electric heating It means providing a heat source comprising an electrical heating wire 5-1.2, 5-1.3 and the main power supply circuit board 5-1.4, 5-1.5 and the movable film ,. 51.2 the electric heating wires disposed cigarette 5-1 5-1.2 intake external air inlet end portion, an electric heating wire butts i.e. fibrous insulation cavity is enclosed by the adsorption of volatile acids 5-1.1 adsorbent. The main control circuit board and the power supply 5-1.3 5-1.4 5-1 in the middle of the cigarette, the air supply through the gap between the inner wall butts left, the main control circuit board is connected by a wire heating wire 5-1.2. The movable diaphragm disposed cigarette 5-1 5-1.5 outlet end, the movable film is moved may vary according to 5-1.5 pressure to the main control circuit board and the electric wire switch between 5-4.3.

Front and rear ends of the cavities 5-1 cigarette butts are provided with air inlet and an air outlet cigarettes; 5-2 smoke chamber equipped with infiltration of tobacco nicotine, smoke chamber ends 5-2 are provided with smoke chamber air inlet and outlet smoke chamber; smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece; smoke chamber air inlet and outlet of the smoke chamber are provided with a first valve can be opened or closed and a second valve.

The present embodiment: 5-1 and cigarette smoke chamber 5-2 are cylindrical, cigarette smoke chamber 5-2, and 5-1 in the axial direction in an interference fit fashion, as the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece 5-3 5- 2 in the axial direction are also connected through an interference fit, to facilitate the cigarette 5-1, each assembly and disassembly of the smoke chamber and mouthpiece 5-3 to 5-2. When the cigarette smoke cigarettes assembled into a chamber and mouthpiece, the air inlet and the valve outlet chamber at the tobacco smoke chamber is punctured, so that the smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece.

Examples 5-1 of the present embodiment cigarette smoke chamber 5-2 and the axial direction may be connected to the bolt, and the smoke chamber mouthpiece 5-3 5-2 bolted axially also, when the cigarette, the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece is screwed after the integral valve at the inlet port and the outlet chamber tobacco smoke chamber is punctured, so that the smoke chamber inlet and outlet communicating cigarette, smoke chamber outlet in communication with the mouthpiece.

5-3 analog cylindrical mouthpiece filter, or pipe flat lip, made of hard plastic, non-toxic; also possible smoke chamber designed to mouthpiece 5-3 and 5-2 an integrated structure, smoke ON axial cavity and the mouthpiece.

5-1 cigarette adsorbent material is resistant to and wettable acidity, temperature insulation fibers ,, the adsorbent material in the adsorbent of volatile organic acid is a weak acid, which preferably is a weak organic acid pyruvic acid, acetic acid, methyl any one of 2-oxo pentanoic acid, 4-methyl-2-oxo-3-methyl-2-oxo acid or acid, or any of several compositions.

5-2 in the smoke chamber, the nicotine content of tobacco content of 5 to 20% (weight percentage).

In this embodiment, the cigarette and for storing excitation 5-1 volatile acid; the main control circuit board in a power supply to provide power for the cigarette 5-1 5-1.3 5-1.1 electrical heating wire, by using the movable film 5-1.5 5-1.3 to control the power of the discharge circuit oN time control, and control of the entire current loop including the other functions. When suction pressure change due, dynamic movement of the membrane, the trigger switch is closed, the circuit is turned on, so that the heating wire working 5-1.2, 5-1.2 heating the adsorbent heating wire wrapped 5-1.1, such that the temperature locally reaches a certain volatile acids volatilized into the smoke chamber; tobacco containing cavity containing a quantity of liquid nicotine smoke component infiltrated tobacco; volatile acid when contacted with the gas stream with a suction pipe tobacco, since nicotine has a certain volatility, will smoke chamber and mixed acid-base neutralization reaction to produce solid particles of nicotine salt, i.e. smoke sensory; aerosol into the oral cavity through the mouthpiece, so that smokers are met. The present embodiment may be modified as in Example 4 is substantially the same structure. The above-described cigarette 5-1, 5-2 and a smoke chamber mouthpiece 5-3 are placed in a smoke tube, cigarette mouthpiece 5-1 and 5-3 are respectively located two smoke pipes, pipe tobacco smoke chamber is located 5-2 the middle, with the smoke chamber can be placed in an opening located at a central pipe tobacco smoke chamber wall position, the valve located on the smoke chamber air inlet ends and outlet detachable sealing cap, a transparent plastic smoke chamber 2 made of material, so that the smoker can directly observe the formation of nicotine smoke, while the plastic must be able to withstand a temperature of 150 degrees or less, and is harmless to human body; removable sealing cap is disposable across the smoke chamber made of brittle material into, respectively smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet connected integrally, and respectively protrude smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet portion. When using the cigarette smoke chamber 5-2 is pushed into the tube, removable sealing cap rupture, so that the cigarette smoke chamber 5-2 with 5-1, 5-3 is turned mouthpiece.

Above in connection with the preferred embodiments of the present invention has been described, but the scope of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments disclosed above, but should cover various modifications included within the spirit of the present invention, combination of equivalent technical solutions.

Claims

Claims
A low-temperature physical and chemical reactions of cigarettes, comprising successively connected in the axial direction and communicates cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece, characterized in that: said cigarette cavity is equipped with an acidic substance, the cigarette ends are located cigarette has an air inlet and an air outlet cigarette; said smoke chamber is equipped with a cavity comprising nicotine component material, respectively provided at both ends of the smoke chamber smoke chamber air inlet and the smoke chamber outlet port; said smoking chamber inlet and outlet connected to a cigarette, which is connected at a first valve; the smoke chamber and the outlet port is connected to the mouthpiece, which is connected with the second valve.
2, according to the physical and chemical reactions as claimed in claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 1, wherein: said cavity is provided with cigarette adsorbent adsorption of volatile acids, the acidic substance adsorbed in said adsorbent material, said cigarette provided with a third gas inlet valve.
3, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 2, wherein: said adsorbent material is a nonwoven fabric in cigarette, oil absorbent, porous glass screen or expanded polytetrafluoroethylene.
4, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, characterized in that: said cigarette acidic substance is a weak organic acid, in an amount of 0.1 to 10 g.
5, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim 4, wherein the cryogenic cigarette, wherein: said weak organic acid is pyruvic acid, acetic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxo pentanoic acid, 4-methyl-2-oxo any one or any of the above or a combination of 3-methyl-2-oxo-valeric acid 1-5 thereof.
6, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 2, wherein: said cavity is also provided with an electrical cigarette atomizing heating means for heating the acidic substance and atomized.
7, the physical and chemical reaction formula according to claim cryogenic cigarette according to claim 6, wherein: said electrical heating wire atomization apparatus provided in an electrically heated cigarette cavity (5-1.2), the power (5-1.3) , the main control circuit board (5-1.4) and a movable membrane
(5-1.5), and the power source (5-1.3) providing electrical power to the heating wire (5-1.1), the main control circuit board for the power supply (5-1.3) by a movable film (5-1.5) discharge control.
8, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 7, wherein: said electric heating wire (5-1.2) disposed cigarette (5-1) air inlet end portion, an electric heating wire (5 -1.2) butts external cavity by the adsorbent the adsorption of volatile acids (5-1.1) package.
9, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 7, wherein: said power source (5-1.3), and the main control circuit board (5-1.4) positioned cigarette (5-1) Central, cigarette butts and by leaving a gap for air flow between the inner wall.
10, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 7, wherein: said movable membrane (5-1.5) disposed cigarette (5-1) an air outlet end, the movable membrane (5-1.5) The pressure change movement, for controlling the heating wire (5-4.3) switch.
11, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, wherein: said smoke chamber cavity adsorbent adsorbed with nicotine.
12, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 11, characterized in that: said absorbent material is a nonwoven fabric in the smoke chamber, oil absorbent, porous glass mesh, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene, or tobacco restructuring tobacco.
13, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one of the cigarette as claimed in claim 11, wherein: the nicotine content of 1-500 mg.
14, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, wherein: said smoke chamber is provided with further heating material can be in contact with air or water exothermic.
15, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one of the cigarette as claimed in claim 11, wherein: said heat generating material is an alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, nano-silver, elemental iron, and an alkali metal, alkaline earth metal oxides and hydroxides thereof, calcium carbide, and any of a variety of mixtures thereof. 16, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, wherein: said mouthpiece can be built with atomized powder.
17. The low-temperature physical and chemical reactions requires a cigarette 16, wherein: said mouthpiece atomized powder may contain glucose, lactose, vanillin, or tobacco flavor.
18, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 17, wherein: the particle diameter of the mouthpiece atomized powder can be between 10 and 50 microns.
19. A low-temperature physical and chemical reactions of the cigarette as claimed in claim 16, wherein: said mouthpiece section near the smoke chamber to be atomized powder storage chamber, the storage chamber and close the air outlet end of the mouthpiece may be provided one or atomized powder can be prevented from entering the air flow restrictor large airway.
20, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 19, wherein: said air flow restrictor Honeycomb filter material.
21, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 19, wherein: said reservoir chamber closed at one end semi-closed first and second cylinders is constituted by an opening end nested together, the first diameter of the cylinder is greater than the second cylinder, the open ends of the first and second cylinders arranged opposite to the atomized powder may be located between the first cylinder and the second inner cylinder, said first circle the opening direction of the tube toward the outlet direction of the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece closed end toward the direction of the intake port, located at the open end of the first cylindrical outer wall of the second cylindrical outer cover used with a plurality of irregular air vortices guide vanes.
22, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 21, wherein: l-2mm spacing between the inner wall of the first cylinder and the second cylinder outer wall.
23, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, wherein: the cigarette, smoke chamber and mouthpiece are sequentially axially threadably coaxial connector. 24, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, characterized in that: said cigarette and smoke chamber are cylindrical, and cigarette smoke chamber axially connected to an interference fit, the mouthpiece and smoke chamber It is also connected to the axial interference fit.
25, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette 23 or 24, wherein: said first valve is disposed in the smoke chamber or the air inlet / outlet and the first sealing film cigarette at the mouth; the said second valve is disposed in the smoke chamber outlet and / or second sealing films mouthpiece at the intake port.
26, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette 23 or 24, characterized in that: said cigarette has a jacket at the inlet of the intake port can blocked cigarette sealing cap.
27, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, characterized in that: said cigarette, cigarette smoke chamber and by a unitary structure formed of a cylindrical pipe tobacco, the first valve is provided smoke chamber inlet and outlet cigarette at a first rotary valve is connected; said second valve is disposed in the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece air outlet at the inlet of the second rotary valve; cigarette in the intake port further provided at a third rotary valve.
28, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 27, wherein: said first rotary valve, a second rotary valve and the rotary valve constituted by a third rotary valve plate and a stationary valve plate, a rotary valve the fixed valve plate and sheet are positioned within the cylindrical segment valve overlap setting smoke tube, said rotary valve plate mounted on the cigarette is located, and the smoke chamber of the rotary shaft axis of the mouthpiece and rotatable about a rotation axis, a fixed valve plate is fixed in a cylindrical smoke tube, provided with a control member controls rotation of the rotary valve plate in said cylindrical pipe tobacco.
29, the physical and chemical reaction according to claim cryogenic cigarette of claim 28, wherein: said control member is a rotary shaft projecting from an outer end of the projecting portion butts.
30, low-temperature physical and chemical reactions according to one cigarette according to claim 1, wherein: the cigarette, the smoke chamber and the mouthpiece are located inside the cigarette tube, said cigarette holder and cigarette smoke are located two tubes, tobacco smoke chamber is located central tube, the cigarette tube can be placed in the smoke chamber is provided with an opening on the wall at the middle position of the smoke chamber, the first valve is located smoke chamber air inlet end, said second valve located in the smoke chamber outlet end said first and second valves for the sealing cover, respectively, set in the smoke chamber inlet and outlet ends.
31, the physical and chemical reaction formula according to claim cryogenic cigarette according to claim 30, wherein: said first and second valves is a disposable seal cover made of a brittle material, respectively smoke chamber air inlet and outlet as a single entity, and each projecting smoke chamber gas inlet and a gas outlet portion.
32, the physical and chemical reaction formula according to claim 30 or claim cryogenic cigarette 31, wherein: said smoke chamber is made of a transparent plastic material cavity.
PCT/CN2013/088337 2013-04-16 2013-12-02 Physicochemical-reaction-type low-temperature cigarette WO2014169667A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310129473.7 2013-04-16
CN 201310130086 CN103190708A (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Chemically heating smokeless cigarette
CN 201310129473 CN103202537A (en) 2013-04-16 2013-04-16 Chemical and electronic combined novel smokeless cigarette
CN201310130086.5 2013-04-16
CN201310360652.1 2013-08-16
CN 201310360652 CN103393222B (en) 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Nicotine smoke normal cigarettes have tobacco flavor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2014169667A1 true true WO2014169667A1 (en) 2014-10-23

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ID=51730777

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PCT/CN2013/088337 WO2014169667A1 (en) 2013-04-16 2013-12-02 Physicochemical-reaction-type low-temperature cigarette

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2014169667A1 (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4765348A (en) * 1986-12-12 1988-08-23 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Non-combustible simulated cigarette device
EP0354661A2 (en) * 1988-08-12 1990-02-14 British-American Tobacco Company Limited Improvements relating to smoking articles
WO2006070288A2 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Philip Morris Products S.A. Aerosol generator
CN102014995A (en) * 2007-03-30 2011-04-13 杜克大学 Device and method for delivery of a medicament
CN102946747A (en) * 2010-05-06 2013-02-27 R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司 Segmented smoking article
CN103190708A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Chemically heating smokeless cigarette
CN103202537A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-17 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Chemical and electronic combined novel smokeless cigarette
CN103393222A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Nicotine smoke fog normal temperature cigarette with tobacco flavor

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4765348A (en) * 1986-12-12 1988-08-23 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Non-combustible simulated cigarette device
EP0354661A2 (en) * 1988-08-12 1990-02-14 British-American Tobacco Company Limited Improvements relating to smoking articles
WO2006070288A2 (en) * 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Philip Morris Products S.A. Aerosol generator
CN102014995A (en) * 2007-03-30 2011-04-13 杜克大学 Device and method for delivery of a medicament
CN102946747A (en) * 2010-05-06 2013-02-27 R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司 Segmented smoking article
CN103190708A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-10 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Chemically heating smokeless cigarette
CN103202537A (en) * 2013-04-16 2013-07-17 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Chemical and electronic combined novel smokeless cigarette
CN103393222A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 湖北中烟工业有限责任公司 Nicotine smoke fog normal temperature cigarette with tobacco flavor

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