WO2013191622A1 - Connecting device for releasably connecting a first element to a second element - Google Patents

Connecting device for releasably connecting a first element to a second element Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013191622A1
WO2013191622A1 PCT/SE2013/050691 SE2013050691W WO2013191622A1 WO 2013191622 A1 WO2013191622 A1 WO 2013191622A1 SE 2013050691 W SE2013050691 W SE 2013050691W WO 2013191622 A1 WO2013191622 A1 WO 2013191622A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
element
resilient member
latching
position
portions
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE2013/050691
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Andreas Gustavsson
Original Assignee
Andreas Gustavsson
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE1200368-7 priority Critical
Priority to SE1200368 priority
Application filed by Andreas Gustavsson filed Critical Andreas Gustavsson
Publication of WO2013191622A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013191622A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/06Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips
    • F16B5/0607Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other
    • F16B5/0621Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship
    • F16B5/0664Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship at least one of the sheets or plates having integrally formed or integrally connected snap-in-features
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C19/00Other devices specially designed for securing wings, e.g. with suction cups
    • E05C19/06Other devices specially designed for securing wings, e.g. with suction cups in which the securing part if formed or carried by a spring and moves only by distortion of the spring, e.g. snaps
    • E05C19/063Released by pull or pressure on the wing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B5/00Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them
    • F16B5/06Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips
    • F16B5/0607Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other
    • F16B5/0621Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship
    • F16B5/065Joining sheets or plates, e.g. panels, to one another or to strips or bars parallel to them by means of clamps or clips joining sheets or plates to each other in parallel relationship the plates being one on top of the other and distanced from each other, e.g. by using protrusions to keep contact and distance
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B15/00Other details of locks; Parts for engagement by bolts of fastening devices
    • E05B15/04Spring arrangements in locks
    • E05B2015/0493Overcenter springs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/50Mounting methods; Positioning
    • E05Y2600/52Toolless
    • E05Y2600/53Snapping
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2600/00Mounting or coupling arrangements for elements provided for in this subclass
    • E05Y2600/60Mounting or coupling members; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2600/626Plates or brackets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B12/00Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior
    • F16B12/10Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like
    • F16B12/12Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like for non-metal furniture parts, e.g. made of wood, of plastics
    • F16B12/26Jointing of furniture or the like, e.g. hidden from exterior using pegs, bolts, tenons, clamps, clips, or the like for non-metal furniture parts, e.g. made of wood, of plastics using snap-action elements

Abstract

A device for releasable fastening of a first element (1) to a second element (5) is described. The device has an elastic elongated resilient member (6), which can be restrained between the walls, movable from an upper first to a lower second deflecting position. It has two portions (7, 8) from which the latching element (9, 10), which in the upper position of the resilient member occupy a first distance (11) and in the lower position occupy a second smaller distance (12). A third latching element (13) attached to the end wall element (1) formed with a column (14), at the end portion having a broadening (15). At depression of the end wall element (1), from the upper to the lower position, the latching elements (9, 10) locks over the broadening (15) and thereby holds the end wall element closing the opening.

Description

CONNECTING DEVICE FOR RELEASABLY CONNECTING A FIRST ELEMENT TO A SECOND ELEMENT

The present invention relates to device suitable for releasable fastening of an end wall element, closing an opening between two opposite walls in a foundation.

There has, since a long time, been a need for a simple, reliable arrangement of this kind, for instance for use with picture frames, drawers, but also door keepers, mounting arrangements and more. The term end wall element is therefore herein used with a broad interpretation. A number of arrangements of above mentioned kind have been presented, for instance in US 6443679 A1 , EP 1213495B, EP 1355077 and WO02/35105 A1 , but all of those show relatively complicated and hence expensive arrangements.

A simple and inexpensive arrangement is achieved by a connecting device for connecting a first element to a second element , the connecting device comprising an elongated bi-stable resilient member adapted to be restrained between two opposing wall portions and movable from a first deflecting position to a second deflecting position. The resilient member having a first portion, a second portion, a first latching element and a second latching element, wherein each latching element has a first end and a second free end, the first end of the first latching element being connected to the first portion, and the first end of the second latching element being connected to the second portion. Further the distance between the free ends of the first and second latching elements in the first deflecting position is larger than the corresponding distance in said second deflecting position, so that a locking element may be freely moved between said free ends when said resilient member is in said first deflecting position and retained by the free ends when said resilient member is in said second deflecting position. Finally, at least one of the first and second portions comprise a flexible portion allowing the resilient member to move from the first deflecting position to the second deflecting position while maintaining a constant outer length during the movement. Thereby, a connecting device is achieved which has a simple and inexpensive construction and which connecting device may provide a constant holding force on the locking element in the second deflecting position. Further, the resilient member may easily be installed between two opposing wall portions since the flexible portion allows the resilient member to have a constant length even when changing deflection position. Thereby, no expansion recesses are needed at the two opposing walls. Further, the flexible portion enables a connecting device exerting a larger holding force on the locking element, than in a connecting device not having the flexible portion(s).

In one embodiment each of the first and second portions comprise a flexible portion.

Thereby, the resilient member may be even more compressed during the change of deflection postion, without affecting the length of the resilient member. Thereby, an even larger holding force may be exerted on the locking element.

In another embodiment the flexible portions are formed by arches which may be compressed during load.

Thereby, the flexible portions may be easily manufactured on the flexible portions. In one embodiment the resilient member and its flexible portions may even be formed from the same piece of material.

In yet another embodiment the deflecting positions are symmetrical about a center-line.

Thereby, the resilient member may be symmetrically compressed when changing deflection position. Further it may be installed in any orientation without affecting the holding force.

In another embodiment the connecting device further comprises a locking element adapted to be moved between said free ends when in said first deflecting position and retained by the free ends when in said second deflecting position.

In yet another embodiment, the connecting device further comprises a first element mechanically connected to said locking element, and a second element mechanically connected to said two wall portions holding said elongated bi-stable resilient member, so that when said resilient member is arranged in said second deflecting position said first element is retained in abutment to said second element by means of said two latching elements retaining said locking element.

Thereby, the connecting device may be configured to connecting the first and second elements to each other by means of the locking element and the resilient member.

In one embodiment the resilient member comprising the first portion, second portion, first latching element, second latching element and flexible portions is formed from one piece.

Thereby, the manufacturing of the resilient member may be very inexpensive and fast. E.g. the connecting device may be produced from a sheet material by material forming such as punching, rolling, extrusion, die- forming, forging or equivalent.

According to another embodiment of the invention, a device of above mentioned kind is distinguished mainly by the elastic elongated resilient member, which is restrainable between said walls, movable from a first position, forming a first deflection in a direction wherein the resilient member is formed by two substantially symmetrically arranged first and second portions, from which first and second latching elements originate, which elements at the first position of the resilient member define a first distance, and at the second position of the resilient member define a second distance smaller than the first distance, wherein a third latching element is attached to the middle of the end wall element, formed with a downwardly, towards the opening directed column, at the bottom provided with a broadened formation so that the latching element, at depressing action of the end wall element, compresses the resilient member (6) from its first to its second position, wherein the first and second latching elements thereby, by means of said second distance, locks the third latching element between themselves above the third element's broadening, holding the end wall element closing the opening. Other characteristics are defined by the appended dependent patent claims. In addition, there are a number of possible embodiments of the device according to the invention.

The invention is described hereinafter with reference to the

accompanying schematic drawings, of which:

figure 1 is a perspective view of a connecting device connecting a first element to a second element,

figure 2a, 2b, and 2c show perspective views according to three embodiments of the elongated resilient member,

figure 3 is a view of the device in its first position according to a first embodiment of the invention,

figure 4 is a view of the same in its second position,

figure 5 is a view of the device in its first position according to a second embodiment of the invention,

figure 6 is a view of the same in its second position.

Figure 1 illustrates one embodiment of the connecting device in a perspective view. In this embodiment an elongated resilient member 6 is arranged between two opposing wall elements 3, 4. The two opposing wall elements are connected to the second wall element 5. Further, the elongated resilient member 6 comprises two portions 7, 8 which comprise a first latching element 9 and a second 10 latching element, respectively. Each latching element 9, 10 has a first end and a second free end, the first end of the first latching element being connected to the first portion 7, and the first end of the second latching element being connected to the second portion 8. Further, a first element 1 is illustrated in the figure. The first element 1 comprises a third latching element constituting a locking element 13. The locking element 13 comprises an end-portion adapted to be inserted between said first and second latching elements 9, 10 when the resilient member 6 is in the first deflecting position and retained by the free ends when the resilient member is in said second deflecting position. This is enabled by that the distance 1 1 between the free ends of the first and second latching elements 9, 10 is larger when the resilient member 6 is in the first deflecting position than the corresponding distance 12 when the resilient member 6 is in the second deflecting position. The elongated resilient member in figure 1 is in the second deflecting position and the first and second latching elements are thus retaining the locking element 13.

Figure 2a shows an elongated resilient member formed with a recess 16, arranged substantially symmetrical along the centre of the resilient member, wherein from both ends of the recess, a first 9 and second 10 leaf elements originate. Figure 2b shows an embodiment, where the leaf elements are formed with upwards arches 25, 26, while figure 2c shows an alternative embodiment, where the first 19 and second 20 portions of the resilient member are joined by an arched element 21 which at the mounting forms a first 22 and a second 23 sharp edge, directed transversally the resilient member, forming the first and second latching elements.

Through figures 3 and 4, the function of the device is described.

An elastic elongated resilient member 6 is fastened between the walls 3, 4, movable from a first position, forming a first deflection in a direction towards an end wall element 1 , to a second position, forming a second deflection in a direction away from the end wall element. The walls 3, 4 are attached to a foundation 5. The resilient member 6 is formed with two substantially symmetrically arranged first 7 and second 8 portions, from which a first 9 and second 10 latching elements originate. These define, at the first position of the resilient member, a first distance 1 1 , and at the second position of the resilient member, a second distance 12 being smaller than the first distance. A third latching element 13 is attached at the middle of the end wall element, formed with a downwardly, towards the opening directed column 14. This is, at the bottom, provided with a broadened formation 15 so that the latching element, at depression of the end wall element 1 ,

compresses the resilient member 6 from its first to its second position, so that the first 9 and second 10 latching elements thereby with by means of its second distance 12 locks the third latching element 13 between themselves above the third element's broadening 15, holding the end wall element which closes the opening. In the embodiment of the invention shown in figures 5 and 6, the first 19 and second 20 portions of the resilient member are joined by an arched element 21 . This forms, at the end-portions, a first 22 and a second 23 sharp edge, directed transversally the resilient member, forming the first and the second latching element. Here the broadening, attached to the column 14, is formed as a transversal cylindrical body, in this particular case rotational cylindrical, for adapting to the arched element 21 .

Claims

P A T E N T C L A I M S
1 . Connecting device for connecting a first element (1 ) to a second element (5) comprising:
an elongated bi-stable resilient member (6) adapted to be restrained between two opposing wall portions (3, 4) and movable from a first deflecting position to a second deflecting position,
said resilient member (6) having a first portion (7), a second portion (8), a first latching element (9) and a second (10) latching element, wherein each latching element has a first end and a second free end, the first end of the first latching element being connected to the first portion (7), and the first end of the second latching element being connected to the second portion (8), wherein the distance between the free ends (1 1 ) of the first and second latching elements (9, 10) in said first deflecting position is larger than the corresponding distance (12) in said second deflecting position, so that a locking element (13, 24) may be freely moved between said free ends when said resilient member (6) is in said first deflecting position and retained by the free ends when said resilient member is in said second deflecting position, and
at least one of said first (7) and second (8) portions comprise a flexible portion (25, 26) allowing said resilient member (6) to move from the first deflecting position to the second deflecting position while maintaining a constant outer length (L) during the movement.
2. A connecting device according to claim 1 , wherein each of said first (7) and second (8) portions comprise a flexible portion (25, 26).
3. A connecting device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said flexible portions (25, 26) are formed by arches which may be compressed during load.
4. A connecting device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the deflecting positions are symmetrical about a center-line.
5. A connecting device according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a locking element (13) adapted to be moved between said free ends when in said first deflecting position and retained by the free ends when in said second deflecting position.
6. A connecting device according to any of the preceding claims, further comprising a first element (1 ) mechanically connected to said locking element (13), and a second element (5) mechanically connected to said two wall portions (3, 4) holding said elongated bi-stable resilient member (6), so that when said resilient member is arranged in said second deflecting position said first element (1 ) is retained in abutment to said second element (5) by means of said two latching elements (9, 10) retaining said locking element (13).
7. A connecting device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the resilient member comprising said first portion (7), second portion (8), first latching element (9), second latching element (10) and flexible portions (25, 26) is formed from one piece.
8. Device for releasable fastening an end wall element (1 ), closing an opening (2) between two opposite walls (3, 4) in a foundation (5),
characterized by
an elastic elongated resilient member (6), which is restrainable between said walls (3, 4), movable from a first position, forming a first deflection in a direction towards the end wall element, to a second position, forming a second deflection in a direction away from the end wall element, wherein the resilient member (6) is formed having two substantially symmetrically arranged first (7) and second (8) portions, from which a first (9) and second (10) latching elements originate, which outer ends of the first and second latching elements (9, 10) in the first position of the resilient member define a first distance (1 1 ), and in the second position of the resilient member define a second distance (12) being smaller than the first distance (1 1 ),
wherein a third latching element (13) is attached to the middle of the end wall element, formed with a towards the opening directed column (14), at its end portion provided with a broadened formation (15), so that the latching element, at the depressing action of the end wall element (1 ), compresses the resilient member (6) from its first to its second position, wherein the first (9) and second (10) latching elements thereby, by means of said second distance (12), locks the third latching element (13) between themselves above the third element's broadening (15, 24), holding the end wall element closing the opening, and
wherein the first (7, 19) and the second (8, 20) portions of the resilient member comprise arches (25, 26), preferably facing the end wall element.
9. Device according to claim 8, characterized in that the resilient member (6) is formed having a recess (16), arranged substantially symmetrical along the centre of the resilient member (6), wherein from the two ends of the recess (16), a first (17) and a second (18) leaf element originate, constituting the first (9) and the second (10) latching element.
10. Device according to claim 8, characterized in that the first (7, 19) and second (8, 20) portions of the resilient member are joined by an arched element (21 ), which at the end-portions forms a first (22) and a second (23) sharp edge, directed transversally the resilient member, forming the first (9) and the second (19) latching element.
PCT/SE2013/050691 2012-06-19 2013-06-13 Connecting device for releasably connecting a first element to a second element WO2013191622A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE1200368-7 2012-06-19
SE1200368 2012-06-19

Publications (1)

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WO2013191622A1 true WO2013191622A1 (en) 2013-12-27

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US9216704B2 (en) 2013-12-17 2015-12-22 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged strap systems and methods
US9238488B2 (en) 2013-12-20 2016-01-19 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Elastically averaged alignment systems and methods
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US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
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US9618026B2 (en) 2012-08-06 2017-04-11 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Semi-circular alignment features of an elastic averaging alignment system
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