WO2013176612A1 - Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly - Google Patents

Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2013176612A1
WO2013176612A1 PCT/SE2013/050581 SE2013050581W WO2013176612A1 WO 2013176612 A1 WO2013176612 A1 WO 2013176612A1 SE 2013050581 W SE2013050581 W SE 2013050581W WO 2013176612 A1 WO2013176612 A1 WO 2013176612A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
cutter
jaw
cutting
grapple
cutting blade
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE2013/050581
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Per Hans SNYGG
Original Assignee
Smp Parts Ab
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to SE1250516-0 priority Critical
Priority to SE1250516A priority patent/SE536584C2/en
Application filed by Smp Parts Ab filed Critical Smp Parts Ab
Publication of WO2013176612A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013176612A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/08Felling trees

Abstract

A cutter device (1) intended for clearing brushwood and smaller trees. The device (1) is intended to be mounted on backhoes, excavators, or similar off- road machines provided with a working arm, and comprises quick connectors (5) for mechanical connection to such a working arm. The device has at least one jaw (6) provided with fork-like jaw members (6a, 6b) with means for forcibly holding the material intended to be cleared, while a forcibly controlled cutting blade (7) cuts the material while using the jaw members (6a, 6b) of the jaw as anvils.

Description

Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly
Technical field The present invention relates to a cutter device for an excavator or a backhoe assembly in accordance with the preamble of claim 1. More specifically, it relates to such an attachment which is intended to be mounted to a Swingotilt® and a grapple module integrated therewith. The grapple module, in cooperation with the device of Swingotilt® type integrated therewith, is capable of firmly gripping brushwood and smaller trees irrespective of growth direction, whereupon the cutter device, while the vegetation intended to be cut is held firmly, is capable of cutting it in an arbitrary manner, for example close to the roots. Background
Different types of clearing occur in various contexts. In many respects, this is a result of the uncontrollable force of nature and its desire to take back land conquered by man. Slowly, buts steadily nature takes over land that is not used all the time. For obvious reasons, there are for example forest roads which might not be used more than very infrequently and then maybe for timber forwarding. In between this, such roads might be used only as routes for wildlife and hikers. When there is a desire to create new or to clear previously existing, however not frequently used roads, a need arises to be able to carry out such work in an economically defensible way. To call in forwarder machines for such purposes cannot be defended economically, and furthermore, if the ground is waterlogged, cannot be done without causing great damages to the ground in many cases, unless the ground is frozen, something which will never happen in certain parts of the world. This as a natural consequence of the fact that forwarder machines are heavy machines. In addition, they are expensive to operate. For this reason, amongst others, it has been found that there has been a great need for a solution to the problems associated with being able to clear roads through overgrown or previously uncleared terrain in a flexible and economically defensible way. It has been found that using excavators or backhoe assemblies might be one such possibility. However, due to the lack of equipment suitable for the purpose this has not been possible, but instead it has been necessary, if using forwarder machines has not been an option, to either clear manually or to use several different machines to be able to achieve an acceptable result, both in terms of clearing and economically. In connection with secret testing of a prototype solution, a device of the type defined in accordance with the invention has proved to be very efficient.
Brief summary of the invention
Therefore, the purpose of the present invention has been to try to find and show a solution to how a versatile machine of excavator or backhoe type can be used for clearing brushwood and smaller trees for different purposes in the most simple and most economically advantageous way.
According to the invention, the device has at least one fork-like jaw with means for forcibly holding the material intended to be cleared, while a forcibly controlled cutting blade cuts the material while using the jaw members of the jaw as anvils.
Smaller brushwood as well as trees up to a size of 0 240 mm can easily and very efficiently be cut and handled/graded for further processing, for example chipping with a wood chipper. Since the cutting occurs by means of cutting under high cutting pressure and the actual cutting edge is made of a high- strength steel alloy called HARDOX 450, which has been cold worked by milling in the final machining thereof, a cutting tool which can be used much longer without any deterioration of the cutting capacity thereof is obtained.
The cutter device becomes a very versatile tool in terms of its mobility in that it is mounted to a previously known rotatable and tiltable grapple attachment, which enables it to reach the most inaccessible vegetation. Tilting can take place about two axes and rotation about one axis. Furthermore, the cutter device is so strongly dimensioned that it can readily be used as a tool in a manner similar to an excavator bucket without running the risk of being destroyed, and can contribute to solving otherwise complex situations, for example if the carrying machine gets stuck or larger rocks or uprooted trees get in the way.
Brief description of the drawings In the following, the invention will be described more closely with reference to an example of an embodiment shown in the attached drawings. The different aspects of the invention, and especially the features and advantages thereof, will easily be understood on the basis of the description and drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of a cutter device mounted to a rotating and tilting intermediate member combined with a grapple unit;
Fig. 2 shows a perspective view of the cutting attachment alone, with its means of attachment of standard type for the combination as above;
Fig. 3 shows, in a view from above, the attachment having a cutting part disposed in the upper portion of the figure, and a digging part disposed in the lower portion;
Fig. 4 shows a view corresponding to Fig. 4, in which a cutting blade and a hydraulic cylinder, and the interconnection thereof, are shown as hidden contours. Detailed description of preferred embodiment
Throughout this entire description, terms like upper, lower, above and below are intended to have their usual meaning when the attachment is in a position corresponding to the one prevailing when the unit has been connected to the swing and tilt assembly having grapple arms.
From Fig. 1 , it can be seen how a complete cutter device 1 is demountable by means of a hydraulic quick coupling (not shown), but is fixedly connected to the bottom side of a grapple module 2. The grapple module 2, in its turn, is fixedly attached to the bottom side of a rotatable and tiltable attachment 15 by means of screw connections, to allow a maximum rotation of +/- 180° about an axis definable in the mounted position through both the grapple module 2 and the unit 1 , and, in the corresponding position, tilting of the grapple module 2 about an axis which is parallel to the gripping direction of the grapple module 2. By means of a rotary device (not shown, but conventional and well-known e.g. for excavating purposes), disposed on the working arm of the supporting machine, the entire grapple module 2 is rotatable about an axis which is transverse to the working arm. Thereby, the cutter attachment 1 thus becomes pivotable about one axis and rotatable about two axes. The ability to rotate about an axis A is controlled by means of two single acting hydraulic cylinders 3, whereas the ability to rotate about an axis B is controlled with the usual hydraulic cylinder (not shown) of the working arm. The grapple module 2 comprises two hydraulically operated grapple arms 4a and 4b, respectively. A standard type quick attachment device 5 with two pivot pins is disposed at the upper part of the grapple module 2 for attachment thereof to the working machine. This attachment device makes it possible to rotate the grapple module about the axis A with standard components disposed on the working machine.
Henceforth, the cutter device 2 can be seen alone in Fig. 2. The unit 2 has a quick attachment device 8, which is intended to be grasped and held firmly by hydraulically operated pivot brackets (not shown), which are standard on the grapple module 2. Furthermore, in this figure, also something which can be described as a gripper jaw 6, provided with anvils and a strongly dimensioned cutting blade 7 of cold-worked high-strength steel reciprocatingly disposed in this jaw, can be seen. The cutting blade is operated in a reciprocating manner under the influence of a double acting hydraulic cylinder 8, which is not shown in this figure, but is disposed within the unit 2 (see Fig. 4).
Fig. 3 shows the cutter device 1 , in a view from above, in such a way that the curvature of the gripper jaw 6 is clearly evident. The curvature thereof at the left-hand side of the jaw 6, as seen in the figure, has a smaller radius than its right-hand counterpart. Furthermore, from this figure, as well as from the two figures 1 and 2, it is evident that the jaw members are provided with strong friction-increasing teeth 13 on their twig or branch receiving sides, which teeth serve to prevent slipping between the material intended to be cut and the jaw members 6 and the cutting blade 7, respectively. The unit 1 has two digging teeth 14 disposed at the rearward lower part thereof, the purpose of which teeth is to make the unit suitable for smaller earth-moving operations, which otherwise would require the use of a conventional excavator.
Finally, Fig. 4 shows a view of the unit 1 which, in combination with hidden contours of the parts disposed inside the unit 1 , gives an overall picture of how the unit 1 is configured inside. The hydraulic cylinder 8 is pivotally attached 9 to the inside of the unit 1 , whereas at its other end it is pivotally attached to an operating arm 10 disposed on the cutting blade 7. The cutting blade, in its turn, is pivotally attached, at 11 , to the housing of the unit 1 , so that the cylinder 8 will be able to eccentrically actuate the cutting blade to be eccentrically pivoted along an arcuate path, which is defined by the numeral 12.
The function of the unit which is the subject of the present publication is as follows. After having attached the swing and tilt unit with associated grapple module to the working arm of an excavator or a backhoe, the cutter device can easily be attached. The cutter device and the grapple module are connected to the hydraulic system of the excavator or tractor by connecting hydraulic quick couplers, and can be operated by means of the operating units supplied as a standard with such a machine. The grapple module 2 with associated cutter device 1 is operated into close proximity to the material which is to be cut substantially irrespective of growth direction, whereupon the grapple arms are actuated to clamp the material therebetween. If the device is viewed from above, the initial position of the cutting blade 7 is that it is accommodated in the right-hand gripper jaw member 6 when viewed in this manner. With the vegetation held in close contact with the teeth of the gripper jaw, the cutting blade is operated to perform a cutting action by means of the hydraulic cylinder, wherein the outermost end of the cutting blade 7 moves along the arcuate path 12. When the cutting blade has reached the left-hand side of the gripper jaw, most of the cutting has already been done, but if any tough fibres remain, these are cut in cooperation with a steel anvil, which overlaps with the cutting blade during the movement thereof. Thereupon, the cutting blade returns to the initial position, and is also capable of performing some less demanding cutting operations during this return movement, since the cutting blade is also sharp on the trailing edge thereof. Thereby, the grapple module can hold the cut material and it can be moved/graded in a chosen manner by means of the working arm of the machine.
It should be noted that the reader of this document, by studying the drawings and the description of the invention attached to the present publication, should be able to appreciate that variations of the shown embodiment of the invention are encompassed within the scope of the invention as it is defined in the claims.

Claims

l 1 -07- ZU13
7
1 ) A cutter device for clearing brushwood and smaller trees, intended for backhoes, excavators, or similar off-road machines provided with a working arm, comprising quick connectors (5) for mechanical connection to such a working arm, which device has at least one forklike gripper jaw (6) with means for forcibly holding the material intended to be cleared, while a forcibly controlled cutting blade (7) is adapted to cut the material while using the jaw members (6a) of the fork-like jaw (6) as anvils,
characterized in that the fork-like gripper jaw (6) has a shape which, when viewed diagonally from above, changes continuously from being circular at its proper cutting side at an outer jaw member (6a) to being linear at its jaw member (6b) opposite to this outer jaw member (6a).
2) The cutter device according to claim ^characterized in that the forcible control of the cutting blade is hydraulic. 3) The cutter device according to claim 2, characterized in that the jaw members (6a) of the jaw constitute cutting anvils, for achieving a distinct cutting action in that the cutting blade (7) passes them during its arcuate movement.
The cutter device according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the device is combined with a grapple module (2), which is constituted such that it actively can grip and hold the material intended to be cut before and during the cutting. 5) The cutter device according to claim 4, characterized in that the grapple module (2) is attached to a swing and tilt unit (15) disposed between a tool quick coupler on the arm of the machine and the grapple module (2), which unit is constituted such that, on the one hand, it is capable of rotating the grapple module approx.180° in each rotating direction in the plane of attachment thereof or in a plane parallel to this plane of attachment, and, on the other hand, is capable of tilting the plane of the grapple module (2) laterally, as the grapple module (2) is viewed from behind in a mounted position.
The cutter device according to claim ^characterized in that the cutting blade (7) has two cutting edges, so that it is capable of cutting/shearing vegetation in the space between the jaw members (6a, 6b) of the jaw irrespective of the movement direction thereof.
The cutter device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it includes a quick coupling (5) for enabling a tool change, for example between a conventional excavator bucket and a cutter device (1), while a machine operator remains seated in his/her cab.
The cutter device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the hydraulic coupling between the machine and one or several of the sub-assemblies is done
automatically.
9) The cutter device according to any one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that it includes digging teeth (14) disposed at the end opposite to the gripper jaw (6).
PCT/SE2013/050581 2012-05-22 2013-05-22 Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly WO2013176612A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE1250516-0 2012-05-22
SE1250516A SE536584C2 (en) 2012-05-22 2012-05-22 Mowing unit for an excavator or a tractor excavator unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2013176612A1 true WO2013176612A1 (en) 2013-11-28

Family

ID=49624170

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE2013/050581 WO2013176612A1 (en) 2012-05-22 2013-05-22 Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly

Country Status (2)

Country Link
SE (1) SE536584C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2013176612A1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105522624A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-04-27 南京林业大学 Sympodial bamboo felling saw
EP3075232A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-05 Kuljetus V H Heikkilä Oy Clearing device operated by work machine and method for silvicultural clearing / young stand management and for soil preparation
WO2017174689A3 (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-11-30 EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG System for separating a component section
CN109258071A (en) * 2017-04-11 2019-01-25 陶如意 A kind of grass trimmer for municipal Garden Engineering

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3294131A (en) * 1966-01-12 1966-12-27 Beloit Corp Shear clamping mechanism
US3327745A (en) * 1966-10-05 1967-06-27 Harrington Mfg Company Tree cutter device
US3785415A (en) * 1972-06-14 1974-01-15 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Tree felling device

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3294131A (en) * 1966-01-12 1966-12-27 Beloit Corp Shear clamping mechanism
US3327745A (en) * 1966-10-05 1967-06-27 Harrington Mfg Company Tree cutter device
US3785415A (en) * 1972-06-14 1974-01-15 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Tree felling device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP3075232A1 (en) * 2015-04-02 2016-10-05 Kuljetus V H Heikkilä Oy Clearing device operated by work machine and method for silvicultural clearing / young stand management and for soil preparation
CN105522624A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-04-27 南京林业大学 Sympodial bamboo felling saw
WO2017174689A3 (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-11-30 EnBW Energie Baden-Württemberg AG System for separating a component section
CN109258071A (en) * 2017-04-11 2019-01-25 陶如意 A kind of grass trimmer for municipal Garden Engineering

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
SE1250516A1 (en) 2013-11-23
SE536584C2 (en) 2014-03-11

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2013176612A1 (en) Cutter device for excavator or backhoe assembly
US4845867A (en) Triple-purpose attachment
EP1161135B1 (en) Apparatus for excavating and crushing tree stumps
US8561325B1 (en) Grubbing attachment
JP2016516928A (en) Excavator with extended work tool compatibility
US20160057945A1 (en) Grubbing Apparatus
US9518405B2 (en) Multi-purpose grasping attachment accessory
US6662479B2 (en) Tree and stump removal
EP2623678B1 (en) Grapple bucket device
US9506215B2 (en) Combination excavating bucket having a retractable tooth arm
US6523284B1 (en) Multi-purpose material handling apparatus
US9470015B2 (en) Multi-purpose grasping attachment
USRE48744E1 (en) Object lifting, pulling and digging apparatus
US6601891B1 (en) Grapple attachment
EP3116300B1 (en) Energy wood grapple
US20080016725A1 (en) Universal digging attachment for skid loaders
EP3656928A1 (en) Multi-purpose modular hydraulic gripper with synchronous and asynchronous operation
US7628185B2 (en) Dipper stick cutter
US7243691B1 (en) Tree shear
US20180220599A1 (en) Vegetation cutting and clearing system and method
DE202016104853U1 (en) Stump cutters
US5826339A (en) Forestry cutting, mulching and clearing tool
KR20200060134A (en) Safety graffle scissors of excavator
US10918026B2 (en) Optimized stump harvester
JP2003018928A (en) Root cutting attachment and root cutting machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 13793222

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

122 Ep: pct application non-entry in european phase

Ref document number: 13793222

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1