WO2013143229A1 - Method and device for charging mobile phone terminal - Google Patents

Method and device for charging mobile phone terminal Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013143229A1
WO2013143229A1 PCT/CN2012/077328 CN2012077328W WO2013143229A1 WO 2013143229 A1 WO2013143229 A1 WO 2013143229A1 CN 2012077328 W CN2012077328 W CN 2012077328W WO 2013143229 A1 WO2013143229 A1 WO 2013143229A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
terminal
charging
power generating
generating device
permanent magnet
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2012/077328
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵凯
侯方西
马磊
Original Assignee
中兴通讯股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中兴通讯股份有限公司 filed Critical 中兴通讯股份有限公司
Publication of WO2013143229A1 publication Critical patent/WO2013143229A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/44Methods for charging or discharging
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/32Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from a charging set comprising a non-electric prime mover rotating at constant speed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries

Definitions

  • the present invention relates to an application implementation in the field of mobile communication terminals, and in particular, to a method and apparatus for automatically charging a mobile phone terminal by manual shaking.
  • mobile phones play an increasingly important role in people's daily lives, and more and more mobile users have mobile phones.
  • mobile phone products in addition to basic communication functions, more and more other functions are also applied to mobile phones.
  • the above network functions, camera functions, music playback functions, compass functions, etc. are numerous.
  • the addition of these additional functions enables the mobile phone to be multi-purpose.
  • the increase in functional applications has increased the time-dependent use of mobile phones.
  • the long-term operation of mobile phones has increased the power consumption of mobile phones, and the battery life has been greatly reduced.
  • the smart phone has gradually become the mainstream product in mobile phones, and the accompanying power consumption has become the biggest problem.
  • the smartphones we use can only last for one to two days. This brings great inconvenience to the application of the mobile phone. For example, when people go out to work because the mobile phone battery is exhausted, the phone number accessed in the mobile phone cannot be obtained, and the contact information brings great inconvenience to our daily life.
  • the power supply for mobile phone products is generated by a lithium-ion battery.
  • the power consumption of the lithium battery when a certain voltage is applied, the battery power in the mobile phone battery is basically exhausted, the battery will be in a low voltage state, and the low voltage alarm of the mobile phone will not be used normally until the shutdown.
  • the purpose of the embodiments of the present invention is to provide a method and a device for charging a mobile phone terminal, which can better solve the problem that the mobile phone terminal cannot be used when the battery of the mobile phone terminal is turned off at a low voltage and cannot be charged in time.
  • An embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal charging method, where the method includes: installing a power generating device on the terminal;
  • the power generating device converts mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy
  • the power module of the terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
  • the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
  • the step of converting the mechanical energy applied by the power generating device to the terminal into electrical energy comprises:
  • the power generating device is subjected to a shaking action of an external force
  • the permanent magnet of the power generating device is free to slide with respect to the coil of the power generating device under the swaying action;
  • the free-sliding permanent magnet cuts the coil to cause the coil to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
  • the method further includes:
  • the fixing means for operating the permanent magnet allows the permanent magnet to freely slide relative to the coil.
  • the step of the power module of the terminal charging the battery of the terminal by using the electrical energy includes:
  • the power module converts an AC voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage, and inputs the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
  • An embodiment of the present invention further provides a charging device for a terminal, the charging device comprising a power generating device and a power module, wherein: The power generating device is configured to: convert mechanical energy applied thereto into electrical energy; the power module is configured to: charge the battery of the terminal with the electrical energy.
  • the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
  • the power generating device comprises a permanent magnet and a coil, wherein:
  • the permanent magnet is configured to: slid freely relative to a coil of the power generating device under the swaying action of the power generating device by an external force;
  • the coil is arranged to: generate a magnetic flux of the permanent magnet that slides freely to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
  • the power generating device further includes a fixing device, where:
  • the fixing device is configured to: fix the permanent magnet to be free to slide relative to the coil when the terminal is not charged by the power generating device.
  • the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilizing unit and a charging management unit, where: the rectifying voltage stabilizing unit is configured to: convert an alternating voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage;
  • the charge management unit is configured to: input the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
  • the charging management unit includes an input, where:
  • One end of the input end is connected to the DC stabilized voltage outputted by the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is connected to the input end of the USB interface charging.
  • the power generating device comprises a connecting terminal (1), a housing (3), a coil (2) fixed around the inside of the housing (3), a fixing device (4), a cavity (5), and Permanent magnet (6), where:
  • the fixing device (4) comprises a latch plug (41) and a toggle switch (42);
  • the permanent magnet (6) is fixed in the cavity (5) by the latching plug (41) and cannot move freely;
  • the latch plug (41) When the terminal needs to be charged, the latch plug (41) is opened by the toggle switch (42), so that the permanent magnet (6) in the cavity (5) can move freely.
  • the permanent magnet (6) Through The addition of mechanical energy causes the permanent magnet (6) to generate electrical energy relative to the relative movement of the housing (3), and the electrical energy outputs an alternating voltage through the terminal (1).
  • An embodiment of the present invention further provides a terminal, including any one of the charging devices described above.
  • the beneficial effects of the embodiments of the present invention are as follows: After the mobile phone battery is powered off or the low voltage is turned off, the mobile phone battery can be charged by manually shaking the mobile phone terminal to enable the mobile phone to automatically charge. Maintaining the normal use or being able to charge a certain amount of power allows the battery to be maintained for a certain period of time to ensure the normal life of the mobile phone, thereby enabling the user to handle emergency matters.
  • FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method for charging a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a charging device for a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a power module according to an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a mobile phone terminal for manual shaking charging according to an embodiment of the present invention. Preferred embodiment of the invention
  • An embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal charging method, where the method includes: installing a power generating device on the terminal;
  • the power generating device converts mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy
  • the power module of the terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
  • the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
  • the step of converting the mechanical energy applied by the power generating device to the terminal into electrical energy comprises:
  • the power generating device is subjected to a shaking action of an external force
  • the permanent magnet of the power generating device is free to slide relative to the coil of the power generating device under the swaying action move;
  • the free-sliding permanent magnet cuts the coil to cause the coil to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
  • the method further includes:
  • the fixing means for operating the permanent magnet allows the permanent magnet to freely slide relative to the coil.
  • the step of the power module of the terminal charging the battery of the terminal by using the electrical energy includes:
  • the power module converts an AC voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage, and inputs the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
  • An embodiment of the present invention further provides a charging device for a terminal, the charging device comprising a power generating device and a power module, wherein:
  • the power generating device is configured to: convert mechanical energy applied thereto into electrical energy
  • the power module is configured to: charge the battery of the terminal with the electrical energy.
  • the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
  • the power generating device comprises a permanent magnet and a coil, wherein:
  • the permanent magnet is configured to: slid freely relative to a coil of the power generating device under the swaying action of the power generating device by an external force;
  • the coil is arranged to: generate a magnetic flux of the permanent magnet that slides freely to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
  • the power generating device further includes a fixing device, where:
  • the fixing device is configured to: fix the permanent magnet to be free to slide relative to the coil when the terminal is not charged by the power generating device.
  • the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilizing unit and a charging management unit, where: the rectifying voltage stabilizing unit is configured to: convert an alternating voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage;
  • the charge management unit is configured to: input the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
  • the charging management unit includes an input, where:
  • One end of the input end is connected to the DC stabilized voltage outputted by the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is connected to the input end of the USB interface charging.
  • the power generating device comprises a connecting terminal, a housing, a coil fixed around the inside of the housing, a fixing device, a cavity and a permanent magnet, wherein:
  • the fixing device comprises an R lock plug and a toggle switch
  • the permanent magnet When the terminal is not required to be charged, the permanent magnet is fixed in the cavity by the latching plug and cannot move freely;
  • the latch plug When the terminal needs to be charged, the latch plug is opened by dialing the toggle switch, so that the permanent magnet in the cavity can move freely, and the permanent magnet is made relative to the device by applying mechanical energy.
  • the relative movement of the housing generates electrical energy, and the electrical energy outputs an alternating voltage through the terminal.
  • An embodiment of the present invention further provides a terminal, including any one of the charging devices described above.
  • FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method for charging a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes the following steps:
  • Step S101 Install a power generating device on the mobile phone terminal.
  • a power generating device is fixed in the cavity of the inner casing of the mobile phone.
  • the power generating device is a manual micro-generator.
  • the micro-generator is composed of a terminal, a casing, a coil wound around the inside of the casing, a cavity surrounded by the casing, a permanent magnet, a latch plug and a toggle switch, wherein the latch plug and the toggle switch are fixing devices .
  • the permanent magnet of the micro-generator is firmly fixed by the latch plug.
  • the cavity of the micro-generator cannot move freely, and the manual charging function cannot be realized.
  • the toggle switch When the mobile phone is in a low voltage or low power off state, manually push the toggle switch to open the latch plug, so that the permanent magnet inside the micro generator can move freely.
  • Step S102 the power generating device converts mechanical energy applied thereto into electric energy.
  • the magnitude of the voltage is related to the magnetic field strength of the permanent magnet, the number of turns of the coil, and the shaking speed. According to the actual application, the output voltage of a suitable range can be obtained by appropriately adjusting the number of turns of the coil and the size of the permanent magnet.
  • Whether it is shaking from side to side or shaking up and down the phone depends on the direction in which the micro-generator is placed in the phone. If the permanent magnet in the cavity of the micro-generator can slide freely in the same direction as the up-and-down direction of the mobile phone, shake the mobile phone up and down to generate electric energy. If the permanent magnet can slide freely in the same direction as the left and right direction of the mobile phone, shake the mobile phone to generate energy.
  • Step S103 The power processing module of the mobile terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
  • the alternating current generated by the electromagnetic coil is input to the power module of the mobile terminal.
  • the power module rectifies and converts the input AC voltage into a DC stabilized voltage, and charges the lithium ion battery of the mobile phone terminal. Since the voltage output by the micro-generator is an alternating voltage, the rectifying and stabilizing unit of the power module is required to change the alternating voltage into a DC stable voltage.
  • the rectifying and stabilizing unit rectifies and converts the input AC voltage into a DC voltage, and then performs corresponding voltage stabilization processing on the DC voltage to obtain a stable DC voltage output.
  • the DC stabilized voltage output from the rectifier regulator unit is input to the charge management unit, and the charge management unit charges the battery. After a limited number of manual shakes, the battery of the phone can be effectively charged to increase its endurance.
  • the input end of the charging management unit of the power management module is connected to the output of the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is compatible with the input end of the charging of the USB interface. In this way, when you need to charge the USB interface, just plug in the USB interface power.
  • This charging processing method makes the USB interface charging and the manual shaking charging stand independently, and there is no conflict between the two.
  • the USB interface is used for charging.
  • the charging can be manually shaken.
  • a charging device for a mobile phone terminal provided by an embodiment of the present invention includes a power generating device and a power module.
  • the power generating device in this embodiment is a micro-generator.
  • the micro-generator includes a terminal 1, a coil 2 fixed around the inside of the casing, a casing 3, and a fixing device 4. , cavity 5 and permanent magnet 6, wherein:
  • the fixture 4 includes a latch plug 41 and a toggle switch 42.
  • the permanent magnet 6 of the micro-generator is firmly fixed in the cavity 5 of the micro-generator by the latching plug 41, and the manual charging function cannot be realized.
  • the latch plug 41 is manually opened by the toggle switch 42 so that the permanent magnet 6 in the internal cavity 5 of the micro-generator can move freely, and then the hand shakes the mobile phone hand-to-hand or left and right.
  • the permanent magnet 6 in the micro-generator inside the mobile phone is relatively moved relative to the micro-generator housing 3, so that the permanent magnet 6 and the coil 2 inside the housing 3 are relatively moved, and the coil 2 continuously cuts the magnetic field lines of the permanent magnet 6.
  • a varying magnetic field is generated on the coil 2, and according to Faraday's law, a varying electromotive force is generated in the coil 2.
  • the human hand constantly moves up and down or shakes the mobile phone, and the permanent magnet iron 6 continuously reciprocates in the cavity 5, and the coil 2 continuously cuts the magnetic lines of force and continuously generates corresponding induced electromotive force.
  • the induced electromotive force is led out through the terminal 1 to become an alternating voltage, and the magnitude of the voltage is related to the magnetic field strength of the permanent magnet, the number of turns of the coil, and the shaking speed.
  • the output voltage of a suitable range can be obtained by appropriately adjusting the number of turns of the coil and the size of the permanent magnet.
  • the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilization unit 301 and a charging management unit 302.
  • the rectification voltage stabilization unit 301 is composed of a rectification circuit 3011 and a voltage stabilization circuit 3012. composition.
  • the rectification voltage stabilizing unit 301 is composed of a rectifying circuit 3011 and a voltage stabilizing circuit 3012, wherein the rectifying circuit 3011 is actually constituted by a bridge circuit composed of four diodes.
  • the rectified voltage is a DC component but needs to be regulated accordingly.
  • the DC voltage outputted by the rectifier circuit 3011 is processed by the voltage stabilization circuit to obtain a stable DC voltage output.
  • the specific structure of the voltage stabilizing circuit will not be described here.
  • the rectified and regulated DC stabilized voltage is input to the charging management unit 302 (usually a charging management chip can solve the problem), and the charging management unit 302 charges the battery, so that the battery in a low-power state can be manually shaken. Way to charge.
  • the charging management unit 302 usually a charging management chip can solve the problem
  • the input end of the charging management unit 302 is connected to the output of the rectifying and stabilizing unit at one end, and the other end is compatible with the input end of the USB charging interface. In this way, when you need to charge the USB interface, just plug in the USB interface power.
  • This charging processing method makes the USB interface charging and the manual shaking charging stand independently, and there is no conflict between the two. Therefore, when there is an external USB interface power, the USB interface is used for charging, and when there is no USB interface power, the charging can be manually shaken.
  • the terminal includes a mobile phone motherboard, a power generating device, and a battery.
  • the main circuit control module of the mobile phone and the power module in manual charging are included on the mobile phone main board, wherein the power supply module includes a rectification voltage regulator unit and a charging management unit.
  • the power generating device is fixed inside the mobile phone terminal, and the placing direction determines the direction of hand shaking when manually charging, and the general placing direction is placed in parallel with the whole machine. Since the power generating device and the power module of the mobile phone terminal actually have the technical effects of the above charging device, the mobile phone terminal including the power generating device and the power module also has a corresponding technical effect.
  • the embodiment of the present invention converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by manually shaking the mobile phone, and the pressure causes the mobile phone to be turned on. Users often need less power to handle emergency messages, phone calls, contacts, notepad information, network information, etc., so the mechanical energy generated by manually shaking the phone within a limited time is converted into battery power, which is enough for the phone. Effective battery life, thus avoiding the abnormal situation that the battery can not be charged due to low battery shutdown, unable to replace the battery, etc., effectively improving the user experience of the mobile terminal. In addition, under normal circumstances, passive charging of the mobile phone can be realized, and the battery life of the mobile phone can be increased, thereby greatly improving the user experience level of the mobile phone and satisfying the ring. Guarantee energy saving requirements. At the same time, the method of the embodiment of the invention is simple in operation, simple and reliable in implementation, and has great application value.
  • the beneficial effects of the embodiments of the present invention are as follows: After the mobile phone battery is powered off or the low voltage is turned off, the mobile phone battery can be charged by manually shaking the mobile phone terminal to enable the mobile phone to automatically charge. Maintaining the normal use or being able to charge a certain amount of power allows the battery to be maintained for a certain period of time to ensure the normal life of the mobile phone, thereby enabling the user to handle emergency matters. Therefore, the present invention has strong industrial applicability.

Abstract

A method and a device for charging a mobile phone terminal relate to the field of a mobile communication terminal. The method comprises: installing a power generation device on the terminal (S101); the power generation device converting mechanical energy imposed thereon into electric energy (S102); and a power supply module of the terminal charging a battery of the terminal by using the electric energy (S103). The charging device comprises a power generation device and a power supply module. The power generation device is configured to convert the mechanical energy imposed thereon into electric energy. The power supply module is configured to charge the battery of the terminal by using the electric energy. By converting the mechanical energy into the electric energy, the present invention solves the problem that the mobile phone terminal cannot be used when the mobile phone terminal is powered off due to low voltage of the battery and cannot be charged in time, and has beneficial technical effects of maintaining normal use of the mobile phone terminal through charging with manual shaking or maintaining use in a period of time by charging the mobile phone terminal with certain power, so that the user can handle emergencies.

Description

一种手机终端充电方法及装置  Mobile phone terminal charging method and device
技术领域 Technical field
本发明涉及移动通信终端领域的应用实现, 特别涉及一种手动摇晃实现 对手机终端进行自动充电的方法和装置。  The present invention relates to an application implementation in the field of mobile communication terminals, and in particular, to a method and apparatus for automatically charging a mobile phone terminal by manual shaking.
背景技术 Background technique
手机作为一种移动通讯终端产品, 在人们的日常生活中发挥着越来越大 的作用, 拥有手机的移动用户也越来越多。 随着手机产品的不断推陈出新, 手机除了具有基本的通讯功能外, 越来越多的其他功能也应用在了手机上, 如上网功能、 摄像功能、 音乐播放功能、 指南针功能等等举不胜举, 这些附 加功能的增加使得手机能够一机多用, 另一方面, 功能应用的增加, 使得人 们对手机的依赖使用时间增加, 手机长期的工作使得手机的功耗增加, 电池 的续航时间大大降低。 而智能手机逐渐成为手机中的主流产品, 伴随而来的 功耗成为一个最大的问题, 由于应用场景的增多, 应用时间的增加, 一般我 们应用的智能手机仅能维持一天至两天的使用时间, 这样给手机的应用带来 很大不便, 例如当人们外出办公由于手机电池耗尽, 无法获取手机中存取的 电话号码, 联系方式等给我们的日常生活带来了极大的不便。  As a mobile communication terminal product, mobile phones play an increasingly important role in people's daily lives, and more and more mobile users have mobile phones. With the continuous development of mobile phone products, in addition to basic communication functions, more and more other functions are also applied to mobile phones. The above network functions, camera functions, music playback functions, compass functions, etc. are numerous. The addition of these additional functions enables the mobile phone to be multi-purpose. On the other hand, the increase in functional applications has increased the time-dependent use of mobile phones. The long-term operation of mobile phones has increased the power consumption of mobile phones, and the battery life has been greatly reduced. The smart phone has gradually become the mainstream product in mobile phones, and the accompanying power consumption has become the biggest problem. Due to the increase of application scenarios and the increase of application time, the smartphones we use can only last for one to two days. This brings great inconvenience to the application of the mobile phone. For example, when people go out to work because the mobile phone battery is exhausted, the phone number accessed in the mobile phone cannot be obtained, and the contact information brings great inconvenience to our daily life.
目前手机产品的供电电源均是由一个锂离子电池供电产生。 随着手机的 使用, 锂电池内电能的消耗, 到一定电压时, 手机电池内的电量基本耗尽, 电池就会处在一个低电压状态, 而出现手机低电压报警直至关机不能正常使 用。 特别是在某些紧急状态下, 人们不可能随身携带充电器, 不可能随时携 带备用电池,并且某些环境没有充电电源的提供,由于不能及时的充电使用, 一些联系人电话、 联系地址、 短信记录、 记事本事件等不能有效的取得, 造 成的极大的不便。  At present, the power supply for mobile phone products is generated by a lithium-ion battery. With the use of mobile phones, the power consumption of the lithium battery, when a certain voltage is applied, the battery power in the mobile phone battery is basically exhausted, the battery will be in a low voltage state, and the low voltage alarm of the mobile phone will not be used normally until the shutdown. Especially in some emergency situations, it is impossible for people to carry the charger with them. It is impossible to carry the spare battery at any time, and some environments do not have the charging power supply. Due to the inability to charge in time, some contact phones, contact addresses, and text messages Recording, notepad events, etc. cannot be effectively obtained, causing great inconvenience.
对于手机自动充电方面, 目前有釆用太阳能电池的方式, 这种方式受天 气因素比如是否阴雨、 是否夜晚等有很大的影响, 并且制作使用可行性、 造 价成本等有极大的应用及市场局限性, 而不具有可选性。 发明内容 For the automatic charging of mobile phones, there is currently a way of using solar cells. This method is greatly affected by weather factors such as whether it is rainy or not, and whether it is night, etc., and has great application and market for making use feasibility and cost. Limitations, not optional. Summary of the invention
本发明实施例的目的在于提供一种手机终端充电方法及装置, 能更好地 解决在手机终端电池低电压关机而又不能及时充电时无法使用手机终端的问 题。  The purpose of the embodiments of the present invention is to provide a method and a device for charging a mobile phone terminal, which can better solve the problem that the mobile phone terminal cannot be used when the battery of the mobile phone terminal is turned off at a low voltage and cannot be charged in time.
为解决上述技术问题, 本发明实施例釆用如下技术方案:  In order to solve the above technical problem, the following technical solutions are used in the embodiment of the present invention:
本发明实施例提供了一种终端充电方法, 其中, 所述方法包括: 在所述终端上安装发电装置;  An embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal charging method, where the method includes: installing a power generating device on the terminal;
所述发电装置将对所述终端施加的机械能转换为电能;  The power generating device converts mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy;
所述终端的电源模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电。  The power module of the terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
可选地, 所述终端为手机终端。  Optionally, the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
可选地, 所述发电装置将对所述终端施加的机械能转化为电能的步骤包 括:  Optionally, the step of converting the mechanical energy applied by the power generating device to the terminal into electrical energy comprises:
所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用;  The power generating device is subjected to a shaking action of an external force;
所述发电装置的永磁铁在晃动作用下相对于所述发电装置的线圈自由滑 动;  The permanent magnet of the power generating device is free to slide with respect to the coil of the power generating device under the swaying action;
所述自由滑动的永磁铁切割所述线圈使所述线圈产生并输出相应的交流 电压。  The free-sliding permanent magnet cuts the coil to cause the coil to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
可选地, 该方法还包括:  Optionally, the method further includes:
发电装置受到外力的晃动作用的步骤之前, 操纵所述永磁铁的固定装置 使所述永磁铁能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  Before the power generating device is subjected to the step of swaying the external force, the fixing means for operating the permanent magnet allows the permanent magnet to freely slide relative to the coil.
可选地, 所述终端的电源模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电 的步骤包括:  Optionally, the step of the power module of the terminal charging the battery of the terminal by using the electrical energy includes:
所述电源模块将所述发电装置输出的交流电压转化成直流稳定电压, 将 所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池中以对所述电池进行充电。  The power module converts an AC voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage, and inputs the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
本发明的实施例还提供了一种终端的充电装置, 所述充电装置包括发电 装置和电源模块, 其中: 所述发电装置设置成: 将施加于其上的机械能转化为电能; 所述电源模块设置成: 利用所述电能为所述终端的电池充电。 An embodiment of the present invention further provides a charging device for a terminal, the charging device comprising a power generating device and a power module, wherein: The power generating device is configured to: convert mechanical energy applied thereto into electrical energy; the power module is configured to: charge the battery of the terminal with the electrical energy.
可选地, 所述终端为手机终端。  Optionally, the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
可选地, 所述发电装置包括永磁铁和线圈, 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device comprises a permanent magnet and a coil, wherein:
所述永磁铁设置成: 在所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用下相对于所述 发电装置的线圈自由滑动;  The permanent magnet is configured to: slid freely relative to a coil of the power generating device under the swaying action of the power generating device by an external force;
所述线圈设置成: 切割自由滑动的所述永磁铁的磁力线产生并输出相应 的交 电压。  The coil is arranged to: generate a magnetic flux of the permanent magnet that slides freely to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
可选地, 所述发电装置还包括固定装置, 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device further includes a fixing device, where:
所述固定装置设置成: 在所述终端不利用所述发电装置充电时固定住所 述永磁铁使其不能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  The fixing device is configured to: fix the permanent magnet to be free to slide relative to the coil when the terminal is not charged by the power generating device.
可选地, 所述电源模块包括整流稳压单元和充电管理单元, 其中: 所述整流稳压单元设置成: 将所述发电装置输出的交变电压转化成直流 稳定电压;  Optionally, the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilizing unit and a charging management unit, where: the rectifying voltage stabilizing unit is configured to: convert an alternating voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage;
所述充电管理单元设置成: 将所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池 中以对所述电池进行充电。  The charge management unit is configured to: input the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
可选地, 所述充电管理单元包括输入端, 其中:  Optionally, the charging management unit includes an input, where:
所述输入端的一端接入所述整流稳压单元输出的直流稳定电压, 另一端 接入 USB接口充电的输入端。  One end of the input end is connected to the DC stabilized voltage outputted by the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is connected to the input end of the USB interface charging.
可选地, 所述发电装置包括接线端子 (1 ) 、 壳体(3) 、 固定环绕在所 述壳体(3) 内部的线圈(2) 、 固定装置(4)、 腔体(5)和永磁铁 (6) , 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device comprises a connecting terminal (1), a housing (3), a coil (2) fixed around the inside of the housing (3), a fixing device (4), a cavity (5), and Permanent magnet (6), where:
所述固定装置 (4) 包括闩锁塞(41 )和拨动开关 (42) ;  The fixing device (4) comprises a latch plug (41) and a toggle switch (42);
当无需为所述终端充电时, 所述永磁铁(6)被所述闩锁塞(41 )固定在 所述腔体( 5 ) 内不能自由移动;  When the terminal is not required to be charged, the permanent magnet (6) is fixed in the cavity (5) by the latching plug (41) and cannot move freely;
当需要为所述终端充电时, 通过拨动所述拨动开关 (42)打开所述闩锁 塞(41 ) , 使得所述腔体(5) 中的所述永磁铁 (6) 能够自由运动, 通过施 加机械能使得所述永磁铁(6 )相对于所述壳体(3 )相对运动产生电能, 所 述电能通过所述接线端子 (1 )输出交流电压。 When the terminal needs to be charged, the latch plug (41) is opened by the toggle switch (42), so that the permanent magnet (6) in the cavity (5) can move freely. Through The addition of mechanical energy causes the permanent magnet (6) to generate electrical energy relative to the relative movement of the housing (3), and the electrical energy outputs an alternating voltage through the terminal (1).
本发明实施例还提供了一种终端, 包括如上所述的任意一种充电装置。 An embodiment of the present invention further provides a terminal, including any one of the charging devices described above.
与相关技术相比较, 本发明实施例的有益效果在于: 在手机电池低电将 近关机或者低电压关机后, 釆用手工摇晃手机终端使得手机能够自动充电的 方式给手机电池充电, 使得电池能够充电维持到能正常使用或者能够充进一 定的电量使得电池能够足够维持一定时间以保证手机正常的续航, 进而使得 使用者能够处理紧急事务。 附图概述 Compared with the related art, the beneficial effects of the embodiments of the present invention are as follows: After the mobile phone battery is powered off or the low voltage is turned off, the mobile phone battery can be charged by manually shaking the mobile phone terminal to enable the mobile phone to automatically charge. Maintaining the normal use or being able to charge a certain amount of power allows the battery to be maintained for a certain period of time to ensure the normal life of the mobile phone, thereby enabling the user to handle emergency matters. BRIEF abstract
图 1是本发明实施例提供的一种手机终端充电方法的流程图;  1 is a flowchart of a method for charging a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图 2是本发明实施例提供的一种手机终端充电装置的结构示意图; 图 3是本发明实施例提供的电源模块的结构示意图;  2 is a schematic structural diagram of a charging device for a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a power module according to an embodiment of the present invention;
图 4是本发明实施例提供的一种手动摇晃充电的手机终端的结构示意图。 本发明的较佳实施方式  FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a mobile phone terminal for manual shaking charging according to an embodiment of the present invention. Preferred embodiment of the invention
本发明实施例提供了一种终端充电方法, 其中, 所述方法包括: 在所述终端上安装发电装置;  An embodiment of the present invention provides a terminal charging method, where the method includes: installing a power generating device on the terminal;
所述发电装置将对所述终端施加的机械能转换为电能;  The power generating device converts mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy;
所述终端的电源模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电。  The power module of the terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
可选地, 所述终端为手机终端。  Optionally, the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
可选地, 所述发电装置将对所述终端施加的机械能转化为电能的步骤包 括:  Optionally, the step of converting the mechanical energy applied by the power generating device to the terminal into electrical energy comprises:
所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用;  The power generating device is subjected to a shaking action of an external force;
所述发电装置的永磁铁在晃动作用下相对于所述发电装置的线圈自由滑 动; The permanent magnet of the power generating device is free to slide relative to the coil of the power generating device under the swaying action move;
所述自由滑动的永磁铁切割所述线圈使所述线圈产生并输出相应的交流 电压。  The free-sliding permanent magnet cuts the coil to cause the coil to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
可选地, 该方法还包括:  Optionally, the method further includes:
发电装置受到外力的晃动作用的步骤之前, 操纵所述永磁铁的固定装置 使所述永磁铁能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  Before the power generating device is subjected to the step of swaying the external force, the fixing means for operating the permanent magnet allows the permanent magnet to freely slide relative to the coil.
可选地, 所述终端的电源模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电 的步骤包括:  Optionally, the step of the power module of the terminal charging the battery of the terminal by using the electrical energy includes:
所述电源模块将所述发电装置输出的交流电压转化成直流稳定电压, 将 所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池中以对所述电池进行充电。  The power module converts an AC voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage, and inputs the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
本发明的实施例还提供了一种终端的充电装置, 所述充电装置包括发电 装置和电源模块, 其中: An embodiment of the present invention further provides a charging device for a terminal, the charging device comprising a power generating device and a power module, wherein:
所述发电装置设置成: 将施加于其上的机械能转化为电能;  The power generating device is configured to: convert mechanical energy applied thereto into electrical energy;
所述电源模块设置成: 利用所述电能为所述终端的电池充电。  The power module is configured to: charge the battery of the terminal with the electrical energy.
可选地, 所述终端为手机终端。  Optionally, the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
可选地, 所述发电装置包括永磁铁和线圈, 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device comprises a permanent magnet and a coil, wherein:
所述永磁铁设置成: 在所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用下相对于所述 发电装置的线圈自由滑动;  The permanent magnet is configured to: slid freely relative to a coil of the power generating device under the swaying action of the power generating device by an external force;
所述线圈设置成: 切割自由滑动的所述永磁铁的磁力线产生并输出相应 的交 电压。  The coil is arranged to: generate a magnetic flux of the permanent magnet that slides freely to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
可选地, 所述发电装置还包括固定装置, 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device further includes a fixing device, where:
所述固定装置设置成: 在所述终端不利用所述发电装置充电时固定住所 述永磁铁使其不能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  The fixing device is configured to: fix the permanent magnet to be free to slide relative to the coil when the terminal is not charged by the power generating device.
可选地, 所述电源模块包括整流稳压单元和充电管理单元, 其中: 所述整流稳压单元设置成: 将所述发电装置输出的交变电压转化成直流 稳定电压; 所述充电管理单元设置成: 将所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池 中以对所述电池进行充电。 Optionally, the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilizing unit and a charging management unit, where: the rectifying voltage stabilizing unit is configured to: convert an alternating voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage; The charge management unit is configured to: input the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
可选地, 所述充电管理单元包括输入端, 其中:  Optionally, the charging management unit includes an input, where:
所述输入端的一端接入所述整流稳压单元输出的直流稳定电压, 另一端 接入 USB接口充电的输入端。  One end of the input end is connected to the DC stabilized voltage outputted by the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is connected to the input end of the USB interface charging.
可选地, 所述发电装置包括接线端子、 壳体、 固定环绕在所述壳体内部 的线圈、 固定装置、 腔体和永磁铁, 其中:  Optionally, the power generating device comprises a connecting terminal, a housing, a coil fixed around the inside of the housing, a fixing device, a cavity and a permanent magnet, wherein:
所述固定装置包括 R锁塞和拨动开关;  The fixing device comprises an R lock plug and a toggle switch;
当无需为所述终端充电时, 所述永磁铁被所述闩锁塞固定在所述腔体内 不能自由移动;  When the terminal is not required to be charged, the permanent magnet is fixed in the cavity by the latching plug and cannot move freely;
当需要为所述终端充电时, 通过拨动所述拨动开关打开所述闩锁塞, 使 得所述腔体中的所述永磁铁能够自由运动, 通过施加机械能使得所述永磁铁 相对于所述壳体相对运动产生电能, 所述电能通过所述接线端子输出交流电 压。  When the terminal needs to be charged, the latch plug is opened by dialing the toggle switch, so that the permanent magnet in the cavity can move freely, and the permanent magnet is made relative to the device by applying mechanical energy. The relative movement of the housing generates electrical energy, and the electrical energy outputs an alternating voltage through the terminal.
本发明实施例还提供了一种终端, 包括如上所述的任意一种充电装置。 An embodiment of the present invention further provides a terminal, including any one of the charging devices described above.
以下结合附图对本发明的优选实施例进行详细说明, 应当理解, 以下所 说明的优选实施例仅用于说明和解释本发明, 并不用于限定本发明。 The preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
图 1是本发明实施例提供的一种手机终端充电方法的流程图, 如图 1所 示, 所述方法包括以下步骤:  FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a method for charging a mobile phone terminal according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes the following steps:
步骤 S101 , 在所述手机终端上安装发电装置。  Step S101: Install a power generating device on the mobile phone terminal.
在手机内部壳体的腔体内固定一个发电装置, 本实施例中所述发电装置 是一个手动微型发电机。  A power generating device is fixed in the cavity of the inner casing of the mobile phone. In the embodiment, the power generating device is a manual micro-generator.
微型发电机由接线端子、 壳体、 缠绕固定在壳体内部的线圈、 壳体围成 的腔体、 永磁铁、 闩锁塞和拨动开关组成, 其中闩锁塞和拨动开关是固定装 置。 当无需摇晃手机手动充电时, 微型发电机的永磁铁被闩锁塞牢牢固定在 微型发电机的腔体内不能自由移动, 无法实现手动充电功能。 当手机处于低 电压或者低电关机状态, 手动拨动拨动开关打开闩锁塞, 使得微型发电机内 部的永磁铁能够自由运动。 The micro-generator is composed of a terminal, a casing, a coil wound around the inside of the casing, a cavity surrounded by the casing, a permanent magnet, a latch plug and a toggle switch, wherein the latch plug and the toggle switch are fixing devices . When the manual charging of the mobile phone is not required, the permanent magnet of the micro-generator is firmly fixed by the latch plug. The cavity of the micro-generator cannot move freely, and the manual charging function cannot be realized. When the mobile phone is in a low voltage or low power off state, manually push the toggle switch to open the latch plug, so that the permanent magnet inside the micro generator can move freely.
步骤 S102, 所述发电装置将对其施加的机械能转换为电能。  Step S102, the power generating device converts mechanical energy applied thereto into electric energy.
拨动拨动开关打开闩锁塞使得微型发电机腔内的永磁铁能够相对电磁线 圈自由滑动。  Toggle the toggle switch to open the latch plug so that the permanent magnets in the micro-generator cavity can slide freely relative to the solenoid coil.
手动上下或者左右摇晃手机整机, 使得手机内部的微型发电机中的永磁 铁相对于微型发电机的壳体相对运动, 这样永磁铁与壳体内部的线圈产生相 对运动, 线圈不断地切割磁力线, 线圈上有变化的磁场产生, 根据法拉第定 律, 线圈中会有变化的电动势产生。 不断上下或左右摇晃手机, 永磁铁在腔 体中不断的往复运动, 线圈便不断地切割磁力线并产生相应的感应电动势。 感应电动势通过接线端子引出来就成为一个交流的电压, 其电压大小与永磁 铁的磁场强度、 线圈匝数、 摇晃速度有关。 根据实际的应用情况, 可以适当 调节线圈匝数、 永磁铁大小就能够得到合适范围的输出电压。  Manually shaking the mobile phone up and down or left and right, so that the permanent magnet in the micro-generator inside the mobile phone moves relative to the housing of the micro-generator, so that the permanent magnet and the coil inside the housing generate relative motion, and the coil continuously cuts the magnetic line of force. A varying magnetic field is generated on the coil, and according to Faraday's law, a varying electromotive force is generated in the coil. The mobile phone is constantly shaken up and down or left and right, and the permanent magnet reciprocates continuously in the cavity, and the coil continuously cuts the magnetic lines of force and generates corresponding induced electromotive force. The induced electromotive force is led out through the terminal block and becomes an alternating voltage. The magnitude of the voltage is related to the magnetic field strength of the permanent magnet, the number of turns of the coil, and the shaking speed. According to the actual application, the output voltage of a suitable range can be obtained by appropriately adjusting the number of turns of the coil and the size of the permanent magnet.
是左右摇晃还是上下摇晃手机视手机内微型发电机放置方向而定。 如果 微型发电机的腔体中的永磁铁能够自由滑动的方向与手机上下方向一致, 则 上下摇晃手机产生电能; 如果永磁铁能够自由滑动的方向与手机左右方向一 致, 则左右摇晃手机产生电能。  Whether it is shaking from side to side or shaking up and down the phone depends on the direction in which the micro-generator is placed in the phone. If the permanent magnet in the cavity of the micro-generator can slide freely in the same direction as the up-and-down direction of the mobile phone, shake the mobile phone up and down to generate electric energy. If the permanent magnet can slide freely in the same direction as the left and right direction of the mobile phone, shake the mobile phone to generate energy.
步骤 S103 ,手机终端的电源处理模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进 行充电。  Step S103: The power processing module of the mobile terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
电磁线圈产生的交流电输入到手机终端的电源模块。  The alternating current generated by the electromagnetic coil is input to the power module of the mobile terminal.
电源模块将所输入的交流电压整流变换处理成直流稳定电压, 并对手机 终端的锂离子电池进行充电。 由于微型发电机输出的电压是一个交变电压, 因此需要电源模块的整流稳压单元将交变的电压变化成直流稳定电压。 整流 稳压单元将输入的交流电压整流转换成直流电压, 再对直流电压做相应的稳 压处理得到稳定的直流电压输出。 整流稳压单元输出的直流稳定电压输入到 充电管理单元中, 充电管理单元再对电池进行充电。 这样经过有限次数的手 动摇晃后, 手机的电池就能够有效充电而增长其续航能力。 另外,在手动摇晃充电的同时,还可以通过 USB接口的电源对手机进行 充电。 电源管理模块的充电管理单元的输入端一端接整流稳压单元的输出, 另一端兼容接入 USB接口充电的输入端。 这样, 需要 USB接口的电源充电 时, 只需插入 USB接口电源即可。 这种充电处理方式使得 USB接口充电与 手动摇晃充电分别独立存在、二者不存在冲突,这样有外部 USB接口电源时, 使用 USB接口充电, 没有 USB接口电源时, 可手动摇晃充电。 The power module rectifies and converts the input AC voltage into a DC stabilized voltage, and charges the lithium ion battery of the mobile phone terminal. Since the voltage output by the micro-generator is an alternating voltage, the rectifying and stabilizing unit of the power module is required to change the alternating voltage into a DC stable voltage. The rectifying and stabilizing unit rectifies and converts the input AC voltage into a DC voltage, and then performs corresponding voltage stabilization processing on the DC voltage to obtain a stable DC voltage output. The DC stabilized voltage output from the rectifier regulator unit is input to the charge management unit, and the charge management unit charges the battery. After a limited number of manual shakes, the battery of the phone can be effectively charged to increase its endurance. In addition, while manually shaking and charging, you can also charge the phone through the power of the USB interface. The input end of the charging management unit of the power management module is connected to the output of the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is compatible with the input end of the charging of the USB interface. In this way, when you need to charge the USB interface, just plug in the USB interface power. This charging processing method makes the USB interface charging and the manual shaking charging stand independently, and there is no conflict between the two. When there is an external USB interface power, the USB interface is used for charging. When there is no USB interface power, the charging can be manually shaken.
本发明实施例提供的一种手机终端充电装置包括发电装置、 电源模块。 本实施例中发电装置是微型发电机。  A charging device for a mobile phone terminal provided by an embodiment of the present invention includes a power generating device and a power module. The power generating device in this embodiment is a micro-generator.
图 2是本发明实施例提供的一种微型发电机的剖面图, 如图 2所示, 该 微型发电机包括接线端子 1、 固定环绕在壳体内部的线圈 2 、 壳体 3、 固定 装置 4、 腔体 5和永磁铁 6, 其中:  2 is a cross-sectional view of a micro-generator according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 2, the micro-generator includes a terminal 1, a coil 2 fixed around the inside of the casing, a casing 3, and a fixing device 4. , cavity 5 and permanent magnet 6, wherein:
固定装置 4包括闩锁塞 41和拨动开关 42。  The fixture 4 includes a latch plug 41 and a toggle switch 42.
当无需手机手动充电时,微型发电机的永磁铁 6被闩锁塞 41牢牢固定在 微型发电机的腔体 5内不能自由移动, 无法实现手动充电功能。 当手机处于 低电压或者低电关机状态, 手动通过拨动拨动开关 42打开闩锁塞 41 , 使得 微型发电机内部腔体 5中的永磁铁 6能够自由运动, 这时人手上下或左右摇 晃手机, 使得手机内部的微型发电机中的永磁铁 6相对于微型发电机壳体 3 相对运动, 这样永磁铁 6与壳体 3内部的线圈 2产生相对运动, 线圈 2不断 地切割永磁体 6的磁力线, 从而在线圈 2上有变化的磁场产生, 根据法拉第 定律, 线圈 2中会有变化的电动势产生。 人手不断的上下或摇晃手机, 永磁 铁 6在腔体 5中不断的往复运动, 线圈 2便不断地切割磁力线、 不断地产生 相应的感应电动势。 感应电动势通过接线端子 1引出来就成为一个交流的电 压, 其电压大小与永磁铁的磁场强度、 线圈匝数、 摇晃速度有关。 根据实际 的应用情况, 可以适当调节线圈匝数、 永磁铁大小就能够得到合适范围的输 出电压。  When the manual charging of the mobile phone is not required, the permanent magnet 6 of the micro-generator is firmly fixed in the cavity 5 of the micro-generator by the latching plug 41, and the manual charging function cannot be realized. When the mobile phone is in a low voltage or low power off state, the latch plug 41 is manually opened by the toggle switch 42 so that the permanent magnet 6 in the internal cavity 5 of the micro-generator can move freely, and then the hand shakes the mobile phone hand-to-hand or left and right. , the permanent magnet 6 in the micro-generator inside the mobile phone is relatively moved relative to the micro-generator housing 3, so that the permanent magnet 6 and the coil 2 inside the housing 3 are relatively moved, and the coil 2 continuously cuts the magnetic field lines of the permanent magnet 6. Thus, a varying magnetic field is generated on the coil 2, and according to Faraday's law, a varying electromotive force is generated in the coil 2. The human hand constantly moves up and down or shakes the mobile phone, and the permanent magnet iron 6 continuously reciprocates in the cavity 5, and the coil 2 continuously cuts the magnetic lines of force and continuously generates corresponding induced electromotive force. The induced electromotive force is led out through the terminal 1 to become an alternating voltage, and the magnitude of the voltage is related to the magnetic field strength of the permanent magnet, the number of turns of the coil, and the shaking speed. According to the actual application, the output voltage of a suitable range can be obtained by appropriately adjusting the number of turns of the coil and the size of the permanent magnet.
图 3是本发明实施例提供的电源模块的结构示意图, 如图 3所述, 电源 模块包括整流稳压单元 301和充电管理单元 302, 其中整流稳压单元 301由 整流电路 3011和稳压电路 3012组成。  3 is a schematic structural diagram of a power module according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, the power module includes a rectification voltage stabilization unit 301 and a charging management unit 302. The rectification voltage stabilization unit 301 is composed of a rectification circuit 3011 and a voltage stabilization circuit 3012. composition.
由于微型发电机输出的电压是一个交变电压, 因此电源模块的整流稳压 单元 301需要将微型发电机输入的交变的电压变化成直流稳定电压。 整流稳 压单元 301 由整流电路 3011和稳压电路 3012组成, 其中, 整流电路 3011 实际是由由四个二极管组成的桥电路构成。 整流后的电压为直流成分但需要 做相应的稳压处理。整流电路 3011输出的直流电压经过稳压电路的处理,得 到稳定的直流电压输出。 关于稳压电路的具体结构在此不再赘述。 Since the voltage output from the micro-generator is an alternating voltage, the rectifier voltage regulator of the power module Unit 301 needs to vary the alternating voltage input by the micro-generator to a DC stabilized voltage. The rectification voltage stabilizing unit 301 is composed of a rectifying circuit 3011 and a voltage stabilizing circuit 3012, wherein the rectifying circuit 3011 is actually constituted by a bridge circuit composed of four diodes. The rectified voltage is a DC component but needs to be regulated accordingly. The DC voltage outputted by the rectifier circuit 3011 is processed by the voltage stabilization circuit to obtain a stable DC voltage output. The specific structure of the voltage stabilizing circuit will not be described here.
整流稳压后的直流稳定电压输入到充电管理单元 302中 (通常一个充电 管理芯片即能解决问题) , 充电管理单元 302再对电池进行充电, 这样处于 低电状态的电池就能通过手动摇晃的方式充电。  The rectified and regulated DC stabilized voltage is input to the charging management unit 302 (usually a charging management chip can solve the problem), and the charging management unit 302 charges the battery, so that the battery in a low-power state can be manually shaken. Way to charge.
充电管理单元 302的输入端一端接整流稳压单元的输出, 另一端兼容接 入到 USB充电接口的输入端。 这样, 需要 USB接口的电源充电时, 只需插 入 USB接口电源即可。 这种充电处理方式使得 USB接口充电与手动摇晃充 电分别独立存在、二者不存在冲突,这样有外部 USB接口电源时,使用 USB 接口充电, 没有 USB接口电源时, 可手动摇晃充电。  The input end of the charging management unit 302 is connected to the output of the rectifying and stabilizing unit at one end, and the other end is compatible with the input end of the USB charging interface. In this way, when you need to charge the USB interface, just plug in the USB interface power. This charging processing method makes the USB interface charging and the manual shaking charging stand independently, and there is no conflict between the two. Therefore, when there is an external USB interface power, the USB interface is used for charging, and when there is no USB interface power, the charging can be manually shaken.
图 4是本发明实施例提供的一种手动摇晃充电的手机终端的结构示意图, 如图 4所示, 所述终端包括手机主板、 发电装置以及电池。 手机的主要电路 控制模块、 手动充电中的电源模块都包含在该手机主板上, 其中电源模块包 括整流稳压单元和充电管理单元。 发电装置被固定在该手机终端内部, 其放 置方向决定了手动充电时手持摇晃的方向, 一般放置方向为随同整机的平行 方向放置。 由于手机终端的发电装置和电源模块实际上具有上述充电装置的 技术效果,包括该发电装置和电源模块的手机终端也具有相对应的技术效果。  4 is a schematic structural diagram of a mobile phone terminal for manual shaking charging according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4, the terminal includes a mobile phone motherboard, a power generating device, and a battery. The main circuit control module of the mobile phone and the power module in manual charging are included on the mobile phone main board, wherein the power supply module includes a rectification voltage regulator unit and a charging management unit. The power generating device is fixed inside the mobile phone terminal, and the placing direction determines the direction of hand shaking when manually charging, and the general placing direction is placed in parallel with the whole machine. Since the power generating device and the power module of the mobile phone terminal actually have the technical effects of the above charging device, the mobile phone terminal including the power generating device and the power module also has a corresponding technical effect.
综上所述, 本发明的实施例通过手动摇晃手机将机械能转化为电能, 所 压使得手机开机。 用户处理紧急短信、 电话、 联系人、 记事本信息、 网络信 息等紧急事件所需要的电量往往并不多, 因此有限时间内的手动摇晃手机所 产生的机械能转换成电池的电能, 足以对手机进行有效的续航, 从而避免电 池低电关机造成的无法充电、 无法更换电池等异常情况, 有效的提高手机终 端的用户体验。 另外, 在正常情况下也能够实现对手机的无源充电, 增大手 机电池的使用续航时间, 而大大提高了该手机的用户体验水平, 并能满足环 保节能的要求。 同时, 本发明实施例的方法操作简单、 实现简单可靠, 具有 较大的应用价值。 In summary, the embodiment of the present invention converts mechanical energy into electrical energy by manually shaking the mobile phone, and the pressure causes the mobile phone to be turned on. Users often need less power to handle emergency messages, phone calls, contacts, notepad information, network information, etc., so the mechanical energy generated by manually shaking the phone within a limited time is converted into battery power, which is enough for the phone. Effective battery life, thus avoiding the abnormal situation that the battery can not be charged due to low battery shutdown, unable to replace the battery, etc., effectively improving the user experience of the mobile terminal. In addition, under normal circumstances, passive charging of the mobile phone can be realized, and the battery life of the mobile phone can be increased, thereby greatly improving the user experience level of the mobile phone and satisfying the ring. Guarantee energy saving requirements. At the same time, the method of the embodiment of the invention is simple in operation, simple and reliable in implementation, and has great application value.
尽管上文对本发明进行了详细说明, 但是本发明不限于此, 本技术领域 技术人员可以根据本发明的原理进行各种修改。 因此, 凡按照本发明原理所 作的修改, 都应当理解为落入本发明的保护范围。 Although the invention has been described in detail above, the invention is not limited thereto, and various modifications may be made by those skilled in the art in accordance with the principles of the invention. Therefore, modifications in accordance with the principles of the invention should be understood as falling within the scope of the invention.
工业实用性 Industrial applicability
与相关技术相比较, 本发明实施例的有益效果在于: 在手机电池低电将 近关机或者低电压关机后, 釆用手工摇晃手机终端使得手机能够自动充电的 方式给手机电池充电, 使得电池能够充电维持到能正常使用或者能够充进一 定的电量使得电池能够足够维持一定时间以保证手机正常的续航, 进而使得 使用者能够处理紧急事务。 因此本发明具有很强的工业实用性。  Compared with the related art, the beneficial effects of the embodiments of the present invention are as follows: After the mobile phone battery is powered off or the low voltage is turned off, the mobile phone battery can be charged by manually shaking the mobile phone terminal to enable the mobile phone to automatically charge. Maintaining the normal use or being able to charge a certain amount of power allows the battery to be maintained for a certain period of time to ensure the normal life of the mobile phone, thereby enabling the user to handle emergency matters. Therefore, the present invention has strong industrial applicability.

Claims

权 利 要 求 书 Claim
1、 一种终端充电方法, 该方法包括:  1. A terminal charging method, the method comprising:
在所述终端上安装发电装置;  Installing a power generating device on the terminal;
所述发电装置将对所述终端施加的机械能转换为电能;  The power generating device converts mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy;
所述终端的电源模块利用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电。  The power module of the terminal uses the electrical energy to charge the battery of the terminal.
2、 根据权利要求 1所述的终端充电方法, 其中, 所述终端为手机终端。 2. The terminal charging method according to claim 1, wherein the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
3、根据权利要求 1或 2所述的终端充电方法, 其中, 所述发电装置将对 所述终端施加的机械能转化为电能的步骤包括: The terminal charging method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the step of converting the mechanical energy applied to the terminal into electrical energy by the power generating device comprises:
所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用;  The power generating device is subjected to a shaking action of an external force;
所述发电装置的永磁铁在晃动作用下相对于所述发电装置的线圈自由滑 动;  The permanent magnet of the power generating device is free to slide with respect to the coil of the power generating device under the swaying action;
所述自由滑动的永磁铁切割所述线圈使所述线圈产生并输出相应的交流 电压。  The free-sliding permanent magnet cuts the coil to cause the coil to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
4、 根据权利要求 3所述的终端充电方法, 该方法还包括:  4. The terminal charging method according to claim 3, the method further comprising:
发电装置受到外力的晃动作用的步骤之前, 操纵所述永磁铁的固定装置 使所述永磁铁能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  Before the power generating device is subjected to the step of swaying the external force, the fixing means for operating the permanent magnet allows the permanent magnet to freely slide relative to the coil.
5、根据权利要求 3所述的终端充电方法, 其中, 所述终端的电源模块利 用所述电能对所述终端的电池进行充电的步骤包括:  The terminal charging method according to claim 3, wherein the step of the power module of the terminal charging the battery of the terminal by using the electrical energy comprises:
所述电源模块将所述发电装置输出的交流电压转化成直流稳定电压, 将 所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池中以对所述电池进行充电。  The power module converts an AC voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage, and inputs the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
6、一种终端的充电装置,所述充电装置包括发电装置和电源模块,其中: 所述发电装置设置成: 将施加于其上的机械能转化为电能;  6. A charging device for a terminal, the charging device comprising a power generating device and a power module, wherein: the power generating device is configured to: convert mechanical energy applied thereto into electrical energy;
所述电源模块设置成: 利用所述电能为所述终端的电池充电。  The power module is configured to: charge the battery of the terminal with the electrical energy.
7、 根据权利要求 6所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述终端为手机终端。  7. The charging device according to claim 6, wherein the terminal is a mobile phone terminal.
8、根据权利要求 6或 7所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述发电装置包括永磁 铁和线圈, 其中: 所述永磁铁设置成: 在所述发电装置受到外力的晃动作用下相对于所述 发电装置的线圈自由滑动; The charging device according to claim 6 or 7, wherein said power generating device comprises a permanent magnet and a coil, wherein: The permanent magnet is configured to: slid freely relative to a coil of the power generating device under a swaying action of the power generating device by an external force;
所述线圈设置成: 切割自由滑动的所述永磁铁的磁力线产生并输出相应 的交 电压。  The coil is arranged to: generate a magnetic flux of the permanent magnet that slides freely to generate and output a corresponding alternating voltage.
9、根据权利要求 8所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述发电装置还包括固定装 置, 其中:  The charging device according to claim 8, wherein the power generating device further comprises a fixing device, wherein:
所述固定装置设置成: 在所述终端不利用所述发电装置充电时固定住所 述永磁铁使其不能够相对所述线圈自由滑动。  The fixing device is configured to: fix the permanent magnet to be free to slide relative to the coil when the terminal is not charged by the power generating device.
10、 根据权利要求 6所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述电源模块包括整流稳 压单元和充电管理单元, 其中:  10. The charging device according to claim 6, wherein the power module comprises a rectifying and stabilizing unit and a charging management unit, wherein:
所述整流稳压单元设置成: 将所述发电装置输出的交变电压转化成直流 稳定电压;  The rectifying and stabilizing unit is configured to: convert an alternating voltage output by the power generating device into a DC stabilized voltage;
所述充电管理单元设置成: 将所述直流稳定电压输入到所述终端的电池 中以对所述电池进行充电。  The charge management unit is configured to: input the DC stabilized voltage into a battery of the terminal to charge the battery.
11、根据权利要求 10所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述充电管理单元包括输 入端, 其中:  The charging device according to claim 10, wherein the charging management unit comprises an input terminal, wherein:
所述输入端的一端接入所述整流稳压单元输出的直流稳定电压, 另一端 接入 USB接口充电的输入端。  One end of the input end is connected to the DC stabilized voltage outputted by the rectifying and stabilizing unit, and the other end is connected to the input end of the USB interface charging.
12、 根据权利要求 6所述的充电装置, 其中, 所述发电装置包括接线端 子(1 ) 、 壳体(3) 、 固定环绕在所述壳体(3) 内部的线圈 (2) 、 固定装 置 (4) 、 腔体(5)和永磁铁 (6) , 其中:  12. The charging device according to claim 6, wherein the power generating device comprises a terminal (1), a housing (3), a coil (2) fixed around the inside of the housing (3), and a fixing device (4), cavity (5) and permanent magnet (6), where:
所述固定装置 (4) 包括闩锁塞(41 )和拨动开关 (42) ;  The fixing device (4) comprises a latch plug (41) and a toggle switch (42);
当无需为所述终端充电时, 所述永磁铁(6)被所述闩锁塞(41 )固定在 所述腔体(5) 内不能自由移动;  When it is not necessary to charge the terminal, the permanent magnet (6) is fixed in the cavity (5) by the latching plug (41) and cannot move freely;
当需要为所述终端充电时, 通过拨动所述拨动开关 (42)打开所述闩锁 塞(41 ) , 使得所述腔体(5) 中的所述永磁铁 (6) 能够自由运动, 通过施 加机械能使得所述永磁铁(6)相对于所述壳体(3)相对运动产生电能, 所 述电能通过所述接线端子 (1 )输出交流电压。 、 一种终端, 包括如权利要求 6-12中任一项所述的充电装置。 When the terminal needs to be charged, the latch plug (41) is opened by the toggle switch (42), so that the permanent magnet (6) in the cavity (5) can move freely. The relative movement of the permanent magnet (6) relative to the housing (3) generates electrical energy by applying mechanical energy, and the electrical energy outputs an alternating voltage through the terminal (1). A terminal comprising the charging device according to any one of claims 6-12.
PCT/CN2012/077328 2012-03-28 2012-06-21 Method and device for charging mobile phone terminal WO2013143229A1 (en)

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