WO2013066116A2 - Domed structure - Google Patents

Domed structure Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2013066116A2
WO2013066116A2 PCT/KR2012/009204 KR2012009204W WO2013066116A2 WO 2013066116 A2 WO2013066116 A2 WO 2013066116A2 KR 2012009204 W KR2012009204 W KR 2012009204W WO 2013066116 A2 WO2013066116 A2 WO 2013066116A2
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
panel
ceiling
coupling
dome
domed
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/KR2012/009204
Other languages
French (fr)
Korean (ko)
Other versions
WO2013066116A3 (en
Inventor
심상보
Original Assignee
Sim Sang Bo
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR1020110114601A priority Critical patent/KR101177916B1/en
Priority to KR10-2011-0114601 priority
Application filed by Sim Sang Bo filed Critical Sim Sang Bo
Publication of WO2013066116A2 publication Critical patent/WO2013066116A2/en
Publication of WO2013066116A3 publication Critical patent/WO2013066116A3/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/03Sky-lights; Domes; Ventilating sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3205Structures with a longitudinal horizontal axis, e.g. cylindrical or prismatic structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B1/3211Structures with a vertical rotation axis or the like, e.g. semi-spherical structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/166Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with curved surfaces, at least partially cast in situ in order to make a continuous concrete shell structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/6116Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by locking means on lateral surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6179Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with protrusions and recesses on each frontal surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/32Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures
    • E04B2001/327Arched structures; Vaulted structures; Folded structures comprised of a number of panels or blocs connected together forming a self-supporting structure
    • E04B2001/3276Panel connection details

Abstract

The present invention relates to a domed structure comprising: a square ceiling panel (110) for forming a ceiling; corner panels (120) in which hemispheres are equally spaced in a horizontal direction on a floor and each of which has a shape divided into eight parts in a vertical direction and each of which contacts a corresponding corner of the ceiling panel (110), wherein each corner panel (120) is formed by coupling a plurality of units in a vertical direction; a side panel (130) formed into a square shape having a curvature which is the same as the curvature formed by a side surface of the corner panel (120) such that the top of the side panel (130) contacts a side surface of the ceiling panel (110) and the side panel (130) is coupled to the side surface of the corner panel (120), wherein the side panel (130) is formed by coupling a plurality of units in a vertical direction and the side panel (130) can easily form a window or a door therein by selectively coupling the units. The corner panel (120) and the side panel (130) are assembled into a domed shape and then the ceiling panel (110) is assembled to the center of the ceiling to thereby form a domed structure.

Description

Domed structure

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a domed structure, and more particularly, to a domed structure that is firmly installed while being able to be installed quickly and conveniently.

Conventional dome structures have been installed in a conventional dome form by stacking bricks to form a dome or reconstructing several times using reinforced concrete or polygonal structural shapes. In addition, until now, a solid frame is formed and applied or, in some cases, a panel capable of drawing air is also manufactured by injecting air.

However, the conventional dome structure as described above has a problem that not only the structure is complicated but also the installation method is complicated, so that it is difficult to be widely used.

To this end, Korean Patent Application Publication No. 10-2009-0029860 "Domestic Natural Light Device with Split Structure" (March 24, 2009) and No. 10-2007-0011210 "Method of making dome-type structure which is easy to expand" ( 2007. 01. 24.) has been proposed.

The conventional dome structure as described above was to form a panel having a shape such that the dome was cut into slices in the direction from the ceiling to the floor and divided into a plurality, and the panel was assembled to complete the dome.

However, in the conventional prefabricated dome structure as described above, each panel for forming the dome is formed in a size having a height from the bottom of the panel to the ceiling. The bar is not only large in size but also curved in the vertical and horizontal directions. It was difficult to produce at once. In addition, it was found that there is a problem that the work for forming the panel separately is complicated and inconvenient when a window or the like is to be formed.

In addition, it was necessary to secure the strength of the connection portion due to the structural characteristics that the assembly is formed, conventionally there was a problem that it is difficult to secure sufficient bonding strength because it is formed by simply bonding.

The present invention is to solve the above-described problems, it is possible to easily form a panel for forming a dome, to ensure a sufficient connection strength of the connecting portion and to maintain a stable form even after completion To get that purpose.

The present invention proposes a dome structure in which a panel for forming a dome is prefabricated, mechanically connected to a connection part to reinforce strength, and maintains a stable shape by installing a reinforcing material on the surface after panel assembly.

According to the present invention, a panel formed to form a dome is formed by assembling a plurality of units, which is easy to manufacture, and when the windows or doors are formed, the selected units can be selected and assembled.

The connection between the unit and the panel is firmly connected to ensure a strong bonding strength, and by installing more reinforcement on the surface after panel assembly, the finished dome can maintain a stable shape.

1 is an exemplary view of a corner panel according to the present invention,

2 to 5 is an exemplary view showing a process of forming a domed structure by the present invention according to the present invention,

6 is an exemplary view showing an example of a structure for connecting the corner panel and the side panel according to the present invention,

7 is a perspective view showing an example of the structure connecting the side panel and the ceiling panel according to the present invention;

8 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of the structure connecting the side panel and the ceiling panel according to the invention,

9 is an exemplary view showing a state of reinforcing the surface of the domed structure according to the present invention with a reinforcing material,

10 is another embodiment of the domed structure according to the present invention.

Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIGS. 1 to 10.

1 is an exemplary view of a corner panel according to the present invention, Figures 2 to 5 is an exemplary view showing a process of forming a domed structure by the present invention according to the present invention.

As shown, the domed structure 100 according to the present invention is to assemble the ceiling panel 110, the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 to form a dome shape that can be entered by a person.

The ceiling panel 110 is installed at the center of the ceiling of the dome structure and has a constant thickness to form a square plate. If necessary, a transparent window may be formed at the center to have a light function.

The corner panel 120 is formed in a shape in which the hemispheres placed on the bottom are equally spaced in the transverse direction and cut into eight equal parts in the vertical direction, and the upper end is in contact with the edge of the ceiling panel 110. By combining in the direction to form the same as above.

The edge panel 120 is a member formed as a wall in the corner portion of the dome-shaped structure 100 so that the two corner panels 120 are combined to form a rounded corner wall of the domed structure 100 formed in a square shape. do.

The side panel 130 is formed in a square shape having the same curvature as the curvature formed by the side of the edge panel 120, the upper end is in contact with the side of the ceiling panel 110 and is coupled to the side of the edge panel 120 dome type It forms the side walls of the structure 100.

Like the edge panel 120, the side panel 130 is also formed by combining a plurality of units in the vertical direction. At this time, the side panel 130 serves as a window and the door when the window or door is formed in a suitable position as needed, the completion of the dome-shaped structure 100, for this purpose the unit is formed of a window or door Selected and assembled. According to this configuration will be able to easily form a variety of side panels (1300).

As described above, the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 may be conveniently assembled and assembled as a plurality of unit pieces are assembled in the vertical direction. That is, the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 are manufactured by dipping with a mold using EPS (Expendable Polystyrene) as a material, and at this time, the dome structure is large enough for a person to live in. In the case of forming the 100, the length of the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 is not only large enough to reach a few meters, but also the shape of the mold itself is difficult, and the workability is also reduced. . Therefore, by forming a plurality of units separately and assembling them as in the present invention to form the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 will be able to quickly and conveniently produce.

The edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 formed as described above are sequentially assembled to form a dome shape. Finally, the ceiling panel 110 is assembled to a central portion of the ceiling to form a dome structure 100.

At this time, one side of each edge of the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 is at least three stepped with the same length and thickness are formed in the opposite direction to each other connecting projection 102 is a part protruding due to the stepped It is composed of a connecting groove 104 which is a part that enters, and the stepped with the stepped formed in the edge of the adjacent edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 to be mutually interlocked and fitted to each other. As a result, the bonding strength is increased, and as the bond is precisely formed in place, the dome-shaped structure 100 is formed without any misalignment during the assembly process.

On the other hand, the connecting projection 102 and the connecting groove 104 may be formed in each unit to be combined with each other, and the connection protrusion 102 and the connection groove 104 is applied to the point where the adhesive is applied to a stronger bonding force It can be secured and adopted as necessary.

6 is an exemplary view showing an example of a structure for connecting the corner panel and the side panel according to the present invention.

Defect groove 106 on the upper surface of the connecting projection 102 and the inner upper surface of the connecting groove 104 formed on the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 according to the present invention as shown to ensure a strong coupling force, respectively ) Is formed, and each coupling protrusion 107 is formed at the bottom of the coupling groove 106.

In addition, a coupling plate 108 having a hole through which the two coupling protrusions 107 penetrates is provided so that the two coupling protrusions 107 are connected by fastening the coupling plate 108 to the coupling protrusion 107. Reinforcement so that it does not open. At this time, by covering the cover plate 109 in the coupling groove 106 to clean up the appearance neatly and the coupling plate 180 is not easily separated from the coupling protrusion 107.

7 is a perspective view showing an example of the structure connecting the side panel and the ceiling panel according to the present invention, Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of the structure connecting the side panel and the ceiling panel according to the invention.

Ceiling panel 110 and side panel 130 according to the present invention needs to be firmly connected. If the connection is unstable, the connection part can be separated by external force.

To this end, the ceiling panel 110 is formed in a stepped manner so that the edge cross-section protrudes above the lower side is provided with a recess 114 and a protrusion 112, while the protrusion 112 is connected to the groove 104 Is formed. And the upper side of the side panel 130 is formed with a connecting projection 102 is fitted into the connecting groove 104, the connecting projection 102 is fitted into the connecting groove 104 by the ceiling panel 110 and the side The panel 130 is connected.

Here, the fixing frame 116 is provided to fit along the recess 114 formed in the ceiling panel 110 is fixed to the recess 114 in the state in which the connecting projection 102 is fitted into the connecting groove 104. After the 116 is fitted, the fixing frame 1160 is installed in the recess 1140 by tightening the bolt. The fixing frame 116 fills the recess 114 so that the surface is neatly arranged.

At this time, the bolt is sequentially penetrated through the fixing frame 116 and the connecting protrusion 102 and then coupled to the ceiling panel 110, the side panel 130 is fixed to the ceiling panel 110 firmly.

9 is an exemplary view showing a state of reinforcing the surface of the domed structure according to the present invention with a reinforcing material.

The dome-shaped structure according to the present invention is formed by assembling the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 in order to form a dome, and then assembling the ceiling panel 110 in the center of the ceiling. Reinforcement 140 is attached to the strength is reinforced.

The reinforcing member 140 of the mesh form is a mesh made of a line formed of synthetic resin, metal or natural material in the form of a net, by applying it to the surface of the domed structure 100 and applying cement or eco-friendly material such as ocher Attach it. Through this, the wall surface of the domed structure 100 can be finished and the strength can be reinforced.

10 is another exemplary view of a domed structure according to the present invention.

As shown, the domed structure according to the present invention may be formed in various sizes by increasing the number of connecting the side panels 130. At this time, the required number of ceiling panels 110 also increases as the size changes, and a plurality of ceiling panels 110 are connected to each other and installed.

Hereinafter, a process of constructing the domed structure 100 according to the present invention will be described.

Flatten the floor of the place where you want to construct the domed structure 100. It is recommended to cast concrete and form it flat. If it is applied to fishing poles, etc., it will not be necessary to pour concrete separately.

Apart from the above, a plurality of corner panels 120 and side panels 130 are formed by connecting a plurality of units in a vertical direction. At this time, the side panel 130 is prepared in advance that the window is formed and the door is formed according to the installation position.

When the corner panel 120 and the side panel 130 are provided, the dome with the ceiling center portion opened in a rectangular shape by selectively connecting the corner panel 120 and the side panel 130 from one point on the flatly arranged floor. To form.

Thereafter, the dome is formed by seating and fixing the ceiling panel 110 having a rectangular shape in the center of the ceiling.

Then apply the cement or ocher to the dome surface on the reinforcing material 140 in the form of a mesh to cure. Cement is recommended for the outer surface and ocher, which is an environmentally friendly material, is recommended for the inner surface.

According to the above, the frame of the domed structure 100 according to the present invention is completed, and the domed structure 100 according to the present invention is completed through a finishing process of installing a cooling / heating device and a water supply facility therein.

Claims (4)

  1. A rectangular ceiling panel 110 forming a ceiling; The hemispheres placed on the floor are formed in the shape of equally spaced in the transverse direction and cut into eight equal parts in the vertical direction, the upper ends of which are in contact with the edges of the ceiling panel 110, and a plurality of units are formed by combining in the vertical direction. Corner panel 120; It is formed in a square shape having the same curvature as the curvature formed by the side of the corner panel 120, the upper end is in contact with the side of the ceiling panel 110 and is coupled to the side of the corner panel 120, a plurality of unit body up and down Side panels 130, which can be easily formed to form a window or door by selecting the unit by being coupled to form; including, the corner panel 120 and the side panel 130 assembled to form a dome Next, assembling the ceiling panel 110 in the center of the ceiling to form a dome structure,
    One surface of each of the edges of the edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 is formed with at least three stepped bars having the same length and thickness formed in opposite directions, thereby connecting with the connection protrusion 102 which is a part protruding due to the stepped step. It is composed of a connecting groove 104 is a part, the stepped to correspond to the stepped formed on the adjacent surface of the adjacent edge panel 120 and the side panel 130 to each other firmly interfitted with each other to be able to be firmly assembled. Domed structure characterized in that.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    Defect grooves 106 are formed at the inner ends of the connecting protrusions 102 and corresponding inner ends of the connecting grooves 104, respectively, and coupling protrusions 107 are formed at the bottom of each coupling groove 106. The two coupling protrusions 107 are formed with holes through which the coupling plate 108 is formed in a smaller size than the two coupling grooves 106 combined, and the thickness and size of the two coupling grooves, but the two coupling protrusions ( 107 and a cover plate 109 for receiving the coupling plate 108, the coupling plate 108 is fastened to the coupling protrusion 107 by connecting and then cover the cover plate 109 firmly by covering Domed structure, characterized in that to ensure a smooth inner surface combined.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    The ceiling panel 110 has a concave portion 114 and a protrusion 112 formed in a stepped manner so that the edge cross section protrudes above the lower side, while the protrusion 112 is formed with a connection groove 104. The upper side of the side panel 130 is provided with a connecting projection 102 to be fitted into the connecting groove 104, the fixing frame 116 is fitted along the recess 114 formed in the ceiling panel 110 is provided When the connecting protrusion 102 is inserted into the connecting groove 104, the fixing frame 116 is inserted into the recess 114, and then the bolt penetrates through the fixing frame 116 and the connecting protrusion 102 in order. Domed structure, characterized in that the side panel 130 is coupled to the 110 to secure a smooth inner surface while being firmly coupled to the ceiling panel (110).
  4. The method of claim 1,
    The dome structure is characterized in that the reinforcing material 140 of the form of the net is attached to the smooth inner surface is reinforced on the dome surface.
PCT/KR2012/009204 2011-11-04 2012-11-02 Domed structure WO2013066116A2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR1020110114601A KR101177916B1 (en) 2011-11-04 2011-11-04 Dome shape construction
KR10-2011-0114601 2011-11-04

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2013109725/03A RU2543248C2 (en) 2011-11-04 2012-11-02 Structure of dome type
CN201280002515.4A CN103620129A (en) 2011-11-04 2012-11-02 Domed structure

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2013066116A2 true WO2013066116A2 (en) 2013-05-10
WO2013066116A3 WO2013066116A3 (en) 2013-06-27

Family

ID=46887968

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/KR2012/009204 WO2013066116A2 (en) 2011-11-04 2012-11-02 Domed structure

Country Status (4)

Country Link
KR (1) KR101177916B1 (en)
CN (1) CN103620129A (en)
RU (1) RU2543248C2 (en)
WO (1) WO2013066116A2 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015003579A1 (en) * 2013-07-09 2015-01-15 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 High-precision and load-resisting integral shear wall
ES2584457A1 (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-09-27 Tot Disset Construcció, Sl System and method of ceramic coating of a volume (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015003575A1 (en) * 2013-07-09 2015-01-15 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 Modular building with high bearing performance and capable of being produced in industrialized manner and assembled and disassembled rapidly
WO2016178168A1 (en) * 2015-05-05 2016-11-10 Charles Caulder Bree Building or structure including a dome
RU2639230C1 (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-12-20 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Петербургский государственный университет путей сообщения Императора Александра I" Dome structure
CN106703181A (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-05-24 山东滨港多咪新材料科技有限公司 House body assembly structure and house
KR20190004509A (en) * 2017-07-04 2019-01-14 한흥현 Prefabricated dome house

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100674776B1 (en) * 2002-07-08 2007-01-25 유겐가이샤 쟈판 츠쇼 Resin prefabricated housing
KR100921322B1 (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-10-13 (주) 한국스치로폴 Dome house using assembly block
KR100932795B1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2009-12-21 주식회사 대겸 Knockdown dome house
JP2010512477A (en) * 2006-12-26 2010-04-22 ワールド ドーム ハウス シーオー エルティディ Domed structure

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100674776B1 (en) * 2002-07-08 2007-01-25 유겐가이샤 쟈판 츠쇼 Resin prefabricated housing
JP2010512477A (en) * 2006-12-26 2010-04-22 ワールド ドーム ハウス シーオー エルティディ Domed structure
KR100921322B1 (en) * 2008-09-03 2009-10-13 (주) 한국스치로폴 Dome house using assembly block
KR100932795B1 (en) * 2009-03-30 2009-12-21 주식회사 대겸 Knockdown dome house

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2015003579A1 (en) * 2013-07-09 2015-01-15 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 High-precision and load-resisting integral shear wall
ES2584457A1 (en) * 2015-03-25 2016-09-27 Tot Disset Construcció, Sl System and method of ceramic coating of a volume (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR101177916B1 (en) 2012-08-28
CN103620129A (en) 2014-03-05
RU2543248C2 (en) 2015-02-27
RU2013109725A (en) 2014-09-20
WO2013066116A3 (en) 2013-06-27

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