WO2011018747A2 - Universal renewable global energy machine nature systems - Google Patents

Universal renewable global energy machine nature systems Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2011018747A2
WO2011018747A2 PCT/IB2010/053592 IB2010053592W WO2011018747A2 WO 2011018747 A2 WO2011018747 A2 WO 2011018747A2 IB 2010053592 W IB2010053592 W IB 2010053592W WO 2011018747 A2 WO2011018747 A2 WO 2011018747A2
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
air
wind
machine
sww
pressure
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Application number
PCT/IB2010/053592
Other languages
French (fr)
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WO2011018747A4 (en
WO2011018747A3 (en
Inventor
Bernardo Angel B. Palma
Original Assignee
Palma Bernardo Angel B
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Priority to US23242009P priority Critical
Priority to US61/232,420 priority
Priority to US85246510A priority
Priority to US12/852,465 priority
Application filed by Palma Bernardo Angel B filed Critical Palma Bernardo Angel B
Publication of WO2011018747A2 publication Critical patent/WO2011018747A2/en
Publication of WO2011018747A3 publication Critical patent/WO2011018747A3/en
Publication of WO2011018747A4 publication Critical patent/WO2011018747A4/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/25Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being an electrical generator
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D15/00Transmission of mechanical power
    • F03D15/10Transmission of mechanical power using gearing not limited to rotary motion, e.g. with oscillating or reciprocating members
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/06Rotors
    • F03D3/062Construction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D9/00Adaptations of wind motors for special use; Combinations of wind motors with apparatus driven thereby; Wind motors specially adapted for installation in particular locations
    • F03D9/20Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus
    • F03D9/28Wind motors characterised by the driven apparatus the apparatus being a pump or a compressor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/20Rotors
    • F05B2240/21Rotors for wind turbines
    • F05B2240/211Rotors for wind turbines with vertical axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO WIND, SPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS, TO MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS COVERED BY SUBCLASSES F03B, F03D AND F03G
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/20Rotors
    • F05B2240/30Characteristics of rotor blades, i.e. of any element transforming dynamic fluid energy to or from rotational energy and being attached to a rotor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

This invention presents a New Technology with a total approach to solve problems posed by Climate Change and Air Pollution. An energy machine harnesses clean renewable energy from the wind, moving water and the sun as an alternative/replacement for fossil and nuclear power. Precise power is available from kilowatts to megawatts capacities with its flexibility as an assembly-type embodiment. A special feature is carbon and other pollutants capture Converting kinetic to potential energy in the form of compressed fluid against a solid wall and producing a relative vacuum at the back gives high productivity than any other. It has three products electricity, pumped water and compressed air which respectively rely for delivery on the Electric Grid, Water Pipes and Canals and the Air Grid. The Air Grid enables any Electric Power Plant to convert to renewable energy resources, aside from unique features for Air Conditioning/Refrigeration and for wondrous health benefits.

Description

universal renewable Global Energy Machine nature systems

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the problems posed by the twin challenges of Climate Change and Air Pollution which emanate from uncontrolled human activity for material progress Economic activities worldwide are based on technology that relies mainly on fossil fuels which produce high temperature heat to run machines for productivity The by-products or residues are in the form of greenhouse gases that pollute the air and are known to prevent heat from escaping earth, aside from health problems to humanity As such for over a century of this technology, we now have Global Warming that has paved the way to Climate Change with the weather destructively affected, and, the seas becoming acidic with the coral reefs and fish endangered, to name some disastrous consequences The melting of the ice in the Antarctic and in the Tundra will mean an increasing rise in water levels of the oceans aside from the catastrophic danger of Climate Change Irreversibility — vast quantity of methane from the ground will be released by said melting Developed and fast-developing countries which can do much are hesitant to meet head on the challenges for fear of dislocations in their economies by the high costs and uncertainties of transformation An alternative is to go into nuclear power which is considered very dangerous to humankind and presents a lot of unpredictability to fully safeguard said technology The technologies on renewable resources which are clean and abundant are still in a comparatively infancy stage versus the matured fossil fuel industry The wattage cost from these technologies requires massive investments with low annual productivity efficiencies monitored at ten percent in wind power There is lingering anxiety that storage problem for renewable energy will not be satisfactorily solved in the foreseeable future, if ever Presently, renewable resources are harnessed for their energy to produce electricity onsite which sadly means that fossil powered electric plants will stay with us for a long time, meanwhile, the imminent danger of Climate Change Irreversibility hang over our heads This horrendous menace directly threatens the existence of humanity and biological diversity UNLESS

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention is offered to preclude Climate Change Irreversibility and clean the Atmosphere of pollutants As in any problem-solving challenge, what comes to mind is to trace the primary source of the problem and then identify possibilities of actions to employ To the inventor, the continuous and ever increasing operations of conventional electric power plants that use fossil fuels contribute substantially to the non-stop emission of greenhouse gases What is imperative is to modify or change the technology that holds captive these power plants to use fossil fuels, in its place should be a new technology that harnesses the energy from renewable resources and operate these to be converted power plants in their present sites without the need for transferring them to where renewable resources are in abundance

This invention proposes in one part, an energy machine that makes use of fluids in motion such as the wind and running water in oceans and rivers as well as solar power Its unique features, kinetic is converted into potential energy just as the fluid impacts active vanes and which produces a relative vacuum at the back of these vanes, assure higher productivity or efficiency than any of its kind As the energy from a particular fluid is harvested and converted into mechanical power, it will then be used to run electric generators onsite, and/or transfer water using water pumps through pipes and/or canals and/or produce compressed air with air compressors for varied purposes Air inlets of the compressor are equipped with filters, devices and/or processes for the capture of carbon and other pollutants

The second part is to enable compressed air to be delivered to any site for various uses by means of the Air Grid consisting of special air pipes, large storage tanks and complementary equipment/devices

The third part is conversion of any conventional electric power plant to be able to use compressed air herein referred to as Air Fuel as its medium of energy instead of fossil fuel The three parts presented is the whole embodiment of this invention that will be a total approach to solve Climate Change and Air Pollution In a nutshell [1] urGEMns Air Fuel will be deployed against Climate Change This Abundant Clean Technology Fuel will supply the world the required energy to run urGEMns Technology Electric Power Plants many of which are previously dependent on dirty fossil or dangerous nuclear fuel This A C T Fuel will also be made available for new and current products and services, [2] urGEMns Unique Energy Storage shall be the timely answer to attain energy stability and security and which is a simple, practical and reliable solution of renewable technologies to the elusive energy storage problem, [3] urGEMns Zero-Emission of Greenhouse Gases, GhGs, will progressively rid the world of the problems posed by Climate Change and Air Pollution, [4] urGEMns Sequester of existing GhGs in the atmosphere will be simultaneous with urGEMns cleaning the air of pollutants, [5] urGEMns Air Conditioning and Refrigeration without conventional refrigerants that destroy the ozone or exacerbate Climate Change is a special feature, [6] urGEMns Hot Air will be available for varied applications in the industrial, commercial and residential sectors, and [7] urGEMns Clean Atmosphere assures environmentalists, health enthusiasts and everybody an upcoming Dream World that will come true

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DETAILS OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGURE 1A FRONTVIEW of Small Wall Wind Vane in the WIND IMPACT REGION

FIGURE 1B SIDE VIEW of the Normally Open Small Wall Wind Vane at Slight Incline in the WIND FREE FLOW REGION

FIGURE 1C SIDE VIEW of the Small Wall Wind Vane at Parallel Position to the Z-Plane in the WIND FREE FLOW REGION

FIGURE 1D PERSPECTIVE VIEW of the Vanefin at Full Flip (open) Position (Top) and Full Flop (close) Position (Bottom)

FIGURE 2A FRONT VIEW of Small Wall Wind Vanes Arrayed Vertically in the WIND IMPACT REGION

FIGURE 2B SIDE & INSIDE VIEW of the Push-Pull Rod Connected to Upper & lower Small Wind Vanes at Full Flip Position in the WIND FREE FLOW REGION

FIGURE 3A FRONTVIEW ofthe Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism

FIGURE 3B SIDE VIEW of the Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism

FIGURE 4A CROSS SECTION VIEW ofthe Small Wind Vane with Minute Holes

FIGURE 4B REAR & SIDE VIEWS of the Movements of Air Molecules Affected by a Passing Air Jet

FIGURE 4C FRONTVIEW ofthe Small Wind Vane with Minute Holes at Horizontal & Vertical Arrays

FIGURE 5A TOP SECTION VIEW of Arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies attached to Adjoining Wind Beams

FIGURE 5B FRONT VIEW of a Truss Formed by Arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies Bolted to Adjoining Wind Beams

FIGURE 5C SIDE VIEW of the Wind Frame Assemblies with Twisting Effect on Wind Beam Countered by Wind Beam Supports

FIGURE 6 FRONT VIEW of the Vertical Array Horizontal Wind Beams with Horizontal Array Wind Frame Assemblies Forming a Strong Truss

FIGURE 7 PLAN, SIDE VIEW & CONNECTION DETAIL of the Rotating Extendable Pole, Horizontal Wind Beams & Strap-On Pole Tubes

FIGURE 8 SECTIONAL VIEW of the Pole Segment Cap that Spreads the Dead Weight Load of the Energy Machine

FIGURE 9A ISOMETRIC VIEW ofthe Wind Cylindrical Multi-Truss Structure

FIGURE 9B TOP VIEW & ELEVATION of the Wind Cylindrical Multi-Truss Structure

FIGURE 1OA FRONTVIEW of an Energy Machine Balancer Assembly

FIGURE 1OB SIDE VIEW of an Energy Machine Balancer Assembly

FIGURE 11 SIDE VIEW of the Pole Anchor Assembly

FIGURE 12 SIDE VIEW of the Bevel Gear & Ground Thrust Bearing Assembly

FIGURE 13 SIDE VIEW of the Lifter Assembly

FIGURE 14A SIDE VIEW of the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand

FIGURE 14B TOP & SECTION VIEW of the Wind Truss Structure Holder Assembly

FIGURES f15A, f15B, f15C, f15D, f15E, f15F, f15G, f15H, f15l, f15J, f15K, f15L, f15M, f15N are respective Partial Diagrams of the Whole Diagram of the Air System Air Grid

FIGURE f150 Diagram of Electric Source Heater Chamber (Top), Solar Source Heater Chamber (Middle) and Earth Underground Source Heater Chamber (Bottom)

FIGURE f15P WHOLE diagram of FIGURE f15A to FIGURE f15H

FIGURE f15Q WHOLE diagram of FIGURE f15l and FIGURE f15J

FIGURE f15R WHOLE diagram of FIGURE f15K and FIGURE f15L

FIGURE f15S WHOLE diagram of FIGURE f15M and FIGURE f15N

FIGURE f15T WHOLE diagrams of FIGURE f15Q (Top), FIGURE f15R (Middle) and FIGURE f15S (Bottom) DETAILED SPECIFICATION/DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

THE ENDEAVOUR TO DESIGN THE ENERGY MACHINE, E-Machine, OF THE INVENTION

It is a splendid and challenging endeavour to maximize the transformation of the kinetic energy of any suitable fluid in motion or relevant flow of energy into mechanical energy for many residential, industrial and commercial applications to solve Climate Change and its Threat of Irreversibility as well as severe Air Pollution

HENCEFORTH, wind shall be used to represent any of the foregoing power sources to simplify the wordings of the succeeding description.

Erecting a solid wall structure, as large as may be required and can be handled by appropriate structural supports along the path of the wind is what comes to mind The structure will travel a certain distance backwards, as it is pushed by the wind, then be able to return again to where it started This procedure should be repeated continuously to achieve the consistent conversion of wind kinetic energy to mechanical energy

BE IT NOTED that to approximate this methodology and thus be able to eliminate the problem of returning the structure at the point of beginning which can require a complex extensive and/or expensive mechanical system that is to be conceptualized it is proposed that the structure simply be permitted to rotate at a pivot at one half of the path of the wind and then render ineffective its function as such at the other half of the path of the wind To complete this proposition and make the said structure operational the solid wall is proposed to be divided into a greater number of small adjoining walls that will then easily without much effort be able to reorient their settings when called for That is the small walls will embody one big solid wall to block the path of the wind one half of the time the small walls will then make the solid wall imaginary or non operative by changing their respective positions to let the wind pass through on the remaining half of the time

TO REPHRASE, to attain the largest possible conversion of the kinetic energy of the wind to mechanical energy Alternately block a Solid Wall Structure against the path of a wind and let the same Wall Structure rotate at a pivot, initially to be called a Rotating Pole, then render the same Wall Structure ineffective as a blocking wall, which is to reorient the settings to let the wind pass freely and smoothly as much as possible with the least obstruction

The Solid Wall is therefore to be divided into adjoining small walls that are horizontally and vertically arrayed, and that they reorient their settings when called for That is, the small walls will be able to embody one big Solid Wall to block the wind one half of the time, the small walls will make the Solid Wall become imaginary with respect to the wind by changing their respective positions to let the wind pass through on the remaining half of the time The Solid Wall can also be comprised of Medium Sized Solid Walls that are to be further subdivided into relatively small adjoining walls

What is importantly considered and emphasized as the mover of the Energy Machine, E-Machine, is not the form, but the Adjoining and Relatively Small Walls when taken together as one will then embody one Big Solid Wall, and that, they can be opened or closed as required using the action of gravity and/or position to do the same, or they can be made to, by means of mechanical devices designed for the purpose and even avail of motorized mechanism for the same purpose

BE IT NOTED that the small walls may take the form of a flat rectangular vane as that of a wind vane They may also take the form of a foldable hand fan that generates artificial wind when manually and repeatedly moved sideways or may take the form of small accordion walls as in those used to close stores or used to protect windows There are indeed varied and a number of possibilities of what form to use

GENERAL PARAMETERS

The flow path of the wind that is to be converted from Kinetic Energy to Mechanical Energy is equally divided into the WIND IMPACT REGION, W- IMPACT-R, to the left and the WIND FREE FLOW REGION, W-FREE-FLOW-R, to the right The former is where the wind is intercepted by a resultant 'Solid Wall effect' that absorbs the Kinetic Energy of the wind and moves along its path, the latter is a resultant 'free opening' that tolerates the wind to pass through with the least obstruction A rotating pole/tower is between the Solid Wall effect Structure and the Free Opening Structure, both of which are attached to the pole A clockwise net mechanical torque is produced as the wind blows through said regions The foregoing Structures are designed and constructed so as to naturally and accordingly change their functions as they enter the W-IMPACT-R or the WIND FREE FLOW REGION

Symmetric Small Walls

The First Model of the E-Machine (which is in part the subject matter of this Non-Provisional Application for Patent) in its simplest form embodies two symmetrically placed Flip-Flop (open-close) Small Walls along the Y-plane of the geometric XYZ-axes attached to a vertically oriented Rotating Pole placed between the horizontally aligned Small Walls For clarity of description Flip shall mean the Small Wall Wind Vane, SWW Vane, shall tend towards or assume a horizontal or open position to let the wind to pass through, Flop shall mean the SWW Vane shall tend towards or assume a vertical or closed position to block the passage of the wind

BE IT NOTED that the SWW Vane as described below should not limit this invention for they can be substituted with other wind vanes of different shapes or configuration such as a foldable hand fan accordion walls etc

Small Wall Design

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures 1A, 1B and 1C forltems UI - #14 for the following discussions

The Small Wall #1 which is part of a Solid Wall Structure is a rectangular shaped flat sheet When the E-Machine is not rotating or in the absence of sufficient wind velocity, the Small Wall shall be nearly balanced to assume a normally near-parallel position with respect to the Z-plane This is achieved by locating the Pivot/fulcrum Arms #2 off-set at an appropriate short distance from its Head edge to enable a longer Tail width The Pivot Arm is held by the SWW Vane Bearing Pivot embedded in a BPivot Threaded Casing #3 that is screwed into the sides of a Wind Frame, to be described later, below By its weight configuration, the Small Wall is Normally Open #4 The total Head Section #5 is slightly less heavy than the total Tail Section #6 to enable the desired design-position by and considering the Moment Principle of Mechanics

WEIGHTHead x DISTANCE^ = i x i

The desired design-position of the Small Wall is at a Slight Incline Position #7 with respect to the Z-plane to make the Small Wall have a Minimum Exposed Area to the wind when it enters the W-IMPACT-R for initiating the Flop action of the wind to the Small Wall

Small Wall Wind Vane

By the foregoing design and description of the Small Wall, it shall HENCEFORTH be referred to as the Small Wall Wind Vane, SWW Vane, on a horizontal setting to achieve a Normally Open position

When the SWW Vane is in the W-FREE FLOW-R, the slightly inclined design-position is resolved into a Parallel Position to the Z-Plane #8 by the force of the wind on the Tail Section This will help minimize the negative effect of the wind in this Region as there will be less and less area to wind exposure as the SWW Vane goes more towards said parallel position Nonetheless, the SWW Vane is equipped with Vane Stoppers #9 to limit it from attaining more than Ninety Degrees with respect to the Y-axis In excess of a Ninety Degree position is considered counter-productive and might adversely affect the Flop action of the SWW Vane when it enters the W-IMPACT-R

The SWW Vane Bearing Pivots holding the SWW Vanes are horizontally aligned and attached to their respective Wind Frames While in the W-IMPACT- R and by Transmissibility of Forces in Mechanics, the Wind Frame acts as the absorber of the kinetic force imparted by the wind to the SWW Vane at Flop position which is then transferred to the horizontal Wind Beam bolted to the Rotating Extendable Pole #10, to be described/discussed later below The Wind Frame and the Wind Beam will be discussed more in succeeding topics below

While in the W-FREE FLOW-R, the SWW Vane in its horizontal position parallel to a Z-plane has a minimal wind intercept The Net Resultant Force on the Wind Beams attached to and at the opposite sides of the Rotating Extendable Pole acts to give said pole a Clockwise Mechanical Torque #11 with respect to a bird's eye view

To achieve the Solid Wall effect in the W-IMPACT-R, the full Flop SWW Vanes overlap at their respective borders with the Tail Edge of an upper vane on top of the Head Edge of its adjoining lower vane For a more Solid Wall effect, the Tail Edge is slightly extended such that the area of the slight extension presses a corresponding area near the Head Edge

BE IT NOTED that the horizontal position of the SWW Vanes should not limit this invention for the same can be oriented in any position vertically or otherwise depending on field considerations with appropriate adjustments

Minimal Air Drag Cross-Section Shape with Noise Damper

The SWW Vane is fabricated with a cross-section shape resembling that of a slim head falling water drop to minimize air drag when a vane is in the W- FREE FLOW-R The slim head falling water drop may be modified to resemble the cross-section shape of an airplane wing for the lift principle to act on the SWW Vane when the same is in the W-FREE FLOW-R

The Surface #12 of the Head Edge comes with a Noise Damper to constrain whatever noise may be generated by its quick banging when it moves fast towards a full Flop position Similarly, the Se//y #13 of the Tail, Left and Right Edges plus the Center also comes with said Damper The Noise Damper M4 shall be made out of springy material like rubber or shall be an appropriate spring fitted for the purpose

Vanefin When a SWW Vane coming from the W-FREE FLOW-R has just entered the W-IMPACT-R, said Vane does not immediately assume the desired full flop position It takes some time to assume the full flop position which means that wind energy is partially lost when said Vane is not yet in the desired position

To improve efficiency as may be desired, what comes to mind is to resort to the proposed Air Capture Principle to produce a high pressure on a solid wall with sidewalls, more of this principle to be presented later below For this purpose, a rectangular Vanefin #15A may be attached with horizontal pivots to the Wind Frame for each SWW Vane

The Vanefin has approximately the same length of the SWW Vane with a width of approximately three-fourths the Head Section width of the SWW Vane It has vertical and horizontal arrayed holes to allow air molecules of the wind to pass through for easier compression of said molecules in the Head Section of the SWW Vane, more discussions of this later below, when the same together with the Vanefin are swinging to and eventually at full Flop position in the W-IMPACT-R The Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the Vanefin is almost directly above the Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the SWW Vane with a minimal distance between them, and both are in parallel positions This distance will serve as the clearance between the Vanefin and the SWW Vane when both are simultaneously in the full flip position, which means in the W-FREE FLOW-R

Directly beneath the Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the Vanefin, is a 'first sidewall' with a width as that of the said clearance distance and with a length as that of the Vanefin This sidewall shall be seen as concave shape when in the W-FREE FLOW-R to minimize air drag A 'second sidewall' has a width as that of the clearance distance and with a length equal to the width of the Vanefin, this second sidewall is perpendicular to, integral part of and at the right edge of the length of the Vanefin when the same is in the W-IMPACT-R These two sidewalls with both the Vanefin and the SWW Vane in full flip position as they enter the W-IMPACT-R form an enclosure with which the air molecules of the wind will be trapped and compressed The resulting increasing pressure of compression against the Vanefin and the lower portion of the SWW Vane will compel them to give way to the force of the wind and effect a faster flop action of the wind against the SWW Vane

As the Vanefin swings towards vertical position, wind becomes increasingly ineffective against the upper side of the SWW Vane as it is progressively being covered by the Vanefin from the push action of the wind This allows the lower side to swing faster towards full flop position since the counter twisting moment of the upper part is increasingly reduced This will compensate for the pressure from compression of air molecules will diminish as the Vanefin and the SWW Vane go to opposite directions With the Vanefin, the Pivot/Fulcrum of the SWW Vane shall be adjusted nearer towards the center of the width of the SWW Vane

Adjustable Size of Small Wall Wind Vane

There are areas with perennial turbulent winds, storms or hurricanes The SWW Vane, with a wide area exposed to these forces, will be in danger of being ripped off due to the force and/or erratic direction of the wind At the least, the SWW Vane can react with a rapid flipping and flopping action that might eventually cause a crack or rupture, especially when the SWW Vane is in the full Flip position

To address the above situation, the exposed area must be reduced substantially The width of the SWW Vane should be reduced accordingly which means that more SWW Vanes will be needed to compensate for the lost area as a consequence of this reduction in width The length span of the SWW Vane may subsequently be required to be reinforced as the threat of bending leading to possible breaking by the wind will be more pronounced

To facilitate the production of related Drawings of this Specification/Description and to accomplish consistency and simplicity of representation as the actual shape will not have any critical bearing on the Description the SWW Vanes are represented by rectangular-shaped flat sheets, but in fact are nearly slim head falling water drop shapes in rectangular form or that of a wing shape of an airplane equipped with Noise Dampers Nonetheless, in specific SWW Vanes presented below in this application, the corresponding drawings will be as described

Solar Panel Small Wall Wind Vanes

The design structure of the E-Machine permits the same for the SWW Vane to be fabricated as a Solar Panel with the same rectangular shape as well as the suggested cross-section This will give the E-Machine the ability to harness solar energy as it harvests the wind for its power Tall E-Machine permits the installation of more Solar Panel SWW Vanes over a comparatively smaller land area It is deemed unnecessary to describe in this invention the run of the mill requirements for direct conversion of solar power to electricity, for such requirements are widely known

ARRAYED SMALL WALL WIND VANES ON WIND FRAME ASSEMBLY

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures 2A and 2B for Items #15420 for the following discussions

The conversion of more kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy is a matter of making more SWW Vanes available This is done by Arrayed SWW Vanes #15B assembled in the Wind Frame #16 As a rule of thumb, this Assembly has a dimension akin to that of a square having a one square meter area for fast assessment of power delivery capacity Wind in particular has a power potential of around Five Hundred Watts per Square Meter against a blocking wall, at an approximate velocity of Fifteen Miles per Hour More importantly as a fluid in motion, doubling its velocity increases the power capacity by Eight times For purposes of explanation but not limiting, the illustration in this description shows five SWW Vanes arrayed vertically in a Wind Frame BE IT NOTED that each Wind Frame may have different thickness It will depend on the elevation position of a particular Wind Frame with respect to that of the others what will be considered are factors of materials used effects of wind velocities at varied elevations strength rigidity costs etc

Push-Pull Rods

The SWW Vanes are connected by the Push-Pull Rods #17 that support any SWW Vane not yet reacting to the flop (close) action of the wind to be pushed or pulled by those that already are A particular SWW Vane may not react readily to the Flop action of the wind especially when the wind at a certain height or instance is directed upwards and not horizontally This is truer in turbulent winds It is expected that a SWW Vane, once rightfully hit by the wind and begins the Flop action, will continue its downward Flop action until it is on a vertically down position This is so by the fact that as the SWW Vane is going down, more of its Tail surface area is exposed to the action of the wind

The Push-Pull Rod can be backed up or substituted by a flexible Pull String #18 with a length approximating that of the Flip/Flop Vertical Distance plus the distance covered by the Push-Pull Allowance CΛamfcer#19 Obviously, the use of a Pull String limits the action to a pull without the push The Push-Pull Rod with its Push-Pull Allowance Chamber gives those SWW Vanes that are already going to the Flop position enough time to absorb sufficient to more force to push or pull any non-responding SWW Vane The Push-Pull Rod is pivoted to a PPRod Ball Bearing Pivot #20 at the belly of an upper SWW Vane and also similarly pivoted to the surface of the adjoining lower SWW Vane at a point vertically aligned to the pivot of the upper SWW Vane

BE IT NOTED that Flip/Flop Vertical Distance is the vertical distance between vertically aligned points of adjoining SWW Vanes when both are in the Full Flip or Full Flop position The Push Pull Rod when extended has a length approximately slightly longer than the Flip/Flop Vertical Distance The Push Pull Rod when fully shortened has a length equal to the Flip/Flop Vertical Distance The Difference when the Push Pull Rod is either lengthened or shortened is the distance covered by the Push Pull Allowance Chamber which acts like a piston and cylinder of a reciprocating piston engine

Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures 3A and 3B for Items #21428 for the following discussions

It is necessary to anticipate the durability of the E-Machine with high wind velocities especially during storms or hurricanes There must be some form of speed control to prevent runaway speeds that can damage any part, substantial portion or even its whole structure A way to do this is to 'open' the Solid Wall effect by employing the Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism connected to the SWW Vanes Such mechanism is designed to naturally limit the Flop action on a SWW Vane to a desired position

Instead of the full Flop position of the SWW Vanes which is downward or vertical as that of the Y-plane of the XYZ-axes, the SWW Vanes can be made to tilt at the desired angle to enable a calculated portion of the incoming wind to pass through, instead of being blocked The tilted position makes the SWW Vanes intercept less wind, thus the full force of the wind will be reduced to a more tolerable load level which consequently lessens the Net Mechanical Torque of the Rotating Pole and correspondingly lessens the speed of the E-Machine It is thereby the function of this mechanism to enable the E-Machine to react accordingly

This is done by installing a centrifugal-based mechanical device that functions with regard to how much centrifugal force it acquires with the pervading speed of the E-Machine The Centrifugal Force of an object is the result of its Mass multiplied by the square of its Velocity divided by the Radius of the object having a circular path around an axis of rotation

The mechanism to avail of this centrifugal force consists of a pair of Bevel Gears with the First Bevel Gear #21 having an attached appropriate Half Cylindrical Weight #22 at its lower half The Second Bevel Gear #23 has an attached Bevel Rod Arm #24 that runs adjacent to the Belly of the SWW Vane at Full Flop #25 position, at the opposite edge is attached a flexible Cable Arm #26 that is in turn connected to the Mam Override Cable #27 that extends down to the base of the E-Machine Each Main Override Cable is then connected to a Longitudinal Rotary Button #28

The speed of the E-Machine determines the Centrifugal Force of the Half Cylindrical Weight with respect to its radius from the axis of rotation of the E- Machine The Centrifugal Force gives the First Bevel Gear a clockwise motion which also gives the Second Bevel Gear the same clockwise motion The Bevel Rod Arm then pushes the belly of the SWW Vane

The wind imparts on the SWW Vane a force that will counter push the action of the Bevel Rod Arm These opposing forces determine the position of the SWW Vanes that makes available the variable desired opening of the Solid Wall effect Be it also considered that the weight itself of the Half Cylindrical Weight acts as a counter pull to the action of the Bevel Rod Arm

The Longitudinal Rotary Button acts as an override to the Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism since the former permits the manual setting of the minimum desired opening of the Solid Wall effect To the maximum, the same button can even be set such that the SWW Vanes are always on the full Flip position even when they are in the W-IMPACT-R as in during extremely windy weather conditions or when the E-Machine is being assembled or disassembled for whatever purpose As said button is rotated clockwise and then locked, the Second Bevel Gear is correspondingly rotated clockwise by the resulting pull of the Cable Arm and Main Override Cable without the need for the action of the Centrifugal Force of the Half Cylindrical Weight AIR CAPTURE PRINCIPLE

IN LOCATIONS where there is lack of wind power, or more conversion of wind power is desired, the following conceptual endeavour is a product of the analysis, imagination and visualization of this inventor, which is presented and advanced immediately below

Solid Wall

When the wind impacts a solid wall, it will navigate its way through a free flow opening to its open sides This is the suspected reason for the low productivity of windmills prior to this invention, aside from the normal frictions encountered and possible inferior designs The air molecules that have impacted the solid wall lose a substantial portion, if not all, of their kinetic energies and tend towards becoming still air at that particular moment in time While the incoming air molecules partially transfer their kinetic energies to the near-still air molecules, the remaining kinetic energies let the air molecules continue moving to navigate their way towards an opening The losing of kinetic energies of air molecules depends on the angle of approach of the wind with respect to the instant position of the Solid Wall effect

Solid Wall and Perpendicular Sidewalls

If the wind will be confronted by a solid wall with all perpendicular sides hindered by walls, the air molecules will not be able to navigate their way out until the 'contained space' is fully loaded by air molecules to 'spill out' of it Meanwhile, the incoming air molecules will transfer their kinetic energies to those that have lost their kinetic energies, at the same time, there will be a compression of air molecules with acquired kinetic energy from more incoming air This will result in an increase in pressure within the contained space or effective volume

Incoming air molecules will only bounce off the contained space when the effective kinetic energies of succeeding incoming air molecules is equal to or less than the high pressure produced by the effective kinetic energies of 'captured air molecules' in the contained space This will translate into the solid wall being acted upon by high pressure, which is the desired result

The foregoing situation of a high pressure on a solid wall with sidewalls will be accomplished by SWW Vanes and Wind Frame Sidewalls The Wind Frames with Sidewalls will be bolted behind the Wind Beams when in the W-IMPACT-R that will result to the same being then located in front of the Wind Beams while in the W-FREE FLOW-R The Wind Beams will be discussed later below

VACUUM AT BACKOF SWWVANES CONCEPT

It is anticipated that at the back of a Solid Wall effect Structure, the initial pressure tends to be atmospheric as it is hidden from the wind Any air pressure attained at the back of the Solid Wall effect Structure pushes against the back of a Solid Wall effect Structure (ι e against the bellies of the SWW Vane(s), this is opposed to the desired clockwise movement

It is well granted that a higher velocity wind produces a lower pressure than that of a lower velocity wind, or even still air The wind passing thru the W- FREE FLOW-R helps suction the air molecules at the back of the SWW Vanes in the W-IMPACT-R thus lessening the atmospheric pressure in said latter Region

Small Wall Wind Vane Minute Holes

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures 4 A, 4B and4C for Items #29433 for the following discussions

When the SWW Vane is in the W-IMPACT-R, the problem posed at the back of a Solid Wall effect Structure will be addressed by a multiple of 'Minute Holes' #29 that let the air molecules in the high pressure Front of a Solid Wall effect Structure to escape as Tiny Air Jets #30 into its back The high pressure Front referred to has been discussed more in the topic Solid Wall and Perpendicular Sidewalls, above

The velocity of a Tiny Air Jet will push away air molecules in its path and suck the Air Molecules #31 of the surrounding areas of the Minute Holes at the back The remaining air in contact with the back of a Solid Wall effect will result in a low pressure that then 'pulls with respect to normal atmospheric pressure' the back of a Solid Wall Effect Structure

A Conical Hole may be availed which resembles a Ventuπ Hole that produces low pressure as already known in Fluid Mechanics The said Hole may also be replaced by a Straight Hole for fabrication purpose

A multiple of these Minute Holes are arranged in both Tiny Air Jets Horizontal Array #32 and Tiny Air Jets Vertical Arrays #33 taking into consideration the need for the required strength and rigidity of a SWW Vane, while at the same time, covering a bigger and widespread area at the back of the Solid Wall effect structure to produce the desired result of a pulling action

BE IT NOTED that the reactive thrust of a tiny airjet has no adverse effect on the Solid Wall effect Structure since said thrust will only act against the incoming air of the wind and not against any physical part of said Structure

Wind Free Flow Space FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures 5A, 56, 5C, for Items #34443 for the following discussions

The air pressure attained at the back of a Solid Wall effect may also be addressed independently by the Wind Free Flow Space, or, it may be addressed jointly with the Minute Holes This Wind Free Flow Space #34 is the Clearance Space made available between horizontally arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies This space enables the wind to find an opening in the Solid Wall effect in the W-IMPACT-R

The speeding wind from the Wind Free Flow Space further lowers the pressure at the back of the Solid Wall effect Structure as air molecules at the back of a Solid Wall are pushed or sucked by said speeding wind The Wind Free Flow Space can be availed of for the purpose of further mitigating a Lower Pressure at the back of the Solid Wall effect Structure The Wind Free Flow Space is also useful in the Installation and Maintenance of the E-Machine as discussed later below

ARRAYED WIND FRAME ASSEMBLIES ON WIND BEAMS

Additional power generation will be attained by the deployment of more SWW Vanes depending on the desired quantity of conversion of the kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy

A number of Wind Frame Assemblies #35, where the SWW Vanes are attached, are arrayed horizontally from the Rotating Extendable Pole Depending on the desired power output of the E-Machine and as may be structurally practicable, an equal number of Wind Frame Assemblies in both the W-IMPACT- R and the W-FREE FLOW-R will be securely bolted between adjoining Horizontal Wind Beams The Horizontal Wind Beams securely attached, with WFrame Bolts #36, to horizontally arrayed Wind Frames and taken together become an effective Truss The length of the Truss is an important factor to help determine the minimum wind velocity requirement of the E-Machine for starting the same This is so by the Mechanics Principle that the longer the Arm of the Rotating Pole, the greater the Mechanical Torque will be, as dictated by

Mechanical Torque = Resultant Force x Distance from axis of rotation

Each Wind Frame Assembly comes with a unit of Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism #38 acting when naturally activated against the respective second from the top SWW Vane of each Wind Frame Be it deduced that the other SWW Vanes acted upon by the Push-Pull Rod will be guided by the said second SWW Vane

When in the W-IMPACT-R, the Horizontal Wind Beam #39A can be seen as having at its back the integral Rectangular Protruding Markers #39B in between of which are the Wind Frames Said Wind Beam is also reinforced by horizontal Wind Beam Supports #40 to strengthen the same, and also to partly or substantially counter-balance the Twisting Effect #41 on it by the weights of the bolted Wind Frame Assemblies and the Rectangular Protruding Markers The horizontal Wind Beam Hub #42 is the connecting portion of the Wind Beam that will enclose the PSegments Connecting Joint #43 of the connected Pole Segments and bolted in the predetermined Threaded Holes of both connected Pole Segments— discussion on Pole Segments follows below

Vertically Arrayed Wind Beams

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figure 6

To magnify the conversion of more Kinetic Energy of the Wind into Mechanical Energy, the number of Wind Beams can be increased by installing more of them vertically upwards as shown in FIG 6 In so doing, more Wind Frame Assemblies with corresponding SWW Vanes are availed of to achieve the above aforesaid objective The combination of Horizontal Wind Beams and Wind Frames form a Strong Truss These Vertically Arrayed Wind Beams enable the E-Machine to have a flexible capacity to custom-build power generation requirements

Rotating Extendable Pole

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figure 7 for Items #44451 for the following discussions

More Wind Beams cannot be added vertically upward if the length of the Rotating Pole is fixed Thence, there is the need for a Rotating Extendable Pole which is divided into Pole Segments #44 The Pole Segments have preset PSegment Hub Threaded Holes #45 to be exactly respectively overlapped by the Wind Beam Hub Threaded Holes #46 and similar holes of the Strap-On Pole Tubes for bolting purpose

At the bottom of a Pole Segment is a PSegment Female Square Hole #47 for which the PSegment Male Square Extension #48 of a Pole Segment immediately below it will precisely mesh The PSegment Male Square Extension shall have a preset PSegment Male Square Extension Threaded Hole #49 with which a Pole Segment above it will be bolted

BE IT NOTED that each Pole Segment may be hollow at its longitudinal center at varying diameters or even partially or completely be solid in its entire length It will depend on the elevation position of a particular Pole Segment with respect to that of the others various factors such as effects of wind velocities at varied elevations materials used strength rigidity and costs will be considered

BE IT NOTED that the vertical orientation of the Rotating Extendable Pole should not be construed to limit this invention for the Rotating Extendable Pole can also be oriented vertically or otherwise with appropriate adjustments of the E Machine but still maintaining its basic concept approach etc Everything will depend on field considerations Strap-On Pole Tube

When the E-Machine is of a greater height, it is important to consider the rigidity of the Rotating Extendable Pole as it can be subjected to bending due to its own weight, force from the wind, or unbalanced weights in the E-Machine Structures

When this threat arises as may be computed and anticipated, the Rotating Extendable Pole will be reinforced along the identified Pole Segments by being attached to and bolted with the Strap-On Pole Tubes #50 These are semicircular cylindrical tubes with the SOPTube Preset Bolt Holes #51 A Strap-On Pole Tube will be placed between adjoining Wind Beam Hubs and bolted to both the particular Pole Segment and adjoining Wind Beam Hubs The Strap-On Pole Tubes may have varying thickness as may be set and as they are attached to Pole Segments during Installation of the Rotating Extendable Pole

Pole Segment Cap

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figure 8 forltems #52-M57 for the following discussions

The topmost Wind Beam will tend to bend downwards especially as it is acted upon by a heavy-to-carry Resultant Load from a summation of weights of other Vertically Arrayed Wind Beams, with corresponding horizontally Arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies and necessary add-ons To address this kind of threat, the topmost Pole Segment which is the first Pole Segment to be installed may, when need be especially as in a tall E-Machine, be fitted with the appropriate Strap-On Pole Tube, and, with the Pole Segment Cap #52 by locking exactly the First Pole Segment Male Square Extension #53 into the PSegment Cap Female Square Hole #54

The Pole Segment Cap will have as many needed PSCap Horizontal Holes #55 arrayed and vertically aligned thru which appropriate PSCap Tension Cables #56 will be inserted into As many PSCap Horizontal Hole Arrays will be provided as the need arises A PSCap Tension Cable will be with PSCap Cable Tension Hooks #57 at both its ends which will be hooked into the corresponding Wind Beam Hook of the first-to-be-installed topmost Wind Beam The PSCap Cable Tension Hooks will be calibrated accordingly tight as required The Wind Beam Hooks will be as many as may be computed to appropriately spread the carried Resultant Load

WIND CYLINDRICAL M U LTI -TR U SS STRUCTURE

FOR ILLUSTRA TION, please refer to Figures 9 A & 9B for Items #58 - #60 for the following discussions

Wind Truss Structures

The E-Machine shall embody a multiple of Wind Truss Structures #58 composed of Wind Beams and Wind Frame Assemblies For the purposes of this specification/description but not limited to it, the E-Machine has four Wind Truss Structures equally spaced Ninety Degrees apart forming a Quadrant with respect to overhead view The combination of firmly attached Wind Beams and Wind Frame Assemblies embodies a Truss Structure Aside from carrying the SWW Vanes, each Wind Truss Structure naturally behaves as either a Tension Truss or a Compression Truss that helps guarantee the Rotating Extendable Pole to maintain a balanced vertical position at any time

Depending on the position of a Wind Truss Structure with respect to the flow path of the wind At a particular time, the Wind Truss Structure will act as a Tension Truss as in a tension cable preventing a vertical tower from leaning back In another instant of time, the Wind Truss Structure will act as a Compression Truss that prevents buckling as in a solid rod placed at an angle that will oppose such a tower from leaning forward

The Quadrant Wind Truss Structure will cause a more uniform angular speed and supply a more consistent Mechanical Torque, as it will function similarly to Flywheel Energy Storage with respect to the summation of its weights, compared to a Duo Wind Truss Structure

There can be no instant changing of position of the SWW Vane from a full flip position to an abrupt full Flop position, despite the Vanefin To further improve efficiency when desired and practicable, an additional Wind Truss Structure may be deployed Thus, instead of four Wind Truss Structures equally spaced Ninety Degrees apart, the E-Machine may have five Wind Truss Structures equally spaced Seventy Two Degrees apart

Wind Beam Arcs and Vertical Wind Beams

The vertical Wind Truss Structures are vulnerable to the perpendicular impact of the wind this is more so when the E-Machine is of a considerable height and/or width To solve this predicament, the Wind Quadrant Truss Structure shall be supported with bolted horizontal Wind Beam Arcs #59 connected to each Wind Truss Structure The Wind Beam Arcs take the form of a quadrant of a circle and are deployed at certain computed height intervals and at a determined radius from the Rotating Extendable Pole These said Arcs may optionally come with proper horizontal flat covers, with embedded appropriate frames for strength, designed to guide the wind to flow horizontal when the wind has an inclined or non-horizontal path coming from above or below the E- Machine. The Wind Beam Arcs also function as that of Tension Truss or that of Compression Truss depending on the position of the E-Machine with respect to the path of the wind Wind Beam Arcs may also be installed at the tips of selected Wind Beams of the Wind Truss Structure The same tips shall also be connected to Vertical Wind Beams #60 to transform the Wind Quadrant Truss Structure into a stronger Wind Cylindrical Multi-Truss Structure.

BE IT NOTED that when not critical to structural design the Wind Beam Arcs may be substituted by or in combination with appropriate strength cables to lower costs and efforts of installation Whatever field design is arrived at should always consider the freedom of the wind to eventually impact the SWW Vanes when in the W IMPACT R and fully pass through when in the W FREE FLOW R

BE IT NOTED that each Wind Beam either as Horizontal or Vertical as Mam as Support or as an Arc may be hollow inside at varying cross sections and/or thickness or even partially or completely be solid in its entire length It will depend on the elevation position of a particular Wind Beam with respect to that of the others factors such as materials used effects of wind velocities at different elevations strength rigidity and costs will be considered among others

POWER GENERATION AS STAND-ALONE STRUCTURE

The E-Machine shall have a working platform as an anchor for which it shall be operational as a Stand Alone Structure with a Pivot Assembly at its base consisting of a Lifter with back up supports by the E-Machine Balancer Assembly, a Pole Anchor and Ground Thrust Bearing The platform shall consist principally of embedded Trusses at its cemented Rooftop and sides to handle the Reactive Forces produced by the Wind against the E-Machine The platform shall also function as housing for the receiving Gear Train and Air Compressor, Electric Generator or Water Pump as may be desired

E-Machine Balancer Assembly

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to FigureslOA and 1OB for Items #61 - #84 for the folfowing specifications/discussions below

The E-Machine is equipped with the Balancer Assembly that functions as stabilizer, aside from supporting the Pole Anchor Assembly discussed below against the Resultant Force of the wind, with compression and tension supports on or near ground level to secure the E-Machine from swaying especially during extreme weather The Balancer Assembly - aside from its primary purpose as stabilizer— independently or together with the Ground Thrust Bearing act as failsafe backup support to carry the weight of the E-Machine while allowing the rotation of the Rotating Extendable Pole

The lowest Wind Beam Arcs are connected to Wheels that run along a Balancer Elevated Circular Rail firmly bolted with ECRail Bolts on the Balancer Circular Rail Stand #61, with Rubber Matting or any Oil Sealant #62 located on the surface of the Roof of the Working Platform The Lowest Wind Beam Arcs #63 located on top of the cemented Roof Truss are bolted with individual sets of Balancer Wheels that run along the Balancer Circular Rail

The Balancer Wheels consist of four wheels with the Top Pair Balancer Wheels #64 running on top of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail #65, which is attached securely with ECRail Bolts #66 to the Balancer Circular Rail Stand, and the other Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels #67 running underneath the said Rail

The Top Pair Balancer Wheels joined by the Horizontal Top Casing Shaft #68 are cross-joined by the Vertical Wheel Shafting #69 that is connected to a particular Arc, the Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels joined by the Horizontal Bottom Casing Shaft #70 are also cross-joined to the Vertical Wheel Shafting

Each wheel is connected by a corresponding Horizontal Wheel Shaft #71 to its respective Balancer Square Block #72 within a vertical Rectangular Casing #73, said Casing also provides for an Adjuster Thick Plate that is driven by the Adjuster Bolt The Top Adjuster Bolts #74 and Top Thick Plates #75 serve to jack down the Top Pair Balancer Wheels through a particular Balancer Square Block so as to push up the lowest Wind Beam Arcs, when the Balancer Wheels are worn down, oppositely, the Bottom Adjuster Bolts #76 and Bottom Thick Plates #77 serve to jack up the Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels, also through a particular Balancer Square Block, to the underneath of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail, when said wheels are worn down A Bottom Shock Absorber #78 comes between the Bottom Adjuster Plate and Balancer Square Block

The Balancer Wheels running on their respective corresponding Balancer Elevated Circular Rails will be connected by way of the respective Vertical Wheel Shaftings, through Balancer Pivots #79, to the corresponding lowest Wind Beam Arcs at locations directly beneath the Wind Truss Structures at their edges and midpoints and/or predetermined strategic intervals of their individual horizontal lengths and the midpoints between said Structures The connected lowest Wind Beam Arcs trace/form as concentric circles when viewed from the top/plan view Each of the Balancer Pivots consist of an arrow-shaped downward direction Balancer Rod and Clamp #80 with its partly conical head resting on a Balancer Pivot Thrust Bearing #81 The Balancer Pivots enable the individual sets of Balancer Wheels to carry the weight of a particular Wind Truss Structure as its Balancer Wheels smoothly move along the path of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail

The top and bottom of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail are appropriately with Grooves to keep the wheels always in place with respect to the rails The Balancer Wheels and Rail are protected by a Balancer Circular Casing #82 with a Balancer Oil Inlet #83 for its full oil bath, the said Casing is designed to prevent oil spills and acts as a Noise Damper as well The Balancer Circular Casing is protected by the Balancer Roofing #84 attached to the Wind Beam Arcs The individual sets of Balancer Wheels function similar to Compression or Tension Rods, depending on the position with respect to the flow of the wind, that prevent or control swaying of the E-Machine, this is critically important during stormy winds with gustiness prevailing

BE IT NOTED that the greater the radius of the Wind Beam Arcs and the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail the greater the ability of the E-Machine Balancer Assembly to serve during times of strong winds such as storms or hurricanes

BE IT NOTED that the E-Machine Balancer Assembly functions as that of a Thrust Bearing that carries a substantial portion of the Dead Weight of the E-Machine while allowing the rotation of the Rotating Extendable Pole

Pole Anchor Assembly

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figure 11 forltems#85 - #93 for the following specifications/discussions below

The Resultant Force of the wind against the E-Machine and its consequent Moment Effect needs to be more than negated or absorbed which is primarily accomplished by the Pole Anchor Assembly The Pole Anchor Assembly consists of Sliding Fit Bearings #85 holding the Rotating Extendable Pole and which are contained within the Pole Anchor Casing #86 The Sliding Fit Bearings of this Assembly may be replaced and/or reinforced by a group of smaller bearings so arranged that their outer diameters trace the circular shape of the inner diameters of the sliding Fit Bearing

The Pole Anchor Casing is a massive cylinder firmly attached to the likewise massive cemented flat Roof Truss #87, and further supported by the Circular Pole Anchor Truss #88 which is firmly bolted underneath and embedded in the massive cemented flat Roof The Pole Anchor Casing has a PACasing Cap Lock #89 to secure the PAnchor Oil Bath #90 and to prevent it from being contaminated

The PAnchor Casing Cap Lock is provided with PAnchor Oil Inlets #91 for supplying oil to the Pole Anchor Assembly Beneath the Pole Anchor Casing is the PAnchor Bearings Lock #92 to guarantee that the Sliding Fit Bearings will not slide down and the same is provided with the PAnchor Oil Outlets #93 in case of the need to change oil The PAnchor Bearings Lock also provides for the inspection or replacement of the Sliding Fit Bearings

Bevel Gears and Ground Thrust Bearing(s) Assembly

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figure 12 for Items #94 - #105 for the following specifications/discussions below

The mechanical power from harvesting the kinetic energy of the wind is put to productive use by a set of Bevel Gears which will then be connected to an electric generator an/or water pump and/or air compressor Also, as a backup for carrying the weight of the E-Machine, an appropriate Ground Thrust Bearing or a group of the same comes handy

When the E-Machine is operational, the Lowest Pole Segment #94 located under the Working Platform will be attached with a Bevel Gear and Thrust Bearing Assembly This Assembly consists of a Mam Bevel Gear#95, which is attached to the Lowest Pole Segment, enmeshed with a Small Bevel Gear#96that will be used to connect the E-Machine to a Gear Train Assembly that delivers the required speed and mechanical torque to the Air Compressor, Electric Generator or Water Pump, etc The Bevel Gear is also enmeshed with another Small Bevel Gear to connect to a Gear Box for the Brake of the E-Machine

Integrally attached to and on top of the horizontal Bevel Gear is the BGear Cylindrical Casing #97 that is connected to the Lowest Pole Segment of the Rotating Extendable Pole by four BGear Lock Keys #98 that are equally spaced around said Pole Segment Also, integrally attached to the horizontal Bevel Gear is an underneath Conical Solid Segment #99 that will rest on the Ground Thrust Bearing #100 This Thrust Bearing should be of a capacity that will permit the rotation of the E-Machine while carrying a portion of its Dead Weight as discussed immediately below The Ground Thrust Bearing is also enclosed in the BGear/GTBeaπng Casing #101 that contains the BGear/GTBeaπng Oil Bath #102 The GT Bearing Shock Absorber #103 is enclosed by said Casing The Ground Thrust Bearing contains the EPSegment Sliding Fit Bearings #104 in which the Extension Pole Segment #105 passes through to hold the Buoyant of the Lifter Assembly that is discussed below

BE IT NOTED that said Shock Absorber allows the Ground Thrust Bearing enough clearance to allow the urGEMns Balancer Assembly to share the Dead Weight Load of the E-Machine, instead of the Ground Thrust Bearing carrying all of said Load This is particularly important when the Balancer Wheels on top of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail are worn down that their diameters are reduced in size over time, without the said Shock Absorber, the Ground Thrust Bearing will then proportionately have an increase in or even full share of said Load

Lifter Assembly

FOR ILLUSTRA TION, please refer to Figure 13 for Items #106 - #119D for the following specifications/discussions below

The entire weight of the E-Machine is principally carried by the Lifter Assembly with the Balancer Assembly and Ground Thrust Bearing as fail-safe backup support system The Lifter Assembly is based on the scientific truth that a Buoyant has an Upward Force Equal to the Weight of the Displaced Liquid by the Buoyant The Upward Force exerted by the Buoyant shall carry fully the Downward Dead Weight of the E-Machine

The Assembly consists mainly of a Buoyant attached to the bottom of the Extension Pole Segment which is connected to and enmeshed with the aforesaid Conical Solid Segment recently described The Buoyant, which is a Cylindrical Hollow Tank #106 with very smooth surfaces, is reinforced by Buoyant Trusses #107 from within and filled with just enough Buoyant Compressed Air #ViS to help counter the liquid pressures outside the Buoyant The Buoyant is contained within a corresponding Large Liquid Tank #109 with the Liquid Surface #110 slightly lower than the Top of the Buoyant

BE IT NOTED that the Lifter Assembly or Buoyant is designed to normally carry the entire or as much weight of the E Machine with the Balancer Assembly then the Ground Thrust Bearing serving as fail safe backup supports this approach ensures greater longevity of said supports

BE IT NOTED that the weight of the Large Liquid Tank inclusive of the contained liquid helps much to make the Working Platform Structure of the E Machine become more stable against the reactive forces of said machine this said Tank is firmly connected to the posts of said Platform

It is anticipated that liquid pressure will affect the intensity of Adhesion of a Fluid to a solid surface with regard as to the measure of friction loss The Compressed Air Buffer #111 and/or 0// Buffer #112 are employed to lessen friction loss when the E-Machine, with the Buoyant, is rotating At the bottom of the Buoyant is an integral Compressed Air and Oil Fence #113 that prevents them from escaping the Bottom of the Buoyant Lifter Compressed Air Inlets #114 and a Lifter Oil Inlet #115 are provided for, and so with a Lifter Air Pressure Gauge #116 In Fluid Mechanics, Pressure #117 is proportional to the Depth of a Liquid Buoyant Height #118 shall be as short as is needed and with Buoyant D/amefer#119A as big as practicable to lessen the Liquid pressures acting against the Buoyant, especially its bottom, and thus minimize friction loss In case of a hole or seepage in the Buoyant the same is well provided with a Buoyant Liquid Sensor #119B that gives an alarm sound signal when liquid is detected inside the Cylindrical Hollow Tank buoyant, and which then activates an appropriate Buoyant Liquid Pump #119C that will pump out the liquid Likewise, a portable Buoyant Accessory Air Compressor #119D is provided on top of the Cylindrical Hollow Tank to pump in c- air when needed to maintain the desired pressure within said Tank

BE IT NOTED that for flexibility the Buoyant Diameter may be increased later to accommodate more weight when the size of the E Machine is increased to deliver more power For this the approach in the Rotating Extendable Pole using Strap On Pole Tubes shall be adapted to increase said Diameter

Installation and Maintenance Lift and Holder Equipment

FOR ILLUSTRA TION, please refer to Figures 14A and UB for Items #120 -#137forthe following specifications/discussions below

This Lift and Holder Equipment is used during installation, maintenance inspections and/or repairs of the E-Machine It has a dual function of steadily holding or preventing the E-Machine from rotating or moving, and also using it as a lifting or lowering equipment of the components of the same This equipment comes in two components

One component is the heavy duty Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand that can be lifted or lowered by means of hydraulics or a chain hoist Said Stand is comprised of a Conical Head Tip #120 at its top and followed by a Circular Threaded Cylinder #121 that can be made to rotate in either a clockwise or counter clockwise direction by an embedded Direct Current Motor #122, with its Motor Electric Wires #123 passing down through the vertical hole of the Cylindrical Stand The design is to provide for the replacement or repairs of said Motor and consist of other parts such as the Motor Rectangular Shaft #124 to fit with the Rectangular Tail Hole #125 at the bottom Tail of the arrow-like shape top of the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand, the Threaded Ring #126 screwed to the arrow arm of the Conical Head to prevent the Conical Head from being dismembered from the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand, the Mid-Section Part #127 below the Circular Threaded Cylinder, the Lower-Section Part #128 below the Mid-Section Part, and, the Mam Cylindrical Part #129 of the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand

The other component is the removable or transferable Holder Assembly which is comprised of the Holder Square Block #130 that has a Holder SBIock Circular Threaded Hole #131 and directly below this Hole is a Holder SBIock Conical Hole #132 The Holder Square Block is capable of being horizontally moved forward or backward through the Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides #133 in the form of [ ] The Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides have Holder Wheel Bolt Locks #134 on both rails that can be tightened when the Holder Square Block finds its right position The Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides have the capability to be moved sideways by sliding thru a Holder Rectangular Block #135 that is bolted to the Holder Clamps #136 equipped with Holder Horizontal Clamp Locks #137 The Holder Clamps will be attached to the designated Wind Beam to be worked on and through the adjoining Wind Free Flow Spaces

BE IT NOTED that when the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand is raised up its Conical Head Tip will find exactly the Holder SBIock Circular Threaded Hole assisted by the Holder SBIock Conical Hole and the capability of the Holder Assembly which has the Holder SBIock Circular Threaded Hole as discussed to make forward backward or sideways movements This is to make provisions for misalignments that may occur between the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand and the Holder Assembly

BE IT NOTED that Each Wind Truss Structure comes with a pair of Lift and Holder Equipment for the purpose of one of the pair holding firmly the Wind Truss Structure and the other of the pair alternately being worked for actual lifting or lowering the components of the same particular Wind Truss Structure

POWER SYSTEMS of urGEMns

To maximize/optimize the level of usefulness of this invention, what comes to mind is to tinker with possibilities availing of scientific facts and advancements in technologies that will enable this arising technology to have a nearly all encompassing approach for the sake of safeguarding humankind and biodiversity against the Climate Change Crisis and Air Pollution. This gives fruit to the E- Machine with additional embodiments that redound for the invention to have the wherewithal for a single or combination of 'nature' system(s) as reference to said approach.

The Systems are referred to by the inventor as NATURE SYSTEMS considering that they will be deployed to restore Nature to its original order before the Industrial Revolution that started more than a century ago.

The Bevel Gear Assembly is an important element of the E-Machine of this invention/technology because it is the link as to the kind of Power System(s) that will be put in operation As the E-Machine is the empowerment of this invention, the Power System is the cornerstone of this new technology that enables the delivery and/or distribution of the End Product(s) Electricity, Pumped Water and/or Compressed Air

As an ELECTRICITY SYSTEM, the Bevel Gear Assembly will be connected to an appropriate Gear Train which will then be connected to an Electric Generator The Electricity Product produced by the generator will be that of an independent Electric Power Plant that will supply to the Electric Power Grid for distribution to consumers The electricity produced can also be utilized to directly power homes and establishments, with any surplus supply to be sold to Electric Power Companies by way of Net Metering

As a HYDRO SYSTEM, the Bevel Gear Assembly will be connected to an appropriate Gear Train which will then be connected to a Water Pump to suction surface or underground water for varied uses Water transferred as its Product can be used for irrigation by distributing and delivering water through irrigation pipes and/or canals, it can minimize the need to erect massive dams that can affect ecology and often displace communities

It will be particularly helpful in barren and/or drought-stricken areas, and can even reduce desert areas — or even still, aid in arresting desertification This System will function similar to the Air System below to answer any challenges, especially in the projected Era of Water Scarcity

As an AIR SYSTEM, the Bevel Gear Assembly will be connected to an appropriate Gear Train which will then be connected to a suitable air compressor for the production of the required compressed air for varied purposes, such as the Air Fuel

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures f15A, f15B, f15C, f15D, f15E, f15F, f15G and f15H for Items #138 - #182 and Items #190A - #203 for the succeeding specifications/discussions below These Figures are on a Landscape Orientation For an overall drawing presentation of this Air System please pin/connect f15A to the left off15B, H5C to the left off15D, f15E to the left off15F, H5G to the left off15H, and also, please pin /connect H5A to the topside off15C, H5C to the topside off15E, f15E to the topside off15G, H5B to the topside off15D, f15D to the topside off15F, and f15F to the topside off15H,

AIR FUEL AND AIR GRID CONCEPTS

Air Fuel, A-Fuel, may be produced using an air compressor aided by an Automatic Gear System It can also be made by a multi-stage air compressor where the compressed air, c-air, from a prior stage is used by the next stage for further compression and so on, until the desired compression of air is achieved Similarly, a series of compressors may be deployed where the c-air from a prior compressor is transferred to the next compressor for further compression and so on, until the desired A-Fuel is produced The multi-stage compressor shall be driven by the E-Machιne(s), as with a series of compressors, or a combination of some compressors driven by the E-Machιne(s) and others as electric driven An example of a suitable compressor is the heavy duty Normally Operational Air Compressor, NOA Compressor#138-f15B, which will be extensively deployed in this Air System

TO SOLVE CLIMATE CHANGE AND ITS THREAT OF IRREVERSIBILITY, a major application of this invention is to have a substantial portion of c-air in the Air System be used as A-Fuel for a converted Electric Power Plant, EP-Plant, that use fossil or even nuclear fuel before conversion This A-Fuel is called per se since c-air has its mass with potential energy that can be transformed instantly into a mass with kinetic energy, to drive the Special Air Turbιne(s) or Special Reciprocating Air Engιne(s) of converted Power Plant(s) — more of these below

The Air Grid Concept is based on: The A-Fuel source may just be adjacent to, near, or some distance away, or even miles, and even still, a thousand miles or more away from the converted EP-Plant. What is being emphasized is that the A-Fuel is mainly for use by the converted EP-Plant, but not limited to it — so whether near or far, distance between the A-Fuel source and a converted EP- Plant does not matter.

TO OPERATE CONVERTED POWER PLANTS AND SUPPLYING TO OTHER USERS, what comes to mind is to set up a special air pipeline from the A- Fuel Source to wherever a converted EP-Plant and Other Users may be located This will free the franchisees/operators of this invention from the burdensome, expensive and time-consuming efforts and related activities of relocating converted EP-Plants to sites where clean renewable energy sources are in abundance There will be no necessity for ships, trains, or trucks to deliver to users as done in the fossil industry

FOR INDEPENDENT USERS, or for contingency especially when an air pipeline for a particular area is not yet fully operational, fixed A-Fuel storage tanks and transportable A-Fuel containers may be made available Later, these will be of greater use when the need arises to service A-Fuel users, especially in times of repairs, maintenance or facility upgrades of the Air System Other beneficial reasons for this air pipeline will become more evident in the progress of these discussions Hence, there is the natural requisite of establishing this special air pipeline hereinafter called an Air Grid — comprising of Special Air Pipes, SA Pipes #139-f15B, and all Other Operational Equipment— that will be used to widely distribute and deliver A-Fuel

BE IT NOTED that for safety and durability metallurgy of SA Pipes should be more than able to withstand Greater Pressure say Thirteen Times or more than that required by the Special Air Turbine of a converted EP Plant

THE HARNESSING OF ENERGY FROM RENEWABLE SOURCES BY THE E-MACHINE, OR ANY OTHER SIMILAR MACHINE OR DEVICE, AND THE INFRASTRUCTURE OR MODE OF DELIVERING THE A-FUEL OR COMPRESSED AIR - FROM THE SOURCE TO ITS DESTINATION - IS HEREIN REFERRED TO AS NATURE SYSTEM, AIR SYSTEM, for simplicity.

This Air System gives the big advantage of doing away with the need to build new expensive electric generators to establish and operate independent EP- Plants that use renewable energy sources To build these New EP-Plants while maintaining operations of Conventional EP-Plants will NOT SOLVE Climate Change or Global Warming for a considerably long period of time This system enables electric companies to convert to renewable energy sources instead of using fossil fuels These fuels are to be blamed for worsening problems caused by Global Warming and Global Warming itself, which in turn has led to Climate Crisis, they also contribute much to Global Pollution that affects people's health, which entails heavy costs and even severe emotional pains

AS THE NEW TECHNOLOGY EMANATING FROM THIS INVENTION WILL STEADILY REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS, with the goal of substantial to near total elimination, it will simultaneously and repeatedly rid the environment of various pollutants in the air.

The compressor Air Inlet #140-f15B of a NOA Compressor is connected to a Multistage Polluted Air Collector Chamber #141-f15B aptly equipped with specific Special Air Cleaners-Processors-Devices #142-f15B for Carbon Capture and the capture of other pollutants, even precious mineral or metal dust Airborne pollens, germs and viruses — specifically identified as dangerous or life-threatening— shall be screened by suitable filters, processors and/or devices for removal from the environment Elevated Air Inlets that are installed as Collectors by means of Towers #143-f15B, or even Stationary Balloons #144-f15B, may be installed individually or with the abovementioned Multi-Stage Chamber Air Collectors need not be near the NOA Compressor, they can be strategically spread out by means of corresponding Smaller Special Λ/rP/pes #145-f15B for the purpose

Within the Compressor and at the compressor Λ/r Ouffef #146-f15B The high-to-ultra-high temperature heat, produced by the high compression of air, will effectively help in the natural eradication of the threats mentioned in the immediately preceding paragraph The Air Grid may also be equipped with Air Ionizers #147-f15B that produce ions with negative charge to help neutralize free radicals

Tftese free radicals are atoms or molecules that lost electrons and thus become unstable, and active in acquiring electrons from other stable atoms or molecules. These free radicals damage molecular composition of body cells which bring numerous diseases. The reactive action of free radicals is even identified with aging and result in a chain reaction between cells. Worse, this chain reaction is claimed to increase by several thousand times, and even several million times with the presence in the human body of heavy or toxic metals from pollutants— this is why cleaning the air becomes of utmost importance. become pristinely clean and the food that we eat be plainly uncontaminated One need not go into deep thought to anticipate the control and even disappearance of many diseases that wreak havoc on frail and even strong bodies

BE IT NOTED that in Thermodynamics, energy is neither created nor destroyed, it is merely transformed The emission of Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere aside from being an air pollutant has been clearly identified as the primary cause of Global Warming a sizeable fraction of the heat of the sun that penetrates into the earth atmosphere is deflected back by this Carbon Fog which significantly traps this heat What is not being sensibly considered by many is that planet Earth has helped us over a long period of time to store part of the heat as dormant heat in the form of fossil fuels with their thermal units Igniting these fossils as fuels causes the transformation of dormant into active heat this transformation adds to the heat from the sun which further exacerbates Global Warming that has led to the Climate Crisis we are now in The heat from nuclear reactions also does the same Although nuclear power plants are considered as clean energy — it is known that the heat produced from seventeen thousand kilos of coal is equivalent to the heat produced from one kilogram of uranιum235— the danger of radiation from bad judgement accidents and unfortunate activities far outweighs the benefits they provide

BE IT NOTED that BY USING A FUEL — WHICH IN ITSELF EMITS NO INTRINSIC HEAT except that already in the atmosphere consequentially absorbed by this fuel— as the engine for economic activity the world will be in a better footing to fight the worsening Climate Change which largely emanates from Global Warming

AIR SYSTEM WILL ELIMINATE THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE STORAGE OF ENERGY IN EXPENSIVE, RELATIVELY SHORTLIVED AND LIMITED-STORAGE ELECTRIC BATTERIES SINCE ENERGY CAN THEN BE STORED AS COMPRESSED AIR. The SA Pipes and Large Storage Compressed Air Tanks by themselves act as Long Storage Compressed Air Pipes-Tanks, the longer the said Air Pipes- Tanks become, the more room for storage of energy in the form of A-Fuel or c-air The Air Grid shall operate at h ig h-to-u I tra-h ig h pressures and also have surface and/or underground Large Storage Compressed Air Tanks, LSCA Tanks #148-f15B, that are of voluminous space and of massive build These Air Tanks serve more to accommodate surplus wind power particularly through periods of strong winds, even that of hurricanes, and are counted on as standby reserves during peak demands on power

BE IT NOTED that producers that harness energy from renewable sources using machines other than the E Machine may be allowed to also avail of this system for storage and other purposes Compressed air which is already a form of stored energy will always be in immediate demand by to be converted EP Plants and so by Other Users

PRODUCTION OF A-FUEL OR COMPRESSED AIR

Let Reference Pressure mean the required pressure by the Special Air Turbine of a converted EP-Plant The NOA Compressor shall first supply the c- air to the SA Pipes until the c-air in the said Pipes is equal to Eight Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure Probably, the c-air will seldom reach this pressure, nonetheless, should the pressure become equal to the said Eight Times Greater Pressure, the SAPipes Motorized Control Air Valve #149-f15B of the SA Pipes will automatically be in Closed Mode and remain so until the pressure is lowered to Five Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure, by which time said Air Valve will automatically be in Open Mode and remain so until the same again increases to said Eight Times Greater Pressure, and so on

BE IT NOTED that the required pressure of SA Turbine shall/may be used as reference maximum pressure of all Users of the Air Grid In whatever case if a particular User requires a higher pressure it is anticipated that the allowance in pressure availability — herein presented— will be enough to still cater to that particular User otherwise the User may avail of another suitable air compressor that will draw c air from the Air Grid to produce a higher required pressure

BE IT NOTED that in today s present and continuing technological advancements different kinds of high strength and even light metals or materials such as carbon fibbers and/or composite materials assures this invention the technology feasibility and viability to happen and be of great use to the world We are now capable of producing storing transferring and using c air — especially as A Fuel— that has never been considered before as possible in the magnitude of up to thousands of pounds per square inch

The LSCATank Motorized Control Air Valve #150-f15B of a LSCA Tank will remain in Open Mode until the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Five Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure by which said Air Valve will automatically be in Closed Mode It will remain so until the pressure in the SA Pipes is lowered to Three Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure by which instance it will again be in Open Mode and remain so until the same again increases to Five Times Greater Pressure than is required by the SA Turbine, and so on

When the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Eight Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure, the gear combination driving the NOA Compressor will then automatically change to allow more compression of air, similar to what happens in the automatic transmission systems of motor vehicles

The Compressor Automatic Gear System #151-f15B of a NOA Compressor shall be capable of intermittently changing gear combinations to be able to produce as much as the rated highest air pressure capacity of the LSCA Tanks, in the range of Twenty Times or more than that required by the SA Turbine The Automatic Gear System shall cause the gear combinations to be lowered accordingly as the pressure of the c-air in the LSCA Tanks is reduced

BE IT NOTED that the more gear combinations of the Automatic Gear System the more efficient will be the production of c air This is so since the mechanical power being delivered by the E Machine in the form of Torque for the air compressor is more in tune with the converted speed from that of the input speed of the Rotating Extendable Pole of the E Machine to the output speed at the shaft of the air compressor

The changing of the correct gear combination of the NOA Compressor to lower or higher Torque depends on the pressure of the c-air in the SA Pipes, when the c-air output of the NOA Compressor is being delivered to the said Pipes, and the pressure of the c-air in the LSCA Tanks, when the c-air output of the NOA Compressor is being delivered to the said Tanks

The NOA Compressor will mechanically channel its c-air supply to the LSCA Tanks when the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Eight Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure This is achieved by the instant situation that both the Motorized Control Air Valves of the SA Pipes and of the NOA Tanks will be in Closed Mode Meanwhile, the Normally Locked Compressed Air Piston #152-f15B that is made to be at such position by the force of a LSCATank Spring #153-f15B with said Eight Times Greater Pressure will be overcome and be in an Unlocked position by the then greater pressure being produced by the NOA Compressor The Free Sliding Compressed Air Piston #154-f15B will also be pushed open, provided that pressure being produced by the NOA Compressor is greater than the prevailing pressure of the LSCA Tanks BE IT NOTED that the pressures as in Eight Five etc Times Greater Pressure previously quoted herein are subject to economic and technological factors in the actual deployment of this invention This is to say that much will rely on the metallurgy costs availability etc of the material s to be used The actual pressures shall depend more on the durability safety and feasibility factors to be considered in the implementation of the Air Grid

THE AIR GRID IS PROVIDED WITH SAFETY AND OTHER FEATURES

The desired high-to-ultra-high pressure of the Air Grid necessitates safety devices, monitors and fail-safe supports to safeguard lives, limbs and properties Data Sensors / Monitors #155-f15B will be attached to the Air Grid for information on the status of each component at any given time, being linked by satellite or any mode of data transmission, to enable the Offιce(s) handling the Air Grid to manually, automatically or remotely take appropriate actions, if and when needed

AGπd Pressure Gauges #156-f15B and AGrid Temperature Gauges #157-f15B will be provided at strategic points of the SA Pipes as well as the LSCA Tanks A LSCA Tank is provided with LSCATank Safety Air Valves #158-f15B that automatically discharge air just before the rated c-air capacity of the LSCA Tank is reached Likewise, SAPipes Safety Air Valves #159-f15B of SA Pipes will be placed at strategic locations to regulate c-air in the SA Pipes, and which also allow automatic discharge of air just before the rated c-air capacity of the SA Pipes is reached Further, these LSCA Tanks and SA Pipes are respectively and adequately equipped with Large Anti-Blast Air Valves #160-f15B that release c-air in calibrated large quantities in a shortest span of time to prevent blasts that emit ultra or supersonic sounds in cases of accidental or deliberate actions against them This will be made possible by assigning variable pressure values that, when reached, will automatically activate these said Air Valves

Motorized SAPipes Control Air Valves #161-f15E at equal distance intervals are Normally Open but can also be closed to allow segmented maintenance and repairs Each Control Valve comes between adjacent Duo Junction Pipes #162-f15E which are each equipped also with a corresponding DJPipes Control Valve #163-f15E that can be used to connect Mobile By-Pass Special Air Tubes #164-f15E during repairs, so as not to adversely affect the flow and delivery of c-air

BE IT NOTED that Motorized SA Pipes Control Air Valves will automatically close in case proximate Large Anti Blast Air Valves are triggered to activate

WATER FROM THE CONDENSATION OF AIR MOISTURE of the c-air is anticipated particularly in high-moisture locations and especially in the Cool Air Sector Liquid or Water Sump Pits #165-f15F are to be made available in as many Lowest Points of Elevation of the SA Pipes and that of the LSCA Tanks Liquid or Water Level Sensors #166-f15F will be installed to monitor water or other liquids and to flush them out, when detected through the Automatic Liquid or Water Discharge Pipes and Valves #167-f15F

IN PERIODS OF WIND VELOCITIES IN EXCESS OF NORMAL, the NOA Compressor will be made to perform accordingly Compressed Air will be produced at a much greater pressure than Eight Times Greater Pressure than the Reference Pressure, facilitated by its Automatic Gear System The c-air will then be normally directed to the LSCA Tanks

An equally heavy duty Accessory Air Compressor, AA Compressor, #168-f15A— also equipped with specific Special Air Cleaners-Processors-Devices and with a corresponding Automatic Gear System— may likewise do the same job, and is directly linked to the LSCA Tanks The changing of the gear combination of the Automatic Gear System of this air compressor depends on the pressure of the c-air in the Tanks

BE IT NOTED that during high velocity winds especially in extreme weather conditions the Compressors) provιde(s) the load effect that counters) the tendency of the E Machine of this invention to go faster even towards runaway speed

THIS INVENTION PROVIDES FOR A NEW KIND OF AIRCONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEM APPROACH. THIS ALSO MAKES AVAILABLE HIGH TEMPERATURE AIR FOR VARIED APPLICATIONS.

/W THERMODYNAMICS, the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning System show that compression of a Gas increases its Temperature proportionately to the applied Compression Pressure THE COMPRESSION OF AIR, which is considered a gas, increases temperature of the contained c-air at the moment of compression and for some time until heat is dissipated naturally or by means of devices or processes that allow faster heat transfer The greater the pressure from compression, the higher will be the temperature of contained air Separating as much heat from the c-air gives this technology another important purpose for human convenience as well as for industrial and commercial applications The delivery of c-air is therefore divided into the Cool Air Sector, Cool Sector #169-f15B, and the Hot Air Sector, Hot Sector #170-f15B

THERMODYNAMICS defines cold as the absence of heat Immediately attached to the Air Outlet of an air compressor will be a Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Cftamber#171-f15B protected by Heat Insulators #172-f15B and contains Heat Pipes #173-f15B These Heat Pipes are known for much faster — as much as a thousand times faster— heat transfer than natural conduction of heat from source to desired receiver environ These will hasten and allow more expulsion of heat from c-air for more efficient separation of heat for heating or cooling purposes

The Heat Pipes are embedded into Heat Sinks #174-f15B which act as mediums for heat transfer and also perform as Wall Dividers #175-f15B of the Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber These Wall Dividers are so arranged that they eventually guide the flow of the c-air towards the SAPφes Crossing #176-f15B This Crossing allocates the c-air to the Cool Sector and Hot Sector

The Motorized Allocation Piston Valve MAP Valve #177-f15B, of the SAPipes Crossing determines how much c-air goes to either the Cool Sector or the Hot Sector This MAP Valve either partially/fully blocks or allows the c-air to go through the adjoining openings of the connections to either the Cool Sector or the Hot Sector When the Cool Sector has a higher pressure than that of the Hot Sector more c-air is allowed by the piston of the MAP Valve to the latter than the former sector or vice versa — the MAP Valve therefore seeks to balance the pressures of these sectors This is accomplished by use of the data provided by the AGπd Pressure Gauges and/or AGrid Temperature Gauges acting as sensors in the respective SA Pipes of these sectors The MAP Valve may also be programmed at whatever particular trigger pressure(s) of these sectors

In the Hot Sector SAPipes Crossing then leads to Compressed Air HEAT RECEIVER Chamber #178-f15B that is similarly designed as with the annexed Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber Between SAPipes Crossing and Compressed Air HEAT RECEIVER Chamber is a Uni-Direction Control Valve #179- f15B that allows allocated c-air from the SAPipes Crossing to pass through on a one-way direction to the said HEAT RECEIVER Chamber

BE IT NOTED THAT THERMODYNAMICS DEFINES COLD AS THE ABSENCE OF HEAT The quantity of high temperature heat expelled from the Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber is the measure of cooling or even freezing effect of c air in the Cool Sector When c air in the Insulated SA Pipes of the Cool Sector is discharged through the Cool Compressed Air Regulators the Cool Air — net of expelled heat and whatever heat that penetrate into through the insulators— can be used for operating the Converted EP Plants and also cooling the premises as well as that of homes offices hospitals and other establishments Another essential advantage is for the world to do away with Freon gas that depletes the ozone and/or Freon replacement gases hydro fluorocarbons that are considered to be ten thousand times more potent than carbon dioxide that help accelerate Global Warming and all other harmful refrigerants used in refrigeration and air conditioning applications Such usages include but are not limited to making hot c air available in the cold winter season for various Users such as residential units offices establishments etc and eliminating the need to use fire for cooking Since the heat manifested by increased temperature is considered as energy this hot c air can also be used solely — or may be mixed with the cool c air from the Cool Sector at the point of injection— to supply power to the SA Turbines of the Converted EP Plants The temperature of the Hot Air may further be increased if needed for special purposes such as industrial smelting of ore and other minerals

/W THERMODYNAMICS there is no ideal or perfect insulation material A quantity of heat may still penetrate the insulators of the SA Pipes and Other Operational Equipment of the Hot Sector and/or Cool Sector To address this particular challenge the Hot Sector when feasible shall be backed up and equipped at strategic locations with any or a combination of Electric Source Heater Chamber #180-f15E Solar Source Heater Cftamber#181-f15E and Earth Underground Source Heater Chamber #182-f15F These Chambers are designed similarly as that of the Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber with arranged heat sinks

FOR ILLUSTRA TION please refer to Figure f150 for Items #183 -#189 for the succeeding specifications/discussions below

The Electric Source Heater Chamber contains Electric Heating Elements #183 The Solar Source Heater Chamber also contains Heat Pipes attached to the Solar Closed System Pipe #184 which is heated by Solar Panel Heat Collectors #185 This Solar Closed System Pipe is equipped with SCSPipe Pump #186 for circulation of the liquid or gas medium for heat transfer The Earth Underground Source Heater Chamber also contains Heat Pipes attached to the Earth Underground Open System Pipe #187 This system is equipped with a Water Standby Source #188 that activates when water availability is lacking This is also equipped with an Electric EUOSPipe Water Pump #189 that helps suction the hot underground water

COMPRESSEDAIR REGULATORS

FOR ILLUSTRATION please refer to Figure f15E for Items # 190A - #198 for the succeeding specifications/discussions below

Specific compressed air regulators are provided for Converted EP-Plants and Other Users Air Regulators come as Open-System or Close-System Open-System Hot Air Regulators #190A-f15E and/or Open-System Cool Air Regulators #190B-f15E discharge the c-air to the atmosphere Close-System Air Regulators enable the reuse of the Hot or Cool Air with heat transfer of the c-air from/to the desired environ

A Close-System Regulator enables the reuse of the Hot or Cool Air inside the Air Grid as it only permits heat transfer of the c-air from/to the desired environ Particularly a Closed-System Hot Air Regulator #191-f15E and/or Closed-System Cool Air Regulator areλs connected to twin Secondary SA Pipes that are separately connected to the main SA Pipe of the Air Grid The First Secondary SA Pipe #192A f15E delivers the c-air or A-Fuel to the Other Users for heating or cooling purposes, the same is then discharged through the Second Secondary SA Pipe #192B f15E to go back to the main SA Pipe Any of the pipes is equipped with an appropriate Pressure Pump #193-f15E to adjust the pressure before/after use, the pump is to consider that pressure shall be lowered after heat transfer in the Hot Air Sector and higher when heat is absorbed in the Cool Air Sector All of these Regulators come with Air Consumption Meters #194 -f15E to measure the volume of utilization of the different Air Users

A CONVENTONAL EP-PLANT CAN BECOME A CONVERTED EP-PLANT #i95-fi5E BY ADAPTING TO DIFFERENT APPROACHES OF THIS NEW TECHNOLOGY/INVENTION AS MAY BE DEEMED SUITABLE TO A FRANCHISEE OF THIS INVENTION, OR OPERATOR OF A PARTICULAR POWER PLANT.

WHEN THE HOT AIR IS OF SUFFICIENT TEMPERATURE TO PRODUCE THE DESIRED HIGH TEMPERATURE STEAM, the same shall replace fossil and/or nuclear fuel to produce the required high-to-ultra-high temperature steam of an EP-Plant The Hot Air shall be used to turn liquid water into steam either through heat transfer from Hot Air to water or by-then-water-turned-steam, with the Hot Air physically separated from the water/steam After heat transfer, the still relatively high temperature Hot Air may then be used by Other Users or even to drive Special Air Turbines, SA Turbines #196-f15E, that require lesser temperature than that ordinarily required by an EP-Plant to produce steam for its Steam Turbine #197-f15E A Hot Air-Water Boiler may be designed, or an existing one be modified, that water is injected by a pump into the boiler with the pump being activated or deactivated depending on the level of the water bath inside the boiler Hot Air jets coming from the A-Fuel of the Air Grid are also injected with the jets optionally passing through the liquid water bath inside the boiler

A Hot Air-Water Pipe may substitute for the Hot Air-Water Boiler with water below the A-Fuel in said pipe — the high temperature air is expected to transform water into steam The preceding means that both the Hot Air and water/steam are systematically mixed for direct heat transfer

BE IT NOTED that the above will substantially reduce total carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere It can also minimize the need to build more nuclear power plants or even phase out existing ones by abolishing the nuclear aspect and retaining the boiler-steam turbine-electric generator set up

IN THE CASE THAT AFTER VARIOUS OTHER USERS HAVE AVAILED OF THE HOT AIR, it may have a lower temperature, especially when a power plant is at the receiving end of the Air Grid The lowered temperature Hot Air may still be utilized to preheat the water — or even still produce steam— which can then be further heated to produce the desired higher temperature steam needed by an EP-Plant By doing so, there will be a significant reduction of the use of fossil fuel to turn water into the required high temperature steam

WITH EITHER HOT AIR OR COOL AIR, the steam requirement for an EP-Plant may be replaced by a combination of A-Fuel and vaporized water to drive a particular SA Turbine, to be discussed later herein, or even a steam turbine Vaporized water shall be attained by the known practice of producing a spray of vaporized water from combining an air jet, from c-air, with a column of water properly merging with the air jet The combination of A-Fuel and Water Vapour transformed into air-water vapour jets by a turbine will enable the turbine to run, to drive an Electric Generator #198-f15E

BE IT NOTED that since water vapour has much higher density than air density and that turbine power also depends on the mass of the mediu m used — in this case a combination of air and water vapour with kinetic energy— there shall be greater available power than just relying on the mass of air molecules It is anticipated that a portion of water vapour will condense into liquid water such that a drain system shall be provided along the path of the air-water vapour

The Cool Air can be used for cooling the hot steam of an EP-Plant whether the plant is conventional or converted The steam will repeatedly be recycled to condense into liquid water for reuse into steam then back to liquid water and so on

A CONVENTONAL EP-PLANT CAN ALSO BECOME A CONVERTED EP-PLANT BY INSTALLING A SPECIAL AIR TURBINE TO REPLACE ITS STEAM TURBINE THAT RUNS THE ELECTRIC GENERATOR.

As Steam is a gas with its intrinsic energy, and Compressed Air is also a gas with its intrinsic energy, the SA Turbine shall be similar in design as that of a Steam Turbine The SA Turbine shall also consist of an Impulse Section and the Reaction Section with whatever appropriate modifications to replace steam with A- Fuel The SA Turbine shall be run by the supplied A-Fuel from the Air Grid

The Impulse Section, which is governed by Newton's Second Law, f=ma, uses kinetic energy of high speed air jets — produced by the fixed nozzles — for the SA Turbine to convert to mechanical torque by rotating the shaft as the air jets change direction by means of the rotor blades The resulting change in momentum because of the change of direction of the air jet flow produces force acting against the blades The Reaction Section, which is governed by Newton's Third Law, act=react, avails of fixed vanes of the stator to allow the A-Fuel to leave the stator as air jets that fill the entire circumference of the rotor A Reactive Force is produced against the rotor blades as the air accelerates through the convergent nozzles formed by the rotor blades The air jets then change direction with an increase in velocity relative to the speed of the rotor blades

BE IT NOTED that in place of the SA Turbine Special Reciprocating Air Engines can be deployed to run the Electric Generator of a Converted EP Plant Similar Arrangements as that of the SA Turbines can also be employed Henceforth to simplify the discussions and representative drawings of this Patent Specification the two different kinds of drivers using A Fuel for the electric generator shall be referred to as SA Turbine only

BE IT NOTED that there is no need at all to change/modify the Electric Generator of an EP Plant In the case that the pressure power from the A Fuel is not enough for the SA Turbine to effectively run the electric generator of a converted EP Plant Tandem Compound Arrangements can be used with two or more shafts directly coupled in series linearly Cross Compound Arrangements can be used also with two or more shafts which are not in series with the turbines operating at different speeds but synchronized by gears to have a common output speed as that of the electric generator

A CONVENTIONAL POWER PLANT CAN ALSO BE CONVERTED BY HAVING DUAL POWER DRIVERS FOR THE ELECTRIC GENERATOROFTHE CONVERTED EP-PLANT.

The SA Turbine and the Steam Turbine will run its Electric Generator by way of Connecting Gears to a Common Gear It can be that at Normal Electric Demand, the SA Turbine will be in operation to drive the Electric Generator At Peak Electric Demand, the Steam Turbine can be activated as a standby support turbine mechanism to help drive the same Electric Generator This can be on a vice-versa way The Steam Turbine can also be availed of in case of a lack of appropriate A-Fuel supply for the SA Turbine

BALANCED ENERGY AVAILABILITY

AS THE AREA OF COVERAGE OF THE AIR GRID is progressively expanded, leading to the development of an Air Grid Freeway, locations with low winds can then be compensated naturally by those with high winds

FOR ILLUSTRA TION, please refer to Figure f15A for Item #199 for the succeeding specifications/discussions below

AT SITES WITH LOW WINDS, when LSCA Tanks are not filled at full rated capacity, their respective heavy duty Air Transfer Air Compressors, ATA Compressors #199, can directly siphon c-air from the respective SA Pipes Compressed air taken from SA Pipes are supplied to the LSCA Tanks, but with an option that the specific maximum required air pressure of any of the Compressed Air Users is not compromised

BE IT NOTED that the ATA Compressors may be installed as that of NOA Compressors This means with Automatic Gear Systems, may be multi stage, in series, as a combination of electric driven and/or by the E-Machine

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures f15G and f15H for Items #200 -#203 for the succeeding specifications/discussions below

AT SITES WITH HIGH WINDS, where the LSCA Tanks are normally expected to be at or near full rated c-air capacity, heavy duty Electric Booster Air Compressors, EBA Compressors #200-f15G, will siphon c-air in the SA Pipes for transfer to those with low winds These EBA Compressors are installed at predetermined strategic points of the SA Pipes to hasten or secure the timely delivery of c-air from those areas with wind power abundance to those areas in need of more wind power, provided, again, there is an option that the specific maximum required air pressure of any of the Compressed Air Users is not compromised

IN THE PREDETERMINED STRATEGIC POINTS immediately mentioned above, both the Hot Sector and Cool Sector will each have an EBA Compressor with a Duo-Direction Piston Valve #201-f15G This Piston Valve is designed to allow c-air to be transferred in any direction inside the SA Pipes The Piston is configured to have Three Piston Heads #202-f15G linked by Two Piston Rods #203-f15G This Piston serves to block or allow the flow of c-air in the connecting pipes in accordance with the desired direction The different piston positions in said Piston Valve show the direction of flow of c-air in both air sectors

BE IT NOTED that the EBA Compressor with its Piston Valve may be replaced by individual compressors that shall be activated or deactivated individually to have the same function of an EBA Compressor

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures f15l and f15J for the succeeding specifications/discussions below These Figures show that the EBA Compressors are not activated which means that c-airflow can be in any direction

When an EBA Compressor is not running, i e , it is in the OFF POSITION, the main SA Pipe will automatically be in Open Mode, and all connecting pipes to these compressors are in Closed Mode Finally, the EBA Compressor will be switched to ON POSITION — the main SA Pipe will automatically be in Closed Mode— depending on the relevant AGrid Pressure Gauges and/or AGπd Temperature Gauges that act as sensors installed between strategic points in the Air Grid Freeway, and so with the positions to be taken by the Pistons of the Duo-Direction Piston Valve FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures H5K and H5L that show the positions of the pistons of the EBA Compressors for the respective c-air flow directions — represented by directional arrows— of the Hot Sector and Cool Sector

FOR ILLUSTRATION, please refer to Figures f15M and f15N that show the positions of the pistons of the EBA Compressors for the respective c-air flow directions — represented by directional arrows— of the Hot Sector and Cool Sector opposite that as shown respectively by Figures f15K and f15L

With the Energy Machine of this invention, other energy producers and/or operators, especially those that avail of Clean Green Energies, may also be interconnected to this Air System by providing c-air as their End Product or by helping maintain the required high temperature in the Hot Sector or low temperature in the Cool Sector of the Air Grid Freeway, or simply FOR ENERGY STORAGE NEEDS

This Air Super Freeway is the practical and concrete answer to the objective of having a Reliable Balanced Availability of Clean Renewable and Unlimited Energy for the entire nation —eventually, even for the entire world

It is left to the imagination to await and expect new inventions and exciting applications of this new technology that is urGEMns.

Claims

The Claims of this Patent are:
CLAIM 1 : A UNIQUE ENERGY MACHINE E-Machine that avails of clean renewable resources namely wind moving water and solar for their intrinsic energies Wind shall be used to represent any relevant quantity of appropriate fluid in motion as a power source the same goes with any relevant quantity of appropriate energy To attain continuous conversion of kinetic energy of the wind to mechanical energy Alternately block a Structure that mimics or functions as a Solid Wall against the path of the wind and allow the same to rotate at a pivot a Rotating Pole then render the same Structure ineffective as a blocking wall This Claim includes ROTATING SOLID WALL This is divided into horizontally and vertically arrayed relatively small adjoining walls that reorient their settings when called for That is the small walls will embody one big Solid Wall to block the wind one half of the time then the small walls will make the Solid Wall become imaginary with respect to the wind by changing respective positions to let wind pass through at the remaining half of the time The relatively big Solid Wall can also be comprised of Medium Sized Solid Walls further subdivided into relatively small adjoining walls and VARIED FORMS OF SMALL WALLS The small walls may take the form of a flat rectangular vane as in a wind vane That they may also take the form of a foldable hand fan as in that generates artificial wind when repeatedly moved sideways in the form of small accordion walls as those used to close stores or protect windows There are varied possibilities of what form to use but what is important is that they are relatively small adjoining and synchronized to embody one big Solid Wall and that they can be opened or closed as desired using the action of gravity and position to do the same or they can be made to by means of motorized mechanism for the same purpose SMALL WALL WIND VANE, SWW VANE The SWW Vane represents a small wall in the form of a flat rectangular sheet has a slim head falling water drop shaped cross section for aerodynamic wind flow the cross section shape may also be that of a wing of an airplane The SWW Vane design allows it to pivot to a full Flop — vertically down closed position— to mimic a wall that is against the flow path of wind and also pivot to a full Flip —parallel to the Z plane— that opens the SWW Vane to let the wind pass freely NORMALLY OPEN SWW VANE The SWW Vane has a Head Section that is slightly less heavy than its Tail Section to make it normally open initially with slightly inclined position then into Parallel Position to the Z Plane but allowing a minimum exposed area for the wind to act on and make it eventually have a closed position The SWW Vane is equipped with Vane Stoppers and Noise Dampers The SWW Vane may also open (Flip) or close (Flop) with the aid of a motorized device MINUTE HOLES The E Machine avails of the VACUUM AT BACK OF SWW VANES CONCEPT of Claim 5 with the SWW Vane having a Horizontal and Vertical array of Minute Holes that produce tiny air jets — to push away air molecules in the path of the jets and suction those around the path —that will generate lower pressure at the back of the Sol id Wall Structure when against the path of the Wind These said Holes are shaped as Ventuπ Holes or simply Straight Holes VANEFIN Using the Air Capture Principle in Claim 4 this allows a SWW Vane to initially have more force from the wind acting against it to swing faster towards full Flop (cl ose) position The Vanefin has same length as the SWW Vane with a width of three fourths the Head Section width of the SWW Vane It has vertical and horizontal arrayed holes for easier compression of air molecules in the Head Section of the SWW Vane The Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the Vanefin is directly above the Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the SWW Vane with a minimal distance between them which serves as the clearance between the Vanefin and the SWW Vane when both are simultaneously in the full flip (open) position Directly beneath the Pivot/fulcrum Arm of the Vanefin is a first sidewall and there is a second sidewall perpendicular to integral part of and at the nght edge of the length of the Vanefin when the same is in the W IMPACT R These two small sidewalls with both the Vanefin and the SWW Vane in full flip position as they enter the W IMPACT R form an enclosure with which the air molecules of the wind will be trapped and compressed The resulting increasing pressure of compression against the Vanefin and the lower portion of the SWW Vane will compel them to give way to the force of the wind and effect a faster flop (close) action of the wind against the SWW Vane As the Vanefin swings towards vertical position wind becomes increasingly i neffective against the Head Section of the SWW Vane This allows the lower side to swing faster towards full flop position since the counter twisting moment of the Head Section is increasingly reduced With the Vanefin the Pivot/Fulcrum of the SWW Vane shall be adjusted nearer towards the center of the width of the SWW Vane SWW VANE ORIENTATION The horizontal position of the SWW Vane is claimed with the flexibility that it can be oriented vertically or otherwise and SOLAR WIND VANE The SWW Vane may use Solar Panel as its material for direct electricity generation instead of rectangular shaped vane of any other material
CLAIM 2: The E-Machine with Wind Frame Assembly A number of SWW Vanes of Claim 1 arrayed vertically Arrayed SWW Vanes assembled m a
Wind Frame and referred to as Wind Frame Assembly will give more conversion of kinetic energy of the wind into mechanical energy Said Assembly has a dimension akin to that of a square having a one square meter area but may be with any other desired dimension The specification shows five SWW Vanes arrayed vertically in a Wind Frame but is not limited to this number of SWW Vanes This Claim includes PUSH-PULL RODS The Wind Frame Assembly employs Push Pull Rods in the arrayed SWW Vanes that support any SWW Vane not yet reacting to the flop (close) action of the wind to be pushed or pulled by those that already are A Push Pull Rod with its length Allowance Chamber allows those SWW Vane that are already going to flop position time to absorb sufficient to more force to push or pull whatever not responding SWW Vane The SWW Vanes are connected by the Push Pull Rods A Push Pull Rod may be backed up or substituted by a flexible Pull String with a length approximating that of the Flip/Flop Vertical Distance plus the distance covered by the Push Pull Allowance Chamber The Push Pull Rod is pivoted to a PPRod Ball Bearing Pivot at the belly of an upper SWW Vane and similarly pivoted to the surface of the adjoining lower SWW Vane at a point vertically aligned to the pivot of the upper SWW Vane
CLAIM 3: The E-Machine with Speed Control The Arrayed SWW Vanes in Claim 2 come with the Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism for every
Wind Frame Assembly in Claim 2 to prevent runaway speed of the E-Machine Said mechanism consists of a pair of Bevel Gears with the First Bevel Gear having an attached Half Cylindrical Weight at its lower half The Second Bevel Gear has an attached Bevel Rod Arm that runs adjacent to the belly of the SWW Vane at full flop (closed) position at the opposite edge is attached a flexible Cable Arm that is in turn connected to the Main Override Cable that extends down to the base of the E- Machine Each Main Override Cable is then connected to a Longitudinal Rotary Button The SWW Vanes will tilt proportionately at levels considered as over speed to limit wind intercept which correspondingly regulates the speed of the E-Machine The Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism connects to second to the top SWW Vane of the Wind Frame Assembly for the same will push or pull the other SWW Vanes by means of the Push-Pull Rods in Claim 2 This Claim includes LONGITUDINAL ROTARY BUTTON This Button allows the manual setting of Simple Wind Vanes to tilt at desired angle to let a portion of wind pass through thence control over speed of the E Machine This button is connected to the Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism through the Flexible Cable Arm and Main Override Cable However this Button may do away with the connection to the Speed Control Mechanism instead it can be connected directly to the Head Section of particular SWW Vanes through the use of Flexible Cable Arms and Mam Override Cable
CLAIM 4: The E-Machine with AIR CAPTURE PRINCIPLE When the wind impacts a solid wall, it will navigate its way through a free flow opening to its open sides With a solid wall with all perpendicular sides hindered by walls, the air molecules will not be able to navigate their way out until the 'contained space' is fully loaded by air molecules to 'spill ouf of it Meanwhile, the incoming air molecules will transfer their kinetic energies to those that have lost their kinetic energies, at the same time, there will be a compression of air molecules with acquired kinetic energy from more incoming air This will result in an increase in pressure within the contained space or effective volume Incoming air molecules will only be bounced off the contained space when the effective kinetic energies of succeeding incoming air molecules is equal to or less than the high pressure produced by the effective kinetic energies of 'captured air molecules' in the contained space which will then translate into the solid wall being acted upon by high pressure This Claim includes SWWVANES AND WIND FRAME SIDEWALLS The Air Capture Principle is applied to the E-Machine deployment of Wind Frames with Sidewalls of the Wind Frame Assembly of Claim 2 bolted behind the Wind Beams
CLAIM 5: The E-Machine with VACUUM AT BACK OF SWW VANES CONCEPT for Extra-Power Any air pressure at the back of an active Solid Wall
Structure pushes against the movement of the E-Machine that converts the kinetic energy of the wind to mechanical power Any reduction of said air pressure increases productivity The wind passing through the W-FREE FLOW-R helps suction the air molecules at the back of the SWW Vanes in the W-IMPACT-R which thus lessens pressure in said latter Region This Claim includes REDUCED PRESSURE The problem posed at the back of a Solid Wall Structure represented by SWW Vanes is addressed by a multiple of Minute Conical or Straight Holes that let the air molecules in the high pressure Front of an active Solid Wall Structure to escape as Tiny Air Jets into its back The Tiny Air Jets will produce relatively low pressure that reduces the negative push of the air pressure at the back of said Structure A multiple of these minute holes are arranged in both Tiny Air Jets Horizontal Array and Tiny Air Jets Vertical Arrays, and, WIND FREE FLOW SPACE Relative vacuum at the back of said Structure will also be attained by strategically located alternate Wind Free Flow Spaces which are the Clearance Spaces made available between horizontally arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies These spaces enable the wind to find openings of the Solid Wall effect in the W-IMPACT-R The speeding wind from the Wind Free Flow Space lowers the pressure at the back of the Sol id Wall Structure as air molecules at the back of a Solid Wall are pushed or sucked by said speeding wind
CLAIM 6: The E-Machine with Assembly-Type Structure for Variable Power Additional power generation will be attained by the deployment of more
SWW accomplished by the following assembly-type approach Horizontally Arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies A number of Wind Frame Assemblies will be horizontally arrayed between Horizontal Wind Beams connected to the Rotating Extendable Pole The Horizontal Wind Beams securely attached, with WFrame Bolts, to horizontally arrayed Wind Frames and taken together become an effective Truss Each Wind Frame Assembly comes with a unit of Centrifugal Speed Control Mechanism When in the W-IMPACT-R, the Horizontal Wind Beam can be seen as having at its back the integral Rectangular Protruding Markers in between of which are the Wind Frames Said Wind Beam is also reinforced by horizontal Wind Beam Supports to counter-balance the Twisting Effect of Wind Frame Assemblies The horizontal Wind Beam Hub will enclose the PSegments Connecting Joint of the connected Pole Segments, Vertically Arrayed Wind Beams The installation of more Vertically Arrayed Horizontal Wind Beams upwards allows more Horizontally Arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies which means deployment of more SWW Vanes, and, the Rotating Extendable Pole This Claim includes ROTATING EXTENDABLE POLE The Rotating Extendable Pole is divided into Pole Segments to allow the E-Machine the capacity to increase the number of the Horizontal Wind Beams added upwards, THE POLE SEGMENTS have preset PSegment Hub Threaded Holes overlapped by the Wind Beam Hub Threaded Holes and similar holes of the Strap-On Pole Tubes for bolting purposes At the bottom of a Pole Segment is a PSegment Female Square Hole for which the PSegment Male Square Extension of a Pole Segment will mesh The PSegment Male Square Extension has a preset PSegment Male Square Extension Threaded Hole Each Pole Segment may be hollow at its longitudinal center at varying diameters or even partially or completely be solid in its entire length STRAP-ON POLE TUBES The Rotating Extendable Pole reinforced by Strap-On Pole Tubes to strengthen the former These are semicircular cylindrical tubes with the SOPTube Preset Bolt Holes A Strap-On Pole Tube will be placed between adjoining Wind Beam Hubs and bolted to both the particular Pole Segment and adjoining Wind Beam Hubs The Strap-On Pole Tubes may have varying thickness POLE SEGMENT CAP The topmost Pole Segment fitted with the appropriate Strap-On Pole Tubes and with the Pole Segment Cap by locking the First Pole Segment Male Square Extension into the PSegment Cap Female Square Hole The Pole Segment Cap has PSCap Horizontal Holes arrayed and vertically aligned through which appropriate PSCap Tension Cables will be inserted into A PSCap Tension Cable will be with PSCap Cable Tension Hooks, and, ROTATING EXTENDABLE POLE ORIENTATION The Rotating Extendable Pole vertical orientation with flexibility that it can be oriented horizontally or otherwise but still maintain its basic concept approach etc
CLAIM 7: The E-Machine with Wind Truss Structures as Tension or Compression Trusses The E-Machine shall embody Wind Multi-Truss Structures with each Truss Structure composed of securely bolted vertically arrayed Horizontal Wind Beams and horizontally arrayed Wind Frame Assemblies These Truss Structures perform both as a Tension Truss or a Compression Truss depending on its position with respect to the flow of the wind It has four of these Vertical Structures equally spaced 90 degrees apart forming a Quadrant, but, the number of said Structures may vary This Claim includes WIND CYLINDRICAL MULTI- TRUSS STRUCTURES The Vertical Wind Truss Structures are bolted with Horizontal Wind Beam Arcs each in the form of a quarter circle strategically attached to adjoining said Structures These said Arcs may optionally come with proper horizontal flat covers with embedded appropriate steel frames for strength to guide non -horizontal wind to be something like horizontally flowing when the same enters the E-Machine The Wind Beam Arcs may be substituted by or in combination with appropriate strength cables to lower costs and efforts of installation Said Structures are to be supported also by Vertical Wind Beams The combination of Wind Multi-Truss Structures Horizontal Wind Beam Arcs and Vertical Wind Beams transforms the Wind Multi-Truss Structures into a stronger Wind Cylindrical Multi-Truss Structures The combination of weights of these component parts that are rotating as a whole functions as Flywheel Energy Storage of the E-Machine with more uniform speed and supply or more consistent mechanical torque
2 CLAIM 8: The E-Machine with Balancer Assembly The E-Machine is equipped with the Balancer Assembly that functions as its stabilizer, aside from supporting the Pole Anchor Assembly of Claim 9 against the Resultant Force of the wind, with compression and tension supports on or near ground level to prevent the E-Machine from swaying especially during extreme weather The Balancer Assembly - aside from its primary purpose as stabilizer— independently or together with the Ground Thrust Bearing act as fail-safe backup support to carry the weight of the E-Machine This Claim includes HORIZONTAL WIND BEAM ARCS The lowest Wind Beam Arcs are connected to Wheels that run along a Balancer Elevated Circular Rail firmly bolted with ECRail Bolts on the Balancer Circular Rail Stand with Rubber Matting or Oil Sealant located on the Roof of the Working Platform The Lowest Wind Beam Arcs located on top of the Roof Truss are bolted with individual sets of Balancer Wheels that run along the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail and BALANCER WHEELS Each set of Balancer Wheels consists of four wheels with the Top Pair Balancer Wheels running on top of said rail and the other Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels running underneath The Top Pair Balancer Wheels joined by the horizontal Top Casing Shaft are cross joined by the Vertical Wheel Shafting that is connected to a particular Arc the Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels joined by the horizontal Bottom Casing Shaft are also cross joined to the Vertical Wheel Shafting Each wheel is connected by a corresponding Horizontal Wheel Shaft to its respective Balancer Square Block within a vertical Rectangular Casing said Casing has an Adjuster Thick Plate driven by the Adjuster Bolt The Top Adjuster Bolts and Top Thick Plates serve to jack down the Top Pair Balancer Wheels through a particular Balancer Square Block oppositely the Bottom Adjuster Bolts and Bottom Thick Plates serve to jack up the Bottom Pair Balancer Wheels through a particular Balancer Square Block A Bottom Shock Absorber comes between the Bottom Adjuster Plate and Balancer Square Block The Balancer Wheels will be connected by way of respective Vertical Wheel Shafting through Balancer Pivots to corresponding Wind Beam Arcs at their edges and midpoints and/or predetermined strategic intervals of their individual horizontal lengths and midpoints between said Structures The connected lowest Wind Beam Arcs trace/form as concentric circles when viewed from the top/plan view Each of the Balancer Pivots consists of Balancer Rod and Clamp resting on a Balancer Pivot Thrust Bearing The top and bottom of the Balancer Elevated Circular Rail are appropriately with Grooves The Balancer Wheels and Rail are protected by a Balancer Circular Casing with a Balancer Oil Inlet The Balancer Circular Casing is protected by the Balancer Roofing
CLAIM 9: The E-Machine with Beneath the Working Platform and Part of the E-Machine The Resultant Force of the wind against the Cylindrical Multi-
Truss Wind Structure and its consequential bending moment needs to be more than countered primarily by the Pole Anchor Assembly This Pole Anchor Assembly holds the Rotating Extendable Pole and consists of Sliding Fit Bearings contained within the Pole Anchor Housing which are supported by Trusses that are bolted to the roof and optionally to the sides and/or floor of the Working Platform The Sliding Fit Bearings may be replaced and/or reinforced by a group of smaller bearings so arranged that their outer diameters trace the circular shape of the inner diameters of the sliding Fit Bearing The Pole Anchor Casing is firmly attached to the Roof Truss, and further supported by the Circular Pole Anchor Truss which is also firmly embedded in the Roof The Pole Anchor Casing has a PACasing Cap Lock to secure the PAnchor Oil Bath The PAnchor Casing Cap Lock of this Assembly is provided with PAnchor Oil Inlets Beneath the Pole Anchor Casing is the PAnchor Bearings Lock and is provided with the PAnchor Oil Outlets, This Claim includes BEVEL GEAR AND GROUND THRUST BEARING ASSEMBLIES The mechanical power from harvesting the kinetic energy of the wind is put to productive use by a single or set of Bevel Gears connected to an electric generator and/or water pump and/or air compressor Also as a backup for carrying the weight of the E Machine an appropriate Ground Thrust Bearing or a group of the same comes handy The Bevel Gear Assembly has a Main Bevel Gear that is attached to the Pole Segment of the Rotating Extendable Pole and in mesh with a Smaller Bevel Gear that connects the E Machine to the Gear Box Assembly which delivers the required speed and mechanical torque to run whatever appropriately desired load This Mail Bevel Gear is also in mesh with another small Bevel Gear to connect another Gear Box for the brake system of the E Machine A BGear Cylindrical Casing is connected to the Lowest Pole Segment of the Rotating Extendable Pole by four BGear Lock Keys Also integrally attached to the horizontal Bevel Gear is an underneath Conical Solid Segment that will rest on the Ground Thrust Beanng The Ground Thrust Bearing Assembly consists of a Ground Thrust Bearing which is also enclosed in the BGear/GTBeaπng Casing that contains the BGear/GTBeanng Oil Bath The Gr Bearing Shock Absorber is enclosed by said Casing This allows the Ground Thrust Bearing clearance for the Balancer Assembly to share when needed the Dead Weight Load of the E Machine The Ground Thrust Bearing contains the EPSegment Sliding Fit Beaπngs in which the Extension Pole Segment passes through to hold the Buoyant of the Lifter Assembly LIFTER ASSEMBLY The entire weight of the E Machine is primarily carried by the Lifter Assembly with the Balancer Assembly and Ground Thrust Bearing as fail safe backup support system The Lifter Assembly is based on the scientific truth that a Buoyant has an Upward Force Equal to the Weight of the Displaced Liquid by the Buoyant The Upward Force exerted by the Buoyant shall carry fully the Downward Dead Weight of the E Machine The Assembly consists mainly of a Buoyant attached to the bottom of the Extension Pole Segment A Buoyant made of Cylindrical Hollow Tank with very smooth surfaces is reinforced by Buoyant Trusses from within and filled with just enough Buoyant Compressed Air to counter the liquid pressures outside the Buoyant The Buoyant is contained within a Large Liquid Tank with the Liquid Surface slightly below the Top of the Buoyant Liquid pressure may affect the intensity of Adhesion of a Fluid to a solid surface with regard as to the measure of friction loss Compressed Air Buffer and/or 0// Buffer are employed at the bottom of the Buoyant to lessen friction loss when the Buoyant is rotating The Compressed Air and 0// Fence prevents Air and Oil from escaping the Bottom of the Buoyant Lifter Compressed Air Inlets, a Lifter Oil Inlet anά Lifter Air Pressure Gauge are provided Buoyant Height shall be as short as is needed and with Buoyant Diameter as big as practicable to lessen liquid pressure thus to minimize friction loss Buoyant Diameter may be increased later to accommodate more weight when the size of the E Machine is increased to deliver more power A Buoyant Liquid Sensor sounds an alarm signal when liquid is detected inside the Buoyant with the Buoyant Liquid Pump then automatically activated A portable Buoyant Accessory Air Compressor is provided to maintain the desired pressure within and at the bottom of the Buoyant Tank
CLAIM 10: The E-Machine with Installation and Maintenance Lift and Holder Equipment This Lift and Holder Equipment is used during installation, maintenance, inspections and/or repairs of the E-Machine It has a dual function of steadily holding or preventing the E-Machine from rotating or moving, and also using it as a lifting or lowering equipment of the components of the same This equipment comes in two components VERTICAL LIFT CYLINDRICAL STAND comprised of a Conical Head Tip with a Circular Threaded Cylinder that can be made to rotate in any direction by Direct Current Motor with its Motor Electric Wires passing through the vertical hole of said Stand The design consists of other parts such as the Motor Rectangular Shaft to fit with the Rectangular Tail Hole, the Threaded Ring screwed to Conical Head, the Mid-Section Part below the Circular Threaded Cylinder, the Lower-Section Part below the Mid-Section Part, and, the Main Cylindrical Part of the Vertical Lift Cylindrical Stand, and, HOLDER ASSEMBLY comprised of the Holder Square Block that has a Holder SBIock Circular Threaded Hole and directly below this Hole is a Holder SBIock Conical Hole The Holder Square Block can be horizontally moved forward or backward through the Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides in the form of [ ] The Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides have Holder Wheel Bolt Locks on both rails The Holder SBIock Sliding Rail Guides have the capability to be moved sideways by sliding thru a Holder Rectangular Block bolted to the Holder Clamps equipped with Holder Horizontal Clamp Locks The Holder Clamps will be attached to the designated Wind Beam to be worked on and through the adjoining Wind Free Flow Spaces This Claim includes EACH WIND TRUSS STRUCTURE comes with a pair of Lift and Holder Equipment for the purpose of one of the pair holding firmly the Wind Truss Structure and the other of the pair alternately being worked for actual lifting or lowering the particular components of the same particular Wind Truss Structure
CLAIM 11 : The E-Machine with SINGLE OR A COMBINATION OF NATURE SYSTEM(S) To maximize/optimize the usefulness of this invention To tinker with possibilities availing of scientific facts and advancements in technologies that enables this technology to have a nearly all encompassing approach against Climate Change Crisis and Air Pollution The E-Machine will have additional embodiments that redound for the invention to have the wherewithal for a single or combination of nature system(s) as reference to said approach The Bevel Gear Assembly will be connected to an appropriate Gear Train which will then be connected to an Electric Generator for the ELECTRICITY SYSTEM and/or to a Water Pump for the Hydro System and/or to suitable Air Compressor(s) for the Air System This Claim includes THE AIR SYSTEM MODE OF OPERATION starts from the E Machine producing compressed Air c air to the delivery of said product through the Air Grid of this Claim to various Users especially any of the proposed to be converted existing Electric Power Pl ants E Plants to use Air Fuel A Fuel of the invention instead of relying on fossil fuel or nuclear power A Fuel shall be produced using air compressor(s) aided by Automatic Gear System It may also be made by multi stage or series of air compressors driven directly by the E Machιne(s) or aided by electric motors THE AIR GRID CONCEPT To solve Climate Change and its Threat of Irreversibility a substantial portion of c air shall be used as A Fuel for any converted EP Plant The Air Grid Concept is based on The A Fuel source may just be adjacent to near or some distance away or even miles and even still a thousand miles or more away from the converted EP Plant whether near or far distance between the A Fuel source and a converted EP Plant does not matter FOR SUPPLYING to converted EP Plants and Other Users the Air Grid is employed to deliver the A Fuel from Source to wherever a converted EP Plant and Other Users may be located The Air Grid is comprised of Special Air Pipes SA Pipes Large Storage Compressed Air Tanks LSCA Tanks and all Other Operational Equipment Any or a combination of appropriate part(s)/portιon(s) of the whole embodiment of the Air Grid may be used directly by any kind of Independent Power Plant not connected to said Grid for commercial industrial or residential use THE AIR GRID extensive use of air compressors has led the inventor s mind with a formal mechanical engineering education to take the opportunity for nonstop various filtration of air by way of the compressors Air Inlet as great quantity of air is needed to produce A Fuel for converted EP Plants and Other Users The need for so much quantity of air gives the prospect to collect so much heat produced that is inherent to a compressor The availability of devices for super fast transfer of heat is an opportune chance to conceptualize and bring about a new kind of Air Conditioning and Refrigeration as this subject matter merely involves relevant and timely heat separation in a refrigerant medium high temperature air is then a by product with so many important applications in the residential commercial and industrial sectors
CLAIM 12: The E-Machine with The Air Grid of the Air System with THE NEW TECHNOLOGY EMANATING FROM THIS INVENTION WILL STEADILY
REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS SIMULTANEOUSLY REPEATEDLY RID THE ENVIRONMENT OF VARIOUS POLLUTANTS IN THE AIR AND SOLVE STORAGE PROBLEMS The compressor Air Inlet of a NOA Compressor is connected to a Multi-Stage Polluted Air Collector Chamber with Special Air Cleaners- Processors-Devices for Carbon Capture other pollutants mineral and/or metal dust Elevated Air Inlets are installed as Collectors by means of Towers or Stationary Balloons Air Collectors can be strategically spread out by Smaller Special Air Pipes This Claim includes HIGH-TO-ULTRA-HIGH TEMPERATURE HEAT The use of the high-to-ultra-high temperature heat within the compressors and at the compressor Air Outlet will help eradicate various threats to health posed by airborne pollens germs and viruses The Air Grid may be equipped with Air Ionizers to help neutralize free radicals ENERGY STORAGE The Air System will help solve the storage problem of renewable technologies as energy can be stored as compressed air in the Air Grid particularly its SA Pipes and/or LSCA Tanks The SA Pipes and the LSCA Tanks function as Long Storage Compressed Air Pipes Tanks The Air Grid shall store c air in large quantity by operating at allowable high to ultra high pressures to assure supply and maintain reserves
CLAIM 13: The E-Machine with The Air Grid of the Air System with PRODUCTION OF A-FUEL OR COMPRESSED AIR WITH SAFETY AND OTHER
FEATURES The NOA Compressor shall initially supply to the SA Pipes until the c-air is equal to Eight Times Greater than a Reference Pressure When said pressure is attained the SAPipes Motorized Control Air Valve will be in Closed Mode until the pressure is lowered to Five Times Greater than a Reference Pressure by which time said Air Valve will be in Open Mode and remain so until the same again increases to said Eight Times Greater Pressure and so on This Claim includes HIGH-TO-ULTRA-HIGH PRESSURE The LSCATank Motorized Control Air Valve will remain in Open Mode until the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Five Times Greater than a Reference Pressure by which said Air Valve will be in Closed Mode It will remain so until the pressure in the SA Pipes is lowered to Three Times Greater than a Reference Pressure by which it will again be in Open Mode and remain so until the same again increases to Five Times Greater than a Reference Pressure and so on When the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Eight Times Greater than a Reference Pressure the gear combination driving the NOA Compressor will allow more compression of air The changing of the correct gear combination of the NOA Compressor to lower or higher Torque depends on the pressure of the c air in the SA Pipes or the pressure of the c air in the LSCA Tanks The NOA Compressor will mechanically channel its c air supply to the LSCA Tanks when the pressure in the SA Pipes reaches Eight Times Greater than a Reference Pressure when both the Motorized Control Air Valves of the SA Pipes and NOA Tanks will be in Closed Mode The Normally Locked Compressed Air Piston due to the force of a LSCATank Spring will be overcome to an Unlocked position The Free Sliάng Compressed Air Piston will also be pushed open SAFETY AND OTHER FEATURES Data Sensors or Monitors will be attached to the Air Grid The desired high to ultra high pressure of the Air Grid necessitates safety devices monitors and fail safe supports to safeguard lives limbs and properties AGπd Pressure Gauges and AGrid Temperature Gauges are provided A LSCA Tank is with LSCATank Safety Air Valves also SA Pipes are with SAPipes Safety Air Valves Both are adequately equipped with Large Anti-Blast Air Valves AIR VALVES Motorized SAPipes Control Air Valves at equal distance intervals are Normally Open but can also be closed for special
4 purposes Each Control Valve comes between adjacent Duo Junction Pipes with Control Valves that can be used to connect Mobile By Pass Special Air Tubes The Motorized SAPipes Control Air Valves will automatically close in case proximate Large Anti Blast Air Valves are triggered to activate SUMP PITS Liquid and Water Sump Pits are available in as many Lowest Points of Elevation Level Sensors will be installed to monitor water or other liquids and to flush them out when detected through the Automatic Liquid and Water Discharge Pipes and Valves and GREATER AIR PRESSURE In periods of wind velocities in excess of normal c air will be produced at a much greater pressure than normally done and be directed directly to the LSCA Tanks The compressor to be used may be a NOA Compressor or Accessory Air Compressor
CLAIM 14: The E-Machine with The Air Grid of the Air System with THIS INVENTION PROVIDES FOR A NEW KIND OF AIRCONDITIONING AND
REFRIGERATION SYSTEM APPROACH THIS ALSO MAKES AVAILABLE HIGH TEMPERATURE AIR FOR VARIED APPLICATIONS A new kind of Air Conditioning and Refrigeration is now available by using only the heat generated by high compression of air by air compressors instead of the conventional system that use dangerous refrigerants The process of separating Heat as fast as and as much as can be removed from a volume of c-air and transferring the heat to another volume of c-air produces Cool and Hot Air for residential commercial and industrial applications This Claim includes COOL AND HOT AIR SECTORS The delivery of c air is divided into the Cool Air Sector Cool Sector and the Hot Air Sector Hot Sector HEAT CHAMBERS WITH HEAT PIPES, ETC Immediately attached to the Air Outlet of an air compressor will be a Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber protected by Heat Insulators and contains Heat Pipes The Heat Pipes are embedded into Heat Sinks with both functioning as mediums for heat transfer and also perform as Wall Dividers of the Compressed Air HEAT COLLECTOR Chamber These Wall Dividers are so arranged that they eventually guide the flow of the c air towards the SAPipes Crossing This Crossing allocates the c air to the Cool Sector and to the Hot Sector of the Air Grid The Motorized Allocation Piston Valve MAP Valve, of the SAPipes Crossing either partially/fully blocks or allows the c air to the Cool Sector or the Hot Sector The MAP Valve seeks to balance the pressures of these sectors or programmed at trigger pressure(s) In the Hot Sector SAPipes Crossing then leads to Compressed Air HEAT RECEIVER Chamber A Um Direction Control Valve allows allocated c air from the SAPipes Crossing to pass through on a one way direction to the said HEAT RECEIVER Chamber HEAT SUPPORTS The Air Grid may be installed with Electric Source Heater Chamber Solar Source Heater Chamber and Earth Underground Source Heater Chamber The Electric Source Heater Chamber contains Electric Heating Elements The Solar Source Heater Chamber contains Heat Pipes attached to the Solar Closed System Pipe which is heated by Solar Panel Heat Collectors This Solar Closed System Pipe is equipped with SCSPipe Pump for circulation of the liquid or gas medium for heat transfer The Earth Underground Source Heater Chamber contains Heat Pipes attached to the Earth Underground Open System Pipe This system is equipped with a Water Standby Source that activates when water availability is lacking This is also equipped with an Electric EUOSPipe Water Pump
CLAIM 15: The E-Machine with The Air Grid of the Air System with Specific Compressed Air Regulators for Converted EP-Plants and Other Users Air
Regulators come as Open-System or Close-System Open-System Hot Air Regulators and/or Open-System Cool Air Regulators discharge the c-air to the atmosphere Close-System Air Regulators enable the reuse of the Hot or Cool Air with heat transfer of the c-air from/to the desired environ A Closed-System Hot Air Regulator and/or Closed-System Cool Air Regulator are/is connected to twin secondary SA Pipes the First Secondary SA Pipe delivers the c-air to the User and is then discharged through the Second Secondary SA Pipe to go back to the main SA Pipe Any of the secondary pipes is equipped with an appropriate Pressure Pump for adjustment of the pressure before/after use Compressed Air Regulators come with Air Consumption Meters
CLAIM 16: The E-Machine with The Air System with A CONVENTONAL EP-PLANT CAN BECOME A CONVERTED EP-PLANT An EP-Plant can be fully or partially transformed into a urGEMns Converted EP-Plant by choosing from different approaches of the invention This Claim includes HOT AIR OF SUFFICIENT TEMPERATURE The same shall be used to turn liquid water into the required high to ultra high temperature steam of an EP Plant either through heat transfer from Hot Air to water or by then water turned steam with the Hot Air physically separated from the water/steam After heat transfer the Hot Air may then be used to drive Special Air Turbines SA Turbines, that require lesser temperature than required by a conventional Steam Turbine What may also be adapted is a Hot Air Water Boiler with water injected by a pump into the boiler may Hot Air jets are also injected with the jets passing through the liquid water bath as an option Or a Hot Air Water Pipe with water below the A Fuel with both the Hot Air and water/steam systematically mixed for direct heat transfer HOT AIR OF LESSER TEMPERATURE This IS utilized to preheat the water — or even still produce steam— which can then be further heated to produce the desired higher temperature steam needed by an EP Plant A-FUEL AND VAPORIZED WATER With Hot or Cool Air the steam requirement for an EP Plant may be replaced by a combination of A Fuel and vaporized water to drive a particular SA Turbine or even a steam turbine The combination of A Fuel and Water Vapour transformed into air water vapour jets by a turbine will enable the turbine to run to drive an Electric A drain system for water vapour condensed into liquid water shall be provided and COOLING HOT STEAM The Cool Air will be used for cooling the hot steam of a particular EP Plant whether the plant is conventional or converted The steam will repeatedly be recycled to condense into liquid water for reuse into steam then back to liquid water SPECIAL AIR TURBINE TO REPLACE ITS STEAM TURBINE The SA Turbine shall consist of an Impulse Section and the Reaction Section as that of a Steam Turbine with whatever appropriate modifications to replace steam with A Fuel Special Reciprocating Air Engines can be deployed to run the Electric Generator of a Converted EP Plant Similar Arrangements as that of the SA Turbines can also be employed DUAL POWER DRIVERS FOR THE ELECTRIC GENERATOR The SA Turbine and the Steam Turbine will run its Electric Generator by way of Connecting Gears to a Common Gear It can be that at Normal Electric Demand the SA Turbine will be in operation to drive the Electric Generator At Peak Electric Demand the Steam Turbine can be activated as a standby support turbine mechanism to help drive the same Electric Generator This can be on a vice versa way The Steam Turbine can also be availed of in case of a lack of appropriate A Fuel supply for the SA Turbine
CLAIM 17: The E-Machine with The Air System for BALANCED ENERGY AVAILABILITY Locations with low winds can be compensated naturally by those with high winds Air Transfer Air Compressors will directly siphon c-air from the SA Pipes and supplied to the LSCA Tanks at sites with low winds The NOA Compressor can also do the same This Claim includes EBA COMPRESSORS Electric Booster Air Compressors EBA Compressors will siphon c air in the SA Pipes for transfer to areas in need The Hot Sector and Cool Sector will each have an EBA Compressor with a Duo Direction Piston Valve configured to have Three Piston Heads linked by Two Piston Rods This Piston serves to block or allow the flow of c-air in the connecting pipes in accordance with the desired direction The EBA Compressor with its Piston Valve may be replaced by equivalent individual compressors The EBA Compressor depends on the relevant AGπd Pressure Gauges and/or AGπd Temperature Gauges that act as sensors
CLAIM 18: PERTINENT APPLICABLE SPECIFICATIONS/discussions/details/approaches in the Specifications portion of this Non-Provisional Patent
Application inadvertently missed in Claims 1-21 or not claimed are likewise claimed, and,
CLAIM 19: ANY SINGLE/ PARTIAL/ WHOLE EMBODIMENT(S)/ PRINCIPLE(S)/ CONCEPT(S) ACCEPTED OR APPROVED BY THIS PATENT OFFICE
THAT HAS/ HAVE THE SAME OR SIMILAR EFFECT(S)/ FUNCTION(S)/ USES/ SCIENTIFIC CLAIM(S) OF ANY/ COMBINATION/ ALL OF THE ABOVE FOREGOING SINGLE/ PARTIAL/ WHOLE EMBODIMENT(S)/ PRINCIPLE(S)/ CONCEPT(S) IS/ ARE CLAIMED
PCT/IB2010/053592 2009-08-08 2010-08-09 Universal renewable global energy machine nature systems WO2011018747A2 (en)

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GB2119025B (en) * 1982-04-27 1986-01-02 Herbert Jackson Use of wind power
WO2007136765A2 (en) * 2006-05-19 2007-11-29 General Compression, Inc. Wind turbine system
WO2007064155A1 (en) * 2005-11-30 2007-06-07 Geumpoong Energy Aerogenerator
TWI305243B (en) * 2006-05-22 2009-01-11 Delta Electronics Inc Assembly of blade units for wind power generation
US20080163618A1 (en) * 2006-06-30 2008-07-10 Marius Angelo Paul Managed storage and use of generated energy
US7750491B2 (en) * 2007-11-21 2010-07-06 Ric Enterprises Fluid-dynamic renewable energy harvesting system
WO2009075827A2 (en) * 2007-12-10 2009-06-18 Simon Srybnik Transportable hydro-electric generating system improved water pressure enhancement feature activation systems
CA2628855A1 (en) * 2008-02-05 2009-08-05 Andrew Rekret Vertical multiple blade turbine

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