WO2011005912A1 - Method of laundering fabric - Google Patents

Method of laundering fabric Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2011005912A1
WO2011005912A1 PCT/US2010/041283 US2010041283W WO2011005912A1 WO 2011005912 A1 WO2011005912 A1 WO 2011005912A1 US 2010041283 W US2010041283 W US 2010041283W WO 2011005912 A1 WO2011005912 A1 WO 2011005912A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
detergent composition
water
solid detergent
laundering
method
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2010/041283
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Hiroshi Oh
Alan Thomas Brooker
Colin Ure
Kim Keltie
Nigel Patrick Somerville Roberts
Original Assignee
The Procter & Gamble Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US22415509P priority Critical
Priority to US61/224,155 priority
Application filed by The Procter & Gamble Company filed Critical The Procter & Gamble Company
Publication of WO2011005912A1 publication Critical patent/WO2011005912A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D11/00Special methods for preparing compositions containing mixtures of detergents ; Methods for using cleaning compositions
    • C11D11/0005Special cleaning and washing methods
    • C11D11/0011Special cleaning and washing methods characterised by the objects to be cleaned
    • C11D11/0017"Soft" surfaces, e.g. textiles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/37Mixtures of compounds all of which are anionic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/04Water-soluble compounds
    • C11D3/10Carbonates ; Bicarbonates

Abstract

Method of laundering soiled fabrics in an automatic washing machine, which method comprises the steps of: a) forming an aqueous laundering solution by mixing from 1 l to 40 l of water and a solid detergent composition comprising a surfactant system, said aqueous laundering solution comprising from 200 ppm to 5,000 ppm of the detergent composition; b) putting in contact soiled fabrics with said aqueous laundering solution; and c) washing said fabrics in said solution, wherein said solid detergent composition is such that at least 30% of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of the solid detergent composition test in the specification) and wherein the surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 30 seconds (as measured according to the micellar stability test in the specification).

Description

METHOD OF LAUNDERING FABRIC

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a method for laundering soiled fabric, the method comprising the use of a detergent composition having a specific rate of dissolution and comprising a surfactant system having a specific micellar stability (τ2).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Many consumers have a desire to conserve resources and eliminate what they perceive as waste or unnecessary, without a noticeable or significant reduction in the performance of the product. Consequently, there is interest in the so called compact laundry product. However, even though compaction of laundry detergents may seem to be highly desirable it is problematic and difficult to deliver a compact product which is having good economics, provides good cleaning and is perceived by a consumer as being good value. By way of example, the reduction or increase of the components of a laundry product, such as builders, fillers, surfactants etc, to arrive at a compact formula means that the relative amounts of these components is different to the one present in the non-compact product. With less solid detergent composition introduced into the aqueous laundering composition, the compact composition have less ability to clean well, and less ability to mitigate the negative effect of calcium ions on surfactant performance.

This means that, to produce a compact product which has comparable performance to a non-compact product, significant time and effort will be involved.

Consequently, the need remains for a compact detergent that is comparable in performance to existing non-compact laundry detergent. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In one embodiment of the present invention, the invention concerns a method of laundering soiled fabrics in an automatic washing machine, which method comprises the steps of:

a) forming an aqueous laundering solution by mixing from 1 1 to 40 1 of water and a solid detergent composition comprising a surfactant system, said aqueous laundering solution comprising from 200 ppm to 5,000 ppm of the detergent composition;

b) putting in contact soiled fabrics with said aqueous laundering solution; and

c) washing said fabrics in said solution,

wherein said solid detergent composition is such that at least 30% of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of the solid detergent composition test in the specification) and wherein the surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 30 seconds (as measured according to the micellar stability test in the specification).

Step a) and b) may be executed in any order and the soiled fabrics may be contacted to the water prior to, or after, or simultaneous with, contacting the solid detergent composition with water.

The inventors have found that detergent compositions having the dissolution of the invention and comprising a surfactant system having the τ2 of the invention were particularly suitable in compact compositions. The method of laundering of the invention is providing good cleaning performance while using a low concentration of detergent composition in the aqueous laundering solution.

Unless otherwise specified, the percentage and ratio in the claims and the present specification are by weight. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In one of its embodiment, the invention concerns a method of laundering soiled fabrics. Method of laundering soiled fabrics

The soiled fabrics are washed in an automatic washing machine. The automatic washing machine may be a top loading or a front loading machine typically, the soiled fabric are washed in a front loading machine. The automatic washing machine may comprise a rotatable wash drum. The wash drum may be rotatable around a substantially vertical axis or a round a substantially horizontal axis.

An aqueous laundering solution is formed by mixing water and a solid detergent composition. Typically, the aqueous laundering solution is formed inside the washing machine. The aqueous laundering solution may be formed directly in the wash drum. Typically, the solid detergent composition is placed in a detergent dispenser drawer and is mixed with water going through the drawer and then into the drum.

The aqueous laundering solution may comprise from 1 to 40 litres of water, for example from 6 to 35 or from 8 to 30 or even from 9 to 25 or from 10 to 20 litres of water.

The water may be tap water, cold, hot, or a mixture thereof. The water may be heated at a temperature of at least 200C or at least 300C or even 400C.

The aqueous laundering solution may be formed by mixing water with from 25g to 10Og, or from 30 to 95g or from 40 to 85g or even from 50 to 75g of solid detergent composition. The aqueous laundering solution may be formed by mixing water with 50 g or less, 45g or less, or 4Og or less, or 35g or less, or 30g or less, or 25g or less, or 2Og or less, or even 15g or less, or even 1Og or less of solid detergent composition.

The aqueous laundering solution comprises from 200 ppm to 5,000 ppm of detergent composition. The aqueous laundering solution may comprise at least 250 ppm, or 300 ppm or even at least 350 or 400 or 450 or at least 500 or 600 or 700 ppm of detergent composition. The aqueous laundering solution may comprise at most 4,000 ppm or at most 3,000 ppm or at most

2,000 or 1,000 or 800 ppm of detergent composition.

In particular, the aqueous laundering solution may comprise from 6 to 20 litres of water, in particular from 8 to 15 litres of water, the aqueous laundering solution may be formed with 50 g to 75 g of solid detergent composition, in particular from 60 to 70 g of solid detergent composition, and the aqueous laundering solution may comprise from 500 to 5,000 ppm of detergent composition, in particular from 1,000 to 2,000 ppm of detergent composition.

In particular, the aqueous laundering solution may comprise from 20 to 40 litres of water, in particular from 30 to 35 litres of water, the aqueous laundering solution may be formed with 20 g to 50 g of solid detergent composition, in particular from 25 to 40 g of solid detergent composition, and the aqueous laundering solution may comprise from 400 to 1,000 ppm of detergent composition, in particular from 500 to 700 or 600 ppm of detergent composition.

The concentration of solid detergent composition in the aqueous laundering solution is the one of the main wash cycle. Any input of water during any optional rinsing step(s) is not included when determining the volume of the aqueous laundering solution.

Soiled fabrics are put in contact with the aqueous laundering solution. The soiled fabrics may be put in contact directly with the aqueous laundering solution. The soiled fabrics may also be put in contact with the aqueous laundering solution by first putting the soiled fabrics into contact with part of the aqueous laundering solution, (for example by first putting the soiled fabrics in contact with part of the water) and then by adding the remaining part of the aqueous laundering solution (for example adding the detergent composition and the remaining part of water).

The weight ratio of soiled fabric to aqueous laundering solution may be comprised between 1:25 and 1:1, or between 1:20 and 1: 1.5 or between 1:15 and 1:2 or even between 1:10 and 1:3.

Typically from 0.01kg to 2kg of soiled fabric per litre of aqueous laundering solution is dosed into said aqueous laundering solution. Typically from 0.01kg, or from 0.02kg, or from 0.03kg, or from 0.05kg, or from 0.07kg, or from 0.10kg, or from 0.12kg, or from 0.15kg, or from 0.18kg, or from 0.20kg, or from 0.22kg, or from 0.25kg soiled fabric per litre of aqueous laundering solution is dosed into said aqueous laundering solution.

The soiled fabrics may be soiled clothes, sheets, towels, or mixtures thereof. The soiled fabrics may comprise natural and/or synthetic textiles. The textile may comprise wool, silk, cotton, flax, jute, hemp, modal, acetate, polyester, aramid, acrylic, nylon, spandex, and mixture thereof.

The soiled fabric may be soiled with clay, ground-in dirt, greasy and oily stains, food, body fluids, chocolate, dairy products, grass, blood, egg, cosmetics, cooking oils, animal fats, motor oils, body soils, and mixture thereof.

The soiled fabrics are at least partially washed in the aqueous laundering solution. The fabrics may be washed by keeping them in contact with the aqueous laundering solution for at least 5 seconds, or 30 seconds, or 2 minutes, typically for at least 4 minutes or 6 or 8 or even 10 minutes. Typically, while the fabrics are in contact with the aqueous laundering solution, agitation is provided, for example by rotation of the drum. While the fabrics are in contact with the aqueous laundering solution heating may be provided.

The at least partially washed soiled fabrics may then be rinsed in the automatic washing machine. They may be rinsed at least once or at least twice.

Solid detergent composition

The solid detergent composition comprises a surfactant system.

Micellar stability (τ2)

In the aqueous laundering solution, there is an equilibrium between micelles and momomers of surfactants. The time required for a micelle breakdown into monomers is called the micellar stability or the τ2.

The surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 30 seconds according to the micellar stability test. In particular, the surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 28 s, or 26 s, or 24 s, or 22 s, or 20 s, or 18 s, or 16 s, or 14 s, or even 12 s. The surfactant system may have a micellar stability of at least 10 s, or 12 s, or 14 s, or 16 s, or 18 s, or even 20 s.

Rates of dissolution

The solid detergent composition is such that at least 30% of the solid detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of the solid detergent composition test below). In particular, at least 40% or 50 % or 60% or 70% or 80% of the detergent composition may dissolves in 60 s in water according to dissolution of the solid detergent composition test. The solid detergent composition may be such that at least 50% or 60% or 70% or 80% or 90% of the organic matter of the solid detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of organic matter of the solid detergent composition test below).

The solid detergent composition may be such that at least 50% or 60% or 70% or 80% or

90% of the anionic surfactant of the solid detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of the anionic surfactant of the solid detergent composition test below).

Surfactant system

The solid detergent composition comprises a surfactant system, preferably from 2% to

40% by weight, preferably at least 4%, or 6%, or even at least 8%, or 10%, or 12%, or 15%, or 20%, or even at least 25% of a surfactant system. The composition may comprise less than 30%, or less than 20%, or less than 15%, or less than 10%, or less than 8% by weight of a surfactant system.

The surfactant system may comprise alkyl benzene sulphonate and one or more detersive co-surfactants. The surfactant may comprise C10-C13 alkyl benzene sulphonate and one or more co-surfactants. The co-surfactants may be selected from the group consisting of C12-C18 alkyl ethoxylated alcohols having an average degree of ethoxylation of from 3 to 7; C12-C18 alkyl ethoxylated sulphates having an average degree of ethoxylation of from 1 to 5 ; and mixtures thereof. However, other surfactant systems may be suitable for use in the present invention.

Suitable surfactant systems include anionic detersive surfactants, nonionic detersive surfactants, cationic detersive surfactants, zwitterionic detersive surfactants, amphoteric detersive surfactants and mixtures thereof.

Suitable anionic detersive surfactants include: alkyl sulphates; alkyl sulphonates; alkyl phosphates; alkyl phosphonates; alkyl carboxylates; and mixtures thereof. The anionic surfactant can be selected from the group consisting of: C1O-C18 alkyl benzene sulphonates (LAS) preferably C1O-CB alkyl benzene sulphonates; C1O-C2O primary, branched chain, linear-chain and random-chain alkyl sulphates (AS), typically having the following formula: CH3(CH2)XCH2-OSO3 " M+ wherein, M is hydrogen or a cation which provides charge neutrality, preferred cations are sodium and ammonium cations, wherein x is an integer of at least 7, preferably at least 9; C1O- C18 secondary (2,3) alkyl sulphates, typically having the following formulae: OSO3 " M+ OSO3 " M+

I I

CH3(CH2)X(CH)CH3 or CH3(CH2)y (CH)CH2CH3 wherein, M is hydrogen or a cation which provides charge neutrality, preferred cations include sodium and ammonium cations, wherein x is an integer of at least 7, preferably at least 9, y is an integer of at least 8, preferably at least 9; C10-C18 alkyl alkoxy carboxylates; mid-chain branched alkyl sulphates as described in more detail in US 6,020,303 and US 6,060,443;

modified alkylbenzene sulphonate (MLAS) as described in more detail in WO 99/05243, WO 99/05242, WO 99/05244, WO 99/05082, WO 99/05084, WO 99/05241, WO 99/07656, WO 00/23549, and WO 00/23548; methyl ester sulphonate (MES); alpha-olefin sulphonate (AOS) and mixtures thereof.

Preferred anionic detersive surfactants include: linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl benzene sulphonate detersive surfactants, preferably linear Cs-Cis alkyl benzene sulphonate detersive surfactants; linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl benzene sulphate detersive surfactants; linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl sulphate detersive surfactants, including linear Cg-Cig alkyl sulphate detersive surfactants, C1-C3 alkyl branched Cs-Cis alkyl sulphate detersive surfactants, linear or branched alkoxylated Cs-Cis alkyl sulphate detersive surfactants and mixtures thereof; linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl sulphonate detersive surfactants; and mixtures thereof.

Preferred alkoxylated alkyl sulphate detersive surfactants are linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted Cs-is alkyl alkoxylated sulphate detersive surfactants having an average degree of alkoxylation of from 1 to 30, preferably from 1 to 10. Preferably, the alkoxylated alkyl sulphate detersive surfactant is a linear or branched, substituted or

unsubstituted Cg-is alkyl ethoxylated sulphate having an average degree of ethoxylation of from 1 to 10. Most preferably, the alkoxylated alkyl sulphate detersive surfactant is a linear

unsubstituted C8-I8 alkyl ethoxylated sulphate having an average degree of ethoxylation of from 3 to 7.

Preferred anionic detersive surfactants are selected from the group consisting of: linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted, Ci2-I8 alkyl sulphates; linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted, Cio-13 alkylbenzene sulphonates, preferably linear Cio-13 alkylbenzene sulphonates; and mixtures thereof. Highly preferred are linear Cio-13 alkylbenzene sulphonates. Highly preferred are linear Cio-13 alkylbenzene sulphonates that are obtainable, preferably obtained, by sulphonating commercially available linear alkyl benzenes (LAB); suitable LAB include low 2- phenyl LAB, such as those supplied by Sasol under the tradename Isochem® or those supplied by Petresa under the tradename Petrelab®, other suitable LAB include high 2-phenyl LAB, such as those supplied by Sasol under the tradename Hyblene®. A suitable anionic detersive surfactant is alkyl benzene sulphonate that is obtained by DETAL catalyzed process, although other synthesis routes, such as HF, may also be suitable.

Suitable cationic detersive surfactants include: alkyl pyridinium compounds; alkyl quaternary ammonium compounds; alkyl quaternary phosphonium compounds; alkyl ternary sulphonium compounds; and mixtures thereof. The cationic detersive surfactant can be selected from the group consisting of: alkoxylate quaternary ammonium (AQA) surfactants as described in more detail in US 6,136,769; dimethyl hydroxyethyl quaternary ammonium as described in more detail in US 6,004,922; polyamine cationic surfactants as described in more detail in WO 98/35002, WO 98/35003, WO 98/35004, WO 98/35005, and WO 98/35006; cationic ester surfactants as described in more detail in US 4,228,042, US 4,239,660, US 4,260,529 and US 6,022,844; amino surfactants as described in more detail in US 6,221,825 and WO 00/47708, specifically amido propyldimethyl amine; and mixtures thereof. Preferred cationic detersive surfactants are quaternary ammonium compounds having the general formula:

(R)(R1)(R2)(R3)N+ X" wherein, R is a linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted C6-I8 alkyl or alkenyl moiety, R1 and R2 are independently selected from methyl or ethyl moieties, R3 is a hydroxyl, hydroxymethyl or a hydroxyethyl moiety, X is an anion which provides charge neutrality, preferred anions include halides (such as chloride), sulphate and sulphonate. Preferred cationic detersive surfactants are mono-Cό-is alkyl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chlorides. Highly preferred cationic detersive surfactants are mono-Cg-io alkyl mono- hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride, mono-Cio-i2 alkyl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride and mono-C10 alkyl mono-hydroxyethyl di-methyl quaternary ammonium chloride.

Suitable non-ionic detersive surfactant can be selected from the group consisting of: C$-

Ci8 alkyl ethoxylates, such as, NEODOL® non-ionic surfactants from Shell; C6-Ci2 alkyl phenol alkoxylates wherein the alkoxylate units are ethyleneoxy units, propyleneoxy units or a mixture thereof; Ci2-CiS alcohol and C6-Ci2 alkyl phenol condensates with ethylene oxide/propylene oxide block polymers such as Pluronic® from BASF; Ci4-C22 mid-chain branched alcohols, BA, as described in more detail in US 6,150,322; C14-C22 mid-chain branched alkyl alkoxylates, BAEx, wherein x = from 1 to 30, as described in more detail in US 6,153,577, US 6,020,303 and US 6,093,856; alkylpolysaccharides as described in more detail in US 4,565,647, specifically alkylpolyglycosides as described in more detail in US 4,483,780 and US 4,483,779; polyhydroxy fatty acid amides as described in more detail in US 5,332,528, WO 92/06162, WO 93/19146, WO 93/19038, and WO 94/09099; ether capped poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants as described in more detail in US 6,482,994 and WO 01/42408; and mixtures thereof.

The non-ionic detersive surfactant could be an alkyl polyglucoside and/or an alkyl alkoxylated alcohol. Preferably the non-ionic detersive surfactant is a linear or branched, substituted or unsubstituted C8-I8 alkyl ethoxylated alcohol having an average degree of ethoxylation of from 1 to 10, more preferably from 3 to 7.

Solid detergent composition

The detergent composition may comprise additional adjunct components. The precise nature of these additional adjunct components, and levels of incorporation thereof, will depend on the physical form of the composition and the nature of the operation for which it is to be used. Suitable adjunct materials include, but are not limited to, polymeric carboxylate, flocculating aid, chelating agents, dye transfer inhibitors, enzymes such as amylases, carbohydrases, cellulases, laccases, lipases, bleaching enzymes such as oxidases and peroxidases, proteases, pectate lyases and mannanases enzyme stabilizers, catalytic materials, bleach activators, hydrogen peroxide, sources of hydrogen peroxide, preformed peracids, polymeric dispersing agents, clay soil removal/anti-redeposition agents, brighteners, suds suppressors systems such as silicone based suds suppressors, dyes, perfumes, structure elasticizing agents, fabric softeners, carriers, hydrotropes, processing aids, transition metal catalysts, brighteners, hueing agents, photobleach, fabric-softening agents such as clay, silicone and/or quaternary ammonium compounds;

flocculants such as polyethylene oxide; dye transfer inhibitors such as polyvinylpyrrolidone, poly 4-vinylpyridine N-oxide and/or co-polymer of vinylpyrrolidone and vinylimidazole; fabric integrity components such as oligomers produced by the condensation of imidazole and epichlorhydrin; soil dispersants and soil anti-redeposition aids such as alkoxylated polyamines and ethoxylated ethyleneimine polymers; anti-redeposition components such as polyesters; perfumes such as perfume microcapsules; soap rings; aesthetic particles; dyes; fillers, although it is preferred for the composition to be substantially free of fillers; silicate salt such as sodium silicate, including 1.6R and 2.0R sodium silicate, or sodium metasilicate; co-polyesters of di- carboxylic acids and diols; cellulosic polymers such as methyl cellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose, hydroxyethoxycellulose, or other alkyl or alkylalkoxy cellulose; and any combination thereof and/or pigments.

POLYMERIC CARBOXYLATE - The composition may comprise polymeric carboxylate. It may be preferred for the composition to comprise at least 5wt% or at least 6wt%, or at least 7wt%, or at least 8wt%, or even at least 9wt%, by weight of the composition, of polymeric carboxylate. The polymeric carboxylate can sequester free calcium ions in the wash liquor. The carboxylate polymers can also act as soil dispersants and can provide an improved particulate stain removal cleaning benefit. Preferred polymeric carboxylates include: polyacrylates, preferably having a weight average molecular weight of from 1,000Da to 20,000Da; co-polymers of maleic acid and acrylic acid, preferably having a molar ratio of maleic acid monomers to acrylic acid monomers of from 1:1 to 1: 10 and a weight average molecular weight of from 10,000Da to 200,000Da, or preferably having a molar ratio of maleic acid monomers to acrylic acid monomers of from 0.3:1 to 3:1 and a weight average molecular weight of from 1,000Da to 50,000Da.

PHOSPHATE AND ZEOLITE BUILDER - Preferably, the composition comprise from

0wt% to 10wt% phosphate builder, preferably to 8wt%,or to 6wt%, or to 4wt%, or even to 2wt% phosphate builder. The composition may even be substantially free of phosphate builder, substantially free means "no deliberately added". A typical phosphate builder is sodium tri- polyphosphate. Preferably, the composition comprise from 0wt% to 10wt% zeolite builder, preferably to 8wt%,or to 6wt%, or to 4wt%, or even to 2wt% zeolite builder. The composition may even be substantially free of zeolite builder, substantially free means "no deliberately added". Typical zeolite builders are zeolite A, zeolite P and zeolite MAP.

SOURCE OF CARBONATE - The composition may comprise a source of carbonate. Preferred sources of carbonate include sodium carbonate and/or sodium bicarbonate. A highly preferred source of carbonate is sodium carbonate. Sodium percarbonate may also be used as the source of carbonate.

BLEACHING AGENT - The compositions of the present invention may comprise one or more bleaching agents. In general, when a bleaching agent is used, the compositions of the present invention may comprise from about 0.1% to about 50% or even from about 0.1% to about 25% bleaching agent by weight of the subject detergent composition. When present, suitable bleaching agents include bleaching catalysts, photobleaches for example Vitamin K3 and zinc or aluminium phtalocyanine sulfonate; bleach activators such as tetraacetyl ethylene diamine (TAED) and nonanoyloxybenzene sulfonate (NOBS); hydrogen peroxide; pre-formed peracids; sources of hydrogen peroxide such as inorganic perhydrate salts, including alkali metal salts such as sodium salts of perborate (usually mono- or tetra-hydrate), percarbonate, persulfate, perphosphate, persilicate salts and mixtures thereof, optionally coated, suitable coatings including inorganic salts such as alkali metal; and mixtures thereof.

BLEACH ACTIVATOR - Preferably, the composition comprises a bleach activator.

Suitable bleach activators are compounds which when used in conjunction with a hydrogen peroxide source leads to the in situ production of the peracid corresponding to the bleach activator. Various non limiting examples of bleach activators are disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,915,854, issued April 10, 1990 to Mao et al, and U.S. Patent 4,412,934. The

nonanoyloxybenzene sulfonate (NOBS) and tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) activators are typical, and mixtures thereof can also be used. See also U.S. 4,634,551 for other typical bleaches and activators useful herein. Another suitable bleach activator is decanoyloxybenzenecarboxylic acid (DOBA).

Highly preferred amido-derived bleach activators are those of the formulae: R1N(RS)C(O)R2C(O)L or R1C(O)N(RS)R2C(O)L wherein as used for these compounds R1 is an alkyl group containing from about 6 to about 12 carbon atoms, R2 is an alkylene containing from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms, RS is H or alkyl, aryl, or alkaryl containing from about 1 to about 10 carbon atoms, and L is any suitable leaving group. A leaving group is any group that is displaced from the bleach activator as a consequence of the nucleophilic attack on the bleach activator by the hydroperoxide anion. A preferred leaving group is oxybenzenesulfonate.

Preferred examples of bleach activators of the above formulae include (6-octanamido- caproyl)oxybenzenesulfonate, (6-nonanamidocaproyl)oxybenzenesulfonate, (6-decanamido- caproyl)oxybenzenesulfonate, and mixtures thereof as described in U.S. Patent 4,634,551, incorporated herein by reference.

Another class of bleach activators comprises the benzoxazin-type activators disclosed by

Hodge et al in U.S. Patent 4,966,723, issued October 30, 1990, incorporated herein by reference.

A highly preferred activator of the benzoxazin-type is:

Figure imgf000012_0001

Still another class of preferred bleach activators includes the acyl lactam activators, especially acyl caprolactams and acyl valerolactams of the formulae:

Figure imgf000012_0002
wherein as used for these compounds R" is H or an alkyl, aryl, alkoxyaryl, or alkaryl group containing from 1 to about 12 carbon atoms. Highly preferred lactam activators include benzoyl caprolactam, octanoyl caprolactam, 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoyl caprolactam, nonanoyl caprolactam, decanoyl caprolactam, undecenoyl caprolactam, benzoyl valerolactam, octanoyl valerolactam, decanoyl valerolactam, undecenoyl valerolactam, nonanoyl valerolactam, 3,5,5- trimethylhexanoyl valerolactam and mixtures thereof. See also U.S. Patent 4,545,784, issued to Sanderson, October 8, 1985, incorporated herein by reference, which discloses acyl

caprolactams, including benzoyl caprolactam, adsorbed into sodium perborate.

Highly preferred bleach activators are nonanoyloxybenzene sulfonate (NOBS) and/or tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED).

It is highly preferred for a large amount of bleach activator relative to the source of hydrogen peroxide to be present in the laundry detergent composition. Preferably, the weight ratio of bleach activator to source of hydrogen peroxide present in the laundry detergent composition is at least 0.5:1, at least 0.6: 1, at least 0.7:1, 0.8:1, preferably at least 0.9:1, or 1.0:1.0, or even 1.2:1 or higher.

CHELANT - The composition may comprise a chelant. Suitable chelants include diethylene triamine pentaacetate, diethylene triamine penta(methyl phosphonic acid), ethylene diamine-N'N'-disuccinic acid, ethylene diamine tetraacetate, ethylene diamine tetra(methylene phosphonic acid) and hydroxyethane di(methylene phosphonic acid). A preferred chelant is ethylene diamine-N'N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS) and/or hydroxyethane diphosphonic acid (HEDP). Preferably the ethylene diamine-N'N'-disuccinic acid is in S'S' enantiomeric form.

The solid detergent composition is typically a laundry detergent composition or a dish washing detergent composition. Typically, the composition is a laundry composition.

The solid detergent composition is for example in particulate form, typically in free- flowing particulate form. The solid detergent composition may be in the form of an agglomerate, granule, flake, extrudate, bar, tablet or any combination thereof. The solid composition can be made by methods such as dry-mixing, agglomerating, compaction, spray drying, pan-granulation, spheronization or any combination thereof. The solid detergent composition typically has a bulk density of from 300 g/1 to 1,500 g/1, typically from 500 g/1 to 1,000 g/1.

The solid detergent composition may be in unit dose form, including tablets.

Micellar stability (τ2) test

The micellar stability of a surfactant system is measured by Stopped Flow Conductimetry.

The experiment is run at 250C.

A composition 1 comprising 300 ppm of the surfactant system to be tested in deionised water is prepared. A composition 2 comprising water having a hardness of 20 gpg (ratio of calcium to magnesium of 3:1) is prepared.

Compositions 1 and 2 are pumped by the syringes of a MCS-200 equipment combined with a SFM-20 supplied by the company BioLogic. The equipment calculate the value of τ2.

Dissolution of the solid detergent composition test

The dissolution of the solid detergent composition is measured as follow.

Using a measuring cylinder 800ml of deionised water are added to a tergotometer pot.

The tergotometer is set to 200C and 150 rpm. The stirrer is started and the solution is allowed to equilibrate for 20 mins.

Into the Tergotometer pot, 10 g of the solid detergent composition are added. After sixty seconds, approximately 70 ml of test solution is removed from the dissolution apparatus. This solution is immediately filtered through a medium fast filter paper and the filtrate is collected.

A 50 ml aliquot of the filtrate is removed using a glass pipette and added to a tared 400 ml beaker. The beaker is gently heated on a steam bath, to avoid spitting, until almost dry. The beaker is cooled in a fume hood and the last few ml of water allowed to evaporate. The beaker is heated for 10 minutes in an oven at 1050C and cooled in a dessicator until successive weightings agree to within O.OOlg. The residual solids are expressed as a proportion of the original sample weight in the solution.

% of the solid detergent composition dissolved in 60 seconds in water = 100 x wt of residual solids x 800 / 10 g x 50.

Dissolution of the organic matter of the solid detergent composition test

The weight of organic matter in the residual solids of the method above is measured as follow:

The residual solids are suspended in approximately 150 ml ethanol (reagent grade) covered with a watch glass and boiled on a steam bath for 5 minutes. The beaker and contents are cooled to about 600C and the insoluble matter allowed to settle. Without disturbing the insoluble matter, the ethanolic portion is decanted through a medium grade filter paper into a tared beaker. This extraction is repeated twice more with new 150 ml portions of ethanol, and the filtrates combined in the tared beaker. The alcohol insoluble portion of the residue is rinsed into the filter paper with warm (400C) ethanol and washed with 3 x 2OmL portions of warm ethanol. The combined filtrates are evaporated on a steam bath in a fume hood, taking care to guard against loss of sample by excessive foaming or bumping. When the last few ml of solvent remain in the beaker, it is allowed to cool and 10 ml of acetone are added. The residue is evaporated to dryness taking care to guard against loss of sample by excessive foaming or bumping. The beaker is allowed to cool in a desiccator and weighed. The last drying and cooling steps are repeated until successive weighings agree to within 0.001 g.

The weight of organic matter in a sample of the solid detergent composition is measured as follow:

A sample of the solid detergent composition having the same weight as the residue from the Total Dissolved Solids determination is suspended in approximately 150 ml ethanol (reagent grade) covered with a watch glass and boiled on a steam bath for 5 minutes. The beaker and contents are cooled to about 600C and the insoluble matter allowed to settle. Without disturbing the insoluble matter, the ethanolic portion is decanted through a medium grade filter paper into a tared beaker. This extraction is repeated twice more with new 15OmL portions of ethanol, and the filtrates combined in the tared beaker. The alcohol insoluble portion of the residue is rinsed into the filter paper with warm (400C) ethanol and washed with 3 x 2OmL portions of warm ethanol. The combined filtrates are evaporated on a steam bath in a fume hood, taking care to guard against loss of sample by excessive foaming or bumping. When the last few mL of solvent remain in the beaker, it is allowed to cool and 1OmL of acetone are added. The residue is evaporated to dryness taking care to guard against loss of sample by excessive foaming or bumping. The beaker is allowed to cool in a dessicator and weighed. The last drying and cooling steps are repeated until successive weighings agree to within O.OOlg.

The percentage of the organic matter of the solid detergent composition dissolved in 60 seconds in water = 100 x weight of organic matter in the residual solids / weight of organic matter in the sample of the solid detergent composition. Dissolution of the anionic surfactant of the solid detergent composition test

the rate of dissolution of the anionic surfactant of the surfactant system of the detergent composition is measured as follow:

800ml of deionised water are added into a Tergotometer pot. The tergotometer pot is set at 200C and 150rpm. The solution is allowed to equilibrate for 20 minutes.

Around 1 g of the solid detergent composition is added into the tergometer.

After 60 seconds, 10 ml of the test solution are removed and filtered through a 0.45μ acrodisc PDVF filter.

The excess of anionic surfactant in 5 ml of the filtrate is ascertained according to the standart method ISO 2271 (1989).

After 30 minutes stirring 5 ml aliquot of the test solution are removed and a titration according to the standart method ISO 2271 (1989) on this unfiltered sample is performed.

The percentage of the anionic surfactant dissolved in 60 seconds in water is calculated with the results of those titrations. The following examples are given by way of illustration only and therefore should not be construed to limit the scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES

Example 1:

A detergent blown powder is prepared as follows.

A batch of slurry is prepared from the silicate, part of the polymers, part of the LAS and part of the carbonate. Identical batches are made during production as required. 10 bar steam is added as required to maintain temperature. During transfer to the spray nozzle, HLAS and sodium hydroxide solution are injected into the slurry-containing line so as to increase the surfactant level in the slurry. The temperature of the slurry in the line just prior to spraying is 125 °C. high pressure air is may be injected into the slurry line to further lower density.

The resulting slurry is then sprayed through a Spray Systems T4 nozzle into a counter- current tower where it is dried by air at temperatures between 280 to 300 °C. These conditions give a blown powder of average repour cup density 300 g/1, a median particle size of 450 microns and an average moisture level of 1.75 %.

This blown powder is then further combined with a surfactant and polymer paste as follows.

Other anionic surfactant paste is blended in a food processor with a solution of part of the polymers.

The above paste is then dispersed by hand into the above blown powder. Following this the mix is mixed in a kitchen food processor at low speed for 30 seconds to further disperse the paste mix. zeolite is then added and mixed for a further 5 seconds at low speed. The resulting powder was then pushed through a 1.7 mm sieve to ensure no oversize.

The above blown powder/surfactant paste mix was then mixed with further detergent ingredients: bleach system, part of the carbonate, sodium sulphate, cationic surfactant, part of the polymers, enzymes and miscellaneous.

The following composition is obtained:

Figure imgf000016_0001
Figure imgf000017_0001

This composition is showing good cleaning performances, even at a low concentration in an aqueous laundry detergent composition.

The dimensions and values disclosed herein are not to be understood as being strictly limited to the exact numerical values recited. Instead, unless otherwise specified, each such dimension is intended to mean both the recited value and a functionally equivalent range surrounding that value. For example, a dimension disclosed as "40 mm" is intended to mean "about 40 mm".

Every document cited herein, including any cross referenced or related patent or application, is hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety unless expressly excluded or otherwise limited. The citation of any document is not an admission that it is prior art with respect to any invention disclosed or claimed herein or that it alone, or in any combination with any other reference or references, teaches, suggests or discloses any such invention . Further, to the extent that any meaning or definition of a term in this document conflicts with any meaning or definition of the same term in a document incorporated by reference, the meaning or definition assigned to that term in this document shall govern.

While particular embodiments of the present invention have been illustrated and described, it would be obvious to those skilled in the art that various other changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. It is therefore intended to cover in the appended claims all such changes and modifications that are within the scope of this invention.

Claims

CLAIMS What is claimed is:
1. Method of laundering soiled fabrics in an automatic washing machine, which method comprises the steps of:
a) forming an aqueous laundering solution by mixing from 1 1 to 40 1 of water and a solid detergent composition comprising a surfactant system, said aqueous laundering solution comprising from 200 ppm to 5,000 ppm of the detergent composition;
b) putting in contact soiled fabrics with said aqueous laundering solution; and
c) washing said fabrics in said solution,
wherein said solid detergent composition is such that at least 30% of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water (as measured according to the dissolution of the solid detergent composition test in the specification) and wherein the surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 30 seconds (as measured according to the micellar stability test in the specification).
2. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to claim 1, wherein the aqueous laundering composition comprising from 6 to 15 litres of water.
3. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the aqueous laundering composition comprises form 3000 to 6000 ppm of detergent composition.
4. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the weight ratio of soiled fabric to aqueous laundering solution ranging from 1:1 to 1:10.
5. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the solid detergent composition is such that at least 50% of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water.
6. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the solid detergent composition is such that at least 50% of the organic matter of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water.
7. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the solid detergent composition is such that at least 50% of the anionic surfactant of the detergent composition dissolves in 60 seconds in water.
8. Method of laundering soiled fabrics according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the surfactant system has a micellar stability (τ2) of at most 26 seconds and of at least 10 s.
PCT/US2010/041283 2009-07-09 2010-07-08 Method of laundering fabric WO2011005912A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22415509P true 2009-07-09 2009-07-09
US61/224,155 2009-07-09

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP20100733087 EP2451912A1 (en) 2009-07-09 2010-07-08 Method of laundering fabric

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2011005912A1 true WO2011005912A1 (en) 2011-01-13

Family

ID=42799609

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2010/041283 WO2011005912A1 (en) 2009-07-09 2010-07-08 Method of laundering fabric

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20110005002A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2451912A1 (en)
AR (1) AR077653A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2011005912A1 (en)

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011134809A1 (en) 2010-04-26 2011-11-03 Novozymes A/S Enzyme granules
WO2012175401A2 (en) 2011-06-20 2012-12-27 Novozymes A/S Particulate composition
WO2012175708A2 (en) 2011-06-24 2012-12-27 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013001087A2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Novozymes A/S Method for screening alpha-amylases
WO2013007594A1 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Novozymes A/S Storage-stable enzyme granules
WO2013024021A1 (en) 2011-08-15 2013-02-21 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having cellulase activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013041689A1 (en) 2011-09-22 2013-03-28 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013076269A1 (en) 2011-11-25 2013-05-30 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013092635A1 (en) 2011-12-20 2013-06-27 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013110766A1 (en) 2012-01-26 2013-08-01 Novozymes A/S Use of polypeptides having protease activity in animal feed and detergents
WO2013120948A1 (en) 2012-02-17 2013-08-22 Novozymes A/S Subtilisin variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013131964A1 (en) 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Novozymes A/S Detergent composition and substitution of optical brighteners in detergent compositions
WO2013167581A1 (en) 2012-05-07 2013-11-14 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having xanthan degrading activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013189972A2 (en) 2012-06-20 2013-12-27 Novozymes A/S Use of polypeptides having protease activity in animal feed and detergents
WO2014096259A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activiy and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2014183921A1 (en) 2013-05-17 2014-11-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having alpha amylase activity
WO2014207224A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2014207227A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2015001017A2 (en) 2013-07-04 2015-01-08 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having anti-redeposition effect and polynucleotides encoding same
EP2832853A1 (en) 2013-07-29 2015-02-04 Henkel AG&Co. KGAA Detergent composition comprising protease variants
WO2015049370A1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-04-09 Novozymes A/S Detergent composition and use of detergent composition
WO2015134729A1 (en) 2014-03-05 2015-09-11 Novozymes A/S Compositions and methods for improving properties of non-cellulosic textile materials with xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
WO2015134737A1 (en) 2014-03-05 2015-09-11 Novozymes A/S Compositions and methods for improving properties of cellulosic textile materials with xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
WO2015150457A1 (en) 2014-04-01 2015-10-08 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having alpha amylase activity
WO2015189371A1 (en) 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 Novozymes A/S Alpha-amylase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2016079305A1 (en) 2014-11-20 2016-05-26 Novozymes A/S Alicyclobacillus variants and polynucleotides encoding same
EP3106508A1 (en) 2015-06-18 2016-12-21 Henkel AG & Co. KGaA Detergent composition comprising subtilase variants
WO2017064269A1 (en) 2015-10-14 2017-04-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptide variants
WO2017064253A1 (en) 2015-10-14 2017-04-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2017207762A1 (en) 2016-06-03 2017-12-07 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2018011276A1 (en) 2016-07-13 2018-01-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Bacillus cibi dnase variants and uses thereof
EP3309249A1 (en) 2013-07-29 2018-04-18 Novozymes A/S Protease variants and polynucleotides encoding same
EP3321360A2 (en) 2013-01-03 2018-05-16 Novozymes A/S Alpha-amylase variants and polynucleotides encoding same

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20150182960A1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-02 Ecowater Systems Llc Zeolite regeneration
EP2924106A1 (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 The Procter and Gamble Company Water soluble unit dose article

Citations (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228042A (en) 1978-06-26 1980-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Biodegradable cationic surface-active agents containing ester or amide and polyalkoxy group
US4239660A (en) 1978-12-13 1980-12-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition comprising a hydrolyzable cationic surfactant and specific alkalinity source
US4260529A (en) 1978-06-26 1981-04-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition consisting essentially of biodegradable nonionic surfactant and cationic surfactant containing ester or amide
US4412934A (en) 1982-06-30 1983-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching compositions
US4483779A (en) 1982-04-26 1984-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions comprising polyglycoside and polyethoxylate surfactants and anionic fluorescer
US4483780A (en) 1982-04-26 1984-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions containing polyglycoside and polyethoxylate detergent surfactants
US4545784A (en) 1983-04-14 1985-10-08 Interox Chemicals Limited Particulate sodium perborate monohydrate containing adsorbed activator
US4565647A (en) 1982-04-26 1986-01-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Foaming surfactant compositions
US4634551A (en) 1985-06-03 1987-01-06 Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching compounds and compositions comprising fatty peroxyacids salts thereof and precursors therefor having amide moieties in the fatty chain
US4915854A (en) 1986-11-14 1990-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Ion-pair complex conditioning agent and compositions containing same
US4966723A (en) 1988-02-11 1990-10-30 Bp Chemicals Limited Bleach activators in detergent compositions
WO1992006162A1 (en) 1990-09-28 1992-04-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent containing alkyl sulfate and polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants
WO1993019038A1 (en) 1992-03-26 1993-09-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for reducing the levels of fatty acid contaminants in polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants
WO1993019146A1 (en) 1992-03-16 1993-09-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Fluid compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amides
WO1994009099A1 (en) 1992-10-13 1994-04-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Fluid compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amides
US5332528A (en) 1990-09-28 1994-07-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Polyhydroxy fatty acid amides in soil release agent-containing detergent compositions
US5443751A (en) * 1993-03-05 1995-08-22 Church & Dwight Co. Inc. Powder detergent composition for cold water washing of fabrics
US5714451A (en) * 1996-03-15 1998-02-03 Amway Corporation Powder detergent composition and method of making
DE19702845A1 (en) * 1997-01-27 1998-07-30 Henkel Kgaa A process for the production of surfactant granules
WO1998035004A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Solid detergent compositions
WO1998035006A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
WO1998035003A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compound
WO1998035002A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning compositions
WO1998035005A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company A cleaning composition
WO1999005082A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved processes for making alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants and products thereof
WO1999005242A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants
WO1999005244A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved alkyl aryl sulfonate surfactants
WO1999005084A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants from alcohols and products thereof
WO1999005243A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions containing mixtures of crystallinity-disrupted surfactants
WO1999005241A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning products comprising improved alkylarylsulfonate surfactants prepared via vinylidene olefins and processes for preparation thereof
WO1999007656A2 (en) 1997-08-08 1999-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved processes for making surfactants via adsorptive separation and products thereof
US6004922A (en) 1996-05-03 1999-12-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergent compositions comprising cationic surfactants and modified polyamine soil dispersents
US6020303A (en) 1996-04-16 2000-02-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Mid-chain branched surfactants
US6022844A (en) 1996-03-05 2000-02-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Cationic detergent compounds
WO2000023549A1 (en) 1998-10-20 2000-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergents comprising modified alkylbenzene sulfonates
WO2000023548A1 (en) 1998-10-20 2000-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergents comprising modified alkylbenzene sulfonates
US6060443A (en) 1996-04-16 2000-05-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate surfactants
US6093856A (en) 1996-11-26 2000-07-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Polyoxyalkylene surfactants
WO2000047708A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2000-08-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Low density particulate solids useful in laundry detergents
US6136769A (en) 1996-05-17 2000-10-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Alkoxylated cationic detergency ingredients
US6150322A (en) 1998-08-12 2000-11-21 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions and biodegradable detergents made therefrom
US6162780A (en) * 1995-11-17 2000-12-19 The Dial Corporation Detergent having improved color retention properties
US6191100B1 (en) * 1996-05-17 2001-02-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition having effervescent generating ingredients
US6221825B1 (en) 1996-12-31 2001-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Thickened, highly aqueous liquid detergent compositions
WO2001042408A2 (en) 1999-12-08 2001-06-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Ether-capped poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants
US6482994B2 (en) 1997-08-02 2002-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Ether-capped poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2080960T3 (en) * 1990-09-07 1996-02-16 Procter & Gamble Removing agents for the improved granular laundry detergents dirt.
US5415806A (en) * 1993-03-10 1995-05-16 Lever Brothers Company, Division Of Conopco, Inc. Cold water solubility for high density detergent powders
US5955418A (en) * 1997-02-26 1999-09-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Secondary alkyl sulfate surfactant with improved solubility by kneading/extruding process
AU2074397A (en) * 1996-03-15 1997-10-01 Amway Corporation Powder detergent composition having improved solubility
US6162178A (en) * 1998-07-31 2000-12-19 Scimed Life Systems, Inc. Ultrasonic transducer off-aperture connection
DE602005024264D1 (en) * 2005-08-19 2010-12-02 Procter & Gamble Solid shaped detergent composition comprising alkyl benzene sulphonate, carbonate salt and carboxylate polymer

Patent Citations (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4228042A (en) 1978-06-26 1980-10-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Biodegradable cationic surface-active agents containing ester or amide and polyalkoxy group
US4260529A (en) 1978-06-26 1981-04-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition consisting essentially of biodegradable nonionic surfactant and cationic surfactant containing ester or amide
US4239660A (en) 1978-12-13 1980-12-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition comprising a hydrolyzable cationic surfactant and specific alkalinity source
US4483779A (en) 1982-04-26 1984-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions comprising polyglycoside and polyethoxylate surfactants and anionic fluorescer
US4483780A (en) 1982-04-26 1984-11-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions containing polyglycoside and polyethoxylate detergent surfactants
US4565647B1 (en) 1982-04-26 1994-04-05 Procter & Gamble Foaming surfactant compositions
US4565647A (en) 1982-04-26 1986-01-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Foaming surfactant compositions
US4412934A (en) 1982-06-30 1983-11-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching compositions
US4545784A (en) 1983-04-14 1985-10-08 Interox Chemicals Limited Particulate sodium perborate monohydrate containing adsorbed activator
US4634551A (en) 1985-06-03 1987-01-06 Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching compounds and compositions comprising fatty peroxyacids salts thereof and precursors therefor having amide moieties in the fatty chain
US4915854A (en) 1986-11-14 1990-04-10 The Procter & Gamble Company Ion-pair complex conditioning agent and compositions containing same
US4966723A (en) 1988-02-11 1990-10-30 Bp Chemicals Limited Bleach activators in detergent compositions
WO1992006162A1 (en) 1990-09-28 1992-04-16 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent containing alkyl sulfate and polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants
US5332528A (en) 1990-09-28 1994-07-26 The Procter & Gamble Company Polyhydroxy fatty acid amides in soil release agent-containing detergent compositions
WO1993019146A1 (en) 1992-03-16 1993-09-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Fluid compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amides
WO1993019038A1 (en) 1992-03-26 1993-09-30 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for reducing the levels of fatty acid contaminants in polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants
WO1994009099A1 (en) 1992-10-13 1994-04-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Fluid compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amides
US5443751A (en) * 1993-03-05 1995-08-22 Church & Dwight Co. Inc. Powder detergent composition for cold water washing of fabrics
US6162780A (en) * 1995-11-17 2000-12-19 The Dial Corporation Detergent having improved color retention properties
US6022844A (en) 1996-03-05 2000-02-08 The Procter & Gamble Company Cationic detergent compounds
US5714451A (en) * 1996-03-15 1998-02-03 Amway Corporation Powder detergent composition and method of making
US6060443A (en) 1996-04-16 2000-05-09 The Procter & Gamble Company Mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate surfactants
US6020303A (en) 1996-04-16 2000-02-01 The Procter & Gamble Company Mid-chain branched surfactants
US6004922A (en) 1996-05-03 1999-12-21 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergent compositions comprising cationic surfactants and modified polyamine soil dispersents
US6136769A (en) 1996-05-17 2000-10-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Alkoxylated cationic detergency ingredients
US6191100B1 (en) * 1996-05-17 2001-02-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent composition having effervescent generating ingredients
US6093856A (en) 1996-11-26 2000-07-25 The Procter & Gamble Company Polyoxyalkylene surfactants
US6153577A (en) 1996-11-26 2000-11-28 The Procter & Gamble Company Polyoxyalkylene surfactants
US6221825B1 (en) 1996-12-31 2001-04-24 The Procter & Gamble Company Thickened, highly aqueous liquid detergent compositions
DE19702845A1 (en) * 1997-01-27 1998-07-30 Henkel Kgaa A process for the production of surfactant granules
WO1998035003A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compound
WO1998035002A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning compositions
WO1998035006A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid cleaning composition
WO1998035004A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Solid detergent compositions
WO1998035005A1 (en) 1997-02-11 1998-08-13 The Procter & Gamble Company A cleaning composition
WO1999005244A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved alkyl aryl sulfonate surfactants
WO1999005082A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved processes for making alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants and products thereof
WO1999005241A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Cleaning products comprising improved alkylarylsulfonate surfactants prepared via vinylidene olefins and processes for preparation thereof
WO1999005242A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants
WO1999005243A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions containing mixtures of crystallinity-disrupted surfactants
WO1999005084A1 (en) 1997-07-21 1999-02-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Process for making alkylbenzenesulfonate surfactants from alcohols and products thereof
US6482994B2 (en) 1997-08-02 2002-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Ether-capped poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants
WO1999007656A2 (en) 1997-08-08 1999-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Improved processes for making surfactants via adsorptive separation and products thereof
US6150322A (en) 1998-08-12 2000-11-21 Shell Oil Company Highly branched primary alcohol compositions and biodegradable detergents made therefrom
WO2000023548A1 (en) 1998-10-20 2000-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergents comprising modified alkylbenzene sulfonates
WO2000023549A1 (en) 1998-10-20 2000-04-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Laundry detergents comprising modified alkylbenzene sulfonates
WO2000047708A1 (en) 1999-02-10 2000-08-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Low density particulate solids useful in laundry detergents
WO2001042408A2 (en) 1999-12-08 2001-06-14 The Procter & Gamble Company Ether-capped poly(oxyalkylated) alcohol surfactants

Cited By (36)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011134809A1 (en) 2010-04-26 2011-11-03 Novozymes A/S Enzyme granules
EP2840134A1 (en) 2010-04-26 2015-02-25 Novozymes A/S Enzyme granules
WO2012175401A2 (en) 2011-06-20 2012-12-27 Novozymes A/S Particulate composition
WO2012175708A2 (en) 2011-06-24 2012-12-27 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013001087A2 (en) 2011-06-30 2013-01-03 Novozymes A/S Method for screening alpha-amylases
WO2013007594A1 (en) 2011-07-12 2013-01-17 Novozymes A/S Storage-stable enzyme granules
WO2013024021A1 (en) 2011-08-15 2013-02-21 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having cellulase activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013041689A1 (en) 2011-09-22 2013-03-28 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013076269A1 (en) 2011-11-25 2013-05-30 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013092635A1 (en) 2011-12-20 2013-06-27 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013110766A1 (en) 2012-01-26 2013-08-01 Novozymes A/S Use of polypeptides having protease activity in animal feed and detergents
WO2013120948A1 (en) 2012-02-17 2013-08-22 Novozymes A/S Subtilisin variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013131964A1 (en) 2012-03-07 2013-09-12 Novozymes A/S Detergent composition and substitution of optical brighteners in detergent compositions
WO2013167581A1 (en) 2012-05-07 2013-11-14 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having xanthan degrading activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2013189972A2 (en) 2012-06-20 2013-12-27 Novozymes A/S Use of polypeptides having protease activity in animal feed and detergents
WO2014096259A1 (en) 2012-12-21 2014-06-26 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activiy and polynucleotides encoding same
EP3321360A2 (en) 2013-01-03 2018-05-16 Novozymes A/S Alpha-amylase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2014183921A1 (en) 2013-05-17 2014-11-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having alpha amylase activity
WO2014207224A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2014207227A1 (en) 2013-06-27 2014-12-31 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2015001017A2 (en) 2013-07-04 2015-01-08 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having anti-redeposition effect and polynucleotides encoding same
EP3339436A1 (en) 2013-07-29 2018-06-27 Henkel AG & Co. KGaA Detergent composition comprising protease variants
EP2832853A1 (en) 2013-07-29 2015-02-04 Henkel AG&Co. KGAA Detergent composition comprising protease variants
EP3309249A1 (en) 2013-07-29 2018-04-18 Novozymes A/S Protease variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2015049370A1 (en) 2013-10-03 2015-04-09 Novozymes A/S Detergent composition and use of detergent composition
WO2015134737A1 (en) 2014-03-05 2015-09-11 Novozymes A/S Compositions and methods for improving properties of cellulosic textile materials with xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
WO2015134729A1 (en) 2014-03-05 2015-09-11 Novozymes A/S Compositions and methods for improving properties of non-cellulosic textile materials with xyloglucan endotransglycosylase
WO2015150457A1 (en) 2014-04-01 2015-10-08 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having alpha amylase activity
WO2015189371A1 (en) 2014-06-12 2015-12-17 Novozymes A/S Alpha-amylase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2016079305A1 (en) 2014-11-20 2016-05-26 Novozymes A/S Alicyclobacillus variants and polynucleotides encoding same
EP3106508A1 (en) 2015-06-18 2016-12-21 Henkel AG & Co. KGaA Detergent composition comprising subtilase variants
WO2017064253A1 (en) 2015-10-14 2017-04-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptides having protease activity and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2017064269A1 (en) 2015-10-14 2017-04-20 Novozymes A/S Polypeptide variants
WO2017207762A1 (en) 2016-06-03 2017-12-07 Novozymes A/S Subtilase variants and polynucleotides encoding same
WO2018011276A1 (en) 2016-07-13 2018-01-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Bacillus cibi dnase variants and uses thereof
WO2018011277A1 (en) 2016-07-13 2018-01-18 Novozymes A/S Bacillus cibi dnase variants

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AR077653A1 (en) 2011-09-14
EP2451912A1 (en) 2012-05-16
US20110005002A1 (en) 2011-01-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2009327141B2 (en) Laundry detergent composition
US4999129A (en) Process and composition for washing soiled polyester fabrics
JP5349801B2 (en) Detergent composition
JP3253972B2 (en) Processing method of soil release agent and cotton fabrics products
CA1231653A (en) Bleaching and cleaning composition
EP1776442B1 (en) A highly water-soluble solid laundry detergent composition that forms a clear wash liquor upon dissolution in water
US8383573B2 (en) Dual character biopolymer useful in cleaning products
AU613900B2 (en) Quaternary ammonium or phosphonium peroxycarbonic acid precursors and their use in detergent bleach compositions
US20090239779A1 (en) Laundry Detergent Composition Comprising the Magnesium Salt of Ethylene Diamine-N'N-Disuccinic Acid
US4136038A (en) Fabric conditioning compositions containing methyl cellulose ether
EP2135932B1 (en) Laundry composition
US20090239781A1 (en) Detergent Composition Comprising a Co-Polyester of Dicarboxylic Acids and Diols
AU2003277486B2 (en) Laundry detergent composition
CN102933761B (en) Cleaning products
AU2011303606B2 (en) Polymer treatment method
KR960000198B1 (en) Detergent composition
NL1003384C2 (en) Non-aqueous particle-containing liquid detergent compositions with alkyl benzene sulfonate surfactants.
EP0991748B1 (en) Non-aqueous, speckle-containing liquid detergent compositions
AU674405B2 (en) Peroxyacids
US20090036641A1 (en) Anionic Soil Release Polymers
US7074919B2 (en) Use of amphoteric polysaccharide for treating textile fiber articles
US20110010869A1 (en) Method of Laundering Fabric Using a Compacted Laundry Detergent Composition
ES2231913T3 (en) Metal complexes, active for bleaching.
US20100022430A1 (en) Detergent Composition
US5814592A (en) Non-aqueous, particulate-containing liquid detergent compositions with elasticized, surfactant-structured liquid phase

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 10733087

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase in:

Ref country code: DE

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 2010733087

Country of ref document: EP