WO2010143173A1 - A solar collector panel system - Google Patents

A solar collector panel system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2010143173A1
WO2010143173A1 PCT/IE2010/000036 IE2010000036W WO2010143173A1 WO 2010143173 A1 WO2010143173 A1 WO 2010143173A1 IE 2010000036 W IE2010000036 W IE 2010000036W WO 2010143173 A1 WO2010143173 A1 WO 2010143173A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
panel
solar collector
mounting
projections
composite panel
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IE2010/000036
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
James Carolan
Gregory Flynn
Original Assignee
Kingspan Research And Developments Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IE20090451 priority Critical
Priority to IE2009/0451 priority
Application filed by Kingspan Research And Developments Limited filed Critical Kingspan Research And Developments Limited
Publication of WO2010143173A1 publication Critical patent/WO2010143173A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • E04D3/352Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material at least one insulating layer being located between non-insulating layers, e.g. double skin slabs or sheets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/351Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material
    • E04D3/355Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation at least one of the layers being composed of insulating material, e.g. fibre or foam material the insulating layers of adjacent slabs having cooperating edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation
    • E04D3/358Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation with at least one of the layers being offset with respect to another layer
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/40Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules using plate-like mounting elements, e.g. profiled or corrugated plates; Plate-like module frames 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/61Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures
    • F24S25/615Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing to the ground or to building structures for fixing to protruding parts of buildings, e.g. to corrugations or to standing seams
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S80/00Details, accessories or component parts of solar heat collectors not provided for in groups F24S10/00-F24S70/00
    • F24S80/60Thermal insulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • H01L31/048Encapsulation of modules
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A composite insulating panel 1 comprises an upper sheet 2, a lower sheet 4, and an insulating foam body 5 between the upper and the lower sheets 2, 4. A photovoltaic solar collector module 10 is mounted to the upper sheet 2, for example, by using clips 20, 25.

Description

"A SOLAR COLLECTOR PANEL SYSTEM"
Introduction
With increasing energy costs there is a need for a more efficient system for cladding a building.
This invention is directed towards providing an improved insulating panel which will address this issue.
Statements of Invention
According to the invention there is provided a composite panel comprising an upper sheet, a lower sheet, and an insulating body between the upper sheet and the lower sheet wherein a photovoltaic solar collector module is mounted to the upper sheet.
In one embodiment the upper sheet comprises a plurality of spaced-apart projections and the solar collector module is mounted to the projections.
In one case the solar collector module is bonded to the projections.
In another case the panel comprises a mounting means to which the solar collector is mounted and the mounting means is mounted to the projections.
The mounting means may comprise a mounting clip. The mounting clip may extend substantially along the length of the solar collector.
In one case the mounting means comprises a pair of edge clips. The edge clips may be longitudinally spaced-apart. In one embodiment the mounting clip comprises mounting holes for receiving fixings for fixing the clip to a panel projection.
In a further embodiment the solar collector comprises mounting means for mounting the solar collector to the panel projections. The mounting means may comprise mounting holes in the solar collector for receiving fixing means for fixing the solar collector to the panel projections.
In one case the outer sheet comprises a plurality of longitudinally extending raised projections. The raised projections may comprise raised crowns. In one embodiment the raised projections are of generally trapezoidal form and extend longitudinally along the length of the panel.
In one embodiment the raised projections comprise a side underlap projection and a side overlap projection for jointing adjacent like panels.
In one case the insulating body comprises a foam such as a polyisocyanurate foam material or a phenolic foam material.
The composite panel may be a roof panel.
The invention also provides a roof assembly comprising a plurality of composite panels of the invention and a solar collector mounted thereto.
The panel may be a roof panel, a wall panel, and/or a floor panel.
Brief Description of the Drawings
The invention will be more clearly understood from the following description thereof given by way of example only, in which: - Fig. l is a perspective, partially cross sectional view of an insulating panel of the invention;
Fig. 2 is a cross sectional view of a detail of the panel of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the panel of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a cross sectional view showing a detail of a mounting of a solar collector to an insulating panel;
Fig. 5 is a cross sectional view similar to Fig. 4 showing another mounting detail;
Fig. 6 is a cross sectional view similar to Fig. 4 showing a further mounting detail;
Fig. 7 is an isometric view of a solar collector used with the panels; and
Fig. 8 is an isometric view of a typical roof of the invention comprising a plurality of panels and solar collectors.
Detailed Description
Referring to the drawings there is illustrated an insulating panel 1 according to the invention comprising a first or outer sheet 2, a second or inner sheet 4 with an insulating body, in this case an insulating foam 5 therebetween. The foam may, for example be a polyisocyanurate foam or a phenolic foam. In this case the panel 1 is a roof panel 1 comprising a profiled external sheet 2 which is typically of metal, such as galvanised steel. The profile in this case comprises a plurality of projections, in this case raised crowns 3. The crowns 3 in this case are of generally trapezoidal form and extend longitudinally along the length of the panel. In this case there is a side underlap projection or crown 30 on one side of the upper sheet 2 and a side overlap projection or crown 31 on the opposite side of the panel. In use, adjacent like panels are overlapped by overlapping the overlap crown 31 of one panel with the underlap crown 30 of an adjacent panel. Similarly, the panels typically have end underlap and overlap features for end lapping of adjacent like panels. The inner metal liner sheet 4 may be of painted galvanised steel.
A photovoltaic solar collector module 10 is mounted to the upper sheet 2. The photovoltaic solar collector modules 10 comprise thin photovoltaic (PV) solar panels which are pre-mounted in a mounting frame. A PV module can thereby be readily directly mounted to the underlying panels 1.
Preferably, the solar collector module 10 bridges and is mounted to the upper faces of the crowns 3. In this way a single module 10 can bridge across a panel 1 without interfering with the underlying panel structure. A gap is thereby provided between the underside of the module 10 and the upper panel sheet 2 between the crowns 3. This facilitates water run-off and cleaning.
In one embodiment which is illustrated particularly in Figs. 1 to 4 mounting means is provided by a mounting clip 20 which in this case is of generally "h" shape in cross section, the legs 21 of the "h" defining a recess for reception of an edge of the solar collector. The upper arm 22 of the h provides an integral mounting strip which may have pre-drilled holes or may be drilled on site to receive fixings 23 for fixing the mounting clips 20 and hence the solar collector 10 to the panel projections 3. There are two transversely extending mounting clips 20, which are mounted to opposite ends of the solar collector 10.
Referring to Fig. 5 there is illustrated another mounting 25 for mounting a solar collector 10 to an underlying composite panel. In this case the mounting comprises a flat mounting strip 26 having holes 27 for fixing to the panel projections 3. A bead 28 of adhesive is used to adhesively bond the solar collector 10 to the mounting strip 26. A spacer tape 29 is used to set the depth of the adhesive 28 to be applied. Referring to Fig. 6 there is illustrated a further mounting means 40 for mounting the solar collector 10 to an underlying composite panel. The mounting in this case is provided by pre-drilled holes 41 along side edges of the solar collector 10 for receiving fixing pins to fix the solar collector 10 to the panel projections 3.
Fig. 8 illustrates a typical roof of the invention comprising a plurality of composite insulating roof panels 1 and a plurality of solar collector modules 10 mounted to the roof panels 1. The photovoltaic solar collector modules may be interconnected electrically to form a solar collector array.
In the invention a photovoltaic unit is pre-mounted in a mounting frame to form a PV module that can be directly mounted to the panel for ease and speed of installation. The mounting arrangements described are light weight, relatively simple, and cost effective systems which allow a photovoltaic module to be readily directly attached to the raised crown of a composite insulating panel.
The photovoltaic roofing panels of the invention may be connected to an electrical system using known technologies.
It will be appreciated that the invention may be applied to a wide range of panels including roof panels, wall panels, and/or floor panels. Maximum solar efficiency is however generally achieved by covering at least a south facing section of a building with roof panels of the invention.
The panels may be used to construct part of or all of the building envelope including part or all of one or more of the roof, walls and floor.
Many variations on the embodiments described will be readily apparent. Accordingly the invention is not limited to the embodiments hereinbefore described which may be varied in detail.

Claims

Claims
1. A composite panel comprising an upper sheet, a lower sheet, and an insulating body between the upper sheet and the lower sheet wherein a photovoltaic solar collector module is mounted to the upper sheet.
2. A composite panel as claimed in claim 1 wherein the upper sheet comprises a plurality of spaced-apart projections and the solar collector module is mounted to the projections.
3. A composite panel as claimed in claim 2 wherein the solar collector module is bonded to the projections.
4. A composite panel as claimed in claim 2 comprising a mounting means to which the solar collector is mounted and the mounting means is mounted to the projections.
5. A composite panel as claimed in claim 4 wherein the mounting means comprises a mounting clip.
6. A composite panel as claimed in claim 5 wherein the mounting clip extends substantially along the length of the solar collector module.
7. A composite panel as claimed in claim 5 or 6 wherein the mounting means comprises a pair of edge clips.
8. A composite panel as claimed in claim 7 wherein the edge clips are longitudinally spaced-apart.
9. A composite panel as claimed in any of claims 5 to 8 wherein the mounting clip comprises mounting holes for receiving fixings for fixing the clip to a panel projection.
10. A composite panel as claimed in claim 2 wherein the solar collector module comprises mounting means for mounting the solar collector module to the panel projections.
11. A composite panel as claimed in claim 10 wherein the mounting means comprises mounting holes in the solar collector module for receiving fixing means for fixing the solar collector module to the panel projections.
12. A panel as claimed in any of claims 1 to 11 wherein the outer sheet comprises a plurality of longitudinally extending raised projections.
13. A panel as claimed in claim 12 wherein the raised projections comprise raised crowns.
14. A panel as claimed in claim 12 or 13 wherein the raised projections are of generally trapezoidal form and extend longitudinally along the length of the panel.
15. A panel as claimed in any of claims 12 to 14 wherein the raised projections comprise a side underlap projection and a side overlap projection for jointing adjacent like panels.
16. A composite panel as claimed in any of claims 1 to 15 wherein the insulating body comprises a foam.
17. A composite panel as claimed in claim 16 wherein the foam comprises a polyisocyanurate foam material.
18. A composite panel as claimed in claim 16 wherein the foam comprises a phenolic foam material.
19. A composite panel as claimed in any of claims 1 to 18 wherein the panel comprises a roof panel.
20. A composite panel substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the drawings.
21. A roof assembly comprising a plurality of composite panels as claimed in any of claims 1 to 20 and a solar collector module mounted thereto.
22. A roof assembly as claimed in claim 21 wherein a plurality of solar collector modules are mounted to the panels.
PCT/IE2010/000036 2009-06-10 2010-06-08 A solar collector panel system WO2010143173A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IE20090451 2009-06-10
IE2009/0451 2009-06-10

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2010143173A1 true WO2010143173A1 (en) 2010-12-16

Family

ID=42471319

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IE2010/000036 WO2010143173A1 (en) 2009-06-10 2010-06-08 A solar collector panel system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
GB (1) GB2471172A (en)
IE (1) IE20100368A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2010143173A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140041715A1 (en) * 2011-03-08 2014-02-13 Kingspan Research And Developments Limited Composite insulating panel
US20150218822A1 (en) * 2012-09-03 2015-08-06 Wade Blazley Composite solar roof

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8511006B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2013-08-20 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Building-integrated solar-panel roof element systems
US8782972B2 (en) 2011-07-14 2014-07-22 Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, Llc Solar roofing system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1548202A2 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-29 Isolpack S.p.A. An insulating panel for building purposes
JP2009002138A (en) * 2007-05-21 2009-01-08 Yodogawa Steel Works Ltd Solar cell module and installation structure of face panel

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
IE20080848A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2009-06-24 Kingspan Res & Dev Ltd A heat transfer system
WO2009150639A1 (en) * 2008-06-11 2009-12-17 Kingspan Research And Developments Limited An insulating panel
NL1035720C2 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-19 We Engineering B V Roof plate and roof construction.

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1548202A2 (en) * 2003-12-23 2005-06-29 Isolpack S.p.A. An insulating panel for building purposes
JP2009002138A (en) * 2007-05-21 2009-01-08 Yodogawa Steel Works Ltd Solar cell module and installation structure of face panel

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20140041715A1 (en) * 2011-03-08 2014-02-13 Kingspan Research And Developments Limited Composite insulating panel
US20150218822A1 (en) * 2012-09-03 2015-08-06 Wade Blazley Composite solar roof

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
GB201009564D0 (en) 2010-07-21
GB2471172A (en) 2010-12-22
IE20100368A1 (en) 2011-03-16

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