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System for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media network

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Publication number
WO2008086639A1
WO2008086639A1 PCT/CN2006/003713 CN2006003713W WO2008086639A1 WO 2008086639 A1 WO2008086639 A1 WO 2008086639A1 CN 2006003713 W CN2006003713 W CN 2006003713W WO 2008086639 A1 WO2008086639 A1 WO 2008086639A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
interception
media
audio
intercept
vp
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2006/003713
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Futao Xiao
Original Assignee
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M3/00Automatic or semi-automatic exchanges
    • H04M3/22Supervisory, monitoring, management, i.e. operation, administration, maintenance or testing arrangements
    • H04M3/2281Call monitoring, e.g. for law enforcement purposes; Call tracing; Detection or prevention of malicious calls
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/30Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting lawful interception, monitoring or retaining of communications or communication related information
    • H04L63/306Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting lawful interception, monitoring or retaining of communications or communication related information intercepting packet switched data communications, e.g. Web, Internet or IMS communications
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M7/00Interconnection arrangements between switching centres
    • H04M7/006Networks other than PSTN/ISDN providing telephone service, e.g. Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), including next generation networks with a packet-switched transport layer
    • H04M7/0078Security; Fraud detection; Fraud prevention

Abstract

A system for carrying out voice interception for Video Phone (VP) services in a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network. The system receives an interception request to perform interception on a target and interception related information from a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA), processes communication traffic of the intercept target to obtain audio data from the communication traffic, converts the audio data into a format that is supported by the LEA, and delivers the audio data to the LEA.

Description

SYSTEM FOR VOICE INTERCEPTION OF VIDEO PHONE SERVICES IN A MULTI-MEDIA NETWORK

Field of the Technology

The present invention relates generally to interception of multi-media communications, and more particularly, the present invention relates to a versatile system for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media communications network.

Background of the Invention

Lawfully authorized interception and monitoring of communications of an intercept target has been used and is needed by a country to protect public safety and national security. Rapid development in telecommunication services, however, makes call interception more difficult using conventional methods, and therefore, new interception strategies for modern telecommunication networks are needed.

Conventionally, interception methods in Circuit Switched (CS) fields mainly target voice interception, where voice streams on a Media Gateway (MGW) are duplicated, and sent to an intercept request source through relay El. An intercept request source is an entity authorized to intercept communications and receive intercept results. An example of an intercept request source is a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA).

However, interception interfaces of different intercept request sources vary from country to country. For example, most LEAs support Time Division Multiplexing

(TDM), and some provide Internet Protocol (IP) interfaces.

In multi-media networks, such as a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network, where Video Phone (VP) services are introduced and implemented with 64Kbit/s Unrestricted Digital Information (UDI) bearer capacity, video, audio and control information are all transmitted through one channel. Conventionally, however, there is no interception standard for VP services in a WCDMA network. Furthermore, only voice interception may be performed in conventional LEAs.

Therefore, there is a need to carry out voice interception for VP services in a multi-media network, and to accommodate the conventional intercept request sources, such as LEAs. Summary of the Invention

The present invention includes a system, comprising various constructs and methods, for voice interception of Video Phone (VP) services in a multi-media network. Responsive to an interception request to perform interception on a target and interception related information, from a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA), the system processes communication traffic of the intercept target, to obtain audio data from the communication traffic, if the intercept target is communicating via a VP call; converts the audio data into a format that is supported by the LEA; and delivers the audio data to the LEA. The present invention carries out voice interception for VP services without the need to introduce changes in conventional LEAs.

The following description and drawings set forth in detail a number of illustrative embodiments of the invention. These embodiments are indicative of but a few of the various ways in which the present invention may be utilized.

Brief Description of the Drawings

For a more complete understanding of the present disclosure and its advantages, reference is now made to the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals represent like parts:

FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a conventional method of carrying out Video Phone (VP) interception in a Circuit Switched (CS) field;

FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of carrying out VP interception in a CS field according to the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an embodiment of carrying out VP interception through an internet protocol according to the present invention; and FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating another embodiment 'of carrying out VP interception in a CS field according to the present invention.

Detailed Description of the Invention

The following discussion is presented to enable a person skilled in the art to make and use the invention. The general principles described herein may be applied to embodiments and applications other than those detailed below without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined herein. The present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features disclosed herein.

Reference is now made to FIG. 1, where a diagram 100 is illustrated for a conventional method of carrying out Video Phone (VP) interception in a Circuit

Switched (CS) field. A Lawful Interception Gateway (LIG) 120 provides an intercept request source, e.g., a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) 130, the ability to intercept calls within a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network. LEA

130 sends an interception request and interception related information to a Mobile Softswitch (MSOFTSWITCH) 110 via LIG 120. LIG 120 converts formats of control signaling between MSOFTSWITCH 110 and LEA 130. Communications between

LIG 120, and LEA 130 are through Handover Interfaces (HI) HIl and HI2. LIG 120 may be connected to multiple LEAs.

In addition, LIG 120 communicates with MSOFTSWITCH 110 through Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) at interfaces Xl and X2.

MSOFTSWITCH 110 contains a Back Administration Module (BAM) 111 and an X

Protocol'Transfer Unit (XPTU) 112. MSOFTSWITCH 110 instructs a Media Gateway

(MGW) 140 to connect calls of users.

After a call between a user 151 and a user 152 is established, two ports 140a and 140b are allocated in MGW 140 to connect to users 151 and 152, receiving and delivering media streams of the users. When LEA 130 sends an request to MSOFTSWITCH 110, through LIG 120, that interception be performed on user 151, MSOFTSWITCH 110 allocates ports 140c and 14Od in MGW 140, which may duplicate up media streams (media streams sent out by user 151), and down media streams (media streams received by user 151, i.e. media streams sent out by user 152) of user 151, and send the up and down media streams to LEA 130, through an independent interface El. Consequently, interception of user 151 in the WCDMA network is accomplished. If user 151 is using a VP call, then the up and down media streams may be H.233 multiplexing streams including audio and video media streams. Conventional practices for VP interception using the method described above, or similar strategies, have drawbacks. Because capability information needs to be conveyed through control protocol H.245 in an initial stage of a VP call, an LEA is required to be able to resolve the H.245 protocol correctly, resulting in greater complexity. Because audio, video and control information in a VP call are transmitted to an LEA in one H.223 message packet, the LEA is required to support H.223 protocol, instead of just supporting a simple audio or video media stream. Furthermore, because an MGW only duplicates, not resolves, media streams, an LEA is required to resolve various media formats, demanding very high interoperability.

Consequently, in order to carry out VP interception, an LEA may have to meet the above requirements. Moreover, conventional LEAs only work for voice interception, and do not support video interception of VP services. In addition, conventional LEAs do not support protocols, such as H.245, H.223, etc. Thus, with these requirements and restrictions, conventional LEAs may not be able to perform voice interception of VP services.

The present invention provides voice interception for VP services in a multi-media communications network, without the need to change the conventional i 1 LEAs. The multi-media communications network may be a WCDMA network. In the present invention, upon receiving an interception request from an LEA, a MSOFTSWITCH may check whether a user to be intercepted is a VP user. If the user is a VP user, a conversion module may be provided in the network under the control of the MSOFTSWITCH. The conversion module may process media streams of the user's VP call traffic, and obtain audio media streams from the call traffic. The conversion module may be inside an MGW. The audio media streams may then be delivered to the LEA for interception.

The conversion module may be implemented in various ways and in different forms. Audio media streams may be delivered to an LEA through different interfaces, and an LEA may provide necessary interfacing information to an MSOFTSWITCH. The interception may also be initiated according to pre-defined configurations in the network. In this case, MSOFTSWITCH may provide the conversion module directly according to a pre-defined configuration. The present invention applies to, but not limited to, LEAs for voice interception of VP services. The present invention may be applied to other intercept request sources that function similarly to conventional LEAs, or that are readily apparent to those with ordinary skills in the art.

Referring now to FIG. 2, an embodiment of carrying out VP interception in a CS field is illustrated in a diagram 200 according to the present invention. Through an LIG 220, an MSOFTSWITCH 210 obtains, from an LEA 230, a request for interception of a user 251, and interception related information. The interception related information may include, for example, identification information of user 251, an interception type, and encoding and decoding codes.

User identification information may include an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), or a Mobile Station International ISDN Number (MSISDN) of user 251. ISDN means Integrated Services Digital Network. The interception type refers to type of media that an intercept request source requests to intercept. The media may be audio, video, data, or combination of these media. In this embodiment, the interception type may be voice. MSOFTSWITCH 210 contains a BAM 211 and an XPTU 212.

Two ports 240a and 240b in a MGW 240 are allocated to connect calls between user 25.1 and another user 252. Upon receipt of the interception request, MSOFTSWITCH 210 determines whether user 251 is using a VP call. If user 251 is using a VP call, MSOFTSWITCH 210 informs MGW 240 to provide a conversion module 241, which processes receiving and transmitting media streams of user 251. i

MSOFTSWITCH 210 may also initiate interception of a user according to fixed or pre-defined configurations - wherein users of a certain VP number, a range of VP numbers, or all VP numbers may be set up for interception. Interception related information may also be pre-defined in such configurations. These configurations are pre-defined based on an interception request from an intercept-authorized entity, and stored in the system. Once an intercept target (a user to be intercept) begins a VP call, interception is initiated using the target information contained in the pre-defined configurations. This may be useful for long-term interception purpose. Thus, interception is initiated based on the configurations, instead of a directly received interception request. That is, MSOFTSWITCH 210 may perform interception without directly receiving an interception request, and related information, from an LEA or other sources of intercept requests. In such instances, MSOFTSWITCH 210 may directly prompt MGW 240 to provide conversion module 241 for processing VP call traffic, according to a given configuration.

Conversion module 241 detaches H.245 messages from up and down media streams of user 251; delivers the H.245 messages up to MSOFTS WITCH 210; and decomposes the media streams under the control of MS OFTS WITCH 210, to separate audio and video media streams from an H.223 message packet. MGW 240 converts audio media streams into a format supported by LEA 230. Audio media streams are sent to ports 240c and 24Od for delivery. MGW 240 establishes a voice channel between LEA 230 and MGW 240 under the control of MSOFTSWITCH 210, and delivers the audio media streams of user 251 to LEA 230, through an audio interface El - thus carrying out voice interception of a VP user by LEA 230. In alternative embodiments, MGW 240 may communicate to multiple LEAs. FIG. 3 illustrates a diagram 300 for one alternative embodiment of VP interception through an Internet Protocol (IP), according to the present invention. An LEA 330 conveys to an MSOFTSWITCH 310, through an LIG 320, interception related information. The interception related information includes an IMSI, an IMEI and an MSISDN of an intercept user 351, an interception type, encoding and decoding codes, and interface addresses of HI3 of LEA 330. The interception type may be voice, video, data, or combination of various media. HI3 is a handover interface for feeding call content to LEAs. The interface addresses of HI3 may include a Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP) address, and a Real-Time Transport Control Protocol (RTCP) address. In this example, LEA 330 supports an IP interface. In addition, MSOFTSWITCH 310 contains a BAM 311 and an XPTU 312.

Ports 340a and 340b are allocated in an MGW 340 to communicate media streams between user 351 and another user 352. Determining that user 351 is using a VP call, MSOFTSWITCH 310 prompts MGW 340 to provide a conversion module 341 in MGW 340, which processes the receiving and transmitting media streams of user 351. Conversion module 341 detaches H.245 messages from up and down media streams of user 351, delivers the H.245 messages up to MSOFTSWITCH 310, and decomposes the media streams under the control of MSOFTSWITCH 310. Thus, audio and video media streams are separated from an H.223 message packet.

MGW 340 then converts the audio media streams into a format that is supported by LEA 330. Moreover, MSOFTSWITCH 310 allocates two IP ports 340c and 34Od in MGW 340 corresponding to the up and down media streams of user 351, respectively. Addresses of the two IP ports are bound with that of HI3. Conversion module 341 of MGW 340 delivers the audio media streams to corresponding port 340c or 34Od, which in turn delivers the audio media streams to LEA 330 through interface HI3.

Thus, introducing a conversion module in a media gateway to obtain audio media streams from VP call traffic of an intercept target, the present invention provides voice interception of video phone services without requiring changes to conventional LEAs.

FIG. 4 illustrates a diagram 400 for another embodiment of VP interception in a

CS field according to the present invention. The basic processes are the same as the previous two embodiments of the present invention. An MSOFTS WITCH 410 may receive an interception request on a user 451, and interception related information, from an LEA 430 through an LIG 420.

When a call between user 451 and a user 452 is established, ports 440a and 440b are allocated in MGW 440, to receive and deliver media streams of call traffic between the two users. . If user 451 is using a VP call, a conversion module 441 is provided under the control of MS OFTSWITCH 410. Conversion module 441 is associated with, but is not provided within an MGW 440. Conversion module 441 may be an independent module, as illustrated in FIG. 4, or may be a module within other components of a multi-media network. Conversion module 441 may communicate with MGW 440 via an interface El or EP.

The media streams are duplicated in port 440c and 44Od, and sent to conversion module 441 for processing. Conversion module 441 extracts audio data from the received, media streams under the control of MS OFTSWITCH 410, and delivers the audio data to LEA 440 through an interface El . In this embodiment, a conversion module is provided outside of a given MGW.

This independent conversion module may further be shared by multiple MGWs. This reduces MGW complexity, simplifies network structures, and lowers network cost.

The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art and generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims

Claims
1. A system for voice interception of Video Phone (VP) services in a multi-media communications network, comprising: at least one intercept request source; a processing component, adapted to process communication traffic of at least one intercept target, to obtain audio data from the communication traffic; and a media connection component, adapted to communicate the audio data with the at least one intercept request source.
2. The system of claim 1, wherein the media connection component converts the audio data into a format that is supported by the at least one intercept request source, and delivers the audio data to the at least one intercept request source.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the voice interception is performed based on pre-defined configurations.
4. The system of claim 1, further comprising a control component, adapted to control voice interception.
5. The system of claim 4, wherein the control component is adapted to receive an interception request to perform interception on the at least one intercept target, and interception related information, from the at least one intercept request source.
6. The system of claim 5, wherein the interception related information comprises an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), a Mobile Station International Integrated Services Digital Network1 Number (MSISDN), an interception type, and encoding and decoding codes.
7. The system of claim 6, wherein the interception related information further comprises interface addresses of handover interfaces of the at least one intercept request source.
8. The system of claim 4, wherein the control component is adapted to determine whether the at least one intercept target is using a Video Phone call.
9. The system of claim 4, wherein the control component is adapted to provide pre-defined configurations for performing voice interception.
10. The system of claim 4, wherein the control component comprises a mobile Softswitch.
11. The system of claim 1, wherein the at least one intercept request source comprises a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA).
12. The system of claim 11, wherein the audio data is communicated to the LEA through an interface El .
13. The system of claim 11, wherein the Law Enforcement Agency supports an internet protocol.
14. The system of claim 13, wherein the audio data is communicated to the Law Enforcement Agency through an IP interface.
15. The system of claim 11, wherein the media connection component comprises a media gateway.
16. The system of claim 11, wherein the processing component comprises a conversion module.
17. The system of claim 16, wherein the conversion module is provided in a media gateway.
18. The system of claim 16, wherein the conversion module detaches H.245 messages from the communication traffic, delivers the H.245 messages up to a mobile Softswitch, and decomposes the communication traffic under the control of the mobile Softswitch, to obtain audio and video data from an H.223 message packet.
19. The system of claim 1, wherein the multi-media communications network comprises a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network.
20. A media gateway, for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media communications network, comprising: means for obtaining audio data, video data, and control information from communication traffic of a video phone call; and means for communicating the audio data with an intercept request source.
21. The media gateway of claim 20, wherein the audio data is communicated through an interface El .
22. The media gateway of claim 20, wherein the audio data is communicated through an internet protocol.
23. The media gateway of claim 20, wherein the intercept request source comprises a Law Enforcement Agency.
24. A system for voice interception of video phone services in a Wideband Code
Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network, comprising: a Law Enforcement Agency; a mobile Softswitch, adapted to receive, from the Law Enforcement Agency, an interception request to perform interception on an intercept target, and interception related information, and adapted to control the voice interception; a conversion module, adapted to process communication traffic of the intercept target to obtain audio data from the communication traffic; and a media gateway, adapted to convert the audio data into a format supported by the Law Enforcement Agency, and to deliver the audio data to the Law Enforcement Agency through an interface E 1 ; wherein the interception related information comprises an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), a Mobile Station International Integrated Services Digital Network Number (MSISDN), an interception type, and encoding and decoding codes; wherein the conversion module is provided in the media gateway if the intercept target is using a video phone call; wherein the conversion module detaches H.245 messages from the communication traffic, delivers the H.245 messages up to the mobile Softswitch, and decomposes the communication traffic under the control of the mobile Softswitch, to obtain audio and video data from an H.223 message packet.
25. A method for voice interception of Video Phone (VP) services in a multi-media communications network, comprising the steps of: processing communication traffic of at least one intercept target, to obtain audio data from the communication traffic; and communicating the audio data with at least one intercept request source.
26. The method of claim 25, wherein the step of communicating further comprises: converting the audio data into a format that is supported by the at least one intercept request source; and delivering the audio data to the at least one intercept request source.
27. The method of claim 25, wherein the voice interception is performed based on pre-defined configurations.
28. The method of claim 27, wherein a mobile Softswitch is adapted to provide the pre-defined configurations.
29. The method of claim 25, further comprising determining whether the at least one intercept target is using a video phone call.
30. The method of claim 25, further comprising receiving an interception request to perform interception on the at least one intercept target, and interception related information, from the at least one intercept request source.
31. The method of claim 30, wherein a mobile Softswitch is adapted to receive the interception request and interception related information.
32. The method of claim 30, wherein the interception related information comprises an International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI), an International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), a Mobile Station International Integrated Services Digital Network Number (MSISDN), an interception type, and encoding and decoding codes.
33. The method of claim 32, wherein the interception related information further comprises interface addresses of handover interfaces of the at least one intercept request source.
34. The method of claim 25, wherein the at least one intercept request source comprises a Law Enforcement Agency (LEA).
35. The method of claim 34, wherein the audio data is communicated to the Law Enforcement Agency through an interface El .
36. The method of claim 34, wherein the Law Enforcement Agency supports an internet protocol.
37. The method of claim 36, wherein the audio data is communicated to the Law Enforcement Agency through an internet protocol interface.
38. The method of claim 34, wherein a Media Gateway (MGW) is adapted to communicate the audio data with the Law Enforcement Agency.
39. The method of claim 38, wherein the Media Gateway converts the audio data into a format that is supported by the Law Enforcement Agency, and delivers the audio data to the Law Enforcement Agency.
40. The method of claim 34, wherein a processing component is adapted to process the communication traffic of the at least one intercept target to obtain audio data.
41. The method of claim 40, wherein the processing component comprises a conversion module.
42. The method of claim 41, wherein the conversion module is provided in a media gateway.
43. The method of claim 41, wherein the conversion module detaches H.245 messages from the communication traffic, delivers the H.245 messages up to a mobile
Softswitch, and decomposes the communication traffic under the control of the mobile Softswitch, to obtain audio and video data from an H.223 message packet.
44. The method of claim 25, wherein the multi-media communications network comprises a Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) network.
PCT/CN2006/003713 2006-12-30 2006-12-30 System for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media network WO2008086639A1 (en)

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PCT/CN2006/003713 WO2008086639A1 (en) 2006-12-30 2006-12-30 System for voice interception of video phone services in a multi-media network

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