WO2008028349A1 - A curtain wall with an air space and a construction method therefore - Google Patents

A curtain wall with an air space and a construction method therefore Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2008028349A1
WO2008028349A1 PCT/CN2006/003067 CN2006003067W WO2008028349A1 WO 2008028349 A1 WO2008028349 A1 WO 2008028349A1 CN 2006003067 W CN2006003067 W CN 2006003067W WO 2008028349 A1 WO2008028349 A1 WO 2008028349A1
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Prior art keywords
curtain wall
main
members
wall device
integrated channel
Prior art date
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PCT/CN2006/003067
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Xianci Cai
Original Assignee
Xianci Cai
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Publication date
Application filed by Xianci Cai filed Critical Xianci Cai
Priority to AU2006348055A priority Critical patent/AU2006348055B2/en
Publication of WO2008028349A1 publication Critical patent/WO2008028349A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F7/00Ventilation
    • F24F2007/0025Ventilation using vent ports in a wall

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a building exterior protection facility, in particular to a construction method and product for a building exterior curtain wall. Background technique
  • curtain walls have been widely used in various buildings, but there are still many problems in the design and application of building curtain walls.
  • the existing building curtain wall technology and products are the products introduced in the 1980s.
  • the basic form and basic structure have not changed much.
  • the structure is simple, the performance is simple, and the heat insulation and Poor insulation, no temperature regulation, no shading and ventilation.
  • the energy consumption for indoor cooling and warming is high, the air quality is poor, and the microclimate environment is bad, which makes people living in such indoor environment uncomfortable, low in work efficiency and unfavorable to health. If you want to improve this environment, you need to redesign and construct the project such as shading, ventilation, cooling and cooling after the main structure of the building is completed and the curtain wall is installed.
  • the existing double-layer curtain wall has a complicated structure, high cost, difficult construction, and some occupy a large amount of building interior space, which cannot meet the development requirements of national building energy conservation and environmental protection policies, so the application is less. Therefore, it is highly desirable to have a versatile, high-performance and simple and practical curtain wall product to meet the needs of modern green building development.
  • the invention breaks the traditional mode of the existing building design, and simultaneously carries out the structural design of the building curtain wall and the building structure design, and adopts the double-layer curtain wall (double-layer curtain wall, double-layer window or single-layer curtain wall and single layer) when the main structure of the building is reserved.
  • the main structural member of the layered window combination; the double-layer curtain wall is directly fixed on the reserved main structural member, and a passage for air circulation is formed.
  • the double-layer curtain wall designed and installed by this method replaces the metal structural members of the existing double-layer curtain wall with the reserved main structural members, and solves the problem that the prior art needs to add a curtain wall support structure to the main structure of the building, and the structure itself is complicated.
  • the new multi-functional integrated channel curtain wall device which is different from the existing double-layer curtain wall, further solves the technical problem that the curtain wall has a single function and the repeated construction after the main project is completed in the prior art.
  • the construction method of the integrated channel curtain wall device comprises the following steps:
  • the installation position of the shielding member group is reserved on the main structural member, and the middle portion of the horizontal load-bearing member of the main structural member is provided with a ventilation hole penetrating vertically;
  • the inner and outer members in the shielding member group are respectively installed on the two frame of the horizontal bearing member ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member in the main structural member, and respectively close the plane enclosed between the two frames of the ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member.
  • Space, and seam sealing, the main structural member connected with the inner and outer members in the shielding member group constitutes support for the inner and outer members, and the inner and outer members and the main structure in the shielding member group
  • the horizontal and vertical load-bearing members in the member together constitute an air passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet and a main air outlet are opened at a lower portion and an upper portion of the air passage.
  • the shielding member employs a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of both.
  • the method also includes:
  • the inner ribs are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing members, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the air passages are separated into a main air passage and an auxiliary air passage which are isolated from each other.
  • the method further comprises: respectively setting a fireproof and smokeproof partition of the main air passage and the auxiliary air passage between the inner and outer frames, W
  • the partition is consistent with the elevation of each floor in the building. When a fire occurs, the smoke and fire are prevented from spreading to the adjacent space.
  • the fireproof and smokeproof partitions are separated from the activities controlled by the fire control system of the building, and are normally open. Conducive to the circulation of air inside the channel.
  • the method also includes:
  • the inner and outer movable window positions correspond. In normal state, the inner and outer movable windows are closed. When a fire occurs, the outer movable window is opened. When fresh air is needed indoors, the inner and outer movable windows are opened at the same time to facilitate indoor and outdoor air circulation; the indoor exhaust port is opened on the inner layer of the auxiliary air passage, and the indoor dirty air is discharged from the auxiliary air passage.
  • the inner and outer members are made of light-transmitting materials, and a movable sunshade device is added between the inner and outer members to prevent direct sunlight and outdoor heat from radiating into the room.
  • An integrated channel curtain wall device comprises a horizontal load-bearing member horizontally arranged at an outer wall of a building main structure, wherein the inner layer member of the shielding member group is mounted on an inner frame of the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members and a plane surrounded by the vertical load-bearing member The space is closed in the space, and the outer layer member in the shielding member group is installed in the plane space surrounded by the outer frame and the vertical load-bearing member in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members, and the space is closed, within the layers,
  • the outer layer member and the horizontal load-bearing members of each layer and the vertical load-bearing members constitute a ventilation passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet is provided below the air passage, and a main air outlet is provided above the air passage.
  • the inner and outer members in the shielding member group are window members or curtain wall members or a combination of both.
  • the inner ribs are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the vertical partition of the air passage and the inner ribs of each layer are separated into one another.
  • Main air duct and auxiliary air duct are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the vertical partition of the air passage and the inner ribs of each layer are separated into one another.
  • Main air duct and auxiliary air duct are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the vertical partition of the air passage and the inner ribs of each layer are separated into one another.
  • Main air duct and auxiliary air duct are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and the
  • a horizontal movable partition is formed between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member to close the gap between the inner and outer frames, and to prevent fire and smoke, and the driving control portion of the horizontal movable partition is connected to the indoor fire alarm system.
  • An inner movable window and an outer movable window are respectively disposed on the inner and outer members of the main air passage, and an inner exhaust port is disposed on the inner layer member of the auxiliary air passage.
  • the inner and outer members are light transmissive materials, and a movable sunshade device is added between the inner and outer members, and the movable sunshade device
  • the switch control device is disposed inside the inner layer member.
  • the main air inlet and the main exhaust port are provided with a protective net for preventing mosquitoes and foreign objects covering the main air inlet and the main air outlet, and the main air outlet is provided with an exhaust fan.
  • An advertising display device is disposed on the inner member or between the inner and outer members.
  • the auxiliary air passage is provided with a concealed passage for accommodating the water and electricity pipeline.
  • the present invention can make the product have the following advantages:
  • the technical product of the invention eliminates the steel structure parts which occupy large space, high cost and difficult to guarantee construction quality in structure and connection, thereby saving construction space, increasing the use area of the building, reducing the cost and shortening the construction period. Reducing multiple connections of outer layers greatly reduces construction safety hazards, increases service life, and reduces long-term property maintenance costs.
  • the best combination of insulation and insulation can be achieved by using different combinations of materials to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioning and insulation.
  • FIG. 1 is a front elevational view showing the integrated channel curtain wall device (display column type) of the present invention.
  • Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the A-A position shown in Figure 1.
  • Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of B-B shown in Figure 1.
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of C-C shown in Figure 1.
  • Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the D-D of the integrated channel curtain wall device (display column type) of the present invention.
  • Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view showing the E-E of the integrated passage curtain wall unit (display column) of the present invention.
  • Fig. 7 is a front elevational view showing the integrated channel curtain wall device (hidden column type) of the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view showing the F-F position shown in Figure 7.
  • Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of G-G shown in Figure 7.
  • Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of H-H shown in Figure 7.
  • Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view showing the I-I of the integrated channel curtain wall device (hidden column type) of the present invention.
  • Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view showing the J-J cross section of the integrated channel curtain wall device (recessed column type) of the present invention.
  • 1 - shielding member set 1A - inner layer member; 1B - outer layer member; 1C - inner layer movable window;
  • 6 Main air intake of air duct; 6A - Protective net of main air intake.
  • An architectural method for integrating a channel curtain wall device includes the following steps:
  • the installation position of the shielding member group is reserved on the main structural member, and the middle portion of the horizontal load-bearing member of the main structural member is provided with a ventilation hole penetrating vertically;
  • the inner and outer members in the shielding member group are respectively installed on the two frame of the horizontal bearing member ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member in the main structural member, and respectively close the plane enclosed between the two frames of the ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member.
  • Space, and seam sealing, the main structural member connected with the inner and outer members in the shielding member group constitutes support for the inner and outer members, and the inner and outer members and the main structure in the shielding member group
  • the horizontal and vertical load-bearing members in the member together constitute an air passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet and a main air outlet are opened at a lower portion and an upper portion of the air passage.
  • the internal and external structures of the method are directly connected with the reinforced concrete of the main structure of the building, without special structure to support, reducing the cost of the curtain wall structure, avoiding the complicated connection between the curtain wall structure and the main structure, reducing the safety hazard and reducing the construction. Difficulty increases the overall safety and reliability of the building and eliminates the increased load on the main structure of the building.
  • the working principle and function are described according to the season. Summer: When the temperature of the middle and outer curtain walls is high, the exhaust port device at the upper and lower ends of the hot channel can be opened, and the hot channel generates a bottom-up due to the hot chimney effect.
  • the air movement taking away the heat in the channel, can reduce the temperature of the outer surface of the inner curtain wall, reduce the load of air conditioning refrigeration, save energy and reduce energy consumption.
  • a negative pressure is formed in the channel, and the pressure difference on both sides of the inner curtain wall and the movable opening window can be used to input fresh air into the room at any time.
  • Winter The exhausting device at the upper and lower ends of the channel is closed.
  • the hot passage between the inner and outer two glass curtain walls is heated by the sunlight, and the temperature rises like a greenhouse. This increases the temperature of the outer surface of the inner curtain wall and reduces the warmth of the building.
  • Operating expenses When the temperature is moderate in the spring and autumn, there is no warmth and cooling, and the inner and outer movable windows can be opened to balance with the outdoor natural temperature.
  • the shielding member described in step B employs a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of both.
  • the method of the present invention further includes:
  • the method of the invention further comprises: respectively setting a fireproof and smokeproof partition of the main air passage and the auxiliary air passage between the outer and inner frames, the partition is consistent with the elevation of each floor in the building, and avoiding smoke and fire when a fire occurs.
  • the fireproof and smokeproof partitions are separated by a warm or smoke-controlled movable partition, which is normally open, which is conducive to air circulation in the passage.
  • the method of the present invention further includes:
  • the inner and outer movable window positions correspond. In normal state, the inner and outer movable windows are closed. When a fire occurs, the outer movable window is opened. When fresh air is needed indoors, open the inner and outer movable windows at the same time to facilitate indoor and outdoor air circulation; open the indoor exhaust port on the inner layer of the auxiliary air passage, and the indoor dirty air is discharged from the auxiliary air passage.
  • the method of the present invention uses the light transmissive material for the inner and outer members in step B.
  • the method can also include:
  • such a product comprises a horizontal load bearing member 10 in a building body structural member, the central portion of the horizontal load bearing member 10 is provided with venting holes penetrating vertically, and the inner layer members of the shielding member group 1 1A is installed in a plane space surrounded by the inner frame 10A and the vertical load-bearing member 9 in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members 10, and the space is closed, and the outer layer member 1B in the shielding member group 1 is mounted on the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members.
  • the outer frame 10B of 10 and the vertical load-bearing member 9 enclose the space in a plane, and the inner and outer members 1A, IB of the layers and the horizontal load-bearing members 10 and the vertical load-bearing members 9 of each layer are formed.
  • the air passage 5 that penetrates up and down is provided with a main air inlet 6 below the air passage 5, and a main air outlet 7 is provided above the air passage 5.
  • the curtain wall of this structure avoids the complicated connection between the curtain wall structure and the main structure, reduces the construction difficulty, improves the overall safety and reliability of the building, and also has the functions of heat dissipation and heat preservation, when the bottom main
  • the air inlet and the top main exhaust port are opened, and the vertical air duct-ventilation duct 5 is directly connected to the top from the lowermost part of the main structure of the building.
  • the air duct 5 has a chimney effect, and the outdoor natural fresh air flows from the bottom to the top in the air duct.
  • the air flows in the air duct 5 (the inner wall of the curtain wall)
  • it will accumulate in the curtain wall.
  • the thermal energy of the inner chamber is discharged to the outside through the main exhaust port at the top.
  • the integrated channel curtain wall device described in the present invention may have two forms, one is that the outer member IB is fixed to the side surface of the vertical load bearing member 9, and the vertical load bearing member 9 protrudes from the outer member 1B (Fig. 1) Shown in Figure 5). Still another is that the outer layer member 1B is fixed to the outer surface of the vertical load-bearing member 9, and the vertical load-bearing member 9 is enclosed in the outer layer member 1B (as shown in Figs. 7 to 11).
  • the inner and outer members 1A, IB of the shielding member set 1 may adopt a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of the two, and of course, a wall of masonry material may also be used. body.
  • the inner rib 10C is disposed between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B of the horizontal load bearing member, and the inner rib 10C between the upper and lower layers is disposed.
  • a horizontal movable partition between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B of the horizontal load-bearing member 10 is provided to close the gap between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B, and to prevent fire and smoke.
  • the drive control portion of the horizontal movable partition 3 is connected to the indoor fire alarm system.
  • these horizontal active partitions 3 act as fire and smoke barriers, block the smoke and the flames, and automatically smash the smoke exhaust window to allow the smoke to go outside.
  • the horizontal movable partition 3 is closed, the air in the air duct does not flow.
  • the indoor air conditioning system is turned off, the opening fan of the inner and outer curtain wall is opened, and the fresh air outside can directly enter the room.
  • the inner layer movable window 1A and the outer layer members 1A and IB are respectively provided with an inner layer movable window 1C and an outer layer movable window 1D.
  • An indoor exhaust port 8 is provided in the inner layer member 1A of the air passage 5B.
  • the indoor air enters the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B through the indoor exhaust port 8, and also utilizes the negative pressure principle of the flowing gas in the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B, so that the indoor air is sucked into the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B, without Consume any power.
  • the inner and outer members 1A, IB are light transmissive materials.
  • a movable sunshade device 2 may be disposed between the inner and outer members 1A, IB, and the switch control device of the movable sunshade device 2 is disposed inside the inner layer member 1A.
  • the movable sunshade device 2 in the multi-functional integrated system blocks the direct sunlight into the room, and the curtain wall adopts different combinations of low-radiation glass, which can effectively block the sunlight from entering the indoor infrared light, thereby achieving the external shading effect, thereby enabling The indoor environment is in a state of natural light without the direct sunlight.
  • the movable sunshade device 2 is disposed between the inner and outer members 1A and IB, it is not damaged by the external wind and rain, and the fixed installation cost of the sunshade device can be greatly reduced, and the service life of the device is also improved.
  • the main intake port 6 and the main exhaust port 7 are provided with guard nets 6A, 7A covering the main intake port 6 and the main exhaust port 7.
  • the protective nets 6A, 7A are mainly used to prevent dust, insects and other foreign matter from entering the air duct 5 .
  • the main exhaust port 7 is provided with an exhaust fan 7B. This is mainly for the forced exhaust of the exhaust fan 7B in the case where the indoor and outdoor temperature difference is relatively small and the chimney effect in the air duct 5 is not obvious.
  • the outer layer member 1B is provided with an advertisement display device 11, and in the case where the inner and outer members 1A, IB are made of a light-transmitting material, the advertisement display device 11 can also be provided. Between the inner and outer members 1A, IB.
  • the advertisement display device 11 can adopt a fixed layout advertisement display device, a dynamic layout advertisement display device or a photoelectric advertisement display device, for example, a rolling curtain type advertisement advertisement machine, a multi-faceted advertisement machine, a light illumination billboard or an LED billboard, and the like. Wait.
  • the auxiliary air passage 5B is provided with a concealed passage 4 for accommodating the water and electricity line 4A.
  • the upper and lower water pipes can be completely hidden to keep the surface clean and tidy.
  • the inner layer member 1A is an insulating glass for a region where the outdoor temperature is low or high noise.
  • the invention provides a new energy-saving integration is a curtain wall solution, which can be widely applied to the exterior wall design of the building.
  • the curtain wall of the new structure is environmentally friendly, energy-saving, externally shaded, heat-insulated, sound-proof, heat-insulated, dust-proof, mosquito-proof, Ventilation, ducted concealment and curtain wall façade advertising installations are integrated and can be completed in one operation during the construction phase. This avoids the waste of multiple designs, multiple constructions, and side-by-side or first-building and post-construction. Moreover, it has a long service life and avoids the safety hazards such as corrosion and breakage which are easily caused by long-term use. It is a safe and reliable new construction with low cost, especially for high-rise buildings and office buildings. effect.

Abstract

A curtain wall with an air space and a construction method therefore are provided, wherein the curtain wall comprises: a ventilating through hole is provided in the middle portion of a horizontal supporting member (10) of the main structure; inner and outer layer elements (1A, 1B) of a shading member group (1) are respectively mounted on and hence supported by the main structure, thereby forms a vertical through ventilation duct (5), and a main exhaust vent (7) and a main air inlet (6) are respectively placed in the upper and lower portions of the ventilation duct (5). The shading member group (1) is used in the form of a window type structure, a curtain wall structure or their combination.

Description

一种集成 ϋ道幕墙装置及其肆筑方法 技术领域  Integrated ramp curtain wall device and construction method thereof
本发明涉及建筑物外围护设施, 特别涉及用于建筑物外装饰幕墙的建筑方法和产品。 背景技术  The invention relates to a building exterior protection facility, in particular to a construction method and product for a building exterior curtain wall. Background technique
幕墙已被广泛地应用于各种建筑, 但是在建筑幕墙的设计和应用上还存在许多问题。 第一, 现有的建筑幕墙技术和产品都是 80年代引进的产物, 虽然经过 20多年的改良, 但 其基本形式和基本结构却变化不大,普遍存在着结构单一,性能简单,隔热和保温性能差, 没有温度的调节功能, 没有遮阳和通风换气装置。从而造成室内降温保暖的能耗高, 空气 质量差, 微气候环境恶劣, 使得人们在这种室内环境下生活不舒适, 工作效率低下并且不 利于健康。若想改善这种环境, 则需要待建筑主体结构完成及幕墙安装完毕后, 再进行遮 阳、通风换气和制冷降温等项目的重新设计和施工, 如果需要在幕墙上安装广告时, 还需 再次进行广告装置的设计和施工。这种多次重复设计和施工不但造成人力、物力和时间的 浪费, 而且还会对建筑主体结构和已竣工的幕墙造成破损。有些甚至无法更改, 只好将就 原有的性能使用, 效果甚差。第二, 近年来双层幕墙技术的出现和发展在建筑节能和营造 良好的室内生活环境方面起到较好的作用, 但在现行的建筑设计模式下,双层幕墙是在建 筑结构施工完成以后才安装于建筑结构上,需要有复杂的支承体系将其安装固定在主体结 构上, 空气流通通道完全由幕墙本身的结构来形成。所以, 现有双层幕墙的结构复杂, 造 价高, 施工难度大, 有的还要占用较大量的建筑室内空间, 不能很好地符合国家建筑节能 和环保政策的发展要求, 所以应用较少。 因此, 目前极需要有一种具有多功能、高性能且 又简单实用的幕墙产品来满足现代绿色建筑发展的需要。 W 发明内容 Curtain walls have been widely used in various buildings, but there are still many problems in the design and application of building curtain walls. First, the existing building curtain wall technology and products are the products introduced in the 1980s. Although after more than 20 years of improvement, the basic form and basic structure have not changed much. Generally, the structure is simple, the performance is simple, and the heat insulation and Poor insulation, no temperature regulation, no shading and ventilation. As a result, the energy consumption for indoor cooling and warming is high, the air quality is poor, and the microclimate environment is bad, which makes people living in such indoor environment uncomfortable, low in work efficiency and unfavorable to health. If you want to improve this environment, you need to redesign and construct the project such as shading, ventilation, cooling and cooling after the main structure of the building is completed and the curtain wall is installed. If you need to install advertisements on the curtain wall, you need to Design and construction of advertising devices. This repeated design and construction not only causes waste of manpower, material resources and time, but also damages the main structure of the building and the completed curtain wall. Some can't even be changed, so they have to use the original performance, and the effect is very poor. Second, in recent years, the emergence and development of double-layer curtain wall technology has played a good role in building energy conservation and creating a good indoor living environment. However, under the current architectural design mode, the double-layer curtain wall is after the construction of the building structure is completed. It is installed on the building structure and requires a complicated supporting system to be fixed and fixed on the main structure. The air circulation passage is completely formed by the structure of the curtain wall itself. Therefore, the existing double-layer curtain wall has a complicated structure, high cost, difficult construction, and some occupy a large amount of building interior space, which cannot meet the development requirements of national building energy conservation and environmental protection policies, so the application is less. Therefore, it is highly desirable to have a versatile, high-performance and simple and practical curtain wall product to meet the needs of modern green building development. W Summary of the content
本发明打破现有建筑设计的传统模式,将建筑幕墙的结构设计与建筑结构设计同时进 行, 采用在建筑主体结构时预留安装双层幕墙(双层幕墙、双层窗或单层幕墙与单层窗组 合)的主体结构构件; 将双层幕墙直接固定在预留的主体结构构件上, 并形成可供空气流 通的通道。采用此种方法设计和安装的双层幕墙,用预留的主体结构构件替代现有双层幕 墙的金属结构构件,解决现有技术中需要在建筑主体结构外加设幕墙支撑结构、 自身结构 复杂、 造价高、 占用空间大以及安全性差的技术问题。 同时综合考虑将遮阳、 通风换气、 隔热、 保温、 隔音、 防尘、 防蚊虫、 封闭各种管道和在幕墙外立面预置广告位置等多种功 能集于幕墙之上, 形成一种不同于现有双层幕墙的新型多功能集成通道幕墙装置, 进一步 解决现有技术中幕墙功能单一、 主体工程完工后重复建设的技术问题。  The invention breaks the traditional mode of the existing building design, and simultaneously carries out the structural design of the building curtain wall and the building structure design, and adopts the double-layer curtain wall (double-layer curtain wall, double-layer window or single-layer curtain wall and single layer) when the main structure of the building is reserved. The main structural member of the layered window combination; the double-layer curtain wall is directly fixed on the reserved main structural member, and a passage for air circulation is formed. The double-layer curtain wall designed and installed by this method replaces the metal structural members of the existing double-layer curtain wall with the reserved main structural members, and solves the problem that the prior art needs to add a curtain wall support structure to the main structure of the building, and the structure itself is complicated. Technical problems of high cost, large space and poor safety. At the same time, comprehensive considerations include sunshade, ventilation, heat insulation, heat preservation, sound insulation, dustproof, anti-mosquito, closed various pipes and preset advertising positions on the facade of the curtain wall, etc. The new multi-functional integrated channel curtain wall device, which is different from the existing double-layer curtain wall, further solves the technical problem that the curtain wall has a single function and the repeated construction after the main project is completed in the prior art.
本发明解决上述技术问题的方案如下:这种集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法包括以下步 骤:  The solution to the above technical problem is as follows: The construction method of the integrated channel curtain wall device comprises the following steps:
A.在进行建筑主体结构设计和施工时, 将主体结构构件上预留遮蔽构件组的安装位置, 该 主体结构构件中水平承重构件的中部留有上下贯通的通风孔;  A. When designing and constructing the main structure of the building, the installation position of the shielding member group is reserved on the main structural member, and the middle portion of the horizontal load-bearing member of the main structural member is provided with a ventilation hole penetrating vertically;
B.将遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件分别安装在水平承重构件通风孔两边框和主体结构构件 中垂直承重构件上, 并分别封闭通风孔两边框和垂直承重构件之间围成的平面空间, 并做 好接缝密封, 与遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件相连接的主体结构构件构成对内、外层构件 的支撑, 该遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件与主体结构构件中的水平及垂直承重构件共同构 成上下贯通的通风道, 在该通风道的下部和上部各开有主进气口和主排气口。 B. The inner and outer members in the shielding member group are respectively installed on the two frame of the horizontal bearing member ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member in the main structural member, and respectively close the plane enclosed between the two frames of the ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member. Space, and seam sealing, the main structural member connected with the inner and outer members in the shielding member group constitutes support for the inner and outer members, and the inner and outer members and the main structure in the shielding member group The horizontal and vertical load-bearing members in the member together constitute an air passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet and a main air outlet are opened at a lower portion and an upper portion of the air passage.
遮蔽构件采用窗式构件或幕墙构件或两者的组合。  The shielding member employs a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of both.
该方法还包括:  The method also includes:
C.在水平承重构件的内、外边框之间预制有内肋筋, 在上、下层的内肋筋之间设置垂直隔 断, 将通风道隔成相互隔绝的主通风道和辅助通风道。  C. The inner ribs are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing members, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the air passages are separated into a main air passage and an auxiliary air passage which are isolated from each other.
该方法还包括:在内、外边框之间分别设置主通风道和辅助通风道的防火、防烟隔断, W 该隔断与建筑内各楼层标高一致, 当发生火灾时, 避免烟、 火向相邻空间蔓延; 该防火、 防烟隔断采用与大厦消防系统联控控制的活动隔断, 平时处于开启状态, 有利于通道内的 空气流通。 The method further comprises: respectively setting a fireproof and smokeproof partition of the main air passage and the auxiliary air passage between the inner and outer frames, W The partition is consistent with the elevation of each floor in the building. When a fire occurs, the smoke and fire are prevented from spreading to the adjacent space. The fireproof and smokeproof partitions are separated from the activities controlled by the fire control system of the building, and are normally open. Conducive to the circulation of air inside the channel.
该方法还包括:  The method also includes:
D.在主通风道的内、外层构件上开设活动窗口, 内、外层活动窗位置相对应,平时状态下, 内、 外层活动窗处于关闭状态, 发生火灾时, 开启外层活动窗; 当室内需要新鲜空气时, 同时幵启内、外层活动窗, 便于室内外空气流通; 在辅助通风道的内层构件上开设室内排 气口, 室内污浊空气从辅助通风道排出。 D. Open the movable window on the inner and outer members of the main air duct. The inner and outer movable window positions correspond. In normal state, the inner and outer movable windows are closed. When a fire occurs, the outer movable window is opened. When fresh air is needed indoors, the inner and outer movable windows are opened at the same time to facilitate indoor and outdoor air circulation; the indoor exhaust port is opened on the inner layer of the auxiliary air passage, and the indoor dirty air is discharged from the auxiliary air passage.
内、外层构件采用透光材料, 在内、 外层构件之间加设活动式遮阳装置, 防止阳光直 接射入和室外热量向室内辐射。  The inner and outer members are made of light-transmitting materials, and a movable sunshade device is added between the inner and outer members to prevent direct sunlight and outdoor heat from radiating into the room.
一种集成通道幕墙装置包括在建筑主体结构外墙位置水平排列的水平承重构件,遮蔽 构件组中的内层构件安装于上、下层水平承重构件中的内边框和垂直承重构件所围成的平 面空间内并封闭该空间,遮蔽构件组中的外层构件安装于上、下层水平承重构件中的外边 框和垂直承重构件所围成的平面空间内并封闭该空间, 所述各层之内、外层构件与各层之 水平承重构件以及垂直承重构件构成上下贯通的通风道, 在通风道下方设有主进气口,在 该通风道上方设有主排气口。  An integrated channel curtain wall device comprises a horizontal load-bearing member horizontally arranged at an outer wall of a building main structure, wherein the inner layer member of the shielding member group is mounted on an inner frame of the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members and a plane surrounded by the vertical load-bearing member The space is closed in the space, and the outer layer member in the shielding member group is installed in the plane space surrounded by the outer frame and the vertical load-bearing member in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members, and the space is closed, within the layers, The outer layer member and the horizontal load-bearing members of each layer and the vertical load-bearing members constitute a ventilation passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet is provided below the air passage, and a main air outlet is provided above the air passage.
所述遮蔽构件组中内、 外层构件为窗式构件或幕墙构件或两者的组合。  The inner and outer members in the shielding member group are window members or curtain wall members or a combination of both.
所述水平承重构件的内、 外边框之间预制有内肋筋, 上、下层的内肋筋之间设有垂直 隔断, 通风道籍此垂直隔断和各层的内肋筋被分割为相互隔绝的主通风道和辅助通风道。  The inner ribs are prefabricated between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and the vertical ribs are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the vertical partition of the air passage and the inner ribs of each layer are separated into one another. Main air duct and auxiliary air duct.
所述水平承重构件的内、外边框之间设有封闭该内、外边框之间空隙、 防火防烟的水 平活动隔断, 该水平活动隔断的驱动控制部分连接室内火灾警报系统。  A horizontal movable partition is formed between the inner and outer frames of the horizontal load-bearing member to close the gap between the inner and outer frames, and to prevent fire and smoke, and the driving control portion of the horizontal movable partition is connected to the indoor fire alarm system.
所述主通风道内、外层构件上分别开设有内层活动窗和外层活动窗,所述辅助通风道 的内层构件上设有室内排气口。  An inner movable window and an outer movable window are respectively disposed on the inner and outer members of the main air passage, and an inner exhaust port is disposed on the inner layer member of the auxiliary air passage.
所述内、外层构件为透光材料, 内、 外层构件之间加设活动遮阳装置, 该活动遮阳装 置的开关控制装置设置于内层构件之内侧。 The inner and outer members are light transmissive materials, and a movable sunshade device is added between the inner and outer members, and the movable sunshade device The switch control device is disposed inside the inner layer member.
所述主进气口和主排气口上设有覆盖该主进气口和主排气口的防蚊虫和异物的防护 网, 所述主排气口设有排气扇。  The main air inlet and the main exhaust port are provided with a protective net for preventing mosquitoes and foreign objects covering the main air inlet and the main air outlet, and the main air outlet is provided with an exhaust fan.
所述外层构件上或内、 外层构件之间加设有广告显示装置。  An advertising display device is disposed on the inner member or between the inner and outer members.
所述辅助通风道内设有可容纳水电管路的隐蔽通道。  The auxiliary air passage is provided with a concealed passage for accommodating the water and electricity pipeline.
本发明通过实施上述的技术方案, 可以使本产品具有以下优点:  By implementing the above technical solution, the present invention can make the product have the following advantages:
1. 本发明技术产品在结构和连接上省去了占用空间大、 造价昂贵、 施工质量难以保证的 钢结构件, 从而节省结构空间,增加了建筑物的使用面积, 降低成本, 缩短施工周期, 减少外层构件的多次连接, 大大地减少了施工安全隐患, 增长使用寿命, 降低长期物 业维护费用。  1. The technical product of the invention eliminates the steel structure parts which occupy large space, high cost and difficult to guarantee construction quality in structure and connection, thereby saving construction space, increasing the use area of the building, reducing the cost and shortening the construction period. Reducing multiple connections of outer layers greatly reduces construction safety hazards, increases service life, and reduces long-term property maintenance costs.
2. 根据隔热和保温的不同需要, 通过采用不同的材料组合来达到隔热和保温的最佳效 果, 从而降低空调及保温的能耗。  2. Depending on the needs of insulation and insulation, the best combination of insulation and insulation can be achieved by using different combinations of materials to reduce the energy consumption of air conditioning and insulation.
3. 集多功能于一体。 把遮阳、 隔热、 隔音、 保暖、 节能、 保温、 防尘、 防蚊虫、 通风换 气、 管道隐蔽和可在幕墙外立面设置广告装置等多项环保功能集成于一个整体系统 内。 一次性设计、 一次性施工便可全部完成。 不但大大地改善了室内微气候, 还能大 大地降低能耗, 縮短施工周期, 降低施工成本, 避免多次设计, 多次施工所造成的费 用增加和工期增加,还能避免为了增加新功能而对原有结构、原有功能的破坏和影响。 3. Integrating functions into one. A number of environmental functions such as shading, heat insulation, sound insulation, warmth, energy saving, heat preservation, dustproofing, mosquito control, ventilation, concealed pipes and advertising devices on the facade of the curtain wall are integrated into one system. One-time design and one-time construction can be completed. Not only greatly improving the indoor microclimate, but also greatly reducing energy consumption, shortening the construction period, reducing construction costs, avoiding multiple designs, increasing costs and increasing construction time caused by multiple constructions, and avoiding the need to add new features. Destruction and influence on the original structure and original functions.
4. 空气在通道自然流动, 不需要任何电能, 空气不流动时形成保温层, 可以降低室内热 能的流失。 附图说明 4. The air flows naturally in the channel, does not require any electric energy, and forms an insulation layer when the air does not flow, which can reduce the loss of indoor heat energy. DRAWINGS
图 1是本发明集成通道幕墙装置 (显柱式)主视示意图。  BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a front elevational view showing the integrated channel curtain wall device (display column type) of the present invention.
图 2是图 1中所示 A— A位置的剖视示意图。  Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view showing the A-A position shown in Figure 1.
图 3是图 1中所示 B— B位置的剖视示意图。 图 4是图 1中所示 C一 C位置的剖视示意图。 Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of B-B shown in Figure 1. Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of C-C shown in Figure 1.
图 5是本发明集成通道幕墙装置 (显柱式) D- D横断面剖视示意图。 图 6是本发明集 成通道幕墙装置 (显柱式) E- E横断面剖视示意图。  Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view showing the D-D of the integrated channel curtain wall device (display column type) of the present invention. Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view showing the E-E of the integrated passage curtain wall unit (display column) of the present invention.
图 7是本发明集成通道幕墙装置 (隐柱式)主视示意图。  Fig. 7 is a front elevational view showing the integrated channel curtain wall device (hidden column type) of the present invention.
图 8是图 7中所示 F— F位置的剖视示意图。  Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view showing the F-F position shown in Figure 7.
图 9是图 7中所示 G— G位置的剖视示意图。  Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of G-G shown in Figure 7.
图 10是图 7中所示 H— H位置的剖视示意图。  Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view showing the position of H-H shown in Figure 7.
图 11是本发明集成通道幕墙装置 (隐柱式) I-I横断面剖视示意图。  Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view showing the I-I of the integrated channel curtain wall device (hidden column type) of the present invention.
图 12是本发明集成通道幕墙装置 (隐柱式) J- J横断面剖视示意图。  Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view showing the J-J cross section of the integrated channel curtain wall device (recessed column type) of the present invention.
图中标记列表 List of tags in the figure
1 -遮蔽构件组; 1A-内层构件; 1B-外层构件; 1C -内层活动窗;  1 - shielding member set; 1A - inner layer member; 1B - outer layer member; 1C - inner layer movable window;
1D -外层活动窗。  1D - outer active window.
2 -活动遮阳装置。  2 - Active sunshade.
3 -防火防烟的水平活动隔断。  3 - Horizontal active partition for fire and smoke prevention.
4-隐蔽水电管道的隐蔽通道。 4- Concealed channels for concealed hydropower pipelines.
5 -通风道; 5A-主通风道; 5B-辅助通风道。  5 - air duct; 5A - main air duct; 5B - auxiliary air duct.
6 -通风道的主进气口; 6A-主进气口的防护网。  6 - Main air intake of air duct; 6A - Protective net of main air intake.
7 -通风道的主排气口; 7A-主排气口的防护网; 7B- -主排气口的排气扇。  7 - Main exhaust port of the air duct; 7A - Protective net of the main exhaust port; 7B- - Exhaust fan of the main exhaust port.
8 -室内排气口。  8 - Indoor exhaust vent.
9-主体结构构件中的垂直承重构件。 9- Vertical load bearing members in the main structural members.
10 -主体结构构件中的水平承重构件; 10A-外边框; 10B-内边框  10 - horizontal load-bearing member in the main structural member; 10A-outer frame; 10B-inner frame
构件; 10C-内肋筋; 10D-主通风道与辅助通风道之间的垂直隔断。  Member; 10C-internal rib; 10D-vertical partition between main air duct and auxiliary air duct.
11 -广告显示装置。 具体实施方式 11 - Advertising display device. detailed description
结合上述附图说明本发明的各种实施例。  Various embodiments of the invention are described in conjunction with the drawings.
一种集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法包括以下步骤:  An architectural method for integrating a channel curtain wall device includes the following steps:
A.在进行建筑主体结构设计和施工时, 将主体结构构件上预留遮蔽构件组的安装位置, 该 主体结构构件中水平承重构件的中部留有上下贯通的通风孔;  A. When designing and constructing the main structure of the building, the installation position of the shielding member group is reserved on the main structural member, and the middle portion of the horizontal load-bearing member of the main structural member is provided with a ventilation hole penetrating vertically;
B.将遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件分别安装在水平承重构件通风孔两边框和主体结构构件 中垂直承重构件上, 并分别封闭通风孔两边框和垂直承重构件之间围成的平面空间, 并做 好接缝密封, 与遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件相连接的主体结构构件构成对内、外层构件 的支撑, 该遮蔽构件组中的内、外层构件与主体结构构件中的水平及垂直承重构件共同构 成上下贯通的通风道, 在该通风道的下部和上部各开有主进气口和主排气口。  B. The inner and outer members in the shielding member group are respectively installed on the two frame of the horizontal bearing member ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member in the main structural member, and respectively close the plane enclosed between the two frames of the ventilation hole and the vertical bearing member. Space, and seam sealing, the main structural member connected with the inner and outer members in the shielding member group constitutes support for the inner and outer members, and the inner and outer members and the main structure in the shielding member group The horizontal and vertical load-bearing members in the member together constitute an air passage that penetrates vertically, and a main air inlet and a main air outlet are opened at a lower portion and an upper portion of the air passage.
本方法的内外结构都是直接与建筑主体结构的钢筋混凝土相连接,无需专门的结构来 支承, 减少了幕墙结构造价, 避免了幕墙结构与主体结构的复杂连接, 减少了安全隐患, 降低了施工难度,提高了建筑整体的安全可靠性, 免除了钢结构对建筑主体结构增加的荷 载。 其工作原理和功能按季节不同说明, 夏天: 内外两层幕墙中间热通道的温度很高时, 可打开热通道上下两端的排气口装置,在热通道内由于热烟囱效应产生自下而上的气流运 动, 带走通道内的热量, 这样可以降低内侧幕墙外表面温度, 减少空调制冷的负荷, 节约 能源, 降低能耗。通过对通道上下两端排气、 进气装置的调控, 在通道内形成负压, 利用 内侧幕墙两边的压差和活动开启窗, 可以随时向室内输入新鲜空气。冬天: 通道上下两端 的排气装置关闭,内外两层玻璃幕墙间的热通道由于阳光的照射,温度升高,像一个温室, 这样等于提高了内侧幕墙外表面的温度, 减少了建筑物釆暖的运行费用。春秋两季温度适 中时, 不存在釆暖和制冷, 可以打开内、 外侧活动窗, 与室外自然气温交流而达到平衡。  The internal and external structures of the method are directly connected with the reinforced concrete of the main structure of the building, without special structure to support, reducing the cost of the curtain wall structure, avoiding the complicated connection between the curtain wall structure and the main structure, reducing the safety hazard and reducing the construction. Difficulty increases the overall safety and reliability of the building and eliminates the increased load on the main structure of the building. The working principle and function are described according to the season. Summer: When the temperature of the middle and outer curtain walls is high, the exhaust port device at the upper and lower ends of the hot channel can be opened, and the hot channel generates a bottom-up due to the hot chimney effect. The air movement, taking away the heat in the channel, can reduce the temperature of the outer surface of the inner curtain wall, reduce the load of air conditioning refrigeration, save energy and reduce energy consumption. By regulating the exhaust and air intake devices at the upper and lower ends of the channel, a negative pressure is formed in the channel, and the pressure difference on both sides of the inner curtain wall and the movable opening window can be used to input fresh air into the room at any time. Winter: The exhausting device at the upper and lower ends of the channel is closed. The hot passage between the inner and outer two glass curtain walls is heated by the sunlight, and the temperature rises like a greenhouse. This increases the temperature of the outer surface of the inner curtain wall and reduces the warmth of the building. Operating expenses. When the temperature is moderate in the spring and autumn, there is no warmth and cooling, and the inner and outer movable windows can be opened to balance with the outdoor natural temperature.
步骤 B中所述的遮蔽构件采用窗式构件或幕墙构件或两者的组合。  The shielding member described in step B employs a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of both.
本发明所述的方法还包括:  The method of the present invention further includes:
C.在水平承重构件的外、 内边框之间预制有内肋筋, 在上、 下层的内肋筋之间设置隔断, 将通风道隔成相互隔绝的主通风道和辅助通风道。 C. Prefabricated with internal ribs between the outer and inner frames of the horizontal load-bearing member, and a partition between the upper and lower inner ribs, Separate the air ducts into main air ducts and auxiliary air ducts that are isolated from each other.
本发明所述的方法还包括:在外、内边框之间分别设置主通风道和辅助通风道的防火、 防烟隔断,该隔断与建筑内各楼层标高一致,当发生火灾时,避免烟、火向相邻空间蔓延; 该防火、 防烟隔断采用温感或烟感控制的活动隔断, 平时处于开启状态, 有利于通道内的 空气流通。  The method of the invention further comprises: respectively setting a fireproof and smokeproof partition of the main air passage and the auxiliary air passage between the outer and inner frames, the partition is consistent with the elevation of each floor in the building, and avoiding smoke and fire when a fire occurs. Spread to adjacent space; The fireproof and smokeproof partitions are separated by a warm or smoke-controlled movable partition, which is normally open, which is conducive to air circulation in the passage.
本发明所述的方法还包括:  The method of the present invention further includes:
D.在主通风道的内、外层构件上开设活动窗口, 内、外层活动窗位置相对应,平时状态下, 内、 外层活动窗处于关闭状态, 发生火灾时, 开启外层活动窗; 当室内需要新鲜空气时, 同时开启内、外层活动窗, 便于室内外空气流通; 在辅助通风道的内层构件上开设室内排 气口, 室内污浊空气从辅助通风道排出。  D. Open the movable window on the inner and outer members of the main air duct. The inner and outer movable window positions correspond. In normal state, the inner and outer movable windows are closed. When a fire occurs, the outer movable window is opened. When fresh air is needed indoors, open the inner and outer movable windows at the same time to facilitate indoor and outdoor air circulation; open the indoor exhaust port on the inner layer of the auxiliary air passage, and the indoor dirty air is discharged from the auxiliary air passage.
本发明所述的方法在步骤 B中所述的内、外层构件采用透光材料。在此基础上, 该方 法还可以包括:  The method of the present invention uses the light transmissive material for the inner and outer members in step B. On this basis, the method can also include:
E.在内、 外层构件之间加设活动式遮阳装置, 防止室外热量向室内辐射。  E. Add a movable sunshade device between the inner and outer members to prevent outdoor heat from radiating into the room.
由图 1和图 2中可看出, 这种产品包括建筑主体结构构件中的水平承重构件 10, 该 水平承重构件 10的中部设有上下贯通的通风孔,遮蔽构件组 1中的内层构件 1A安装于上、 下层水平承重构件 10中的内边框 10A和垂直承重构件 9所围成的平面空间内并封闭该空 间,遮蔽构件组 1中的外层构件 1B安装于上、下层水平承重构件 10中的外边框 10B和垂 直承重构件 9所围成的平面空间内并封闭该空间, 所述各层之内、 外层构件 1A、 IB与各 层之水平承重构件 10以及垂直承重构件 9构成上下贯通的通风道 5, 在通风道 5下方设 有主进气口 6, 在该通风道 5上方设有主排气口 7。 这种结构的幕墙除了具有上面方法中 所说的避免了幕墙结构与主体结构的复杂连接, 降低了施工难度, 提高了建筑整体的安全 可靠性以外, 还具有散热降温和保温功能, 当底部主进气口及顶部主排气口开启, 垂直风 道-通风道 5从建筑主体结构的最下部直通顶部, 这通风道 5具有烟囱效应, 室外的自然 清新空气在风道内从下而上流动。 空气在通风道 5 (幕墙内腔) 内流动时, 将聚积在幕墙 内腔的热能通过顶部的主排气口排到室外。 从而避免了幕墙内腔的热能向室内传导和辐 射, 节省室内空调降温的能耗。而且气体在通道内自下而上流动是自然的, 不需消耗任何 电能,。 当底部主进气口 6和顶部的主排气口 7关闭时, 通风道 5 (幕墙内腔) 中的空气 不流动, 从而形成保温层, 能起到有效的保温作用, 降低室内保暧的能耗。本发明中所述 的集成通道幕墙装置, 可以有两种形式, 一种是外层构件 IB是固定在垂直承重构件 9的 侧表面, 垂直承重构件 9突出于外层构件 1B (如图 1〜图 5中所示)。 还有一种是外层构 件 1B固定于垂直承重构件 9外表面, 垂直承重构件 9被封闭于外层构件 1B内 (如图 7〜 图 11所示)。 As can be seen from Figures 1 and 2, such a product comprises a horizontal load bearing member 10 in a building body structural member, the central portion of the horizontal load bearing member 10 is provided with venting holes penetrating vertically, and the inner layer members of the shielding member group 1 1A is installed in a plane space surrounded by the inner frame 10A and the vertical load-bearing member 9 in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members 10, and the space is closed, and the outer layer member 1B in the shielding member group 1 is mounted on the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members. The outer frame 10B of 10 and the vertical load-bearing member 9 enclose the space in a plane, and the inner and outer members 1A, IB of the layers and the horizontal load-bearing members 10 and the vertical load-bearing members 9 of each layer are formed. The air passage 5 that penetrates up and down is provided with a main air inlet 6 below the air passage 5, and a main air outlet 7 is provided above the air passage 5. In addition to the above method, the curtain wall of this structure avoids the complicated connection between the curtain wall structure and the main structure, reduces the construction difficulty, improves the overall safety and reliability of the building, and also has the functions of heat dissipation and heat preservation, when the bottom main The air inlet and the top main exhaust port are opened, and the vertical air duct-ventilation duct 5 is directly connected to the top from the lowermost part of the main structure of the building. The air duct 5 has a chimney effect, and the outdoor natural fresh air flows from the bottom to the top in the air duct. When the air flows in the air duct 5 (the inner wall of the curtain wall), it will accumulate in the curtain wall. The thermal energy of the inner chamber is discharged to the outside through the main exhaust port at the top. Thereby, the heat energy of the inner cavity of the curtain wall is prevented from being conducted and radiated indoors, and the energy consumption of cooling of the indoor air conditioner is saved. Moreover, the flow of gas from bottom to top in the channel is natural and does not consume any electrical energy. When the bottom main air inlet 6 and the top main exhaust port 7 are closed, the air in the air passage 5 (the inner wall of the curtain wall) does not flow, thereby forming an insulation layer, which can effectively maintain the heat preservation effect and reduce the indoor heat preservation. Energy consumption. The integrated channel curtain wall device described in the present invention may have two forms, one is that the outer member IB is fixed to the side surface of the vertical load bearing member 9, and the vertical load bearing member 9 protrudes from the outer member 1B (Fig. 1) Shown in Figure 5). Still another is that the outer layer member 1B is fixed to the outer surface of the vertical load-bearing member 9, and the vertical load-bearing member 9 is enclosed in the outer layer member 1B (as shown in Figs. 7 to 11).
由图 1和图 7中可看出, 所述遮蔽构件组 1中内、 外层构件 1A、 IB可以采用窗式构 件或幕墙构件或两者的组合, 当然也可以釆用砖石材料的墙体。  As can be seen from FIG. 1 and FIG. 7, the inner and outer members 1A, IB of the shielding member set 1 may adopt a window member or a curtain wall member or a combination of the two, and of course, a wall of masonry material may also be used. body.
由图 6、 图 5、 图 12和图 11中可看出, 所述水平承重构件的外、 内边框 10A、 10B之 间设有内肋筋 10C, 上、 下层的内肋筋 10C之间设有垂直隔断 10D, 通风道 5籍此垂直隔 断 10D和各层的内肋筋 10C被分割为相互隔绝的主通风道 5A和辅助通风道 5B。  As can be seen from Fig. 6, Fig. 5, Fig. 12 and Fig. 11, the inner rib 10C is disposed between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B of the horizontal load bearing member, and the inner rib 10C between the upper and lower layers is disposed. There is a vertical partition 10D, and the air passage 5 is divided into the main air passage 5A and the auxiliary air passage 5B which are isolated from each other by the vertical partition 10D and the inner rib 10C of each layer.
由图 3和图 9中可看出, 所述水平承重构件 10的外、 内边框 10A、 10B之间设有封闭 该外、 内边框 10A、 10B之间空隙、 防火防烟的水平活动隔断 3, 该水平活动隔断 3的驱 动控制部分连接室内火灾警报系统。当发生火灾时, 这些水平活动隔断 3起着防火隔烟作 用, 隔阻烟雾和火苗上窜, 同时自动打幵排烟窗, 让烟雾往室外排。 而当水平活动隔断 3 关闭时, 风道内空气不流动, 当关闭室内空调系统时, 打开内外幕墙面的开启扇, 室外的 清新空气便可直接进入室内。  As can be seen from FIG. 3 and FIG. 9, a horizontal movable partition between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B of the horizontal load-bearing member 10 is provided to close the gap between the outer and inner frames 10A, 10B, and to prevent fire and smoke. The drive control portion of the horizontal movable partition 3 is connected to the indoor fire alarm system. In the event of a fire, these horizontal active partitions 3 act as fire and smoke barriers, block the smoke and the flames, and automatically smash the smoke exhaust window to allow the smoke to go outside. When the horizontal movable partition 3 is closed, the air in the air duct does not flow. When the indoor air conditioning system is turned off, the opening fan of the inner and outer curtain wall is opened, and the fresh air outside can directly enter the room.
由图 3、 图 4、 图 9和图 10中可看出, 所述主通风道 5A内、 外层构件 1A、 IB上分别 开设有内层活动窗 1C和外层活动窗 1D, 所述辅助通风道 5B的内层构件 1A上设有室内排 气口 8。 当需要排放室内污浊空气时, 室内空气通过室内排气口 8进入辅助通风道 5B, 也 是利用了辅助通风道 5B内流动气体的负压原理, 使室内的空气被吸入辅助通风道 5B, 不 需消耗任何电能。 由图 3、 图 4、 图 9和图 10中可看出, 所述内、 外层构件 1A、 IB为透光材料。 这种 情况下, 本发明所述的方案中可以在所述内、 外层构件 1A、 IB之间加设活动遮阳装置 2, 该活动遮阳装置 2的开关控制装置设置于内层构件 1A之内侧。 多功能集成系统中的活动 遮阳装置 2遮挡了太阳光直接射入室内, 并且幕墙采用不同组合的低辐射玻璃,更能有效 地隔阻阳光中红外光进入到室内, 达到外遮阳效果, 从而使室内环境处于一种自然采光而 又没有太阳光直接照射的舒适状态。 同时由于活动遮阳装置 2设置于内、 外层构件 1A、 IB之间, 不会受到外界风雨的破坏, 可以大大减少该遮阳装置的固定安装费用, 也提高 了该装置的使用寿命。 It can be seen from FIG. 3, FIG. 4, FIG. 9 and FIG. 10 that the inner layer movable window 1A and the outer layer members 1A and IB are respectively provided with an inner layer movable window 1C and an outer layer movable window 1D. An indoor exhaust port 8 is provided in the inner layer member 1A of the air passage 5B. When the indoor dirty air needs to be discharged, the indoor air enters the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B through the indoor exhaust port 8, and also utilizes the negative pressure principle of the flowing gas in the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B, so that the indoor air is sucked into the auxiliary ventilation passage 5B, without Consume any power. As can be seen from Figures 3, 4, 9, and 10, the inner and outer members 1A, IB are light transmissive materials. In this case, in the solution of the present invention, a movable sunshade device 2 may be disposed between the inner and outer members 1A, IB, and the switch control device of the movable sunshade device 2 is disposed inside the inner layer member 1A. . The movable sunshade device 2 in the multi-functional integrated system blocks the direct sunlight into the room, and the curtain wall adopts different combinations of low-radiation glass, which can effectively block the sunlight from entering the indoor infrared light, thereby achieving the external shading effect, thereby enabling The indoor environment is in a state of natural light without the direct sunlight. At the same time, since the movable sunshade device 2 is disposed between the inner and outer members 1A and IB, it is not damaged by the external wind and rain, and the fixed installation cost of the sunshade device can be greatly reduced, and the service life of the device is also improved.
由图 2和图 8中可看出,所述主进气口 6和主排气口 7上设有覆盖该主进气口 6和主 排气口 7的防护网 6A、 7A。 防护网 6A、 7A的作用主要是防尘、 防蚊虫以及其他异物进入 通风道 5。  As can be seen from Figs. 2 and 8, the main intake port 6 and the main exhaust port 7 are provided with guard nets 6A, 7A covering the main intake port 6 and the main exhaust port 7. The protective nets 6A, 7A are mainly used to prevent dust, insects and other foreign matter from entering the air duct 5 .
由图 2和图 8中可看出, 所述主排气口 7设有排气扇 7B。 这主要是为了在室内外温 差比较小, 通风道 5内烟囱效应不明显的情况下, 利用排气扇 7B进行强迫排风。  As can be seen from Figures 2 and 8, the main exhaust port 7 is provided with an exhaust fan 7B. This is mainly for the forced exhaust of the exhaust fan 7B in the case where the indoor and outdoor temperature difference is relatively small and the chimney effect in the air duct 5 is not obvious.
如图 4和图 10中所示, 所述外层构件 1B上设有广告显示装置 11, 在内、 外层构件 1A、 IB采用透光材料的情况下, 所述广告显示装置 11也可以设置于内、外层构件 1A、 IB 之间。 广告显示装置 11可以采用固定版面广告显示装置、 动态版面广告显示装置或光电 式广告显示装置, 例如: 卷帘式的翻页广告机、 多面翻转的广告机、 灯光照射广告牌或 LED广告牌等等。  As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 10, the outer layer member 1B is provided with an advertisement display device 11, and in the case where the inner and outer members 1A, IB are made of a light-transmitting material, the advertisement display device 11 can also be provided. Between the inner and outer members 1A, IB. The advertisement display device 11 can adopt a fixed layout advertisement display device, a dynamic layout advertisement display device or a photoelectric advertisement display device, for example, a rolling curtain type advertisement advertisement machine, a multi-faceted advertisement machine, a light illumination billboard or an LED billboard, and the like. Wait.
由图 6和图 12中可看出, 所述辅助通风道 5B内设有可容纳水电管路 4A的隐蔽通道 4。 可以将上下水管完全隐藏起来, 保持表面的整洁。  As can be seen from Figs. 6 and 12, the auxiliary air passage 5B is provided with a concealed passage 4 for accommodating the water and electricity line 4A. The upper and lower water pipes can be completely hidden to keep the surface clean and tidy.
针对室外温度较低或高噪音的地区, 所述内层构件 1A为隔热玻璃。 工业用途 The inner layer member 1A is an insulating glass for a region where the outdoor temperature is low or high noise. Industrial applications
本发明提供了一种新型节能集成是幕墙方案, 可以广泛应用于建筑的外墙设计, 这种 新型结构的幕墙集环保、 节能、 外遮阳、 隔热、 隔音、 保温、 防尘、 防蚊虫、 通风换气、 管道隐蔽以及幕墙外立面广告装置设置等为一体, 并且可以在施工阶段便可一次性地完 成。 从而避免了多次设计、 多次施工以及边建边改或先建后改等浪费的弊病。 而且使用寿 命长, 避免原有幕墙钢构架因为长期使用容易产生的锈蚀、 断裂等安全隐患, 是一种安全 可靠,使用成本低的新型建筑,特别是对于高层建筑以及写字楼建筑更是具有突出的效果。  The invention provides a new energy-saving integration is a curtain wall solution, which can be widely applied to the exterior wall design of the building. The curtain wall of the new structure is environmentally friendly, energy-saving, externally shaded, heat-insulated, sound-proof, heat-insulated, dust-proof, mosquito-proof, Ventilation, ducted concealment and curtain wall façade advertising installations are integrated and can be completed in one operation during the construction phase. This avoids the waste of multiple designs, multiple constructions, and side-by-side or first-building and post-construction. Moreover, it has a long service life and avoids the safety hazards such as corrosion and breakage which are easily caused by long-term use. It is a safe and reliable new construction with low cost, especially for high-rise buildings and office buildings. effect.

Claims

权利 要求 Rights request
1. 一种集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 该方法包括以下步骤: 1. A method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device: The method comprises the following steps:
A.在进行建筑主体结构设计和施工时, 将主体结构构件上预留遮蔽构件组的安装位 置, 该主体结构构件中水平承重构件的中部留有上下贯通的通风孔;  A. When designing and constructing the main structure of the building, the installation position of the shielding member group is reserved on the main structural member, and the central portion of the horizontal load-bearing member of the main structural member is provided with a venting hole penetrating vertically;
B.将遮蔽构件组中的内、 外层构件分别安装在水平承重构件通风孔两边框和主体结构 构件中垂直承重构件上, 并分别封闭通风孔两边框和垂直承重构件之间围成的平面空 间, 并做好接缝密封, 与遮蔽构件组中的内、 外层构件相连接的主体结构构件构成对 内、 外层构件的支撑, 该遮蔽构件组中的内、 外层构件与主体结构构件中的水平及垂 直承重构件共同构成上下贯通的通风道, 在该通风道的上、 下部各开有主排气口和主 进气口。  B. The inner and outer members in the shielding member group are respectively installed on the two frame of the horizontal bearing member vent hole and the vertical bearing member of the main structural member, and respectively close the plane enclosed between the two frames of the vent hole and the vertical bearing member Space, and seam sealing, the main structural members connected with the inner and outer members in the shielding member group constitute a support for the inner and outer members, and the inner and outer members and the main structure in the shielding member group The horizontal and vertical load-bearing members in the member together constitute a ventilation passage that penetrates vertically, and a main exhaust port and a main intake port are opened at the upper and lower portions of the air passage.
2. 根据权利要求 1所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 步骤 B中所述的遮 蔽构件采用窗式构件。  2. The construction method of an integrated passage curtain wall device according to claim 1, wherein: the shielding member described in step B adopts a window member.
3. 根据权利要求 1所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 步骤 B中所述的遮 蔽构件采用幕墙构件。  3. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 1, wherein: the shielding member described in step B is a curtain wall member.
4. 根据权利要求 1所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 步骤 B中所述的遮 蔽枸件采用窗式构件和幕墙构件组合。  4. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 1, wherein: the shielding element described in step B is a combination of a window member and a curtain wall member.
5. 根据权利要求 1至 4中任一项所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 该方 法还包括:  The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the method further comprises:
D.在水平承重构件通风孔内预制有内肋筋, 在上、 下层的内肋筋之间设置垂直隔断, 将通风道隔成相互隔绝的主通风道和辅助通风道。  D. Prefabricated inner ribs are arranged in the ventilating holes of the horizontal load-bearing members, and vertical partitions are arranged between the inner ribs of the upper and lower layers, and the air passages are separated into main ventilation ducts and auxiliary air ducts which are isolated from each other.
6. 根据权利要求 5所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 该方法还包括: 在 水平承重构件通风孔内分别设置主通风道和辅助通风道的防火、 防烟隔断, 该隔断与 建筑内各楼层标高一致, 当发生火灾时, 避免烟、 火向相邻空间蔓延; 该防火、 防烟 隔断采用温感或烟感控制的活动隔断,平时处于开启状态,有利于通道内的空气流通。6. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 5, wherein: the method further comprises: respectively providing a fireproof and smokeproof partition of the main air duct and the auxiliary air duct in the vent hole of the horizontal load bearing member, the partition Consistent with the elevation of each floor in the building, when a fire occurs, avoid smoke and fire spreading to adjacent spaces; The partition is separated by a warm or smoke-controlled movable partition, which is normally open to facilitate air circulation in the passage.
7. 根据权利要求 5所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 该方法还包括-7. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 5, wherein: the method further comprises -
E.在主通风道的内、外层构件上开设活动窗, 内、外活动窗位置相对应,平时状态下, 内、 外活动窗处于关闭状态, 发生火灾时, 开启外活动窗; 当室内需要新鲜空气时, 同时开启内、 外活动窗, 便于室内外空气流通; 在辅助通风道的内层构件上开设室内 排气口, 室内污浊空气从辅助通风道排出。 E. Open the movable window on the inner and outer members of the main air duct, and the inner and outer movable windows are correspondingly positioned. In the normal state, the inner and outer movable windows are closed. When a fire occurs, the outer movable window is opened; When fresh air is needed, the inner and outer movable windows are opened at the same time to facilitate indoor and outdoor air circulation; an indoor exhaust port is opened on the inner layer member of the auxiliary air passage, and the indoor dirty air is discharged from the auxiliary air passage.
8. 根据权利要求 2、 3或 4所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 所述步骤 B 中所述的内、 外层构件采用透光材料。  8. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 2, 3 or 4, wherein: the inner and outer members of the step B are made of a light transmissive material.
9. 根据权利要求 8所述集成通道幕墙装置的建筑方法: 其特征在于: 该方法还包括: F.在内、 外层构件之间加设活动式遮阳装置, 防止阳光直接射入和室外热量向室内辐 射。  9. The method of constructing an integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 8, wherein: the method further comprises: F. adding a movable sunshade device between the inner and outer members to prevent direct sunlight and outdoor heat. Radiation indoors.
10.一种集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 该产品包括建筑主体结构构件中的水平承重构 件 (10), 该水平承重构件 (10) 的中部设有上下贯通的通风孔, 遮蔽构件组(1 ) 中 的内层构件 (1A) 安装于上、 下层水平承重构件 (10) 中的内边框(10A)和垂直承 重构件(9)所围成的平面空间内并封闭该空间, 遮蔽构件组(1 )中的外层构件(1B) 安装于上、 下层水平承重构件 (10) 中的外边框(10B)和垂直承重构件 (9)所围成 的平面空间内并封闭该空间, 所述各层之内、 外层构件 (1A, 1B) 与各层之水平承重 构件(10) 以及垂直承重构件 (9)构成上下贯通的通风道 (5), 在该通风道(5)上 方设有主排气口 (7), 在通风道(5)下方设有主进气口 (6)。  10. An integrated passage curtain wall device, characterized in that: the product comprises a horizontal load-bearing member (10) in a structural main structural member, wherein a central portion of the horizontal load-bearing member (10) is provided with a venting hole vertically penetrating, a shielding member group ( 1) The inner layer member (1A) is installed in a plane space surrounded by the inner frame (10A) and the vertical load-bearing member (9) in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members (10), and closes the space, the shielding member group The outer layer member (1B) in (1) is installed in a plane space surrounded by the outer frame (10B) and the vertical load-bearing member (9) in the upper and lower horizontal load-bearing members (10), and closes the space, The inner and outer members (1A, 1B) of each layer and the horizontal load-bearing members (10) of each layer and the vertical load-bearing members (9) constitute a ventilation passage (5) penetrating vertically, and is provided above the air passage (5) The main exhaust port (7) has a main air inlet (6) below the air duct (5).
11.根据权利要求 10所述的集成通道幕墙装置,其特征在于: 所述遮蔽构件组(1 )中内、 外层构件 (1A, IB) 为窗式构件或幕墙构件或两者的组合。 The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 10, wherein the inner and outer members (1A, IB) of the shielding member group (1) are window members or curtain wall members or a combination of the two.
12.根据权利要求 10或 11所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述主体结构构件的 外、 内边框 (10A, 10B) 之间设有内肋筋 (10C), 上、 下层的内肋筋 (10C) 之间设 有垂直隔断 (10D), 通风道 (5)籍此垂直隔断 (10D)和各层的内肋筋 (10C)被分 割为相互隔绝的主通风道(5A)和辅助通风道(5B)。 The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 10 or 11, wherein: the inner rib (10C) is disposed between the outer and inner frames (10A, 10B) of the main structural member, upper and lower layers There is a vertical partition (10D) between the inner ribs (10C), and the air passage (5) is divided by the vertical partition (10D) and the inner ribs (10C) of each layer. Cut into main air duct (5A) and auxiliary air duct (5B).
13.根据权利要求 12所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述主体结构构件的外、 内边框(10A, 10B)之间设有封闭该外、 内边框 (10A, 10B) 之间空隙、 防火防烟的 水平活动隔断 (3), 该水平活动隔断 (3) 的驱动控制部分连接室内火灾警报系统。 The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 12, wherein: between the outer and inner frames (10A, 10B) of the main structural member is closed between the outer and inner frames (10A, 10B) The horizontal movable partition of the air gap, fire and smoke prevention (3), the drive control part of the horizontal movable partition (3) is connected to the indoor fire alarm system.
14.根据权利要求 12所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述主通风道(5A) 内、 外层构件 (1A, IB) 上分别开设有内活动窗 (1C) 和外活动窗 (1D), 所述辅助通风 道(5B) 的内层构件(1A)上设有室内排气口 (8)。 The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 12, wherein: the inner movable window (5A) and the outer member (1A, IB) are respectively provided with an inner movable window (1C) and an outer movable window. (1D), an inner exhaust port (8) is provided on the inner layer member (1A) of the auxiliary air passage (5B).
15.根据权利要求 11 所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述内、 外层构件(1A,The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 11, wherein: the inner and outer members (1A,
IB)为透光材料。 IB) is a light transmissive material.
16.根据权利要求 15所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述内、 外层构件(1A,: 1B)之间加设活动遮阳装置 (2), 该活动遮阳装置 (2) 的幵关控制装置设置于内层 构件(1A) 之内侧。 The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 15, wherein: a movable sunshade device (2) is disposed between the inner and outer members (1A, 1B), and the movable sunshade device (2) The bypass control device is disposed inside the inner layer member (1A).
17.根据权利要求 10所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述主进气口 (6)和主排 气口 (7) 上设有覆盖该主进气口 (6)和主排气口 (7) 的防护网 (6A, 7A)。  The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 10, characterized in that: the main air inlet (6) and the main exhaust port (7) are provided with the main air inlet (6) and the main row Protective net (6A, 7A) for port (7).
18.根据权利要求 10所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述外层构件(1B)上设 有广告显示装置 (11)。 The integrated passage curtain wall device according to claim 10, characterized in that: the outer layer member (1B) is provided with an advertisement display device (11).
19.根据权利要求 15所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述内、 外层构件(1A, IB)之间加设有广告显示装置 (11 )。  The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 15, characterized in that: an advertising display device (11) is interposed between the inner and outer members (1A, IB).
20.根据权利要求 12所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述辅助通风道(5B) 内 设有可容纳水电管路的隐蔽通道(4)。  The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 12, characterized in that: the auxiliary ventilation duct (5B) is provided with a concealed passage (4) for accommodating the water and electricity pipeline.
21.根据权利要求 14或 15所述的集成通道幕墙装置,其特征在于:所述广告显示装置 ( 11 ) 包括固定版面广告显示装置、 动态版面广告显示装置或光电式广告显示装置。  The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 14 or 15, wherein the advertisement display device (11) comprises a fixed layout advertisement display device, a dynamic layout advertisement display device or a photoelectric advertisement display device.
22.根据权利要求 15所述的集成通道幕墙装置, 其特征在于: 所述内层构件(1A) 为隔 热玻璃。  The integrated channel curtain wall device according to claim 15, wherein the inner layer member (1A) is a heat insulating glass.
PCT/CN2006/003067 2006-09-01 2006-11-15 A curtain wall with an air space and a construction method therefore WO2008028349A1 (en)

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