WO2007145638A1 - Medical devices with integral magnets and uses thereof - Google Patents

Medical devices with integral magnets and uses thereof

Info

Publication number
WO2007145638A1
WO2007145638A1 PCT/US2006/023743 US2006023743W WO2007145638A1 WO 2007145638 A1 WO2007145638 A1 WO 2007145638A1 US 2006023743 W US2006023743 W US 2006023743W WO 2007145638 A1 WO2007145638 A1 WO 2007145638A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
body
elongate
end
distal
magnets
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/US2006/023743
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Michael Gertner
Original Assignee
Michael Gertner
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0133Tip steering devices
    • A61M25/0158Tip steering devices with magnetic or electrical means, e.g. by using piezo materials, electroactive polymers, magnetic materials or by heating of shape memory materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/70Manipulators specially adapted for use in surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B34/00Computer-aided surgery; Manipulators or robots specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/70Manipulators specially adapted for use in surgery
    • A61B34/73Manipulators for magnetic surgery
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/01Introducing, guiding, advancing, emplacing or holding catheters
    • A61M25/0105Steering means as part of the catheter or advancing means; Markers for positioning
    • A61M25/0127Magnetic means; Magnetic markers

Abstract

In one embodiment, an elongate body with a proximal end and a distal end is disclosed and which is controllable by an operator at the proximal end; in one embodiment, the elongate body is a catheter and the catheter tip is located at the distal end. The body contains numerous magnets along its length, at least one of which is an electromagnet, controllable by means of a current delivered by the operator of the body at the proximal end of the body. The magnets are placed such that a force is created at the distal end of the elongate body. The magnetic forces which control the distal end of the body originate from the controllable magnets placed on the body.

Description

Medical Devices with Integral Magnets and Uses Thereof

Priority Claims

This application claims priority to provisional application serial no. 60/691,050 which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety. It is also a continuation of non-provisional patent application serial no. 11/424,226 also incorporated by reference in its entirety.

Summary of Invention

Disclosed in this invention is an elongate body with a proximal end and a distal end and which is controllable by an operator at the proximal end; in one embodiment, the elongate body is a catheter and the catheter tip is located at the distal end. The body contains numerous magnets along its length, at least one of which is an electromagnet, controllable by means of a current delivered by the operator of the body at the proximal end of the body. The magnets are strategically placed such that a force is created at the distal end of the elongate body. The magnetic forces which control the distal end of the body originate from the controllable magnets (e.g. an electromagnet) placed on the body.

In some embodiments, the elongate body is a catheter for navigation within a patient. Torque is applied by the magnets on the body to the distal end for purposes of navigation within a patient. In some embodiments, the elongate body is a surgical tool for use during an open or laparoscopic surgery.

In some embodiments, the magnets apply force to the distal end of the elongate body for purposes of applying a cyclic force to tissues. In some embodiments, the magnets are used to impart kinetic energy to particles . In some embodiments, the magnets are used to create a pressure head in a fluid in the catheter and the pressurized fluid is used to create changes in tissue when released from the catheter. In some embodiments, the fluid contains particles and in other embodiments, the fluid is heated or cooled.

Description of Figures

Figure Ia depicts the distal end of an elongate body incorporating at least one electromagnet.

Figure Ib depicts a cross section along* the device shown in Ia and depicts the distance of the magnets from the longitudinal center of the elongate body.

Figs lc-d depict different configurations of the distal end of the elongate body.

Figure 2 depicts the proximal end of the elongate body and a control system at the proximal end.

Figure 3 depicts a type of actuator at the distal end of the elongate body. Figure 4 depicts another configuration of a distal end of the elongate body.

Detailed Description of the Invention

Figure Ia depicts an elongate body 50 with a distal end 10 and a proximal end 20. On the elongate body 50 is at least one proximal magnet 100 and one magnetic or paramagnetic material 200 at the distal end 10. Magnet 100 can be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet. Fig. Ib depicts a cross-section of the elongate body at region A-A' 400. Magnets 100 are elevated from the surface 110 of the elongate body 50 and are placed a distance 120 from the center of the cross-section. The magnets 100 can be any length, from less than one millimeter to greater than one centimeter. Magnets 100 can be placed anywhere along the length of elongate body depending on the desired functionality of the magnets on the elongate body. Magnets 100 can also cover any circumference of the cross-section of the elongate body.

The elongate body 50, in some embodiments, can be a catheter that is placed inside a patient. The distal end of the elongate body can be adapted to be placed through a sheath and into the blood vessels of a patient.

Alternatively, the elongate body can be adapted to be placed into the interstitial substance of a patient, such as, for example, to reach a tumor in the lung or to reach a deteriorating spinal disc. The elongate body in some embodiments can also transfer energy via X-ray, gamma ray, magnetic waves. The controlled magnetic field or other energy fields which originate on the body allow for desired functionality of the elongate body 50, e.g. through manipulation of the distal end 10 of the body or (as described below) manipulation of actuators or particles on or in the elongate body. As an example, the direction of the elongate body can be controlled by activating the one or more magnets or electromagnets.

Electromagnets are controlled or activated by current whereas permanent magnets can be controlled through magnetic shielding, which when removed, allows the permanent magnets to interact with one another or with the electromagnets. Both activation with current and removal of shielding are included in the term "activation."

Fig. 1C depicts cross-section B-B' at the distal end 10 of the elongate body 50. A magnetic or paramagnetic material 200 is contained at distal end 10. Although the material 200 is depicted as filling the cross-section of the catheter B-B' , the material 200 does not have to fill the entire cross-section and may fill only a 5-10%, 10%-50%, or a 50%-99% portion of the cross-section. Material 200 can form an annulus with a lumen 250 which is within the elongate body 50, as depicted in Fig. ID. Magnetic force applied by magnet 100 can induce movement in distal end 10. The movement can be linear or it can be a torque which induces a bend in the tip 10 of the elongate body 50.

The distance 120 of magnets 100 from the center axis of the elongate body at its cross-section is greater than the distance of material 200 from the center 210 of the elongate body at its respective cross-section; therefore, when magnet 100 is induced to attract or repel material 200 (see below) , a torque T is created on the distal end of the elongate body. The torque T on the distal end of the elongate body, in turn, can induce a bend in the elongate body and can therefore be used for navigation purposes within the body of a patient (e.g. within the vascular system) .

Elongate body 50 can be made from one or more of or any type of biocompatible material typically used in devices that enter blood vessels or other tissues; these materials include polyurethane, silicone, Dacron, polyester, or nitinol. In one embodiment, elongate body is made from a shape memory alloy such as nitinol, or a suitable polymer, so that after torque is applied to the body tip, the catheter and tip return to a neutral, in-line position.

Figure 2 depicts elongate body 50 and a user interface end 600 of the elongate body. Control circuitry 300 is integral to the user interface end 600 of the elongate body 50. Circuitry 300 controls power delivery to magnets 100 via electrical connections 260.

Circuitry 300 integrates user inputs (e.g. a physician applying directional forces to a joystick) and sends proper signals to the electromagnet (s) 100 to enable actuation of the distal tip 10. Actuation of other or additional electromagnets enables varying directionality or functionality of the tip. Figure 3a depicts another embodiment of the current invention. Elongate body 750 carries a magnet or electromagnet 100. Distal end 10 contains an actuator 210 which translates, or substantially translates, as a result of force between magnet 100 and actuator 210 and which is generated by magnet 100. Switching magnet 100 between the on and off state correspondingly actuates distal actuator 210 at a given frequency and allows actuator 210 to apply force to tissues. Although depicted as a linear structure in Fig 3a, actuator 210 can be of any shape or size, can be sharp or dull, and can be flexible, semi-flexible, or rigid. The actuator 210 can be composed of a polymer, metal, or ceramic, or a combination of these materials.

Figure 4 depicts another embodiment of the current invention in which magnetic actuator 100 compresses particles 900 which are contained in a compressible fluid. Actuator 910 is powered by the forces from magnet (s) 100 and the compression and acceleration of particles 900 and fluid is controllable and releasable at a pre-specified pressure .

In another embodiment, a plurality of electromagnets 100 is disposed on the elongate body 50. The bulk material properties of the elongate body are controlled by creating different forces between the magnets on the catheter. For example, the stiffness or flexibility of the catheter can be controlled by activating or deactivating one or more magnets . Depending on the strength of the force between the magnets, the flexibility of the catheter can be varied between stiff and flexible. CXinical Applications

The clinical applications of this invention are diverse and vast. Point of use actuation and navigation from a narrow probe can be used in a variety of minimally invasive procedures, settings including catheter navigation, energy transfer from surgical devices (e.g. tissue ablation, coagulation) , thrombus removal, to name a few.

Methods of Manufacture

Any of the materials on the body including the magnets can be manufactured using techniques known to those skilled in the art. For example, the magnets can be glued to the body or they can be integrated into a circuit which is then glued to the body.

In another example, microfabrication techniques are used to deposit magnetic or magnetic elements on the body. In some embodiments, the magnetic elements are deposited on a board (e.g. circuit board) and then the board is fixed or glued to the catheter. The board may be composed of standard circuit board materials or the board can be manufactured from a polymer or a fabric. The microfabrication technologies available include electrodeposition

(electroless and/or electroplating) , vapor deposition (physical and chemical) , lithography, soft-lithography, nano-imprint lithography, screen printing, and/or a variety of other methods known to those well-skilled in the arts (for example, see patent number 6281560 incorporated into reference for this patent) . The arrangement of the proximal magnetic elements is crucial to the functionality of the device. If the magnetic elements are in-line with the distal element, then torque will not be generated. If the magnetic elements are not in-line with the distal elements, the torques will be generated.

In another embodiment, the substance of the body is produced with magnetic particles (e.g. magnetic nanoparticles) inside it. For example, in the case of a catheter, the catheter material is molded with particles within the polymeric material so that the magnetic force now attracts the polymeric material.

Functionality of the Device

In some embodiments, the distal tip is vibrated by on-off cycling of the electromagnet so that the tip moves at a high speed and can disrupt tissue such as neoplastic tissue, atherosclerotic tissue, ocular tissue, etc. The tip can vibrate in a direction longitudinal to the catheter or can vibrate in a direction perpendicular to the catheter.

In other embodiments, the controllable magnets can be used to accelerate particles, such as nanoparticles, into a vascular lesion, such as an atherosclerotic plaque, or into a lesion such as a tumor. Particle acceleration can occur for at least two reasons: 1) a repelling force relative to the particle or forcing the particle out the end of the catheter at a relatively high speed; 2) the magnets on the catheter act as an actuator to directly accelerate the particles via transfer of kinetic energy or by creating a pressure on the fluid containing the particles.

Claims

ClaimsWhat is Claimed is:
1. A medical device comprising: a distal end adapted to be inserted into a patient; a proximal end adapted to interface with an operator; an elongate body disposed between the proximal and distal ends; at least one electromagnet disposed on the elongate body; at least one ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material disposed on or in the elongate body in a position such that the electromagnet applies a force to the ferromagnetic or paramagnetic materials when current travels through the electromagnet.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein the elongate body is a flexible catheter.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein the elongate body is a rigid device .
4. The device of claim 1 wherein the elongate body is a laparoscopic instrument.
5. The device of claim 1 wherein the elongate body is an endoscopic instrument.
6. The device of claim 1 wherein the ferromagnetic or paramagnetic material is mixed and entrained within the substance of the elongate body during production.
7. The device of claim 1 wherein the electromagnet is disposed a first distance from the central
40 longitudinal axis of the elongate body; the paramagnetic or ferromagnetic material is disposed at a second distance from the central longitudinal axis of the elongate body; and a torque is created between the electromagnet and the material when current is passed through the electromagnet.
8. The device of claim 1 wherein a controller is disposed on or is associated with the elongate body; and wherein the controller modulates the amount of current transmitted to the electromagnet.
9. The device of claim 8 further comprising a user interface at the proximal end wherein the user interface translates hand movement from the user to electrical signals to the electromagnet (s) .
10. The device of claim 1 further comprising a linearly translateable paramagnetic or ferromagnetic material .
11. The device of claim 1 further comprising a chamber configure to be pressurized by an actuator coupled to the electromagnet.
12. A method of treating a patient comprising: advancing the device of claim 1 into a patient; applying an electrical current to the device of claim 1 and thence to the electromagnet; activating the electromagnet on the device; inducing movement of another portion of the elongate body.
13. The method of claim 12 wherein the device is advanced into a blood vessel.
14. The method of claim 12 wherein the device is advanced through interstitial tissue in the patient
15. The method of claim 13 wherein the device is advanced into an occluded artery.
4t
16. The method of claim 12 wherein the device further comprises a pressurized chamber carrying a fluid; and activating the electromagnet results in pressurization of the fluid in the chamber.
17. The method of claim 12 wherein the device further comprises an element which moves in a linear, substantially back and forth direction.
18. The method of claim 12 wherein the device further comprises an element which moves in a direction perpendicular to the elongate body when the electromagnet is activated.
42
PCT/US2006/023743 2005-03-19 2006-06-16 Medical devices with integral magnets and uses thereof WO2007145638A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11/424,226 2006-06-14
US11424226 US7712470B2 (en) 2005-03-19 2006-06-14 Devices with integral magnets and uses thereof
US69105006 true 2006-06-16 2006-06-16
US60/691,050 2006-06-16

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2007145638A1 true true WO2007145638A1 (en) 2007-12-21

Family

ID=38832036

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/US2006/023743 WO2007145638A1 (en) 2005-03-19 2006-06-16 Medical devices with integral magnets and uses thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2007145638A1 (en)

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8840541B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2014-09-23 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Pressure sensing gastric banding system
US8845513B2 (en) 2002-08-13 2014-09-30 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding device
US8876694B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2014-11-04 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Tube connector with a guiding tip
US8900118B2 (en) 2008-10-22 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Dome and screw valves for remotely adjustable gastric banding systems
US8900117B2 (en) 2004-01-23 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Releasably-securable one-piece adjustable gastric band
US8905915B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2014-12-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-regulating gastric band with pressure data processing
US8961393B2 (en) 2010-11-15 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Gastric band devices and drive systems
US8961394B2 (en) 2011-12-20 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-sealing fluid joint for use with a gastric band
WO2015038772A1 (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical device with a movable tip
US9028394B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-05-12 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting mechanical gastric band
US9044298B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-06-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band
US9050165B2 (en) 2010-09-07 2015-06-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US9192501B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-11-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely powered remotely adjustable gastric band system
US9295573B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2016-03-29 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band having various compliant components and/or a satiety booster

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5891094A (en) * 1995-09-07 1999-04-06 Innerdyne, Inc. System for direct heating of fluid solution in a hollow body organ and methods
US5906579A (en) * 1996-08-16 1999-05-25 Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Inc. Through-wall catheter steering and positioning
US20020019644A1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2002-02-14 Hastings Roger N. Magnetically guided atherectomy
US20020153015A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2002-10-24 Garibaldi Jeffrey M. Magnetic medical devices with changeable magnetic moments and method of navigating magnetic medical devices with changeable magnetic moments
US20040242995A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-12-02 Michael Maschke Catheter for magnetic navigation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5891094A (en) * 1995-09-07 1999-04-06 Innerdyne, Inc. System for direct heating of fluid solution in a hollow body organ and methods
US5906579A (en) * 1996-08-16 1999-05-25 Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Inc. Through-wall catheter steering and positioning
US20020019644A1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2002-02-14 Hastings Roger N. Magnetically guided atherectomy
US20020153015A1 (en) * 2000-02-16 2002-10-24 Garibaldi Jeffrey M. Magnetic medical devices with changeable magnetic moments and method of navigating magnetic medical devices with changeable magnetic moments
US20040242995A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-12-02 Michael Maschke Catheter for magnetic navigation

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8845513B2 (en) 2002-08-13 2014-09-30 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding device
US8900117B2 (en) 2004-01-23 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Releasably-securable one-piece adjustable gastric band
US8905915B2 (en) 2006-01-04 2014-12-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-regulating gastric band with pressure data processing
US8900118B2 (en) 2008-10-22 2014-12-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Dome and screw valves for remotely adjustable gastric banding systems
US8840541B2 (en) 2010-02-25 2014-09-23 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Pressure sensing gastric banding system
US9044298B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-06-02 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band
US9028394B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2015-05-12 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting mechanical gastric band
US9295573B2 (en) 2010-04-29 2016-03-29 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-adjusting gastric band having various compliant components and/or a satiety booster
US9192501B2 (en) 2010-04-30 2015-11-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely powered remotely adjustable gastric band system
US9050165B2 (en) 2010-09-07 2015-06-09 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Remotely adjustable gastric banding system
US8961393B2 (en) 2010-11-15 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Gastric band devices and drive systems
US8876694B2 (en) 2011-12-07 2014-11-04 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Tube connector with a guiding tip
US8961394B2 (en) 2011-12-20 2015-02-24 Apollo Endosurgery, Inc. Self-sealing fluid joint for use with a gastric band
WO2015038772A1 (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-19 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Medical device with a movable tip

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